TWI592192B - Squat assistive device - Google Patents

Squat assistive device Download PDF

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TWI592192B
TWI592192B TW105104000A TW105104000A TWI592192B TW I592192 B TWI592192 B TW I592192B TW 105104000 A TW105104000 A TW 105104000A TW 105104000 A TW105104000 A TW 105104000A TW I592192 B TWI592192 B TW I592192B
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Taiwan
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main frame
rod
squat
unit
horizontal
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TW105104000A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW201728359A (en
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Danny Yi-Hung Lin
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Description

深蹲輔助裝置 Squat assist device

本創作隸屬一種健身器材之技術領域,特別是指一種結構簡單之深蹲輔助裝置,藉以能提升訓練效果,且便於使用者操作,進而達到降低成本之效。 This creation belongs to the technical field of fitness equipment, especially a squat assisting device with simple structure, which can enhance the training effect and is convenient for the user to operate, thereby achieving the effect of reducing cost.

按,現代人們由於運動不足,普遍都有腰身、下背及膝蓋的酸、痛或僵硬的困擾,使雙腳與腰部無力有效支撐軀幹,改變了人體的支撐重心,尤其是老年人為了調整人體重心會有曲膝、彎腰的狀況產生,在長年的累積下造成其無法久站、甚至無法站直的狀況,不僅影響到體態,也影響到行動的靈活度,長時間下會因壓迫而造成身體不同病變。而背痛形成的主要原因是脊柱附近的肌力過於衰弱,而無法適當地承擔身體的重量所引起; According to the lack of exercise, modern people generally suffer from acid, pain or stiffness in the waist, lower back and knees, which makes the feet and the waist weakly support the trunk effectively, changing the support center of the human body, especially for the elderly to adjust the body. The center of gravity will have a situation of bending knees and bending over. Under the accumulation of many years, it will not be able to stand for a long time or even stand up straight. It will not only affect the posture, but also affect the flexibility of the action. Causes different pathological changes in the body. The main cause of the formation of back pain is that the muscle strength near the spine is too weak to be properly caused by the weight of the body;

因此,若有適當的運動來增強腹部、背部以及軀幹部位的肌力可以避免或減輕下背痛的症狀。另外,肌肉是控制關節活動的主動元件,肌肉收縮,關節才會動,若肌肉控制能力差,關節也會疼痛。故如能長期進行肌肉、骨骼、韌帶及關節之強化運動,可以預防曲膝、彎腰及駝背的提早出現,而這些保養運動能維持關節的靈活度,增加膝關節肌力及耐力。在各式運動中,蹲立運動【或稱為深蹲、半蹲】可以提供軀幹、腰椎、下腹部、 股部、大腿的肌力、骨骼與關節等訓練,對於克服前述曲膝、彎腰及駝背具有極大的效果。 Therefore, if you have proper exercise to strengthen the muscles in the abdomen, back and trunk, you can avoid or reduce the symptoms of lower back pain. In addition, the muscle is the active component that controls joint activity. When the muscle contracts, the joint will move. If the muscle control ability is poor, the joint will also be painful. Therefore, if the long-term intensive exercise of muscles, bones, ligaments and joints can prevent the early appearance of knees, bends and hunches, these maintenance exercises can maintain joint flexibility and increase knee strength and endurance. In all kinds of sports, the standing movement [or squat, half a squat] can provide the trunk, lumbar vertebrae, lower abdomen, Training in the muscles of the thighs, thighs, bones and joints has a great effect on overcoming the aforementioned knees, bending and hunchback.

而,一般進行蹲立運動時,往往係依靠自體的重量將膝蓋屈曲至一定程度,再恢復站立姿勢,為了避免運動傷害,初學者或大腿肌力較不足的使用者會以手扶著桌面或物體以輔助支撐身體重量,然而前述傳統做法未能有真正輔助運動者進行蹲立運動。又蹲立運動的姿勢由於需要大腿肌力連帶腹部、軀幹背肌的總和施力,在上下的過程中,施力不當或姿勢不正確會讓過多應力集中於膝蓋或大腿,若動作失當極容易造成膝蓋的磨損或大腿肌肉的拉傷,甚至會影響未來行走的能力,未蒙其利先蒙其害; However, when performing a standing movement, the knee is often flexed to a certain extent by the weight of the body, and then the standing posture is restored. In order to avoid sports injuries, the beginner or the thigh muscles are insufficiently supported by the user. Or objects to support the weight of the body, but the aforementioned traditional practices have not really assisted the athletes to perform the standing movement. The posture of standing movement also requires the thigh muscle strength and the total force of the abdomen and the back muscles of the trunk. In the process of up and down, improper force or incorrect posture may cause excessive stress to concentrate on the knee or thigh, and it is extremely easy to operate improperly. Causes the wear of the knee or the strain of the thigh muscles, and even affects the ability to walk in the future, without first benefiting;

又近年來業界另外開發有多種具蹲立功能的健身器材,例如我國專利公告第313866號及第I260235號,其中第313866號所揭示者,係令使用者站立在一樞設於支架上的腳管,且樞設於支架的把手可同步帶動座墊及腳管,其在操作上,由於腳管會隨同把手動作,因此使用者整個身體也會被帶動改變姿勢,如此不僅無法讓使用者整個身體挺直,且其腰身、雙腿受力較小,因此其下半身的訓練量不足,無法達到蹲立運動的需求。至於第I260235號則係令坐墊與腳管呈一體設計,且樞設於主架上,其主要係用於做拉筋運動,至於蹲立運動則係使用者另外站立於主架後端進行,其有點類似傳統扶住東西進行蹲立的作法,無法滿足使用者的蹲立運動需求。 In recent years, the industry has additionally developed a variety of fitness equipment with a stand-up function, such as the Chinese Patent Publication No. 313866 and No. I260235, wherein the disclosure of the No. 313866 is for the user to stand on a foot pivoted on the bracket. The tube and the handle pivoted on the bracket can simultaneously drive the seat cushion and the foot tube. In operation, since the foot tube moves along with the handle, the entire body of the user is also driven to change the posture, so that the user cannot be completely The body is straight and the waist and legs are less stressed, so the training of the lower body is insufficient and the demand for standing movement cannot be achieved. As for the No. I260235, the seat cushion and the foot tube are integrally designed and pivoted on the main frame, which is mainly used for the lacing movement, and the standing movement is performed by the user standing at the rear end of the main frame. It is a bit like the traditional way of holding things up and standing, unable to meet the user's standing movement needs.

換言之,前述輔助蹲立之器材,並無法真正協助使用者進行蹲立運動,且其蹲下時也無加重訓練效果的功能,對於 需要增強訓練量的使用者而言,無法滿足其需求,同時結構複雜,無形間提高了製造成本,故有必要做進一步的改良。 In other words, the above-mentioned auxiliary equipment does not really assist the user in performing the standing movement, and the function of the training effect is not enhanced when the arm is lowered. Users who need to increase the amount of training cannot meet their needs, and at the same time, the structure is complicated, and the intangible increases the manufacturing cost, so further improvement is necessary.

緣是,本創作人乃針對現有於蹲立運動時所面臨的問題深入探討,並藉由多年從事相關產業之研發與製造經驗,積極尋求解決之道,經不斷努力之研究與試作,終於成功的開發出一種深蹲輔助裝置,藉以解決現有無法提供阻尼所造成的不便與困擾。 The reason is that this creator is in-depth discussion on the problems faced by the existing movements in the movement, and through years of experience in research and development and manufacturing of related industries, actively seeks solutions, and through continuous efforts in research and trials, finally succeeded. Developed a squat assist device to solve the inconvenience and trouble caused by the inability to provide damping.

因此,本創作之主要目的係於提供一種深蹲輔助裝置,藉以讓使用者能以正確的施力及姿勢進行蹲立運動,以達到腰椎、下背部、下腹部、股部及大腿等相關部位之肌肉、骨骼與關節的訓練效果,且由於運動時需雙手持平進行內拉之動作,故進一步可供進行手臂及胸部之運動。 Therefore, the main purpose of this creation is to provide a deep squatting device, so that the user can perform the standing movement with the correct force and posture to reach the lumbar vertebrae, lower back, lower abdomen, thighs and thighs and other related parts. The training effect of the muscles, bones and joints, and the movement of the arms and the chest can be further carried out due to the need to perform the internal pull action in both hands.

又,本創作之次一主要目的係於提供一種深蹲輔助裝置,其能在使用者蹲下時產生阻尼作用,以增進其訓練量,且在使用者站起時能產生支撐提起作用,可減輕使用者的負荷,避免運動傷害,並使其願意增長運動時間,達到所需之訓練量。 Moreover, the second main purpose of the present invention is to provide a squat auxiliary device which can generate a damping effect when the user squats to increase the amount of training, and can provide a support lifting effect when the user stands up. Reduce the user's load, avoid sports injuries, and make them willing to increase their exercise time to achieve the required amount of training.

另,本創作之再一主要目的係於提供一種深蹲輔助裝置,其能大幅簡化其結構,並可選擇性進行折收,以縮小運輸與貯存之體積,有效降低其製造成本。 In addition, another main object of the present invention is to provide a squat auxiliary device which can greatly simplify its structure and can be selectively folded to reduce the volume of transportation and storage, thereby effectively reducing the manufacturing cost thereof.

基於此,本創作主要係透過下列的技術手段,來實現前述之目的及其功效,其包含有:一主架體,該主架體具有一水平段及一直立段,又主架體之直立段頂端具有一供使用者握持之扶手; 一頂撐單元,其係樞設於主架體上,使頂撐單元可相對主架體產生弧擺運動,且頂撐單元自由端設有一供人體股部或背部貼抵之抵靠機構;一彈性單元,其係設於主架體與頂撐單元之間,可供頂撐單元產生自動向上復位之預力;一踏板組,其係設該主架體水平段上、且位於扶手與抵靠機構之間,且踏板組係由兩設於主架體水平段兩側、且可貼抵於地面之踏墊所構成;藉此,供使用者雙腳踩踏於踏板組之踏墊時可讓主架體穩立於地面,且當使用者蹲下時可以雙手拉住扶手,並配合支撐人體之頂撐單元可利用彈性單元產生向上自動復位的預力,而能協助使用者平衡進行蹲立動作。 Based on this, the author mainly achieves the aforementioned purposes and functions through the following technical means, including: a main frame body having a horizontal section and an upright section, and the main frame body is erect The top end of the segment has an armrest for the user to hold; a top support unit is pivotally disposed on the main frame body, so that the top support unit can generate an arc swing movement relative to the main frame body, and the free end of the top support unit is provided with an abutting mechanism for the human body part or the back; An elastic unit is disposed between the main frame body and the top support unit, so that the top support unit can generate a pre-force for automatic upward resetting; a pedal group is disposed on the horizontal section of the main frame body and located at the handrail and Between the abutting mechanisms, and the pedal group is composed of two mats which are disposed on both sides of the horizontal section of the main frame body and can be attached to the ground; thereby, when the user steps on the pedals of the pedal group The main frame body can be stabilized on the ground, and when the user kneels down, the handrail can be pulled by both hands, and the supporting unit supporting the human body can use the elastic unit to generate the pre-force for the upward automatic reset, and can assist the user to balance. Perform a standing action.

為使 貴審查委員能進一步了解本發明的構成、特徵及其他目的,以下乃舉本發明之若干較佳實施例,並配合圖式詳細說明如后,同時讓熟悉該項技術領域者能夠依據本說明書具體實施。 In order to make the present invention a better understanding of the composition, features and other objects of the present invention, the following are a few preferred embodiments of the present invention, which are described in detail with reference to the drawings, and The specification is implemented.

(10)‧‧‧主架體 (10)‧‧‧Main frame

(11)‧‧‧水平段 (11) ‧‧‧ horizontal section

(12)‧‧‧直立段 (12) ‧ ‧ straight section

(13)‧‧‧彎曲段 (13)‧‧‧Bend section

(14)‧‧‧套管 (14)‧‧‧ casing

(140)‧‧‧限位桿 (140)‧‧‧Limited rod

(141)‧‧‧螺孔 (141)‧‧‧ Screw holes

(142)‧‧‧鎖固件 (142)‧‧‧Lock Firmware

(145)‧‧‧樞耳 (145)‧‧‧ ‧ ear

(15)‧‧‧桿件 (15)‧‧‧ rods

(150)‧‧‧長槽孔 (150)‧‧‧Long slot

(151)‧‧‧鎖孔 (151)‧‧‧Keyhole

(152)‧‧‧勾件 (152) ‧ ‧ ‧ Hooks

(16)‧‧‧支撐柱 (16) ‧‧‧Support column

(17)‧‧‧橫桿 (17)‧‧‧crossbar

(18)‧‧‧橫桿 (18)‧‧‧ crossbar

(19)‧‧‧扶手 (19)‧‧‧Handrails

(100)‧‧‧儀錶 (100)‧‧‧ instruments

(20)‧‧‧頂撐單元 (20)‧‧‧Top support unit

(21)‧‧‧支桿 (21)‧‧‧ poles

(210)‧‧‧調整孔 (210) ‧‧‧Adjustment holes

(211)‧‧‧樞耳 (211)‧‧‧ ‧ ear

(212)‧‧‧樞座 (212) ‧ ‧ squat

(22)‧‧‧抵靠機構 (22) ‧ ‧ Dependent institutions

(23)‧‧‧滑套 (23)‧‧‧Sleeve

(24)‧‧‧鎖固件 (24)‧‧‧Locker

(25)‧‧‧桿件 (25)‧‧‧ rods

(26)‧‧‧滾墊 (26)‧‧‧Rolling pads

(30)‧‧‧彈性單元 (30) ‧‧‧elastic units

(31)‧‧‧彈性伸縮棒 (31)‧‧‧Elastic telescopic rods

(311)‧‧‧樞桿 (311)‧‧‧ pivot

(32)‧‧‧安裝板 (32)‧‧‧Installation board

(33)‧‧‧弧形移動槽 (33)‧‧‧Shave moving groove

(330)‧‧‧限位槽 (330) ‧‧‧ Limit slots

(331)‧‧‧調整槽 (331) ‧‧‧Adjustment slot

(35)‧‧‧彈性橡膠帶 (35) ‧‧‧elastic rubber band

(361)‧‧‧掛勾 (361)‧‧‧hook

(362)‧‧‧掛勾 (362)‧‧‧hook

(40)‧‧‧踏板組 (40)‧‧‧ pedal group

(41)‧‧‧踏墊 (41)‧‧‧ mats

(42)‧‧‧樞耳 (42)‧‧‧ ‧ ear

(43)‧‧‧掛孔 (43) ‧‧‧ hanging holes

第一圖:係本創作深蹲輔助裝置之外觀示意圖。 The first picture shows the appearance of the squat auxiliary device.

第二圖:係本創作深蹲輔助裝置之立體分解示意圖,供說明各元件之態樣及其相對關係。 The second picture is a three-dimensional exploded schematic diagram of the squat auxiliary device for explaining the aspects of each component and their relative relationship.

第三圖:係本創作深蹲輔助裝置之側視平面示意圖。 The third picture is a schematic view of the side view of the squat auxiliary device.

第四圖:係本創作深蹲輔助裝置之使用狀態參考示意圖,供說明其半蹲運動時之狀態。 The fourth picture is a schematic diagram of the use state of the squat auxiliary device, which is used to explain the state of the half-turn movement.

第五圖:係本創作深蹲輔助裝置之使用狀態參考示意圖,供說明其向上提起協助使用者站直時之狀態。 The fifth picture is a reference diagram of the use state of the squat auxiliary device, which is used to explain the state of lifting up to assist the user to stand straight.

第六圖:係本創作深蹲輔助裝置之使用狀態參考示意圖,供說明其深蹲運動時之狀態。 Figure 6: This is a schematic diagram of the use state of the squat auxiliary device, which is used to explain the state of the squat exercise.

第七圖:係本創作深蹲輔助裝置之折收示意圖。 Figure 7: This is a schematic diagram of the folding of the auxiliary equipment.

本發明係一種深蹲輔助裝置,隨附圖例示本發明之具體實施例及其構件中,所有關於前與後、左與右、頂部與底部、上部與下部、以及水平與垂直的參考,僅用於方便進行描述,並非限制本發明,亦非將其構件限制於任何位置或空間方向。圖式與說明書中所指定的尺寸,當可在不離開本發明之申請專利範圍內,根據本發明之具體實施例的設計與需求而進行變化。 The present invention is a squat assisting device, with reference to the drawings illustrating specific embodiments of the present invention and its components, all with respect to front and rear, left and right, top and bottom, upper and lower, and horizontal and vertical references, only It is intended to facilitate the description, not to limit the invention, and to limit its components to any position or spatial orientation. The drawings and the dimensions specified in the specification may be varied in accordance with the design and needs of the specific embodiments of the present invention without departing from the scope of the invention.

本創作深蹲輔助裝置的構成,係如第一圖所示,其係由一主架體(10)、一樞設於主架體(10)之頂撐單元(20)、一供頂撐單元(20)產生向上復位預力之彈性單元(30)及一設於主架體(10)上之踏板組(40)所組成,供使用者可站立於踏板組(40)而使主架體(10)穩立於地面,並可利用頂撐單元(20)協助使用者進行蹲下與起身之動作;而關於本創作之詳細構成,則請參閱第一、二及三圖所示,該主架體(10)具有一水平段(11)及一直立段(12),且水平段(11)與直立段(12)間具有一彎曲段(13),其中水平段(11)、直立段(12)及彎曲段(13)可以是連續之一體結構、又或是可以選擇性串接之分段結構,本創作係以直立段(12)與彎曲段(13)呈一體、而水平段(11)為分段之結構為主要實 施例,又其中彎曲段(13)對應水平段(11)一端具有一套管(14),供水平段(11)選擇性插接,且該套管(14)端部可供一與水平段(11)延伸方向垂直之限位桿(140)穿插,另套管(14)頂面具有一螺孔(141),供利用一鎖固件(142)同步鎖掣套管(14)與水平段(11),且套管(14)兩側分別形成有至少一樞耳(145),供前述踏板組(40)組設,又前述水平段(11)係由一桿件(15)所構成,該水平段(11)之桿件(15)對應彎曲段(13)套管(14)的一端具有供限位桿(140)穿插之長槽孔(150),使桿件(15)可被前、後滑移,並可相對向上樞轉折收,又桿件(15)上形成有一對應套管(14)鎖固件(141)之鎖孔(151),供桿件(15)限位固定,再者桿件(15)兩側分別具有一勾件(152),供踏板組(40)折收後定位【如第七圖所示】,又水平段(11)之桿件(15)頂面設有一支撐柱(16),供頂撐單元(20)向下時支撐及緩衝之用,再者主架體(10)對應水平段(11)的兩端分別具有一橫腳桿(17、18),使主架體(10)可利用前後之橫腳桿(17、18)立置於地面,又主架體(10)之直立段(12)頂端具有一扶手(19),以供使用者握持,且直立段(12)頂端另設有一儀錶(100),可用於提供運動時間、次數及卡路里消耗之統計與顯示;又所述之頂撐單元(20)係樞設於主架體(10)上,使頂撐單元(20)可相對主架體(10)產生弧擺運動,供產生支撐及協助提起人體之作用,本創作之頂撐單元(20)係由一支桿(21)所構成,該支桿(21)的前端利用一樞座(212)樞設於主架體(10)的直立段(12)下段處,又支桿(21)自由端設有 一抵靠機構(22),供支撐使用者之股、背部,而抵靠機構(22)具有一可滑設於支桿(21)之滑套(23),且滑套(23)具有一鎖固件(24),而支桿(21)上具有複數對應之調整孔(210),可供選擇性將滑套(23)鎖定定位於支桿(21)的不同位置,再者滑套(23)對應人體一側跨設有複數桿件(25),且各該桿件(25)兩端分別樞套有一滾墊(26),以提供人體支撐,同時利用其樞套之結合關係,可配合運動過程相對人體產生滾動,提升運動之順暢性;另所述之彈性單元(30)係設於主架體(10)與頂撐單元(20)之間,可供頂撐單元(20)產生自動向上復位之預力,本創作係之彈性單元(30)可以選自氣、油壓之彈性伸縮棒(31)、彈性橡膠帶(35)、彈性繩等任選其一或其組合,本創作係以彈性伸縮棒(31)為較佳實施例,其於頂撐單元(20)之支桿(21)中段底面設有一樞耳(211),而主架體(10)彎曲段(13)內緣具有一安裝板(32),該安裝板(32)上形成有一弧形移動槽(33),該弧形移動槽(33)底緣具有複數調整槽(331)、且鄰近頂緣處形成有一限位槽(330),而該彈性伸縮棒(31)兩端係分別利用一樞桿(311)穿樞於前述支桿(21)樞耳(211)與安裝板(32)弧形移動槽(33)之間,當彈性伸縮棒(31)移動弧形移動槽(33)一端之樞桿(311)卡掣於不同之調整槽(331)時,可以改變彈性伸縮棒(31)相對頂撐單元(20)的彈力,而當彈性伸縮棒(31)移動弧形移動槽(33)一端之樞桿(311)卡掣於限位槽(330)時,可便於頂撐單元(20)向主架體(10)折收【如第七圖所示】。又本創作彈性單元(30)進一步可於主 架體(10)直立段(12)與頂撐單元(20)支桿(21)之兩側設有相對之掛勾(361、362),供相對掛設至少一彈性橡膠帶(35),供進一步提升頂撐單元(20)相對主架體(10)之彈性預力;再者,所述之踏板組(40)係位於該主架體(10)扶手(19)與頂撐單元(20)抵靠機構(22)之間,且踏板組(40)設於該主架體(10)兩側貼近地面處,讓使用者雙腳站立於踏板組(40)時,可利用人體自身重量使主架體(10)於運動過程中仍能穩設於地面,不致在運動操作中產生晃動之現象,而本創作之踏板組(40)係由兩設於主架體(10)水平段(11)兩側之踏墊(41)所構成,且該踏板組(40)之踏墊(41)對應主架體(10)一側邊緣形成有至少一樞耳(42),供樞設於套管(14)兩側之相對樞耳(145)上,另兩踏墊(41)上分別具有一掛孔(43),供踏墊(41)向上折收時,可選擇性掛設於主架體(10)向上折收之桿件(15)的勾件(152)上【如第七圖所示】;藉此,讓使用者可跨站於主架體(10)之踏板組(40)兩側踏墊(41)上,並配合頂撐單元(20)可利用彈性單元(30)產生向上自動復位之預力,而能利用自身人體工學協助使用者平衡進行蹲立動作,而組構成一結構簡單、且動作平穩順暢之深蹲輔助裝置者。 The composition of the squat auxiliary device is as shown in the first figure, which is composed of a main frame body (10), a top support unit (20) pivoted on the main frame body (10), and a top support. The unit (20) is composed of an elastic unit (30) for resetting the pre-force and a pedal group (40) disposed on the main frame (10) for the user to stand on the pedal group (40) to make the main frame The body (10) is stable on the ground, and the top support unit (20) can be used to assist the user to perform the action of squatting and getting up; and for the detailed composition of the creation, please refer to the first, second and third figures, The main frame body (10) has a horizontal section (11) and an upright section (12), and a curved section (13) is arranged between the horizontal section (11) and the upright section (12), wherein the horizontal section (11), The upright section (12) and the curved section (13) may be a continuous one-piece structure or a segmented structure that may be selectively connected in series. The present invention is formed by integrating the upright section (12) with the curved section (13). The horizontal section (11) is a segmented structure that is mainly The embodiment further includes a sleeve (14) at one end of the curved section (13) corresponding to the horizontal section (11) for selectively inserting the horizontal section (11), and the end of the sleeve (14) is available for one level The limit rod (140) extending in the vertical direction of the segment (11) is inserted, and the top cover (14) has a screw hole (141) in the top mask for synchronizing the lock sleeve (14) and the level with a lock (142). Section (11), and at least one pivot (145) is formed on each side of the sleeve (14) for the aforementioned pedal group (40), and the horizontal section (11) is provided by a rod (15) The rod member (15) of the horizontal section (11) corresponds to the curved section (13). One end of the sleeve (14) has a long slot (150) through which the limiting rod (140) is inserted, so that the rod member (15) It can be slid forward and backward, and can be pivoted and folded upwards. The lever member (15) is formed with a locking hole (151) corresponding to the sleeve (14) of the sleeve (14) for limiting the rod member (15). The position is fixed, and the two sides of the rod member (15) respectively have a hook member (152) for positioning the pedal group (40) after folding (as shown in the seventh figure) and the horizontal member (11) ( 15) The top surface is provided with a support column (16) for supporting and buffering the bottom support unit (20) downward, and the main frame body (10) corresponding to the horizontal section (11) Both ends have a crossbar (17, 18), so that the main frame body (10) can be placed on the ground by the front and rear crossbars (17, 18), and the upright section of the main frame body (10) (12) The top end has an armrest (19) for the user to hold, and the top of the upright section (12) is further provided with a meter (100), which can be used for providing statistics and display of exercise time, frequency and calorie consumption; The top support unit (20) is pivotally disposed on the main frame body (10), so that the top support unit (20) can generate an arc swing motion relative to the main frame body (10) for generating support and assisting in lifting the human body. The top support unit (20) of the present invention is composed of a rod (21), and the front end of the rod (21) is pivoted to the upright section (12) of the main frame body (10) by a pivot seat (212). In the lower section, the free end of the strut (21) is provided. An abutting mechanism (22) for supporting the user's strand and the back, and the abutting mechanism (22) has a sliding sleeve (23) slidably disposed on the strut (21), and the sliding sleeve (23) has a The locking member (24) has a plurality of corresponding adjusting holes (210) on the strut (21) for selectively locking the sliding sleeve (23) to different positions of the strut (21), and then sliding the sleeve ( 23) a plurality of rods (25) are arranged across the side of the human body, and a roller pad (26) is respectively sleeved at both ends of the rod member (25) to provide human body support, and at the same time, the combination relationship of the pivot sleeves is utilized. It can cooperate with the human body to produce rolling and enhance the smoothness of the movement; the elastic unit (30) is also disposed between the main frame body (10) and the top support unit (20) for the top support unit (20). The pre-stress of the automatic upward resetting, the elastic unit (30) of the creation system may be selected from the group consisting of an elastic elastic rod (31) of gas and oil pressure, an elastic rubber belt (35), an elastic rope, and the like, or a combination thereof. The present invention is an elastic telescopic rod (31), which is provided with a pivotal ear (211) on the bottom surface of the middle section of the strut (21) of the top support unit (20), and the main frame body (10) is bent. (13) The inner edge has a mounting plate (3) 2), the mounting plate (32) is formed with an arc-shaped moving groove (33), the bottom edge of the curved moving groove (33) has a plurality of adjusting grooves (331), and a limiting groove is formed adjacent to the top edge (330) And the two ends of the elastic telescopic rod (31) are respectively pivoted between the pivot (211) of the strut (21) and the arcuate moving groove (33) of the mounting plate (32) by a pivot rod (311). When the elastic telescopic rod (31) moves the pivot rod (311) at one end of the curved movement groove (33) to be different from the adjustment groove (331), the elastic expansion rod (31) can be changed relative to the top support unit (20) The elastic force, and when the elastic telescopic rod (31) moves the pivot rod (311) at one end of the curved movement groove (33) to the limit groove (330), the top support unit (20) can be facilitated to the main frame body ( 10) Retraction [as shown in the seventh figure]. The creative elastic unit (30) is further applicable to the main The two sides of the upright section (12) of the frame body (10) and the support rods (20) of the top support unit (20) are provided with opposite hooks (361, 362) for at least one elastic rubber band (35). Further, the elastic preload of the top support unit (20) relative to the main frame body (10) is further improved; further, the pedal group (40) is located in the arm frame (19) and the top support unit of the main frame body (10) ( 20) between the abutting mechanisms (22), and the pedal group (40) is disposed on both sides of the main frame body (10) close to the ground, so that the user can use the human body when standing on the pedal group (40) The weight enables the main frame body (10) to remain stable on the ground during the movement, so as not to cause sloshing during the movement operation, and the pedal group (40) of the present invention is set at two levels on the main frame body (10). The step (41) on both sides of the segment (11) is formed, and the step (41) of the pedal group (40) is formed with at least one pivot (42) corresponding to one side edge of the main frame body (10). It is disposed on the opposite pivoting ears (145) on both sides of the sleeve (14), and the other two mats (41) respectively have a hanging hole (43) for selectively hanging when the mat (41) is folded upward. It is arranged on the hook member (152) of the rod member (15) which is folded upwards of the main frame body (10) [as shown in the seventh figure]; The user can cross the mat (41) on both sides of the pedal set (40) of the main frame body (10), and cooperate with the top support unit (20) to generate an upward automatic reset force by using the elastic unit (30). The ergonomics can be used to assist the user to balance the standing movements, and the group constitutes a squat assisting device with a simple structure and smooth and smooth movement.

而本創作之深蹲輔助裝置於實際使用時,例如用於半蹲運動時,則係如第四、五圖所示,操作上,係令使用者雙腳分跨於主架體(10)兩側,且令雙腳踩踏於踏板組(40)之兩踏墊(41)上,且雙手握持主架體(10)之扶手(19),而其中樞設於主架體(10)上之頂撐單元(20)可利用彈性單元(30)產 生向上復位的預力,因此頂撐單元(20)之抵靠機構(22)可以貼靠人體股部或背部,使人體保持垂直地面站立之狀態【如第四圖所示】;接著,如第五、六圖所示,使用者逐步進行蹲下之動作,使膝蓋略為彎曲、且股部逐漸向下,形成一種半蹲運動,而由於使用者雙手握持主架體(10)之扶手(19),可產生略為拉住的效果,使人體保持平衡,而由於頂撐單元(20)與主架體(10)間設有彈性單元(30),故使頂撐單元(20)相對人體產生支撐及阻尼作用,除了讓使用者可蹲的更深外,也可以透過阻尼作用產生反作用力,增加其訓練效果;之後,當使用者起身時,該頂撐單元(20)可受彈性單元(30)作用而自動向上復位,令頂撐單元(20)上的抵靠機構(22)可相對人體產生提起作用【如第四圖所示】,減輕使用者站起的負荷,如此循環前述之蹲下及站起動作,能達到訓練人體相關肌肉、筋骨及關節之目的,例如下背部、下腹部、腰椎、股部及雙腳等。再者,由於頂撐單元(20)之抵靠機構(22)具有可以滾動的滾墊(26),因此其可以隨人體運動位置滾動改變,不會產生阻礙感,從而可以增進蹲立運動的順暢性。 The squat auxiliary device of the present invention is used in actual use, for example, for a half-squat motion, as shown in the fourth and fifth figures, in operation, the user's feet are spanned across the main frame body (10). Both sides, and the two feet are stepped on the two mats (41) of the pedal group (40), and the armrests (19) of the main frame body (10) are held by both hands, and the main frame body (10) is pivoted therein The top support unit (20) can be produced by using the elastic unit (30) The pre-stress of the upward reset, so that the abutting mechanism (22) of the top support unit (20) can abut the human body or the back, so that the human body maintains a vertical standing state [as shown in the fourth figure]; As shown in the fifth and sixth figures, the user gradually performs the action of squatting, so that the knee is slightly bent, and the thigh is gradually downward, forming a half-squat motion, and the user holds the armrest of the main frame body (10) by both hands. (19), the effect of slightly pulling can be generated to balance the human body, and since the elastic unit (30) is arranged between the top support unit (20) and the main frame body (10), the top support unit (20) is relatively The human body produces support and damping. In addition to allowing the user to squat deeper, the reaction force can be generated by damping to increase the training effect. After that, when the user gets up, the top support unit (20) can be subjected to the elastic unit. (30) acting automatically and automatically resetting, so that the abutting mechanism (22) on the top support unit (20) can lift the body relative to the human body [as shown in the fourth figure], reducing the load that the user stands up, and thus circulating the foregoing Under the armpits and standing up, can reach the training of human body related muscles Bones and joints of the object, for example the lower back, abdomen, lumbar, thigh and legs and the like. Furthermore, since the abutting mechanism (22) of the jacking unit (20) has a roll pad (26) that can be rolled, it can be changed in roll with the position of the human body movement, and does not cause a feeling of obstruction, thereby enhancing the standing movement. Smoothness.

又本創作於收納或運輸時,可以進行折收,其係如第一、七圖所示,使用者可將彈性單元(30)之彈性伸縮棒(31)位於安裝板(32)弧形移動槽(33)內的樞桿(311)移動至限位槽(330)內,接著將主架體(10)上的鎖固件(142)放鬆釋放水平段(11)的桿件(15),使該桿件(15)可利用長槽孔(150)相對套管(14)限位桿(140)滑動,令桿件(15)可以限位桿 (140)為中心向上翻折,並將踏板組(40)兩側之踏墊(41)向上翻折,且以踏墊(41)之掛孔(43)掛設於桿件(15)的勾件(152),而達到折收之目的,可有效的縮小收納與運輸之材積。 In addition, the present invention can be folded during storage or transportation. As shown in the first and seventh figures, the user can move the elastic telescopic rod (31) of the elastic unit (30) in the arc of the mounting plate (32). The pivot rod (311) in the slot (33) moves into the limiting slot (330), and then the locking member (142) on the main frame body (10) is released to release the lever (15) of the horizontal section (11). The rod member (15) can be slid with the long slot (150) relative to the sleeve (14) limiting rod (140), so that the rod member (15) can be used to limit the rod (140) is folded upward for the center, and the tread pad (41) on both sides of the pedal group (40) is folded upward, and the hanging hole (43) of the tread pad (41) is hung on the rod (15). The hook (152), for the purpose of folding, can effectively reduce the volume of storage and transportation.

經由前述之說明可知,本創作之深蹲輔助裝置可利用人體工學的設計,使自身重量落於主架體(10)重心位置,因此當其站立於踏板組(40)時,可令主架體(10)保持穩立狀態,確保其於運動過程中不致任意晃動,而能協助使用者平衡運動,藉此讓使用者能以正確的施力及姿勢進行蹲立運動,以增進相關肌肉、骨骼及關節的訓練效果。 As can be seen from the foregoing description, the squat assist device of the present invention can utilize an ergonomic design to make its own weight fall at the center of gravity of the main frame body (10), so that when standing on the pedal group (40), the main The frame body (10) is kept in a stable state to ensure that it does not sway during the movement, and can assist the user to balance the movement, thereby allowing the user to perform the standing movement with the correct force and posture to enhance the related muscles. Training effects of bones and joints.

又本創作之深蹲輔助裝置能在人體蹲下時,利用彈性單元(30)來使頂撐單元(20)相對人體產生支撐與阻尼作用,且在人體站起時,則可透過彈性單元(30)拉回頂撐單元(20),使頂撐單元(20)相對人體產生提起作用,以有效減輕使用者蹲下或站起時的負荷,能避免運動傷害,並使其願意增長運動時間,達到所需之訓練量。 The squat assisting device of the present invention can use the elastic unit (30) to support and dampen the supporting unit (20) relative to the human body when the human body is squatting, and can pass through the elastic unit when the human body stands up. 30) Pull back the top support unit (20) to lift the top support unit (20) relative to the human body, so as to effectively reduce the load when the user squats or stands up, can avoid sports injuries, and make it willing to increase the exercise time. , to achieve the required amount of training.

再者,本創作之深蹲輔助裝置可以大幅簡化整體的結構,同時利用其可折收之設計,可以有效縮小收納與運輸的材積,如此可大幅降低其製造與運輸的成本。 Furthermore, the squat assist device of this creation can greatly simplify the overall structure, and at the same time, with its retractable design, the volume of storage and transportation can be effectively reduced, which can greatly reduce the cost of manufacturing and transportation.

更甚者,本創作之頂撐單元(20)具有抵靠機構(22),且抵靠機構(22)上設有可以滾動之滾墊(26),使其能配合人體動作滾動,減少不必要的阻礙感,可進一步增進操作的便利性與順暢性。 Moreover, the top support unit (20) of the present invention has an abutting mechanism (22), and the roller mechanism (26) is provided on the abutting mechanism (22), so that it can cooperate with the human body to roll, reducing The necessary hindrance can further enhance the convenience and smoothness of the operation.

綜上所述,可以理解到本發明為一創意極佳之發明,除了有效解決習式者所面臨的問題,更大幅增進功效,且在 相同的技術領域中未見相同或近似的產品創作或公開使用,同時具有功效的增進,故本發明已符合發明專利有關「新穎性」與「進步性」的要件,乃依法提出發明專利之申請。 In summary, it can be understood that the present invention is an excellent invention, in addition to effectively solving the problems faced by the practitioners, the effect is greatly enhanced, and In the same technical field, the same or similar product creation or public use is not seen, and the efficiency is improved. Therefore, the present invention has met the requirements of the invention patent regarding "novelty" and "progressiveness", and is an application for filing an invention patent according to law. .

(10)‧‧‧主架體 (10)‧‧‧Main frame

(11)‧‧‧水平段 (11) ‧‧‧ horizontal section

(12)‧‧‧直立段 (12) ‧ ‧ straight section

(13)‧‧‧彎曲段 (13)‧‧‧Bend section

(14)‧‧‧套管 (14)‧‧‧ casing

(142)‧‧‧鎖固件 (142)‧‧‧Lock Firmware

(15)‧‧‧桿件 (15)‧‧‧ rods

(152)‧‧‧勾件 (152) ‧ ‧ ‧ Hooks

(16)‧‧‧支撐柱 (16) ‧‧‧Support column

(17)‧‧‧橫桿 (17)‧‧‧crossbar

(18)‧‧‧橫桿 (18)‧‧‧ crossbar

(19)‧‧‧扶手 (19)‧‧‧Handrails

(100)‧‧‧儀錶 (100)‧‧‧ instruments

(20)‧‧‧頂撐單元 (20)‧‧‧Top support unit

(21)‧‧‧支桿 (21)‧‧‧ poles

(22)‧‧‧抵靠機構 (22) ‧ ‧ Dependent institutions

(25)‧‧‧桿件 (25)‧‧‧ rods

(26)‧‧‧滾墊 (26)‧‧‧Rolling pads

(30)‧‧‧彈性單元 (30) ‧‧‧elastic units

(31)‧‧‧彈性伸縮棒 (31)‧‧‧Elastic telescopic rods

(311)‧‧‧樞桿 (311)‧‧‧ pivot

(32)‧‧‧安裝板 (32)‧‧‧Installation board

(33)‧‧‧弧形移動槽 (33)‧‧‧Shave moving groove

(330)‧‧‧限位槽 (330) ‧‧‧ Limit slots

(331)‧‧‧調整槽 (331) ‧‧‧Adjustment slot

(35)‧‧‧彈性橡膠帶 (35) ‧‧‧elastic rubber band

(361)‧‧‧掛勾 (361)‧‧‧hook

(362)‧‧‧掛勾 (362)‧‧‧hook

(40)‧‧‧踏板組 (40)‧‧‧ pedal group

(41)‧‧‧踏墊 (41)‧‧‧ mats

(43)‧‧‧掛孔 (43) ‧‧‧ hanging holes

Claims (10)

一種供協助一使用者進行蹲下與站起之深蹲輔助裝置,其包含有:一主架體,該主架體具有一水平段及一直立段,又主架體之直立段頂端具有一供使用者握持之扶手;一頂撐單元,其係利用一樞座樞設於主架體之直立段下段上,使頂撐單元可相對主架體產生弧擺運動,且頂撐單元自由端設有一供人體股部或背部貼抵之抵靠機構;一彈性單元,其係設於主架體與頂撐單元之間,能讓頂撐單元產生自動向主架體直立段依弧擺方向復位之位置;一踏板組,其係設該主架體水平段上、且位於扶手與抵靠機構之間,且踏板組係由兩設於主架體水平段兩側、且可貼抵於地面之踏墊所構成;藉此,供使用者雙腳踩踏於踏板組之踏墊時可讓主架體穩立於地面,且當使用者蹲下時可以雙手拉住扶手,並配合支撐人體之頂撐單元可利用彈性單元產生向上自動復位的預力,而能協助使用者平衡進行蹲立動作。 A squat assisting device for assisting a user to perform squatting and standing up, comprising: a main frame body having a horizontal section and an upright section, and having a top end of the upright section of the main frame body a handrail for the user to hold; a top support unit is pivoted on the lower section of the upright section of the main frame body by a pivot seat, so that the top support unit can generate an arc swing motion relative to the main frame body, and the top support unit is free The end is provided with an abutting mechanism for the human body part or the back; an elastic unit is disposed between the main frame body and the top support unit, so that the top support unit can automatically generate an automatic swing to the main frame body a position of the direction reset; a pedal group, which is disposed on the horizontal section of the main frame body and located between the armrest and the abutting mechanism, and the pedal group is disposed on both sides of the horizontal section of the main frame body, and can be attached The utility model is composed of a mat on the ground; thereby, the user can stabilize the main frame body on the ground when the user steps on the pedal of the pedal group, and can hold the handrail with both hands when the user kneels down and cooperate The support unit supporting the human body can use the elastic unit to generate the pre-force for the upward automatic reset The balance can help users perform squat action. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之深蹲輔助裝置,其中該主架體之水平段與直立段間具有一彎曲段,該彎曲段對應水平段一端具有一套管,而水平段係由一可選擇性插接於套管之桿件所構成,再者主架體對應水平段的兩端分別具有一橫腳桿,使主架體可利用前後之橫腳桿立置於地面。 The squat assisting device of claim 1, wherein the horizontal section of the main frame body and the upright section have a curved section, the curved section has a sleeve at one end of the horizontal section, and the horizontal section is a The rod member can be selectively inserted into the sleeve, and the two ends of the corresponding horizontal section of the main frame body respectively have a cross leg, so that the main frame body can be placed on the ground by using the front and rear cross leg. 如申請專利範圍第2項所述之深蹲輔助裝置,其中該主架體之套管端部具有一限位桿穿插,另套管頂面具有一螺孔,而 桿件具有一供該限位桿穿樞之長槽孔,且桿件頂面具有一對應該螺孔之鎖孔,供利用一鎖固件選擇性鎖掣套管與桿件,或釋放桿件使其可向上折收。 The squat auxiliary device according to claim 2, wherein the sleeve end portion of the main frame body has a limit rod interposed, and the sleeve top mask has a screw hole, and The rod member has a long slot for the rod to be pivoted, and the top surface of the rod has a pair of locking holes for the screw hole for selectively locking the sleeve and the rod with a locking member, or releasing the rod Make it fold up. 如申請專利範圍第3項所述之深蹲輔助裝置,其中該主架體之套管兩側分別形成有至少一樞耳,而踏板組之踏墊具有至少一對應之樞耳,供相對樞設,且該主架體之桿件兩側具有勾件,而踏墊具有向上翻折後可對應之掛孔,以便於折收、且固定桿件。 The squat assisting device according to claim 3, wherein at least one pivot is formed on each side of the sleeve of the main frame, and the pedal of the pedal set has at least one corresponding pivot for the opposite pivot And the main frame body has hooks on both sides of the rod, and the tread pad has a hanging hole corresponding to the upward folding, so as to facilitate folding and fixing the rod. 如申請專利範圍第2項所述之深蹲輔助裝置,其中該主架體之桿件頂面設有一支撐柱,以提供頂撐單元向下時緩衝之用。 The squat assisting device according to claim 2, wherein the top surface of the main frame body is provided with a support column to provide cushioning for the bottom support unit to be downward. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之深蹲輔助裝置,其中該抵靠機構對應人體一側跨設有複數桿件,且各該桿件兩端分別樞套有一滾墊,可配合運動過程相對人體產生滾動。 The squat assisting device according to the first aspect of the invention, wherein the abutting mechanism is provided with a plurality of rods on one side of the human body, and each of the rod members has a roller pad at both ends thereof, which can be matched with the movement process. The human body produces rolling. 如申請專利範圍第6項所述之深蹲輔助裝置,其中該頂撐單元具有一主架體的直立段下段處之支桿,而抵靠機構係設於支桿自由端,又抵靠機構具有一可滑設於支桿之滑套,且滑套具有一鎖固件,而支桿上具有複數對應之調整孔,可供選擇性將滑套鎖定定位於支桿的不同位置。 The squat assisting device according to claim 6, wherein the ejector unit has a struts at a lower portion of the upright section of the main frame body, and the abutting mechanism is disposed at a free end of the struts and abutting the mechanism The utility model has a sliding sleeve which is slidably disposed on the support rod, and the sliding sleeve has a locking member, and the supporting rod has a plurality of corresponding adjusting holes for selectively locking the sliding sleeve to different positions of the supporting rod. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之深蹲輔助裝置,其中該彈性單元係由一樞設於頂撐單元中段與主架體水平段之彈性伸縮棒所構成。 The squat assisting device according to claim 1, wherein the elastic unit is composed of an elastic telescopic rod pivotally disposed at a middle portion of the top strut unit and a horizontal portion of the main frame body. 如申請專利範圍第8項所述之深蹲輔助裝置,其中該彈性單元係於頂撐單元之支桿中段底面設有一樞耳,而主架體彎曲段內緣具有一安裝板,該安裝板上形成有一弧形移動槽,該 弧形移動槽底緣具有複數調整槽、且鄰近頂緣處形成有一限位槽,而該彈性伸縮棒兩端係分別利用一樞桿穿樞於前述支桿樞耳與安裝板弧形移動槽之間。 The squat assisting device according to claim 8, wherein the elastic unit is provided with a pivot ear on the bottom surface of the middle portion of the strut of the top strut unit, and the inner edge of the curved portion of the main frame body has a mounting plate, the mounting plate Forming an arcuate movement groove thereon, The bottom edge of the curved moving groove has a plurality of adjusting grooves, and a limiting groove is formed adjacent to the top edge, and the two ends of the elastic stretching rod are respectively pivoted to the arm pivoting plate and the arc moving groove of the mounting plate by a pivot rod between. 如申請專利範圍第1或8項所述之深蹲輔助裝置,其中該彈性單元進一步可於主架體直立段與頂撐單元支桿之兩側設有相對之掛勾,供相對掛設至少一彈性橡膠帶。 The squat assisting device according to the first or eighth aspect of the invention, wherein the elastic unit is further provided with opposite hooks on both sides of the main frame body upright section and the top support unit strut for at least opposite hanging An elastic rubber band.
TW105104000A 2016-02-05 2016-02-05 Squat assistive device TWI592192B (en)

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TW201728359A TW201728359A (en) 2017-08-16

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