RU2494897C2 - High-speed transport system, hollow lead beam (versions), bogie (versions) and rolling stock (versions) - Google Patents

High-speed transport system, hollow lead beam (versions), bogie (versions) and rolling stock (versions) Download PDF

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RU2494897C2
RU2494897C2 RU2011121774/11A RU2011121774A RU2494897C2 RU 2494897 C2 RU2494897 C2 RU 2494897C2 RU 2011121774/11 A RU2011121774/11 A RU 2011121774/11A RU 2011121774 A RU2011121774 A RU 2011121774A RU 2494897 C2 RU2494897 C2 RU 2494897C2
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running
frame
stabilization systems
contact
thrust rollers
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RU2011121774/11A
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Russian (ru)
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RU2011121774A (en
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Дахир Курманбиевич Семенов
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Дахир Курманбиевич Семенов
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Abstract

FIELD: transport.
SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to high-speed transport means to be used mainly between localities, in particular, to regional transport infrastructure. Said system comprises line composed of a hollow lead beam mounted at supports and having contact surfaces located at different planes and rolling stock with drive equipped with bogies. The latter have transverse outline partially following that of the bogie, mounted axles and twin stabilisation systems arranged in different planes of the bogie. Said hollow lead beam triangular in cross-section composed by three sheets corrugated in transverse direction and arranged at acute angles to each other and rigidly interconnected at triangle vertices by lengthwise bearing channels. Note here that said contact surfaces are arranged at said bearing channels. Various shaped of lead beams are intended for various types of rolling stocks and bogies.
EFFECT: higher reliability, better operating performances, higher stiffness and strength of lead beam.
24 cl, 43 dwg

Description

The group of inventions relates to high-speed transport systems, intended primarily for communication between settlements, in particular to regional transport infrastructure.
Known transport complex, including a monorail transport system with a running beam on supports moving along the beam with rolling stock, turnouts and overpass, with turnouts of the monorail transport system installed at the ends of the route behind the end stations (see RF patent No. 2181328, В61В 13/04, published in 2002). In this transport complex, the running beam is made in the form of a hollow box of rectangular cross section. This complex with low-speed rolling stock is designed for operating conditions in the city, therefore it is aimed at solving the problems of traffic safety and docking with the infrastructure of the city.
A monorail transport system is known, including a running beam located on supports and made of a T-shaped cross-section, as well as wagons containing support wheels for supporting on a rail, side wheels for limiting lateral displacement, and additional wheels opposed to the supporting one, limiting vertical displacement, the lower surface of the cars is profiled (see patent for the invention of the Russian Federation No. 2327585, B61B 13/04, published in 2008). In this device, the movement drives are made in the form of electric motors with gears, and flywheels with motion converters are installed in the cars. Wagons are moved using the energy of the flywheels installed in the wagons, and the flywheels are untwisted, bringing into engagement with the drives at the stations during stops. Such a rather technically complicated way of driving a train can be used as a spare, additional drive option, and in a single form it can allow interruptions in the movement of trains. In addition, the heavy metal-intensive design of the T-shaped monorail significantly reduces its effectiveness.
A monorail truck is known, including a frame and drive pairs of wheels mounted on its axles, mounted to interact with the vertical walls of the monorail, and bearing pairs of wheels, mounted to interact with the roadway, the axles of adjacent drive and bearing wheels being connected by two-arm L-shaped levers pivotally mounted on the brackets of the frame (see utility model of the Russian Federation No. 99407, B61B 13/04, published in 2010). This technical solution relates to monorail transport with a complex monorail section, which is an inverted tee, whose shelves in the upper zone are beveled at an angle to the central pillar. This design of the monorail allows the use in the trolley in addition to the main bearing wheels interacting with the vertical rack of the monorail, and persistent rollers interacting with the inclined shelves of the brand. However, the main disadvantage of such a trolley is its lack of stability at high speeds.
Known high-speed branched transport system for individual movement of passengers, containing a hollow overpass with main sections and adjacent transition sections, small-sized, functioning at second intervals of the cab, the side parts of which are located above the central longitudinal slit of the overpass, and the running parts with rotor elements of left and right linear motors, guide or support wheels and rollers of lateral stabilization - in its internal cavity and, equipped with stator elements of linear electric motors, route electromagnetic switches, while route electromagnetic switches are installed on the chassis of cabs with the possibility of attraction to the stator elements of linear electric motors made with ferromagnetic sections on the corresponding side when the above-mentioned small-sized cabs move along transition sections of the overpass with the linear motors turned off on opposite side, and the support wheels are mounted in front and rear undercarriages booths is movable along the guide corners of the guideway and are provided with polyurethane tires emollient (see. patent for the invention of the Russian Federation No. 2106450, ЕВВ 25/00, publ. in 1998). This rather complicated construction of the monorail is suitable for use in regions with a mild climate, and in the conditions of central Russia and countries with a similar climate, such a monorail will become clogged with snow in winter.
Known monorail system of high-speed type Skyway for intercity passenger transport lines, which is a paired road located on poles and equipped with two running beams for the movement of high-speed trolley buses with electric traction in opposite directions (see patent No. EA 200800744, IPC ВВВ 13/04, publ. . in 2009). In this highly environmentally friendly technical solution, variants of the monorail design providing reliable traction, smooth running of the undercarriage are not considered.
A known transport system with two-leg racks and a lateral arrangement of the train, with the upper running beam for the driving wheels of the train trolleys located in the upper support zone, and the lower running beam for the supporting rollers in the lower support zone (see UK patent No. GB 2401089, IPC B61B 3 / 02, published in 2003). This rather bulky and non-speed device does not provide sufficient reliability and stability of the train at high speeds.
A known frame of a railway carriage carriage made in the form of a welded box construction of sheet metal and consisting of two longitudinal and two transverse beams rigidly connected to them, the longitudinal beams in the central part having vertical bends with the cantilevered welded in them in the transverse direction pallets for installation of central suspension springs, and at the ends are equipped with supports for installing axle-box springs in the form of support sleeves having a welded connection to the frame, and the ends of the longitudinal frames are made with cylindrical recesses for installing the support sleeves, each of the support sleeves for installing the axle box springs is made elongated so that its height exceeds the corresponding frame size - the distance between the upper and lower sheets of the box-shaped profile of the frame has a shoulder on the outside and the supporting surface inside, provided with a bottom mounted on the supporting surface inside the sleeve and rigidly connected, for example, welded to the support sleeve, the welded connection of each support sleeve with the frame is made On a finished frame with brackets installed outside the perimeter of the abutment surface of the sleeve to the cylindrical recess of the box-shaped structure of the longitudinal beam of the frame (see patent for utility model of the Russian Federation No. 41689, B61G 9/12, publ. in 2004). This technical solution is aimed at increasing the strength and simplifying the design of the prefabricated frame of the undercarriage, but does not provide for the expansion of its functions, in particular for the use of stabilization wheels.
A body of a double-decker passenger carriage is known, comprising a frame with end spinal beams, with a lowered middle part, with longitudinal strapping of the cantilever part of the frame, with longitudinal strapping of the lower part of the frame, sidewall with lining and longitudinal strapping of the ceiling, connected by ends with transverse profiles and reinforcing struts, each of which is connected at the level of the interfloor overlap with the end of the longitudinal strapping of the overlap and with the end of the upper brace, end walls, roof, and the longitudinal strapping is reduced The parts of the frame and the floor strapping are connected to the longitudinal strapping of the cantilever parts of the frame with braces located in the plane of the sidewall, and each end spinal beam is connected to the lower middle part of the frame by a transition zone beam, which transfers longitudinal forces from the end spinal beam of the console part to the longitudinal strapping of the middle part of the frame characterized in that on the inner sides of the longitudinal strands of the ceiling are fixed brackets distributed in pairs along the sidewalls, rigidly connected to the transverse profiles, the longitudinal strapping of the floor is connected to the opposing ends of the upper and lower side racks and with the outer skin of its longitudinal wall, each reinforcing strut rests on the connection unit of the strapping of the lower middle part of the frame with the end transverse beam of the lower part of the frame (see patent for the invention of the Russian Federation No. 2408484, IPC B61D 1/00, publ. in 2011). The complex design of this body has a high metal consumption and material consumption, but it is not enough to provide the necessary strength of the body and its reliability during operation at high speeds.
The closest technical solution to the claimed group of inventions is a monorail transport system including a track made in the form of a hollow running beam mounted on supports with contact surfaces located in different planes, and a rail transport made in the form of a train with a drive and a transverse circuit in the lower zone copying the shape of the undercarriage and equipped with undercarriages with undercarriage pairs and paired stabilization systems located in different planes of the undercarriage hedgehogs (see patent for invention of the Russian Federation No. 2180295, IPC B61B 13/04, published in 2002). A well-known technical solution is aimed at improving the reliability of the transport system with a lightweight chassis design. But it does not solve the problem of improving the design of the undercarriage. Because under difficult weather and climatic conditions, the box-shaped running beam is subjected to strong bending and vibration effects during operation, the task of hardening it becomes especially relevant in areas of seismic activity, strong wind loads and ice rain.
The present invention is aimed at solving the technical problem: improving the reliability and operational characteristics of the transport system while increasing the stiffness and strength of the chassis, expanding the technical capabilities of designing a monorail vehicle with a universal chassis structure, increasing the speed of the transport system while improving the performance of running cars and rail vehicles.
The solution of the technical problem is achieved by the fact that in a high-speed transport system that includes a track made in the form of a hollow running beam mounted on supports with contact surfaces located in different planes, and a rolling stock with a drive, equipped with running trolleys made with a transverse contour, partially copying the shape of the undercarriage, and with the undercarriage pairs and pair stabilization systems located in different planes of the undercarriage, the hollow undercarriage is made sectional triangular shape formed by three transversely corrugated plates arranged to each other at acute angles, are rigidly interconnected at the apices of the triangle by means of longitudinally extending support section, the contact surfaces are arranged on the carrier profiles. Corrugated sheets and bearing profiles located at the junction of the corrugated sheets of the running beam are made of metal. The corrugations of the corrugated sheets of the running beam are made in a sinusoid. The corrugations of the corrugated sheets of the running beam are angled. The corrugations of the corrugated sheets of the running beam in cross section are made trapezoidal, directed vertices in opposite directions. The supporting profile is made in the form of a shaped pipe. A rail is mounted on at least one profile. The running beam is made up of sections connected by grooves at one end of each bearing profile of the section and protrusions at the other end thereof, with at least one bearing profile of the section provided with a centering pin.
And also by the fact that in a hollow running beam made in a triangular section and formed by three corrugated sheets rigidly connected to each other at the vertices of the triangle by means of longitudinally located bearing profiles with contact surfaces, the triangle forming the beam section is located downward, and on two rails are fixed to the upper surfaces of the bearing profiles, the contact surfaces being located on the sides of the upper bearing profiles.
In the hollow beam, the triangle forming the section of the beam is located with its top upward, with a rail fixed to the upper profile, and the side surfaces of the lower profiles made contact.
In the hollow beam, the triangle forming the section of the beam is located with its top upward, the upper profile being made with lateral contact surfaces, and the rails are fixed on the horizontally protruding part of the two lower profiles, while the lateral surfaces of the lower profiles are made contact.
In the hollow beam, the triangle forming the beam section is located with its top pointing upward, and all contact surfaces are made in the form of flanges on the bearing profile, while the flanges of the bearing profiles are made bilateral with contact surfaces located on both sides of the flanges and are designed to move rolling stocks along both inclined faces of the chassis.
And also the fact that in the undercarriage, including a frame with undercarriage pairs and pair stabilization systems located in a different plane of rotation relative to the undercarriage pairs, the frame is provided with a traverse located above with means for connecting to the rolling stock connected to the undercarriage frame by means of shock absorbing elements and a kingpin, each running wheel pair being equipped with an electric motor located on a common axis with the wheels, and paired stabilization systems are equipped with thrust rollers with the vertical axis of rotation.
In the undercarriage, including a frame with undercarriage pairs and pair stabilization systems located in a different plane of rotation relative to the undercarriage pairs, the frame is provided with a traverse located above with means for connecting to the rolling stock connected to the undercarriage frame by means of shock absorbing elements and a king pin, the first the running wheel pair is equipped with an electric motor, the axis of rotation of which is parallel to the axis of the running wheel pair and connected to it by at least one gear, wherein the motor is mounted on the frame of the bogie by means of arms, wherein the second chassis is provided with a wheel pair mounted on its axis of the brake pads with the brake discs, and the paired stabilizer systems are provided pressure rollers with a vertical axis of rotation. The first running wheelset is equipped with an additional electric motor parallel to the main electric motor between the housings of the two gearboxes and connected by additional gears. The electric motor of the first running wheel pair is mounted directly on the frame of the running trolley and is connected to the gearbox via a driveshaft.
In a running carriage, including a frame with running wheel pairs and pair stabilization systems located in a different plane relative to the running wheel pairs, the frame is equipped with a traverse located above with means for connecting to the rolling stock connected to the running carriage frame by means of shock absorbing elements and a king pin, wherein the running wheels the pairs are equipped with electric motors with axes perpendicular to the axes of the running wheel pairs, and the axes of the running wheel pairs are equipped with gears associated with syami motor through a cardan shaft, with two running wheel pairs are provided with brake discs and brake pads, and stabilizer systems are provided with paired pressure rollers with a vertical axis of rotation.
In a running trolley, including a frame with two running wheels located on parallel axes, each of which is equipped with an electric motor located perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and connected to it by a gearbox, and four stabilization systems with vertical rotation axes located in a different plane relative to the axes of the running wheels, the frame equipped with a traverse located above with means of connection with rolling stock connected to the frame of the undercarriage by means of shock absorbing elements and a king pin, As a result, the upper stabilization systems are located on the frame of the undercarriage, and the frame of the undercarriage is equipped with two subframes inclined on both sides in the lower zone, while the lower stabilization systems and shock absorbers are located on the inclined subframes in their lower zone, while the stabilization systems are equipped with thrust rollers with a vertical axis of rotation.
In the undercarriage, which includes a frame with four running wheels arranged in pairs in its lower zone on parallel axes and four stabilization systems, the axes of which are located in a different plane relative to the axles of the running wheels, the frame is equipped with a traverse located on top with means for connecting to the rolling stock connected with the frame undercarriage by means of shock absorbing elements and kingpin, and the upper stabilization systems are designed to work with the contact surface of the upper bearing profile howl beams and are located in the upper zone of the bogie frame, the lower stabilizer systems are designed to work with the contact surface of the lower carrier profile and the feed beam arranged in the bottom area of the chassis frame bogie, the lower stabilizer systems are provided pressure rollers with a vertical axis of rotation. The thrust rollers of the stabilization systems are provided with lower flanges protruding beyond the dimensions of the thrust rollers. The axes of the lower thrust rollers are equipped with generators associated with them by means of an electric coupling.
In the undercarriage, which includes an inclined frame with two inclined running wheels mounted on parallel axes, equipped with a common electric motor, and four stabilization systems located in a different plane relative to the axles of the running wheels, the two upper stabilization systems made paired and designed to work with the contact surfaces of the flanging of the upper bearing profile of the undercarriage when the rolling stocks move from the side of both inclined faces, located on the frame of the undercarriage in its upper zone, and two lower stabilization systems made paired and designed to work with the contact surfaces of the flanging of the lower bearing profile of the undercarriage are located on the frame of the undercarriage in its lower zone, while the stabilization systems are equipped with thrust rollers, and the axes of the thrust rollers of at least one stabilization system are provided with generators.
And also by the fact that in the rolling stock, which includes a case with window openings and at least one door, ceiling, floor, equipped with docking elements with a running trolley, at least one control cabin, and a passenger compartment located inside the case, the cabin is made up of two-story is equipped with at least one ladder, and the undercarriage is located inside the end zones of the housing, the floor of which is made with holes for the passage of wheels and thrust rollers.
In the rolling stock, including the case with window openings and at least one door, ceiling, floor, equipped with elements for docking with the undercarriage and copying the shape of the undercarriage, at least one control cabin, and a passenger compartment located inside the case, while made of two-story, equipped with stairs, and the upper part of the running trolleys is placed inside the end zones of the housing, and the floor of the cabin in its longitudinal central part is made with a triangular indentation in cross section, with a vertex facing up x, while the lower floor of the cabin is located on opposite sides of the recess in the floor. The body is made of composite of the front, rear, upper and two lower parts.
In the rolling stock, the case is asymmetric, one side is mounted obliquely with the possibility of copying the inclined face of the running beam, and the second side and ceiling are made combined with a convex curved surface on which windows and doors are located, and the running trolleys are located on the inclined side of the case.
The invention is illustrated by drawings. Figure 1 shows a General view of the running beam on the supports (triangle point down), in isometry. Figure 2 - running beam (triangle point down), the cross section. Figure 3 is the same, the edges of the corrugation sinusoidal shape, in isometry. In Fig.4 - the same, the corrugation is broken in shape with serrated edges, in isometry. Figure 5 is the same, the edges of the corrugation of a trapezoidal shape, in isometry. Figure 6 - running beam with support before the docking of longitudinal fragments, in isometry. In Fig.7 - the same, after joining the longitudinal fragments, in isometry. On Fig - running trolley with two electric motors, designed to ride on the running beam, turned with an acute angle down), side view. Figure 9 is the same, cross section. Figure 10 - running trolley with one electric motor and two gears, in isometry. Figure 11 is the same, view from the front end. On Fig - the same view from the rear end. In Fig.13 is the same, bottom view. On Fig - running trolley with paired electric motors on one wheel pair, in isometry. On Fig - the same, bottom view. In Fig.16 is the same end view. On Fig - running trolley with an electric motor on the frame and the driveshaft, in isometry. On Fig - the same, bottom view. In Fig.19 is the same end view. In Fig.20 - running trolley with two longitudinally positioned electric motors, in isometry. In Fig.21 is the same, bottom view. In Fig.22 is the same end view. On Fig - transport system, including the chassis, deployed with an acute angle down, and the vehicle, a longitudinal section. In Fig.24 is the same, the cabin of the vehicle, cross section. On Fig - running beam, deployed with the tip up, on the supports, in isometry. On Fig is the same cross-section. On Fig - the same, before joining the longitudinal fragments. On Fig - the same, after the joining of longitudinal fragments. On Fig - running trolley, designed to move on the chassis with the tip pointing up, and with four systems of stabilization wheels, in isometry. On Fig - the same cross-section. On Fig - the same bevel gear with the cover removed. On Fig - the same, bottom view. On Fig - running trolley with lower running wheels, designed to move along the running beam with an upper tip. On Fig is the same cross-section. On Fig-transport system, comprising a running beam with an upper tip and a vehicle with a two-story cabin, side view. In Fig.36 is the same cross-section. In Fig.37 is the same longitudinal section. On Fig - two-story cabin of the vehicle at the time of vertical installation. In Fig.39 - the same after vertical installation. On Fig-transport system with a lateral arrangement of vehicles on the chassis. On Fig - the same cross-section. On Fig - running trolley for a side vehicle. On Fig - the same cross-section.
The Metrobus high-speed transport system includes a track made in the form of a hollow running beam 2 mounted on supports 1, made in a triangular cross-section, formed by three transversely corrugated sheets 3 located to each other at sharp angles, rigidly connected to each other at the vertices of the triangle by longitudinally located supporting profiles 4. The hollow running beam 2 can be located either with a sharp top down or up, while its supporting profiles 4 can be made in cross section of different iguratsii. Figure 1-10 shows the running beam 2 of a triangular section with a sharp peak pointing downward, while on its two upper hollow supporting profiles 4, rails 5 are fixed from above, and the sides of these profiles 4 are provided with vertically arranged contact surfaces 6. Moreover, the rails 5 and contact surfaces 6 are located in different planes relative to profile 4. FIGS. 25-30 show a hollow running beam 2 of a triangular section with an upward oriented top, on which an upper shaped profile 4) or 7 is mounted with a pe with ice 8 and lateral contact surfaces 9. The lower shaped profiles are made in the form of a shaped pipe 10 and are provided with lateral contact surfaces 11. Figs. 33 and 34 show a hollow running beam 2 of triangular section with a vertex oriented upwards on which the upper shaped hollow profile is located 12 with lateral contact surfaces 13. At the bottom are two hollow shaped profiles 14 with rails 15 and lateral contact surfaces 16 installed on the upper platforms of these profiles 14. A hollow running bar is shown in FIGS. 40, 41, 42 canal 2 of triangular section with an apex oriented upwards on which an upper shaped hollow profile 17 with inclined flanges 18 having contact surfaces 19 and 20 on both sides is mounted. In the lower zone of the beam 2 there are two hollow shaped profiles 21 with slanted rails 22 and two laterally inclined contact surface 23 and lower inclined contact surface 24 inclined in different planes.
Modern automated and robotic welding technologies and the presence of extra-strong metal alloys make it possible to produce a hollow running beam 2 strong and quite light. However, developed in recent years, non-metallic very strong materials, such as carbon fiber, can also be used to make the chassis 2. The corrugations of the corrugated sheets 3 of the chassis 2 can have different shapes, for example, sinusoidal (see Fig. 3), angular (toothed) (see figure 4) or trapezoidal with peaks directed in opposite directions (see figure 5). The main function that the corrugations of sheets 3 of the beam 2 perform is to increase the rigidity and strength of the structure.
In Fig.23 shows a transport system including a beam 2, deployed with an acute angle down, and rolling stock, made in the form of a two-story train 25 with a drive. Train 25 includes a casing 26, running trolleys 27 made with a transverse contour partially copying the shape of the running beam 2. The running trolleys 27 have two running pairs with wheels 28 with a horizontal axis of rotation and two stabilization systems 29 equipped with thrust rollers 30 with a vertical axis of rotation and lower flanges 31, protruding beyond the dimensions of the thrust rollers 30. The running wheels 28 are designed for movement on rails 5, and the stabilization systems 29 with a rolling surface located in another plane of rotation, for movement along k ntaktnyh surfaces 6, retention train 25 from lateral displacement and its stabilization by the action of tilting moments acting on the curved sections of the track and wind loads. Train 25 is made with windows 32, doors 33, ceiling 34, floor 35. Housing 26 and floor 35 are equipped with docking elements with running trolleys 27 located in the end zones of housing 26, floor 35 of which is made with holes for passage of wheels 28 and thrust rollers 30 The train 25 has at least one control cabin 36, and a two-story passenger compartment located inside building 26. The upper floor 37 is connected to the lower entrance floor 38 by at least one staircase 39. The control cabin 36 is equipped with a staircase 40 seats 41 a windshield 42 and a dashboard (not shown in the figure). Such rolling stock can be controlled by an automatic system (not shown in the figure) designed to regulate the operation of the entire transport system. The drive train 25 may include a diesel generator 43. Train 25 is designed to move along the chassis 2 with the lower location of the tip of the triangle.
Train 44 (FIGS. 35-39) is designed to move along the chassis 2 with the upper edge of the triangle. The floor 35 of the cabin in its longitudinal central part is made with inclined panels 45 in cross section that copy the profile of the beam 2, and the lower floor 46 of the cabin is located on opposite sides of the inclined panels 45 in the floor 35. The case 26 of the train 44 is made integral and includes a front part 47, a rear part 48, the upper part 49 and the two lower parts 50.
For movement along the lateral faces of a triangular running beam 2, facing the top up, rolling stocks are designed in the form of trains 51 of an asymmetric type (Figs. 40-41). The train 51 includes a building 26 with windows 32 and doors 33. The floor 35 of the train 51 is equipped with asymmetrically located docking elements with running elements. The housing 26 of the train 51 is equipped with either one cab 36 or two cabs 36 control. Inside the asymmetric building 26 is a one-story passenger compartment. One side 52 of the housing 26 is mounted obliquely with the possibility of copying the inclined edge of the chassis 2, and the second side 53 and the ceiling 54 are made aligned with a convex curved surface on which the windows 32 and doors 33 are located. On the inclined side 52 of the housing 26 are asymmetrically completed undercarriage 55.
Train 25 (Figs. 23-24) comprises running trolleys 27 with frames 56, running wheelsets including wheels 28 located vertically on the horizontal axis and designed to move on rails 5, and stabilization systems 29 located horizontally on the vertical axis and designed for movement along the contact surfaces 6 by means of thrust rollers 30 with flanges 31. The frame 56 is equipped with a traverse 57 located on top with means of connection with the rolling stock. The housing 26 of the train 25 is connected with the frame 56 of the undercarriage 27 by means of shock absorbing elements 58 and the kingpin 59 with a vertical axis of rotation. Each running wheelset is equipped with an electric motor 60 located on a common axis with the wheels 28 (see Fig. 8). Thrust rollers 30 are provided with upstream generators 61.
The train 25 can be equipped with a running carriage 62, including a frame 56 with running wheels 28 and stabilization systems 29, in which the first running wheelset 63 is equipped with an electric motor 60 with an axis of rotation parallel to the axis of the running wheelset 63, and connected with it by at least than one gear 64 (see Fig.10-13). The electric motor 60 is mounted on the frame 56 of the running carriage 62 by means of brackets 65. The second running wheel pair 66 is equipped with brake pads 67 mounted on its axis with brake discs 68. The electric motor 60 of the first running wheel pair 63 can be mounted directly on the frame 56 of the running carriage 62 and connected with a two-stage gearbox 64 by means of a driveshaft 69 (see FIGS. 17-19). To increase the power of the undercarriage 62, its first running wheel pair 63 is equipped with an additional electric motor 70, which is located parallel to the main electric motor 60 between the bodies of the two gears 64. The gears 64 are connected to the electric motors 60 and 70 by means of the main gear wheel 71 of the wheelset 63 and additional gears 72 (see Figs. 14-16).
The lower longitudinal location of the electric motors 73 and 74 of the undercarriage 62 can increase their safety at high power and driving performance (see Fig.20-22). The axes of the electric motors 73 and 74 are perpendicular to the axes of the running wheelsets with wheels 28. The axles of the running wheelsets are equipped with gears 75 connected to the axes of the motors 73 and 74 by means of a driveshaft 76. The gears 75 can be made conical. Both running wheelsets with wheels 28 are equipped with brake discs 68 and brake pads 67.
Undercarriage 77, designed for the movement of trains 44 along the undercarriage 2 with the tip of the triangle pointing up (see Fig.29-32). The trolley 77 includes a frame 78 with two running wheels 79 with horizontal axis of rotation located on parallel axes, each of which is equipped with an electric motor 80 located perpendicular to the axis of the wheel 79 and connected to it by means of a reducer 81. The frame 78 is equipped with a traverse 82 located on top with means for connecting to the movable composition, shock-absorbing elements 83 and kingpin 84. The trolley 77 has two upper stabilization systems of the thrust rollers 85 with vertical axes of rotation for movement along the contact surfaces 9 and two lower stabilization systems of thrust rollers 86 with vertical axes of rotation for movement along the contact surfaces 11. The upper rollers 85 are located on the frame 78 of the undercarriage 77. The frame 78 of the undercarriage 77 is equipped with two subframes 87 inclined from both sides in the lower zone. Lower rollers 86 and shock absorbing elements 83 are located on inclined subframes 87 in their lower zone.
Another variant of the undercarriage 88 is also designed for trains 44 (see Figs. 33, 34), which includes a frame 89 with four running wheels 90 with a horizontal axis of rotation in pairs in the lower zone on parallel axes for movement along rails 15. Two upper paired stabilization systems 91 with a vertical axis of rotation are designed to move along the contact surfaces 13. Two lower paired stabilization systems 92 with a vertical axis of rotation are designed to move along the contact surfaces 16. The frame 89 is equipped with on top of the traverse 93 with means of connection with the rolling stock, shock absorbing elements 94 and king pin 95.
For the movement of trains 51 of an asymmetric type with a low center of gravity, asymmetric undercarriages 55 (see Figs. 42, 43) with a low center of gravity are designed, including an inclined frame 96 with two inclined running wheels 97 arranged on parallel axes and equipped with a common electric motor 98 Two upper pair stabilization systems 99 symmetrically distributed relative to the flanging 18 of the bearing profile 17 of the thrust rollers 100 and 101 are designed to move on the contact surfaces 19 and 20 of the flanging 18. One a pair of thrust rollers 102 with generators 103 located above them is designed to move along the contact surface 23, and another pair of thrust rollers 104 is designed to move along the contact surface 24. The running wheels 97, thrust rollers 100, 101, 102 and 104 have inclined axes of rotation, located in different planes. This provides additional stability of the train 51 on the side face of the running beam 2. This design of the train 51 and the running trolleys 55 allows to double the throughput of the running beams 2.
High-speed transport system "Metrobus" works as follows. When mounting a composite beam 2 made of sections 105 connected by grooves 106 at one end of each bearing profile 4 of section 105 and protrusions 107 at its other end, protrusions 107 are inserted into grooves 106, and by means of centering pins 108 and opposite holes 109 in section 105, the sections 105 are perfectly joined together. Moreover, the rails 5, 8, 15 and 22, fixed by means of, for example, bolted joints 110, on the perfectly aligned surface of the supporting profiles 4 provide almost silent movement of rolling stocks and have a very low coefficient of friction. The noiselessness of the route increases the fact that the rails 5 are also made compound with grooves 111 and protrusions 112. The manufacture of rolling stock from modern composite materials wound into the body frame 113 provides a significant reduction in the weight of the composition while increasing its strength, wear resistance and impact resistance. The implementation of the thrust rollers 30, 85, 86, 100, 101, 102 and 104 of polyurethane not only increases their service life, but also significantly improves the noiseless movement of the rolling stock, reducing the coefficient of rolling friction. The track located at the top, assembled from the prefabricated construction of the chassis 2, frees the surface of the earth for the construction of infrastructure. It is this arrangement of the running beam 2 that makes it possible to assemble a height-aligned track with an absolutely even surface of rail tracks.
The options for the implementation of the running beam 2 of a triangular section with a sharp peak directed either down or up, make it possible, while maintaining the advantages of the beam 2 itself, to use it for solving various problems. To improve the traditional double-track routes, increase the speed and safety of transport systems using beam 2 with the top pointing down (see figure 1-9). For the modernization of monorail systems, a hollow running beam 2 is used, shown in Figs. 25-30, with a top pointing upwards, on a supporting profile 7 of which rail 8 is fixed. An embodiment of such a beam 2, but with two rails 15 located on the lower supporting profiles 14 (see Figs. 33-34), makes it possible to combine the advantages of a double-rail and a monorail track with a reliable fit of the train 44, floor 35 of which fits the running beam 2 on both sides, providing high stability of the rolling stock in curved sections. The original solution of the transport system depicted in Figs. 40 and 41 allows to double the throughput of the route while reducing the overall material consumption of the system, since it is not necessary to double the chassis 2 and supports 1 to move the rolling stock in the opposite direction.
When the train 25 (see Fig. 23) travels along the two-track track of the running beam 2, the running wheels 28 move along the rails 5, and the non-driven polyurethane thrust rollers 30 move along the contact surfaces 6 of the supporting profile 4. Moreover, their flanges 31 are intended for additional insurance of the movable the composition from lateral and angular displacements and during movement do not touch the supporting profile 4. In the case of a slight displacement of the undercarriage 27, the flange 31 will rest against the bottom in profile 4 and prevent further displacement. Rolling stock driven by a diesel generator 43 provides torque to the running wheels 28 by means of electric motors 60. The use of electric motors 60 significantly increases the efficiency of the undercarriage 27, simplifies its manufacture and operation. When braking the train 25, the generators begin to charge, which can significantly reduce the energy consumption for the movement of the train 25. For reverse movement along the same track, you can use rolling stock with cabs 36 at its ends (not shown in the figure). The route in this case is performed with shunting pockets at stations for wiring oncoming rolling stock. This simplifies their shunting manipulations and allows to slightly reduce the material consumption of the project. It is advisable to use the two-story passenger compartment for moving over fairly large distances, increasing the capacity of the rolling stock almost twice. The placement of the running trolleys 27 in the end zones of the rolling stock in such a way that only the lower part of the running wheels 28 and the thrust rollers 30 are located outside the housing 26 makes it possible to increase the sound insulation of the rolling stock and reduce the resistance to the oncoming air flow due to the ideal streamlining of the housing 26.
The implementation of the undercarriage 77 (see Fig. 29) with the upper and lower pairs of thrust rollers 85 and 86, and the cart 88 (see Fig. 33) with the upper and lower stabilization systems 91 and 92 located in a different plane of rotation than the chassis wheels 79 and 90, significantly increases the safety of movement of rolling stocks and makes it possible to increase their speeds on the highway. The composite construction of the train 44 (see Fig. 38, 39) of a modular type, consisting of five elements: the front part 47, the rear part 48, the upper part 49 and the two lower parts 50, simplifies the installation of its unified nodes, the lower parts 50 copying with their floor 35, the shape of the chassis 2 with the top of the top of the triangle, are used either as an additional interior, or as a luggage compartment.
Intended for movement along the inclined plane of the beam 2 undercarriage 55 (see Fig. 41-43) have several levels of security: deployed at a positive angle to the horizontal axis of the running wheels 97; deployed at a positive angle to the vertical axis of the thrust rollers 100 and 101 of the upper paired stabilization systems 99, copying the inclined flanging 18 on both sides; moreover, the lower pair of thrust rollers 104 are deployed relative to the thrust rollers 102 in such a way as to support the trolley on the reverse side of the lower flange 21. This multi-level arrangement of the thrust rollers 100, 101, 102 and 104 provides a speedy safe movement of the asymmetric train 51 along the inclined plane of the beam 2.
The universal design of the hollow running beam 2, which has high strength and rigidity, can be easily manufactured in conditions of both single and mass production using a modern elemental base, the latest design materials. This track is easily and quickly mounted in any climatic zones. The choice of the form of the chassis 2, with the top turned up or down, is determined by the local conditions of technical production and the operating conditions of the track and rolling stock. It is easy to maintain such a route in working condition in the conditions of snowy winters and hot summers, in regions with a strong wind load.
Thus, the technical result achieved using the claimed invention is to increase the reliability and improve the operational characteristics of the transport system while increasing the stiffness and strength of the chassis, expanding the technical capabilities of designing a monorail transport using the universal structure of the chassis, increasing the speed of the transport system while increasing working characteristics of running carts and rail vehicles.

Claims (24)

1. High-speed transport system, including a track made in the form of a hollow running beam mounted on supports with contact surfaces located in different planes, and a rolling stock with a drive, equipped with running trolleys made with a transverse contour partially copying the shape of the running beam, and with wheelsets and pair stabilization systems located in different planes of the carriage, while the hollow carriage beam is made in a triangular section formed by three pop RIVER corrugated plates arranged to each other at acute angles, are rigidly interconnected in a triangle by longitudinally extending support section, the contact surfaces are arranged on the carrier profiles.
2. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the corrugated sheets and bearing profiles located at the junction of the corrugated sheets of the chassis beam are made of metal.
3. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the corrugations of the corrugated sheets of the running beam are made in a sinusoid.
4. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the corrugations of the corrugated sheets of the chassis are angular.
5. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the corrugations of the corrugated sheets of the running beam in cross section are made trapezoidal, directed vertices in opposite directions.
6. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the supporting profile is made in the form of a shaped pipe.
7. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the rail is fixed on at least one profile.
8. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the running beam is made up of sections connected by grooves at one end of each bearing section profile and protrusions at the other end thereof, wherein at least one section bearing profile is provided with a centering pin.
9. A hollow running beam made in a triangular section and formed by three corrugated sheets rigidly connected to each other at the vertices of the triangle by means of longitudinally supported bearing profiles with contact surfaces, while the triangle forming the beam section is located downward and on the two upper surfaces rails are fixed to the bearing profiles, the contact surfaces being located on the sides of the upper bearing profiles.
10. A hollow running beam made in the shape of a triangular shape and formed by three corrugated sheets rigidly connected to each other at the vertices of the triangle by means of longitudinally supported bearing profiles with contact surfaces, the triangle forming the section of the beam located upside down, with the top profile fixed rail, and the side surfaces of the lower profiles are made contact.
11. A hollow running beam made in a triangular section and formed by three corrugated sheets rigidly connected to each other at the vertices of the triangle by means of longitudinally supported bearing profiles with contact surfaces, while the triangle forming the beam section is located upward, and the upper profile is made with rails are fixed on the lateral contact surfaces, and on the horizontally protruding part of the two lower profiles, the side surfaces of the lower profiles are made contact.
12. A hollow running beam made in a triangular cross-section and formed by three corrugated sheets rigidly connected to each other at the vertices of the triangle by means of longitudinally arranged supporting profiles with contact surfaces, the triangle forming the beam section being located upward, and all contact surfaces are made in the form of flanges on the bearing profile, while the flanges of the bearing profiles are made bilateral with contact surfaces located on both sides of the flanges, and rednaznacheny for the movement of rolling stock along both the tapered faces of the feed beam.
13. A running trolley, including a frame with running wheel pairs and pair stabilization systems located in a different plane of rotation relative to the running wheel pairs, the frame is equipped with a traverse located on top with means of connection with the rolling stock connected to the running carriage frame by means of shock absorbing elements and a king pin moreover, each running wheel pair is equipped with an electric motor located on a common axis with the wheels, and paired stabilization systems are equipped with thrust rollers with a vertical the axis of rotation, and the thrust rollers of the stabilization systems are provided with lower flanges protruding beyond the dimensions of the thrust rollers, and the axes of the lower thrust rollers are equipped with generators associated with them by means of an electric coupling.
14. A running trolley, including a frame with running wheelsets and pair stabilization systems located in a different plane of rotation relative to the running wheelsets, the frame is equipped with a traverse located on top with means of connection with the rolling stock connected to the running carriage frame by means of shock absorbing elements and a king pin moreover, the first running wheelset is equipped with an electric motor, the axis of rotation of which is parallel to the axis of the running wheelsets and connected with it by at least a single gearbox, while the electric motor is mounted on the chassis of the bogie by means of brackets, the second running wheel pair is equipped with brake pads mounted on its axis with brake discs, and paired stabilization systems are equipped with thrust rollers with a vertical axis of rotation, and the thrust rollers of stabilization systems are provided with lower flanges protruding beyond the dimensions of the thrust rollers, and the axes of the lower thrust rollers are equipped with generators associated with them by means of an electric coupling.
15. The truck according to 14, characterized in that the first running wheelset is equipped with an additional electric motor located parallel to the main electric motor between the housings of the two gearboxes and connected by additional gears.
16. The trolley according to claim 14, characterized in that the electric motor of the first running wheel pair is mounted directly on the frame of the running trolley and is connected to the gearbox via a driveshaft.
17. A running trolley, including a frame with running wheel pairs and pair stabilization systems located in a different plane relative to the running wheel pairs, the frame is equipped with a traverse located above with means for connecting to the rolling stock connected to the running carriage frame by means of shock absorbing elements and a king pin, moreover, the running wheelsets are equipped with electric motors with axes perpendicular to the axes of the running wheelsets, and the axles of the running wheelsets are equipped with gears, data with axes of electric motors by means of a cardan shaft, while both running wheel pairs are equipped with brake discs and brake pads, and paired stabilization systems are equipped with thrust rollers with a vertical axis of rotation, and the thrust rollers of stabilization systems are provided with lower flanges protruding beyond the dimensions of the thrust rollers, and the axles lower thrust rollers are equipped with generators associated with them by means of an electric clutch.
18. A running trolley, including a frame with two running wheels located on parallel axes, each of which is equipped with an electric motor located perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and connected to it by means of a gearbox, and four stabilization systems with vertical axes of rotation located in a different plane relative to the axes of the running wheels, while the frame is equipped with a traverse located above with means of connection with the rolling stock connected to the frame of the undercarriage by means of shock absorbing elements and the root, and the upper stabilization systems are located on the frame of the undercarriage, and the frame of the undercarriage is equipped with two subframes slanted on both sides in the lower zone, while the lower stabilization systems and shock absorbers are located on the inclined subframes in their lower zone, while the stabilization systems equipped with thrust rollers with a vertical axis of rotation, and the thrust rollers of stabilization systems are provided with lower flanges protruding beyond the dimensions of the thrust rollers, and the axles of the lower PORN rollers are provided with generators, associated through electrical coupling.
19. A running carriage including a frame with four running wheels arranged in pairs in its lower zone on parallel axes and four stabilization systems, the axes of which are located in a different plane relative to the axles of the running wheels, the frame being equipped with a traverse located on top with means for connecting to the rolling stock, associated with the frame of the undercarriage by means of shock absorbing elements and a king pin, and the upper stabilization systems are designed to work with the contact surface of the upper bearing fillet of the running beam and located in the upper zone of the frame of the running trolley, while the lower stabilization systems are designed to work with the contact surface of the lower bearing profile of the running beam and are located in the lower zone of the frame of the running trolley, while the lower stabilization systems are equipped with thrust rollers with a vertical axis of rotation, moreover, the thrust rollers of stabilization systems are provided with lower flanges protruding beyond the dimensions of the thrust rollers, and the axes of the lower thrust rollers are equipped with generators associated with them along redstvom electrical coupling.
20. Traveling trolley, including an inclined frame with two inclined running wheels mounted on parallel axes, equipped with a common electric motor, and four stabilization systems located in a different plane relative to the axles of the running wheels, the two upper stabilization systems made paired and designed to work with the contact surfaces of the flanging of the upper bearing profile of the undercarriage when the rolling stocks move from the side of both inclined faces, p located on the frame of the undercarriage in its upper zone, and two lower stabilization systems made paired and designed to work with the contact surfaces of the flanging of the lower bearing profile of the undercarriage are located on the frame of the undercarriage in its lower zone, while the stabilization systems are equipped with thrust rollers, and the axes of the thrust rollers of at least one stabilization system are provided with generators.
21. Rolling stock, comprising a case with window openings and at least one door, ceiling, floor, equipped with docking elements with a running trolley, at least one control cabin, and a two-story passenger compartment located inside the building for passengers with stairs, while running trolleys placed inside the end zones of the housing, the floor of which is made with holes for the passage of the running wheels and thrust rollers.
22. Rolling stock, comprising a case with window openings and at least one door, ceiling, floor, equipped with docking elements with a running trolley and copying the shape of the running beam, at least one control cabin, and a two-story passenger compartment with stairs located inside the case while the upper part of the undercarriage is located inside the end zones of the housing, and the floor of the cabin in its longitudinal central part is made with a triangular indentation in cross section, with the apex facing upward, while the lower floor of the cabin Position the recesses on the opposite sides in the floor.
23. The composition according to p. 22, characterized in that its housing is made integral of the front, rear, upper and two lower parts.
24. Rolling stock, including a case with window openings and at least one door, ceiling, two sides and a floor, equipped with docking elements with a running trolley, at least one control cabin, and a passenger compartment located inside the case, while the case made asymmetric, one side is mounted obliquely with the possibility of copying the inclined face of the running beam, and the second side and ceiling are made combined with a convex curved surface on which the windows are located and doors, and on the inclined side of the housing are asymmetrically made running trolleys.
RU2011121774/11A 2011-05-31 2011-05-31 High-speed transport system, hollow lead beam (versions), bogie (versions) and rolling stock (versions) RU2494897C2 (en)

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