US1012868A - Concrete fence. - Google Patents

Concrete fence. Download PDF

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US1012868A
US1012868A US61862011A US1911618620A US1012868A US 1012868 A US1012868 A US 1012868A US 61862011 A US61862011 A US 61862011A US 1911618620 A US1911618620 A US 1911618620A US 1012868 A US1012868 A US 1012868A
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sections
fence
eyes
concrete
adjacent
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William S Laney
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William S Laney
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H17/00Fencing, e.g. fences, enclosures, corrals
    • E04H17/14Fences constructed of rigid elements, e.g. with posts, with additional wire fillings
    • E04H17/16Fences constructed of rigid elements, e.g. with posts, with additional wire fillings using prefabricated panel-like elements, e.g. wired frames

Description

Patented Dec. 26, 1911' 2 BHEETS-SHEET 1.

COLUMBIA PLANOGR/WH cO., WASHINGTON, D. :4

. S. LANEY.

CONCRETE FENCE.

APPLICATION FILED APR. 3, 1911.

Patented Dec. 26, 1911.

2 SHEETSSHEET z.

w H w. n Hm. w Wu. w o 1 COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH CO., WASHINGTON, D. CV

WILLIAM S. LANEY, OF LITHOPOLIS, OHIO.

CONCRETE FENCE.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed April 3, 1911.

Patented Dec. 26, 1911.

Serial No. 618,620.

To all whom 'it may concern:

Be it known that I, VILLIAM S. LANEY, citizen of the United States, residing at Lithopolis, in the county of Fairfield and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Concrete Fences, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to artificial stone fences and has for its object the provision of a strong, durable and thoroughly efficient fence of this character, which will effectually withstand the deleterious action of the elements for an indefinite period without danger of cracking, breaking or otherwise disintegrating.

A further object is to provide a fence formed of a plurality of concrete sections having interengaging parts so that said sections may be conveniently united to form a continuous fence of any desired length.

A further object is to provide the fence sections with spaced posts or standards having eyes formed therein and adapted to receive a connecting bar, whereby the several sections may be rigidly secured in longitudinal alinement with each other.

A further object is to provide means for reinforcing the concrete fence sections, and means for firmly anchoring said sections in the ground so as to prevent lateral and longitudinal displacement thereof.

A further object is to provide the inner face of one-of the fence sections with a seating recess or groove adapted to receive the attaching eyes of an adjacent section so that the grooved section may be arranged at an angle to the main body of the fence, as for instance, when the fence is to be extended around the corner of a field or other inclosure.

A still further object of the invention is generally to improve this class of devices so as to increase their utility, durability and efficiency.

Further objects and advantages will appear in the following description, it being understood that various changes in form, proportions and minor details of construction may be resorted to within the scope of the appended claims.

For a full understanding of the invention and the merits thereof, reference is to be had to the following description and accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a concrete fence embodying the present invention; Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view of the same; Fig. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view partly in elevation; Fig. 4 is. a top plan view, partly in section; Fig. 5 is a similar view, showing the manner of connecting adj acent fence sections to form a corner; Fig. 6 is a front elevation illustrating a modified form of the invention.

Corresponding and like parts are referred to in the following description and indicated in all the views of the drawings by the same reference characters.

The improved fence comprises a plurality of independent sections 6, preferably rectangular in shape and formed of concrete or other plastic material, each section being provided at its opposite ends with a vertically disposed seating groove 7. Secured to or formed integral with the lower longitudinal edge of each fence section, are spaced transverse bars 8 also preferably formed of concrete and provided with depending lugs or feet 9 adapted to be embedded in the surface of the ground and thus firmly anchor the fence and prevent lateral displacement thereof. Extending laterally from the opposite ends of the sections 5, are spaced eyes 10 which bear against the walls of the adjacent groove 7 to permit the passage of coupling pins or bolts 11, which latter form in effect a pivotal connection between the sections so as to permit said sections to be arranged at an angle to each other, if desired. Molded or otherwise embedded in the concrete forming the body of the sections 5, are spaced posts or standards 12, each preferably formed of a single length of metal having its intermediate portion bent to produce a terminal eye 13 and thence extended downwardly within the concrete of the adjacent section to form co acting jaws 14. The inner faces of the jaws 14 of each post are cut-away to form recesses 15, one of which is adapted to receive a length of barbed or smooth wire 16, while the other accommodates a strip of intertwisted wire 17 the latter being seated in a groove 18 formed in the upper portion of the adjacent fence section at the junction of the inclined walls 19 thereof.

The fence sections 5 are preferably formed with a series of transverse openings 20 in order to lighten the structure and effect a saving in the material from which the sections are made, said sections being min forced and strengthened by the provision vof one or more rods or wires 21 havmg their intermediate portions bent to produce spaced coils 22, preferably arranged between the openings 20, as shown. The upper reinforcing rod or wire 21 is retained in position by contact with the inner faces of the jaws of the adjacent standards.

Asa means for rigidly supporting several of the sections in horizontal alinement with each other when building a fence, there is provided a connecting bar or rod 23 which extends through the eyes of the several posts or standards and spans the pivotal junction of adjacent fence sections, the opposite ends of said rods being threaded or otherwise provided with detachable caps 24, so that by removing said caps, the rod 23 may be withdrawn from the posts or standards and a shorter or longer connecting bar or rod inserted according to the number of fence sections to be connected in series.

The inner face of one of the fence sections is formed with an auxiliary seating groove 25, preferably arranged at right angles to the adjacent seatmg groove 7, so as to permit said fence sectlon to be arranged at an angle to the adjacent section, as for instance,

when building the fence around the corner of a lot or other inclosure. Interposed between some of the sections, is a gate 26 also preferably formed of concrete and having an eye 27 on the top thereof to permit the assage of the adjacent connecting rod or liar 23, when it is desired to lock said gate against swinging movement. If desired however, the gate 26 may be formed of wood or other suitable material and used as a flood gate, the interengaging attaching eyes formed on the gate and adjacent fence sections, permitting the gate to rise and fall in the usual manner. Thus it will be seen that by placing the fence sections end to end and inserting the coupling pins 11 in the attaching eyes 10, the fence may be made in any desired length, said sections being rigidly secured in longitudinal alinement by passing the rod 23 through the terminal eyes of the posts or standards, as before stated.

It will here be noted that the intertwisted wire 17 by contact with the upper longitudinal edges of the fence sections, not only serves to reinforce and strengthen the latter, bu also serves to prevent chipping or cracking of the cement where the standards enter the sections. It will also be noted that the heads 28 of the coupling pins, are disposed concentric with and bear against the walls of the adjacent grooves 7 so as to permit one fence section to be adjustedlaterally with respect to the other when erecting a fence.

It will of course be understood that when one fence section is arranged at an angle to an adjacent fence section, the connecting rod 23 thereof will be bent or twisted to conform ltowthe general outline of the fence. In Fig. 6 of the drawings, there is illustrated amodified form of the invention, in which the seating grooves 18 in the upper longitudinal edges of the fence sections, are omitted and the reinforcing wire 29 spaced from the top of said fence sections, there being an auxiliary reinforcing wire 30, either smooth or barbed, interposed between the wire or rod 29 and the connecting rod 23.

It is to be noted that the fence sections may be made in any desired length and of any desired height and thickness, without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is:

l. A fence including a plurality of pivotally united concrete sections, standards secured to said sections and provided with terminal eyes, and a rod extending through said eyes directly above the pivotal axes of the sections and forming a rigid connection between said sections.

2. A fence including a plurality of concrete sections having terminal attaching eyes, coupling pins connecting the eyes of adjacent sections, standards projecting vertically from the upper edges of the sections and provided with eyes, and a removable rod extending through said eyes directly above and intersecting the pivotal axes of the sections and forming a rigid connection between said sections.

3. A fence including a plurality of separable concrete sections having their adjacent ends pivotally united, spaced standards embedded in the concrete and provided with registering eyes, a continuous rod seated in said eyes and extending across and intersecting the pivotal axes of adjacent sections to form a rigid connection between said sections, and a reinforcing rod extending through the standards of each section and bearing against the upper wall thereof, said reinforcing rods terminating at the pivotal junction of the fence sections.

4. A fence including a plurality of concrete sections having their opposite ends provided with vertical seating grooves extending the entire height thereof, attaching eyes projecting laterally from the opposite ends of the sections at said grooves, coupling pins seated in said eyes and provided with terminal heads disposed concentric with the walls of the seating grooves, standards embedded in the concrete forming each section and provided with terminal eyes, and a connecting rod of greater length than the sections extending through the eyes directly above the coupling pins and forming a rigid connection between the several fence sectlons.

5. A fence including a plurality of in dependent concrete sections having their upper longitudinal edges provided with registering seating grooves and their opposite ends formed with vertical seating grooves intersecting the longitudinal grooves, eyes projecting laterally from said sections at the vertical seating grooves, coupling pins engaging the eyes, spaced standards embedded in the concrete and projecting above the top of each section and provided with terminal eyes, reinforcing rods extending through the standards and seated in the longitudinal grooves of the fence sections, and

a connecting rod extending through the eyes of the several standards directly above the coupllng pins and forming a rigid connection between the fence sections, said reinforcing rods terminating at the pivotal junction of adjacent sections.

6. A fence including a plurality of concrete sections having their adjacent ends pivotally united and provided with trans verse openings, reinforcing rods embedded in the concrete forming each section and provided with spaced coils extending upwardly between the adjacent openings therein, standards projecting from the upper longitudinal edge of each section and provided with eyes, and a connecting rod extending through the eyes of the several standards in spaced relation to the upper longitudinal edges of the sections, said rod being disposed directly above and intersecting the pivotal axes of the sections to form a rigid connection between said fence sections.

7. A fence including a plurality of concrete sections, standards embedded in the concrete of each section and each formed of a single length of metal bent upon itself to produce an intermediate eye terminating in clamping arms, reinforcing wires embedded in the concrete of each section and having portions thereof interposed between the clamping jaws of the adjacent standards, and other portions thereof bent to form coils, pins forming a connection between the inner ends of adjacent fence sections, and a rod extending through the eyes of the standards directly above the pivot pins and forming a rigid connection between the adjacent sections.

8. A fence including a plurality of concrete sections having their upper edges formed with longitudinal seating grooves, there being eyes projecting laterally from the opposite ends of each section, coupling pins engaging the eyes, spaced standards embedded in the concrete forming each section, each standard being provided with a terminal eye and co-acting jaws embedded within the concrete, the inner faces of the jaws of each standard being provided with recesses, reinforcing rods seated in the grooves of each fence section and extending through the adjacent recesses of the standards, a rod extending through the eyes of the standards directly above the coupling pins to form a rigid connection between adjacent fence sections, and reinforcing wires embedded in the concrete forming each fence section and clamped in position between the jaws of the adjacent standards.

9. A fence including a plurality of concrete sections having their ends provided with vertical seating grooves, eyes projecting laterally from the sections at said grooves, coupling pins seated in said eyes, standards embedded in each fence section and provided with terminal eyes, a rod extending through said eyes and above the coupling pins to form a rigid connection between adjacent sections, one of said sections being disposed at an angle to the adjacent section and having a vertical recess formed in one side thereof, eyes extending laterally from the wall of the recess in the side of said section and overlapping the eyes on the end of the adjacent section, and a coupling pin extending through said eyes.

In testimony whereof, I 'afiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

WILLIAM S. LANEY. [Ls] Witnesses:

JOHN FARRAND,

GEO. R. WEISER.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. G.

US61862011A 1911-04-03 1911-04-03 Concrete fence. Expired - Lifetime US1012868A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2683022A (en) * 1950-08-02 1954-07-06 Robert Spillman Stairway banister
US3361273A (en) * 1965-07-14 1968-01-02 Lukens Steel Co Method and means for segregation of scrap metal
US3732653A (en) * 1970-04-10 1973-05-15 W Pickett Barrier structures and connectors in concrete assemblies
US4685656A (en) * 1986-07-07 1987-08-11 Pak-Poy & Kneebone Pty Ltd. Motor racing track fence
US5134815A (en) * 1989-04-10 1992-08-04 Pickett William H Barrier structure
US5186438A (en) * 1990-10-31 1993-02-16 Cross Richard H Modular rock catchment barrier
US6557830B2 (en) 2000-03-17 2003-05-06 Michael J. Sutter Prefabricated masonry fence system and method for constructing same
USD906541S1 (en) * 2019-04-19 2020-12-29 Landscape Forms, Inc. Fence panel

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2683022A (en) * 1950-08-02 1954-07-06 Robert Spillman Stairway banister
US3361273A (en) * 1965-07-14 1968-01-02 Lukens Steel Co Method and means for segregation of scrap metal
US3732653A (en) * 1970-04-10 1973-05-15 W Pickett Barrier structures and connectors in concrete assemblies
US4685656A (en) * 1986-07-07 1987-08-11 Pak-Poy & Kneebone Pty Ltd. Motor racing track fence
US5134815A (en) * 1989-04-10 1992-08-04 Pickett William H Barrier structure
US5186438A (en) * 1990-10-31 1993-02-16 Cross Richard H Modular rock catchment barrier
US6557830B2 (en) 2000-03-17 2003-05-06 Michael J. Sutter Prefabricated masonry fence system and method for constructing same
USD906541S1 (en) * 2019-04-19 2020-12-29 Landscape Forms, Inc. Fence panel
USD906542S1 (en) * 2019-04-19 2020-12-29 Landscape Forms, Inc. Fence panel with gate

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