KR101489066B1 - Culture equipment for sea cucumber using by rice straw - Google Patents

Culture equipment for sea cucumber using by rice straw Download PDF

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KR101489066B1
KR101489066B1 KR20130046515A KR20130046515A KR101489066B1 KR 101489066 B1 KR101489066 B1 KR 101489066B1 KR 20130046515 A KR20130046515 A KR 20130046515A KR 20130046515 A KR20130046515 A KR 20130046515A KR 101489066 B1 KR101489066 B1 KR 101489066B1
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rice straw
sea
culture
rope
culturing
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KR20130046515A
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KR20140128515A (en
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성동화
성동현
성순만
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성동화
성동현
성순만
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Marine Sciences & Fisheries (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • Farming Of Fish And Shellfish (AREA)
  • Artificial Fish Reefs (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to a culture apparatus and a culture apparatus for sea cucumber, and more particularly, to a culture apparatus and a culture apparatus for sea cucumber using rice straw which is provided with a rice straw so as to form an artificial sea grass for culture and culture of sea cucumber .
To this end, according to the present invention, in a culture apparatus for a sea cucumber,

Figure 112013036907935-pat00005
Quot ;, and a cement injection product 112 having a weight of 1.5 to 2 Kg is disposed inside the bottom of the cement injection structure 112 so that the cement injection product 112 can sink into the bottom surface of the cement, And a rice straw bundle 120 in which a certain portion is inserted and fixedly supported on the upper part of the culture weigth so that sea grass for the spawning and culturing of sea cucumber is formed A plurality of culture units 100; A plurality of connecting ropes 210 connected to the plurality of culturing units 100 and a plurality of main ropes 220 connected to the connecting ropes and fixed to the bottom of the sea, And a rope part (200) for positioning on the bottom of the sea.
Accordingly, the present invention provides a sea grass by providing a simple structure of rice straw on the sea floor unlike the conventional artificial artificial fish candle, so that the manufacturing cost and the transportation, installation and collection cost to the sea floor are worsened The plankton and the fine diatoms of the sea cucumber are attached to the rice straw, and the rice straw itself becomes a good food for the sea cucumber. Therefore, the environment suitable for the spawning and cultivation of the sea cucumber can be created, There is an effect.

Description

[0001] The present invention relates to a culture apparatus for culturing sea cucumbers,

The present invention relates to a culture apparatus and a culture apparatus for sea cucumber, and more particularly, to a culture apparatus and a culture apparatus for sea cucumber using rice straw which is provided with a rice straw so as to form an artificial sea grass for culture and culture of sea cucumber .

In recent years, as aquaculture technologies for marine life have been developed, various marine organisms can be cultivated in large quantities.

In particular, Sea cucumber (Stichopus japonicus) is one of marine organisms and 1,500 species are known worldwide. Among them, there are about 14 species of sea cucumbers distributed in Korea, and Korea, It is distributed along the entire coast of Outside of the country, it is widely distributed in coastal waters 0 ~ 40m from coastal areas of the Northeast Pacific, the coastal waters, Sakhalin, Alaska, Hokkaido, Japan, the Yellow Sea, Balhae Bay and the East China Sea.

It is generally known that sea cucumbers spawn in May to August (spawning period June to July) in the natural environment. The spawning start temperature range is 13 ~ 16 ℃ and the spawning almost ends at 18 ~ 22 ℃.

In addition, sea cucumbers have a strong appetite throughout the year, and during the active period, the temperature is below 19 ℃ and the temperature of active season is around 10 ~ 16 ℃. However, if the water temperature reaches 19 ℃ or above, the exercise becomes poor and the appetite declines and the digestive tract is atrophied. This is called electricity (early summer), when the water temperature reaches 24.5 ℃, the fasting state and the digestive tract is shrunk, and almost no movement is done. This is when the penis is completely sleeping. In the fall, when the water temperature falls below 19 ~ 20 ℃, the exercise becomes active again, which is the motivation for rehabilitation.

Meanwhile, a variety of sea cucumber cultivation apparatuses and methods for inducing mass culture of sea cucumber have been proposed in consideration of the ecological habit of the sea cucumber,

For example, in Korean Patent Laid-Open Publication No. 10-2013-0039160 (Apr. 19, 2013), side walls 110 disposed on both sides; An upper member (120) disposed above the side wall; And a mesh or rope disposed in an inner space formed by the side wall and the upper member, and a lower space is formed in the lower part of the upper member. (Refer to FIG. 1).

However, the above-mentioned technology has introduced a large amount of sea cucumbers by providing the habitat and bottom space suitable for the ecology of sea cucumbers through the artificial fish candle. However, the manufacturing cost of the sea cucumber concrete, There is still a problem that the cost of transportation, installation and collection to the sea floor is increased.

On the other hand, between sea cucumbers and rice straw, it is often said that when sea cucumbers are stacked on rice straw, they become unstable or melted. This is because Bacillus subtilis in rice straw is a non-pathogenic aerobic bacterium in soil and decomposes carbohydrates to produce acid.

However, the relationship between the sea cucumber and the rice straw is such that the sea cucumber is melted away due to Bacillus subtilis in the land soils, but the bacillus is eradicated by the high salt content in the sea. Therefore, the rice straw is a good food for sea cucumber, Spawning and propagation.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, the present invention has been made to solve the above-mentioned problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a method for cultivating sea cucumbers using rice straw in which sea straw is formed for culturing and culturing sea cucumbers, And a culture device.

According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of culturing and culturing sea cucumbers, comprising the steps of:

Figure 112014080008599-pat00001
Quot ;, and a cement injection product 112 having a weight of 1.5 to 2 Kg is disposed inside the bottom of the cement injection structure 112 so that the cement injection product 112 can sink into the bottom surface of the cement, And a rice straw bundle 120 in which a certain portion is inserted and fixedly supported on the upper part of the culture weigth so that sea grass for the spawning and culturing of sea cucumber is formed A plurality of culture units 100; A plurality of connecting ropes 210 connected to the plurality of culturing units 100 and a plurality of main ropes 220 connected to the connecting ropes and fixed to the bottom of the sea, And a rope unit 200 for positioning the cultured part 100 to prevent the modified embryo from being lost to the outside due to algae from the sea cucumbers attached to the culture unit 100. [ A plurality of buoys 311 are connected to the upper part of the rope and a plurality of weights 312 and anchor members 313 are connected to the lower part of the rope and a plurality of rice straw bundles 320 The present invention further relates to a cage net 300 which is constructed of a wall-type cage net and a floor-type cage net, And sheep Thereby providing a food-processing apparatus.

Preferably, rope holes 113 for connection with the connecting ropes 210 and fixing holes 114 for fixing the rice straw bundles are formed in the pair of plastic injection molds 111a and 111b of the culture unit, And a fastening groove 116 for fastening a cable tie 115 for coupling a pair of plastic extrusions.

The culturing unit may be connected to the connecting rope 210 of the rope unit and may be a mesh 140 filled with a rice straw 120 and a weight 142.

Preferably, the culturing unit is used to directly bind rice straw having a diameter of 3 to 10 cm to the main rope 220 of the rope portion. The rice straw may be any one of a pair of bundled rice straw 150a and an outer bundle of rice straw 150b Are selected and bundled.

The culture unit may include a cylindrical structure 160a and a triangular column structure 160b connected to the rope unit 200 and filled with a rice straw 120 and a weight 161, , And a quadrangular prism structure 160c are selected.

The culture unit may be connected to the rope unit 200 so that the cement 50 is filled therein and a plurality of holes 171 are formed on the outside to fix the straw straw 120 to the holes. The pipe is selected from a circular pipe 170a, a triangular pipe 170b and a square pipe 170c.


According to the culture apparatus and apparatus for culturing sea cucumber using the rice straw of the present invention, the following effects can be obtained.

And a rope section for positioning the culture section including the rice straw and the sea floor for fixing the culture section,

1) Unlike conventional artificial artificial reefs, a simple structure of rice straw is installed on the sea floor to provide sea grass, which can greatly reduce the manufacturing cost and transportation, installation and collection costs to the sea floor. have.

2) Plankton and fine diatoms, which are food of sea cucumbers, adhere to rice straw. As rice straw itself becomes a good food for sea cucumbers, it can induce mass culture of sea cucumbers by creating suitable environment for spawning and culturing of sea cucumbers.

3) Rice straw bundling method, which connects the cultivation part composed of culture weights and rice straw bundle to the rope part, a mesh method of connecting the straw net to the rope part, a bundling method of directly tying the straw part to the rope part, It is possible to apply various culturing and culturing devices of sea cucumber using rice straw according to the culture environment by the method of structure.

4) The entire circumference of the culture is wrapped in a wall-type cage net or a floor-type cage net bundled with rice straw bundles, so that the fertilized eggs from the sea cucumbers adhered to the culture area are lost due to the influence of algae It is possible to secure a large amount of fertilized eggs.

1 is a view showing a conventional artificial fish for sea cucumber culture;
2 is a view showing the entire configuration of a culture apparatus for culturing sea cucumbers using rice straw according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
3 is a view for explaining a coupling relation between a culture part and a rope part of a culture apparatus and a culture apparatus for sea cucumber using rice straw according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention
Figs. 4 to 7 are views showing another embodiment of the culture unit of the culture apparatus and culture apparatus of sea cucumber using the rice straw of the present invention
8 is a view showing a straw straw mesh of culturing and culturing apparatus of sea cucumber using rice straw according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention

Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the drawings, like reference numerals refer to like elements throughout. Although the same reference numerals are used in the different drawings, the same reference numerals are used throughout the drawings. The prior art should be interpreted by itself. In the following description of the present invention, a detailed description of known functions and configurations incorporated herein will be omitted when it may make the subject matter of the present invention rather unclear.

 Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, the main technical constitution of the apparatus for culturing and culturing sea cucumber using rice straw according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention includes a culture unit 100 including a rice straw, a rope unit 200, (300).

First, the cultivation unit 100 is a sea grass means using rice straw, and the upper part of the cone is partially cut,

Figure 112013036907935-pat00002
Quot ;, and a pair of plastic injection molds 111a and 111b having two cross-sectional shapes and vertically separable from each other. The plastic injection molds 111a and 111b are formed to have a predetermined weight in the sea floor, (110) having a weight of cement projections (112) embedded therein and a rice straw bundle (120) having a certain portion inserted and fixedly supported at an upper portion of the culture weight. The artificial sheath (sea grass).

The pair of plastic extruded products 111a and 111b of the culture unit includes a rope hole 113 for connection with the connecting rope 210, a fixing hole 114 for fixing the rice straw bundle, And a fixing groove 116 for fastening a cable tie 115 for coupling a pair of plastic injection molds, respectively.

The cement injection mold 112 of the culture unit has the same shape as the pair of plastic injection molds 111a and 111b so as to be embedded in the pair of plastic injection molds 111a and 111b, The fixing holes 114, and the fixing grooves 116 are formed by injection molding.

The rice straw bundle 120 is provided with bundle fixing rods 121 which are inserted into the rice straw bundle 120 so as to be vertically fixed in a state fixed to the culture weights 110.

When the rice straw bundle 120 and the connecting rope 210 are fixed to the culture weights 110, a pair of plastic injection pieces of the culture weights are separated from each other, And a knot is formed at the lower end of the rice straw bundle to be fixed after culturing. A connecting rope is inserted into the rope hole, and a knot is formed at the connecting rope end to form a rope hole 113 ). Then, a pair of plastic injection pieces of the culture weights are combined, and then a cable tie 115 is fastened to the fixing groove 116 so that the coupling state is maintained.

As described above, the culture weights 110 of the culture unit can be mass-produced through the injection molding. The fixing operation between the culture weights 110 and the rice straw 120 can be easily performed by the novice user, And the cost of transportation, installation and collection to the sea floor can be greatly reduced.

Sea grass, on the other hand, is a plant that is completely submerged in sea water. It provides a shelter for marine life such as seafood, and is used as a spawning ground and habitat for marine life due to the attachment of plankton and fine diatoms to leaves and stems.

Conventionally, artificial fishes of concrete structures are installed on the ocean floor using the ecological habits of marine organisms. However, manufacturing costs such as formwork and injection molding for the production of concrete structures and the costs of transportation, installation and collection There was a limit to use the fish as an aquaculture device for marine life.

Therefore, the applicant of the present invention has independently developed a culturing and culturing apparatus for sea cucumber which can form artificial bark on the sea floor by using rice straw bundle in order to solve the problem of artificial fishery of a concrete structure with limitation as such aquaculture apparatus The reasons for using rice straw bundles as artificial shavings are as follows. As shown in Table 1, the applicants engaged in the aquaculture industry showed that rice straw and sea cucumbers were related to each other due to Bacillus subtilis in rice straw, Was destroyed and rice straw became good food for sea cucumber, and it was suitable as a place for spawning and breeding of sea cucumber.

Figure 112013036907935-pat00003

In other words, the applicant of the present invention observed the progress of the rice straw which was left on the sea floor during June ~ July, when the rice straw was left in the main spawning season of the sea cucumber. As a result, many ginseng (or young sea cucumber) It was made by injection molding the culture straw which fixes the rice straw bundle so that the rice straw bundle can be easily used as culture and aquaculture apparatus of sea cucumbers by directly confirming that the rice straw is attached to the rice straw and feeding it.

On the other hand, in Table 1, the decrease in the number of sea cucumber in August and October was reduced due to external influences such as the influence of food and birds on seafood, and it was not related to the growth of sea cucumber through rice straw.

2 and 3, the rope unit 200 is a positioning unit of the culture unit. The rope unit 200 includes a plurality of connection ropes each connected to the plurality of culture units, And a plurality of main ropes fixedly installed on the seabed so as to position the plurality of culture units on the sea floor.

Here, the main rope may be fixed to the sea floor by a fixing means 230 such as a pile or an anchor bolt, which is connected to the main rope.

Thus, through the rope portion, the cultivating portion is fixed to the seabed surface irrespective of the tides due to tide and ebb and other influences, so that the artificial tear is formed.

In addition, the rope unit 200 may be installed to connect the buoys at regular intervals to allow the culture unit connected to the rope unit to float up in a vertical line in the sea.

4 to 7, the culture apparatus and apparatus for culturing sea cucumbers using the rice straw according to the present invention can be applied to cultivation unit 100 using rice straw 120 and culture weights 110, Can be installed on the sea floor.

 In this embodiment, the culturing unit may be manufactured by a mesh network 140 connected to the connecting rope 210 of the rope unit and filled with a rice straw 120 and a weight 142 4).

In addition, the culturing unit may be configured such that rice straw having a diameter of 3 to 10 cm is directly bundled and used in the main rope 220 of the rope portion, wherein the rice straw is packed in any one of bundling rice straw 150a and outer bundle rice straw 150b (See FIG. 5).

The culture unit is connected to the rope unit 200 and includes a cylindrical structure 160a in which a rice straw bundle 120 and a weight 161 are filled and a mesh is formed on the outside, (Refer to (a), (b), and (c) of FIG. 6).

The culture unit is connected to the rope unit 200 and is filled with cement 50 and has a plurality of holes 171 formed therein so that the rice straw bundle 120 is fixed to the plurality of holes. (See FIG. 7A, FIG. 7B, and FIG. 7C) of the pipe 170a, the triangular pipe 170b, and the square pipe 170c.

Here, in the culture unit of the mesh and the structure type, the sea cucumber is put into the net or the structure in the spawning season of the sea cucumber and cultured and cultured.

Referring to FIG. 8, the cage net 300 is a means for preventing the modified embryo from the sea cucumber attached to the culture unit 100 from being lost to the outside due to the influence of algae, And is a net in which rice straw is wrapped around the entire rope portion 200.

The cage network includes a net 310 having a plurality of buoys 311 connected to an upper portion thereof and a plurality of weights 312 and anchor members 313 connected to the lower portion thereof. (See FIG. 8 (a)) and a floor-type cage network (see (b) of FIG. 8), the cage network may include any one of Is selected and installed.

The wall-type cage net is installed in the sea floor of 5m or more in depth to form an underwater wall, and the floor-type cage net is installed in a relatively shallow waterfront, Since embryos and larvae float in the sea according to algae, fertilized eggs or larvae of fertilized sea cucumbers may be lost due to algae. To prevent this, A tightly bound cage net is installed to induce fertilized eggs and larvae to float only in the cage net or stick to the rice straw bundle.

Finally, the cultivation of the sea cucumbers using the above-described rice straw and the installation of the aquaculture apparatus are carried out in such a manner that the sea cucumbers are naturally attached to cultivate and cultivate the sea cucumbers by installing them on the seabed surface of 1 m to 20 m in depth from June to July, Adult sea cucumbers and male sea cucumbers are attached to the culture part to induce scattering artificially, and the rice straw is periodically supplied.

As described above, in the culturing and culturing apparatus for sea cucumbers using the rice straw according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, unlike conventional artificial artificial reefs, a simple structure of rice straw is installed on the sea floor to form sea grass , Manufacturing cost, and transportation, installation and collection costs to the sea floor can be greatly reduced. As the feeding plankton and fine diatoms of the sea cucumber are attached to the rice straw and the rice straw itself becomes a good food for the sea cucumber, By creating a suitable environment as a culture site, mass culture of sea cucumbers can be induced.

In addition, a rice straw method, which connects a culture portion composed of a culture weight and a rice straw bundle to a rope portion, a mesh method of connecting a straw net and a weight added net to a rope portion, a bundling method of directly tying rice straw to the rope portion, It is possible to apply various cultivation and aquaculture apparatus using rice straw in accordance with the culture environment by the method of structure, etc., and it is possible to use a wall-type cage network or a floor-type cage By wrapping it in the net, it is possible to prevent the fertilized egg, which has been modified from the sea cucumbers attached to the culture unit, from being lost due to the influence of algae.

The foregoing description is merely illustrative of the technical idea of the present invention and various changes and modifications may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the essential characteristics of the present invention. Therefore, the embodiments disclosed in the present invention are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention but to limit the scope of the technical idea of the present invention. The scope of protection of the present invention should be construed according to the following claims, and all technical ideas within the scope of equivalents should be construed as falling within the scope of the present invention.

50: Cement 100: Multiple cultures
110: culture weight
111a, 111b: a pair of plastic injection moldings
112: Cement injection product 113: Rope hole
114: Fixing hole 115: Cable tie
116: fixing groove 120, 320: rice straw bundle
121: Round bar for fixing bundles 140, 310:
142, 161, 312: weights 150a, 150b: both bundles / bundles of rice straw
160a, 160b, 160c: Cylinder / triangular column / square column structure
170a, 170b, 170c: circular / triangular / square pipe
200: rope portion 210: multiple connecting ropes
220: plurality of main ropes 300: cage net
311: Buoy 313: Anchor member

Claims (10)

In the culture and culture apparatus for sea cucumber,
The upper surface of the cone is "
Figure 112014080008599-pat00004
Quot ;, and a cement injection product 112 having a weight of 1.5 to 2 Kg is disposed inside the bottom of the cement injection structure 112 so that the cement injection product 112 can sink into the bottom surface of the cement, And a rice straw bundle 120 in which a certain portion is inserted and fixedly supported on the upper part of the culture weigth so that sea grass for the spawning and culturing of sea cucumber is formed A plurality of culture units 100;
A plurality of connecting ropes 210 connected to the plurality of culturing units 100 and a plurality of main ropes 220 connected to the connecting ropes and fixed to the bottom of the sea, Includes a rope portion (200) for positioning on the sea floor,
A plurality of buoys 311 are connected to the upper part of the culturing part and the rope part to prevent the fertilized eggs from the sea cucumbers attached to the culturing part 100 from being lost to the outside due to the influence of algae, A plurality of weighing rods 312 and an anchor member 313 are connected to each other and a plurality of straw straw bundles 320 are bundled to the mesh net, and a cage net (300) in which any one of the cage net is installed in the cage net.
The method according to claim 1,
The pair of plastic injection molds 111a and 111b of the culture unit includes a rope hole 113 for connection with the connecting rope 210, a fixing hole 114 for fixing the straw straw bundle, And a fastening groove (116) for fastening a cable tie (115) for joining of the pair of plastic incisions.
delete delete The method according to claim 1,
Wherein the culturing unit is a mesh 140 connected to the connecting rope 210 of the rope unit and filled with a rice straw bundle 120 and a weight 142. [ .
The method according to claim 1,
The culturing unit may be configured such that rice straw having a diameter of 3 to 10 cm is directly bundled to the main rope 220 of the rope portion so that the rice straw is bundled with either one of the bundled rice straw 150a and the outer bundle rice straw 150b The culture apparatus and apparatus for culturing sea cucumber using rice straw.
The method according to claim 1,
The culture unit is connected to the rope unit 200 and includes a cylindrical structure 160a having a rice straw bundle 120 and a weight 161 filled therein and a mesh on the outside thereof, a triangular columnar structure 160b, (160c). ≪ RTI ID = 0.0 > 18. < / RTI >
The method according to claim 1,
The culture unit is connected to the rope unit 200 and has a circular pipe which is filled with cement 50 and has a plurality of holes 171 formed therein to fix the rice straw 120 to the holes. Wherein the pipe is selected from the group consisting of a pipe 170a, a triangular pipe 170b, and a square pipe 170c.
delete delete
KR20130046515A 2013-04-26 2013-04-26 Culture equipment for sea cucumber using by rice straw KR101489066B1 (en)

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CN105941305A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-09-21 四川省农业科学院水产研究所 Method for breeding turtles with symbiosis ecosystem comprising rice, fish and turtles
KR102030965B1 (en) * 2019-04-12 2019-10-10 김범철 A submerged type aquaculture apparatus

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0717052U (en) * 1992-07-20 1995-03-28 株式会社クサカ Shellfish farm
KR200411496Y1 (en) 2005-12-27 2006-03-15 이주석 An artificial fish-breeding ground
KR100841095B1 (en) * 2007-02-07 2008-06-25 주식회사 코아마 Seaweed forest and nourishing method thereof
JP2010046054A (en) * 2008-07-22 2010-03-04 Miyata Engineering:Kk Bamboo fish bank

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0717052U (en) * 1992-07-20 1995-03-28 株式会社クサカ Shellfish farm
KR200411496Y1 (en) 2005-12-27 2006-03-15 이주석 An artificial fish-breeding ground
KR100841095B1 (en) * 2007-02-07 2008-06-25 주식회사 코아마 Seaweed forest and nourishing method thereof
JP2010046054A (en) * 2008-07-22 2010-03-04 Miyata Engineering:Kk Bamboo fish bank

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