JPH06227318A - Rearview monitoring device of vehicle and method thereof - Google Patents

Rearview monitoring device of vehicle and method thereof

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Publication number
JPH06227318A
JPH06227318A JP2031693A JP2031693A JPH06227318A JP H06227318 A JPH06227318 A JP H06227318A JP 2031693 A JP2031693 A JP 2031693A JP 2031693 A JP2031693 A JP 2031693A JP H06227318 A JPH06227318 A JP H06227318A
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
vehicle
rear
image
monitor
method
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP2031693A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yasuo Kanehata
Tatsuhiko Moji
竜彦 門司
庸雄 鹿子幡
Original Assignee
Hitachi Ltd
株式会社日立製作所
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hitachi Ltd, 株式会社日立製作所 filed Critical Hitachi Ltd
Priority to JP2031693A priority Critical patent/JPH06227318A/en
Publication of JPH06227318A publication Critical patent/JPH06227318A/en
Application status is Granted legal-status Critical

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To cover any dead angle in the state of things at the rear of a vehicle as well as to display it as simultaneous image information by photographing two images in the rear of both sides of the vehicle on one display.
CONSTITUTION: This monitoring device is provided with two monitors 1 and 3 monitoring the rear of a vehicle, a display 7 and a display controller 6. A general state in the rear of the vehicle monitored is converted as far as the required range by the display controller 6 and displayed through the display 7. Such one recognized by the left monitor 3 like this is displayed at the left area of a scope and another one recognized by the right monitor 1 displayed in the same size on the right area of the scope, respectively. When a lane is intended to change to the right during traveling, by way of example, the display area is varied large enough more than, for example, both right and left areas by means of an operational signal at the right of a winker or steerer, whereby it is made easy to see.
COPYRIGHT: (C)1994,JPO&Japio

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、車両の走行安全性を向上すべく車両の後方の状況を撮像して運転者等に表示する車両の後方モニタ装置に関する。 The present invention relates to a rear monitor device of a vehicle by imaging the situation behind the vehicle in order to improve the running safety of the vehicle is displayed to the driver or the like.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】従来、この種の装置として、特開平4−2 Conventionally, as this type of apparatus, JP-A-4-2
39400 号公報に示されるものがある。 There is shown in 39400 JP. この従来装置においては、1台のカメラを回転させ、車両の周囲の所望の方向において車室内から窓を通して撮像し、撮像した画像を合成して運転者に表示する。 In this conventional apparatus, it rotates the one camera captures through the window from the vehicle interior in the desired direction around the vehicle, and displays to the driver by combining the images captured.

【0003】 [0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】上記従来技術は、1台のカメラを回転させ周囲の状況を撮像するために撮像された画像には時間の遅れを生じる。 [0007] The above prior art, the captured image to image situation around rotates one camera produces a time delay. さらに、車室内から窓を通して撮像するため、ピラー等により、死角が多く発生する。 Furthermore, for imaging through the window from the vehicle interior, a pillar or the like, blind spot frequently occur.

【0004】本発明の目的は、車両の後方の状況を死角をカバーでき、さらに同時刻の画像情報として運転者に表示する装置の提供にある。 An object of the present invention, the situation behind the vehicle can cover blind spots, further to provide a device for displaying to the driver as image information at the same time.

【0005】本発明の他の目的は、画像情報により、障害物等を認識し、運転者へ危険度などを視覚的に警報する装置の提供にある。 Another object of the present invention, the image information, recognizes the obstacle or the like, to provide a visual warning to devices such as risk to the driver.

【0006】本発明の他の目的は、画像情報により、障害物等を認識し、運転者へ危険度などを聴覚的に警報する装置の提供にある。 Another object of the present invention, the image information, recognizes the obstacle or the like, to provide an aurally warning to devices such as risk to the driver.

【0007】 [0007]

【課題を解決するための手段】上記目的を達成するために、本発明による車両の後方モニタ装置は、車両の両側部後方と正面後方の3方向を認識するようにしていることを特徴とする。 To achieve the above object, according to the Invention The rear monitor device for a vehicle according to the present invention is characterized in that so as to recognize the three directions of the side portions rear and the front rear of the vehicle .

【0008】さらに、運転者の操作状況、及びその他の信号によりディスプレイの表示を制御するディスプレイ制御装置を備えることを特徴とする。 Furthermore, it characterized in that it comprises a display controller for controlling display of the display by the driver of the operating conditions, and other signals.

【0009】さらに、認識された画像情報により、障害物の判定を行う装置と、危険度を判断する装置を備えている。 Furthermore, the recognized image information, and includes a device for judging the obstacle, the apparatus for determining the risk.

【0010】さらに、処理された情報、及び、画像情報によりディスプレイを通して運転者に警報する。 Furthermore, the processed information, and alert the driver through the display by the image information.

【0011】さらに、処理された情報によりスピーカーを通して運転者に警報する。 Furthermore, alert the driver through the speaker by the process information.

【0012】 [0012]

【作用】上記構成により、認識された画像情報を同一に、もしくは選択的にディスプレイに表示する。 [Action] With the above configuration, the same the recognized image information, or selectively displayed on the display. さらに、認識された画像情報を基に障害物判定装置において障害物の種類と距離と速度を演算し、危険度判断装置において自車に対しての危険度の度合いを出力し、ディスプレイもしくはスピーカーを制御して運転者に警報を発する。 Furthermore, it calculates the type of obstacle and the distance and the speed at the obstacle determination device based on the recognized image information, and outputs the degree of risk with respect to the vehicle in risk determination device, a display or speaker control to issue a warning to the driver.

【0013】 [0013]

【実施例】本発明の一実施例を図1をもとに説明する。 An example of the embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG.

【0014】車両の後方を認識する2台のモニタ1,3 [0014] The monitor behind the two recognize the vehicle 1, 3
とディスプレイ7とディスプレイ制御装置6とによる構成である。 That the arrangement according to the display 7 and the display control unit 6. 前記2台のモニタ1,3を図2に示すような位置に取り付け、認識された車両の後方の様子をディスプレイ制御装置6により必要な範囲を変換して、ディスプレイ7を通して運転者に表示する。 The two monitors 1,3 attached to the position as shown in FIG. 2, the state of the rear of the recognized vehicle by converting the required range by the display control unit 6 displays to the driver through the display 7.

【0015】例えば、両側部のモニタ1,3はサイドミラーの位置に取り付ける。 [0015] For example, the monitor 1, 3 on both sides is attached to the position of the side mirror. この時モニタ1,3はサイドミラーに一体に取り付けられたり、もしくはマジックミラーを使用してミラーの後ろに取り付けられる。 Or integrally attached to the case monitor 1 and 3 a side mirror, or attached to the back of the mirror using a magic mirror.

【0016】図3に示す状態をノーマルモードとして、 [0016] The state shown in FIG. 3 as a normal mode,
左のモニタ3により認識されたものを画面の左側領域に、右のモニタ1により認識されたものを画面の右側領域に同じ大きさで表示する。 Those which are recognized by the left of the monitor 3 in the left area of ​​the screen, is displayed in the same size to those recognized by the right of the monitor 1 in the right area of ​​the screen. 車両走行中に例えば右に車線変更しようとした場合、ウインカ、もしくはステアの右側への操作の信号により、図3から図4のように右側領域を左側領域より表示領域を大きく変化させ、運転者に対して右後方の様子を見やすく表示する。 If you try to change lanes while the vehicle is running for example on the right, turn signal, or the signal of operation to the right of the steering, significantly changing the display region from the left area to the right area as shown in Fig. 4 from 3, the driver easy to see to display the state of the right rear against. さらに運転者の好みにより、図5のような右のモニタ1により認識されたもののみを表示するモードや、図6のように右のモニタ1により認識されたものを領域いっぱいに表示し、その中に左のモニタ3により認識されたものを小さく表示するモードも用意されている。 Further the driver's preference, only mode and for displaying those recognized by the right of the monitor 1 as shown in FIG. 5, and displayed in the area fill those recognized by the right of the monitor 1 as shown in FIG. 6, the are also available mode for displaying small those recognized by the left of the monitor 3 in. このような表示領域の大きさは、ウインカの操作経過時間、さらにはステアの操作量の大きさ等により、演算され大きさと場所を決める。 The size of such a display area, the operation elapsed time of the winker, more the size of the operation amount of the steering, determines the calculated size and location.

【0017】本発明の他の実施例を図7をもとに説明する。 [0017] illustrating another embodiment of the present invention on the basis of FIG.

【0018】車両の後方を認識する3台のモニタ1, [0018] The monitor 1 behind the three recognized by the vehicle,
2,3とディスプレイ7とディスプレイ制御装置6とによる構成である。 2,3 is a configuration according to the a display 7 and a display control unit 6. 前記3台のモニタ1,2,3を図8に示すような位置に取り付け、認識された車両の後方の様子をディスプレイ制御装置6により必要な範囲を変換して、ディスプレイ7を通して運転者に表示する。 Attaching the three monitors 1, 2 and 3 positions as shown in FIG. 8, by converting the required range the appearance of the rear of the recognized vehicle by the display control unit 6, display to the driver through the display 7 to.

【0019】正面後方を認識するモニタ2は、例えば後部窓の上部に取り付ける。 [0019] recognizing the front rear monitor 2, for example, attached to the top of the rear window. そして両側部のモニタはサイドミラーの位置に取り付ける。 The monitoring of both sides is attached to the position of the side mirror. この時モニタ1,3はサイドミラーに一体に取り付けられたり、もしくはマジックミラーを使用してミラーの後ろに取り付けられる。 Or integrally attached to the case monitor 1 and 3 a side mirror, or attached to the back of the mirror using a magic mirror.

【0020】図11に示す状態をノーマルモードとして、左のモニタ3により認識されたものを画面の左側領域に、右のモニタ1により認識されたものを画面の右側領域に同じ大きさで表示し、中間のモニタ2により認識されたものを画面の中央領域に表示する。 [0020] The state shown in FIG. 11 as a normal mode, what has been recognized in the left area of ​​the screen by the left of the monitor 3, and displayed in the same size to those recognized by the right of the monitor 1 in the right area of ​​the screen and displays what has been recognized by the intermediate of the monitor 2 in the central area of ​​the screen. 車両走行中に例えば右に車線変更しようとした場合、ウインカ、もしくはステアの右側への操作の信号により、図11から図9のように右側領域を左側領域より表示領域を大きく変化させ、運転者に対して右後方の様子を見やすく表示する。 If you try to change lanes while the vehicle is running for example on the right, turn signal, or the signal of operation to the right of the steering, significantly changing the display region from the left area to the right area as shown in FIG 9. FIG 11, the driver easy to see to display the state of the right rear against. 次に車両が減速状態に入った場合や後退の状態に入った場合、ブレーキやトランスミッションの操作により図10のように中央の表示領域を大きくする。 Then when entering the state when and backward the vehicle has entered the deceleration state, to increase the center of the display area as shown in FIG. 10 by the operation of the brake or transmission. また、図12のように中央の表示領域を小さくし、メッセージを同時に表示できるようにする。 Further, to reduce the center of the display area as shown in FIG. 12, to be able to display the message at the same time.

【0021】さらに運転者の好みにより、図13のような上段に正面後方の画像を下段に両側部後方の画像を表示するモードも用意する。 [0021] By further driver preferences, also prepared mode for displaying both side portions behind the image the image of the front rearward in the lower part to the upper part as shown in FIG. 13. もしくは上下段入れ換えたような図14のようなモードも用意する。 Or also prepared a mode as shown in FIG. 14, as replaced upper and lower.

【0022】本発明の他の実施例を図15をもとに説明する。 [0022] illustrating another embodiment of the present invention on the basis of FIG. 15.

【0023】車両の後方を認識する3台のモニタ1, [0023] monitor 1 behind the three recognized by the vehicle,
2,3とディスプレイ7とディスプレイ制御装置6と、 2, 3 and a display 7 and a display control unit 6,
障害物認識装置と危険度判定装置とスピーカーとスピーカー制御装置による構成である。 A configuration with the obstacle recognition device and risk assessment device and speakers and speaker control device. 前記3台のモニタ1, The three monitors 1,
2,3を図8に示すような位置に取り付け、認識された車両の後方の様子をディスプレイ制御装置6により必要な範囲を変換して、ディスプレイ7を通して運転者に表示する。 2 and 3 attached to the position as shown in FIG. 8, the state of the rear of the recognized vehicle by converting the required range by the display control unit 6 displays to the driver through the display 7.

【0024】正面後方を認識するモニタ2は、例えば後部窓の上部に取り付ける。 [0024] recognizing the front rear monitor 2, for example, attached to the top of the rear window. そして両側部のモニタ1,3 The monitoring of the side portions 1 and 3
はサイドミラーの位置に取り付ける。 It is attached to the position of the side mirror. この時モニタ1, In this case the monitor 1,
3はサイドミラーに一体に取り付けられたり、もしくはマジックミラーを使用してミラーの後ろに取り付けられる。 3 or integrally attached to the side mirrors, or is attached to the back of the mirror using a magic mirror.

【0025】障害物認識装置は、画像情報の中から重要なオブジェクトをオブジェクトの特徴量(大きさ,形状,色彩、等)により抽出し、それぞれのオブジェクトに対して、方向と画像中の大きさから自車との概略距離とを判断する。 The obstacle recognition system, the feature amount of the object important object from the image information (size, shape, color, etc.) is extracted by, for each object, in the direction and the image size determining the approximate distance between the vehicle from. 認識オブジェクトとは、自車が前方走行時には、車両(含む二輪車)であり、停止,後退時には、車両(含む二輪車)に加え、障害物,歩行者,(駐車場の)壁/柱等を対象とする。 The recognition object, when the vehicle is forward traveling, a vehicle (motorcycle included), target stop, during retraction, in addition to the vehicle (motorcycle included), obstacle, pedestrian, a (parking) wall / pole etc. to.

【0026】危険度判定装置は、走行状態に応じ、それぞれのオブジェクトに対して危険度の判定を行う。 The risk determination system according to the running state, it is determined risk for each object. 危険度の判定に関して、自車の動きに対してオブジェクトとの距離や相対速度等により判定する。 Respect determination of risk determines the distance and the relative speed of the object relative to the motion of the vehicle. 自車の動きは、ステアの操作,ウインカの操作,ギア位置,減速度,自車速度、その他(車間通信情報等)により推測する。 Movement of the vehicle, the operation of the steering, the turn signal operation, the gear position, the deceleration, the vehicle speed is inferred by other (inter-vehicle communication information, etc.).

【0027】判断した危険度が高い場合には、ドライバーに対し、ディスプレイ7の表示(要注意時),ブザー音発生(危険状態時)などにより注意を喚起する。 [0027] when there is a high degree of risk determines that, for the driver, (at the time of caution) display of the display 7, draw attention by such as a buzzer sound generation (at the time of danger state). ブザー音の発生については、危険度の大きさにより、音量を大きくしたり、発生間隔を短くしたり、音声により危険内容を伝える。 For the generation of the buzzer sound, depending on the size of the risk, or to increase the volume, or to shorten the generation interval, convey the risk content by voice. ディスプレイ7の表示による注意の喚起は、障害物認識装置により認識されたオブジェクト全体を例えば赤色に換え、フラッシングすることにより行う。 Draw attention by displaying on the display 7, changing the entire object which is recognized by the obstacle recognition device, for example, in red, carried out by flushing. ほかには、認識されたオブジェクトが存在する表示領域の色を変化させたり(例えば、何もしない→黄色→ In addition, or changing the color of the display area of ​​the recognized object is present (for example, does nothing → yellow →
赤色)、フラッシングすることにより行う。 Red), carried out by flushing. さらにメッセージを表示することにより行う。 Further performed by displaying a message.

【0028】ディスプレイ7に必要な方向の様子が表示されており、一度の視線移動で後方、斜め後方の全てが確認可能となる。 [0028] The state direction required to display 7 is displayed, and the rear, all of diagonally backward it is possible to check in at a time of eye movement. さらに、ナビ,AV機器等のスピーカーや、ディスプレイ7を使用することにより、モニタ1,2,3と一部の制御装置の設置のみでシステムを構築することができる。 Furthermore, navigation, speakers and the like AV equipment, by using the display 7, only the installation of a part of the control device and the monitor 1, 2, 3 it is possible to construct a system. さらに、障害物認識装置5と危険度判定装置の追加により衝突回避等の警告が行うことができる。 Furthermore, it is possible to alert collision avoidance by the addition of the obstacle recognition device 5 and risk assessment apparatus.

【0029】 [0029]

【発明の効果】本発明によれば、一度の視線移動で後方、斜め後方の全てが確認可能となる。 According to the present invention, the back, all of diagonally backward it is possible to check in at a time of eye movement. また、モニタと一部の制御装置の設置のみでシステムを構築することができる。 Further, it is possible to construct a system with only installation of monitoring a part of the control device. さらに、障害物認識装置と危険度判定装置の追加により衝突回避等の警告が行うことができる。 Furthermore, it is possible to alert makes collision avoidance by the addition of the obstacle recognition device and risk assessment device.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】2台のモニタによる構成図。 FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram according to two monitors.

【図2】2台のモニタの取付位置。 [Figure 2] mounting position of the two monitors.

【図3】ディスプレイの表示例。 FIG. 3 is a display of the display example.

【図4】ディスプレイの表示例。 [Figure 4] display of the display example.

【図5】ディスプレイの表示例。 FIG. 5 is a display of the display example.

【図6】ディスプレイの表示例。 [6] display of the display example.

【図7】3台のモニタによる構成図。 [7] The configuration diagram according to three monitors.

【図8】3台のモニタの取付位置。 [8] the mounting position of the three monitors.

【図9】ディスプレイの表示例。 [9] display of the display example.

【図10】ディスプレイの表示例。 FIG. 10 is a display of the display example.

【図11】ディスプレイの表示例。 [11] display of the display example.

【図12】ディスプレイの表示例。 FIG. 12 is a display of the display example.

【図13】ディスプレイの表示例。 [13] display of the display example.

【図14】ディスプレイの表示例。 FIG. 14 is a display of the display example.

【図15】3台のモニタによる衝突警報システム構成図。 [15] the collision warning system configuration diagram according to three monitors.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1…右後モニタ、3…左後モニタ、6…ディスプレイ制御装置、7…ディスプレイ。 1 ... right rear monitor, 3 ... left rear monitor, 6 ... display controller, 7 ... display.

Claims (32)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】車両の後方の景色を画像として認識し、この画像情報を車内のディスプレイに撮像するものにおいて、車両の両側部後方の2画像を一つのディスプレイに撮像するようにしたことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ方法。 1. A recognizes the views of the rear of the vehicle as an image, in which captured the image information to the vehicle of the display, characterized in that so as to image the two images of the rear side portions of the vehicle to one display the rear monitor method for a vehicle to be.
  2. 【請求項2】請求項1において、前記2画像を均等に分割されたディスプレイ画面領域にそれぞれ撮像することを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ方法。 2. A claimed in claim 1, the rear monitor method for a vehicle, characterized in that the respectively imaged on a display screen area evenly divide the two images.
  3. 【請求項3】請求項2において、左後方の画像をディスプレイの左側領域に、右後方の画像をディスプレイの右側領域に撮像することを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ方法。 3. The method of claim 2, the image of the left rear in the left area of ​​the display, rear monitor method for a vehicle, which comprises an image of the right rear in the right area of ​​the display.
  4. 【請求項4】請求項2において、左後方の画像をディスプレイの右側領域に、右後方の画像をディスプレイの左側領域に撮像することを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ方法。 4. The method of claim 2, the image of the left rear in the right area of ​​the display, rear monitor method for a vehicle, which comprises an image of the right rear in the left area of ​​the display.
  5. 【請求項5】請求項1において、前記2画像のうち必要な画像を他の画像より大きく撮像することを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ方法。 5. The method of claim 1, the rear monitor method for a vehicle, characterized in that the larger imaging than the required image of the other image of the two images.
  6. 【請求項6】請求項5において、大きい画像の中に小さい画像を重ねて撮像するようにしたことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ方法。 6. The method of Claim 5, the rear monitor method for a vehicle, characterized in that as to image superimposed a small image in the large image.
  7. 【請求項7】請求項5において、両画像の左右撮像領域の大きさを変えるようにしたことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ方法。 7. The method of claim 5, the rear monitor method for a vehicle, characterized in that as changing the size of the left and right imaging region of both images.
  8. 【請求項8】請求項1において、前記左右の2画像のうち必要な画像の認識領域を拡大,縮小するようにしたことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ方法。 8. The method of claim 1, the rear monitor method for a vehicle, wherein a recognition area of ​​the required image of the left and right 2 image enlargement, and so reduced.
  9. 【請求項9】請求項1において、前記2画像のうち1画像を選択的にディスプレイ画面に撮像するようにしたことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ方法。 9. The method of claim 1, the rear monitor method for a vehicle, characterized in that so as to image selectively display screen 1 an image of the two images.
  10. 【請求項10】車両の後方の景色を画像として認識し、 10. recognizes views of the rear of the vehicle as an image,
    この画像情報を車内のディスプレイに撮像するものにおいて、車両の両側部後方と正面後方の3画像を一つのディスプレイに撮像するようにしたことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ方法。 In those captured the image information to the vehicle of the display, rear monitor method for a vehicle, characterized in that so as to image the 3 images of both sides rear and the front rear of the vehicle in one display.
  11. 【請求項11】請求項10において、前記3画像のうち左右2画像をディスプレイの左右領域に並べて撮像し、 11. The method of claim 10, and imaging the left and right images side by side area of ​​the display of the third image,
    正面後方画像を上記2画面の上部もしくは下部領域のいずれかに撮像するようにしたことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ方法。 Rear monitor method for a vehicle, characterized in that the front rear image so as to image the one of the upper or lower region of the two screens.
  12. 【請求項12】請求項10において、前記3画像のうち正面後方画像を中央にして、その左に左画像を、右に右画像を撮像するようにしたことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ方法。 12. The method of claim 10, wherein 3 a front rear image of the image in the middle, the rear monitor method for a vehicle, wherein a left image to the left, and so as to image the right image to the right .
  13. 【請求項13】請求項10ないし12において、前記3 13. The method of claim 10 to 12, wherein 3
    画像のうち選択された画像を他の画像より大きく撮像するようにしたことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ方法。 Rear monitor method for a vehicle, characterized in that the image selected among the images to be larger imaging than other images.
  14. 【請求項14】請求項10ないし12において、前記3 14. The method of claim 10 to 12, wherein 3
    画像のうち選択された画像の認識領域を縮小,拡大するようにしたことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ方法。 Reducing the recognition area of ​​the selected image in the image, the rear monitor method for a vehicle, characterized in that so as to expand.
  15. 【請求項15】車両の後方の景色を画像として認識するモニタ、モニタからの画像情報をこの画像情報を車内のディスプレイに撮像するものにおいて、車両の両側部後方と正面後方の3画像を一つのディスプレイに撮像するようにしたことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ装置。 15. recognizes monitor views of the rear of the vehicle as an image, the image information from the monitor that captures the image information on the car display, the one third image of both sides behind the front behind the vehicle rear monitoring apparatus for a vehicle is characterized in that so as to image the display.
  16. 【請求項16】請求項15において、前記ディスプレイは前記一対のモニタからの画像情報を同一画面に選択的あるいは同時に並べて撮像可能に構成されていることを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ装置。 16. The method of claim 15, wherein the display rear monitor device for a vehicle, characterized in that it is configured to be imaged side by side selectively or simultaneously image information from the pair of monitor on the same screen.
  17. 【請求項17】請求項15において、前記モニタは、各々の視野を縮小,拡大可能に構成されていることを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ装置。 17. The method of claim 15, wherein the monitor is reduced each field, rear monitoring device for a vehicle, characterized in that it is expandable configured.
  18. 【請求項18】請求項15ないし17のいずれかにおいて、前記モニタは、各々の視野の領域を調整可能に構成されていることを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ装置。 18. In any one of claims 15 to 17, wherein the monitor, rear monitoring device for a vehicle, characterized in that it is adjustable constitutes a region of each field.
  19. 【請求項19】請求項16において、前記ディスプレイは、前記3画像のいずれかの画像を選択的に他の画像に対して撮像領域を大きくできるよう構成されていることを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ装置。 19. The method of claim 16, wherein the display is rear of the vehicle, characterized in that it is configured to be able to increase the imaging region one of the image of the third image with respect to selectively another image monitoring device.
  20. 【請求項20】請求項15において、前記モニタを車両のサイドミラーと同一部位に取り付けたことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ装置。 20. The method of Claim 15, rear monitoring apparatus for a vehicle, characterized in that fitted with the monitor at the same site as a side mirror of the vehicle.
  21. 【請求項21】請求項20において、前記モニタとサイドミラーとが、一緒に方向を変化できるようにしたことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ装置。 21. The method of claim 20, said monitor and the side mirrors, rear monitoring device for a vehicle, characterized in that to be able to change direction together.
  22. 【請求項22】請求項20において、前記モニタとサイドミラーとが、各々独立して方向を変化できるようにしたことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ装置。 22. The method of claim 20, said monitor and the side mirrors, each separate rear monitoring apparatus for a vehicle, characterized in that to be able to change the direction.
  23. 【請求項23】請求項15において、前記モニタを左右のサイドミラーの鏡面の後部に設置し、このミラーをマジックミラーで形成し、該ミラーを通して、景色を画像認識するように構成したことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ装置。 23. The method of claim 15, characterized in that the monitor is installed in the rear of the mirror surface of the right and left side mirrors, to form the mirror magic mirror through the mirror, and configured to image recognition views rear monitoring apparatus for a vehicle according to.
  24. 【請求項24】車両の後方の景色を画像として認識するモニタ、モニタからの画像情報を撮像するために車室内に設けたディスプレイを有するものにおいて、前記モニタは、車両の左右側部後方及び正面後方の景色をそれぞれ認識できる位置に取り付けた3台のモニタであることを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ装置。 24. recognizes monitor views of the rear of the vehicle as an image, the one having a display provided in the passenger compartment in order to image the image information from the monitor, the monitor, the left and right sides behind and front of the vehicle rear monitoring apparatus for a vehicle, wherein the rear views of a three monitors attached to a position recognizable respectively.
  25. 【請求項25】請求項24において、前記ディスプレイは前記3台のモニタからの画像情報を同一画面に選択的あるいは同時に並べて撮像可能に構成されていることを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ装置。 25. The method of claim 24, wherein the display rear monitor device for a vehicle, characterized in that it is configured to be imaged side by side selectively or simultaneously image information from the three monitors on the same screen.
  26. 【請求項26】請求項24において、前記3台のモニタからの画像情報に基づき障害物を認識するための障害物認識装置、障害物への自車衝突等の危険度を判断するための危険度判断装置、及び乗員へ警告音を発生するための警告音発生装置を備えたことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ装置。 26. The method of claim 24, wherein three obstacle recognition device for recognizing an obstacle based on image information from the monitor, the risk for determining the risk of such vehicle collision obstacle degree judgment device, and a rear monitoring device for a vehicle, characterized in that it comprises a warning sound generator for generating a warning sound to the occupant.
  27. 【請求項27】請求項15において、前記左右側部後方モニタは、前記正面後方モニタよりも視野が広いものとして構成されていることを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ装置。 27. The method of claim 15, wherein the left and right side portions rear monitor, rear monitoring device for a vehicle, characterized in that it is configured as field of view wider than the front rear monitor.
  28. 【請求項28】請求項24において、前記ディスプレイは、ドライバーが操作する運転のための操作機器の操作状況に応じて、表示される撮像データが自動的に切り替わる機能を持つことを特徴とする車両の後方モニタ装置。 28. The method of claim 24, wherein the vehicle display, in response to an operation operating status of the equipment for operating the driver to operate, wherein the imaging data to be displayed with automatic switching behind the monitor device of.
  29. 【請求項29】請求項28において、前記ディスプレイに表示される撮像データは、少なくともトランスミッションの後退操作で後方監視カメラの撮像データを、ステアリングまたはウィンカの右折操作で右側後方監視カメラの撮像データを、ステアリングまたはウィンカの左折操作で左側後方監視カメラの撮像データを自動的に表示する車両の後方モニタ装置。 29. The claim 28, imaging data displayed on said display, the image pickup data of the rear monitoring camera retraction operation of at least the transmission, the imaging data of the right rear monitoring camera right turn operation of the steering or blinker, rear monitoring apparatus for a vehicle that automatically displays the captured data of the left rear monitoring camera left turn operation of the steering or blinker.
  30. 【請求項30】請求項26において、危険度判断装置が判断した障害物に対する危険度が、あらかじめ決められた危険度を越えた場合、対象となる障害物の画像全体を点滅表示する機能を持つ車両の後方モニタ装置。 30. The method of claim 26, risk with respect to the obstacle which the risk determination device determines that, when it exceeds the risk that predetermined, has a function of blinking the whole image of the obstacle in question behind the monitor device of the vehicle.
  31. 【請求項31】請求項26において、危険度判断装置が判断した障害物に対する危険度が、あらかじめ決められた危険度を越えた場合、対象となる障害物の画像全体を他の色に換えて表示する機能を持つ車両の後方モニタ装置。 31. The method of claim 26, risk with respect to the obstacle which the risk determination device determines that, when it exceeds the risk that predetermined, instead of the entire image of the obstacle to be in another color rear monitoring system for a vehicle having a function of displaying.
  32. 【請求項32】請求項25において、右側後方モニタおよび左側後方モニタおよび正面後方モニタからの撮像データが水平方向につながるように撮像データを変換し、 32. A claim 25, the imaging data from the back right monitor and left rear monitor and front rear monitor converts the captured data so as to be connected in the horizontal direction,
    表示する車両の後方モニタ装置。 Behind a monitor device of a vehicle to be displayed.
JP2031693A 1993-02-08 1993-02-08 Rearview monitoring device of vehicle and method thereof Granted JPH06227318A (en)

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JP2031693A JPH06227318A (en) 1993-02-08 1993-02-08 Rearview monitoring device of vehicle and method thereof

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JPH06227318A true JPH06227318A (en) 1994-08-16

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