US1503662A - Wrench - Google Patents

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Publication number
US1503662A
US1503662A US520337A US52033721A US1503662A US 1503662 A US1503662 A US 1503662A US 520337 A US520337 A US 520337A US 52033721 A US52033721 A US 52033721A US 1503662 A US1503662 A US 1503662A
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United States
Prior art keywords
wrench
nut
handle
head
jaw
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Expired - Lifetime
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US520337A
Inventor
William A Norton
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RAYMOND P NORTON
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RAYMOND P NORTON
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Application filed by RAYMOND P NORTON filed Critical RAYMOND P NORTON
Priority to US520337A priority Critical patent/US1503662A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/46Spanners; Wrenches of the ratchet type, for providing a free return stroke of the handle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/10Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws
    • B25B13/12Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws the jaws being slidable
    • B25B13/14Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws the jaws being slidable by rack and pinion, worm or gear

Description

Patented Aug. 5, 1924.

UTNED? STATES P AT EN T -FFICE.

WILLIAM A. NORTON, OF'MARSHALLTOWN, l'OVV'A, ASSIGNOR OF THREE-FOURTHS TO RAYMOND P. NORTON, 0F ALGONA, IOW.

VfRENCI-I.

Application Afiled December Y 10 all 'whom t may concern Be it known that I, VVILLrAM A. NORTON, a citizen ofthe United States, and a resident of Marshalltown, in the county of Marshall and-State of Iowa, have invented a certain new and useful Vrench, of which the following is a specification.

The object of my invention is to provide a wrench which mayrbe'used similar to the straight wrench-.having fixed jaws, or that may be usedv in the same manner as a ratchet wrench, at fthe will ofthe operator, without any adjustments.

A fur-ther 'object is to provide 'in a wrench having anadjustable jaw, improved means whereby. the adjustable jaws may be made to accurately .and snugly lit all sizes of nuts or bolt heads within the adjustable range of the wrench.

A further object is to provide in a wrench having adjustable jaws,i means `whereby the said jaws'may be capable of being clamped to the said nuts,v or bolt heads, in such a manner that the bolt head vmay be grasped by saidjaws andthe boltplaced in a hole or any other desired position, and when placed the bolt may be firmly held against either rotary or loi'igitudinal movement.

These-and other objects will be apparent to those skilled inthe art.

My invention consists in the construction, arrangement and combination of the various parts of the device, whereby the objects contemplated are attained, as hereinafter more fully set forth, pointed out in my claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which: 4

l4`igureA 1'y is asideelevation of my improved wrench showing the manner in which it isl applied to a nut when used as a ratchet wrench.' Y

Figure'2 showsan edge elevation of the same. i

view taken onth'e line 3`3 of Figure 2.-

Myimproved wrench comprises a handle 10 having a head member 11 formed integral therewith. The said head member 11 is provided `with a nut engaging. jaw member 12, and also a rectangular opening 13.

Between theopening 13 and the jaw 12, llzhave provided adove tailed `groove 14, said groove being at `an angle substantially ninety degrees with the face of the jaw 12.

Slidably mounted in the groove 14, I have Figure 3 shows aV longitudinal, sectional 6, 1921. Serial N0. 520,337.

provided a slide member 15 having one of its edges provided with a flange 16 which is designed to carry a jaw member 17, the flange 16 being designed to work in a groove 18 in the head 11 in such a manner that the jaw member 17 will be held against lateral movement, the face of the jaw member 17 lgeing parallel with the face of the jaw mem- The slide member 15 is mounted in the groove 14 in such a manner that the face of the jaw member 17 may be moved toward or from the face of the member 12. The said slide member 15 has its inner edges provided with a series of teethY 19 designed to coact with the teeth of a worml 20, the said worm 20 being. rotatively mounted on a pin 21, oneend of which is slidably mounted in an opening 22, while the opposite end 23 is enlarged and slidably mounted in an opening 24 in such a manner that the worm 2O may be moved a considerable distance in the opening 13 in a line parallel with the movement of the member 15.

The outer edges of the threads of the member 2O are knurled and of a diameter slightly greater than the width of the member 11 so that the said screw 20 may be rotated between ther operators thumb and finger, and the member 15 adjusted relative to the pin 21. `The member 23 is of a larger diameter than the member 21 to provide a bearing 25 against which one end or' the .worm 2O may rotate.

Mounted in the inner end of the head 11, l have provided a pin 26 on which is pivotally mounted a lever or handle 27. This vhandle is formed U-shaped in cross section and has side flanges 28 designed to overlap the sides or' the handle 10, the members 28 being designed to receive the pin 26.

The head 11V is also provided with a curved portion-29 having a radius in the cent-er of the pin 26, said curved portion being designed to be engaged by a curved portion 30 of the handle 27.

The inner ends of the side flanges 28 are connected together by means of a plate 31, the said plate being provided with cam portion 32 designed to engage the outer end of the enlarged portion 23 of the pin 21, as clearly shown in Figures 1 and 3.

The handle 27 is so arranged that as its free end 33 is moved toward the free end ot' the handle V10, the member 32 will move the pin 21 inwardly which in turn will move the slide 15 and the jaw member 17 inwardly in such a manner that the jaw members 17 and 12 may be made to engage a nut or the head of a bolt, and when so engaged will be firmly gripped and held.

The operator may then place the bolt within the hole if so desired without having to grasp it by his hand. This I find is very convenient in a large number of instances where it is desired to place bolts in certain positions almost impossible otherwise due to the fact that the place is too small to permit the operators hand to enter.

3y rotating the worm 20, the aw member 17 may be adjusted relative to the jaw 12 so as to lit bolts of different sizes.

In making this adjustment, said aws may be separated a distance greater than the diameter of the bolt head or nut to which it is to be applied, after which the nut may be placed between the said heads and the worm 2O` rotated to move the heads together. Then the said heads have engaged the nut, a further rotation of the worm 2O will cause the free end of the handle 33 to be moved outwardly from the end of the handle 10. When the heads have so engaged the nut, the movement of the worm 2O should be continued about a quarter revolution. This Y will give about the right amount of separation between the end of the handle 10 and the member 33 so that as the handles 27 and 10 are `grasped by the operators hand and squeezed together, the heads 12 and 17 will be brought firmly in contact with the nut.

4The said handles may then be rotated in either direction as illustrated in Figures V1 and 3, and rotary movement imparted to the nut.

In this connection, it will be seen that the main part of the force is applied to the handle 27 which has a tendency to cause the two jaws to grip the nut as rotated. It will also be noted that the pin 26 is comparatively close to the pin 32 so that a considerable leverage is provided so that but a slight gripping pressure is required by the operators hand to firmly hold the heads 17 and 12 together. Y

By this means I have provided a wrench by which the nut of a bolt may be rotated, either as a straight wrench or as a rachet wrench. wrench as a rachet, the operator releases the gripping action as applied to the handles 10 and 427 and may rotate the handle 1()V in either direction.

corners of the nut as illustrated in Figure 1. When the said rotation takes place, the nut will have atendency to stand stationary due to the frictional engagement with the bolt, and on account of the relative movement between the heads 17 and 12 and the said nut,

' with the nut.

IVhen it is desired to use thej This movement will cause the jaws 17Vand 12 to rotate about theV the head 17 will be moved from the head 12, thereby permitting the wrench to Vrotate without rotating the nut.

lVhen the faces of the jaws are parallel with the faces of the nut, the operator then moves the handles 27 and 10 toward each other gripping the nut as before described.

It will also be seen that the wrench may be used as a straight wrench by merely holding the handle 27 int-o engagement with the handle 10 during all of the movements, 'the heads being so adjustedV that they will be easily moved into and -This I find by actual practice is a great improvement over the ordinary ratchet wrench due to the fact that there is no perceptible looseness between the jawV members and the handle member which is common with the ordinaryratchet wrench.

Thus it will be seen that I have provided a simple, durable and inexpensive wrench which may be used as a straight wrench or out of engagement Y as a ratchet wrench at the will of the voperator, and 4one when used as a straight wrenchV will have its jaw members firmlyvgrip the head of the bolt or nut, while it isV being operated.

This is a very important feature whether in wrenches having the ordinary fixed head type or the adjustable head type. In Vt-he fixed head type it. isV necessary that the distance between the faces of the jaws be fixed and slight-ly greater than the width of the nut so that the jaws may be easily applied.V

Y I find that even with standard size heads, a considerable variation 1n the size of the heads exist m the different makes of nuts,

so that it is impossible to get a standard wrench that will accurately fit all standard heads. v

If the distance between the faces of the jaw members is slightly greater than that of the faces of the nuts, then the'wrench has a `tendency to rotate about, the nut rather than to turn it, this being permitted by the corners of the nut being turnedoverV and crushed in, due to theV pressureV of the jaws against thev saidA corners.V Y-After the wrench has been applied toHajnut-this way substantiallyV several times, it becomes round instead ofhavmgflat facesy., The excess pressure caused by the angu-V- larityV between the faces of the 'jaws ofthe wrench and those ofthe nutV causelundue strain on the headV of the wrench,1and are m that way sprungV apart. i

l/Vithmy improved'wrench this Vdifficulty Y Y is always overcome due to the fact that the faces of the 'jaws are always heldin abso-KV vlute contact with the faces of the rnut.

By providing the curved :.2portifon29lso`V as to engage the curved portionBQV ofthe handle 27, I have providedY meansfwhereby a comparatively., small Vfpiv'ot:,memberv 26 iso Y may be used, thereby permitting the said pivot member to be mounted comparatively close to the edge of the opening 13, and the distance between the said pivot 26 and the pin 21 to be comparatively short so that a large amount of leverage may be obtained through the handle 27, the said leverage being in proportion to the distance between the center of the pivot 26 and the pin 21, to the length of the handle 33.

I claim as my invention:

l. A wrench comprising a handle having a head and a fixed jaw, the said head being provided with an opening, one edge of said handle being provided with 'an outwardly extended curved portion, a movable jaw slidably mounted in Said head, a lever pivoted to the said head having a portion designed to engage the said curved portion of said handle, said curved portion being concentric to the pivot of said lever, and means actuated by said lever for moving said slidable jaw member toward or from the said stationary jaw member.

2. A wrench comprising a handle having a head and a fixed jaw member, said head being provided with an opening, a movable jaw member slidably mounted in said head and provided with teeth communicating with said opening, a pin throughA said opening having each of its ends slidably mounted in the jaw member, one end of the said pin being provided with an enlarged portion extending through and Slightly beyond the head member, the smaller portion of said pin being provided with a screw member having teeth in engagement with the teeth of said movable jaw member, said screw member being of a length less than the length of said opening and slidably and rotatively mounted on said pin, a lever pivoted to said head member having a cam portion designed to engage the outwardly extending` portion of said pin so arranged that as the lever is operated in one direction relative to the handle of the wrench, the pin will be moved longitudinally and with it the movable jaw member by the enlarged portion of the pin engaging one end of Said screw member.

WILLIAM A. NORTON.

US520337A 1921-12-06 1921-12-06 Wrench Expired - Lifetime US1503662A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2524376A (en) * 1946-10-12 1950-10-03 Marion A Clark Sliding side jaw wrench having toggle means for moving and locking the movable jaw relative to the fixed jaw
US2562060A (en) * 1947-05-21 1951-07-24 Pehrsson Johan Slidable side jaw socket wrench
US2569581A (en) * 1949-11-21 1951-10-02 Ryland Junior Steven Jaw adjusting means for slidable side jaw wrenches
US2657606A (en) * 1952-01-17 1953-11-03 Kenneth F Finn Adjusting and latch means for slidable side jaw wrenches
US2691317A (en) * 1953-12-07 1954-10-12 Ernest T Olson Locking device for pipe wrenches
US4472986A (en) * 1982-09-29 1984-09-25 Gottlieb Robert G Lever locking worm adjustable wrench
US5297459A (en) * 1993-04-12 1994-03-29 Thomas Stojanowski Ratcheting adjustable wrench
US5890404A (en) * 1997-09-23 1999-04-06 Stojanowski; Thomas Ratcheting adjustable wrench
US20080060484A1 (en) * 2006-09-13 2008-03-13 Daniel Juieng Automatic adjustable head wrench
US20150352704A1 (en) * 2013-01-04 2015-12-10 Marvin Carroll Martin, Sr. Interchangeable hand tool system

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2524376A (en) * 1946-10-12 1950-10-03 Marion A Clark Sliding side jaw wrench having toggle means for moving and locking the movable jaw relative to the fixed jaw
US2562060A (en) * 1947-05-21 1951-07-24 Pehrsson Johan Slidable side jaw socket wrench
US2569581A (en) * 1949-11-21 1951-10-02 Ryland Junior Steven Jaw adjusting means for slidable side jaw wrenches
US2657606A (en) * 1952-01-17 1953-11-03 Kenneth F Finn Adjusting and latch means for slidable side jaw wrenches
US2691317A (en) * 1953-12-07 1954-10-12 Ernest T Olson Locking device for pipe wrenches
US4472986A (en) * 1982-09-29 1984-09-25 Gottlieb Robert G Lever locking worm adjustable wrench
US5297459A (en) * 1993-04-12 1994-03-29 Thomas Stojanowski Ratcheting adjustable wrench
US5890404A (en) * 1997-09-23 1999-04-06 Stojanowski; Thomas Ratcheting adjustable wrench
US20080060484A1 (en) * 2006-09-13 2008-03-13 Daniel Juieng Automatic adjustable head wrench
US7347125B1 (en) 2006-09-13 2008-03-25 Daniel Juieng Automatic adjustable head wrench
US20150352704A1 (en) * 2013-01-04 2015-12-10 Marvin Carroll Martin, Sr. Interchangeable hand tool system

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