TW201608074A - A lightweight and thin knit fabric - Google Patents

A lightweight and thin knit fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
TW201608074A
TW201608074A TW104117668A TW104117668A TW201608074A TW 201608074 A TW201608074 A TW 201608074A TW 104117668 A TW104117668 A TW 104117668A TW 104117668 A TW104117668 A TW 104117668A TW 201608074 A TW201608074 A TW 201608074A
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Taiwan
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yarn
fabric
lattice
frame
apparent
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TW104117668A
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Chinese (zh)
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翁佛全
梁海燕
張晴
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東麗纖維研究所(中國)有限公司
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/10Patterned fabrics or articles

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Textile Engineering (AREA)
  • Knitting Of Fabric (AREA)

Abstract

This invention provides a lightweight and thin knit fabric, which is a single weft-knit material composed of Lattice pattern circulation units. The knit fabric has the weight of from 30 to 90 grams per square meter and has the rupture strength of at least 300kPa. The Lattice pattern circulation unit of the fabric in the invention consists of lattice frame and the filling region inside, which provides the lattice fringe effect with the vertical and horizontal bulged. The fabric of the present invention also possesses advantages such as lightweight, strong perspective sense, strong shape-holding property and low cost.

Description

一種輕薄針織面料 Lightweight knitted fabric

本發明涉及一種針織面料,具體涉及一種具有格子花型的輕薄針織面料。 The invention relates to a knitted fabric, in particular to a lightweight knitted fabric having a plaid pattern.

從古至今,人們對服裝的追求從未停止過,由最初的遮羞到現在的美觀,由最初的保暖到現在的各種各樣的功能。現如今,面對每年超高溫的夏天,人們迫切需求一款既輕薄又柔軟的服裝面料。 Since ancient times, people's pursuit of clothing has never stopped, from the initial shame to the present beauty, from the initial warmth to the present various functions. Nowadays, in the face of the ultra-high temperature summer, there is an urgent need for a fabric that is both thin and soft.

目前市面上出現的輕薄面料分為機織類和針織類。其中機織類面料由於輕薄性好、強度高佔據了大部分市場份額,特別是為了增加面料的表觀美觀度,藉由調整經緯紗的纖維種類和配比形成的格子花型輕薄面料,深受廣大消費者的喜愛,但此類面料的柔軟性及伸展性不足,並不能完全滿足人們的需求;針織類面料雖然柔軟性及伸展性比機織類面料優越,但難以同時兼具輕薄性與高破裂強度,因此市場份額佔據較少,不過也有不少相關開發。 The light and thin fabrics currently on the market are classified into woven and knitted fabrics. Among them, woven fabrics occupy a large part of the market due to their light weight and high strength, especially in order to increase the apparent appearance of the fabric, and by adjusting the fiber type and proportion of the warp and weft yarns, the plaid-shaped lightweight fabric is greatly affected. Consumers love it, but the softness and stretchability of such fabrics are not enough to meet people's needs. Although knitted fabrics are superior in flexibility and stretchability to woven fabrics, they are difficult to combine at the same time with lightness and highness. The burst strength, so the market share is less, but there are also many related developments.

如中國專利文獻CN201120289351.0中公開的一種緯編小方格面料,包括水平排列的細紗編織區和豎直排列的粗紗抽針區,方格效應明顯,提高了面料的吸濕導汗性、改善了表觀風格,手感柔軟、彈性好,但該面料為雙面編織物,雖然藉由粗細紗的配合使用在一定程度上降低了面料的克重實現了輕量化,但仍需進一 步改善。 For example, a weft-knitted small square fabric disclosed in Chinese Patent Document CN201120289351.0 includes a horizontally arranged spun yarn woven area and a vertically arranged roving needle-drawing area, and the square effect is obvious, thereby improving the moisture wicking property of the fabric, The appearance is improved, the hand feels soft and the elasticity is good, but the fabric is a double-sided woven fabric. Although the use of the thick roving yarn reduces the weight of the fabric to a certain extent, the weight is reduced, but still needs to be further improved. Step improvement.

又如中國專利文獻CN201320459035.2中公開的一種新型的鏤空布,藉由提花機使縲縈編織區形成不透明方形小格、聚酯纖維單絲編織區形成透明方形小格,這樣的組合可以增加鏤空布的層次感、降低面料的克重,但由於縲縈與聚酯纖維單絲交替使用,所形成的花型更趨向於橫條紋;而提花機的使用也相應地提高了加工成本。 Another example is a new type of hollowed out cloth disclosed in Chinese patent document CN201320459035.2. The jacquard weaving area is formed into an opaque square lattice and a polyester fiber monofilament weaving area to form a transparent square lattice, such a combination can be increased. The layering of the hollow cloth reduces the weight of the fabric, but because the enamel and the polyester monofilament are used interchangeably, the formed pattern tends to be horizontal stripes; and the use of the jacquard machine correspondingly increases the processing cost.

另外,單面緯編機的編織成本低廉,所得編織物的克重相較於同規格的雙面編織物要低,但破裂強度很難達到要求;並且單面緯編機只有四種針道,橫向加強條紋組織能夠輕易實現,但縱向加強條紋卻難於做到。 In addition, the weaving cost of the single weft knitting machine is low, the gram weight of the obtained woven fabric is lower than that of the double woven fabric of the same specification, but the breaking strength is difficult to meet the requirements; and the single weft knitting machine has only four needle paths. The horizontal reinforcing stripe structure can be easily realized, but the longitudinal reinforcing stripe is difficult to achieve.

針對上述問題,本發明的目的在於提供一種成本低廉、手感柔軟、克重低(輕薄)、強度高的單面針織面料。 In view of the above problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a single-face knitted fabric which is low in cost, soft to the touch, low in weight (lightweight), and high in strength.

本發明的技術解決方案: Technical solution of the invention:

本發明的針織面料為由格子花型循環單元組成的單面緯編物;且該針織面料的克重為30~90g/m2,破裂強度為300KPa以上。 Knitted fabrics of the present invention is a grid pattern on one surface loop weft units thereof; and the knitted fabric having a grammage of 30 ~ 90g / m 2, a burst strength of more than 300KPa.

本發明的針織面料,藉由格子花型循環設計,解決了單面針織面料破裂強度低的問題,提高了面料的服用性能;同時賦予面料更加獨特的表觀,解決了輕薄面料表觀單調性的問題,極大地滿足了人們對服裝個性化追求;而且手感柔軟細膩、質地輕盈。 The knitted fabric of the invention solves the problem of low breaking strength of the single-face knitted fabric by the plaid pattern circulation design, improves the wearing performance of the fabric, and at the same time gives the fabric a more unique appearance, and solves the apparent monotonicity of the thin and light fabric. The problem has greatly satisfied people's pursuit of individualized clothing; and the hand feels soft and delicate, and the texture is light.

1‧‧‧邊框 1‧‧‧Border

2‧‧‧填充區 2‧‧‧filled area

圖1為單面格子花型示意圖。 Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of a single-sided plaid pattern.

本發明的輕薄針織面料,為由格子花型循環單元組成的單面緯編織物。這裡的格子花型循環單元由邊框及格子內部的填充區組成,其中邊框(橫向、縱向)由同種紗線成圈排列而成;格子內部的填充區由另一種紗線(比如原料不同或者纖度不同)成圈排列而成,邊框紗線在該區域內不成圈,從而產生格子效果,同時可以保證面料即便克重降低破裂強度也仍然合格。 The lightweight knit fabric of the present invention is a single weft knit fabric composed of a plaid pattern circulation unit. The plaid pattern circulation unit here is composed of a frame and a filling area inside the lattice, wherein the frame (horizontal and longitudinal) is arranged in a circle by the same kind of yarn; the filling area inside the lattice is made of another kind of yarn (such as different materials or denier) Differently arranged in a circle, the border yarn is not looped in this area, which produces a lattice effect, and at the same time ensures that the fabric is still qualified even if the weight is reduced.

本發明的輕薄針織面料的破裂強度為300KPa以上,克重為30~90g/m2。在保證破裂強度合格的前提下(JIS標準的規定為294KPa),針織物的克重達到30g/m2以下是不可能的。 The lightweight knitted fabric of the present invention has a burst strength of 300 KPa or more and a basis weight of 30 to 90 g/m 2 . Under the premise of ensuring that the breaking strength is acceptable (the JIS standard specifies 294 KPa), it is impossible to achieve a basis weight of the knitted fabric of 30 g/m 2 or less.

格子花型循環單元尺寸的大小亦關乎輕薄面料的破裂強度及輕薄性。本發明中每個格子花型循環單元中,較佳縱向邊框的線圈個數為3~36個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為不少於5個。如果縱向邊框的線圈個數少於3個、橫向邊框的線圈個數少於5個的話,格子花型的尺寸偏小,且邊框表觀紗線纖度大於填充區表觀紗線的纖度,填充區表觀紗線所占的比例就會減少,以至於面料的手感變得粗糙,克重增加,不利於輕量化。格子花型大小應根據邊框表觀紗線的纖度而定,邊框表觀紗線纖度越大,可選用的格子花型也就越大;本發明的格子循環單元的橫向邊框的線圈個數更佳為5~36個(小提花機最多36針)。 The size of the plaid pattern loop unit is also related to the burst strength and lightness of the thin fabric. In each of the plaid-type circulation units of the present invention, the number of coils of the preferred vertical frame is 3 to 36, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is not less than 5. If the number of coils of the vertical frame is less than 3 and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is less than 5, the size of the plaid pattern is small, and the apparent fineness of the frame is larger than the fineness of the apparent yarn of the filling area, and the filling is performed. The proportion of the apparent yarn in the area is reduced, so that the feel of the fabric becomes rough and the weight is increased, which is not conducive to weight reduction. The size of the plaid pattern should be determined according to the fineness of the yarn of the frame. The larger the fineness of the yarn on the frame, the larger the plaid pattern can be selected; the number of stitches of the horizontal frame of the lattice circulation unit of the present invention is more Good for 5~36 (small jacquard machine up to 36).

為了獲得輕薄的效果,格子邊框以及填充區所使用的紗線的纖度必須要低,綜合考慮面料的輕量性以及編成條件的可能性(非彈性紗線的纖度小於20D圓編機難以編織),本發明較佳邊框表觀紗線為長絲複絲時的纖度為30~80丹尼、更佳40~60丹尼; 邊框表觀紗線為短纖紗時的纖度為80~100支、更佳80支。填充區表觀紗線為長絲複絲時的纖度為20~50丹尼、更佳20~40丹尼,填充區表觀紗線為短纖紗時的纖度為80~100支、更佳100支。同時考慮到如果填充區表觀紗線的纖度大於邊框表觀紗線的纖度的話,面料表面呈現縱橫的凹槽效果,不利於面料的破裂強度的提高,而且這樣一來填充區表觀紗線的所占比重較大,會影響到面料的輕量性。所以要求本發明的邊框表觀紗線的纖度大於填充區表觀紗線的纖度。邊框和填充區表觀紗線的纖度過大的話,面料無法實現輕量化。當所用紗線為短纖紗時,由於短纖紗的強度比長絲複絲要低,因此為了獲得同等強度的面料,所用短纖紗的纖度要比長絲複絲大。另外,填充區的紗線纖度較細,可以獲得較強的透視感。需要說明的是,上文中對於短纖紗的纖度以支數計,支數的數值越高,則紗線的纖度越小。丹尼和支數可按照「丹尼=5315/支數」進行換算。 In order to obtain a light and thin effect, the fineness of the yarn used in the lattice frame and the filling area must be low, taking into account the lightweightness of the fabric and the possibility of braiding conditions (the fineness of the non-elastic yarn is less than that of the 20D circular knitting machine). The fineness of the preferred frame of the present invention is 30 to 80 denier, more preferably 40 to 60 denier when the filament is multifilament yarn; When the yarn of the frame is a spun yarn, the fineness is 80 to 100, more preferably 80. The apparent yarn in the filling zone is 20 to 50 denier, more preferably 20 to 40 denier when the filament is multifilament, and the fineness of the superficial yarn in the filling zone is 80 to 100, preferably 100. At the same time, it is considered that if the fineness of the apparent yarn of the filling zone is larger than the fineness of the apparent yarn of the frame, the surface of the fabric exhibits a vertical and horizontal groove effect, which is not conducive to the improvement of the breaking strength of the fabric, and thus the apparent yarn of the filling zone. The proportion of the larger, will affect the lightweight of the fabric. Therefore, it is required that the fineness of the frame appearance yarn of the present invention is larger than the fineness of the apparent yarn of the filling zone. If the fineness of the apparent yarn in the frame and the filling area is too large, the fabric cannot be made lightweight. When the yarn used is a spun yarn, since the strength of the spun yarn is lower than that of the filament multifilament, in order to obtain a fabric of the same strength, the spun yarn used has a fineness larger than that of the filament multifilament. In addition, the fineness of the yarn in the filling zone is fine, and a strong sense of perspective can be obtained. It should be noted that, in the above, the fineness of the spun yarn is counted, and the higher the value of the count, the smaller the fineness of the yarn. Danny and the count can be converted according to "Danny = 5315 / count".

本發明的輕薄針織面料中,格子邊框表觀紗線的纖維原料、格子填充區表觀紗線的纖維原料均沒有特別限定,可以是化學纖維也可以是天然纖維。其中化學纖維的斷面形狀可以是圓形,也可以是三角形、四角形等異形形狀;可以是全消光、半消光、光澤等。眾所周知,尼龍纖維具有較高的強度和耐磨性以及良好的吸水性,可以賦予輕薄面料高破裂強度和穿著舒適性;聚酯纖維纖維具有耐腐蝕、挺直平整、易洗快乾的特點,賦予輕薄織物良好的保型性和「免燙」性;棉和黏膠纖維是天然纖維,具有純天然的柔軟特性以及優良的吸水性,是貼身內衣材料的優秀候選者。因此,格子邊框表觀紗線的纖維原料較佳為尼龍、聚酯纖維、棉或黏膠中的 一種。格子填充區表觀紗線的纖維原料較佳至少選自尼龍、聚酯纖維、棉或黏膠中的一種;如尼龍/黏膠混紡紗、聚酯纖維/黏膠混紡紗、聚酯纖維/棉混紡紗、尼龍短纖紗、聚酯纖維短纖紗、純棉紗、尼龍長絲等,但不限於此。 In the lightweight knit fabric of the present invention, the fiber raw material of the lattice border apparent yarn and the fiber raw material of the lattice filling zone apparent yarn are not particularly limited, and may be chemical fibers or natural fibers. The cross-sectional shape of the chemical fiber may be a circular shape, or may be a triangular shape, a quadrangular shape or the like; and may be full extinction, semi-dull, gloss, or the like. As we all know, nylon fiber has high strength and wear resistance and good water absorption, which can impart high burst strength and wearing comfort to light and thin fabrics; polyester fiber fiber has the characteristics of corrosion resistance, straightness, smoothness, easy washing and quick drying. It imparts good shape retention and "iron-free" properties to lightweight fabrics; cotton and viscose fibers are natural fibers with pure natural softness and excellent water absorption, making them excellent candidates for underwear materials. Therefore, the fiber raw material of the lattice border apparent yarn is preferably in nylon, polyester fiber, cotton or viscose. One. Preferably, the fiber raw material of the lattice-filled surface of the yarn is at least one selected from the group consisting of nylon, polyester fiber, cotton or viscose; for example, nylon/viscose blended yarn, polyester fiber/viscose blended yarn, polyester fiber/ Cotton blended yarn, nylon spun yarn, polyester spun yarn, pure cotton yarn, nylon filament, etc., but is not limited thereto.

考慮到最終產品的穿著舒適性,最好是賦予本發明輕薄針織面料一定的彈性。本發明中,格子邊框除了提供表觀美觀性、加固功能外還充當著保形的作用,所以不適合使用彈性紗線;而格子填充區的作用是為了確保面料的輕量性,所以在該區域使用彈性紗線是沒有問題的。這裡所用彈性紗線沒有特別限定,可以是彈性纖維裸絲,也可以是彈性纖維包覆紗、彈性纖維包芯紗或者高彈化纖長絲(聚對苯二甲酸丁二醇酯纖維、聚對苯二甲酸丙二醇酯纖維、聚對苯二甲酸丁二醇酯纖維/聚對苯乙二醇酯纖維等),較佳彈性纖維裸絲,其含量5%~10%。 In view of the wearing comfort of the final product, it is preferred to impart a certain elasticity to the lightweight knit fabric of the present invention. In the present invention, the lattice frame serves as a shape retaining function in addition to the appearance aesthetics and the reinforcing function, so that the elastic yarn is not suitable; and the lattice filling area functions to ensure the lightweightness of the fabric, so in this area There is no problem in using elastic yarns. The elastic yarn used herein is not particularly limited and may be an elastic fiber bare yarn, an elastic fiber covered yarn, an elastic fiber core yarn or a high elastic filament (polybutylene terephthalate fiber, poly pair). The propylene terephthalate fiber, the polybutylene terephthalate fiber/polyparaphenylene glycol fiber, etc., is preferably an elastic fiber bare wire, and the content thereof is 5% to 10%.

本發明的輕薄面料的強度輕量指數小於0.3g/m2.KPa,當強度輕量指數在0.3g/m2.KPa以上時,有可能會出兩種情況,即面料的克重大於90g/m2或破裂強度小於300KPa;強度輕量指數越小越能體現面料的輕量性和破裂強度相結合的優越性。現有的輕薄單面針織面料的克重一般都在110g/m2以上,同等條件下,本發明面料的輕量性、破裂強度更加優越。相較於現有的同等編織條件下經由抽針或兩種不同類型紗線交編形成的格子花型面料的破裂強度提高了很多,而且形成了具有縱橫凸出的格子條紋效果,獲得了獨特的表觀風格,另外也使面料具有優良的保型性。 The lightweight fabric of the present invention has a light weight index of less than 0.3 g/m 2 . KPa, when the strength and lightness index is 0.3g/m 2 . When KPa is above, there may be two cases, that is, the gram of the fabric is greater than 90g/m 2 or the rupture strength is less than 300KPa; the smaller the strength and lightness index, the better the combination of the lightweightness and the rupture strength of the fabric. . The weight of the existing thin and light single-knit fabric is generally 110 g/m 2 or more. Under the same conditions, the fabric of the invention has superior lightness and burst strength. Compared with the existing equivalent knitting conditions, the plaid fabric formed by the stylus or two different types of yarns has a lot of rupture strength, and the plaid stripe effect with vertical and horizontal bulging is formed, which is unique. Appearance style, in addition, also makes the fabric with excellent shape retention.

[實施例] [Examples]

下面結合實施例及比較例對本發明作進一步的描述。 The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the examples and comparative examples.

本發明中所涉及的各參數的測試方法如下: The test methods of each parameter involved in the present invention are as follows:

(1)克重 (1) Gram weight

使用圓盤取樣器刻下100cm2的布樣,稱重得到該布樣的重量值(g),將該重量值*100,計算得到1平方米布樣的重量,即克重(g/m2)。 A 100 cm 2 swatch was taken using a disk sampler, and the weight value (g) of the swatch was weighed, and the weight value *100 was calculated to obtain a weight of 1 square meter swatch, that is, gram weight (g/m 2 ) ).

(2)破裂強度 (2) Bursting strength

根據JIS L1096(2010年)A法。 According to JIS L1096 (2010) A method.

(3)強度輕量指數(g/m2.kpa)=克重(g/m2)/破裂強度(kpa)。 (3) Strength lightweight index (g/m 2 .kpa) = gram weight (g/m 2 ) / burst strength (kpa).

[實施例1] [Example 1]

選用30D-24f-全消光尼龍FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,20D-12f-半消光尼龍FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為格子填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以4路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到本發明的輕薄針織面料。其中,第1、3、4路為30D尼龍FDY,且第4路全部成圈形成格子的橫向邊框,第1、3路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數以浮線集圈為循環形成格子縱向邊框;第2路為20D尼龍FDY,且第一針為浮線、其它的針數全部成圈形成格子填充區的表觀紗線。 30D-24f-full-dull nylon FDY (manufactured by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) was selected as the lattice frame appearance yarn, 20D-12f-semi-matting nylon FDY (manufactured by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) as The apparently-filled yarn of the grid-filled area was woven on a 32G Japanese Fukuhara single-sided circular knitting machine in a four-cycle circular structure to obtain the lightweight knitted fabric of the present invention. Among them, the first, third, and fourth roads are 30D nylon FDY, and the fourth road is all looped to form a horizontal frame of the lattice, the first stitches of the first and third roads are looped, and the remaining stitches are float floats. The loop forms a lattice vertical frame; the second path is 20D nylon FDY, and the first needle is a floating line, and the other needles are all looped to form an apparent yarn of the lattice filling area.

所得面料的克重為79g/m2、破裂強度為310KPa、強度輕量指數為0.25g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為3個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為5個,各性能參數見表1。 The obtained fabric had a basis weight of 79 g/m 2 , a burst strength of 310 KPa, and a light weight index of 0.25 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 3, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 5. The performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[實施例2] [Embodiment 2]

選用80D-72f-全消光尼龍FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通) 有限公司製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,50D-36f-全消光尼龍FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以72路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到本發明的輕薄針織面料。其中,奇數路以及第72路為80D尼龍FDY,第71、72路全部成圈形成格子的橫向邊框,其它奇數路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數為浮線集圈循環形成格子的縱向邊框;偶數路為50D尼龍FDY,第一針為浮線、其餘全部成圈形成格子的填充區表觀紗線。 Use 80D-72f-full matt nylon FDY (Dongli Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) As a lattice frame, the 50D-36f-full-dull nylon FDY (manufactured by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) is used as the apparent yarn in the filling zone, on the 32G Japan Fukuhara single-sided circular knitting machine. The 72-way one-cycle tissue was woven to obtain the lightweight knitted fabric of the present invention. Among them, the odd road and the 72nd road are 80D nylon FDY, the 71st and 72nd roads are all looped to form the horizontal frame of the lattice, the first needle of the other odd roads is the loop, and the remaining stitches are the float loop loop to form the grid. The vertical frame; the even path is 50D nylon FDY, the first needle is the floating line, and the rest are all looped to form the lattice filling area apparent yarn.

所得面料的克重為81g/m2、破裂強度為370KPa、強度輕量指數為0.22g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為36個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為36個,各性能參數見表1。 The obtained fabric had a basis weight of 81 g/m 2 , a burst strength of 370 KPa, and a light weight index of 0.22 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 36, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 36, and the performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[實施例3] [Example 3]

選用50D-36f-全消光尼龍FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,30D-24f-全消光尼龍FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)、20D-127C彈性纖維(日本萊卡公司)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以72路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到本發明的輕薄針織面料。其中,奇數路以及第72路為50D尼龍FDY,且第71、72路全成圈形成格子的橫向邊框,其它奇數路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數以浮線集圈為循環形成格子的縱向邊框;偶數路為30D尼龍FDY和彈性纖維,且第一針為浮線、其餘全部成圈形成格子的填充區表觀紗線。 50D-36f-full-dull nylon FDY (manufactured by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) is used as the lattice frame appearance yarn, 30D-24f-full matt nylon FDY (manufactured by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.), 20D-127C elastic fiber (Leica, Japan) was used as the apparent yarn of the filling zone, and was woven on a 32G Japanese Fukuhara single-sided circular knitting machine with 72 channels as a circular structure to obtain the lightweight knitted fabric of the present invention. Among them, the odd road and the 72nd road are 50D nylon FDY, and the 71st and 72nd roads form a horizontal frame of the lattice, the first needle of other odd roads is looped, and the remaining stitches are looped by the float loop. The longitudinal frame of the lattice is formed; the even path is 30D nylon FDY and elastic fiber, and the first needle is a floating line, and the remaining all are looped to form a lattice filling area apparent yarn.

所得面料的克重為32g/m2、破裂強度為312KPa、強度輕量指數為0.10g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框 的線圈個數為36個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為36個,各性能參數見表1。 The obtained fabric had a basis weight of 32 g/m 2 , a burst strength of 312 KPa, and a strength lightweight index of 0.10 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 36, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 36, and the performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[實施例4] [Example 4]

選用30D-24f-全消光聚酯纖維FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,20D-12f-半消光聚酯纖維FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以4路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到本發明的輕薄針織面料。其中,第1、3、4路為30D聚酯纖維FDY,且第4路全部成圈形成格子的橫向邊框,第1、3路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數以浮線集圈為循環形成格子的縱向邊框;第2路為20D聚酯纖維FDY,且第一針為浮線、其它的針數成圈形成格子填充區的表觀紗線。 30D-24f-full-dull polyester fiber FDY (made by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) is used as the lattice border apparent yarn, 20D-12f-semi-dull polyester fiber FDY (Dongli Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd. As a superficially-filled yarn of the filling zone, the fabric was woven on a 32G Japan Fukuhara single-sided circular knitting machine in a four-cycle circular structure to obtain the lightweight knitted fabric of the present invention. Among them, the first, third, and fourth roads are 30D polyester fiber FDY, and the fourth road is all looped to form a horizontal frame of the lattice, the first stitches of the first and third roads are looped, and the remaining stitches are float sets. The circle is a vertical frame which forms a lattice by circulation; the second road is a 20D polyester fiber FDY, and the first needle is a floating line, and the other needles are circled to form an apparent yarn of the lattice filling area.

所得面料的克重為84g/m2、破裂強度為304KPa、強度輕量指數為0.28g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為3個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為5個,各性能參數見表1。 The obtained fabric had a basis weight of 84 g/m 2 , a burst strength of 304 KPa, and a light weight index of 0.28 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 3, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 5. The performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[實施例5] [Example 5]

選用80D-48f-全消光聚酯纖維FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,50D-36f-全消光聚酯纖維FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以72路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到本發明的輕薄針織面料。其中,奇數路以及第72路為80D聚酯纖維FDY,且第71、72路全成圈以形成格子的橫向邊框,其它奇數路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數以浮線集圈為循環形成格子的縱向 邊框;偶數路為50D聚酯纖維FDY,且第一針為浮線、其餘全部成圈形成格子的填充區表觀紗線。 80D-48f-full extinction polyester fiber FDY (made by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) is used as the lattice border apparent yarn, 50D-36f-full matt polyester fiber FDY (Dongli Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd. As a superficially-filled yarn of the filling zone, weaving was carried out on a 32G Japanese Fukuhara single-sided circular knitting machine with 72 channels as one cycle, and the lightweight knitted fabric of the present invention was obtained. Among them, the odd road and the 72nd road are 80D polyester fiber FDY, and the 71st and 72nd roads are fully circled to form the horizontal frame of the lattice, the first needle of other odd roads is looped, and the remaining stitches are float set. The circle is a cycle that forms a lattice The frame; the even path is 50D polyester fiber FDY, and the first needle is a floating line, and the remaining all are looped to form a lattice filling area apparent yarn.

所得面料的克重為86g/m2、破裂強度為354KPa、強度輕量指數為0.24g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為36個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為36個,各性能參數見表1。 The obtained fabric had a basis weight of 86 g/m 2 , a breaking strength of 354 KPa, and a light weight index of 0.24 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 36, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 36, and the performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[實施例6] [Embodiment 6]

選用80S精梳棉紗線(江蘇無錫第一棉紡廠製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,100S精梳棉紗線(江蘇無錫第一棉紡廠製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以4路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到本發明的輕薄針織面料。其中,第1、3、4路為80S精梳棉紗線,且第4路全部成圈形成格子的橫向邊框,第1、3路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數以浮線集圈為循環形成格子的縱向邊框;第2路為100S精梳棉紗線,且第一針為浮線、其它的針數成圈以形成格子填充區的表觀紗線。 80S combed cotton yarn (made by Jiangsu Wuxi First Cotton Spinning Factory) is selected as the lattice frame appearance yarn, 100S combed cotton yarn (made by Jiangsu Wuxi First Cotton Spinning Factory) as the apparent yarn of the filling area, in 32G Japan Fukuhara The circular knitting machine is woven with a 4-way one-cycle structure to obtain the lightweight knitted fabric of the present invention. Among them, the first, third, and fourth roads are 80S combed cotton yarns, and the fourth road is all looped to form a horizontal frame of the lattice, the first stitches of the first and third roads are looped, and the remaining stitches are float sets. The circle is a vertical frame which is formed into a lattice by circulation; the second path is a 100S combed cotton yarn, and the first needle is a floating line, and the other stitches are looped to form an apparent yarn of the lattice filling area.

所得面料的克重為89g/m2,破裂強度為334KPa,強度輕量指數為0.27g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為3個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為5個,各性能參數見表1。 The resulting fabric had a basis weight of 89 g/m 2 , a burst strength of 334 KPa, and a strength lightweight index of 0.27 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 3, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 5. The performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[實施例7] [Embodiment 7]

選用80S精梳棉紗線(江蘇無錫第一棉紡廠製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,100S精梳棉紗線(江蘇無錫第一棉紡廠製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以72路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到本發明的輕薄針織面料。其中,奇數路以及 第72路為80S精梳棉紗線,且第71、72路全成圈形成格子的橫向邊框,其它奇數路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數以浮線集圈為循環形成格子的縱向邊框;偶數路為100S精梳棉紗線,且第一針為浮線、其餘全部成圈以形成格子的填充區表觀紗線。 80S combed cotton yarn (made by Jiangsu Wuxi First Cotton Spinning Factory) is selected as the lattice frame appearance yarn, 100S combed cotton yarn (made by Jiangsu Wuxi First Cotton Spinning Factory) as the apparent yarn of the filling area, in 32G Japan Fukuhara The surface circular knitting machine was woven with 72 channels as a circular tissue to obtain the light and thin knitted fabric of the present invention. Among them, odd roads and The 72nd road is 80S combed cotton yarn, and the 71st and 72nd roads form a horizontal frame of the grid. The first needles of other odd roads are looped, and the remaining stitches are formed by the float loops. Longitudinal frame; even road is 100S combed cotton yarn, and the first needle is a floating line, and the rest are all looped to form a filling area of the grid.

所得面料的克重為68g/m2、破裂強度為328KPa、強度輕量指數為0.21g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為36個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為36個,各性能參數見表1。 The obtained fabric had a basis weight of 68 g/m 2 , a burst strength of 328 KPa, and a light weight index of 0.21 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 36, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 36, and the performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[實施例8] [Embodiment 8]

選用80S黏膠短纖紗(江蘇張家港和華紡織有限公司製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,100S黏膠短纖紗(江蘇張家港和華紡織有限公司製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以4路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到本發明的輕薄針織面料。其中,第1、3、4路為80S黏膠紗線,且第4路全部成圈形成格子的橫向邊框,第1、3路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數以浮線集圈為循環形成格子的縱向邊框;第2路為100S黏膠紗線,且第一針為浮線、其它的針數全部成圈以形成格子填充區的表觀紗線。 80S viscose spun yarn (made by Jiangsu Zhangjiagang Hehua Textile Co., Ltd.) was selected as the lattice frame appearance yarn, and 100S viscose spun yarn (made by Jiangsu Zhangjiagang Hehua Textile Co., Ltd.) as the apparent yarn of the filling area. The 32G Japan Fukuhara single-sided circular knitting machine was woven with a 4-way circular structure to obtain the lightweight knitted fabric of the present invention. Among them, the first, third, and fourth roads are 80S viscose yarns, and the fourth road is all looped to form a horizontal frame of the lattice, the first stitches of the first and third roads are looped, and the remaining stitches are float sets. The circle is a vertical frame which forms a lattice by circulation; the second path is a 100S glue yarn, and the first needle is a floating line, and the other needles are all looped to form an apparent yarn of the lattice filling area.

所得面料的克重為81g/m2、破裂強度為329KPa、強度輕量指數為0.25g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的縱向線圈個數為3個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為5個,各性能參數見表1。 The resulting fabric had a basis weight of 81 g/m 2 , a burst strength of 329 KPa, and a strength lightweight index of 0.25 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of longitudinal coils of the vertical frame is 3, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 5. The performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[實施例9] [Embodiment 9]

選用80S黏膠短纖紗(江蘇張家港和華紡織有限公司製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,100S黏膠短纖紗(江蘇張家港和華紡織 有限公司製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以72路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到本發明的輕薄針織面料。其中,奇數路以及第72路為80S精梳棉紗線,且第71、72路全成圈以形成格子的橫向邊框,其它奇數路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數以浮線集圈為循環以形成格子的縱向邊框;偶數路為100S精梳棉紗線,且第一針為浮線、其餘全部成圈形成格子的填充區表觀紗線。 80S viscose spun yarn (made by Jiangsu Zhangjiagang Hehua Textile Co., Ltd.) is used as the lattice frame appearance yarn, 100S viscose spun yarn (Jiangsu Zhangjiagang Hehua Textile) As a superficially-filled yarn of the filling zone, it was woven on a 32G Japanese Fukuhara single-sided circular knitting machine with 72 channels as one cycle, and the lightweight knitted fabric of the present invention was obtained. Among them, the odd road and the 72nd road are 80S combed cotton yarn, and the 71st and 72nd roads are all looped to form the horizontal frame of the lattice, the first stitch of the other odd roads is the loop, and the remaining stitches are float set. The circle is a loop to form a longitudinal frame of the lattice; the even path is a 100S combed cotton yarn, and the first needle is a floating line, and the remaining all are looped to form a lattice filled area apparent yarn.

所得面料的克重為59g/m2、破裂強度為319KPa、強度輕量指數為0.18g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的縱向線圈個數為36個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為36個,各性能參數見表1。 The obtained fabric had a basis weight of 59 g/m 2 , a burst strength of 319 KPa, and a strength lightweight index of 0.18 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of longitudinal coils of the vertical frame is 36, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 36, and the performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[實施例10] [Embodiment 10]

選用100D-144f-全消光聚酯纖維FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司制製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,30D-24f-全消光聚酯纖維FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以36路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到本發明的輕薄針織面料。其中,奇數路以及第36路為100D聚酯纖維FDY,且第35、36路全成圈以形成格子的橫向邊框,其它奇數路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數以浮線集圈為循環形成格子的縱向邊框;偶數路為30D聚酯纖維FDY,且第一針為浮線、其餘全部成圈形成格子的填充區表觀紗線。 100D-144f-full matt polyester fiber FDY (manufactured by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) is used as the lattice border apparent yarn, 30D-24f-full matt polyester fiber FDY (Dongli Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) As a superficially-filled yarn of the filling zone, it was woven on a 32-gauge Fukuhara single-sided circular knitting machine with 36 channels as one cycle, and the lightweight knit fabric of the present invention was obtained. Among them, the odd road and the 36th road are 100D polyester fiber FDY, and the 35th and 36th roads are fully looped to form a horizontal frame of the lattice, the first needle of other odd roads is looped, and the remaining stitches are float sets. The circle is a vertical frame which forms a lattice in a loop; the even path is a 30D polyester fiber FDY, and the first needle is a floating line, and the remaining all are looped to form a lattice filling area apparent yarn.

所得面料的克重為90g/m2、破裂強度為360KPa、強度輕量指數為0.25g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為18個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為18個,各性能參數見 表1。 The resulting fabric had a basis weight of 90 g/m 2 , a burst strength of 360 KPa, and a light weight index of 0.25 g/m 2 . Kpa; In a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 18, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 18. The performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[實施例11] [Example 11]

選用80D-48f-全消光聚酯纖維FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,60D-36f-全消光聚酯纖維FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以72路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到本發明的輕薄針織面料。其中,奇數路以及第72路為80D聚酯纖維FDY,且第71、72路全成圈以形成格子的橫向邊框,其它奇數路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數以浮線集圈為循環形成格子的縱向邊框;偶數路為60D聚酯纖維FDY,且第一針為浮線、其餘全部成圈形成格子的填充區表觀紗線。 80D-48f-full extinction polyester fiber FDY (made by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) is used as the lattice border apparent yarn, 60D-36f-full matt polyester fiber FDY (Dongli Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd. As a superficially-filled yarn of the filling zone, weaving was carried out on a 32G Japanese Fukuhara single-sided circular knitting machine with 72 channels as one cycle, and the lightweight knitted fabric of the present invention was obtained. Among them, the odd road and the 72nd road are 80D polyester fiber FDY, and the 71st and 72nd roads are fully circled to form the horizontal frame of the lattice, the first needle of other odd roads is looped, and the remaining stitches are float set. The circle is a vertical frame which forms a lattice in a loop; the even path is a 60D polyester fiber FDY, and the first needle is a floating line, and the remaining all are looped to form a lattice filling area apparent yarn.

所得面料的克重為88g/m2、破裂強度為356KPa、強度輕量指數為0.25g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為36個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為36個,各性能參數見表1。 The resulting fabric had a basis weight of 88 g/m 2 , a burst strength of 356 KPa, and a light weight index of 0.25 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 36, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 36, and the performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[實施例12] [Embodiment 12]

選用70D-48f-全消光聚酯纖維FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,100S精梳棉紗線(江蘇無錫第一棉紡廠製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以72路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到本發明的輕薄針織面料。其中,奇數路以及第72路為70D聚酯纖維紗線,且第71、72路全成圈形成格子的橫向邊框,其它奇數路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數以浮線集圈為循環形成格子的縱向邊框;偶數路為100S精梳棉紗線,且第一針為浮線、其餘全部成圈以形成格子的填充區 表觀紗線。 70D-48f-full-dull polyester fiber FDY (made by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) was selected as the lattice frame appearance yarn, and 100S combed cotton yarn (manufactured by Jiangsu Wuxi First Cotton Spinning Factory) as the filling area. The yarn was woven on a 32G Japanese Fukuhara single-sided circular knitting machine with 72 channels as a circular structure to obtain the lightweight knit fabric of the present invention. Among them, the odd-numbered road and the 72nd road are 70D polyester fiber yarns, and the 71st and 72nd roads form a horizontal frame of the lattice, and the first needles of other odd roads are looped, and the remaining stitches are floated. The circle is a vertical frame which forms a lattice in a loop; the even path is a 100S combed cotton yarn, and the first needle is a floating line, and the rest are all looped to form a filling area of the lattice Apparent yarn.

所得面料的克重為70g/m2、破裂強度為335KPa、強度輕量指數為0.21g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為36個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為36個,各性能參數見表1。 The obtained fabric had a basis weight of 70 g/m 2 , a burst strength of 335 KPa, and a light weight index of 0.21 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 36, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 36, and the performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[比較例1] [Comparative Example 1]

選用30D-24f-全消光尼龍FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,20D-12f-半消光尼龍FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以2路一循環的組織進行編織,得到輕薄針織面料。其中,第1路為30D尼龍FDY,且所有針數全部成圈以形成格子的橫向邊框,下一個循環中第一針的成圈形成了格子的縱向邊框;第2路為20D尼龍FDY,且第一針為浮線、其它的針數成圈形成格子填充區的表觀紗線。 30D-24f-full-dull nylon FDY (manufactured by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) was selected as the lattice frame appearance yarn, 20D-12f-semi-matting nylon FDY (manufactured by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) as The apparent yarn in the filled area was woven on a 32G Japanese Fuyuan single-sided circular knitting machine in a 2-way one-cycle structure to obtain a light-knit fabric. Wherein, the first way is 30D nylon FDY, and all the stitches are circled to form a horizontal frame of the lattice, and the first stitch of the next cycle forms a longitudinal frame of the lattice; the second way is 20D nylon FDY, and The first needle is a floating line, and the other stitches are looped to form an apparent yarn of the lattice filling area.

所得面料的克重為98g/m2、破裂強度為315KPa、強度輕量指數為0.31g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為2個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為4個,各性能參數見表1。 The resulting fabric basis weight of 98g / m 2, a burst strength of 315KPa, lightweight strength index of 0.31g / m 2. Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 2, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 4. The performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[比較例2] [Comparative Example 2]

選用100D-36f-全消光尼龍FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,60D-36f-全消光尼龍FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以72路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到輕薄針織面料。其中,奇數路以及第72路為100D尼龍FDY,且第71、 72路全成圈形成格子的橫向邊框,其它奇數路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數以浮線集圈為循環形成格子的縱向邊框;偶數路為60D尼龍FDY,且第一針為浮線、其餘全部成圈以形成格子的填充區表觀紗線。 100D-36f-full-dull nylon FDY (manufactured by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) was selected as the lattice frame appearance yarn, 60D-36f-total matte nylon FDY (manufactured by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) as The apparent yarn in the filled area was woven on a 32G Japanese Fukuhara single-sided circular knitting machine with 72 channels as a circular structure to obtain a light-knit fabric. Among them, the odd road and the 72nd road are 100D nylon FDY, and the 71st, The 72-way full circle forms the horizontal frame of the lattice. The first needle of the other odd roads is a circle, and the remaining stitches are the vertical frame of the lattice formed by the floating circle. The even road is 60D nylon FDY, and the first needle The float is the float, and the rest are all looped to form the fill area of the grid.

所得面料的克重為113g/m2、破裂強度為380KPa、強度輕量指數為0.30g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為36個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為36個,各性能參數見表1。 The obtained fabric had a basis weight of 113 g/m 2 , a breaking strength of 380 KPa, and a light weight index of 0.30 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 36, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 36, and the performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[比較例3] [Comparative Example 3]

選用30D-24f-全消光聚酯纖維FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,20D-12f-半消光聚酯纖維FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以2路一循環的組織進行編織,得到輕薄針織面料。其中,第1路為30D聚酯纖維FDY,且所有針數全部成圈形成格子的橫向邊框,下一個循環中第一針的成圈形成了格子的縱向邊框;第2路為20D聚酯纖維FDY,且第一針為浮線、其它的針數成圈形成格子填充區的表觀紗線。 30D-24f-full-dull polyester fiber FDY (made by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) is used as the lattice border apparent yarn, 20D-12f-semi-dull polyester fiber FDY (Dongli Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd. As a superficially-applied yarn of the filling zone, it was woven on a 32G Japan Fukuhara single-sided circular knitting machine in a 2-way one-cycle structure to obtain a light-knit fabric. Among them, the first road is 30D polyester fiber FDY, and all the stitches are circled to form a horizontal frame of the lattice. In the next cycle, the first stitch is formed into a lattice vertical frame; the second road is 20D polyester fiber. FDY, and the first needle is a floating line, and the other stitches are looped to form an apparent yarn of the lattice filling area.

所得面料的克重為103g/m2、破裂強度為302KPa、強度輕量指數為0.34g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為2個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為4個,各性能參數見表1。 The obtained fabric had a basis weight of 103 g/m 2 , a burst strength of 302 KPa, and a strength lightweight index of 0.34 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 2, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 4. The performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[比較例4] [Comparative Example 4]

選用100D-36f-全消光聚酯纖維FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,60D-36f-全消光聚酯纖 維FDY(東麗合成纖維(南通)有限公司製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以72路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到輕薄針織面料。其中,奇數路以及第72路為100D聚酯纖維FDY,且第71、72路全成圈形成格子的橫向邊框,其它奇數路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數以浮線集圈為循環形成格子的縱向邊框;偶數路為60D聚酯纖維FDY,且第一針為浮線、其餘全部成圈形成格子的填充區表觀紗線。 100D-36f-full extinction polyester fiber FDY (made by Toray Synthetic Fiber (Nantong) Co., Ltd.) is used as the lattice frame appearance yarn, 60D-36f-full matt polyester fiber In the 32G Japanese Fukuhara single-sided circular knitting machine, the U. Among them, the odd road and the 72nd road are 100D polyester fiber FDY, and the 71st and 72nd roads form a horizontal frame of the lattice, the first needle of other odd roads is looped, and the remaining stitches are floated. The vertical frame of the lattice is formed by looping; the even path is 60D polyester fiber FDY, and the first needle is a floating line, and the remaining all are looped to form a lattice filling area apparent yarn.

所得面料的克重為116g/m2、破裂強度為361KPa、強度輕量指數為0.32g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為36個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為36個,各性能參數見表1。 The resulting fabric had a basis weight of 116 g/m 2 , a burst strength of 361 KPa, and a strength lightweight index of 0.32 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 36, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 36, and the performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[比較例5] [Comparative Example 5]

選用80S精梳棉紗線(江蘇無錫第一棉紡廠製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,100S精梳棉紗線(江蘇無錫第一棉紡廠製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以2路一循環的組織進行編織,得到輕薄針織面料。其中,第1路為80S精梳棉紗線,且所有針數全部成圈形成格子的橫向邊框,下一個循環中第一針的成圈形成格子的縱向邊框;第2路為100S精梳棉紗線,且第一針為浮線、其它的針數成圈形成格子填充區的表觀紗線。 80S combed cotton yarn (made by Jiangsu Wuxi First Cotton Spinning Factory) is selected as the lattice frame appearance yarn, 100S combed cotton yarn (made by Jiangsu Wuxi First Cotton Spinning Factory) as the apparent yarn of the filling area, in 32G Japan Fukuhara The circular knitting machine is woven with a 2-way one-cycle structure to obtain a light-knit fabric. Among them, the first road is 80S combed cotton yarn, and all the stitches are circled to form a horizontal frame of the lattice. In the next cycle, the first stitch is looped to form a vertical frame of the lattice; the second road is 100S combed cotton yarn. And the first needle is a floating line, and the other stitches are looped to form an apparent yarn of the lattice filling area.

所得面料的克重為101g/m2、破裂強度為340KPa、強度輕量指數為0.30g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為2個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為4個,各性能參數見表1。 The obtained fabric had a basis weight of 101 g/m 2 , a burst strength of 340 KPa, and a strength lightweight index of 0.30 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 2, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 4. The performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[比較例6] [Comparative Example 6]

選用60S精梳棉紗線(江蘇無錫第一棉紡廠製)作為格子邊框表觀紗線,80S精梳棉紗線(江蘇無錫第一棉紡廠製)作為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以72路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到輕薄針織面料。其中,奇數路以及第72路為60S精梳棉紗線,且第71、72路全部成圈形成格子的橫向邊框,其它奇數路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數以浮線集圈為循環形成格子的縱向邊框;偶數路為80S精梳棉紗線,且第一針為浮線、其餘全部成圈形成格子的填充區表觀紗線。 60S combed cotton yarn (made by Jiangsu Wuxi First Cotton Spinning Factory) is used as the lattice frame appearance yarn, 80S combed cotton yarn (made by Jiangsu Wuxi First Cotton Spinning Factory) as the apparent yarn of the filling area, in 32G Japan Fukuhara The surface knitting machine is woven with a 72-way circular structure to obtain a light-knit fabric. Among them, the odd road and the 72nd road are 60S combed cotton yarn, and the 71st and 72nd roads are all looped to form the horizontal frame of the lattice, the first needle of other odd roads is the loop, and the remaining stitches are floated. The longitudinal frame of the lattice is formed by the cycle; the even path is the 80S combed cotton yarn, and the first needle is the floating line, and the remaining all are looped to form the filling area of the grid.

所得面料的克重為112g/m2、破裂強度為341KPa、強度輕量指數為0.33g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為36個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為36個,各性能參數見表1。 The obtained fabric had a basis weight of 112 g/m 2 , a breaking strength of 341 KPa, and a light weight index of 0.33 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 36, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 36, and the performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[比較例7] [Comparative Example 7]

選用80S黏膠短纖紗(江蘇張家港和華紡織有限公司製)為格子邊框表觀紗線,100S黏膠短纖紗(江蘇張家港和華紡織有限公司製)為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以2路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到輕薄針織面料。其中,第1路為80S黏膠短纖紗,且所有針數全部成圈形成格子的橫向邊框,下一個循環中第一針的成圈形成了格子的縱向邊框;第2路為100S黏膠短纖紗,且第一針為浮線、其它的針數成圈形成格子填充區的表觀紗線。 80S viscose spun yarn (made by Jiangsu Zhangjiagang Hehua Textile Co., Ltd.) is used as the lattice frame appearance yarn, and 100S viscose spun yarn (made by Jiangsu Zhangjiagang Hehua Textile Co., Ltd.) is the apparent yarn in the filling area. The 32G Japan Fukuhara single-sided circular knitting machine is woven with a 2-way circular structure to obtain a light-knit fabric. Among them, the first road is 80S viscose spun yarn, and all the stitches are circled to form a horizontal frame of the lattice. In the next cycle, the first stitch is formed into a lattice vertical frame; the second road is 100S adhesive. The spun yarn, and the first needle is a floating line, and the other stitches are looped to form an apparent yarn of the lattice filling area.

所得面料的克重為99g/m2、破裂強度為330KPa、強度輕量指數為0.30g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為2個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為4個,各性能參數見表 1。 The resulting fabric basis weight of 99g / m 2, a burst strength of 330KPa, lightweight strength index of 0.30g / m 2. Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 2, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 4. The performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

[比較例8] [Comparative Example 8]

選用60S黏膠短纖紗(江蘇張家港和華紡織有限公司製)為格子邊框表觀紗線,80S黏膠短纖紗(江蘇張家港和華紡織有限公司製)為填充區表觀紗線,在32G日本福原單面圓編機上以72路為一個循環的組織進行編織,得到輕薄針織面料。其中,奇數路以及第72路為60S黏膠短纖紗,且第71、72路全部成圈形成格子的橫向邊框,其它奇數路的第一針為成圈、剩下的針數以浮線集圈為循環形成格子的縱向邊框;偶數路為80S黏膠短纖紗,且第一針為浮線其餘全部成圈形成格子的填充區表觀紗線。 60S viscose spun yarn (made by Jiangsu Zhangjiagang Hehua Textile Co., Ltd.) is used as the lattice frame appearance yarn, and 80S viscose spun yarn (made by Jiangsu Zhangjiagang Hehua Textile Co., Ltd.) is the apparent yarn in the filling area. The 32G Japan Fukuhara single-sided circular knitting machine is woven with a 72-way circular structure to obtain a light-knit fabric. Among them, the odd road and the 72nd road are 60S viscose spun yarn, and the 71st and 72nd roads all form a circle to form a horizontal frame of the lattice. The first needle of other odd roads is a circle, and the remaining stitches are float lines. The circle is a vertical frame which forms a lattice in a loop; the even path is an 80S viscose spun yarn, and the first needle is a superficially filled yarn of the filling area in which all the other floating lines form a lattice.

所得面料的克重為105g/m2、破裂強度為323KPa、強度輕量指數為0.33g/m2.kpa;一個格子花型循環單元中,縱向邊框的線圈個數為36個,橫向邊框的線圈個數為36個,各性能參數見表1。 The resulting fabric had a basis weight of 105 g/m 2 , a burst strength of 323 KPa, and a light weight index of 0.33 g/m 2 . Kpa; in a plaid-type circulation unit, the number of coils of the vertical frame is 36, and the number of coils of the horizontal frame is 36, and the performance parameters are shown in Table 1.

由實施例1與實施例2可知,邊框及填充區紗線的纖度越大,所得面料的克重越大、破裂強度越高,其綜合結果是強度輕量指數的數值越小。 It can be seen from the first embodiment and the second embodiment that the larger the fineness of the yarn of the frame and the filling zone, the larger the basis weight of the obtained fabric and the higher the breaking strength, and the combined result is that the numerical value of the strength and lightness index is smaller.

由實施例1與實施例4、實施例2與實施例5可知,邊框表觀紗線纖度、填充區表觀紗線纖度以及格子花型循環邊框線圈個數相同時,所用纖維原料為尼龍比所用纖維原料為聚酯纖維的強度輕量指數的數值小。 It can be seen from the first embodiment, the fourth embodiment, the second embodiment and the fifth embodiment that the fiber material used in the frame is the same as the fiber diameter of the frame, the apparent yarn fineness of the filling zone, and the number of the loop-shaped loop frame coils. The fiber raw material used is a small value of the strength and lightness index of the polyester fiber.

由實施例6與實施例7可知,一個格子花型循環中,邊框線圈個數越少,所得面料的克重越大,破裂強度越大,其綜合結果是強度輕量指數的數值越大。 It can be seen from Example 6 and Example 7 that in a plaid pattern cycle, the smaller the number of frame loops, the larger the grammage of the resulting fabric, and the greater the rupture strength, and the overall result is that the value of the strength and lightness index is larger.

由實施例10、11可知,邊框的縱向線圈個數為3~36個、橫向線圈個數不少於5個時,即便邊框或者填充區所用紗線的纖度高些,只要填充區或者邊框所用紗線的纖度低些,所得面料的克重及破裂強度也能滿足要求。 It can be seen from Embodiments 10 and 11 that when the number of longitudinal coils of the frame is 3 to 36 and the number of lateral coils is not less than 5, even if the fineness of the yarn used for the frame or the filling area is higher, as long as the filling area or the frame is used. The fineness of the yarn is lower, and the grammage and burst strength of the resulting fabric can also meet the requirements.

由比較例1、比較例3、比較例5、比較例7可知,邊框的縱向線圈小於3個、橫向線圈少於5個時,所得面料的破裂強度雖然較高,但克重比較大。 According to Comparative Example 1, Comparative Example 3, Comparative Example 5, and Comparative Example 7, when the longitudinal stitches of the frame were less than three and the lateral stitches were less than five, the obtained fabric had a high breaking strength, but the gram weight was relatively large.

1‧‧‧邊框 1‧‧‧Border

2‧‧‧填充區 2‧‧‧filled area

Claims (6)

一種輕薄針織面料,其特徵是:該針織面料為由格子花型循環單元組成的單面緯編物;且該針織面料的克重為30~90g/m2,破裂強度為300KPa以上。 The utility model relates to a light and thin knitted fabric, which is characterized in that: the knitted fabric is a single weft knitted fabric composed of a plaid pattern circulating unit; and the knitted fabric has a basis weight of 30-90 g/m 2 and a breaking strength of 300 KPa or more. 如申請專利範圍第1項之輕薄針織面料,其中,所述格子花型循環單元的一個循環中,邊框的縱向線圈個數為3~36個,橫向線圈個數不少於5個。 The light-weight knitted fabric of claim 1, wherein in the one cycle of the plaid pattern circulation unit, the number of longitudinal coils of the frame is 3 to 36, and the number of lateral coils is not less than 5. 如申請專利範圍第1或2項之輕薄針織面料,其中,所述格子花型循環單元中,邊框表觀紗線為長絲複絲時的纖度為30~80丹尼、邊框表觀紗線為短纖紗時的纖度為80~100支;填充區表觀紗線為長絲複絲時的纖度為20~50丹尼、填充區表觀紗線為短纖紗時的纖度為80~100支;且邊框表觀紗線的纖度大於填充區表觀紗線的纖度。 The light-weight knitted fabric of claim 1 or 2, wherein in the plaid-pattern circulation unit, the appearance of the frame yarn is 30 to 80 denier when the filament is multifilament, and the frame appearance yarn The fineness of the spun yarn is 80 to 100; the apparent yarn in the filling zone is 20 to 50 denier when the filament is multifilament, and the fineness of the superficial yarn in the filling zone is 80~ 100 pieces; and the fineness of the apparent yarn of the frame is larger than the fineness of the apparent yarn of the filling area. 如申請專利範圍第1或2項之輕薄針織面料,其中,所述邊框表觀紗線選自尼龍、聚酯纖維、棉、黏膠纖維中的一種,所述填充區表觀紗線至少選自尼龍、聚酯纖維、棉、黏膠纖維中的一種。 The lightweight knit fabric of claim 1 or 2, wherein the frame appearance yarn is selected from the group consisting of nylon, polyester fiber, cotton, and viscose fiber, and at least the apparent yarn of the filling zone is selected. From one of nylon, polyester fiber, cotton, viscose fiber. 如申請專利範圍第4項之輕薄針織面料,其中,所述填充區表觀紗線中還含有彈性纖維。 The lightweight knit fabric of claim 4, wherein the apparent yarn in the filling zone further comprises an elastic fiber. 如申請專利範圍第1項之輕薄針織面料,其中,所述針織面料的強度輕量指數小於0.3g/m2.KPa。 The light-weight knitted fabric of claim 1, wherein the knitted fabric has a light weight index of less than 0.3 g/m 2 . KPa.
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