US229752A - Richard eat - Google Patents

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US229752A
US229752A US229752DA US229752A US 229752 A US229752 A US 229752A US 229752D A US229752D A US 229752DA US 229752 A US229752 A US 229752A
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umbrella
ribs
richard
main
cover
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45BWALKING STICKS; UMBRELLAS; LADIES' OR LIKE FANS
    • A45B23/00Other umbrellas

Description

R. RAY. Umbrella.
No. 229,752. Patented July 6,1880.
TTITJV'ESSES y By K1/y .dttorrwy L M N-PETERS. PNOTO-UTHQGRAPHER. WASHINGTON. D C
UNrruD STATES PATENT OFFICE.
RICHARD RAY, OF LAKE CITY, FLORIDA, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF OF HIS RIGHT TO ALEXANDERA H. EGE, OF MECHANICSBURG, PA.
UMBRELLA.
SPECIFICATION form-ing part of Letters Patent No. 229,752, dated July 6, 1880.
Application led July 2, 1878.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, RICHARD RAY, of Lake City, in the county of Columbia and State of Florida, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Umbrellas; and Ido hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will. enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to letters of reference marked `thereon, which form a part of this specification.
My invention relates to umbrellas or sunshades; and it consists in so constructing the `top or cover as to more eft'ectually protect the person from the rays of the sun or from rain.
Figure l is a general view of my invention with the top `in vertical longitudinal section. Fig. 2 is a bottom-plan view of the top or cover, with handle in transverse section. Fig` 3 is a side. view of the outer end of one of the main ,ribs with asupplemental rib attached thereto.'
Upon the handle A, and in the usual manner, I mount the top B. a a are short main ribs placed upon one side ofthe umbrella, and b 'b are main ribs of greater length, and placed on the opposite side thereof. These ribs a and b are pivoted to the handle .in the usual well-` known manner.
To the outer end of the main ribs are attached supplemental ribs c in such a manner as to form, in conjunction' with the cover, a drooping flange, C, around the outer edge of the top. The outer end of each main rib is so bent or shaped as to form a loop, d, and guide e. Each supplemental rib c is bent or shaped in such a manner as to form an eye or loop, f, which links into loop d, thus forming a hinge. The upper end of supplemental rib c extends inward and rides in the guide o. This guide limits the sweep of the inner end of rib c iu such a manner as to prevent the outer end of the samet'roin folding outward upon the main rib ,when the top is lowered, as also to prevent its folding inward too far when the top is raised.
The cover to the main and supplemental ribs is made from one and the same piece of mate- 5o rial, and is so constructed as to form the drooping flange C when the umbrella is raised. The top is raised and lowered by means of the usual well-known mechanism.
The supplemental ribs c maybe dispensed with, andthe main ribs extend outwardly in a straight line when the umbrella is raised, in which case an ornamental border may loosely hang down from the edge of the cover.
It will be observed from the peculiar construction of the top of my improved umbrella 6o that, irst, the brace-rods, when the umbrella v is raised, lie in nearly a horizontal plane, as shown in Fig. 1, thus affording more room for the hat of the person under the umbrella than doestheusualrounded-top umbrella; secondly, the edge of the covering material extends Jfrom point to point of the various ribs in a straight line, thus providing more protecting-surface than is found around the edge of the roundedtop umbrella; thirdly, the main ribs lying in, 7o or nearly in, a liat plane, the cover can be formed from one piece of material, which, when extended over and properly gored, also forms thedroopingportionofthecover; and,fourthly, by means ofthe extended ribs the head of the 7 5 person under the umbrella falls immediately below the central portion of the cover, assum ing' the handle to be held perpendicularly, thus affording more protection to that portion of the person exposed to the suns rays or to 8o rain, as shown by the broken line s s, Fig. l, than is given by the usual form of umbrella, where the ribs are all equal in length, as shown by broken lines t t, Fig. 1.
Having thus fully described my invention, 8 5 what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. An umbrella having its staff connected eccentrically to the roof or cover, substantially as shown and described. 9o
2. In an umbrella, the top B, constructed with its rear portion longer from the point ot' contact with the handle than the front portion thereof, whereby the central portion ot the top is situated immediately over the bearers head when the handle is held in a vertical position, substantially as described.
3. In an umbrella, the main ribs a and b, in combination with the drooping supplemental ribs c, provided with stop mechanism on their roo upper ends, whereb)v the sweep of their outer with loop d and guide e, in combination with ends is limited, substantially as and for tbe the supplemental rib c, provided with loop f, purpose described. arranged to operate as and for the purpose 4. In an umbrella., the combination of the set forth. 15 5 top B, constructed with its rear portion longer In testimony that I claim the foregoing as from the pointof contact with the handle than my own I aix my signature in presence of the front portion thereof, the drooping suppletwo Witnesses.
mental ribs c, and sharia-Harige G, arranged to RICHARD RAY. J operate substantially as and for the purposes Witnesses: 1o set forth. HARRY KING,
5. In an umbrella, the main rib, constructed GEO. F. GRnHAM.
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2502984A (en) * 1946-04-18 1950-04-04 Parmenter Enid Helen Umbrella
US4597400A (en) * 1981-10-26 1986-07-01 Trudeau Sr David L Umbrella, parasol and the like
US5213123A (en) * 1991-09-09 1993-05-25 Louis Sammarco Umbrella
US20060027255A1 (en) * 2004-08-05 2006-02-09 Parisi Diego A Automatic offset umbrella

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2502984A (en) * 1946-04-18 1950-04-04 Parmenter Enid Helen Umbrella
US4597400A (en) * 1981-10-26 1986-07-01 Trudeau Sr David L Umbrella, parasol and the like
US5213123A (en) * 1991-09-09 1993-05-25 Louis Sammarco Umbrella
WO1994019980A1 (en) * 1991-09-09 1994-09-15 Sammarco, Louis Extended umbrella canopy
US20060027255A1 (en) * 2004-08-05 2006-02-09 Parisi Diego A Automatic offset umbrella
US20080135075A1 (en) * 2004-08-05 2008-06-12 Diego Antonio Parisi Automatically opening eccentric umbrella
US7610925B2 (en) 2004-08-05 2009-11-03 Diego Parisi Automatically opening eccentric umbrella

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