US20090126168A1 - Multi-Angle Pop-In Mechanical Fastener - Google Patents

Multi-Angle Pop-In Mechanical Fastener Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20090126168A1
US20090126168A1 US11/940,514 US94051407A US2009126168A1 US 20090126168 A1 US20090126168 A1 US 20090126168A1 US 94051407 A US94051407 A US 94051407A US 2009126168 A1 US2009126168 A1 US 2009126168A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
pop
mechanical fastener
insertion
angle
surface
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/940,514
Inventor
James J. Kobe
Steven E. Turch
Philip D. Black
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
3M Innovative Properties Co
Original Assignee
3M Innovative Properties Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 3M Innovative Properties Co filed Critical 3M Innovative Properties Co
Priority to US11/940,514 priority Critical patent/US20090126168A1/en
Assigned to 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY reassignment 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BLACK, PHILIP D., KOBE, JAMES J., TURCH, STEVEN E.
Publication of US20090126168A1 publication Critical patent/US20090126168A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B21/00Means for preventing relative axial movement of a pin, spigot, shaft or the like and a member surrounding it; Stud-and-socket releasable fastenings
    • F16B21/06Releasable fastening devices with snap-action
    • F16B21/08Releasable fastening devices with snap-action in which the stud, pin, or spigot has a resilient part
    • F16B21/086Releasable fastening devices with snap-action in which the stud, pin, or spigot has a resilient part the shank of the stud, pin or spigot having elevations, ribs, fins or prongs intended for deformation or tilting predominantly in a direction perpendicular to the direction of insertion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B21/00Means for preventing relative axial movement of a pin, spigot, shaft or the like and a member surrounding it; Stud-and-socket releasable fastenings
    • F16B21/06Releasable fastening devices with snap-action
    • F16B21/07Releasable fastening devices with snap-action in which the socket has a resilient part
    • F16B21/076Releasable fastening devices with snap-action in which the socket has a resilient part the socket having a resilient part on its outside
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/07Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of multiple interengaging protrusions on the surfaces, e.g. hooks, coils
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/42Independent, headed, aperture pass-through fastener
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/44Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/44017Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof with specific mounting means for attaching to rigid or semirigid supporting structure or structure-to-be-secured
    • Y10T24/44026Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof with specific mounting means for attaching to rigid or semirigid supporting structure or structure-to-be-secured for cooperating with aperture in supporting structure or structure-to-be-secured

Abstract

Pop-in mechanical fasteners having at least one locking tab are described. The locking tab includes a locking surface having a plurality of angled stops.

Description

    FIELD
  • The present disclosure relates to pop-in mechanical fasteners. The mechanical fasteners include a locking surface having at least two angled stops.
  • SUMMARY
  • Briefly, in one aspect, the present disclosure provides a pop-in mechanical fastener comprising a base connected to a pin. The pin comprises an insertion rim and at least one locking tab pivotally connected to the insertion rim. The locking tab comprises a wing comprising an insertion surface and a locking surface comprising a first angled stop forming a first angle relative to a wing axis, and a second angled stop forming a second angle relative to the wing axis, wherein the wing axis is perpendicular to an insertion axis that is perpendicular to the base. Generally the first angle is at least 5 degrees and the second angle is greater than the first angle by at least 5 degrees.
  • The following additional features may be included alone or in combination to provide pop-in mechanical fasteners according to various embodiments of the present disclosure.
  • In some embodiments, the pop-in mechanical fastener further comprises a shoulder connecting the insertion surface to the locking surface, and a terminal stem extending from the locking surface toward the base.
  • In some embodiments, the locking surface consists of the first angled stop and the second angled stop. In some embodiments, the locking surface further comprises a step between the first angled stop and the second angled stop. In some embodiments, the locking surface comprises three or more angled stops. In some embodiments, the first angle is at least 15 degrees, and, in some embodiments, may be no greater than 40 degrees. In some embodiments, the second angle is least 25 degrees, and, in some embodiments, may be no greater than 65 degrees. In some embodiments, the first angle is between 20 and 30 degrees, and the second angle is between 40 and 50 degrees.
  • In some embodiments, the insertion surface forms an insertion angle relative to the insertion axis and the insertion angle is no greater than 45 degrees, and, in some embodiments, the insertion angle is between 20 and 25 degrees.
  • In some embodiments, pop-in mechanical fasteners of the present disclosure comprise at least three tabs. In some embodiments, at least one tab is located on the opposite side of the stem from at least one other tab.
  • In some embodiments, pop-in mechanical fasteners according to the present disclosure, further comprise one half of a mating mechanical fastener bonded to the base opposite the pin. In some embodiments, the base of a second pop-in mechanical fastener is bonded to the base of the first pop-in mechanical fastener.
  • In another aspect, the present disclosure provides a pop-in mechanical fastener comprising a base connected to a pin comprising an insertion rim and at least one locking tab pivotally connected to the insertion rim, wherein the locking tab comprises a wing comprising an insertion surface and a locking surface comprising an arcuate stop that is concave relative to the base. In some embodiments, the wing further comprises a shoulder connecting the insertion surface to the locking surface, and a terminal pin extending from the locking surface toward the base. In some embodiments, the locking surface consists of the arcuate stop, while, in some embodiments, the locking surface further comprises as least one angled stop forming an angle relative to a wing axis, wherein the wing axis is perpendicular to an insertion axis that is perpendicular to the base.
  • In another aspect, the present disclosure provides a method of providing a bonding location on a part comprising providing a pop-in mechanical fastener according the present disclosure; inserting the insertion rim of the pop-in mechanical fastener into a locking hole in the part, pressing the pop-in mechanical fastener into the hole flexing the tab into the pin, and further pressing the pop-in mechanical fastener into the hole until the tabs spring out from the pin and the perimeter of the hole contacts at least a portion of the locking surface of the tab.
  • The above summary of the present disclosure is not intended to describe each embodiment of the present invention. The details of one or more embodiments of the invention are also set forth in the description below. Other features, objects, and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the description and from the claims.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 illustrates a mating mechanical fastener.
  • FIG. 2 a illustrates an exemplary pop-in mechanical fastener according to some embodiments of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 2 b illustrates the insertion of the exemplary pop-in mechanical fastener of FIG. 2 a into a part.
  • FIG. 2 c illustrates the deflection of the tabs of exemplary pop-in mechanical fastener of FIG. 2 a as it is further inserted into a part.
  • FIG. 2 d illustrates the exemplary pop-in mechanical fastener of FIG. 2 a after complete insertion into a part.
  • FIG. 3 a illustrates a prior art locking tab.
  • FIG. 3 b illustrates the locking surface of the prior art locking tab of FIG. 3 a.
  • FIG. 4 a illustrates the interaction of a thick part with the locking surface of the prior art locking tab of FIG. 3 b.
  • FIG. 4 b illustrates the interaction of an intermediate thickness part with the locking surface of the prior art locking tab of FIG. 3 b.
  • FIG. 4 c illustrates the interaction of a thin part with the locking surface of the prior art locking tab of FIG. 3 b.
  • FIG. 5 illustrates an exemplary dual-angle locking tab according to some embodiments of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 6 a illustrates the interaction of an intermediate to thick part with the locking surface of the exemplary locking tab of FIG. 5.
  • FIG. 6 b illustrates the interaction of an intermediate to thin part with the locking surface of the exemplary locking tab of FIG. 5.
  • FIG. 7 illustrates an exemplary multi-angle locking tab according to some embodiments of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 8 illustrates another exemplary multi-angle locking tab according to some embodiments of the present disclosure.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • Generally, mating mechanical fasteners such as hook and loop products and 3M™ DUAL LOCK™ reclosable fasteners provide an alternative to conventional attachment means such as adhesives and welding. An exemplary mating mechanical fastener is illustrated in FIG. 1. First half 11 of the mating mechanical fastener includes first base 15, which is adhered to first part 21, and first stems 13 (e.g., mushroom headed stems). Second half 12 of the mating fastener includes second base 16 which is adhered to second part 22, and second stems 17. Generally, the stem designs (e.g., head and stem shapes, spatial distributions, and orientations) of first stems 13 and second stems 17 are selected to achieve the desired interlocking and removal forces when first stems 13 are mated with second stems 17 to mechanically couple first part 21 to second part 22.
  • Such mating mechanical fasteners provide an effective means for releasably and repositionably mechanically coupling one part to another. Generally, the two mating halves of such mating mechanical fasteners are attached to their respective parts prior to connecting the halves to complete the mechanical attachment of one part to another. Often adhesives are used to attach each half of a mating mechanical fastener to its respective part such that they remain affixed to their parts as one part is releasably and repositionably connected to another part via the mating mechanical fastener.
  • As an alternative to adhering a portion of a mating mechanical fastener directly to a part using adhesives and the like, pop-in mechanical fasteners have been used to provide an anchoring point to which mating mechanical fasteners can be attached, e.g., adhered. An exemplary pop-in mechanical fastener according to some embodiments of the present disclosure is shown in FIGS. 2 a-2 d.
  • Referring to FIG. 2 a, exemplary pop-in mechanical fastener 100 comprises base 140 and pin 105 connected to the base. Pin 105 includes insertion rim 110, and at least one locking tab 115 extending outward relative to insertion axis 101, which is generally perpendicular to base 140, although other orientations are possible. Locking tab 115 is pivotally connected to insertion rim 110, and includes wing 120 and terminal stem 130. Wing 120 includes insertion surface 121 and locking surface 127.
  • In some embodiments, the pop-in mechanical fastener includes at least two locking tabs, and in some embodiments, at least three locking tabs. In some embodiments, at least one locking tab, e.g., locking tab 115 a, is positioned on the side of pin 105 opposite at least one other locking tab, e.g., locking tab 115 b.
  • Referring to FIG. 2 b, pop-in mechanical fastener 100 can be connected to part 160 by inserting pin 105 into locking hole 165. After insertion rim 110 has passed through locking hole 165, perimeter 166 of locking hole 165 encounters insertion surface 121.
  • Referring to FIG. 2 c, an insertion force is applied to continue inserting pin 105 into locking hole 165. Generally, the insertion force depends on the force required to pivot the one or more locking tab(s) 115 about insertion rim 110, as the tabs(s) are pressed into the open center of pin 105, thereby allowing pin 105 to pass through locking hole 165.
  • Referring to FIG. 2 d, pop-in mechanical fastener 100 is fully inserted when base 140 contacts part 160. Generally, the design of pop-in mechanical fastener 100 is selected relative to the dimensions of locking hole 165 and part 160 such that locking tab 115 springs back out of the center of pin 105. In some embodiments, the perimeter of locking hole 165 will contact locking surface 127 of wing 120, firmly holding pop-in mechanical fastener 100 to part 160.
  • A cross-section of locking tab 315 of the prior art is shown in FIG. 3 a. Locking tab 315 includes wing 320 extending from insertion rim 310 to terminal stem 330, which is adjacent base 340 of a pop-in mechanical fastener. Wing 320 includes insertion surface 321, shoulder 322, and locking surface 327. Locking surface 327 consists of first angled stop 323, second angled stop 325, and step 324 connecting them.
  • Insertion surface 321 forms an angle, A, relative to insertion axis 301, which is perpendicular to base 340. The greater the angle A, the greater the insertion force required when pressing the pop-in mechanical fastener into place. Also, the greater the angle A, the greater the maximum width, W, of locking tab 315.
  • Referring to FIG. 3 b, both first angled stop 323 and second angled stop 325 form the same angle, B, relative to wing axes 302 a and 302 b, which are perpendicular to insertion axis 301. The shallower the angle B, the greater the extraction force required when removing the pop-in mechanical fastener. However, as angle B decreases, the greater the width, W, of wing 320 required to provide the same range of height, H1, for first angled stop 323 and height, H2, for second angled stop 325. Furthermore, as the width of wing 320 increases, the greater the required angle A for a fixed height fastener, leading to an undesirable increase in insertion force, as described above.
  • Referring to FIG. 4 a, part 390 a has a thickness, Ta, falling between distance 422 and distance 423. When second surface 397 a contacts base 340 (i.e., the pop-in mechanical fastener is fully inserted) first surface 396 a has passed beyond shoulder 322 and locking tab 315 springs into place until first surface 396 a engages first angled stop 323, holding part 390 a in place.
  • Referring to FIG. 4 b, part 390 b has a thickness, Tb, falling between distance 423 and distance 424. When second surface 397 b contacts base 340, first surface 396 b has passed beyond shoulder 322 and locking tab 315 springs into place. Because thickness Tb of part 390 b is less than distance 423, first surface 396 b does not engage first angled stop 323; rather, locking tab 315 springs outward until step 324 encounters the perimeter of locking hole 365 b. Part 390 b is held in place near base 340, but some undesirable movement of perpendicular base 340 can occur equal to the difference between thickness Tb of part 390 b and distance 423.
  • Referring to FIG. 4 c, part 390 c has a thickness, Tc, falling between distances 424 and 425. As the pop-in mechanical fastener is pressed into locking hole 395 c, first surface 396 c passes beyond shoulder 322 and locking tab 315 begins springing into place. First, the motion of the tab is stopped when step 324 encounters the perimeter of locking hole 395 c. Upon the application of additional insertion force, the second surface 397 c contacts base 340, and first surface 396 c passes beyond step 324 allowing locking tab 315 to finish springing into place until top first surface 396 c engages second angled stop 325, holding part 390 c in place.
  • The present inventors have identified a variety of deficiencies with a pop-in mechanical fastener employing a locking tab of the prior art. For example, for certain part thicknesses, significant and undesirable motion perpendicular to the base can occur. In addition, the presence of a step between the two angled stops can result in improper insertion as the tab can stick or hang-up on the step rather than passing on to the second angled stop. This can lead to a loose fit, low extraction forces, and even failure. Finally, the use of two angled stops each having the same angle can limit the range of suitable part thicknesses while maintaining an acceptable level of insertion force.
  • A cross-section of locking tab 515 according to some embodiments of the present disclosure is shown in FIG. 5. Locking tab 515 includes wing 520 extending from insertion rim 510 to terminal stem 530, which is adjacent base 540 of a pop-in mechanical fastener. Wing 520 includes insertion surface 521, shoulder 522, and locking surface 527. Locking surface 527 consists of first angled stop 523 and second angled stop 525.
  • Insertion surface 521 forms an angle, C, relative to insertion axis 501. The greater the angle C, the greater the insertion force required when pressing the pop-in mechanical fastener into place.
  • First angled stop 523 forms an angle, D, relative to wing axis 502 a, which is perpendicular to insertion axis 501. Similarly, second angled stop 525 forms an angle, E, relative to wing axis 502 b. The shallower the angles D and E, the greater the extraction force required when removing the pop-in mechanical fastener. However, as angle D decreases, the greater the width, W, of wing 520 required to provide the same range of height, H1, for first angled stop 523. Similarly, although a shallower angle E may be desired to increase the extraction force, as angle E decreases, the greater the width, W, of wing 520 required to provide the same range of height, H2, for second angled stop 525. Furthermore, as the width of wing 520 increases, the greater the required angle C for a fixed height fastener, leading to an undesirable increase in insertion force, as described above.
  • In some embodiments, angle E is greater than angle D, providing a steeper slope for second angled stop 525. The present inventors have discovered that for the thinner parts that will engage the second angled stop, a steeper angle still provides an adequately high removal force. In some embodiments, a shallower angle D may be required to maintain an acceptable removal force for the thicker parts that would be held in place by first angled stop 523. Thus, by combining a steeper angled second step and a shallower angled first step, a greater range of part thickness may be accommodated without requiring an undesirable increase in width, W, of wing 520, and the corresponding undesirable increase in insertion force resulting from an increase in angle C.
  • Referring to FIG. 6 a, part 590 a has a thickness, Ta, falling between maximum stop height 622 (which in this embodiment corresponds to the point of intersection between the first angled stop and the shoulder) and first intermediate stop height 623, which corresponds to the minimum distance between base 540 and first angled stop 523. When second surface 597 a contacts base 540 (i.e., the pop-in mechanical fastener is fully inserted) first surface 596 a has passed beyond shoulder 522 and locking tab 515 springs into place until top first surface 596 a engages first angled stop 523, holding part 590 a firmly in place. Thus, for parts having a thickness between first intermediate stop height 623 and maximum stop height 622, the pop-in mechanical fastener is held firmly in place by first angled stop 523 with substantially no (e.g., no) vertical movement of the fastener.
  • Referring to FIG. 6 b, part 590 b has a thickness, Tb, falling between second intermediate stop height 624, corresponding to the maximum distance between base 540 and second angled stop 525, and minimum stop height 625, corresponding to the minimum distance between base 540 and second angled stop 525 (which in this embodiment corresponds to the point where the second angled stop intersects the terminal stem). As the pop-in mechanical fastener is pressed into locking hole 595, first surface 596 b passes beyond shoulder 522 and locking tab 515 begins springing into place.
  • First, the motion of the tab may be guided by its contact with the first angled stop. Unlike the prior art locking tab which included a step between the first angled surface and the second angled surface, little or no additional insertion force is required at the transition between first angled stop 523 and second angled stop 525. Absent such a step between the first angled stop 523 and second angled stop 525, first intermediate stop height 623 (which corresponds to the minimum distance between the base and the first angled stop) is equal to second intermediate stop height 624 (which corresponds to the maximum distance between the base and the first angled stop). In some embodiments, e.g., due to variations in manufacturing precision, a slight step may exist between the first angled stop and the second angled stop. In such embodiments, the first intermediate stop height will exceed the second intermediate stop height by an amount equal to the height of the step between them.
  • When the second surface 597 b contacts base 540, locking tab 515 finishes springing into place until first surface 596 b engages second angled stop 525, holding part 590 b in place.
  • The range of part thicknesses suitable for use with a particular pop-in mechanical fastener depends in part on the design of the locking surface. Specifically, the range of part thicknesses is generally equal to the difference between maximum stop height 622 and minimum stop height 625. Generally, the actual maximum part thickness and the minimum part thickness will be affected by the gap between the terminal stem and the base as well as the height of the terminal stem; however, the range of part heights (i.e., the difference between the maximum stop height and the minimum stop height) will not be affected by these parameters.
  • Thus, without changing the design of the locking surface and without affecting the range of part heights that can be accommodated, pop-in mechanical fasteners according to the present disclosure can be easily modified to accommodate different minimum and maximum part heights by adjusting the gap between the terminal stem and the base and/or the length of the terminal stem. For example, a pop-in mechanical fastener could be designed to have a locking surface providing a difference between the maximum stop height and the minimum stop height of 1.2 mm. By selecting the sum of the gap and the length of the terminal stem to be 1 mm, such a fastener would accommodate parts ranging in thickness from about 1 mm to about 2.2 mm. By simply selecting the sum of the gap and the length of the terminal stem to be 3 mm, the same fastener design would accommodate parts ranging in thickness from about 3 mm to about 4.2 mm.
  • Referring to FIG. 2 a, the use of spring tabs 150 may expand the useful range of part thicknesses for a particular locking surface design. Generally, spring tabs 150 are pivotally connected to the top surface of base 140. Prior to insertion, the spring tabs are angled up away from the surface of the base; however, there is a space below the spring tabs allowing the spring tabs to be deflected into the base such that they are flush with the top surface of the base.
  • Referring to FIG. 6 b, when the part thickness exceeds minimum stop height 625, the top of part 590 b will engage locking surface 527 when the bottom surface of the part pressed against base 540. However, if the part thickness were less than the minimum stop height, the top of the part would be located somewhere below the locking surface, allowing some undesirable vertical motion. By including spring tabs 150, thinner parts will rest on the tops of the spring tabs, which are elevated above the top surface of the base. Thus these thinner parts will contact the locking surface and eliminate vertical motion. Because the spring tabs can flex into the base and become flush with the base, the presence of the spring tabs does not alter the upper limit of the part thickness that can be used. In addition, when the spring tabs are flexed to accommodate thicker parts, the resistance to bending of the spring tabs may provide some upward force pressing the part against the locking surface, further minimizing any vertical movement.
  • Although the dual-angle tabs described above are adequate in many situations, it may be desirable to include more than two angled stops, e.g., three or even four or more angled stops. Taken to the extreme, the locking surface could include a curved stop having an infinite number of angled stops. Such embodiments are exemplified in FIGS. 7 and 8, as follows.
  • A cross-section of locking tab 715 according to some embodiments of the present disclosure is shown in FIG. 7. Locking tab 715 includes wing 720 extending from insertion rim 710 to terminal stem 730, which is adjacent base 740 of a pop-in mechanical fastener. Wing 720 includes insertion surface 721, shoulder 722, and locking surface 727. Locking surface 727 consists of first angled stop 723, second angled stop 725, and third angled stop 726.
  • Insertion surface 721 forms an angle, J, relative to insertion axis 701. The greater the angle J, the greater the insertion force required when pressing the pop-in mechanical fastener into place.
  • First angled stop 723 forms an angle, K, relative to wing axis 702 a, which is perpendicular to insertion axis 701. Similarly, second angled stop 725 forms an angle, L, relative to wing axis 702 b, third angled stop 726 forms an angle, M, relative to wing axis 702 c. The shallower the angles K, L, and M, the greater the extraction force required when removing the pop-in mechanical fastener. However, as the angles decrease, the width, W, of wing 720 must increase to provide the same range of height for each of the respective angled stops. Furthermore, as the width of wing 720 increases, the greater the required angle J for a fixed height fastener, leading to an undesirable increase in insertion force, as described above.
  • In some embodiments, angle L is greater than angle K, providing a steeper slope for second angled stop 725. In some embodiments, angle M is greater than angle L, providing a steeper slope for third angled stop 726. In some embodiments, regardless of the number of angled stops, the angle of the stops increases as the stops progress from the shoulder to the terminal stem of the tab. Referring to FIG. 7, this would result in angle L being greater than angle K, and angle M being greater than angle L. Generally, the present inventors have discovered that for the thinner parts that will engage the steeper angled stop, a steeper angle provides an adequately high removal force. In some embodiments, shallower angles may be required to maintain an acceptable removal force for the thicker parts that would be held in place by the progressively shallower angled stops. Thus, by providing a progression of angled stops, a greater range of part thickness may be accommodated without requiring an undesirable increase in width, W, of wing 720, and the corresponding undesirable increase in insertion force resulting from an increase in angle J.
  • This discovery can be extended to a pop-in mechanical fastener having a curved locking surface as illustrated in FIG. 8. Generally, the tangent to any point along the curve defines an angled stop; thus, the curved surface could be considered as having an infinite number of angled stops. Although FIG. 8 illustrates a locking surface consisting of a single curve, locking surfaces combining linear and curved stops, as well as compound curved locking surfaces may be used.
  • Referring to FIG. 8, locking tab 815 includes wing 820 extending from insertion rim 810 to terminal stem 830, which is adjacent base 840 of a pop-in mechanical fastener. Wing 820 includes insertion surface 821, shoulder 822, and curved locking surface 827.
  • Insertion surface 821 forms an angle, P, relative to insertion axis 801. The greater the angle P, the greater the insertion force required when pressing the pop-in mechanical fastener into place.
  • Line 803 a is tangent to locking surface 827 near shoulder 822, and forms an angle, Q, relative to wing axis 802 a, which is perpendicular to insertion axis 801. Similarly, line 803 c is tangent to locking surface 827 near terminal stem 830, and forms an angle, S, relative to wing axis 802 c. An infinite number of tangent lines could be drawn between lines 803 a and 803 c, each forming an angle relative to a wing axis perpendicular to insertion axis 801. For example, line 803 b is tangent to locking surface 827 at an arbitrary location between lines 803 a and 803 c, and forms an angle, R, relative to wing axis 802 b. In some embodiments, locking surface 827 is concave, i.e., the angle of a line tangent to locking surface 827 increases along the path of locking surface 827 from shoulder 822 to terminal stem 830.
  • The pop-in mechanical fasteners may be made according to any known means including, e.g., injection molding. The injection mold may be produced using standard processes to form the desired part design. Generally, the pop-in mechanical fasteners may be formed (e.g., injection molded) from any suitable material including, e.g., thermoplastic, elastomers, thermoplastic elastomers, curable resins (e.g., thermosetting, moisture curable, and radiation curable resins), and the like. In some embodiments, materials (e.g., thermoplastic polymers) that exhibit good elastic recovery properties and tensile strength may be used. In some embodiments, polymers that are relatively insensitive to humidity and have suitable tensile properties up to 120 degrees C. (° C.) (250 degrees F.) may be used. Examples of suitable thermoplastic resins which may be used include polypropylene, semicrystalline polymer resins such as polyolefins and polyolefin copolymers (e.g., based upon monomers having between 2 and 8 carbon atoms such as polyethylene, polypropylene, ethylene-propylene copolymers, etc.), polyesters, co-polyesters, nylon, polyamides, co-polyamides, fluorinated homopolymers and copolymers, polyalkylene oxides (e.g., polyethylene oxide and polypropylene oxide), ionomers (e.g., ethylene-methacrylic acid copolymers neutralized with base or salt), cellulose acetate, polyacrylonitrile, polyvinyl chloride, thermoplastic polyurethanes, epoxies (e.g., aromatic epoxies), polycarbonate, amorphous polyesters, amorphous polyamides, ABS copolymers, and polyphenylene oxide alloys. In some embodiments, polypropylene may be preferred.
  • Generally, once the pop-in mechanical fastener has been formed, it may be attached to any part having a suitable opening for insertion of the pin. The major surface of the base opposite the pin (i.e., the exposed major surface of the base) is then available for any desired use including, e.g., attachment of another part via an adhesive.
  • In some embodiments, one half of a mating mechanical fastener may be attached to the exposed major surface of the base. Suitable methods for attaching the mechanical fastener include adhesives (e.g., pressure sensitive adhesives), ultrasonic bonding, insert molding, and extrusion of a molten polymer layer that bonds the fastener to the based. Generally, it is preferred that the bond of the mating mechanical fastener to the base is stronger than the pop-in mechanical fastener disengagement strength (i.e., the force required to remove (or destroy during attempted removal of) the pop-in mechanical fastener.
  • In some embodiments, it may be useful to combine two pop-in mechanical fasteners of the same or different designs. For example, when bonding two parts together, it may be useful to design a first pop-in mechanical fastener useful over the range of thicknesses typical of the first part. A second pop-in mechanical fastener could them be designed to for use over the typical range of thicknesses for the second part. The bases of these two pop-in mechanical fasteners could be bonded to each other, either directly or indirectly (e.g., through the use of adhesives). In use, the stem of the first pop-in mechanical fastener would be inserted into the appropriate hole in the first part, leaving the stem of the second pop-in mechanical fastener exposed. Then, an appropriate hole in the second part could be aligned with the second stem and the second part pressed into place being held by the second pop-in mechanical fastener. By the appropriate selection of base thicknesses, desired degrees of set-off between the parts could be achieved. Also, through appropriate design of both pop-in mechanical fasteners, parts over a range of thickness can be held firmly in place with minimal or no vertical motion.
  • Generally, the mechanical fasteners of the present disclosure can be produced continuously or individually. In some embodiments, the pop-in mechanical fasteners are aligned and fed into a laminator which laminates a continuous strip of one half of a mating mechanical fastener to the exposed major surface of base. The individual pop-in mechanical fasteners can then be separated into individual pop-in mechanical fasteners having one half of a mating mechanical fastener attached to them.
  • Generally, the dimensions of the various parts of pop-in mechanical fasteners according to the present disclosure will depend on a number of factors including: the range in thickness of the parts the pop-in mechanical fastener can accommodate and the tolerable dimensions for the holes in the part required to permit insertion of the pins.
  • Although not limited to the following dimensions, design criteria for a particular application are described to guide one of ordinary skill in the art in selecting dimensions. In the automotive industry, the majority of part (e.g., panel) thicknesses varies between 0.70 mm to 1.20 mm. Therefore, it may be advantageous for one pop-in mechanical fastener design to be able to accommodate the entire range of panel thicknesses, yet not exhibit either vertical or sideways movement typical of current designs. Movement of the mechanical fastener can cause rattle and noise which are unacceptable in, e.g., the automotive industry.
  • Typically, the dimensions of the base are not critical, and can be selected based on well-understood criteria such as surface area required for bonding, mechanical strength, and cost. Generally, the pin dimensions will be selected based on additional criteria, as many of the dimensions are interrelated and selection of one dimension (e.g., the width of the pin) can limit the selection of other dimensions (e.g., the insertion angle).
  • “Total Pin Height” is defined as the distance from the top surface of the base to the top edge of the pin. Generally, it is desirable to minimize this dimension due to both cost and space considerations. For example, the pin will extend through the hole so there must be adequate space behind the panel to accommodate the pin. However, the minimum total pin height should accommodate the total range of panel thickness likely to be encountered. In some embodiments, the total pin height may be at least five times the maximum intended panel thickness, e.g., at least six times, or even seven times the maximum panel thickness. In some embodiments, the total pin height may be no greater than ten times, e.g., no greater than nine times, or even no greater than eight times the maximum intended panel thickness. For example, for the automotive application described above, a total pin height of 8 to 9 mm (e.g., 8.55 mm) may be used with a maximum intended panel thickness of 1.2 mm.
  • Generally, the walls of the pin enclose the open center of the pin and define the shape of the pin. The pin width is measured parallel to the tabs. The pin thickness is defined as the thickness of the walls of the pin. In some embodiments, the walls of the pin have a constant thickness along the height of the pin. In some embodiments, the pin wall is tapered near the insertion edge. Generally, a tight fit of the pin in the hole of the part is desired to prevent or minimize movement. However, it may be desirable to taper the insertion edge so that it is easier to initiate insertion of the pin in to the hole.
  • As discussed previously, the width of the tabs depends on at least one of the following factors, the pin height, the insertion angle, the heights of the angled stops, and the relative angles of the angled stops. In addition, the maximum pin width is affected by the available open space within the pin.
  • The pin width and the pin thickness control the width of the opening within the pin, which limits the size of the tabs. Specifically, as the pin is inserted into a hole in a part, the tab(s) are deflected into the open center of the pin. When the tabs encounter the opposite interior surface of the pin, they can no longer flex. Thus, the maximum tab width is affected by the open area within the pin parallel to the deflection of the tabs.
  • The insertion angle may be selected based on, e.g., the pin height, the desired width of the tabs, the available space for deflection within the pin, and the desired insertion force. In some embodiments, the insertion angle is no greater than 45 degrees, e.g., no greater than 30 degrees, or even no greater than 25 degrees. In some embodiments, the insertion angle is at least 13 degrees, e.g., at least 18 degrees. In some embodiments, the insertion angle is between 20 and 25 degrees, e.g., 23 degrees.
  • Generally, the angle of the first angled stop may be selected based on the insertion angle, the desired height of the first angled stop, and the available deflection space within the pin. In some embodiments, the first angle is at least 1 degree, e.g., at least 5 degrees, or even at least 15 degrees. In some embodiments, the first angle is no greater than 45 degrees, e.g., no greater than 40 degrees. In some embodiments the first angle is between 20 and 30 degrees, e.g., 27 degrees. Similarly, the angle of the second angled stop may be selected based on the insertion angle, the desired height of the second angled stop, and the available deflection space within the pin. The second angle is greater than the first angle, but is less than 90°. In some embodiments, the second angle is greater than the first angle by at least 5 degrees, e.g., at least 10 degrees, or even by at least 20 degrees. In some embodiments, the second angle is at least 25 degrees, e.g., at least 35 degrees. In some embodiments, the second angle is no greater than 70 degrees, e.g., no greater than 65 degrees. In some embodiments, the second angle is between 27 and 65 degrees, e.g., between 40 and 50 degrees, e.g., 47 degrees.
  • The height of the first angled stop is typically selected based on the total pin height, the available deflection space within the pin, the angle of the first angled stop and the angle of the second angled stop, and the desired range of part thicknesses. Similarly, the height of the second angled stop is typically selected based on the total pin height, the available deflection space within the pin, the angle of the first angled stop and the angle of the second angled stop, and the desired range of part thicknesses.
  • For the automotive example set forth previously, the height of the first angled stop may be between 0.25 and 0.35 mm, e.g., 0.31 mm. The height of the second angled stop may be between 0.75 and 0.9 mm, e.g., between 0.8 and 0.85 mm. e.g., 0.82 mm.
  • Generally, the total height of the angled stops (i.e., the sum of the heights of the first angled stop and the second angled stop) should be greater than the maximum expected part thickness, and sufficient to accommodate the desired range of part thickness. For the automotive example wherein the expected panel thicknesses range from 0.70 to 1.20 mm, the total height of the angled stops should span 0.50 mm. For example, a total height of 1.13 mm has been shown to cover a range of part thickness of 0.65 to 1.30 mm, or a total range of 0.65 mm.
  • Examples: A pop-in mechanical fastener was designed according to the dimensions set forth in Table 1. The fastener included three tabs with substantially identical dimensions. Two tabs were positioned on one side of the pin and the third tab was position on the opposite side of the pin. This exemplary pop-in mechanical fastener is depicted in FIG. 2 a and the tabs are illustrated in FIG. 5.
  • TABLE 1 Pop-in mechanical fastener dimensions. Dimension Part description (mm) (inch) Base thickness (nominal*) 2.00 0.079 Pin height 8.55 0.337 Pin width at the top of the insertion edge 4.22 0.166 Pin width at the end of the insertion edge 5.00 0.197 (i.e., at the pivot point of the tab) Insertion angle - 23 degrees Wing width 3.23 0.127 Shoulder height 0.41 0.016 First angled stop Height 0.82 0.032 Width 1.61 0.063 Angle - 27 degrees Second angled stop Height 0.31 0.012 Width 0.29 0.012 Angle - 47 degrees Terminal stem height 0.54 0.021 Gap between the top of the base and the 0.04 0.002 lower edge of the terminal stem *The base tapers from 2 mm thick below the pin to 1.77 mm at the edges.
  • Polypropylene resin (PROF-FAX 6523 polypropylene resin obtained from Himont U.S.A., Inc., Wilmington, Del.) was pigmented with 2 parts of black color concentrate (CBK 00010 Black obtained from Clariant Corp., Charlotte, N.C.) per 100 parts of the polypropylene resin. The pigmented resin was injection molded per the desired dimensions. Referring to FIG. 2 a, grooves 141 in the top surface of base 140 were provided to allow material to flow during the injection molding process used to create the pop-in mechanical fastener. Such grooves may be desirable when forming the locking tabs for pop-in mechanical fasteners designed for very thin part thicknesses (e.g., less than 1 mm). Other formation methods or fastener designs may not require such grooves.
  • One half of a mating mechanical fastener (3M™ Dual Lock™) was attached to the exposed base of the pop-in mechanical fastener as follows. The exposed surface of the base of the pop-in mechanical fastener was primed with 4298UV Promoter (available from 3M Company, St. Paul, Minn.) and a 25.4 mm by 26 mm piece of Clear Dual Lock™ SJ3560 (available from 3M Company) was bonded to the primed surface of the base. Care was taken to insure adequate/maximum adhesive contact and minimize any air entrapment. The sample was allowed to dwell for about 16 hours at room temperature before testing.
  • Three oval shaped holes were milled into various thickness metal panels. Each hole had a major axis (i.e., a hole length) of 21.5 mm. The minor axis of the holes (i.e., the hole width) was 5.25 mm, 5.75 mm, and 6.25 mm. Generally, thinner panels require narrower width holes to minimize or prevent both vertical and sideways movement. Thicker panels require a wider hole for the tabs to open up. For thicker panels, both vertical and sideways movement are eliminated or minimized by the tabs opening up and catching on the panel.
  • Generally, with the design of the Example, the minimum panel thickness for this was 0.65 mm for a 5.25 mm hole width. This resulted in minimal vertical and sideways movement. As the panel thickness increased to over about 1.0 mm, the hole width needed to be increased from 5.25 mm to 5.75 mm in order for the tabs to clear the hole and snap open upon insertion. The maximum panel thickness was 1.35 mm with a 6.25 mm hole width. At this thickness, the panel needed to be moved sideways for the tabs to pop open. Extraction performance was expected to be reduced as only a small amount/area of the tab would catch on the perimeter of the hole.
  • Insertion and extraction force measurements were conducted using the pop-in mechanical fasteners of the Example, according to the following test procedures.
  • Insertion Force Test Method One half a mating mechanical fastener was adhered to the exposed surface of the base of a pop-in mechanical fastener as described in the Example. The second half of the mating mechanical fastener was removably attached to the first half to assist in maintaining the desired orientation of the pop-in mechanical fastener relative to the hole during the insertion force test.
  • With the pin of the pop-in mechanical fastener aligned perpendicular to the hole of the test panel, the pop-in mechanical fastener was inserted using a Chatillon tensile tester (Model UTSM, available from John Chatillon & Sons, New York). The pop-in mechanical fastener was inserted at a rate of about 3.8 cm/minute (1.5 inches/minute) and the peak insertion force was measured using a Chatillon Digital Force Gauge (Model Number DFGS100) set in its “peak compression mode”.
  • Fit Test Once the pop-in mechanical fastener was fully inserted in the hole, the relative fit was assessed qualitatively. Both vertical movement (i.e., movement perpendicular to the part) and horizontal movement (i.e., movement parallel to the width of the pin) were assessed. Note that movement parallel to the length of the pin would depend on the dimensions of the hole relative to the length dimension of the pin, and was not evaluated.
  • Extraction Force Test Method A hot melt adhesive has applied to a second half of a complimentary mating mechanical fastener (SJ3221 available from 3M). This complimentary half was mechanically engaged with the first half of the mating mechanical fastener bonded to the base of the pop-in mechanical fastener. The adhesive firmly held the parts together such that they would not disengage during the extraction test.
  • The pop-in mechanical fastener was then extracted with the pin aligned with the hole in the metal test panel at a rate of about 30 cm/min. (12 inches/minute) using the Chatillon Tensile Tester and the Chatillon Digital Force Gauge set in its “peak tension mode.” The maximum extraction force was measured and the test termination mode was recorded. If peak extraction force occurred when the pop-in mechanical fastener was removed from the hole, the test termination mode was recorded as “Removal.” If the peak extraction force occurred without removing the pop-in mechanical fastener (e.g., an adhesive failed), the termination mode was recorded as “Destruction.” Regardless of the termination mode, all samples exhibited an extraction force of at least 311 N (70 lbf) and most samples were destroyed rather than being removed at extraction forces exceeding 380 N (85 lbf).
  • The results of these tests are summarized in Table 2. The reported values are the average of two replicates.
  • TABLE 2 Test Results Part Insertion Extraction Termination thickness Hole width force Movement force mode 0.71 mm 5.25 mm 46 N (10.3 lbf) minimal 372 N (83.7 lbf) Destruction 0.71 mm 5.75 mm 37 N (8.3 lbf) minimal 380 N (85.1 lbf) Destruction 0.78 mm 5.25 mm 31 N (7.0 lbf) none 398 N (89.5 lbf) Destruction 0.87 mm 5.25 mm 57 N (12.8 lbf) none 393 N (88.3 lbf) Destruction 0.98 mm 5.25 mm 36 N (8.2 lbf) none 388 N (87.2 lbf) Destruction 1.18 mm 5.75 mm 46 N (10.3 lbf) minimal 316 N (71.1 lbf) Destruction/ Removal 1.18 mm 6.25 mm 43 N (9.7 lbf) none 334 N (75.1 lbf) Removal
  • Various modifications and alterations of this invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope and spirit of this invention.

Claims (18)

1. A pop-in mechanical fastener comprising a base connected to a pin comprising an insertion rim and at least one locking tab pivotally connected to the insertion rim, wherein the locking tab comprises a wing comprising an insertion surface and a locking surface comprising a first angled stop forming a first angle relative to a wing axis, and a second angled stop forming a second angle relative to the wing axis, wherein the wing axis is perpendicular to an insertion axis that is perpendicular to the base, wherein the first angle is at least 5 degrees and the second angle is greater than the first angle by at least 5 degrees.
2. The pop-in mechanical fastener of claim 1, wherein the wing further comprises a shoulder connecting the insertion surface to the locking surface, and a terminal stem extending from the locking surface toward the base.
3. The pop-in mechanical fastener of claim 1, wherein the first angle is at least 15 degrees and is no greater than 40 degrees.
4. The pop-in mechanical fastener of claim 1, the second angle is least 25 degrees and is no greater than 65 degrees.
5. The pop-in mechanical fastener of claim 1, wherein the first angle is between 20 and 30 degrees, and the second angle is between 40 and 50 degrees.
6. The pop-in mechanical fastener of claim 1, wherein the locking surface consists of the first angled stop and the second angled stop.
7. The pop-in mechanical fastener of claim 1, wherein the locking surface further comprises a step between the first angled stop and the second angled stop.
8. The pop-in mechanical fastener of claim 1, wherein the insertion surface forms an insertion angle relative to the insertion axis and the insertion angle is no greater than 45 degrees.
9. The pop-in mechanical fastener of claim 1, wherein the insertion angle is between 20 and 25 degrees.
10. The pop-in mechanical fastener of claim 1, wherein the locking surface comprises third angled stop.
11. The pop-in mechanical fastener of claim 1, wherein the fastener comprises at least three tabs.
12. The pop-in mechanical fastener of claim 11, wherein at least one tab is located on the opposite side of the stem from at least one other tab.
13. The pop-in mechanical fastener of claim 1, further comprising one half of a mating mechanical fastener bonded to an exposed major surface of the base opposite the pin.
14. The pop-in mechanical fastener of claim 1, further comprising a second pop-in mechanical fastener comprising a base and pin, wherein the bases of the pop-in mechanical fasteners are bonded each other.
15. A pop-in mechanical fastener comprising a base connected to a pin comprising an insertion rim and at least one locking tab pivotally connected to the insertion rim, wherein the locking tab comprises a wing comprising an insertion surface and a locking surface comprising an arcuate stop that is concave relative to the base.
16. The pop-in mechanical fastener of claim 15, wherein the wing further comprises a shoulder connecting the insertion surface to the locking surface, and a terminal pin extending from the locking surface toward the base.
17. The pop-in mechanical fastener of claim 15, wherein the locking surface further comprises as least one angled stop forming an angle relative to a wing axis, wherein the wing axis is perpendicular to an insertion axis that is perpendicular to the base.
18. A method of providing a bonding location on a part comprising inserting an insertion rim of a pop-in mechanical fastener into a locking hole in the part, wherein the pop-in mechanical fastener comprises a base connected to a pin comprising the insertion rim and at least one locking tab pivotally connected to the insertion rim, wherein the locking tab comprises a wing comprising an insertion surface and a locking surface comprising a first angled stop forming a first angle relative to a wing axis, and a second angled stop forming a second angle relative to the wing axis, wherein the wing axis is perpendicular to an insertion axis that is perpendicular to the base, wherein the first angle is at least 5 degrees and the second angle is greater than the first angle by at least 5 degrees;
pressing the pop-in mechanical fastener into the hole flexing the tab into the pin;
and further pressing the pop-in mechanical fastener into the hole until the tabs spring out from the pin and the perimeter of the hole contacts at least a portion of the locking surface of the tab.
US11/940,514 2007-11-15 2007-11-15 Multi-Angle Pop-In Mechanical Fastener Abandoned US20090126168A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/940,514 US20090126168A1 (en) 2007-11-15 2007-11-15 Multi-Angle Pop-In Mechanical Fastener

Applications Claiming Priority (10)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/940,514 US20090126168A1 (en) 2007-11-15 2007-11-15 Multi-Angle Pop-In Mechanical Fastener
EP08849714.4A EP2222967A4 (en) 2007-11-15 2008-11-11 Multi-angle pop-in mechanical fastener
EP13187861.3A EP2696083B1 (en) 2007-11-15 2008-11-11 Multi-angle pop-in mechanical fastener
JP2010534123A JP5677848B2 (en) 2007-11-15 2008-11-11 Multi-angle pop-in mechanical fastener
KR1020107012750A KR20100092481A (en) 2007-11-15 2008-11-11 Multi-angle pop-in mechanical fastener
CN 201310058637 CN103174719A (en) 2007-11-15 2008-11-11 Multi-angle pop-in mechanical fastener
PCT/US2008/083098 WO2009064711A2 (en) 2007-11-15 2008-11-11 Multi-angle pop-in mechanical fastener
BRPI0819000 BRPI0819000A2 (en) 2007-11-15 2008-11-11 "multi-angle pop-in mechanical lock"
CN 200880124340 CN101910648A (en) 2007-11-15 2008-11-11 Multi-angle pop-in mechanical fastener
US14/027,565 US20140013550A1 (en) 2007-11-15 2013-09-16 Multi-angle pop-in mechanical fastener

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US14/027,565 Division US20140013550A1 (en) 2007-11-15 2013-09-16 Multi-angle pop-in mechanical fastener

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20090126168A1 true US20090126168A1 (en) 2009-05-21

Family

ID=40639408

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/940,514 Abandoned US20090126168A1 (en) 2007-11-15 2007-11-15 Multi-Angle Pop-In Mechanical Fastener
US14/027,565 Abandoned US20140013550A1 (en) 2007-11-15 2013-09-16 Multi-angle pop-in mechanical fastener

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US14/027,565 Abandoned US20140013550A1 (en) 2007-11-15 2013-09-16 Multi-angle pop-in mechanical fastener

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (2) US20090126168A1 (en)
EP (2) EP2222967A4 (en)
JP (1) JP5677848B2 (en)
KR (1) KR20100092481A (en)
CN (2) CN103174719A (en)
BR (1) BRPI0819000A2 (en)
WO (1) WO2009064711A2 (en)

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100236731A1 (en) * 2009-03-19 2010-09-23 Nien Made Enterprise Co., Ltd. Cord lock of window coverings
WO2013088447A1 (en) * 2011-12-15 2013-06-20 Faurecia Interior Systems India Pvt. Ltd. Assembly comprising two elements attached by invisible attachment organs
US20140041185A1 (en) * 2012-08-13 2014-02-13 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic tube alignment and attachment system and method for precisely locating and attaching components
CN103818598A (en) * 2014-03-14 2014-05-28 胡和萍 Material distribution fixer of non-setting adhesive labeling machine
US20150208745A1 (en) * 2012-09-07 2015-07-30 Friedrich Munch Gmbh & Co., Kg Fastening Strap For Fastening To A Protective-Clothing Loop Formed Of A Metal-Ring Mesh, As Well As Protective Clothing
US9278642B2 (en) 2013-04-04 2016-03-08 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable flange locator arrangement and method of reducing positional variation
US9303667B2 (en) 2013-07-18 2016-04-05 Gm Global Technology Operations, Llc Lobular elastic tube alignment system for providing precise four-way alignment of components
US9388838B2 (en) 2013-04-04 2016-07-12 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic retaining assembly for matable components and method of assembling
US9428123B2 (en) 2013-12-12 2016-08-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment and retention system for a flexible assembly
US9428046B2 (en) 2014-04-02 2016-08-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment and retention system for laterally slideably engageable mating components
US9429176B2 (en) 2014-06-30 2016-08-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US9446722B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2016-09-20 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic averaging alignment member
US9447840B2 (en) 2013-06-11 2016-09-20 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable energy management assembly and method of managing energy absorption
US9447806B2 (en) 2013-12-12 2016-09-20 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Self-retaining alignment system for providing precise alignment and retention of components
US9457845B2 (en) 2013-10-02 2016-10-04 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Lobular elastic tube alignment and retention system for providing precise alignment of components
US9458876B2 (en) 2013-08-28 2016-10-04 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable alignment fastener and system
US9463538B2 (en) 2012-08-13 2016-10-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment system and method thereof
US9463831B2 (en) 2013-09-09 2016-10-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic tube alignment and fastening system for providing precise alignment and fastening of components
US9481317B2 (en) 2013-11-15 2016-11-01 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable clip and method
US9488205B2 (en) 2013-07-12 2016-11-08 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment arrangement for mated components and method
US9511802B2 (en) 2013-10-03 2016-12-06 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US9541113B2 (en) 2014-01-09 2017-01-10 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US9556890B2 (en) 2013-01-31 2017-01-31 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic alignment assembly for aligning mated components and method of reducing positional variation
US9599279B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2017-03-21 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable module installation assembly
US9618026B2 (en) 2012-08-06 2017-04-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Semi-circular alignment features of an elastic averaging alignment system
US9657807B2 (en) 2014-04-23 2017-05-23 GM Global Technology Operations LLC System for elastically averaging assembly of components
US9669774B2 (en) 2013-10-11 2017-06-06 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Reconfigurable vehicle interior assembly
US9758110B2 (en) 2015-01-12 2017-09-12 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Coupling system
US9812684B2 (en) 2010-11-09 2017-11-07 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Using elastic averaging for alignment of battery stack, fuel cell stack, or other vehicle assembly
US9863454B2 (en) 2013-08-07 2018-01-09 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment system for providing precise alignment and retention of components of a sealable compartment
US10107319B2 (en) 2015-03-02 2018-10-23 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US10316695B2 (en) 2015-12-10 2019-06-11 General Electric Company Metallic attachment system integrated into a composite structure

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP6437228B2 (en) * 2014-07-23 2018-12-12 岐阜プラスチック工業株式会社 Fastener
TWM552955U (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-12-11 伍鐌科技股份有限公司 Fastening device
EP3521641A1 (en) * 2018-02-05 2019-08-07 Ford Global Technologies, LLC Vehicle headliner attachment

Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3871430A (en) * 1973-10-26 1975-03-18 Usm Corp Retainer clip
US4739543A (en) * 1987-06-08 1988-04-26 Ford Motor Company Push pin retainer
US5537793A (en) * 1994-04-05 1996-07-23 Ykk Corporation Joint structure of panel-like components
US5947631A (en) * 1994-09-20 1999-09-07 Daiwa Kogyo Kabushiki Component retaining legs
US6353981B1 (en) * 1999-02-25 2002-03-12 Termax Corporation Multi-engagement spring fastener
US20020197107A1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2002-12-26 Robert Granata Articulating fastener assembly
US6575681B2 (en) * 2001-03-19 2003-06-10 Piolax Inc. Resin clip
US20050217087A1 (en) * 2004-04-05 2005-10-06 Gallant Christopher M Self-engaging, double-sided fastener products
US20050260060A1 (en) * 2002-09-27 2005-11-24 Viktor Zoubek Fixing element
US6976292B2 (en) * 2003-08-28 2005-12-20 Newfrey Llc Resilient clip fastener
US7073230B2 (en) * 1999-12-29 2006-07-11 A. Raymond & Cie Plastic clip for the detachable connection of a trim plate to a support piece
US20070186389A1 (en) * 2001-06-25 2007-08-16 Smith Michael W Four legged fastener clip
US20080066266A1 (en) * 2006-09-14 2008-03-20 Derek Scroggie Fastener assembly
US20080313868A1 (en) * 2005-11-24 2008-12-25 Haruhisa Kamiya Fastener

Family Cites Families (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1341695A (en) * 1970-01-30 1973-12-25 British Leyland Truck & Bus Clips
GB1357738A (en) * 1970-10-26 1974-06-26 Itw Ltd Plastics fasteners
DE2226315A1 (en) * 1972-05-30 1973-07-19 Bourns Inc Mounting device for instruments
DE2718170C3 (en) * 1977-04-23 1979-10-25 Ford-Werke Ag, 5000 Koeln
GB2026083A (en) * 1978-06-19 1980-01-30 United Carr Ltd Fastener
JPH0155681B2 (en) * 1982-07-05 1989-11-27 Nifco Inc
US4781488A (en) * 1982-07-14 1988-11-01 Kitagawa Industries Co., Ltd. Securing unit
JPS61117908U (en) * 1985-01-09 1986-07-25
JPH0534329Y2 (en) * 1988-01-26 1993-08-31
JPH0614085Y2 (en) * 1988-12-03 1994-04-13 株式会社ニフコ Locking clip of the panel-like parts
JP2979079B2 (en) * 1989-12-07 1999-11-15 日産自動車株式会社 Mounting structure of automotive interior materials
FR2675545B1 (en) * 1992-01-20 1993-11-05 Nicollet Oblique Method for fixing snap the male type.
KR200153215Y1 (en) * 1996-08-06 1999-08-02 노정웅 Clip
JP3949401B2 (en) * 2001-07-05 2007-07-25 矢崎総業株式会社 Wire harness clamp
JP4155731B2 (en) * 2001-10-16 2008-09-24 矢崎総業株式会社 Fixture for wire harness
US6715185B2 (en) * 2002-07-25 2004-04-06 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Self aligning panel fastener
US6952863B2 (en) * 2002-09-13 2005-10-11 Southco, Inc. Tether clip system
JP4683858B2 (en) * 2004-05-14 2011-05-18 スリーエム イノベイティブ プロパティズ カンパニー Article support
FR2876166A1 (en) * 2005-02-11 2006-04-07 Faurecia Interieur Ind Snc Motor vehicle`s inner lining part fastening clip, has rigid hook engaged on edge of fixation window, and web connecting hook to rigid body such that hook is interlocked on edge by supporting and rotating hook on and around edge
US7306419B2 (en) * 2005-03-21 2007-12-11 Illinois Tool Works Inc Fastener
US20070023586A1 (en) * 2005-07-28 2007-02-01 Hellermann Tyton Corporation Harness clamp tie
DE102012010893A1 (en) * 2012-06-01 2013-12-05 Gottlieb Binder Gmbh & Co. Kg Fastening system

Patent Citations (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3871430A (en) * 1973-10-26 1975-03-18 Usm Corp Retainer clip
US4739543A (en) * 1987-06-08 1988-04-26 Ford Motor Company Push pin retainer
US5537793A (en) * 1994-04-05 1996-07-23 Ykk Corporation Joint structure of panel-like components
US5947631A (en) * 1994-09-20 1999-09-07 Daiwa Kogyo Kabushiki Component retaining legs
US6203240B1 (en) * 1995-09-19 2001-03-20 Daiwa Kogyo Kabushiki Component retaining legs
US6353981B1 (en) * 1999-02-25 2002-03-12 Termax Corporation Multi-engagement spring fastener
US7073230B2 (en) * 1999-12-29 2006-07-11 A. Raymond & Cie Plastic clip for the detachable connection of a trim plate to a support piece
US6575681B2 (en) * 2001-03-19 2003-06-10 Piolax Inc. Resin clip
US20020197107A1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2002-12-26 Robert Granata Articulating fastener assembly
US20070186389A1 (en) * 2001-06-25 2007-08-16 Smith Michael W Four legged fastener clip
US20050260060A1 (en) * 2002-09-27 2005-11-24 Viktor Zoubek Fixing element
US6976292B2 (en) * 2003-08-28 2005-12-20 Newfrey Llc Resilient clip fastener
US20050217087A1 (en) * 2004-04-05 2005-10-06 Gallant Christopher M Self-engaging, double-sided fastener products
US20080313868A1 (en) * 2005-11-24 2008-12-25 Haruhisa Kamiya Fastener
US20080066266A1 (en) * 2006-09-14 2008-03-20 Derek Scroggie Fastener assembly

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100236731A1 (en) * 2009-03-19 2010-09-23 Nien Made Enterprise Co., Ltd. Cord lock of window coverings
US8156991B2 (en) * 2009-03-19 2012-04-17 Nien Made Enterprises Co., Ltd. Cord lock of window coverings
US9812684B2 (en) 2010-11-09 2017-11-07 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Using elastic averaging for alignment of battery stack, fuel cell stack, or other vehicle assembly
WO2013088447A1 (en) * 2011-12-15 2013-06-20 Faurecia Interior Systems India Pvt. Ltd. Assembly comprising two elements attached by invisible attachment organs
CN104067005A (en) * 2011-12-15 2014-09-24 佛吉亚内部系统印度私人有限公司 Assembly comprising two elements attached by invisible attachment organs
US9618026B2 (en) 2012-08-06 2017-04-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Semi-circular alignment features of an elastic averaging alignment system
US20140041185A1 (en) * 2012-08-13 2014-02-13 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic tube alignment and attachment system and method for precisely locating and attaching components
US9463538B2 (en) 2012-08-13 2016-10-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment system and method thereof
US20150208745A1 (en) * 2012-09-07 2015-07-30 Friedrich Munch Gmbh & Co., Kg Fastening Strap For Fastening To A Protective-Clothing Loop Formed Of A Metal-Ring Mesh, As Well As Protective Clothing
US10264836B2 (en) * 2012-09-07 2019-04-23 Friedrich Munch GmbH + Co. KG Fastening strap for fastening to a protective-clothing loop formed of a metal-ring mesh, as well as protective clothing
US9556890B2 (en) 2013-01-31 2017-01-31 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic alignment assembly for aligning mated components and method of reducing positional variation
US9278642B2 (en) 2013-04-04 2016-03-08 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable flange locator arrangement and method of reducing positional variation
US9388838B2 (en) 2013-04-04 2016-07-12 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic retaining assembly for matable components and method of assembling
US9447840B2 (en) 2013-06-11 2016-09-20 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable energy management assembly and method of managing energy absorption
US9488205B2 (en) 2013-07-12 2016-11-08 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment arrangement for mated components and method
US9303667B2 (en) 2013-07-18 2016-04-05 Gm Global Technology Operations, Llc Lobular elastic tube alignment system for providing precise four-way alignment of components
US9863454B2 (en) 2013-08-07 2018-01-09 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment system for providing precise alignment and retention of components of a sealable compartment
US9458876B2 (en) 2013-08-28 2016-10-04 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable alignment fastener and system
US9463831B2 (en) 2013-09-09 2016-10-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic tube alignment and fastening system for providing precise alignment and fastening of components
US9457845B2 (en) 2013-10-02 2016-10-04 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Lobular elastic tube alignment and retention system for providing precise alignment of components
US9511802B2 (en) 2013-10-03 2016-12-06 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US9669774B2 (en) 2013-10-11 2017-06-06 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Reconfigurable vehicle interior assembly
US9481317B2 (en) 2013-11-15 2016-11-01 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable clip and method
US9447806B2 (en) 2013-12-12 2016-09-20 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Self-retaining alignment system for providing precise alignment and retention of components
US9428123B2 (en) 2013-12-12 2016-08-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment and retention system for a flexible assembly
US9446722B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2016-09-20 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic averaging alignment member
US9599279B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2017-03-21 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable module installation assembly
US9541113B2 (en) 2014-01-09 2017-01-10 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
CN103818598A (en) * 2014-03-14 2014-05-28 胡和萍 Material distribution fixer of non-setting adhesive labeling machine
US9428046B2 (en) 2014-04-02 2016-08-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment and retention system for laterally slideably engageable mating components
US9657807B2 (en) 2014-04-23 2017-05-23 GM Global Technology Operations LLC System for elastically averaging assembly of components
US9429176B2 (en) 2014-06-30 2016-08-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US9758110B2 (en) 2015-01-12 2017-09-12 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Coupling system
US10107319B2 (en) 2015-03-02 2018-10-23 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US10316695B2 (en) 2015-12-10 2019-06-11 General Electric Company Metallic attachment system integrated into a composite structure

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2009064711A3 (en) 2010-07-01
EP2696083B1 (en) 2017-03-01
KR20100092481A (en) 2010-08-20
EP2696083A1 (en) 2014-02-12
CN103174719A (en) 2013-06-26
WO2009064711A2 (en) 2009-05-22
JP2011503489A (en) 2011-01-27
EP2222967A2 (en) 2010-09-01
JP5677848B2 (en) 2015-02-25
BRPI0819000A2 (en) 2015-05-05
CN101910648A (en) 2010-12-08
US20140013550A1 (en) 2014-01-16
EP2222967A4 (en) 2013-04-17

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3458618A (en) Method of forming an integral plastic rivet
USRE38652E1 (en) Hook for hook and loop fasteners
EP2123497B2 (en) Profile element for connecting a vehicle pane with a water chamber
US20080260488A1 (en) Pin and grommet fastener assembly
US6445546B1 (en) Snap-in assembly of suspension limiter having both high shock and load/unload cycle capability
US5398387A (en) Interengaging fastener member and fastener having same
US4668145A (en) Fastener for coupling together two panels in face-to-face relation
CN1933747B (en) Intermediate fixing element
US7770266B2 (en) Trim retainer
EP1887232B1 (en) Cable mount
US5657516A (en) Dual structured fastener elements
CA2539425C (en) Vehicle body panel with integral clip
US6588074B2 (en) Self-mating reclosable binding strap and fastener
US5274887A (en) Swivel hook assembly
US5992099A (en) Device for joining a window pane to a window lifter
US4988146A (en) Process for the production of bristle articles
US7793998B2 (en) Bumper fixture, and bumper mounting structure
JP5575647B2 (en) Low profile decorative clip for attaching beads to foam substrate
US20130019454A1 (en) Elastic Tube Alignment System for Precisely Locating an Emblem Lens To an Outer Bezel
US6539594B1 (en) Plastic zipper improved in durability
US20070018057A1 (en) Hinged clip having a retainer
US5975820A (en) Two-piece pin and grommet
US5202172A (en) Molding and retainer assembly
US20040178664A1 (en) Front grille for a vehicle
US4741074A (en) Detachable belt clip suitable for automated assembly

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY, MINNESOTA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:KOBE, JAMES J.;TURCH, STEVEN E.;BLACK, PHILIP D.;REEL/FRAME:020128/0342

Effective date: 20071115

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION