US1320668A - Johan emil askman - Google Patents

Johan emil askman Download PDF

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Publication number
US1320668A
US1320668A US1320668DA US1320668A US 1320668 A US1320668 A US 1320668A US 1320668D A US1320668D A US 1320668DA US 1320668 A US1320668 A US 1320668A
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wrench
askman
emil
johan
jaw
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/46Spanners; Wrenches of the ratchet type, for providing a free return stroke of the handle

Description

J. E. ASKMAN. WRENCH, SHIFTING SPANNER, PIPE TONGS, AND THE LIKE. APPLICATION FILED ocr. 12.1918.

1,320,668. Patented Nov. 4, 1919.

- ion.

JOHAN EMIL ASKMAN, OF NYHEM, HALMS'IAD, SWEDEN, ASSIGNOR TO AKTIEBOLAGET MALCUS HOLMQUIST, OF HALMS'IAID, SWEDEN, A CORPORATION OF SWEDEN.

WRENCH, SHIFTING-SPANNER, PIPE-TONGS AND THE LIKE.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Nov. 4, 1919.

Application filed October 12, 1918. Serial No. 257,911.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, J OHAN EMIL ASKMAN, a subject of the King of Sweden, and resident of Ilillgatan 2, Nyhem, Halmstad, in the Kingdom of Sweden, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Wrenches, Shifting-Spanners, Pipe-Tongs, and the like, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawing.

This invention relates to an improvement in wrenches, shifting spanners, pipe-tongs and the like of that class, in which one of the jaws is movable along a circular path, so that the wrench, etc, when turned in one direction rotates the nut, the screw or the pipe respectively but yields, when turned in opposite direction, so that the wrench, etc., can reengage the nut, the screw or the pipe respectively without being removed from the same. The invention consists in a special arrangement of the said movable jaw and the parts cooperating with same.

Figure 1 in the accompanying drawing is a side view of a wrench, arranged in accordance with the invention. Fig. 2 is a cross section on the line II to II of Fig. 1.

The wrench 1 has a stationary jaw 2 and a movable jaw 3. The movable jaw 3 slides on a circular guide 4 provided in the wrench. At the outer end of the said guide 4 an abutment 5 is provided, which prevents the movable jaw 3 from sliding off the wrench. The movable jaw is forced against the said abutment by a spring 6 bearing against the stationary jaw. Preferably, the said spring is mounted in a bore which is provided in the stationary jaw 2 and held in the same by a screw plug 7 The cross section of the guide 4 is, preferably, rectangular and in the jaw 3 a correspondingly shaped groove is provided, so that necessary firmness is gained.

For the tightening of a nut, for instance, the wrench is turned in the direction indicated by the arrow, during which operation the aw 3 remains in contact with the abutment 5. For the reengagement of the wrench with the nut it is necessary only to turn the wrench in opposite direction, during which operation the jaw 3 slides backward against the pressure of the spring 6 and on the edges of the nut. The jaw 3 is forced forward again as soon as the bearing surfaces of the jaws are parallel with the sides of the nut. For the loosening of a nut or screw the wrench is reversed. The wrench then functionates in the same manner as described above. The device operates in the same manner, when applied to shifting spanners and pipe-tongs.

Having now described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

In a wrench, shifting spanner, pipe tongs and the like the combination with a stationary jaw and a movable jaw adapted to slide in a circular path, of a rearwardly directed wedge-shaped abutment for the movable jaw, provided at the outer end of the said path, a correspondingly wedge-shaped recess formed in the outer end ofthe movable jaw and a spring located between the inner end of the movable jaw and the wrench proper.

In witness whereof I have hereunto signed my name.

J OHAN EMIL ASKMAN.

Witnesses A. W. ANDERSON, FREAFTERON.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. 0.

US1320668D Johan emil askman Expired - Lifetime US1320668A (en)

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Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2563878A (en) * 1947-08-05 1951-08-14 Edwin H Sigsbey Ratchet wrench
US2565154A (en) * 1948-09-20 1951-08-21 Albert F Wedvik Open-end ratchet wrench
US2630037A (en) * 1951-11-05 1953-03-03 Mccomb Clarence Leroy Open end ratchet wrench
US2797600A (en) * 1955-10-28 1957-07-02 Bud K Beaver Ratchet type movable jaw wrench
DE1118709B (en) * 1957-12-19 1961-11-30 Bud K Beaver Schraubenschluessel
US3095769A (en) * 1960-03-08 1963-07-02 Abraham S Weinstein Ratchet wrench
US3695125A (en) * 1970-10-06 1972-10-03 Cesco Mfg Corp Open end ratchet wrench
US4204440A (en) * 1978-07-24 1980-05-27 Ferraro Michael V Open end one way torque wrench
DE19612756C1 (en) * 1996-03-29 1997-09-11 Gernot Hirse Self-clamping tightening spanner with handle joined to clamping lug
US20080066585A1 (en) * 2006-09-08 2008-03-20 Ching-An Chiang Single-direction operable open-end spanner
US20100071516A1 (en) * 2008-09-25 2010-03-25 Arthur Wu Reciprocatable open end wrench
US20100083797A1 (en) * 2008-10-03 2010-04-08 Li-Ju Lee Ratchet Wrench
JP2010120091A (en) * 2008-11-17 2010-06-03 Chin Kosei Ratchet spanner
US20110146463A1 (en) * 2009-12-23 2011-06-23 Stanton John L Open-Ended Ratchet Wrench
US20110197720A1 (en) * 2010-02-12 2011-08-18 Wen-Pin Liu Open End Wrench Capable of Fast Driving
US20110219977A1 (en) * 2010-03-12 2011-09-15 Alliant Techsystems Inc. Initiator modules, munitions systems including initiator modules, and related methods
EP2383075A2 (en) 2010-04-30 2011-11-02 Bobby Hu Open end wrench capable of fast driving a workpiece
DE202012101085U1 (en) 2012-03-26 2012-04-13 Chun-Wei Yang end wrench
EP2457691A1 (en) 2010-11-26 2012-05-30 Bobby Hu Open end wrench capable of fast driving a workpiece
CN101712143B (en) * 2008-10-06 2012-06-27 伯鑫工具股份有限公司 Reciprocating type open spanner
CN102554838A (en) * 2010-12-24 2012-07-11 伟孚兴业股份有限公司 Open ratchet spanner and manufacturing method thereof
EP2517832A1 (en) 2011-04-29 2012-10-31 Bobby Hu Open end wrench capable of fast driving a workpiece
US8408101B2 (en) 2010-05-14 2013-04-02 Wen-Pin Liu Open end wrench capable of fast driving
US8534167B2 (en) 2010-05-11 2013-09-17 Wen-Pin Liu Super high-torque open end wrench capable of fast driving
US8567289B2 (en) 2010-04-30 2013-10-29 Bobby Hu Open end wrench capable of fast driving
TWI415717B (en) * 2010-12-15 2013-11-21 Dess Ind Co Ltd Open-ended ratchet wrenth

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2563878A (en) * 1947-08-05 1951-08-14 Edwin H Sigsbey Ratchet wrench
US2565154A (en) * 1948-09-20 1951-08-21 Albert F Wedvik Open-end ratchet wrench
US2630037A (en) * 1951-11-05 1953-03-03 Mccomb Clarence Leroy Open end ratchet wrench
US2797600A (en) * 1955-10-28 1957-07-02 Bud K Beaver Ratchet type movable jaw wrench
DE1118709B (en) * 1957-12-19 1961-11-30 Bud K Beaver Schraubenschluessel
US3095769A (en) * 1960-03-08 1963-07-02 Abraham S Weinstein Ratchet wrench
US3695125A (en) * 1970-10-06 1972-10-03 Cesco Mfg Corp Open end ratchet wrench
US4204440A (en) * 1978-07-24 1980-05-27 Ferraro Michael V Open end one way torque wrench
DE19612756C1 (en) * 1996-03-29 1997-09-11 Gernot Hirse Self-clamping tightening spanner with handle joined to clamping lug
US20080066585A1 (en) * 2006-09-08 2008-03-20 Ching-An Chiang Single-direction operable open-end spanner
US7878095B2 (en) * 2008-09-25 2011-02-01 Proxene Tools Co., Ltd. Reciprocatable open end wrench
US20100071516A1 (en) * 2008-09-25 2010-03-25 Arthur Wu Reciprocatable open end wrench
US20100083797A1 (en) * 2008-10-03 2010-04-08 Li-Ju Lee Ratchet Wrench
US7827887B2 (en) * 2008-10-03 2010-11-09 Kung-Cheng Chen Ratchet wrench
CN101712143B (en) * 2008-10-06 2012-06-27 伯鑫工具股份有限公司 Reciprocating type open spanner
JP2010120091A (en) * 2008-11-17 2010-06-03 Chin Kosei Ratchet spanner
US20110146463A1 (en) * 2009-12-23 2011-06-23 Stanton John L Open-Ended Ratchet Wrench
US8342063B2 (en) * 2009-12-23 2013-01-01 Stanton John L Open-ended ratchet wrench
US20110197720A1 (en) * 2010-02-12 2011-08-18 Wen-Pin Liu Open End Wrench Capable of Fast Driving
US8408100B2 (en) 2010-02-12 2013-04-02 Wen-Pin Liu Open end wrench capable of fast driving
EP2359985A2 (en) 2010-02-12 2011-08-24 Wen-Pin Liu Open end wrench capable of fast driving a workpiece
US20110219977A1 (en) * 2010-03-12 2011-09-15 Alliant Techsystems Inc. Initiator modules, munitions systems including initiator modules, and related methods
US8567289B2 (en) 2010-04-30 2013-10-29 Bobby Hu Open end wrench capable of fast driving
EP2383075A2 (en) 2010-04-30 2011-11-02 Bobby Hu Open end wrench capable of fast driving a workpiece
US8402866B2 (en) 2010-04-30 2013-03-26 Bobby Hu Open end wrench capable of fast driving
US8534167B2 (en) 2010-05-11 2013-09-17 Wen-Pin Liu Super high-torque open end wrench capable of fast driving
US8408101B2 (en) 2010-05-14 2013-04-02 Wen-Pin Liu Open end wrench capable of fast driving
EP2457691A1 (en) 2010-11-26 2012-05-30 Bobby Hu Open end wrench capable of fast driving a workpiece
TWI415717B (en) * 2010-12-15 2013-11-21 Dess Ind Co Ltd Open-ended ratchet wrenth
CN102554838B (en) * 2010-12-24 2014-01-15 伟孚兴业股份有限公司 Open ratchet spanner and manufacturing method thereof
CN102554838A (en) * 2010-12-24 2012-07-11 伟孚兴业股份有限公司 Open ratchet spanner and manufacturing method thereof
US8573095B2 (en) 2011-04-29 2013-11-05 Bobby Hu Open end wrench capable of fast driving
TWI414399B (en) * 2011-04-29 2013-11-11
EP2517832A1 (en) 2011-04-29 2012-10-31 Bobby Hu Open end wrench capable of fast driving a workpiece
DE202012101085U1 (en) 2012-03-26 2012-04-13 Chun-Wei Yang end wrench

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