TWI486300B - A material lift platform and its method of use. - Google Patents

A material lift platform and its method of use. Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI486300B
TWI486300B TW101139671A TW101139671A TWI486300B TW I486300 B TWI486300 B TW I486300B TW 101139671 A TW101139671 A TW 101139671A TW 101139671 A TW101139671 A TW 101139671A TW I486300 B TWI486300 B TW I486300B
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Taiwan
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platform
bearing
rail
lifting
fixed
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TW101139671A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW201326021A (en
Inventor
Haiyan Shen
Xinpeng Wang
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Shenzhen Techen Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201110430115.0A priority Critical patent/CN102518292B/en
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Publication of TW201326021A publication Critical patent/TW201326021A/en
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Publication of TWI486300B publication Critical patent/TWI486300B/en

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一種升降式物料平台及其使用方法 Lifting material platform and using method thereof

本發明涉及一種物料承載平台,更具體地說,涉及一種升降式物料平台及其使用方法。 The invention relates to a material carrying platform, and more particularly to a lifting material platform and a using method thereof.

目前,高層建築施工中用於接送物料和轉運範本的操作平台,多為臨時搭建的懸挑式物料平台或定型的懸挑式物料平台。在使用過程中,其操作較為複雜,需要塔吊配合才能上下移動,佔用了塔吊大量時間,並且塔吊在吊轉物料平台的過程中也容易與周邊腳手架等構件碰撞,造成安全隱患。 At present, the operating platforms used to transport materials and transport templates in high-rise building construction are mostly temporary-built cantilever material platforms or shaped cantilever material platforms. In the process of use, the operation is more complicated, and it needs the cooperation of the tower crane to move up and down, which takes up a lot of time of the tower crane, and the tower crane is easy to collide with the surrounding scaffolding and other components in the process of lifting the material platform, thereby causing safety hazards.

本發明要解決的技術問題在於,針對現有物料平台需要塔吊配合才能上下移動的缺陷,提供一種升降式物料平台及其使用方法。 The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a lifting material platform and a using method thereof for the defects that the existing material platform requires the tower crane to cooperate to move up and down.

本發明解決其技術問題所採用的技術方案是:構造一種升降式物料平台,包括:承力導向座,所述承力導向座固定在建築物的週邊上;導軌,所述導軌與所述承力導向座滑套連接;物料承力平台,所述物料承力平台固定在所述導軌上;以及物料平台提升系統,所述物料平台提升系統帶動所述導軌通過與 所述承力導向座的滑套配合實現升降。 The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problem is: constructing a lifting material platform, comprising: a bearing guide seat, the bearing guide seat is fixed on the periphery of the building; the guide rail, the guide rail and the bearing a force guiding seat sliding sleeve connection; a material bearing platform, the material bearing platform is fixed on the guide rail; and a material platform lifting system, the material platform lifting system driving the guiding rail to pass The sliding sleeve of the bearing guide seat cooperates to achieve lifting.

在根據本發明所述的升降式物料平台中,所述物料平台提升系統包括:固定在所述導軌下端的下吊點構件,固定在建築物週邊的上吊點構件,以及連接在所述上吊點構件和下上吊點構件之間的電動葫蘆。 In the elevating material platform according to the present invention, the material platform lifting system comprises: a lower lifting point member fixed at a lower end of the rail, an upper hanging point member fixed at a periphery of the building, and a connection point at the upper hanging point Electric hoist between the component and the lower hanging point component.

在根據本發明所述的升降式物料平台中,所述物料承力平台包括:承載平台,所述承載平台水準設置並固定在所述導軌上;防護欄杆,所述防護欄杆固定在所述承載平台周圍。 In the elevating material platform according to the present invention, the material bearing platform comprises: a carrying platform, the loading platform is horizontally disposed and fixed on the rail; and a protective railing, the protective railing is fixed on the carrying Around the platform.

在根據本發明所述的升降式物料平台中,所述物料承力平台還包括:承力連接件,所述承力連接件為傾斜支架,且所述傾斜支架的上端固定在所述承載平台上,下端固定在所述導軌上;或者所述傾斜支架的上端固定在所述導軌上上,下端固定在所述承載平台上。 In the elevating material platform according to the present invention, the material bearing platform further includes: a bearing connector, the bearing connector is a tilt bracket, and an upper end of the tilt bracket is fixed on the bearing platform The upper end is fixed on the rail; or the upper end of the tilt bracket is fixed on the rail, and the lower end is fixed on the carrying platform.

在根據本發明所述的升降式物料平台中,所述承載平台包括由剛性主樑和剛性副梁組成的承載構架,以及在所述承載構架上鋪設的墊板或焊接花紋鋼板。 In the elevating material platform according to the present invention, the load bearing platform includes a load bearing frame composed of a rigid main beam and a rigid sub beam, and a backing plate or a welded pattern steel plate laid on the load bearing frame.

在根據本發明所述的升降式物料平台中,所述電動葫蘆為倒掛電動葫蘆、正掛電動葫蘆或者手動葫蘆。 In the lifting material platform according to the present invention, the electric hoist is an inverted electric hoist, a hanging electric hoist or a manual hoist.

在根據本發明所述的升降式物料平台中,所述承載平台與導軌通過螺栓連接或銷軸連接或焊接。 In the elevating material platform according to the invention, the carrying platform and the guide rail are connected or welded by bolting or pinning.

在根據本發明所述的升降式物料平台中,所述防護欄杆與承載平台通過螺栓連接或焊接。 In the elevating material platform according to the invention, the protective railing is connected or welded by means of a bolt.

在根據本發明所述的升降式物料平台中,所述導軌通過所述承力導向座豎直或者傾斜固定在所述建築物的週邊上。 In the elevating material platform according to the invention, the guide rail is fixed vertically or obliquely on the periphery of the building by the bearing guide.

在根據本發明所述的升降式物料平台中,所述升降式物料平 台還包括荷載感應裝置,用於感應所述物料承力平台的荷載。 In the lifting material platform according to the present invention, the lifting material is flat The station also includes load sensing means for sensing the load of the material bearing platform.

在根據本發明所述的升降式物料平台中,所述升降式物料平台還包括與所述荷載感應裝置電連接的報警控制裝置,用於在所述物料承力平台的荷載超出預設荷載值時自動報警。 In the elevating material platform according to the present invention, the elevating material platform further includes an alarm control device electrically connected to the load sensing device, wherein the load on the material bearing platform exceeds a preset load value Automatic alarm when.

在根據本發明所述的升降式物料平台中,所述荷載感應裝置為拉力感測器或壓力感測器,所述拉力感測器豎直靠近導軌安裝,所述拉力感測器的一端安裝在承載平台上靠近導軌的位置,另一端安裝在導軌上,且所述承載平台通過豎直的長形安裝孔安裝在所述導軌上以為拉力感測器或壓力感測器的感應動作提供空間。 In the elevating material platform according to the present invention, the load sensing device is a tension sensor or a pressure sensor, the tension sensor is installed vertically adjacent to the rail, and one end of the tension sensor is installed. On the carrying platform near the rail, the other end is mounted on the rail, and the carrying platform is mounted on the rail through a vertical elongated mounting hole to provide space for the sensing action of the tension sensor or the pressure sensor .

本發明還提供了如上所述的升降式物料平台的使用方法,包括以下步驟:物料平台提升系統接收物料平台上升指令,帶動導軌通過與安裝在建築物的週邊上的承力導向座的滑套配合向上移動,進而帶動固定在所述導軌上的物料承力平台向上移動所需距離後將所述導軌與所述承力導向座固定以使用所述物料承力平台;物料平台提升系統接收物料平台下降指令,帶動導軌通過與安裝在建築物的週邊上的承力導向座的滑套配合向下移動,進而帶動固定在所述導軌上的物料承力平台向下移動所需距離後將所述導軌與所述承力導向座固定以使用所述物料承力平台。 The invention also provides a method for using the lifting material platform as described above, comprising the following steps: the material platform lifting system receives the material platform ascending instruction, and drives the guide rail to pass through the sliding sleeve of the bearing guide seat mounted on the periphery of the building. Cooperating upwardly, thereby driving the material bearing platform fixed on the guide rail to move upward by a required distance, and then fixing the guide rail and the bearing guide seat to use the material bearing platform; the material platform lifting system receives the material The platform lowering command drives the guide rail to move downward through the sliding sleeve of the bearing guide seat mounted on the periphery of the building, thereby driving the material bearing platform fixed on the guide rail to move downward by a required distance. The guide rail is fixed to the bearing guide seat to use the material bearing platform.

實施本發明的升降式物料平台及其使用方法,具有以下有益效果:本發明的升降式物料平台可通過自帶的物料平台提升系統獨立升降,在使用時不需要佔用塔吊時間,提高了物料平台及塔吊的效率,降低了所需的人工數量和操作人員的勞動強度,具有結構簡單、拆裝快捷、使用安全的、節約成本的特點。 The elevating material platform and the method for using the same according to the present invention have the following beneficial effects: the elevating material platform of the present invention can be independently lifted and lowered by the self-contained material platform lifting system, and does not need to occupy the tower crane time during use, thereby improving the material platform. And the efficiency of the tower crane reduces the required labor quantity and the labor intensity of the operator, and has the characteristics of simple structure, quick disassembly and assembly, safe use and cost saving.

1‧‧‧物料承力平台 1‧‧‧Material bearing platform

2‧‧‧導軌 2‧‧‧rail

3‧‧‧承力導向座 3‧‧‧ Bearing guide seat

4‧‧‧物料平台提升系統 4‧‧‧Material Platform Lifting System

21‧‧‧左側導軌 21‧‧‧Left rail

22‧‧‧右側導軌 22‧‧‧right rail

31‧‧‧左上承力導向座 31‧‧‧Left upper bearing guide

33‧‧‧左下承力導向座 33‧‧‧Lower lower bearing guide

32‧‧‧右上承力導向座 32‧‧‧Upper right bearing guide

34‧‧‧右下承力導向座 34‧‧‧Bottom lower bearing guide

42‧‧‧右側物料平台提升系統 42‧‧‧ Right Material Platform Lifting System

11‧‧‧承載平台 11‧‧‧Loading platform

12‧‧‧防護欄杆 12‧‧‧Protection railings

121‧‧‧左側防護欄杆 121‧‧‧Left protective railings

122‧‧‧右側防護欄杆 122‧‧‧The right protective railing

123‧‧‧前側防護欄杆 123‧‧‧Front side protective railings

13‧‧‧承力連接件 13‧‧‧ Bearing connectors

131、132‧‧‧左、右側承力連接件 131, 132‧‧‧ Left and right bearing connectors

5‧‧‧建築物週邊 5‧‧‧ Around the building

221‧‧‧安裝軌道 221‧‧‧Installation track

222‧‧‧滑動軌道 222‧‧‧Sliding track

321‧‧‧轉輪 321‧‧‧runner

422‧‧‧下吊點構件 422‧‧‧ Lower hanging point components

421‧‧‧上吊點構件 421‧‧‧ hanging point components

423‧‧‧電動葫蘆 423‧‧‧ electric hoist

424‧‧‧鏈條 424‧‧‧Chain

6‧‧‧拉力感測器 6‧‧‧Laser sensor

62‧‧‧第一安裝結構件 62‧‧‧First installation structural parts

63‧‧‧第二安裝結構件 63‧‧‧Second installation structural parts

631‧‧‧安裝孔 631‧‧‧Installation holes

圖1 本發明的升降式物料平台的第一實施例的示意圖;圖2 為根據本發明的升降式物料平台的第一實施例的物料承力平台的結構示意圖;圖3 為本發明的升降式物料平台的第二實施例的示意圖;圖4 為本發明的升降式物料平台的第二實施例的物料承力平台的結構示意圖;圖5 為本發明的升降式物料平台中採用倒掛式電動葫蘆的物料平台提升系統的結構圖;圖6 為圖5中A處的放大圖;圖7 為本發明的升降式物料平台中採用正掛式電動葫蘆的物料平台提升系統的結構圖;圖8 為本發明的升降式物料平台中荷載感應裝置的結構圖。 1 is a schematic view of a first embodiment of a lifting material platform of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a material bearing platform of a first embodiment of a lifting material platform according to the present invention; FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a material bearing platform of a second embodiment of the lifting material platform of the present invention; FIG. 5 is an inverted electric hoist used in the lifting material platform of the present invention; The structure diagram of the material platform lifting system; Figure 6 is an enlarged view of A in Figure 5; Figure 7 is a structural diagram of the material platform lifting system using the hanging electric hoist in the lifting material platform of the present invention; A structural view of a load sensing device in a lift material platform of the present invention.

為了使本發明的目的、技術方案及優點更加清楚明白,以下結合附圖及實施例,對本發明進行進一步詳細說明。 The present invention will be further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.

本發明構思了一種具有自帶提升系統的高層建築施工用物料平台,也有叫卸料平台或轉料平台,其可作為設置在樓層邊用於接送物料和轉運範本的操作平台。 The invention contemplates a material platform for high-rise building construction with a self-contained lifting system, and also called a unloading platform or a material transfer platform, which can be used as an operation platform for transporting materials and transporting templates on the floor side.

請參閱圖1,圖1是本發明的升降式物料平台的第一實施例的示意圖;如圖1所示,該實施例提供的升降式物料平台,包括:承力導向座3、導軌2、物料承力平台1和物料平台提升系統4。其中,承力導向座3固定在建築物的週邊上。導軌2與承力導向座4滑套連接。物料承力平台1固定在導軌2上。物料平台提升系統4帶動導軌2通過與承力導向座3的滑套配合實現升降,從 而使固定在導軌2上的物料承力平台1也隨之升降。 1 is a schematic view of a first embodiment of a lifting material platform according to the present invention; as shown in FIG. 1 , the lifting material platform provided by the embodiment includes: a bearing guide seat 3 and a guide rail 2 Material bearing platform 1 and material platform lifting system 4. Among them, the bearing guide seat 3 is fixed on the periphery of the building. The guide rail 2 is connected to the bearing sleeve 4 sliding sleeve. The material bearing platform 1 is fixed on the guide rail 2. The material platform lifting system 4 drives the guide rail 2 to realize the lifting and lowering by engaging with the sliding sleeve of the bearing guide seat 3, The material bearing platform 1 fixed to the guide rail 2 is also raised and lowered.

優選地,該升降式物料平台至少設置有2根導軌,即相互平行的左側導軌21和右側導軌22,物料承力平台1安裝在左側導軌21和右側導軌22之間,增加支撐力。承力導向座3至少包括分部位於導軌21的上部和下部位置、用於將左導軌21滑套安裝在建築物週邊上的左上承力導向座31和左下承力導向座33,以及分部位於右側導軌22的上部和下部、用於將右側導軌22滑套安裝在建築物週邊上的右上承力導向座32和右下承力導向座34。物料平台提升系統4至少包括左側物料平台提升系統41和右側物料平台提升系統42,以分別對控制左側導軌21和右側導軌22的升降。 Preferably, the lifting material platform is provided with at least two guide rails, that is, a left side rail 21 and a right side rail 22 which are parallel to each other, and the material bearing platform 1 is installed between the left side rail 21 and the right side rail 22 to increase the supporting force. The bearing guide seat 3 includes at least an upper left bearing bearing seat 31 and a lower left bearing force guiding seat 33 for dividing the upper rail 21 in the upper and lower positions of the guide rail 21, and the left lower bearing bearing seat 33, and the branch The upper right and lower portions of the right side rail 22 are mounted on the right upper bearing guide seat 32 and the lower right bearing guide seat 34 for sliding the right side rail 22 on the periphery of the building. The material platform lifting system 4 includes at least a left material platform lifting system 41 and a right material platform lifting system 42 to control the lifting of the left side rail 21 and the right side rail 22, respectively.

需要說明的是,本發明並不限定導軌2、承力導向座3和物料平台提升系統4的數量,而是可以根據需要增設,以提高物料平台的承載量,並保障運行的安全。例如使用分別位於導軌2的上部、中部和下部的3個承力導向座3對導軌2進行安裝。或者在圖1中2根導軌之間增設平行的第三根導軌,相應地,當增設了第三根導軌時,需要再增設一套物料平台提升系統4對該新增的導軌進行控制。 It should be noted that the present invention does not limit the number of the guide rail 2, the bearing guide seat 3 and the material platform lifting system 4, but can be added as needed to increase the load capacity of the material platform and ensure the safety of operation. The guide rail 2 is mounted, for example, using three bearing guides 3 located at the upper, middle and lower portions of the guide rail 2, respectively. Or, a parallel third guide rail is added between the two guide rails in FIG. 1, and correspondingly, when a third guide rail is added, a new material platform lifting system 4 needs to be added to control the newly added guide rail.

在一些優選實施例中,導軌2通過承力導向座3豎直固定在建築物的週邊上,使得物料承力平台1豎直升降。在另一些實施例中,根據現場的施工需要,如果需要使得物料承力平台1在水準方向上也有一定的移動,則可以將導軌2傾斜固定在建築物的週邊上,只需要使得物料承力平台1水準方向放置即可,這樣物料承力平台1可以不僅實現豎直升降,還能在升降的同時在水準方向上發生一定的位移。 In some preferred embodiments, the guide rail 2 is vertically fixed to the periphery of the building by the bearing guide seat 3 such that the material bearing platform 1 is vertically raised and lowered. In other embodiments, according to the construction needs of the site, if the material bearing platform 1 is required to move in the horizontal direction as needed, the guide rail 2 can be tilted and fixed on the periphery of the building, and only the material bearing capacity is required. The platform 1 can be placed in the horizontal direction, so that the material bearing platform 1 can not only achieve vertical lifting, but also a certain displacement in the horizontal direction while lifting.

請參閱圖2,為根據本發明的升降式物料平台的第一實施例的物料承力平台1的結構示意圖。如圖2所示,該實施例提供的升降式物料平台中的物料承力平台1至少包括:承載平台11和防護欄杆12。其中承載平台11水準設置並固定在導軌2上。防護欄杆12固定在承載平台11周圍,以防止人員或物料跌落。 Please refer to FIG. 2, which is a structural schematic view of the material bearing platform 1 of the first embodiment of the lifting material platform according to the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2 , the material bearing platform 1 in the lifting material platform provided by the embodiment includes at least: a bearing platform 11 and a protective railing 12 . The carrier platform 11 is horizontally disposed and fixed on the guide rail 2. A protective railing 12 is secured around the load platform 11 to prevent personnel or material from falling.

優選地,本實施例中承載平台11包括由剛性主樑和剛性副梁組成的承載構架,以及在該承載構架上鋪設的墊板或焊接花紋鋼板。承力平台1與導軌2用螺栓連接或銷軸連接或焊接固定。 Preferably, the carrying platform 11 in this embodiment comprises a carrying frame composed of a rigid main beam and a rigid auxiliary beam, and a backing plate or a welded pattern steel plate laid on the carrying frame. The bearing platform 1 and the guide rail 2 are bolted or pinned or welded.

優選地,本實施例中防護欄杆12與承載平台11通過螺栓連接或焊接固定。本實施例中防護欄杆12至少包括下端與承載平台11的三側邊緣分別固定的左側防護欄杆121、右側防護欄杆122和前側防護欄杆123。左側防護欄杆121和右側防護欄杆122的前端分別與前側防護欄杆123固定,左側防護欄杆121和右側防護欄杆122的後端則分別固定在左側導軌21和右側導軌22上。由於承載平台11的後側通過導軌2安裝在建築物的週邊牆面上,所以承載平台11的後側因建築物的外圍牆面的阻擋而不需要再進行防護。 Preferably, in this embodiment, the protective railing 12 and the carrying platform 11 are fixed by bolting or welding. In this embodiment, the protective railing 12 includes at least a left side protective rail 121, a right side guard rail 122 and a front side guard rail 123 which are respectively fixed at the lower end and the three side edges of the carrying platform 11. The front ends of the left side guard rails 121 and the right side guard rails 122 are respectively fixed to the front side guard rails 123, and the rear side of the left side guard rails 121 and the right side guard rails 122 are respectively fixed to the left side rails 21 and the right side rails 22. Since the rear side of the carrying platform 11 is mounted on the peripheral wall surface of the building by the guide rails 2, the rear side of the carrying platform 11 does not need to be protected due to the blocking of the peripheral wall surface of the building.

優選地,在本實施例中物料承力平台1還包括:承力連接件13,該承力連接件為傾斜支架,可以安裝在承載平台11下方或安裝在承載平台11的上方。在第一實施例中,承力連接件13安裝在承載平台11下方。如圖1和圖2中所示,承力連接件13為傾斜的支架,該傾斜支架的上端固定在承載平台11上,下端固定在導軌2上。承力連接件13與承載平台11和導軌2構成了斜邊朝下的三角形,能夠更加穩固並給予承載平台11更多地支撐力。優選地,分別在左右兩側設置了2個承力連接件13,即左側 承力連接件131和右側承力連接件132,以對承載平台11的左右兩側分別進行支撐。 Preferably, in the present embodiment, the material bearing platform 1 further includes: a bearing connector 13 , which is a tilt bracket, which can be installed under the loading platform 11 or above the bearing platform 11 . In the first embodiment, the bearing connector 13 is mounted below the carrier platform 11. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the bearing connecting member 13 is an inclined bracket, the upper end of which is fixed to the carrying platform 11 and the lower end is fixed to the guide rail 2. The bearing connector 13 and the carrying platform 11 and the guide rail 2 form a triangular shape with the oblique side facing downward, which can be more stable and give the supporting platform 11 more supporting force. Preferably, two bearing connectors 13 are arranged on the left and right sides respectively, that is, the left side The bearing member 131 and the right bearing member 132 are respectively supported to support the left and right sides of the carrying platform 11.

請參閱圖3,為本發明的升降式物料平台的第二實施例的示意圖;請結合參閱圖4,為本發明的升降式物料平台的第二實施例的物料承力平台1的結構示意圖。如圖3和圖4,該第二實施例的結構與第一實施例1相同,區別僅在於承力連接件13的安裝方式不同,在第二實施例中,承力連接件13安裝在承載平台11上方。承力連接件13也為傾斜的支架,該傾斜支架的上端固定在導軌2上,下端固定在承載平台11上。承力連接件13與承載平台11和導軌2構成了斜邊超上的三角形,承力連接件13給予承載平台11向上的拉力。 3 is a schematic view of a second embodiment of a lifting material platform according to the present invention; please refer to FIG. 4, which is a schematic structural view of a material bearing platform 1 of a second embodiment of the lifting material platform of the present invention. 3 and FIG. 4, the structure of the second embodiment is the same as that of the first embodiment 1, except that the bearing connector 13 is installed in a different manner. In the second embodiment, the bearing connector 13 is mounted on the bearing. Above the platform 11. The bearing connector 13 is also an inclined bracket, the upper end of which is fixed on the guide rail 2, and the lower end is fixed on the carrying platform 11. The bearing connector 13 and the carrying platform 11 and the guide rail 2 form a triangular shape with the beveled edge super, and the bearing connector 13 gives the loading platform 11 an upward pulling force.

下面以右側導軌22為例對本發明的升降式物料平台進行具體說明。其他導軌的安裝關係與之相同。請參閱圖5,為本發明的升降式物料平台中採用倒掛式電動葫蘆的物料平台提升系統4的結構圖。如圖5所示,示出了右側導軌22。右上承力導向座32和右下承力導向座34固定在建築物週邊5上。右側導軌22同時與右上承力導向座32和右下承力導向座34滑套連接。 The lifting material platform of the present invention will be specifically described below by taking the right side rail 22 as an example. The mounting relationship of other rails is the same. Please refer to FIG. 5 , which is a structural diagram of a material platform lifting system 4 using an inverted electric hoist in a lifting material platform according to the present invention. As shown in Figure 5, the right side rail 22 is shown. The upper right bearing guide seat 32 and the lower right bearing guide seat 34 are fixed to the building periphery 5. The right side rail 22 is simultaneously connected to the right upper load bearing guide 32 and the lower right bearing guide seat 34.

下面以右上承力導向座32處為例對本發明的導軌與承力導向座的安裝關係進行具體說明,其他對應結構的安裝關係與之相同。請結合參閱圖6,為圖5中A處的放大圖。如圖6所示,右導軌22包括垂直於牆面設置的用於安裝承載平台11的安裝軌道221,以及平行於牆面設置的用於與右上承力導向座32和右下承力導向座34滑套連接的滑動軌道222。其中安裝軌道221外側有間隔設置的通孔以便通過螺栓固定承載平台11。安裝軌道221內側通過加強筋與滑動軌道222的正面連接,滑動軌道222在豎直方 向上等間隔設置有橫杆。右上承力導向座32上具有轉輪321,轉輪321的每個轉齒與滑動軌道222的橫杆卡合,當右側導軌22上下運動時,每個橫杆通過與轉齒的卡合帶動轉輪321隨之轉動,進而使得右側導軌22與右上承力導向座32發生位移。且右上承力導向座32具有限定右側導軌22向外運動的結構。 The mounting relationship between the guide rail and the bearing guide seat of the present invention will be specifically described below by taking the upper right bearing guide seat 32 as an example. The installation relationship of the other corresponding structures is the same. Please refer to FIG. 6 in combination with an enlarged view of A in FIG. As shown in FIG. 6, the right guide rail 22 includes a mounting rail 221 disposed perpendicular to the wall surface for mounting the load bearing platform 11, and a right parallel load bearing seat 32 and a lower right bearing guide seat disposed parallel to the wall surface. 34 sliding sleeve connected sliding track 222. There are spaced-apart through holes on the outside of the mounting rail 221 to fix the carrier platform 11 by bolts. The inside of the mounting rail 221 is connected to the front surface of the sliding rail 222 through a rib, and the sliding rail 222 is in the vertical direction. A crossbar is provided at equal intervals. The upper right bearing guide seat 32 has a rotating wheel 321 , and each rotating tooth of the rotating wheel 321 is engaged with the horizontal bar of the sliding rail 222 . When the right side rail 22 moves up and down, each cross bar is driven by the engagement with the rotating tooth. The runner 321 then rotates, thereby causing the right rail 22 and the upper right bearing guide seat 32 to be displaced. And the upper right bearing guide seat 32 has a structure that defines the outward movement of the right side rail 22.

再參照圖5,右側物料平台提升系統42包括:下吊點構件422、上吊點構件421和電動葫蘆423。其中電動葫蘆423具有電機、上葫蘆鉤子、下葫蘆鉤子和葫蘆鏈條424。下吊點構件422著力點固定在右側導軌22下端,上吊點構件421著力點固定在建築物週邊5上。電動葫蘆423的上葫蘆鉤子與上吊點構件421連接,下葫蘆鉤子與下吊點構件422連接。通過電動葫蘆423的正反轉,上葫蘆鉤子和下葫蘆鉤子之間的葫蘆鏈條424將縮短或者伸長,由於上吊點構件421固定在建築物週邊5上不動,因此下吊點構件422跟隨葫蘆鏈條424的縮短或者伸長而上升或下降,進而帶動右側導軌22上升或下降,即可實現物料承力平台1的升降。 Referring again to FIG. 5, the right material platform lift system 42 includes a lower lift point member 422, an upper lift point member 421, and an electric hoist 423. The electric hoist 423 has a motor, an upper hoist hook, a lower hoist hook and a hoist chain 424. The lower hanging point member 422 is fixed at the lower end of the right side rail 22, and the upper hanging point member 421 is fixed at the periphery 5 of the building. The upper hoist hook of the electric hoist 423 is connected to the upper hanging point member 421, and the lower hoist hook is connected to the lower hanging point member 422. By the forward and reverse rotation of the electric hoist 423, the hoist chain 424 between the upper hoist hook and the lower hoist hook will be shortened or elongated, and since the upper hanging point member 421 is fixed on the building periphery 5, the lower hanging point member 422 follows the hoist chain. The shortening or elongation of 424 rises or falls, and then the right rail 22 is raised or lowered to realize the lifting and lowering of the material bearing platform 1.

請參閱圖7,為本發明的升降式物料平台中採用正掛式電動葫蘆的物料平台提升系統的結構圖。如圖7所示,同樣示出了右側導軌22。本實施例中參照對圖5的描述,區別僅在於電動葫蘆423採用正掛式電動葫蘆。此外,還可以使用手動葫蘆替代該電動葫蘆。 Please refer to FIG. 7 , which is a structural diagram of a material platform lifting system using a hanging electric hoist in the lifting material platform of the present invention. As shown in Figure 7, the right side rail 22 is also shown. In the present embodiment, reference is made to the description of FIG. 5, except that the electric hoist 423 is a hanging electric hoist. In addition, a manual hoist can be used instead of the electric hoist.

請參閱圖8,為本發明的升降式物料平台中荷載感應裝置的結構圖。在圖8所示的實施例中該升降式物料平台還包括荷載感應裝置,用於感應物料承力平台1的荷載。更優選地,該升降式物料平台還可進一步包括報警控制裝置,該報警控制裝置與荷載感 應裝置電連接,用於在接收到荷載感應裝置發送的物料承力平台的荷載後,判斷其是否超出預設荷載值,是則自動報警。在本實施例中,荷載感應裝置採用拉力感測器6實現。本發明也可以採用本領域技術人員熟知並能應用的荷載感應裝置,例如壓力感測器等。該拉力感測器6豎直靠近導軌安裝,例如圖8中靠近右側導軌22豎直安裝。拉力感測器6具有感測器連接件。整個拉力感測器6通過感應施加在拉力感測器6上端和下端之間的拉力對荷載值進行測量。拉力感測器6的上端安裝在承載平台11上方的導軌即圖8中右側導軌22上,例如在本實施例中通過第一安裝結構件62安裝在右側導軌22上;拉力感測器6的下端安裝在承載平台11靠近導軌即圖8中右側導軌22的位置。例如在本實施例中通過第二安裝結構件63安裝在承載平台11上。優選地,承載平台11也可以通過第二安裝結構件63安裝在導軌上,且該第二安裝結構件63的安裝孔為豎直的長形安裝孔631,從而為拉力感測器6的上端和下端之間的拉伸感應動作提供空間,使得拉力感測器6能夠起到荷載感應作用。 Please refer to FIG. 8 , which is a structural diagram of a load sensing device in a lifting material platform according to the present invention. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 8, the elevating material platform further includes load sensing means for sensing the load of the material bearing platform 1. More preferably, the lift material platform may further comprise an alarm control device, the load control device and the sense of load The electrical connection should be made to determine whether the load exceeds the preset load value after receiving the load of the material bearing platform sent by the load sensing device, and then automatically alarms. In the present embodiment, the load sensing device is implemented using a tension sensor 6. The present invention can also employ load sensing devices, such as pressure sensors, etc., which are well known and applicable to those skilled in the art. The tension sensor 6 is mounted vertically adjacent to the rail, such as vertically mounted near the right rail 22 in FIG. The pull sensor 6 has a sensor connector. The entire tension sensor 6 measures the load value by inducing a tensile force applied between the upper end and the lower end of the tension sensor 6. The upper end of the tension sensor 6 is mounted on a guide rail above the load platform 11 , that is, on the right side rail 22 in FIG. 8 , for example, in the present embodiment, the first mounting structure 62 is mounted on the right side rail 22; the tension sensor 6 The lower end is mounted at a position where the carrier platform 11 is adjacent to the guide rail, that is, the right rail 22 in FIG. For example, in the present embodiment, the second mounting structure member 63 is mounted on the carrier platform 11. Preferably, the carrying platform 11 can also be mounted on the rail by the second mounting structure 63, and the mounting hole of the second mounting structure 63 is a vertical elongated mounting hole 631, thereby being the upper end of the tension sensor 6. The tensile sensing action between the lower end and the lower end provides space for the tension sensor 6 to perform load sensing.

此外,本發明還提供了一種如上所述的升降式物料平台的使用方法,包括:升降式物料平台的上升使用步驟和下降使用步驟。 In addition, the present invention also provides a method of using the elevating material platform as described above, comprising: a rising use step and a descending use step of the elevating material platform.

上升使用步驟包括:當物料平台需要上升時,用戶發送物料平台上升指令,物料平台提升系統4接收到該物料平台上升指令後,帶動導軌2通過與安裝在建築物的週邊5上的承力導向座3的滑套配合向上移動,進而帶動固定在導軌2上的物料承力平台1向上移動所需距離後,即物料承力平台1移動到位後,將導軌2與承力導向座3固定以供用戶使用物料承力平台1。例如,用 戶可以發送物料平台上升指令控制電動葫蘆423作用帶動導軌2上移。 The ascending use step includes: when the material platform needs to rise, the user sends a material platform ascending instruction, and after receiving the material platform ascending instruction, the material platform lifting system 4 drives the guide rail 2 to pass through the bearing force mounted on the periphery 5 of the building. The sliding sleeve of the seat 3 cooperates with the upward movement, and then drives the material bearing platform 1 fixed on the guide rail 2 to move upward by a required distance, that is, after the material bearing platform 1 is moved into position, the guide rail 2 and the bearing guide seat 3 are fixed. For the user to use the material bearing platform 1. For example, use The user can send the material platform ascending command to control the electric hoist 423 to drive the rail 2 to move up.

下降使用步驟包括:當物料平台需要下降時,用戶發送物料平台下降指令,物料平台提升系統4接收到該物料平台下降指令後,帶動導軌2通過與安裝在建築物的週邊5上的承力導向座3的滑套配合向下移動,進而帶動固定在導軌2上的物料承力平台1向下移動所需距離後,即物料承力平台1移動到位後,將導軌2與承力導向座3固定以供用戶使用物料承力平台1。例如,用戶可以發送物料平台下降指令控制電動葫蘆423作用帶動導軌2在重力的作用下下降。 The descending use step includes: when the material platform needs to descend, the user sends a material platform lowering instruction, and after receiving the material platform lowering instruction, the material platform lifting system 4 drives the guide rail 2 to pass through the bearing force mounted on the periphery 5 of the building. The sliding sleeve of the seat 3 cooperates with the downward movement, and then drives the material bearing platform 1 fixed on the guide rail 2 to move downward by a required distance, that is, after the material bearing platform 1 is moved into position, the guide rail 2 and the bearing guide seat 3 are moved. Fixed for the user to use the material bearing platform 1. For example, the user can send a material platform descent command to control the electric hoist 423 to drive the guide rail 2 to descend under the action of gravity.

在上述上升使用步驟和下降使用步驟中,當一端的承力導向座3與導軌2脫開後,需將此承力導向座3拆除,迴圈使用。例如,當導軌2向上移動直至與位於最下端的承力導向座3脫離時,用戶可以拆除該脫離的承力導向座3,並將其安裝在導軌2的上方以供導軌2繼續向上與該重新安裝的承力導向座3滑套配合,以向上延伸導軌2的運動距離。同理,當導軌2向下移動直至與位於最上端的承力導向座3脫離時,用戶可以拆除該脫離的承力導向座3,並將其安裝在導軌2的下方以供導軌2繼續向下與該重新安裝的承力導向座3滑套配合,以向下延伸導軌2的運動距離。這樣,用戶只需要通過該拆卸操作並可以滿足各種高度的建築物上的升降需求。 In the above-mentioned rising use step and the descending use step, when the bearing guide seat 3 at one end is disengaged from the guide rail 2, the bearing guide seat 3 needs to be removed and used in a loop. For example, when the guide rail 2 is moved upward until it is disengaged from the lowermost bearing bearing seat 3, the user can remove the detached bearing guide seat 3 and mount it above the guide rail 2 for the guide rail 2 to continue upward and The re-installed bearing guide seat 3 is fitted with a sliding sleeve to extend the moving distance of the guide rail 2 upward. Similarly, when the guide rail 2 is moved downward until it is disengaged from the uppermost bearing bearing seat 3, the user can remove the detached bearing guide seat 3 and install it under the guide rail 2 for the guide rail 2 to continue downward. Cooperating with the reinstalled bearing guide seat 3 sliding sleeve to extend the moving distance of the guide rail 2 downward. In this way, the user only needs to pass the disassembly operation and can meet the lifting requirements on buildings of various heights.

上述升降式物料平台的使用方法還可以進一步包括荷載感應步驟:通過荷載感應裝置感應物料承力平台4的荷載。例如,由拉力感測器6感應物料承力平台4的荷載。 The method of using the lift material platform may further include a load sensing step of sensing the load of the material bearing platform 4 by the load sensing device. For example, the load of the material bearing platform 4 is sensed by the tension sensor 6.

上述升降式物料平台的使用方法還可以進一步包括報警控制步驟 :通過與荷載感應裝置電連接的報警控制裝置,在物料承力平台1的荷載超出預設荷載值時自動報警。 The use method of the above lifting material platform may further comprise an alarm control step : The alarm control device electrically connected to the load sensing device automatically alarms when the load of the material bearing platform 1 exceeds the preset load value.

綜上所述,本發明提供了一種可通過自帶提升系統獨立升降的物料平台,解決了現有技術中物料平台,在組裝、拆除、使用過程中存在效率低、需要佔用大量塔吊時間、存在安全隱患的問題。本發明的升降式物料平台在使用時不需要佔用塔吊時間,提高了物料平台及塔吊的效率,降低了所需的人工數量和操作人員的勞動強度,具有結構簡單、拆裝快捷、使用安全的、節約成本的特點。 In summary, the present invention provides a material platform that can be independently lifted and lowered by a self-contained lifting system, and solves the prior art material platform. In the process of assembly, disassembly, and use, there is low efficiency, a large amount of tower crane time is required, and safety exists. Hidden problems. The lifting material platform of the invention does not need to occupy the tower crane time when used, improves the efficiency of the material platform and the tower crane, reduces the required labor quantity and the labor intensity of the operator, and has the advantages of simple structure, quick disassembly and assembly, and safe use. And cost-saving features.

本發明是根據特定實施例進行描述的,但本領域的技術人員應明白在不脫離本發明範圍時,可進行各種變化和等同替換。此外,為適應本發明技術的特定場合或材料,可對本發明進行諸多修改而不脫離其保護範圍。因此,本發明並不限於在此公開的特定實施例,而包括所有落入到權利要求保護範圍的實施例。 The present invention has been described in terms of a particular embodiment, and it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes and equivalents can be made without departing from the scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to the invention without departing from the scope of the invention. Therefore, the invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed herein, but includes all embodiments falling within the scope of the claims.

1‧‧‧物料承力平台 1‧‧‧Material bearing platform

2‧‧‧導軌 2‧‧‧rail

3‧‧‧承力導向座 3‧‧‧ Bearing guide seat

4‧‧‧物料平台提升系統 4‧‧‧Material Platform Lifting System

21‧‧‧左側導軌 21‧‧‧Left rail

22‧‧‧右側導軌 22‧‧‧right rail

31‧‧‧左上承力導向座 31‧‧‧Left upper bearing guide

33‧‧‧左下承力導向座 33‧‧‧Lower lower bearing guide

32‧‧‧右上承力導向座 32‧‧‧Upper right bearing guide

34‧‧‧右下承力導向座 34‧‧‧Bottom lower bearing guide

41、42‧‧‧左、右側物料平台提升系統 41, 42‧‧‧ left and right material platform lifting system

Claims (9)

一種升降式物料平台,其特徵在於,包括:承力導向座,所述承力導向座固定在建築物的週邊上;導軌,所述導軌與承力導向座滑套連接;物料承力平台,所述物料承力平台固定在導軌上;以及物料平台提升系統,所述物料平台提升系統帶動導軌通過與承力導向座的滑套配合實現升降;物料平台提升系統包括:固定在所述導軌下端的下吊點構件,固定在建築物週邊的上吊點構件,以及連接在所述上吊點構件和下上吊點構件之間的電動葫蘆。 A lifting material platform, comprising: a bearing guide seat, the bearing guide seat is fixed on a periphery of the building; the guide rail is connected with the bearing sleeve sliding sleeve; the material bearing platform, The material bearing platform is fixed on the guide rail; and the material platform lifting system drives the guide rail to cooperate with the sliding sleeve of the bearing guide seat to realize the lifting; the material platform lifting system comprises: fixing at the lower end of the guiding rail The lower hanging point member, the upper hanging point member fixed to the periphery of the building, and the electric hoist connected between the upper hanging point member and the lower hanging point member. 根據權利要求1所述的升降式物料平台,其特徵在於,物料承力平台包括:承載平台,所述承載平台水準設置並固定在導軌上;防護欄杆,所述防護欄杆固定在承載平台周圍。 The lifting material platform according to claim 1, wherein the material bearing platform comprises: a bearing platform, the loading platform is horizontally disposed and fixed on the rail; and the protective railing is fixed around the carrying platform. 根據權利要求2所述的升降式物料平台,其特徵在於,物料承力平台還包括:承力連接件,承力連接件為傾斜支架,且傾斜支架的上端固定在承載平台上,下端固定在導軌上;或者傾斜支架的上端固定在導軌上上,下端固定在承載平台上。 The lifting material platform according to claim 2, wherein the material bearing platform further comprises: a bearing connecting member, the bearing connecting member is a tilting bracket, and the upper end of the inclined bracket is fixed on the carrying platform, and the lower end is fixed at On the rail; or the upper end of the tilt bracket is fixed on the rail, and the lower end is fixed on the bearing platform. 根據權利要求2所述的升降式物料平台,其特徵在於,承載平台包括由剛性主樑和剛性副梁組成的承載構架,以及在承載構架上鋪設的墊板或焊接花紋鋼板。 The elevating material platform according to claim 2, wherein the load bearing platform comprises a load-bearing frame composed of a rigid main beam and a rigid sub-beam, and a backing plate or a welded pattern steel plate laid on the load-bearing frame. 根據權利要求1所述的升降式物料平台,其特徵在於,電動葫蘆為倒掛電動葫蘆或者正掛電動葫蘆。 The lifting material platform according to claim 1, wherein the electric hoist is an upside down electric hoist or a hanging electric hoist. 根據權利要求2所述的升降式物料平台,升降式物料平台還包括荷載感應裝置,用於感應所述物料承力平台的荷載。 The lift material platform of claim 2, the lift material platform further comprising load sensing means for sensing the load of the material bearing platform. 根據權利要求6所述的升降式物料平台,升降式物料平台還包括與荷載感應裝置電連接的報警控制裝置,用於在物料承力平台的荷載超出預設荷載值時自動報警。 The lifting material platform according to claim 6, wherein the lifting material platform further comprises an alarm control device electrically connected to the load sensing device for automatically alarming when the load of the material bearing platform exceeds a preset load value. 根據權利要求6所述的升降式物料平台,其特徵在於,荷載感應裝置為拉力傳感器或壓力感測器,拉力感測器豎直靠近導軌安裝,拉力感測器的一端安裝在承載平台上靠近導軌的位置,另一端安裝在導軌上,且承載平台通過豎直的長形安裝孔安裝在導軌上以為拉力感測器或壓力感測器的感應動作提供空間。 The lifting material platform according to claim 6, wherein the load sensing device is a tension sensor or a pressure sensor, the tension sensor is installed vertically adjacent to the rail, and one end of the tension sensor is mounted on the carrying platform. The position of the rail is mounted on the rail at the other end, and the carrier platform is mounted on the rail through a vertical elongated mounting hole to provide space for the sensing action of the tension sensor or the pressure sensor. 一種根據權利要求1所述的升降式物料平台的使用方法,其特徵在於,包括以下步驟:物料平台提升系統接收物料平台上升指令,帶動導軌通過與安裝在建築物的週邊上的承力導向座的滑套配合向上移動,進而帶動固定在導軌上的物料承力平台向上移動所需距離後將導軌與承力導向座固定以使用所述物料承力平台;物料平台提升系統接收物料平台下降指令,帶動導軌通過與安裝在建築物的週邊上的承力導向座的滑套配合向下移動,進而帶動固定在導軌上的物料承力平台向下移動所需距離後將導軌與承力導向座固定以使用所述物料承力平台。 A method for using a lifting material platform according to claim 1, comprising the steps of: receiving, by the material platform lifting system, a material platform ascending instruction, driving the guide rail to pass through the bearing guide seat mounted on the periphery of the building; The sliding sleeve cooperates with the upward movement, thereby driving the material bearing platform fixed on the guide rail to move upward by the required distance, and then fixing the guide rail and the bearing guide seat to use the material bearing platform; the material platform lifting system receives the material platform falling instruction The driving guide rail is moved downward by the sliding sleeve of the bearing guide seat mounted on the periphery of the building, thereby driving the material bearing platform fixed on the guide rail to move downward by a required distance, and then guiding the rail and the bearing guide seat. Fixed to use the material bearing platform.
TW101139671A 2011-12-20 2012-10-26 A material lift platform and its method of use. TWI486300B (en)

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