RU2183376C2 - Procedure and gear to transmit electric energy ( alternatives ) - Google Patents

Procedure and gear to transmit electric energy ( alternatives ) Download PDF

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RU2183376C2
RU2183376C2 RU2000117147/09A RU2000117147A RU2183376C2 RU 2183376 C2 RU2183376 C2 RU 2183376C2 RU 2000117147/09 A RU2000117147/09 A RU 2000117147/09A RU 2000117147 A RU2000117147 A RU 2000117147A RU 2183376 C2 RU2183376 C2 RU 2183376C2
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electrical energy
conductive
energy
voltage
transmitting
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RU2000117147/09A
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Russian (ru)
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RU2000117147A (en
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Д.С. Стребков
С.В. Авраменко
А.И. Некрасов
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Стребков Дмитрий Семенович
Авраменко Станислав Викторович
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FIELD: electrical engineering. SUBSTANCE: procedure and gear are meant for transmission of electric energy in vacuum, outside confines of earth atmosphere, between spacecraft or planets, from the Earth to space bodies and from space to the Earth as well as from one point on the Earth to another point on the Earth through atmosphere and space. Proposed procedure includes generation of high- frequency electromagnetic oscillations and their transmission over conducting channel between source and collector of electric energy. Conducting channel is formed with the aid of accelerator in the form of relativistic electron beam on to which high voltage of 0.3-300.00 kHz from spiral traveling-wave antenna is fed. To raise radiation safety conducting channel is formed in the form of two crossing beams, one of which is formed in atmosphere with use of laser and the other beam is formed in rarefied atmosphere and outside boundaries of atmosphere in the form of relativistic electron beam. EFFECT: increased efficiency and reduced losses of electric energy in process of transmission. 25 cl, 7 dwg

Description

 The device relates to the field of electrical engineering, in particular to a method and device for transmitting electrical energy.

 A known method and device for transmitting electrical energy, comprising transmitting electrical energy from a source to an electric energy receiver in such a way that a conductive channel is formed between the source and the electric energy receiver by photoionization and impact ionization using a radiation generator. The specified conductive channel is electrically isolated from the radiation generator using an electrically insulating shield transparent to radiation, the conductive channel is connected to an electric energy source through a Tesla high-frequency transformer and to an electric energy receiver through a Tesla high-frequency transformer or a diode-capacitor unit, increase the channel’s electrical conductivity by forming surface charge and increase the electric field and carry out under Procedure Coulomb forces moving electrical charges along the conducting channel. The conductive channel is formed both from the side of the energy source and from the side of the energy receiver.

 Electric energy is transmitted through the conducting channel in a pulsed or continuous mode by simultaneously supplying simultaneously pulses from the radiation generator and electric pulses from the Tesla high-voltage transformer to the shaper of the conducting channel.

 A known device for transmitting electric energy comprises a radiation generator based on an optical or X-ray laser for forming a conductive channel between the source and the receiver of electric energy, a shaper of the conductive channel and an electrically insulating screen transparent to the radiation of the generator located between the shaper of the conductive channel and the generator mounted coaxially with the radiation generator radiation. The electric energy source is connected to the shaper of the conductive channel through a Tesla high-voltage high-frequency transformer, and on the opposite side of the conductive channel there is a receiver of the conductive channel isolated from the housing of the electric energy receiver. The specified receiver of electrical energy is connected to the receiver of the channel through a step-down high-frequency transformer Tesla or a diode-capacitor block.

 A device for transmitting electrical energy can be made in the form of a branched energy system, consisting of many sources and receivers of electrical energy, interconnected by conductive channels having the same frequency and voltage at the connection points. Each source of electrical energy is equipped with a radiation generator, an electrically insulating screen, a shaper and a receiver of the conductive channel. Each shaper of the conductive channel is connected to an electric energy source using a Tesla high-voltage high-frequency transformer, and each radiation generator is connected either to an electric energy source or to a receiver through a Tesla high-frequency transformer or a diode-capacitor block (RF patent 2143775 of 03.25.99 g. BI 36, 1999).

 A disadvantage of the known method and device is the necessity of using a gas-discharge conducting channel and maintaining the concentration of ionized air in the channel within certain limits, since at a low concentration of ions the laser air channel has a low conductivity, insufficient for the transfer of electrical energy, and at a high concentration of ions the air channel becomes opaque for laser radiation.

 Another disadvantage of the known method and device is that it cannot be used in vacuum outside the earth's atmosphere.

 A known method of transmitting electrical energy using relativistic beams of high-energy electrons (B.E. Meyerovich. Channel of high current. M: Fima, 1999, pp. 355-357). The disadvantage of this method of transmitting electrical energy is the large loss of energy for dissipation in the collision of electrons with molecules in a gaseous medium, which limits the propagation length and power of the electron flow in the atmosphere.

 Another disadvantage is the need to convert the electronic flow from the consumer into electrical energy with specified parameters, since the electron flow is a current source. The selection of energy from the electron beam in the known method is carried out by braking electrons in the electric field of the capacitor and increasing the charge of the capacitor.

 In a magnetic field, the energy of an electron beam is converted to synchrotron radiation. When a solid target is irradiated, the energy of the electron beam will turn into heat, which can be converted into electrical energy using known thermodynamic energy conversion cycles.

 All these methods of converting the electric energy of an electron beam are characterized by low efficiency.

 The objective of the invention is to increase the efficiency and reduce losses in the transmission of electric energy, as well as providing the possibility of transmitting electric energy in vacuum outside the earth's atmosphere between spacecraft or planets, as well as from Earth to space bodies and back from outer space to Earth, and from one point of the Earth to another point of the Earth through the atmosphere and outer space.

 The above result is achieved in that in a method for transmitting electrical energy, including generating high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel between a source and a receiver of electrical energy, the conductive channel is formed using an accelerator in the form of a relativistic electron beam to which a high voltage with a frequency of 0 is applied , 3-300.0 kHz from a spiral traveling wave antenna.

 To increase radiation safety, the conducting channel is formed in the form of two intersecting beams, one of which is formed in the atmosphere using a laser, and the second is formed in a rarefied medium and outside the atmosphere in the form of a relativistic electron beam.

 In another embodiment of the invention, the beams in the conductive channel are directed coaxially opposite each other, the beam of relativistic electrons is directed mainly from an optically less dense medium towards an optically denser medium, and laser radiation is predominantly from an optical denser medium towards an optical less dense medium.

 In another embodiment of the invention, the formation of the conductive channel is carried out by transmitting along the channel axis a coaxial relativistic electron beam and a laser beam and supplying a high voltage to the conductive channel from a Tesla high-voltage high-frequency transformer.

 In yet another embodiment of the invention, the formation of conductive channels is carried out by transmitting along the channel axis two parallel beams of laser radiation and relativistic electrons, the distance between which does not exceed a transverse dimension smaller in diameter of the beam.

 To increase the length of the transmission line of electrical energy and in the presence of several sources and receivers of energy, the conducting channel is formed in the form of several sections, at least one section of the conducting channel is formed in the form of a relativistic electron beam, at least one section is formed in the form of a laser beam, and at least at least one section is formed in the form of a flexible thread of electrically conductive material.

 To reduce losses in the line, the conductive channel is formed of two sections, one of which is formed with the help of an accelerator in the form of a relativistic electron beam, and the second in the form of a thread made along the entire length of the whole or part of the electrically conductive material.

 In one embodiment of the invention, the conductive channel is formed of two sections, one of which is formed in the form of a laser beam, and the second in the form of a strand of electrically conductive material.

 To transfer electrical energy through a line other than a straight line, the conductive channel contains a conductive body that is irradiated from one or more sides using relativistic electron beams and laser beams connected to Tesla high voltage transformers.

 To create the Earth’s global energy supply system, conducting layers in the Earth’s ionosphere are used as a conducting body, which are connected by conducting channels based on relativistic electron beams to sources and receivers of electrical energy.

 In another embodiment of the invention, portions of the conductive channels formed by a flexible conductive filament, a laser beam and a beam of relativistic electrons are interconnected using intermediate conductive bodies.

 In another embodiment of the transmission of electrical energy, the source of electrical energy is installed on the Earth, and the receiver of electrical energy on the spacecraft and the conductive channel from the side of the spacecraft are formed using a relativistic electron beam, and from the side of the Earth using a conductive filament connected to the atmosphere intermediate conductive body.

 The intermediate conductive body is made in the form of a screen of an aircraft, such as a balloon.

 In another embodiment of the method of transmitting electrical energy, a conductive body is mounted on top of a mountain.

 A device for transmitting electrical energy containing high-voltage high-frequency Tesla transformers installed at the receiver and at the energy source contains an accelerator of relativistic electron beams, the outlet of the accelerator is connected to the high-voltage winding of the Tesla transformer, and the axis of the accelerator is oriented to a conductive insulated screen that is connected to the high-voltage winding another Tesla transformer.

 The device for transmitting electric energy contains a relativistic electron beam accelerator, and the Tesla high-voltage winding is made in the form of a multilayer spiral antenna, the axes of which at the sources and the energy receiver coincide with the axis of the electron beam of the relativistic electron accelerator, and the internal terminal of the high-voltage winding is connected to the electron beam.

 In one embodiment of a device for transmitting electrical energy, a relativistic electron accelerator is mounted on the side of an energy source.

 In another embodiment of the device for transmitting electrical energy, the accelerator of relativistic electron beams is mounted on the side of the energy receiver.

 In another embodiment, the device for transmitting electrical energy contains two accelerators of relativistic electron beams, which are installed on the side of the energy source and on the side of the energy receiver.

 In yet another embodiment, a device for transmitting electrical energy comprises an accelerator of relativistic electron beams that is mounted on a conductive intermediate body.

 The essence of the method and device for transmitting electrical energy is illustrated in figures 1-7.

 In FIG. 1 shows a general diagram of a method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy using a conductive channel based on relativistic electron beams.

 Figure 2 - diagram of a method and device for transmitting electrical energy from a cosmic body to the Earth through a conductive channel obtained using an oncoming coaxial relativistic electron beam and laser radiation.

 Figure 3 is a diagram of a method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy through a conductive channel obtained using coaxial beams of relativistic electrons and a laser beam propagated in one direction.

 Figure 4 - diagram of a method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy using a conductive channel formed by a flexible conductive thread, laser radiation and a relativistic electron beam through intermediate conductive bodies.

 5 is a diagram of a method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy using conductive channels based on relativistic electron beams and conductive layers of the ionosphere as an intermediate conductive body.

 6 is a diagram of a method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy from the Earth to a spacecraft and an aircraft in the atmosphere.

 7 is a diagram of a method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy in near-Earth space using conductive channels based on flexible conductive filaments, laser radiation and relativistic electron beams.

 In FIG. 1, electrical energy from an energy source 1 with a frequency of 0.3-300.0 kHz is increased in voltage and fed through terminal 3 of a high-voltage spiral antenna of a traveling wave 2 and terminal 3 to a conductive channel 4, which is a guiding system for electromagnetic waves. The conductive channel 4 is formed using the accelerator 5 in the form of a relativistic electron beam 6.

 The energy receiver 7 is connected through a rectifier 8 with a low voltage winding 9 of a Tesla high-frequency high-voltage transformer 10. The inner terminal 11 of the Tesla transformer 10 high-voltage winding 12 is electrically connected through a conductive electrically insulated screen 13 with a conductive channel 4, which is formed by a relativistic electron beam 6.

 The second end 14 of the high-voltage winding 12 is connected to a natural electrical capacitance 15, which together with the capacitance of the conductive channel 4, inter-turn capacitance and inductance of the high-voltage winding 12 of the transformer 10 creates an LC circuit. When the charge current of the capacitance 15 passes through the high-voltage winding 12 under conditions of resonance of the LC circuit voltages, a high voltage is created on the winding 12, which is transformed into a low voltage using a Tesla step-down transformer 10.

 Source 1 and receiver 7 can be installed on the Earth, the orbital Station, the spacecraft, a balloon, an airplane or a helicopter, the moon and planets of the solar system.

 The production and use of powerful relativistic electron beams is associated with the creation of accelerators in which an electron is accelerated in an electric field to an energy that significantly exceeds the rest energy. The accelerator contains an electron source, for example, a cathode emitting an electron beam, and an accelerating system made in the form of an electric field of a traveling wave in a waveguide, in the form of an electrostatic linear system, or in the form of a synchrotron with a time-varying magnetic field at a constant frequency of the electric accelerating field. For electrons, even at an energy of 1 MeV, the speed of motion in a relativistic beam is close to the speed of light and increases slightly with increasing energy. An electron with an energy of 5-10 BeV or more can travel a considerable distance in a relativistic beam without significant energy loss while maintaining the beam diameter by suppressing the electrostatic expansion of electrons in the transverse direction and reducing the scattering cross section for medium atoms (B. E. Meyerovich. High current channel M.: Fima, 1999, pp. 355-357).

 In FIG. 2, an energy source 1 is installed on the spacecraft 16 and transmits electrical energy to the Earth through a conductive channel 4, which is formed using the accelerator 5 in the form of a relativistic electron beam 6 directed from the spacecraft 16 to a receiver 7 installed on Earth. The relativistic electron beam 6 is directed from a medium less optically dense outside the atmosphere to a denser medium near the Earth's surface, which reduces the energy loss in channel 4 and increases the length of the conducting channel. In parallel with the relativistic electron beam 6, a conductive channel 4 is formed from the energy receiver 7 to the energy source 1 by means of a laser 17 in the form of a laser beam 18. The conductive channel 4 is isolated from the laser 17 by means of an electrically insulated screen 19. Electrically insulated screen 19 made in the form of a disc made of transparent quartz glass. The conductive channel 4 is connected through a shaper 20 of the conductive channel, made in the form of a tube of conductive material, with a high voltage winding 12 of the Tesla step-down transformer 10. The receiver 7 receives electric energy from the Tesla transformer 10 similarly to the method and device shown in Fig. 1. The laser 17 receives electrical energy from an additional energy source 45. The method and device for transmitting electrical energy in figure 2 does not change if the receiver 7 and the source 1 of electrical energy are interchanged and transmit electrical energy from the Earth to the spacecraft 16.

 In Fig.3, two aircraft 21 and 22 are interconnected by a conducting channel 4, which is formed by a beam of relativistic electrons 6 and laser radiation 18, directed from the energy source 1 to the energy receiver 7.

A high-voltage spiral traveling-wave antenna 2, an accelerator of relativistic electron beams 5, and a laser 17 receive energy from an energy source 1 on an aircraft 21. An accelerator of relativistic electron beams is mounted on the side of energy source 1. The parallelism and alignment of the laser beam 18 and the beam of relativistic electrons 6 are provided by rotation of the laser beam using a mirror 23, transparent to the relativistic electron beam 6. The mirror 23 is made in the form of a quartz disk, on the surface of which a thin mirror film from aluminum. The diameter of the laser beam far exceeds the diameter of the beam of relativistic electrons. To pass the electron beam, the mirror 23 has a variable thickness and a hole in the center of the quartz disk. The mirror 25 is set at an angle of 45 o to the direction of the laser beam so that the hole in the center of the mirror coincides with the axis of the laser beam and the axis of the relativistic electron beam. The alignment of the laser and electron beam is achieved by aligning the mirror 23 by changing its angle of inclination to the axis of the laser beam.

 The method and device for transmitting electrical energy to a receiver on an aircraft 22 is similar to that shown in FIG.

 The method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy according to FIG. 3 will not change if the relativistic electron beam 6 and the laser beam 18 propagate in parallel so that the distance between the electron beam 6 and the laser beam 18 does not exceed the diameter of a larger beam (beam) section.

 In the general case, three or more aircraft transmit electrical energy from different sides to the aircraft or to each other using relativistic electron beams and laser beams connected to a high-voltage traveling-wave spiral antenna. In this case, the conductive channel of one of the aircraft contains a conductive body, which receives relativistic electron beams and laser beams from other aircraft. In this case, the conductive body is a passive repeater that electrically commutates with each other, all flows of electric energy coming to it from other aircraft, perform the functions of a distribution electrical substation in the power system. The conductive body is made in the form of a sphere or disk and is equipped with electric motor installations to maintain orientation and location in near-Earth space.

 In Fig. 4, an energy source 1 installed on the Earth 16 transmits electrical energy through a conductive filament 24, for example graphite or fiber optic, to an intermediate conductive body 25, which is made in the form of a conductive electrically insulated screen 26 mounted on an aircraft 27, for example on an air balloon, airship. The conductive screen 26 is connected to the former 20 of the conductive channel 4 formed by the laser 17. The laser 17 is mounted on the aircraft 27 and receives energy from the energy source 1 through the conductive flexible filament 24 and the auxiliary step-down transformer Tesla 28.

 The method and device for transmitting electrical energy will not change if the laser 17 is installed not on an aircraft, but on a mountain top.

 The conductive channel 4, formed by the laser 17, enters the second intermediate conductive body 29, made in the form of a conductive electrically insulated screen 30 mounted on an aircraft 31, such as an unmanned aircraft or a balloon.

 An electric energy receiver 7 is mounted on the spacecraft 15 and connected by a conductive channel 4 to the conductive screen 30. The conductive channel is formed by the accelerator 5 in the form of a relativistic electron beam 6 directed from the spacecraft 15 to the conductive screen 30. The accelerator of relativistic electron beams is mounted on the side receiver 15.

 The electron accelerator 5 receives energy from an auxiliary source of electrical energy 32 mounted on the spacecraft.

 5, conductive layers in the ionosphere 33 are used as the second intermediate conductive body 29. Electrical energy is transmitted from the energy source 1 on the Earth through a flexible conductive filament 24 and a conductive channel 4 formed by a laser 17 mounted on top of the mountain 34. Conducting channel 4 connects the energy source 1 with the conductive layers in the ionosphere 33.

 Spacecraft 15 and 35 and aircraft 31 and 36 in the atmosphere receive electrical energy from source 1 through conducting layers of the ionosphere 33 using conducting channels 37 and 38, formed as a relativistic electron beam 6, or conducting channels 39 and 40, formed using lasers 17.

 The formation of conducting channels is carried out by transmitting parallel beams of laser radiation and relativistic electrons along the channel axis, the distance between which does not exceed a transverse dimension smaller in diameter of the beam.

 6, the spacecraft 15 and the aircraft 21 receive electrical energy using the conductive channels 4 formed using the accelerator 5 of the relativistic electron beam 6 and the laser 17 in the form of a laser beam 18 mounted on top of the mountain 34 and receiving energy via a single-wire line 41 from the energy source 1, installed at the foot of the mountain 34.

 The method and device for transmitting electrical energy will not change if the laser 17 and the accelerator 5 are installed on the aircraft 21 and the spacecraft 15, respectively, and form the conductive channels 4 in the direction of the conductive electrically insulated screen 26 mounted on top of the mountain 34 and connected to a single-wire power source 1 line 41, made along the entire length of the whole or part of the electrically conductive material (with application to the surface).

 The intermediate conductive body is made in the form of a screen located on an aircraft, such as a balloon, isolated from the latter.

 In FIG. 7 above the ground at an altitude of 25-40 km at a direct line of sight from each other are located on aircraft 21, 22, 42, accelerators 5 of relativistic electron beams 6, which form conductive channels 4 between conductive electrically insulated screens 26 installed on each aircraft. As the aircraft 21, 22, 42 use controlled balloons or unmanned aerial vehicles that receive energy through the conductive channels using an auxiliary step-down transformer Tesla 28 or a diode-capacitor unit 43. Energy to the conductive channels 4 is supplied from energy sources 1 using flexible thin conductive filament 24 and conductive channels 4 formed between the energy sources 1 and the intermediate conductive shields 26 using a laser beam 18 or a relativistic electron beam 6. Each conductive electrically insulated shield is in the form of a metallic disk mounted on insulators on the aircraft. A conductive electrically insulated screen 26 on each aircraft is connected to the shaper of the conductive channel 4 to create a continuous electrical connection between the aircraft and the transmission of electrical energy.

 Energy receivers 7 mounted on aircraft 44 or on Earth 16 receive energy through conducting channels 4 formed by a relativistic electron beam 6 and laser beam 18, which are directed from energy receivers 7 on aircraft 44 and on Earth 16 to intermediate electrically isolated screens 26 that are in line of sight. This allows you to receive electrical energy almost anywhere in the world and in near-Earth space. Aircraft 21, 22, 42 can be called electric repeaters of the Earth’s global energy supply system. At the same time, television signals and cellular telephony repeaters are installed on these aircraft, which receive energy from electric repeaters using Tesla 28 auxiliary step-down transformers or 43 diode-capacitor units installed on each aircraft 21, 22, 41.

 The method and device for transmitting electrical energy are implemented as follows.

 The accelerator 5 creates a relativistic electron beam 6, which is the guiding system for transferring electrical energy from the energy source 1 to the receiver 7. The electrons in the electric field of the accelerator are accelerated to an energy significantly exceeding the energy corresponding to the rest mass of the electron. Since the electron scattering cross section decreases sharply with increasing relative energy, the energy loss due to scattering by the atoms of the medium decreases significantly with increasing electron beam energy. Therefore, a relativistic electron beam can propagate over a very large distance without significant energy loss. An increase in electron energy reduces ionization losses and suppresses the expansion of the beam in the transverse direction, which occurs due to the electrostatic mutual repulsion of the beam electrons.

 Moving electrons are parallel currents that experience magnetic attraction to each other. This magnetic attraction with increasing electron energy neutralizes the electrostatic repulsion of electrons. Thus, the relativistic electron beam acts as a single-wire guide system for electromagnetic traveling waves with a frequency of 0.3-300.0 kHz, which are generated by a high-frequency power source 1 and supplied to the guide system through a traveling-wave spiral antenna 2.

 The scattering of electromagnetic energy at low frequencies is small, since the electromagnetic field of the traveling wave is concentrated near the relativistic electron beam and does not propagate as isotropically as radio waves, but along the guiding system.

 At the receiver, electromagnetic energy of high frequency is converted into electric energy of direct current or industrial frequency using a step-down high-frequency transformer 10, a rectifier and an inverter or a diode-capacitor block.

 The electric energy and power transmitted along the relativistic electron beam 6 significantly (hundreds of thousands of times) exceeds the power of the accelerator 5 and the energy spent on creating the relativistic electron beam, which is mainly spent on ionizing the air.

 Therefore, ionization losses will decrease with decreasing residual gas pressure in the upper atmosphere. The greatest transmission distance of electric energy will be when transferring outside the atmosphere between spacecraft and on the routes to the Moon and Venus, Mars and other planets of the solar system. A method and apparatus for transmitting electrical energy using conductive channels formed by relativistic electron beams can also be used to transfer electrical energy in the upper atmosphere to a distance of several tens of thousands of kilometers when using intermediate conductive bodies that act as transponders of damped by ionization losses electron beam. In this case, electric power transponders can be combined with transponders of information channels of cellular communications and television and form at 30-40 km altitude a closed system of energy and information support for consumers anywhere in the world.

Claims (25)

 1. A method of transmitting electrical energy, including the generation of high-voltage high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel between a source and a receiver of electrical energy, characterized in that the conductive channel is formed using an accelerator in the form of a relativistic beam.
 2. A method of transmitting electrical energy, including the generation of high-voltage high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel between a source and a receiver of electrical energy, characterized in that the conductive channel is formed in the form of two intersecting beams, one of which is formed in the atmosphere using a laser, and the second is formed in a rarefied medium and outside the atmosphere in the form of a relativistic electron beam.
 3. The method of transmitting electric energy according to claim 2, characterized in that the conductive channel comprises a conductive body that is irradiated from one or more sides using relativistic electron beams and laser beams connected to a high-voltage traveling wave spiral antenna.
 4. A method of transmitting electrical energy, including the generation of high-voltage high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel between a source and a receiver of electrical energy, characterized in that the conductive channel is formed using the accelerator in the form of relativistic beams that are directed coaxially opposite each other, and the beam relativistic electrons are directed from an optically less dense medium towards an optically denser medium, and laser radiation is predominantly from an optical more dense dense medium towards the optical less dense medium.
 5. The method of transmitting electrical energy according to claim 4, characterized in that the conductive channel comprises a conductive body that is irradiated from one or more sides using relativistic electron beams and laser beams connected to a high-voltage traveling wave spiral antenna.
 6. A method of transmitting electrical energy, including generating high-voltage high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel between a source and a receiver of electrical energy, characterized in that the conductive channel is formed into several sections, at least one portion of the conductive channel is formed in the form of a relativistic beam electrons, at least one portion in the form of a laser beam and at least one portion in the form of a flexible filament of electrically conductive material.
 7. The method of transmitting electrical energy according to claim 6, characterized in that the boundaries of the sections of the conductive channel are interconnected using intermediate conductive bodies.
 8. A method of transmitting electrical energy, including the generation of high-voltage high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel between a source and a receiver of electrical energy, characterized in that the formation of the conductive channel is carried out by transmitting along the channel axis a coaxial relativistic electron beam and a laser beam and supplying it to the conducting high voltage channel through a spiral traveling wave antenna.
 9. A method of transmitting electrical energy, including the generation of high-voltage high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel between a source and a receiver of electrical energy, characterized in that the formation of conductive channels is carried out by transmitting parallel beams of laser radiation and relativistic electrons along the channel axis, the distance between which does not exceed the transverse dimension of the smaller diameter of the beam.
 10. A method of transmitting electrical energy, including generating high-voltage high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel from a source to an electric energy receiver, characterized in that the conductive channel is formed of two sections, one of which is formed using an accelerator in the form of a relativistic electron beam, and the second - in the form of a thread made along the entire length of fully or partially from an electrically conductive material.
 11. The method of transmitting electrical energy according to claim 10, characterized in that the boundaries of the sections of the conductive channel are interconnected using intermediate conductive bodies.
 12. The method of transmitting electric energy according to claim 10, characterized in that the electric energy source is installed on the Earth, and the electric energy receiver on the spacecraft and the conductive channel from the side of the spacecraft are formed using a relativistic electron beam, and from the Earth using a conductive filament connected to an intermediate conductive body located in the atmosphere.
 13. The method of transmitting electrical energy according to p. 12, characterized in that the intermediate conductive body is made in the form of a screen mounted on an aircraft, a balloon.
 14. The method of transmitting electrical energy according to claim 12, characterized in that the intermediate conductive body is mounted on top of a mountain.
 15. A method of transmitting electrical energy, including the generation of high-voltage high-frequency electromagnetic waves and transmitting them through a conductive channel from a source to a receiver of electrical energy, characterized in that the conductive channel is formed of two sections, one of which is formed in the form of a laser beam, and the second in as a thread of conductive material.
 16. The method of transmitting electrical energy according to claim 15, characterized in that the boundaries of the sections of the conductive channel are interconnected using intermediate conductive bodies.
 17. A device for transmitting electrical energy containing high-voltage high-frequency Tesla transformers installed at the receiver and the energy source, characterized in that the high-voltage high-frequency Tesla transformer at the energy source provides a voltage-boosted supply through the terminal of the spiral high-voltage traveling wave antenna to the conductive channel, formed by the relativistic electron accelerator, the output of which is connected to a high-voltage spiral antenna of a traveling wave, and the axis will accelerate A relativistic electron beam is focused on the insulated conductive screen connected to the high voltage winding of the high-voltage high-frequency step-down transformer Tesla, with a low-voltage winding which is connected to the energy receiver.
 18. A device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 17, characterized in that the relativistic beam accelerator is installed on the side of the energy source.
 19. A device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 17, characterized in that the accelerator of relativistic electron beams is installed on the side of the energy receiver.
 20. A device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 17, characterized in that the device comprises two accelerators of relativistic electron beams, which are installed on the side of the energy source and on the side of the energy receiver.
 21. A device for transmitting electrical energy containing high-voltage high-frequency Tesla transformers installed at the receiver and an energy source and connected by a conductive channel, characterized in that the device contains a relativistic electron beam accelerator, and the high-voltage windings of the Tesla high-voltage transformer are made in the form of a spiral antenna, axis the antennas at the source and receiver of energy coincide with the axis of the electron beam of the relativistic electron accelerator, and the internal output d multilayer high-voltage winding is connected to the electron beam.
 22. A device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 21, characterized in that the relativistic beam accelerator is installed on the side of the energy source.
 23. A device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 21, characterized in that the accelerator of relativistic electron beams is mounted on the side of the energy receiver.
 24. A device for transmitting electrical energy according to claim 21, characterized in that the device comprises two accelerators of relativistic electron beams, which are installed on the side of the energy source and on the side of the energy receiver.
 25. A device for transmitting electrical energy containing high-voltage high-frequency Tesla transformers installed at the receiver and an energy source connected by a conductive channel, characterized in that the device contains an intermediate conductive body on which an accelerator of relativistic electron beams is mounted.
RU2000117147/09A 2000-07-03 2000-07-03 Procedure and gear to transmit electric energy ( alternatives ) RU2183376C2 (en)

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