US2023267A - Feeding means for gas masks - Google Patents

Feeding means for gas masks Download PDF

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Publication number
US2023267A
US2023267A US65811433A US2023267A US 2023267 A US2023267 A US 2023267A US 65811433 A US65811433 A US 65811433A US 2023267 A US2023267 A US 2023267A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
valve
feeding
tube
mask
slits
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Rapt Joseph De Saint
Decombe Georges
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Rapt Joseph De Saint
Decombe Georges
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Priority to FR747066T priority Critical
Application filed by Rapt Joseph De Saint, Decombe Georges filed Critical Rapt Joseph De Saint
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2023267A publication Critical patent/US2023267A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B18/00Breathing masks or helmets, e.g. affording protection against chemical agents or for use at high altitudes or incorporating a pump or compressor for reducing the inhalation effort
    • A62B18/08Component parts for gas-masks or gas-helmets, e.g. windows, straps, speech transmitters, signal-devices
    • A62B18/086Adaptations for consuming refreshments without unmasking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7837Direct response valves [i.e., check valve type]
    • Y10T137/7879Resilient material valve
    • Y10T137/788Having expansible port
    • Y10T137/7882Having exit lip
    • Y10T137/7885Multiple slit

Description

Dec. 3 1935 J. DE SAINT RAPT ET AL 2,023,267

FEEDING-MEANS FOR GAS MAsKs Filed Feb. 25, 1953 zfffelzzfalv:

T7 n @www RB NL FM R O .m MGMT AEk OD E Dm R mm @GW J Patented Dec. 3, 1935 UNITED STATES FEEDING MEANS FOR GAS MASKS Joseph de Saint Rapt and Georges Decombc, Lyon, France Application February 23, 1933, Serial No. 658,114 In France February 25, 1932 3 Claims.

The present invention relates to a device which can be adapted to all kinds of protective respiratory apparatus generally referred to as gas masks, for the purpose of enabling the wearers of such apparatus to be maintained from liquid or semi-liquid substances or to absorb certain gases such as oxygen.

The main object of our invention is to provide a novel form of valve to ensure imperviousness before, during, and after the introduction of. a tube of which one end connects to the mouth, the other end dipping directly or through the medium of a rubber tube into the receiver containing the absorbent liquid. 15

In order to obtain gastightness, this valve is formed of a series of membranes or discs of rubber conveniently perforated and piled together in a container or simply bound by a ring.

The centre of the two outer membrances is pierced by a hole, the diameter of which is less than that of the supply tube; they are specially intended to ensure gastightness when the tube is inserted in the mask. y

Other discs of rubber are arranged between these two membranes, which individually have slits either in the form of. a large arc of a circle which avoids the centre of the membrane involved or are eceentrieally disposed and parallel with a line corresponding with the diameter; they are superimposed, taking care to displace them conveniently in relation to one another so that the slits are symmetrically distributed around the whole circle, this displacement being made always in the same direction.

In this way the slits never meet and a gastight fit is obtained when the apparatus is ready for use.

In order to avoid the accidental insertion of the tube in the mask before the other end of the rubber dips into the supply liquid and thus making it possible to breathe in the harmful gases, the breathing tube is provided with a system for keeping it constantly closed.

The present invention aims equally at a more particularly interesting gastight device which, when placed at the end of the rubber tube, closes it permanently, this condition only ceasing when pressure is exerted on the bottom of the vessel containing the liquid.

This gastight device consists of a rubber cushion or cap with longitudinal slits following one or several directions and arranged at the extreme bottom of a stiff plunger tube. The two lips of each of these slits can only separate from one another to alloW the passage of the liquid by the (Cl. 12S-141) pressure of this cap on the bottom of the receiver (breathing position). When pressure is not applied (position of rest) it is absolutely irnpervious against breathing, and the stronger the breathing the tighter it is, the exterior pressure 5 placing the two lips of each of the slits referred to tightly against the other.

The invenion will be readily understood by the aid of the supplementary description which follows and of the attached drawing, which are, of 10 course, given as a typical example.

Fig. 1 illustrates in plan one of the two outer discs of the valve;

Fig. 2 shows one of the internal discs of the same valve. l5

Fig. 3 shows, also in plan, the assembly or piling together of these two kinds of disc forming the Valve proper.

Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the valve through line 4-4 of Fig. 3. 20

Fig. 5 shows the placing of this valve in a container, attached to one of the cheeksof the respiratory apparatus.

' Fig 6 is, to a smaller scale, a View of. the assembly, with the permanent closing system, the 25 breathing tube being inserted in the mask.

Fig. '7 shows the closing system in position for use.

Fig. 8 is a perspective View of a respiratory apparatus with a device of this kind. 30

According to the invention, the valve of this device can consist of two rubber discs a with a central hole b (Fig. l) and of several other discs c (three in the drawing) each with an arc shaped slit d not passing through its centre (Fig. 2) 35 These discs c are placed against one another, care being taken to conveniently displace their slits d so that these may be arranged symetrically around the complete circle. In the case of the drawing, these slits are displaced at an angle of 40 120 degrees from one another (Fig. 3). These discs c are then placed between the two outer discs a (Fig, 4), then the assembly consisting of the five discs is placed in a container e closed by a plug f and iixed into the inner wall g of the mask by means of a washer 2 and a nut (Fig. 5).

As shown in Fig. 6 a tube i, whose external diameter is larger than that of the openings b of the discs a, can be passed through this valve.

It should be borne in mind, as already stated above, that this valve is absolutely gas tight, when the supply tube is inserted or not inserted in the mask.

Finally, a permanent closing system is fitted to the rubber tube j, which forms an extension of the pipe i, and which dips into the liquid to be absorbed and comprises (Figs. 6 and 7) a valve consisting of a rubber cushion or cap t slit longitudinally at one or several points u.

In the case of the drawing, this cushion t is carried on a stiff mouthpiece c, connected through the rubber tube j to the supply pipe z', but this cushion could obviously be mounted directly on the tubei.

It is easily realized that these slits u can only open if the cushion t is expanded by being held pressed against the bottom of the receptacle at, its compression and resulting .expansion or spreading alone being able to cause the opening of the slits in order to allow the passage `of the liquid to be taken or oxygen to be breathed.

This stopper is on the otherhand gastight if breathing occurs in the rest position (Fig. 6) and the stronger the breathing the tighter it becomes, the exterior pressure pressing the lips of each of the slits u against one another.

Thus, to draw in the liquid s, the wearer is obliged to Yplunge the tube to the bottom of the receptacle. He does not then risk in any way breathing in the harmful outside air veven if the receptacle a: is only Vpartially filled.

In Fig. 8, which shows the assembly of the device, it will be seen that when this supply device is not in use, that is, when the tube i is not fitted to the mask, the valve is protected against all accidental introduction of foreign matter by a press button p provided with a small rubber washer q and mounted on a ap .r fixed to the mask h.

kIt is naturally evident and is also evident from the above that neither the invention nor its parts is in any way limited to the method of application described above; on the contrary it embraces all the various uses of similar devices.

What we claim and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:

1. In a gas mask covering at least the nose and mouth of the wearer and having feeding means for feeding liquid food through said mask in the form of a feeding valve in the wall thereof and a removable feeding tube adapted to cooperate with said valve, there being a mouthpiece upon one end of said feeding tube, and said feeding valve being caused to resiliently and automatically open upon said mouthpiece being thrust into said valve through said Wall and to resiliently and automatically close so as to prevent ingress of gas upon withdrawal of said mouthpiece from said valve, at least three superposed elastic membranes comprised in said valve, each being formed with individual slits piercing the respective disks and individually disposed in different directions and along different section lines upon said disks.

2. In a gas mask covering at least the nose and mouth of the wearer and having feeding means for feeding liquid food through said mask in the form of a feeding valve in the wall thereof and a removable feeding tube adapted to cooperate with said valve, there being a mouthpiece upon one end of said feeding tube, and said feeding valve being caused to resiliently and automatically open upon said mouthpiece being thrust into said valve through said wall and to resiliently and automatically close so as to prevent ingress of gas upon withdrawal of said mouthpiece from said valve, at least three superposed elastic membranes comprised in said valve, each being formed with individual slits piercing the respective disks and individually disposed in different directions and along different section lines upon said disks, which elastic membranes are confined at their edges between a pair of resilient disks formed with round apertures, through which the mouthpiece of the feeding tube may be thrust to the interior of said gas mask, and means disposed upon the other end of said feeding tube for preventing entrance-of gases into said tube comprising a resilient slotted exterior valve member upon said other end which automatically closes when out of contact with the interior of the bottom of a feeding vessel, or upon being subjected to suction from Within said tube and being expanded into open position of the slotted portions of said resilient valve member when the same is `depressed upon and makes effective contact with the interior of the bottom of a feeding vessel containing liquid food.

3. In a gas mask covering at least the nose and mouth of the wearer and having feeding means for feeding liquid food through said mask in the form of a feeding valve in the wall thereof and a removable feeding tube adapted to cooperate with said valve, there being a mouthpiece upon one end of said feeding tube, and said feeding valve being caused to resiliently and automaticallyopen upon saidmouthpiece being thrust into `said valve through said Wall and to resiliently and automatically close so as to prevent ingress of gas upon withdrawal of said mouthpiece from said valve, at least three superposed elastic membranes comprised in said valve, each being formed with individual slits piercing the respective disks and individually disposed in different directions andalong different section lines upon said disks, which elastic membranes are confined at their edges between a pair of resilient disks formed with round apertures, through which the mouthpiece of the feeding tube may be thrust to the interior of said gas mask, and a rigid casing attached to the wall of said gas mask, occupying an opening in said wall and having converging edge portions retaining the elastic membranes in assembled condition, together with said resilient disks between which they are disposed.

JOSEPH DE SAINT RAPT.

GEORGES DECOMBE.

US65811433 1932-02-25 1933-02-23 Feeding means for gas masks Expired - Lifetime US2023267A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR747066T 1932-02-25

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2023267A true US2023267A (en) 1935-12-03

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US65811433 Expired - Lifetime US2023267A (en) 1932-02-25 1933-02-23 Feeding means for gas masks

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US (1) US2023267A (en)
CH (1) CH167660A (en)
DE (1) DE649432C (en)
FR (1) FR747066A (en)
GB (1) GB399390A (en)

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2843122A (en) * 1956-07-31 1958-07-15 Charles H Hudson Breathing mask
US3645261A (en) * 1970-08-04 1972-02-29 Us Army Drinking and resuscitation mask
WO1982000254A1 (en) * 1980-07-21 1982-02-04 O Rollins Naso-gastric oxygen mask
US4328797A (en) * 1980-07-23 1982-05-11 Rollins Iii Offord L Naso-gastric oxygen mask
US4351328A (en) * 1980-03-27 1982-09-28 Sontek Industries, Inc. Simultaneous respiration and endotracheal suctioning of a critically ill patient
US4626245A (en) * 1985-08-30 1986-12-02 Cordis Corporation Hemostatis valve comprising an elastomeric partition having opposed intersecting slits
US4841963A (en) * 1986-09-08 1989-06-27 Engicom Naamloze Vennootschap Accessory for gas masks and gas masks equipped therewith
US5006113A (en) * 1990-02-08 1991-04-09 Cook Incorporated Hemostasis cannula
US5167637A (en) * 1990-11-01 1992-12-01 Sherwood Medical Company Valve membrane for a catheter introducer hemostatic valve
US5450886A (en) * 1993-05-26 1995-09-19 Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin - Michelin & Cie Inflation valve and method using said valve for the inflation of a tire with sealing ring
US5794661A (en) * 1996-10-21 1998-08-18 Microphor, Inc. Tank isolation valve
US5890621A (en) * 1996-10-21 1999-04-06 Gerber Products Company Cup for young children with cap valved for fluid control
US6086570A (en) * 1998-09-29 2000-07-11 A-Med Systems, Inc. Hemostasis valve with membranes having offset apertures
WO2001054763A2 (en) 2000-01-25 2001-08-02 Daig Corporation Hemostasis valve
US20020022808A1 (en) * 2000-03-08 2002-02-21 Auergesellschaft Gmbh Feeding apparatus for breathing masks that allows food and drink intake when the mask is in use
US6422415B1 (en) 1998-02-06 2002-07-23 Playtex Products, Inc. Leak-proof cup assembly with flow control element
US6526966B1 (en) 2000-02-10 2003-03-04 Marorji R. Peesay Suckling nebulizer
US6551283B1 (en) 2000-01-25 2003-04-22 St. Jude Medical, Daig Division Hemostasis valve
US6610031B1 (en) * 2001-04-18 2003-08-26 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Valve assembly
US20040074498A1 (en) * 2002-10-17 2004-04-22 Begum Paul G. Aromatic travel mask
WO2004035141A1 (en) * 2002-10-17 2004-04-29 Help U Solve, Inc. Travel mask
US7044127B1 (en) * 2003-09-11 2006-05-16 Fernandez Decastro Aurora L Multipurpose mask
US7114498B1 (en) * 2003-12-29 2006-10-03 Ramses Nashed Gas delivery, evacuation and respiratory monitoring system and method
US20080093399A1 (en) * 2006-10-19 2008-04-24 Resnick Todd A Drink Tube System for Respiratory Protective Device
US20100313891A1 (en) * 2007-03-02 2010-12-16 Resmed Limited Respiratory mask
US7958889B1 (en) * 2010-01-15 2011-06-14 Aurora L. Fernandez de Castro Protective face cover and moldable attachment
US20180118429A1 (en) * 2016-11-03 2018-05-03 Issam Adib Khoury Closure Device
US10842981B2 (en) 2017-03-13 2020-11-24 Boston Scientific Limited Hemostasis valves and methods for making and using hemostasis valves

Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1170791B (en) * 1959-11-09 1964-05-21 Goodrich Co B F Helmet for pressure suits
DE1274888B (en) * 1965-01-02 1968-08-08 Draegerwerk Ag Device for supplying liquid food for those wearing respiratory masks
CH600898A5 (en) * 1975-10-10 1978-06-30 Luwa Ag
IT1173401B (en) * 1984-02-29 1987-06-24 Pirelli Device associated with a mask for introducing liquid substances to a user and relative mask
DE3634391A1 (en) * 1986-10-09 1988-04-14 Schiwa Gmbh DRINKING CONTAINER FOR USE WITH ABC PROTECTIVE MASK
DE3862612D1 (en) * 1987-05-20 1991-06-06 Huber & Suhner Ag DRINKING DEVICE FOR A PROTECTIVE MASK.
DE8715223U1 (en) * 1987-11-17 1988-02-04 Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Vertreten Durch Den Bundesminister Der Verteidigung, Dieser Vertreten Durch Den Praesidenten Des Bundesamtes Fuer Wehrtechnik Und Beschaffung, 5400 Koblenz, De
DE3741665C1 (en) * 1987-12-09 1988-11-24 Draegerwerk Ag Pinchable shut-off valve for fluid lines

Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2843122A (en) * 1956-07-31 1958-07-15 Charles H Hudson Breathing mask
US3645261A (en) * 1970-08-04 1972-02-29 Us Army Drinking and resuscitation mask
US4351328A (en) * 1980-03-27 1982-09-28 Sontek Industries, Inc. Simultaneous respiration and endotracheal suctioning of a critically ill patient
WO1982000254A1 (en) * 1980-07-21 1982-02-04 O Rollins Naso-gastric oxygen mask
US4328797A (en) * 1980-07-23 1982-05-11 Rollins Iii Offord L Naso-gastric oxygen mask
US4626245A (en) * 1985-08-30 1986-12-02 Cordis Corporation Hemostatis valve comprising an elastomeric partition having opposed intersecting slits
US4841963A (en) * 1986-09-08 1989-06-27 Engicom Naamloze Vennootschap Accessory for gas masks and gas masks equipped therewith
US5006113A (en) * 1990-02-08 1991-04-09 Cook Incorporated Hemostasis cannula
US5167637A (en) * 1990-11-01 1992-12-01 Sherwood Medical Company Valve membrane for a catheter introducer hemostatic valve
US5450886A (en) * 1993-05-26 1995-09-19 Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin - Michelin & Cie Inflation valve and method using said valve for the inflation of a tire with sealing ring
US5794661A (en) * 1996-10-21 1998-08-18 Microphor, Inc. Tank isolation valve
US5890621A (en) * 1996-10-21 1999-04-06 Gerber Products Company Cup for young children with cap valved for fluid control
US6422415B1 (en) 1998-02-06 2002-07-23 Playtex Products, Inc. Leak-proof cup assembly with flow control element
US6086570A (en) * 1998-09-29 2000-07-11 A-Med Systems, Inc. Hemostasis valve with membranes having offset apertures
US7081106B1 (en) 2000-01-25 2006-07-25 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. Hemostasis valve
US6632200B2 (en) 2000-01-25 2003-10-14 St. Jude Medical, Daig Division Hemostasis valve
WO2001054763A2 (en) 2000-01-25 2001-08-02 Daig Corporation Hemostasis valve
US6551283B1 (en) 2000-01-25 2003-04-22 St. Jude Medical, Daig Division Hemostasis valve
US6526966B1 (en) 2000-02-10 2003-03-04 Marorji R. Peesay Suckling nebulizer
US20020022808A1 (en) * 2000-03-08 2002-02-21 Auergesellschaft Gmbh Feeding apparatus for breathing masks that allows food and drink intake when the mask is in use
US6718971B2 (en) * 2000-03-08 2004-04-13 Auergeselischaft Gmbh Feeding apparatus for breathing masks that allows food and drink intake when the mask is in use
US6610031B1 (en) * 2001-04-18 2003-08-26 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Valve assembly
US6758215B2 (en) * 2002-10-17 2004-07-06 Paul G. Begum Aromatic travel mask
US20040231671A1 (en) * 2002-10-17 2004-11-25 Begum Paul G. Travel mask
US6823868B1 (en) * 2002-10-17 2004-11-30 Paul G. Begum Travel mask
US20040074498A1 (en) * 2002-10-17 2004-04-22 Begum Paul G. Aromatic travel mask
WO2004035141A1 (en) * 2002-10-17 2004-04-29 Help U Solve, Inc. Travel mask
US7044127B1 (en) * 2003-09-11 2006-05-16 Fernandez Decastro Aurora L Multipurpose mask
US7114498B1 (en) * 2003-12-29 2006-10-03 Ramses Nashed Gas delivery, evacuation and respiratory monitoring system and method
US7810493B2 (en) 2006-10-19 2010-10-12 Tmr-E, Llc Drink tube system for respiratory protective device
US20080093399A1 (en) * 2006-10-19 2008-04-24 Resnick Todd A Drink Tube System for Respiratory Protective Device
US20100313891A1 (en) * 2007-03-02 2010-12-16 Resmed Limited Respiratory mask
US9981102B2 (en) * 2007-03-02 2018-05-29 Resmed Limited Respiratory mask
US7958889B1 (en) * 2010-01-15 2011-06-14 Aurora L. Fernandez de Castro Protective face cover and moldable attachment
US20180118429A1 (en) * 2016-11-03 2018-05-03 Issam Adib Khoury Closure Device
US10472144B2 (en) * 2016-11-03 2019-11-12 Newlight Capital, Llc Closure device
US10842981B2 (en) 2017-03-13 2020-11-24 Boston Scientific Limited Hemostasis valves and methods for making and using hemostasis valves

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE649432C (en) 1937-08-24
CH167660A (en) 1934-02-28
FR747066A (en) 1933-06-10
GB399390A (en) 1933-10-05

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