KR101106103B1 - Battery Module of Improved Safety - Google Patents

Battery Module of Improved Safety Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101106103B1
KR101106103B1 KR1020100029507A KR20100029507A KR101106103B1 KR 101106103 B1 KR101106103 B1 KR 101106103B1 KR 1020100029507 A KR1020100029507 A KR 1020100029507A KR 20100029507 A KR20100029507 A KR 20100029507A KR 101106103 B1 KR101106103 B1 KR 101106103B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
battery module
battery
unit
cells
member
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KR1020100029507A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20100109871A (en
Inventor
이진규
여재성
신용식
윤희수
이범현
강달모
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주식회사 엘지화학
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Priority to KR1020090027934 priority
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Publication of KR101106103B1 publication Critical patent/KR101106103B1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • B60L58/18Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries of two or more battery modules
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration or energy consumption
    • B60L3/0023Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train
    • B60L3/0046Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train relating to electric energy storage systems, e.g. batteries or capacitors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration or energy consumption
    • B60L3/0023Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train
    • B60L3/0053Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train relating to fuel cells
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • B60L58/24Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries for controlling the temperature of batteries
    • B60L58/26Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries for controlling the temperature of batteries by cooling
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • H01M10/48Accumulators combined with arrangements for measuring, testing or indicating condition, e.g. level or density of the electrolyte
    • H01M10/482Accumulators combined with arrangements for measuring, testing or indicating condition, e.g. level or density of the electrolyte for several batteries or cells simultaneously or sequentially
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/61Types of temperature control
    • H01M10/613Cooling or keeping cold
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/64Heating or cooling; Temperature control characterised by the shape of the cells
    • H01M10/647Prismatic or flat cells, e.g. pouch cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/65Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells
    • H01M10/655Solid structures for heat exchange or heat conduction
    • H01M10/6551Surfaces specially adapted for heat dissipation or radiation, e.g. fins or coatings
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/65Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells
    • H01M10/655Solid structures for heat exchange or heat conduction
    • H01M10/6553Terminals or leads
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/65Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells
    • H01M10/655Solid structures for heat exchange or heat conduction
    • H01M10/6554Rods or plates
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/65Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells
    • H01M10/655Solid structures for heat exchange or heat conduction
    • H01M10/6554Rods or plates
    • H01M10/6555Rods or plates arranged between the cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/65Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells
    • H01M10/655Solid structures for heat exchange or heat conduction
    • H01M10/6556Solid parts with flow channel passages or pipes for heat exchange
    • H01M10/6557Solid parts with flow channel passages or pipes for heat exchange arranged between the cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/65Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells
    • H01M10/656Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells characterised by the type of heat-exchange fluid
    • H01M10/6561Gases
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/65Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells
    • H01M10/659Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells by heat storage or buffering, e.g. heat capacity or liquid-solid phase changes or transition
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2/00Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts
    • H01M2/10Mountings; Suspension devices; Shock absorbers; Transport or carrying devices; Holders
    • H01M2/1016Cabinets, cases, fixing devices, adapters, racks or battery packs
    • H01M2/1072Cabinets, cases, fixing devices, adapters, racks or battery packs for starting, lighting or ignition batteries; Vehicle traction batteries; Stationary or load leading batteries
    • H01M2/1077Racks, groups of several batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2/00Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts
    • H01M2/20Current conducting connections for cells
    • H01M2/202Interconnectors for or interconnection of the terminals of adjacent or distinct batteries or cells
    • H01M2/206Interconnectors for or interconnection of the terminals of adjacent or distinct batteries or cells of large-sized cells or batteries, e.g. starting, lighting or ignition [SLI] batteries, traction or motive power type or standby power batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/60Heating or cooling; Temperature control
    • H01M10/65Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells
    • H01M10/653Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells characterised by electrically insulating or thermally conductive materials
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2220/00Batteries for particular applications
    • H01M2220/20Batteries in motive systems, e.g. vehicle, ship, plane
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/40Application of hydrogen technology to transportation

Abstract

In the present invention, a plurality of battery cells or unit modules ('unit cells') are stacked, and a heat sink for absorbing heat generated from the unit cells is connected to an electrical connection portion and / or an electrical connection portion of the unit cells. Provided is a battery module that is configured to be mounted on an outer surface of a battery module connection member.

Description

Battery Module of Improved Safety

The present invention relates to a battery module having improved safety, and more particularly, a plurality of battery cells or unit modules ('unit cells') are stacked, and a heat sink for absorbing heat generated from the unit cells is provided. The present invention relates to a battery module configured to be mounted on an outer surface of a battery module connection member connected to an electrical connection portion and / or an electrical connection portion of unit cells.

BACKGROUND ART [0002] In recent years, rechargeable secondary batteries have been widely used as energy sources for wireless mobile devices. In addition, the secondary battery is an electric vehicle (EV), a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle that has been proposed as a solution for air pollution of existing gasoline and diesel vehicles using fossil fuel. It is attracting attention as a power source such as (Plug-In HEV).

In a small mobile device, one or two or more battery cells are used per device, while a middle- or large-sized battery module such as an automobile is used as a middle- or large-sized battery module in which a plurality of battery cells are electrically connected due to the necessity of a large-

Since medium and large battery modules are preferably manufactured in a small size and weight as possible, square batteries and pouch-type batteries, which can be charged with high integration and have a small weight to capacity, are mainly used as battery cells (unit cells) of medium and large battery modules. have. In particular, a pouch-shaped battery using an aluminum laminate sheet or the like as an exterior member has recently attracted a lot of attention due to its advantages such as small weight, low manufacturing cost, and easy shape deformation.

Since the battery cells constituting the medium-large battery module are composed of secondary batteries capable of charging and discharging, such a high output large capacity secondary battery generates a large amount of heat during the charging and discharging process. In particular, the laminate sheet of the pouch-type battery widely used in the battery module is coated with a low thermal conductivity polymer material, it is difficult to effectively cool the temperature of the entire battery cell.

That is, if the heat of the battery module generated in the charging and discharging process is not effectively removed, thermal accumulation occurs and consequently promotes deterioration of the battery module, and in some cases may cause fire or explosion. Therefore, a vehicle battery pack that is a high output large capacity battery requires a cooling system for cooling the battery cells embedded therein.

A battery module mounted in a medium-large battery pack is generally manufactured by stacking a plurality of battery cells with high density, and stacking adjacent battery cells at regular intervals to remove heat generated during charging and discharging. For example, the battery cells themselves may be sequentially stacked without a separate member at predetermined intervals, or in the case of battery cells having low mechanical rigidity, one or more combinations may be embedded in a cartridge or the like, and a plurality of such cartridges may be stacked. The battery module can be configured. A coolant flow path is formed between the battery cells or the battery modules so as to effectively remove heat accumulated between the stacked battery cells or the battery modules.

However, this structure has a problem in that the total size of the battery module is increased because a plurality of refrigerant passages must be secured corresponding to the plurality of battery cells.

In addition, in consideration of the size of the battery module, stacking a plurality of battery cells to form a relatively narrow gap between the refrigerant flow path, which causes a problem that the design of the cooling structure is complicated. That is, the refrigerant passage having a relatively narrow interval compared to the inlet of the refrigerant causes a high pressure loss, it is difficult to design the shape and location of the inlet and outlet of the refrigerant. In addition, since a fan may be additionally installed to prevent such a pressure loss, design constraints such as power consumption, fan noise, and space may be followed.

On the other hand, in recent years, the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle or the electric vehicle, which is recently highlighted, requires a power corresponding to the acceleration performance generated by the internal combustion engine in the battery pack, so that a very high current may flow for several minutes even if it is not a long time. Can be. In this case, heat of a very high temperature is generated at the electrical connection between the battery cells, and since the heat affects the battery cells by heat conduction, a situation in which the battery module is required to additionally control such heat is required.

In addition, when high heat generation is generated at the electrical connection by high current, it is necessary to control the electrical connection, but to configure an active cooling device such as a method of cooling a conventional battery cell to control the temperature of the electrical connection. It is very inefficient in terms of space and price.

Moreover, although the medium-large battery module used as the output source of the conventional hybrid electric vehicle uses instantaneously high current, it is used at high current because the internal combustion engine is the main output source and the battery module is used as the auxiliary output source. Since a very short time does not cause heat generation to affect the battery cell, no separate structure or method for cooling the electrical connection portion is considered.

Accordingly, there is a high need for a battery module that provides excellent life characteristics and safety by effectively reducing heat generated at an electrical connection portion of unit cells while providing a high output large capacity power.

The present invention aims to solve the above-mentioned problems of the prior art and technical problems that have been requested from the past.

Specifically, an object of the present invention is to effectively absorb the high heat generated in the electrical connection portion and / or the battery module connection member of the unit cell, by maintaining the temperature of the member below a certain level, it can exhibit excellent life characteristics and stability It is to provide a battery module of the structure.

In the battery module according to the present invention for achieving the above object, a plurality of battery cells or unit modules ('unit cell') is stacked, a heat sink for absorbing heat generated from the unit cell It is composed of a structure that is mounted on the outer surface of the battery module connection member connected to the electrical connection portion and / or the electrical connection portion.

The battery cell constituting the battery cell or unit module is not particularly limited as long as it is a battery cell that generates heat in an operation process, and may be, for example, a secondary battery. However, of course, the fuel cell may also be included.

Accordingly, the battery module of the present invention absorbs high heat generated from the electrical connection portion of the unit cells or the battery module connection member during charge / discharge, in particular, a high current discharge, by a heat sink to prevent the electrical connection portion or the battery module connection member. By suppressing the rapid rise in temperature, the electrical connection portion or the battery module connection member may be physically and / or chemically deformed by high heat, thereby effectively preventing the resistance of the battery module from being changed.

As such, the heat absorbed by the heat sink is discharged again when the overall temperature of the battery module decreases, for example, in an inoperative state, a low current discharge state, and the like, so that the battery module of the present invention has a self temperature control function. In addition, such a heat sink can achieve a desired effect without greatly modifying the structure of the battery module or the connection members.

In the battery module structure, the heat sink may be mounted on one or both of the electrical connection portion or the battery module connection member according to the specification of the battery module requiring the unit cells.

The corresponding part of the battery module to which the heat sink is mounted is the outer surface of the battery module connection members that are in direct contact with or adjacent to a part generating relatively high heat, such as an electrical connection part. An example of such a battery module connection member may be a bus bar for connecting an electrode terminal of a unit cell to an external input / output terminal.

The heat sink is not particularly limited as long as the heat sink can effectively absorb heat applied to electrical connections of the unit cells. In one preferred embodiment, the heat sink includes a plurality of bar-typed contacts, which may be in close contact with the outer surface of the electrical connections of the unit cells, and a connection unit integrally connecting one end of the contacts. The electrode terminal of the unit cell may be inserted into a slit formed between the contact parts.

Therefore, the heat sink of the structure has a slit is formed between the contact portion, the electrode terminal of the unit cell is inserted into the slit, so that it can be mounted to the electrode terminal of the unit cell, so assembling is very easy and desired heat dissipation It can be effective.

As another example, the heat sink may have a shape corresponding to the outer surface of the battery module connection member, and may be configured to be mounted on the inner surface or the outer surface of the battery module connection member except for a portion connected to the electrical connection portion.

In this way, since the heat sink has a shape corresponding to the outer surface of the battery module connecting member, it is possible to uniformly absorb heat applied to the battery module connecting member.

The heat sink may be mounted on a portion of the battery module that selectively generates high heat as needed, for example, may be located above the sensing member for detecting voltage and / or current.

On the other hand, the heat sink is not particularly limited as long as the heat dissipation is easy structure, for example, the heat absorbing material may be formed in a shape embedded in the sealing member.

In some cases, the heat absorbing material may be included in the sheet substrate in a state in which the endothermic material is supported in a capsule of an inert material, and the sheet substrate may have a structure in which a fibrous member having a high thermal conductivity is included. That is, the encapsulated endothermic material has a higher heat response due to the high specific surface area, and the sheet substrate includes a high thermal conductivity fibrous member such as metal yarn, graphite yarn, etc., thereby further increasing the thermal conductivity of the sheet substrate. . Such a fibrous member may be included in the sheet substrate in various forms, for example, the fibrous substrate may be included in the form of a network structure.

The endothermic material is not particularly limited as long as it is a material capable of absorbing heat generated during charging and discharging of the battery cell. Preferably, the endothermic material may be a phase conversion material having a large latent heat during phase conversion at a predetermined temperature.

The phase change material is a phase change at the predetermined temperature, preferably a phase change from a solid phase to a liquid phase or a solid phase to a gaseous phase, and for this phase conversion at least heat capacity per unit temperature of the battery module connection members It is a material with a greater latent heat. The phase change material may be a single compound, a mixture or a complex. The phase change of these materials includes not only the case of physical phase change at the predetermined temperature, but also the case where a mixture of two or more materials phase change by reversible physical or chemical reaction at the predetermined temperature.

Representative examples of the phase change material, paraffin, polyethylene glycol, inorganic hydrate (for example, Na 2 HPO 4 · 12H 2 O, Na 2 SO 4 · 10H 2 O, Zn (NO 3 ) 2 · 6H 2 O, etc.), etc., but it is not limited only to these. Among them, paraffin is particularly preferable because it has a relatively high latent heat and is inexpensive, and the phase conversion temperature is easily controlled according to the molecular weight.

In addition, in order to increase the thermal conductivity of the phase conversion material, a material having a high thermal conductivity may be further included. Examples of such a material may include metal powder, graphite powder, and the like, but are not limited thereto.

The "specific temperature" means a temperature that may degrade the performance or life of the battery pack or threaten safety. Such temperature may be determined according to the structure, type, etc. of the battery module. In particular, the temperature at which physical and / or chemical deformation of the battery module connection member is directly induced, or the aging of the material due to continuous thermal accumulation may be caused. It may also be determined as the temperature caused. Preferably it can be determined in the temperature range of 50 to 150 ℃, more preferably in the temperature range of 60 to 120 ℃.

In this case, the phase change material in which the threshold temperature of the phase change is set in the above temperature range is particularly preferable as an endothermic material for preventing the temperature of the battery module from rapidly rising above a specific temperature.

The present invention also provides a battery module including a plurality of battery cells or unit modules ('unit cells') as a unit battery.

As defined above, in the present specification, the battery cells or unit modules constituting the unit cell stack are collectively referred to as unit cells.

In one preferred example, the battery module,

(a) a unit cell stack in which a plurality of battery cells or unit modules ('unit cells') connected in series stand in a lateral direction;

(b) an upper case having a structure surrounding an end portion of one side of the unit cell stack and a part of an upper end and a lower end thereof, the upper case having a structure having an external input / output terminal in a front part thereof;

(c) a structure that is coupled to the upper case while surrounding the other side end portion and the upper and lower portions of the unit cell stack, and a bus bar for connecting the electrode terminal of the unit cell to an external input / output terminal at a front portion thereof; Lower case;

(d) a sensing member including sensing unit frames mounted in spaces on the front and rear surfaces of the lower case, sensing units inserted into the sensing unit frames, and a conductive unit connecting the sensing units; And

(e) It may be configured on the front cover of the insulating material is mounted on the front of the lower case to protect the unit cell electrode terminal and the connection of the bus bar from the outside.

The battery module having such a structure is fixed by combining the battery cell stack by the upper and lower cases, and the sensing member and the like are mounted on the lower case, so that the assembly process is simple and has a compact and stable structure as a whole.

As described above, the unit cell stack is mounted in a case in which a plurality of battery cells or unit modules are erected in a lateral direction. In this specification, the direction in which the electrode terminal protrudes from the battery cell or the unit module is defined as the 'front' and 'back' directions, and both outer peripheral surfaces thereof are defined as the 'side' direction. Therefore, the unit cell stack has a structure in which the electrode terminals of the battery cell or the unit module are oriented so that one outer circumferential surface faces the ground while facing the front and rear sides of the battery module.

The unit cell stack preferably includes a plurality of unit modules including plate-shaped battery cells in which electrode terminals are formed at upper and lower ends thereof, and the unit modules have electrode terminals interconnected in series. Consists of a structure including two or more battery cells that are bent by the connecting portion of the terminal to form a laminated structure, and a pair of high-strength cell cover coupled to surround the outer surface of the battery cells, except for the electrode terminal portion Can be.

The plate-shaped battery cell is a secondary battery having a thin thickness and a relatively wide width and length so as to minimize the overall size when it is charged for the configuration of the battery module. Such a preferable example may be a secondary battery having a structure in which an electrode assembly is embedded in a battery case of a laminate sheet including a resin layer and a metal layer, and electrode terminals protrude from upper and lower ends thereof, and specifically, a pouch type of an aluminum laminate sheet. It may be a structure in which the electrode assembly is built in the case. A secondary battery having such a structure may be referred to as a pouch type battery cell.

In the pouch-type battery cell, the case may have various structures. For example, the case may be configured to seal the upper and lower contact portions after storing the electrode assembly in an upper and / or lower inner surface formed as a member of two units. It may be a structure.

The electrode assembly is composed of a positive electrode and a negative electrode to enable charge and discharge, for example, a structure in which the positive electrode and the negative electrode is laminated with a separator therebetween in a jelly-roll method, a stack type method, or a stack / fold type method. consist of. The positive electrode and the negative electrode of the electrode assembly may have a form in which electrode tabs thereof protrude directly to the outside of the battery, or the electrode tabs may be connected to separate leads and protrude out of the battery.

These battery cells constitute one unit module in a structure wrapped in a high-strength cell cover made of synthetic resin or metal in one or more units, the high-strength cell cover is a charge and discharge of the battery cell while protecting the low mechanical rigidity By suppressing repeated expansion and contraction changes it prevents the sealing of the battery cell is separated. Therefore, it becomes possible to manufacture a battery module with more excellent safety ultimately.

The battery cells in the unit module or between the module modules are connected in series and / or in parallel, for example, the electrode terminals in a state where the battery cells are arranged in series in the longitudinal direction such that their electrode terminals are continuously adjacent to each other. After combining them, a plurality of unit modules may be manufactured by folding the battery cells in two or more units so as to overlap each other and wrapping the cells in a predetermined unit by a cell cover.

Coupling of the electrode terminals may be implemented in various ways, such as welding, soldering, mechanical fastening, preferably by welding.

A plurality of unit cell stacks, in which electrode terminals are interconnected and filled with high density, are vertically mounted to a case of a vertically separated case coupled to a prefabricated fastening structure.

The upper and lower cases are assembled to each other after mounting, preferably, a structure in which only the outer circumferential surface of the unit cell stack is wrapped and its outer surface is exposed to the outside of the case for easy heat dissipation of the unit cell stack. Therefore, as described above, the upper case has a structure surrounding the one end and the upper and lower portions of the unit cell stack, the lower case is made of a structure surrounding the other end and the upper and lower portions of the unit cell stack. have.

Preferably, a fixing groove in which the series connection bent portions of the unit cell electrode terminals are inserted and mounted is formed on the inner surfaces of the lower case front part and the rear part to prevent flow in the front and rear directions of the unit cell stack. And it can maintain a stable insulation state with the adjacent electrode terminal connection portion.

The front part of the lower case is preferably formed with a pair of slits into which the outermost electrode terminals of the unit cell stack can be inserted, and the outermost through the slit when the unit cell stack is mounted on the lower case. After the electrode terminal is exposed, it may be bent and adhered to the front part. Therefore, such outermost electrode terminals can be more easily connected to the bus bars of the front side.

On the other hand, the upper end of the bus bar, when the upper and lower cases are mutually coupled, preferably in the form of a recessed groove that can be introduced into the external input and output terminal of the upper case front portion, it is easy to combine the external input and output terminals and the bus bar Can be achieved.

The front cover is preferably made of a structure that is coupled to the lower case by the assembly fastening method. In addition, the front cover may be further formed with a groove for fixing the power cable. The groove may be fixed by inserting an insulating fastener coupled to a portion of the power cable.

The upper and lower cases are coupled in such a manner that the unit cell stack is mounted on one of the cases (eg, the lower case), and then the other cases (eg, the upper case) are fastened and assembled. Such fastening methods of the cases may vary, for example, a structure in which screws are screwed into threaded grooves formed at both sides of the cases, and a hook is formed in one case so that they can be mutually coupled without using a separate member, The remaining case may be a structure in which a fastener corresponding to the hook is formed.

A lower end of the front case and / or the rear part of the lower case may have a through hole formed in the center thereof and a fastening portion protruding from the lower case.

In some cases, a battery management system (BMS) connected to the sensing member and configured to monitor and control the operation of the battery module may be mounted on the rear part of the lower case.

The present invention also provides a medium-large battery module having excellent heat dissipation characteristics.

Specifically, the medium-large battery module having such a structure is a battery module in which a plurality of plate-shaped battery cells are built in a module case and sequentially stacked, and the plate-shaped battery cell is a positive electrode in a battery case of a laminate sheet including a resin layer and a metal layer. An electrode assembly having a separator / cathode structure is built-in, and a plurality of heat dissipation members interposed at two or more battery cell interfaces and a heat exchange member integrally connecting the heat dissipation members are mounted on one side of the battery cell stack. The heat generated from the battery cell during the charge and discharge has a structure that is removed through the heat exchange member.

In general, the battery module is configured by stacking the battery cells spaced by a predetermined distance in order to form the refrigerant flow path, and prevents the overheating of the battery cells by flowing ('air-cooled') air to these spaced spaces It is not getting enough heat dissipation effect.

In contrast, the battery module having the structure includes a plurality of heat dissipating members at two or more battery cell interfaces, and a heat exchange member that integrally connects the heat dissipating members to one side of the battery cell stack, thereby providing a space between the battery cells. With no need or very small separation space, the battery cell stack can be cooled with higher efficiency than the conventional cooling system, thereby maximizing heat dissipation efficiency of the battery module and stacking battery cells with high integration. have.

As a result, the battery module of the structure can effectively discharge heat generated from the battery cell to the outside by the conduction method by the heat radiation member and the heat exchange member of the specific structure.

On the other hand, the heat dissipation member is not particularly limited as long as it is a thermally conductive material, for example, it may be made of a high thermal conductive metal plate. These heat dissipation members may be interposed at each battery cell interface, or may be interposed only at some battery cell interfaces. For example, when the heat dissipation members are interposed at each battery cell interface, each of the battery cells is in contact with different heat dissipation members on both sides. On the other hand, when the heat dissipation member is interposed only on some battery cell interfaces, there may be some battery cells making contact with the heat dissipation member only on one surface of both surfaces.

The heat exchange member is not particularly limited as long as it is a material having excellent thermal conductivity, but preferably, the heat exchange member may be made of a metal material having higher thermal conductivity and mechanical strength than other materials. Accordingly, the heat dissipation member and the heat exchange member may be interconnected to efficiently achieve heat transfer.

Preferably, the heat dissipation member is interposed at the interface between the battery cells in a state in which at least a portion thereof is exposed to the outside of the stacked battery cells, the externally exposed portion is bent toward the side of the battery cell Can be. That is, the heat dissipation member interposed at the interface between the battery cells conducts heat generated from the battery cells and is easily transferred to the heat exchange member through the bent structure, thereby effectively dissipating the battery cells.

The heat exchange member may be mounted on the bent portion of the heat dissipation member, and the mounting method may be variously made by welding or mechanical fastening. Therefore, heat generated in the battery cell is transferred to the heat dissipation member interposed between the battery cells, and can be effectively removed through the heat exchange member mounted on one side of the battery cell stack.

Meanwhile, in the case of a medium-large battery pack, a plurality of battery cells are used to secure a high output large capacity. The battery modules constituting the battery pack require higher heat dissipation efficiency to ensure safety.

Accordingly, the present invention provides a battery pack manufactured by combining the battery module as a unit according to a desired output and capacity.

The battery pack according to the present invention includes a plurality of battery cells to achieve a high output large capacity, such as electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles that high heat generated during charging and discharging seriously emerge in terms of safety It can be preferably used for power supply.

In particular, in the case of electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles requiring high power through a battery pack for a long time, high heat dissipation characteristics are required, and in this respect, the battery pack according to the present invention is an electric vehicle and a plug-in. More preferably used in hybrid electric vehicles.

As described above, the battery module according to the present invention, since the heat sink is mounted on the outer surface of the battery module connecting member that is connected to the electrical connection and / or electrical connection of the unit cells, the electrical connection and / or electrical connection By absorbing the high heat generated above to maintain the temperature of the battery module below a certain level it is possible to effectively prevent risks such as explosion of the battery module.

In addition, by preventing physical and chemical deformation of the electrical connection portion and the battery module connection member of the unit cells due to high heat or accumulated heat, it is possible to ultimately suppress the change in the overall resistance of the battery module to maintain the optimum operating state.

In particular, such a heat sink can be easily applied to a corresponding site without significantly changing the structure of the battery module. Since the heat sink exhibits a high thermal conductivity, the heat sink has excellent responsiveness to thermal changes of the corresponding site.

1 is a perspective view of a battery module according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the heat sink of FIG. 1; FIG.
3 is a perspective view of a structure in which an upper case and a lower case are mounted on the battery module of FIG. 1;
4 is an exploded view of the battery module of FIG. 3 excluding the heat sink;
5 is a perspective view of a unit module stack according to another embodiment of the present invention;
6 is a perspective view of a partial structure of a medium-large battery module according to another embodiment of the present invention;
7 is a schematic view of the heat radiation member of FIG. 6;
8 is a schematic diagram of a structure in which a heat exchange member is added to one side of the medium-large battery module of FIG. 6;
9 is a schematic view of the heat exchange member of FIG. 8;
10 is a graph of a battery module comparing before and after application of a heat sink.

Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto.

1 is a perspective view of a battery module according to an embodiment of the present invention, Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of the heat sink of Figure 1 is shown.

Referring to these drawings, the battery module 100 absorbs heat generated from the unit module stack 120 in which four unit modules 122 capable of charging and discharging are stacked side by side and the unit modules 122 during charge and discharge. The heat sink 110 is connected to the electrical connection portion 130 of the unit modules 122.

The heat sink 110 includes three bar-shaped contacts 112, which are in close contact with the outer surface of the electrical connection portion 130 of the unit modules 122, and a connection portion 114 which integrally connects one end portion of the contact portions 112. ), The electrical connection portion 130 that electrically connects the electrode terminals of the unit modules 122 is mounted in the form of being inserted into the slit 116 formed between the contact portions 112.

In addition, since the heat sink 110 has an excellent endothermic material such as paraffin inside the sealing member including three bar contacts 112 and the connection part 114, the electrical connection portions of the unit modules 122 The heat applied to 130 may be more effectively absorbed.

3 is a perspective view schematically illustrating a structure in which an upper case and a lower case are mounted on the battery module of FIG. 1.

Referring to FIG. 3 together with FIG. 1, the battery module 200 includes a unit module stack 120, an upper case 210 and a lower case 220 surrounding a part of the unit module stack 120, and a sensing member. (Not shown), front cover 230, or the like. Detailed description of each component will be described with reference to FIG. 4.

The heat sink 240 has a shape corresponding to the outer surface of the bus bar 250 and is mounted on the inner surface of the bus bar 250 except for a portion connected to the electrical connection portion of the unit module. In some cases, the heat sink 240 may be mounted on the outer surface of the bus bar 250.

The front cover 230 is formed with a groove 232 for fixing the power cable, it can be fixed by inserting an insulating fastener (not shown) coupled to a portion of the power cable.

4 is an exploded view schematically showing the battery module of FIG. 3 excluding the heat sink.

Referring to FIG. 4, as described above, the battery module 200a includes a unit module stack 120, an upper case 210 and a lower case 220 surrounding a part of the unit module stack 120. And a sensing member 260 and a front cover 230.

The lower case 220 has a structure coupled to the upper case 210 while surrounding the other side end portion and the upper and lower portions of the unit module stack 120, and the electrode of the unit module stack 120 on the front side. A pair of bus bars 250 for connecting the terminal to the external input / output terminal 270 is provided. That is, the upper and lower cases 210 and 220 surround only the outer circumferential surface of the unit module stack 120 in order to facilitate heat dissipation of the unit module stack 120 in the assembled state, and the outer surface of the upper and lower cases 210 and 220 are exposed to the outside of a substantial portion. It consists of a structure.

The upper end of the bus bar 250 has a form of a recessed groove into which the external input / output terminals 270 of the front part of the upper case 210 may be introduced when the upper and lower cases 210 and 220 are coupled to each other.

Inner surfaces of the upper case 210 and the lower case 220 are formed with a plurality of mounting grooves 222 for inserting the outer circumferential surface of the battery cell or unit module.

In addition, the upper case 210 and the lower case 220 are perforated with a plurality of through holes 212 for the flow of the refrigerant (mainly air), the efficient cooling in the state in which the unit module stack 120 is mounted Can be done.

The front cover 230 of the insulating material is mounted on the front portion of the lower case 220 to protect the electrode terminal 130 of the unit module stack 120 and the connection portion of the bus bar 250 from the outside.

On the front part of the lower case 220, a pair of slits into which the outermost electrode terminals of the unit module stack 120 are inserted are formed on the left and right sides, and the unit module stack 120 is disposed on the lower case ( When mounted to the 220, the outermost electrode terminal is exposed through the slit, and then bent and adhered to the front part. The outermost electrode terminal may be more easily connected to the bus bar 250 of the front portion.

The sensing member 260 connects the sensing unit frames 266 mounted in the spaces on the front and rear sides of the lower case 220, the sensing units 262 inserted into the sensing unit frames, and the sensing units 262. The conductive portion 264 is formed in a wire shape. In some cases, in order to monitor and control the operation of the battery module, a BMS (not shown) may be mounted on the rear portion of the lower case 220 to be connected to the sensing member 260.

5 is a perspective view schematically showing a unit module stack according to another embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 5, the unit module stack 300 includes four unit modules 200 and 201, and two battery cells (not shown) are built in each unit module 200. In total, eight battery cells are included. Electrode terminal coupling between the battery cells and the unit module is in series, the electrode terminal connection portion 310 is bent in a cross-section '' 'shape for the configuration of the stack, the unit module of the outermost The outer electrode terminals 320 and 321 of the fields 200 and 201 are bent in a '-' shape in a cross-section toward the inside in a state in which they protrude slightly from the other electrode terminal connecting portions 310.

6 is a perspective view schematically showing a part of a structure of a medium-large battery module according to still another embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the heat dissipation member of FIG. 6.

Referring to these drawings, in the battery module 400 in which eight cartridges 410 are sequentially stacked, the four heat dissipation members 420 may be interposed at some interfaces of the cartridges 410, and thus the cartridges 410. The heat generated from the heat transfer (exactly heat generated from the battery cell embedded in the cartridge) is conducted to the heat radiating member 420 can exhibit a high heat dissipation effect.

The elastic pressing members 430 and 440 mounted on the outer surface of the frame 460 among the eight cartridges 410 help the heat dissipation member 420 to be stably mounted and fixed to the frame 410.

Meanwhile, each of the heat dissipation members 422, 424, 426, and 428 is a metal plate having high thermal conductivity, and each of the portions 432, 434, 436, and 438 exposed to the outside is directed toward the side of the cartridge 410. It is bent.

Therefore, heat generated from the battery cell 450 in the charging and discharging process is transferred to the heat dissipation member 420 interposed between the cartridges 410 and then discharged to the outside through a heat exchange member (not shown). A high heat dissipation efficiency can be achieved while forming a battery module structure.

FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of a structure in which a heat exchange member is added to one side of the medium-large battery module of FIG. 6, and FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of the heat exchange member of FIG. 8.

Referring to these drawings together with FIG. 6, the battery module 500 embedded in the module case 510 has a heat exchange member 520 added to an upper portion of a stack in which a plurality of cartridges 410 are sequentially stacked. It consists of a structure.

The heat exchange member 520 is mounted on the top surface of the module case 510, the heat dissipation members 420 are connected to the bottom portion 522 and the bottom portion 522, which are in close contact with the bottom surface, and the coolant flow path 524. , 526 includes a plurality of heat dissipation fins 523 extending upwardly from the base 522 between both side portions 528 and 529 penetrating in the longitudinal direction and between the side portions 528 and 529. Consists of

That is, since the coolant flow paths 524 and 526 for the flow of the coolant such as water are formed, and the plurality of heat dissipation fins 523 have a predetermined distance D for the flow of air, the heat dissipation member 420 The heat transferred from) can be removed with high reliability and good cooling efficiency.

10 is a graph of a battery module comparing before and after application of a heat sink.

Referring to FIG. 10, the battery module to which the heat sink is applied is compared with the battery module to which the heat sink is not applied. Even though a high temperature is generated at an electrical connection part due to a high current, the heat sink absorbs heat and increases the temperature of the battery module for about 1 hour. It can be seen that by maintaining at or below 42 ℃ during the risk, such as explosion of the battery module.

Those skilled in the art to which the present invention pertains will be able to perform various applications and modifications within the scope of the present invention based on the above contents.

Claims (25)

  1. A battery in which a plurality of battery cells or unit modules ('unit cells') are stacked, and a heat sink for absorbing heat generated from the unit cells is connected to an electrical connection part and / or an electrical connection part of the unit cells. A battery module consisting of being mounted on an outer surface of a module connecting member.
  2. The battery module as claimed in claim 1, wherein the battery module connection member is a bus bar for connecting an electrode terminal of a unit cell to an external input / output terminal.
  3. The heat sink of claim 1, wherein the heat sink includes a plurality of bar-typed contacts that may be in close contact with outer surfaces of electrical connections of the unit cells, and a connection unit integrally connecting one end of the contacts. And a battery module in which electrode terminals of a unit cell are inserted into slits formed between the contact parts.
  4. The battery module according to claim 1, wherein the heat sink is mounted on the inner side or the outer side of the battery module connection member except for a portion connected to the electrical connection portion in a shape corresponding to the outer surface of the battery module connection member.
  5. The battery module of claim 1, wherein the heat sink is positioned above the sensing member for detecting a voltage and / or a current.
  6. The battery module of claim 1, wherein the heat sink has a structure in which a heat absorbing material is embedded in a sealing member.
  7. The battery module according to claim 1, wherein the heat sink is included in the sheet base material in which the heat absorbing material is carried in a capsule of an inert material, and the sheet base material includes metal yarn or graphite yarn as a fibrous member. .
  8. The battery module of claim 6, wherein the endothermic material is a phase change material made of one or a combination of paraffins, polyethylene glycols, and inorganic hydrates.
  9. delete
  10. The battery module according to claim 1, wherein the battery module is a battery module including a plurality of battery cells or unit modules ('unit cells') as unit cells.
  11. The method of claim 10, wherein the battery module
    (a) a unit cell stack in which a plurality of battery cells or unit modules ('unit cells') connected in series stand in a lateral direction;
    (b) an upper case having a structure surrounding an end portion of one side of the unit cell stack and a part of an upper end and a lower end thereof, the upper case having a structure having an external input / output terminal in a front part thereof;
    (c) a structure that is coupled to the upper case while surrounding the other side end portion and the upper and lower portions of the unit cell stack, and a bus bar for connecting the electrode terminal of the unit cell to an external input / output terminal at a front portion thereof; Lower case;
    (d) a sensing member including sensing unit frames mounted in spaces on the front and rear surfaces of the lower case, sensing units inserted into the sensing unit frames, and a conductive unit connecting the sensing units; And
    (e) a front cover of an insulating material mounted on the front part of the lower case to protect the unit cell electrode terminal and the bus bar connection part from the outside;
    Battery module, characterized in that configured to include.
  12. The method of claim 11, wherein the unit cell stack is composed of a plurality of unit modules including a plate-shaped battery cells having electrode terminals formed on the top and bottom, respectively;
    The unit module includes two or more battery cells in which electrode terminals are connected to each other in series and the connecting portions of the electrode terminals are bent to form a stacked structure, and surround the outer surface of the battery cells except for the electrode terminal portion. A battery module comprising a pair of cell covers coupled to each other.
  13. The battery module according to claim 11, wherein fixing grooves for inserting and inserting the electrode terminal connecting portions are formed on inner surfaces of the lower case.
  14. 12. The battery module according to claim 11, wherein a pair of slits into which the outermost electrode terminals of the unit cell stack are inserted are formed in the front part of the lower case.
  15. 15. The battery module according to claim 14, wherein the outermost electrode terminal is inserted into the slit and bent to be connected to the front bus bar.
  16. 12. The battery module according to claim 11, wherein the upper end of the bus bar is in the form of a recessed groove into which external input / output terminals of the upper case front part may be introduced when upper and lower cases are coupled to each other.
  17. The battery module according to claim 11, wherein the front cover is coupled to the lower case in an assembly fastening manner.
  18. The battery module according to claim 11, wherein the front cover is provided with a groove for fixing a power cable.
  19. The method of claim 11, wherein the lower end of the front and / or rear of the lower case is characterized in that the through-hole is formed in the center and a fastening portion protruding from the lower case is formed to be fixed to the external device. Battery module.
  20. The battery module according to claim 10, wherein the battery module is a battery module in which a plurality of plate-shaped battery cells are built in a module case and sequentially stacked, wherein the plate-shaped battery cell includes a positive electrode / battery in a battery case of a laminate sheet including a resin layer and a metal layer. An electrode assembly having a separator / cathode structure is built in, a plurality of heat dissipation members interposed at two or more battery cell interfaces, and a heat exchange member integrally connecting the heat dissipation members are mounted on one side of the battery cell stack. The battery module characterized in that the heat generated from the battery cell during discharge is removed through the heat exchange member.
  21. The battery module according to claim 20, wherein the heat dissipation member is a metal plate.
  22. 21. The battery module according to claim 20, wherein the heat exchange member is made of a metal material.
  23. 21. The method of claim 20, wherein the heat dissipation member is interposed at the interface between the battery cells in a state in which at least a portion thereof is exposed to the outside of the stacked battery cells, the outside exposed portion is bent toward the side of the battery cell Battery module characterized in that the.
  24. A battery pack comprising the battery module according to claim 1 as a unit.
  25. The battery pack according to claim 24, wherein the battery pack is a power source of an electric vehicle, a hybrid electric vehicle, or a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle.
KR1020100029507A 2009-04-01 2010-03-31 Battery Module of Improved Safety KR101106103B1 (en)

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US10632848B2 (en) 2020-04-28
US20110070474A1 (en) 2011-03-24

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