TWI691647B - Equipment and method for controlling simultaneous release and posture adjustment and securing release of underwater base - Google Patents

Equipment and method for controlling simultaneous release and posture adjustment and securing release of underwater base Download PDF

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TWI691647B
TWI691647B TW107146736A TW107146736A TWI691647B TW I691647 B TWI691647 B TW I691647B TW 107146736 A TW107146736 A TW 107146736A TW 107146736 A TW107146736 A TW 107146736A TW I691647 B TWI691647 B TW I691647B
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underwater base
buoy
underwater
main crane
sensor
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TW107146736A
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TW202024475A (en
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鄭振興
江家宏
吳香怡
林勁成
江茂雄
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財團法人船舶暨海洋產業研發中心
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/727Offshore wind turbines

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Abstract

一種水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制用設備及其方法,係將一水下基座置於一浮具之容置空間,並透過複數第一絞機繫固,接著將該水下基座及該浮具運送於水上預定位置,並透過一主吊車吊掛該水下基座,使該主吊車及該浮具分擔該水下基座之重量,接著進行水下基座之沉放,該等第一絞機以及該主吊車分藉由一同步式釋放控制系統及一主吊車補償系統,控制該等第一絞機及該主吊車之施放速度,藉此,使該水下基座下放時能垂直沉放,增加該水下基座沉放作業之安全性與穩定性。Device and method for controlling simultaneous setting and posture adjustment and fixing release of underwater base, which is to place an underwater base in the accommodating space of a buoy, and fix it through a plurality of first winches, and then The underwater base and the buoy are transported to a predetermined position on the water, and the underwater base is hung by a main crane, so that the main crane and the buoy share the weight of the underwater base, and then the underwater base is carried out The sinking of the seat, the first winch and the main crane are controlled by a synchronous release control system and a main crane compensation system to control the release speed of the first winch and the main crane, thereby enabling When the underwater base is lowered, it can be vertically set, which increases the safety and stability of the underwater base in the sinking operation.

Description

水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制用設備及其方法Equipment and method for controlling simultaneous release and posture adjustment and securing release of underwater base

本發明係與一種水下基座安裝方式有關,特別是指一種水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制用設備及其方法。The invention relates to an installation method of an underwater base, in particular to an equipment and a method for controlling the simultaneous setting and posture adjustment and release of an underwater base.

產生電力的方式繁多,有火力發電、核能發電、太陽能發電及風力發電等,其中,風力發電係利用大自然所產生的風力產生電能,且其具有建構成本低廉、不會排放廢氣或產生廢料等優點,係能有效打造綠能低碳環境,並逐步邁向非核家園,而海上風性較陸地具有風期長、風速高、風力平穩、不受遮蔽以及不影響環境景觀等優勢,因此,離岸安裝風力機架逐漸成為風力發電的主要趨勢。There are many ways to generate electricity, including thermal power generation, nuclear power generation, solar power generation and wind power generation. Among them, wind power generation uses wind generated by nature to generate electrical energy, and it has low construction cost, no exhaust gas or waste generation, etc. The advantage is that it can effectively create a low-carbon environment of green energy and gradually move towards non-nuclear homes. The offshore wind has the advantages of long wind period, high wind speed, stable wind, no shelter and no impact on the environmental landscape. The installation of wind racks on shore has gradually become the main trend of wind power generation.

近年來國內外都積極開發離岸風力發電,且朝向深水區域發展,而使風機水下基座更大,水下基座重量將超過千噸級,然而,國外目前係採用駁船運輸水下基座至施工地點,當安裝時將水下基座橫躺式下沉至海上,此時在海上的水下基座會因為自身浮力或外掛式浮筒作用而浮起,而水下基座下端將因為自重沉入海裡,使水下基座呈一站立的姿態,再經由吊掛系統扶正,接著將水下基座安裝沉放至水下定位後,再進行後打樁的工程以固定水下基座,而在上述過程中會因水下基座位置不易控制,造成水下基座下沉時的不穩定性,也使精準度降低,其上述缺點及施工順序的不同,本案發明人認為現有的水下基座之安裝方式實有改進之必要,本案發明是針對為了符合預先打樁的施工條件,以垂直下方安裝是最佳的形式,且考量到國內施工機具能量不足,故需倚靠浮具降低水下基座之重量,是以,而遂有本發明之產生。In recent years, offshore wind power generation has been actively developed at home and abroad, and it is developing toward deep water areas, which makes the underwater base of the fan larger and the weight of the underwater base will exceed 1,000 tons. However, barges are currently used to transport underwater From the base to the construction site, the underwater base will be laid horizontally to the sea when it is installed. At this time, the underwater base at sea will float due to its own buoyancy or the action of an external buoy, and the bottom of the underwater base It will sink into the sea due to its own weight, so that the underwater base will assume a standing posture, then be straightened by a hanging system, and then the underwater base will be installed and sunk to underwater positioning, and then post-pile work will be carried out to fix the underwater In the above process, the position of the underwater base is not easy to control, which causes instability when the underwater base sinks, and also reduces the accuracy. The above shortcomings and the construction sequence are different. The installation method of the existing underwater base is really necessary for improvement. The invention of this case is aimed at conforming to the construction conditions of pre-piling, and the vertical downward installation is the best form, and considering that the domestic construction equipment has insufficient energy, it is necessary to rely on the floating With the reduction of the weight of the underwater base, the invention has been produced.

本發明之目的係在提供水下基座以垂直下放方式的水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制之設備及其方法,俾增加水下基座沉放作業之安全性與穩定性。The purpose of the present invention is to provide a device and method for synchronous sinking and posture adjustment and release control of an underwater base in a vertical downward manner, so as to increase the safety and stability of the underwater base sinking operation Sex.

為達上述目的,本發明所提供之水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制用設備,係包含有:該水下基座至少設有一第一感測器;一浮具,該浮具之頂面係對應該等支腳設有複數第一絞機,以供繫固該等支腳,另該等第一絞機共同連接有一同步式釋放控制系統,又該等第一絞機中,其中一絞機連接有一主動式控制補償系統,而做為主動式之控制絞機,其餘則分別連接有一被動補償系統,而作為被動式之絞機,另該該浮具之頂面設有複數第二絞機,該等第二絞機係用以固定浮具於海面上,另該浮具至少設置有一第二感測器;一主吊車,其係設於該水下基座安裝位置處之一側,該主吊車係連接一主吊車補償液壓系統,其中,該第一感測器與第二感測器皆與同步式釋放控制系統及主吊車補償液壓系統相連接。In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, the device for controlling the simultaneous settling and posture adjustment fastening release of the underwater base provided by the present invention includes: the underwater base is provided with at least a first sensor; a float, the The top surface of the buoy is provided with a plurality of first winches corresponding to the feet for securing the feet, and the first winches are connected to a synchronous release control system, and the first winches In the machine, one of the winches is connected with an active control compensation system, and as the active control winch, the other is connected with a passive compensation system, which is used as a passive winch, and the top surface of the float There are a plurality of second winches, which are used to fix the buoy on the sea, and the buoy is provided with at least a second sensor; a main crane, which is installed on the underwater base At one side of the location, the main crane is connected to a main crane compensation hydraulic system, wherein both the first sensor and the second sensor are connected to the synchronous release control system and the main crane compensation hydraulic system.

為達上述目的,本發明所提供之水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制之方法,並包含有以下步驟:1.準備步驟:準備一水下基座,該水下基座具有複數支腳,且該水下基座以垂直站立方式設於該浮具之容置空間,並透過該等第一絞機之鋼索繫固該等支腳及該主吊車固定水下基座上端,另於水下預定位置處對應該等支腳埋設有複數預打樁,以供該水下基座之支腳安裝固定;2.浮塢船繫固後下沉步驟:將該水下基座固定於浮具後,以浮塢船進行運送及定位後,並下沉至一定深度,此時該浮具會因自身浮力而浮在海面上,而該水下基座會因重力而站立在浮塢船並同步下沉;3.浮塢船至定位後離開步驟:當浮塢船下沉達到設定深度後,浮具會拉緊各第一絞機並使該水下基座底部脫離浮塢船,此時浮塢船繫泊系統將會回收並離開;4.浮具繫固定位步驟:將該浮具以該等第二絞機之錨定系統繫泊定位;5.水下基座沉放步驟:該等第一絞機以及該主吊車藉由該同步釋放控制系統,依該浮具與該水下基座之感測器所得資訊,控制該等第一絞機之各鋼索長度及該主吊車之施放速度,使該水下基座得以垂直方式同步沉放,且在沉放過程中,若該浮具因風波流造成位置偏移,該等第二絞機將進行浮具定位工作;6.完成安裝步驟:將該水下基座之支腳與該等預打樁套合,即完成安裝。In order to achieve the above purpose, the method for simultaneous setting and posture adjustment and release control of an underwater base provided by the present invention includes the following steps: 1. Preparation steps: preparing an underwater base There are a plurality of feet, and the underwater base is arranged in the accommodating space of the buoy in a vertical standing manner, and the feet and the main crane are fixed to the underwater base through the steel cables of the first winches At the upper end, a plurality of pre-piling piles are buried corresponding to the legs at a predetermined position under the water, so that the legs of the underwater base can be installed and fixed; 2. After the floating dock is secured, the step of sinking: the underwater foundation After the pedestal is fixed to the buoy, it is transported and positioned by a floating dock, and sinks to a certain depth. At this time, the buoy will float on the sea surface due to its own buoyancy, and the underwater base will stand due to gravity Simultaneously sink in the floating dock; 3. Step away from the floating dock until positioning: When the floating dock sinks to the set depth, the float will tighten each first winch and disengage the bottom of the underwater base Floating dock ship, at this time the floating dock mooring system will be recovered and leave; 4. Floating pontoon fixing step: mooring and positioning the floating pontoon with the anchoring system of the second winches; 5. Underwater Base sinking step: the first winch and the main crane control each of the first winches based on the information obtained by the buoy and the sensor of the underwater base through the synchronous release control system The length of the steel cable and the casting speed of the main crane enable the underwater base to be synchronously set in a vertical manner, and during the settling process, if the buoy is displaced due to wind wave currents, the second winches will be carried out Floating gear positioning work; 6. Complete the installation steps: sleeve the base of the underwater base with the pre-pile, and then complete the installation.

本發明所提供之水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制用設備及其方法,透過該同步式釋放控制系統及主吊車補償液壓系統,控制該等第一絞機以及該主吊車之施放速度,並進行補償作用,使該水下基座能以垂直方式沉放,減少偏移的產生,增加該水下基座沉放作業之安全性與穩定性。The equipment and method for synchronous settling and posture adjustment and release control of underwater base provided by the present invention control the first winch and the main crane through the synchronous release control system and the main crane compensation hydraulic system The casting speed and the compensation effect enable the underwater base to be deposited in a vertical manner, reduce the occurrence of offset, and increase the safety and stability of the underwater base for sinking operations.

請參閱第1圖所示,係本發明之較佳實施例之水下基座與浮具組裝之立體圖,其係揭露有一水下基座200,該水下基座200用以承載一風機(圖未示),該水下基座200上方具有一頂部201,用以承載一風機,另該該水下基座200下方設有複數支腳202,可用以支撐並供安裝於水下之預打樁上,本發明之控制用設備主要特徵在於:Please refer to FIG. 1, which is a perspective view of the assembly of the underwater base and the buoy according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, which discloses an underwater base 200 that is used to carry a fan ( (Not shown), the underwater base 200 has a top 201 for carrying a fan, and the underwater base 200 is provided with a plurality of feet 202 below, which can be used to support and be installed under the water On piling, the main features of the control equipment of the present invention are:

該水下基座200,至少設有一第一感測器203,該第一感測器203可設於該水下基座200之重心位置或頂端處,於本實施例中,係設於該水下基座200之頂部201處,又該第一感測器203可為運動感測器、陀螺儀或位移感測器之其中一種。The underwater base 200 is provided with at least a first sensor 203. The first sensor 203 can be located at the center of gravity or the top of the underwater base 200. In this embodiment, it is located on the At the top 201 of the underwater base 200, the first sensor 203 may be one of a motion sensor, a gyroscope, or a displacement sensor.

一浮具10,請同時配合參閱第2圖所示,該浮具10係具有一中空之容置空間11,該浮具10之一側係設有一開口12,該開口12係連通該容置空間11,使該浮具10概呈U字型,又該浮具10頂面對應該水下基座200之支腳202分別設有一第一絞機13,每一第一絞機13皆具有可供收放之一鋼索131,且每一第一絞機13皆係以泵控液壓馬達控制鋼索131之作動,請再參閱第3圖所示,該等第一絞機13皆共同連接一同步式釋放控制系統20,又該等第一絞機13中,其中一絞機13連接有一主動式控制補償系統132,而做為主動控制絞機,其餘則分別連接有一被動補償系統133,而作為被動絞機,另該該浮具10之頂面設有複數第二絞機14,每一第二絞機14皆具有可供收放之一鋼索141,使該等第二絞機14可用以固定該浮具10於海面上,另該浮具10上至少設置有一第二感測器15,該第二感測器15係設於該浮具10之重心位置,且該第二感測器15可為運動感測器、陀螺儀或位移感測器之其中一種。A buoy 10, please also refer to the illustration shown in FIG. 2, the buoy 10 has a hollow accommodating space 11, one side of the buoy 10 is provided with an opening 12, the opening 12 is connected to the accommodating The space 11 makes the buoy 10 generally U-shaped, and the buoy 10 is provided with a first winch 13 at the top facing the legs 202 corresponding to the underwater base 200, and each first winch 13 has One steel cable 131 can be stored and retracted, and each first winch 13 is controlled by a pump-controlled hydraulic motor to control the operation of the steel cable 131. Please refer to FIG. 3 again. These first winches 13 are all connected together. Synchronous release control system 20, and among the first stranding machines 13, one of the stranding machines 13 is connected to an active control compensation system 132, and as the active control stranding machine, the rest are connected to a passive compensation system 133, respectively As a passive winch, a plurality of second winches 14 are provided on the top surface of the buoy 10, and each second winch 14 has a steel cable 141 that can be retracted to make the second winches 14 available To fix the buoy 10 on the sea, and at least a second sensor 15 is provided on the buoy 10, the second sensor 15 is located at the center of gravity of the buoy 10, and the second sensor The sensor 15 may be one of a motion sensor, a gyroscope, or a displacement sensor.

一主吊車30,請再參閱第4圖所示,該主吊車30係設於該水下基座200之安裝位置處,該主吊車30係具有一吊鉤31,請再參閱第3圖所示,該主吊車30係連接一主吊車補償液壓系統32。A main crane 30, please refer to FIG. 4 again, the main crane 30 is installed at the installation position of the underwater base 200, the main crane 30 has a hook 31, please refer to FIG. 3 again As shown, the main crane 30 is connected to a main crane compensation hydraulic system 32.

其中,該第一感測器203與第二感測器15皆與同步式釋放控制系統20及主吊車補償液壓系統32電性相接,使該第一感測器203及該第二感測器15可分別將該水下基座200及該浮具10受力後之重心偏移變化量傳送至同步式釋放控制系統20及主吊車補償液壓系統32,使同步式釋放控制系統20及主吊車補償液壓系統32能適時自動補償,俾控制各個第一絞機13各鋼索131長度及主吊車30之施放速度,達到同步沉放作用。Wherein, the first sensor 203 and the second sensor 15 are electrically connected to the synchronous release control system 20 and the main crane compensation hydraulic system 32, so that the first sensor 203 and the second sensor The device 15 can transmit the change of the center of gravity offset of the underwater base 200 and the buoy 10 to the synchronous release control system 20 and the main crane compensation hydraulic system 32 respectively, so that the synchronous release control system 20 and the main The crane compensation hydraulic system 32 can automatically compensate in time to control the length of each steel cable 131 of each first winch 13 and the release speed of the main crane 30 to achieve the synchronous sinking effect.

藉此,使該等第一絞機13及主吊車30可分別藉由該同步式釋放控制系統20及該主吊車補償液壓系統32,使水下基座200於沉放時,能維持垂直穩定之沉放,增加水下基座200沉放作業之安全性與穩定性。In this way, the first winch 13 and the main crane 30 can respectively maintain the vertical stability of the underwater base 200 when the submerged base 200 is sunk by the synchronous release control system 20 and the main crane compensation hydraulic system 32 The sinking increases the safety and stability of the sinking operation of the underwater base 200.

請再參閱第5圖所示,係本發明之較佳實施例之流程圖,其係揭露一種水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制方法,並包含有以下步驟:Please refer to FIG. 5 again, which is a flow chart of a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which discloses a method for controlling simultaneous release and posture adjustment and fixation and release of an underwater base, and includes the following steps:

1.準備步驟:準備該水下基座200,該水下基座200具有複數支腳202,且該水下基座200以垂直站立方式設於該浮具10之容置空間11中,並透過該等第一絞機13之鋼索131繫固該等支腳202,另於水下預定位置處對應該等支腳202埋設有複數預打樁400,以供該水下基座200之支腳202安裝固定。1. Preparation steps: Prepare the underwater base 200, which has a plurality of feet 202, and the underwater base 200 is provided in the accommodating space 11 of the buoy 10 in a vertical standing manner, and The steel wires 131 of the first winches 13 are used to fasten the legs 202, and a plurality of pre-pile piles 400 are buried corresponding to the legs 202 at a predetermined position under water for the legs of the underwater base 200 202 fixed installation.

2.浮塢船繫固後下沉步驟:請再配合參閱第6圖以及第7圖所示,將該水下基座200固定於該浮具10後,以一浮塢船300將該水下基座200及該浮具10自一岸際500運送至海上預定位置處並繫泊定位,該主吊車30以吊鉤31吊掛該水下基座200上端,使該主吊車30及該浮具10共同分擔該水下基座200之重量,再使該浮塢船300下沉至一定深度,此時該浮具10會因自身浮力而浮在海面上,而該水下基座200會因重力而站立在浮塢船300上,並同步下沉。2. The step of sinking the floating dock ship after securing: Please refer to Figure 6 and Figure 7 to fix the underwater base 200 to the buoy 10, and then use a floating dock ship 300 to fix the water The lower base 200 and the buoy 10 are transported from a shore 500 to a predetermined position on the sea and moored for positioning. The main crane 30 hangs the upper end of the underwater base 200 with a hook 31 to make the main crane 30 and the The buoy 10 shares the weight of the underwater base 200, and then sinks the floating dock 300 to a certain depth. At this time, the buoy 10 will float on the sea surface due to its own buoyancy, and the underwater base 200 It will stand on the floating dock 300 due to gravity and sink simultaneously.

3.浮塢船至定位後離開步驟:請再配合參閱第8圖所示,當浮塢船300下沉達到設定深度後,浮具10會拉緊各第一絞機13並使該水下基座200底部脫離浮塢船300,此時浮塢船300繫泊系統將會回收並離開水下基座200。3. The floating dock boat leaves the step after being positioned: please refer to the figure 8 for further cooperation. When the floating dock boat 300 sinks to the set depth, the buoy 10 will tighten each first winch 13 and make the underwater The bottom of the base 200 is separated from the floating dock 300, and the mooring system of the floating dock 300 will be recovered and leave the underwater base 200 at this time.

4.浮具繫固定位步驟:請再配合參閱第9圖所示,將該浮具10以該等第二絞機14之鋼索141進行繫泊定位。4. Steps for fixing the buoyancy system: Please refer to the figure 9 for the mooring and positioning of the buoyancy system 10 with the steel cables 141 of the second winches 14.

5.水下基座沉放步驟:該等第一絞機13以及該主吊車30藉由該同步式釋放控制系統20及主吊車補償液壓系統32,依該水下基座200之第一感測器203及該浮具10之第二感測器15所得資訊,控制該等第一絞機13各鋼索131長度及該主吊車30之施放速度,使該水下基座200得以垂直方式同步沉放,且在沉放過程中,若該浮具10因風波流造成位置偏移,該等第二絞機14將進行浮具10定位工作。5. The step of sinking the underwater base: the first winch 13 and the main crane 30 with the synchronous release control system 20 and the main crane compensation hydraulic system 32, according to the first sense of the underwater base 200 The information obtained by the sensor 203 and the second sensor 15 of the buoy 10 controls the length of each cable 131 of the first winch 13 and the casting speed of the main crane 30, so that the underwater base 200 can be synchronized in a vertical manner During the sinking process, if the buoy 10 is displaced due to wind wave currents, the second winches 14 will perform the buoy 10 positioning work.

6.完成安裝步驟:請參閱第10圖所示,將該水下基座200同步沉放,直至該水下基座200之該等支腳202與該等預打樁400分別套合,接著將該等第一絞機13之鋼索131及該主吊車30之吊勾31分別脫離該水下基座200,如此,即完成安裝作業。6. Complete the installation steps: please refer to Figure 10, the underwater base 200 is synchronously sunk until the legs 202 of the underwater base 200 and the pre-pile 400 are nested separately, and then The steel cables 131 of the first winches 13 and the hooks 31 of the main crane 30 are separated from the underwater base 200 respectively, so that the installation work is completed.

值得一提的是,該同步式釋放控制系統20依風波流環境,控制該等第一絞機13以及該主吊車30之受力,且其速度最大可達4.8m/min,使該水下基座200下放時能維持出力且同時進行自動補償作用,使該水下基座200能保持垂直姿勢沉放,減少偏移的產生,且達到要求在有義波高1.0m海況下,確保輔助該等第一絞機13及該水下基座200同步下放及調姿繫固,可確保該水下基座200沉放過程之穩定性及操作安全,並順利完成安裝作業。It is worth mentioning that the synchronous release control system 20 controls the force of the first winch 13 and the main crane 30 according to the wind wave current environment, and its maximum speed can reach 4.8m/min, so that the underwater When the base 200 is lowered, it can maintain the output and perform automatic compensation at the same time, so that the underwater base 200 can maintain a vertical posture and reduce the occurrence of offset, and meet the requirements under the sea condition of 1.0m high of the meaningful wave, to ensure that the auxiliary Waiting for the first winch 13 and the underwater base 200 to be lowered and fixed at the same time, it can ensure the stability and safe operation of the underwater base 200 during the sinking process, and successfully complete the installation operation.

茲,再將本發明之特徵及其可達成之預期功效陳述如下:Hereby, the characteristics of the present invention and the achievable expected effects are stated as follows:

1.本發明所提供之水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制用設備及其方法,係將該水下基座200設於該浮具10之容置空間11中,並透過該等第一絞機13繫固,另該主吊車30係吊掛該水下基座200之頂端,使該主吊車30與該浮具10分擔該水下基座200之重量,接著透過該同步式釋放控制系統20及主吊車補償液壓系統32,依風波流環境,控制該等第一絞機13各鋼索131長度及該主吊車30之施放速度,並進行自動補償,使該水下基座20下放時能維持垂直姿態,使該水下基座200減少偏移的產生,增加該水下基座200沉放作業之安全性與穩定性。1. The device and method for the simultaneous sinking and posture adjustment fastening control provided by the underwater base provided by the present invention is to set the underwater base 200 in the accommodating space 11 of the buoy 10 and pass through The first winches 13 are secured, and the main crane 30 hangs the top of the underwater base 200 so that the main crane 30 and the buoy 10 share the weight of the underwater base 200, and then through the The synchronous release control system 20 and the main crane compensation hydraulic system 32 control the length of each steel cable 131 of the first winch 13 and the release speed of the main crane 30 according to the wind wave current environment, and perform automatic compensation to make the underwater base The base 20 can maintain a vertical posture when lowered, so that the underwater base 200 can reduce the occurrence of offset, and increase the safety and stability of the underwater base 200 in sinking operations.

2.本發明能使水下基座200以直立式進行安裝,並藉由該浮具10之設置,在安裝作業時,輔助用之該浮具10能協助主吊車30將水下基座200定位在海中,亦可隨著水下基座200下沉至一定的水深中,使整體重心位置降低,提高穩定性及安全性。2. The present invention enables the underwater base 200 to be installed in an upright manner, and with the setting of the buoy 10, the auxiliary buoy 10 can assist the main crane 30 to attach the underwater base 200 during the installation operation Positioning in the sea can also sink the underwater base 200 to a certain depth of water, so that the position of the overall center of gravity is lowered, and stability and safety are improved.

綜上所述,本發明在同類產品中實有其極佳之進步實用性,同時遍查國內外關於此類結構之技術資料,文獻中亦未發現有相同的構造存在在先,是以,本發明實已具備發明專利要件,爰依法提出申請。In summary, the present invention has its excellent progress and practicality in similar products. At the same time, it has searched the technical information about this kind of structure at home and abroad, and the same structure has not been found in the literature. Therefore, The present invention already possesses the essentials of the invention patent, and the application is filed according to law.

惟,以上所述者,僅係本發明之一較佳可行實施例而已,故舉凡應用本發明說明書及申請專利範圍所為之等效結構變化,理應包含在本發明之專利範圍內。However, the above is only one of the preferred and feasible embodiments of the present invention. Therefore, any equivalent structural changes that apply to the description of the present invention and the scope of patent application should be included in the patent scope of the present invention.

10:浮具10: float

11:容置空間11: accommodating space

12:開口12: opening

13:第一絞機13: First twisting machine

131:鋼索131: Steel cable

132:主動式控制補償系統132: Active control compensation system

133:被動補償系統133: Passive compensation system

14:第二絞機14: Second twisting machine

141:鋼索141: Steel cable

15:第二感測器15: Second sensor

20:同步式釋放控制系統20: Synchronous release control system

30:主吊車30: main crane

31:鋼索31: Steel cable

32:主吊車補償液壓系統32: Main crane compensation hydraulic system

200:水下基座200: underwater base

201:頂部201: top

202:支腳202: feet

203:第一感測器203: the first sensor

300:浮塢船300: floating dock ship

400:預打樁400: Pre-piling

500:岸際500: Intershore

第1圖係本發明之較佳實施例之水下基座與浮具組裝之立體圖。 第2圖係本發明之較佳實施例之浮具立體圖。 第3圖係本發明之較佳實施例之釋放控制系統之控制示意圖。 第4圖係本發明之較佳實施例之主吊車之示意圖。 第5圖係本發明之較佳實施例之流程圖。 第6圖係本發明之較佳實施例之水下基座與浮具岸際乘載之示意圖。 第7圖係本發明之較佳實施例之主吊車吊掛水下基座之示意圖。 第8圖係本發明之較佳實施例之水下基座沉放之示意圖。 第9圖係本發明之較佳實施例之浮具繫泊定位之示意圖。 第10圖係本發明之較佳實施例之水下基座與預打樁套合之示意圖。Figure 1 is a perspective view of the assembly of the underwater base and the buoy according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention. Figure 2 is a perspective view of a float according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 3 is a control schematic diagram of the release control system of the preferred embodiment of the present invention. Figure 4 is a schematic diagram of the main crane of the preferred embodiment of the present invention. Figure 5 is a flowchart of a preferred embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of the underwater pedestal and pontoon boarding of a preferred embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of the main crane hanging the underwater base according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of the underwater base sinking according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention. Figure 9 is a schematic diagram of the positioning of the pontoon mooring according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention. Fig. 10 is a schematic diagram of the nesting of the underwater base and the pre-pile in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Claims (7)

一種水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制用設備,係應用於一水下基座之沉放,該水下基座具有一頂部,用以承載風機,另該水下基座下方則設有複數支腳,其主要特徵在於:該水下基座,至少設有一第一感測器;一浮具,該浮具之頂面係對應該等支腳設有複數第一絞機,以供繫固該等支腳,另該等第一絞機共同連接有一同步式釋放控制系統,又該等第一絞機中,其中一絞機連接有一主動式控制補償系統,而做為主動式之控制絞機,其餘則分別連接有一被動補償系統,而作為被動式之絞機,另該該浮具之頂面設有複數第二絞機,該等第二絞機係用以固定浮具於海面上,另該浮具至少設置有一第二感測器,該第二感測器設於該浮具之重心位置;一主吊車,其係設於該水下基座安裝位置處之一側,該主吊車係連接一主吊車補償液壓系統;其中,該第一感測器與第二感測器皆與同步式釋放控制系統及主吊車補償液壓系統相連接。 An underwater base synchronous sinking and posture adjustment securing release control device is applied to the sinking of an underwater base, the underwater base has a top for carrying a fan, and the underwater base The bottom is provided with a plurality of feet, the main feature is that: the underwater base is provided with at least a first sensor; a buoy, the top surface of the buoy is provided with a plurality of first strands corresponding to the feet Machine for securing the legs, the first twisting machine is connected to a synchronous release control system, and one of the first twisting machines is connected to an active control compensation system. It is an active control winch, and the rest are connected with a passive compensation system. As a passive winch, there are a plurality of second winches on the top surface of the buoy. These second winches are used to fix The buoy is on the sea surface, and the buoy is provided with at least a second sensor, which is located at the center of gravity of the buoy; a main crane is installed at the installation position of the underwater base On one side, the main crane is connected to a main crane compensation hydraulic system; wherein, both the first sensor and the second sensor are connected to the synchronous release control system and the main crane compensation hydraulic system. 依據申請專利範圍第1項所述之水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制用設備,其中,該第一感測器及第二感測器可為運動感測器、陀螺儀或位移感測器之其中一種。 The device for controlling simultaneous placement and posture adjustment and securing release of an underwater base according to item 1 of the scope of the patent application, wherein the first sensor and the second sensor may be a motion sensor or a gyroscope Or one of the displacement sensors. 依據申請專利範圍第1項所述之水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制用設備,其中,該第一感測器設於該水下基座之頂部。 According to the equipment for controlling simultaneous release and posture adjustment and fastening of an underwater base according to item 1 of the scope of the patent application, wherein the first sensor is provided on the top of the underwater base. 依據申請專利範圍第1項所述之水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制用設備,其中,該浮具概呈U字型,係具有一中空之容置空間,且其一側係設有一開口,該開口係連通該容置空間。 The equipment for controlling simultaneous release and posture adjustment and securing release of an underwater base according to item 1 of the patent application scope, wherein the buoy is generally U-shaped and has a hollow accommodating space, and one of them The side is provided with an opening, and the opening communicates with the accommodating space. 一種水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制方法,其係使用如申請專利範圍第1項所述之水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制用設備進行,並包含有以下步驟:1.準備步驟:準備該水下基座,該水下基座具有複數支腳,且該水下基座以垂直站立方式設於該浮具之容置空間,並透過該等第一絞機繫固該等支腳及該主吊車吊掛該水下基座上端,另於水下預定位置處對應該等支腳埋設有複數預打樁,以供該水下基座之支腳安裝固定;2.浮塢船繫固後下沉步驟:將該水下基座固定於該浮具後,以一浮塢船進行運送及定位後,並下沉至一定深度,此時該浮具會因自身浮力而浮在海面上,而該水下基座會因重力而站立在該浮塢船並同步下沉;3.浮塢船至定位後離開步驟:當該浮塢船下沉達到設定深度後,該浮具會拉緊各第一絞機並使該水下基座底部脫離該浮塢船,並將該浮塢船駛離;4.浮具繫固定位步驟:將該浮具以該等第二絞機繫泊定位;5.水下基座沉放步驟:該等第一絞機以及該主吊車藉由該同步釋放控制系統,依該水下基座之第一感測器及該浮具之第二感測器所得資訊,控制該等第一絞機之各鋼索長度及該主吊車之施放速度,使該水下基座得以垂直方式同步 沉放,且在沉放過程中,若該浮具因風波流造成位置偏移,該等第二絞機將進行浮具定位工作;6.完成安裝步驟:將該水下基座之支腳與該等預打樁套合,即完成安裝。 An underwater base synchronous sinking and attitude adjustment fastening release control method, which uses the underwater base synchronous sinking and attitude adjustment fastening release control equipment as described in item 1 of the patent application scope, and includes There are the following steps: 1. Preparation steps: prepare the underwater base, the underwater base has a plurality of feet, and the underwater base is provided in a vertical standing manner in the accommodating space of the buoy, and through these The first winch fixes the feet and the main crane hangs the upper end of the underwater base, and a plurality of pre-piles are buried corresponding to the feet at predetermined positions under the water to support the underwater base Feet installation and fixation; 2. Sinking step after securing the floating dock ship: After fixing the underwater base to the buoy, transport and positioning with a floating dock ship, and sinking to a certain depth, this time The buoy will float on the sea surface due to its own buoyancy, and the underwater base will stand on the floating dock ship due to gravity and sink simultaneously; 3. The floating dock ship leaves the step after positioning: when the floating dock ship is off After the sink reaches the set depth, the buoy will tighten each first winch and pull the bottom of the underwater base away from the floating dock ship, and drive the floating dock ship away; The buoy is moored and positioned by the second winches; 5. Underwater base sinking step: the first winches and the main crane are controlled by the synchronous release control system according to the The information obtained by a sensor and the second sensor of the buoy controls the length of each cable of the first winch and the casting speed of the main crane, so that the underwater base can be synchronized in a vertical manner Settling, and during the settling process, if the buoy is displaced due to wind wave currents, the second winches will perform buoy positioning work; 6. Complete the installation steps: the feet of the underwater base The installation is completed when the pre-pile is engaged. 依據申請專利範圍第6項所述之一種水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制方法,其中,於準備步驟中,該等第一絞機及該主吊車可共同承載千噸以上之水下基座重量。 A method for controlling simultaneous release and posture adjustment and securing of an underwater base according to item 6 of the patent application scope, wherein, in the preparation step, the first winch and the main crane can jointly carry more than 1,000 tons The weight of the underwater base. 依據申請專利範圍第6項所述之一種水下基座同步沉放及調姿繫固釋放控制方法,其中,於水下基座沉放步驟中,該等第一絞機與該主吊車皆係以泵控液壓馬達進行作動。 A method for controlling simultaneous release and posture adjustment and securing of an underwater base according to item 6 of the patent application scope, wherein, in the underwater base setting step, the first winch and the main crane are both It is driven by a pump-controlled hydraulic motor.
TW107146736A 2018-12-24 2018-12-24 Equipment and method for controlling simultaneous release and posture adjustment and securing release of underwater base TWI691647B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104727336A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-06-24 江苏龙源振华海洋工程有限公司 Construction method of large single-pipe pile foundation of shallow-sea wind power plant
CN105113508A (en) * 2015-09-11 2015-12-02 中交公路长大桥建设国家工程研究中心有限公司 Positioning, sinking and controlling system for large-scale bridge deepwater prefabricated foundation
TW201723312A (en) * 2015-12-23 2017-07-01 財團法人船舶暨海洋產業研發中心 Transportation and installation method for underwater base of super-large offshore wind turbine, and transportation and installation vehicle thereof capable of simplifying installation process, improving operation efficiency and reducing operation cost

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104727336A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-06-24 江苏龙源振华海洋工程有限公司 Construction method of large single-pipe pile foundation of shallow-sea wind power plant
CN105113508A (en) * 2015-09-11 2015-12-02 中交公路长大桥建设国家工程研究中心有限公司 Positioning, sinking and controlling system for large-scale bridge deepwater prefabricated foundation
TW201723312A (en) * 2015-12-23 2017-07-01 財團法人船舶暨海洋產業研發中心 Transportation and installation method for underwater base of super-large offshore wind turbine, and transportation and installation vehicle thereof capable of simplifying installation process, improving operation efficiency and reducing operation cost

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