NL2022574B1 - System and method for locking a vehicle - Google Patents

System and method for locking a vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
NL2022574B1
NL2022574B1 NL2022574A NL2022574A NL2022574B1 NL 2022574 B1 NL2022574 B1 NL 2022574B1 NL 2022574 A NL2022574 A NL 2022574A NL 2022574 A NL2022574 A NL 2022574A NL 2022574 B1 NL2022574 B1 NL 2022574B1
Authority
NL
Netherlands
Prior art keywords
lock
pin
plug
rfid tag
information
Prior art date
Application number
NL2022574A
Other languages
Dutch (nl)
Inventor
Gerbrand Hutten Jan
Dimphina Henricus Stunnebrink Marco
Tijmen Van Ede Marinus
Original Assignee
Axa Stenman Nederland B V
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Axa Stenman Nederland B V filed Critical Axa Stenman Nederland B V
Priority to NL2022574A priority Critical patent/NL2022574B1/en
Priority to DE202020100785.8U priority patent/DE202020100785U1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of NL2022574B1 publication Critical patent/NL2022574B1/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62JCYCLE SADDLES OR SEATS; AUXILIARY DEVICES OR ACCESSORIES SPECIALLY ADAPTED TO CYCLES AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. ARTICLE CARRIERS OR CYCLE PROTECTORS
    • B62J45/00Electrical equipment arrangements specially adapted for use as accessories on cycles, not otherwise provided for
    • B62J45/40Sensor arrangements; Mounting thereof
    • B62J45/41Sensor arrangements; Mounting thereof characterised by the type of sensor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62HCYCLE STANDS; SUPPORTS OR HOLDERS FOR PARKING OR STORING CYCLES; APPLIANCES PREVENTING OR INDICATING UNAUTHORIZED USE OR THEFT OF CYCLES; LOCKS INTEGRAL WITH CYCLES; DEVICES FOR LEARNING TO RIDE CYCLES
    • B62H5/00Appliances preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of cycles; Locks integral with cycles
    • B62H5/14Appliances preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of cycles; Locks integral with cycles preventing wheel rotation
    • B62H5/142Appliances preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of cycles; Locks integral with cycles preventing wheel rotation by means of pivoting, or pivoting and sliding bolts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62HCYCLE STANDS; SUPPORTS OR HOLDERS FOR PARKING OR STORING CYCLES; APPLIANCES PREVENTING OR INDICATING UNAUTHORIZED USE OR THEFT OF CYCLES; LOCKS INTEGRAL WITH CYCLES; DEVICES FOR LEARNING TO RIDE CYCLES
    • B62H5/00Appliances preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of cycles; Locks integral with cycles
    • B62H5/14Appliances preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of cycles; Locks integral with cycles preventing wheel rotation
    • B62H5/147Appliances preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of cycles; Locks integral with cycles preventing wheel rotation by means of circular bolts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62JCYCLE SADDLES OR SEATS; AUXILIARY DEVICES OR ACCESSORIES SPECIALLY ADAPTED TO CYCLES AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. ARTICLE CARRIERS OR CYCLE PROTECTORS
    • B62J45/00Electrical equipment arrangements specially adapted for use as accessories on cycles, not otherwise provided for
    • B62J45/40Sensor arrangements; Mounting thereof
    • B62J45/42Sensor arrangements; Mounting thereof characterised by mounting
    • B62J45/423Sensor arrangements; Mounting thereof characterised by mounting on or besides the wheel
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B71/00Locks specially adapted for bicycles, other than padlocks

Abstract

A system for locking a vehicle, comprising: at least one plug, comprising an RFID tag; and a lock having a locking bolt for blocking a movement of a part of the vehicle, wherein the lock includes a socket for receiving the plug, Wherein the lock includes an RFID reader configured for reading the RFID tag of the plug.

Description

P122068NL00 Title: System and method for locking a vehicle The invention relates to a system for locking a vehicle.
A lock having a locking bolt is known from practice, wherein the lock is configured to enable blocking of a movement of a part of a vehicle, e.g. a wheel or steering wheel, using a bolt, and whereby an authorization mechanism, e.g. using a key, is provided to provide authorized use.
Examples include ring locks for e.g. bicycles, wherein the bolt is an arcuate bolt, disc rotor locks for e.g. motorcycles and pen locks for e.g. scooters.
Such locks are known to be combined with plug-in elements, wherein the lock includes a socket for receiving and locking a plug, wherein the plug is configured to be connected to an external object, e.g. via a cable.
While stand-alone plug-in locks are also known, the integration with a lock having a locking bolt provides complimentary benefits, e.g. the locking bolt can be used without the need for a plug or the vicinity of a suitable fixed object, while the optional use of the plug enables stronger protection against unauthorized displacement of the vehicle.
When both the bolt and the plug are used simultaneously, a beneficial redundancy in theft prevention is achieved.
Importantly, the combination allows both methods to be operated via the same authorization mechanism and within a compact form factor, greatly benefiting ease of use.
Some vehicle locks as described above are known to have electronic authorization mechanisms, overcoming the need for a physical key, which can be beneficial, especially in rental or sharing situations.
Examples include authorization via a smart phone using e.g. near field communication.
It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved locking system without reducing ease of use.
According to one aspect of the invention, there is provided a system for locking a vehicle, comprising: at least one plug, comprising an RFID tag; and a lock having a locking bolt for blocking a movement of a part of the vehicle, wherein the lock includes a socket for receiving the plug , wherein the lock includes an RFID reader configured for reading the RFID tag of the plug.
For example, the lock may be a ring lock, a pen lock, a disc rotor lock or a steering lock, among other possibilities. A vehicle may be a bicycle, a scooter, a motorcycle, a car, a cart, a trailer, a wheelchair, a personal transporter, among other possibilities.
A vehicle provided with the lock may be locked to a fixed object and/or by blocking a movement of a part of the vehicle, e.g. a wheel. Moreover, an RFID tag of a plug may be read by the lock, thus providing compact and easy-to-use means for safely and efficiently locking a vehicle.
Advantages of the present invention include the possibility of automatic registration of a locking state of a vehicle and precise and efficient localization of a vehicle using a known location of the plug.
A further advantage of the present invention can be to prevent a vehicle from being locked to an unknown or undesired plug, e.g. a plug not managed by the vehicle’s owner, e.g. a rental company, or a plug not associated with a desired parking location of the vehicle.
The lock may be configured to be mounted to the vehicle. Thus, the location of the lock may be closely associated with the location of the vehicle, and the locking state of the lock may be closely associated with the locking state of the vehicle, and the lock may be easily moved along with the vehicle.
The lock may be a bicycle lock, e.g. a ring lock. As a result, a movement of a wheel of a bicycle may be blocked and unblocked.
The lock may include a power source for electrically powering at least the RFID reader of the lock. Therefore, at least part of the lock may be operated without relying on an external power source.
The lock may include means for activating or deactivating at least one locking state of the lock, the at least one locking state for example being one of blocking removal of the plug from the socket, locking the bolt in a closed position and blocking removal of a key from the lock, providing as an advantage that e.g. a part of the vehicle may be blocked or unblocked and/or displacement of the vehicle may be prevented or not prevented.
The means may include an electrically powered actuator or motor, the lock in particular being an electronic lock, providing as an advantage that at least one locking state may be activated or deactivated using an electronic system including electronic authorization means.
The lock, in particular the RFID reader, may be configured to detect the RFID tag of the plug when the plug is received in the socket and/or during insertion of the plug into the socket, wherein the lock is preferably configured to detect the RFID tag of the plug only in case the plug is at least partly inserted into the socket of the lock, wherein the lock is preferably configured to enter an RFID reading mode, from an idle mode, upon insertion of a plug into the socket, providing as an advantage that undesired detection of RFID tags, e.g. of an RFID tag not associated with a plug being at least partly received in the socket, is avoided.
The RFID tag of the plug may be configured to transmit information, in particular upon interrogation by the RFID reader of the lock, providing as an advantage that information stored in the RFID tag may be received by the RFID reader.
The RFID reader may be configured to receive information transmitted by the tag, in particular by interrogating the tag when the plug is received in the socket, providing as advantage that the information may be processed by the lock.
The RFID reader may include an antenna located adjacent to the plug receiving socket of the lock, the antenna in particular being aligned with or coaxial with a center line of the plug receiving socket, providing as an advantage that power consumption for interrogating the tag may be reduced compared to other possible configurations while maintaining a high reliability of the reader being able to read the tag and avoiding undesired detection of RFID tags, e.g. of an RFID tag not associated with a plug being at least partly received in the socket.
The RFID reader may include a pot core antenna, providing as advantages that it is a compact and reliable antenna and that the tag may be interrogated successfully in the presence of metal structures, e.g. of the plug.
The lock may include a sensor for sensing a plug reaching or passing a predetermined plug insertion position in the socket, the sensor in particular being configured to generate a plug detection signal based on a sensing of a plug in the predetermined plug insertion position, the lock preferably being configured such that generation of a plug detection signal leads to activating the RFID reader to start seeking an RFID tag of a plug, providing as an advantage that unnecessary power consumption by the RFID reader may be reduced while not relying on a locking means for generating a plug detection signal.
The sensor may include a lever protruding into the socket, particularly into a plug insertion path in the socket, the lever being configured to be displaced by a plug during insertion of the plug, providing as advantages that generation of the plug detection signal may be powered mechanically via the insertion of the plug.
The predetermined plug insertion position may be a position where the tag of the plug is readable by the reader, providing as an advantage that unnecessary power consumption may be further reduced.
The predetermined plug insertion position may be a plug target position wherein removal of the plug from the socket can be blocked by plug blocking means of the lock, or wherein the predetermined plug insertion position is proximal to a plug target position wherein removal of the plug 5 from the socket can be blocked by plug blocking means of the lock, the plug blocking means being included in the locking means, providing as an advantage that reading of the tag of the plug may be avoided while removal of the plug from the socket can not be blocked by plug blocking means of the lock.
The plug may have an elongated, preferably substantially cylindrical shape, the socket of the lock in particular having a shape substantially mating with the shape of the plug.
The plug may include a blocking groove, spaced-apart from a distal plug end, the blocking groove being configured to receive plug blocking means of the lock during a plug locking state of the lock.
The plug may have a tapered or frusto-conical distal end.
The RFID tag may be at least partly embedded in an RFID tag section of the plug, wherein the RFID tag section of the plug is configured to allow signal transmission between the tag and an RFID-reader, wherein preferably in particular an outer surface of the RFID tag provides at least part of or coincides with an outer side of the plug, for example a distal end.
The plug may be connected to a flexible elongated organ, e.g. a cable, chain or wire.
The flexible elongated organ may be connected or configured to be connected to an external object, e.g. a rail, post or wall.
The RFID tag may have an interrogation frequency below 1 MHz, e.g. in the range of 30 to 300 kHz, e.g. about 125 kHz.
The lock may include communication means for communicating with an external device.
The lock may include a controller configured to perform at least one of: activating and/or deactivating at least one locking state of the lock; controlling the RFID reader, in particular for starting and/or stopping seeking and reading an RFID tag; controlling a user interface or user signaling means of the lock, e.g. a light source, speaker and/or display; communicating with an external communication device through communication means; and processing information.
The controller may be configured to receive information from the RFID reader, for example information signaling a detected presence of an RFID tag, or information read by the reader from the RFID tag of the plug or information that is associated with information read by the reader from the RFID tag of the plug.
The lock may include means for blocking more than partial insertion of a plug into the socket, wherein the system is configured to enable the RFID tag of the plug to be read by the RFID reader of the lock while the plug is not more than partially inserted into the socket, providing as advantages that a vehicle may be further prevented from being locked to an unknown or undesired plug and that immediate mechanical feedback may be provided to a user partially inserting a plug through the blocking and/or unblocking of the more than partial insertion.
According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a vehicle lock having a locking bolt for blocking a movement of a part of a vehicle, the lock in particular including a socket for receiving a plug, wherein the lock includes an RFID reader configured for reading an RFID tag.
In this way, the above mentioned advantages can be achieved.
According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a vehicle comprising a lock having a locking bolt for blocking a movement of a part of the vehicle, the lock in particular including a socket for receiving a plug, wherein the lock includes an RFID reader configured for reading an
RFID tag of the plug. In this way, the above mentioned advantages can be achieved.
According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a plug, the plug being configured to be received in a plug receiving socket of a vehicle lock having a locking bolt for blocking a movement of a part of a vehicle, wherein the plug comprises an RFID tag, wherein the plug is configured to having the RFID tag be readable by the RFID reader of the lock. In this way, the above mentioned advantages can be achieved.
According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a method for locking a vehicle, wherein a plug, comprising an RFID tag, is placed into a socket of a lock having a locking bolt for blocking a movement of a part of the vehicle, and wherein the lock interrogates the RFID tag, in particular using a respective RFID reader. In this way, the above mentioned advantages can be achieved.
The lock may have an idle mode, e.g. power saving mode, wherein placement of the plug activates an RFID reader of the lock, in particular through activation of a sensor or switch, providing as an advantage that unnecessary power consumption by the RFID reader may be reduced while not relying on a locking means for generating a plug detection signal.
The lock may have one or more locking states, wherein the lock changes at least one of the locking states automatically, for example from a locking state to a releasing state or vice-versa, depending at least partly on information obtained by the interrogation of the RFID tag or by an attempt at such interrogation, providing as a possible advantage that a vehicle may be prevented from being locked to an unknown or undesired plug, e.g. a plug not managed by the vehicle's owner, e.g. a rental company, or a plug not associated with a desired parking location of the vehicle..
The information obtained may include information stored in the RFID tag of the plug, providing as an advantage that a property of the plug, e.g. an identification code of the plug or a location of the plug, may beconsidered in a decision process of the lock, the decision process being for example directed towards changing or not changing at least one of the locking states of the lock.
The lock may change at least one locking state depending at least partly on information received from an external communication device, providing as an advantage that externally stored information may be considered in a decision process of the lock, the decision process being for example directed towards changing or not changing at least one of the locking states of the lock, and/or that such a decision process may be at least partly executed on an external device.
The lock may transmit information to an external communication device based on and/or including information received from the RFID tag of the plug, providing as advantages that a property of the lock and/or the vehicle and/or the plug may be registered on an external device, the property being e.g. a locking state of the lock, an identification code of the plug and/or a location of the vehicle and that such a property may be processed in an at least partly externally executed decision process.
The information may include information about the received plug, for example a plug identification code and/or information concerning a location of the plug.
The information may be at least partly derived from information obtained using the RFID reader.
The information obtained using the RFID reader may include information stored in an RFID tag of the plug.
In the following, the invention will be explained with reference to exemplary embodiments and drawings.
Fig. 1 shows a partly opened side view of a ring lock and a plug according to an exemplary embodiment of the invention, whereby the plug isnot received in the socket of the ring lock and the bolt is in an open or released position; Fig. 2 shows a similar view as Fig. 1, differing in that the plug is now received in the socket and blocked from removal from the socket and the bolt is locked in a closed position; Fig. 3 shows a system diagram, whereby a controller of the lock is functionally connected to other subsystems, which it controls and/or receives information from.
Fig. 4 shows a process diagram of an example of a method according to the invention; Fig. 5 shows a partly opened side view of a pen lock and a plug according to an alternative exemplary embodiment, whereby the plug is received and locked in the socket of the pen lock and the bolt is in an open or released position; Fig. 6 shows a similar view as Fig. 5, differing in that the plug is not received in the socket and not shown and the bolt is in an intermediate position.
Fig. 7 shows a similar view as Fig. 6, differing in that the bolt is locked in a closed position.
Figs. 1 - 2 show an exemplary embodiment of the invention, comprising a ring lock 1 for a bicycle, arranged to block a wheel of the bicycle. The bicycle, or a bicycle wheel to be blocked by the lock, has not been represented in the drawings. In the present example, the lock 1 1s provided with a housing 3 with two curved legs which surrounds a lock guiding space 27. The housing 3 defines a locking space 28 (in this case being located between opposite free ends of the legs of the housing). The lock 1 is further provided with an operable (arcuate) locking bolt 2 which, through a rotation about a virtual rotation axis, can be slid, at least partly, from the guiding space 27 into the locking space 28, and vice versa. A direction of rotation of the bolt 2 is shown in Fig. 1 with arrow al. In Figs. 1-
2, the virtual rotation axis extends perpendicular to the plane of the drawings. The lock 1 may include one or more springs (not shown) for at least partly automating a movement of the bolt 2, e.g. from the locking space back into the guiding space and/or for retaining the bolt. The bolt 2 may include a handle (not shown for this embodiment) for manually moving the bolt. The lock 1 is further provided with mounting means 26 for mounting the lock 1 to a vehicle, e.g. a bicycle.
The ring lock further comprises a socket 4 configured to receive a plug 5 as illustrated by Fig. 2. In this embodiment, the plug 5 has an elongated shape with one end 6 being tapered. An RFID tag 7 1s positioned in this end 6 of the plug 5, preferably in an opening. Furthermore, in this embodiment, the plug 5 is connected to a fixed object 8, e.g. a wall, post or rail, through a flexible organ 9, e.g. a cable. Alternatively, the plug 5 may be connected to a carrying vehicle, e.g. a truck or a van, or the plug 5 may be connected to a device configured for blocking a movement of a part of the vehicle, the part e.g. being a wheel or steering wheel.
According to a preferred embodiment, an RFID reader 10 is positioned in the lock 1, preferably adjacent to and aligned with the socket 4, so that the reader 10 can read the tag 7 when the plug 5 is received in the socket 4 (i.e. when the plug 5 is in a final, inserted position) as shown in Fig.
2.
The ring lock 1 preferably includes a power source 11, e.g. a battery, for supplying power to at least the RFID reader 10. In some embodiments, the power source 11 may be rechargeable, e.g. by a user pedaling the bicycle. In some embodiments, power may be supplied from an external power source, e.g. a battery included in another location of a respective vehicle and/or a power supply included in the plug 5.
Preferably, the RFID reader 10 includes a pot core antenna, for transmitting and receiving radio waves. Preferably, the RFID tag 7 has an interrogation frequency of below 1 MHz, e.g. about 125 kHz, in order toprovide reliable interrogation of the tag 7 by the reader 10 despite a presence of metal structures e.g. of the plug 5. The ring lock 1 includes locking means 12 for locking the bolt 2 in a closed position and for blocking removal of the plug 5. Preferably, the locking means 12 include an actuator or a motor being controlled by a controller 15 (not shown in Figs. 1-2). The locking means 12 may include means for blocking the removal of a key (not shown) from the lock 1, e.g. to prevent a key from being removed while the bolt 2 is not closed, or while the socket 4 contains an undesired plug 5 as identified using the RFID reader
10.
Fig. 2 shows the plug 5 being received in the socket 4 and locked at the same time when the bolt 2 has been closed and locked. However, these conditions need not necessarily occur simultaneously. In some embodiments, the plug 5 and the bolt 2 may be locked and unlocked independently and/or means may be provided to configure locking policies, e.g. by an owner, including to what extent the plug 5 and the bolt 2 may be locked and unlocked independently.
Preferably, the ring lock 1 includes a mechanism for preventing unnecessary power consumption by the RFID reader 10, e.g. by enabling the reader 10 to be switched to an active reading mode, from a passive idle mode, when a plug 5 is received at a suitable position in the socket 4, while remaining in a passive idle mode at other times. To this end, the embodiment as shown in Figs. 1-2 includes a sensing mechanism including a lever 13 protruding into the socket 4, particularly into a plug insertion path in the socket 4, whereby the lever 13 is configured to being displaced by the plug 5 and to activate the reader 10 when the plug 5 is at a target position in the socket 4. Fig. 1 shows the lever 13 in a first position, not being displaced by the plug 5 (and not activating the reader 10). Fig. 2 shows the lever 13 in a second position, having been displaced by the plug 5 and activating the reader 10. Activation of the reader 10 may include theactivation of a button 14 by the displacement of the lever 13, wherein the activation of the button may switch on the active reading mode of the RFID reader 10 directly, e.g. by the button 14 being configured as a circuit breaker in the power supply of the reader 10, and/or indirectly, e.g. via a controller
15. It will be appreciated that alternative activation mechanisms may be applied to couple displacement of the lever 13 to activation of the reader 10.
Preferably, power consumption by the RFID reader 10 is further limited by switching the reader 10 back to a passive idle mode after a tag 7 has been read and while the plug 5 is being locked in the socket 4 using the locking means 12. The switching back can be achieved by a controller 15, for example.
Fig. 3 shows a schematic functional circuitry of the lock 1. In a further elaboration of an exemplary embodiment, as illustrated in Fig. 3, a central controller 15 is functionally connected to several subsystems, including: the locking means 12 or a controllable part thereof, e.g. a motor; the RFID reader 10; the button 14 being part of a sensing mechanism; a radio 16 or other communication means; and a user interface (‘UT’) 17 or user signaling means. The functional connections may include means for digital and/or analog transfer of information between the subsystems, e.g.
commands from the controller 15 or information regarding a plug 5 as obtained by the RFID reader 10.
Fig. 4 shows various use steps of the lock 1 according to an embodiment of the invention.. In an initiating step 18, a plug 5 is inserted by a user into the socket 4 of a lock 1. Subsequent steps, i.e. those enclosed by the dotted line in Fig. 4, are performed by the lock 1. In the next step 19, the insertion causes the RFID reader 10 to become activated, e.g. through the sensing mechanism described above. In the next step 20, the activated RFID reader 10 interrogates the tag 7 of the plug 5 and reads information from the tag 7 and extracts a plug identification code (‘plug ID’) from the information. In the next step 21, the extracted plug ID is verified, wherein itis e.g. compared to a locally or remotely stored list of acceptable plug IDs, producing a positive or negative verification result. Then, depending on the verification result (Plug accepted?’), one of two steps is selected in a decision step 22: in case of a positive result (‘YES’), the plug 5 is blocked 23 from removal from the socket 4, e.g. by a controller 15 activating appropriate locking means 12; in case of a negative result (NO’), the plug 5 is kept unblocked 24. In a preferred embodiment, keeping the plug 5 unblocked 24 does not require any explicit actuation of the lock (with associated power consumption), whereas initiating blocking 23 of the plug 5 does require explicit actuation and is controlled by the controller 15, thus providing means for preventing a bicycle from being locked to an unknown or undesired plug. It will be appreciated that, depending on application requirements, alternatives may be applied advantageously, e.g. wherein blocking 23 (or, as an intermediate state, holding) of the plug 5 is automatically initiated through a spring action upon insertion of the plug 5.
Moreover, in some embodiments according to the present invention, the full insertion of an unknown or undesired plug 5 may be prevented by the use of insertion blocking means. The insertion blocking means may include aspects of the locking means 12, e.g. a cam otherwise used for blocking removal of a fully inserted plug 5 may advantageously be used to block full insertion of a plug 5, wherein the controller 15 controls the cam. For example, the controller 15 may control the insertion blocking means to block full insertion of a plug 5, e.g. as a default configuration of the means while no plug 5 is received in the socket 4, and to unblock (i.e. allow for) such full insertion only after a tag 7 of a partially inserted plug 5 has been read and the plug 5 has been accepted based on the result of the reading 20. Specifically in such embodiments, the system is preferably configured so that the RFID reader 10 of the ring lock 1 can read the RFID tag 7 of the plug 5 while full insertion of the plug 5 is being blocked by the insertion blocking means of the ring lock 1, which may imply a different configurationof e.g. the RFID reader 10 and/or the lever 13 when compared to embodiments without such insertion blocking means. The skilled person will appreciate how a wide variety of locking policies may be implemented using the invention, wherein the choice of policy or policies is dependent on specifics of the application. In an example of such policies, as illustrated by the steps of Fig. 4, a plug 5 may only be blocked from removal from the socket 4 if the plug identification code obtained from the RFID tag 7 of the plug 5 using the RFID reader 10 of the lock 1 matches with a list of acceptable codes. The policies may be implemented within the lock 1 itself, on an external device being coupled to the lock 1 through communication means 16, or both. Policies may be configured e.g. by a manufacturer and/or a user, a user being e.g. a manager of a rental agency or a private owner or a driver of the vehicle. Policies may be changed at various points in time, either automatically or manually, and from various locations, including locations that are remote from the lock 1, e.g. using wireless communication means
16. Various authentication mechanisms may be implemented to control and/or log access to locking policies. The locking policies may further include and/or be part of authentication policies for controlling how authorized operation of the lock 1 is provided, such authentication policies similarly being implemented within the lock 1 itself, on an external device, or both. In some embodiments, information stored in the RFID tag 7 of the plug 5 may include commands to be received and executed by the controller
15. The commands may be encrypted and the controller 15 may include means for decrypting the commands. Alternatively, a list of possible commands may be stored in the lock 1 and the information on the tag 7 may include references to the stored commands, e.g. in the form of reference codes. Such commands may include initiations or changes of policies as described above and/or the commands may be specific commands allowed for within the policies. For example, a command may be configured to unlockthe bolt 2, e.g. as an optional alternative to operation of the lock 1 using wireless communication means 16. In some embodiments, the system may include an authorization mechanism wherein information from the tag 7 is used to authorize the user inserting the plug 5. In such scenario’s, the plug 5 may advantageously not be connected to a fixed object 8 but rather be configured to be carried by a user.
Fig. 5-7 show an alternative exemplary embodiment of the invention, comprising a pen lock 101 for a vehicle, arranged to block a wheel of the vehicle. The vehicle, or a vehicle wheel to be blocked by the lock, has not been represented in the drawings. In the present example, the lock 101 is provided with a housing 103 with two straight legs. The housing 103 includes a rotating part 203 at the end of one of the legs, the rotating part 203 comprising a guiding space 127 for guiding a locking bolt 102. The housing defines a locking space 28 (in this case being located between opposite free ends of the legs of the housing 103). The locking bolt 102 can be rotated, together with the rotating part 203, as indicated by arrows a2, from an open position as shown in Fig. 5 to an intermediate position as shown in Fig. 6, wherein the virtual rotation axis extends perpendicular to the plane of the drawings. From the intermediate position, the bolt 102 can be slit through the guiding space 127 and inserted into a bolt receiving socket 204 located at the end of the other leg of the housing 103, as indicated by arrow a3, thus blocking a blocking space 28. For unblocking the blocking space 28, the described steps can be reversed. The lock 101 may include one or more springs (not shown) for at least partly automating a movement of the bolt 102 and/or for retaining the bolt 102. The bolt 102 may include a handle 129 for manually moving the bolt. The lock 101 is further provided with mounting means 126 for mounting the lock 101 to a vehicle.
Similar to the embodiment of Fig. 1-2, the pen lock 101 of Figs.5-7 comprises a plug receiving socket 4 configured to receive a plug 5, with an RFID reader 10, a power source 11, locking means 12, a lever 13 and abutton 14. Fig. 5 shows the plug 5 being received and locked in the socket 4, similar to Fig. 2. Figs. 6-7 do not show the plug 5 and depict a situation where no plug is received in the socket 4, similar to Fig. 1. The plug 5 with flexible organ 9 and fixed object 8 may be similar, e.g. the same, as in the embodiment shown in Figs. 1-2. In the embodiment of Figs. 5-7, the locking bolt 102 is configured to be inserted into a dedicated bolt receiving socket 204, generally being a different socket from the plug receiving socket 4. While being received in the socket 204, the bolt 102 may be blocked by the locking means 12. The bolt 102 may be configured for being received and blocked by having a tapered end and a groove, possibly, but not necessarily, similar to the configuration of the plug 5. It is self-evident that the invention is not limited to the exemplary embodiments described.
Various modifications are possible within the framework of the invention as set forth in the following claims.

Claims (38)

ConclusiesConclusions 1. Een systeem om een voertuig te vergrendelen, omvattende: - ten minste één insteekpen (5), omvattende een RFID-label (7); en - een slot (1) met een grendel (2) om een beweging van een deel van het voertuig te blokkeren, waarin het slot (1) een insteekholte (4) bevat om de insteekpen (5) te ontvangen, waarin het slot een RFID-lezer (10) bevat die is ingericht om het RFID-label (7) van de insteekpen te lezen.A system for locking a vehicle, comprising: - at least one insertion pin (5), comprising an RFID tag (7); and - a lock (1) with a latch (2) for blocking movement of a part of the vehicle, wherein the lock (1) includes an insertion cavity (4) to receive the insertion pin (5), wherein the lock has a RFID reader (10) configured to read the RFID tag (7) from the insertion pin. 2. Een systeem volgens conclusie 1, waarin het slot (1) is ingericht om te worden gemonteerd aan het voertuig.A system according to claim 1, wherein the lock (1) is adapted to be mounted on the vehicle. 3. Een systeem volgens conclusie 1 of conclusie 2, waarin het slot (1) een fietsslot is, b.v. een ringslot.A system according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the lock (1) is a bicycle lock, e.g. a ring lock. 4. Een systeem volgens één der conclusies 1-3, waarin het slot (1) een energiebron (11) bevat om ten minste de RFID-lezer (10) van het slot (1) elektrisch van energie te voorzien.A system according to any one of claims 1-3, wherein the lock (1) includes a power source (11) to electrically power at least the RFID reader (10) of the lock (1). 5. Een systeem volgens conclusie 1-4, waarin het slot (1) middelen (12) bevat om ten minste één vergrendelstand van het slot te activeren of te deactiveren, de ten minste ene vergrendelstand bijvoorbeeld zijnde één van het blokkeren van verwijdering van de insteekpen (5) ut de insteekholte (4), het vergrendelen van de grendel (2) in een gesloten positie en het blokkeren van verwijdering van een sleutel uit het slot (1).A system according to claims 1-4, wherein the lock (1) comprises means (12) for activating or deactivating at least one locking position of the lock, the at least one locking position being, for example, one of blocking removal of the lock. insertion pin (5) ut the insertion cavity (4), locking the latch (2) in a closed position and blocking removal of a key from the lock (1). 6. Een systeem volgens conclusie 5, waarin de middelen (12) een elektrisch aangedreven actuator of motor bevatten, het slot (1) in het bijzonder zijnde een elektronisch slot.A system according to claim 5, wherein the means (12) comprises an electrically driven actuator or motor, the lock (1) in particular being an electronic lock. 7. Een systeem volgens één der voorgaande conclusies, waarin het slot (1), in het bijzonder de RFID-lezer (10), is ingericht om het RFID-label (7) van de insteekpen (5) te detecteren wanneer de insteekpen (5) is ontvangen in de insteekholte (4) en/of tijdens het insteken van de insteekpen (5) in de insteekholte (4), waarin het slot (1) bij voorkeur is ingericht om het RFID-label (7) van de insteekpen (5) te detecteren slechts in het geval dat de insteekpen (5) ten minste gedeeltelijk is ingestoken in de insteekholte (4) van het slot (1), waarin het slot (1) bij voorkeur is ingericht om een RFID-leesmodus in te gaan, vanuit een inactieve modus, zodra een insteekpen (5) in de insteekholte (4) wordt ingestoken.A system according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the lock (1), in particular the RFID reader (10), is arranged to detect the RFID tag (7) of the insertion pin (5) when the insertion pin ( 5) is received in the insertion cavity (4) and / or during insertion of the insertion pin (5) into the insertion cavity (4), in which the lock (1) is preferably arranged to hold the RFID tag (7) of the insertion pin (5) detectable only in the event that the insertion pin (5) is at least partially inserted into the insertion cavity (4) of the lock (1), wherein the lock (1) is preferably arranged to enter an RFID reading mode from an inactive mode as soon as an insertion pin (5) is inserted into the insertion cavity (4). 8. Een systeem volgens één der voorgaande conclusies, waarin het RFID-label (7) van de insteekpen (5) is ingericht om informatie uit te zenden, 1n het bijzonder zodra het wordt ondervraagd door de RFID-lezer (10) van het slot (1).A system according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the RFID tag (7) of the insertion pin (5) is arranged to transmit information, especially as soon as it is interrogated by the RFID reader (10) of the lock. (1). 9. Een systeem volgens conclusie 8, waarin de RFID-lezer (10) 1s ingericht om door het label (7) uitgezonden informatie te ontvangen, in het bijzonder door het label (7) te ondervragen wanneer de insteekpen (5) wordt ontvangen in de insteekholte (4).A system according to claim 8, wherein the RFID reader (10) is arranged to receive information transmitted by the tag (7), in particular by interrogating the tag (7) when the insertion pin (5) is received in the insertion cavity (4). 10. Een systeem volgens één der voorgaande conclusies, waarin de RFID-lezer (10) een antenne bevat die aangrenzend aan de penontvangende insteekholte (4) van het slot (1) gevestigd is, de antenne in het bijzonder zijnde uitgelijnd met of coaxiaal met een middellijn van de penontvangende insteekholte (4).A system according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the RFID reader (10) includes an antenna located adjacent to the pin receiving insertion cavity (4) of the lock (1), the antenna in particular being aligned or coaxial with a centerline of the pin receiving insertion cavity (4). 11. Een systeem volgens één der voorgaande conclusies, waarin de RFID-lezer (10) een pot-core antenne bevat.A system according to any preceding claim, wherein the RFID reader (10) includes a pot core antenna. 12. Een systeem volgens één der voorgaande conclusies, waarin het slot (1) een sensor bevat om een insteekpen (5) waar te nemen die een vooraf bepaalde peninsteekpositie in de insteekholte (4) bereikt of passeert, de sensor in het bijzonder zijnde ingericht om een pendetectiesignaal te genereren gebaseerd op een waarneming van een insteekpen (5) in de vooraf bepaalde peninsteekpositie, het slot (1) bij voorkeur zijnde zodanig ingericht dat het genereren van een pendetectiesignaal leidt tot het activeren van de RFID-lezer (10) om een RFID-label (7) van een insteekplug te beginnen op te zoeken.A system according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the lock (1) includes a sensor to sense an insertion pin (5) reaching or passing a predetermined pin insertion position in the insertion cavity (4), the sensor being particularly configured to generate a pin detection signal based on a detection of an insertion pin (5) in the predetermined pin insertion position, the lock (1) preferably being arranged such that the generation of a pin detection signal triggers the RFID reader (10) to search for an RFID tag (7) from a plug-in plug. 13. Een systeem volgens conclusie 12, waarin de sensor een hefboom (13) bevat die uitsteekt in de insteekholte (4), in het bijzonder in een peninsteekpad in de insteekholte (4), de hefboom (13) zijnde ingericht om te worden verplaatst door een insteekpen (5) tijdens het insteken van de insteekpen (5).A system according to claim 12, wherein the sensor comprises a lever (13) protruding into the insertion cavity (4), in particular into a pin insertion path in the insertion cavity (4), the lever (13) being arranged to be moved by an insert pin (5) while inserting the insert pin (5). 14. Een systeem volgens conclusie 12 of 13, waarin de vooraf bepaalde peninsteekpositie een positie is waar het label (7) van de insteekpen (5) door de lezer (10) leesbaar is.A system according to claim 12 or 13, wherein the predetermined pin insertion position is a position where the label (7) of the insert pin (5) is readable by the reader (10). 15. Een systeem volgens conclusie 12, 13 of 14, waarin de vooraf bepaalde peninsteekpositie een pendoelpositie is waarin verwijdering van de insteekpen (5) uit de insteekholte (4) kan worden geblokkeerd door penblokkeermiddelen van het slot (1), of waarin de vooraf bepaalde peninsteekpositie proximaal 1s ten opzichte van een pendoelpositie waarin verwijdering van de insteekpen (5) uit de insteekholte (4) kan worden geblokkeerd door penblokkeermiddelen van het slot (1), de penblokkeermiddelen zijnde bevat in de vergrendelmiddelen (12).A system according to claim 12, 13 or 14, wherein the predetermined pin insertion position is a pin target position in which removal of the insert pin (5) from the insert cavity (4) can be blocked by pin blocking means of the lock (1), or wherein the predetermined determined pin insertion position proximal 1s relative to a pin target position in which removal of the insert pin (5) from the insertion cavity (4) can be blocked by pin blocking means of the lock (1), the pin blocking means being contained in the locking means (12). 16. Een systeem volgens één der voorgaande conclusies, waarin de insteekpen (5) een langwerpige, bij voorkeur hoofdzakelijk cilindrische vorm heeft, de insteekholte (4) van het slot (1) in het bijzonder een vorm hebbende die hoofdzakelijk past bij de vorm van de insteekpen (5).A system according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the insertion pin (5) has an elongated, preferably substantially cylindrical shape, the insertion cavity (4) of the lock (1) having in particular a shape substantially conforming to the shape of the lock (1). the insert pin (5). 17. Een systeem volgens conclusie 16, waarin de insteekpen (5) een blokkeergroef (25) bevat, op afstand geplaatst van een distaal insteekpeneinde (6), de blokkeergroef (25) zijnde ingericht om penblokkeermiddelen van het slot (1) te ontvangen tijdens een penvergrendelstand van het slot (1).A system according to claim 16, wherein the insertion pin (5) includes a blocking groove (25) spaced from a distal insertion pin end (6), the blocking groove (25) being arranged to receive pin blocking means from the lock (1) during a pin locking position of the lock (1). 18. Een systeem volgens conclusie 16 of 17, waarin de insteekpen (5) een taps of afgeknotte-kegelvormig distaal einde (6) heeft.A system according to claim 16 or 17, wherein the insertion pin (5) has a tapered or frusto-conical distal end (6). 19. Een systeem volgens conclusie 16, 17 of 18, waarin het RFID-label (7) ten minste gedeeltelijk ingebed is in een RFID-labelsectie van de insteekpen (5), waarin de RFID-labelsectie van de insteekpen (5) is ingericht om signaaltransmissie tussen het label (7) en een RFID-lezer (1) toe te staan, waarin bij voorkeur in het bijzonder een buitenoppervlak van het RFID- label ten minste een gedeelte verschaft van of samenvalt met een buitenzijde van de insteekpen (5), bijvoorbeeld een distaal einde (6).A system according to claim 16, 17 or 18, wherein the RFID tag (7) is at least partially embedded in an RFID tag section of the insertion pin (5), wherein the RFID tag section of the insertion pin (5) is arranged. to allow signal transmission between the tag (7) and an RFID reader (1), preferably wherein in particular an outer surface of the RFID tag provides at least a portion of or coincides with an outer side of the insertion pin (5) , for example a distal end (6). 20. Een systeem volgens één der voorgaande conclusies, waarin de insteekpen (5) is verbonden met een flexibel langwerpig orgaan (9), b.v. een kabel, ketting of draad.A system according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the insertion pin (5) is connected to a flexible elongated member (9), e.g. a cable, chain or wire. 21. Een systeem volgens conclusie 20, waarin het flexibele langwerpige orgaan (9) is verbonden of ingericht om verbonden te worden met een extern object (8), b.v. een reling, paal of muur.A system according to claim 20, wherein the flexible elongated member (9) is connected or arranged to be connected to an external object (8), e.g. a railing, post or wall. 22. Een systeem volgens één der voorgaande conclusies, waarin het RFID-label (7) een ondervragingsfrequentie lager dan 1 MHz heeft, b.v. in het bereik van 30 tot en met 300 kHz, b.v. ongeveer 125 kHz.A system according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the RFID tag (7) has an interrogation frequency less than 1 MHz, e.g. in the range of 30 to 300 kHz, e.g. about 125 kHz. 23. Een systeem volgens één der voorgaande conclusies, waarin het slot (1) communicatiemiddelen (16) bevat om te communiceren met een externe inrichting.A system according to any preceding claim, wherein the lock (1) includes communication means (16) for communicating with an external device. 24. Een systeem volgens één der voorgaande conclusies, waarin het slot (1) een regelaar (15) bevat die is ingericht voor het uitvoeren van ten minste één van: - het activeren en/of deactiveren van ten minste één vergrendelstand van het slot (1); - het besturen van de RFID-lezer (10), in het bijzonder om het opzoeken en lezen van een RFID-label (7) te beginnen en/of te beëindigen; - het besturen van een gebruikersinterface (17) of gebruikerssignaleringsmiddelen van het slot (1), b.v. een lichtbron, luidspreker en/of beeldscherm; - het communiceren met een externe communicatie-inrichting via communicatiemiddelen (16); en - het verwerken van informatie.A system according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the lock (1) includes a controller (15) arranged to perform at least one of: - activating and / or deactivating at least one locking position of the lock ( 1); - controlling the RFID reader (10), in particular to start and / or end the search and / or reading of an RFID tag (7); - controlling a user interface (17) or user signaling means of the lock (1), e.g. a light source, loudspeaker and / or display; - communicating with an external communication device via communication means (16); and - processing information. 25. Een systeem volgens conclusie 24, waarin de regelaar (15) is ingericht om informatie van de RFID-lezer (10) te ontvangen, bijvoorbeeld informatie die een gedetecteerde aanwezigheid van een RFID-label signaleert, of informatie die door de lezer (10) is afgelezen van het RFID-label (7) van de insteekpen (5) of informatie die verband houdt met informatie die door delezer (10) is afgelezen van het RFID-label (7) van de insteekpen (5).A system according to claim 24, wherein the controller (15) is arranged to receive information from the RFID reader (10), for example information signaling a detected presence of an RFID tag, or information provided by the reader (10). ) is read from the RFID tag (7) of the insertion pin (5) or information related to information read by the reader (10) from the RFID tag (7) of the insertion pin (5). 26. Een systeem volgens één der voorgaande conclusies, waarin het slot (1) middelen bevat om het meer dan gedeeltelijk insteken van de insteekpen (5) in de insteekholte (4) te blokkeren, waarin het systeem is ingericht om het het RFID-label (7) mogelijk te maken om te worden gelezen door de RFID-lezer (10) van het slot (1) terwijl de insteekpen (5) niet meer dan gedeeltelijk 1s ingestoken in de insteekholte (4).A system according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the lock (1) includes means for blocking more than partial insertion of the insertion pin (5) into the insertion cavity (4), wherein the system is arranged to block the RFID tag. (7) to be read by the RFID reader (10) of the lock (1) while the insertion pin (5) is not more than partially inserted into the insertion cavity (4). 27. Een voertuigslot (1) van een systeem volgens één der voorgaande conclusies, het slot (1) in het bijzonder bevattende een insteekholte (4) om een insteekplug (5) te ontvangen, waarin het slot (1) een RFID-lezer (10) bevat die is ingericht om een RFID-label (7) te lezen.A vehicle lock (1) of a system according to any one of the preceding claims, the lock (1) in particular comprising an insertion cavity (4) for receiving an insertion plug (5), wherein the lock (1) has an RFID reader ( 10) adapted to read an RFID tag (7). 28. Een voertuig bevattende een slot (1) volgens conclusie 27, het slot bevattende een grendel om een beweging van een deel van het voertuig te bokkeren.A vehicle including a lock (1) according to claim 27, the lock including a latch to block movement of a portion of the vehicle. 29. Een insteekpen (5) van een systeem volgens één der conclusies 1 tot en met 26, de insteekpen (5) zijnde ingericht om te worden ontvangen in een penontvangende insteekholte (4) van een voertuigslot (1), waarin de msteekpen (5) een RFID-label (7) bevat, waarin de insteekpen (5) is ingericht om het RFID-label (7) door de RFID-lezer (10) van het slot (1) leesbaar te maken.An insert pin (5) of a system according to any one of claims 1 to 26, the insert pin (5) being arranged to be received in a pin receiving insertion cavity (4) of a vehicle lock (1), wherein the insert pin (5) ) contains an RFID tag (7), wherein the insertion pin (5) is arranged to make the RFID tag (7) readable by the RFID reader (10) of the lock (1). 30. Een werkwijze om een voertuig te vergrendelen, in het bijzonder gebruikmakend van een systeem volgens één der conclusies 1 tot en met 26, waarin een insteekpen (5), bevattende een RFID-label (7), in een insteekholte (4) van een slot (1) wordt geplaatst, en waarin het slot (1) het RFID-label (7)A method of locking a vehicle, in particular using a system according to any one of claims 1 to 26, wherein an insertion pin (5) containing an RFID tag (7) is inserted into an insertion cavity (4) of a lock (1) is placed, and in which the lock (1) has the RFID tag (7) ondervraagt, in het bijzonder gebruikmakend van een respectieve RFID-lezer (10).interrogates, in particular using a respective RFID reader (10). 31. Een werkwijze als in conclusie 30, waarin het slot (1) een inactieve modus heeft, b.v. een energiebesparingsmodus, waarin plaatsing van de insteekpen (5) een RFID-lezer (10) van het slot (1) activeert, in het bijzonder door activering van een sensor of schakelaar.A method as in claim 30, wherein the lock (1) has an inactive mode, e.g. an energy saving mode, in which placement of the insertion pin (5) activates an RFID reader (10) of the lock (1), in particular by activating a sensor or switch. 32. Een werkwijze als in conclusie 30 of 31, waarin het slot (1) één of meer vergrendelstanden heeft, waarin het slot (1) ten minste één van de vergrendelstanden automatisch verandert, bijvoorbeeld van een vergrendelstand naar een vrijgavestand of vice-versa, ten minste gedeeltelijk afhankelijk van informatie verkregen door de ondervraging van het RFID-label (7) of door een poging tot zulke ondervraging.A method as in claim 30 or 31, wherein the lock (1) has one or more locking positions, wherein the lock (1) changes at least one of the locking positions automatically, for example from a locking position to a release position or vice-versa, at least in part dependent on information obtained by the interrogation of the RFID tag (7) or by an attempt at such interrogation. 33. Een werkwijze als in conclusie 32, waarin de verkregen informatie informatie bevat die is opgeslagen in het RFID- label (7) van de insteekpen (5).A method as in claim 32, wherein the obtained information includes information stored in the RFID tag (7) of the insertion pen (5). 34. Een werkwijze als in conclusie 32 of 33 waarin het slot (1) ten minste één vergrendelstand verandert ten minste gedeeltelijk afhankelijk van informatie die ontvangen is van een externe communicatie-inrichting.A method as in claim 32 or 33, wherein the lock (1) changes at least one locking position at least in part depending on information received from an external communication device. 35. Een werkwijze als in één der conclusies 30 tot en met 34, waarin het slot (1) informatie uitzendt naar een externe communicatie-inrichting gebaseerd op en/of bevattende informatie die is ontvangen van het RFID-label (7) van de insteekpen (5).A method as in any of claims 30 to 34, wherein the lock (1) transmits information to an external communication device based on and / or containing information received from the RFID tag (7) of the insertion pin. (5). 36. Een werkwijze als in conclusie 35, waarin de informatie informatie over de ontvangen insteekpen (5) bevat,A method as in claim 35, wherein the information includes information about the received insertion pin (5), bijvoorbeeld een penidentificatiecode en/of informatie betreffende een locatie van de insteekpen (5).for example a pin identification code and / or information regarding a location of the insertion pin (5). 37. Een werkwijze als in conclusie 35 of 36, waarin de informatie ten minste gedeeltelijk is afgeleid van informatie die verkregen is met gebruikmaking van de RFID-lezer (10).A method as in claim 35 or 36, wherein the information is derived at least in part from information obtained using the RFID reader (10). 38. Een werkwijze als in conclusie 37, waarin de informatie die is verkregen met gebruikmaking van de RFID-lezer (10) informatie bevat die opgeslagen is in een RFID-label (7) van de insteekpen (5).A method as in claim 37, wherein the information obtained using the RFID reader (10) includes information stored in an RFID tag (7) of the insertion pin (5).
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EP2022915A2 (en) * 2007-07-25 2009-02-11 ASTRA Gesellschaft für Asset Management mbH & Co. KG Object securing system
WO2010071342A2 (en) * 2008-12-16 2010-06-24 주식회사 빅텍 Bicycle rental apparatus and system
US20120324966A1 (en) * 2008-04-23 2012-12-27 Societe De Velo En Libre-Service Method and apparatus for securing a movable item to a structure
KR20160087412A (en) * 2015-01-13 2016-07-22 (주)디에스일렉트론 A wire typed locking device for a bicycle

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1416110A2 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-05-06 ABUS August Bremicker Söhne KG Lock for the frame of two wheel vehicles
NL1026293C2 (en) * 2004-05-28 2005-11-30 Konink Gazelle N V Bicycle lock permanently mounted on bicycle frame, has alarm connected to ring lock
EP2022915A2 (en) * 2007-07-25 2009-02-11 ASTRA Gesellschaft für Asset Management mbH & Co. KG Object securing system
US20120324966A1 (en) * 2008-04-23 2012-12-27 Societe De Velo En Libre-Service Method and apparatus for securing a movable item to a structure
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