US2502984A - Umbrella - Google Patents

Umbrella Download PDF

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Publication number
US2502984A
US2502984A US38962A US3896248A US2502984A US 2502984 A US2502984 A US 2502984A US 38962 A US38962 A US 38962A US 3896248 A US3896248 A US 3896248A US 2502984 A US2502984 A US 2502984A
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United States
Prior art keywords
skirt
umbrella
stick
cords
cover
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Expired - Lifetime
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US38962A
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Parmenter Enid Helen
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Parmenter Enid Helen
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45BWALKING STICKS; UMBRELLAS; LADIES' OR LIKE FANS
    • A45B25/00Details of umbrellas
    • A45B25/18Covers; Means for fastening same

Description

April 1950 E. H. PARMENTER 2,502,984

UMBRELLA Filed July 16, 1948 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 471/ P W ,I 72 I. hl 47 /7 /7 7 HHHHH Na 7 l a; W 1% BY APril 1950 E. H. PARMENTER 7 2,502,984

UMBRELLA Filed July 16, 1948 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

Patented Apr. 4, 1950 UMBRELLA Enid Helen Parmenter, Cape Town, Union of South Africa Application July 16, 1948, Serial No. 38,962 In Great Britain April 18, 1946 I Cl. 13520) 2 Claims.

This invention relates to umbrellas and the object of the invention is to provide an umbrella construction which will give the user additional protection against rain or snow as compared with umbrellas of the type generally used hitherto, and also to provide means for varying at will the degree of such additional protection.

With the type of umbrella in general use at the present time it is frequently found that the degree of protection afiorded is considerably reduced if conditions of wind and rain occur together, the rain in such case being blown underneath the umbrella. Holding the umbrella at an angle to the body of the user results in parts of the users body being completely unprotected whilst the reduction of the field of vision of the user is frequently a source of danger to himself and to others.

According to the invention an umbrella is provided wherein a transparent or partly transparent skirt is attached to the edges of the umbrella cover to form a shroud adapted to enclose the user, means being provided for extending or collapsing said skirt from or on to the umbrella cover and for varying at will the downwardly extending length of said skirt.

Also according to a further feature of the invention the stick of the umbrella is disposed eccentrically in relation to the cover, the ribs being correspondingly varied in length.

Reference will now be made to the accompanying drawings which show preferred form of construction of an umbrella according to the invention and in which Fig. 1 is a part sectional elevation of an umbrella showing the skirt extended.

Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1 with the skirt collapsed,

Fig. 3 is an elevation of an umbrella in which the stick is eccentric to the cover; and

Fig. 4 is a side view partly in section of a part of a modified umbrella according to my present invention.

The umbrella is formed with a stick I provided with a handle 2, the ribs 3 being pivoted on a ring 4 adjacent the ferrule 5. Stays 5 are pivoted at one end to the ribs 3 and at the other end to a runner I slidable on the stick I, a spring catch 8 of the known type being provided for securing the runner I with the ribs 3 and stays 6 in the open position. Secured (e. g. by stitching) to the edges of the fabric 9 is a skirt II] which may be wholly or partly of transparent material.

A series of lacing eyelets II is attached to or secured in the skirt II) at points thereon corresponding to the positions of the ribs. Cords I2 are laced through the said eyelets H, one end of the cords being secured to the free edge of the skirt I0 or to an eyelet adjacent said edge. The cords pass through further guides or eyelets I3 secured to the ribs or to the fabric adjacent the ribs, through guides or eyelets l4 provided on or near the ring 4, and the free ends of the cords are secured to a ring I5 slida-ble on the stick I.

In use the ring I5 is moved axially along the stick I towards the handle over the spring catch I511 to collapse the skirt II), the latter folding concertina fashion as a result of the pull on the cords I2. The collapsed skirt may then be folded within the fabric 9 of the umbrella when the umbrella is in the closed position. When the umbrella is opened the ring I5 is moved axially towards the ferrule 5 to allow the skirt I 0 to extend downwards from the edge of the cover 9. Weights I"! may be attached to the skirt to assist the unfolding of the skirt -ID from its creases.

In the form of construction shown in Fig. 3 the stick I is disposed eccentrically in relation to the cover 9, the ribs being correspondingly varied in length as can be seen from the drawing. Where the rain is falling substantially vertically the narrower part of the cover will be to the front of the user, the wider portion affording full protection for the back. If the rain is coming at an angle to the vertical the umbrella is turned so as to present the wider portion of the cover towards the direction from which the rain is coming.

The skirt I0 may be formed entirely of transparent Woven textile or other material, or it may consist of the same material as the fabric 9 provided with a series of inserted panels of transparent material. The skirt or the said transparent panels may conveniently be formed of synthetic plastic material such as polyvinyl chloride, polystyrene or cellulose acetate, either in the form of thin flexible sheets or fabric composed of woven threads of such materials.

Instead of fastening as shown in Figure 2 the free ends of the cords I2 to the ring I5 they may as shown in Figure 4 pass through eyelets I8 provided on the ring IS, the free ends 2| of the cords 20 being taken up and secured to the ring 22. In this way, a considerable length of skirt material can be extended or collapsed with only a small movement of the ring 19.

It is to be understood that the term transparent skirt as used in the claims appended hereto covers both a skirt which is wholly trans- 3 parent and a skirt only part of which is transparent.

I claim:

1. An umbrella. comprising, in combination with the cover and stick thereof, a transparent skirt adapted to form a shroud around the user, securing means uniting said skirt at its upper edge to the periphery of said cover, and operating means for said skirt comprising a series of cords, fixing means attaching the cords at one end at different points around the bottom of the skirt, an operating member slidable on the stick of the umbrella, attachment means connecting the other ends of the said cords to the said operating member, means on said skirt whereby said cord is laced from bottom to top of said skirt, guide means whereby each cord is conducted from the top of said skirt inwardly beneath said cover and down said stick to its attachment to said operating member, a spring catch on said stick for holding said operating member in its position corresponding to the retracted or folded-up condition of said skirt, and weighting means on said skirt whereby it is extended to its depending or unfolded condition automatically on release of said operating member from said spring catch.

2. An umbrella according to claim 1, in which the operating means comprises a series of cords, fixing means attaching the cords at one end at different points around the bottom of the skirt,

a draw member slidable on the stick of the umbrella, attachment means connecting the other ends of the said cords to said stick at or near the top end thereof, means on said skirt whereby said cord is laced from bottom to top of said skirt, guide means whereby each cord is conducted from the top of said skirt inwardly beneath said cover, then down said stick, through said draw member and up said stick to said attachment means, in order to give a greater movement of said skirt for any given movement of said draw member, a spring catch on said stick for holding said draw member in a position corresponding to the retracted or folded-up condition of said skirt, and weighting means on said skirt whereby it is extended to its unfolded condition automatically on release of said draw member from said catch.

ENID HELEN PARMENTER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS 5 Number Name Date 44,482 Clarke Sept. 27, 1864 101,165 Rodgers Mar. 22, 1870 229,752 Ray July 6, 1880 30 1,072,340 Liljegran Sept. 2, 1913

US38962A 1946-04-18 1948-07-16 Umbrella Expired - Lifetime US2502984A (en)

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GB2502984X 1946-04-18

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Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3095886A (en) * 1960-08-23 1963-07-02 Dubuque Awning & Tent Co Weather shield
US3151621A (en) * 1962-11-05 1964-10-06 Cadores M Jackson Umbrella shield
US3452765A (en) * 1966-05-31 1969-07-01 Joyce M Slaton Device for protection against inclement weather
US3802451A (en) * 1972-02-03 1974-04-09 G Morris Inflatable weather shield
US4022233A (en) * 1975-08-25 1977-05-10 Grundman Erwin W Venetian umbrella
US4978110A (en) * 1990-05-14 1990-12-18 Lin Muh Q Fire protection unbrella
US5664595A (en) * 1994-09-20 1997-09-09 Vonderhorst; Eric John Screen apparatus positionable atop an umbrella for transportable personal protection from flying insects
US5806547A (en) * 1995-10-02 1998-09-15 Derlinga; Thomas S. Combination umbrella and gazebo
US5941261A (en) * 1994-10-31 1999-08-24 Shade Structures Pacific Pty Ltd Et Cetera Conical tension membrane structure
GB2336530A (en) * 1998-04-23 1999-10-27 Paresh Hasmukhbhai Patel Umbrella with see-through canopy
US6009891A (en) * 1997-05-02 2000-01-04 North Shore Easy Living, Inc. Umbrella screen
US20030098050A1 (en) * 2001-11-28 2003-05-29 Youth Lee Umbrella structure
US6698440B2 (en) 2001-02-15 2004-03-02 Andrea Elgin Beyer Umbrella with chamber and transport for a canopeum
US20050028451A1 (en) * 2003-08-06 2005-02-10 Jennifer Knoepp Weather screen apparatus
US20050145272A1 (en) * 2003-11-14 2005-07-07 Martha Dubinsky-Witkowski Animal umbrella
US20060005871A1 (en) * 2004-06-25 2006-01-12 Church Godfrey B A rain protection umbrella
FR2902130A1 (en) * 2006-06-13 2007-12-14 Daniel Aristide Alexis Parasol for e.g. picnic, has enclosure with inner wall provided with slides located in extension of each rib to permit easy passage of cordage, and mast with blocking device blocking cordage to adjust upturn of tarpaulin to desired height
US20080190468A1 (en) * 2007-02-12 2008-08-14 Labarbera Salvatore J Umbrella featuring a vertically deployable sun shade
US20090283120A1 (en) * 2008-05-16 2009-11-19 Linda Moravec Varga Auxiliary curtain for use with an umbrella
US8079378B1 (en) * 2009-02-09 2011-12-20 Thomas S Derlinga Combination umbrella and gazebo
US20120066951A1 (en) * 2010-09-16 2012-03-22 Luttrull Carl L Decoy spreader
US20120273016A1 (en) * 2011-04-27 2012-11-01 Joseph B. Pandak Umbrella auxiliary screen
US20140360542A1 (en) * 2013-06-11 2014-12-11 Andrea Elgin Beyer Covering System with Canopeum Deployment
KR101480108B1 (en) 2013-12-31 2015-01-12 조유현 Umbrella having expansion part
USD738101S1 (en) * 2011-12-02 2015-09-08 Miranda Leigh Pildes Finial
US9462860B1 (en) * 2015-08-20 2016-10-11 Timmy Whetstone, Jr. Umbrella with an extendable cover
US20170112244A1 (en) * 2015-10-22 2017-04-27 Marc R. VISCOGLIOSI, JR. Umbrella with protective sheath assembly
EP3286391A4 (en) * 2015-04-23 2018-12-05 Mark Ferrara Personal protective covering device
US10161158B2 (en) 2017-03-29 2018-12-25 Mumco Ltd. Combination umbrella and cover
US10238192B2 (en) * 2016-10-27 2019-03-26 Mudassar Khan Umbrella with deployable curtain
US10370866B1 (en) * 2018-07-12 2019-08-06 Eunice Sanders Rollable curtain patio umbrella

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US44482A (en) * 1864-09-27 Improvement in umbrellas
US101165A (en) * 1870-03-22 Improved canopy for bedsteads
US229752A (en) * 1880-07-06 Richard eat
US1072340A (en) * 1912-08-28 1913-09-02 Ernest W Liljegran Tree-protector.

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US44482A (en) * 1864-09-27 Improvement in umbrellas
US101165A (en) * 1870-03-22 Improved canopy for bedsteads
US229752A (en) * 1880-07-06 Richard eat
US1072340A (en) * 1912-08-28 1913-09-02 Ernest W Liljegran Tree-protector.

Cited By (40)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3095886A (en) * 1960-08-23 1963-07-02 Dubuque Awning & Tent Co Weather shield
US3151621A (en) * 1962-11-05 1964-10-06 Cadores M Jackson Umbrella shield
US3452765A (en) * 1966-05-31 1969-07-01 Joyce M Slaton Device for protection against inclement weather
US3802451A (en) * 1972-02-03 1974-04-09 G Morris Inflatable weather shield
US4022233A (en) * 1975-08-25 1977-05-10 Grundman Erwin W Venetian umbrella
US4978110A (en) * 1990-05-14 1990-12-18 Lin Muh Q Fire protection unbrella
US5664595A (en) * 1994-09-20 1997-09-09 Vonderhorst; Eric John Screen apparatus positionable atop an umbrella for transportable personal protection from flying insects
US5941261A (en) * 1994-10-31 1999-08-24 Shade Structures Pacific Pty Ltd Et Cetera Conical tension membrane structure
US5806547A (en) * 1995-10-02 1998-09-15 Derlinga; Thomas S. Combination umbrella and gazebo
US6009891A (en) * 1997-05-02 2000-01-04 North Shore Easy Living, Inc. Umbrella screen
WO1998050650A1 (en) * 1997-05-09 1998-11-12 Derlinga Thomas S Combination umbrella and gazebo
GB2336530A (en) * 1998-04-23 1999-10-27 Paresh Hasmukhbhai Patel Umbrella with see-through canopy
US6698440B2 (en) 2001-02-15 2004-03-02 Andrea Elgin Beyer Umbrella with chamber and transport for a canopeum
US20030098050A1 (en) * 2001-11-28 2003-05-29 Youth Lee Umbrella structure
US20050028451A1 (en) * 2003-08-06 2005-02-10 Jennifer Knoepp Weather screen apparatus
US20050145272A1 (en) * 2003-11-14 2005-07-07 Martha Dubinsky-Witkowski Animal umbrella
US7096875B2 (en) * 2003-11-14 2006-08-29 Zipjack Industries, Ltd. Animal umbrella
US20060005871A1 (en) * 2004-06-25 2006-01-12 Church Godfrey B A rain protection umbrella
EP1799939A2 (en) * 2004-06-25 2007-06-27 Godfrey B. Church Device for rain protection
US7434591B2 (en) * 2004-06-25 2008-10-14 Church Godfrey B Rain protection umbrella
EP1799939A4 (en) * 2004-06-25 2008-07-09 Godfrey B Church Device for rain protection
FR2902130A1 (en) * 2006-06-13 2007-12-14 Daniel Aristide Alexis Parasol for e.g. picnic, has enclosure with inner wall provided with slides located in extension of each rib to permit easy passage of cordage, and mast with blocking device blocking cordage to adjust upturn of tarpaulin to desired height
US7503336B2 (en) * 2007-02-12 2009-03-17 Labarbera Salvatore J Umbrella featuring a vertically deployable sun shade
US20080190468A1 (en) * 2007-02-12 2008-08-14 Labarbera Salvatore J Umbrella featuring a vertically deployable sun shade
US8042561B2 (en) * 2008-05-16 2011-10-25 Linda Moravec Varga Auxiliary curtain
US20090283120A1 (en) * 2008-05-16 2009-11-19 Linda Moravec Varga Auxiliary curtain for use with an umbrella
US8079378B1 (en) * 2009-02-09 2011-12-20 Thomas S Derlinga Combination umbrella and gazebo
US20120066951A1 (en) * 2010-09-16 2012-03-22 Luttrull Carl L Decoy spreader
US8887433B2 (en) * 2010-09-16 2014-11-18 Carl L Luttrull Decoy spreader
US20120273016A1 (en) * 2011-04-27 2012-11-01 Joseph B. Pandak Umbrella auxiliary screen
USD738101S1 (en) * 2011-12-02 2015-09-08 Miranda Leigh Pildes Finial
USD745774S1 (en) * 2011-12-02 2015-12-22 Miranda Leigh Pildes Handle
US20140360542A1 (en) * 2013-06-11 2014-12-11 Andrea Elgin Beyer Covering System with Canopeum Deployment
KR101480108B1 (en) 2013-12-31 2015-01-12 조유현 Umbrella having expansion part
EP3286391A4 (en) * 2015-04-23 2018-12-05 Mark Ferrara Personal protective covering device
US9462860B1 (en) * 2015-08-20 2016-10-11 Timmy Whetstone, Jr. Umbrella with an extendable cover
US20170112244A1 (en) * 2015-10-22 2017-04-27 Marc R. VISCOGLIOSI, JR. Umbrella with protective sheath assembly
US10238192B2 (en) * 2016-10-27 2019-03-26 Mudassar Khan Umbrella with deployable curtain
US10161158B2 (en) 2017-03-29 2018-12-25 Mumco Ltd. Combination umbrella and cover
US10370866B1 (en) * 2018-07-12 2019-08-06 Eunice Sanders Rollable curtain patio umbrella

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