TW201803686A - Five-axis machining head device capable of reducing accumulated errors during transmission and enhancing overall structure stability - Google Patents

Five-axis machining head device capable of reducing accumulated errors during transmission and enhancing overall structure stability Download PDF

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TW201803686A
TW201803686A TW105123839A TW105123839A TW201803686A TW 201803686 A TW201803686 A TW 201803686A TW 105123839 A TW105123839 A TW 105123839A TW 105123839 A TW105123839 A TW 105123839A TW 201803686 A TW201803686 A TW 201803686A
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Taiwan
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main body
unit
spindle
head device
shaft
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TW105123839A
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Chinese (zh)
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TWI610753B (en
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鄭仁淵
侯凱元
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孟申機械工廠股份有限公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/44Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms
    • B23Q1/50Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with rotating pairs only, the rotating pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism
    • B23Q1/54Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with rotating pairs only, the rotating pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two rotating pairs only
    • B23Q1/5406Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with rotating pairs only, the rotating pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two rotating pairs only a single rotating pair followed perpendicularly by a single rotating pair
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/0009Energy-transferring means or control lines for movable machine parts; Control panels or boxes; Control parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2220/00Machine tool components
    • B23Q2220/006Spindle heads

Abstract

A five-axis machining head device comprises a main body, a main body driving unit mounted on the main body, a shaft unit pivoted with the main body, a pair of shaft driving units respectively mounted on the main body, and a pair of cross roller bearings. The shaft driving units can simultaneously drive the shaft unit for rotation, so as to reduce accumulated errors during transmission and enhance the machining precision. Furthermore, an outer ring set of the cross roller bearings are screwed with the main body by a plurality of screws, and an inner ring is screwed with the shaft unit by a plurality of screws, so as to enhance the rotation smoothness of the shaft unit.

Description

五軸加工頭裝置Five-axis machining head device

本發明是有關於一種多軸加工設備,特別是指一種五軸加工頭裝置。The invention relates to a multi-axis processing equipment, in particular to a five-axis processing head device.

現有一種工作機械用主軸頭(TW證書號第I451935號專利案),是在一殼體安裝一驅動馬達,且該驅動馬達透過多數皮帶與多數滑輪間接驅動一主軸單元轉動,且該等皮帶尚必須配合一惰輪調整張力。雖然這種主軸頭可達到預期的加工目的,但是由於該驅動馬達的動力是透過該等皮帶與該等滑輪間接驅動該主軸單元,長期操作後,由於該等皮帶與該等滑輪的磨耗,該主軸單元的轉動角度容易產生誤差,會影響加工的精準度。An existing spindle head for work machinery (TW Certificate No. I451935 patent) is a drive motor installed in a casing, and the drive motor indirectly drives a spindle unit to rotate through most belts and most pulleys. Must adjust the tension with an idler. Although this type of spindle head can achieve the intended processing purpose, because the drive motor's power is to indirectly drive the spindle unit through the belts and the pulleys, after long-term operation, due to the wear of the belts and the pulleys, the The rotation angle of the spindle unit is prone to errors and affects the accuracy of processing.

另外,這種主軸頭的一驅動軸與一軸承套筒之間安裝有二軸承,該等軸承的一外圈組透過一壓板沿軸向壓制定位,且該壓板再利用多數螺絲鎖固於該軸承套筒上,但是,在鎖固該等螺絲時,全靠經驗及熟練度,且可能因操作者的不同,導致該外圈組的鬆緊度產生不同的誤差值,操作者在鎖緊螺絲時,無法輕易判斷被該壓板所壓制的外圈組的鬆緊程度,甚至會影響該驅動軸的穩定度及加工的精密度。In addition, two bearings are installed between a drive shaft and a bearing sleeve of such a spindle head, and an outer ring group of these bearings is pressed and positioned in the axial direction through a pressure plate, and the pressure plate is locked to the shaft by most screws. On the bearing sleeve, however, when tightening these screws, it depends on experience and proficiency, and may cause different errors in the tightness of the outer ring group due to different operators. The operator is tightening the screws At this time, the tightness of the outer ring group pressed by the pressure plate cannot be easily judged, and it may even affect the stability of the drive shaft and the precision of processing.

現有另一種工作機械之旋轉主軸頭(TW證書號第I417165號專利案),其驅動單元是由一扭矩馬達與一行星齒輪式減速機構組成,該行星齒輪式減速機構具有一太陽齒輪、多數行星齒輪及一環形齒輪構成,且該行星齒輪式減速機構在傳動時,該太陽齒輪、該等行星齒輪及該環形齒輪之間所產生的齒隙及所產生的誤差累積,也會造成一主軸單元的轉動角度產生誤差,仍存在有加工精準度的問題。且該驅動單元只驅動該主軸單元的單側,所需的扭力大、負載也大。There is another type of rotating spindle head for working machinery (TW certificate No. I417165 patent), and its driving unit is composed of a torque motor and a planetary gear reduction mechanism. The planetary gear reduction mechanism has a sun gear, most planets The gear and a ring gear are composed, and when the planetary gear type reduction mechanism is transmitting, the backlash generated between the sun gear, the planetary gears and the ring gear and the accumulated errors will also cause a spindle unit There is an error in the rotation angle, and there is still a problem of machining accuracy. In addition, the drive unit only drives one side of the spindle unit, which requires a large torque and a large load.

再者,這種旋轉主軸頭的行星齒輪式減速機構與一主體之間安裝有一軸承,該軸承的一外圈組透過多數螺絲將一壓板鎖固於該主體而可固定於該主體,但是這種旋轉主軸頭仍有上述因操作者的不同,導致該外圈組的鬆緊度可能產生不同的誤差值,以及會影響整體結構穩定度及加工的精密度的技術問題。Furthermore, a bearing is installed between the planetary gear reduction mechanism of the rotating spindle head and a main body, and an outer ring group of the bearing can be fixed to the main body by locking a pressure plate to the main body through most screws, but this This kind of rotary spindle head still has the above-mentioned differences in operators due to the difference in the tightness of the outer ring group, and technical problems that affect the overall structural stability and machining precision.

因此,本發明之目的,即在提供一種可減少累積誤差且可提昇整體結構穩定度之五軸加工頭裝置。Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a five-axis machining head device which can reduce the cumulative error and can improve the overall structural stability.

於是,本發明五軸加工頭裝置,包含一主體、一主體驅動單元、一主軸單元、一對主軸驅動單元及一對交叉滾柱軸承。該主體具有一連接部、一對連接於該連接部的安裝部及一介於該等安裝部之間的槽道。該主體驅動單元安裝於該主體的連接部,並可驅動該主體以一第一軸線為轉動中心產生轉動。該主軸單元具有一軸設於該主體的槽道中的軸套件及一設置於該軸套件中的主軸件,該軸套件具有一對分別軸設於該等安裝部中的轉動部。該等主軸驅動單元分別安裝於該主體的該等安裝部,可同時驅動該主軸單元兩側以一垂直於該第一軸線的第二軸線為轉動中心產生轉動,該等主軸驅動單元各包括一相對於該主體產生定位的定子及一套設於該定子內部且連接於該等轉動部的轉子。該等交叉滾柱軸承各具有一以多數螺絲鎖固於該主體的外圈組、一以多數螺絲鎖固於該等轉動部的內圈及多數設置於該外圈組與該內圈之間的滾柱。Therefore, the five-axis machining head device of the present invention includes a main body, a main body drive unit, a main shaft unit, a pair of main shaft drive units, and a pair of crossed roller bearings. The main body has a connecting portion, a pair of mounting portions connected to the connecting portion, and a channel between the mounting portions. The main body driving unit is mounted on the connecting portion of the main body and can drive the main body to rotate with a first axis as a rotation center. The spindle unit has a shaft set whose shaft is set in the channel of the main body and a spindle piece set in the shaft set. The shaft set has a pair of rotating parts which are respectively set in the mounting parts. The spindle drive units are respectively installed on the mounting portions of the main body, and can simultaneously drive both sides of the spindle unit to rotate with a second axis perpendicular to the first axis as a rotation center. Each of the spindle drive units includes a A stator which is positioned relative to the main body and a set of rotors provided inside the stator and connected to the rotating parts. Each of the crossed roller bearings has an outer ring group locked to the main body by a plurality of screws, an inner ring locked to the rotating portion by a plurality of screws, and a plurality of the roller bearings arranged between the outer ring group and the inner ring. Roller.

本發明之功效在於:利用該等主軸驅動單元同時驅動該主軸單元兩側,不僅可減少累積誤差,且該等主軸驅動單元所需之扭力小、負載小,可降低成本,且該等交叉滾柱軸承的外圈組分別以該等螺絲鎖固於該主體,可以輕易控制預壓值。The effect of the present invention is that using the spindle drive units to drive both sides of the spindle unit at the same time can not only reduce the cumulative error, but also the torque required by the spindle drive units is small, the load is small, and the cost can be reduced. The outer ring group of the column bearing is respectively locked to the main body with these screws, and the preload value can be easily controlled.

參閱圖1與圖2,本發明五軸加工頭裝置之一實施例,包含一主體10、一主體驅動單元20、一主體減速單元30、一主軸單元40、一對主軸驅動單元50、一對主軸減速單元60、一對交叉滾柱軸承70及一對鎖定單元80。1 and 2, an embodiment of a five-axis machining head device according to the present invention includes a main body 10, a main body drive unit 20, a main body deceleration unit 30, a main shaft unit 40, a pair of main shaft drive units 50, and a pair of The main shaft reduction unit 60, a pair of crossed roller bearings 70, and a pair of lock units 80.

該主體10具有一連接部11、一對連接於該連接部11兩側的安裝部12及一介於該等安裝部12之間的槽道13。該等安裝部12沿一第二軸線L2間隔設置,並各具有一沿該第二軸線L2設置且呈階級狀的軸孔121及一沿該第二軸線L2設置於該軸孔121外側的定位孔122。The main body 10 has a connecting portion 11, a pair of mounting portions 12 connected to two sides of the connecting portion 11, and a channel 13 interposed between the mounting portions 12. The mounting portions 12 are disposed at intervals along a second axis L2, and each has a step-shaped shaft hole 121 disposed along the second axis L2 and a positioning provided outside the shaft hole 121 along the second axis L2.孔 122。 The hole 122.

該主體驅動單元20可驅動該主體10以一垂直於該第二軸線L2的第一軸線L1為轉動中心產生轉動。該主體驅動單元20包括一襯套件21、一固設於該襯套件21內部的上定子22、一套設於該上定子22內部的上轉子23及一連接於該上轉子23且固設於該連接部11的上連接件24,當電源通過該上定子22,產生磁力相互作用而使該上轉子23轉動。The main body driving unit 20 can drive the main body 10 to rotate around a first axis L1 that is perpendicular to the second axis L2. The main body driving unit 20 includes a lining kit 21, an upper stator 22 fixed inside the lining kit 21, an upper rotor 23 provided inside the upper stator 22, and an upper rotor 23 connected to the upper rotor 23 and fixed to the upper rotor 23. When the power source passes through the upper stator 22 of the connecting portion 11 of the connecting portion 11, a magnetic force is generated to rotate the upper rotor 23.

該主體減速單元30安裝於該主體驅動單元20,且可使該主體10被該主體驅動單元20驅動時可產生減速。本實施例的主體減速單元30包括一相對於該襯套件21產生定位的上煞車片31及一相對於該上連接件24產生定位的下煞車片32,該上煞車片31與該下煞車片32互相抵靠並產生阻尼。The main body deceleration unit 30 is mounted on the main body drive unit 20 and can cause the main body 10 to be decelerated when driven by the main body drive unit 20. The main body deceleration unit 30 of this embodiment includes an upper brake pad 31 which is positioned relative to the liner set 21 and a lower brake pad 32 which is positioned relative to the upper connecting member 24. The upper brake pad 31 and the lower brake pad 32 abut against each other and create damping.

該主軸單元40具有一軸設於該主體10的槽道13中的軸套件41及一設置於該軸套件41中的主軸件42,該軸套件41具有一對分別軸設於該等安裝部12的軸孔121中的轉動部411。The main shaft unit 40 has a shaft set 41 whose shaft is set in the channel 13 of the main body 10 and a main shaft piece 42 which is set in the shaft set 41. The shaft set 41 has a pair of shafts respectively provided on the mounting portions 12. The rotating portion 411 in the shaft hole 121.

該等主軸驅動單元50分別安裝於該主體10的該等定位孔122中,可同時驅動該主軸單元40兩側的轉動部411以該第二軸線L2為轉動中心產生轉動,本實施例的該等主軸驅動單元50採用直驅式馬達,並各包括一相對於該主體10產生定位的定子51及一套設於該定子51內部且連接於該等轉動部411的轉子52。該等主軸驅動單元50可驅動該主軸單元40相對於該主體10產生角度調整。The main shaft driving units 50 are respectively installed in the positioning holes 122 of the main body 10, and can simultaneously drive the rotating portions 411 on both sides of the main shaft unit 40 to rotate with the second axis L2 as the center of rotation. The iso-spindle driving units 50 use a direct-drive motor, and each includes a stator 51 that is positioned relative to the main body 10 and a set of rotors 52 disposed inside the stator 51 and connected to the rotating portions 411. The main shaft driving units 50 can drive the main shaft unit 40 to adjust the angle with respect to the main body 10.

該等主軸減速單元60分別安裝於該主體10與該等主軸驅動單元50的轉子52之間,且可使該主軸單元40被該等主軸驅動單元50驅動時產生減速。本實施例的主軸減速單元60分別包括一相對於該主體10的安裝部12產生定位的內煞車片61及一相對於該轉子52產生定位的外煞車片62,該等內煞車片61與所對應的外煞車片62互相抵靠並產生阻尼。The spindle deceleration units 60 are respectively installed between the main body 10 and the rotor 52 of the spindle drive units 50, and can cause the spindle unit 40 to be decelerated when driven by the spindle drive units 50. The spindle deceleration unit 60 of this embodiment includes an inner brake pad 61 that is positioned relative to the mounting portion 12 of the main body 10 and an outer brake pad 62 that is positioned relative to the rotor 52. The inner brake pads 61 and The corresponding outer brake pads 62 abut against each other and generate damping.

該等交叉滾柱軸承70各具有一以多數螺絲74鎖固於該主體10之安裝部12的外圈組71、一以多數螺絲75鎖固於該等轉動部411的內圈72及多數設置於該外圈組71與該內圈72之間的滾柱73。該等外圈組71各具有一套設於該等軸孔12中的內環件711、一沿該第二軸線L2設置於該內環件711外側的外環件712,該等螺絲74穿過該等內環件711、外環件712且鎖固於該安裝部12。The crossed roller bearings 70 each have an outer ring group 71 locked to the mounting portion 12 of the main body 10 with a plurality of screws 74, an inner ring 72 locked to the rotating portions 411 with a plurality of screws 75, and a plurality of settings A roller 73 between the outer ring group 71 and the inner ring 72. The outer ring groups 71 each have a set of inner ring members 711 provided in the shaft holes 12, an outer ring member 712 provided along the second axis L2 on the outside of the inner ring member 711, and the screws 74 pass through Passed through the inner ring member 711 and the outer ring member 712 and locked to the mounting portion 12.

該等鎖定單元80各具有一可以多數鎖固螺絲82鎖固於該主體10的定位件81及多數螺設於該等定位件81且可相對於該定子51產生固定的迫緊螺絲83。The locking units 80 each have a positioning member 81 that can be locked to the main body 10 by a plurality of locking screws 82 and a plurality of pressing screws 83 that are screwed to the positioning members 81 and can be fixed relative to the stator 51.

再如圖1及圖2所示,當整體組配完成,且使電源通過該主體驅動單元20的上定子22時,該上定子22與該上轉子22之間產生磁力相互作用,可透過該上連接件24帶動該主體10以該第一軸線L1為轉動中心產生轉動。且利用該主體減速單元30的上煞車片31與該下煞車片32互相抵靠並產生阻尼,可使該主體10被該主體驅動單元20驅動時可產生減速,且使得該主體10可帶動該主軸單元40以該第一軸線L1為轉動中心產生轉動。As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 again, when the overall assembly is completed and the power is passed through the upper stator 22 of the main body driving unit 20, a magnetic interaction is generated between the upper stator 22 and the upper rotor 22, which can be transmitted through the The upper connecting member 24 drives the main body 10 to rotate around the first axis L1 as a rotation center. And using the upper brake pad 31 and the lower brake pad 32 of the main body deceleration unit 30 against each other and generating damping, the main body 10 can be decelerated when driven by the main body drive unit 20, and the main body 10 can drive the main body 10 The spindle unit 40 rotates with the first axis L1 as a rotation center.

當電源通過該等主軸驅動單元50的定子51時,該定子51與該轉子52之間產生磁力相互作用,可透過該等轉動部411同時帶動該主軸單元40以該第二軸線L2為轉動中心產生轉動,即可使得該主軸單元40相對於該主體10產生角度調整,並利用該主軸單元40進行預定角度的加工作業。且利用該等主軸減速單元60的內煞車片61與外煞車片62互相抵靠並產生阻尼,可使該主軸單元40被該主軸驅動單元50驅動時可產生減速。When the power source passes through the stators 51 of the spindle driving units 50, a magnetic interaction is generated between the stator 51 and the rotor 52, and the spindle unit 40 can be driven through the rotating portions 411 to center the second axis L2 as a rotation center. When the rotation is generated, the main shaft unit 40 can be adjusted to an angle with respect to the main body 10, and the main shaft unit 40 can be used to perform a machining operation at a predetermined angle. In addition, by using the inner brake pads 61 and the outer brake pads 62 of these spindle reduction units 60 to abut each other and generate damping, the spindle unit 40 can be decelerated when driven by the spindle drive unit 50.

因此,利用本發明整體結構,可產生多軸轉動,且可達到預期的加工目的,並利用該等主軸驅動單元50可同時驅動該主軸單元40兩側的轉動部411,不僅可減少累積誤差,且可提昇加工的精準度。再者,該等主軸驅動單元50所需之扭力小、負載小,可降低成本。Therefore, with the overall structure of the present invention, multi-axis rotation can be generated, and the intended processing purpose can be achieved, and the spindle drive units 50 can simultaneously drive the rotation portions 411 on both sides of the spindle unit 40, which can not only reduce the cumulative error, And can improve the accuracy of processing. Furthermore, the required torque and load of the spindle drive units 50 are small, which can reduce costs.

另外,該等交叉滾柱軸承70的該等內環件711、外環件712以該等螺絲74穿過且鎖固於該安裝部12,當操作者操作該等螺絲74時,就可輕易控制預壓值,不會因為操作者的不同,而導致該外圈組71的鬆緊度可能產生不同的誤差值,所以可以確保整體結構穩定度及加工的精密度。In addition, the inner ring members 711 and outer ring members 712 of the crossed roller bearings 70 are passed through the screws 74 and locked to the mounting portion 12. When an operator operates the screws 74, it is easy Controlling the preload value will not cause different error values of the tightness of the outer ring group 71 due to different operators, so the overall structure stability and processing precision can be ensured.

再者,本發明在組配時,利用其中一鎖定單元80的迫緊螺絲82先將所對應的一個主軸驅動單元50的定子51鎖定,再使另一鎖定單元80的迫緊螺絲82相對於所對應的主軸驅動單元50的定子51呈旋鬆狀,並調校該主軸單元40兩側的電氣角呈一致後,再將該迫緊螺絲82相對於所對應的主軸驅動單元50的定子51予以迫緊定位,因此,組配及調校之操作相當容易。Furthermore, in the present invention, when assembling, the pressing screw 82 of one of the locking units 80 is used to lock the stator 51 of the corresponding one of the spindle driving units 50 first, and then the pressing screw 82 of the other locking unit 80 is relative to The stator 51 of the corresponding spindle drive unit 50 is unscrewed, and after the electrical angles on both sides of the spindle unit 40 are adjusted to be consistent, the tightening screw 82 is relative to the stator 51 of the corresponding spindle drive unit 50. Positioning is urgent, so the operation of assembly and adjustment is quite easy.

綜上所述,本發明五軸加工頭裝置,整體結構簡單、可達到預期的加工目的,確實能達成本發明之目的。In summary, the five-axis processing head device of the present invention has a simple overall structure, can achieve the intended processing purpose, and can indeed achieve the purpose of the present invention.

惟以上所述者,僅為本發明之實施例而已,當不能以此限定本發明實施之範圍,凡是依本發明申請專利範圍及專利說明書內容所作之簡單的等效變化與修飾,皆仍屬本發明專利涵蓋之範圍內。However, the above are only examples of the present invention. When the scope of implementation of the present invention cannot be limited in this way, any simple equivalent changes and modifications made in accordance with the scope of the patent application and the content of the patent specification of the present invention are still Within the scope of the invention patent.

10‧‧‧主體
11‧‧‧連接部
12‧‧‧安裝部
121‧‧‧軸孔
122‧‧‧定位孔
13‧‧‧槽道
20‧‧‧主體驅動單元
21‧‧‧襯套件
22‧‧‧上定子
23‧‧‧上轉子
24‧‧‧上連接件
30‧‧‧主體減速單元
31‧‧‧上煞車片
32‧‧‧下煞車片
40‧‧‧主軸單元
41‧‧‧軸套件
411‧‧‧轉動部
42‧‧‧主軸件
50‧‧‧主軸驅動單元
51‧‧‧定子
52‧‧‧轉子
60‧‧‧主軸減速單元
61‧‧‧內煞車片
62‧‧‧外煞車片
70‧‧‧交叉滾柱軸承
71‧‧‧外圈組
711‧‧‧內環件
712‧‧‧外環件
72‧‧‧內圈
73‧‧‧滾柱
74‧‧‧螺絲
75‧‧‧螺絲
80‧‧‧鎖定單元
81‧‧‧定位件
82‧‧‧鎖固螺絲
83‧‧‧迫緊螺絲
L1‧‧‧第一軸線
L2‧‧‧第二軸線
10‧‧‧ main body
11‧‧‧ Connection Department
12‧‧‧Mounting Department
121‧‧‧ Shaft hole
122‧‧‧ Positioning hole
13‧‧‧Slot
20‧‧‧Main body drive unit
21‧‧‧lining kit
22‧‧‧Upper stator
23‧‧‧ Upper rotor
24‧‧‧Upper connector
30‧‧‧body reduction unit
31‧‧‧up brake pads
32‧‧‧ Lower brake pads
40‧‧‧ Spindle Unit
41‧‧‧ Shaft Kit
411‧‧‧Rotating part
42‧‧‧ Spindle Parts
50‧‧‧spindle drive unit
51‧‧‧ stator
52‧‧‧rotor
60‧‧‧ Spindle Deceleration Unit
61‧‧‧Inner brake pads
62‧‧‧outer brake pads
70‧‧‧ Crossed Roller Bearing
71‧‧‧ Outer circle group
711‧‧‧Inner ring pieces
712‧‧‧outer ring
72‧‧‧ inner circle
73‧‧‧ roller
74‧‧‧Screw
75‧‧‧Screw
80‧‧‧ lock unit
81‧‧‧ Positioning piece
82‧‧‧Locking Screw
83‧‧‧ Tightening screws
L1‧‧‧ first axis
L2‧‧‧Second axis

本發明之其他的特徵及功效,將於參照圖式的實施方式中清楚地呈現,其中: 圖1是本發明五軸加工頭裝置的一實施例的一組合剖視圖;及 圖2是該實施例的一不完整的局部放大示意圖。Other features and effects of the present invention will be clearly presented in the embodiment with reference to the drawings, in which: FIG. 1 is a combined sectional view of an embodiment of a five-axis processing head device of the present invention; and FIG. 2 is the embodiment An incomplete partial magnified schematic.

10‧‧‧主體 10‧‧‧ main body

11‧‧‧連接部 11‧‧‧ Connection Department

12‧‧‧安裝部 12‧‧‧Mounting Department

13‧‧‧槽道 13‧‧‧Slot

20‧‧‧主體驅動單元 20‧‧‧Main body drive unit

21‧‧‧襯套件 21‧‧‧lining kit

22‧‧‧上定子 22‧‧‧Upper stator

23‧‧‧上轉子 23‧‧‧ Upper rotor

24‧‧‧上連接件 24‧‧‧Upper connector

30‧‧‧主體減速單元 30‧‧‧body reduction unit

31‧‧‧上煞車片 31‧‧‧up brake pads

32‧‧‧下煞車片 32‧‧‧ Lower brake pads

40‧‧‧主軸單元 40‧‧‧ Spindle Unit

41‧‧‧軸套件 41‧‧‧ Shaft Kit

42‧‧‧主軸件 42‧‧‧ Spindle Parts

50‧‧‧主軸驅動單元 50‧‧‧spindle drive unit

51‧‧‧定子 51‧‧‧ stator

52‧‧‧轉子 52‧‧‧rotor

60‧‧‧主軸減速單元 60‧‧‧ Spindle Deceleration Unit

70‧‧‧交叉滾柱軸承 70‧‧‧ Crossed Roller Bearing

80‧‧‧鎖定單元 80‧‧‧ lock unit

L1‧‧‧第一軸線 L1‧‧‧ first axis

L2‧‧‧第二軸線 L2‧‧‧Second axis

Claims (7)

一種五軸加工頭裝置,包含: 一主體,具有一連接部、一對連接於該連接部的安裝部及一介於該等安裝部之間的槽道; 一主體驅動單元,安裝於該主體的連接部,並可驅動該主體以一第一軸線為轉動中心產生轉動; 一主軸單元,具有一軸設於該主體的槽道中的軸套件及一設置於該軸套件中的主軸件,該軸套件具有一對分別軸設於該等安裝部中的轉動部; 一對主軸驅動單元,分別安裝於該主體的該等安裝部,可同時驅動該主軸單元兩側以一垂直於該第一軸線的第二軸線為轉動中心產生轉動,該等主軸驅動單元各包括一相對於該主體產生定位的定子及一套設於該定子內部且連接於該等轉動部的轉子;及 一對交叉滾柱軸承,各具有一以多數螺絲鎖固於該主體的外圈組、一以多數螺絲鎖固於該等轉動部的內圈及多數設置於該外圈組與該內圈之間的滾柱。A five-axis machining head device includes: a main body having a connecting portion, a pair of mounting portions connected to the connecting portion, and a channel between the mounting portions; a main body driving unit mounted on the main body; The connecting part can drive the main body to rotate with a first axis as a rotation center; a main shaft unit having a shaft set having a shaft set in a channel of the main body and a main shaft piece set in the shaft set and the shaft set There are a pair of rotating parts respectively provided in the mounting parts; a pair of main shaft driving units, which are respectively installed in the mounting parts of the main body, can drive both sides of the main shaft unit at a time perpendicular to the first axis The second axis is a rotation center for rotation. Each of the spindle drive units includes a stator that is positioned relative to the main body, and a set of rotors that are located inside the stator and connected to the rotation parts; and a pair of crossed roller bearings. Each has an outer ring group locked to the main body with a plurality of screws, an inner ring locked to the rotating parts with a plurality of screws, and a plurality of rollers provided between the outer ring group and the inner ring 如請求項1所述的五軸加工頭裝置,其中,該等主軸驅動單元分別安裝於該主體的該等安裝部,可驅動該主軸單元相對於該主體產生角度調整,該五軸加工頭裝置還包含一對鎖定單元,該等鎖定單元各具有一可以多數鎖固螺絲鎖固於該主體的定位件及多數螺設於該等定位件且可相對於該定子產生固定的迫緊螺絲。The five-axis machining head device according to claim 1, wherein the main shaft driving units are respectively installed on the mounting portions of the main body, and can drive the main shaft unit to make an angle adjustment with respect to the main body. It also includes a pair of locking units, each of which has a positioning member that can be locked to the main body by a plurality of locking screws and a plurality of tightening screws that are screwed to the positioning members and can be fixed relative to the stator. 如請求項1所述的五軸加工頭裝置,其中,該主體驅動單元包括一襯套件、一固設於該襯套件內部的上定子、一套設於該上定子內部的上轉子及一連接於該上轉子且固設於該連接部的上連接件,當電源通過該上定子,產生磁力相互作用而使該上轉子轉動。The five-axis machining head device according to claim 1, wherein the main body driving unit includes a lining kit, an upper stator fixed inside the lining kit, a set of upper rotors inside the upper stator, and a connection When the power source passes through the upper stator and is connected to the upper rotor and is fixed on the connecting part, a magnetic force is generated to rotate the upper rotor. 如請求項1所述的五軸加工頭裝置,還包含一安裝於該主體驅動單元的主體減速單元,該主體減速單元使該主體被該主體驅動單元驅動時可產生減速。The five-axis machining head device according to claim 1, further comprising a main body deceleration unit mounted on the main body drive unit, the main body deceleration unit enables the main body to be decelerated when driven by the main body drive unit. 如請求項4所述的五軸加工頭裝置,其中,該主體減速單元包括一相對於該襯套件產生定位的上煞車片及一相對於該上連接件產生定位的煞車片,該上煞車片與該下煞車片互相抵靠並產生阻尼。The five-axis machining head device according to claim 4, wherein the main reduction unit includes an upper brake pad positioned relative to the bushing and a brake pad positioned relative to the upper connector, and the upper brake pad It abuts against the lower brake pad and generates damping. 如請求項1所述的五軸加工頭裝置,還包含一對分別安裝於該主體與該等主軸驅動單元之間的主軸減速單元,該主軸減速單元可使該主軸單元被該等主軸驅動單元驅動時可產生減速。The five-axis machining head device according to claim 1, further comprising a pair of spindle deceleration units respectively installed between the main body and the spindle drive units. The spindle deceleration unit enables the spindle unit to be used by the spindle drive units. Deceleration can occur during driving. 如請求項6所述的五軸加工頭裝置,其中,該等主軸減速單元分別包括一相對於該主體的安裝部產生定位的內煞車片及一相對於該轉子產生定位的外煞車片,該等內煞車片與所對應的外煞車片互相抵靠並產生阻尼。The five-axis machining head device according to claim 6, wherein the spindle deceleration units each include an inner brake pad that is positioned relative to the mounting portion of the main body and an outer brake pad that is positioned relative to the rotor. The inner brake pads and the corresponding outer brake pads abut each other and generate damping.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108907246A (en) * 2018-07-31 2018-11-30 四川省青城机械有限公司 A kind of Five-axis NC Machining Center main tapping
EP3620259A1 (en) * 2018-09-07 2020-03-11 Fischer AG Präzisionsspindeln Spindle head of a machine tool and machine tool with such a spindle head

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CN2644086Y (en) * 2003-08-27 2004-09-29 江苏多棱数控机床股份有限公司 Spindle head with double swing angle built-in electric spindle
EP1972801B1 (en) * 2006-01-13 2016-03-16 NSK Ltd. Ball bearing for spindle pivot section of machine tool, and spindle pivot device of machine tool, using the same
JP4981556B2 (en) * 2007-07-12 2012-07-25 津田駒工業株式会社 Machine tool spindle head
CN102947049B (en) * 2010-04-23 2015-08-05 株式会社牧野铣床制作所 Main axle unit, countertop unit and lathe
TWM539418U (en) * 2016-07-28 2017-04-11 Main Science Machinery Company Ltd Five-axis machining head device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108907246A (en) * 2018-07-31 2018-11-30 四川省青城机械有限公司 A kind of Five-axis NC Machining Center main tapping
EP3620259A1 (en) * 2018-09-07 2020-03-11 Fischer AG Präzisionsspindeln Spindle head of a machine tool and machine tool with such a spindle head

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