US2015464A - Separator - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2015464A
US2015464A US737033A US73703334A US2015464A US 2015464 A US2015464 A US 2015464A US 737033 A US737033 A US 737033A US 73703334 A US73703334 A US 73703334A US 2015464 A US2015464 A US 2015464A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
mixture
cone
apparatus
gas
vanes
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US737033A
Inventor
Saint-Jacques Eugene Camille
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Saint-Jacques Eugene Camille
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Publication date
Priority to FR613087X priority Critical
Application filed by Saint-Jacques Eugene Camille filed Critical Saint-Jacques Eugene Camille
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2015464A publication Critical patent/US2015464A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C5/00Apparatus in which the axial direction of the vortex is reversed
    • B04C5/12Construction of the overflow ducting, e.g. diffusing or spiral exits
    • B04C5/13Construction of the overflow ducting, e.g. diffusing or spiral exits formed as a vortex finder and extending into the vortex chamber; Discharge from vortex finder otherwise than at the top of the cyclone; Devices for controlling the overflow
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C5/00Apparatus in which the axial direction of the vortex is reversed
    • B04C5/02Construction of inlets by which the vortex flow is generated, e.g. tangential admission, the fluid flow being forced to follow a downward path by spirally wound bulkheads, or with slightly downwardly-directed tangential admission
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C5/00Apparatus in which the axial direction of the vortex is reversed
    • B04C5/12Construction of the overflow ducting, e.g. diffusing or spiral exits

Description

Sept. 24, 1935.

E. c. SAINT-JACQUES 2,015,464.

SEPARATOR Filed July 26. 1934 Patented Sept. 24, 1935 UNITED. STATES PATENT, OFFICE Application July 26,1934, Serial No. 737,033

In France August 10, 1933 1 Claim.

In an ordinary cyclone, the gas and the material with which it is loaded and from which it is to be separated are introduced tangentially and under pressure into the apparatus; they fall 5 together following a spiral circuit to the base of the apparatus which is airtight or connected to.

an airtight receptacle in which the material, after having been centrifuged against the wall of the apparatus during the turbulent movement of the descent, is precipitated, while the gas rises with little powder to be removed through the orifice arranged in the upper part of the cyclone separator.

In apparatus of this kind, in order to obtain a suificient rotation of the mixture of gas and material, it is necessary to provide at the point of injection of the mixture 2. pressure sufiiciently high and which increases with the diameter of the cyclone. Moreover, the friction of the mixture of the gas and material upon the wall of the apparatus absorbs a considerable part of the power used for its injection. Then with certain materials this friction produces a, considerable effect of abrasion. The present invention has for its object a dis .tribution device applicable not only to cyclones but even to all air separators, to turbulence furnaces and similar devices, and which permits these disadvantages to be minimized.

For this purpose this device consists essentially in a cone placed inside the cylindrical body of the cyclone or other device, the apex of the cone comprising an opening which serves for the removal of the gaseous fluid at the upper part of the apparatus while its base is connected to the wall of the cylindrical body by the intermediary of vanes preferably curved, and between which the material and the air are compelled to. pass.

The invention is illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawing in which:

Figure 1 is a view in axial section of a cyclone provided with a distribution device set up according to the invention, and

Figure 2 is a plan view of the device shown in Figure 1. I w

The cyclone-or separator comprises'in the ordinary manner a cylindrical body I, terminating at its lower part in a conical inverted portion 2 which is air-tight or connected to an air-tight receptacle (not shown). The mixture of gas and material is introduced tangentially into this cylindrical body by a pipe 3.

According to the invention the distribution of the mixture of gas and material in the interior of the cylindrical body I is ensured by a right '6 and the envelope I.

cone 6 at the apex of which is attached the pipe 5 forv outlet of the gas and of which the base is connected to the wall of the bodyl by the intermediarylof vanes I. The vanes 1 are preferably curved towards the axis of the body I, and are 5 preferably uniformly distributed over the whole circumference.

The operation of the cyclone provided with such a device is as follows:

The gas containing in suspension the matter 10 to be separated is introduced tangentially into the space between the cone 6 and the cylindrical envelope I and assumes a spiraldescending movement in this space. During this movement the material distributes itself uniformly around the 15 cone 6 so that all the circumference of this cone is equally covered. The speeding up of the mixture of gas and material takes places progressively by reason of the progressive narrowing of the section of the space a between the cone 20 The mixture speeds up more and more as it descends, and when it reaches the very narrow annular space b occupied by the vanes 1 it is automatically entrained and d1- rected into, the interior of the cyclone separator 25 proper across these vanes which are preferably curved so as better to direct the mixture by removing it from the wall of the body I.

Thus at first the motive force necessary for the injection ofthe mixture into the apparatus 30 may be substantially reduced due to the. phenomenon of the automatic and progressive increase of the speed of the mixture which is produced as has been seenabove by the progressive narrowing of the space a. 35

Then, the matter is better distributed as has been seen over the whole of the circumference of the apparatus and instead of arriving at a lump at a single point, it has a greater tendency to remove itself from the wall of the cylindrical body 40 due to the action of the vanes. The abrasive effect is thus substantially reduced.

Finally, it will be observed that the conditions of operation of the apparatus are always constant since for a definite angle of the cone 6 45 the height of this latter is always proportional to the maximum diameter of the cylindrical body I.

What is claimed is:--

Distribution device for cyclones, separators, 50 turbulence furnaces, and like apparatus, comprising in combination a cylindrical chamber, a conduit opening tangentially into said chamber adjacent the top thereof for the introduction of the mixture into the apparatus, an inverted cone dis- 55 right cone, an outlet conduit connected to said opening through which the gaseous fluid of the mixture may be discharged, and vanes between a the base of the right cone and the wall of the cylindrical chamber, said vanes being curved downwardly and inwardly towards the axis of the cylindrical body in the same direction of rotation as that of the incoming mixture.

EUGENE CAMILLE SAINT-JACQUES-

US737033A 1933-08-10 1934-07-26 Separator Expired - Lifetime US2015464A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR613087X 1933-08-10

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2015464A true US2015464A (en) 1935-09-24

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ID=8979273

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US737033A Expired - Lifetime US2015464A (en) 1933-08-10 1934-07-26 Separator

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US (1) US2015464A (en)
BE (1) BE406007A (en)
DE (1) DE613087C (en)
FR (1) FR792335A (en)
GB (1) GB424608A (en)

Cited By (42)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2813404A (en) * 1955-08-26 1957-11-19 Worthington Corp Refrigeration system
DE1081424B (en) * 1958-01-21 1960-05-12 Thomas Fischer Dipl Ing Method and device for separating liquids and solids from gases or liquids
US2943698A (en) * 1960-07-05 Cyclone-type separator
US2952330A (en) * 1958-03-12 1960-09-13 Charles A Winslow Centrifugal-type fluid purifier
US3339350A (en) * 1965-05-28 1967-09-05 Monsanto Co Gas-liquid separator
US4572727A (en) * 1983-04-14 1986-02-25 Ube Industries, Ltd. Cyclone
US4687492A (en) * 1984-04-16 1987-08-18 Ashland Oil, Inc. Cyclone for lessening formation of carbonaceous deposits
US4824449A (en) * 1985-06-04 1989-04-25 Istvan Majoros Device for transforming a fluid flow
US5961701A (en) * 1997-03-24 1999-10-05 Vision Almet Limited Moisture separator for digester gases and landfill gases and raw natural gases
US6221134B1 (en) 1999-07-27 2001-04-24 G.B.D. Corp. Apparatus and method for separating particles from a cyclonic fluid flow
US6228151B1 (en) 1999-08-18 2001-05-08 G.B.D. Corp. Apparatus and method for separating particles from a cyclonic fluid flow
US6228260B1 (en) 1999-07-27 2001-05-08 G. B. D. Corp. Apparatus for separating particles from a cyclonic fluid flow
US6231645B1 (en) 1999-07-27 2001-05-15 G.B.D. Corp. Apparatus and method for separating particles from a cyclonic fluid flow utilizing a movable access member associated with a cyclonic separator
US6251296B1 (en) 1999-07-27 2001-06-26 G.B.D. Corp. Apparatus and method for separating particles from a cyclonic fluid flow
US6440197B1 (en) 1999-07-27 2002-08-27 G.B.D. Corp. Apparatus and method separating particles from a cyclonic fluid flow including an apertured particle separation member within a cyclonic flow region
BE1017746A3 (en) * 2007-08-29 2009-05-05 Atlas Copco Airpower Nv Liquid separator.
US20090300874A1 (en) * 2008-06-05 2009-12-10 Bissell Homecare, Inc. Cyclonic vacuum cleaner with improved collection chamber
US9027198B2 (en) 2013-02-27 2015-05-12 G.B.D. Corp. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9227151B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2016-01-05 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Cyclone such as for use in a surface cleaning apparatus
US9227201B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2016-01-05 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Cyclone such as for use in a surface cleaning apparatus
US9238235B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2016-01-19 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Cyclone such as for use in a surface cleaning apparatus
US9295995B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2016-03-29 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Cyclone such as for use in a surface cleaning apparatus
US9314139B2 (en) 2014-07-18 2016-04-19 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Portable surface cleaning apparatus
US9320401B2 (en) 2013-02-27 2016-04-26 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9326652B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2016-05-03 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9420925B2 (en) 2014-07-18 2016-08-23 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Portable surface cleaning apparatus
US9433332B2 (en) 2013-02-27 2016-09-06 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9451855B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2016-09-27 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9451853B2 (en) 2014-07-18 2016-09-27 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Portable surface cleaning apparatus
US9545181B2 (en) 2006-12-15 2017-01-17 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9585530B2 (en) 2014-07-18 2017-03-07 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Portable surface cleaning apparatus
US9591958B2 (en) 2013-02-27 2017-03-14 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9693666B2 (en) 2011-03-04 2017-07-04 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Compact surface cleaning apparatus
US9820621B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2017-11-21 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9888817B2 (en) 2014-12-17 2018-02-13 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9949601B2 (en) 2007-08-29 2018-04-24 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Cyclonic surface cleaning apparatus
US10080472B2 (en) 2010-03-12 2018-09-25 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Hand carriable surface cleaning apparatus
US10136778B2 (en) 2014-12-17 2018-11-27 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US10165912B2 (en) 2006-12-15 2019-01-01 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US10251519B2 (en) 2014-12-17 2019-04-09 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US10506904B2 (en) 2017-07-06 2019-12-17 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Handheld surface cleaning apparatus
US10537216B2 (en) 2017-07-06 2020-01-21 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Handheld surface cleaning apparatus

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE876029C (en) * 1941-05-13 1953-05-07 Intensiv Filter Gmbh Cyclone dust collector
DE921347C (en) * 1950-05-17 1954-12-16 Bernhard Telgmann Flugstaubabscheider for chimneys
DE965744C (en) * 1950-10-26 1957-06-19 Hartmann A G Maschf Sifter tangential feed of gutbeladenen Traegermittels
DE936180C (en) * 1952-12-31 1955-12-07 Alfred Knecht Cyclone air purifier, particularly for internal combustion engines
DE3540259C2 (en) * 1985-11-13 1995-05-11 Truetzschler Gmbh & Co Kg Apparatus for separating from spinning machines, in particular blow room machines and carding, fiber waste aspirated u. the like. contaminants
DE3615416A1 (en) * 1986-05-07 1987-11-12 Truetzschler & Co Device for cleaning of textile fiber flakes
IT1284925B1 (en) * 1995-11-30 1998-05-28 Rieter Ag Maschf The suction device of a textile machine

Cited By (62)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2943698A (en) * 1960-07-05 Cyclone-type separator
US2813404A (en) * 1955-08-26 1957-11-19 Worthington Corp Refrigeration system
DE1081424B (en) * 1958-01-21 1960-05-12 Thomas Fischer Dipl Ing Method and device for separating liquids and solids from gases or liquids
US2952330A (en) * 1958-03-12 1960-09-13 Charles A Winslow Centrifugal-type fluid purifier
US3339350A (en) * 1965-05-28 1967-09-05 Monsanto Co Gas-liquid separator
US4572727A (en) * 1983-04-14 1986-02-25 Ube Industries, Ltd. Cyclone
US4687492A (en) * 1984-04-16 1987-08-18 Ashland Oil, Inc. Cyclone for lessening formation of carbonaceous deposits
US4824449A (en) * 1985-06-04 1989-04-25 Istvan Majoros Device for transforming a fluid flow
US5961701A (en) * 1997-03-24 1999-10-05 Vision Almet Limited Moisture separator for digester gases and landfill gases and raw natural gases
US20090025176A1 (en) * 1999-07-27 2009-01-29 Gbd Corp. Vacuum cleaner with a plate and an openable dirt collection chamber
US7588616B2 (en) 1999-07-27 2009-09-15 Gbd Corp. Vacuum cleaner with a plate and an openable dirt collection chamber
US6228260B1 (en) 1999-07-27 2001-05-08 G. B. D. Corp. Apparatus for separating particles from a cyclonic fluid flow
US6231645B1 (en) 1999-07-27 2001-05-15 G.B.D. Corp. Apparatus and method for separating particles from a cyclonic fluid flow utilizing a movable access member associated with a cyclonic separator
US6221134B1 (en) 1999-07-27 2001-04-24 G.B.D. Corp. Apparatus and method for separating particles from a cyclonic fluid flow
US6440197B1 (en) 1999-07-27 2002-08-27 G.B.D. Corp. Apparatus and method separating particles from a cyclonic fluid flow including an apertured particle separation member within a cyclonic flow region
US6874197B1 (en) 1999-07-27 2005-04-05 G.B.D Corp Apparatus and method for separating particles from a cyclonic fluid flow
US6251296B1 (en) 1999-07-27 2001-06-26 G.B.D. Corp. Apparatus and method for separating particles from a cyclonic fluid flow
US6228151B1 (en) 1999-08-18 2001-05-08 G.B.D. Corp. Apparatus and method for separating particles from a cyclonic fluid flow
US10165912B2 (en) 2006-12-15 2019-01-01 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US10314447B2 (en) 2006-12-15 2019-06-11 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9545181B2 (en) 2006-12-15 2017-01-17 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
BE1017746A3 (en) * 2007-08-29 2009-05-05 Atlas Copco Airpower Nv Liquid separator.
US9949601B2 (en) 2007-08-29 2018-04-24 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Cyclonic surface cleaning apparatus
US20090300874A1 (en) * 2008-06-05 2009-12-10 Bissell Homecare, Inc. Cyclonic vacuum cleaner with improved collection chamber
US9538891B2 (en) 2008-06-05 2017-01-10 Bissell Homecare, Inc. Cyclonic vacuum cleaner with improved collection chamber
US10456001B2 (en) 2008-06-05 2019-10-29 Bissell Homecare, Inc. Cyclonic vacuum cleaner with improved collection chamber
US8499411B2 (en) * 2008-06-05 2013-08-06 Bissell Homecare, Inc. Cyclonic vacuum cleaner with improved collection chamber
US10376112B2 (en) 2010-03-12 2019-08-13 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US10080472B2 (en) 2010-03-12 2018-09-25 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Hand carriable surface cleaning apparatus
US9693666B2 (en) 2011-03-04 2017-07-04 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Compact surface cleaning apparatus
US9320401B2 (en) 2013-02-27 2016-04-26 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9591958B2 (en) 2013-02-27 2017-03-14 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US10264934B2 (en) 2013-02-27 2019-04-23 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9027198B2 (en) 2013-02-27 2015-05-12 G.B.D. Corp. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9433332B2 (en) 2013-02-27 2016-09-06 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9227201B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2016-01-05 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Cyclone such as for use in a surface cleaning apparatus
US9238235B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2016-01-19 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Cyclone such as for use in a surface cleaning apparatus
US9295995B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2016-03-29 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Cyclone such as for use in a surface cleaning apparatus
US9820621B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2017-11-21 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9326652B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2016-05-03 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9227151B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2016-01-05 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Cyclone such as for use in a surface cleaning apparatus
US9451855B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2016-09-27 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US9585530B2 (en) 2014-07-18 2017-03-07 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Portable surface cleaning apparatus
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US9451853B2 (en) 2014-07-18 2016-09-27 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Portable surface cleaning apparatus
US9565981B2 (en) 2014-07-18 2017-02-14 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Portable surface cleaning apparatus
US9888817B2 (en) 2014-12-17 2018-02-13 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US10251519B2 (en) 2014-12-17 2019-04-09 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US10219660B2 (en) 2014-12-17 2019-03-05 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
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US10478030B2 (en) 2014-12-17 2019-11-19 Omachron Intellectul Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US10149585B2 (en) 2014-12-17 2018-12-11 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US10136778B2 (en) 2014-12-17 2018-11-27 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
US10117550B1 (en) 2014-12-17 2018-11-06 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Surface cleaning apparatus
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US10537216B2 (en) 2017-07-06 2020-01-21 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Handheld surface cleaning apparatus
US10506904B2 (en) 2017-07-06 2019-12-17 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Handheld surface cleaning apparatus

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR792335A (en) 1935-12-28
DE613087C (en) 1935-05-11
GB424608A (en) 1935-02-25
BE406007A (en)

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