JP6312293B2 - Book browsing system, processing method and program - Google Patents

Book browsing system, processing method and program Download PDF

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JP6312293B2
JP6312293B2 JP2013223534A JP2013223534A JP6312293B2 JP 6312293 B2 JP6312293 B2 JP 6312293B2 JP 2013223534 A JP2013223534 A JP 2013223534A JP 2013223534 A JP2013223534 A JP 2013223534A JP 6312293 B2 JP6312293 B2 JP 6312293B2
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user
browsing
identification information
table
book
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JP2015087816A (en
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政満 佐藤
政満 佐藤
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株式会社岡村製作所
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Description

  The present invention relates to a book browsing system, a processing method, and a program.

Many libraries currently lend books to users and manage collection and retrieval of books using automatic recognition technology such as barcodes and RFID (Radio Frequency Identification).
Further, in Patent Document 1, an IC (Integrated Circuit) tag attached to a book is used to detect that the book has been taken out from the storage position of the bookcase in which the book is stored, and the book is taken out. Techniques have been disclosed for calculating the time and number of times to identify popular books and estimating the degree of damage to books to help them purchase books at the library.

  By the way, libraries are generally equipped with tables that can be used by users. This table is often used not only for browsing books held by the library but also for self-study by students and adults.

JP 2005-182352 A

Library operators can determine which books are popular by analyzing their lending history. However, the information indicates the use of books outside the museum, and the usage status inside the hall cannot be grasped. In addition, according to the method of Patent Document 1, the operator can grasp the usage status of the book inside and outside the hall from the time and number of times the book is taken out from the bookshelf, but it is not known what user has used it. Absent. In addition, regarding the reading table provided in the hall, the operator cannot grasp whether the library is used for browsing the books held by the library.
In other words, the library provides books and reading tables to users, but it has not been able to fully grasp the users who use the books and reading tables owned by the library in the library. There is a problem that.

  Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a book browsing system, a processing method, and a program that can solve the above-described problems.

The present invention provides a reservation accepting unit for accepting a reservation operation for a browsing table provided with means for reading the identification information from a book with identification information, and book information for acquiring identification information of the book placed in the browsing table. An acquisition unit, a user information acquisition unit that acquires the user identification information from a means for reading the user identification information provided in the browsing table, the identification information of the user who performed the reservation operation, and the use A user determination unit that determines whether or not the user who uses the browsing table reserved by comparing with the user identification information acquired by the user information acquisition unit is the user who performed the reservation operation; in association identification information of books and the reservation operation the user identification information was the identification information of the viewing table, Bei the browsing log recording unit that outputs information containing them as viewing log It is a book browsing system according to claim Rukoto.

  In addition, the present invention is characterized by including a statistical information generation unit that calculates statistical information regarding the usage status of the book or the browsing table based on information recorded in the browsing log.

  Further, the statistical information generation unit described above in the present invention calculates statistical information about the usage status of the browsing table for the purpose of browsing the books.

The present invention also includes a step of accepting a reservation operation for a browsing table provided with means for reading the identification information from a book with identification information, a step of acquiring identification information of the book placed in the browsing table , Acquiring the user identification information from the means for reading the user identification information provided in the browsing table, and acquiring the identification information of the user who performed the reservation operation and the identification information of the user. Determining whether or not the user who uses the browsing table reserved by comparing with the identification information of the user acquired in step 1 is the user who performed the reservation operation, and the identification information of the book and the reservation in association identification information of manipulating been user and the identification information of the viewing table, Yusuke and outputting information including them as viewing logs, It is a process method Library system according to claim.

Further, the present invention provides a computer for a book browsing system, means for accepting a reservation operation for a viewing table provided with means for reading the identification information from a book with identification information, and identification information of the book placed in the viewing table Means for acquiring the identification information of the user from means for reading the identification information of the user provided in the browsing table, identification information of the user who performed the reservation operation, and identification information of the user It means for determining whether the user is a user who has performed the reservation operation using the viewing table means booked and compares the obtained user identification information to retrieve the identification of the pre-Symbol library in association with each other and identification information of the reservation operation of the user who has performed the identification information and the viewing table, machine as a means for outputting information including them as viewing log Is a program of the order to.

  According to the present invention, there is an effect that it is possible to grasp how many users use books and reading tables in libraries and stores.

1 is a schematic diagram of a book browsing system according to a first embodiment of the present invention. 1 is a system configuration diagram of a book browsing system according to a first embodiment of the present invention. It is a 1st figure explaining an example of operation | movement of the book browsing system by 1st embodiment of this invention. It is a 2nd figure explaining an example of operation | movement of the book browsing system by 1st embodiment of this invention. It is a figure which shows an example of the table | surface or log information in the book browsing system by 1st embodiment of this invention. It is a flowchart of the process which acquires the book browsing log in the book browsing system by 1st embodiment of this invention. It is a 1st figure which shows an example of the statistical information output with the book browsing system by 1st embodiment of this invention. It is a 2nd figure which shows an example of the statistical information output with the book browsing system by 1st embodiment of this invention.

<First embodiment>
A book browsing system according to a first embodiment of the present invention will be described below with reference to FIGS.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a book browsing system according to the first embodiment. FIG. 1 shows a reading room in a library, for example. 1, the book browsing system includes a browsing table 10, an antenna 11, a communication cable 12, a control unit 13, a communication cable 14, a user card reader 15, a communication cable 16, a book 17, an IC tag 18, a server 20, and a terminal 21. , A communication cable 22, a user card reader 23, and a chair 30.

  The browsing table 10 is a table that can be used by a library user. The reading table 10 is provided at a predetermined position in a library such as a reading room, and is assumed to be in an operation mode in which a user reserves and uses a vacant seat as will be described later. The reading table 10 includes an antenna 11 that can read an IC tag 18 attached to a book 17 owned by the library. The browsing table 10 is provided with a chair 30 so that a user can sit down and browse a book.

The antenna 11 corresponds to an antenna of a reader device in RFID which is a technique for performing individual identification by radio waves. The antenna 11 has a function of acquiring information recorded in advance on the IC tag 18 and outputting the information to the control unit 13 of the reader body. Specifically, the antenna 11 generates a magnetic field, supplies electric power to each of the IC tags 18 existing within a predetermined distance, and operates the IC tag 18. The antenna 11 acquires the identification information of the book 17 attached with the IC tag 18 by communicating with the IC tag 18 and outputs it to the control unit 13 connected by the communication cable 12. The antenna 11 has, for example, a rectangular shape with a side of about 30 cm. When the user places the book 17 on the reading table 10, the antenna 11 can be viewed so as to communicate with the IC tag 18 attached to the book 17. Near the center of the table is provided on the opposite side of the work surface. The antenna 11 can acquire information on a plurality of IC tags 18 at the same time. The antenna 11 is connected to the control unit 13 by a communication cable 12.
The control unit 13 has a function of reading information of the IC tag 18 acquired by the antenna 11. A combination of the control unit 13 and the antenna 11 is a reader device for the IC tag 18, and these are means for reading the identification information from a book with identification information. The control unit 13 can collectively read information recorded on the plurality of IC tags 18 transmitted from the plurality of antennas 11. The control unit 13 associates the information recorded on the read IC tag 18 with the identification information of the antenna 11 and transmits the information to the server 20 via the communication cable 14.

  The user card reader 15 is a device that reads information recorded on a user card owned by the user. The user card reader 15 obtains the identification information (user ID) of the user recorded in advance on the user card by the RFID technology as with the antenna 11. The user card reader 15 is means for reading identification information of a user installed at a predetermined location on the work surface for each browsing table 10. The user card reader 15 is connected to the server 20 via the communication cable 16, and transmits it to the server 20 in association with the read user ID and its own identification information (ID of the user card reader 15).

The books 17 are books, magazines, various documents, etc. owned by the library. An IC tag 18 is attached to the back side and back cover of the book 17 for use in lending and collection management.
The IC tag 18 is an IC tag developed for books. In libraries, bar codes are attached to books, and bar code readers are held to read and manage the information on the books. However, when IC tags are used, multiple books with IC tags can be stored on the reader device. It can be processed in a batch just by placing it on top, and is being introduced into the library from the viewpoint of work efficiency. Usually, the IC tag for books has a problem such as inconvenience caused by reading the information of the IC tag attached to the book held by another person, so that the 13.56 MHz band with a short communication distance is used. used.

The server 20 is, for example, a general PC server. The server 20 associates the information acquired from the control unit 13 and the information acquired from the user card reader 15 via the browsing table 10 and accumulates them as a browsing log. Further, statistical data such as which books are popular from the stored browsing logs and which browsing tables are frequently used is generated. Further, the server 20 has a function of managing the use reservation of the browsing table 10.
The terminal 21 is, for example, a general PC or tablet-type mobile terminal device. The terminal 21 is connected to the server 20 via the communication cable 22 and is a client terminal that provides a user with a function of reserving the browsing table 10 of the server 20. A user card reader 23 is connected to the terminal 21. When the user brings his / her user card close to the user card reader 23, the user card reader 23 reads the user ID.

FIG. 2 is a system configuration diagram of the book browsing system according to the first embodiment of the present invention.
The book information acquisition unit 100 acquires the information including the ID of the book 17 recorded on the IC tag 18 of the book 17 from the control unit 13 and the ID of the antenna 11 that has acquired the ID of the book 17, and the browsing log recording unit To 104.
The user information acquisition unit 101 acquires a user ID from the user card reader 23 connected to the terminal 21 and outputs the user ID to the reservation receiving unit 102. Further, the user information acquisition unit 101 acquires the user ID and the ID of the user card reader 15 from the user card reader 15 set in each browsing table 10, and outputs them to the user determination unit 103.

The reservation receiving unit 102 acquires the user ID of the user who performed the reservation operation on the terminal 21 from the user information acquiring unit 101, and checks whether the user ID is registered in the user DB 300. Further, the reservation receiving unit 102 records the user ID, the browsing table identification information (viewing table ID), and the reservation receiving time as a result of the reservation operation by the user in a “reservation record log” of the reservation record DB 303 described later.
In addition, the reservation receiving unit 102 receives a use end operation from the user when the user finishes using the browsing table 10. The reservation receiving unit 102 records the time when the use end operation by the user is received in the “reservation result log” of the reservation result DB 303.

The user determination unit 103 compares the identification information of the user who performed the reservation operation with the identification information of the user acquired by the user information acquisition unit 101, and the user who intends to use the browsing table 10 It is determined whether or not the user has reserved the viewing table 10. Specifically, the user determination unit 103 first acquires the user ID and the ID of the user card reader 15 from the user information acquisition unit 101. The user determination unit 103 refers to the “reservation record log” in the reservation record DB 303 using the acquired user ID and the ID of the user card reader 15, and the user indicated by the user ID uses the It is determined whether or not the viewing table 10 in which the person card reader 15 is installed is reserved at that time. As a result of the determination, if the user has made a reservation, the user determination unit 103 indicates that the time when the user starts using the browsing table 10 is the time when the user card reader 15 acquires the user ID. Regardless, record the use start time in the “reservation record log”. As a result of the determination, if the user has not made a reservation, the user determination unit 103 may notify the library operator to that effect. For example, a message “Browsing table No. XX is used by users with no reservation user ID: YYYY” may be displayed on the screen of the PC terminal used by the library operator. It may be managed so that the library operator does not let the user pay attention to it.
In this embodiment, use of the browsing table 10 by a user who has not reserved is not considered. The user who has actually reserved the reading table 10 causes the user card reader 15 installed in the reading table 10 to read the user card, and when the use is finished, the terminal 21 performs a use end operation. And

  The browsing log recording unit 104 uses the book ID acquired from the book information acquisition unit 100 and the ID of the antenna 11, and the user ID acquired from the user information acquisition unit 101 and the ID of the user card reader 15. A user ID is associated with a book ID every 10th. Then, the browsing log recording unit 104 adds the book ID acquisition time to the book ID, user ID, and browsing table ID, and outputs it to the browsing log DB 304 as a “browsing log” that records the book browsed by the user. . When the user places the book 17 at a position where the antenna 11 can read the IC tag 18 attached to the book 17, the browsing log recording unit 104 outputs data to the “browsing log”, and otherwise outputs. do not do. For example, when the user 1 is not browsing the book 17, it may be placed near the end of the browsing table 10 that is not equipped with the antenna 11 so as not to get in the way. Then, the control unit 13 cannot acquire information from the IC tag 18 of the book 17, and the browsing log recording unit 104 does not output data to the “browsing log”.

The statistical information generation unit 105 calculates various statistical information from the “browsing log” recorded by the browsing log recording unit 104. For example, the statistical information generation unit 105 calculates the usage status for each book 17. Specifically, the statistical information generation unit 105 counts the book ID recorded in the “browsing log”, calculates the number of times the book indicated by the book ID is used, and further records the book recorded in the “browsing log”. The usage time of the book is calculated from the time indicating that the user is browsing. Further, the statistical information generation unit 105 reads information stored in the user DB 300 from the user ID recorded in the “browsing log”, and acquires the age and sex of the user indicated by the user ID. Then, the statistical information generation unit 105 calculates the usage status of the book for each age and / or gender of the user by counting the number of times and time that the book ID is recorded in the “browsing log” for each age and gender. .
Further, the statistical information generation unit 105 totals the time when the browsing table 10 is used from the use start time and use end time for each user ID recorded for each user ID recorded in the “reservation record log”, The total usage time for each browsing table 10 in a period (for example, one year) is calculated. Further, the statistical information generation unit 105 further calculates the usage time of the browsing table for each user's age and / or gender using the age and gender information acquired from the user DB 300 based on the user ID.
Further, the statistical information generation unit 105 reads the browsing table start time and use end time recorded in the “reservation record log” and the usage time of the book 17 in the meantime recorded in the “viewing log”. The time when the table 10 was used for browsing the book 17 owned by the library is calculated.
These book information acquisition unit 100, user information acquisition unit 101, reservation reception unit 102, user determination unit 103, browsing log recording unit 104, and statistical information generation unit 105 are programmed by CPU (Central Processing Unit) in server 20. It is a function provided by execution.

The user DB 300 holds information such as the user ID, age, sex, and address.
The browsing table DB 301 holds information defining the relationship between the browsing table 10, the antenna 11 included in the browsing table 10, and the user card reader 15 installed in the browsing table 10 for each browsing table 10. It also has information on which browsing table 10 has been reserved.
The book DB 302 holds information such as the ID, title, author, publisher, brief introduction of contents, date of purchase, and purchase price of the book 17 owned by the library.
The reservation record DB 303 has a “reservation record log” in which a reservation history and use start and end times for each viewing table 10 are recorded.
The browsing log DB 304 includes at least a “browsing log” in which a user ID, a book ID, and a book placement time are recorded for each browsing table 10.
The statistical information DB 305 includes various statistical information created by the statistical information generation unit 105.
The user DB 300, the browsing table DB 301, the book DB 302, the reservation performance DB 303, the browsing log DB 304, and the statistical information DB 305 may be provided in a storage unit provided in the server 20, or an external storage device connected to the server 20 May be provided.

FIG. 3 is a first diagram illustrating an example of the operation of the book browsing system according to the first embodiment of the present invention. The same functional units as those in FIG.
FIG. 3 shows an operation in which the user 1 reserves the browsing table 10 at the terminal 21 in the present embodiment.
User 1 owns user card 70. The user card 70 has an IC chip on which identification information (user ID) of the user 1 is recorded.
In the terminal 21, a program stored in a storage unit included in the terminal 21 is operated, and the program controls the terminal 21 so as not to accept an operation by the user 1 without authentication using the user card 70. May be. Further, the program may display a message such as “Please hold the user card over the user card reader” on the screen of the terminal 21.
First, the user 1 holds the user card 70 owned by the user 1 over the user card reader 23 connected to the terminal 21 (reference numeral 72). Then, the user card reader 23 communicates with the user card 70 to acquire the ID of the user 1 and outputs it to the terminal 21. The terminal 21 transmits the ID of the user 1 to the server 20 via the communication cable 22. In the server 20, the user information acquisition unit 101 receives the information and outputs it to the reservation receiving unit 102. The reservation receiving unit 102 reads information stored in the user DB 300, determines whether the user ID acquired from the user information acquisition unit 101 has been registered, and transmits the result to the terminal 21. In the terminal 21 that has received the result, when the program is running and the user ID is not registered, a message such as “User ID is not registered” may be displayed on the screen of the terminal 21. On the other hand, when the user ID is registered, the program of the terminal 21 may control the terminal 21 to be active (a state in which an operation is received) and display the user menu on the screen of the terminal 21. In the user menu, for example, options such as “collection search” and “browsing table reservation” are displayed, and when the user 1 selects “browsing table reservation”, the reservation receiving unit 102 displays the code of FIG. 3 on the screen of the terminal 21. A screen on which a plurality of browsing tables 10 as indicated by 200 may be displayed. Furthermore, the reservation receiving unit 102 may display a message that prompts the user 1 to reserve the viewing table 10.

In FIG. 3, reference numeral 200 indicates an example of a reserved page of the browsing table 10 output on the screen of the terminal 21. The reservation screen 200 may be a screen image generated by executing one or more programs constituting the reservation receiving unit 102 of the server 20. Alternatively, it may be a screen image generated by executing a program provided in the terminal 21 and receiving information necessary for reservation of the viewing table from the reservation receiving unit 102.
What is displayed on the reservation screen 200 is, for example, a screen that displays the current usage status of the browsing table 10. Reference numeral 201 indicates a viewing table that has already been reserved by another user. Reference numeral 202 indicates a currently free browsing table. The user 1 selects a seat to be used from the seats 202 that are not currently reserved. When the user 1 selects one of the seats 202, the terminal 21 transmits information on the selected seat to the reservation receiving unit 102. The reservation receiving unit 102 changes the color of the newly reserved seat and transmits the screen image to the terminal 21. When the user 1 wants to change the seat once selected, the user can click on the already selected seat with a mouse or the like, or if the screen of the terminal 21 is a touch panel, select the seat with a finger and cancel the selection. 1 may select a seat to be reserved again.

Reference numeral 203 denotes a button that is pressed when the contents reserved by the user 1 are confirmed. When the user 1 presses the button 203, the reservation receiving unit 102 confirms the reserved content. At this time, the terminal 21 transmits information on the selected seat and information indicating that the button 203 has been pressed to the reservation receiving unit 102. The reservation receiving unit 102 associates the seat information with the user ID of the user 1 and performs the browsing table DB 301.
Reference numeral 204 denotes a button to be pressed when canceling the contents reserved by the user 1. When the user 1 presses the button 204, the terminal 21 transmits information indicating that the button 204 has been pressed to the reservation receiving unit 102. The reservation receiving unit 102 discards the selected seat information.
Reference numeral 205 is a window screen that displays the environment information of the browsing table 10. For example, when the user 1 selects the browsing table 201, the window screen 205 may be displayed as a pop-up. The reading table 10 is provided with a lighting fixture (not shown) and a temperature / humidity sensor (not shown), and the illuminance and color temperature of the lighting fixture and the temperature and humidity of the reading table 10 may be displayed.
The reservation receiving unit 102 performs screen control so as to return to the menu screen when acquiring information indicating that the buttons 203 and 204 are pressed.
The reservation accepting unit 102 does not start using the viewing table 10 reserved by the operation described in FIG. 4 even if a predetermined time elapses from the reservation time for the seat reserved by the user 1 on the reservation screen 200. Has a function of canceling a reservation.

FIG. 4 is a second diagram illustrating an example of the operation of the book browsing system according to the first embodiment of the present invention. The same functional units as those in FIG.
FIG. 4 shows an operation when using the browsing table 10 reserved by the user 1 in the present embodiment.
The user 1 holds the user card 70 over the user card reader 15 in the reserved viewing table 10 (reference numeral 72). Then, the user card reader 15 transmits the user ID of the user 1 and the ID of the user card reader 15 read from the user card 70 to the server 20 via the communication cable 16. In the server 20, the user information acquisition unit 101 receives the information and outputs it to the user determination unit 103. The user determination unit 103 refers to a table that defines the relationship among the browsing table 10, the user card reader 15, and the antenna 11 stored in the browsing table DB 301, and uses the acquired ID of the user card reader 15. The ID of the browsing table 10 that the person 1 is going to use is obtained. The user determination unit 103 records reservation information including the reading table ID and the user ID in the “reservation record log” recorded in the reservation record DB 303 using the ID and the user ID of the browsing table 10. Find out if you are. If not recorded, the user determination unit 103 transmits, for example, information to the library operator that the user 1 intends to use the browsing table 10 without making a reservation, and the library operator You may manage not to use the browsing table 10 which is not reserved. In the following description, it is assumed that the viewing table 10 reserved by the user 1 is used.
The user determination unit 103 records the time acquired from the user information acquisition unit 101 in the “reservation record log” as the use start time.

Subsequently, the user 1 takes out the book 17 owned by the library from the open shelf, and sits on the chair 30 and browses the book 17 on the reading table 10. The user 1 places the book 17 at a position on the work surface corresponding to the portion where the antenna 11 is provided. An IC tag 18 is attached to the book 17. Here, for example, the control unit 13 generates a magnetic field in the antenna 11 every few seconds or minutes, and reads the ID of the book 17 from the IC tag 18. The control unit 13 outputs the ID of the antenna 11 and the ID of the read book 17 to the server 20, and in the server 20, the book information acquisition unit 100 acquires the information and outputs it to the browsing log recording unit 104.
The browsing log recording unit 104 refers to a table defining the relationship among the browsing table 10, the user card reader 15, and the antenna 11 stored in the browsing table DB 301, and is used by the user 1 from the acquired ID of the antenna 11. The ID of the browsing table 10 that is being used is obtained. Further, the browsing log recording unit 104 refers to the “reservation record log” in the reservation record DB 303 from the obtained ID of the view table 10 and obtains the user ID using the view table 10. Then, the browsing log recording unit 104 associates the user ID, the ID of the browsing table 10, the ID of the book 17, and the time when the book ID is acquired, and outputs it to the browsing log DB 304 as a “browsing log”.
As described above, when the user 1 browses the book 17 owned by the library in the browsing table 10, the browsing log recording unit 104 periodically records information on the book browsed by the user 1 in the “browsing log”. I will do it.

  Finally, when the user 1 ends the use of the browsing table 10, the user 1 performs a use end operation indicating that the use of the browsing table 10 is completed on the terminal 21. The end-of-use operation is an operation for selecting the seat used by the user 1 on the reservation screen 200 shown in FIG. 3 after the user 1 holds the user card 70 over the user card reader 15. When the user 1 performs the use termination operation, the reservation receiving unit 102 records the time when the user 1 has finished using the browsing table 10 in the “reservation record log” stored in the reservation record DB 303.

FIG. 5 is a diagram showing an example of table or log information in the book browsing system according to the present embodiment.
FIG. 5A is an example of a table that defines the relationship among the browsing table 10, the user card reader 15, and the antenna 11 stored in the browsing table DB 301. For example, in FIG. 4, the user determination unit 103 searches this table using the ID of the user card reader, and obtains to which browsing table 10 the user card reader 15 is installed. Further, the browsing log recording unit 104 searches this table using the ID of the antenna 11 and obtains the ID of the browsing table 10 provided with the antenna 11.

FIG. 5B is an example of a “reservation record log” stored in the reservation record DB 303. When the user 1 makes a reservation, the reservation receiving unit 102 outputs the user ID, the ID of the reserved viewing table 10 and the time when the reservation is received to the “reservation record log”. In addition, when the user 1 holds the user card 70 over the user card reader 15 of the browsing table 10, the user determination unit 103 specifies a record indicating the reservation in the “reservation record log” and “use start time”. Record the current time in the field. Further, when the user 1 performs the use end operation, the reservation receiving unit 102 specifies a record indicating the reservation in the “reservation record log” and records the use end time in the “use end time” column.
First, the user ID read by the user card reader 15 and the ID of the browsing table in which the user card reader 15 obtained by referring to the table illustrated in FIG. Find a record that matches the values in the “user ID” field and “browsing table ID” field of the “reservation record log”. Next, when the user determination unit 103 records the use start time, a record that is not recorded in the “use start time” column is selected, and when the reservation receiving unit 102 records the use end time, the “use end time” column. Select a record that has no record.

  FIG. 5C is an example of a “browsing log” stored in the browsing log DB 304. When the book 17 is used in the browsing table 10 reserved by the user 1, the browsing log recording unit 104 obtains the ID of the user 1, the ID of the browsing table 10, the ID of the book 17, and the time when the ID of the book 17 is acquired as “ Recorded in the “Browsing Log”. The information recorded in the IC tag 18 is periodically acquired by the control unit 13, and the browsing log recording unit 104 records the result in the “browsing log”. The period during which the browsing log recording unit 104 records the ID of the book 17 in the “browsing log” is when the user 1 places the book 17 near the center of the browsing table 10.

FIG. 6 is a flowchart of processing for recording a browsing log according to the present embodiment.
As a premise, it is assumed that the user 1 reserves the browsing table 10 in advance.
First, the user 1 holds the user card 70 over the user card reader 15 installed on the browsing table 10. Then, the user card reader 15 starts communication with the user card 70, and acquires the ID of the user 1 recorded on the user card 70 (step S1). Then, the user card reader 15 outputs the acquired user ID and the ID of the user card reader 15 itself to the user determination unit 103. Next, the user determination unit 103 searches the table illustrated in FIG. 5A of the browsing table DB 301 using the ID of the user card reader 15, and the browsing table 10 in which the user card reader 15 is installed. Get the ID. Next, the user determination unit 103 refers to the “reservation record log” stored in the reservation record DB 303 and searches whether the reservation is registered by a combination of the user ID and the ID of the browsing table 10, and the user It is determined whether or not is a correct user (step S2). When the user determination unit 103 determines that the user is not correct, the process flow ends.

  If the user determination unit 103 determines that the user is a correct user who has made a reservation, then the browsing log recording unit 104 causes the user 1 to place the library book 17 in a predetermined location in the browsing table 10. It is determined whether it has been placed (step S3). The predetermined place is a portion corresponding to the position where the antenna 11 is provided on the work surface of the viewing table 10. If the user 1 puts the book 17 in a place corresponding to the position where the antenna 11 is built, the control unit 13 can acquire the identification information of the book from the IC tag 18 attached to the book 17. The control unit 13 outputs the ID of the antenna 11 and the ID of the read book 17 to the browsing log recording unit 104. If the user 1 does not place the book 17 in a predetermined place, the control unit 13 outputs only the ID of the antenna 11 to the book information acquisition unit 100. The browsing log recording unit 104 can determine whether or not the book 17 is placed at a predetermined position in the browsing table based on whether or not the ID of the book 17 is acquired from the control unit 13. If it is determined that the book is not placed (step S3 = No), the browsing log recording unit 104 repeats the determination in step S3 at predetermined time intervals until the user 1 finishes using the browsing table. The predetermined time interval is an interval at which the control unit 13 attempts to read the book ID from the IC tag 18 by generating a magnetic field in the antenna 11. For example, this time interval may be 1 minute. If it is determined that the book is placed (step S3 = Yes), the browsing log recording unit 104 searches the table of FIG. 5A using the acquired ID of the antenna 11, and the antenna 11 is incorporated. ID of the browsing table 10 being acquired. Then, the browsing log recording unit 104 refers to the “reservation record log” illustrated in FIG. 5B from the ID of the browsing table 10 and acquires the ID of the user who uses the browsing table 10. The browsing log recording unit 104 acquires the user ID, the ID of the browsing table 10, the ID of the book 17, and the time when the ID of the book 17 is acquired from the control unit 13 via the book information acquiring unit 100 in FIG. It outputs to the illustrated “browsing log” (step S4).

Next, the reservation receiving unit 102 determines whether or not the user 1 has finished using the browsing table 10 (step S5). When the user 1 performs a use end operation on the terminal 21, the reservation receiving unit 102 determines that the user 1 has finished using the browsing table 10 (step S5 = Yes). In that case, the terminal 21 outputs the user ID of the user 1 and the ID of the browsing table 10 used by the user 1 to the reservation receiving unit 102. The reservation receiving unit 102 searches the “reservation record log” in the reservation record DB 303 from the two pieces of information, and identifies a record in which the end time of the “reservation record log” illustrated in FIG. Then, the reservation receiving unit 102 records the current time at the end time of the specified record. Then, this processing flow ends.
Further, while the user 1 does not perform the use end operation on the terminal 21, the reservation receiving unit 102 determines that the user 1 is using the browsing table 10 (step S5 = No). In this case, this processing flow repeats the processing from step S3.

According to the present embodiment, it is possible to acquire books that are browsed in a browsing table installed in a library or the like and information necessary to grasp the usage status of the browsing table. Furthermore, it is possible to have only the person who owns the user card use the reading table by linking with the function to manage the use reservation of the reading table and the function to determine whether it is used by the reserved user. Thus, it is possible to acquire information for grasping what kind of person is browsing what kind of book and how much the reading table is used.
Further, the statistical information generation unit 105 creates various statistical data using the “browsing log” accumulated in this way.

FIG. 7 is a first diagram illustrating an example of statistical information output by the book browsing system according to the present embodiment.
FIG. 7A is an example of statistical information indicating the usage status of each book. The statistical information generation unit 105 calculates the number of uses and the use time for each book ID from the “browsing log”. For example, in the case of the “browsing log” illustrated in FIG. 5C, the statistical information generation unit 105 uses the book with “T1” as the book ID once and the usage time is “hh3: mm3: ss3−hh1”. : mm1: ss1 ". Here, the number of times of use is one time because the book used by the user in one reservation depends on the idea that it is regarded as one use no matter how many times the book is viewed during that time. is there. Or, when the user browses the book T1 (book ID “T1”) a plurality of times (for example, X times) while using the reading table in one reservation, the number is calculated as X times. Also good. Whether or not the user has browsed a plurality of times, for example, the statistical information generation unit 105 refers to the “time” column of the “browsing log”, for example, the user U1 in the same reservation after the book T1 was last recorded. If the time until the next use of the book T1 is recorded is more than one hour, the user U1 may be newly considered to have used the book T1, and the number of uses may be counted up. If the statistical information generating unit 105 has the same value in the “reservation ID” field, it can be determined that it is within a single reservation.
From the statistical information in FIG. 7 (a), the library operator can ascertain which books are popular, for example.

FIG.7 (b) is an example of the graph which shows the utilization condition according to age with respect to a certain book T1. The horizontal axis is the user's age. The vertical axis represents the number of times the book T1 is used. The statistical information generation unit 105 calculates the number of books used for each user ID and book ID from the “browsing log” in a predetermined period by the method described with reference to FIG. Next, the statistical information generation unit 105 reads the information stored in the user DB 300 using the user ID, and acquires age information corresponding to each user ID. The statistical information generation unit 105 generates the statistical information of FIG. 7B by counting the number of times the book is used for each book ID by age.
For example, the library operator can refer to the statistical information in FIG. 7 (b) for books that are found to be popular in FIG. 7 (a). You can grasp what is being done.

FIG.7 (c) is an example of the graph which shows the utilization condition for every sex with respect to a certain book T1. The horizontal axis is the gender of the user. The vertical axis represents the number of times the book T1 is used. Similar to FIG. 7B, the statistical information generation unit 105 calculates the number of book use by user ID and book ID from the “view log” in the browse log DB 304. Then, the statistical information generation unit 105 acquires the gender for each user ID from the user DB 300, and counts the number of uses for each gender for a certain book to generate the statistical information of FIG.
With the statistical information in FIG. 7 (c), the library operator can grasp which book is used more frequently by men and women.
Note that the statistical information generated by the statistical information generation unit 105 is not limited to FIGS. For example, the statistical information generation unit 105 obtains information on the author and the contents of the book from the book DB 302 in addition to the information on the “browsing log”, and lists frequently used book genres and popular authors. I can do it.

  As described above, in the present embodiment, the browsing log recording unit 104 associates the book ID acquired by the book information acquiring unit 100 with the user ID acquired by the user information acquiring unit 101 and outputs the information to the “viewing log”. The statistical information generation unit 105 generates statistical information for each book. As a result, the library operator can grasp not only the status of renting out of the library but also the usage status of the user's books in the hall, which can be used for purchasing plans for new books and organizing collections. For example, a library operator can evaluate the popularity of new books that have been introduced, or can grasp popular genres and use them to select new books. Library operators can also use it to organize books, such as selecting unpublished books and moving from open to closed archives.

FIG. 8 is a second diagram illustrating an example of statistical information output by the book browsing system according to the present embodiment.
FIG. 8A is an example of statistical information indicating the usage status for each browsing table. The horizontal axis of Fig.8 (a) is ID of a browsing table. The vertical axis represents the usage time of the browsing table. The statistical information generation unit 105 calculates the number of uses and the use time for each browsing table ID from the “reservation record log”. For example, the statistical information generation unit 105 sets the usage time of the browsing table having “X1” as the browsing table ID from the “reservation record log” illustrated in FIG. 5B as “hh: mm: ssB−hh: mm: ssA”. To calculate. Then, the statistical information generation unit 105 aggregates the usage time for each browsing table ID and generates statistical information for a predetermined period (for example, one year). In the case of FIG. 8A, the browsing table X5 has a short usage time. The library operator can take measures such as arranging the browsing table X5 at an appropriate position, for example, by analyzing the cause of the short usage time of the browsing table X5.
The statistical information generation unit 105 may calculate statistical information obtained by further tabulating the usage status of each browsing table by day of the week or time. As a result, the library operator can grasp the date and time of frequent use and utilize it for efficient management of the reading table.

FIG. 8B is an example of statistical information indicating the usage status of the browsing table by age. Moreover, FIG.8 (c) is an example of the statistical information which shows the utilization condition of the browsing table for every sex.
The statistical information generation unit 105 acquires age and gender information for each user from the user DB 300 using the user ID of the “reservation record log” illustrated in FIG. 5B, and for each age and gender. The usage time of the browsing table is totaled and the statistical information shown in FIGS. 8B and 8C is generated. At this time, the statistical information generation unit 105 may total all browsing tables or total for each browsing table ID.

  FIG. 8D is a graph obtained by distinguishing and counting the time during which the library 17 owned by the library is being browsed and the time during which the library is not being browsed out of the time during which the browsing table is used. The statistical information generation unit 105 can calculate the total usage time of all browsing tables by the user from the “reservation record log” in FIG. Further, the statistical information generation unit 105 can calculate the total time during which the library 17 owned by the library is being browsed for all the browsing tables from FIG. The statistical information generation unit 105 calculates the statistical information in FIG. 8D from these pieces of information. The statistical information indicating the usage status of the browsing table 10 for the purpose of browsing the book 17 is not limited to FIG. For example, the usage status for each browsing table 10 may be calculated.

  According to this embodiment, the library operator can grasp not only the usage status of books owned by the library but also the operating status of the browsing table. As a result, the library operator can plan the increase or decrease of the reading table or review the arrangement. Moreover, the library operator reduces the number of the reading tables 10 installed in the library from the usage status of the books 17 in the reading table 10, for example, if the usage rate of the books 17 in the reading table 10 is low. It can be used to improve the operation, such as installing.

  Each process of the server 20 described above is stored in a computer-readable recording medium in the form of a program, and the above process is performed by the computer reading and executing the program. Here, the computer-readable recording medium means a magnetic disk, a magneto-optical disk, a CD-ROM, a DVD-ROM, a semiconductor memory, or the like. Alternatively, the computer program may be distributed to the computer via a communication line, and the computer that has received the distribution may execute the program.

  The program may be for realizing a part of the functions described above. Furthermore, what can implement | achieve the function mentioned above in combination with the program already recorded on the computer system, what is called a difference file (difference program) may be sufficient.

  In addition, it is possible to appropriately replace the components in the above-described embodiments with known components without departing from the spirit of the present invention. The technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment, and various modifications can be made without departing from the spirit of the present invention.

10 ... Browsing table 11 ... Antenna 12 ... Communication cable 13 ... Control unit 14 ... Communication cable 15 ... User card reader 16 ... Communication cable 17 ... Book 18 ..IC tag 20 ... server 21 ... PC
22 ... Communication cable 23 ... User card reader 30 ... Chair 70 ... User card 100 ... Book information acquisition unit 101 ... User information acquisition unit 102 ... Reservation reception unit 103 ... User determination unit 104 ... browsing log recording unit 105 ... statistical information generation unit 200 ... reservation screen 201 ... seat 202 ... seat 203 ... complete button 204 ... Cancel button 205 ... Window screen 300 ... User DB
301 ... Browsing table DB
302 ... Book DB
303 ... Reservation record DB
304 ... Browsing log DB
305 ... Statistical information DB

Claims (5)

  1. A reservation accepting unit that accepts a reservation operation for a viewing table provided with means for reading the identification information from a book with identification information;
    A book information acquisition unit for acquiring the identification information of the books placed on the viewing table,
    A user information acquisition unit for acquiring the user identification information from a means for reading the user identification information provided in the browsing table;
    The user who uses the browsing table reserved by comparing the identification information of the user who performed the reservation operation with the identification information of the user acquired by the user information acquisition unit is the user who performed the reservation operation. A user determination unit for determining whether there is,
    A browsing log recording unit that associates the identification information of the book, the identification information of the user who performed the reservation operation, and the identification information of the browsing table, and outputs information including them as a browsing log. Book browsing system.
  2. 2. The book browsing system according to claim 1, further comprising: a statistical information generation unit that calculates statistical information on a usage status of the book or the browsing table based on information recorded in the browsing log.
  3. 3. The book browsing system according to claim 2 , wherein the statistical information generation unit calculates statistical information about a usage status of the reading table for the purpose of browsing the book.
  4. A step of accepting a reservation operation for a browsing table having means for reading the identification information from a book with identification information;
    A step of acquiring the identification information of the books placed on the viewing table,
    Obtaining the user identification information from means for reading the user identification information provided in the browsing table ;
    A user who uses the browsing table reserved by comparing the identification information of the user who performed the reservation operation with the identification information of the user acquired in the step of acquiring the identification information of the user performs the reservation operation. Determining whether or not the user is a user,
    Associating the identification information of the book with the identification information of the user who performed the reservation operation and the identification information of the browsing table, and outputting information including them as a browsing log ;
    Processing method Library system characterized by having.
  5. The computer of the book browsing system
    Means for accepting a reservation operation for a browsing table provided with means for reading the identification information from a book with identification information;
    It means for acquiring the identification information of the books placed on the viewing table,
    Means for acquiring the user identification information from means for reading the user identification information provided in the browsing table;
    The user who uses the viewing table reserved by comparing the identification information of the user who performed the reservation operation with the user identification information acquired by the means for acquiring the user identification information performs the reservation operation. Means for determining whether or not a user is
    In association with identification information before Symbol Library identification information and the reservation operation of the user who has performed the identification information and the viewing table, a program to function as means for outputting information including them as viewing log.
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EP1105855B1 (en) * 1998-08-14 2008-07-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Applications for radio frequency identification systems
JP2004062699A (en) * 2002-07-31 2004-02-26 Hitachi Ltd Library integrated reservation system
JP4019986B2 (en) * 2003-03-20 2007-12-12 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Non-contact data communication system, the position information management system, a data communication apparatus and data communication apparatus control program

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