RU2143775C1 - Power transmission method and device - Google Patents

Power transmission method and device Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2143775C1
RU2143775C1 RU99105452/09A RU99105452A RU2143775C1 RU 2143775 C1 RU2143775 C1 RU 2143775C1 RU 99105452/09 A RU99105452/09 A RU 99105452/09A RU 99105452 A RU99105452 A RU 99105452A RU 2143775 C1 RU2143775 C1 RU 2143775C1
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receiver
conductive channel
energy
channel
electric energy
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RU99105452/09A
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Russian (ru)
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Д.С. Стребков
С.В. Авраменко
А.И. Некрасов
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Стребков Дмитрий Семенович
Авраменко Станислав Викторович
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Abstract

FIELD: electrical engineering. SUBSTANCE: method and device for wireless power transmission dispensing with power transmission lines, conductors, insulators, cables, and substations, as well as for wireless power transmission to moving vehicles includes organization of conducting channel between power supply and power receiver by photo ionization and shock ionization method with aid of radiation source; conducting channel is electrically isolated from radiation source and connected to power supply through high-voltage and high-frequency Tesla transformer and to power receiver, through high-frequency step-down Tesla transformer. Electric conductivity of channel is raised by generating surface charge and increasing electric field strength. EFFECT: reduced cost of electric power transmission. 14 cl, 5 dwg

Description

 The invention relates to the field of electrical engineering, in particular to a method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy.

 A known method and device for transmitting electricity in a closed circuit, consisting of two or more wires, transformer substations and power lines (Power transmission of alternating and direct current. Electrical reference book, Energoatomizdat, 1988, pp.337-352).

 The disadvantage of this method is the loss in the lines, comprising from 5% to 20% depending on the length of the power lines and the high cost of equipment, amounting to 10-30 thousand dollars per 1 km of power lines.

 A known method of powering electrical devices using an alternating voltage generator connected to a consumer, characterized in that the voltage of the generator is applied to the low-voltage winding of the high-frequency transformer converter, and one of the terminals of the high-voltage winding is connected to one of the input terminals of the electrical device, while achieving a change in the frequency of the generator establishing resonant oscillations in the formed electrical circuit.

 A device that implements this method is an AC voltage source with an adjustable frequency, a high-frequency transformer, one output of the high-voltage section of which is isolated, and the second is designed to supply energy to the consumer (RF patent N 210013, 1997, S. Avramenko, Method for supplying electrical devices and device for its implementation).

 In the known method and device using a single-wire system for transmitting energy to the consumer. In this method of supplying electrical devices, there is no heat generation in the conductor supplying electrical energy, which makes it possible to use conductors of small cross section without loss of electricity to heat them.

 A disadvantage of the known method and device is the need to use supports, insulators, wire or cable for energy transfer, which increases the cost of electricity transmission.

 Another disadvantage is the inability to directly use the known method and device for the direct power supply of moving electric vehicles: cars, tractors, planes, missiles, ships, airships, etc.

 The objective of the invention is the creation of a method and device for transmitting electric energy without wires and reducing the cost of electric power transmission by eliminating such power line elements as wire, insulators, cables and substations.

 Another object of the invention is the provision of wireless transmission of electrical energy to electric vehicles while they are moving.

 The above result is achieved by the fact that between the source and the receiver of electric energy a conductive channel is formed by photoionization and impact ionization using a radiation generator, for example, based on an optical laser, the said conductive channel is electrically isolated from the radiation generator using an electrically transparent shield for radiation, a conductive channel with a source of electric energy through a high-voltage high-frequency transformer Tesla and with a receiver of electric energy through a Tesla step-down high-frequency transformer or a diode-capacitor block, they increase the electrical conductivity of the channel by forming a surface charge and increasing the electric field strength and carry out the movement of electric charges along the conducting channel under the influence of Coulomb forces.

 In one embodiment of the method of transmitting electrical energy, a conductive channel is formed from the side of the source of electrical energy.

 In another embodiment of the method of transmitting electrical energy, a conductive channel is formed from the side of the receiver of electrical energy.

 In another embodiment of the method of transmitting electrical energy, the conductive channel is formed using a radiation generator in a pulsed mode with a synchronous supply of electrical impulses to the conductive channel from the Tesla high-voltage high-frequency transformer.

 A device that implements this method of transmitting electrical energy comprises a radiation generator, for example, based on an optical or X-ray laser, for forming a conductive channel between the source and the receiver of electric energy, and a conductive channel shaper and an electrically insulating screen transparent to the radiation of the generator installed coaxially with the radiation generator, located between the shaper of the conductive channel and the radiation generator, the source of electrical energy is connected to the shaper by conducting Channel through high voltage high frequency transformer Tesla, on the opposite side of the conductive channel of the conducting channel receiver installed insulated from the housing of the receiver of electrical energy said electric power receiver connected to a receiver of the conducting channel through a step-down high frequency transformer Tesla or diode-capacitor unit.

 To increase the distance between the source and the receiver of electric energy, two or more radiation generators are installed, each of which has a shaper and a receiver of the conductive channel and an electrical insulating screen, the receiver of the conductive channel formed by the first radiation generator is connected to the channel shaper of the second radiation generator, and the second radiation generator connected through a step-down transformer or a diode-capacitor unit to a receiver of the conductive channel of the first radiation generator.

 To transmit electric energy between multiple sources and receivers of electric energy, the device is made in the form of a branched energy system consisting of many sources and receivers of electric energy interconnected by conductive channels having the same frequency of electrical oscillations at points of connection, each source of electric energy is equipped with a generator radiation, electrical insulating screen, shaper and receiver of the conductive channel, each shaper wire dyaschego channel connected to a source of electrical energy via a high-voltage high-frequency transformer Tesla, and each radiation generator is connected to either the source of electrical energy or conducting channel receiver via a step-down high frequency transformer Tesla or diode-capacitor unit.

 To ensure the transfer of electric energy to a freely moving vehicle, the receiver of the conductive channel with high-voltage insulators is mounted on the vehicle, and the power source and radiation generator are installed within direct line of sight from the vehicle, and the radiation generator, electrical insulating screen and channel shaper have a common tracking system behind the receiver on the vehicle.

 To power a vehicle moving along the road, a stationary source of electrical energy is connected through a Tesla high-voltage high-frequency transformer to a metal tape receiver, which is installed on insulators along the road along which the vehicle is moving, and a radiation generator, a shaper of the conductive channel and an electrical insulating screen are installed on the transport means and equipped with an orientation device for the tape receiver, the channel former is connected to auxiliary low-power electrical energy source via the high voltage high frequency transformer Tesla and with an electric drive system and driving the vehicle through a step-down high frequency transformer Tesla or diodno- capacitor unit.

 To ensure the transmission of electrical energy in the form of a single pulse or alternating packets of alternating electrical pulses, the device contains a synchronizer that is connected to a radiation generator and a Tesla high-voltage high-frequency transformer to synchronize the supply of synchronous pulses from the radiation generator and high-voltage pulses from the Tesla high-voltage transformer to the shaper of the conducting channel.

 To prevent the high-voltage electric potential from the Tesla transformer through the conductive channel to the radiation generator, the electrically insulating screen contains a sealed evacuated casing of electrical insulation material and has two coaxially located windows made of a material transparent to the radiation of the generator.

 In another embodiment of the device, the electrical insulating screen is made solid of an electrical insulating material transparent to the radiation of the generator.

 In order to increase the efficiency of electric energy transmission, an electrically conductive coating transparent to the radiation of the generator is applied to the surface of the electrically insulating screen opposite to the radiation generator, said coating is connected electrically to the shaper of the conductive channel.

 A method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy is shown in FIG. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

 In FIG. 1 shows a diagram of a method and apparatus for supplying electrical energy to stationary consumers.

 In FIG. 2 is a diagram of the transmission of electrical energy over a long distance, containing a large number of sources and receivers of electrical energy.

 In FIG. 3 shows a diagram of a method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy to a vehicle moving along an arbitrary path.

 In FIG. 4 shows a diagram of a method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy to a vehicle moving along a predetermined path, such as an electric vehicle on a highway.

 In FIG. 5 shows a diagram of a device for forming a conductive channel and receiving electric energy on a vehicle moving along a predetermined path, for example, a car on a highway.

 According to FIG. 1, an electric power source 1 is connected in parallel with a radiation generator 2 and with a Tesla 3 high-frequency high-voltage transformer.

The Tesla transformer, invented in 1891, is a coreless or open-core transformer, the primary winding, which is located outside or coaxially with the secondary winding. The secondary winding consists of a large number of turns of copper thin insulated wire. One end of the secondary winding remains free, and the second when transmitting high-frequency voltage to the primary winding is connected to the line. In a high-voltage secondary winding under resonance conditions, high-frequency oscillations, oscillations with a voltage of up to 7 • 10 6 volts arise. (N. Tesia, Lectures, Patents, Articles, Beograd, 1956). The Tesla transformer 3 is connected to the shaper 4 of the conductive channel 5. The shaper 4 is made in the form of a tube of conductive material and is mounted coaxially with the radiation generator 2. Between the shaper 4 and the radiation generator 2 there is installed an electrically insulating screen 7 that is transparent to radiation, which electrically isolates the radiation generator 2 from high voltage on the former 4. On the surface of the insulating screen 7 from the side opposite to the radiation generator, an electrically conductive coating 6 is applied, transparent to cheniya generator 2. 6 electroconductive coating is electrically coupled to generator 4.

 The inner diameter D of the shaper 4 is equal to or slightly larger than the diameter of the radiation beam 8 emerging from the radiation generator 2. The insulating screen 7 is made in the form of a hollow evacuated cylinder and has two coaxially located windows made of a material transparent to radiation 8 of the generator 2.

 The receiver 9 of the conductive channel 5 is made of a conductive material, such as steel, and is isolated from the body of the receiver of electrical energy 10 using high voltage insulators 11. The receiver 9 of the conductive channel 5 is connected to the receiver of electrical energy using a step-down transformer Tesla 12 or a diode-capacitor block 13 The diode-capacitor unit 13 is used in voltage doubling circuits and is made of two counter-connected diodes connected to a capacitor, the common point of the diodes is connected to a power source (Ele trotehnichesky directory, 1971, Publishing House Energy, vol. I, p. 871). When an alternating voltage is applied to the diode-capacitor unit, a positive wave of alternating reactive current goes to one capacitor plate, and a negative wave to another. The capacitor will accumulate charges until the voltage at its terminals reaches the positive and negative amplitude of the alternating voltage at the common point of the diodes, then the diodes will be locked and the capacitor charge will stop. This is how a simple rectifier with voltage doubling works.

 The length L of the conductive channel 5 is limited by the power of the radiation generator 2. If the distance between the source and the receiver of electric energy exceeds the length L of the conductive channel, two or more radiation generators are installed (FIG. 2).

 According to FIG. 2, the receiver 9 of the first conductive channel 5 is connected to the former 14 of the second conductive channel 15. The second conductive channel is formed using the second radiation generator 16. The second radiation generator 16 is isolated from the second driver by the second insulating screen 17. The second radiation generator 16 receives electricity from the lower Tesla transformer 12 and a diode capacitor block 13 connected to a receiver 9 of the first conductive channel 5. The receiver 18 of the second conductive channel 15 is connected to the former 19 tego conducting channel 20.

 If necessary, to transfer electric energy to the consumer, the receiver of the second conductive channel 18 is connected to the receiver of electric energy 21 through a high-frequency step-down transformer Tesla 22.

 The radiation generator 24 of the conductive channel 20 receives electricity from a Tesla 22 high-frequency step-down transformer. The electrical insulating screen 25 isolates the radiation generator 24 from the high voltage on the former of the conductive channel 20. The electrical insulating screen 25 is made entirely of electrical insulation material transparent to radiation 8 of the generator 2.

 Based on the proposed method and device, a transmission line of electrical energy without wires of any given length can be created, as well as an integrated energy system of lines connecting the required number of consumers and sources of electrical energy. In FIG. 2, this is illustrated by attaching to the receiver 18 a conductive channel 15 of the receiver 26 of the conductive channel 28 and using the conductive channel 28 to supply electricity from an electric power source 29 located away from the channels 5, 15 and 20. The electric power 29 is connected to the conductive channel 28 by a high voltage Tesla high-frequency transformer 30 and channel shaper 31. The conductive channel 28 is formed using a radiation generator 32 and an electrical insulating screen 33. The radiation generator 32 is connected to an electric source oenergii 29.

 The receiver 34 of the conductive channel 20 is mounted on insulators 35 on the body of the receiver of electrical energy 36, which receives electrical energy from the receiver 34 through the diode-capacitor unit 37.

 In FIG. 3, the receiver 9 of the conductive channel 5 is mounted on the roof of a vehicle 38, for example, an electric tractor, using high-voltage insulators 11. As the electrical receiver 10 is a tractor control electric drive system 38, which is connected to the receiver 9 through a diode-capacitor unit 13.

 The power source 1, the radiation generator 2, the insulating screen 7 and the channel shaper 4 are installed at a certain distance from the vehicle 38 and have a common tracking system 39 for the vehicle 38. The tracking system 39 provides a connection of the conductive channel 5 with the receiver 9 during arbitrary movement of the vehicle 38. In the general case, a stationary energy source may have several radiation generators 2, forming several conductive channels 5 for power supply of several transport means 38 simultaneously.

 To transmit electric energy in a pulsed mode in the form of single pulses or alternating packets of electric pulses, the device in FIG. 3 has a synchronizer 40 for supplying simultaneously a pulse from a generator 2 and electric pulses from a Tesla 3 high-voltage transformer to the shaper 4 of the conducting channel 5.

 In FIG. 4, a stationary source of electrical energy 1 through a Tesla high-voltage transformer 3 is connected by a cable 41 to a metal tape V-shaped receiver 42 mounted on insulators 11 along the road 43 of the vehicle 44, for example, an electric car with an orientation device 45.

 The radiation generator 2 (Fig. 3), the shaper of the conductive channel 4 and the electrical insulating screen 7 are mounted on the vehicle 44 and have an orientation device 45 on the metal V-shaped tape receiver 42.

 The conductive channel former is connected to the electric receiver 45, the electric drive and control system of the vehicle 44, and to the auxiliary low-power source of electric energy 46 through the auxiliary high-voltage high-frequency transformer Tesla 47 (Fig. 5). In the General case, several vehicles 43 can move along the road, each of which is connected by a conductive channel with a metal tape receiver 42.

 The method and device for transmitting electrical energy are implemented as follows.

 The radiation from the radiation generator 2 due to photoionization and impact ionization creates a channel 5 in the radiation beam 8 under the influence of the electric field of the light wave, which has increased conductivity.

 The diameter D of this channel 5 is comparable with the diameter of the laser beam 8 and ranges from 0.1 mm to several tens of mm.

 The high-frequency voltage from the electric energy source 1 is supplied to the primary winding of the Tesla 3 high-voltage high-frequency transformer. The Tesla 3 transformer converts the electric energy of the increased frequency of the energy source into electric energy.

 In the proposed device for transmitting electrical energy, electric and magnetic fields are spatially separated, as well as they are separated in the LC oscillatory circuit. In the secondary winding of the Tesla transformer 3, high-voltage high-frequency oscillations are excited, which create a high electric field strength and space charge on the former 4 and the space charge inside the tube 6. Channel 5 inside the tube 6 of the former 4 is ionized by the high electric potential of the charges and by the radiation 8. As a result the tube 6 and the conductive channel 5 acquire the same potential and are electrically connected to each other.

 High electric field strength cannot pass through the conducting channel 5 to the radiation generator 2 and disrupt its operation due to the presence of a transparent electrically insulating screen 7.

 Under the influence of the coulomb forces of the electric field, the charges move along the conducting channel 5, and due to the high intensity of the electric field of the space charge, an additional photoionization of channel 5 occurs with the formation of electric streamers propagating along the channel 5 at a high speed (1 km / s). The electrical conductivity of channel 5 is the electrical connection of the energy source 1 with the energy consumer 10 and the flow of electric charges along the channel. The inductance of the Tesla 3 transformer and the capacitance of the line 5 and the load create a resonant circuit, which allows to increase the voltage of the line. The alternating current coming from channel 5 to the load input is capacitive current. The reactive internal resistance of channel 5 does not create losses of active power, which ensures high efficiency of energy transfer through the channel (96-99%).

 The radiation generator 2 is used only to form a conductive channel, and its power is 50-100 times less than the transmitted electric power. Therefore, the low efficiency of the radiation generator (10-15%) slightly reduces the overall efficiency of the transmission of electrical energy.

 Example 1. The implementation of the method and device for transmitting electrical energy to stationary consumers.

As a radiation source 2, a CO 2 laser with a wavelength of 10.6 μm with a power of 1 kW is used. To create an electric field on the former 4, a Tesla 3 transformer is used with a secondary voltage of 35 kV and a frequency of 30 kHz.

 The insulating screen 7 is made of a vacuum cylinder with side walls of an insulating material, such as glass or plastic and two windows coaxially aligned along the axis of the cylinder of optical material transparent to radiation with a wavelength of 10.6 μm.

 At the output of the conductive channel 5, a receiver 9 is installed with a diameter of 0.5 m made of refractory material, for example, titanium, which is electrically connected to a Tesla 12 step-down transformer. The voltage of the secondary winding of the Tesla 12 step-down transformer is supplied (Fig. 2) to the radiation generator power input 16 of the second channel 15 and, if necessary, to the electrical receiver 10 of the consumer of electrical energy. If the electric power receivers connected to the Tesla step-down transformer 12 use direct current and an industrial frequency current of 50 Hz, then the Tesla step-down transformer 12 is connected to the electric receiver 10 through a rectifier and an inverter.

 The electric power transmitted through the conductive channel depends on the power of the source of electric energy, on the recharge energy of the line and receiver capacities, and on the frequency of the recharge cycles. The length of the conducting channel depends on the power of the radiation generator and the angular divergence of the radiation.

 With a line and receiver capacitance of 1000 pF, a frequency of 30 kHz and a voltage of 35 kV, the maximum transmitted power is 30 MW. With a laser power of 1-10 kW and a radiation divergence of 1-2 angular seconds, the length of one conductive channel will be from 100 m to 1-10 km. When using several series-connected conductive channels, the length of the transmission line of electric energy can be increased to 100 km or more.

 If the line voltage is increased to 1000 kV, the maximum transmitted power will be 30 million kW.

 Example 2. The method and device for transmitting electric energy to a vehicle moving along an arbitrary trajectory, further comprises a tracking system 39 (Fig. 3) for the vehicle 38, containing an optical laser radar or radar for determining the coordinates of the vehicle, and an actuator in the form a rotary platform on which the radiation generator 2, the shaper of the conductive channel 4 and the insulating screen 7 are mounted.

 Example 3. A method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy to a vehicle moving along a specific path. As an example, a hybrid car 44 (Fig. 4) is used with an internal combustion engine and an electric drive moving along road 43.

 An optical quantum generator (laser) 2 is mounted on the roof of the car 44 on a neodymium glass with frequency doubling with a wavelength of 0.53 μm and an electric power of 0.5 kW (Fig. 5). Concurrently with the radiation from the generator 2, an electrical insulating screen 7 and a shaper of the conductive channel 4 are installed. The shaper of the conductive channel 4 is connected to the auxiliary source of electric energy 46 through an auxiliary high-voltage high-frequency transformer Tesla 47, which are installed on the car. The electrical insulating screen is made in the form of a vacuum cylinder of optical glass or in the form of a cylinder of solid optical glass with polished ends, which are coated with an antireflective coating. A transparent conductive coating 6 is applied to the outer end of the screen, for example, based on films of tin and indium oxides. This conductive coating 6 is connected by a wire to the driver 4 and to the diode-capacitor unit 13. The cylinder diameter is 5-50 diameters of the radiation of the generator, and a length of 150 mm for every 10 kV voltage on the channel former.

 Along the road in its middle part at an altitude of 5-6 m, an 11 tape metal V-shaped receiver 42 with a width of 40-60 mm is installed on insulators, which is connected in one or several places along road 43 with a source of electrical energy through a Tesla 3 high-voltage high-frequency transformer.

 The radiation generator 2, the insulating screen 7 and the shaper of the channel 4 are installed on the roof of the car and have a device 45 for constant orientation of the radiation generator and the conductive channel to the tape radiation receiver 42.

 Since the installation height of the V-shaped tape receiver 42 is the same along the length of the road 43 and repeats its profile, for a car moving in the same row, the orientation of the radiation generator to the tape receiver remains constant and does not require adjustment. When switching to another row, a fixed change in the angle of inclination of the generator is carried out, and with further preservation of the row, the orientation of the generator remains constant.

 With two-way traffic of 8 rows in each direction, a row width of 4 m and a V-shaped arrangement of the tape receiver 42 at a height of 6 m above the dividing strip between the two directions of movement, the maximum length of the conducting channel from the end row to the tape receiver 42 for each direction will be 32 m, and the minimum distance is 8 m.

 The shaper of the conductive channel in the car is connected to the electric drive and control system of the car through a diode-capacitor unit 13 (Fig. 5) of two counter-connected diodes connected to opposite terminals of the capacitor. The common output of both diodes is connected to the channel former. An electric drive is connected to the terminals of the capacitor through a diode. With a voltage of 35 kV at the tape receiver 42, a frequency of 30 kHz, and a line capacitance and a load capacitor of 2000 pF, the transmitted power will be 60 MW.

 With a vehicle electric drive power of 60 kW, one source of electric energy and a tape receiver will provide simultaneous movement of 1000 cars with electric energy.

 To increase the number of cars, an electric power source with a Tesla 3 high-voltage high-frequency transformer is installed at a certain distance along the road 43 and connected to the tape receiver 42 using a cable 41.

 An X-ray and other radiation generator, an aerosol generator, and other devices that create increased channel conductivity along the axis of the radiation beam can be used as a radiation generator to form a conducting channel.

 The method and device can be used to transfer electrical energy to airplanes, balloons, rockets and low-orbit satellites in both continuous and pulsed mode.

Claims (14)

 1. A method of transmitting electric energy, including the transmission of electric energy from an electric energy source to an electric energy receiver, characterized in that a conductive channel is formed between the source and the electric energy receiver by photoionization and impact ionization using a radiation generator, said conductive channel is electrically isolated from the generator radiation using a transparent insulating screen for radiation, connect the conductive channel to a source of electrical energy a high voltage high frequency transformer of Tesla and a receiver of electrical energy through a high frequency step-down transformer Tesla or diode-condenser unit, increases the electrical conductivity of the channel by forming a surface charge and increase the electric field intensity and Coulomb carried out under the action of forces moving electrical charges along the conducting channel.
 2. The method of transmitting electrical energy according to claim 1, characterized in that the conductive channel is formed from the side of the energy source.
 3. The method of transmitting electrical energy according to claim 1, characterized in that the conductive channel is formed from the side of the energy receiver.
 4. The method of transmitting electric energy according to claim 1, or 2, or 3, characterized in that the electric energy is transmitted through a conductive channel in a continuous mode.
 5. The method of transmitting electric energy according to claim 1, or 2, or 3, characterized in that the electric energy is transmitted through the conductive channel in a pulsed mode by simultaneously supplying simultaneously pulses from the radiation generator and electric pulses from the Tesla high-voltage transformer to the shaper of the conducting channel .
 6. A device for transmitting electrical energy, comprising a source and a receiver of electric energy, characterized in that the device comprises a radiation generator based on an optical or X-ray laser for forming a conductive channel between the source and the receiver of electric energy, a shaper of the conductive channel and electrically insulating coaxially with the radiation generator a screen transparent to the radiation of the generator, located between the shaper of the conductive channel and the radiation generator, an electric source Electric energy is connected to the shaper of the conductive channel through a Tesla high-voltage high-frequency transformer; on the opposite side of the conductive channel there is a receiver of the conductive channel isolated from the body of the electric energy receiver; said electric power receiver is connected to the channel receiver through a Tesla step-down high-frequency transformer or a diode-capacitor block.
 7. The device for transmitting electric energy according to claim 6, characterized in that two or more radiation generators are installed between the source and the receiver of electric energy, each of which has a shaper and a receiver of the conductive channel, and an electrically insulating screen, the receiver of the conductive channel being formed first a radiation generator, connected to the shaper of the conductive channel of the second radiation generator, and the second radiation generator is connected through a step-down high-frequency transformer Tesla or diode capacitor bank with the receiver unit of the conductive channel of the first radiation generator.
 8. A device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 6 or 7, characterized in that it is made in the form of a branched energy system consisting of a plurality of source and receiver of electrical energy, interconnected by conductive channels having the same frequency and voltage at the connection points, each source of electrical energy is equipped with a radiation generator, an electrically insulating screen, a shaper and a receiver of the conductive channel, each shaper of the conductive channel is connected to an electric source energy using a Tesla high-voltage high-frequency transformer, and each radiation generator is connected either to an electric energy source or to a receiver of the conducting channel through a Tesla high-frequency transformer or a diode-capacitor block.
 9. The device for transmitting electric energy according to claim 6, characterized in that the receiver of the conductive channel lowering the high-frequency Tesla transformer or the diode-capacitor unit and the receiver of electric energy are installed on the vehicle, and the radiation generator, the electrical insulating screen and the shaper of the conductive channel are installed in within direct line of sight from the vehicle and have a common tracking system for the receiver mounted on the vehicle.
 10. A device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 6, or 7, or 8, or 9, characterized in that it further has a pulse synchronizer, which is connected to a radiation generator and a Tesla high-voltage high-frequency transformer.
 11. A device for transmitting electric energy according to claim 6 or 10, characterized in that the electric energy source is connected through a Tesla high-voltage high-frequency transformer to a metal tape receiver, which is mounted on insulators along the road along which the vehicle is moving, and the radiation generator, shaper a conductive channel and an electrical insulating screen are mounted on the vehicle and equipped with an orientation device for the tape receiver, the channel former is connected to the electric system drive and control a vehicle through a Tesla step-down high-frequency transformer or a diode-capacitor block.
 12. A device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 6, or 7, or 8, or 9, or 10, or 11, characterized in that the electrically insulating screen contains a sealed evacuated casing of electrical insulating material and has two coaxially arranged windows of transparent material for radiation generator.
 13. A device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 6, or 7, or 8, or 9, or 10, or 11, characterized in that the electrical insulating screen is made solid of an insulating material transparent to the radiation of the generator.
 14. A device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 6, or 7, or 8, or 9, or 10, or 11, or 12, or 13, characterized in that on the surface of the electrical insulating screen, opposite to the radiation generator, is applied an electrically conductive coating transparent to the radiation of the generator, which is electrically connected to the shaper of the conductive channel.
RU99105452/09A 1999-03-25 1999-03-25 Power transmission method and device RU2143775C1 (en)

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