RU2325492C2 - Metallic fastening clamping and construction erection structures of external walls - Google Patents

Metallic fastening clamping and construction erection structures of external walls Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2325492C2
RU2325492C2 RU2006107527/03A RU2006107527A RU2325492C2 RU 2325492 C2 RU2325492 C2 RU 2325492C2 RU 2006107527/03 A RU2006107527/03 A RU 2006107527/03A RU 2006107527 A RU2006107527 A RU 2006107527A RU 2325492 C2 RU2325492 C2 RU 2325492C2
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
part
element
base
lower
wall panels
Prior art date
Application number
RU2006107527/03A
Other languages
Russian (ru)
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RU2006107527A (en
Inventor
Цунеаки ИТО (JP)
Цунеаки ИТО
Original Assignee
Нитиха Ко., Лтд.
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Priority to JP2005-082144 priority Critical
Priority to JP2005082144A priority patent/JP4546301B2/en
Application filed by Нитиха Ко., Лтд. filed Critical Нитиха Ко., Лтд.
Publication of RU2006107527A publication Critical patent/RU2006107527A/en
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Publication of RU2325492C2 publication Critical patent/RU2325492C2/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L5/00Devices for use where pipes, cables or protective tubing pass through walls or partitions
    • F16L5/02Sealing
    • F16L5/10Sealing by using sealing rings or sleeves only
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0801Separate fastening elements
    • E04F13/0832Separate fastening elements without load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements
    • E04F13/0833Separate fastening elements without load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements not adjustable
    • E04F13/0846Separate fastening elements without load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements not adjustable the fastening elements engaging holes or grooves in the side faces of the covering elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L43/00Bends; Siphons
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L5/00Devices for use where pipes, cables or protective tubing pass through walls or partitions
    • F16L5/02Sealing
    • F16L5/027Sealing by means of a joint of the quick-acting type
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B2200/00Constructional details of connections not covered for in other groups of this subclass
    • F16B2200/30Dovetail-like connections

Abstract

FIELD: construction, superstructures.
SUBSTANCE: metallic fastening clamping are used for installation of external walling panels. From the left or right side, the clamping facility is equipped with left-sided or right-sided abutting elements, which is in contact with the opposite side of the external walling panels during erection. On its central part, between the mentioned left-side and right-side abutting elements and running from up down, there is the main bracing that connects to the loading bearing structure. The central abutting element, in an installed state, is in contact with the reverse side of the external walling panel. The connecting part passes from the lower end of the mentioned central abutting element to which, during installation, the upper and lower ends of the external walling panels are connected. The lower abutting elements is in contact with the reverse side of the external walling panel during installation. The metallic fastening clamping is formed from one of the steel plate, in which, in the form of curvature from the reverse side of the upper plate part forms the part that serve as the mentioned fastening base. By cutting the lower part of the steel plate, a connected part is formed , in which at least one cut is done, that passes from the base of the adjoining part or area around its base up to its end, and cutting it. At the ends of the adjoining part on one place of the mentioned cut, there are elements with bends in the upward direction and on the other place of the mentioned cut, the element in bend in the downward direction. This is a description of a construction installation of external walling panels structure.
EFFECT: reduction of weight, simplification of structure, reduction of cost and ensuring adequate structure strength.
6 cl, 8 dwg

Description

Technical field

This invention relates to holding metal fasteners that are used in the installation of external wall panels to the supporting structure, and also relates to the engineering and installation structures of external walls in which these fasteners are used.

State of the art

When installing the external walls of buildings using metal retaining fasteners, external wall panels 40 are installed on the supporting structures, having at least upper and lower edges intended for this part 44 and 42, as shown in Fig.6 (An example of such a solution is described in JP2001 -27031 given in the bibliography under number 1). 7 shows a holding metal mount 50 referred to in the bibliography application 1. This holding metal fastener is obtained by bending a steel plate and contains: supporting elements 51a and 51b, while holding the upper and lower building panels in contact with their back side; the connecting part 52 obtained by bending the Central part of the support element 51; a mounting base 53 at the top of the support member 51a; and a bent portion 54 at the lower edge of the support member 51b. When fixing the fastening 50 to the bearing surface, the base 53 and the protruding edges of the bent portion 54 serve as locking elements and the surface of the supporting structure.

During construction and installation works, the upper external wall panel is installed, while its lower edge 42 is attached to the connecting part 52 and its back side is placed in contact with the supporting element 51a, and the lower external wall panel is also installed, while its upper edge 44 is attached to the connecting part 52 and place its reverse side in contact with the support element 51b. In addition, due to the presence in the support element 51a of this retaining metal fastening of the recess 61, reaching the surface of the supporting structure, stabilization of the fastening 50 on the supporting structure is ensured. Since free space is formed between the surface of the base 53 and the surface of the supporting part 51, with installed external wall panels, ventilation is provided between the back surface of the external wall panel and the surface of the supporting structure.

Bibliographic reference 2 (JP 1997-302889) discloses a holding metal fastener 70 formed by bending a plate, as shown in FIG. The mount 70 has: a mount base 71, which is fixed to the surface of the main supporting structure; supporting elements 72 and 72 formed on the left and right sides of the base 71 and formed on the front surface in the form of protrusions extending from top to bottom; the connecting part 73, the protruding edges of which are left and right between the left and right support elements 72 and 72 protrude slightly further forward than these support elements. The connecting part 73 is made by bending the lower region of the base 71 and has: upwardly curved elements 75 and 75, formed by folding up the side parts of both edges, and a downwardly curved element 75, formed by folding down the central part of the aforementioned edge. The upper outer wall panel, when attaching its lower edge 42 to the connecting part 73, and place the back side of this panel in contact with the supporting elements 72 and 72. The lower external wall panel is attached with the upper edge 44 to the connecting part 73 and the back side of the panel is in contact with the supporting elements 72 and 72 Due to the fact that between the back surface of the outer-wall panels and the surface of the supporting structure a free space is formed with a thickness equal to the height of the supporting elements 72, ventilation of the mounts is ensured nnyh external wall panels.

References 1.

Bulletin No. 27031 for the year 2001

(Tokkai 2001-27031 go koho)

References 2.

Bulletin No. 302889 for 1997

(Tokkaikhei 9 - 302889 go koho)

Description of the invention

Due to the fact that the connecting part 52 is made of a steel plate with the formation of two layers, the metal fastening 50 shown in Fig. 7 is heavier, and in addition, the weight of the steel plate used and its cost increase. In the metal holding fixture 70 shown in FIG. 8, in which the connecting portion 73 is a single plate structure, an attempt has been made to reduce the weight and cost of the product. However, due to the fact that the connecting part 73 moves away from the base 71 of the fastening plate fixed on the supporting structure, when mounting large external wall panels with a large weight, the strength of the connecting part 73 of the fastening 70 is insufficient, since its length is increased compared to the length the connecting part 52 of the holding metal fastening 50 (shown in Fig.7), which departs from the support element 51.

Further, due to the fact that in the fastener 70, the inner surface of the outer-wall panels rests only on the support elements 72 and 72 located on the left and right, in cases where, with the help of one fastening 70, two neighboring outer-wall panels are mounted on the left and right, the reverse side each of them relies on only one supporting element 72. Because of this, it is difficult to provide the necessary stability of the position of the mounted panels.

Taking into account all the circumstances described, the object of the present invention is to provide a holding metal fastener made of one steel plate, having a small weight; simplified design and reduced cost. However, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved holding metal fastener in which the connecting elements have a sufficient degree of strength and provide a stable support for external wall panels. In addition, as another objective of the present invention, it is necessary to indicate the creation, using the specified holding metal fastening, of the building and construction structure of the external walls, in which the external wall panels have a high degree of stability.

Ways to solve the problem.

The holding metal fastener proposed in the present invention is intended for mounting external wall panels and is characterized in that a left-side support element and a right-hand support element in contact with the reverse side of the external wall panel are located on its left and right sides; and between the indicated left-side and right-side support elements in the direction from top to bottom are: a mounting base serving as a part to be attached to the supporting structure; a central support element in a mounted state in contact with the reverse side of the outer wall panel; a connecting part that extends from the lower edge of the central support element and to which, during installation, the upper and lower edges of the outer wall panels are attached; and a lower support element in contact with the reverse side of the external wall panel during installation; wherein said holding metal fastener is formed of one steel plate in which, by bending from the back of a portion of the upper portion of the plate, a portion of the plate is formed which serves as said mounting base, by cutting through a portion of the lower portion of the steel plate, said connecting portion is formed in which at least at least one slot extending from the base of the connecting part or region near its base to its edge, and cutting it at the edges of the connecting part, in bottom location of said slits are formed is bent upward elements, and in another place of said slits is formed bent down element.

In this holding metal fastener, the connecting part is formed by cutting a part of the steel panel fastening constituting this. This made it possible to manufacture a single-plate structure, while achieving lightweight construction and lowering its cost in comparison with the known holding metal fasteners 50, for example shown in Fig.7. Further, due to the fact that the connecting part is designed so that it is a continuation of the supporting element, the length of the connecting part can be reduced in comparison with the length of the connecting part 73 of the known fastening 70 shown in Fig. 8, extending from the base 71, while the fact that the connecting part is made of one plate, the design has sufficient strength.

On the other hand, since the back side of the outer wall panel rests on the supporting elements of the holding metal fastening located on the left and right, as well as on the upper and lower supporting elements, the reliability of mounting the back sides of the outer wall panels is increased compared to the case when the back side of the outer wall panel rests only on two support elements - left and right, as in the known holding metal mounts 70, as shown in Fig. 8. In particular, when joining parts of two external wall panels adjacent to each other on the left and right, then even in the case when the lower edges of both external wall panels are fixed on one holding metal fastener, it is possible to keep these panels in a state of stable equilibrium, since each of them will be held by one of two elements - left or right, the connecting part and the connecting element located in the center.

In addition, in the connecting part there is at least one slot extending from the base of the connecting part or an area close to its base, the upwardly curved element being formed by upwardly bending one of the cut-out sides of the connecting element, and the downwardly curved element is formed by bending downwardly the protruding edge of the other cut-out side connecting element. Thanks to the upwardly curved element, the upper outer-wall panel can be reliably connected, and thanks to the downwardly curved element, the lower outer-wall panel can be reliably connected. Due to the fact that a slot is made from the base of the connecting part or from an area close to its base to the edge of the connecting part, this design is compared, for example, with a design in which the slot is made only to the element bent downward (or bent upward) adjacent to the base of the connecting part, allows to reduce the rigidity of the connecting part, with the help of which the external wall panel located below is fixed and held. By reducing the rigidity of the connecting part, it is possible to eliminate the problem that the fixing part was damaged, experiencing high local stresses during wind load exerted on the outer wall panels and transferred from the back of these panels to the part attaching the lower outer wall panels fixed by the holding metal mount. This became possible due to the fact that even in the case of large local stresses in the parts holding the external wall panels, the load exerted will be accompanied by the deformation of the connecting elements having low stiffness.

A distinctive feature of yet another embodiment of a holding metal fastener according to the present invention is that said slot extends from the base of the connecting part or the region near its base to the specified part of the plate serving as the fastening base.

In this embodiment, the length of the slot made in the connecting part will be determined by the distance from the edge of the connecting part to the base of the mounting plate, so that the rigidity of the connecting part is reduced. The selection of the length of the slot can not only effectively prevent damage to the elements holding the outer-wall panels, but also provide minimal rigidity when fixing the outer-wall panels. Therefore, by analyzing two such fundamental factors as the weight and material properties of the outer-wall panels, it is possible to make a slot of the corresponding length, however, the proposed embodiment having a relatively long slot is also suitable for mounting relatively lightweight external-wall panels.

A distinctive feature of yet another embodiment of a holding metal fastener according to the present invention is that a downwardly curved element is formed from a connecting element obtained by cutting a part of the lower region of the steel plate at an angle of 90 degrees by bending the edge of this element downward at an angle of 80 -90 degrees.

In the case when the angle of bending of the edge of the connecting element is small, in other words, in the case where the angle between the horizontal surface of the connecting element and the protruding element is obtuse, this makes it possible to easily install the bottom-wall external panels with the help of a metal fastening. However, this reduces the reliability of fixing the outer-wall panels with this element bent down, so it is best to bend down a part that is bent down at an angle of 90 degrees. In this embodiment, due to bending at an angle of 80-90 degrees from the horizontal plane of the lower edge of the connecting element, it is possible to securely fix the outer-wall panels.

In yet another embodiment of the invention, the metal retaining fastener is characterized in that of said left-side, right-side and lower support parts, at least one support part has a shoulder extending from the edge of this part to the outer edge of the plate, and this shoulder is located in one plane with the indicated base of the mounting plate. Due to this, an even more stable fixation of the holding metal fastening on the supporting structure is achieved, since the shoulder part, in addition to the base of the fastening plate, is also in contact with the supporting structure.

The subject of the present invention is also the construction and mounting structure of the external walls, which are construction and mounting structures with external wall panels, where the indicated metal fasteners are used, the distinguishing feature of which is that the metal fasteners are mounted in rows and attached so that the base fastening adjacent to the surface of the supporting structure, on which it is fixed, and external wall panels having fasten at least at the lower and upper edges, touching the reverse surface with each of the indicated supporting elements of the holding metal fastener: left, right, central and lower, are held by the fastening elements of the holding metal fastening so that the attached part of the lower edge of the outer wall panel is attached to the connecting a holding metal fastening element located below, and the attached part of the upper edge of the outer wall panel is attached to the joint itelnomu element retaining metal fixtures, located above.

The result of the fact that the cost and weight of the retaining metal fasteners of such building and assembly structures of external wall panels is reduced, is not only a decrease in the cost of construction and installation works, but also the reliability of installation. In addition, due to the formation of free space for air passage on the back side of the mounted external wall panels, such adverse events as, for example, the appearance of dew can be avoided. Moreover, as already mentioned, by making a cutout with a length corresponding to the fastening part, and thereby ensuring minimal rigidity when fastening the outer-wall panels, it is possible to reliably solve the problem that due to the wind load acting on the outer-wall panels, they are damaged individual elements to which they are attached.

A distinctive feature of yet another embodiment of the building and assembly construction of the exterior wall panels of the present invention is that the exterior wall panels are made of fired materials.

To date, ceramic panels and cement-particle boards have been used and still continue to be used as external wall panels, but due to restrictions on the effectiveness of the use of cement-containing panels, and because of the increase in recent years the requirements for the long-term resistance of external wall panels, now consideration of the issue, including by the inventors, about the possibilities of using for the production of external wall panels of fired materials.

As external wall panels made on the basis of the use of fired materials, for example, external wall panels finished with ceramic tiles can be. Their high resistance to various adverse factors is well known. As one of the practical examples of the construction and installation design of external wall panels is a design in which external wall panels made of fired materials are attached and held by holding metal fasteners screwed to the supporting structure with screws. When using such structures, installing on a supporting structure with screws having a high fixing strength in comparison with the fastening with nails, holding the metal fastener, in the upper and lower parts of the fastening metal fastener it is possible to reliably fix the outer-wall panels having high resistance to adverse factors. When using such metal fasteners, as described above, by reducing the stiffness of the connecting element by making cutouts of the appropriate length, it is possible to effectively reduce the wind load exerted on the outer-wall panel and, in addition to applying methods to improve the quality of the material of the outer-wall panels, it is possible to improve the performance of stability of external wall panels only due to improved surface characteristics of the building construction.

Effect of the application of the invention

The holding metal fastener proposed by the present invention, as described above, is generally a product having a low weight and low cost, since it is made of a single plate, which allows to reliably hold the outer wall panels using connecting and supporting elements. Due to this, in the mounting structures of the external wall panels made in accordance with the present invention, it is possible for a long period of time to maintain a stable fastening of the external wall panels.

Brief Description of the Drawings

Figure 1

An isometric view showing one embodiment of a holding metal mount based on the present invention.

Figure 2

A front view showing a steel plate, which is a blank for a holding metal fastener, shown in figure 1.

Figure 3

An isometric view showing the position of an exterior wall panel mounted on a supporting structure using a holding metal fastener shown in FIG. 1.

Figure 4

A sectional view along line IV-IV shown in FIG. 3.

Figure 5

An isometric view showing another embodiment of a holding metal mount based on the use of the present invention.

6

Image of one version of the external wall panel

7

Image of one example of a known holding metal fastener.

Fig. 8

Image showing another example of a known holding metal fastening

The best option for the practical implementation of the invention

Below in the text, with reference to the drawings, one of the options for the practical implementation of the holding metal fastener proposed by the present invention is described, as well as an example of the mounting structure of the external wall panels in which this fastener is used.

Figure 1 depicts a view in isometric projection of the proposed holding metal mount in one of the options for its implementation.

Figure 3 depicts a view in isometric projection, the mounting structure of the external wall panel, which used a holding metal mount, shown in figure 1.

The holding metal fastener 10 shown in FIG. 1 is provided with left-handed 12 L and right-handed 12 R support elements in contact with the reverse side of the outer wall panel during installation on the left and right sides. In the central region, located between the left-side support element 12 L and the right-side support element 12 R, from top to bottom are: the base 11 of the mount, which is the part that is fixed to the supporting structure; a central supporting element 12 C placed during installation in contact with the back of the outer wall panel; the connecting part 21, attached during installation to the upper and lower edges of the outer wall panel; lower support element 12 U, placed during installation in contact with the back side of the outer wall panel. The holding metal fastener 10 is formed of one steel plate, for example: stainless steel plate or alloy alloy plate, by stamping, extruding and bending it. FIG. 2 shows a steel plate 100 serving as a blank for a holding metal fastener. This plate has a thickness of the order of 1.0 mm. By using a steel plate of this thickness, sufficient stiffness of the holding metal fastening is ensured. In order to show which element of the holding metal fastener 10 corresponds to which part of the steel billet 100 after its formation, the designations of each of the elements of the holding metal fastener 10 used in FIG. 1 are also shown in brackets in FIG. 2.

A method for manufacturing a holding metal fastener 10 is explained below with an example. At the beginning, the steel plate 100 is stamped (see FIG. 2), in which the screw hole 31 used for fastening and slot N are made in advance. Slot N in the lower region 100 V of the steel plate 100, if you look at the front side of the plate, has the form of the Latin letter U. The adjacent areas due to this slot after processing turn into a bendable part 102, which serves as the connecting part 21 of the holding metal fastening 10. H the bendable portion 102 at the edges has: three bendable elements 102a, 102b, 102c serving, after manufacturing, as bent up 22 or bent down 23 elements of the connecting part 21; the slots 24a and 24a, respectively made between the bent elements 102a and 102c and between the bent elements 102b and 102c extending from the edges of each bent element to its base.

Next, by extruding the steel plate 100 along the lines shown in FIG. 2 by a dotted line with double dots, the steel plate 100 is partially convex and form the left-side 12L and right-side 12R support elements located respectively on the left and right sides of the steel plate 100, and together with thereby forming a central supporting member 12C and a lower supporting member 12U located in the lower region 100B of the steel plate 100. As a result, a base 11 is formed in the central portion 101 of the upper region 100A of the steel plate 100, formed on the back side by several millimeters, in addition, a bead 13 is formed on the outer edges of each support element: left, right and lower support elements 12L, 12R, 12U. During the extrusion mentioned above, a convex element 32 is formed and, in addition, an edge is formed stiffness not shown in the drawing.

After that, said bend portion 102, previously created in the lower part 100B of the steel plate 100, is bent upward at a right angle (along the dashed line L1 shown in FIG. 2). Then, bending up the left and right elements 102a and 102c of the bending portion 102 upward along the dotted lines L2a and L2c, creating upwardly curved elements 22 and 22; bending the central element 102b of the portion 102 downward along the dashed line L2b shown in FIG. 2, form the downwardly curved element 23. When creating the upwardly curved element 22, a bending angle θ1 (angle θ1 in FIG. 1) can be made about 100 degrees, a bending angle of 92 when creating a bent down element 23 can be made within 80-90 degrees. Due to this, the connecting part 21 is created so that the upper and lower edges of the mounted external wall panels pass through it.

Next, we will provide explanations regarding the construction and mounting structure of the outer-wall panels, in which the above-mentioned holding metal fastener 10 is used. FIG. 3 shows the external-wall panel mounted using the holding metal fastening 10, such as that shown in FIG. 6. FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along line IV-IV of FIG. 3. The holding metal fastener 10 through the waterproof paper 1 and the cushioning material 2 is fastened with three screws to the supporting structure, using, for example, the holes for the screws made in the base 11. Then, laying the connecting part 21 of the holding fastening 10 on the attached part 44 the upper edge of the lower external wall panel 40A, located below, fix the structure in this state, using the holes for screws 31. Near the attached part 44 of the upper edge of the lower external wall wail panel 40A, to prevent water leakage, the sealing material 4 is applied.

After the required number of holding metal fasteners 10 has been installed in the same way at certain intervals in the horizontal direction, the required number of panels is installed so that the fastening part 42 located on the lower edge of the upper outer wall panel 40B is inserted into the inner part of the fastening element 22 of the holding metal fastening 10. Now, the panel 40B will subsequently act as the lower external wall panel, after its attached part 44 is the top the edges thereof will be reliably pressed by the holding metal fastener 10, in the same way as described above, the structure is fixed with screws. Construction and installation work on the installation of external wall panels, proposed in the present invention, are carried out due to the required number of repetitions of similar technological operations.

In the construction and assembly construction described above, the outer-wall panels 40 are installed and held by the connecting part 21 of the holding metal fastener 10, as well as by each of the supporting elements 12L, 12R, 12C, 12U. On the other hand, since each of the supporting elements 12L, 12R, 12C, 12U of the metal holding fastener 10 between the back side of the outer wall panel 40 and the spacer material 2 creates free space with a height corresponding to the height of these elements, this ensures good ventilation of the back side of the outer wall panels and the occurrence of such adverse factors as dew and the like is not allowed. Despite the fact that in the present invention of the construction and installation design of the outer-wall panels, the holding metal fastener is lightweight, nevertheless, a high fastening strength is achieved and long-term stability of the mounted structure is ensured. As external wall panels, external wall panels obtained from fired materials can be used, for example, ceramic tiles can be used.

5 is a perspective view showing another embodiment of a holding metal fastener. In the holding metal fastener 10a, between the upwardly curved elements 22 and the downwardly curved element 23 there are slots 24b extending to the base 11. Compared to the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, since the cut-out value has become larger, the rigidity of the fastening elements has decreased, which increases the possibility deformation of elements from the side of the external wall panel to which external force is applied. And for the holding metal mount 10a, it is also best to set the angle θ1 of the order of 100 degrees, and the angle θ2 within 80-90 degrees.

Above, when using the drawings, the practical implementation options of the present invention are described in detail, however, specific designs are not limited to these options and even if there are any changes in the calculations of certain parameters that differ from what is indicated in the main content of the present invention, all this is also included in the present invention.

Legend for symbols

10, 10a - holding metal mount;

11 - the base of the mount;

12L - left-side support element;

12R is a right-handed support member;

12C is a central support element;

12U - lower support element;

13 - a bead;

21 - connecting part;

22 - bent up element;

23 - bent down element;

40 - external wall panel;

100 - steel plate serving as a blank for the manufacture of a holding metal fastener.

Claims (6)

1. A holding metal fastener intended for mounting external wall panels, characterized in that on its left and right sides it is equipped with left-side and right-side support elements in contact with the reverse side of the external wall panel during installation, and in its central region located between the indicated left-side and right-side support elements, in the direction from top to bottom, are located: a mounting base serving as a part attached to a supporting structure, a central supporting element, in a mounted state, in contact with the reverse side of the outer wall panel, a connecting part that extends from the lower edge of the specified central support element and to which, during installation, the lower and upper edges of the external wall panels and the lower support element in contact with the reverse side of the external wall panel are attached; wherein said holding metal fastener is formed of one steel plate, in which, by bending from the back of a portion of the upper part of the plate, a part serving as said mounting base is formed, by cutting a portion of the lower part of the steel plate, said connecting part is formed in which at least at least one slot extending from the base of the connecting part or region near its base to its edge and cutting it at the edges of the connecting part in one place seemed slits formed bent up elements, and in another place of said slits is formed bent down element.
2. The holding metal fastener according to claim 1, characterized in that said slot extends from the base or region near the base of the connecting portion to the indicated portion of the plate serving as the fastening base.
3. A holding metal fastener according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the aforementioned downwardly curved element is formed from a connecting element obtained by cutting a part of the lower region of the steel plate at an angle of 90 ° by bending the edge of this element downward at an angle of 80 -90 °.
4. A holding metal fastener according to claim 3, characterized in that of the above left-side, right-side and lower supporting parts, at least one supporting part has a shoulder extending from the edge of this part to the outer edge of the plate, and this shoulder is located in one plane with the indicated base of the mounting plate.
5. Construction and installation design of the outer-wall panels, characterized in that the retaining metal fasteners according to any one of claims 1 to 4 are mounted in rows and attached so that the specified mounting base is adjacent to the surface of the supporting structure, on which it is fixed, and the outer-wall panels, having attached parts, at least at the lower and upper edges, in contact with the reverse surface with each of these supporting elements of the holding metal fastening: left, right, central m and bottom are held attach the retaining elements fastening the metal so that the external wall panel attachable part is fixed to the lower edge of the retaining element Consolidating metal fastening disposed below and external wall panel attachment portion top edge is attached to the retaining element Consolidating metal mounting disposed above.
6. The construction and installation design of the outer-wall panels according to claim 5, characterized in that said outer-wall panels are made of fired materials.
RU2006107527/03A 2005-03-22 2006-03-10 Metallic fastening clamping and construction erection structures of external walls RU2325492C2 (en)

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JP4546301B2 (en) 2010-09-15
KR20060102269A (en) 2006-09-27
CA2539867C (en) 2010-02-02
RU2006107527A (en) 2007-09-20
KR100738829B1 (en) 2007-07-13
TWI316581B (en) 2009-11-01
JP2006265864A (en) 2006-10-05
US7748188B2 (en) 2010-07-06
TW200634216A (en) 2006-10-01
CA2539867A1 (en) 2006-09-22
CN100447357C (en) 2008-12-31
CN1837539A (en) 2006-09-27
US20060272261A1 (en) 2006-12-07

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