KR101332742B1 - Mushroom fly repellent using plant extract and method of the same - Google Patents

Mushroom fly repellent using plant extract and method of the same Download PDF

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KR101332742B1
KR101332742B1 KR1020120062580A KR20120062580A KR101332742B1 KR 101332742 B1 KR101332742 B1 KR 101332742B1 KR 1020120062580 A KR1020120062580 A KR 1020120062580A KR 20120062580 A KR20120062580 A KR 20120062580A KR 101332742 B1 KR101332742 B1 KR 101332742B1
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extract
ethanol
water
mushroom
ginkgo biloba
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KR1020120062580A
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Korean (ko)
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송호연
이병의
이병홍
이영복
이주현
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순천향대학교 산학협력단
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N25/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests
    • A01N25/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests containing liquids as carriers, diluents or solvents
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N25/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests
    • A01N25/12Powders or granules
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N31/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic oxygen or sulfur compounds
    • A01N31/08Oxygen or sulfur directly attached to an aromatic ring system
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/04Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom
    • A01N43/14Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom six-membered rings
    • A01N43/16Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom six-membered rings with oxygen as the ring hetero atom
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/06Coniferophyta [gymnosperms], e.g. cypress

Abstract

Disclosed is a fungus gnat repellent using a plant extract. The present invention contains the fungus gnat repellent using the plant extract, a pokeweed extract containing saponin as an active component, an outer bark extract of gingko trees containing biobol, and their mixture. The present invention has an effect of repelling fungus gnat in an environmentally friendly way. [Reference numerals] (AA) Raw materials (a pokeweed or an outer bark extract of gingko trees);(BB) Solvent (water, ethanol, or a mixed solvent);(CC) Extracting(room temperature or virtual temperature);(DD) Extract;(EE) Dryer (pulverization);(FF) Undiluted solution or dilution (water)/dissolve or distribute powder (water, ethanol, or a mixed solution);(GG) Use spray

Description

식물추출물을 이용한 버섯파리 퇴치제 및 그 제조방법{Mushroom fly repellent using plant extract and method of the same}Mushroom fly repellent using plant extract and method of manufacturing the same {Mushroom fly repellent using plant extract and method of the same}

본 발명은 식물추출물을 이용한 버섯파리 퇴치제 및 그 제조방법에 관한 것으로, 더욱 구체적으로는 사포닌을 유효성분으로 하는 자리공 추출물을 이용하여 친환경적으로 해충을 방제할 수 있도록 한 식물추출물을 이용한 버섯파리 퇴치제 및 그 제조방법에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a mushroom fly extinguishing agent using a plant extract, and more particularly, to a mushroom fly extinguishing agent using a plant extract to control pests in an environmentally friendly manner using an extract of saggonine as an active ingredient. It relates to a manufacturing method.

버섯파리는 평상시에 숲 속의 부엽토, 유기질이 많은 초지, 퇴비 더미, 부후목재 등에서 균식을 하며 생활하다가 버섯의 재배가 시작되면 성충이 균사의 독특한 냄새에 유인되어 재배사 내로 침입하여 균상에 산란한다. 부화된 유충은 버섯균사 및 자실체를 섭취하면서 성장하여 번데기와 성충이 되는 과정을 되풀이하면서 증식되고 버섯에 피해를 주는데, 특히 양송이버섯은 볏짚을 발효시킨 퇴비를 이용하여 재배를 하기 때문에 다른 버섯류보다 피해가 더 크게 확대될 수 있다. 이는 유충에 의해서 발생하는 것으로 균사를 섭식하고 절단함으로써 수량의 감소를 가져오고 자실체에 구멍을 뚫고 식해하며 오염되어 버섯의 상품가치를 저하시키는 것이다. 또한 성충은 버섯을 직접 가해하지 않으나 버섯에 해를 주는 각종 병원균, 선충, 응애 등을 매개하여 전파시킴으로써 간접적인 피해를 발생시킨다. Mushroom flies usually live in forests of leafy soil, organic grasses, compost heaps, and wood logs, and when mushrooms begin to grow, adult insects are attracted to the unique scents of mycelia and invade into the cultivator. The hatched larvae grow by ingesting mushroom mycelium and fruiting bodies, and then multiply and damage mushrooms by pupae and adulthood. In particular, mushrooms are cultivated using compost fermented with rice straw. Can be enlarged even more. This is caused by larvae, which feeds and cuts the hyphae, resulting in a decrease in yield, puncturing and cooling fruiting bodies, and contaminating to lower the value of mushrooms. In addition, adult insects do not directly induce mushrooms, but cause indirect damage by propagating through various pathogens, nematodes, and mites that harm mushrooms.

버섯파리 종류는 시아리드(Searid), 포리드(Phorid), 세시드(Cecid), 마이세토필(Mycetopil) 등이 알려져 있는데 방제법으로는 방충망을 설치하거나 살충제를 사용하는 방법 등이 있는데 방충망으로는 현실적인 방제가 매우 어렵고 살충제의 사용은 갈수록 친환경무농약 농산물에 대한 중요성이 커지면서 사용상 어려움이 있다. Mushroom flies are known as sireid, porid, cecid and mycetopil, and there are methods of installing insect repellents or insecticides. Realistic control is very difficult and the use of pesticides is difficult to use as the importance of eco-friendly pesticide-free agricultural products is increasing.

특히 집적화되어 있는 재배지역에서는 재배사가 밀집되어 있어 재배시기가 각기 다르므로 재배사에서 재배사로 버섯파리의 대량이동이 용이하므로 한 재배사만 상기의 각 재배단계별 방제를 실시한다면 실제적인 효과는 얻을 수 없다. 따라서 현재는 가정용 끈끈이를 사용하는 정도이다.In particular, because the growers are concentrated in the integrated cultivation area, the cultivation time is different, so the mass transfer of mushroom flies from the cultivator to the cultivator is easy, so if only one cultivator controls each cultivation step, the practical effect cannot be obtained. Therefore, at present, the use of household sticky.

또한, 최근 들어서 친환경농산물에 대한 관심이 높아지면서 친환경농자재에 대한 중요성도 커지고 있다. 특히 식물 추출물을 이용한 병해충 관리는 친환경농업에서 매우 중요한 요소로서 친환경농자재로 주로 사용된 식물은 제충국, 데리스, 쿠아시아, 라이아니아, 님 오일 있으며 그밖에 해조류 등 식물성 오일 성분도 사용되어 왔다. 그러나, 이와 같은 제충국, 데리스, 쿠아시아, 라이아니아, 님 오일은 버섯파리에 대해서는 충분한 효과를 얻지 못하였다.In addition, in recent years, as the interest in eco-friendly agricultural products increases, the importance of eco-friendly agricultural materials is also increasing. In particular, pest control using plant extracts is a very important factor in eco-friendly agriculture. Plants mainly used as eco-friendly agricultural materials are Pyrethrum, Deris, Ku-Asia, Liania, Nim oil, and other vegetable oils such as algae. However, these insect pests, Deris, Kuasia, Liania, and Nim oil, did not have sufficient effects on mushroom flies.

1. 대한민국 공개특허 제10-2011-0122502호 (2011.11.10)1. Republic of Korea Patent Publication No. 10-2011-0122502 (2011.11.10) 2. 대한민국 등록특허 제10-0822767호(2008.04.10)2. Republic of Korea Patent No. 10-0822767 (2008.04.10)

본 발명의 목적은 상기의 문제점들을 해결하기 위해 이루어진 것으로, 천연식물 추출물을 이용하여 친환경적으로 해충을 방제함으로써 품질이 우수한 버섯 생산을 할 수 있도록 한 식물추출물을 이용한 버섯파리 퇴치제 및 그 제조방법을 제공하는 데 있다.An object of the present invention was made to solve the above problems, to provide a mushroom fly extinguishing agent and a method for producing the same using a plant extract that can produce mushrooms of high quality by controlling pests environmentally friendly using natural plant extracts. There is.

상기의 목적을 달성하기 위하여, 본 발명의 일 실시예에 따른 식물추출물을 이용한 버섯파리 퇴치제는, 사포닌을 유효성분으로 하는 자리공 추출물, 비오볼(Biobol)을 함유하는 은행 바깥껍질 추출물, 또는 그들의 혼합추출물로부터 선택된 어느 하나의 추출물을 포함하는 것을 특징으로 한다.
In order to achieve the above object, the mushroom fly extinguishing agent using a plant extract according to an embodiment of the present invention, gongpoong extract containing saponin, a ginkgo outer shell extract containing Biobol, or a mixture thereof It characterized in that it comprises any one extract selected from the extract.

상기 추출물은 함량이 70%인 에탄올(알콜)을 용매로 하여 추출한 것을 특징으로 한다.
The extract is characterized in that extracted with 70% ethanol (alcohol) as a solvent.

본 발명의 일 실시예에 따른 식물추출물을 이용한 버섯파리 퇴치제의 제조방법은 함량이 1∼95%인 에탄올(알콜)을 용매로 하여 자리공으로부터 사포닌을 유효성분으로 하는 자리공 추출물을 추출하는 단계; 수분이 함유된 자리공 추출물을 건조기에서 수분함유량이 5∼10%가 되도록 건조하는 단계; 건조된 자리공 추출물을 분말화 하는 단계; 및 분말을 물, 에탄올 또는 혼합용액에 녹이거나 분산시켜 희석용액을 제조하는 단계;를 포함하는 것을 특징으로 한다.
Method for producing a mushroom fly killer using a plant extract according to an embodiment of the present invention comprises the steps of extracting the pericardium extract containing saponin as an active ingredient from the periphery of ethanol (alcohol) having a content of 1 to 95%; Drying the perforated extract containing water in a drier to have a water content of 5 to 10%; Powdering the dried pore extract; And dissolving or dispersing the powder in water, ethanol or a mixed solution to prepare a dilute solution.

본 발명의 다른 실시예에 따른 식물추출물을 이용한 버섯파리 퇴치제의 제조방법은, 함량이 1∼95%인 에탄올(알콜)을 용매로 하여 자리공으로부터 사포닌을 유효성분으로 하는 자리공 추출물을 추출하는 단계; 함량이 1∼95%인 에탄올(알콜)을 용매로 하여 은행 바깥껍질로부터 비오볼을 함유하는 은행 바깥껍질 추출물을 추출하는 단계; 수분이 함유된 자리공 추출물과 은행 바깥껍질 추출물을 건조기에서 수분함유량이 5∼10%가 되도록 건조하는 단계; 건조된 자리공 추출물과 은행 바깥껍질 추출물을 분말화 하는 단계; 상기 자리공 추출물과 은행 바깥껍질 추출물을 혼합하는 단계; 및 상기 혼합 분말을 물, 에탄올 또는 혼합용액에 녹이거나 분산시켜 희석용액을 제조하는 단계;를 포함하는 것을 특징으로 한다.According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of preparing a mushroom fly extinguishing agent, the method comprising: extracting a pore hole extract having saponin as an active ingredient from a pore hole using ethanol (alcohol) having a content of 1 to 95%; Extracting the ginkgo biloba extract containing the bioball from the ginkgo biloba using ethanol (alcohol) having a content of 1 to 95%; Drying the perforated extract and the ginkgo biloba extract containing water in a drier to have a water content of 5 to 10%; Powdering dried perforated extract and ginkgo biloba extract; Mixing the perforated extract and ginkgo biloba extract; And dissolving or dispersing the mixed powder in water, ethanol or a mixed solution to prepare a dilute solution.

상술한 바와 같이, 본 발명에 따른 식물추출물을 이용한 버섯파리 퇴치제에 의하면, 자리공(상륙)의 사포닌성분이 함유된 추출물이 버섯파리를 효과적으로 퇴치시켜 버섯재배 시 원활한 생육으로 품질관리에 매우 유리하여 버섯재배 농가의 재배과정에서 불안한 심리적 요인을 감소시키고, 현실적으로 버섯파리를 퇴치시켜 우수한 품질의 버섯을 생산할 수 있다.As described above, according to the mushroom fly extinguishing agent using the plant extract according to the present invention, the extract containing saponin component of the fly (landing) effectively eliminates mushroom fly, which is very advantageous for quality control by smooth growth during mushroom cultivation It can reduce the anxiety psychological factors in the cultivation process of cultivated farms, and can effectively produce mushrooms of high quality by combating mushroom flies.

또, 본 발명에 따른 식물추출물을 이용한 버섯파리 퇴치제에 의하면, 버섯재배 결과에서 재배사의 위생적인 관리가 용이하여 버섯파리에 의한 이차적인 주변오염의 감소효과도 얻어진다.In addition, according to the mushroom fly extinguishing agent using the plant extract according to the present invention, the hygienic management of the grower in the mushroom cultivation result is easy, and the secondary environmental pollution reduction effect by the mushroom fly is also obtained.

또한, 본 발명에 따른 식물추출물을 이용한 버섯파리 퇴치제에 의하면, 본 발명의 친환경 살충제로서 재배한 버섯은 국민건강에 크게 기여하며 나아가 국내 버섯품질의 브랜드를 강화시켜, 수입대체 효과 및 수출용으로도 유용하게 사용될 수 있다는 효과도 얻어진다.In addition, according to the mushroom fly extinguishing agent using the plant extract according to the present invention, mushrooms cultivated as an environmentally friendly insecticide of the present invention contributes greatly to the public health and further strengthens the domestic mushroom quality brand, useful for import substitution effect and export The effect can also be obtained.

도 1은 본 발명에 따른 식물추출물을 이용한 버섯파리 퇴치제의 제조방법을 설명하기 위한 공정도이다.1 is a process chart for explaining a method for producing a mushroom fly repellent using the plant extract according to the present invention.

본 발명의 상기 및 그 밖의 목적과 새로운 특징은 본 명세서의 기술 및 첨부 도면에 의해 더욱 명확하게 될 것이다.These and other objects and novel features of the present invention will become more apparent from the description of the present specification and the accompanying drawings.

본 발명은 자리공(상륙)의 사포닌성분을 함유하는 친환경무농약 제조방법으로서 버섯파리 퇴치를 위해 개발한 것이다.The present invention has been developed for combating mushroom flies as an environmentally friendly pesticide-free manufacturing method containing saponin components of the periwinkle (landing).

자리공(Phytolacca esculenta Van Houtte)은 자리공과(상륙과)에 속하는 여러해살이풀로 우리나라 전국 각지의 집근처에 저절로 자라기도 하며 심기도 한다. 지리적으로는 일본, 중국, 대만에 분포한다. 자리공의 뿌리를 상륙이라고 하는데, 생약(生藥)에서 가을에 뿌리를 캐서 물에 씻어 맞춤한 크기로 잘라 햇볕에 말려 약재로 사용한다. 다년초, 높이 1m, 전체에 털이 없고, 뿌리는 비대하여 덩어리를 형성한다. 줄기는 기둥모양 이고 장대하며 곧게 섰고 가지가 갈라졌다. 잎은 대형이고 호생하여 낫으며 잎자루가 있고 큰 난형 또는 타원형으로 양단이 뾰족하며 가장자리는 밋밋하고 길이 10∼20cm 내외이며 연질이다. 꽃은 5∼6월에 피고 흰색이며 총상화서로 측출(側出)되었으며 꽃의 수가 많고 밀착하였다. 꽃자루는 짧고 꽃잎은 없으며, 화피는 5장으로 난형으로 끝이 둥글고, 수술은 8개이다. 꽃밥은 연분홍색이며, 심피는 8개, 열매 이삭은 처지지 않는다. 열매는 장과, 8개의 분과(分果)가 윤상(輪狀)으로 나열되었으며 흑자색이다. 약재인 상륙은 원추형으로 자른 방향에 따라 일정하지 않으며, 질은 연한 편이나 질기며 쉽게 부서지지 않고 , 내면은 흰색의 가루가 붙어 있다. 냄새가 약간 있고 맛은 조금 달며 오래 씹으면 혀를 마비시킨다. 부위별 주요성분은 열매의 붉은 가지 색소는 안토시안 색소와는 다른 염기성 색소인 베타니딘의 배당체인 베티시아닌(betacyanin)이다. 잎에는 아스코르빈산, 이소쿠에르찌트린, 아스트라갈린, 켐페롤-3-글리코시드, 열매와 씨에는 비타민 B군과 비타민 PP, 안토시안색소가 있다. 씨에는 또한 기름이 약 10% 있다. 뿌리에는 많은 량의 질산칼륨과 사포닌, 정유, 수지, 얄리곤산 그리고 조성이 밝혀지지 않은 피톨락카톡신과 옥시미리스틴산, 알칼로이드가 있다.
Phytolacca esculenta Van Houtte) is a perennial herb belonging to the Jalgongdae (landing family), which grows and is planted near homes all over Korea. Geographically, it is distributed in Japan, China, and Taiwan. The roots of Zhagong are called landings, and the roots are cut from the medicinal herb in autumn, washed in water, cut into pieces and dried in the sun to be used as medicinal herbs. Perennial, 1m high, without hairs all over, roots are enlarged to form lumps. Stems are pillar-shaped, grand, stand upright, and branched. Leaves are large, rejuvenated, healed, petioles, large ovate or elliptical, pointed at both ends, and the edges are flat, about 10 ~ 20cm long, and soft. Flowers bloomed in May-June, white, and radiated as gunshot inflorescences, with a large number of flowers and close contact. A peduncle is short and has no petals. The cuticle is 5 pieces, and the ovate is round, and the stamen is 8. Anther is light pink, 8 carpels are not sag. Fruits are berries and eight branches are arranged in the shape of wheels, and they are black purple. Landing, which is a medicinal herb, is inconsistent in the direction of cutting in the shape of a cone, and the quality is soft but tough and not easily broken, and the inner surface has white powder. It has a slight smell, tastes a little sweet, and if you chew it for a long time, it will numb the tongue. The main component of each part is the red branch pigment of the fruit is beticyanin (betacyanin), a glycoside of betanidine, a basic pigment different from the anthocyanin pigment. The leaves contain ascorbic acid, isoquerchcitrin, astragaline, camphorol-3-glycoside, and berries and seeds contain vitamin B group, vitamin PP and anthocyanin. Seed also has around 10% oil. Roots contain large amounts of potassium nitrate, saponins, essential oils, resins, yaligonic acids, and unidentified phytolactoxins, oxymyristin acids, and alkaloids.

본 발명에 따른 식물추출물을 이용한 버섯파리 퇴치제는, 사포닌을 유효성분으로 하는 자리공 추출물, 비오볼(Biobol)을 함유하는 은행 바깥껍질 추출물, 또는 그들의 혼합추출물로부터 선택된 어느 하나의 추출물이다.The mushroom fly extinguishing agent using the plant extract according to the present invention is any one extract selected from periwinkle extracts containing saponin, ginkgo biloba shell extract containing biobol, or a mixed extract thereof.

상기 자리공 추출물과 은행 바깥껍질 추출물은 에탄올(알콜) 용매를 사용하여 추출할 수 있으며, 용매의 함량이 1∼95%일 수 있으나, 가장 바람직하게는 그 함량이 70%인 것이 효율적이다. 물론, 에탄올(알콜) 용매의 함량은 현장이나 주변 여건에 따라서 높이거나 낮출 수 있다.The pericardium extract and ginkgo biloba extract can be extracted using an ethanol (alcohol) solvent, the content of the solvent may be 1 to 95%, most preferably the content is 70%. Of course, the content of the ethanol (alcohol) solvent may be increased or decreased depending on the site or ambient conditions.

특히, 은행 바깥껍질 추출물은 비오볼(Biobol)이라는 화합물 특유의 냄새로 바퀴벌레도 퇴치하는 효과를 선행 연구과정에서 확인하였으나 화합물 특유의 냄새는 매우 역하기 때문에 일상적으로 사용하는데는 어려움이 있었다. 그러나 알콜 추출물을 그 자체로 발효시키면 비오볼 특유의 냄새가 나지 않으면서도 해충 퇴치효과 있음을 확인하였다.In particular, the ginkgo biloba extract has been confirmed in the previous research to combat the cockroaches with the unique odor of the compound called Biobol, but the odor of the compound was very inverse, making it difficult to use daily. However, the fermentation of alcoholic extracts by themselves was confirmed that there is a pest control effect without the smell of bio-ball unique.

따라서, 본 발명에서는 사포닌을 유효성분으로 하는 자리공 추출물과 비오볼을 함유하는 은행 바깥껍질 추출물을 각각 개별적으로 사용할 수도 있고, 이들을 혼합한 혼합추출물을 사용할 수도 있는 것이다.Therefore, in the present invention, the ginkgo biloba extract containing saponin and the ginkgo outer shell extract containing bioball may be used individually, or a mixed extract of these may be used.

또한, 개별적으로 사용할 때에 방제 효과를 높이기 위하여, 자리공의 사포닌 성분을 함유하는 추출물로 버섯파리를 퇴치하면서 천연식물 추출물의 효과를 지속적으로 나타내기 위해서는 단순한 반복사용보다는 환경에 따라서 은행껍질 추출물을 중간에 교대로 사용하면 더 확실하게 일정한 효과를 기대할 수 있다.In addition, in order to increase the control effect when used individually, the extract containing the saponin component of the periphery to combat mushroom flies while continuing to show the effects of natural plant extracts in the middle of the ginkgo bark extract depending on the environment rather than simple repeated use Alternately, you can expect a more certain effect.

즉, 친환경무농약 버섯파리 퇴치제로서 환경 친화적이기 때문에 장기간 자리공 추출물만 사용하기 보다는 주변 환경과 발생 정도에 따라서 수회 또는 수십회 사용 중에 1회씩 은행 바깥껍질 추출물을 사용하면 충분한 효과를 지속적으로 얻을 수 있으며 자리공 추출물에 대한 버섯파리들의 내성도 방지하여 보다 적은 농도를 유지하여 최종적으로 친환경무농약 버섯파리 퇴치제로서 역할을 충분히 기대할 수 있다.
In other words, because it is environmentally friendly as an eco-friendly pesticide-free mushroom fly repellent, it is possible to continuously obtain sufficient effects by using the ginkgo biloba extract once or several times or several times depending on the surrounding environment and the degree of occurrence, rather than using only long-term extracts. By preventing the resistance of mushroom flies to the extract to maintain a lower concentration can finally be expected to play a role as an eco-friendly pesticide free mushroom flies.

이하, 도면을 참조하여 본 발명에 따른 식물추출물을 이용한 버섯파리 퇴치제의 제조방법에 대하여 상세히 설명한다.Hereinafter, with reference to the drawings will be described in detail a method for producing a mushroom fly repellent using the plant extract according to the present invention.

먼저, 에탄올(알콜)을 용매로 하여 자리공으로부터 사포닌을 유효성분으로 하는 자리공 추출물을 추출한다. 이때, 에탄올(알콜)의 함량은 1∼95%일 수 있으나, 함량이 70%인 것이 가장 적합하다.First, the extract of Periporum containing Saponin as an active ingredient is extracted from Periporum using ethanol (alcohol) as a solvent. At this time, the content of ethanol (alcohol) may be 1 to 95%, but the content is most suitable 70%.

또한, 사포닌 특유의 극성물성을 이용하여 단순한 열수 추출보다는 에탄올(알콜)을 사용하는 것이 효율적이며, 가온 추출하면 추출시의 시간을 단축시킬 수 있으나 농업 등 현장에서 활용하기에는 상온 추출도 가능하다.
In addition, it is more efficient to use ethanol (alcohol) than simple hydrothermal extraction by using saponin's unique polar properties, and heating extraction can shorten the extraction time, but it is also possible to use room temperature extraction for use in agriculture and the like.

그 후에, 수분이 함유된 자리공 추출물을 건조기에서 수분함유량이 5∼10%가 되도록 건조한다.
Thereafter, the perforated extract containing water is dried in a drier to have a water content of 5 to 10%.

이후에, 건조된 자리공 추출물을 분말화 한다. 이러한 분말화는 믹서기를 통해 구현되며, 상기 분말화는 보관상 편리하기 위해 사용되는 것으로 그 분말의 크기에는 제한이 있는 것이 아니다.
Thereafter, the dried pore extract is powdered. This powdering is implemented through a mixer, the powdering is used for the convenience of storage is not limited to the size of the powder.

한편, 은행 바깥껍질 추출물의 추출도 상기 자리공 추출물의 추출방법과 유사하게 진행할 수 있다.
On the other hand, the extraction of the ginkgo outer shell extract can also proceed similarly to the extraction method of the perforated extract.

이렇게 분말화한 추출물들은 주변환경에 따라서 또는 버섯파리 발생정도에 따라서 물, 에탄올 또는 혼합용액에 희석하여 사용될 수 있는데, 예를 들면 버섯배지인 볏짚에는 20∼30배 희석하여 사용할 수 있고, 재배사 주변에는 50배 이상으로 희석하여 사용할 수 있으며, 재배사 내부에는 50배 전후로 희석하여 사용한다.
The powdered extracts can be diluted in water, ethanol or mixed solution according to the surrounding environment or the degree of mushroom fly. For example, it can be used by diluting 20-30 times in rice straw which is a mushroom medium. It can be used by diluting more than 50 times, and diluting it around 50 times inside cultivator.

<실시예><Examples>

자리공 1Kg에 70%에탄올 4ℓ를 사용하여 추출하고, 그 추출물을 건조기에서 10시간동안 건조시킨 후에, 믹서기로 분말화하였다. 그 후에 그 분말을 에탄올에 50배 희석하여 버섯재배사 내부에 분무하였다. 이렇게 분무한 결과가 표 1에 기재되어 있다.
4 kg of 70% ethanol was extracted for 1 kg of peripor, and the extract was dried for 10 hours in a dryer, and then powdered with a blender. Thereafter, the powder was diluted 50-fold in ethanol and sprayed inside the mushroom cultivator. The results of this spraying are shown in Table 1.

자리공 추출물의 버섯파리 퇴치 결과Mushroom Fly Reduction Results 1시간1 hours 6시간6 hours 12시간12 hours 18시간18 hours 24시간24 hours 50배 희석액
(원액: 2㎖/g)
50-fold dilution
(Stock solution: 2 ml / g)
50%50% 80%80% 85%85% 90%90% 90%이상over 90

상기 표 1에서 보듯이, 자리공 추출물을 희석하여 분문한 결과 버섯파리는 시간이 지나면서 퇴치 효과가 증가함을 알 수 있고, 24시간 후에는 90%이상이 퇴치됨을 알 수 있다.
As shown in Table 1, as a result of diluting the pore hole extract, mushroom flies can be seen that the effect of combating increases over time, after 24 hours can be seen that more than 90% is eliminated.

본 발명에 따른 자리공추출물은 사포닌을 유효성분으로 하는 친환경무농약 버섯파리 퇴치제로서 버섯 재배를 하는 모든 재배농가에서 버섯파리를 퇴치하기 위하여 사용할 수 있으며 일반 작물재배에서도 진딧물의 방제 등에도 매우 효과적으로 사용할 수 있다. 또한 축산농가에서 파리, 모기 등의 해충 퇴치에도 사용할 수 있으므로 친환경무농약으로서 시장 가능성이 매우 높다.Pericula extract according to the present invention can be used as an eco-friendly pesticide-free mushroom fly repellent with saponin as an effective ingredient to combat mushroom flies in all cultivators who grow mushrooms, and can also be used very effectively in general crop cultivation and aphid control. In addition, it can be used to combat pests such as flies and mosquitoes in livestock farms, so it is highly marketable as an eco-friendly pesticide-free.

Claims (4)

삭제delete 삭제delete 함량이 1∼95%인 에탄올(알콜)을 용매로 하여 자리공으로부터 사포닌을 유효성분으로 하는 자리공 추출물을 추출하는 단계;
수분이 함유된 자리공 추출물을 건조기에서 수분함유량이 5∼10%가 되도록 건조하는 단계;
건조된 자리공 추출물을 분말화 하는 단계; 및
분말을 물, 에탄올 또는 혼합용액에 녹이거나 분산시켜 희석용액을 제조하는 단계;를 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 식물추출물을 이용한 버섯파리 퇴치제의 제조방법.
Extracting the pore hole extract containing saponin as an active ingredient from the pore hole using ethanol (alcohol) having a content of 1 to 95%;
Drying the perforated extract containing water in a drier to have a water content of 5 to 10%;
Powdering the dried pore extract; And
Dissolving or dispersing the powder in water, ethanol or a mixed solution to prepare a dilution solution; Method of producing a mushroom fly extinguishing agent comprising a plant extract.
함량이 1∼95%인 에탄올(알콜)을 용매로 하여 자리공으로부터 사포닌을 유효성분으로 하는 자리공 추출물을 추출하는 단계;
함량이 1∼95%인 에탄올(알콜)을 용매로 하여 은행 바깥껍질로부터 비오볼을 함유하는 은행 바깥껍질 추출물을 추출하는 단계;
수분이 함유된 자리공 추출물과 은행 바깥껍질 추출물을 건조기에서 수분함유량이 5∼10%가 되도록 건조하는 단계;
건조된 자리공 추출물과 은행 바깥껍질 추출물을 분말화 하는 단계;
상기 자리공 추출물과 은행 바깥껍질 추출물을 혼합하는 단계; 및
상기 혼합 분말을 물, 에탄올 또는 혼합용액에 녹이거나 분산시켜 희석용액을 제조하는 단계;를 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 식물추출물을 이용한 버섯파리 퇴치제의 제조방법.
Extracting the pore hole extract containing saponin as an active ingredient from the pore hole using ethanol (alcohol) having a content of 1 to 95%;
Extracting the ginkgo biloba extract containing the bioball from the ginkgo biloba using ethanol (alcohol) having a content of 1 to 95%;
Drying the perforated extract and the ginkgo biloba extract containing water in a drier to have a water content of 5 to 10%;
Powdering dried perforated extract and ginkgo biloba extract;
Mixing the perforated extract and the ginkgo biloba extract; And
Dissolving or dispersing the mixed powder in water, ethanol or a mixed solution to prepare a dilute solution.
KR1020120062580A 2012-06-12 2012-06-12 Mushroom fly repellent using plant extract and method of the same KR101332742B1 (en)

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KR100934099B1 (en) 2009-07-03 2009-12-24 박영준 Mat for preventing forest fire having fireproof, weedproof and mothproof functions and manufacturing method thereof
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