US2130690A - Wearing apparel - Google Patents

Wearing apparel Download PDF

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Publication number
US2130690A
US2130690A US731006A US73100634A US2130690A US 2130690 A US2130690 A US 2130690A US 731006 A US731006 A US 731006A US 73100634 A US73100634 A US 73100634A US 2130690 A US2130690 A US 2130690A
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jacket
slide
fastener
trousers
slider
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US731006A
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Lemoine Hyatt
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D15/00Convertible garments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D13/00Professional, industrial or sporting protective garments, e.g. surgeons' gowns or garments protecting against blows or punches
    • A41D13/02Overalls, e.g. bodysuits or bib overalls

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to wearing apparel and has particular application to slide fastener constructions which may be applied in combination garments, such as overalls or childrens garments.
  • An object of the present invention is to provide an improved garment of simple and practical conthereof are connected in such a manner as to constitute in effect a one-piece garment and vided with a separable fastener mechanism, or a slide fastener construction, which will enable ready closing of the front of the jacket, of the fly of. the trousers, and ready connections between the trouser and jacket sections, preferably by the manipulation of a single sliding fastener element, which nevertheless will permit-ready opening of the various portions of the garments during usage.
  • Another object is', to provide an improved slide or fastener construction or mechanism which lends itself to the utilization of a single sliding fastener element to close the various sections of wearing apparel or other closures.
  • an overall construction will be utilized struction in which the jacket and trouser sections the jacket and trousers sections of which are proto illustrate the application of the invention, and in. this overall construction the slide fasteners are connected along the front opening of the jacket member, the fly opening of the trouser section and along the waistline of the jacket and trousers elements.
  • the fastener is preferably of the type which permits total separation between the jacket and the blouse element and also complete separation at the front of the jacket.
  • the slide fastener slider is started at the top of the front closure of the jacket and then is continued down to the bottom of the jacket to close the jacket. Then it is turned to the connection between the jacket and the trousers and is run around the waist. Then after it'has completed the connection between the slide thereupon to cause engagement of the teeth.
  • a guide means is preferably provided for enabling the slide fastener or sliding member to be moved off one fastener element and to be started on another fastener element.
  • a snap fastening means is also preferably provided to lock the ends of the slide fastening strips from which the sliding cam members have been removed, such as at the bottom of the jacket and the end of the connection 'of the jacket and trousers sections.
  • FIG. 2 being a front elevation of the garment showing the parts assembled
  • Fig. 2 being a similar view illustrating the parts detached from one another
  • Fig. 4 being a vertical sectional view substantially upon the line 44 of Fig. 1.
  • Figures 5 to '7 show another embodiment of the invention, to which the present application is particularly directed, Fig. 5 being a front elevational view of the combined garment showing the parts assembled similar to Fig. 1, and Figs. 6 and 7 being enlarged detail views showing the slide fastener construction.
  • FIGS 1 to 4 of the present application correspond to Figures 1 to 4 of said prior abandoned application.
  • Figs. 5 to 7 is shown a different embodiment in which the front of the jacket section, the fly of the trousers section, as well as the connection between the jacket and trousers section are connected by a single sliding cam fastener which may first be passed down over the front of the blouse or jacket to close the same, then around the waist to connect the garment sections and then down the fly to close the trousers.
  • the slide fasteners are not only provided around the waist, as indicated by the numerals 9, IO, II but they also are provided as indicated at 20 and 2
  • the present garment is primarily designed to overcome certain difficulties and disadvantages existent in known one-piece overalls, such as the inability to remove or lower the trouser section without first unfastening the shirt section and disengaging the arms from the sleeves thereof.
  • the instant garment by having the sections separably connected and assembled in the manner to later appear, has all of the in-' herent advantages of a one-piece garment in addition to the fact that either section may be used by itself, if so desired.
  • the garment comprises the trouser and shirt sections 5 and 6, respectively, which may be made of any suitable material and formed with pockets in the usual manner, the trouser section also having loops 1 about the waistline for receiving a belt when said section is used to the exclusion of section 6.
  • the trouser section in addition to the usual button fastenings, may also have a snap fastener 8 at the upper end of the fly portion.
  • the upper edge of the section 5 has stitched or otherwise fastened thereto a strip 9, which in the form shown, extends entirely about the waist portion.
  • the separable fastener mechanism further includes the slide I2 which is permanently con- *nected to one of the series of elements l0, those carried by the strip 9, for instance, and is adapted Fig. 3 being an enlarged fragmentary elevation,
  • the slide moves completely around the waist and in so doing the elements In attached to the shirt section pass through the slide and are thus interengaged with the elements In carried by the strip 9.
  • the section 6 has secured to the inner surface thereof a flap
  • This flap is preferably secured in place by the same means which is utilized to attach the strip H to the section 6 and from this point of attachment downwardly the remainder of the shirt section constitutes an outer covering flap I l extending around the shirt and of sufiicient width to extend over the elements In and also cover the snap fastener 8, thereby imparting to the undergarment a neat and attractive appearance.
  • a single slider or cam member l2 is provided for these fasteners l0, 2
  • the jacket shown in Fig. 5 is provided with detachable connections at 23, 32 and 33 enabling initiation of the cam slider along the slide fasteners I0, 20 and 2
  • is provided with the opposite cooperating teeth 36 and 31.
  • the channel of the slider I2 indicated by the dimension arrows 38 in Fig. 6 is of suflicient magnitude to enable t e slider guide 34, after the slider has passed thereover, following the engagement as indicated at 33.
  • may e-inserted into the other side of the slide I2 indicated'at 40 until the flat oblique end 4
  • the hook 42 Connected to the inside of the nose 4
  • the initial connection, after being formed, is
  • locking means are preferably provided, as
  • the locking means 49 of Fig. 6 is shown in larger scale in Fig. '1, and it is automatically opened and closed by the movement of the slider cam member I2.
  • the locking device 50 is automatically closed, but must be opened to detach the jacket 6 from the'trousers 5' and to enable the slide fastenerto ,be placed upon the row III in itsmovement 28--29. 6
  • of the slide fastener row 2Il-at the front of the jacket is provided with a double projection 52 instead of the single projection of the remaining teeth.
  • Engaging with the tooth 52 are two closewhich are provided with inwardly facing recesses 54. It will be noted that the lower faces of these teeth 53 abut, as indicated at 55, and that they are connected to the bead 56 of the tape 51 .of the slide fastener 26.
  • resilient spring means of either flat or coil construction may be included in the construction of Fig. 7
  • the fastening device consists of a swinging latch member 6i whichis pivotally connected at 59 to a tongue 60 at the end of the bead 6
  • the flattened end 62 of the guide 34 is provided with a pin 63, which is received in the recess 64 of the hook member 58.
  • a spring member is associated with the pivot 59 to throw down the hook 58 to engage the pin 63 immediately the slider I2 has passed thereover.
  • the guide straps are flattened, as indicated at62 since the slider I2 must be taken off and placed on the slide fastener 2
  • the wearer of the garment may open either the slide In assuming the garment, the jacket carrying the slider I2 is first assumed.
  • the slide fastener 29 may be connected together, as indicated at 32 and 33 in' Fig. 6, and the slider cam I2 may then be run down to close the fastener 20.
  • the slider. may. be conveniently run around the guide 34 and thehook 42 may be engaged in the end of the guide 34, as indicated at '32 in Fig. 6.
  • the combination garment construction of the present invention enables the wearer thereof to assemble-and detach the sections thereof with great facility and when so as Sild, the garment produces a very neat appearance.
  • buttons become detached from each other and very often the buttons will be torn loose, or the buttonholes enlarged to such an extent that they will no longer retain the buttons.
  • novel hookless fastener arrangementsof the present invention although particularly applicable to overall constructions, and to one-piece combination children's garments, are also broadly applicable to enclosures, coverings and various articles of clothing in which it is desired to close different portions of the garment with hookless fastening devices with a single slider element even though such portions are at considerable angles to eac other.
  • the present invention lso illustrates a most novel method of locking both ends of a slide fastener device, when the slider is altogether re;- moved therefrom and it also indicates how a separable slide fastener may be initially engaged to enable the movement of a slider thereover, which novel features are of general application.
  • the garments prepared according to the present application are found particularly suitable for laundering since the soap which catches in between'the teeth during the laundering operation enhances the lubricating properties of the slide fastener and assures that it will slip through the teeth to cause engagement or disengagement of such teeth in a much more satisfactory manner.
  • An overall construction comprising separable trousers and jacket sections, the jacket sections being provided with an open front and the trousers section being provided with an open fly, slide fasteners connected to the front of the jacket, to
  • each of said strips being provided with a fabric bead and each of said beads being provided with and carrying a plurality of interengaging teeth, each tooth having opposite projections and recesses to engage with the opposite teeth of the same shape on the other strip, said strips or fasteners being entirely separable from each other, the slide fasteners along the front of the jacket and around the waist of the jacket and trousers sections being entirely separable and a cam slider element to cause engagement and disengagement of the slide fasteners for engagement, means at the beginning of each of said slide fasteners to enable initial engagement of the slider therewith, locking means at the ends of the slide fastener of the jacket and slide fastener around the waist to lock said slide fasteners when the slider is removed therefrom, and guide means between the slide fasteners on the front of the jacket and around the waist and also between the slide fasteners around
  • An overall construction comprising separable trousers and jacket sections, the jacket sections being provided with an open front and the trousers section being provided with an open fly, slide fasteners connected to the front of the jacket, to the fly of the trousers and to the adjacent upper edge of the trousers and lower edge of the jacket, and extending around the waist of said jacket and trousers sections, said slide fasteners each consisting of a fabric strip to be sewn to the edges of the jacket and trousers section to be connected together or to each other, each of said strips being provided with a fabric bead and each of said beads being provided with and carrying a plurality of interengaging teeth, each tooth having an opposite projection and recesses to engagewith the opposite teeth of the same shape on the other strip, said strips or fasteners being entirely separable from each other, the slide fasteners along the front of the jacket and around the waist of the jacket and trousers sections being entirely separable, a single cam slider element to cause engagement and disengagement of the slide fasteners said slide fasteners being connected by guide means by which said single cam slide may be moved from
  • An overall construction comprising separable trousers and jacket sections, the jacket sections being provided with an open front and the trousers section being provided with an open fly, slide fasteners connected to the front of the jacket, to the fly of the trousers and to the adjacent upper edge of the trousers and lower edge of the jacket, and extending around the entire waist of said jacket and trousers sections, a single cam slider element to cause engagement and disengagement of the slide fasteners, means at the beginning of each of said slide fasteners to enable initial engagement of the slider therewith, and-guide means between the slide fasteners on the front of the jacket and around the waist and also between the slide fastener around the waist and along the front of the fly, whereby the slide fastener may be drawn down to engage the slide fastener at the front of the jacket, then turned at 90 to connect the slide fastener between the jacket and trousers section and then turned another 90 to engage theslide fastener on the fly.
  • a garment of the type provided with a body covering portion and a pants portion, said pants portion and said body portion being detachably connected together and capable of being opened from each other and said body portion and said pants portion being provided withvertical openings along the front thereof; the combination therewith of slide fasteners on each of said openings, a single sliding cam member to be moved from one slide fastener to another and guide means devoid of teeth between said slide fasteners, said guide means consisting of a metal strip of substantially the same height as the teeth of the slide fastener to guide said slide means from one slide fastener to the other.
  • a garment of the type provided with a body covering portion and a pants portion, said pants portion and said body portion being de-. tachably connected together and capable of being opened from each other and said body portion and said pants portion being provided with vertical openings along the front thereof; the combination therewith of slide fasteners on each of said openings, a sliding cam member to be moved from one slide fastener to another and guide means devoid of teeth between said slide fasteners, said guide means consisting of a metal strip of substantially the same height as the teeth of the slide fastener to guide said slide means from one slide fastener to the other, one end of said strip being flattened to receive the cam member when drawn off a slide fastener.
  • a garment of the type provided with a body covering portion and a pants portion, said pants portion and said body portion being detachably connected together and capable of being opened from each other and said body portion and said pants portion being provided with vertical openings along the front thereof; the 'com-, bination therewith of entirely separable slide fastener means to close said openings, a sliding cam member and guide means devoid of teeth between said slide fasteners to enable engagement of said cam member with the initial end of said fastener, said guide means consisting of a metal strip of substantially the same height as the teeth of the slide fastener connected to the initial end of one side of the fastener, and a nose member with a hook to engage said guide means connected to the initial end of the other side of the fastener.
  • a garment of the type provided with a body covering portion and a pants portion, said pants portion and said body portion being detachably connected together and capable of being opened from each other and said body portion and said pants portion being provided with vertical openings along the front thereof ;;the combination therewith of an entirely separable slide fastening means on each of said openings, each means having a plurality of metallic fasteners permanently secured upon a pair of flexible tapes and a sliding cam device having a central channel and diverging channels extending from and communicating with said central channel, each said means being provided with means for locking the initial end of the fastener characterized by a plate member secured to an end of one tape, including a metal strip having a hole and a hook having an abutment member secured to the end of the other tape to engage the other member.
  • a garment of the type provided with a body covering portion and a pants portion, said pants portion and said body portion being detachably connected together and capable of being opened from each other and said body portion and said pants portion being provided with vertical openings along the front thereof; the com-- bination therewith of a separable slide fastening means on each of said openings, each means having a plurality of metallic fasteners permanently secured upon a pair of flexible tapes and a sliding cam device having a central channel and diverging channels extending from and communicating with said central channel, means for locking the run-off end of the fastener means characterized by said device including a tooth having a double ing a plurality of metallic fasteners permanently secured upon a pair of flexible tapes and a sliding cam device having a central channel and diverging channels extending from and communicating with said central channel, said fastener means also including means for locking the run-off end of the fastener characterized by a hook on the run-off end of one tape resiliently pressed toward the run-off end of

Description

Sept. 20,.1938. H. LEMOINE 2,130,690
WEARING APPAREL Filed June 16, 1934. 3 Sheets-Sheet l 11v VENTOR //)/l T 7 A 5/701:-
4 TTORNE rs H. LEMOINE Sept. 20, 1938.
WEARING APPAREL Filed June 16, 1934 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 (NVENTOR //VATT Asmouv;
A TTORNE Y6 p 1938. H. LEMOINEV WEARING APPAREL Filed June- 16, 1934 3 Sheets-Sheet IN VEN TOR.
II/YQTT [Ema/M:
A TTORNEYS.
Patented Sept. 20, 1938 UNITED STATES. PATENT OFFICE 9 Claims.
The present invention relates to wearing apparel and has particular application to slide fastener constructions which may be applied in combination garments, such as overalls or childrens garments.
ers with other types of fasteners such as buttons,
snap fasteners and so forth.
Due to the difficulty that slide fasteners would only permit limited opening of the garments, and also due to the fact that large portions of the garments had to be closed by the old type of fasteners, buttons, hooks and eyes or snap fasteners, the use of slide fasteners ingarments has been somewhat limited. v
These difliculties have been particularly apparent in combination overall garments, where both the opening in the front of the trousers and of the shirt had to be closed by other means'than slide fasteners and the slide fastener could only be utilized to enable partial opening of the garment, between. the jacket portion and trouser portion.
An object of the present invention is to provide an improved garment of simple and practical conthereof are connected in such a manner as to constitute in effect a one-piece garment and vided with a separable fastener mechanism, or a slide fastener construction, which will enable ready closing of the front of the jacket, of the fly of. the trousers, and ready connections between the trouser and jacket sections, preferably by the manipulation of a single sliding fastener element, which nevertheless will permit-ready opening of the various portions of the garments during usage.
Another object is', to provide an improved slide or fastener construction or mechanism which lends itself to the utilization of a single sliding fastener element to close the various sections of wearing apparel or other closures.
In the preferred embodiment of the present invention an overall construction will be utilized struction in which the jacket and trouser sections the jacket and trousers sections of which are proto illustrate the application of the invention, and in. this overall construction the slide fasteners are connected along the front opening of the jacket member, the fly opening of the trouser section and along the waistline of the jacket and trousers elements.
The fastener is preferably of the type which permits total separation between the jacket and the blouse element and also complete separation at the front of the jacket.
In the preferred construction, the slide fastener slider is started at the top of the front closure of the jacket and then is continued down to the bottom of the jacket to close the jacket. Then it is turned to the connection between the jacket and the trousers and is run around the waist. Then after it'has completed the connection between the slide thereupon to cause engagement of the teeth.
At the end of the strip at the front of the waist and at the end of the strip of the slide fastener elements around the waist, a guide means is preferably provided for enabling the slide fastener or sliding member to be moved off one fastener element and to be started on another fastener element.
A snap fastening means is also preferably provided to lock the ends of the slide fastening strips from which the sliding cam members have been removed, such as at the bottom of the jacket and the end of the connection 'of the jacket and trousers sections.
being a front elevation of the garment showing the parts assembled, Fig. 2 being a similar view illustrating the parts detached from one another,
with the cover flaps of the separable connection illustrated to show portions of the latter, and Fig. 4 being a vertical sectional view substantially upon the line 44 of Fig. 1.
Figures 5 to '7 show another embodiment of the invention, to which the present application is particularly directed, Fig. 5 being a front elevational view of the combined garment showing the parts assembled similar to Fig. 1, and Figs. 6 and 7 being enlarged detail views showing the slide fastener construction.
The construction just described is set forth in my prior filed abandoned application Serial No. 423,575, filed January 27th, 1930.
Figures 1 to 4 of the present application correspond to Figures 1 to 4 of said prior abandoned application.
In Figs. 5 to 7 is shown a different embodiment in which the front of the jacket section, the fly of the trousers section, as well as the connection between the jacket and trousers section are connected by a single sliding cam fastener which may first be passed down over the front of the blouse or jacket to close the same, then around the waist to connect the garment sections and then down the fly to close the trousers.
In Figs. 5 to '7 parts functioning similarly as in Figs. 1 to 4 will be indicated by the same numerals primed.
In Figs. 5 and 6 the slide fasteners are not only provided around the waist, as indicated by the numerals 9, IO, II but they also are provided as indicated at 20 and 2| along the front of the jacket at 2|] and along the fly of the trousers at 2|.
The present garment is primarily designed to overcome certain difficulties and disadvantages existent in known one-piece overalls, such as the inability to remove or lower the trouser section without first unfastening the shirt section and disengaging the arms from the sleeves thereof. At the same time, the instant garment, by having the sections separably connected and assembled in the manner to later appear, has all of the in-' herent advantages of a one-piece garment in addition to the fact that either section may be used by itself, if so desired.
By reference to the accompanying drawings, it will be seen that the garment comprises the trouser and shirt sections 5 and 6, respectively, which may be made of any suitable material and formed with pockets in the usual manner, the trouser section also having loops 1 about the waistline for receiving a belt when said section is used to the exclusion of section 6. The trouser section, in addition to the usual button fastenings, may also have a snap fastener 8 at the upper end of the fly portion.
The upper edge of the section 5 has stitched or otherwise fastened thereto a strip 9, which in the form shown, extends entirely about the waist portion.
The edge of said strip which pm above the end of the trouser section carries the elements [0 of a separable fastener mechanism of well-known construction and said elements cooperate withsimilar ones carried by a strip attached to the interior of the section 6 above the bottom edge thereof to secure the latter to the section 5 when the entire garment is being employed.
The separable fastener mechanism further includes the slide I2 which is permanently con- *nected to one of the series of elements l0, those carried by the strip 9, for instance, and is adapted Fig. 3 being an enlarged fragmentary elevation,
to receive the other series of elements In on the strip H and cause said series to be interengaged as the slide is moved from the left-hand end of the fastener, as shown in Figure 2, to its fully operated position at the right of Figure 3.
To attain the latter position, the slide moves completely around the waist and in so doing the elements In attached to the shirt section pass through the slide and are thus interengaged with the elements In carried by the strip 9.
With the sectionsof the garment thus connected, the same combine to form the equivalent of a one-piece overall.
In order to completely detach the two sections 5 and 6, the slide |2 is moved in a reverse direction from that above described until the series of elements ||l carried by the strip II are entirely disconnected from the slide which latter still remains attached to the series of elements secured to the strip 9.
' The sections 5 and 6 are now completely detached one from the other.
In order that the elements ll] of the separable fastener may be prevented from coming in contact with the body or undergarment of the wearer, the section 6 has secured to the inner surface thereof a flap |3 which covers said elements.
This flap is preferably secured in place by the same means which is utilized to attach the strip H to the section 6 and from this point of attachment downwardly the remainder of the shirt section constitutes an outer covering flap I l extending around the shirt and of sufiicient width to extend over the elements In and also cover the snap fastener 8, thereby imparting to the undergarment a neat and attractive appearance.
Preferably a single slider or cam member l2 is provided for these fasteners l0, 2|] and 2|, and this slide fastener is started at 23 adjacent the neck of the wearer to close the jacket, as indicated by the arrow 25.
It is then continued around the waist, as indicated by the arrows 25 and 26. After having completed connection along the waist between the jacket 6 and the trousers 5 it is continued down to close the fly as indicated by the arrow 21. J
The reverse operation of first opening the fly is indicated by the dotted arrow 28. When it is desired to detach the jacket from the trousers, the slider I2 is then moved from the'top of the fastener 2| around the waist, as indicated by the arrows 28 and 29.
Finally, when it is desired to open the jacket the slider is pulled up along the front of the jacket, as indicated by the arrow 30.
The jacket shown in Fig. 5 is provided with detachable connections at 23, 32 and 33 enabling initiation of the cam slider along the slide fasteners I0, 20 and 2|, respectively.
These connections to enable initiation of the sliding cam member are shown in detail in Fig. 6 at the points 32 and 33, 32 showing the connection after it has been made and 33 showing the connection in the process of being made.
In Fig, 6, after the slider I2 is pulled off the waist slide fastener Ill, it passes around the hollow guiding member 34 and then onto the beaded edge 35.
The slide fastener 2| is provided with the opposite cooperating teeth 36 and 31.
It will be noted that the channel of the slider I2 indicated by the dimension arrows 38 in Fig. 6 is of suflicient magnitude to enable t e slider guide 34, after the slider has passed thereover, following the engagement as indicated at 33. A
When the slider member is in the position indicated at 33, the nose 39 projecting from the end of the row of the teeth 36 of the slide fastener 2| may e-inserted into the other side of the slide I2 indicated'at 40 until the flat oblique end 4| of the nose contacts with the end of the guide.
Connected to the inside of the nose 4| is the hook 42 which will then be ready to pass into the opening 43 in the end of the quarter-circular guide 34 upon further movement of the slider I2 to interlock the teeth 36 and 31 when the slider is',pulled down to close the slide fastener 2| along the fly of the trousers 5'.
The initial connection, after being formed, is
best shown at 32 and similarly functioning parts areindicated by the same numerals at 32. At 32, the initial end of the slide fastener is securely locked by the hook 42 engaging the end'of the similar device as shown at 32 and 33 may be used at 23 in Fi 5.
To lock the slide-off ends of the slide fasteners when the slider cam has passed therefrom, these ends being indicated at 44 and 45 in Fig. 5, it is desirable both to provide fullness in the garment as indicated at 46, 41 and 48 in Fig. 5 to prevent as far as possible stresses being applied to the slide-off ends of the hookless fasteners. In addition, locking means are preferably provided, as
ly spaced'opposite teeth 53 on the opposite tape 7 indicated at 49 and 50,.in Fig. 6.
The locking means 49 of Fig. 6 is shown in larger scale in Fig. '1, and it is automatically opened and closed by the movement of the slider cam member I2. The locking device 50 is automatically closed, but must be opened to detach the jacket 6 from the'trousers 5' and to enable the slide fastenerto ,be placed upon the row III in itsmovement 28--29. 6
Referring to Figs. 6 and7, the end tooth 5| of the slide fastener row 2Il-at the front of the jacket is provided with a double projection 52 instead of the single projection of the remaining teeth. Engaging with the tooth 52 are two closewhich are provided with inwardly facing recesses 54. It will be noted that the lower faces of these teeth 53 abut, as indicated at 55, and that they are connected to the bead 56 of the tape 51 .of the slide fastener 26.
When the slider I2 passes from the fastener 20 onto the guide 34 preparatory to passing onto the strip III, the projections 52 of the tooth 5|.
will be forced into the recesses 54 on the teeth 53, straining the bead 56 on the end of the tape 51 so that the tooth 5| will be, held by the teeth 53 with considerable force and resiliency, which may be controlled to overcome any normal tensioning which might occur at the bottom of the' jacket.
If desired, instead of relying only upon the resiliency of the teeth 56 of the tape 51, resilient spring means of either flat or coil construction may be included in the construction of Fig. 7
so as to assure afirmer grip of the tooth 5| be tween the teeth 53. I
- The slider I2, in passing back from the fastener III to the fastener 26 will exert a tensioning force suflicient to separate the teeth 5| and 53,-
which will be much greater than any tensionnormally occurring during wear or usage so that no particular difficulty will be experienced in opening the locked slide-off end of the hookless fastener 26. r
At the point designated 50 in Fig. '6, the fastening device consists of a swinging latch member 6i whichis pivotally connected at 59 to a tongue 60 at the end of the bead 6| of the strip II'- of the slide fastener around the waist of the garment. The flattened end 62 of the guide 34 is provided with a pin 63, which is received in the recess 64 of the hook member 58. A spring member, not shown, is associated with the pivot 59 to throw down the hook 58 to engage the pin 63 immediately the slider I2 has passed thereover.
Upon return of the slider I2 before the slider moves or can be moved from the guide circular 34 onto the fastener strap II) it is necessary to throw the latch 58 out so that it will pass through the upper channel 65 in Fig. 6 of the slider. Then the slider maybe fitted upon the row of teeth III and moved around the waist, as indicated by the arrows 29 and 29 in Fig. 5.
It will be noted that the guide straps are flattened, as indicated at62 since the slider I2 must be taken off and placed on the slide fastener 2|] and III with its axis coinciding with ihe axis of the fastener. For this reason the width of the guide 34 must decrease to approximately the dimension indicated at 66 on Fig. 6. It will be noted that the guide at its normal width has about the same width as the length of the teeth I0, 36, 31, 5| and 53.
In operation, it is readily apparent that the wearer of the garment may open either the slide In assuming the garment, the jacket carrying the slider I2 is first assumed. The slide fastener 29 may be connected together, as indicated at 32 and 33 in' Fig. 6, and the slider cam I2 may then be run down to close the fastener 20.
As the slider I2 passes from the strip 26 it will lock the teeth 5| and53 together, as indicated in Figs. 6 and 7.
. Then the slider. may. be conveniently run around the guide 34 and thehook 42 may be engaged in the end of the guide 34, as indicated at '32 in Fig. 6.
The slider I2is then conveniently run around the trousers 5" and as it passes beyond the slide fastener II) the hook 58 will snap down to engage the pin 63 and; lock the exit end of the slide fastener I0. 7
Then the rows ofteeth 36 and 31 may be engaged for operation of the slider l2, as indicated at 33 in Fig. 6, and the slider cam I2 may be run down to the position indicated in Fig. 5.
It will be noted that the combination garment construction of the present invention enables the wearer thereof to assemble-and detach the sections thereof with great facility and when so as sembled, the garment produces a very neat appearance.
In using the construction of the present invention in overall garments, the many difficulties of one-piece overall garments have been avoided,
. particularly the disadvantage of getting into or out of these garments because of the fact that they were difliculttoengage or disengage with garment and the lengthening had to be carried out to such an extent that when the garment was Worn it presented an ill-fitting appearance. Furthermore, the additional material required to secure the additional length greatly increased the cost of production.
In old style one-piece garments, the trousers were usually worn out before the jacket or shirt portions, and it was usually necessary to make a premature replacement of the entire garment, which is not necessary in the case of the present invention.
The overall construction shown in the application is much superior to other constructions, in which either snap fasteners or buttons may be utilized for making connection between the jacket and trousers sections of the garment. With snap fasteners or buttons, it is evident that not only will considerable time be lost in securing the fastening means together, but in addition such fastening means will not be adequate to hold the garments together when strain is applied thereto, such as is occasioned when bending over.
The snap fasteners become detached from each other and very often the buttons will be torn loose, or the buttonholes enlarged to such an extent that they will no longer retain the buttons.
It is obvious that the novel hookless fastener arrangementsof the present invention, although particularly applicable to overall constructions, and to one-piece combination children's garments, are also broadly applicable to enclosures, coverings and various articles of clothing in which it is desired to close different portions of the garment with hookless fastening devices with a single slider element even though such portions are at considerable angles to eac other.
The present invention lso illustrates a most novel method of locking both ends of a slide fastener device, when the slider is altogether re;- moved therefrom and it also indicates how a separable slide fastener may be initially engaged to enable the movement of a slider thereover, which novel features are of general application.
The garments prepared according to the present application are found particularly suitable for laundering since the soap which catches in between'the teeth during the laundering operation enhances the lubricating properties of the slide fastener and assures that it will slip through the teeth to cause engagement or disengagement of such teeth in a much more satisfactory manner.
It is also to be understood, of course, that separate slide fasteners may be employed for the front of the jacket between the jacket and trousers and along the fly of the trousers.
What is claimed is:
1. An overall construction comprising separable trousers and jacket sections, the jacket sections being provided with an open front and the trousers section being provided with an open fly, slide fasteners connected to the front of the jacket, to
the fly of the trousers and to the adjacent upper edge of the trouser! and lower edge of the jacket, and extending around the waist of said jacket and the jacket and trousers section to be connected together or to each other, each of said strips being provided with a fabric bead and each of said beads being provided with and carrying a plurality of interengaging teeth, each tooth having opposite projections and recesses to engage with the opposite teeth of the same shape on the other strip, said strips or fasteners being entirely separable from each other, the slide fasteners along the front of the jacket and around the waist of the jacket and trousers sections being entirely separable and a cam slider element to cause engagement and disengagement of the slide fasteners for engagement, means at the beginning of each of said slide fasteners to enable initial engagement of the slider therewith, locking means at the ends of the slide fastener of the jacket and slide fastener around the waist to lock said slide fasteners when the slider is removed therefrom, and guide means between the slide fasteners on the front of the jacket and around the waist and also between the slide fasteners around the waist and along the front of the' fly, whereby the slide fastener may be drawn down to engage the slide fastener at the front of the jacket, then'turned at 90 to connect the slide fastener between the jacket and trousers section and then turned another 90 to engage the slide fastener on the fly.
2. An overall construction comprising separable trousers and jacket sections, the jacket sections being provided with an open front and the trousers section being provided with an open fly, slide fasteners connected to the front of the jacket, to the fly of the trousers and to the adjacent upper edge of the trousers and lower edge of the jacket, and extending around the waist of said jacket and trousers sections, said slide fasteners each consisting of a fabric strip to be sewn to the edges of the jacket and trousers section to be connected together or to each other, each of said strips being provided with a fabric bead and each of said beads being provided with and carrying a plurality of interengaging teeth, each tooth having an opposite projection and recesses to engagewith the opposite teeth of the same shape on the other strip, said strips or fasteners being entirely separable from each other, the slide fasteners along the front of the jacket and around the waist of the jacket and trousers sections being entirely separable, a single cam slider element to cause engagement and disengagement of the slide fasteners said slide fasteners being connected by guide means by which said single cam slide may be moved from one slide fastener to the other.
3. An overall construction comprising separable trousers and jacket sections, the jacket sections being provided with an open front and the trousers section being provided with an open fly, slide fasteners connected to the front of the jacket, to the fly of the trousers and to the adjacent upper edge of the trousers and lower edge of the jacket, and extending around the entire waist of said jacket and trousers sections, a single cam slider element to cause engagement and disengagement of the slide fasteners, means at the beginning of each of said slide fasteners to enable initial engagement of the slider therewith, and-guide means between the slide fasteners on the front of the jacket and around the waist and also between the slide fastener around the waist and along the front of the fly, whereby the slide fastener may be drawn down to engage the slide fastener at the front of the jacket, then turned at 90 to connect the slide fastener between the jacket and trousers section and then turned another 90 to engage theslide fastener on the fly.
4. In a garment of the type provided with a body covering portion and a pants portion, said pants portion and said body portion being detachably connected together and capable of being opened from each other and said body portion and said pants portion being provided withvertical openings along the front thereof; the combination therewith of slide fasteners on each of said openings, a single sliding cam member to be moved from one slide fastener to another and guide means devoid of teeth between said slide fasteners, said guide means consisting of a metal strip of substantially the same height as the teeth of the slide fastener to guide said slide means from one slide fastener to the other.
5. In a garment of the type provided with a body covering portion and a pants portion, said pants portion and said body portion being de-. tachably connected together and capable of being opened from each other and said body portion and said pants portion being provided with vertical openings along the front thereof; the combination therewith of slide fasteners on each of said openings, a sliding cam member to be moved from one slide fastener to another and guide means devoid of teeth between said slide fasteners, said guide means consisting of a metal strip of substantially the same height as the teeth of the slide fastener to guide said slide means from one slide fastener to the other, one end of said strip being flattened to receive the cam member when drawn off a slide fastener.
6. In a garment of the type provided with a body covering portion and a pants portion, said pants portion and said body portion being detachably connected together and capable of being opened from each other and said body portion and said pants portion being provided with vertical openings along the front thereof; the 'com-, bination therewith of entirely separable slide fastener means to close said openings, a sliding cam member and guide means devoid of teeth between said slide fasteners to enable engagement of said cam member with the initial end of said fastener, said guide means consisting of a metal strip of substantially the same height as the teeth of the slide fastener connected to the initial end of one side of the fastener, and a nose member with a hook to engage said guide means connected to the initial end of the other side of the fastener.
'7. In a garment of, the type provided with a body covering portion and a pants portion, said pants portion and said body portion being detachably connected together and capable of being opened from each other and said body portion and said pants portion being provided with vertical openings along the front thereof ;;the combination therewith of an entirely separable slide fastening means on each of said openings, each means having a plurality of metallic fasteners permanently secured upon a pair of flexible tapes and a sliding cam device having a central channel and diverging channels extending from and communicating with said central channel, each said means being provided with means for locking the initial end of the fastener characterized by a plate member secured to an end of one tape, including a metal strip having a hole and a hook having an abutment member secured to the end of the other tape to engage the other member.
8. In a garment of the type provided with a body covering portion and a pants portion, said pants portion and said body portion being detachably connected together and capable of being opened from each other and said body portion and said pants portion being provided with vertical openings along the front thereof; the com-- bination therewith of a separable slide fastening means on each of said openings, each means having a plurality of metallic fasteners permanently secured upon a pair of flexible tapes and a sliding cam device having a central channel and diverging channels extending from and communicating with said central channel, means for locking the run-off end of the fastener means characterized by said device including a tooth having a double ing a plurality of metallic fasteners permanently secured upon a pair of flexible tapes and a sliding cam device having a central channel and diverging channels extending from and communicating with said central channel, said fastener means also including means for locking the run-off end of the fastener characterized by a hook on the run-off end of one tape resiliently pressed toward the run-off end of the other tapeand a pin on the other tape engaging said hook.
HYATT LEMOINE.
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Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2471086A (en) * 1947-05-03 1949-05-24 Ackerman Charles Child's garment
US2513065A (en) * 1946-01-25 1950-06-27 Stagg Max Combination raincoat
US2559953A (en) * 1950-06-03 1951-07-10 Adele H Evans Separable garment
US2612643A (en) * 1948-11-10 1952-10-07 Perry Fernande Garment closure
US2746114A (en) * 1952-01-16 1956-05-22 Harvey L Williams Slide fastener type tube coupling
US3737916A (en) * 1971-03-15 1973-06-12 A Grenier Jacket and trousers combination
US3965487A (en) * 1974-12-13 1976-06-29 Adella Mazur Multi-use infant garment
US4390996A (en) * 1980-09-02 1983-07-05 Read Stuart W Garment
FR2666200A1 (en) * 1990-09-04 1992-03-06 Kelea Two-piece all-in-one (one-piece suit) with semi-leaktight assembly
DE10334667A1 (en) * 2003-07-11 2005-02-10 BLüCHER GMBH Two-piece safety- or military protective clothing has surrounding connecting section on upper part for sealed connection to lower part
US20050044605A1 (en) * 2003-07-11 2005-03-03 Bluecher Gmbh Two-part protective suit with connecting section
US20050114979A1 (en) * 2003-11-06 2005-06-02 Richard Woolcott Powder skirt zipper system
WO2005122810A1 (en) * 2004-06-22 2005-12-29 Alpinestars Research Srl Garment for sporting activity
US20060236440A1 (en) * 2005-04-22 2006-10-26 Zahler Todd T Chef suit garment
US20100132089A1 (en) * 2008-11-25 2010-06-03 Michael Myers Modular wading system
US20120073028A1 (en) * 2009-05-08 2012-03-29 Anita Knopik One-Piece Article of Clothing
US20130219582A1 (en) * 2012-02-29 2013-08-29 William Harris, Iii Multi-component coverall
USD731750S1 (en) * 2012-11-30 2015-06-16 Reg Radford Two piece coverall
US20150374049A1 (en) * 2014-01-29 2015-12-31 Eric Lake Full body coat
US20170258157A1 (en) * 2014-11-24 2017-09-14 Pfanner Schutzbekleidung Gmbh Garment Including an Integrated Pocket
WO2019086640A1 (en) * 2017-11-02 2019-05-09 Beattie Rachel Catherine Clothing product with mutually detachable garments and method of manufacture thereof
USD952991S1 (en) * 2019-05-15 2022-05-31 Vashene Renee Barfield One piece medical scrub
US20220248773A1 (en) * 2021-02-11 2022-08-11 Bryce Ambelang Article of Apparel
USD988640S1 (en) * 2021-02-11 2023-06-13 Bryce Ambelang Shirt
USD1012427S1 (en) 2021-02-11 2024-01-30 Bryce Ambelang Underwear
USD1013326S1 (en) 2021-02-11 2024-02-06 Bryce Ambelang Shirt and underwear combination

Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2513065A (en) * 1946-01-25 1950-06-27 Stagg Max Combination raincoat
US2471086A (en) * 1947-05-03 1949-05-24 Ackerman Charles Child's garment
US2612643A (en) * 1948-11-10 1952-10-07 Perry Fernande Garment closure
US2559953A (en) * 1950-06-03 1951-07-10 Adele H Evans Separable garment
US2746114A (en) * 1952-01-16 1956-05-22 Harvey L Williams Slide fastener type tube coupling
US3737916A (en) * 1971-03-15 1973-06-12 A Grenier Jacket and trousers combination
US3965487A (en) * 1974-12-13 1976-06-29 Adella Mazur Multi-use infant garment
US4390996A (en) * 1980-09-02 1983-07-05 Read Stuart W Garment
FR2666200A1 (en) * 1990-09-04 1992-03-06 Kelea Two-piece all-in-one (one-piece suit) with semi-leaktight assembly
DE10334667A1 (en) * 2003-07-11 2005-02-10 BLüCHER GMBH Two-piece safety- or military protective clothing has surrounding connecting section on upper part for sealed connection to lower part
US20050044605A1 (en) * 2003-07-11 2005-03-03 Bluecher Gmbh Two-part protective suit with connecting section
US7047568B2 (en) 2003-07-11 2006-05-23 BLüCHER GMBH Two-part protective suit with connecting section
DE10334667B4 (en) * 2003-07-11 2007-08-30 BLüCHER GMBH Two-piece protective suit with connecting section
US20080276344A1 (en) * 2003-11-06 2008-11-13 Richard Woolcott Powder skirt zipper system
EP1689257A2 (en) * 2003-11-06 2006-08-16 Volcom, Inc. Powder skirt zipper system
US7404214B2 (en) * 2003-11-06 2008-07-29 Volcom, Inc. Powder skirt zipper system
US20050114979A1 (en) * 2003-11-06 2005-06-02 Richard Woolcott Powder skirt zipper system
US20100043118A2 (en) * 2003-11-06 2010-02-25 Volcom, Inc. Powder Skirt Zipper System
US7874019B2 (en) 2003-11-06 2011-01-25 Volcom, Inc. Powder skirt zipper system
EP1689257A4 (en) * 2003-11-06 2011-04-20 Volcom Inc Powder skirt zipper system
WO2005122810A1 (en) * 2004-06-22 2005-12-29 Alpinestars Research Srl Garment for sporting activity
US20060236440A1 (en) * 2005-04-22 2006-10-26 Zahler Todd T Chef suit garment
US7836519B2 (en) * 2005-04-22 2010-11-23 Zahler Todd T Chef suit garment
US20100132089A1 (en) * 2008-11-25 2010-06-03 Michael Myers Modular wading system
US20120073028A1 (en) * 2009-05-08 2012-03-29 Anita Knopik One-Piece Article of Clothing
US20130219582A1 (en) * 2012-02-29 2013-08-29 William Harris, Iii Multi-component coverall
USD731750S1 (en) * 2012-11-30 2015-06-16 Reg Radford Two piece coverall
US20150374049A1 (en) * 2014-01-29 2015-12-31 Eric Lake Full body coat
US20170258157A1 (en) * 2014-11-24 2017-09-14 Pfanner Schutzbekleidung Gmbh Garment Including an Integrated Pocket
WO2019086640A1 (en) * 2017-11-02 2019-05-09 Beattie Rachel Catherine Clothing product with mutually detachable garments and method of manufacture thereof
GB2582489A (en) * 2017-11-02 2020-09-23 Catherine Beattie Rachel Clothing product with mutually detachable garments and method of manufacture thereof
GB2582489B (en) * 2017-11-02 2023-04-05 Catherine Beattie Rachel Clothing product with mutually detachable garments and method of manufacture thereof
USD952991S1 (en) * 2019-05-15 2022-05-31 Vashene Renee Barfield One piece medical scrub
US20220248773A1 (en) * 2021-02-11 2022-08-11 Bryce Ambelang Article of Apparel
USD988640S1 (en) * 2021-02-11 2023-06-13 Bryce Ambelang Shirt
USD1012427S1 (en) 2021-02-11 2024-01-30 Bryce Ambelang Underwear
USD1013326S1 (en) 2021-02-11 2024-02-06 Bryce Ambelang Shirt and underwear combination

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