US1355424A - Firearm - Google Patents

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US1355424A
US1355424A US34517719A US1355424A US 1355424 A US1355424 A US 1355424A US 34517719 A US34517719 A US 34517719A US 1355424 A US1355424 A US 1355424A
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Prior art keywords
member
firing
means
slidable
grip
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John D Pedersen
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John D Pedersen
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Priority to US4277415 priority Critical patent/US1348733A/en
Priority to US34402719 priority patent/US1395291A/en
Priority to US34441919 priority patent/US1397109A/en
Priority to US34467519 priority patent/US1410265A/en
Application filed by John D Pedersen filed Critical John D Pedersen
Priority to US34517719 priority patent/US1355424A/en
Priority to US34555019 priority patent/US1391496A/en
Priority to US34743619 priority patent/US1391499A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1355424A publication Critical patent/US1355424A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A19/00Firing or trigger mechanisms; Cocking mechanisms
    • F41A19/06Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms
    • F41A19/25Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins
    • F41A19/27Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins the percussion or firing pin being movable relative to the breech-block
    • F41A19/29Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins the percussion or firing pin being movable relative to the breech-block propelled by a spring under tension
    • F41A19/30Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins the percussion or firing pin being movable relative to the breech-block propelled by a spring under tension in bolt-action guns
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A15/00Cartridge extractors, i.e. devices for pulling cartridges or cartridge cases at least partially out of the cartridge chamber; Cartridge ejectors, i.e. devices for throwing the extracted cartridges or cartridge cases free of the gun
    • F41A15/12Cartridge extractors, i.e. devices for pulling cartridges or cartridge cases at least partially out of the cartridge chamber; Cartridge ejectors, i.e. devices for throwing the extracted cartridges or cartridge cases free of the gun for bolt-action guns
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A15/00Cartridge extractors, i.e. devices for pulling cartridges or cartridge cases at least partially out of the cartridge chamber; Cartridge ejectors, i.e. devices for throwing the extracted cartridges or cartridge cases free of the gun
    • F41A15/12Cartridge extractors, i.e. devices for pulling cartridges or cartridge cases at least partially out of the cartridge chamber; Cartridge ejectors, i.e. devices for throwing the extracted cartridges or cartridge cases free of the gun for bolt-action guns
    • F41A15/14Cartridge extractors, i.e. devices for pulling cartridges or cartridge cases at least partially out of the cartridge chamber; Cartridge ejectors, i.e. devices for throwing the extracted cartridges or cartridge cases free of the gun for bolt-action guns the ejector being mounted on or within the bolt; Extractors per se
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A17/00Safety arrangements, e.g. safeties
    • F41A17/20Grip or stock safeties, i.e. safeties disengaged by clasping the grip or stock
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A17/00Safety arrangements, e.g. safeties
    • F41A17/30Multiple safeties, i.e. one safety element acting on at least one element of the firing mechanism and at least one other element of the gun, e.g. the moving barrel
    • F41A17/32Multiple safeties, i.e. one safety element acting on at least one element of the firing mechanism and at least one other element of the gun, e.g. the moving barrel the other element being the breech-block or bolt
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A17/00Safety arrangements, e.g. safeties
    • F41A17/34Magazine safeties
    • F41A17/38Magazine mountings, e.g. for locking the magazine in the gun
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A19/00Firing or trigger mechanisms; Cocking mechanisms
    • F41A19/06Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms
    • F41A19/10Triggers; Trigger mountings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A19/00Firing or trigger mechanisms; Cocking mechanisms
    • F41A19/06Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms
    • F41A19/42Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having at least one hammer
    • F41A19/43Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having at least one hammer in bolt-action guns
    • F41A19/44Sear arrangements therefor
    • F41A19/45Sear arrangements therefor for catching the hammer after each shot, i.e. in single-shot or semi-automatic firing mode
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A3/00Breech mechanisms, e.g. locks
    • F41A3/12Bolt action, i.e. the main breech opening movement being parallel to the barrel axis
    • F41A3/14Rigid bolt locks, i.e. having locking elements rigidly mounted on the bolt or bolt handle and on the barrel or breech-housing respectively
    • F41A3/32Rigid bolt locks, i.e. having locking elements rigidly mounted on the bolt or bolt handle and on the barrel or breech-housing respectively the bolt being rocked about a notional axis transverse to the barrel axis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A3/00Breech mechanisms, e.g. locks
    • F41A3/12Bolt action, i.e. the main breech opening movement being parallel to the barrel axis
    • F41A3/54Bolt locks of the unlocked type, i.e. being inertia operated
    • F41A3/56Bolt locks of the unlocked type, i.e. being inertia operated the bolt being provided with an additional slidable mass
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A3/00Breech mechanisms, e.g. locks
    • F41A3/64Mounting of breech-blocks; Accessories for breech-blocks or breech-block mountings

Description

Pabenteli Oct. 12, 1920.

[12 06123 01 Jbkn dew$@n,

J. 0. PEDERSEN.

FIREARM.

APPLICATION FILED DEC. 16, I9I9.

mwmwo ip n time r e JTOHN D. PEDEN, 0F d'ACKSON, WYOMING.

rrrtn e Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented (Pet. 12, t92t1 original application filed July 80, 1915, Serial No. 42,774. Divided and this application filed December 16, 1919. Serial No. 345,177.

T 0 all whom it may concern Be it known that l, JOHN D. PEDERSEN, a citizen of the United States, residing in Jackson, in the county of Lincoln and State of Wyoming, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Firearms, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates more especially to that class of firearms which is usually designated as small-arms, and a principal object of the invention is to furnish an improved grip-safety device particularly applicable to auto-loading and automatic pisto s.

One class of small-arms to which my present improvements are applicable, includes the auto-loading pistols having a gripstock, or handle portion of the frame or receiver of the pistol, adapted to receive a safety device which is operable by hand or compression.

improved auto-loadingpistol of this kind is described in my co-pending application (renewal) Serial No. 311689, filed July 17, 1919, and the improvements herein described are also illustrated in my said .prior application, but are not specifically claimed therein, Therefore for convenience of illustration, 1 have herein shown my present improvements as arranged and ap' plied to the particular kind of auto-loading pistol ,which is illustrated in the drawings of said application, to which reference may be had.

A feature of my invention is that it is a grip-safety device arranged to prevent dis charge of the firearm by locking the sear member and the firing member or hammer in firing position. and also,'where the firearm is provided with a sliding breech action comprising a firing-pin, by locking the sliding breech action to prevent contact between the firing-pin and cartridge, so that action of the firing member or hammer will not explode the cartridge.

Another feature of my invention is that it is provided with what I term a resisting and retracting member; One purpose of the resisting and retracting member is to move downward or retract a slidable member or controller when the firing member or hammer is moved from firing position to fired position, which slidable member or controller is in upward, or looking position when the firing member or hammer is in firing position, and thus locks the sear memher and firing member or hammer in firing position, and locks the sliding breechaction of the firearm, when the firearm is provided with a sliding breechaction, the slidable member or controller being held in such upward or looking position by the grip-safety portion of my invention. A second purpose of such resisting and retracting member is to engage said slidable member or controller, when the slidable member or controller is in such upward or looking position, and at the same time to engage, when the firing member or hammer is in firing position, a means for connecting the firing member or hammer to the main spring or firing spring, and thereby to resist or prevent movement of the firing member or hammer from firing position to fired position.

In the accompanying drawings, which illustrate an embodiment of my grip-safety a sliding breechactioncompnsing a firing- I pin, and provided with my grip-safety device, the grip-operable or grip-safety portion of my device being grip-compressed to unlock the slidable member or controller, the firing member or hammer being unlocked from the sear member by trigger action and moved to fired position, the slidable member or controller being in unlocking position, and the resisting and retracting member being in position whereby it has retracted or moved the slidable member or controller to unlocking position, or downward. v v

Fig. 2, is a fragmentary side view on larger scale than Fig. 1, partly broken away to show the details, of the rear portion of a pistol provided with my grip-safety device, the sliding breechaction being removed,

prior to movement of the trigger member to forward position.

Fig. 3, is a fragmentary side view, on substantially the same scale as Fig. 2, partly broken away to show the details, of a pistol provided with my grip-safety device, the sliding breechaction being removed, the grip-operable or grip-safety member not being grip-compressed and in position of safety, and thereby blocking the slidable member or controller in locking position, the firing member or hammer being locked in firing position by the sear member, the resisting and retracting member being in position which has permitted movement of the slidable member or controller to locking position, and is in readiness to act as a resisting member for the firing member or hammer to retain it in firing position, and the trigger member being in forward position.

Fig. 3 is a sectional detail plan'view, of the resisting and retracting member of my grip-safety device, on the line Zi -3 of Fi 2.

ig. 3" is a detail plan view, on an enlarged scale of the top portion of my gripsafety device as shown in Fig. 3.

Fig. 3 is a detail sectional view, on an enlarged scale, on the line 33 of Fig. 3, looking in the direction of the arrow.

Fig. 4, is a detail sectional view on the line 44 of Fig. 3, looking in the direction of the lower arrow and on an enlarged scale, the grip-operable or grip-safety member bein removed.

ig. 5, is a detail sectional view, on an enlarged scale, on the line 4-4 of Fig. 8, looking in the direction of the upper arrow, part of the front of the rear portion of the pistol being removed.

Similar reference characters or numerals refer to similar parts throughout the several views.

My grip-safety device comprises with the various parts of my device to be hereinafter described, a firing member or hammer H.

The firing member or hammer H is pivotally supported on the grip-stock of the pistol and is movable to firing position, and to fired position, the grip-stock of the pistol being bored out or otherwise suitably cut away to receive the firing member or hammer and the various other parts of my device.

The firing member or hammer H is provided with a firing-notch or cock-notch 8 The scar member S is pivotally supported on the grip-stock of the pistol and is provided with a locking-face 17 which is en-- gageable with the cock-notch 8 of the firing member or hammer H, and is provided with an end-face 17 d which is engageable with the' ing position, being, as shown,-movable upwardly and downwardly, and is guided at its upper end by guide-faces 10 and 11. The slidable member or controller is provided at its upper. end with an end 14? which is engageable with the sliding breech action. A slot 12 is provided in the slidable member or controller N to receive the end of the trigger member F and allow a slight movement or play of the trigger member therein. The slidable member or controller N has near its lower end ashoulder 14 which has an upper engaging surface or face 14 on either side of the slidable member or controller. The slidable member or controller N is provided, adjacent to and below the slot 12, with end-faces or bottom-faces 14. A spring actuated contractor 13 carried by the slidable member or controller N, contacts or engages the face 17 b of the sear member S to move the sear member inwardly, and thereby move the end-face 17 of the sear member forwardly for engagement therewith of the trigger member F. The slidable member or controller N is provided at its lower end with an actuator 14'. The actuator 14" comprises a stem or spindle 14 and a spring 15. The stem or spindle 14,'is rigidly attached at its upper end to, or may be integral with, the slidable member or controller. The stem or spindle 14 is seated in or extends through a member or boss 16 mounted on the grip-stock of the pistol, and thus, in addition to its function as a stem or spindle for the spring 15, provides by its at its upper end the lower side or face of the shoulder l4. of the slidable member or controller -N, the tendency of the spring 15 being to move or force the slidable member or controller upwardly.

The grip-operable or grip-safety member G is pivotally attached at its lower end to the rip-stock of the pistol by a pivot pin 9, pre erably in the manner described and set forth in my co-pending application (renewal) Serial No. 311,689, filed July 17, 1919. The grip-operable member G closes the space 2 in the grip-stock and is yieldable or hand compressible, the grip-operable or grip-safety member being, when in position of safety engageable at its upper end G with the frame of the pistol and releasable from this engagement by grip-compression. The grip-operable or grip-safety 7 member G is provided with locking-prongs ment between the rod and the cupped 7, which are engageable, when the grip-operable or grip-safety member is in position of safety, with the end-faces or bottom faces 1% of the slidable member or controller N, to block or retain the slidable member or controller in upward locking position, the grip-operable or grip-safety member being releasable from this engagement by gripcompression.

The main spring or firing spring 8 is seated at its lower end in the grip-operable or grip-safety member G, preferably in the manner described and set forth in my said co-pending application Serial No. 311,689, filed July 17, 1919. The spring 8 surrounds the stem or spindle of the cupped plunger 8 which plunger moves or slides between the grip-operable or grip-safet member G and a guide-face 17, formed in tlTe grip-operable or grip-safety member, the plunger 8 thus engaging the grip-operable or gripsafety member G, the pressure of the spring 8 being upward and the purpose of the spring 8 being to move the firing member or hammer H to fired position, and to afford grip-compression of the grip-operable or grip-safety member, and to return the end of the grip-operable or grip-safety member to engagement with the frame of the pistol after grip-compression. The rod 8 is pivotally attached at its upper end to the firing member or hammer H, and at its lower end is seated in the cupped portion of the plunger 8, the lower end of the rod being rounded or otherwise suitably arranged to afford a ball and socket connection or moveortion of the plunger. The rod 8 is provided with a shoulder 16*, which afi'ords upper faces 18, and 18, on the sides of the rod.

The resisting and retracting member S is pivotally supported on the rip-stock and comprises two rocker-arms igs. 3 and 5, having forward end-faces S and rearward end-faces S, the forward end-faces S engaging the upper faces 14 of the shoulder 14* of the slidable member or controller N, and the rearward end-faces S engaging the faces 18 and 18' of the rod 8".

The trigger member F is movable forwardly by means not shown, and by pull thereon is movable rearwardly, and is received in the-slot 12 of the slidable member or controller N. as before stated, and has an end 6" for engaging the end face 17 of the sear member S, anda recess 6" for said end face.

In 0 eration: The firing member or hammerbeing in fired position, Fi 1 is moved to firin position, or cocke Figs. 2 andS, by suitable cocking means, or, by contact therewith of a roller R due to rearward movement of the sliding breech action where the pistol is provided with, such breech action, and is locked in firing position by the sear member S, which is actuated or pressed rearwardly by the contactor 13. Grlp-compression of the grip-operable or grip-safety member Gr being released returns the end G' thereof to engagement with the grip-stock, and the slidable member or controller having been moved upward by pressure of the actuator 14", the slidable member or controller N is blocked or locked in upward position by engagement .of the locking-prongs 7 with the en -faces or bottom faces 14 of the slidable member or controller N, which locks the sear member S and firing member or hammer H in firing position, and, when the pistol is provided with a sliding breechaction, also locks such breechaction against rearward movement. The rearward end-faces S of the resisting and retracting member S engaging the faces 18 and 18 of the rod 8 prevent or resist movement of the firing member or hammer H to fired position because of the engagement of the forward end faces S of the resisting and retracting member with the faces 14 of the slidable member or controller N, the slidable member or controller being blocked against movement as above stated by the grip-operable or grip-safety member G.

The firing member or hammer H being in firing position, Fig. 3, grip-compression of the grip-operable or grip-safety member G releases the slidable member or controller for movement to downward or unlocking position. Pull upon the trigger member F moves the sear member S to release the firing member or hammer H for movement to fired position. The firing member or hammer H when actuated by the spring 8 moves the rod 8 upwardly, which rod carries with it the rearward end S of the resisting and retracting member S, and the forward ends S of the resisting and retracting member S being incontact with the upper surfaces. 14 of the shoulder 14 of the slidable member or controller N, move or draw the slidable member or controller N downwardly against the compression of theactuator 14c and into unlockin position.

Having thus 'escribed my invention, I

claim:

1. In afirearm in combmatlon, a frame of said firearm, a firing member movable to both said engagements by grip-compression,

spring means, means for connecting said firing member to said springmeans for moving the firing member to fired position, and affording grip-compression of the grip-operable member, and for returning the grip-operable member to engagement with sa1d frame after grip-compression, means for engaging said connecting means'and for engaging said slidable means to resist movement of said firing member from firing position to fired position, and to move said slidable means in direction reverse to the first mentioned direction when said firing member is moved to fired position, and trigger means engageable with said sear means for moving the sear means to release said firing member for movement from firing position to fired position.

2. In afirearm, in combination, a sliding, breechaction, a frame of said firearm, afiring member movable to firing position and to fired position, slidable means engageable with said sliding breechaction, means for moving said slidable means in direction to lock said sliding breechaction, and lock said sear means and firing member in firing position, a gri with said rame and engageable with said slidable means to lock the slidable means in said locking position, and releasable from both said engagements by grip-compression, spring means, means for connecting said firing member to said spring means to move the firing member to fired position, and affording grip-compression of the grip-operable member, and for returning the gripoperable member to engagement with said frame after grip compression, means for engaging said connecting means and 'for engaging said slidable means to resist movement of said firing member from firing position to fired position, and to move said slidable means in direction reverse to the first mentioned direction when said firing member is moved to fired position, and trigger means engageable with said sear means for moving the sear means to release said firing member for movement from firing position to fired position.

3. In a firearm, in combination, a frame of said firearm, a firing member movable to; firing position and to fired position, sear? means engageable with said firing member, slidable means, means for moving said slidable means in a direction to lock said sear means and firing member infiring position, means for guiding said slidable means in its sliding movement, means for preventing shifting of said slidable means, contacting means between said slidable means and said sear means, a grip-operable member engageable with said frame and engageable with said slidable meansto block the same in said locking position, and releasable from both said engagements by grip-compression, spring means, means for connecting said operable member engageable member is moved to fired position, an

trigger means engageable with said sear means for moving the sear means to release said firing member for movement from firing position to fired position.

4. In a firearm, in combination, a sliding breechaction, a frame of said firearm, a firing member movable to firing position and to fired position, sear means engageable with said firing member, slidable means en- 'gageable with said sliding breechaction,

means for moving saidslidable means in a direction to lock said sliding breech action, and lock said sear means and firing member in firing position, means for guiding said slidable means in its sliding movement, means'for preventing shifting of said slidable means, contacting means between said slidable means and said sear means, a gripoperable member engageable with said frame and engageable with said slidable means to block said slidable means in said locking position, and releasable from both said engagements by grip-compression, spring means, means for connecting said firin member to said spring means to move the firing member to fired position, and affording grip-compression of the grip-operable member, and for returning the grip-operable member to engagement with said frame after grip-compression, means for engaging said connecting means and for engaging said slidable means to resist movement of said firing member from firing position to fired position, and to move said slidable means in direction reverse to the first-mentioned direction when said firing member is moved to fired position, and trigger means engageable with said sear means for moving the sear means to release said firing member for movement from firing position to fired position.

5. In a firearm, in combination, a frame of said firearm, a firing member movable to firing position and to fired position, a sear member engageable with said firing member, a slidable controller, means for moving said slidable controller upwardly to lock said sear member and firing member-in firing position, means for guiding said slidable controller in its sliding movement, means for preventing shifting of said slidable controller, a contacting member between said slidable controller and said sear member, a

grip-safety member engageable with said frame and engageable with said slidable controller to block the slidable controller in upward position, and releasable from both said engagements by grip-compression, a

spring, means for connecting said firing member to said spring for moving said firing member to fired position, and affording grip-compression, a resisting and retracting member for engaging said connecting means and for engaging said slidable controller,

and a trigger member engageable with said sear member.

6. In a firearm, in combination, a slidin breechaction of said firearm, a frame of sai fire-arm, a firing member movable to firing position and to fired position, a sear member engageable with said firing member, a slidable controller engageable with said sliding breechaction, means for moving said slidable controller upwardly to lock said slidin breechaction, and lock said sear member and firing member in firing position, means for guiding said slidable controller in its sliding movement, means for preventing shifting of said slidable controller, a contacting member between said slidable controller and said sear member, a grip-safety member engageable with said frame and engageable with said slidable controller to block the slidable controller in upward position, and releasable from both said engagements by grip-compression, a spring, means for connecting said firing member to said spring for moving said firing member to fired position, and affording grip-compression of the grip-operable member, and for returning the grip-operable member to engagement with said frame after grip-compression, a resisting and retracting member for engaging said connecting means and for engaging said slidable controller, and a trigger member engageable with said sear member.

7 In a firearm, in combination, a frame of said firearm, a firing hammer movable'to firing position and to fired position and provided with a cock-notch, a sear member provided with an upper end face'for engaging said cock-notch. and provided with a lower end-face, a slidable controller an actuator for moving said slidable controller upwardly tolock said sear member and firing member in firing position, means for guiding said slidable controller in its sliding movement, means for'preventing shifting of said slidable controller, a sprmg actuated contacting member carried by said slidable controller and engaging said sear member, a gripsafety member pivotally attached at one end thereof to said grip-stock and engageable at the other end thereof with said frame and engageable with said slidable controller to block said slidable controller in upward position, and releasable from both said engagements by grip-compression, a rod pivotally attached at the upper end to said firing member, a spring seatably connected to said gripsafety member, movable means engaging said grip-safety member for providing an abutment for the upper end of said spring and a seat for the lower end of said rod, a resisting and retracting member for engaging said rod and for engaging said slidable controller, and a trigger member engageable with said lower end-face of the sear member.

8. In a firearm, in combination, a sliding breechaction, a frame of said fire-arm comprising a grip-stock, a firing member movable to firing position and to fired position, and provided with a cock-notch, a sear member provided with an upper end-face for engagingsaid cock-notch and provided with a lower end face, a slidable controller engageable with said sliding breechaction, an actuator for moving said slidable controller upwardly to lock said sliding breechaction, and lock said sear member and firing member in firing position, means for guiding said slidable controller in its sliding movement, means for preventing shifting of said slide able controller, a spring actuated contacting member carried by said slidable controller and engaging said sear member, a gripsafety member pivotally attached at one end thereof to said grip-stock and engageable at the other end thereof with said frame and engageable with said slidable controller to block said slidable controller in upward position, and releasable from both said engagements by grip-compression, a rod pivotally attached at the upper end to said firing member, a spring seatably connected to said grip-safety member, movable means engaging said grip-safety member for provlding an abutment for the upper end of said spring andaseat for the lower end of said rod, a resisting and retracting member for engaging said rod and for engaging said slidable controller, and 'a trigger member engageable with said lower end-face of the sear member.

9. In a firearm, in combination, a frame of said firearm, a firing hammer movable to firing position and to fired position and provided with a cock-notch, a sear member provided with an upper end-face for engaging said cock-notch and provided with a lower end-face, a slidable controller provided with a slot for receiving a trigger member, and provided with bottom faces, and provided with a shoulder having upper surfaces and an under face and an extending stem from said under face, guide-faces for the slidable controller at its upper end, a boss mounted on said grip-stock forproviding a seat for said stem and for preventing shifting of said slidable controller at its lower end, a

am I

spring surrounding said stem and seated on said boss and abutting the under face of said shoulder to move the slidable controller upwardly to lock said sear member and firing hammer in firing position, a spring actuated contactor carried by said slidable controller for engaging said sear member, a

grip-safety member pivotally attached at one end thereof to said grip-stock and provided with looking prongs for engaging said bottom-faces of the slidable controller, and engageable at the other end thereof with said frame to block said slidable controller in upward position, and releasable by gripcompression from both said engagements, a rod pivotally attached at the upper end to said firing hammer andprovided with sidefaces, a spring seatably connected to said grip-safety member, a cupped plunger engaging said grip-safety member and provided with an extending stem, said spring surrounding said stem, and said cupped plunger providing an abutment for the upper end of said spring and a seat for the lower end of said rod, a resisting and retracting member provided with arms for engaging said upper surfaces of the shoulder of the slidable controller and arms for engaging said side-faces of said rod, and a trigger member received in said slot of the slidable controller and provided with an end for engaging saidlower end-face of the sear member.

10. In a firearm, in combination, a sliding breechaction, a frame of said firearm comprising a grip-stock, a firing hammer movable to firing position and to fired position, and provided with a cock-notch, a sear member provided with an upper end face for engaging said cock-notch and provided with a lower end-face, a slidable controller provided with an end-face for engaging said sliding breechaction, and provided with a slot for receiving a trigger member, and provided with bottom-faces, and provided with a shoulder having upper surfaces and an under face and an extending stem from said under face, guide-faces for the slidable controller at its upper end, a boss mounted on said grip-stock for providing a seat for said stem and for preventing shifting of said slidable controller at its lower end, a spring surrounding said stem and seated on said boss and abutting the under face of said shoulder to move the slidable controller upwardly to lock said sliding breech action, and lock said sear member and firing member in firing position, a spring actuated contactor carried by said slidable controller engaging said sear member, a grip-safety member pivotally attached at one end thereof to said grip-stock, and provided with lockingprongs for engaging ,said bottom-faces of the slidable controller and being engageable at the other end thereof with said. frame to block saidslidable controller in upward position, and releasable by grip-compression from both said engagements, a rod ivotally attached at the upper end to said firing hammer and provided with side-faces, a spring seatably connected to said grip-safety member, a cupped plunger engaging said gripsafety member and provided with an extending stem, said spring'surrounding said stem, and said cupped plunger providing an abutment for the upper end of said spring and a seat for the lower end of said rod, a resisting and retracting member provided with arms for engaging said upper surfaces of the shoulder of the slidable controller and arms for engaging said side-faces of said rod, and a trigger member received in said slot of the slidable controller and provided with an end for engaging said. lower endface of the sear member.

11. In a firearm, in combination, a'firing member movable to firing position and to fired osition, sear means engageable with said ring member, slidable means, means for moving said slidable means in direction for locking said sear means and firing member in firing position, spring means, means for connecting said firing member to said spring means for moving said firing member to fired position, and means engageable with said connecting means and engageable with said slidable means for resisting movement of said firing member from firing position to fired position, and for moving said slidable means in direction reverse to the first mentioned direction when said firing member is moved to fired position.

12. In a firearm, in combination, a sliding breechaction, a firing member movable to firing position and to fired position, sear means engageable with said firing member, slidable means engageable with said slidin breechaction, means for moving said sli able means in direction for locking said sliding breechaction, and locking said sear means and firing member in firing position, spring means, means for connecting said firing member to said spring means for moving said firing member to fired position, and means engageable with said connecting means and engageable with said slidable means for resisting movement of said firing member from firing position to fired position, and for moving said slidable means in direction reverse to the first mentioned direction when said firing member is moved to fired position.

13. In a firearm, in combination, a firing member movable to firing position and to fired osition, sear means engageable with said filing member, slidable means, means for moving said slidable means upwardly for locking said sear means andfiring member in firing position, spring means, means 'firing position and to fired position, sear means engageable with said firing member, slidable means engageable with said sliding breechaction, means for moving said slidable means upwardly for locking said s1id ing breechaction, and locking said sear means and firing member in firing position,

spring means, means for connecting said firing member to said spring means for moving sald firing member to fired position,

a and means engageable with said connecting means and engageable with said slidable means for resisting movement of said firing member from firing position to fired posi tion, and for moving said slidable means downwardly when said firing member is moved to fired position.'

15. In a firearm, in combination, a firing member movable to firing position and to fired position, a sear member engageable with said firing member, a slidable controller, an actuator for moving said slidable controller in direction for locking said sear member and firing member in firing position, spring means, means for connecting said firing member to said spring means for moving said firing member to fired position, and means engageable with said connecting means and engageable with said slidable controller for resisting movement of said firing member-from firing position to fired position, and for moving said slidable controller in direction reverse to the first-mentioned direction when said firing member is moved to fired position.

16. In a firearm, in combination, a sliding breechaction, a firing member movable to firing position and to fired position, a sear member engageable with said firing member, a slidable controller engageable with said sliding breechaction, an actuator for moving said slidable controller in direction for locking said sliding breechaction, and looking said sear member and firing member in firing position, spring means, means for connecting said firing member to said spring means for moving said firing member to fired position, and means engageable with said connecting means and engageable with said slidable controller, for resisting movement of said firing member from firing position to fired position, and for moving said slidable controller in direction reverse to the first mentioned direction when said firing member is moved to fired position.

17. In a firearm, in combination, a firing member movable to firing position and to fired position, a sear member enageable with said firing member, a slidable controller, an actuator for moving said slidable controller upwardly for locking said sear member and firing member in firing position, a spring, a rod for connecting said firing member to said spring means for moving said firing member to fired position, and means engageable with said rod and engageable with said slidable controller for resisting movement of said firing member from firing position to fired position, and for moving said slidable controller downwardly when said" firing 7 member is moved to fired position.

18. In a firearm, in combination, a sliding breechaction, a firing member movable to firing position and to fired position, a sear member engageable with said firing member,

a slidable controller engageable with said sliding breechaction, an actuator for moving said slidable controller upwardly to lock said sliding breechaction, and lock said sear member and firing member in firing position, a spring, a rod for connecting said firing member to said spring for moving said firing member to fired positlon, and means engageable with said rod and engageable- JOHN D. PEDERSEN.

Witnesses:

FRANCIS H. RICHARDS, GEORG J. BAR'rELs.

US34517719 1915-07-30 1919-12-16 Firearm Expired - Lifetime US1355424A (en)

Priority Applications (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US4277415 US1348733A (en) 1915-07-30 1915-07-30 Autoloading firearm
US34402719 US1395291A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-11 Firearm
US34441919 US1397109A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-12 Firearm
US34467519 US1410265A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-13 Firearm
US34517719 US1355424A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-16 Firearm
US34555019 US1391496A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-17 Firearm
US34743619 US1391499A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-26 Firearm

Applications Claiming Priority (9)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB133695D GB133695A (en) 1915-07-30
GB3384420A GB154611A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-10-08 Improvements in and relating to fire-arms
US34402719 US1395291A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-11 Firearm
US34441919 US1397109A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-12 Firearm
US34467519 US1410265A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-13 Firearm
US34517719 US1355424A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-16 Firearm
US34555019 US1391496A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-17 Firearm
US34743619 US1391499A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-26 Firearm
DEP40282D DE396494C (en) 1915-07-30 1920-07-11 Selbsttaetige firearm

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1355424A true US1355424A (en) 1920-10-12

Family

ID=27567945

Family Applications (6)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US34402719 Expired - Lifetime US1395291A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-11 Firearm
US34441919 Expired - Lifetime US1397109A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-12 Firearm
US34467519 Expired - Lifetime US1410265A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-13 Firearm
US34517719 Expired - Lifetime US1355424A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-16 Firearm
US34555019 Expired - Lifetime US1391496A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-17 Firearm
US34743619 Expired - Lifetime US1391499A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-26 Firearm

Family Applications Before (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US34402719 Expired - Lifetime US1395291A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-11 Firearm
US34441919 Expired - Lifetime US1397109A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-12 Firearm
US34467519 Expired - Lifetime US1410265A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-13 Firearm

Family Applications After (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US34555019 Expired - Lifetime US1391496A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-17 Firearm
US34743619 Expired - Lifetime US1391499A (en) 1915-07-30 1919-12-26 Firearm

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (6) US1395291A (en)
DE (1) DE396494C (en)
GB (2) GB154611A (en)

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DE1261780B (en) * 1963-03-26 1968-02-22 Heckler & Koch Gmbh Einsatzgeraet for firing small-caliber ammunition
US3893369A (en) * 1972-02-29 1975-07-08 Benelli Spa Inertia device for retarding the unlocking of a bolt assembly
US4360985A (en) * 1980-09-09 1982-11-30 Pitzen David A Firearms magazine speed release latch
IT1142693B (en) * 1981-07-10 1986-10-15 Nameer Ali Jawdat Improvement in loading and firing devices for firearms, particularly semi-automatic pistols
US4449311A (en) * 1982-09-24 1984-05-22 Giragosian Paul S Reversible magazine latch system for pistols
BR6201580U (en) * 1982-11-19 1984-06-26 Forjas Taurus Sa Retains depressible for loaders semi-automatic pistols, adaptable for use by left-handed
AT382015B (en) * 1983-05-04 1986-12-29 Steyr Daimler Puch Ag pistol magazine holder for
US4521985A (en) * 1983-05-16 1985-06-11 Smith Alan K Ambidextrous gun magazine release
DE3377667D1 (en) * 1983-11-28 1988-09-15 Paul S Giragosian Reversible magazine latch system for pistols
DE3403890C1 (en) * 1984-02-04 1985-03-14 Hochtief Ag Hoch Tiefbauten Foerdereinrichtung for a boring machine for tunnels and routes
CH671454A5 (en) * 1986-06-11 1989-08-31 Sig Schweiz Industrieges
US5058301A (en) * 1990-12-14 1991-10-22 Colt's Manufacturing Company Inc. Reversible magazine catch assembly and method of making the same
DE19732656C2 (en) * 1997-07-29 2001-01-11 Sig Schweiz Industrieges Magazine catch on a pistol
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DE102012019911B4 (en) * 2012-10-11 2014-07-31 Heckler & Koch Gmbh Magazine release / holding device of a firearm and with this each equipped handle and weapon housing of a firearm
DE102015008797A1 (en) * 2015-07-10 2017-01-12 Rheinmetall Waffe Munition Gmbh Case ejection device
TR201610866A2 (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-10-21 Samsun Yurt Savunma Sanayi Ve Ticaret Anonim Sirketi In double action trigger lock latch system
CH713208A2 (en) * 2016-12-07 2018-06-15 Wyssen Defence Ag Device for releasing an ammunition magazine of a handgun on both sides.
US9970724B1 (en) * 2017-07-31 2018-05-15 Thomas W. Acker Colt 1911 blocking trigger

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3060810A (en) * 1954-07-01 1962-10-30 Charles E Lowe Sr Sear mechanism disconnected by breech block motion

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US1397109A (en) 1921-11-15
US1410265A (en) 1922-03-21
DE396494C (en) 1924-06-13
US1391496A (en) 1921-09-20
GB133695A (en)
US1391499A (en) 1921-09-20
GB154611A (en) 1921-07-11
US1395291A (en) 1921-11-01

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