KR20100074508A - Method of manufacturing semiconductor device - Google Patents

Method of manufacturing semiconductor device Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20100074508A
KR20100074508A KR1020080132968A KR20080132968A KR20100074508A KR 20100074508 A KR20100074508 A KR 20100074508A KR 1020080132968 A KR1020080132968 A KR 1020080132968A KR 20080132968 A KR20080132968 A KR 20080132968A KR 20100074508 A KR20100074508 A KR 20100074508A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
oxide film
substrate
interface
trench
semiconductor device
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020080132968A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
신문우
Original Assignee
주식회사 동부하이텍
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Publication date
Application filed by 주식회사 동부하이텍 filed Critical 주식회사 동부하이텍
Priority to KR1020080132968A priority Critical patent/KR20100074508A/en
Publication of KR20100074508A publication Critical patent/KR20100074508A/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L21/00Processes or apparatus adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/70Manufacture or treatment of devices consisting of a plurality of solid state components formed in or on a common substrate or of parts thereof; Manufacture of integrated circuit devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/71Manufacture of specific parts of devices defined in group H01L21/70
    • H01L21/768Applying interconnections to be used for carrying current between separate components within a device comprising conductors and dielectrics
    • H01L21/76801Applying interconnections to be used for carrying current between separate components within a device comprising conductors and dielectrics characterised by the formation and the after-treatment of the dielectrics, e.g. smoothing
    • H01L21/76822Modification of the material of dielectric layers, e.g. grading, after-treatment to improve the stability of the layers, to increase their density etc.
    • H01L21/76825Modification of the material of dielectric layers, e.g. grading, after-treatment to improve the stability of the layers, to increase their density etc. by exposing the layer to particle radiation, e.g. ion implantation, irradiation with UV light or electrons etc.
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L21/00Processes or apparatus adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/70Manufacture or treatment of devices consisting of a plurality of solid state components formed in or on a common substrate or of parts thereof; Manufacture of integrated circuit devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/71Manufacture of specific parts of devices defined in group H01L21/70
    • H01L21/768Applying interconnections to be used for carrying current between separate components within a device comprising conductors and dielectrics
    • H01L21/76801Applying interconnections to be used for carrying current between separate components within a device comprising conductors and dielectrics characterised by the formation and the after-treatment of the dielectrics, e.g. smoothing
    • H01L21/76822Modification of the material of dielectric layers, e.g. grading, after-treatment to improve the stability of the layers, to increase their density etc.
    • H01L21/76828Modification of the material of dielectric layers, e.g. grading, after-treatment to improve the stability of the layers, to increase their density etc. thermal treatment
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L21/00Processes or apparatus adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/70Manufacture or treatment of devices consisting of a plurality of solid state components formed in or on a common substrate or of parts thereof; Manufacture of integrated circuit devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/71Manufacture of specific parts of devices defined in group H01L21/70
    • H01L21/768Applying interconnections to be used for carrying current between separate components within a device comprising conductors and dielectrics
    • H01L21/76801Applying interconnections to be used for carrying current between separate components within a device comprising conductors and dielectrics characterised by the formation and the after-treatment of the dielectrics, e.g. smoothing
    • H01L21/76829Applying interconnections to be used for carrying current between separate components within a device comprising conductors and dielectrics characterised by the formation and the after-treatment of the dielectrics, e.g. smoothing characterised by the formation of thin functional dielectric layers, e.g. dielectric etch-stop, barrier, capping or liner layers
    • H01L21/76831Applying interconnections to be used for carrying current between separate components within a device comprising conductors and dielectrics characterised by the formation and the after-treatment of the dielectrics, e.g. smoothing characterised by the formation of thin functional dielectric layers, e.g. dielectric etch-stop, barrier, capping or liner layers in via holes or trenches, e.g. non-conductive sidewall liners
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L21/00Processes or apparatus adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/70Manufacture or treatment of devices consisting of a plurality of solid state components formed in or on a common substrate or of parts thereof; Manufacture of integrated circuit devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/71Manufacture of specific parts of devices defined in group H01L21/70
    • H01L21/768Applying interconnections to be used for carrying current between separate components within a device comprising conductors and dielectrics
    • H01L21/76898Applying interconnections to be used for carrying current between separate components within a device comprising conductors and dielectrics formed through a semiconductor substrate

Abstract

The present invention provides a method for manufacturing a semiconductor device, which comprises etching a substrate to form a trench for device isolation, forming an oxide film on the entire surface of the substrate including the trench, and implanting ions on the oxide film. And distributing the ions between the substrate including the trench and the interface of the oxide film, and heat treating the substrate and the oxide film on which the ions are distributed to remove defects between the interface of the substrate and the oxide film. Characterized in that it comprises a step of removing.

Description

Method of manufacturing semiconductor device

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a semiconductor device, and more particularly, to a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device capable of compensating for interfacial properties between respective interfaces to prevent leakage currents.

In general, in the manufacture of semiconductor devices, leakage current is generated by incomplete coupling between atoms in each interface in a multi-layer structure such as a metal wiring and an interlayer insulating film. Such leakage current causes product defects, and in particular, the CMOS image sensor causes a dark defect, causing a fatal problem in quality.

In order to prevent this, hydrogen annealing is performed to stabilize the lattice structure at each interface at the final stage of product manufacturing, but hydrogen cannot be sufficiently delivered to the transistor region, and thus problems such as leakage current between each interface cannot be solved.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made in an effort to provide a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device capable of compensating for interfacial properties between respective interfaces to prevent leakage currents.

In another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of fabricating a semiconductor device, the method comprising: etching a substrate to form a trench for device isolation, and forming an oxide film on an entire surface of the substrate including the trench. And implanting ions on the oxide film to distribute the ions between the substrate including the trench and the interface of the oxide film, and heat-treating the substrate on which the ions are distributed and the oxide film. And removing a defect between the interfaces of the oxide film.

A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to an embodiment of the present invention has the following effects.

By performing the hydrogen (H) implant process at each interface rather than at the final stage of product manufacture, hydrogen (H) covalently bonds with dangling bonds to incompletely bonded atomic bonds at each interface, thereby producing hydrogen (H). Trapping can eliminate defects in the interface. Therefore, by intensively doping hydrogen (H) to the interface portion of the device that is likely to cause a defect can be maximized the curing effect through the hydrogen (H).

Accordingly, since interfacial characteristics of the interfacial region can be compensated, leakage current such as dark current can be prevented.

Hereinafter, the technical objects and features of the present invention will be apparent from the description of the accompanying drawings and the embodiments. Looking at the present invention in detail.

In general, a semiconductor device has a multi-layered structure such as a metal wiring and an interlayer insulating film, and a method for reducing leakage current caused by incomplete bonding between atoms at each interface is required.

1A to 1C are cross-sectional views illustrating a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 1A, a trench 105 for a shallow trench isolation is formed on the silicon substrate 100.

Specifically, a pad oxide layer (not shown) and a nitride layer (not shown) are formed on the silicon substrate 100, and then selectively etched to form a trench mask that exposes a region where the device isolation layer is to be formed, and then patterned. The trench 105 is formed by dry etching the silicon substrate 100 using a nitride film (not shown) as an etching mask.

Referring to FIG. 1B, the silicon substrate 100 and the oxide film 103 for subsequent processing and insulation are formed on the entire surface of the silicon substrate 100 including the trench 105.

Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 1C, a hydrogen (H) implant process is performed on the oxide film 103 so that hydrogen (H) is concentrated at the interface between the silicon substrate 100 and the oxide film 103, and then heat-treated at a high temperature. The silicon substrate 100 and the oxide film 103 are cured.

Previously, after the multi-layer process such as the metal wiring and the interlayer insulating film of the semiconductor device was completed, hydrogen (H) annealing was finally performed. Since there is a problem that hydrogen is not sufficiently delivered deeper, in the embodiment of the present invention, in a multilayer structure, a hydrogen (H) implant process is performed at each interface.

Here, when the hydrogen (H) implant process is performed, hydrogen (H) covalently bonds with dangling bonds to atomic bonds that are incompletely bonded in each interface as shown in FIG. Trapping can remove defects in the interface. Therefore, by intensively doping hydrogen (H) to the interface portion of the device that is likely to cause a defect can be maximized the curing effect through the hydrogen (H).

Therefore, since the interfacial characteristics of the interfacial region can be compensated, leakage current such as dark current can be prevented.

Although the implant process at the interface between the silicon substrate 100 having the trench 105 and the oxide film 103 has been described in the embodiment of the present invention, the present invention is not limited thereto. Applicable in all areas.

It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made in the present invention without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Will be clear to those who have knowledge of. Therefore, the technical scope of the present invention should not be limited to the contents described in the detailed description of the specification but should be defined by the claims.

1A to 1C are cross-sectional views illustrating a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to the present invention.

2 is a diagram illustrating hydrogen distribution between interfaces.

<Description of Symbols for Main Parts of Drawings>

100 silicon substrate 103 oxide film

105: trench 110: hydrogen ion

Claims (2)

  1. Etching the substrate to form trenches for device isolation;
    Forming an oxide film on an entire surface of the substrate including the trench;
    Implanting ions on the oxide film to distribute the ions between the substrate including the trench and the interface of the oxide film;
    And heat-treating the substrate in which the ions are distributed and the oxide film to remove defects between an interface between the substrate and the oxide film.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    The ion implantation method of manufacturing a semiconductor device, characterized in that the hydrogen implant process.
KR1020080132968A 2008-12-24 2008-12-24 Method of manufacturing semiconductor device KR20100074508A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020080132968A KR20100074508A (en) 2008-12-24 2008-12-24 Method of manufacturing semiconductor device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020080132968A KR20100074508A (en) 2008-12-24 2008-12-24 Method of manufacturing semiconductor device

Publications (1)

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KR20100074508A true KR20100074508A (en) 2010-07-02

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Cited By (55)

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WO2013070436A1 (en) * 2011-11-08 2013-05-16 Applied Materials, Inc. Methods of reducing substrate dislocation during gapfill processing
US8801952B1 (en) 2013-03-07 2014-08-12 Applied Materials, Inc. Conformal oxide dry etch
US8895449B1 (en) 2013-05-16 2014-11-25 Applied Materials, Inc. Delicate dry clean
US8921234B2 (en) 2012-12-21 2014-12-30 Applied Materials, Inc. Selective titanium nitride etching
US8927390B2 (en) 2011-09-26 2015-01-06 Applied Materials, Inc. Intrench profile
US8951429B1 (en) 2013-10-29 2015-02-10 Applied Materials, Inc. Tungsten oxide processing
US8956980B1 (en) 2013-09-16 2015-02-17 Applied Materials, Inc. Selective etch of silicon nitride
US8969212B2 (en) 2012-11-20 2015-03-03 Applied Materials, Inc. Dry-etch selectivity
US8980763B2 (en) 2012-11-30 2015-03-17 Applied Materials, Inc. Dry-etch for selective tungsten removal
US8999856B2 (en) 2011-03-14 2015-04-07 Applied Materials, Inc. Methods for etch of sin films
US9023734B2 (en) 2012-09-18 2015-05-05 Applied Materials, Inc. Radical-component oxide etch
US9023732B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-05-05 Applied Materials, Inc. Processing systems and methods for halide scavenging
US9040422B2 (en) 2013-03-05 2015-05-26 Applied Materials, Inc. Selective titanium nitride removal
US9064816B2 (en) 2012-11-30 2015-06-23 Applied Materials, Inc. Dry-etch for selective oxidation removal
US9111877B2 (en) 2012-12-18 2015-08-18 Applied Materials, Inc. Non-local plasma oxide etch
US9117855B2 (en) 2013-12-04 2015-08-25 Applied Materials, Inc. Polarity control for remote plasma
US9114438B2 (en) 2013-05-21 2015-08-25 Applied Materials, Inc. Copper residue chamber clean
US9132436B2 (en) 2012-09-21 2015-09-15 Applied Materials, Inc. Chemical control features in wafer process equipment
US9136273B1 (en) 2014-03-21 2015-09-15 Applied Materials, Inc. Flash gate air gap
US9159606B1 (en) 2014-07-31 2015-10-13 Applied Materials, Inc. Metal air gap
US9165786B1 (en) 2014-08-05 2015-10-20 Applied Materials, Inc. Integrated oxide and nitride recess for better channel contact in 3D architectures
US9190293B2 (en) 2013-12-18 2015-11-17 Applied Materials, Inc. Even tungsten etch for high aspect ratio trenches
US9236265B2 (en) 2013-11-04 2016-01-12 Applied Materials, Inc. Silicon germanium processing
US9236266B2 (en) 2011-08-01 2016-01-12 Applied Materials, Inc. Dry-etch for silicon-and-carbon-containing films
US9263278B2 (en) 2013-12-17 2016-02-16 Applied Materials, Inc. Dopant etch selectivity control
US9287134B2 (en) 2014-01-17 2016-03-15 Applied Materials, Inc. Titanium oxide etch
US9287095B2 (en) 2013-12-17 2016-03-15 Applied Materials, Inc. Semiconductor system assemblies and methods of operation
US9293568B2 (en) 2014-01-27 2016-03-22 Applied Materials, Inc. Method of fin patterning
US9299537B2 (en) 2014-03-20 2016-03-29 Applied Materials, Inc. Radial waveguide systems and methods for post-match control of microwaves
US9299575B2 (en) 2014-03-17 2016-03-29 Applied Materials, Inc. Gas-phase tungsten etch
US9299582B2 (en) 2013-11-12 2016-03-29 Applied Materials, Inc. Selective etch for metal-containing materials
US9299538B2 (en) 2014-03-20 2016-03-29 Applied Materials, Inc. Radial waveguide systems and methods for post-match control of microwaves
US9309598B2 (en) 2014-05-28 2016-04-12 Applied Materials, Inc. Oxide and metal removal
US9324576B2 (en) 2010-05-27 2016-04-26 Applied Materials, Inc. Selective etch for silicon films
US9355856B2 (en) 2014-09-12 2016-05-31 Applied Materials, Inc. V trench dry etch
US9362130B2 (en) 2013-03-01 2016-06-07 Applied Materials, Inc. Enhanced etching processes using remote plasma sources
US9373517B2 (en) 2012-08-02 2016-06-21 Applied Materials, Inc. Semiconductor processing with DC assisted RF power for improved control
US9378978B2 (en) 2014-07-31 2016-06-28 Applied Materials, Inc. Integrated oxide recess and floating gate fin trimming
US9378969B2 (en) 2014-06-19 2016-06-28 Applied Materials, Inc. Low temperature gas-phase carbon removal
US9385028B2 (en) 2014-02-03 2016-07-05 Applied Materials, Inc. Air gap process
US9390937B2 (en) 2012-09-20 2016-07-12 Applied Materials, Inc. Silicon-carbon-nitride selective etch
US9396989B2 (en) 2014-01-27 2016-07-19 Applied Materials, Inc. Air gaps between copper lines
US9406523B2 (en) 2014-06-19 2016-08-02 Applied Materials, Inc. Highly selective doped oxide removal method
US9425058B2 (en) 2014-07-24 2016-08-23 Applied Materials, Inc. Simplified litho-etch-litho-etch process
US9493879B2 (en) 2013-07-12 2016-11-15 Applied Materials, Inc. Selective sputtering for pattern transfer
US9496167B2 (en) 2014-07-31 2016-11-15 Applied Materials, Inc. Integrated bit-line airgap formation and gate stack post clean
US9553102B2 (en) 2014-08-19 2017-01-24 Applied Materials, Inc. Tungsten separation
US9576809B2 (en) 2013-11-04 2017-02-21 Applied Materials, Inc. Etch suppression with germanium
US9659753B2 (en) 2014-08-07 2017-05-23 Applied Materials, Inc. Grooved insulator to reduce leakage current
US9773648B2 (en) 2013-08-30 2017-09-26 Applied Materials, Inc. Dual discharge modes operation for remote plasma
US9847289B2 (en) 2014-05-30 2017-12-19 Applied Materials, Inc. Protective via cap for improved interconnect performance
US9887096B2 (en) 2012-09-17 2018-02-06 Applied Materials, Inc. Differential silicon oxide etch
US9903020B2 (en) 2014-03-31 2018-02-27 Applied Materials, Inc. Generation of compact alumina passivation layers on aluminum plasma equipment components
US10170282B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2019-01-01 Applied Materials, Inc. Insulated semiconductor faceplate designs
US10256079B2 (en) 2013-02-08 2019-04-09 Applied Materials, Inc. Semiconductor processing systems having multiple plasma configurations

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US9324576B2 (en) 2010-05-27 2016-04-26 Applied Materials, Inc. Selective etch for silicon films
US8999856B2 (en) 2011-03-14 2015-04-07 Applied Materials, Inc. Methods for etch of sin films
US9236266B2 (en) 2011-08-01 2016-01-12 Applied Materials, Inc. Dry-etch for silicon-and-carbon-containing films
US9012302B2 (en) 2011-09-26 2015-04-21 Applied Materials, Inc. Intrench profile
US8927390B2 (en) 2011-09-26 2015-01-06 Applied Materials, Inc. Intrench profile
WO2013070436A1 (en) * 2011-11-08 2013-05-16 Applied Materials, Inc. Methods of reducing substrate dislocation during gapfill processing
US8975152B2 (en) 2011-11-08 2015-03-10 Applied Materials, Inc. Methods of reducing substrate dislocation during gapfill processing
US9373517B2 (en) 2012-08-02 2016-06-21 Applied Materials, Inc. Semiconductor processing with DC assisted RF power for improved control
US9887096B2 (en) 2012-09-17 2018-02-06 Applied Materials, Inc. Differential silicon oxide etch
US9023734B2 (en) 2012-09-18 2015-05-05 Applied Materials, Inc. Radical-component oxide etch
US9390937B2 (en) 2012-09-20 2016-07-12 Applied Materials, Inc. Silicon-carbon-nitride selective etch
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US8969212B2 (en) 2012-11-20 2015-03-03 Applied Materials, Inc. Dry-etch selectivity
US8980763B2 (en) 2012-11-30 2015-03-17 Applied Materials, Inc. Dry-etch for selective tungsten removal
US9064816B2 (en) 2012-11-30 2015-06-23 Applied Materials, Inc. Dry-etch for selective oxidation removal
US9111877B2 (en) 2012-12-18 2015-08-18 Applied Materials, Inc. Non-local plasma oxide etch
US8921234B2 (en) 2012-12-21 2014-12-30 Applied Materials, Inc. Selective titanium nitride etching
US9449845B2 (en) 2012-12-21 2016-09-20 Applied Materials, Inc. Selective titanium nitride etching
US10256079B2 (en) 2013-02-08 2019-04-09 Applied Materials, Inc. Semiconductor processing systems having multiple plasma configurations
US9362130B2 (en) 2013-03-01 2016-06-07 Applied Materials, Inc. Enhanced etching processes using remote plasma sources
US9607856B2 (en) 2013-03-05 2017-03-28 Applied Materials, Inc. Selective titanium nitride removal
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US8895449B1 (en) 2013-05-16 2014-11-25 Applied Materials, Inc. Delicate dry clean
US9114438B2 (en) 2013-05-21 2015-08-25 Applied Materials, Inc. Copper residue chamber clean
US9493879B2 (en) 2013-07-12 2016-11-15 Applied Materials, Inc. Selective sputtering for pattern transfer
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US8956980B1 (en) 2013-09-16 2015-02-17 Applied Materials, Inc. Selective etch of silicon nitride
US8951429B1 (en) 2013-10-29 2015-02-10 Applied Materials, Inc. Tungsten oxide processing
US9576809B2 (en) 2013-11-04 2017-02-21 Applied Materials, Inc. Etch suppression with germanium
US9236265B2 (en) 2013-11-04 2016-01-12 Applied Materials, Inc. Silicon germanium processing
US9711366B2 (en) 2013-11-12 2017-07-18 Applied Materials, Inc. Selective etch for metal-containing materials
US9520303B2 (en) 2013-11-12 2016-12-13 Applied Materials, Inc. Aluminum selective etch
US9299582B2 (en) 2013-11-12 2016-03-29 Applied Materials, Inc. Selective etch for metal-containing materials
US9117855B2 (en) 2013-12-04 2015-08-25 Applied Materials, Inc. Polarity control for remote plasma
US9287095B2 (en) 2013-12-17 2016-03-15 Applied Materials, Inc. Semiconductor system assemblies and methods of operation
US9263278B2 (en) 2013-12-17 2016-02-16 Applied Materials, Inc. Dopant etch selectivity control
US9190293B2 (en) 2013-12-18 2015-11-17 Applied Materials, Inc. Even tungsten etch for high aspect ratio trenches
US9287134B2 (en) 2014-01-17 2016-03-15 Applied Materials, Inc. Titanium oxide etch
US9293568B2 (en) 2014-01-27 2016-03-22 Applied Materials, Inc. Method of fin patterning
US9396989B2 (en) 2014-01-27 2016-07-19 Applied Materials, Inc. Air gaps between copper lines
US9385028B2 (en) 2014-02-03 2016-07-05 Applied Materials, Inc. Air gap process
US9299575B2 (en) 2014-03-17 2016-03-29 Applied Materials, Inc. Gas-phase tungsten etch
US9299538B2 (en) 2014-03-20 2016-03-29 Applied Materials, Inc. Radial waveguide systems and methods for post-match control of microwaves
US9299537B2 (en) 2014-03-20 2016-03-29 Applied Materials, Inc. Radial waveguide systems and methods for post-match control of microwaves
US9136273B1 (en) 2014-03-21 2015-09-15 Applied Materials, Inc. Flash gate air gap
US9903020B2 (en) 2014-03-31 2018-02-27 Applied Materials, Inc. Generation of compact alumina passivation layers on aluminum plasma equipment components
US9309598B2 (en) 2014-05-28 2016-04-12 Applied Materials, Inc. Oxide and metal removal
US9847289B2 (en) 2014-05-30 2017-12-19 Applied Materials, Inc. Protective via cap for improved interconnect performance
US9378969B2 (en) 2014-06-19 2016-06-28 Applied Materials, Inc. Low temperature gas-phase carbon removal
US9406523B2 (en) 2014-06-19 2016-08-02 Applied Materials, Inc. Highly selective doped oxide removal method
US9425058B2 (en) 2014-07-24 2016-08-23 Applied Materials, Inc. Simplified litho-etch-litho-etch process
US9496167B2 (en) 2014-07-31 2016-11-15 Applied Materials, Inc. Integrated bit-line airgap formation and gate stack post clean
US9378978B2 (en) 2014-07-31 2016-06-28 Applied Materials, Inc. Integrated oxide recess and floating gate fin trimming
US9159606B1 (en) 2014-07-31 2015-10-13 Applied Materials, Inc. Metal air gap
US9165786B1 (en) 2014-08-05 2015-10-20 Applied Materials, Inc. Integrated oxide and nitride recess for better channel contact in 3D architectures
US9659753B2 (en) 2014-08-07 2017-05-23 Applied Materials, Inc. Grooved insulator to reduce leakage current
US9553102B2 (en) 2014-08-19 2017-01-24 Applied Materials, Inc. Tungsten separation
US9355856B2 (en) 2014-09-12 2016-05-31 Applied Materials, Inc. V trench dry etch

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