TWI382572B - Used in the heating structure of the battery and the device and cooling auxiliary module - Google Patents

Used in the heating structure of the battery and the device and cooling auxiliary module Download PDF

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TWI382572B
TWI382572B TW099104601A TW99104601A TWI382572B TW I382572 B TWI382572 B TW I382572B TW 099104601 A TW099104601 A TW 099104601A TW 99104601 A TW99104601 A TW 99104601A TW I382572 B TWI382572 B TW I382572B
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battery
heating
heat
auxiliary module
heat conducting
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TW201034272A (en
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Asia Vital Components Co Ltd
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Priority to DE201020006683 priority patent/DE202010006683U1/de
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B3/00Ohmic-resistance heating
    • H05B3/20Heating elements having extended surface area substantially in a two-dimensional plane, e.g. plate-heater
    • H05B3/22Heating elements having extended surface area substantially in a two-dimensional plane, e.g. plate-heater non-flexible
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/61Types of temperature control
    • H01M10/613Cooling or keeping cold
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/61Types of temperature control
    • H01M10/615Heating or keeping warm
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/63Control systems
    • H01M10/637Control systems characterised by the use of reversible temperature-sensitive devices, e.g. NTC, PTC or bimetal devices; characterised by control of the internal current flowing through the cells, e.g. by switching
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/64Heating or cooling; Temperature control characterised by the shape of the cells
    • H01M10/647Prismatic or flat cells, e.g. pouch cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/65Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells
    • H01M10/655Solid structures for heat exchange or heat conduction
    • H01M10/6554Rods or plates
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/65Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells
    • H01M10/655Solid structures for heat exchange or heat conduction
    • H01M10/6556Solid parts with flow channel passages or pipes for heat exchange
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/65Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells
    • H01M10/656Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells characterised by the type of heat-exchange fluid
    • H01M10/6567Liquids
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/65Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells
    • H01M10/657Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells by electric or electromagnetic means
    • H01M10/6571Resistive heaters
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/65Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells
    • H01M10/658Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells by thermal insulation or shielding
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid
    • F28D1/04Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits
    • F28D1/047Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag
    • F28D1/0477Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag the conduits being bent in a serpentine or zig-zag
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F1/00Tubular elements; Assemblies of tubular elements
    • F28F1/10Tubular elements and assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with projections, with recesses
    • F28F1/12Tubular elements and assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with projections, with recesses the means being only outside the tubular element
    • F28F1/14Tubular elements and assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with projections, with recesses the means being only outside the tubular element and extending longitudinally
    • F28F1/22Tubular elements and assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with projections, with recesses the means being only outside the tubular element and extending longitudinally the means having portions engaging further tubular elements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries

Description

應用於電池之加熱結構及裝置與冷卻輔助模組

一種應用於電池之加熱結構及裝置與冷卻輔助模組,尤指一種應用於電池並令電池保持於工作溫度的電池之加熱結構及裝置與冷卻輔助模組。

按,現行無法以家用交流電或一般直流電隨時以接線方式供應使用的場合,則需透過加裝電池之方式以供應電能,最為常見係為車輛、燈具、電動工具、電子設備、通訊設備或熱交換設備等,皆有需使用電池供應電力,然而一般電池於低溫(約-20℃~-30℃)下,電池是無法提供能源,亦此於寒帶國家及特殊低溫工作場所為了避免此情況發生,因此必需對電池予以加熱,以令電池到達工作區間溫度始可正常供電。

同樣的,電池在充放電過程中,因電子在充填材料中運行,而造成電池本體溫度上升,當溫度不斷地上升進而超過電池工作區間溫度,其對電池本體本身供電效率與電池壽命造成重大之影響,所以需將所產生之熱能帶走;另者,為了保持電池能在其正常工作區間溫度下運行,故需令電池本身溫度保持於電池有效之工作區間溫度以令該電池正常供電。

再者,如當電池工作時能有效控電池冷卻及加熱時所需之能量,則可達到節能之目的。

爰此,為有效解決上述之問題,本發明之主要目的在提供一 種可對電池加熱令電池達到工作區間溫度的電池之加熱結構。

本發明之次要目的在提供一種具有絕熱效果的電池之加熱裝置。

本發明再一目的係提供一種具有可對電池加熱及冷卻之結構令電池達到工作區間溫度,及具有絕熱結構與防止加熱元件加熱時,熱量散失於大氣,造成能量浪廢的應用於電池之輔助模組。

為達上述目的,本發明係提出一種應用於電池之加熱結構及裝置與冷卻輔助模組,所述應用於電池之加熱結構,係用於與一電池連結,其包含:一導熱元件、一加熱元件;該導熱元件具有至少一受熱部及至少一傳熱部,該傳熱部相對前述電池所設置;該加熱元件具有至少一第一加熱部相對該受熱部,並對該受熱部加熱;所述該導熱元件相反該電池之一側係另增設有一絕熱部,藉以達到隔熱之目的;所述該導熱元件係可增設至少一冷卻管體,藉以達到冷卻之目的;透過本發明之應用於電池之加熱結構及裝置與冷卻輔助模組可使電池保持於電池工作溫度之區間內,藉以令電池之工作效率及使用壽命大幅提昇;故本發明具有下列優點:1.提升電池壽命;2.電池工作效率提升;3.具有節能功效。

請參閱第1、2圖,係為本發明應用於電池之加熱結構實施例 立體分解及組合圖,如圖所示,其中所述應用於電池之加熱結構1,係用於與一電池2連結,其包含:一導熱元件11及一加熱元件12;

所述導熱元件11係具有至少一受熱部111及至少一傳熱部112,該傳熱部112相對前述電池2,並與該電池2貼合。

所述導熱元件11係可為一均溫板及/或一具導熱性質之金屬(如銅質散熱器及鋁質散熱器等)其中任一,本實施例係以均溫板作為實施例,但並不以此為限。

所述加熱元件12,其具有至少一第一加熱部121係設於該加熱元件12之一側,該第一加熱部121相對該受熱部111所設置,並對該受熱部111加熱,該加熱元件12之第一加熱部121之另側係具有一第二加熱部122,該第二加熱部122係相對該電池2並直接對該電池2加熱。

所述加熱元件12係可為一熱電阻及/或一石英加熱器及/或一正溫度係數(Positive Temperature Coefficient;PTC)熱敏電阻其中任一,本發明係以熱電阻作為說明,但並不以此為限。

本發明之應用於電池之加熱結構1,主要功效係為當該電池2低於該供電之工作溫度時,係可透過該加熱元件12同時對該電池2與導熱元件11進行加熱,該導熱元件11可將該加熱元件12所供給之熱量均勻傳佈給該電池2,令該電池2溫度得提升至電池2之工作區間溫度,藉以提升該電池2供電效率。

請參閱第1、3、4、4a圖,係為本發明之應用於電池之加熱裝置實施例立體分解及組合圖,如圖所示,所述應用於電池之加熱裝置3,係用於與一電池2連結,其包含:一導熱元件11及一 加熱元件12及一絕熱部13;該導熱元件11及加熱元件12與前述電池2相對配置關係與前述應用於電池之加熱結構1之實施例相同,故在此不再贅述,所述絕熱部13設於前述導熱元件11相反該電池2之一側,該絕熱部13係可為一真空腔室131或一絕熱材其中任一,本實施例係以真空腔室131作為實施例說明,但並不以此為限。

本發明之應用於電池之加熱裝置3除了具有前述應用於電池之加熱結構1可將電池2加熱至工作區間溫度,藉以提升該電池2供電效率之功效外,另外,更具有隔熱之效果,透過所述之絕熱部13可將加熱元件12及導熱元件11與電池2之所產生之熱量與其他外部元件隔絕,藉以避免加熱元件的熱量散失於大氣。

請參閱第1、3、5、6、7、8圖,係為本發明之應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組實施例立體分解及組合圖及應用於電池之加熱輔助模組組合剖視圖與另一實施例立體組合圖,如圖所示,所述應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組4,係用於與一電池2連結,其包含:一導熱元件11及一加熱元件12及一絕熱部13及一冷卻管體14,該導熱元件11及加熱元件12及絕熱部13與前述電池2相對配置關係係與前述應用於電池之加熱結構1及前述應用於電池之加熱裝置2之實施例相同,故在此不再贅述,本實施例其主要係為於所述導熱元件11一側設置一凹槽113,並於該凹槽113內設有前述冷卻管體14,所述冷卻管體14具有至少一進口端141及一出口端142,並該進口端141及該出口端142分別與至少一管體5連接。

本發明之應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組4除具有前述應用於電 池之加熱結構1及該應用於電池之加熱裝置3之對電池2加熱及隔熱之效果外,更具有對電池2降溫之效果;隨著電池2供電時間持續,該電池2本身將產生溫度,當該溫度高於電池2工作溫度區間時,則會令該電池2供電效率降低,故藉由該應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組4之冷卻管體14可對該電池2作降溫之效果。

同時,電池之冷卻輔助模組4之導熱元件11,將電池2本身產生溫度均勻擴散使得該電池2達到均溫之效果。

1‧‧‧應用於電池之加熱結構

11‧‧‧導熱元件

111‧‧‧受熱部

112‧‧‧傳熱部

113‧‧‧凹槽

12‧‧‧加熱元件

121‧‧‧第一加熱部

122‧‧‧第二加熱部

13‧‧‧絕熱部

131‧‧‧真空腔室

14‧‧‧冷卻管體

141‧‧‧進口端

142‧‧‧出口端

2‧‧‧電池

3‧‧‧應用於電池之加熱裝置

4‧‧‧應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組

5‧‧‧管體

第1圖係為本發明之應用於電池之加熱結構之立體分解圖;第2圖係為本發明之應用於電池之加熱結構之立體組合圖;第3圖係為本發明之應用於電池之加熱裝置之立體分解圖;第4圖係為本發明之應用於電池之加熱裝置之立體組合圖;第4a圖係為本發明之應用於電池之加熱裝置之組合剖視圖;第5圖係為本發明之應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組之立體分解圖;第6圖係為本發明之應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組之立體組合圖;第7圖係為本發明之應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組之另一立體組合圖;第8圖係為本發明之應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組之組合剖視圖。

11‧‧‧導熱元件

111‧‧‧受熱部

112‧‧‧傳熱部

113‧‧‧凹槽

12‧‧‧加熱元件

121‧‧‧第一加熱部

122‧‧‧第二加熱部

13‧‧‧絕熱部

14‧‧‧冷卻管體

141‧‧‧進口端

142‧‧‧出口端

2‧‧‧電池

4‧‧‧應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組

Claims (15)

  1. 一種應用於電池之加熱結構,係用於與一電池連結,其包含:一導熱元件,具有至少一受熱部及至少一傳熱部,該傳熱部係相對前述電池設置;及一加熱元件,具有至少一第一加熱部相對該受熱部設置,並對該受熱部加熱。
  2. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之應用於電池之加熱結構,其中所述導熱元件係為一均溫板及一具導熱性質之金屬其中任一。
  3. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之應用於電池之加熱結構,其中所述加熱元件係為一熱電阻及一石英加熱器及一PTC熱敏電阻其中任一。
  4. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之應用於電池之加熱結構,其中所述加熱元件更具有一第二加熱部相對該電池。
  5. 一種應用於電池之加熱裝置,係用於與一電池連結,其包含:一導熱元件,具有至少一受熱部及至少一傳熱部,該傳熱部係相對前述電池設置;一加熱元件,具有至少一第一加熱部相對該受熱部設置,並對該受熱部加熱;及一絕熱部,係設於前述導熱元件相反該電池之另一側。
  6. 如申請專利範圍第5項所述之應用於電池之加熱裝置,其中所述導熱元件係為一均溫板及一具導熱性質之金屬其中任一。
  7. 如申請專利範圍第5項所述之應用於電池之加熱裝置,其中所述加熱元件係為一熱電阻及一石英加熱器及一PTC熱敏電阻其中任一。
  8. 如申請專利範圍第5項所述之應用於電池之加熱裝置,其中所述絕熱部係為一真空腔室及一絕熱材其中任一。
  9. 如申請專利範圍第5項所述之應用於電池之加熱裝置,其中所述加熱元件更具有一第二加熱部相對該電池。
  10. 一種應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組,係用於與一電池連結,其包含:一導熱元件,具有至少一受熱部及至少一傳熱部及一凹槽,該傳熱部係相對前述電池設置,該凹槽內容設有至少一冷卻管體;一加熱元件,具有至少一第一加熱部相對該受熱部設置,並對該受熱部加熱;及一絕熱部,設於前述導熱元件相反該電池之另一側。
  11. 如申請專利範圍第10項所述之應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組,其中所述導熱元件係為一均溫板及一具導熱性質之金屬其中任一。
  12. 如申請專利範圍第10項所述之應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組,其中所述加熱元件係為一熱電阻及一石英加熱器及一PTC熱敏電阻其中任一。
  13. 如申請專利範圍第10項所述之應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組,其中所述絕熱部係為一真空腔室及一絕熱材其中任一。
  14. 如申請專利範圍第10項所述之應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組,其中所述冷卻管體具有至少一進口端及一出口端,並該進口端及該出口端分別與至少一管體連接。
  15. 如申請專利範圍第10項所述之應用於電池之冷卻輔助模組, 其中所述加熱元件更具有一第二加熱部相對該電池。
TW099104601A 2010-02-12 2010-02-12 Used in the heating structure of the battery and the device and cooling auxiliary module TWI382572B (zh)

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TW099104601A TWI382572B (zh) 2010-02-12 2010-02-12 Used in the heating structure of the battery and the device and cooling auxiliary module
CN2010201392197U CN201655931U (zh) 2010-02-12 2010-03-12 应用于电池的加热结构及装置与辅助模组
DE201020006683 DE202010006683U1 (de) 2010-02-12 2010-05-05 Heating structure, heater and auxiliary module for battery

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TW099104601A TWI382572B (zh) 2010-02-12 2010-02-12 Used in the heating structure of the battery and the device and cooling auxiliary module
CN2010201392197U CN201655931U (zh) 2010-02-12 2010-03-12 应用于电池的加热结构及装置与辅助模组
US12/725,467 US8963048B2 (en) 2010-02-12 2010-03-17 Heating assembly, heating device, and auxiliary cooling module for a battery
JP2010001932U JP3159913U (ja) 2010-02-12 2010-03-25 電池に用いられる加熱構造、加熱装置および補助モジュール
DE201020006683 DE202010006683U1 (de) 2010-02-12 2010-05-05 Heating structure, heater and auxiliary module for battery

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