RU2341860C2 - Method and device for transmission of electric power (versions) - Google Patents

Method and device for transmission of electric power (versions) Download PDF

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RU2341860C2
RU2341860C2 RU2006123695/09A RU2006123695A RU2341860C2 RU 2341860 C2 RU2341860 C2 RU 2341860C2 RU 2006123695/09 A RU2006123695/09 A RU 2006123695/09A RU 2006123695 A RU2006123695 A RU 2006123695A RU 2341860 C2 RU2341860 C2 RU 2341860C2
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frequency
quarter
transmitting
electrical energy
wave
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RU2006123695A (en
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Виктор Иванович Петрик (RU)
Виктор Иванович Петрик
Дмитрий Семенович Стребков (RU)
Дмитрий Семенович Стребков
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Виктор Иванович Петрик
Дмитрий Семенович Стребков
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Abstract

FIELD: electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method of electric power transmission includes generation of high-frequency electromagnet oscillations and their transmission along conductive channel between source and receiver of electric power. High-frequency electromagnet oscillations generated in high-frequency resonant transformer are amplified by voltage up to 0.5-100 million volts in quarter-wave-length resonant line that consists of spiral resonator and natural reservoir at the end of the line. For this purpose electromagnet oscillations are supplied to the input of spiral resonator from high-frequency resonant transformer with frequency synchronized with period of time T0 of voltage wave movement from inlet of spiral resonator to natural reservoir and return of reflected wave by input to spiral resonator. Conductive channel is formed with the help of microwave radiation from microwave generator connected to needle conductive shaper of channel installed in close proximity to natural reservoir of quarter-wave-length line. Microwave generator is excited with electric field of quarter-wave-length line.
EFFECT: higher efficiency; reduction of losses.
20 cl, 5 dwg, 2 ex

Description

The invention relates to the field of electrical engineering, in particular to a method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy.

A known method and device for transmitting electrical energy, comprising transmitting electrical energy from a source to an electric energy receiver in such a way that a conductive channel is formed between the source and the electric energy receiver by photoionization and impact ionization using a radiation generator. The specified conductive channel is electrically isolated from the radiation generator using an electrically insulating shield transparent to radiation, the conductive channel is connected to an electric energy source through a Tesla high-frequency transformer and to an electric energy receiver through a Tesla high-frequency transformer or a diode-capacitor unit, increase the channel’s electrical conductivity by forming surface charge and increase the electric field strength and carry out under Procedure Coulomb forces moving electrical charges along the conducting channel. The conductive channel is formed both from the side of the energy source and from the side of the energy receiver.

Electric energy is transmitted through the conducting channel in a pulsed or continuous mode by simultaneously supplying simultaneously pulses from the radiation generator and electric pulses from the Tesla high-voltage transformer to the shaper of the conducting channel.

The known device for transmitting electrical energy comprises a radiation generator based on an optical or X-ray laser for forming a conductive channel between the source and the receiver of electric energy, a shaper of the conductive channel and an electrically insulating screen transparent to the radiation of the generator located between the shaper of the conductive channel and the generator mounted coaxially with the radiation generator radiation. The electric energy source is connected to the shaper of the conductive channel through a Tesla high-voltage high-frequency transformer, and on the opposite side of the conductive channel, a receiver of the conductive channel is isolated from the housing of the electric energy receiver. The specified receiver of electrical energy is connected to the receiver of the channel through a step-down high-frequency transformer Tesla or a diode-capacitor block.

A device for transmitting electrical energy can be made in the form of a branched energy system, consisting of many sources and receivers of electrical energy, interconnected by conductive channels having the same frequency and voltage at the connection points. Each source of electrical energy is equipped with a radiation generator, an electrically insulating screen, a shaper and a receiver of the conductive channel. Each shaper of the conductive channel is connected to an electric energy source using a Tesla high-voltage high-frequency transformer, and each radiation generator is connected either to an electric energy source or to a receiver through a Tesla high-frequency transformer or a diode-capacitor unit (RF patent 2143775 of 03.25.99 g. , BI No. 36, 1999).

A disadvantage of the known method and device is the necessity of using a gas-discharge conducting channel and maintaining the concentration of ionized air in the channel within certain limits, since at a low concentration of ions the laser air channel has a low conductivity, insufficient for the transfer of electrical energy, and at a high concentration of ions the air channel becomes opaque for laser radiation.

Another disadvantage of the known method and device is that it cannot be used in vacuum outside the earth's atmosphere.

A known method of transmitting electrical energy using relativistic beams of high-energy electrons (B.E. Meyerovich. Channel of high current. M: Fima, 1999, pp. 355-357). A disadvantage of the known method of transferring electrical energy is the large energy loss due to dissipation in the collision of electrons with molecules in a gas medium, which limits the propagation length and power of the electron flow in the atmosphere.

Another disadvantage is the need to convert the electronic flow from the consumer into electrical energy with specified parameters, since the electron flow is a current source. The selection of energy from the electron beam is carried out due to the deceleration of electrons in the electric field of the capacitor and the increase in charge-capacitor. In a magnetic field, the energy of an electron beam is converted to synchrotron radiation. When a solid target is irradiated, the energy of the electron beam will turn into heat, which can be converted into electrical energy using the well-known thermodynamic cycles of energy conversion.

A known method of transmitting electrical energy, including the generation of high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel between a source and a receiver of electrical energy, in which the conductive channel is formed using an accelerator in the form of a relativistic electron beam, which is supplied with a high voltage with a frequency of 0.3-300 , 0 kHz - from a spiral antenna of a traveling wave. To increase radiation safety, the conducting channel is formed in the form of two intersecting beams, one of which is formed in the atmosphere using a laser, and the second is formed in a rarefied medium and outside the atmosphere in the form of a relativistic electron beam.

The beams in the conducting channel can be directed coaxially opposite each other, the beam of relativistic electrons is directed mainly from an optically less dense medium towards an optically denser medium, and laser radiation is predominantly from an optical denser medium towards an optical less dense medium. The formation of the conductive channel is also carried out by transmitting a coaxial relativistic electron beam and a laser beam along the channel axis and supplying a high voltage to the conductive channel from a Tesla high-frequency transformer or by transmitting two parallel beams of laser radiation and relativistic electrons along the channel axis, the distance between which does not exceed the transverse dimension smaller in diameter of the beam.

To transfer electrical energy through a line other than a straight line, the conductive channel contains a conductive body that is irradiated from one or more sides using relativistic electron beams and laser beams connected to Tesla high voltage transformers. To create the Earth’s global energy supply system, conducting layers in the Earth’s ionosphere are used as a conducting body, which are connected by conducting channels based on relativistic electron beams to sources and receivers of electrical energy.

A device for transmitting electric energy containing high-voltage high-frequency Tesla transformers installed at the receiver and at the energy source contains an accelerator of relativistic electron beams, the outlet of the accelerator is connected to the high-voltage winding of the Tesla transformer, and the axis of the accelerator is oriented to a conductive insulated screen that is connected to the high-voltage winding another Tesla transformer, and the high-voltage winding of Tesla transformers is made in the form of a multilayer spiral ant the axis of which coincides with the axis of the electron beam of the relativistic electron accelerator.

A disadvantage of the known method and devices is the need to use additional devices of the accelerator of relativistic electron beams or a laser to create a conductive channel. All these methods of converting the electric energy of an electron beam are characterized by low efficiency.

The objective of the invention is to increase the efficiency and reduce losses in the transmission of electric energy, as well as providing the possibility of transmitting electric energy in vacuum outside the earth's atmosphere between spacecraft or planets, as well as from Earth to space bodies and vice versa - from outer space to Earth, and also from one point of the Earth to another point of the Earth through the atmosphere and outer space without the use of such additional devices as relativistic beam accelerators in electrons and lasers.

The above result is achieved in that in a method for transmitting electrical energy, including generating high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel between a source and a receiver of electric energy, high-frequency electromagnetic waves generated in a high-frequency resonant transformer, amplify the voltage up to 0.5-100 million volts in a quarter-wave resonance line, consisting of a spiral resonator and a natural capacitance at the end of the line, by applying a spin to the input a resonator of electromagnetic waves from a high-frequency resonant transformer with a frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz, synchronized with a period of time T 0 of the movement of the voltage wave from the input of the spiral resonator to the natural capacitance and the return of the reflected wave at the entrance to the spiral resonator

Figure 00000002
where H is the length of the quarter-wave line, u is the speed of the electromagnetic wave along the axis of the resonator, accumulate electrical energy in a natural capacitance, and the conductive channel is formed using microwave radiation at a frequency f 1 >> f 0 from a microwave generator connected to a needle-shaped channel former installed in the immediate vicinity of the natural capacity of the quarter-wave line, the microwave generator is excited by the electric field of the quarter-wave line.

In one embodiment of the method, the natural capacitance is made in the form of a sphere of conductive material.

In another embodiment of the method, the natural capacitance is made in the form of a toroid from a conductive material.

In another embodiment of the method, the natural capacity is made in the form of a spherical dome, and the needle-shaped conductive channel is made in the form of a spire with a pointed end, which is connected to the dome.

In an embodiment of the method for transmitting electric energy, a microwave radiation generator is excited by an electric field of a natural capacity of a quarter-wave line at a distance Δ = 0.1-10 m from the surface of the vessel with an electric field of 1-100 kV / m, and a conductive channel is formed on both sides of the microwave generator with sides of the spherical tank and from the side of the receiver of electrical energy.

In an embodiment of the method for transmitting electric energy, the microwave radiation generator, together with the needle shaper of the conductive channel, is moved relative to a spherical container for transmitting electric energy to various consumers or to one consumer that changes its position in space.

In another embodiment of the method of transmitting electrical energy, the quarter-wave line is isolated with a dielectric housing filled with insulating gas or liquid, and the needle-shaped channel former is equipped with a device for impulse connection with the capacity of the quarter-wave line with a pulse frequency of 1 Hz-100 kHz.

In an embodiment of a method for transmitting electric energy, including generating high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conducting channel between a source and a receiver of electric energy, the conducting channel is created using an additional quarter-wave line consisting of a spiral resonator and a natural capacitance at a frequency f 1 >> f 0 , connected to two needle formers of the conductive channel, one of which forms a conductive channel in the direction of the natural capacity of the main quarter-wave line, and the second forms a conductive channel in the direction of the load receiver, the main and additional quarter-wave lines receive electrical energy from one resonant high-frequency transformer.

In another embodiment of a method for transmitting electrical energy, including generating high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel between a source and a receiver of electrical energy, create several conductive channels at a frequency f> f 0 using several additional spiral resonators, each of which has a resonant capacitance and a needle-shaped channel former connected to it, each additional spiral resonator receives electromagnetic electricity to form a channel t its high resonant transformer, and to transmit electromagnetic energy wirelessly from the main spiral resonator, which produce coherent pumping of the high-frequency transformer resonant Tesla.

A device for transmitting electrical energy, containing a source of electrical energy, a frequency converter and a transmitter and receiver resonant high-frequency transformers with a frequency f 0 installed at the source and receiver of energy, and a conductive channel between them, a transmitting transformer with a frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz is connected with an additional quarter-wave line made of a spiral resonator with a length

Figure 00000003
where u is the propagation velocity of the electromagnetic wave along the axis of the resonator, and the natural capacitance at the end of the line with a voltage of 0.5-500 MB, in the immediate vicinity of the natural capacitance there is a microwave generator with a frequency f >> f 0 without a power source, with excitation from an electric fields of natural capacity, the microwave generator is connected to a needle shaper of the conductive channel, which is focused on the energy receiver at the consumer.

In an embodiment of a device for transmitting electrical energy, two needle shapers of the conductive channel are electrically connected to each other and installed on two opposite sides of the microwave generator at a distance Δ = 0.1-10 m from the natural capacity of the quarter-wave line so that one needle shaper is directed to the side natural capacity, and the second towards the load receiver.

In an embodiment of a device for transmitting electrical energy around a natural quarter-wave line capacitance, n microwave generators are installed with needle shapers of conductive channels with devices for electrical connection with a quarter-wave line and the formation of conductive channels to n-radiation receivers. n = 1, 2, 3, k.

In an embodiment of a device for transmitting electrical energy, one of the two needle channel shapers is equipped with a device for moving around the natural capacity of a quarter-wave line for transmitting electric energy to a consumer who changes their position in space.

A device for transmitting electrical energy, containing a source of electrical energy of high frequency, transmitting and receiving resonant high-frequency transformers with a resonant frequency f 0 installed at the source and receiver of energy, and a conductive channel between them, the transmitting transformer has a resonant frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz and connected to two quarter-wave lines with resonant frequencies f 1 = f 0 = 1-1000 kHz and f 2 >> f 0 , each of the quarter-wave lines is made of natural capacitance and a spiral resonator with a length

Figure 00000004
for the first line and the length
Figure 00000005
for the second line, where u 1 and u 2 are the phase velocity of the electromagnetic wave along the axis of the first and second spiral resonators, the natural capacity of the second line is equipped with two needle shapers of the conductive channel, one of which is directed to the natural capacity of the first line, and the second shaper is oriented to load receiver, both quarter-wave lines are powered by a transmitting resonant transformer.

A device for transmitting electrical energy, containing a source of electrical energy of high frequency, transmitting and receiving resonant high-frequency transformers with a resonant frequency f 0 installed at the source and n energy receivers, and n conductive channels between them, the transmitting transformer has a resonant frequency of 1-1000 kHz and connected to the main quarter-wave line with a resonant frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz, which consists of a natural capacitance at the end of the line and a spiral resonator at the beginning of the line with a length

Figure 00000006
where u 0 is the phase velocity of the electromagnetic wave along the axis of the spiral resonator, the device contains n additional quarter-wave lines, each of which contains a spiral resonator with a resonant frequency f >> f 0 and a natural capacitance connected to two needle-shaped channel shapers, one with orientation the capacity of the main quarter-wave line, and the second with an orientation to one of the n load receivers.

In an embodiment of the device, all additional quarter-wave lines are connected to a transmitting resonant high-frequency transformer of the main quarter-wave line.

In an embodiment of the device, a part of n additional quarter-wave lines is connected to its own high-frequency resonant transformer.

The essence of the method and device for transmitting electrical energy is illustrated in figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

Figure 1 presents a diagram of a method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy using a microwave generator to create a conductive channel.

Figure 2 - diagram of a method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy using a microwave generator and a needle channel former to create a conductive channel between the natural capacity of the quarter-wave line and the load receiver.

Figure 3 - design of a quarter-wave line device in an insulating casing and a microwave generator excited by an electric field of a toroidal capacity.

Figure 4 - diagram of a device for transmitting electrical energy using two resonant quarter-wave lines to enhance the potential and create a conductive channel from the generator to the receiver.

Figure 5 - design of a device for transmitting electrical energy using two resonant quarter-wave lines to enhance the potential and create a conductive channel from the generator to the receiver.

In Fig. 1, electric energy from a source 1 with a frequency of 50-400 Hz is supplied to a frequency converter 2 and then with a frequency of 1-500 kHz is supplied through capacitors 3 to a high-frequency resonant transformer 4 with windings L 1 and L 2 . One terminal of the high-voltage winding L 2 is grounded or connected to a natural capacitance, and the second terminal of the winding L 2 is connected to a quarter-wave resonance line consisting of a spiral waveguide 5 L 3 and a spherical capacitor 6, which is connected to a needle shaper 7 of the conducting channel 8. At the consumer at the end of the conducting channel 8, a receiver 9 is installed, which is connected to the high-voltage winding 10 of the high-frequency resonant transformer 12. The low-voltage winding 13 of the transformer 12 is connected through a capacitor 14 to the converter astot 15 and load 16.

In Fig. 1, between the spherical container 6 and the needle former of the channel 7, a microwave generator 17 is mounted, which is mounted on the hinge 18 with a gap δ = 0.1-1 m relative to the spherical container 6 with the possibility of rotation relative to the center of the sphere 6 for orientation relative to the receiver 9 load.

In figure 2, the microwave radiation generator 17 has a needle shaper channel 7 from the side of the conductive channel 8 and the electrode 19 from the side of the spherical capacitance 6 for transmitting electrical energy from the capacitor 6 through the shaper of the channel 7 to the conductive channel 8. The gap Δ between the spherical capacity 6 and the electrode 19 is 1-10 meters.

In Fig. 3, the spiral resonator 5 and the spherical container 6 are placed in the housing 20 of an insulating material filled with SF6 gas under pressure. The spiral resonator 5 is made in the form of a single-layer spiral conductor 21, wound on a frame 22 of insulating material. Figure 3 shows the dimensions of the resonator, the diameter D and the length l, as well as the distribution of voltage V and current I along the resonator. Shaper 7 and 19 of the conductive channel 8 are installed in one housing with a microwave generator 17, which starts to work at an electric field of 10 kV / m and receives energy for operation from the electric field of a spherical capacitance 6. Between the electrode 19 of the shaper of the conductive channel 7 and the spherical capacitance 6, a device 23 is installed that connects the spherical capacitance 6 and the electrode 19 when there is potential on the spherical capacitance 6 and the initiation of the conductive channel 8 as a result of the start of operation of the wave radiation 17. Electrical energy is supplied to the conductive channel receiver 9 and then through the step-down transformer 12 to the inverter 4 to the load 16 (not shown in Figure 3), similar to Figure 2.

In Fig. 4, an electric high-frequency generator 24 is connected to a series resonant circuit formed by a capacitance 25 and a low-voltage winding 26 of a high-frequency resonant boost transformer 27. One secondary winding 28 of the transformer 27 is connected to a quarter-wave line consisting of a spiral resonator 31 with a resonant frequency f 0 and spherical capacitance 32. The second secondary winding 29 of the transformer 27 is connected to another quarter-wave line consisting of a high-resonance helical resonator 33 pilots at f 1 >> f 0 and the spherical container 34. The spherical container 32 and needle 34 have a channel conditioners 35 and 36 are oriented along one axis in a direction to the receiver 9 load 16. The free ends of the secondary windings 28 and 29 and the primary winding 26 in order to Electrical safety connected to ground 30 and natural capacity.

5, an electric high-frequency generator 24 is connected through a resonant high-frequency transformer 27 to a quarter-wave line consisting of a spiral resonator 37 and a toroidal capacitance 40. The spiral resonator 37 is made in the form of a single-layer winding on an insulating frame 38 and is placed in a sealed housing 39 filled with SF6 .

A high-frequency electric generator 41 is connected through a capacitance 42 to a high-voltage winding 43 of a high-frequency resonant transformer 44. A potential terminal 45 of a high-voltage winding 46 is connected to another quarter-wave line consisting of a spiral resonator 47 and a toroidal capacitance 48 mounted axisymmetrically to the toroidal capacitance 40. The spiral resonator has the frame 49 is made of an insulating material and is placed in a sealed enclosure 50 filled with an insulating gas under pressure, such as SF6 gas.

The toroidal containers 40 and 48 contain a tubular channel former 57 mounted along the symmetry axis of the toroidal tanks 40 and 48 and hermetically connected to the walls of the housings 39 and 50. At the outlet of the housing 50, the tubular channel former is connected to a needle duct 7 to form a conductive channel 8. The generator 41 has a key 52 for supplying power to the high-frequency resonant transformer 44. A quarter-wave line with a resonator 47 has a resonant frequency f significantly higher than the resonant frequency f 0 , f >> f 0 , where f 0 is the resonance The apparent frequency of the quarter-wave line with the resonator is 37.

A feature of the spiral resonator 5 is the low speed of propagation of an electromagnetic wave, which is hundreds of times less than the speed of wave propagation in free space. This facilitates the construction of a quarter-wave resonator, since in this case the length of the winding and the height of the resonator 5 are reduced hundreds of times. The reduced dimensions of the resonator 5 reduce the radiation loss even at high frequencies.

We will calculate the parameters of the spiral resonator using modern ideas about the principles of operation and parameters of the spiral conductor. The spiral additional winding is a spiral waveguide and an electric resonator and has two remarkable properties:

1. It performs the functions of a decelerating system in which the phase velocity of propagation of an electromagnetic wave along an axis is much lower than the velocity of propagation of an electromagnetic wave in free space.

2. At a small step of the spiral, the electromagnetic field is focused along the axis of the spiral waveguide.

The parameters of the spiral resonator: the diameter of the additional winding (L 3 ) D = 1 m; height H = 2.44 m; the number of turns N 3 = 95. The winding is made of a single layer of copper wire with a diameter of 1.25 mm. The length of the winding L 3 = 2πDN 3 = 597 m, the distance between the turns t = 0.0125 m. The capacitance of a spherical capacitor is C 3 = 250 pF.

The calculation of the spiral resonator is carried out according to the formulas of a quarter-wave open at the end of the line.

The voltage in the line represents the sum of the feed and reflected waves, the interference of which forms standing waves. Wave Propagation Factor:

γ = α + iβ

The attenuation coefficient α is determined by the losses on the resistance in the line and the dielectric losses in the shunt resistance.

Phase constant

Figure 00000007

The voltage at the output of the winding length l:

Figure 00000008

Loss ratio

Figure 00000009

R 0 - resistance of 1 running meter, Ohm.

Z 0 is the effective resistance of the spiral resonator.

λ 0 - wavelength in free space:

Figure 00000010

To u - coefficient of reduction of the wave propagation velocity in a spiral resonator:

Figure 00000011

D is the diameter of the spiral resonator;

t is the distance between the turns;

c is the speed of light;

u is the wave propagation velocity.

Substituting in (4) D = 1 m, t = 0.0125 m, λ 0 = 3390 m, we obtain K u = 0.00713.

The effective resistance of the spiral resonator

Figure 00000012

Substituting in (5) K u = 0.00713, Н = 2.44 m, D = 1 m, we obtain Z 0 = 10755 Ohm.

Loss ratio

Figure 00000013

H is the height of the spiral resonator, m

d w - wire diameter, m

Substituting in (6) H = 2.44 m, D = 1 m, Z 0 = 94156 Ohm, d w = 0.0125 m, f 1 = 88.5 · 10 -3 MHz, we obtain αI = 0.005837 N.

Substituting in (1) αI = 0.00445 N, V L = 3 · 10 5 B, we find the maximum possible voltage at the output of the spiral resonator

Figure 00000014

The achievable voltage V H is limited by losses in the resonant transformer and the quarter-wave line and can reach 20-50 million volts.

Examples of the method and device for transmitting electrical energy.

Example 1

In figure 2, the microwave generator 17 with an increase in the electric field strength to 1-100 kV / m around the spherical capacitor 6 starts to generate high-voltage high-frequency pulses with a frequency f 1 exceeding the resonant frequency of the quarter-wave new line. A corona discharge occurs on the needle shaper 7 of the conductive channel 8 and a conductive channel 8 is formed. If there are two needle shapers 7 and 19, two conductive channels are formed, one towards the spherical capacitance 6 and the second channel 8 towards the receiver 9 of the load 16. The quarter-wave resonance frequency the line is 100 kHz, and the frequency of the microwave generator is 1 MHz. When the length of the conductive channel 8 is 50-90% of the distance Δ between the needle former of the channel 19 and the spherical tank 6, an oncoming conductive channel arises from the spherical tank 6 to the channel former 19, and the full potential of the spherical tank 6 is supplied to the microwave generator 17 and then to a conductive channel 8 between the microwave generator 17 and the receiver 9 of the load. A significant difference in the resonance frequency of the quarter-wave line of 100 kHz and the microwave generator of 17 MHz leads to a trigger effect, in which the electric energy stored in the spherical capacitance 6 is discharged to the conducting channel 8 in a very short time Δt = 10-100 μs. When the capacitance of the spherical capacitor is 8 250 pF, the voltage across the capacitance is 6 V max = 50 · 10 6 V, the energy Q 0 in the pulse will be:

Figure 00000015

charge accumulated on capacity 6:

q = C 3 V max = 250 · 10 -12 · 50 · 10 6 = 1.25 · 10 -2 K.

Electrical power with a pulse duration of 10 μs:

Figure 00000016

Example 2

In Fig. 4, instead of a microwave generator, to create a conductive channel 8, a second additional quarter-wave line is used, consisting of an electric spiral resonator 33 with an increased resonant frequency f 2 >> f 0 and a spherical capacitance 34.

In contrast to figure 2, in which the microwave generator 17 receives energy from the electric field of the spherical capacitor 6, figure 4 spiral resonator 33 receives electrical energy from the second secondary winding 29 of the resonant transformer 27. The voltage on the secondary winding 29 is equal to the voltage V 0 min . The number of turns of the winding 29 is 100, the transformation ratio

Figure 00000017
winding voltage 29
Figure 00000018
Figure 00000019
.

The parameters of the spiral resonator 33: diameter D 2 = 0.5 m; H 2 = 1 m; the number of turns N 2 = 300, f 2 = 250 kHz, λ 0 = 1200 m, α w = 1.25 mm, t = 1.25 mm, C 3 = 5 pF. Using formulas 1-6, we obtain:

Figure 00000020
Figure 00000021
αl 0 = 0.00153 imper.

Maximum voltage on a spherical tank 34

Figure 00000022

Since the frequency of the additional quarter-wave line is 2.82 times higher than the frequency of the main resonator 31 (Fig. 4), the interaction of these two resonators 31 and 33 through the needle shapers of the channels 35 and 36 will lead to a rapid discharge of electrical energy stored on the capacitance 32 into the conductive channel 8 and the transmission of electrical energy to the receiver 9 and then to the load 16.

The considered method and device allows wireless transmission of electrical energy to consumers in the Earth’s atmosphere at a distance of up to 1000 km and up to 1 million km in outer space.

Claims (20)

1. A method of transmitting electrical energy, including the generation of high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conducting channel between the source and the receiver of electric energy, characterized in that the high-frequency electromagnetic waves generated in the high-frequency resonant transformer, amplify the voltage up to 0.5-100 million V in a quarter-wave resonance line consisting of a spiral resonator and a natural capacitance at the end of the line by applying an electromagnetic x oscillations of the high-frequency transformer resonant frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz synchronized with the time period T 0 of the stress wave motion from the inlet to the natural spiral resonator capacitance and return the reflected wave at the entrance of the spiral resonator
Figure 00000023
where H is the length of the quarter-wave line, u is the speed of the electromagnetic wave along the axis of the resonator, electric energy is accumulated in the natural capacitance, and the conductive channel is formed using microwave radiation at a frequency f 1 >> f 0 from the microwave generator connected to the needle-shaped conductive shaper channel installed in the immediate vicinity of the natural capacity of the quarter-wave line, the microwave generator is excited from the electric field of the quarter-wave line.
2. The method of transmitting electrical energy according to claim 1, characterized in that the natural capacity is made in the form of a sphere of conductive material.
3. The method of transmitting electrical energy according to claim 1, characterized in that the natural capacitance is made in the form of a toroid from a conductive material.
4. The method of transmitting electrical energy according to claim 1, characterized in that the natural capacitance is made in the form of a spherical dome, and the needle-shaped conductive channel is made in the form of a spire with a pointed end, which is connected to the dome.
5. The method of transmitting electric energy according to claim 1, characterized in that the microwave radiation generator is excited by an electric field of a natural capacity of a quarter-wave line at a distance Δ = 0.1-10 m from the surface of the vessel with an electric field of 1-100 kV / m, and a conductive channel is formed on both sides of the microwave generator from the side of the spherical capacitance and from the receiver of electrical energy.
6. The method of transmitting electric energy according to claim 1, characterized in that the microwave radiation generator, together with a needle shaper of the conductive channel, is moved relative to a spherical container for transmitting electric energy to various consumers or to one consumer that changes its position in space.
7. The method of transmitting electrical energy according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the quarter-wave line is isolated using a dielectric housing filled with an insulating gas or liquid, and the needle channel former is provided with a device for impulse connection with a quarter-wave line capacity with a pulse frequency of 1 Hz-100 kHz.
8. A method for transmitting electric power comprising generating high frequency electromagnetic oscillations and transmitting them in the conducting channel between source and receiver electrical energy, characterized in that a conductive channel is created by an additional quarter-wave line consisting of the helical resonator and the natural capacitance at frequency f 1> > f 0, connected to the two conductive needle channel formers, one of which forms a conductive channel in the direction of the container main natural chetvertvol oic line and a second conductive channel forms in the direction of the load receiver, the main line and an additional quarter-wave electrical energy obtained from one of the resonant RF transformer.
9. A method of transmitting electrical energy, including generating high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel between a source and a receiver of electrical energy, characterized in that they create several conductive channels at a frequency f> f 0 using several additional spiral resonators, each of which has the resonant capacitance and the needle-shaped channel former connected to it, each additional spiral resonator receives electromagnetic electricity to form the channel la from its high-frequency resonance of the transformer, and to transmit electromagnetic energy wirelessly from the main spiral resonator, which produce coherent pumping from the resonant high-frequency transformer.
10. A device for transmitting electrical energy, comprising: a source of electrical energy, the frequency converter and the transmitting and receiving high-frequency transformer resonant at a resonant frequency f 0 set at the source and receiver of energy, and a conductive channel therebetween, characterized in that the transmitting transformer at a frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz connected to an additional quarter-wave line made of a spiral resonator with a length
Figure 00000024
where u is the propagation velocity of the electromagnetic wave along the axis of the resonator and the natural capacitance at the end of the line with a voltage of 0.5-500 MB, in the immediate vicinity of the natural capacitance a microwave generator with a frequency f >> f 0 without a power source, with excitation from an electric fields of natural capacity, and the microwave generator is connected to a needle shaper of the conductive channel, which is oriented towards the receiver of the load.
11. The device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 10, characterized in that the natural capacity is made in the form of a sphere with a diameter of 0.5-50 m
12. The device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 10, characterized in that the natural capacity is made in the form of a toroid with a diameter of 0.5-50 m
13. The device for transmitting electric energy according to claim 10, characterized in that the natural capacity is combined in one housing with a needle channel former and is made in the form of a dome with a pointed spire.
14. Device for transmitting electrical energy according to any one of paragraphs.10, 11 and 13, characterized in that the additional quarter-wave line with a spiral resonator and a natural capacitance is enclosed in an insulated sealed enclosure and filled with an insulating gas, such as SF6 gas.
15. A device for transmitting electrical energy according to any one of claims 10, 11 and 13, characterized in that the additional quarter-wave line with a spiral resonator and a natural capacitance is enclosed in an insulating casing and filled with an insulating liquid, for example silicone oil.
16. The device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 10, characterized in that the two needle shapers of the conductive channel are electrically connected to each other and installed on two opposite sides of the microwave generator at a distance Δ = 0.1-10 m from the natural capacity of the quarter-wave line so so that one needle former is directed toward the natural capacitance, and the second toward the load receptor.
17. The device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 10, characterized in that around the natural capacity of the quarter-wave line there are n microwave generators with needle shapers of the conductive channels with devices for electrical connection with the quarter-wave line and the formation of conductive channels to n-radiation receivers, n = 1 , 2, 3, ... to.
18. The device for transmitting electric energy according to claim 10, characterized in that one of the two needle channel conditioners is equipped with a device for moving around the natural capacity of a quarter-wave line for transmitting electric energy to a consumer who changes their position in space.
19. Device for transmitting electrical energy, containing a source of electrical energy of high frequency, transmitting and receiving resonant high-frequency transformers with a resonant frequency f 0 installed at the source and receiver of energy, and a conductive channel between them, characterized in that the transmitting transformer has a resonant frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz and connected to two quarter-wave lines with resonant frequencies f 1 = f 0 = 1-1000 kHz and f 2 >> f 0 , each of the quarter-wave lines is made of natural capacitance and spiral about resonator with length
Figure 00000025
for the first line and the length
Figure 00000026
for the second line, where u 1 and u 2 are the phase velocity of the electromagnetic wave along the axis of the first and second spiral resonators, the natural capacity of the second line is equipped with two needle shapers of the conducting channel, one of which is directed to the natural capacity of the first line, and the second shaper is oriented to load receiver, both quarter-wave lines are powered by a transmitting resonant high-frequency transformer.
20. Device for transmitting electrical energy, containing a source of electrical energy of high frequency, transmitting and receiving resonant high-frequency transformers with a resonant frequency f 0 installed at the source and n power receivers, and n conductive channels between them, characterized in that the transmitting transformer has a resonant frequency of 1-1000 kHz and connected to the main quarter-wave line with a resonant frequency f 0 = 1-1000 kHz, which consists of the natural capacitance at the end of the line and the spiral resonator at the beginning line length
Figure 00000027
where u 0 is the phase velocity of the electromagnetic wave along the axis of the spiral resonator, the device contains n additional quarter-wave lines, each of which contains a spiral resonator with a resonant frequency f >> f 0 and a natural capacitance connected to two needle-shaped channel shapers, one with orientation on the capacity of the main quarter-wave line, and the second with an orientation to one of the n load receivers.
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