RU2488207C1 - Method and device for transmission of power - Google Patents

Method and device for transmission of power Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2488207C1
RU2488207C1 RU2011146594/07A RU2011146594A RU2488207C1 RU 2488207 C1 RU2488207 C1 RU 2488207C1 RU 2011146594/07 A RU2011146594/07 A RU 2011146594/07A RU 2011146594 A RU2011146594 A RU 2011146594A RU 2488207 C1 RU2488207 C1 RU 2488207C1
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electrode
single
capacitance
resonant
electric energy
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RU2011146594/07A
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RU2011146594A (en
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Дмитрий Семенович Стребков
Александр Анатольевич Подосинников
Анатолий Анатольевич Подосинников
Игорь Петрович Волк
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Российская академия сельскохозяйственных наук Государственное научное учреждение Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт электрификации сельского хозяйства Российской академии сельскохозяйственных наук (ГНУ ВИЭСХ Россельхозакадемии)
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Abstract

FIELD: electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: source of electric energy in the form of an electromagnetic oscillator through matching capacitor forms closed loop with one of single-isolated capacitor having two input electrodes and capacitance electric coupling with the other single-isolated capacitor which output electrode is connected to single-wire resonance line and further to the collector of an electric user; the collector is made as inversed circuit when electric power in terms of capacitance reactive currents and bias currents transmitted through a single-wire line or single-wire conducting channels in voltage or current resonance mode, delivered to single-isolated capacitor with one electrode and transmitted by capacitance coupling of the second single-isolated capacitor with two output electrodes forming a closed loop with the electric user through matching capacitor.
EFFECT: simplification of generating loop, improvement of efficiency and reduction of power consumption for generation of electromagnetic waves, powerup of transmitted electric power.
3 cl, 2 dwg

Description

The device relates to the field of electrical engineering, in particular to a device for transmitting electricity.

A known method and electrical device N. Tesla for a resonant transmission system of electrical energy (US Patent No. 593138. Electrical transformer / Tesla N. 02.11.1897./).

The disadvantages of this method and device are the need for high voltage, the presence of inductive coupling and the large dimensions of the resonant transformer.

Another disadvantage of the known method and device are the high energy costs of generating high-frequency high-voltage electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel between the source and receiver.

A known method of transmitting electricity, including the generation of high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel between the source and the receiver of electrical energy in such a way that high-frequency electromagnetic waves generated in a high-frequency resonant transformer, amplify the voltage up to 0.5-100 million volts in a quarter-wave resonant a line consisting of a spiral waveguide and a natural capacitance at the end of the line by applying an electric quarter-wave line to the input gnitnyh fluctuations from the high frequency transformer resonant frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz synchronized with the time period T 0 of the stress wave motion from the input waveguide to the natural spiral capacitance and return the reflected wave at the entrance of the spiral waveguide T k = 2H / u = 1 / 2f 0 , where H is the length of the quarter-wave line, u is the speed of the electromagnetic wave along the axis of the waveguide, they accumulate electric energy in a natural capacity, and the conductive channel is formed by emission of streamers and creating a stream of electromagnetic radiation from the end of the needle shaper of the conducting channel at the resonant frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz at a voltage of 0.5-100 million volts by connecting the natural capacitance of the quarter-wave line with the needle conducting shaper of the channel.

A known device for transmitting electrical energy contains a source of electrical energy, a frequency converter, transmitting and receiving resonant high-frequency transformers with a resonant frequency f 0 installed at the source and receiver of energy, and a conductive channel between them. A transmitting transformer with a frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz is connected to a quarter-wave resonance line made of a spiral waveguide with a length H = u / 4f 0 , where u is the propagation velocity of the electromagnetic wave along the axis of the waveguide, the natural capacitance at the end of the line with voltage 0, 5-100 MB, the capacity is connected to a needle-shaped conductive former of the conductive channel, which is oriented to the consumer load receiver (RF Patent 2310964. // BI 32 2007).

The disadvantage of this method and device is the need to use a frequency converter, transmitting and receiving resonant high-frequency transformer.

Another disadvantage of the known method and device are the high energy costs of generating high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel between the source and receiver.

The objective of the invention is to simplify the generating circuit, increase efficiency and reduce energy costs for generating electromagnetic waves, as well as increase the transmitted power of electricity.

The above result is achieved in that in a method for transmitting electrical energy through a conductive channel between a source and a receiver of electrical energy by generating high-frequency electromagnetic waves in a high-frequency resonant transformer, voltage amplification of up to 0.5-100 million volts in a quarter-wave resonance line consisting of a spiral waveguide and natural capacitance at the end of the line, by applying electromagnetic waves from the high-frequency high-voltage to the input of the quarter-wave line resonant transformer, electromagnetic oscillations from the electromagnetic pulse generator are fed through a matching capacitor to the input electrodes of the two-electrode plate - insulated by a solitary capacitor of an electric energy transmitter, which is made in the form of a three-electrode resonant capacitance, and formed on a single-electrode plate - insulated by a dielectric of a solitary capacitance with one output electrode capacitive reactive currents through capacitive coupling between the plates, connect through the output electrode to the single-wire resonance line and transmit electric energy in the form of capacitive reactive currents and bias currents in the space surrounding the conductor, and receive electric energy in the form of a three-electrode resonant capacitance by attaching a single-wire line to the input electrode of the single-electrode plate - an isolated secluded receiver capacitance, and convert capacitive reactive currents and bias currents in the space surrounding a single-wire line into active currents in a closed electric com circuit with the load electric power consumer by capacitive coupling between the electrodes, output electrodes by attaching the two-electrode electrode - dielectric isolated solitary three-electrode capacitance of the resonant tank, to a receiver of electrical energy.

In a device for transmitting electrical energy containing an electric energy source and a transmitting transformer with a frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz, connected to a quarter-wave resonance line made of a spiral waveguide and a natural capacitance at the end of the line with a voltage of 0.5-100 MB, the capacitance connected to a needle-shaped conductive shaper of the conductive channel, which is oriented to the consumer load receiver, the electromagnetic pulse generator is connected through a matching capacitance to an electric energy transmitter in the form e of a three-electrode resonant capacitance, in which, a two-electrode lining - a solitary capacitor insulated by a dielectric with two input electrodes, is closed to a generator, and a second lining with one electrode is connected through a single-wire line to an electric energy receiver, in the form of a three-electrode resonant capacitance, in which a single-electrode lining is insulated solitary capacitance with one input electrode, connected to a single-wire line, and the second two-electrode lining - insulated dielectric com solitary container with two output electrodes, forms a matching capacitance through a closed circuit with the load of the consumer of electric energy.

In an embodiment of a device for transmitting electrical energy, the transmitter and receiver are made in the form of three electrode resonant capacitances, the last of which contains a single-electrode lining, which is an isolated secluded capacitance with one electrode, which is surrounded on two sides by two dielectric plates with an area of two exceeds the area of a single-electrode lining.

The essence of the proposed method and device for transmitting electrical energy is illustrated in figure 1, figure 2, where figure 1 shows a General diagram of a device for transmitting electrical energy using a resonant single-wire line and a three-electrode resonant capacitance as a transmitter and a receiver, with the same surface plates - isolated secluded containers, figure 2 presents a General diagram of a device for transmitting electrical energy, where a single-electrode isolated secluded capacitance lining has a flat ad surface half the surface area of the two-electrode capacitance.

Figure 1 shows the transmitter 1 in the form of a three-electrode resonant capacitance, in which the plates 2 and 3 are separated by a dielectric 4, and one of the plates 2, having two input electrodes 5 and 6, forms a closed electrical circuit with an electromagnetic pulse generator 7 through a matching capacitance 8 and conclusions 9, and the second plate 3 with one electrode 10 is connected to a single-wire resonance line 11 and then to the input electrode 12 of the plate 13, the plate 13 is separated by a dielectric 14 from the two-electrode plate 15 of the receiver 16. The receiver 16 is made in VI de three-electrode resonant capacitance, where the output electrodes 17 and 18 form a closed loop through a matching capacitance 19 with the load of the consumer of electricity 20.

Figure 2 shows the transmitter 21 and receiver 22. The receiver 22 is made in the form of a three-electrode resonant capacitance, in which the lining 23 with one electrode 24 is surrounded on both sides by dielectric lining 26 and 27, the surface area of which is two times larger than the single-electrode lining 23. The plates 26 and 27 are connected by electrodes 28 and 29 to the terminals 30 and through the capacitance 31 with an electromagnetic pulse generator 32. The receiver 22 is made in the form of a three-electrode resonant capacitance, in which the plate 33 with one electrode 34 on both sides through a dielectric 35 surrounded by plates 36 and 37. The surface area of the plates 36 and 37 is two times the area of the single-electrode plate 33. The electrode 24 of the transmitter 21 and the electrode 34 of the receiver 22 are connected to a single-wire resonance line 11. The electrodes 38 and 39 of the plates 36 and 37 are connected through a matching capacitance 40 and through the output electrodes 41 with the load of the consumer 42.

The method of electric power transmission is implemented as follows.

When an electromagnetic pulse is applied to a three-electrode resonant capacitance in the transmitter 1 (Fig. 1), the lining is an isolated secluded capacitance 2 with two electrodes 5 and 6, which is closed to an electric pulse generator 7 through a matching capacitor 8 and generates through an insulator 4 on the plate 3, with connected through the output electrode 10 by a single-wire line 11 through capacitive coupling between the plates 2 and 3, capacitive reactive currents and bias currents in the space surrounding the single-wire line 11, received by the receiver 16 in the form of a tre the electrode resonant capacitance lining 13 which with an input electrode 12 connected to the resonant single-wire line 11, through a dielectric 14 through capacitive coupling with a two-electrode lining 15, forms a current in a closed circuit formed by the output electrodes 17 and 18 through the matching capacitance 19 and the load of the consumer of electrical energy .

An example of the method and device for transmitting electricity.

Equally made transmitter 1 and receiver 16 (Fig. 1) in the form of a three-electrode resonant capacitance are made of an iron roll tape 0.5 mm thick, 0.5 m wide and 200 m long for each lining, one of which has two electrodes attached to the tape at the beginning and end of the tape length, and the second lining with one electrode attached to the middle of the tape. Tapes through a dielectric in the form of fiberglass with a thickness of 0.05 mm are wound on a bobbin with a diameter of 2 m. Energy is transmitted from an electromagnetic pulse generator 7 through a matching capacitor 8 and input electrodes 5 and 6, to the lining - an isolated secluded capacitance 8 having capacitive coupling through a dielectric 4 with a lining 3, with one output electrode 10 connected to a resonant single-wire line 11 in the form of a copper wire 0.1 mm thick and 10 km long and further to the receiver 16, where the input electrode 12 of the single-electrode lining is insulated and solitary tee 13 having a capacitive coupling through the dielectric 14 to plate 15, with two output electrodes 17 and 18, which via the matching capacitance 19 form a closed loop with a load 20 of electric energy consumers.

Claims (3)

1. A method of transmitting electric energy through a conducting channel between a source and a receiver of electric energy by generating high-frequency electromagnetic waves in a high-frequency resonant transformer, amplifying voltage up to 0.5-100 million volts in a quarter-wave resonance line consisting of a spiral waveguide and a natural capacitance at the end line by applying to the input of a quarter-wave line of electromagnetic oscillations from a high-frequency high-voltage resonant transformer, characterized by we note that electromagnetic oscillations from the electromagnetic pulse generator are fed through a matching capacitor to the input electrodes of the two-electrode plate - insulated by the dielectric of the secluded capacitance of the electric energy transmitter, which is made in the form of a three-electrode resonant capacitance, and formed on the single-electrode plate - of the insulated secluded capacitance with one output electrode, capacitive reactive currents through capacitive coupling between the plates, connect through the output electrode to a single the resonant line and transmit electric energy in the form of capacitive reactive currents and bias currents in the space surrounding the conductor, and receive electric energy in the form of a three-electrode resonant capacitance by attaching a single-wire line to the input electrode of the single-electrode plate - an isolated secluded capacitance of the receiver, and convert the capacitive reactive currents and bias currents in the space surrounding a single-wire line into active currents in a closed electrical circuit with a load of an electric energy separator by means of capacitive coupling between the plates, by connecting the output electrodes of the two-electrode plate - an insulated solitary capacitor of a three-electrode resonant capacitance, to an electric energy receiver.
2. Device for transmitting electrical energy, containing a source of electrical energy and a transformer with a frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz, connected to a quarter-wave resonance line made of a spiral waveguide and a natural capacitance at the end of the line with a voltage of 0.5-100 MB, the capacitance is connected to a needle-shaped conductive shaper of the conductive channel, which is oriented to the consumer load receiver, characterized in that the electromagnetic pulse generator is connected via an matching capacitance to the transmitter energy in the form of a three-electrode resonant capacitance, in which a two-electrode lining - a solitary capacitor insulated by a dielectric with two input electrodes, is closed to a generator, and the second lining with one electrode is connected through a single-wire line to an electric energy receiver, in the form of a three-electrode resonant capacitance, in which a single-electrode lining - a solitary capacitance insulated by a dielectric with one input electrode is connected to a single-wire line, and the second two-electrode lining is made of a solitary capacitor coated with a dielectric with two output electrodes forms a closed loop through a matching capacitor with a load of an electric energy consumer.
3. The device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 2, characterized in that the transmitter and receiver are made in the form of three-electrode resonant capacitances, the last of which contains a single-electrode lining, which is an isolated secluded capacitance with one electrode, which is surrounded on two sides by two dielectric electrode plates, the area of which is twice the area of a single-electrode plate.
RU2011146594/07A 2011-11-17 2011-11-17 Method and device for transmission of power RU2488207C1 (en)

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