TW202035265A - Corrugated paperboard automatic alternative turnover conveying and automatic stacking facility - Google Patents

Corrugated paperboard automatic alternative turnover conveying and automatic stacking facility Download PDF

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TW202035265A
TW202035265A TW109108348A TW109108348A TW202035265A TW 202035265 A TW202035265 A TW 202035265A TW 109108348 A TW109108348 A TW 109108348A TW 109108348 A TW109108348 A TW 109108348A TW 202035265 A TW202035265 A TW 202035265A
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conveyor belt
turning
automatic
cardboard
stack
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TW109108348A
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TWI718902B (en
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林永華
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林永華
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The invention discloses a corrugated paperboard automatic alternative turnover conveying and automatic stacking facility. The corrugated paperboard automatic alternative turnover conveying and automatic stacking facility comprises a paperboard stack conveying belt. An automatic turnover mechanism is arranged on the paperboard stack conveying belt, a rotating arm lifting mechanism is connected withthe tail end of the paperboard stack conveying belt, and a hanging basket bearing stacking mechanism is connected with the tail end of the rotating arm lifting mechanism. Paperboard stacks are turnedover by the automatic turnover mechanism, are lifted to the high position by the rotating arm lifting mechanism and then are stacked by the hanging basket bearing stacking mechanism. The automation is achieved, turnover and stacking of the paperboard stacks are conducted by the facility instead of the manpower, the efficiency is improved, and the production cost is reduced.

Description

一種瓦楞紙板自動交互翻轉輸送及自動堆疊設備和方法 Corrugated cardboard automatic interactive turning and conveying and automatic stacking equipment and method

本發明有關於一種瓦楞紙板生產技術,特別是有關於一種瓦楞紙板自動交互翻轉輸送及自動堆疊設備。 The present invention relates to a corrugated cardboard production technology, in particular to a corrugated cardboard automatic interactive turning and conveying and automatic stacking equipment.

瓦楞紙板的生產,由原紙材料紙卷至產出紙板成品,因材料的含水份不均勻、貼合用漿糊調製含水量和化學添加劑的用量、及生產程序上的加溫或加濕過程的變化,存在難以精準控制的因素。 The production of corrugated paperboard, from the raw paper material to the finished paperboard, due to the uneven moisture content of the material, the moisture content of the lamination paste, the amount of chemical additives, and the heating or humidification process in the production process There are factors that are difficult to accurately control.

在紙板成型產出之後,靜置儲存過程中,因季節環境溫度、濕度影響及紙板本身的降溫過程影響,內部各層紙的不同伸縮度就引發不同程度的彎曲變形,不再平整,導致後續加工程序的困難及產品品質的降低。 After the cardboard is formed and produced, during the static storage process, due to the influence of the seasonal environmental temperature, humidity and the cooling process of the cardboard itself, the different stretches of the inner layers of paper will cause different degrees of bending and deformation, which will no longer be flat, leading to subsequent processing Difficulties in procedures and degradation of product quality.

為保持紙板產出後,儲存期間能夠保持平整,長期以來採用的方法就是以人工將一小疊紙板(20至30張)以正面放下,次一疊紙板以反面翻轉至上一正面之紙板,再下一疊紙板又保持以原正面疊放,再次一疊紙板又反面,如此交互壓疊之方式堆疊儲存,藉此可使紙板的彎曲力在翻面相向之後,向上的紙板及另一疊向下的紙板之間的彎曲力互相抵消,而保持紙板儲存期間不會產生彎曲變形。 In order to keep the cardboard after it is produced, it can be kept flat during storage. The method used for a long time is to manually place a small stack of cardboard (20 to 30 sheets) on the front side, and turn the next stack of cardboard on the reverse side to the previous cardboard. The next stack of cardboard remains stacked on the original front side, and another stack of cardboard is stacked on the reverse side. This way, stacking and storing alternately, so that the bending force of the cardboard can be turned over, the upward cardboard and the other stack The bending forces between the lower cardboards cancel each other out, while keeping the cardboards from bending deformation during storage.

上述之堆疊方式目前都是以人工、依靠大量人力進行,以一個高速自動化瓦楞紙板生產線而言,全線人工僅需10至12人,但此後段收紙部分的人 力即需要5至7人,甚至在均速150m/min至200m/min的高速生產線,後段需要人力會加倍至10人以上,即人力用量佔整線的五成至七成以上,同時也因人力不像機器可長時間運轉,人員疲勞也會成為速度及產量的限制,造成後段收疊紙板成為高速自動生產線的瓶頸。 The above-mentioned stacking methods are currently carried out manually and relying on a large amount of manpower. For a high-speed automated corrugated board production line, only 10 to 12 people are required for the whole line, but the people in the later stage of the paper delivery part The force requires 5 to 7 people, even in the high-speed production line with an average speed of 150m/min to 200m/min, the manpower required in the later stage will be doubled to more than 10, that is, the manpower consumption accounts for more than 50% to 70% of the entire line. Unlike machines, which can run for a long time, human fatigue will also become a limitation of speed and output, causing the rear-end stacking of cardboard to become a bottleneck for high-speed automatic production lines.

一般人工翻轉的操作,需兩人站立在輸送帶兩側,將一小疊紙板垛抬起,而後原地旋翻180度,再放下置於輸送帶往前輸送,此一操作需兩人合力抬起紙板垛,致使輸送速度稍微的停滯一小段時間,遇上大尺寸的紙板垛,因其較重,抬起往往比較吃力,故延遲的時間也會加長。 In general manual turnover operation, two people are required to stand on both sides of the conveyor belt, lift a small stack of cardboard, and then turn it over 180 degrees in place, and then put it down on the conveyor belt for forward transportation. This operation requires two people to work together. Lifting the cardboard stack causes a slight stagnation of the conveying speed for a short period of time. When encountering a large-size cardboard stack, because it is heavier, it is often difficult to lift, so the delay time will be longer.

總之,目前紙板垛的翻轉與堆疊都是依靠人工來進行,效率非常低,導致企業的生產成本高。 In short, the current turning and stacking of cardboard stacks are performed manually, which is very inefficient, leading to high production costs for enterprises.

為了克服現有技術的不足,本發明提供一種效率高、成本低的瓦楞紙板自動交互翻轉輸送及自動堆疊設備。 In order to overcome the shortcomings of the prior art, the present invention provides a corrugated cardboard automatic interactive turning and conveying and automatic stacking device with high efficiency and low cost.

本發明用以解決技術問題所採用的技術手段是: The technical means adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems are:

一種瓦楞紙板自動交互翻轉輸送及自動堆疊設備,包括一紙板垛輸送帶,該紙板垛輸送帶上設置有一自動翻轉機構,該紙板垛輸送帶的末端連接有一旋臂抬升機構,該旋臂抬升機構的末端連接有一吊籃承托堆疊機構。 A corrugated cardboard automatic interactive reversing conveying and automatic stacking device includes a cardboard stack conveyor belt, the cardboard stack conveyor belt is provided with an automatic turnover mechanism, the end of the cardboard stack conveyor belt is connected with a swing arm lifting mechanism, the swing arm lifting mechanism A hanging basket supporting stacking mechanism is connected to the end.

該自動翻轉機構包括兩端與該紙板垛輸送帶連接的一翻轉輸送帶,該翻轉輸送帶包括一前翻轉輸送帶與一後翻轉輸送帶,該前翻轉輸送帶的前端與該紙板垛輸送帶連接,該後翻轉輸送帶的後端與該紙板垛輸送帶的末端連接,該前翻轉輸送帶與該後翻轉輸送帶之間設置有一承托機構,該承托機構 的上側設置有一前擋板固定軸與一後擋板固定軸,該前擋板固定軸上鉸接有一前擋板,該後擋板固定軸上鉸接有一後擋板,該前擋板與該後擋板上均連接有一旋轉動力裝置,該承托機構的下側鉸接有一第一連桿,該第一連桿上鉸接有一第二連桿,該第二連桿的另一端鉸接有一第三連桿,該第三連桿的另一端連接有帶動其轉動的一第一馬達,該前翻轉輸送帶的兩側設置有一前翻轉導軌,該後翻轉輸送帶的兩側設置有一後翻轉導軌,該前翻轉輸送帶的前端底部設置有一前滑桿,該前滑桿位於該前翻轉導軌內,該後翻轉輸送帶的後端底部設置有一後滑桿,該後滑桿位於該後翻轉導軌內。 The automatic turning mechanism includes a turning conveyor belt connected at both ends to the cardboard stack conveyor belt. The turning conveyor belt includes a front turning conveyor belt and a rear turning conveyor belt. The front end of the front turning conveyor belt and the cardboard stack conveyor belt Connected, the rear end of the rear turning conveyor belt is connected to the end of the cardboard stack conveyor belt, a supporting mechanism is arranged between the front turning conveyor belt and the rear turning conveyor belt, and the supporting mechanism A front baffle fixing shaft and a rear baffle fixing shaft are arranged on the upper side of the front baffle, a front baffle is hinged on the front baffle fixing shaft, and a rear baffle is hinged on the rear baffle fixing shaft. A rotary power device is connected to the baffle, the lower side of the supporting mechanism is hinged with a first connecting rod, the first connecting rod is hinged with a second connecting rod, and the other end of the second connecting rod is hinged with a third connecting rod. The other end of the third link is connected with a first motor that drives it to rotate, a front inverting rail is provided on both sides of the front inverting conveyor belt, and a rear inverting rail is provided on both sides of the rear inverting conveyor belt. A front sliding rod is arranged at the bottom of the front end of the front turning conveyor belt, and the front sliding rod is located in the front turning rail. The rear sliding rod is arranged at the bottom of the back end of the rear turning conveyor belt, and the rear sliding rod is located in the rear turning rail.

該前擋板包括一水平段與一折彎段,該水平段與該折彎段的夾角為90°至150°,該水平段與該折彎段的相交處與該前擋板固定軸鉸接,該折彎段與該旋轉動力裝置相連。 The front baffle includes a horizontal section and a bending section, the angle between the horizontal section and the bending section is 90° to 150°, and the intersection of the horizontal section and the bending section is hinged to the front baffle fixed shaft , The bending section is connected with the rotation power device.

該前翻轉輸送帶上設置有一前推板,該後翻轉輸送帶上設置有一後推板,該前推板與該後推板上均連接有帶動其運動的一動力裝置。 A front push plate is arranged on the front turning conveyor belt, and a rear push plate is arranged on the rear turning conveyor belt. Both the front push plate and the rear push plate are connected with a power device for driving the movement.

該旋臂抬升機構包括一第二馬達,該第二馬達的輸出軸上連接有多組齒輪,該等齒輪連接有一同步轉動連桿,該同步轉動連桿的中心線垂直該等齒輪的軸線,該同步轉動連桿的上端鉸接有一基座盤,該基座盤上側鉸接有一同步轉動框,該同步轉動框的上端鉸接有一抬升輸送盤,該同步轉動框上還鉸接有一第四連桿,該第四連桿的另一端鉸接有一第五連桿,該第五連桿的另一端連接有帶動其轉動的一第三馬達,該抬升輸送盤的頂部在上升和下降的過程中分別與該紙板垛輸送帶的末端、該吊籃承托堆疊機構的頂部平齊。 The swing arm lifting mechanism includes a second motor, the output shaft of the second motor is connected with multiple sets of gears, the gears are connected with a synchronous rotating link, the center line of the synchronous rotating link is perpendicular to the axis of the gears, The upper end of the synchronous rotating link is hinged with a base plate, the upper side of the base plate is hinged with a synchronous rotating frame, the upper end of the synchronous rotating frame is hinged with a lifting conveying plate, and the synchronous rotating frame is also hinged with a fourth link. The other end of the fourth link is hinged with a fifth link, and the other end of the fifth link is connected with a third motor that drives it to rotate. The top of the lifting and conveying tray is connected with the cardboard during the ascending and descending processes. The end of the stacking conveyor belt and the top of the hanging basket supporting the stacking mechanism are flush.

該吊籃承托堆疊機構包括靠近該旋臂抬升機構末端的一末段輸送帶,該末段輸送帶的末端設置有一第一轉軸、一第二轉軸、一第三轉軸和一固 定框,該第一轉軸和該第二轉軸固定在該固定框,該固定框的底部設置有一滑軌,該固定框遠離該末段輸送帶末端一側連接有一第一滾珠螺桿,該第一滾珠螺桿的另一端連接有一第四馬達,該末段輸送帶末端一側設置有一吊籃支架,該吊籃支架上設置有四組第一滑輪,該等第一滑輪上設置有一第一鏈條,該第一鏈條的一端連接有一主吊籃,該第一鏈條的另一端連接有一第一平衡制重塊,該等第一滑輪上還設置有帶動其轉動的一第五馬達,該第一轉軸上設置有一第一氣缸,該第一氣缸的輸出端設置有一前叉板,該吊籃支架上還設置有一第六馬達,該第六馬達的輸出端連接有一第二滾珠螺桿,該第二滾珠螺桿上設置有一後叉板,該主吊籃框內設置有一承托輸送盤。 The hanging basket supporting and stacking mechanism includes an end conveyor belt close to the end of the swing arm lifting mechanism, and the end of the end conveyor belt is provided with a first rotating shaft, a second rotating shaft, a third rotating shaft and a fixed shaft. A fixed frame, the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft are fixed to the fixed frame, a slide rail is arranged at the bottom of the fixed frame, and a first ball screw is connected to the fixed frame on the side away from the end of the end conveyor belt. A fourth motor is connected to the other end of the ball screw. A gondola bracket is provided on one side of the end of the end conveyor belt. The gondola bracket is provided with four sets of first pulleys, and a first chain is provided on the first pulleys. One end of the first chain is connected with a main hanging basket, the other end of the first chain is connected with a first balance weight, a fifth motor that drives the first pulley to rotate is also provided, and the first rotating shaft A first air cylinder is provided on the upper side, a front fork plate is provided at the output end of the first air cylinder, a sixth motor is provided on the gondola bracket, and a second ball screw is connected to the output end of the sixth motor. A rear fork plate is arranged on the screw rod, and a supporting and conveying tray is arranged in the main hanging basket frame.

該前叉板與該後叉板的側邊均設置有一推桿,該推桿的一側設置有推動其前後運動的一第二氣缸。 Both the front fork plate and the side of the rear fork plate are provided with a push rod, and one side of the push rod is provided with a second air cylinder for pushing forward and backward movement.

該吊籃支架上設置有四組第二滑輪,該等第二滑輪上設置有一第二鏈條,該第二鏈條的一端連接有一副吊籃,該第二鏈條的另一端連接有一第二平衡制重塊,該等第二滑輪上還設置有帶動其轉動的一第七馬達,該副吊籃的一側設置有一伸縮裝置。 The hanging basket bracket is provided with four sets of second pulleys, the second pulleys are provided with a second chain, one end of the second chain is connected with a pair of hanging baskets, and the other end of the second chain is connected with a second balance system For the heavy block, the second pulleys are also provided with a seventh motor for driving them to rotate, and a telescopic device is provided on one side of the auxiliary hanging basket.

本發明的有益效果是:本發明包括一紙板垛輸送帶,該紙板垛輸送帶上設置有一自動翻轉機構,還設置有一旋臂抬升機構與一吊籃承托堆疊機構,藉由自動翻轉機構將紙板垛翻轉,旋臂抬升機構將紙板垛抬升至高位,然後由吊籃承托堆疊機構進行堆疊,可達到自動化、代替人工進行紙板垛的翻轉堆疊、提高效率、及降低生產成本之目的。 The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the present invention includes a cardboard stack conveyor belt, the cardboard stack conveyor belt is provided with an automatic turning mechanism, also provided with a swing arm lifting mechanism and a hanging basket supporting stacking mechanism, the automatic turning mechanism The cardboard stack is turned over, and the swing arm lifting mechanism lifts the cardboard stack to a high position, and then the stacking mechanism is supported by the hanging basket for stacking, which can achieve automation, replace manual stacking of cardboard stacks, improve efficiency, and reduce production costs.

1:紙板垛輸送帶 1: Cardboard stack conveyor belt

2:前翻轉輸送帶 2: Front flip conveyor belt

3:後翻轉輸送帶 3: Rear flip conveyor belt

4:承托機構 4: Trustee

5:前擋板固定軸 5: Front baffle fixed shaft

6:後擋板固定軸 6: Rear baffle fixed shaft

7:前擋板 7: Front bezel

8:後擋板 8: Rear baffle

9:第一連桿 9: The first link

10:第二連桿 10: The second link

11:第三連桿 11: The third link

12:第一馬達 12: The first motor

13:前翻轉導軌 13: Front flip rail

14:後翻轉導軌 14: Rear flip rail

15:前滑桿 15: Front slider

16:後滑桿 16: Rear slider

17:前推板 17: Front push plate

18:後推板 18: back push plate

19:第二馬達 19: The second motor

20:同步轉動連桿 20: Synchronously rotate the connecting rod

21:基座盤 21: Base plate

22:同步轉動框 22: Synchronous rotating frame

23:抬升輸送盤 23: Raise the conveyor tray

24:第四連桿 24: The fourth link

25:第五連桿 25: fifth link

26:第三馬達 26: The third motor

27:末段輸送帶 27: Final conveyor belt

28:第一轉軸 28: The first shaft

29:第二轉軸 29: second shaft

30:第三轉軸 30: Third shaft

31:固定框 31: fixed frame

32:第一滾珠螺桿 32: The first ball screw

33:第四馬達 33: The fourth motor

34:吊籃支架 34: hanging basket bracket

35:第一滑輪 35: The first pulley

36:第一鏈條 36: The first chain

37:主吊籃 37: main basket

38:第一平衡制重塊 38: The first balance weight

39:第一氣缸 39: first cylinder

40:前叉板 40: Fork plate

41:第六馬達 41: Sixth Motor

42:後叉板 42: rear fork plate

43:承托輸送盤 43: supporting conveyor tray

44:推桿 44: putter

45:第二滑輪 45: second pulley

46:第二鏈條 46: second chain

47:副吊籃 47: Sub-basket

48:第二平衡制重塊 48: second balance weight

49:第五馬達 49: Fifth Motor

50:第七馬達 50: seventh motor

51:第二滾珠螺桿 51: The second ball screw

52:第二氣缸 52: second cylinder

下面結合附圖和實施例對本發明進一步說明。 The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the drawings and embodiments.

圖1是本發明的結構示意圖; Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the present invention;

圖2是自動翻轉機構的結構示意圖; Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the automatic turning mechanism;

圖3是圖2中A處放大圖; Figure 3 is an enlarged view of A in Figure 2;

圖4是自動翻轉機構的俯視圖; Figure 4 is a top view of the automatic turning mechanism;

圖5是前擋板的結構示意圖; Figure 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the front baffle;

圖6是旋臂抬升機構的結構示意圖; Figure 6 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the arm lifting mechanism;

圖7是旋臂抬升機構的俯視圖; Figure 7 is a plan view of the arm lifting mechanism;

圖8是基座盤運行至最低位的左側視圖; Figure 8 is a left side view of the base plate running to the lowest position;

圖9是吊籃承托堆疊機構的結構示意圖; Figure 9 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the hanging basket supporting and stacking mechanism;

圖10是吊籃承托堆疊機構的俯視圖; Figure 10 is a top view of the hanging basket supporting and stacking mechanism;

圖11是一棧紙板垛堆疊在承托輸送盤上的正視圖; Figure 11 is a front view of a stack of cardboard stacked on a supporting conveyor tray;

圖12是一棧紙板垛堆疊在承托輸送盤上的左側視圖;及 Figure 12 is a left side view of a stack of cardboard stacked on the supporting conveyor tray; and

圖13是兩棧紙板垛堆疊在承托輸送盤上的正視圖。 Figure 13 is a front view of two cardboard stacks stacked on a supporting conveying tray.

下面將結合本發明實施例中的附圖,對本發明實施例中的技術手段進行清楚、完整地描述,顯然,所描述的實施例僅僅是本發明一部分實施例,而不是全部的實施例。 The technical means in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Obviously, the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, rather than all the embodiments.

在本發明的描述中,需要理解的是,術語“上”、“下”、“前”、“後”、“左”、“右”、“頂”、“底”、“內”、“外”等指示的方位或位置關係為基於附圖所示的方位或位置關係,僅是為了便於描述本發明和簡化 描述,而不是指示或暗示所指的裝置或元件必須具有特定的方位、以特定的方位構造和操作,因此不能理解為對本發明的限制。 In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "top", "bottom", "inner", " The orientation or positional relationship indicated by "outside" is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is only for the convenience of describing and simplifying the present invention. The description does not indicate or imply that the pointed device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and therefore cannot be understood as a limitation of the present invention.

參照圖1至圖13,一種瓦楞紙板自動交互翻轉輸送及自動堆疊設備,包括一紙板垛輸送帶1,該紙板垛輸送帶1上設置有一自動翻轉機構,該紙板垛輸送帶1的末端連接有一旋臂抬升機構,該旋臂抬升機構的末端連接有一吊籃承托堆疊機構,該紙板垛輸送帶1對接紙板垛生產線,紙板垛藉由該自動翻轉機構翻轉180°,每隔一垛翻轉一次,例如:首先進行翻轉一紙板垛,下一紙板垛不翻轉,直接輸送,再下一紙板垛翻轉,如此循環。 1-13, a corrugated cardboard automatic interactive turning and conveying and automatic stacking equipment, including a cardboard stack conveyor belt 1, the cardboard stack conveyor belt 1 is provided with an automatic turning mechanism, the cardboard stack conveyor belt 1 is connected to an end A swing arm lifting mechanism. The end of the swing arm lifting mechanism is connected with a hanging basket supporting stacking mechanism. The cardboard stack conveyor belt 1 is connected to the cardboard stack production line. The cardboard stacks are turned 180° by the automatic turning mechanism, and turn over every other stack. For example: first turn a cardboard stack, the next cardboard stack is not turned over, but directly conveyed, and then the next cardboard stack is turned over, and so on.

紙板垛經過該自動翻轉機構後由該旋臂抬升機構將紙板垛抬升至高位,然後由該吊籃承托堆疊機構進行堆疊,以正反面交互壓疊的方式堆疊儲存,藉此可使紙板的彎曲力在翻面相向之後,向上的紙板及另一疊向下的紙板的彎曲力互相抵消,而保持紙板儲存期間不會產生彎曲變形。這一設備可達到自動化、代替人工進行紙板垛的翻轉堆疊、提高效率、及降低生產成本之目的。 After the cardboard stack passes the automatic turning mechanism, the cardboard stack is raised to a high position by the swing arm lifting mechanism, and then the stacking mechanism is supported by the hanging basket for stacking, and stacked and stored in a manner of alternating front and back sides, thereby enabling the After the bending force is turned over, the bending force of the upward cardboard and the other downward cardboard cancel each other, and the cardboard will not be deformed during storage. This equipment can achieve the purpose of automation, instead of manual flipping and stacking of cardboard stacks, improving efficiency, and reducing production costs.

該自動翻轉機構包括兩端與該紙板垛輸送帶1連接的一翻轉輸送帶,該自動翻轉機構在不翻轉時跟該紙板垛輸送帶1連成一條輸送線輸送紙板垛,該翻轉輸送帶包括一前翻轉輸送帶2與一後翻轉輸送帶3,該前翻轉輸送帶2的前端與該紙板垛輸送帶1連接,該後翻轉輸送帶3的後端與該紙板垛輸送帶1的末端連接,該前翻轉輸送帶2與該後翻轉輸送帶3之間設置有一承托機構4,該承托機構4的兩端分別與該前翻轉輸送帶2與該後翻轉輸送帶3鉸接,該承托機構4的上側設置有一前擋板固定軸5與一後擋板固定軸6,該前擋板固定軸5與該後擋板固定軸6藉由螺栓或者焊接固定在該承托機構4的上側,該前擋板固定軸5上鉸接有一前擋板7,該後擋板固定軸6上鉸接有一後擋板8,該前擋板7與該後擋板8 上均連接有一旋轉動力裝置,該承托機構4的下側鉸接有一第一連桿9,該第一連桿9的另一端固定連接在該前翻轉輸送帶2下側支架上,該第一連桿9上鉸接有一第二連桿10,該第二連桿10與該第一連桿9上的鉸接處位於該第一連桿9的中點往下位置,該第二連桿10的另一端鉸接有一第三連桿11,該第三連桿11的另一端連接有帶動其轉動的一第一馬達12,該前翻轉輸送帶2的兩側設置有一前翻轉導軌13,該後翻轉輸送帶3的兩側設置有一後翻轉導軌14,該前翻轉輸送帶2的前端底部設置有一前滑桿15,該前滑桿15位於該前翻轉導軌13內,該後翻轉輸送帶3的後端底部設置有一後滑桿16,該後滑桿16位於該後翻轉導軌14內。 The automatic turning mechanism includes a turning conveyor belt connected to the cardboard stack conveyor belt 1 at both ends, and the automatic turning mechanism is connected to the cardboard stack conveyor belt 1 to form a conveyor line to transport the cardboard stack when not turning. The turning conveyor belt includes A front turnover conveyor belt 2 and a rear turnover conveyor belt 3, the front end of the front turnover conveyor belt 2 is connected to the cardboard stack conveyor belt 1, and the rear end of the rear turnover conveyor belt 3 is connected to the end of the cardboard stack conveyor belt 1. A supporting mechanism 4 is arranged between the front turning conveyor belt 2 and the rear turning conveyor belt 3, and both ends of the supporting mechanism 4 are hinged with the front turning conveyor belt 2 and the rear turning conveyor belt 3 respectively. The upper side of the supporting mechanism 4 is provided with a front baffle fixing shaft 5 and a rear baffle fixing shaft 6. The front baffle fixing shaft 5 and the rear baffle fixing shaft 6 are fixed to the supporting mechanism 4 by bolts or welding. On the upper side, a front baffle 7 is hinged on the front baffle fixing shaft 5, and a rear baffle 8 is hinged on the rear baffle fixing shaft 6, the front baffle 7 and the rear baffle 8 A rotary power device is connected to the upper side of the supporting mechanism 4, a first connecting rod 9 is hinged on the lower side of the supporting mechanism 4, and the other end of the first connecting rod 9 is fixedly connected to the lower bracket of the front turning conveyor belt 2. The connecting rod 9 is hinged with a second connecting rod 10, and the hinge joint between the second connecting rod 10 and the first connecting rod 9 is located at the lower position of the midpoint of the first connecting rod 9. The other end is hingedly connected with a third link 11, and the other end of the third link 11 is connected with a first motor 12 that drives it to rotate. A front turning guide 13 is provided on both sides of the front turning conveyor belt 2, and the rear turning A rear turning rail 14 is provided on both sides of the conveyor belt 3, and a front slide bar 15 is provided at the bottom of the front end of the front turning conveyor belt 2. The front slide bar 15 is located in the front turning rail 13, and the rear turning conveyor belt 3 A rear sliding rod 16 is provided at the bottom of the end, and the rear sliding rod 16 is located in the rear turning rail 14.

當紙板垛經過該自動翻轉機構且需要翻轉180°時,該第一馬達12首先動作,帶動該第三連桿11轉動,該第三連桿11轉動帶動該第二連桿10運動,該第二連桿10帶動該第一連桿9以固定的一端為支點轉動,該第一連桿9帶動該承托機構4向下運動,該承托機構4帶動該前翻轉輸送帶2的後端與該後翻轉輸送帶3的前端向下移動,該前滑桿15在該前翻轉導軌13內向該後翻轉輸送帶3方向滑動,該後滑桿16在該後翻轉導軌14內向該前翻轉輸送帶2方向滑動,此時,該前擋板7轉動與該前翻轉輸送帶2成90°,該後擋板8轉動與該後翻轉輸送帶3成90°;當該承托機構4運動至最低點時,該前翻轉輸送帶2與該後翻轉輸送帶3垂直於水平方向,紙板垛落到該前擋板7和該後擋板8上,該第一馬達12繼續轉動,該承托機構4開始上升,該前滑桿15在該前翻轉導軌13內向該後翻轉輸送帶3相反的方向滑動,該後滑桿16在該後翻轉導軌14內向該前翻轉輸送帶2方向滑動,該前擋板7轉動回到原來的狀態,該後擋板8繼續保持與該後翻轉輸送帶3成90°,此時,紙板垛在該後擋板8上,隨著該後翻轉輸送帶3回到原來的狀態,紙板垛就被翻轉了180°,該後擋板8也轉動回到遠離的狀態;下一紙板垛經過時,該自動翻轉機 構不翻轉,讓紙板垛正常通過,再下一紙板垛經過時,該自動翻轉機構翻轉,如此循環。 When the cardboard stack passes through the automatic turning mechanism and needs to be turned 180°, the first motor 12 acts first to drive the third connecting rod 11 to rotate, and the third connecting rod 11 rotates to drive the second connecting rod 10 to move. The two connecting rods 10 drive the first connecting rod 9 to rotate with a fixed end as a fulcrum. The first connecting rod 9 drives the supporting mechanism 4 to move downwards, and the supporting mechanism 4 drives the rear end of the front turning conveyor belt 2 With the front end of the rear turning conveyor belt 3 moving downwards, the front sliding rod 15 slides in the direction of the rear turning conveyor 3 in the front turning guide 13 and the rear sliding rod 16 moves toward the forward turning inside the rear turning guide 14 The belt 2 slides in the direction. At this time, the front baffle 7 rotates 90° to the front turning conveyor belt 2, and the rear baffle 8 rotates 90° to the rear turning conveyor 3; when the supporting mechanism 4 moves to At the lowest point, the front turning conveyor belt 2 and the rear turning conveyor belt 3 are perpendicular to the horizontal direction, the cardboard stack falls on the front baffle 7 and the back baffle 8, the first motor 12 continues to rotate, and the support The mechanism 4 begins to rise, the front sliding rod 15 slides in the front turning rail 13 in the opposite direction of the rear turning conveyor 3, and the rear sliding rod 16 slides in the rear turning guide 14 toward the front turning conveyor 2, and the The front baffle 7 rotates back to its original state, and the back baffle 8 continues to remain at 90° to the rear turning conveyor belt 3. At this time, the cardboard is stacked on the rear baffle 8, and with the rear turning conveyor belt 3 Back to the original state, the cardboard stack is turned over by 180°, and the back baffle 8 also rotates back to the far away state; when the next cardboard stack passes, the automatic turning machine The structure does not turn over, allowing the cardboard stack to pass normally, and when the next cardboard stack passes, the automatic turning mechanism reverses, and so on.

該前擋板7包括一水平段與一折彎段,該水平段與該折彎段的夾角為90°至150°,該水平段與該折彎段的相交處與該前擋板固定軸5鉸接,該折彎段與該旋轉動力裝置相連,該旋轉動力裝置帶動該折彎段移動,該前擋板7就會以與該前擋板固定軸5的鉸接處為支點旋轉。 The front baffle 7 includes a horizontal section and a bending section. The angle between the horizontal section and the bending section is 90° to 150°. The intersection of the horizontal section and the bending section is fixed to the front baffle shaft. 5 is hinged, the bending section is connected with the rotating power device, and the rotating power device drives the bending section to move, and the front baffle 7 will rotate with the hinge joint with the fixed shaft 5 of the front baffle as the fulcrum.

該前翻轉輸送帶2上設置有一前推板17,該後翻轉輸送帶3上設置有一後推板18,該前推板17與該後推板18上均連接有帶動其運動的一動力裝置,當該承托機構4運動至最低點時,該前翻轉輸送帶2與該後翻轉輸送帶3垂直於水平方向,紙板垛落到該前擋板7和該後擋板8上,該前推板17與該後推板18同時向紙板垛運動,夾緊紙板垛,防止紙板垛的紙板散落,當該承托機構4上升一段後,該前推板17與該後推板18回位。 The front turning conveyor belt 2 is provided with a front push plate 17 and the rear turning conveyor belt 3 is provided with a rear push plate 18. Both the front push plate 17 and the rear push plate 18 are connected with a power device to drive its movement. When the supporting mechanism 4 moves to the lowest point, the front turning conveyor belt 2 and the rear turning conveyor belt 3 are perpendicular to the horizontal direction, and the cardboard stack falls on the front baffle 7 and the rear baffle 8. The push plate 17 and the rear push plate 18 move toward the cardboard stack at the same time to clamp the cardboard stack to prevent the cardboard of the cardboard stack from being scattered. When the supporting mechanism 4 rises for a certain period, the front push plate 17 and the rear push plate 18 return to position .

該旋臂抬升機構包括一第二馬達19,該第二馬達19的輸出軸上連接有多組齒輪,該等齒輪連接有一同步轉動連桿20,該同步轉動連桿20與該等齒輪藉由螺栓固定或者焊接固定連接,該同步轉動連桿20的中心線垂直該等齒輪的軸線,該同步轉動連桿20的上端鉸接有一基座盤21,該基座盤21上側鉸接有一同步轉動框22,該同步轉動框22的上端鉸接有一抬升輸送盤23,該同步轉動框22上還鉸接有一第四連桿24,該第四連桿24的另一端鉸接有一第五連桿25,該第五連桿25的另一端連接有帶動其轉動的一第三馬達26,該第三馬達26固定在該基座盤21上,該抬升輸送盤23的頂部在上升和下降的過程中分別與該紙板垛輸送帶1的末端、該吊籃承托堆疊機構的頂部平齊。 The swing arm lifting mechanism includes a second motor 19, the output shaft of the second motor 19 is connected with a plurality of sets of gears, the gears are connected with a synchronous rotating link 20, the synchronous rotating link 20 and the gears The center line of the synchronously rotating link 20 is perpendicular to the axes of the gears. The upper end of the synchronously rotating link 20 is hinged with a base plate 21, and the upper side of the base plate 21 is hinged with a synchronous rotating frame 22. The upper end of the synchronous rotating frame 22 is hinged with a lifting and conveying tray 23, the synchronous rotating frame 22 is also hinged with a fourth link 24, and the other end of the fourth link 24 is hinged with a fifth link 25. The other end of the connecting rod 25 is connected with a third motor 26 that drives it to rotate. The third motor 26 is fixed on the base plate 21. The top of the lifting and conveying plate 23 is connected to the cardboard during the ascending and descending processes. The end of the stacking conveyor belt 1 and the top of the hanging basket supporting the stacking mechanism are flush.

該第二馬達19帶動該等齒輪轉動,該等齒輪帶動該同步轉動連桿20轉動,該同步轉動連桿20轉動帶動該基座盤21轉動,該第三馬達26帶動該第五連桿25轉動,該第五連桿25轉動帶動該第四連桿24轉動,該第四連桿24轉動帶動該同步轉動框22擺動,該同步轉動框22擺動帶動該抬升輸送盤23弧形上升和下降;當紙板垛輸送到該紙板垛輸送帶1末端時,該第二馬達19和該第三馬達26動作使該抬升輸送盤23運動至與該紙板垛輸送帶1平齊,接住紙板垛,該第二馬達19和該第三馬達26繼續轉動,使該抬升輸送盤23上升至與該吊籃承托堆疊機構平齊,使紙板垛輸送至該吊籃承托堆疊機構上,紙板垛輸送至該吊籃承托堆疊機構上後,該第二馬達19和該第三馬達26繼續轉動使該抬升輸送盤23運動至與該紙板垛輸送帶1平齊接下一紙板垛,如此循環。 The second motor 19 drives the gears to rotate, the gears drive the synchronous rotation link 20 to rotate, the synchronous rotation link 20 rotates to drive the base plate 21 to rotate, and the third motor 26 drives the fifth link 25 Rotate, the fifth link 25 rotates to drive the fourth link 24 to rotate, the fourth link 24 rotates to drive the synchronous rotation frame 22 to swing, and the synchronous rotation frame 22 swings to drive the lifting and conveying tray 23 to rise and fall in an arc. When the cardboard stack is transported to the end of the cardboard stack conveyor belt 1, the second motor 19 and the third motor 26 act to move the lifting and conveying tray 23 to be flush with the cardboard stack conveyor belt 1, catching the cardboard stack, The second motor 19 and the third motor 26 continue to rotate, so that the lifting and conveying tray 23 rises to be level with the hanging basket supporting and stacking mechanism, so that the cardboard stack is transported to the hanging basket supporting and stacking mechanism, and the cardboard stack is transported After the hanging basket supports the stacking mechanism, the second motor 19 and the third motor 26 continue to rotate to move the lifting and conveying tray 23 to be flush with the cardboard stack conveyor belt 1 to connect to the next cardboard stack, and so on.

該吊籃承托堆疊機構包括靠近該旋臂抬升機構末端的一末段輸送帶27,該末段輸送帶27的末端設置有一第一轉軸28、一第二轉軸29、一第三轉軸30和一固定框31,該第一轉軸28和該第二轉軸29固定在該固定框31,該固定框31的底部設置有一滑軌,該固定框31遠離該末段輸送帶27末端一側連接有一第一滾珠螺桿32,該第一滾珠螺桿32的另一端連接有一第四馬達33,該第四馬達33轉動帶動該第一滾珠螺桿32直線移動,該第一滾珠螺桿32帶動該固定框31移動,該第一轉軸28和該第二轉軸29跟著該固定框31移動。 The hanging basket supporting and stacking mechanism includes an end conveyor belt 27 close to the end of the swing arm lifting mechanism. The end of the end conveyor belt 27 is provided with a first rotating shaft 28, a second rotating shaft 29, a third rotating shaft 30 and A fixed frame 31, the first rotating shaft 28 and the second rotating shaft 29 are fixed to the fixed frame 31, the bottom of the fixed frame 31 is provided with a slide rail, and the fixed frame 31 is connected with a side away from the end of the end conveyor belt 27 The first ball screw 32, the other end of the first ball screw 32 is connected with a fourth motor 33, the rotation of the fourth motor 33 drives the first ball screw 32 to move linearly, and the first ball screw 32 drives the fixed frame 31 to move , The first rotating shaft 28 and the second rotating shaft 29 follow the fixed frame 31 to move.

該末段輸送帶27末端一側設置有一吊籃支架34,該吊籃支架34上設置有四組第一滑輪35,該等第一滑輪35上設置有一第一鏈條36,該第一鏈條36的一端連接有一主吊籃37,該第一鏈條36的另一端連接有一第一平衡制重塊38,該等第一滑輪35上還設置有帶動其轉動的一第五馬達49,該第五馬達49轉動帶動該第一鏈條36運動使該主吊籃37上下移動。 A hanging basket bracket 34 is provided on the end side of the last conveyor belt 27. The hanging basket bracket 34 is provided with four sets of first pulleys 35. The first pulleys 35 are provided with a first chain 36. The first chain 36 A main hanging basket 37 is connected to one end of the first chain 36, and a first balance weight 38 is connected to the other end of the first chain 36. A fifth motor 49 that drives the first pulleys 35 to rotate is also provided. The rotation of the motor 49 drives the first chain 36 to move so that the main hanging basket 37 moves up and down.

該第一轉軸28上設置有一第一氣缸39,該第一氣缸39的輸出端設置有一前叉板40,該吊籃支架34上還設置有一第六馬達41,該第六馬達41的輸出端連接有一第二滾珠螺桿51,該第二滾珠螺桿51上設置有一後叉板42,該吊籃支架34的底部設置有一承托輸送盤43,該主吊籃37下降至底部時,該承托輸送盤43位於該主吊籃37的框內。 The first rotating shaft 28 is provided with a first cylinder 39, the output end of the first cylinder 39 is provided with a front fork plate 40, and the gondola bracket 34 is also provided with a sixth motor 41, the output end of the sixth motor 41 A second ball screw 51 is connected to the second ball screw 51. A rear fork plate 42 is provided on the second ball screw 51. A supporting and conveying plate 43 is provided at the bottom of the gondola bracket 34. When the main gondola 37 is lowered to the bottom, the supporting The conveying tray 43 is located in the frame of the main hanging basket 37.

初始狀態時,該主吊籃37位於最高點,低於該末段輸送帶27一個紙板垛的高度,當該旋臂抬升機構將紙板垛輸送至該末段輸送帶27上,該末段輸送帶27將紙板垛輸送至末端,該第六馬達41運動使該後叉板42向紙板垛方向運動,直至叉住紙板垛一側,然後該第六馬達41運動使該後叉板42向遠離該末段輸送帶27方向運動,帶著紙板垛向遠離該末段輸送帶27的方向移動,當紙板垛紙板脫離該末段輸送帶27時,該第一氣缸39動作使該前叉板40伸出,紙板垛落到該前叉板40上,該第六馬達41繼續運動使該後叉板42向遠離該末段輸送帶27方向運動,該第一氣缸39動作使該前叉板40縮回,紙板垛脫離該前叉板40和該後叉板42後落到該主吊籃37上。 In the initial state, the main hanging basket 37 is located at the highest point, which is lower than the height of a cardboard stack of the final conveyor belt 27. When the swing arm lifting mechanism transports the cardboard stack to the final conveyor belt 27, the final conveyor The belt 27 transports the cardboard stack to the end. The sixth motor 41 moves to move the rear fork plate 42 in the direction of the cardboard stack until it forks one side of the cardboard stack, and then the sixth motor 41 moves to move the rear fork plate 42 away The end conveyor belt 27 moves in the direction, and the cardboard stack moves away from the end conveyor belt 27. When the cardboard stack is separated from the end conveyor belt 27, the first air cylinder 39 moves to make the front fork 40 Extend, the cardboard stack falls on the front fork plate 40, the sixth motor 41 continues to move to make the rear fork plate 42 move away from the end conveyor belt 27, and the first air cylinder 39 moves to make the front fork plate 40 When retracted, the cardboard stack is separated from the front fork plate 40 and the rear fork plate 42 and then falls onto the main hanging basket 37.

該主吊籃37上可以平行放置多棧紙板垛,在該主吊籃37上放好一個紙板垛後,該第四馬達33轉動帶動該第一滾珠螺桿32直線移動,該第一滾珠螺桿32帶動該固定框31移動,該第一轉軸28和該第二轉軸29跟著該固定框31移動,使該末段輸送帶27伸出一個紙板垛寬度,當下一個紙板垛輸送過來時,該第六馬達41運動使該後叉板42向紙板垛方向運動,直至叉住紙板垛一側,然後該第六馬達41運動使該後叉板42向遠離該末段輸送帶27方向運動,帶著紙板垛向遠離該末段輸送帶27的方向移動,當紙板垛紙板脫離該末段輸送帶27時,該第一氣缸39動作使該前叉板40伸出,紙板垛落到該前叉板40上,該第六馬達41繼續運動使該 後叉板42向遠離該末段輸送帶27方向運動,該第一氣缸39動作使該前叉板40縮回,紙板垛脫離該前叉板40和該後叉板42後落到該主吊籃37上。 Multiple cardboard stacks can be placed in parallel on the main hanging basket 37. After a cardboard stack is placed on the main hanging basket 37, the rotation of the fourth motor 33 drives the first ball screw 32 to move linearly, and the first ball screw 32 Drive the fixed frame 31 to move, the first rotating shaft 28 and the second rotating shaft 29 follow the fixed frame 31 to move, so that the end conveyor belt 27 extends a cardboard stack width, when the next cardboard stack is transported, the sixth The movement of the motor 41 causes the rear fork plate 42 to move in the direction of the cardboard stack until it forks one side of the cardboard stack, and then the movement of the sixth motor 41 causes the rear fork plate 42 to move away from the end conveyor belt 27, carrying the cardboard. The stack moves away from the end conveyor belt 27. When the cardboard stack leaves the end conveyor belt 27, the first air cylinder 39 moves to extend the front fork plate 40, and the cardboard stack falls on the front fork plate 40. On, the sixth motor 41 continues to move to make the The rear fork plate 42 moves away from the end conveyor belt 27, the first cylinder 39 acts to retract the front fork plate 40, and the cardboard stack is separated from the front fork plate 40 and the rear fork plate 42 and falls to the main crane. 37 on the basket.

當放好一層紙板垛時,該第五馬達49轉動帶動該第一鏈條36運動使該主吊籃37下移一個紙板垛的高度,重複上述動作。 When a layer of cardboard stack is placed, the fifth motor 49 rotates to drive the first chain 36 to move the main hanging basket 37 down by the height of the cardboard stack, and the above action is repeated.

該前叉板40與該後叉板42的側邊均設置有一推桿44,該推桿44的一側設置有推動其前後運動的一第二氣缸52,該推桿44對落到該前叉板40與該後叉板42上的紙板垛往前一推,推動的距離為10至15cm,並且對紙板垛間隔推動,間隔推動是相對於一棧紙板垛來說,例如第一個紙板垛放好後,放在此紙板垛的上面一個紙板垛用該推桿44往前推10至15cm,再上面一個紙板垛不推,如此間隔,如此重複,使紙板垛錯位堆疊。 Both the front fork plate 40 and the rear fork plate 42 are provided with a push rod 44. One side of the push rod 44 is provided with a second air cylinder 52 that pushes the push rod 44 to move forward and backward. The fork plate 40 and the cardboard stack on the rear fork plate 42 are pushed forward at a distance of 10 to 15 cm, and the cardboard stacks are pushed at intervals. The interval pushing is relative to a stack of cardboard, such as the first cardboard. After the stack is placed, a cardboard stack placed on the top of the cardboard stack is pushed forward by the push rod 44 by 10 to 15 cm, and the upper cardboard stack is not pushed, so spaced and repeated, so that the cardboard stacks are stacked in a dislocation.

該吊籃支架34上設置有四組第二滑輪45,該等第二滑輪45上設置有一第二鏈條46,該第二鏈條46的一端連接有一副吊籃47,該第二鏈條46的另一端連接有一第二平衡制重塊48,該第二滑輪45上還設置有帶動其轉動的一第七馬達50,該第七馬達50轉動帶動該副吊籃47上下移動,該副吊籃47的一側設置有一伸縮裝置,該伸縮裝置為現有技術,帶動該副吊籃47左右伸縮。 The hanging basket bracket 34 is provided with four sets of second pulleys 45. The second pulleys 45 are provided with a second chain 46. One end of the second chain 46 is connected to a pair of hanging baskets 47, and the other One end is connected with a second balance weight 48, the second pulley 45 is also provided with a seventh motor 50 that drives it to rotate, and the seventh motor 50 rotates to drive the auxiliary hanging basket 47 to move up and down, and the auxiliary hanging basket 47 A telescopic device is provided on one side of the telescopic device. The telescopic device is an existing technology, which drives the auxiliary hanging basket 47 to expand and contract from side to side.

當該主吊籃37上的紙板垛達到一定高度時,該主吊籃37及該承托輸送盤43下降至最底部,該承托輸送盤43將紙板垛運出,運出的過程中,該主吊籃37不能動作,此時,該伸縮裝置使該副吊籃47進入該吊籃支架34內,且該副吊籃47低於該末段輸送帶27一個紙板垛的距離接收從該前叉板40和該後叉板42後落下的紙板垛,當該承托輸送盤43將紙板垛運出後,該主吊籃37上升至該副吊籃47的下側,該伸縮裝置動作使該副吊籃47縮回,該副吊籃47上的紙板垛掉落到該主吊籃37上繼續工作。 When the cardboard stack on the main hanging basket 37 reaches a certain height, the main hanging basket 37 and the supporting conveying tray 43 drop to the bottom, and the supporting conveying tray 43 will transport the cardboard stack out. The main gondola 37 cannot move. At this time, the telescopic device makes the auxiliary gondola 47 enter the gondola bracket 34, and the auxiliary gondola 47 is lower than the distance of a cardboard stack from the end conveyor belt 27. After the cardboard stack falls behind the front fork plate 40 and the rear fork plate 42, when the supporting conveying tray 43 transports the cardboard stack out, the main hanging basket 37 rises to the lower side of the auxiliary hanging basket 47, and the telescopic device moves The auxiliary hanging basket 47 is retracted, and the cardboard stack on the auxiliary hanging basket 47 falls onto the main hanging basket 37 to continue working.

以上的實施方式並不能限定本發明創作的保護範圍,該領域熟習該項技術者在不脫離本發明創作整體構思的情況下,所做的均等修飾與變化,均仍屬於本發明創作涵蓋的範圍之內。 The above embodiments do not limit the scope of protection of the creation of the present invention. The equal modifications and changes made by those skilled in the field without departing from the overall concept of the creation of the present invention still fall within the scope of the creation of the present invention. within.

1:紙板垛輸送帶 1: Cardboard stack conveyor belt

2:前翻轉輸送帶 2: Front flip conveyor belt

3:後翻轉輸送帶 3: Rear flip conveyor belt

23:抬升輸送盤 23: Raise the conveyor tray

27:末段輸送帶 27: Final conveyor belt

Claims (9)

一種瓦楞紙板自動交互翻轉輸送及自動堆疊設備,包括一紙板垛輸送帶(1),其特徵在於該紙板垛輸送帶(1)上設置有一自動翻轉機構,該紙板垛輸送帶(1)的末端連接有一旋臂抬升機構,該旋臂抬升機構的末端連接有一吊籃承托堆疊機構。 A corrugated cardboard automatic interactive turning and conveying and automatic stacking equipment, comprising a cardboard stack conveyor belt (1), characterized in that the cardboard stack conveyor belt (1) is provided with an automatic turning mechanism, and the end of the cardboard stack conveyor belt (1) A swing arm lifting mechanism is connected, and the end of the swing arm lifting mechanism is connected with a hanging basket supporting and stacking mechanism. 如請求項1所述的瓦楞紙板自動交互翻轉輸送及自動堆疊設備,其中,該自動翻轉機構包括兩端與該紙板垛輸送帶(1)連接的一翻轉輸送帶,該翻轉輸送帶包括一前翻轉輸送帶(2)與一後翻轉輸送帶(3),該前翻轉輸送帶(2)的前端與該紙板垛輸送帶(1)連接,該後翻轉輸送帶(3)的後端與該紙板垛輸送帶(1)的末端連接,該前翻轉輸送帶(2)與該後翻轉輸送帶(3)之間設置有一承托機構(4),該承托機構(4)的上側設置有一前擋板固定軸(5)與一後擋板固定軸(6),該前擋板固定軸(5)上鉸接有一前擋板(7),該後擋板固定軸(6)上鉸接有一後擋板(8),該前擋板(7)與該後擋板(8)上均連接有一旋轉動力裝置,該承托機構(4)的下側鉸接有一第一連桿(9),該第一連桿(9)上鉸接有一第二連桿(10),該第二連桿(10)的另一端鉸接有一第三連桿(11),該第三連桿(11)的另一端連接有帶動其轉動的一第一馬達(12),該前翻轉輸送帶(2)的兩側設置有一前翻轉導軌(13),該後翻轉輸送帶(3)的兩側設置有一後翻轉導軌(14),該前翻轉輸送帶(2)的前端底部設置有一前滑桿(15),該前滑桿(15)位於該前翻轉導軌(13)內,該後翻轉輸送帶(3)的後端底部設置有一後滑桿(16),該後滑桿(16)位於該後翻轉導軌(14)內。 The corrugated cardboard automatic interactive turning and conveying and automatic stacking equipment according to claim 1, wherein the automatic turning mechanism includes a turning conveyor belt connected to the cardboard stacking conveyor belt (1) at both ends, and the turning conveyor belt includes a front The inverted conveyor belt (2) is connected to a rear inverted conveyor belt (3), the front end of the front inverted conveyor belt (2) is connected with the cardboard stack conveyor belt (1), and the rear end of the rear inverted conveyor belt (3) is connected to the The end of the cardboard stack conveyor belt (1) is connected, a supporting mechanism (4) is arranged between the front turning conveyor belt (2) and the rear turning conveyor belt (3), and a supporting mechanism (4) is arranged on the upper side A front baffle fixing shaft (5) and a rear baffle fixing shaft (6), the front baffle fixing shaft (5) is hinged with a front baffle (7), and the rear baffle fixing shaft (6) is hinged with a The rear baffle (8), the front baffle (7) and the rear baffle (8) are both connected with a rotary power device, and the supporting mechanism (4) is hinged with a first connecting rod (9) on the lower side, The first link (9) is hinged with a second link (10), the other end of the second link (10) is hinged with a third link (11), and the other end of the third link (11) One end is connected with a first motor (12) that drives it to rotate, the front turning conveyor belt (2) is provided with a front turning guide rail (13) on both sides, and the rear turning conveyor belt (3) is provided with a rear turning A guide rail (14), a front sliding rod (15) is arranged at the bottom of the front end of the front turning conveyor belt (2), the front sliding rod (15) is located in the front turning guide rail (13), and the rear turning conveyor belt (3) A rear sliding rod (16) is arranged at the bottom of the rear end of the rear end, and the rear sliding rod (16) is located in the rear turning rail (14). 如請求項2所述的瓦楞紙板自動交互翻轉輸送及自動堆疊設備,其中,該前擋板(7)包括一水平段與一折彎段,該水平段與該折彎段的夾角為90°至150°,該水平段與該折彎段的相交處與該前擋板固定軸(5)鉸接,該折彎段與該旋轉動力裝置相連。 The corrugated cardboard automatic interactive turning and conveying and automatic stacking equipment according to claim 2, wherein the front baffle (7) includes a horizontal section and a bending section, and the angle between the horizontal section and the bending section is 90° At 150°, the intersection of the horizontal section and the bending section is hinged with the front baffle fixed shaft (5), and the bending section is connected with the rotating power device. 如請求項2所述的瓦楞紙板自動交互翻轉輸送及自動堆疊設備,其中,該前翻轉輸送帶(2)上設置有一前推板(17),該後翻轉輸送帶(3)上設置有一後推板(18),該前推板(17)與該後推板(18)上均連接有帶動其運動的一動力裝置。 According to claim 2, the corrugated board automatic interactive turning and conveying and automatic stacking equipment, wherein, the front turning conveyor belt (2) is provided with a front push plate (17), and the rear turning conveyor belt (3) is provided with a rear The push plate (18), the front push plate (17) and the rear push plate (18) are connected with a power device for driving the movement. 如請求項1所述的瓦楞紙板自動交互翻轉輸送及自動堆疊設備,其中,該旋臂抬升機構包括一第二馬達(19),該第二馬達(19)的輸出軸上連接有多組齒輪,該等齒輪連接有一同步轉動連桿(20),該同步轉動連桿(20)的中心線垂直該等齒輪的軸線,該同步轉動連桿(20)的上端鉸接有一基座盤(21),該基座盤(21)上側鉸接有一同步轉動框(22),該同步轉動框(22)的上端鉸接有一抬升輸送盤(23),該同步轉動框(22)上還鉸接有一第四連桿(24),該第四連桿(24)的另一端鉸接有一第五連桿(25),該第五連桿(25)的另一端連接有帶動其轉動的一第三馬達(26),該抬升輸送盤(23)的頂部在上升和下降的過程中分別與該紙板垛輸送帶(1)的末端、該吊籃承托堆疊機構的頂部平齊。 The corrugated cardboard automatic interactive turning and conveying and automatic stacking equipment according to claim 1, wherein the swing arm lifting mechanism includes a second motor (19), and multiple sets of gears are connected to the output shaft of the second motor (19) The gears are connected to a synchronous rotating link (20), the center line of the synchronous rotating link (20) is perpendicular to the axis of the gears, and the upper end of the synchronous rotating link (20) is hinged with a base plate (21) The upper side of the base plate (21) is hinged with a synchronous rotating frame (22), the upper end of the synchronous rotating frame (22) is hinged with a lifting and conveying plate (23), and the synchronous rotating frame (22) is also hinged with a fourth connection A rod (24), the other end of the fourth link (24) is hinged with a fifth link (25), and the other end of the fifth link (25) is connected with a third motor (26) that drives it to rotate The top of the lifting and conveying tray (23) is respectively flush with the end of the cardboard stacking conveyor belt (1) and the top of the hanging basket supporting the stacking mechanism during the ascent and descending process. 如請求項1所述的瓦楞紙板自動交互翻轉輸送及自動堆疊設備,其中,該吊籃承托堆疊機構包括靠近該旋臂抬升機構末端的一末段輸送帶(27),該末段輸送帶(27)的末端設置有一第一轉軸(28)、一第二轉軸(29)、一第三轉軸(30)和一固定框(31),該第一轉軸(28)和該第二轉軸(29) 固定在該固定框(31),該固定框(31)的底部設置有一滑軌,該固定框(31)遠離該末段輸送帶(27)末端一側連接有一第一滾珠螺桿(32),該第一滾珠螺桿(32)的另一端連接有一第四馬達(33),該末段輸送帶(27)末端一側設置有一吊籃支架(34),該吊籃支架(34)上設置有四組第一滑輪(35),該等第一滑輪(35)上設置有一第一鏈條(36),該第一鏈條(36)的一端連接有一主吊籃(37),該第一鏈條(36)的另一端連接有一第一平衡制重塊(38),該等第一滑輪(35)上還設置有帶動其轉動的一第五馬達(49),該第一轉軸(28)上設置有一第一氣缸(39),該第一氣缸(39)的輸出端設置有一前叉板(40),該吊籃支架(34)上還設置有一第六馬達(41),該第六馬達(41)的輸出端連接有一第二滾珠螺桿(51),該第二滾珠螺桿(51)上設置有一後叉板(42),該主吊籃(37)框內設置有一承托輸送盤(43)。 The corrugated board automatic interactive turning and conveying and automatic stacking equipment according to claim 1, wherein the hanging basket supporting and stacking mechanism includes a final conveyor belt (27) close to the end of the swing arm lifting mechanism, and the final conveyor belt The end of (27) is provided with a first rotating shaft (28), a second rotating shaft (29), a third rotating shaft (30) and a fixed frame (31), the first rotating shaft (28) and the second rotating shaft ( 29) Fixed to the fixed frame (31), a sliding rail is provided at the bottom of the fixed frame (31), and a first ball screw (32) is connected to the side of the fixed frame (31) away from the end of the end conveyor belt (27), The other end of the first ball screw (32) is connected with a fourth motor (33), the end of the end conveyor belt (27) is provided with a basket support (34), and the basket support (34) is provided with Four sets of first pulleys (35), a first chain (36) is arranged on the first pulleys (35), one end of the first chain (36) is connected to a main basket (37), and the first chain ( The other end of 36) is connected with a first balance weight (38), the first pulleys (35) are also provided with a fifth motor (49) that drives them to rotate, and the first rotating shaft (28) is provided with There is a first cylinder (39), the output end of the first cylinder (39) is provided with a front fork plate (40), and the basket bracket (34) is also provided with a sixth motor (41), the sixth motor ( The output end of 41) is connected with a second ball screw (51), the second ball screw (51) is provided with a rear fork plate (42), and the main hanging basket (37) is provided with a supporting and conveying tray (43). ). 如請求項6所述的瓦楞紙板自動交互翻轉輸送及自動堆疊設備,其中,該前叉板(40)與該後叉板(42)的側邊均設置有一推桿(44),該推桿(44)的一側設置有推動其前後運動的一第二氣缸(52)。 According to claim 6, the corrugated board automatic interactive turning and conveying and automatic stacking equipment, wherein the side of the front fork plate (40) and the rear fork plate (42) are both provided with a push rod (44), and the push rod One side of (44) is provided with a second air cylinder (52) which pushes it to move forward and backward. 如請求項6所述的瓦楞紙板自動交互翻轉輸送及自動堆疊設備,其中,該吊籃支架(34)上設置有四組第二滑輪(45),該等第二滑輪(45)上設置有一第二鏈條(46),該第二鏈條(46)的一端連接有一副吊籃(47),該第二鏈條(46)的另一端連接有一第二平衡制重塊(48),該等第二滑輪(45)上還設置有帶動其轉動的一第七馬達(50),該副吊籃(47)的一側設置有一伸縮裝置。 The corrugated board automatic interactive turning and conveying and automatic stacking equipment according to claim 6, wherein the hanging basket bracket (34) is provided with four sets of second pulleys (45), and the second pulleys (45) are provided with one The second chain (46), one end of the second chain (46) is connected with a pair of hanging baskets (47), the other end of the second chain (46) is connected with a second balance weight (48), the first The second pulley (45) is also provided with a seventh motor (50) for driving it to rotate, and a telescopic device is provided on one side of the auxiliary hanging basket (47). 一種瓦楞紙板自動交互翻轉輸送及自動堆疊方法,包括下列步驟: A corrugated cardboard automatic interactive inversion conveying and automatic stacking method includes the following steps: 以一紙板垛輸送帶(1)輸送一紙板垛至一自動翻轉機構; Use a cardboard stack conveyor belt (1) to transport a cardboard stack to an automatic turning mechanism; 以該自動翻轉機構下沉翻轉該紙板垛90°之後即時上升繼續翻轉該紙板垛90°以使該紙板垛被翻轉180°; After sinking and turning the cardboard stack 90° by the automatic turning mechanism, it immediately rises and continues turning the cardboard stack 90° so that the cardboard stack is turned 180°; 以一旋臂抬升機構抬升翻轉後之該紙板垛至一高位;以及 Use a swing arm lifting mechanism to lift the flipped cardboard stack to a high position; and 以一吊籃承托堆疊機構堆疊抬升至該高位之該紙板垛。 A hanging basket is used to support the stacking mechanism to stack the cardboard stack raised to the high position.
TW109108348A 2019-03-26 2020-03-13 Corrugated cardboard automatic interactive overturning conveying and automatic stacking equipment and method TWI718902B (en)

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