US2657606A - Adjusting and latch means for slidable side jaw wrenches - Google Patents

Adjusting and latch means for slidable side jaw wrenches Download PDF

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Publication number
US2657606A
US2657606A US266983A US26698352A US2657606A US 2657606 A US2657606 A US 2657606A US 266983 A US266983 A US 266983A US 26698352 A US26698352 A US 26698352A US 2657606 A US2657606 A US 2657606A
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worm
jaw
axle
slidable
lever
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US266983A
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Kenneth F Finn
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Kenneth F Finn
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/10Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws
    • B25B13/12Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws the jaws being slidable
    • B25B13/14Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws the jaws being slidable by rack and pinion, worm or gear

Description

Nov. 3, 1953 K. F. FINN 2,657,606

ADJUSTING AND LATCH MEANS FOR SLIDABLE SIDE JAW WRENCH Filed Jan. 17, 1952 If ,4 Q #4 INVENTOR.

BY N

Patented Nov. 3, 1953 UNITED STATE ADJUSTING AND LATCH MEANS FOR SLIDABLE SIDE JAW WRENCHES' Kenneth F. Finn, Omaha, Nebr.

Application January 17, 1952, Serial No. 266,983

This invention relates to adjustable wrenches and more particularly it is an object of the invention to provide a more tightly gripping wrench.

A particular object is to provide a wrench having means for fast adjustment for use in sequence.

Another object is to provide such a wrench which has work engaging surfaces which move toward each other linearly during each adjustment so as to avoid the disadvantages of wrenches of the prior art, the work surfaces of which do not move linearly.

Yet another object is to provide a wrench, the tight adjustment of which is made by a lever for good clamping action.

A further object is to provide a wrench which is usable on pipe and round surfaces as well as on nuts and bolts.

Still a further object is to provide a wrench which can be economically manufactured by making use of presently mass-produced parts.

Another object is to provide a wrench, the parts of which can be readily disassembled for clean- A further object is to provide compactness in the wrench for ease of storage and marketable appearance.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide a device for the purpose described which is sturdy and durable in construction, reliable and efficient in operation, and relatively simple and inexpensive to manufacture, assemble and utilize.

Other and further objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following detailed description, drawings and claims, the scope of the invention not being limited to the drawings themselves as the drawings are only for the purpose of illustrating a way in which the principles of this invention can be applied.

Other embodiments of the invention utilizing the same or equivalent principles may be used and structural changes may be made as desired by those skilled in the art without departing from the present invention and the purview of the appended claims.

Figure 1 is a side elevation of the wrench. Op-

tional positions of the movable jaw and the operating position of the lever are shown in dotted lines.

Figure 2 is a view of the worm as seen along the line 22 of Figure 1, a round section of the axle portion of the lever being shown in cross section disposed in a rectangular cross sectioned outer end of the worm. A circular cross sectioned inner surface of the worm being shown in dotted lines.

4 Claims. (Cl. 81165) Figure 3 is a view of the worm and lever with the handle portion of the lever turned at an angle of approximately twenty-five degrees. The lever and worm in Figure 3 are drawn on a larger scale and differently proportioned than in Figure 1 and the worm is shown in cross section. A portion of the rectangular cross sectioned inner end of the lever is broken away to show a ball and spring assembly.

Figure 4 is a view-in-section taken through a lever holding lock along the line 44 of Figure 1.

Figure 5 is a view-in-section taken along the.

line 5-5 of Figure 3.

The wrench of this invention is provided with a stationary jaw member generally indicated at It and having an elongated handle portion i2 at one end provided with an aperture M as is conventional. v

The stationary jaw member I0 is provided with a work engaging surface l6 which is inclinedly disposed with respect to being generally aligned with the handle [2. The surface I6 is provided with a series of transverse notches l8 for gripping pipes and other rounded objects. The notches I8 are centrally disposed and on either side thereof are fiat surfaces for engaging the flat surfaces of bolts, nuts and the like.

The wrench is further provided with a movable jaw or side jaw member 24 slidably mounted on the stationary jaw member Iii for linear movement thereon. The member 24 has a work engaging surface 25 having centrally disposed transverse notches 26 for gripping rounded surfaces and flat surfaces on either side disposed opposite the work engaging surface it of the stationary jaw member 16.

The movable jaw member 24 has an elongated transverse lower portion 28 provided with a linear row of rack teeth 30 thereon, the portion 28 being received in a suitable slot in the jaw'member it as is old in the art.

The stationary jaw member it is further provided with apreferably rectangular worm opening 34 extending therethrough for receiving a: knurl or worm 36 provided with external spiral screw threads 38. The threads 38 are operably' received in the teeth 30 of the movable jaw member 2d. All of the foregoing is old and conven tional in the art and the new features of this- The axle portion 54 is rotatably received in an axial opening through that portion 58 of the stationary jaw member 10 which is between the rectangular opening 34 and the exterior of the stationary jaw member [0. The innermost end of the axle member 54 is rotatably received in a recess 64 having cylindrical axle walls, the recess 64 extending into the stationary jaw member 10 from a surface of the opening 34, as best seen in Figure 1.

The axle portion 54 of the axle 50 has a cylindrical end section 63 for reception in the recess 64 and has a section I rectangular in cross section extending from a portion 68 to another cylindrical section E4 of the axle portion 54, as best seen in Figure 3.

The cylindrical sections 68 and 14 are of a diameter equal to the thickness from flat side surface to opposite flat side surface of the polygonal cross section 10, here being shown for example as rectangular.

As thus described it will be understood that the axle portion 54 is slidably longitudinal of the worm 38, the worm 38 having a hollow interior opening at each end, the hollow interior having a cylindrical shaped left hand inner portion 80 of a diameter larger than the corner to corner thickness of the section 10, as best seen in Figure 3.

The hollow interior of the knurl 38 further has an outer or right hand portion of a rectangular cross section 84 as seen in Figures 2 and 3. The thickness of the section 84 from fiat surface to opposite flat surface is the same as the diameter of the portion !4 of the axle portion 54 0f the lever 50 whereby the portion 14 is snugly but slidably received in the portion 84. The portion has a small recess 80 extending inwardly for receiving a spring 92 beneath a ball 94. The ball 94 is adapted to be disposed with its major portion inside the recess 92 and a portion extending outwardly of the recess 92 to bear against the inner surface of the hollow portion 80 of the worm 3B. The outer edge of the walled recess 90 is peened inwardly to prevent the ball 94 from escaping from the recess 90.

The proportions of the axle portion should be such that when the lever 50 is pulled out into the dotted line position, Figure 1, that the ball 94 is disposed in the right end of the portion 80 against one of the four shoulders 98 disposed at the junction of the walls of the portions 80 and 84.

The length of the axle portion 54 must be such that the inner end thereof does not come out of the recess 64 when the lever 50 is in the dotted line position.

It will be seen that the lever 50 can be removed from the knurl and stationary portion ill for replacement or cleaning.

The axle portion 54 of the lever 50 is connected to the straight handle portion 56 of the lever by a reverse curved portion I39 which curves sharply inwardly toward the handle 12 of the wrench adjacent the outer end of the axle portion 54 and then bends downwardly to connect to the handle portion 56 which latter is disposed in approximate parallelism to the handle ll. of the wrench.

The lower end of the handle portion 56 of the lever 50 has a recess H0 shown in dotted lines in Figure 1 for receiving a ball H2 mounted in a protrusion I I4 attached to and extending transversely outwardly therefrom the handle l2 by a nib shown in dotted lines at H6 in Figure l.

The ball H2 is urged outwardly of a recess H8 in the protrusion M4 by a spring I26. The edges of the recess H8 are peened inwardly at 524 to hold the ball.

It will be seen that the ball H2, spring 20 and protrusion I I4 form a clasp for holding the lower end of the lever 50 in place when it is not being used. The lever 50 can be pushed 01f of the ball H2 and then pulled into the outer dotted line position. It is preferable that the inner corner of the lowermost end of the lever handle 56 be slanted as best seen at I32 so as to more easily clear. the protrusion H4 in use.

As thus described, it will be seen that the worm 36 is a conventional manual device for adjusting the slideable jaw 24, and that the lever forms a mechanical means operatively associated with the manual worm device and movable relatively to the worm device into clutching and declutching relationshi therewith for selectively operating the worm 36 with mechanical advantage superior to manual force.

The specific clutching and declutching means shown is but one example of complementary clutching and declutching formations.

It will be seen that this invention has provided an adjustable worm-type wrench improvement making possible the tight gripping of a nut or a rounded surface without impairing the fast worm adjustment.

From the foregoing description, it is thought to be obvious that an adjustable wrench constructed in accordance with my invention is particularly well adapted for use, by reason of the convenience and facility with which it may be assembled and operated, and it will also be obvious that my invention is susceptible of some change and modification without departing from the principles and spirit thereof, and for this reason I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the precise arrangement and formation of the several parts herein shown in carrying out my invention in practice, except as claimed.

I claim:

1. In a slidable side jaw wrench provided with an elongated handle, a head portion attached to said handle at one end thereof, a fixed jaw protruding outwardly from said head portion, said fixed jaw having a work engaging surface, said head portion having a worm opening therethrough extending generally transversely to said work engaging surface; a slidable jaw cooperating with the stationary jaw in gripping an object, teeth on the slidable jaw extending into said worm opening; an adjusting worm disposed in said opening and cooperating with the slidable jaw teeth in moving the slidable jaw with respect to the stationary jaw, the axis of said Worm being in parallelism with the sliding motion of said jaw, said worm having an axial opening therethrough, the improvement which consists of: an axle rotatably mounted in said head and extending from said worm opening through one side of said head, said axle being slidable endwise with respect to said head, said axle and the walls of said axial worm opening having complementary clutching and declutching portions whereby when said axle is in an outer position said clutching portions are in engagement and when said axle is in an inner position said clutching portions are disengageda lever permanently attached to the outer end of said axle and extending transversely to said axle; means for preventing said axle from coming entirely out of said worm in normal use, said r' handle having a protrusion projecting transversely outwardly therefrom at the outer end of said lever; and means removably holding said outer end of said lever in a fixed position with respect to said handle protrusion.

2. In a slidable side jaw wrench provided with a handle, a head portion attached to said handle, said head portion having a fixed jaw protruding outwardly therefrom, said fixed jaw having a work engaging surface, said head portion having a worm opening therethrough extending generally transversely to said work engaging surface; a slidable jaw cooperating with the stationary jaw in gripping an object, teeth on the slidable jaw extending into said worm opening; an adjusting worm disposed in said opening and cooperating with the'slidable jaw teeth in moving the slidable jaw with respect to the stationary jaw, the axis of said worm being in parallelism with the sliding motion of said jaw, said worm having an axial opening therethrough, the improvement which consists of: an axle rotatably mounted in said head and extending from said worm opening through one side of said head, said axle being slidable endwise with respect to said head, said axle and the walls of said axial worm opening having complementary clutching and declutching portions whereby when said axle is in an outer position said clutching portions are in engagement and when said axle is in an inner position said clutching portions are disengaged; means for manually rotating said axle; and means for preventing said axle from coming entirely out of said worm in normal use.

3. In a conventional slidable side jaw wrench provided with a worm and rack form of adjusting means for the slidable jaw, the improvement which include complementary polygonal formations provided on and extending axially within the worm and on an exterior cooperating surface of a worm-adjusting means, respectively; said worm adjusting means being axially movable from a position in which the polygonal formations are disengaged to a position in which they are engaged; said worm adjusting means including a torque-applying means for rotating said worm, when the polygonal formations are engaged, and for locking the worm and slidable jaw in work-clamping positions; said wormadjusting means, when the polygonal formations are in disengaged position, being freely rotatable with respect to the worm, so that the worm then may be manually adjusted in the ordinary manner.

4. In a conventional slidable side jaw wrench provided with a worm and rack form of adjusting means for the slidable jaw, the improvement which includes complementary clutching and declutching formations provided on and extending within the worm and on an exterior cooperating surface of a worm-adjusting means, respectively; said worm-adjusting means being axially movable from a position in which the clutching and declutching formations are disengaged to a position in which they are engaged; said w0rmadjusting means including a torque-applying means for rotating said worm, when the clutching and declutching formations are engaged, and for locking the worm and slidable jaw in workclamping positions; said worm-adjusting means, when the clutching and declutching formations are in disengaged position, being freely rotatable with respect to the worm, so that the worm then may be manually adjusted in the ordinary manner.

KENNETH F. FINN.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

US266983A 1952-01-17 1952-01-17 Adjusting and latch means for slidable side jaw wrenches Expired - Lifetime US2657606A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2691317A (en) * 1953-12-07 1954-10-12 Ernest T Olson Locking device for pipe wrenches
US2719449A (en) * 1953-07-27 1955-10-04 Williams J H & Co Open end wrench locking means
US2729999A (en) * 1954-11-15 1956-01-10 Utica Drop Forge & Tool Corp Adjusting and locking means for slidable jaw wrench
US2750829A (en) * 1956-06-19 Power drive and locking mechanism for
US2813444A (en) * 1956-07-23 1957-11-19 Mckaig Hatch Inc Adjustment locking means for adjustable jaw wrenches
US2817259A (en) * 1956-07-31 1957-12-24 Mckaig Hatch Inc Adjustment locking means for adjustable jaw wrenches
US3023653A (en) * 1960-06-09 1962-03-06 Kenneth F Finn Worm positioning and locking lever for a slidable side jaw wrench
US3024683A (en) * 1960-08-08 1962-03-13 Kenneth F Finn Worm-pressing clamping means for slidable side jaw wrench
US5551322A (en) * 1989-07-11 1996-09-03 Snap-On Technologies, Inc. Speed wrench

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1309874A (en) * 1919-07-15 Combrkteb wrench akd pliers
CH87607A (en) * 1919-08-02 1920-12-16 Schlecker Otto Adjustable wrench.
US1503662A (en) * 1921-12-06 1924-08-05 Raymond P Norton Wrench
US1771692A (en) * 1928-03-28 1930-07-29 Saunders Ira Cliff Wrench
US2569581A (en) * 1949-11-21 1951-10-02 Ryland Junior Steven Jaw adjusting means for slidable side jaw wrenches

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1309874A (en) * 1919-07-15 Combrkteb wrench akd pliers
CH87607A (en) * 1919-08-02 1920-12-16 Schlecker Otto Adjustable wrench.
US1503662A (en) * 1921-12-06 1924-08-05 Raymond P Norton Wrench
US1771692A (en) * 1928-03-28 1930-07-29 Saunders Ira Cliff Wrench
US2569581A (en) * 1949-11-21 1951-10-02 Ryland Junior Steven Jaw adjusting means for slidable side jaw wrenches

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2750829A (en) * 1956-06-19 Power drive and locking mechanism for
US2719449A (en) * 1953-07-27 1955-10-04 Williams J H & Co Open end wrench locking means
US2691317A (en) * 1953-12-07 1954-10-12 Ernest T Olson Locking device for pipe wrenches
US2729999A (en) * 1954-11-15 1956-01-10 Utica Drop Forge & Tool Corp Adjusting and locking means for slidable jaw wrench
US2813444A (en) * 1956-07-23 1957-11-19 Mckaig Hatch Inc Adjustment locking means for adjustable jaw wrenches
US2817259A (en) * 1956-07-31 1957-12-24 Mckaig Hatch Inc Adjustment locking means for adjustable jaw wrenches
US3023653A (en) * 1960-06-09 1962-03-06 Kenneth F Finn Worm positioning and locking lever for a slidable side jaw wrench
US3024683A (en) * 1960-08-08 1962-03-13 Kenneth F Finn Worm-pressing clamping means for slidable side jaw wrench
US5551322A (en) * 1989-07-11 1996-09-03 Snap-On Technologies, Inc. Speed wrench

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