RU2488208C1 - Method and device for transmission of electric power - Google Patents

Method and device for transmission of electric power Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2488208C1
RU2488208C1 RU2011152279/07A RU2011152279A RU2488208C1 RU 2488208 C1 RU2488208 C1 RU 2488208C1 RU 2011152279/07 A RU2011152279/07 A RU 2011152279/07A RU 2011152279 A RU2011152279 A RU 2011152279A RU 2488208 C1 RU2488208 C1 RU 2488208C1
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Russia
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resonant
transmitting
single
capacitance
electrical energy
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RU2011152279/07A
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Russian (ru)
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RU2011152279A (en
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Дмитрий Семенович Стребков
Игорь Петрович Волк
Александр Анатольевич Подосинников
Анатолий Анатольевич Подосинников
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Российская академия сельскохозяйственных наук Государственное научное учреждение Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт электрификации сельского хозяйства Российской академии сельскохозяйственных наук (ГНУ ВИЭСХ Россельхозакадемии)
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Abstract

FIELD: electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: electromagnetic oscillations with preset frequency from an electric power generator are converted in electronic switch into electromagnetic oscillations with voltage or current resonance frequency by matching frequency of the electronic switch with resonance frequencies of a transmitter, single-wire line and collector of an electric user and increase of voltage in resonance booster capacitor by means of electromagnetic oscillations delivery from electronic switch to input electrode of resonance step-up capacitor coating and through capacitance coupling between coatings electromagnetic oscillations with higher voltage at output electrode of resonance step-up capacitor coating are received and then delivered in the form of capacitance reactive currents and bias currents in single-wire line to the input of resonance step-sown capacitor and then to the input of the collector of an electric user.
EFFECT: simplification of generating loop, improvement of efficiency and powerup of transmitted power and electric energy.
6 cl, 3 dwg

Description

The device relates to the field of electrical engineering, in particular to a method and device for transmitting electrical energy.

A known method of transmitting electricity, including the generation of high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conducting channel between the source and receiver of electrical energy in such a way that high-frequency electromagnetic waves generated in a high-frequency resonant transformer, amplify the voltage up to 0.5-100 million volts in a quarter-wave resonant a line consisting of a spiral waveguide and a natural capacitance at the end of the line by applying an electric quarter-wave line to the input gnitnyh fluctuations from the high frequency transformer resonant frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz synchronized with the time period T 0 of the stress wave motion from the input waveguide to the natural spiral capacitance and return the reflected wave at the entrance of the spiral waveguide T 0 = 2H / u = 1 / 2f 0 , where H is the length of the quarter-wave line, u is the speed of the electromagnetic wave along the axis of the waveguide, accumulate electrical energy in a natural capacitance, and the conductive channel is formed by emission of streamers and the creation of an electromagnetic radiation flux from the end of the needle shaper of the conducting channel at the resonant frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz at a voltage of 0.5-100 million volts by connecting the natural capacitance of the quarter-wave line with the needle conducting shaper of the channel.

A known device for transmitting electric energy contains a source of electric energy, a frequency converter, transmitting and receiving resonant high-frequency transformers with resonant frequency f 0 installed at the source and receiver of energy, and a conductive channel between them, transmitting transformer with a frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz connected to a quarter-wave resonance line made of a spiral waveguide with a length H = u / 4f 0 , where u is the propagation velocity of the electromagnetic wave along the axis of the waveguide, natural capacity at the end of the line with a voltage of 0.5-100 MB, the capacitance is connected to a needle-shaped conductive shaper of the conductive channel, which is oriented to the consumer load receiver (RF Patent 2310964. Method and device for transmitting electric energy BI 2007. 32).

The disadvantage of this method and device is the need to use a frequency converter, transmitting and receiving resonant high-frequency high-voltage transformer.

Another disadvantage of the known method and device are the high energy costs of generating high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel between the source and receiver.

A known method of electric power transmission, including the generation and transmission of high-frequency electromagnetic waves, high-frequency electromagnetic waves is created by the action of a magnetic field of permanent magnets on a solitary capacitance in the form of an insulated conductive body by rotating this capacitance in a magnetic field of permanent magnets and attach the solitary capacitance to a collector transmitting electrode in a plane perpendicular to the magnetic induction vector, high-frequency ele electromagnetic oscillations in a spiral waveguide by applying electromagnetic waves to the input of the spiral waveguide from the collector transmitting electrode through the air gap to the receiving electrode of the external branch of the spiral waveguide and applying the magnetic field of permanent magnets to the spiral waveguide, attach the internal branch of the spiral waveguide to the transmitting electrode and transfer electricity from the transmitting electrode through the air gap to the spherical receiving electrode of the switch and from the switch transmitted through the single-wire line to a receiver load electricity consumer.

The known device for transmitting electrical energy contains a source of electrical energy, which is made in the form of a shaft rotation mechanism, on which an insulating device for securing a secluded container, connected through an air gap to a source of magnetic field of permanent magnets, is fixed in a plane perpendicular to the magnetic induction vector to the center of rotation a secluded capacitor is connected to a collector transmitting electrode directed through the air gap to the receiving electrode of the outer branch of the spiral novoda, a spiral waveguide is fixed in the interpolar space of the permanent magnetic field sources, a transmitting electrode is connected to the inner branch of the spiral waveguide, directed through the air gap to the spherical receiving electrode of the switch connected via a single-wire line to the load receiver of the electric power consumer (RF Patent No. 2366057. Method and electric energy transmission device. BI 08.27.2009.

The disadvantage of this method and device is the need to form high-voltage high-frequency electromagnetic waves in a high-frequency resonant transformer.

The objective of the invention is to simplify the generating circuit, increase efficiency and reduce energy costs for generating electromagnetic waves, as well as increase the transmitted power and electricity.

The above result is achieved in that in a method for transmitting electric energy through a conductive channel between a source and a receiver of electric energy by generating resonant electromagnetic waves and transmitting electric energy through a single-wire resonance line, voltage amplification in the transmitter, electromagnetic waves with a predetermined frequency from an electric energy generator in the electronic switch is converted into electromagnetic waves with a frequency resonance voltage or resonance current put m matching the frequency of the switch with the resonant frequencies of the transmitter, the single-wire line and the load receiver of the consumer of electrical energy, increase the voltage in the resonant boost capacitance by applying electromagnetic waves from the electronic switch to the input electrode of the receiving plate of the resonant boost capacitance and through the capacitive coupling between the plates take increased voltage electromagnetic oscillations at the output electrode of the transmitting plate of the resonant increasing capacitance and direct in the form of capacitive reactive currents and bias currents in a single-wire line to the input of the lowering resonant capacitance and then to the input of the load receiver of the consumer of electrical energy.

In an embodiment of the method for transmitting electric energy, the electromagnetic waves increased in voltage at the output electrode of the resonant raising capacitance are sent in the form of capacitive reactive currents and bias currents in a single-wire line to the input of the load receiver of the consumer of electric energy.

In a device for transmitting electric energy, containing a source of electric energy and a transmitting resonant device connected by a resonant single-wire line to a receiving resonant device, the transmitter of capacitive reactive currents and bias currents in a single-wire line is made in the form of a resonant boost capacitance, in which the receiving plate with the input electrode has the surface area is n times, n = 1-20, less than the area of the transmitting plate with the output electrode, which through a single-wire resonance line is attached is Din to the lowering resonance capacitance, in which the plate with the input electrode has an area n times, n = 1 ... 20, larger than the area of the plate with the output electrode, and then to the load receiver of the consumer of electric energy.

In an embodiment of a device for transmitting electrical energy, a single-wire line is connected to a load receiver of a consumer of electrical energy.

In another embodiment of the device for transmitting electrical energy, the source of electrical energy is made in the form of a direct current generator.

In another embodiment of the device for transmitting electrical energy, the source of electrical energy is made in the form of an alternating current generator.

The essence of the proposed method and device for transmitting electrical energy is illustrated in figure 1, figure 2, figure 3, where figure 1 presents a General diagram of a method and device for transmitting electric energy using an alternator, electronic switch and a resonant boost capacitance ; figure 2 presents a General diagram of a method and device for transmitting electrical energy using an alternator and increasing and decreasing resonant capacitance; figure 3 is a General diagram of a method and device using a DC generator and increasing and decreasing capacitance.

In Fig. 1, an alternator 1, in which one of the terminals 2 is grounded and the other terminal is connected via an electronic switch 3 to the input electrode 4 of the receiving plate 5 of the conductive material of the resonant raising capacitance 6 and is capacitively coupled through the dielectric 7 to the transmitting increasing plate 8, also made of a conductive material, the output electrode 9 of which is connected through a single-wire line 10 to the receiver 11 of the electric energy consumer.

2, a down-resonant capacitance 12 is attached to the single-wire line 10, in which the input electrode 13 of the receiving plate 14 is connected to the end of the single-wire line 10, the receiving plate 14 is connected via a dielectric 15 to the lowering transmitting plate 16, the output electrode 17 of which is connected to the receiver 11 of the consumer of electrical energy.

Figure 3 presents the DC generator 18, the positive terminal of which through the electronic switch 3 is connected to the input electrode 4 of the boost resonant capacitance 6, and the negative terminal is grounded 2.

The method of transmitting electrical energy is implemented as follows. Electrical energy from an electromagnetic pulse generator 1 (Fig. 2), one of the terminals of which is grounded 2, with a frequency f 1 and voltage U 1 , is converted in frequency to a frequency of voltage resonance or current resonance f 0 in a single-wire line 10, by electronic switch 3, and increases in voltage by a factor of n, n = 1 ... 20, compared to U 1 in the resonant boost capacitance 6 and is transmitted using capacitive reactive currents and bias currents in a single-wire line 10 in the mode of voltage resonance or current resonance, when coordinating the frequencies of the switch 3 with re the resonant frequencies of the resonant boost capacitance 6, which acts as a transmitter. The voltage decreases n times, n = 1 ... 20, in the resonant lowering capacitance 12, which performs the functions of the receiving resonant device of the load receiver 11 of the consumer of electrical energy.

An example of the method and device for transmitting electrical energy.

The electric power source 1 in FIG. 2, made in the form of an alternating current generator, has a rated voltage of 220 V, an operating frequency of 50 Hz. One of the terminals 2 is grounded, the other is connected to the input of the electronic switch 3. When matching the resonant frequencies f 0 of the transmitter 6, the single-wire line 10 and the lowering resonant capacitance 12 of the receiver 11, the energy of electromagnetic waves is transmitted from the output electrode of the electronic switch 3 to the input electrode 4 of the receiving plate 5, which is capacitively coupled through a dielectric 7 to a transmitting plate 8, in which the surface area of the plate is three times larger than that of the receiving plate 5, the energy from the resonant raising capacitance 6, which It performs the functions of a transmitter, transmit capacitive reactive currents and bias currents in the space surrounding a single-wire line to a resonant lowering capacitance 12, which acts as a receiving resonant device to the receiver of the consumer of electric energy, while the voltage on the transmitting plate 7 increases three times.

The area of the plate 14 with the input electrode 13 of the resonant lowering capacitance 12 is three times larger than the area of the plate 16 with the output electrode 17. The voltage at the output electrode 17 of the resonant lowering capacitance 12 is three times less than the voltage at the input electrode 13. A feature of the resonant capacitance operating in the mode of voltage resonance or current resonance, is its ability to increase (decrease) the voltage of capacitive reactive currents and bias currents in a single-wire line 10. Essentially a resonant system of increasing 6 and lower guide 12 is an analog of the resonant tank increases and decreases Tesla transformer.

Claims (6)

1. A method of transmitting electric energy through a conducting channel between a source and a receiver of electric energy by generating resonant electromagnetic waves, amplifying the voltage in the transmitter and transmitting to the receiver through a resonant single-wire line, characterized in that the electromagnetic waves with a given frequency from the generator of electric energy in the electronic switch transform into electromagnetic oscillations with a frequency of voltage resonance or current resonance by matching the frequency of the switch with the resonant frequencies of the transmitter, single-wire line and the load receiver of the consumer of electrical energy, increase the voltage in the resonant boost capacitance by applying electromagnetic oscillations from the electronic switch to the input electrode of the receive plate of the resonant increase capacitance and through the capacitive coupling between the plates take higher voltage at the output electrode of the transfer plate resonant increasing capacitance electromagnetic waves and direct in the form of capacitive reactive currents and t shocks of displacement in a single-wire line to the input of the lowering resonant capacitance and then to the input of the load receiver of the consumer of electric energy.
2. The method of transmitting electric energy according to claim 1, characterized in that the electromagnetic waves increased in voltage at the output electrode of the resonant raising capacitance are sent in the form of capacitive reactive currents and bias currents in a single-wire line to the input of the load receiver of the consumer of electric energy.
3. A device for transmitting electrical energy, containing a source of electrical energy and a transmitting resonant device connected by a resonant single-wire line to a receiving resonant device, characterized in that the transmitter of capacitive reactive currents and bias currents in a single-wire line is made in the form of a resonant raising capacitance, in which the receiving the plate with the input electrode has a surface area of n times, n = 1 ... 20, less than the area of the transmitting plate with the output electrode, which through a single-wire the resonance line is connected to a lowering resonant capacitance, in which the plate with the input electrode has an area n times larger, n = 1-20, the area of the plate with the output electrode, and then to the load receiver of the consumer of electric energy.
4. A device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 3, characterized in that the single-wire line is connected to a load receiver of a consumer of electrical energy.
5. A device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 3, characterized in that the source of electrical energy is made in the form of a direct current generator.
6. A device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 3, characterized in that the source of electrical energy is made in the form of an alternating current generator.
RU2011152279/07A 2011-12-22 2011-12-22 Method and device for transmission of electric power RU2488208C1 (en)

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