US1987051A - Heat exchange apparatus - Google Patents

Heat exchange apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
US1987051A
US1987051A US688557A US68855733A US1987051A US 1987051 A US1987051 A US 1987051A US 688557 A US688557 A US 688557A US 68855733 A US68855733 A US 68855733A US 1987051 A US1987051 A US 1987051A
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United States
Prior art keywords
tube
heat exchange
tubes
exchange apparatus
partitions
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Expired - Lifetime
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US688557A
Inventor
Frederick W Cattanach
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C H LEACH Co
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C H LEACH Co
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Publication date
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Priority to US688557A priority Critical patent/US1987051A/en
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Publication of US1987051A publication Critical patent/US1987051A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D7/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall
    • F28D7/0058Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits for only one medium being tubes having different orientations to each other or crossing the conduit for the other heat exchange medium
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28BSTEAM OR VAPOUR CONDENSERS
    • F28B1/00Condensers in which the steam or vapour is separate from the cooling medium by walls, e.g. surface condenser
    • F28B1/02Condensers in which the steam or vapour is separate from the cooling medium by walls, e.g. surface condenser using water or other liquid as the cooling medium
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F9/00Casings; Header boxes; Auxiliary supports for elements; Auxiliary members within casings
    • F28F9/02Header boxes; End plates
    • F28F9/0236Header boxes; End plates floating elements
    • F28F9/0239Header boxes; End plates floating elements floating header boxes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S165/00Heat exchange
    • Y10S165/184Indirect-contact condenser
    • Y10S165/205Space for condensable vapor surrounds space for coolant
    • Y10S165/207Distinct outlets for separated condensate and gas
    • Y10S165/214Distinct outlets for separated condensate and gas including baffle structure for reversing flow direction of vapor

Definitions

  • HEAT EXCHANGE APPARATUS Filed Sept. 8, 1933 'IIIIIIIIIIII I Patented Jan. 8, 1935 HEAT EXCHANGE APPARATUS Frederick W. Cattanach, Cranford, N. 1., assignor g to C. H. Leach Company, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New Jersey Application September s, 1933, Serial No. 688,557
  • the present invention relates to heat exchange apparatus, and is more particularly adapted for the cooling and condensation of hot oil vapor through contact with banks of heat exchange 5 tubing.
  • the purpose of the invention is to provide a simplified and em'cient form of exchanger for this purpose, which readily permits replacement of tubes and is intended to avoid undue strain upon the tubes or supporting heads during the operation of the unit.
  • the exchanger by virtue of its, design, facilitates contact between the vapor and the tubes, and the collection of the condensate resulting from vapor cooling.
  • the illustrated embodiment of the invention a in its general construction and arrangement is 36 .with one or more liquid passages provided by the I tube support and'sealed by the tube support from the intertubular space.
  • the tube gsupport is indicated generally at 10, and is pref-.
  • the bank of tubes at the left supported from the partition 16 are connected to afloating head 55 or ietum header 30, which isprovided with a ly through the opening 52.
  • Each of the irmer partition members 20'and 22 extends abovethe level of the partitions 16 and 18 to provide basins 40 for the collection'of condensate.
  • the unitary support 10 is-also provided on the opposite side of the partitions with liquid cooling passages 42 and 44, which are closed by detachable cover members 46 and 48. Cooling fluid flow is normally. directed into the passage 42 through the opening 50, and after passing through successive tube lengths is delivered to the passage 44 and thence outward-
  • the condensate chamber formed between the intermediate par titions 20 and 22 is closed by a detachable cover member 54, as indicated.
  • Each condensate chamber is in free communication with a separate vapor pass formed by vertical partitions 56 and 58, which extend upwardly from the members 20 and 22. Draining of condensate from the chambers is accomplished by condensate drains 60.
  • the partitions 20 and 22 are straight and extend completely thereacross, separating the basins 40 from one another and from the intermediate basin.
  • the liquid chambers 42 and 44 are located at opposite sides of .the head and formed as elongated chambers or passages, closed nozzle 68, both of the flaring type to avoid con-' striction of vapor path in the region of the tubes.
  • the inlet nozzle is also provided with a target '70, properly arranged to avoid direct impingement of incoming vapor on adjacent tube surfaces.
  • the nozzle annulus is surmounted in turn by a shell closure 72, detachably connected with the annulus and having a bonnet or cap '74 closing the upper portion.
  • the bonnet or cap may be detachably or permanently comiected to the shell closure, as desired.
  • the action of the vapor bailies or partitions 56 and 58 is complemented by a third bafile 76 intermediate the two baflles, and providing for a tortuous vapor flow with a series of vapor passes.
  • the tube support instead of comprising a continuous and uninterrupted transverse partition extending completely across the exchanger, consists of two transverse partitions interrupted centrally and virtually providing two shelves upon which the tube lengths are supported, the partitions serving to seal off liquid passages in the same manner as a continuous partition, or in other words, the combination of the partitions l6 and 18 and the connecting vertical partitions'20 and 22 forms an irregular tube-supporting partition with a depressed central portion to providetherein a condensate basin and space for a return headerr This is in effect the equivalent of a continuous support.
  • Heat exchange apparatus comprising a tube supporting member, a series of lengths of heat exchange tubing connected to and supported by the member at opposite ends, liquid passages formed in the member and communicating with the interior of the tubing, a shell surrounding the exterior of the tubing, a vapor nozzle communicating with the interior of the shell, and a collection space formed centrally in the supporting member below the tubing and intermediate the tube supports.
  • Heat exchange apparatus comprising a supporting member having tube supporting portions on opposite sides of a depressed central space, heat exchange tubing connected to the portions and having a plurality of reverse bends supported from the fixed portions, liquid passages formed in the support communicating with the interior of the tubes at opposite sides of the depressed central space, means for closing the central space to provide for condensate collection, and vapor inlet and outlet nozzles communicating with the space surrounding the tube exterior above the FREDERICK W. CATTANACH.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • Heat-Exchange Devices With Radiators And Conduit Assemblies (AREA)

Description

jam. 8, 1935. p w CATTANACH 1,987,051
HEAT EXCHANGE APPARATUS Filed Sept. 8, 1933 'IIIIIIIIIIII I Patented Jan. 8, 1935 HEAT EXCHANGE APPARATUS Frederick W. Cattanach, Cranford, N. 1., assignor g to C. H. Leach Company, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New Jersey Application September s, 1933, Serial No. 688,557
2 Claims.
The present invention relates to heat exchange apparatus, and is more particularly adapted for the cooling and condensation of hot oil vapor through contact with banks of heat exchange 5 tubing.
The purpose of the invention is to provide a simplified and em'cient form of exchanger for this purpose, which readily permits replacement of tubes and is intended to avoid undue strain upon the tubes or supporting heads during the operation of the unit. In addition, the exchanger, by virtue of its, design, facilitates contact between the vapor and the tubes, and the collection of the condensate resulting from vapor cooling. I,
With these and other objects in view, the various features of the invention consist in oer-- tain novel features of construction, combinations and arrangements of parts hereinafter described and claimed, the advantages of which will be obvious to those skilled in the art from the following description. v
The accompanying drawing illustrates a section in'elevation of a heat exchanger embodying the features of the invention.
The illustrated embodiment of the invention a in its general construction and arrangement is 36 .with one or more liquid passages provided by the I tube support and'sealed by the tube support from the intertubular space.
. 'Referring particularlyto the drawing, the tube gsupport is indicated generally at 10, and is pref-.
40 erably of square or rectangular contour. This may be made as a casting, forging or equivalent construction which serves the purpose. The
tube support is provided with an outer wall 11,
having an upper bolting flange 12 and a lower 46 bolting flange 14. It is also provided with what may be termed a tube sheet and partition 16,
and a second partition and tube sheet 18. Each of these partitions extends between the outer wall 11 and intermediate walls 20 and 22. The
60 lower ends of the heat exchange tubes 24 are fixedly secured in the tube sheets and extend upwardly therefrom, as indicated. I
The bank of tubes at the left supported from the partition 16 are connected to afloating head 55 or ietum header 30, which isprovided with a ly through the opening 52.
second length of tubing connected to a lower return header 32. This in turn is connected through a tube run with a return header 34, which connects with the length of tubing fixedly secured. to the partition 18. Obviously the number of return lengths with connected return headers may be varied as desired, and equally obviously the size and shape of the return headers may be modified or altered if so desired, individual lengths of tubing being directly connected by return bends or headers rather than connecting each bank or group of tubes into a single header. By virtue of this construction virtually a continuous series of tubes connected by returns are provided with the complete assembly supported at the lower end by the fixed partition.
Each of the irmer partition members 20'and 22 extends abovethe level of the partitions 16 and 18 to provide basins 40 for the collection'of condensate. The unitary support 10 is-also provided on the opposite side of the partitions with liquid cooling passages 42 and 44, which are closed by detachable cover members 46 and 48. Cooling fluid flow is normally. directed into the passage 42 through the opening 50, and after passing through successive tube lengths is delivered to the passage 44 and thence outward- The condensate chamber formed between the intermediate par titions 20 and 22 is closed by a detachable cover member 54, as indicated. Each condensate chamber is in free communication with a separate vapor pass formed by vertical partitions 56 and 58, which extend upwardly from the members 20 and 22. Draining of condensate from the chambers is accomplished by condensate drains 60.
It will be evident thatif the head 10 is square or generally rectangular in its outline, the partitions 20 and 22 are straight and extend completely thereacross, separating the basins 40 from one another and from the intermediate basin. In a like manner, the liquid chambers 42 and 44 are located at opposite sides of .the head and formed as elongated chambers or passages, closed nozzle 68, both of the flaring type to avoid con-' striction of vapor path in the region of the tubes. The inlet nozzle is also provided with a target '70, properly arranged to avoid direct impingement of incoming vapor on adjacent tube surfaces. The nozzle annulus is surmounted in turn by a shell closure 72, detachably connected with the annulus and having a bonnet or cap '74 closing the upper portion. The bonnet or cap may be detachably or permanently comiected to the shell closure, as desired. Preterably the action of the vapor bailies or partitions 56 and 58 is complemented by a third bafile 76 intermediate the two baflles, and providing for a tortuous vapor flow with a series of vapor passes.
Obviously the drawing on which the present disclosure is made is somewhat diagrammatic, and does not illustrate bolting connections and similar mechanical appurtenances. However, the i invention is concerned primarily with the arrangement and supporting of the tube lengths, and the formation of the liquid passes in communication with the interior of the tubes but sealed from the intertubular space. It will be evident that with this construction the tube support, instead of comprising a continuous and uninterrupted transverse partition extending completely across the exchanger, consists of two transverse partitions interrupted centrally and virtually providing two shelves upon which the tube lengths are supported, the partitions serving to seal off liquid passages in the same manner as a continuous partition, or in other words, the combination of the partitions l6 and 18 and the connecting vertical partitions'20 and 22 forms an irregular tube-supporting partition with a depressed central portion to providetherein a condensate basin and space for a return headerr This is in effect the equivalent of a continuous support.
partition with liquid passages upon opposite sides. By virtue of this construction the liquid pas sages are sealed from the intertubularspace as eflectivelyas with a continuous transverse partition, and provision is made for additional tube lengths extending into the depressed central basin. Furthermore, the lower ends of the tubes at the fixed partitions are rolled in place, and tube replacement is readily accomplished by removing the cover plates to. expose the lower tube ends and permit of rolling in new tubes.
What is claimed is:
1. Heat exchange apparatus comprising a tube supporting member, a series of lengths of heat exchange tubing connected to and supported by the member at opposite ends, liquid passages formed in the member and communicating with the interior of the tubing, a shell surrounding the exterior of the tubing, a vapor nozzle communicating with the interior of the shell, and a collection space formed centrally in the supporting member below the tubing and intermediate the tube supports.
.2. Heat exchange apparatus comprising a supporting member having tube supporting portions on opposite sides of a depressed central space, heat exchange tubing connected to the portions and having a plurality of reverse bends supported from the fixed portions, liquid passages formed in the support communicating with the interior of the tubes at opposite sides of the depressed central space, means for closing the central space to provide for condensate collection, and vapor inlet and outlet nozzles communicating with the space surrounding the tube exterior above the FREDERICK W. CATTANACH.
US688557A 1933-09-08 1933-09-08 Heat exchange apparatus Expired - Lifetime US1987051A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3245464A (en) * 1963-02-28 1966-04-12 Babcock & Wilcox Co Liquid metal heated vapor generator
US4697637A (en) * 1981-12-02 1987-10-06 Phillips Petroleum Company Tube support and flow director
US4787440A (en) * 1981-12-02 1988-11-29 Phillips Petroleum Company Spiral flow in a shell and tube heat exchanger
US20190137192A1 (en) * 2014-09-05 2019-05-09 2078095 Ontario Limited Heat recovery apparatus and method
US11859832B2 (en) 2021-06-22 2024-01-02 2078095 Ontario Limited Gray water heat recovery apparatus and method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3245464A (en) * 1963-02-28 1966-04-12 Babcock & Wilcox Co Liquid metal heated vapor generator
US4697637A (en) * 1981-12-02 1987-10-06 Phillips Petroleum Company Tube support and flow director
US4787440A (en) * 1981-12-02 1988-11-29 Phillips Petroleum Company Spiral flow in a shell and tube heat exchanger
US20190137192A1 (en) * 2014-09-05 2019-05-09 2078095 Ontario Limited Heat recovery apparatus and method
US11306978B2 (en) * 2014-09-05 2022-04-19 2078095 Ontario Limited Heat recovery apparatus and method
US11859832B2 (en) 2021-06-22 2024-01-02 2078095 Ontario Limited Gray water heat recovery apparatus and method

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