TWI655600B - Eel aquaculture system using ict - Google Patents

Eel aquaculture system using ict Download PDF

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TWI655600B
TWI655600B TW106106062A TW106106062A TWI655600B TW I655600 B TWI655600 B TW I655600B TW 106106062 A TW106106062 A TW 106106062A TW 106106062 A TW106106062 A TW 106106062A TW I655600 B TWI655600 B TW I655600B
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water
tank
culture
aquaculture
squid
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TW106106062A
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TW201741978A (en
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李聖浩
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古高爾控股有限公司
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Priority to KR1020160061963A priority patent/KR101704970B1/en
Priority to KR1020160151901A priority patent/KR101752608B1/en
Priority to ??10-2016-0151901 priority
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

本發明公開了一種鰻魚水產養殖系統,其係使用ICT來增加淡水鰻魚的生長速度和存活率,並基於ICT收發關於鰻魚養殖中的養殖條件(例如水質管理、飼料供給量/循環、水溫、光週期等)的重要資料,從而即時遠端監控漁場內外狀態及對鰻魚幼蟲、幼鰻和成鰻進行相應的綜合管理,大幅提高了鰻魚的生長速度和存活率及提供一套鰻魚系統性養殖和大規模養殖設備綜合管理的模式以增加漁場收入,透過大規模生產來增加鰻魚出口,從而有助於國家經濟增長。 The invention discloses a squid aquaculture system, which uses ICT to increase the growth rate and survival rate of freshwater carp, and based on ICT transmission and reception on culture conditions in carp culture (eg water quality management, feed supply/circulation, water temperature, Important information such as photoperiod, so as to remotely monitor the internal and external conditions of the fishery and comprehensive management of larvae, pups and pupa, greatly improve the growth rate and survival rate of carp and provide a systematic system of squid breeding. And the integrated management of large-scale farming equipment to increase fishery income, through large-scale production to increase salmon exports, thereby contributing to national economic growth.

Description

使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統 Salmon aquaculture system using ICT
本發明關於一種使用訊息和通信技術(ICT,Information and Communication Technologies)增加淡水鰻魚生長速率和存活率的鰻魚水產養殖系統,更具體地關於一種使用ICT增加淡水生長速度和存活率的鰻魚水產養殖系統,其基於ICT來收發關於鰻魚養殖條件(例如水質管理、飼料供給量/循環、水溫、光週期等)的重要資料,從而即時遠程監測漁場內外的狀態及執行對鰻魚幼蟲、幼鰻和成鰻進行相應的綜合管理,大幅提高了鰻魚的生長速率和存活率,提供一套用於鰻魚系統性養殖和大規模養殖設備綜合管理的模型以增加漁場收入,透過大規模生產來增加鰻魚出口,從而有助於國家經濟增長。 The present invention relates to a salmon aquaculture system that increases the growth rate and survival rate of freshwater carp using information and communication technology (ICT), and more particularly to a salmon aquaculture system that uses ICT to increase freshwater growth rate and survival rate. It is based on ICT to send and receive important information on catfish farming conditions (such as water quality management, feed supply/circulation, water temperature, photoperiod, etc.), so as to remotely monitor the state of the fishery inside and outside and perform the larvae, cubs and鳗 Comprehensive management has been carried out to significantly increase the growth rate and survival rate of carp, and a model for integrated management of squid systemic farming and large-scale farming equipment has been provided to increase fishery income and increase squid exports through mass production. Help the country's economic growth.
一般來說,魚分為在淡水中產卵/孵化和發育的淡水魚、在海水中產卵/孵化和發育的海水魚、以及在淡水和海水之間移動以繁殖的洄游魚。其中,洄游魚分為在淡水中產卵並在海水中生活的洄游魚(anadromous,例如鮭魚或河豚)以及在海水中產卵並在淡水中生活的洄游魚(catadromous,例如鯰魚、淡水鰻魚或巨型斑駁鰻魚)。 In general, fish are divided into freshwater fish that lay eggs/hatching and development in freshwater, marine fish that lay eggs in hatching and development in seawater, and migratory fish that move between freshwater and seawater to breed. Among them, migratory fish are divided into snorkeling fish (anadromous (such as squid or puffer fish) that live in freshwater and live in seawater, and catamomus (such as squid, freshwater squid or fish that lay eggs in seawater and live in fresh water). Giant mottled squid).
然而,洄游魚(包括從淡水移動到海水的anadromous及從海水移動到淡水的catadromous)應當在體液和周圍海水之間保持鹽濃度的平衡。 However, migratory fish (including anadromous moving from fresh water to seawater and catadromous moving from seawater to freshwater) should maintain a balance of salt concentrations between the body fluid and the surrounding seawater.
也就是說,無論洄游魚是從淡水移動到海水中或從海水移動到淡水中,洄游魚的身體都均勻地保持滲透壓。另一方面,由於淡水魚的體液鹽 濃度比其周圍的水高得多,並且水藉由滲透壓透過皮膚及鰓而進入魚的體內以稀釋體液,所以淡水魚應連續排出水。此外,由於海水魚的體液鹽濃度比周圍的水低得多,並且排出水到體外,所以海水魚吸收大量的水來補充水。因此,洄游魚經歷適應半鹹水區(或河口)的過程,以便因滲透壓而調節鹽濃度。 That is to say, regardless of whether the migratory fish move from fresh water to sea water or from sea water to fresh water, the body of the migratory fish maintains the osmotic pressure evenly. On the other hand, due to the body fluid salt of freshwater fish The concentration is much higher than the water around it, and the water enters the body of the fish by osmotic pressure through the skin and sputum to dilute the body fluid, so the freshwater fish should continuously drain the water. In addition, since marine fish have a much lower body fluid salt concentration than surrounding water and discharge water to the outside of the body, marine fish absorb a large amount of water to replenish water. Therefore, migratory fish undergo a process of adapting to the brackish waters (or estuaries) in order to adjust the salt concentration due to osmotic pressure.
特別地,下面將描述淡水鰻魚的生態洄游特性,淡水鰻魚為從海水移動到淡水的洄游魚(catadromous)的代表性類型。鰻魚幼蟲(Leptocephali)作為在太平洋深海(估計為南太平洋馬里亞納群島的西海岸)孵化的主要變態類型(即鰻魚幼蟲或年輕鰻魚)並沿著北部赤道流向西移動,沿著黑潮流向北移動,到達海岸,並轉變為幼鰻(elvar)作為次級變態類型。 In particular, the ecological migratory characteristics of freshwater squid, which is a representative type of catadromous that moves from seawater to freshwater, will be described below. The larvae of the larvae (Leptocephali) act as the main metamorphosis type (ie, squid larvae or young squid) that hatches in the deep ocean of the Pacific Ocean (estimated as the west coast of the Mariana Islands in the South Pacific) and move westward along the northern equator, moving north along the black tide. , reached the coast, and turned into a younger (elvar) as a secondary metamorphosis type.
幼鰻在半鹹水區(例如,河口)聚集,透過滲透壓過程調節鹽濃度,向上游到達河流或水庫,然後在一段特定的時間生長,透過滲透壓對海水的鹽濃度進行調整同時停留在半鹹水區一段特定的時間以產卵,然後返回太平洋深海。 Cubs gather in brackish waters (eg, estuaries), regulate salt concentration through osmotic pressure, reach rivers or reservoirs upstream, and then grow for a specific period of time, adjusting the salt concentration of seawater through osmotic pressure while staying in the middle The salt water area spawns for a specific period of time and then returns to the deep ocean of the Pacific Ocean.
因此,考慮到從鰻魚幼蟲轉化的幼鰻適應在海水條件下的鹽濃度,同時停留在半鹹水區並向上游流動,水產養殖系統在水產養殖過程中提供海水、半鹹水和淡水以使鰻魚從年輕鰻魚階段成長為成鰻階段。 Therefore, considering that the pups transformed from the larvae of the carp are adapted to the salt concentration under seawater conditions while staying in the brackish waters and flowing upstream, the aquaculture system provides seawater, brackish water and fresh water during the aquaculture process to allow the squid to The young squid stage grows into a stage of stagnation.
韓國專利註冊第10-1587860號公開了一種養殖鰻魚用的供水裝置,其適合於藉由設計海水區、半鹹水區和淡水區之混合狀態的循環水產養殖方法而進行從年輕鰻魚階段到成鰻階段的鰻魚養殖,以及適用於適應於鰻魚的分期養殖的流水養殖方法。 Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1587860 discloses a water supply device for carp culture, which is suitable for the process from the young squid stage to the squid by designing a mixed aquaculture method in a mixed state of a seawater zone, a brackish water zone and a freshwater zone. Stage salmon farming and a stream culture method suitable for staging aquaculture.
淡水鰻魚對水質等的變化敏感,因此群體死亡可能頻繁發生,並且如果養殖水被淨化和循環,水質管理變得重要。韓國專利註冊第10-1609905號公開了一種淨化含有發育激素(即雌激素)的廢水的方法。 Freshwater squid is sensitive to changes in water quality, etc., so group deaths may occur frequently, and water quality management becomes important if the culture water is purified and recycled. Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1609905 discloses a method of purifying wastewater containing developmental hormones (i.e., estrogen).
此外,為了提高養殖水中淡水鰻魚的生長速度和存活率,應準確檢測出由於飼料供給引起的飼料汙染、飼養週期汙染和水污染程度,但這些條件並沒有透過實際漁場中的實驗而構建為資料庫。 In addition, in order to improve the growth rate and survival rate of freshwater carp in the culture water, the feed pollution, feeding cycle pollution and water pollution caused by feed supply should be accurately detected, but these conditions are not constructed as data through experiments in actual fisheries. Library.
總而言之,當養殖淡水鰻時,鰻魚幼蟲或年輕鰻魚的存活率低(即約5%),為了提高存活率,需要一個優化各種變數的綜合管理系統。然而,到目前為止,對養殖淡水鰻魚所需的綜合管理系統的研究尚缺乏,相對於大型的市場規模,鰻魚水產養殖是以小規模來執行,因此,對這種系統的大量投入研究尚未被執行。 In summary, when breeding freshwater carp, the survival rate of larvae or young carp is low (ie about 5%), and in order to improve survival, an integrated management system that optimizes various variables is needed. However, to date, research on the integrated management system required for the cultivation of freshwater squid is still lacking. Compared to the large-scale market size, squid aquaculture is carried out on a small scale. Therefore, the large-scale investment in such systems has not been studied. carried out.
屬於先前技術之專利文件:(專利文件1)韓國專利註冊第10-1587860號;(專利文件2)韓國專利註冊第10-1609905號;(專利文件3)韓國專利註冊第10-1587855號;(專利文件4)韓國專利註冊第10-1587850號;(專利文件5)韓國專利註冊第10-1587853號;及(專利文件6)韓國專利公開第10-2014-0137508號。 Patent documents belonging to the prior art: (Patent Document 1) Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1587860; (Patent Document 2) Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1609905; (Patent Document 3) Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1587855; Patent Document 4) Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1587850; (Patent Document 5) Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1587853; and (Patent Document 6) Korean Patent Publication No. 10-2014-0137508.
因此,本發明係鑑於上述問題而提出,本發明的其中一個目的是提供一種使用ICT增加淡水鰻魚的生長速率和存活率的鰻魚水產養殖系統,該系統基於ICT收發關於鰻魚養殖之養殖條件(例如水質管理、飼料供給量/循 環、水溫、光週期等)的重要資料,從而即時遠端監控漁場內外的狀態及執行對鰻魚幼蟲、幼鰻和成鰻的綜合管理,並大幅提高淡水鰻魚的生長速率和存活率。 Accordingly, the present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a salmon aquaculture system for increasing the growth rate and survival rate of freshwater carp using ICT, which is based on ICT transshipment and culture conditions for carp culture (eg Water quality management, feed supply / follow Important information such as ring, water temperature, photoperiod, etc., so that the state of the fishery inside and outside the fishery can be monitored remotely and the integrated management of larvae, pups and pupa can be carried out, and the growth rate and survival rate of freshwater carp can be greatly improved.
本發明的另一個目的是提供一種使用ICT增加淡水鰻魚的生長速率和存活率的鰻魚水產養殖系統,其提供一套用於系統性養殖淡水鰻魚和綜合管理大規模養殖設備的模型以增加漁場收入,並透過大規模生產來增加淡水鰻魚出口,從而有助於國家經濟增長。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a salmon aquaculture system that increases the growth rate and survival rate of freshwater carp using ICT, which provides a set of models for systematically cultivating freshwater squid and integrated management of large-scale farming equipment to increase fishery revenue, It also contributes to national economic growth by increasing the export of freshwater squid through mass production.
根據本發明,上述目的和其它目的可以藉由提供一種使用訊息和通信技術(ICT)增加淡水鰻魚生長速率和存活率的鰻魚水產養殖系統來完成,該鰻魚水產養殖系統包括:水箱,配置為接收養殖水及執行鰻魚水產養殖;感測器和照相機,安裝在水箱中;水質測量儀器,配置為顯示和傳送由感測器測量的水質資料和從照相機傳送的圖像;閘道,配置為傳送從該水質測量儀器接收的水質資料;綜合管理伺服器,配置為儲存和分析從閘道接收的水質資料及從照相機接收的圖像資料,以及配置為傳送所接收的水質資料和圖像資料以及傳送分析後的資料;以及用戶終端,配置為從綜合管理伺服器接收水質資料、圖像資料及分析後的資料。 In accordance with the present invention, the above and other objects are attained by providing a salmon aquaculture system that uses information and communication technology (ICT) to increase the growth rate and survival rate of freshwater squid, the squid aquaculture system comprising: a water tank configured to receive Aquaculture water and performing salmon aquaculture; sensors and cameras installed in water tanks; water quality measuring instruments configured to display and transmit water quality data measured by sensors and images transmitted from cameras; gateways, configured to transmit Water quality data received from the water quality measuring instrument; an integrated management server configured to store and analyze water quality data received from the gateway and image data received from the camera, and configured to transmit the received water quality data and image data and The analyzed data is transmitted; and the user terminal is configured to receive water quality data, image data, and analyzed data from the integrated management server.
使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統還可以包括養殖水控制裝置、養殖水循環和淨化裝置、飼料裝置和光控制裝置中的至少一者。 The salmon aquaculture system using ICT may also include at least one of aquaculture water control device, aquaculture water circulation and purification device, a feed device, and a light control device.
養殖水控制裝置可以包括:海水供給槽和淡水供給槽,該海水供給槽和淡水供給槽配置成將海水和淡水供給到水箱以將水箱中的養殖水保持為海水、半鹹水和淡水中的任一種,以降低海水或半鹹水的鹽度或提高半鹹水或淡水的鹽度;安裝在每個水箱中的加熱器和冷卻器,以控制水箱的水溫;以 及pH控制槽,連接到水箱、海水供給槽及淡水供給槽或養殖水循環和淨化裝置,以便供給pH調節劑。 The culture water control device may include: a seawater supply tank and a fresh water supply tank configured to supply seawater and fresh water to the water tank to maintain the culture water in the water tank as seawater, brackish water, and fresh water. a type to reduce the salinity of seawater or brackish water or to increase the salinity of brackish or fresh water; heaters and coolers installed in each tank to control the water temperature of the tank; And a pH control tank connected to the water tank, the seawater supply tank and the fresh water supply tank or the aquaculture water circulation and purification device to supply the pH adjuster.
養殖水循環和淨化裝置可以淨化溢出每個水箱的養殖水,然後將淨化後的養殖水重新補給至對應的水箱,養殖水循環和淨化裝置可以包括:出口,每個出口設置在水箱上半部的一側;導引元件,與該些出口連通;排水通道,從導引元件的下端的正下方區域開始;通氣槽,配置成容納從排水通道供給的養殖水並將養殖水通氣以控制養殖水中的溶解氧率;滅菌槽,配置成對通過通氣槽的養殖水進行滅菌;以及生物過濾槽,配置成對通過滅菌槽的養殖水進行生物過濾。 The aquaculture water circulation and purification device can purify the culture water overflowing each water tank, and then replenish the purified culture water to the corresponding water tank, and the culture water circulation and purification device can include: an outlet, each outlet being disposed in the upper half of the water tank a guiding member communicating with the outlets; a drainage channel starting from a region directly below the lower end of the guiding member; a venting groove configured to receive the aquaculture water supplied from the drainage channel and ventilating the aquaculture water to control the culture water a dissolved oxygen rate; a sterilization tank configured to sterilize the aquaculture water passing through the aeration tank; and a biological filtration tank configured to biologically filter the culture water passing through the sterilization tank.
使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統還可以包括:磁化水生成裝置,配置為磁化從水箱排出的養殖水,並且磁化水生成裝置可以包括:初級磁化水生成單元,安裝在與排水通道的底部間隔開的位置處且包括複數個第一磁鐵元件;磁化水槽,配置成容納已經通過初級磁化水生成單元的養殖水;旋轉軸,插入到磁化水槽中;以及次級磁化水生成單元,包括安裝在旋轉軸上的複數個第二磁鐵元件。 The salmon aquaculture system using ICT may further include: a magnetized water generating device configured to magnetize the aquaculture water discharged from the water tank, and the magnetized water generating device may include: a primary magnetized water generating unit installed to be spaced apart from a bottom of the drainage channel And a plurality of first magnet elements at the position; a magnetized water tank configured to accommodate the culture water that has passed through the primary magnetized water generating unit; a rotating shaft inserted into the magnetizing water tank; and a secondary magnetized water generating unit including the rotating shaft a plurality of second magnet elements.
如果雌激素被放入水箱的養殖水中,則可以在排水通道的至少一部分區域中形成具有包含光催化劑粉末的表面的光催化分解部分,以排出含有雌激素的養殖水,並且紫外線照射裝置可以安裝在光催化分解部分。 If the estrogen is placed in the culture water of the water tank, a photocatalytic decomposition portion having a surface containing the photocatalyst powder may be formed in at least a portion of the drainage channel to discharge the culture water containing the estrogen, and the ultraviolet irradiation device may be installed. In the photocatalytic decomposition section.
飼料裝置可以包括:空氣注入單元;空氣注入管,其一端連接到空氣注入單元,其另一端插入到水箱的養殖水中;以及飼料供給槽,其與空氣注入管的一側連通,並且,隨著水箱中的養殖水被從空氣注入單元供給的空氣充氣,飼料被供給。 The feed device may include: an air injection unit; one end of which is connected to the air injection unit, the other end of which is inserted into the culture water of the water tank; and a feed supply tank that communicates with one side of the air injection tube, and The culture water in the water tank is inflated by the air supplied from the air injection unit, and the feed is supplied.
光控制裝置可以安裝在具有封閉上表面的水箱中並且週期性地輻射光。 The light control device can be mounted in a water tank having a closed upper surface and periodically radiates light.
每個水箱的底部可以具有:錐形橫截面,其寬度朝向下的方向逐漸變窄,沉澱物排出管可以連接到水箱的最下端,網元件用於通過沉積物,網元件可以安裝在底部的側方向,供水孔用於供給養殖水,供水孔形成在網元件上方之水箱的區域,出口用於排出養殖水和浮游物質,出口可以形成在供水管的上方。 The bottom of each water tank may have a conical cross section whose width is gradually narrowed toward the lower direction, a sediment discharge pipe may be connected to the lowermost end of the water tank, a mesh element for passing the deposit, and a mesh element may be mounted at the bottom. In the lateral direction, the water supply hole is for supplying the culture water, the water supply hole is formed in the area of the water tank above the mesh element, the outlet is for discharging the culture water and the floating matter, and the outlet may be formed above the water supply pipe.
使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統可以在綜合管理模組中操作,綜合管理模組包括上層和下層,下層設置在上層的下方,至少有水箱、導引元件和排水通道可以安裝在上層,至少有通氣槽、滅菌槽、生物過濾槽、海水供給槽和淡水供給槽可以安裝在下層,已經通過排水通道的養殖水可以透過管子落入通氣槽,並且,已經通過生物過濾槽的養殖水可以使用泵重新供給至水箱以便循環。 The ICT squid aquaculture system can be operated in an integrated management module consisting of an upper and a lower layer, the lower layer being placed below the upper level, at least a water tank, guiding elements and drainage channels can be installed in the upper level, at least ventilated The tank, the sterilization tank, the biological filter tank, the seawater supply tank and the fresh water supply tank can be installed in the lower layer, and the culture water that has passed through the drainage channel can fall into the venting tank through the pipe, and the culture water that has passed through the biological filter tank can be re-used by the pump Supply to the water tank for circulation.
100‧‧‧漁場 100‧‧‧ fishery
101‧‧‧控制室 101‧‧‧Control room
103‧‧‧上層 103‧‧‧Upper
104‧‧‧下層 104‧‧‧Under
110‧‧‧水箱 110‧‧‧Water tank
111‧‧‧幼蟲魚缸 111‧‧‧larva fish tank
112‧‧‧魚苗魚缸 112‧‧‧Fish fish tank
113‧‧‧育成魚缸 113‧‧‧ breeding fish tank
113a‧‧‧鼓風機風扇 113a‧‧‧Blower fan
114‧‧‧底部 114‧‧‧ bottom
115‧‧‧沉澱物排出管 115‧‧‧Sediment discharge pipe
116‧‧‧網元件 116‧‧‧ Network components
117‧‧‧出口 117‧‧‧Export
118‧‧‧供水管 118‧‧‧Water supply pipe
119‧‧‧光控制裝置 119‧‧‧Light control device
120‧‧‧感測器 120‧‧‧ sensor
121‧‧‧溶解氧量測量感測器 121‧‧‧Dissolved Oxygen Measurement Sensor
122‧‧‧pH測量感測器 122‧‧‧pH measurement sensor
123‧‧‧水溫測量感測器 123‧‧‧Water temperature measuring sensor
125‧‧‧照相機 125‧‧‧ camera
127‧‧‧水質測量儀器 127‧‧‧Water quality measuring instrument
130‧‧‧閘道 130‧‧‧Chute
135‧‧‧綜合管理伺服器 135‧‧‧ Integrated Management Server
137‧‧‧用戶終端 137‧‧‧User terminal
150‧‧‧養殖水控制裝置 150‧‧‧Aquaculture water control device
151‧‧‧海水供給槽 151‧‧‧Seawater supply tank
152‧‧‧淡水供給槽 152‧‧‧ Freshwater supply tank
153‧‧‧加熱器和冷卻器 153‧‧‧heaters and coolers
154‧‧‧pH控制槽 154‧‧‧pH control tank
160‧‧‧養殖水循環和淨化裝置 160‧‧‧Aquaculture water circulation and purification device
161‧‧‧導引元件 161‧‧‧Guide elements
165‧‧‧通氣槽 165‧‧‧Ventilation slot
166‧‧‧滅菌槽 166‧‧‧sterilization tank
166a‧‧‧第一滅菌槽 166a‧‧‧First sterilization tank
166b‧‧‧第二滅菌槽 166b‧‧‧Second sterilization tank
166c‧‧‧第三滅菌槽 166c‧‧‧third sterilization tank
167‧‧‧生物過濾槽 167‧‧‧ Biological filter tank
168‧‧‧脫氣槽 168‧‧‧ degassing tank
170‧‧‧磁化水生成裝置 170‧‧‧Magnetized water generating device
171‧‧‧初級磁化水生成單元 171‧‧‧Primary magnetized water generating unit
173‧‧‧排水通道 173‧‧‧Drainage channel
174‧‧‧第一磁鐵元件 174‧‧‧First magnet component
175‧‧‧光催化分解部分 175‧‧‧Photocatalytic decomposition section
176‧‧‧紫外線照射裝置 176‧‧‧UV irradiation device
177‧‧‧次級磁化水生成單元 177‧‧‧Secondary magnetized water generating unit
178‧‧‧磁化水槽 178‧‧‧Magnetized sink
179‧‧‧旋轉軸 179‧‧‧Rotary axis
179a‧‧‧第二磁鐵元件 179a‧‧‧Second magnet component
180‧‧‧飼料裝置 180‧‧‧feeding device
181‧‧‧空氣注入單元 181‧‧‧Air injection unit
182‧‧‧空氣注入管 182‧‧‧Air injection tube
183‧‧‧電子控制閥 183‧‧‧Electronic control valve
184‧‧‧空氣注入管 184‧‧‧Air injection tube
透過下面結合附圖的詳細描述,將更清楚地理解本發明的上述目的和其它目的、特徵和其它優點,其中:[圖1]係表示本發明使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統的配置的方塊圖。 The above object and other objects, features and other advantages of the present invention will be more clearly understood from the following detailed description of the accompanying drawings in which: FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing the configuration of the squid aquaculture system using the ICT of the present invention. .
[圖2]係設有根據本發明的綜合管理系統的鰻魚漁場的透視圖。 [Fig. 2] A perspective view of a salmon fishery provided with an integrated management system according to the present invention.
[圖3]係表示根據本發明的用於管理水箱的各種設備的方塊圖。 Fig. 3 is a block diagram showing various devices for managing a water tank according to the present invention.
[圖4]係表示根據本發明的養殖水控制裝置的配置的方塊圖。 Fig. 4 is a block diagram showing the configuration of a culture water control device according to the present invention.
[圖5A及圖5B]係表示根據本發明之設置在光催化分解部分中的排水通道和紫外線照射裝置的圖。 5A and 5B are views showing a drain passage and an ultraviolet ray irradiation device provided in the photocatalytic decomposition portion according to the present invention.
[圖6]係表示根據本發明的次級磁化水生成單元的示意圖。 Fig. 6 is a schematic view showing a secondary magnetized water generating unit according to the present invention.
[圖7]係表示根據本發明的飼料裝置的示意圖。 Fig. 7 is a schematic view showing a feed device according to the present invention.
[圖8]係表示根據本發明的育成魚缸的示意圖。 Fig. 8 is a schematic view showing a breeding fish tank according to the present invention.
現在將詳細參考本發明的較佳實施例,其示例在附圖中示出。 Reference will now be made in detail to the preferred embodiments embodiments
在本發明的以下描述中,當其可能使本發明的主題不清楚時,將省略本文中併入的已知功能和配置的詳細描述。此外,在以下描述中使用的術語是在考慮根據本發明獲得的功能的情況下定義的。這些術語的定義應該基於本說明書的整個內容來確定,因為它們可以根據用戶或操作者的意圖或通常實踐(usual practice)而改變。 Detailed descriptions of well-known functions and configurations incorporated herein will be omitted when it is possible to make the subject matter of the present invention unclear in the following description of the present invention. Furthermore, the terms used in the following description are defined in consideration of the functions obtained according to the present invention. The definitions of these terms should be determined based on the entire content of the specification, as they may vary depending on the intention of the user or the operator or the usual practice.
根據本發明的使用訊息和通信技術(ICT)的鰻魚水產養殖系統,其係基於ICT操作來增加淡水鰻魚的生長速率和存活率,且其主要目的之一是防止鰻魚幼蟲(Leptocephali)和幼鰻(elvers)大規模死亡的發生及增加鰻魚幼蟲和幼鰻的存活率和生長率,鰻魚幼蟲是指鰻魚的幼蟲(larvae of eel),幼鰻是指年輕鰻魚(young eel)。然而,本公開不限於此,並且,根據本發明使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統不僅可應用於鰻魚育成魚缸的水產養殖,而且可應用於鰻魚的人工排卵和人工孵化。 The salmon aquaculture system using information and communication technology (ICT) according to the present invention is based on ICT operation to increase the growth rate and survival rate of freshwater carp, and one of its main purposes is to prevent larvae and young larvae (Leptocephali) and young larvae. (elvers) the occurrence of large-scale death and increase the survival rate and growth rate of larvae and young larvae. The larvae of carp refer to the larvae of eel, and the larvae refer to young eel. However, the present disclosure is not limited thereto, and the salmon aquaculture system using ICT according to the present invention can be applied not only to aquaculture of a salmon culture tank but also to artificial ovulation and artificial hatching of salmon.
圖1係表示本發明使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統的配置的方塊圖,圖2係設有根據本發明的綜合管理系統的鰻魚漁場的透視圖,圖3係表示根據本發明的用於管理水箱的各種設備的方塊圖。 1 is a block diagram showing the configuration of a salmon aquaculture system using ICT of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a salmon fishery provided with an integrated management system according to the present invention, and FIG. 3 is a view showing a water tank for managing water tanks according to the present invention. A block diagram of the various devices.
參考圖1和圖2,根據本發明的使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統,其可以包括:水箱110,用於接收養殖水並執行淡水鰻魚(鰻魚幼蟲、幼鰻和育成鰻魚)的水產養殖;感測器120及照相機125,安裝在水箱110;水質測量儀器127,用於顯示和傳送由感測器120測量的水質資料和從照相機125傳送的圖像的水質測量儀器127;閘道127,用於傳送從水質測量儀器127接收的水質資料;管理伺服器135,用於儲存和分析從閘道130接收的水質資料和從照相機125接收的圖像資料,並傳送所接收的水質資料和圖像資料以及分析後的資料;以及用戶終端137,用於接收水質資料、圖像資料和來自綜合管理伺服器135的分析資料。 Referring to Figures 1 and 2, a salmon aquaculture system using ICT according to the present invention may include a water tank 110 for receiving aquaculture water and performing aquaculture of freshwater squid (salty larvae, pups and carp); The detector 120 and the camera 125 are mounted in the water tank 110; the water quality measuring instrument 127, the water quality measuring instrument 127 for displaying and transmitting the water quality data measured by the sensor 120 and the image transmitted from the camera 125; the gateway 127, The water quality data received from the water quality measuring instrument 127 is transmitted; the management server 135 is configured to store and analyze the water quality data received from the gateway 130 and the image data received from the camera 125, and transmit the received water quality data and images. The data and the analyzed data; and the user terminal 137 are configured to receive water quality data, image data, and analysis data from the integrated management server 135.
並聯型電源、一般電源、緊急電源和緊急備用電源被構造為鰻魚漁場100的電源,從而在緊急情況下提供應急電源。 The parallel type power source, the general power source, the emergency power source, and the emergency backup power source are configured as power sources for the salmon fishery 100 to provide emergency power in an emergency.
控制室101設置在漁場100的一側,綜合管理伺服器135安裝在控制室101中且管理和傳送接收到的資料,以便在漁場100內外即時管理水質。 The control room 101 is disposed at one side of the fishery 100, and the integrated management server 135 is installed in the control room 101 and manages and transmits the received materials to instantly manage the water quality inside and outside the fishery 100.
本發明的水箱110,如圖2所示,可以包括在其中飼養鰻魚幼蟲的幼蟲魚缸111、飼養年輕鰻魚的魚苗魚缸112和飼養育成鰻魚的育成魚缸113。 The water tank 110 of the present invention, as shown in Fig. 2, may include a larval aquarium 111 in which carp larvae are reared, a fry fish tank 112 in which young carp are reared, and a cultivating fish tank 113 in which carp is reared.
幼蟲魚缸111和魚苗魚缸112的尺寸小於育成魚缸113的尺寸,但是具有比育成魚缸113更多的數量,使得鰻魚幼蟲和年輕鰻魚可以低密度繁殖。 The larval aquarium 111 and the fry aquarium 112 are smaller in size than the brooding aquarium 113, but have a larger number than the brooding aquarium 113, so that carp larvae and young carp can be propagated at a low density.
在鰻魚幼蟲和年輕鰻魚的水產養殖中,可以不給予用於育成鰻魚(eel brood stork)或成鰻的水產養殖的抗生素。也就是說,為了生長鰻魚和管理水質,使用無害的生長激素或海藻浮游微生物(益生菌),即非抗生素飼料來繁殖鰻魚,因此,可以實現生態友好型的水質管理。 In the aquaculture of salmon larvae and young catfish, antibiotics for aquaculture of eel brood stork or adult carp may not be given. That is to say, in order to grow salmon and manage water quality, use harmless growth hormone or seaweed planktonic microorganisms (probiotics), that is, non-antibiotic feeds to breed salmon, so that eco-friendly water quality management can be achieved.
此外,感測器120和照相機125分別安裝在幼蟲魚缸111、魚苗魚缸112和育成魚缸113中,感測器120和照相機125可以測量水質資料並觀察水箱110中的鰻魚。 Further, the sensor 120 and the camera 125 are installed in the larval fish tank 111, the fry fish tank 112, and the cultivating fish tank 113, respectively, and the sensor 120 and the camera 125 can measure the water quality data and observe the squid in the water tank 110.
感測器120可以包括溶解氧量測量感測器121、pH測量感測器122、水溫測量感測器123、硝酸鹽測量感測器、氨測量感測器和鹽度測量感測器中的至少一個,但是不限於此,可以添加任何可以測量水質資料的感測器。 The sensor 120 may include a dissolved oxygen amount measuring sensor 121, a pH measuring sensor 122, a water temperature measuring sensor 123, a nitrate measuring sensor, an ammonia measuring sensor, and a salinity measuring sensor. At least one, but not limited to, any sensor that can measure water quality data can be added.
此外,感測器120可以以有線或無線通訊的方式傳送水質資料。 In addition, the sensor 120 can transmit water quality data in a wired or wireless communication manner.
例如,溶解氧量測量感測器121可以透過極譜法(polarography)測量養殖水中的溶解氧量。 For example, the dissolved oxygen amount measuring sensor 121 can measure the amount of dissolved oxygen in the culture water by polarography.
例如,pH測量感測器122可以透過複合玻璃電極方法測量養殖水中的pH值。 For example, the pH measurement sensor 122 can measure the pH of the culture water through a composite glass electrode method.
例如,水溫測量感測器123可以透過電阻溫度計法測量養殖水的溫度。 For example, the water temperature measuring sensor 123 can measure the temperature of the culture water through a resistance thermometer method.
水質測量儀器127用於透過有線或無線通訊從感測器120接收水質資料,以顯示接收到的水質,並將接收到的水質傳送到閘道130。 The water quality measuring instrument 127 is configured to receive water quality data from the sensor 120 via wired or wireless communication to display the received water quality and to transmit the received water quality to the gateway 130.
例如,閘道130可以執行在1km內的短距離通訊和與水質測量儀器127和綜合管理伺服器135的LTE/3G無線通信。 For example, the gateway 130 can perform short-range communication within 1 km and LTE/3G wireless communication with the water quality measuring instrument 127 and the integrated management server 135.
綜合管理伺服器135從閘道130接收水質資料、從照相機125接收圖像資料、並將水質資料和圖像資料傳送到用戶終端137。 The integrated management server 135 receives water quality data from the gateway 130, receives image data from the camera 125, and transmits the water quality data and image data to the user terminal 137.
除了照相機125之外,可以透過顯微鏡精細地監視水箱110的內部狀態,從而可以更準確地觀察淡水鰻魚的繁殖狀態。 In addition to the camera 125, the internal state of the water tank 110 can be finely monitored through a microscope, so that the reproduction state of the freshwater squid can be observed more accurately.
此外,可以安裝顯微熱成像相機以精確檢查鰻魚幼蟲或年輕鰻魚的微小溫度,並且因此在疾病出現或群體死亡之前確認其疾病狀態。顯微熱成像相機可以周期性地檢查鰻魚幼蟲或年輕鰻魚的生長和變化,從而根據生長率提高存活率並執行飼料和水箱管理。 In addition, a micro-thermal imaging camera can be installed to accurately check the tiny temperature of the larvae or young carp, and thus confirm the disease state before the disease occurs or the population dies. Micro-thermal imaging cameras can periodically check the growth and changes of salmon larvae or young catfish to increase survival rates and perform feed and tank management based on growth rates.
此外,綜合管理伺服器135藉由將接收到的水質資料與預定的基準值進行比較來計算水質分析資料。 Further, the integrated management server 135 calculates the water quality analysis data by comparing the received water quality data with a predetermined reference value.
例如,在由水溫測量感測器123測量的水溫為30℃,預定的基準值為28℃的情況下,綜合管理伺服器135可以將表示水溫高於預定的基準溫度的分析資料傳送給用戶終端137。 For example, in the case where the water temperature measured by the water temperature measuring sensor 123 is 30 ° C and the predetermined reference value is 28 ° C, the integrated management server 135 can transmit the analytical data indicating that the water temperature is higher than the predetermined reference temperature. To the user terminal 137.
透過將由各感測器120測量的水質資料(例如,水溫、pH值、溶解氧量等)與各自的基準值進行比較,來計算出這類的分析資料。 Such analysis data is calculated by comparing water quality data (for example, water temperature, pH value, dissolved oxygen amount, and the like) measured by each sensor 120 with respective reference values.
鰻魚幼蟲或年輕鰻魚之疾病的主要原因包括水箱110的清潔狀態、飼料品質差、飼料過量供給、高密度繁殖、不良的年輕鰻魚、水質下降、由傷疤引起的細菌性疾病、免疫/抗性降低等,基於測量資料徹底地且綜合地控制所有原因,可以增加鰻魚幼蟲或年輕鰻魚的生長速率及可以增加水質。 The main causes of diseases of squid larvae or young carp include clean state of water tank 110, poor feed quality, excessive feed supply, high-density reproduction, poor young squid, decreased water quality, bacterial diseases caused by scars, and reduced immunity/resistance. Etc., based on measurement data to thoroughly and comprehensively control all causes, can increase the growth rate of larvae or young carp and increase water quality.
此外,可以啟動用於在鰻魚進入水箱110之前檢測不良的年輕鰻魚的程序,可以透過徹底地管理水質來管理疾病感染,並且,即使在任何一個水箱110中發生疾病,也可以啟動對應的警告系統,並且,可以即時實現諸如 使用特定的熱成像相機搜索生病鰻魚幼蟲的措施,據此可以防止其他鰻魚受到感染。也就是說,將具有強免疫力的鰻魚的最佳體溫和適當的體溫構建為資料庫,並且僅使用資料庫檢測健康的鰻魚並允許其進入水箱110。 In addition, a procedure for detecting a bad young squid before the squid enters the water tank 110 can be initiated, the disease infection can be managed by thoroughly managing the water quality, and the corresponding warning system can be activated even if a disease occurs in any of the water tanks 110. And can be implemented instantly, such as A specific thermal imaging camera is used to search for squid larvae, which prevents other squids from being infected. That is to say, the optimal body temperature and appropriate body temperature of the strongly-improved carp are constructed as a database, and only the database is used to detect healthy squid and allow it to enter the water tank 110.
用戶終端137從綜合管理伺服器135接收並顯示水質資料、圖像資料和分析資料,綜合管理伺服器135例如可以是智慧型手機或個人電腦(PC)。由於用戶終端137可以即時遠程接收水質資料並且透過圖片/圖像在視覺上確認水箱110中的狀態,因此可以促進水質管理,並且可以降低諸如個人費用的成本。 The user terminal 137 receives and displays water quality data, image data, and analysis data from the integrated management server 135, and the integrated management server 135 may be, for example, a smart phone or a personal computer (PC). Since the user terminal 137 can receive the water quality data remotely and visually confirm the state in the water tank 110 through the picture/image, water quality management can be promoted, and the cost such as personal expenses can be reduced.
除了監測水箱110內的養殖水的水質以及監測警告消息的傳輸之外,如圖3所示,根據本發明的使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統還可以包括:養殖水控制裝置150、養殖水循環和淨化裝置160、飼料裝置180和光控制裝置119中的至少一者。 In addition to monitoring the quality of the culture water in the water tank 110 and monitoring the transmission of warning messages, as shown in FIG. 3, the salmon aquaculture system using ICT according to the present invention may further include: aquaculture water control device 150, aquaculture water circulation and purification At least one of the device 160, the feed device 180, and the light control device 119.
各個裝置可以由綜合管理伺服器135或用戶終端137操作。 Each device can be operated by the integrated management server 135 or the user terminal 137.
例如,綜合管理伺服器135可以自動操作設備150,160,119和180以便管理水質,並且如果由感測器120測量的水質資料偏離相應的預定參考值,則綜合管理伺服器135將控制指令傳送到相應的設備150,160,119和180,從而自動控制各個設備150,160,119和180。 For example, the integrated management server 135 can automatically operate the devices 150, 160, 119, and 180 to manage water quality, and if the water quality data measured by the sensor 120 deviates from the corresponding predetermined reference value, the integrated management server 135 transmits control instructions to the corresponding device. 150, 160, 119 and 180, thereby automatically controlling the respective devices 150, 160, 119 and 180.
此外,可以透過用戶終端137手動實現水質管理。在這種情況下,管理者可以觀察透過用戶終端137接收的水質資料、圖像資料和分析資料,並且向各個設備150,160,119和180傳送控制指令,從而控制各個設備150,160,119和180。在這種情況下,從用戶終端137傳送的控制指令可以直接傳送到各個設備150,160,119和180,或者可以透過綜合管理伺服器135傳送到各個 裝置150,160,119和180。在後一種情況下,管理記錄可以儲存在綜合管理伺服器135中,因此管理記錄可以構建資料庫。 In addition, water quality management can be manually implemented through the user terminal 137. In this case, the manager can observe the water quality data, the image data, and the analysis data received through the user terminal 137, and transmit control instructions to the respective devices 150, 160, 119, and 180, thereby controlling the respective devices 150, 160, 119, and 180. In this case, the control commands transmitted from the user terminal 137 may be directly transmitted to the respective devices 150, 160, 119, and 180, or may be transmitted to the respective devices through the integrated management server 135. Devices 150, 160, 119 and 180. In the latter case, the management record can be stored in the integrated management server 135, so the management record can construct a database.
圖4是表示根據本發明的養殖水控制裝置的配置的方塊圖。 Figure 4 is a block diagram showing the configuration of a culture water control device according to the present invention.
參考圖4,養殖水控制裝置150可以包括海水供給槽151、淡水供給槽152、加熱器和冷卻器153以及pH控制槽154。 Referring to FIG. 4, the aquaculture water control device 150 may include a seawater supply tank 151, a fresh water supply tank 152, a heater and a cooler 153, and a pH control tank 154.
海水供給槽151和淡水供給槽152用於將海水和淡水供給到水箱110,以便將水箱110中的養殖水保持為海水、半鹹水和淡水中的任一種,以降低海水或半鹹水中的鹽度,或提高半鹹水或淡水中的鹽度。 The seawater supply tank 151 and the fresh water supply tank 152 are used to supply seawater and fresh water to the water tank 110 to maintain the culture water in the water tank 110 as any one of sea water, brackish water, and fresh water to reduce salt in seawater or brackish water. Degree, or increase the salinity of brackish or fresh water.
一般來說,由於鰻魚的生態遷移特性,淡水鰻魚在淡水、半鹹水和海水中之對應一者的養殖水中生長。 In general, due to the ecological migration characteristics of squid, freshwater squid grows in the corresponding one of freshwater, brackish water and seawater.
例如,對淡水鰻魚進行管理,使得從淡水中捕獲的育成鰻魚在半鹹水中適應指定的時期,並因此適應海水,以透過激素療法誘導性成熟以進行排卵和受精,並執行人工產卵,然後在海水中進行排卵和受精。 For example, freshwater squid is managed so that the squid caught from fresh water is adapted to the specified period in brackish water and thus adapted to seawater to induce sexual maturation through hormonal therapy for ovulation and fertilization, and artificial spawning is performed, then Ovulation and fertilization in sea water.
更詳細地,在海水中孵出的鰻魚幼蟲和用於人工孵化的育成鰻魚在淡水、半鹹水和海水之間存在切換狀態,為此目的,海水供給槽151和淡水供給槽152連接到幼蟲魚缸111或育成魚缸113。 In more detail, the larvae hatched in seawater and the bred carp used for artificial hatching have a switching state between fresh water, brackish water and seawater, and for this purpose, the seawater supply tank 151 and the fresh water supply tank 152 are connected to the larva fish tank. 111 or bred a fish tank 113.
例如,育成魚缸113被管理,使得包含在育成魚缸113中的養殖水最初保持為淡水,透過從海水供給槽151引入指定的海水轉化為半鹹水,然後隨著指定海水適應期過後再轉化為海水。於此,當綜合管理伺服器135向海水供給槽151傳送控制指令,以將預定量的海水供給給育成魚缸113時,連接海水供給槽151和育成魚缸113的管子藉由安裝在管子上的電子控制閥被打開,從而執行海水供給。 For example, the cultivating fish tank 113 is managed such that the culture water contained in the cultivating fish tank 113 is initially kept fresh water, converted into brackish water by introducing a specified seawater from the seawater supply tank 151, and then converted into sea water after the designated seawater adaptation period has elapsed. . Here, when the integrated management server 135 transmits a control command to the seawater supply tank 151 to supply a predetermined amount of seawater to the breeding fish tank 113, the tubes connecting the seawater supply tank 151 and the growing fish tank 113 are mounted on the tubes. The control valve is opened to perform seawater supply.
安裝在育成魚缸113中的鹽度感測器根據海水的流入即時測量鹽度和傳輸鹽度,並且綜合管理服務器135基於測量的鹽度控制海水供給量和海水供給週期。 The salinity sensor installed in the growing fish tank 113 instantaneously measures the salinity and the transport salinity according to the inflow of seawater, and the integrated management server 135 controls the seawater supply amount and the seawater supply period based on the measured salinity.
加熱器和冷卻器153安裝在水箱110中,並且用於控制水溫,並且由綜合管理服務器135控制加熱器和冷卻器153的開/關、加熱強度和冷卻強度。 The heater and cooler 153 are installed in the water tank 110, and are used to control the water temperature, and the on/off, heating intensity, and cooling intensity of the heater and the cooler 153 are controlled by the integrated management server 135.
pH控制槽154可以透過管子等連接到水箱110、海水供給槽151、淡水供給槽152或養殖水循環和淨化裝置160,並且,電子控制閥安裝在管道上並用於供給pH調節劑。 The pH control tank 154 may be connected to the water tank 110, the seawater supply tank 151, the fresh water supply tank 152, or the aquaculture water circulation and purification device 160 through a pipe or the like, and the electronic control valve is installed on the pipe and used to supply the pH adjuster.
也就是說,在本發明中,由於藉由採用水流式過濾法對水箱110中的養殖水進行過濾,所以經由多級過濾法進行水質管理,並且,將每個水箱110中的流量、水溫、pH值、DO、鹽度、滅菌、流速、照明等分離管理,即使在一個水箱110中發生水質問題,相應的水箱110也獨立於其他水箱110進行管理,因此大規模死亡的危險可以降低。 That is, in the present invention, since the culture water in the water tank 110 is filtered by the water flow filtration method, the water quality management is performed via the multi-stage filtration method, and the flow rate and the water temperature in each of the water tanks 110 are Separation management of pH, DO, salinity, sterilization, flow rate, illumination, etc., even if water quality problems occur in one water tank 110, the corresponding water tank 110 is managed independently of the other water tanks 110, so the risk of mass death can be reduced.
此外,各個水箱110的鰻魚幼蟲每週被切開一次,並且使用顯微鏡觀察鰻魚幼蟲和年輕鰻魚的生長狀態並構建為資料庫。資料庫可以儲存在綜合管理伺服器135中並由綜合管理伺服器135管理。 Further, the larvae of each of the water tanks 110 were cut once a week, and the growth state of the larvae and young carp were observed using a microscope and constructed as a database. The database can be stored in the integrated management server 135 and managed by the integrated management server 135.
參考圖2和圖3,養殖水循環和淨化裝置160用於淨化溢出每個水箱110的養殖水,然後重新補給和循環淨化水到相應的水箱110。 Referring to Figures 2 and 3, the aquaculture water circulation and purification device 160 is used to purify the aquaculture water overflowing each of the water tanks 110, and then replenish and recycle the purified water to the corresponding water tank 110.
例如,安裝在育成魚缸113的養殖水循環和淨化裝置160可以包括:出口117,每個出口117設置在育成魚缸113的上半部的一側;管狀的導引元件161,與出口117連通;排水通道173,從導引元件161下端的正下方的區域 開始;通氣槽165,容納從排水通道173供給的養殖水並且用氧氣使養殖水通氣以控制養殖水中的溶解氧速率;滅菌槽166,對通過通氣槽165的養殖水進行滅菌;脫氣槽168,對通過滅菌槽166的養殖水除去其中的二氧化碳;分裂環狀的生物過濾槽167,對通過脫氣槽168的養殖水進行生物過濾。 For example, the aquaculture water circulation and purification device 160 installed in the cultivating fish tank 113 may include: an outlet 117, each outlet 117 being disposed on one side of the upper half of the cultivating fish tank 113; a tubular guiding member 161 communicating with the outlet 117; Channel 173, from directly below the lower end of the guiding element 161 Starting; a venting tank 165 accommodating the aquaculture water supplied from the drain passage 173 and aerating the culture water with oxygen to control the rate of dissolved oxygen in the culture water; the sterilization tank 166 sterilizing the culture water passing through the venting tank 165; the degassing tank 168 The carbon dioxide is removed from the aquaculture water passing through the sterilization tank 166; the split biological filter tank 167 is subjected to biological filtration of the culture water passing through the degassing tank 168.
滅菌槽166可以包括:第一滅菌槽166a,其中設置有紫外線燈:第二滅菌槽166b,其中設置有紫外線過濾器;以及第三滅菌槽166c,透過臭氧供給對養殖水進行滅菌。 The sterilization tank 166 may include a first sterilization tank 166a in which an ultraviolet lamp is disposed: a second sterilization tank 166b in which an ultraviolet filter is disposed; and a third sterilization tank 166c that sterilizes the culture water through the ozone supply.
生物過濾槽167用於透過生物過濾分解氨等。 The biological filter tank 167 is for decomposing ammonia or the like by biological filtration.
然而,上述滅菌和淨化單元僅僅是示例性的,因此,可以添加各種已知的滅菌單元和淨化單元。 However, the above sterilization and purification unit is merely exemplary, and thus, various known sterilization units and purification units may be added.
圖5A及圖5B係表示根據本發明之設置在光催化分解部分中的排水通道和紫外線照射裝置的圖,圖6係表示根據本發明的次級磁化水生成單元的示意圖。 5A and 5B are views showing a drain passage and an ultraviolet ray irradiation device provided in a photocatalytic decomposition portion according to the present invention, and Fig. 6 is a view showing a secondary magnetized water generating unit according to the present invention.
參考圖5A至圖6,在本發明中,磁化水生成裝置170可以與養殖水循環和淨化裝置160並聯安裝。 Referring to FIGS. 5A through 6, in the present invention, the magnetized water generating device 170 may be installed in parallel with the aquaculture water circulation and purification device 160.
磁化水生成裝置170可以設置在通氣槽165、滅菌槽166和生物過濾槽167的前面或後面。 The magnetized water generating device 170 may be disposed in front of or behind the venting tank 165, the sterilizing tank 166, and the biological filter tank 167.
更詳細地,磁化水生成裝置170可以包括:初級磁化水生成單元171,初級磁化水生成單元171安裝在與排水通道173的底部隔開指定間隔的位置,並且包括多個第一磁鐵元件174;磁化水槽178,容納通過初級磁化水生成單元171的養殖水;旋轉軸179,插入到磁化水槽178中;以及次級磁化水產生單元177,包括安裝在旋轉軸179上的第二磁鐵元件179a。 In more detail, the magnetized water generating device 170 may include: a primary magnetized water generating unit 171, the primary magnetized water generating unit 171 is installed at a position spaced apart from the bottom of the drain channel 173 by a specified interval, and includes a plurality of first magnet elements 174; The magnetizing water tank 178 accommodates the aquaculture water passing through the primary magnetized water generating unit 171; the rotating shaft 179 is inserted into the magnetizing water tank 178; and the secondary magnetized water generating unit 177 includes the second magnet element 179a mounted on the rotating shaft 179.
初級磁化水生成單元171預先提供磁力以產生磁化水,然後透過次級磁化水產生單元177磁化養殖水。如果養殖水被磁化,則淡水鰻魚的生理活性得到改善,可以改善淡水鰻魚的存活率或生長率。 The primary magnetized water generating unit 171 previously supplies a magnetic force to generate magnetized water, and then magnetizes the aquaculture water through the secondary magnetized water generating unit 177. If the culture water is magnetized, the physiological activity of the freshwater carp is improved, and the survival rate or growth rate of the freshwater carp can be improved.
此外,溢出各個水箱110的養殖水可以在排水通道173處結合,並且可以被通氣、滅菌和過濾。 Further, the aquaculture water overflowing each of the water tanks 110 may be combined at the drain passage 173 and may be ventilated, sterilized, and filtered.
例如,由於該些幼蟲魚缸111具有相同的養殖水質條件,即相同的水溫、鹽度、pH值等,從幼蟲魚缸111排出的養殖水可以結合隨後純化,並且純化後的養殖水可以分配到幼蟲魚缸111。然而,如果水箱110的養殖水質條件(例如水溫、鹽度、是否輸入性成熟激素等)不同,則將排水通道173根據水質條件分開且分別進行養殖水的純化。 For example, since the larval aquariums 111 have the same culture water quality conditions, that is, the same water temperature, salinity, pH value, etc., the aquaculture water discharged from the larval aquarium 111 can be combined with subsequent purification, and the purified culture water can be distributed to Larva fish tank 111. However, if the culture water quality conditions of the water tank 110 (for example, water temperature, salinity, whether or not the sexual maturity is input) are different, the drainage channels 173 are separated according to the water quality conditions and the culture water is separately purified.
更詳細地說,從育成魚缸113排出的養殖水不與從其它魚缸排出的養殖水結合且可以透過分離的排水通道173處理,因為育成魚缸113排出的養殖水中被放入性成熟激素以誘導育成鰻魚的性成熟。 In more detail, the culture water discharged from the rearing fish tank 113 is not combined with the aquaculture water discharged from the other aquariums and can be treated through the separated drainage passage 173 because the culture water discharged from the cultivation aquarium 113 is put into the sexual mature hormone to induce breeding. Sexual maturity of squid.
例如,如果將性成熟激素(17 β-雌二醇)放入水箱110的養殖水中,則可以在排水通道173的至少一部分區域中形成具有包含光催化劑粉末的表面的光催化分解部分175,含有性成熟激素的養殖水沿排水通道173的該至少一部分區域排出。 For example, if a sexually mature hormone ( 17β -estradiol) is placed in the culture water of the water tank 110, a photocatalytic decomposition portion 175 having a surface containing the photocatalyst powder may be formed in at least a portion of the drainage channel 173, containing The culture water of the sexual mature hormone is discharged along the at least a portion of the drainage channel 173.
紫外線照射裝置176可以安裝在光催化分解部分175中。 The ultraviolet irradiation device 176 can be installed in the photocatalytic decomposition portion 175.
於此,排水通道173可以具有其上表面完全打開的結構,如圖5B所示,或者具有與外部隔離的管狀結構。 Here, the drain passage 173 may have a structure in which the upper surface thereof is completely opened, as shown in FIG. 5B, or has a tubular structure isolated from the outside.
圖7係表示根據本發明的飼料裝置的示意圖。 Figure 7 is a schematic view showing a feed device according to the present invention.
參考圖7,飼料裝置180用於供給液體狀態或粉末狀態的飼料。飼料裝置180根據在各個水箱110中養殖的淡水鰻魚的種類來控制供給量和供給種類,並向水箱110供給飼料,從而可以即時觀察亞硝酸的形成和由分解引起的硝酸鹽和病毒感染的高蛋白飼料的浪費,以便預先徹底預防。 Referring to Figure 7, the feed device 180 is used to feed a feed in a liquid state or a powder state. The feed device 180 controls the supply amount and the supply type based on the type of freshwater squid cultured in each of the water tanks 110, and supplies the feed to the water tank 110, so that the formation of nitrous acid and the high nitrate and virus infection caused by decomposition can be observed immediately. Waste of protein feed for thorough prevention in advance.
飼料裝置180可以包括:空氣注入單元181;空氣注入管182,其一端連接到空氣注入單元181,另一端插入水箱110的養殖水中,以便注入飼料和空氣;以及飼料供給槽184,其與空氣注入管182的一側連通。 The feed device 180 may include: an air injection unit 181; an air injection pipe 182 having one end connected to the air injection unit 181, the other end inserted into the culture water of the water tank 110 to inject the feed and the air; and the feed supply tank 184, which is injected with the air One side of the tube 182 is in communication.
飼料供給槽184可以設置在空氣注入管182上方,並且設置有電子控制閥183以控制飼料的供給。 The feed supply tank 184 may be disposed above the air injection pipe 182 and provided with an electronic control valve 183 to control the supply of the feed.
空氣注入單元181與空氣注入管182連通,並且供給指定壓力的空氣,從而提供驅動力以傳遞從飼料供給槽184供給的飼料。 The air injection unit 181 communicates with the air injection pipe 182, and supplies air of a specified pressure, thereby providing a driving force to transfer the feed supplied from the feed supply tank 184.
隨著水箱110中的養殖水被從空氣注入單元181供給的空氣充氣,飼料被供給。 As the culture water in the water tank 110 is inflated by the air supplied from the air injection unit 181, the feed is supplied.
如果透過空氣注射方法供給飼料,則當飼料供給至水箱110供給時,間歇地進行充氣,因此可以輔助水質改善,特別地,如果水箱110具有密封的桶形狀且其上表面為關閉,則空氣注射方法更為有效。 If the feed is supplied by the air injection method, when the feed is supplied to the water tank 110, the inflation is intermittently performed, so that the water quality improvement can be assisted, in particular, if the water tank 110 has a sealed barrel shape and the upper surface thereof is closed, the air injection The method is more effective.
圖8係表示根據本發明的育成魚缸的示意圖。 Figure 8 is a schematic view showing a breeding fish tank according to the present invention.
參考圖8,光控制裝置119安裝在上表面封閉的育成魚缸113中,並用於週期性地輻射光。 Referring to Fig. 8, the light control device 119 is mounted in the upper surface closed cultivation fish tank 113 and is used to periodically radiate light.
上表面封閉的水箱(例如育成魚缸113)可以使外部溫度、外部照明等的影響最小化,從而防止大規模死亡。然而,育成魚缸113可以設計成透過安裝在育成魚缸113的上半部一側的通風孔或鼓風機風扇113a進行通風。 A water tank with an upper surface closed (for example, a fish tank 113) can minimize the effects of external temperature, external lighting, etc., thereby preventing large-scale death. However, the cultivating fish tank 113 may be designed to be ventilated through a vent hole or a blower fan 113a installed on one side of the upper half of the cultivating fish tank 113.
本發明的育成魚缸113的底部114具有錐形橫截面,其寬度朝向下的方向逐漸變窄,並且沉澱物排出管115可以連接到育成魚缸113的最下端。 The bottom portion 114 of the cultivating fish tank 113 of the present invention has a tapered cross section whose width is gradually narrowed toward the lower direction, and the sediment discharge pipe 115 can be connected to the lowermost end of the cultivating fish tank 113.
此外,在底部114側面安裝網元件116以用於通過沉澱物並防止育成魚缸113中的鰻魚進入網元件116下方的區域。如果安裝網元件116,沉積物可以集中收集在網元件116下方的區域中,所收集的沉澱物透過沉澱物排出管115週期性地及選擇性地排出到外部,因此,可以實現卓越的水質管理。 In addition, a mesh element 116 is mounted on the side of the bottom portion 114 for passing the deposit and preventing the squid in the apical fish tank 113 from entering the area below the mesh element 116. If the mesh member 116 is installed, deposits can be collected centrally in the area below the mesh member 116, and the collected precipitate is periodically and selectively discharged to the outside through the sediment discharge pipe 115, thereby achieving excellent water quality management. .
此外,用於供給養殖水的供水管118或空氣注入管182連接到在網元件116上方的育成魚缸113的區域,並且用於排出養殖水和浮游物的出口117可以形成在供水管118的上方。藉由在網元件116的上方設置供水孔,可以最大限度地防止沉澱物的再漂浮,並且可以更有效地實現淨化養殖水和在育成魚缸113中的養殖水之間的交換。 Further, a water supply pipe 118 or an air injection pipe 182 for supplying the aquaculture water is connected to a region of the culture fish tank 113 above the mesh member 116, and an outlet 117 for discharging the culture water and the float may be formed above the water supply pipe 118. . By providing the water supply hole above the mesh member 116, the re-floating of the sediment can be prevented to the utmost, and the exchange between the purified culture water and the culture water in the cultivating fish tank 113 can be more effectively realized.
請復參考圖2,使用ICT增加淡水鰻魚的生長速度和存活率的水產養殖系統可以安裝在包括上層103及上層103下方和下層104的綜合管理模組中。 Referring back to FIG. 2, an aquaculture system that uses ICT to increase the growth rate and survival rate of freshwater squid can be installed in an integrated management module including the upper layer 103 and the lower layer 103 and the lower layer 104.
至少在上層103上設置彼此分開的幼蟲魚缸111、魚苗魚缸112和育成魚缸113,並且從育成魚缸113排出的養殖水與從其他魚缸111,112排出的養殖水分開淨化。 The larval fish tank 111, the fry fish tank 112, and the cultivating fish tank 113 which are separated from each other are provided at least on the upper layer 103, and the culture water discharged from the cultivating fish tank 113 is purified separately from the culture water discharged from the other fish tanks 111, 112.
從各個魚缸111,112和113排出的養殖水通過設置在下層104上的養殖水循環和淨化裝置160,然後使用管子和泵(圖未示)重新供給到相應的魚缸111,112和113。 The aquaculture water discharged from each of the fish tanks 111, 112 and 113 passes through the aquaculture water circulation and purification device 160 disposed on the lower layer 104, and is then re-supplied to the corresponding fish tanks 111, 112 and 113 using pipes and pumps (not shown).
此外,透過分離的飼料裝置180自動地供給飼料到幼蟲魚缸111、魚苗魚缸112和育成魚缸113。 Further, the feed is automatically supplied to the larval aquarium 111, the fry fish tank 112, and the rearing fish tank 113 through the separated feed device 180.
此外,水質測量儀器127、閘道130和綜合管理伺服器135中的至少一者被安裝在設置在下層104的一側的控制室101中,並且在幼蟲魚缸111、魚苗魚缸112和育成魚缸113內外的所有情況透過接收到的資料進行綜合管理。 Further, at least one of the water quality measuring instrument 127, the gateway 130, and the integrated management server 135 is installed in the control room 101 provided at one side of the lower layer 104, and in the larval fish tank 111, the fry fish tank 112, and the breeding fish tank 113 All internal and external situations are managed comprehensively through the information received.
該些幼蟲魚缸111可以被控制,使得不同供給量的飼料被放入幼蟲魚缸111中,或者在不同的供給循環和淨化循環中供給到幼蟲魚缸111,並且,增加和減少幼蟲魚缸111的水質管理步驟是獨立的,因為幼蟲生長週期、幼蟲的個體數目(密度)和各幼蟲魚缸111之間的個體幼蟲的平均重量/大小有差異。也就是說,複數相同種類的水箱僅僅是因為管理方便而被集成,但可以根據個別水箱的特性提供最適的環境,並且可以透過個別的水質管理和飼料管理來提高鰻魚的生長率。 The larval aquariums 111 can be controlled such that different amounts of feed are placed in the larval aquarium 111, or supplied to the larval aquarium 111 in different supply cycles and purification cycles, and the water quality management of the larval aquarium 111 is increased and decreased. The steps are independent because of the difference in larval growth cycle, individual number (density) of larvae, and average weight/size of individual larvae between each larval aquarium 111. That is to say, the same type of water tanks are simply integrated for ease of management, but the optimum environment can be provided according to the characteristics of the individual water tanks, and the growth rate of the squid can be improved through individual water quality management and feed management.
此外,綜合管理伺服器135將水質、飼料供給量、飼養週期、生長資料等構建為資料庫,然後使用人工智慧程序綜合評價累積的資料,從而優化具有增加的生長速率和存活率的鰻魚水產養殖模型。 In addition, the integrated management server 135 constructs a water reservoir, a feed supply amount, a feeding cycle, a growth data, and the like as a database, and then uses an artificial intelligence program to comprehensively evaluate the accumulated data to optimize the aquaculture of the salmon with increased growth rate and survival rate. model.
如果漁場設備被綜合管理和模組化,確切而言,數種水箱被安裝在同一個地方,更具體地,被安裝在上層,因此,該些水箱可以被容易地管理,並且可以設計出高度集成的漁場。 If the fishery equipment is integrated and modularized, in particular, several water tanks are installed in the same place, more specifically, in the upper floor, so that the water tanks can be easily managed and height can be designed Integrated fisheries.
如上述描述所顯而易見的,根據本發明的使用ICT增加淡水鰻魚的生長速率和存活率的鰻魚水產養殖系統基於ICT收發關於鰻魚養殖中的養殖條件(例如水質管理、飼料供給量/週期、水溫、光週期等)的重要資料,以即時遠端監控漁場內外的狀態,執行對應於鰻魚幼蟲、幼鰻和成鰻的綜合管理,大大提高了淡水鰻魚的生長速率和存活率。 As is apparent from the above description, the salmon aquaculture system using ICT to increase the growth rate and survival rate of freshwater squid according to the present invention is based on ICT transshipment on culture conditions in carp culture (eg water quality management, feed supply/cycle, water temperature) The important data of the light cycle, such as the real-time remote monitoring of the state inside and outside the fishery, the implementation of the corresponding management of the larvae, pups and adult carp, greatly improved the growth rate and survival rate of freshwater carp.
此外,根據本發明使用ICT增加淡水鰻魚的生長速率和存活率的鰻魚水產養殖系統提出一套用於淡水鰻魚系統性養殖和整合管理大規模養殖設備的模型以增加漁場收入,透過大規模生產來增加淡水鰻魚出口,從而有助於國家經濟增長。 In addition, the squid aquaculture system using ICT to increase the growth rate and survival rate of freshwater squid according to the present invention proposes a model for systematic farming of freshwater squid and integrated management of large-scale farming equipment to increase fishery income and increase through mass production. Freshwater squid exports, which contribute to national economic growth.
儘管為了說明的目的公開了本發明的較佳實施例,但是本發明所屬領域中具有通常知識者將理解,在不脫離如所附申請專利範圍中公開的本 發明的範圍和精神的情況下,可以進行各種修改、添加和替換。 Although the preferred embodiment of the present invention has been disclosed for purposes of illustration, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the Various modifications, additions and substitutions are possible in the scope and spirit of the invention.

Claims (8)

  1. 一種鰻魚水產養殖系統,使用訊息和通訊技術(ICT,Information and Communication Technologies)來增加淡水鰻魚的生長速率和存活率,該鰻魚水產養殖系統包括:水箱,配置為接收養殖水並用於執行鰻魚的水產養殖;感測器和照相機,安裝在該等水箱中;一水質測量儀器,配置為顯示和傳送由該等感測器測量的水質資料和從該等照相機傳送的圖像;一閘道,配置為傳送從該水質測量儀器接收到的水質資料;一綜合管理伺服器,配置為儲存和分析從閘道接收到的水質資料和從照相機接收到的圖像資料,並傳送接收到的水質資料和圖像資料以及分析後的資料;一用戶終端,配置為從該綜合管理伺服器接收該水質資料、該圖像資料和該分析後的資料;以及一磁化水生成裝置,其配置為磁化從該等水箱排出的養殖水,其中該磁化水生成裝置包括:一初級磁化水生成單元,安裝在與該排水通道的底部隔開指定間隔的位置處,並且包括複數個第一磁鐵元件;一磁化水槽,配置成容納已經通過該初級磁化水生成單元的養殖水;一旋轉軸,插入到該磁化水槽中;及 一次級磁化水生成單元,包括安裝在該旋轉軸上的複數個第二磁鐵元件。 A salmon aquaculture system that uses Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to increase the growth rate and survival rate of freshwater squid, the squid aquaculture system comprising: a water tank configured to receive aquaculture water and to be used to perform squid aquaculture a culture; a sensor and a camera mounted in the water tank; a water quality measuring instrument configured to display and transmit water quality data measured by the sensors and images transmitted from the cameras; a gateway, configuration To transmit water quality data received from the water quality measuring instrument; an integrated management server configured to store and analyze water quality data received from the gateway and image data received from the camera, and transmit the received water quality data and Image data and analyzed data; a user terminal configured to receive the water quality data, the image data, and the analyzed data from the integrated management server; and a magnetized water generating device configured to magnetize from the The aquaculture water discharged from the water tank, wherein the magnetized water generating device comprises: a primary magnetized water generating unit Installed at a position spaced apart from the bottom of the drain passage by a predetermined interval, and includes a plurality of first magnet elements; a magnetized water tank configured to accommodate the culture water that has passed through the primary magnetized water generating unit; a rotating shaft, inserted into The magnetized water tank; and A secondary magnetized water generating unit includes a plurality of second magnet elements mounted on the rotating shaft.
  2. 如請求項1所述之使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統,還包括一養殖水控制裝置、一養殖水循環和淨化裝置、一飼料裝置和一光控制裝置中的至少一者。 The squid aquaculture system using ICT according to claim 1, further comprising at least one of a culture water control device, a culture water circulation and purification device, a feed device, and a light control device.
  3. 如請求項2所述之使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統,其中,該養殖水控制裝置包括:一海水供給槽和一淡水供給槽,其配置成向該等水箱供給海水和淡水,以便將該等水箱中的養殖水保持為海水、半鹹水(brackish water)和淡水中的任一種,以降低海水或半鹹水的鹽度,或者提高半鹹水或淡水的鹽度;一加熱器和冷卻器,安裝在每個水箱中以控制該水箱的水溫;及一pH控制槽,連接到該等水箱、該海水供給槽、該淡水供給槽或該水循環和淨化裝置,以便供給pH調節劑。 The squid aquaculture system using ICT according to claim 2, wherein the aquaculture water control device comprises: a seawater supply tank and a fresh water supply tank configured to supply seawater and fresh water to the water tanks for the purpose of The aquaculture water in the tank is kept in any of sea water, brackish water and fresh water to reduce the salinity of sea or brackish water, or to increase the salinity of brackish or fresh water; a heater and cooler, installed The water temperature of the water tank is controlled in each water tank; and a pH control tank is connected to the water tank, the seawater supply tank, the fresh water supply tank or the water circulation and purification device to supply the pH adjuster.
  4. 如請求項2所述之使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統,其中,該養殖水循環和淨化裝置:淨化溢出每個水箱的養殖水,然後將純化的養殖水重新補給至對應的水箱;及包括:出口,每個出口設置在該水箱上半部一側;導引元件,與該等出口連通;一排水通道,從該等導引元件下端的正下方區域開始;一通氣槽,配置成容納從該排水通道供給的養殖 水,並且對該養殖水進行通氣以控制該養殖水中的溶解氧速率;滅菌槽,配置為對已經通過該通氣槽的養殖水進行滅菌;以及一生物過濾槽,配置成對通過該等滅菌槽的養殖水進行生物過濾。 The squid aquaculture system using ICT according to claim 2, wherein the aquaculture water circulation and purification device: purifying the culture water overflowing each water tank, and then replenishing the purified culture water to the corresponding water tank; and including: exporting Each outlet is disposed on one side of the upper half of the water tank; a guiding member is in communication with the outlets; a drain passage is formed from a region directly below the lower end of the guiding members; and a venting groove is configured to receive from the outlet Drainage channel supply culture Water, and aerating the culture water to control the rate of dissolved oxygen in the culture water; a sterilization tank configured to sterilize the culture water that has passed through the venting tank; and a biological filtration tank configured to pass through the sterilization tank The cultured water is biofiltered.
  5. 如請求項1所述之使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統,其中,如果一雌激素被放入該等水箱的養殖水中,則在該排水通道的至少一部分區域中形成具有包含光催化劑粉末的表面之一光催化分解部分,以排出含有該雌激素的養殖水,其中,在該光催化分解部分中安裝有紫外線照射裝置。 The salmon aquaculture system using ICT according to claim 1, wherein if an estrogen is placed in the culture water of the water tank, a surface having a photocatalyst powder is formed in at least a portion of the drainage channel. A photocatalytic decomposition portion for discharging culture water containing the estrogen, wherein an ultraviolet irradiation device is installed in the photocatalytic decomposition portion.
  6. 如請求項2所述之使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統,其中:該飼料裝置包括:一空氣注入單元;一空氣注入管,其一端連接到該空氣注入單元,其另一端插入該水箱的養殖水中;以及一飼料供給槽,其與該空氣注入管的一側連通,並且,隨著該水箱中的養殖水被從該空氣注入單元供給的空氣充氣,飼料被供給,該光控制裝置安裝在具有一封閉上表面的水箱中並且週期性地輻射光。 The squid aquaculture system using ICT according to claim 2, wherein: the feed device comprises: an air injection unit; an air injection pipe, one end of which is connected to the air injection unit, and the other end of which is inserted into the water of the water tank And a feed supply tank communicating with one side of the air injection pipe, and the feed is supplied as the culture water in the water tank is inflated by the air supplied from the air injection unit, the light control device being installed A water tank that closes the upper surface and periodically radiates light.
  7. 如請求項1所述之使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統,其中:該等感測器測量溶解氧量、pH值、水溫、硝酸鹽含量、氨含量和鹽度中的至少一者;使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統還包括:一養殖水控制裝置、一養殖水循環和淨化裝置、一飼料裝置和一光控制裝置中的至少一者, 其中該養殖水控制裝置包括:一海水供給槽和淡水供給槽,配置成向該等水箱供給海水和淡水,以便將該等水箱中的養殖水保持為海水、半鹹水和淡水中的任一種,以降低海水或半鹹水的鹽度,或者提高鹹水或淡水的鹽度;一加熱器和冷卻器,安裝在每個水箱中以控制水箱的水溫;及一pH控制槽,連接到該等水箱、該海水供給槽、該淡水供給槽或該水循環和淨化裝置,以便提供pH調節劑,其中該養殖水循環和淨化裝置:淨化溢出每個水箱的養殖水,然後將純化的養殖水重新補給至對應的水箱;及包括:出口,每個出口設置在該水箱上半部一側;導引元件,與該等出口連通;一排水通道,從該等導引元件下端的正下方區域開始;一通氣槽,配置成容納從該排水通道供給的養殖水,並且對該養殖水進行通氣以控制該養殖水中的溶解氧速率;滅菌槽,配置為對已經通過該通氣槽的養殖水進行滅菌;以及一生物過濾槽,配置成對通過該等滅菌槽的養殖水進行生物過濾,其中,如果一雌激素被放入該等水箱的養殖水中,則在該排水通道的至少一部分區域中形成具有包含光催化劑粉末的表面的一光催化分解部分,以排出含有該雌激素的養殖水,而且,在該光催化分解部分中安裝有紫外線照射裝置。 The salmon aquaculture system using ICT according to claim 1, wherein: the sensor measures at least one of dissolved oxygen amount, pH value, water temperature, nitrate content, ammonia content, and salinity; using ICT The squid aquaculture system further includes: at least one of a culture water control device, a culture water circulation and purification device, a feed device, and a light control device, Wherein the culture water control device comprises: a seawater supply tank and a fresh water supply tank, configured to supply seawater and fresh water to the water tanks, so as to maintain the culture water in the water tanks as any one of sea water, brackish water and fresh water, To reduce the salinity of seawater or brackish water, or to increase the salinity of salt water or fresh water; a heater and cooler are installed in each tank to control the water temperature of the tank; and a pH control tank is connected to the tanks The seawater supply tank, the fresh water supply tank or the water circulation and purification device to provide a pH adjuster, wherein the culture water circulation and purification device: purifies the culture water overflowing each water tank, and then replenishes the purified culture water to the corresponding a water tank; and comprising: an outlet, each outlet being disposed on one side of the upper half of the water tank; a guiding member communicating with the outlets; a drainage passage starting from a region directly below the lower end of the guiding members; a tank configured to receive aquaculture water supplied from the drainage channel and ventilate the aquaculture water to control a rate of dissolved oxygen in the culture water; sterilizing tank, configuration To sterilize the culture water that has passed through the venting tank; and a biological filtration tank configured to biologically filter the culture water passing through the sterilization tanks, wherein if an estrogen is placed in the culture water of the water tanks, Then, a photocatalytic decomposition portion having a surface containing the photocatalyst powder is formed in at least a portion of the drainage channel to discharge the culture water containing the estrogen, and an ultraviolet irradiation device is installed in the photocatalytic decomposition portion.
  8. 如請求項7所述之使用ICT的鰻魚水產養殖系統,還包括一綜合管理模組,該綜合管理模組包含一上層及一下層,該下層在該上層的下方,其中:至少有該等水箱、該導引元件和該排水通道安裝在該上層;至少有該通氣槽、該滅菌槽、該生物過濾槽、該海水供給槽和該淡水供給槽安裝在該下層;及已經通過該排水通道的養殖水可以透過管子落入該通氣槽,並且,已經通過該生物過濾槽的養殖水可以使用泵重新供給至該等水箱以便循環。 The squid aquaculture system using ICT according to claim 7, further comprising an integrated management module, the integrated management module comprising an upper layer and a lower layer, the lower layer being below the upper layer, wherein: at least the water tank The guiding member and the drainage channel are installed in the upper layer; at least the venting groove, the sterilizing tank, the biological filter tank, the seawater supply tank and the fresh water supply tank are installed in the lower layer; and the drainage channel has passed through The culture water can fall into the venting tank through the tube, and the culture water that has passed through the biological filter tank can be re-supplied to the water tanks for circulation by using a pump.
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