JP5751599B2 - Hot water heating / cooling system - Google Patents

Hot water heating / cooling system Download PDF

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JP5751599B2
JP5751599B2 JP2013186071A JP2013186071A JP5751599B2 JP 5751599 B2 JP5751599 B2 JP 5751599B2 JP 2013186071 A JP2013186071 A JP 2013186071A JP 2013186071 A JP2013186071 A JP 2013186071A JP 5751599 B2 JP5751599 B2 JP 5751599B2
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heat
pipe
hot water
water supply
storage tank
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JP2015052434A (en
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進 益子
進 益子
暁弐 益子
暁弐 益子
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クラフトワーク株式会社
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/40Geothermal heat-pumps

Description

  The present invention moves natural energy such as solar heat and geothermal heat and exhaust heat generated in daily life and economic activities by collecting or compressing it with a heat pump and moving it, storing the heat medium as high or low temperature, The present invention relates to a hot water supply / cooling / heating system using a heat pump that can effectively perform energy saving measures and symbiosis with the environment by reducing consumption of artificial energy.
  Today, emphasis is placed on global warming countermeasures, and next-generation energy-saving standards have been announced by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Various attempts have been made to reduce unnecessary consumption.
  In recent years, the III and IV areas of the next-generation energy conservation standards are often equipped with both cooling and heating facilities, and the annual consumption of living energy has increased, so a system that uses natural energy has been incorporated. There are more houses and houses.
  In addition, with regard to cooling in summer, in recent years, heat pump type cooling using air heat has become widespread, and indoor heat is discharged to the outdoors to make the indoors comfortable. .
  As for the use of these natural energies, there is one that uses solar heat or geothermal heat in addition to air heat as energy for air conditioning (for example, Patent Document 1). The present applicant effectively uses geothermal heat and the like. In addition, a hot water supply and cooling system using a heat pump that can effectively reduce the consumption of commercial power by effectively performing air conditioning and hot water supply (for example, Patent Document 2) has been proposed.
JP 2008-185323 A JP 2011-133122 A
  A heat pump system using a heat pump can effectively use water heat such as air heat, underground heat, domestic wastewater, industrial wastewater, and river water, and also uses solar heat together with commercial power. The consumption of artificial energy such as can be greatly reduced.
  However, due to the widespread use of air-conditioning and heating using air heat, exhaust heat from daily life has increased, and problems such as the heat island phenomenon have occurred in the summer, and it is said that the effects of abnormal weather and the like have occurred.
  Moreover, since the use of solar heat is greatly influenced by the season and the weather, it is in a state where it is insufficient.
  The present invention, combined with the use of geothermal and hydrothermal, effectively uses solar heat, reduces the consumption of artificial energy, and reuses the heat discharged during daily life to regenerate artificial heat. It is intended to provide a hot water supply / cooling / heating system that enables a comfortable life while reducing the above.
Hot water heating and cooling system according to the present invention comprises a solar collector panel, a heat pump, the ground or water disposed heat exchange pipe, a hot water tank, a heat storage tank, and air conditioners, a switching control panel, the said switching control board, the piping to the solar collector panel, piping to the heat pump, each of the piping to the ground or piping into the water disposed heat exchange pipe, the pipe to the hot water supply tank, the heat storage tank possible to connect and disconnect the the, the heat dissipation circuit piping is piping to the heat pump, the other pipe to the solar collector panel, the piping and the heat storage to the ground or water disposed heat exchange pipe it possible to connect and disconnect each of the pipe to the tank, the piping of the heat absorbing circuit piping is piping to the heat pump, the pipe and the hot water tank to the ground or water disposed heat exchange pipe It said蓄and It possible to connect and disconnect each of the pipe into the tank, characterized in that the tube into the heat storage tank made it possible to connect and disconnect the piping to the air conditioners.
Further, the hot water supply / cooling / heating system has a heat medium circulation pipe in the heat storage tank, and two heat medium circulation pipes in the hot water supply tank, and the switching control panel has the solar heat collection system. When connecting the piping to the panel to the piping to the hot water supply tank, it is always connected to one of the two heating medium circulation pipings, and the piping to the solar heat collecting panel is connected to the heat storage When connecting to the piping to the tank, it may be connected to the heat medium circulation piping provided in the heat storage tank.
In the hot water supply / cooling / heating system, when the heat medium of the solar heat collection panel is heated by solar heat and the heat medium temperature of the solar heat collection panel is 35 ° C. or less, the switching control panel The piping to the solar heat collection panel is routed to the solar heat collection panel so that the heat medium is sent to the heat radiation circuit piping through the underground or underwater heat exchange pipe and returned to the solar heat collection panel. Connect the pipe to the exchange pipe and the heat radiating circuit pipe which is the pipe to the heat pump, and connect the pipe to the underground or underwater heat exchange pipe and the heat radiating circuit pipe in series, The heat absorption circuit pipe of the heat pump is connected to the pipe to the hot water supply tank or the pipe to the heat storage tank, or the pipe to the hot water supply tank and the pipe to the heat storage tank are connected in series to both the pipe and the heat absorption When the heat medium temperature of the solar heat collecting panel is 35 ° C. to 60 ° C. and 60 ° C. or higher, the heat medium of the solar heat collecting panel is connected to the hot water supply tank or the heat storage tank. To return to the solar heat collection panel, or to return the heat medium through both pipes to the solar heat collection panel in series with the pipe to the hot water tank and the pipe to the heat storage tank, The piping to the solar heat collecting panel is connected to one or both of the piping to the hot water supply tank and the piping to the heat storage tank.
Then, the switching control panel, a piping to the solar collector panel, piping to the heat pump, piping to the ground or water disposed heat exchange pipe, the pipe to the hot water supply tank, into the heat storage tank upon connection and disconnection to each of the pipe, in a state where the piping to the ground or pipes and the radiator circuit pipe and the heat storage tank in water disposed heat exchange pipe connected in series to the solar collector panel Connect to the piping, disconnect the piping to the solar heat collection panel and the piping to the heat dissipation circuit piping and the hot water tank, and heat transfer pipe from the solar heat collection panel to the underground or underwater To the heat dissipation circuit piping, and return the heat medium to the solar heat collecting panel via the piping from the heat dissipation circuit piping to the heat storage tank, and the heat absorption circuit piping of the heat pump to the piping to the hot water supply tank connection to Sometimes.
  The hot water tank stores hot water of 50 ° C. to 60 ° C. or more.
  The heat storage tank stores a heat medium of about 50 ° C. or a cold medium of about 10 ° C.
  Further, the air conditioner may include a heat medium circuit that cuts off the connection with the piping from the switching control panel to the air conditioner and allows the heat medium to circulate in the air conditioner.
  In the present invention, the pipe to the solar heat collection panel is connected to the pipe to the heat pump, the pipe to the hot water tank, and the pipe to the heat storage tank by a switching control panel. When it can be obtained, the hot water temperature in the hot water tank and the heat medium temperature in the heat storage tank can be raised, and even when the heat medium temperature by the solar heat collection panel is low, the temperature of the heat medium is raised by the heat pump to increase the temperature in the hot water tank. The temperature of the hot water and the temperature of the heat medium in the heat storage tank can be increased, and the heat medium can be effectively utilized even if the temperature of the heat medium heated by the solar heat collecting panel is low.
A heat medium circulation pipe is provided in the heat storage tank and two heat medium circulation pipes are provided in the hot water supply tank. When connecting the pipe to the solar heat collecting panel to the pipe to the hot water supply tank, one heat medium circulation is always performed. If connected to the piping and to the heat medium circulation piping provided in the heat storage tank, the heat from the medium temperature heat pump normally supplied to the hot water tank when the heat medium becomes hot by the solar heat collecting panel Water is heated by a heat medium circulation pipe different from the medium, and the heat medium in the heat storage tank can be heated without mixing with the medium temperature heat medium in the heat storage tank. It can be used efficiently at various temperatures from medium temperature to high temperature.
In addition, when the heat medium of the solar heat collecting panel is 35 ° C. or less, if the heat medium is sent to the evaporator of the heat pump through the heat exchange pipe through the heat exchange pipe, the heat exchange pipe can store heat in the ground. Thus, a heat medium of about 10 ° C. to 20 ° C. can be sent to the heat pump, and the heat exchange rate of the heat pump can be increased to efficiently transfer heat.
Furthermore , when connecting the pipe to the solar heat collecting panel to the pipe to the heat exchange pipe and the heat radiating circuit pipe, the temperature of the heating medium by the solar heat collecting panel is a low temperature of about a dozen to 30 ° C. or less. However, together with the underground heat, it is sent to the evaporator of the heat pump by the heat dissipation circuit piping, and the temperature is efficiently raised to about 50 ° C. by the heat transfer by the heat pump, the hot water temperature in the hot water tank and the heat transfer tank heat medium The temperature can be maintained at about 50 ° C.
  And when connecting the pipe to the solar heat collection panel to the pipe to the heat storage tank, the pipe to the heat exchange pipe, and the heat radiation circuit pipe, the temperature increase of the heat medium by the solar heat collection panel is several tens to 30 ° C. Even at a low temperature of less than or equal to the temperature, it is sent to the evaporator of the heat pump through the heat dissipation circuit piping together with the underground heat, the heat is released by the heat pump, the low temperature heat medium of about 10 ° C is stored in the heat storage tank, and the heat in the heat pump By moving, the temperature can be efficiently raised to about 50 ° C., and the hot water temperature in the hot water tank can be kept at about 50 ° C.
When connecting the pipe to the solar heat collection panel to the pipe to the hot water supply tank and the pipe to the heat storage tank, when the high-temperature heat medium of 60 ° C or higher is obtained by the solar heat collection panel, most of the artificial energy is used. The hot water temperature in the hot water tank and the heat medium temperature in the heat storage tank can be kept at about 50 ° C. or 50 ° C. or more without using them.
  Moreover, by setting the water temperature of the hot water supply tank to 50 ° C. to 60 ° C. or higher, the heat pump is heated to about 50 ° C. to secure the necessary hot water as living hot water, and the load of the heat pump is reduced. By this, the temperature of the hot water can be made higher.
  And the temperature of the heat medium stored in the heat storage tank is set to about 50 ° C. or about 10 ° C., so that the load of the heat pump is reduced and efficient operation is performed to enable air conditioning. Can do.
  Furthermore, if a heating medium circuit is provided that cuts off the connection between the air conditioning unit and the piping from the switching control panel and enables circulation of the heating medium in the cooling and heating unit, the temperature of the heating medium in the heat storage tank used for the cooling and heating unit Whether the temperature is high or low, the heat medium is circulated in the air conditioner to keep the heat medium temperature at an appropriate temperature for indoor air conditioning.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The whole block diagram which shows the outline | summary of the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention. The schematic diagram which shows an example of the switching control board in the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The whole block diagram which shows the outline | summary of the state which connects the solar heat collection panel and heat storage tank by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention. The figure which shows the outline | summary of the switching control board in the state which connects the solar heat collection panel and heat storage tank by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention. The whole block diagram which shows the outline | summary of the state which connects the heat exchange pipe and heat storage tank by the hot-water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention via a heat pump. The figure which shows the outline | summary of the switching control board in the state which connects the heat exchange pipe and heat storage tank by the hot-water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention via a heat pump. The whole block diagram which shows the outline | summary of the state which connects the heat exchange pipe and hot water supply tank by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention via a heat pump. The figure which shows the outline | summary of the switching control board in the state which connects the heat exchange pipe and hot water supply tank by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention via a heat pump. The figure which shows the outline | summary of the switching control board in the state which connects the heat exchange pipe and hot water supply tank by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention via a heat pump, and connects a solar heat collecting panel with a thermal storage tank. The figure which shows the outline | summary of the switching control board in the state which connects the heat exchange pipe and the thermal storage tank by the hot-water supply cooling / heating system which concerns on embodiment of this invention via a heat pump, and connects a solar heat collecting panel to a thermal storage tank. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The whole block diagram which shows the outline | summary of the state which connects the solar heat collection panel by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention to a heat exchange pipe and a heat pump, and connects a heat pump with a hot water supply tank. The figure which shows the outline | summary of the switching control board in the state which connects the solar heat collection panel by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention to a heat exchange pipe and a heat pump, and connects a heat pump with a hot water supply tank. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The whole block diagram which shows the outline | summary of the state which connects the solar heat collecting panel by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention to a hot water supply tank and a thermal storage tank. The figure which shows the outline | summary of the switching control board in the state which connects the solar heat collecting panel by the hot-water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention to a hot-water supply tank and a thermal storage tank. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The whole block diagram which shows the outline | summary of the state which connects the solar heat collecting panel by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention to a hot water supply tank. The figure which shows the outline | summary of the switching control board in the state which connects the solar heat collecting panel by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention to a hot water supply tank. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The whole block diagram which shows the outline | summary of the state which connects the hot water supply tank and heat storage tank by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention via a heat pump. The figure which shows the outline | summary of the switching control board in the state which connects the hot water supply tank and heat storage tank by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention via a heat pump. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The whole block diagram which shows the outline | summary of the state which connects the solar heat collection panel by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention to a heat exchange pipe, a heat pump, and a thermal storage tank, and connects a heat pump to a hot water supply tank. The figure which shows the outline | summary of the switching control board in the state which connects the solar heat collection panel by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention to a heat exchange pipe, a heat pump, and a thermal storage tank, and connects a heat pump to a hot water supply tank. The whole block diagram which shows the outline | summary of the state which connects the heat exchange pipe and heat storage tank by the hot-water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention via a heat pump. The figure which shows the outline | summary of the switching control board in the state which connects the heat exchange pipe and heat storage tank by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention. The whole block diagram which shows the outline | summary of the state which connects the heat exchange pipe and heat storage tank by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention. The figure which shows the outline | summary of the switching control board in the state which connects the heat exchange pipe and heat storage tank by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention. The figure which shows the outline | summary of the state which connects the solar heat collection panel by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention to a heat pump, a thermal storage tank, and a heat exchange pipe, and connects a heat pump with a hot water supply tank. The figure which shows the outline | summary of the state which connects the solar heat collection panel by the hot water supply air-conditioning system which concerns on embodiment of this invention to a heat pump and a heat exchange pipe, and connects a heat pump with a hot water supply tank.
  An embodiment of a hot water supply / cooling / heating system 100 according to the present invention uses natural energy such as underground heat or underwater heat or solar heat, and as shown in FIG. 1, a heat conversion pipe embedded in the ground or underwater. 130, solar heat collecting panel 140 using a solar water heater, heat pump 110, heat storage tank 150 for storing a heating medium or a cooling medium, hot water supply tank 160 for storing hot water for daily life, blower air conditioner 170 as an air conditioning air conditioner, and floor cooling and heating A heat-dissipating air conditioner 180 such as an air conditioner or a wall air conditioner is connected to the switching control panel 200 to enable effective use of underground heat or water heat, solar heat, cooling exhaust heat, and the like.
  In addition, the heat exchange pipe 130 may be installed in a groundwater tank such as a septic tank or a drain tank to reuse the waste heat from daily life.
This switching control panel 200 incorporates a solar heating medium circuit pipe 145 to which a solar heat collecting panel 140 is connected into a tank internal circulation pipe 156 and a hot water supply tank 160 including a heat storage circulation pipe 159 incorporated into the heat storage tank 150. The hot water supply lower circulation circuit pipe 167a including the hot water supply lower pipe 167 and the heat exchange circuit pipe 135 including the heat exchange pipe 130 disposed in the ground or in water are appropriately switched and connected.
  Further, the switching control panel 200 includes a heat radiation circuit pipe 123 connected to the evaporator 116 of the heat pump 110 and a heat absorption circuit pipe 128 connected to the condenser of the heat pump 110, a heat storage tank pipe 155 to the heat storage tank 150, and a hot water supply. The connection is appropriately switched to the hot water supply upper circulation circuit pipe 164a to the tank 160, etc., and the blower air conditioner circuit pipe 179 to the blower air conditioner 170 and the heat dissipating air conditioner circuit pipe 189 to the heat dissipating air conditioner 180 are appropriately connected to the heat storage tank 150. To the heat storage tank piping 155.
  The heat storage tank pipe 155 takes out the heat medium stored in the heat storage tank 150 from the heat storage tank 150, and returns the heat medium whose temperature has changed due to heat dissipation or heat absorption to the heat storage tank 150.
  The hot water supply tank 160 includes a hot water supply upper circulation circuit pipe 164a including a coiled hot water supply circulation upper pipe 164 disposed in the hot water supply tank 160, and a coiled hot water supply circulation lower pipe 167 disposed in the hot water supply tank 160. The hot water supply lower circulation circuit pipe 167a including the hot water supply upper circulation circuit pipe 164a and the hot water supply lower circulation circuit pipe 167a, which are heat medium circulation pipes, and the hot water supply circulation upper pipe 164 and the hot water circulation lower part as a heat exchanger. The pipe 167 warms the water in the hot water supply tank 160.
  Then, hot water is taken out to supply hot water such as tap water to the hot water tank 160 via the water pipe 161 connected to the lower part of the hot water tank 160, and always fill the hot water tank 160 with hot water and take out the warm water. A pipe 162 is provided at the upper part of the hot water supply tank 160 so as to be connected to the inside of the hot water supply tank 160, and this hot water take-out pipe 162 is connected to an indoor hot water faucet or the like.
  The switching control panel 200 uses a plurality of solenoid valves, and the switching control of the solenoid valves is performed by a switching control unit 310 using a microcomputer. The switching control unit 310 is connected to the solar heat collecting panel 140. A heat storage tank heat medium thermometer 303 or a hot water supply tank that is connected to a solar heat medium thermometer 301 that detects the temperature of the heat medium in the solar heat collection panel 140 and detects the temperature of the heat medium stored in the heat storage tank 150 It is connected to a hot water thermometer 305 that detects the water temperature in 160, the heat medium temperature heated by the solar heat collecting panel 140, the temperature of the heat medium stored in the heat storage tank 150, the water temperature in the hot water supply tank 160, and The connection / disconnection of the pipes is controlled by opening / closing or switching the electromagnetic valve of the switching control panel 200 according to the setting of the heating operation or the cooling operation.
  The switching control panel 200 is formed by using a plurality of three-way motorized valves, and uses 15 control valves and one on-off valve as shown in FIG. Note that the number of control valves and on-off valves and the connection between the valves are not limited to those shown in FIG.
  The switching control panel 200 shown in FIG. 2 connects the a opening of the first control valve 211 to the c opening of the eighth control valve 218 and the b opening of the twelfth control valve 222, and the b opening of the first control valve 211. Is connected to the heat dissipation return path 122 of the heat dissipation circuit piping 123 connected to the evaporator 116 in the heat pump 110 outside the control panel.
  Further, the c opening of the first control valve 211 is connected to the a opening of the fourth control valve 214 via the a opening of the fifth control valve 215, the a opening of the eighth control valve 218, and the opening / closing control valve 231 which is an electric valve. The heat exchange circuit pipe 135 to the exchange pipe 130 is connected to the heat exchange forward path 131.
  In addition, the opening a of the second control valve 212 is disposed in the opening c of the tenth control valve 220, the heat absorption path 126 in the heat absorption circuit pipe 128 connected to the condenser 118 of the heat pump 110, and the hot water supply tank 160. The hot water supply upper circulation circuit pipe 164a including the hot water supply circulation upper pipe 164 is connected to the hot water supply upper circulation second pipe 166.
  The b opening of the second control valve 212 is connected to the heat exchange return path 132 in the heat exchange circuit pipe 135 connected to the heat exchange pipe 130, and the c opening of the second control valve 212 is connected to the a of the tenth control valve 220. The opening is connected to the heat dissipation path 121 in the heat dissipation circuit pipe 123 connected to the evaporator 116 of the heat pump 110.
  The a opening of the third control valve 213 is connected to the hot water lower circulation second pipe 169 in the hot water lower circulation circuit pipe 167a including the hot water circulation lower pipe 167 disposed in the hot water supply tank 160 and the c opening of the fifteenth control valve 225. The b opening of the third control valve 213 is connected to the c opening of the fourth control valve 214, and the c opening of the third control valve 213 is connected to the hot water supply lower circulation first pipe 168 in the hot water supply lower circulation circuit pipe 167a. ing.
  The opening a of the fourth control valve 214 is connected to the heat exchanging path 131 in the heat exchange circuit pipe 135, and the opening b of the fourth control valve 214 is connected to the solar heating medium circuit pipe 145 to which the solar heat collecting panel 140 is connected. The fifth control valve 215 is connected to the b opening of the sixth control valve 216, and the c opening of the fifth control valve 215 is connected to the c opening of the seventh control valve 217. ing.
  The opening a of the sixth control valve 216 is the opening a of the fifteenth control valve 225, and the opening c of the sixth control valve 216 is the solar heat in the solar heating medium circuit pipe 145 to which the solar heat collecting panel 140 is connected. The storage passage 141 is connected to the opening a of the seventh control valve 217, and the opening b of the seventh control valve 217 is connected to the heat storage circulation pipe 156 in the tank internal circulation pipe 156 including the heat storage circulation pipe 159 provided in the heat storage tank 150. Two pipes 158 are connected.
  Further, the b opening of the eighth control valve 218 is the c opening of the ninth control valve 219, and the a opening of the ninth control valve 219 is the hot water supply upper circulation circuit piping 164a including the hot water circulation upper pipe 164 built in the hot water supply tank 160. The b opening of the ninth control valve 219 is connected to an endothermic return pipe 127 in the endothermic circuit pipe 128 to which the condenser 118 of the heat pump 110 is connected.
  The b opening of the tenth control valve 220 is connected to the b opening of the eleventh control valve 221, and the a opening of the eleventh control valve 221 is connected to the c opening of the twelfth control valve 222 and the heat storage tank 150. The heat storage tank 150 is connected to the upper second pipe 152 of the heat storage tank 150.
  In addition, the c opening of the eleventh control valve 221 is connected to the lower opening of the heat storage tank 150 connected to the lower opening of the heat storage tank 150 in the heat storage tank piping 155 connected to the a opening of the twelfth control valve 222 and the heat storage tank 150. The first opening 151 of the heat storage tank 150 is connected to one pipe 153, and the opening a of the thirteenth control valve 223 is connected to the opening c of the fourteenth control valve 224 and the upper part of the heat storage tank 150 of the heat storage tank pipe 155. And connected to.
  Further, the b opening of the thirteenth control valve 223 is provided in the radiant air conditioner circuit pipe 189 to which the blast air conditioner return path 172 and the radiant air conditioner 180 are connected. The c-opening of the thirteenth control valve 223 is connected to the radiant air-conditioning return path 182 and the lower second pipe of the heat storage tank 150 in the heat storage tank pipe 155 connected to the opening a of the fourteenth control valve 224 and the lower part of the heat storage tank 150. Connected to 154.
  Further, the opening b of the fourteenth control valve 224 is provided in the radiant cooling / heating circuit pipe 189 to which the blast air-conditioning / outward path 171 in the blast air-conditioning / heating circuit pipe 179 to which the blast air-conditioning / cooling apparatus 170 is connected. Connected to the heat radiation cooling / heating forward path 181, the b opening of the fifteenth control valve 225 is connected to the heat storage circulation first pipe 157 in the tank internal circulation pipe 156 connected to one end of the heat storage circulation pipe 159 built in the heat storage tank 150. doing.
  As shown in FIG. 1, an endothermic circuit pump 129 is arranged in the endothermic circuit 126 in the endothermic circuit pipe 128 connecting the switching control panel 200 and the heat pump 110, and the endothermic circuit 126 from the switching control panel 200. Thus, the heat medium is sent to the condenser 118 of the heat pump 110, and the heat medium heated by the condenser 118 of the heat pump 110 is returned to the switching control panel 200 via the heat absorption return path 127.
  A heat dissipation circuit pump 124 is also arranged in the heat dissipation return path 122 of the heat dissipation circuit pipe 123 connecting the switching control panel 200 and the heat pump 110, and a heat medium is sent from the heat dissipation forward path 121 to the evaporator 116 of the heat pump 110 to evaporate. The heat medium whose temperature has been reduced by radiating heat with the vessel 116 is returned to the switching control panel 200 via the heat radiation return path 122.
  Note that the endothermic circuit pump 129 is not limited to being provided in the endothermic forward path 126, but may be provided in the endothermic return path 127, and the radiating circuit pump 124 is not limited to being provided in the radiating return path 122, and is provided in the radiating forward path 121. Sometimes.
  In addition, the heat pump 110 has a heat medium that circulates in the closed circuit of the compression pump 112, the condenser 118, the expansion valve 114, and the evaporator 116 in the heat pump 110. The heat medium is compressed by the compression pump 112 and condensed. Heat is transferred to the heat medium passing through the heat absorption circuit pipe 128, which is an external circulation heat medium, in the evaporator 118 to dissipate it, and the pressure is reduced through the expansion valve 114, and the heat dissipation circuit pipe 123, which is an external circulation heat medium, is formed in the evaporator 116. Heat is absorbed from the passing heat medium, the heat medium passing through the heat dissipation circuit pipe 123 is set to a temperature of 10 ° C. to several tens of degrees C., and the heat medium passing through the heat absorption circuit pipe 128 is heated to about 40 ° C. to 60 ° C. .
  A solar heating medium circuit pump 144 is provided in the solar heating medium forward path 141 of the solar heating medium circuit pipe 145 that connects the solar heat collecting panel 140 and the switching control panel 200. The solar heating medium circuit pump 144 may be provided in the solar heating medium return path 142 of the solar heating medium circuit pipe 145.
  Further, the first air conditioning / heating pump 174 is disposed in the air conditioning / heating route 171 in the air conditioning / heating circuit piping 179 that connects the air conditioning / heating device 170 and the switching control panel 200.
  In the circuit pipe 189 for heat radiation air conditioning, a differential pressure regulating valve 197 is disposed between the heat radiation air conditioning forward path 181 and the heat radiation air conditioning return path 182, and an opening / closing valve is disposed as a closing valve 195 at the end of the heat radiation air conditioning heating forward path 181. Connected to one opening of the shut-off valve 195, a three-way electric valve is arranged as a switching valve 193 at the end of the heat radiation cooling and heating return path 182, and the heat radiation cooling and heating return path 182 is connected to one opening of the switching valve 193. Yes.
  Further, the closing valve 195 is connected to the suction port of the second air conditioning / heating pump 191 by a heat radiation cooling / heating pump inlet 183 in which the other opening of the switching valve 193 and the other opening of the opening / closing valve as the closing valve 195 are combined. Is connected to one opening of the switching valve 193, and the discharge port of the second cooling / heating pump 191 is connected to the heat-dissipating air conditioner 180 via the header 187 by the heat-dissipating air-conditioning pump outlet 184.
  The circuit on the heat medium outlet side of the heat radiating air conditioner 180 is connected to the remaining one opening of the three-way valve as the switching valve 193 through the header 187 and then through the heat radiating air conditioning outlet 185.
  For this reason, the heat-dissipating air conditioner 180 connects the heat-dissipating air-conditioning outlet path 185 and the heat-dissipating air-conditioning return path 182 with the switching valve 193, opens the shut-off valve 195, and operates the second air-conditioning pump 191. The heat medium from the control panel 200 can be sent to the heat dissipation air conditioner 180 and returned to the switching control panel 200 via the heat dissipation air conditioner return path 182.
  In addition, the closing valve 195 is closed, the switching control valve connects the heat radiation cooling / heating outlet 185 and the heat radiation cooling / heating pump inlet 183, the second air conditioning pump 191 is operated, and the heat medium in the heat radiation cooling / heating machine 180 is circulated. it can.
  In such a hot water supply / cooling system 100, as shown in FIG. 3, as shown in FIG. 3, the heat storage tank 150 is provided with the solar heating medium circuit pipe 145, which is the solar heating medium forward path 141 and the solar heating medium return path 142. It is connected to a tank internal circulation pipe 156 having a circulation pipe 159, and the heat medium heated to about 35 ° C. to 60 ° C. by the solar heat collection panel 140 is returned to the solar heat collection panel 140 through the heat storage circulation pipe 159, and the heat storage tank 150 The inner heating medium is heated to about 35 ° C. to 50 ° C. or about 60 ° C.
  Then, the upper first pipe 151 of the heat storage tank 150 connected to the upper part of the heat storage tank 150 is connected to the blower air-conditioning / outward path 171 and the heat-dissipation air-conditioning / outward path 181, and This is connected to the lower second pipe 154 of the heat storage tank 150 connected to the inside of the lower part.
  Therefore, the heating medium heated to about 35 ° C. to 50 ° C. or about 60 ° C. from the upper part of the heat storage tank 150 is sent to the blower air conditioner 170 or the radiant air conditioner 180, and the room air, floor, wall, etc. are sent to 30 ° C. to 40 ° C. Indoor heating can be performed using a solar heating medium that can be warmed to the extent that it is warmed by sunlight to an intermediate temperature that is slightly higher than body temperature or body temperature.
  At this time, in the switching control panel 200, as shown in FIG. 4, the upper first piping of the heat storage tank 150 connected to the upper portion of the heat storage tank 150 by connecting the b opening and the c opening of the fourteenth control valve 224. 151 is connected to the blast air-conditioning / outward path 171 and the heat radiation air-conditioning / outward path 181. Further, the lower second pipe 154 of the heat storage tank 150 connected to the lower portion of the heat storage tank 150 by connecting the b opening and the c opening of the thirteenth control valve 223 is connected to the blower air conditioning return path 172 and the heat radiation air conditioning return path 182.
  Therefore, by driving the first cooling / heating pump 174, the heat medium in the heat storage tank 150 can be sent from the upper part of the heat storage tank 150 to the blower air conditioner 170 to perform indoor heating. Further, by opening the shut-off valve 195 provided in the heat radiation air-conditioning outbound path 181 and connecting the heat radiation air-conditioning return path 182 and the heat radiation air-conditioning outlet path 185 with the switching valve 193 to drive the second air-conditioning pump 191, The heating medium can be sent to the heat dissipating air conditioner 180 to warm the floor and walls for indoor heating.
  When operating the heat radiation air conditioner 180, the circulation of the heat medium from the heat storage tank 150 is interrupted by closing the shut-off valve 195 and connecting the heat radiation air conditioning heating outlet 185 and the heat radiation air conditioning pump inlet 183 by the switching valve 193. Thus, the temperature of the floor and walls can be maintained at an appropriate temperature by circulating the heat medium inside the heat radiating air conditioner 180 and reducing the temperature to an appropriate temperature by heat dissipation.
  Furthermore, when the temperature of the heat medium circulating in the heat radiating air conditioner 180 is lower than the appropriate temperature, the closing valve 195 is opened, and the switching valve 193 is controlled to connect the heat radiating air conditioning outlet 185 to the heat radiating air conditioning pump inlet 183. Is switched to the connection to the radiant cooling / heating return path 182 so that a heat medium of about 35 ° C. to 60 ° C. from the upper part of the heat storage tank 150 is sent to the radiant cooling / heating unit 180 and is circulated inside the radiant cooling / heating unit 180. The heating medium from the heat storage tank 150 can be added to warm the floor and walls to an appropriate temperature.
  Then, the a-opening and b-opening of the seventh control valve 217 are connected to connect the solar heating medium forward passage 141 and the second heat storage circulation second pipe 158, and the a-opening and b-opening of the third control valve 213 are connected to each other. The b opening and the c opening of the 4 control valve 214 are communicated with each other, and the b opening and the c opening of the 15th control valve 225 are communicated, so that the solar heating medium return path 142 is connected to the third control valve 213 and the fourth control valve. The heat storage circulation first pipe 157 may be connected via the 214 and the fifteenth control valve 225.
  Therefore, by driving the solar heating medium circuit pump 144, the heating medium heated by the solar heat collecting panel 140 is returned to the solar heat collecting panel 140 through the heat storage circulation pipe 159 in the heat storage tank 150, and the solar heat collecting panel 140 Even if the heat medium temperature at 140 is a medium temperature around 40 ° C., the heat medium in the heat storage tank 150 can be warmed and used for indoor heating.
  In this air conditioning system, as shown in FIG. 5, the switching control panel 200 connects the heat radiation forward path 121 and the heat radiation return path 122 of the heat pump 110 to the heat exchange forward path 131 and the heat exchange return path 132 of the heat exchange pipe 130, The heat absorption outward path 126 is connected to the lower first pipe 153 of the heat storage tank 150 connected to the lower part of the heat storage tank 150, and the heat absorption return path 127 is connected to the upper second pipe 152 of the heat storage tank 150 connected to the upper part of the heat storage tank 150. There is also.
  At this time, the upper first pipe 151 of the heat storage tank 150 connected to the upper part of the heat storage tank 150 is connected to the blower air-conditioning / outward path 171 and the heat radiation air-conditioner / outward path 181, and the lower second pipe 154 of the heat storage tank 150 is connected to the air-conditioning / cooling return path. Connecting to 172 and the heat radiation cooling / heating return path 182 is the same as in the embodiment shown in FIG.
  Therefore, in this embodiment, the heat medium heated to about tens of degrees Celsius due to underground heat or the like is sent to the evaporator 116 of the heat pump 110, circulated, passed through the condenser 118, and heated to about 35 to 60 degrees Celsius. Can be sent to the blower air conditioner 170 and the heat radiation air conditioner 180 through the heat storage tank 150.
  At this time, in the switching control panel 200, as shown in FIG. 6, the opening and closing control valve 231 is opened by connecting the b opening and the c opening of the first control valve 211, and the b opening of the second control valve 212 is opened. The c opening is connected to connect the heat exchange circuit pipe 135 and the heat dissipation circuit pipe 123 of the heat pump 110 to connect the b opening of the ninth control valve 219 and the c opening, and to the b opening of the eighth control valve 218. The c opening is communicated and the b opening and the c opening of the twelfth control valve 222 are communicated to connect the heat absorption return passage 127 and the upper second pipe 152 of the heat storage tank 150 of the heat storage tank 150, and the tenth control valve 220 By connecting the b opening and the c opening to make the b opening and the c opening of the eleventh control valve 221 communicate with each other, the endothermic heat passage 126 is connected to the lower first pipe 153 of the heat storage tank 150.
  The b opening and the c opening of the fourteenth control valve 224 are connected to each other so that the upper first pipe 151 of the heat storage tank 150 is connected to the blower air-conditioning / outward passage 171 and the radiant air-conditioning / outward passage 181, and the b opening and the c-opening of the thirteenth control valve 223. The lower second pipe 154 of the heat storage tank 150 is connected to the blower air conditioning return path 172 and the heat radiation air conditioning return path 182.
  Therefore, it is possible to perform indoor heating by storing a heat medium having a medium temperature of about 35 ° C. to 60 ° C. in the heat storage tank 150 using the underground heat by the heat pump 110.
  Further, when hot water is stored using underground heat, as shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, the a-opening and b-opening of the ninth control valve 219 are connected so that the hot water supply circulation upper pipe 164 and the endothermic return path 127 are connected. The hot water supply upper circulation circuit pipe 164a and the heat absorption circuit pipe 128 are connected to form a closed circuit, and the hot water can be stored in the hot water supply tank 160 by operating the heat pump 110.
  At this time, connecting the heat radiation circuit pipe 123 to the heat exchange circuit pipe 135 is the same as the circuit connection shown in FIGS.
  Further, as shown in FIGS. 5, 6, 7, and 9, the heat radiating circuit pipe 123 is connected to the heat exchange circuit pipe 135, and as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the heat absorbing circuit pipe 128 stores heat. In addition to being connected to the heat storage tank piping 155 of the tank 150, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the solar heating medium circuit piping 145 of the solar heat collecting panel 140 may be connected to the tank internal circulation piping 156 of the heat storage tank 150. is there.
  At this time, as shown in FIG. 9, the first control valve 211 and the second control valve 212 connect the heat radiation circuit pipe 128 and the heat exchange circuit pipe 135, and the eighth control valve 218 and the ninth control valve are connected. By the valve 219 and the twelfth control valve 222, the tenth control valve 220 and the eleventh control valve 221, the heat absorption circuit pipe 128 and the heat storage tank pipe 155, the third control valve 213, the fourth control valve 214 and the fifteenth control valve. 225 and the seventh control valve 217 connect the solar heating medium circuit pipe 145 and the tank internal circulation pipe 156 to each other.
  Therefore, it is possible to store heat in the heat storage tank 150 by the heat medium by the solar heat collecting panel 140 at around 50 ° C. or around 60 ° C. together with the underground heat, and obtain a high temperature heat medium by the solar heat collecting panel 140 such as thin cloudy. Even in the winter when it is impossible, effective indoor heating can be performed by solar heat.
  Further, in the hot water supply / cooling / heating system 100, the heat pump 110 heats the heat medium in the heat storage tank 150 with the heat medium of the solar heat collecting panel 140 at an intermediate temperature of about 35 ° C. to 50 ° C. or about 60 ° C. The water in the hot water tank 160 may be warm water.
  In this case, as shown in FIG. 10, compared to FIG. 9, the ninth control valve 219 connects the endothermic return path 127 of the endothermic circuit pipe 128 to the hot water supply upper circulation first pipe 165 of the hot water supply upper circulation circuit pipe 164a. To do.
  Then, when the temperature of the heat medium by the solar heat collecting panel 140 is 35 ° C. or less and becomes several tens of degrees C., the solar heat medium return path 142 is exchanged with the heat exchange path 131 of the heat exchange circuit pipe 135 as shown in FIG. The heat exchange return path 132 of the circuit pipe 135 may be connected to the heat dissipation forward path 121 of the heat dissipation circuit pipe 123, and the heat dissipation return path 122 may be connected to the solar heating medium forward path 141.
  Therefore, the heat medium heated by the solar heat collecting panel 140 at about 20 ° C. to 30 ° C. is sent to the heat exchange pipe 130 and the solar heat is stored in the ground as a heat medium of tens of degrees C. Is sent to the evaporator 116 of the heat pump 110, and the heat medium heated to about 50 ° C. by the condenser 118 of the heat pump 110 is connected to the heat absorption circuit pipe 128 and the hot water supply upper circulation circuit pipe 164a as shown in FIG. The hot water circulation upper pipe 164 can be sent to warm the water in the hot water tank 160.
  At this time, as shown in FIG. 12, b opening and c opening of the first control valve 211 are communicated, a opening and b opening of the fifth control valve 215 are communicated, and b of the sixth control valve 216 is communicated. The opening C and the opening c are communicated to connect the heat dissipation return path 122 and the solar heating medium forward path 141, and the opening a and the opening b of the fourth control valve 214 are communicated to connect the solar heating medium return path 142 to the heat exchange forward path 131. Then, the b opening and the c opening of the second control valve 212 are communicated to connect the heat exchange return path 132 and the heat radiation return path 121.
  Then, the a opening and the b opening of the ninth control valve 219 are communicated to connect the heat absorption return passage 127 and the hot water supply upper circulation first pipe 165, and the heat medium of the heat absorption circuit pipe 128 is used as the hot water supply circulation upper pipe 164 of the hot water supply tank 160. To send to.
  The endothermic circuit pipe 128 is not connected to the hot water supply upper circulation circuit pipe 164a to the hot water supply tank 160, but as shown in FIG. 9, an eighth control valve 218, a ninth control valve 219, and a tenth control valve. 220, the eleventh control valve 221 and the twelfth control valve 222 are connected to the heat storage tank pipe 155 which is the upper second pipe 152 of the heat storage tank 150 and the lower first pipe 153 of the heat storage tank 150, and the temperature is raised by the heat pump 110 The heated heat medium may be stored in the heat storage tank 150.
  When a high-temperature heat medium of 60 ° C. or higher is obtained by the solar heat collecting panel 140, as shown in FIG. 13, the solar heating medium circuit pipe 145 is connected to the hot water supply lower circulation circuit pipe 167a of the hot water supply tank 160 and the heat storage tank. It is connected to 150 tank internal circulation pipes 156, and the water in the hot water supply tank 160 and the heat medium in the heat storage tank 150 may be heated by the heat medium heated by the solar heat collecting panel 140.
  As shown in FIG. 14, the piping connection is made by connecting the b opening and the c opening of the third control valve 213 and the b opening and the c opening of the fourth control valve 214 to communicate with each other. 142 is connected to the hot water supply lower circulation first pipe 168, heat exchange is performed by the hot water supply circulation lower pipe 167, and the b opening and the c opening of the fifteenth control valve 225 are communicated with the hot water lower circulation second pipe 169 to store heat. The first pipe 157 is connected to the hot water supply lower circulation second pipe 169, and the a and b openings of the seventh control valve 217 are connected to connect the second heat storage circulation second pipe 158 to the solar heating medium forward path 141. is there.
  Accordingly, when the solar heat collecting panel 140 can heat the heat medium to a high temperature of 60 ° C. or more, the heat medium heated to the high temperature of the solar heat collecting panel 140 is sent to the hot water supply tank 160 to store hot water in the living room. The heat medium in the heat storage tank 150 is heated to close to 60 ° C. by sending it to the heat storage circulation pipe 159 in the tank 150, and as shown in FIG. 14, the b openings of the fourteenth control valve 224 and the thirteenth control valve 223 c Communicating with the opening, sending the high temperature heat medium in the upper part of the heat storage tank 150 to the blower air conditioner 170 or the radiant air conditioner 180 for indoor heating, and returning the heat medium whose temperature has dropped to the lower part of the heat storage tank 150 Can do.
  In addition, when the heating medium can be heated to 60 degrees or more by the solar heat collecting panel 140 and air conditioning is not required, as shown in FIGS. 15 and 16, the third control valve 213 and the fourth control valve 214 are used. The solar heating medium return path 142 is connected to the hot water supply lower circulation first pipe 168, and the openings a and c of the sixth control valve 216 and the fifteenth control valve 225 are communicated. The hot water supply lower circulation second pipe 169 is connected to the solar heating medium forward path 141.
  Thus, not only the case where solar heat is used in combination with geothermal heat and the heating medium can be heated to a high temperature of 60 ° C. or more by solar heat, but only a medium temperature of about 35 ° C. to 50 ° C. or 60 ° C. by solar heat. When it is not possible to heat, furthermore, when it can only be heated to a low temperature of about several tens of degrees Celsius to 30 degrees, indoor heating can be performed while storing hot water of about 50 ° C. or 60 ° C. in combination with the heat pump 110. .
  When performing indoor cooling while storing hot water in the hot water supply tank 160, as shown in FIG. 17, the heat radiation circuit pipe 123 and the heat storage tank pipe 155 are connected and the heat absorption circuit pipe 128 is connected to the hot water supply upper circulation circuit pipe 164a. The heat radiation return path 122 is connected to the lower first pipe 153 of the heat storage tank 150, the heat radiation forward path 121 is connected to the upper second pipe 152 of the heat storage tank 150, and the hot water supply upper second pipe is connected to the heat absorption forward path 126. The upper first pipe is connected to the heat absorption return path 127, and the heat storage tank 150 stores the cooling medium while heating the hot water in the hot water supply tank 160 by the heat pump 110.
  Then, the cooling medium stored in the heat storage tank 150 is connected to the lower second piping 154 of the heat storage tank 150 to the blower air-conditioning / outward path 171 and the radiant air-conditioning / outward path 181 to perform indoor cooling and the upper first pipe 151 of the heat storage tank 150. Thus, the heat storage tank 150 is returned to the top.
  At this time, in the switching control panel 200, as shown in FIG. 18, the a opening and the b opening of the first control valve 211 are communicated, and the a opening and the b opening of the twelfth control valve 222 are communicated. 122 is connected to the lower first pipe 153 of the heat storage tank 150, and the openings a and b of the tenth control valve 220 and the eleventh control valve 221 are communicated to connect the heat radiation path 121 to the upper second pipe 152 of the heat storage tank 150. And the a-opening and b-opening of the ninth control valve 219 are communicated to connect the endothermic return path 127 to the hot water supply upper circulation first pipe 165.
  The lower second pipe 154 of the heat storage tank 150 communicates the opening a and b of the fourteenth control valve 224 to the blower air-conditioning / outward path 171 and the radiant air-conditioning / outward path 181, and the upper first pipe 151 of the heat-storage tank 150 is the first The a opening and the b opening of the 13 control valve 223 are communicated with each other and connected to the blower air-conditioning return path 172 and the heat radiation air-conditioning return path 182.
  Accordingly, a heat medium having a temperature of about 10 ° C. or a few dozen degrees C. of the heat radiation circuit radiated by the evaporator 116 is stored in the heat storage tank 150 for indoor cooling, and the heat of the heat absorption return path 127 around 50 ° C. heated by the condenser 118. The hot water can be stored in the hot water supply tank 160 by the medium, and the hot water can be heated by the cooling exhaust heat.
  At this time, when a heat medium having a high temperature of 60 ° C. or more is obtained by the solar heat collecting panel 140, as shown in FIGS. 15 and 16, the third control valve 213, the fourth control valve 214, and the The heating medium heated by the solar heat collecting panel 140 using the sixth control valve 216 and the fifteenth control valve 225 can be sent to the hot water supply lower circulation circuit pipe 167a to warm the hot water.
  Further, when the temperature of the heat medium by the solar heat collecting panel 140 is a low temperature of about several tens of degrees Celsius to 35 degrees Celsius, connection control by the switching control panel 200 may be performed as shown in FIGS.
  In this connection, the a-opening and b-opening of the fourth control valve 214 are communicated to connect the solar heating medium return path 142 to the heat exchanging forward path 131, and the b-opening and c-opening of the second control valve 212 are communicated to exchange heat. The return path 132 is connected to the heat radiation forward path 121 so that the b opening and the c opening of the first control valve 211 communicate with each other, and the a and b openings of the fifth control valve 215, the sixth control valve 216, and the fifteenth control valve 225 are connected. The heat return circulation path 122 is connected to the heat storage circulation first pipe 157, and the openings a and b of the seventh control valve 217 are connected to connect the heat storage circulation second pipe 158 to the solar heating medium forward path 141.
  Therefore, a heating medium heated to around 20 ° C. to 30 ° C. by solar heat is sent to the ground to reach a dozen degrees C. Further, the cooling medium is stored in the heat storage tank 150 as a heating medium around 10 ° C. through the evaporator 116. Can do.
  At this time, the a-opening and b-opening of the ninth control valve 219 are communicated to connect the endothermic return passage 127 to the hot water supply upper circulation first pipe 165, and the heat medium that absorbs the heat generated by the condenser 118 is used. The water in the hot water supply tank 160 can be warmed by sending it to the hot water supply upper circulation circuit pipe 164a.
  Then, the a opening and the b opening of the fourteenth control valve 224 are connected to each other, and the cooling medium at the lower part of the heat storage tank 150 is sent to the blower air conditioning / outward path 171 and the heat radiation air conditioning / outward path 181 through the lower second pipe 154 of the heat storage tank 150. Used to connect the opening a and b of the thirteenth control valve 223 to return the heat medium in the air-conditioning / heating return path 172 and the heat radiation cooling / heating return path 182 to the upper part of the heat storage tank 150 by the upper first pipe 151 of the heat storage tank 150. It is.
  In this way, even if the temperature rise by the solar heat collecting panel 140 is about 20 ° C., it is sent to the evaporator 116 through the heat exchange pipe 130 as a heat medium of tens of degrees C. The low temperature heat medium of about 10 ° C. is sent to the heat storage tank. It is also possible to store hot water in the hot water supply tank 160 with a heat medium of about 50 ° C. through the condenser 118 while storing in 150, and store a part of solar heat in the ground.
  Further, as shown in FIGS. 21 and 22, the heat storage tank pipe 155 is connected to the heat radiating circuit pipe 123, the heat absorption circuit pipe 128 is connected to the heat exchange circuit pipe 135, and the cooling medium by the heat pump 110 is supplied by ground heat or the like. It may be stored in the heat storage tank 150.
  In this circuit connection, as shown in FIG. 22, the a opening and the b opening of the first control valve 211 and the twelfth control valve 222 are communicated so that the heat radiation return path 122 is connected to the lower first pipe 153 of the heat storage tank 150. The a opening and the b opening of the 10th control valve 220 and the 11th control valve 221 are communicated with each other so that the upper second pipe 152 of the heat storage tank 150 is connected to the heat release path 121, and the 8th control valve 218 and the 9th control valve 219 are opened. Are connected to the heat exchanging path 131, and the opening a and the b opening of the second control valve 212 are connected to the heat exchanging path 126.
  Accordingly, the cooling medium cooled to about 10 ° C. by the heat pump 110 using a low-temperature heating medium such as underground heat is stored in the heat storage tank 150, and the a opening and the b opening of the fourteenth control valve 224 are communicated with each other. The cooling medium from the lower second pipe 154 is sent to the air-conditioning / outward passage 171 and the heat-dissipating air-conditioning / outward passage 181, and the opening a and b of the thirteenth control valve 223 are communicated with each other to heat The medium can be returned from the upper first pipe 151 of the heat storage tank 150 to the upper part of the heat storage tank 150.
  Furthermore, in the hot water supply / cooling / heating system 100 according to the present embodiment, the connection shown in FIG. 23 is performed, and the heat medium that is set to several tens of degrees Celsius by the heat exchange pipe 130 may be directly stored in the heat storage tank 150.
  In this case, as shown in FIG. 24, the a opening and the b opening of the eleventh control valve 221 are communicated with each other, and the b opening and the c opening of the tenth control valve 220 are communicated with each other. The piping 152 is connected to the heat absorption outward path 126 with the b opening and the c opening of the ninth control valve 219 and the a opening and the b opening of the eighth control valve 218 are communicated with each other. Is connected to the heat exchange forward path 131, the b opening and the c opening of the second control valve 212 are communicated, the heat exchange return path 132 is connected to the heat dissipation forward path 121, and the a and b openings of the first control valve 211 and the twelfth control valve 222 are opened. Is connected to the lower first pipe 153 of the heat storage tank 150 to drive both the heat pump 110 and / or the heat sink pump 129 without operating the heat pump 110. The heat medium in the upper part of the heat storage tank 150 is sent to the heat exchange pipe 130, It is intended to store the heat storage tank 150 as few ° C..
  Therefore, the cooling medium at the lower part of the heat storage tank 150 is sent to the blower air-conditioning / outward path 171 and the radiant air-conditioning / outward path 181 via the fourteenth control valve 224 and used for indoor cooling, and is supplied to the upper part of the heat storage tank 150 via the thirteenth control valve 223. It is possible to return to the interior, and indoor cooling can be performed with less artificial energy without driving the heat pump 110 itself.
  Note that when the high-temperature heat medium of 60 ° C. or higher can be obtained by the solar heat collecting panel 140 during the cooling operation shown in FIGS. 21 to 24, as shown in FIGS. 15 and 16, the third control valve 213 and The solar heating medium circuit pipe 145 and the hot water supply lower circulation circuit pipe 167a are connected via the fourth control valve 214, the sixth control valve 216, and the fifteenth control valve 225, and the domestic water in the hot water tank 160 can be heated. it can.
  Although not shown in the drawings, a solar power generator in which a solar power generation panel and a battery are combined is used, and the heat pump 110, the heat dissipation circuit pump 124, the heat absorption circuit pump 129, and the solar heating medium circuit pump 144 first and Appropriate pumps such as the second air conditioning / heating pump 191 and the switching control unit for controlling each motor-operated valve for switching the piping and the switching control panel 200 such as the blower air conditioning unit 170, the heat radiation air conditioning unit 180, and the switching control panel 200. In some cases, power is supplied to an electrical control circuit such as 310 or an integrated circuit to further reduce the consumption of commercial power.
  Furthermore, although the number and connection circuit of three-way motorized valves and open / close solenoid valves are different from the switching control panel 200 shown in FIG. 2 etc., the solar heat collecting panel 140, the heat exchange pipe 130, the heat storage tank 150, the hot water supply tank 160, the heat pump 110, using a switching control panel 200 for appropriately connecting the blower air conditioner 170 and the heat radiation air conditioner 180, as shown in FIG. 25, the solar heating medium return path 142 of the solar heat collecting panel 140 is connected to the heat radiation forward path 121 to the heat pump 110. Then, the heat radiation return path 122 from the heat pump 110 is connected to the first heat storage circulation pipe 157, the second heat storage circulation pipe 158 is connected to the heat exchange forward path 131, and the heat exchange return path 132 is connected to the solar thermal medium forward path 141 to the solar heat collecting panel 140. Then, the endothermic return path 127 from the heat pump 110 may be connected to the hot water supply upper circulation second pipe 166 to the hot water supply tank 160, and the hot water supply upper circulation first pipe 165 from the hot water supply tank 160 may be connected to the heat absorption outward path 126.
  In this case, even in the case of a low-temperature heat medium of about tens to 20 ° C. from the solar heat collecting panel 140, the heat medium temperature in the endothermic return path 127 is set to a temperature of about 50 ° C. by the heat pump 110. The heat medium cooled to about 10 ° C. or below 10 ° C. through the evaporator of the heat pump 110 is circulated inside the heat storage tank 150 through the tank internal circulation pipe 156. The heat medium inside the heat storage tank 150 can be cooled and returned to the solar heat collecting panel 140 via the heat exchange pipe 130.
  For this reason, even when the heating of the heat medium by the solar heat collecting panel 140 is low, hot water can be stored in the hot water supply tank 160 and the cooling medium can be stored in the heat storage tank 150 while reducing the load on the heat pump 110.
  In addition, as shown in FIG. 26, the solar thermal medium return path 142 of the solar heat collecting panel 140 is connected to the heat dissipation forward path 121 to the heat pump 110, the heat dissipation return path 122 from the heat pump 110 is connected to the heat exchange outward path 131, and the heat exchange return path 132. Is connected to the solar heat transfer path 141 to the solar heat collecting panel 140, the endothermic return path 127 from the heat pump 110 is connected to the hot water upper circulation second pipe 166 to the hot water tank 160, and the hot water upper circulation first pipe from the hot water tank 160 is connected. 165 may be connected to the endothermic path 126.
  Also in this case, even in the case of a low-temperature heat medium of about tens to 20 ° C. from the solar heat collecting panel 140, the heat medium temperature of the endothermic return path 127 is set to a temperature of about 50 ° C. by the heat pump 110. Can be heated.
  In the above embodiment, the heat exchanging pipe 130 is buried in the ground to use the ground heat, but the heat exchanging pipe 130 is buried in a river or a lake and uses water heat. The hot water supply / cooling / heating system 100 using the heat pump 110 may be used.
  Furthermore, the heat exchange pipe 130 can be provided in a buried water tank such as a sewage or wastewater septic tank, and can use heat from domestic wastewater.
In the above embodiment, the heat exchange pipe 130 is described as one, but a plurality of heat exchange pipes 130 are provided to connect a plurality of sets of heat exchange circuit pipes 135 to the switching control panel 200. Each heat exchange circuit pipe 135 can be connected to and disconnected from the heat pump 110, the solar heat collecting panel 140, etc., and each heat exchange pipe 130 is buried in the ground, or the heat exchange pipe 130 is buried in the ground, rivers, lakes, and drains In some cases, they are buried underwater.
  In addition, when a plurality of heat exchange pipes 130 are provided, one heat exchange pipe 130 is provided in the ground or in water, and one heat exchange pipe is a multi-tube heat exchanger or plate type that transfers heat between liquids. A heat exchanger such as a heat exchanger is used to transfer heat from a high-temperature heat medium due to exhaust heat from a boiler or the like to a heat medium that has a slightly lower temperature, such as a high temperature or medium temperature, and then a heat storage tank via the switching control panel 200 It is also possible to send a heat medium to 150 and hot water supply tank 160.
  And in the said embodiment, although the two heat exchange pipes, the hot water supply circulation upper pipe 164 and the hot water supply circulation lower pipe 167, are arranged in the hot water supply tank 160 to warm the water in the hot water supply tank 160, It is also possible to warm the water in the hot water supply tank 160 by sending the heat medium from the switching control panel 200 to the hot water supply tank 160 as only one of the pipe 164 and the hot water supply circulation lower pipe 167.
  However, if the hot water supply circulation upper pipe 164 and the hot water supply circulation lower pipe 167 are provided, when the heat medium is heated to a high temperature of 90 ° C. or the like by the solar heat collecting panel 140, the heat medium is about 50 ° C. from the heat pump 110. Compared to the warming of water, it is warmed by a high temperature, so the warming of water by a high-temperature heat medium such as 90 ° C is warmed by a heat exchanger (heat exchange pipe) located in the lower part of the hot water tank 160 The heating of the water by the heat medium of about 50 ° C. is preferably performed by a heat exchanger (heat exchange pipe) disposed in the middle part of the hot water tank 160 or above the middle part.
  Further, in the above embodiment, the heat storage circulation pipe 159 is disposed in the heat storage tank 150 and the heat medium heated to about 50 ° C. or about 60 ° C. by the heat pump 110, and depending on the weather, the temperature becomes as high as 90 ° C. The heat storage circulation pipe 159 is omitted, and the heat medium in the heat storage tank 150 is sent to the solar heat collection panel 140. The heated heat medium can be returned to the heat storage tank 150, or the hot water circulation upper pipe 164 or the hot water circulation lower pipe 167 of the hot water tank 160 can be circulated.
  In the above embodiment, the heat exchanger arranged in the hot water supply tank 160 is a heat exchange pipe with the hot water supply circulation upper pipe 164 and the hot water supply circulation lower pipe 167, and the heat exchanger arranged in the heat storage tank 150 is the heat storage circulation. Although the heat exchange pipe with the pipe 159 is used, the heat exchanger is not limited to the pipe, and may be externally disposed on the hot water supply tank 160 or the heat storage tank 150 as plate type heat exchange.
  As described above, in the hot water supply / cooling / heating system 100 according to the present embodiment, the temperature of the heat medium sent to the evaporator 116 of the heat pump 110 by the heat radiation forward path 121 is set to a temperature of more than a dozen to 30 ° C., and the heat radiation return path 122 is passed through the evaporator 116. The heat transfer temperature of the heat pump 110 is increased by setting the temperature of the heat medium returning to about 10 ° C. or several tens of degrees C. and the temperature of the heat medium returning to the endothermic return path 127 via the condenser 118 to about 50 ° C. Wasteful energy consumption can be reduced.
  When the temperature of the heating medium can be raised to 60 ° C. or higher by the solar heat collecting panel 140, the hot water for living or heating can be efficiently stored by solar energy, and the heating by the solar collecting panel 140 Even if the temperature of the medium is a medium temperature of about 35 ° C. to 50 ° C. or a low temperature of 30 ° C. or less, the heat medium temperature of the endothermic return path 127 is raised to about 50 ° C. via the heat pump 110, or 50 ° C. or 60 ° C. If it is at a moderate temperature, it is used as it is, and the hot water in the hot water supply tank 160 is warmed and stored, and the heat storage tank 150 has a heat medium of about 50 ° C., or about 10 ° C. by the heat pump 110 or underground heat. It can store the cooling medium and use solar energy effectively.
  In addition, although the said embodiment uses the ventilation air-conditioning machine 170, such as an air conditioner, and the heat radiation air-conditioning machine 180, such as a floor air-conditioning machine, as an air-conditioning machine, only the air-conditioning air-conditioning machine 170 or the heat radiation air-conditioning machine 180 is used as an air-conditioning machine. The hot water supply / cooling / heating system 100 may be connected to the switching control panel 200.
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 100 Hot-water supply cooling / heating system 110 Heat pump 112 Compression pump 114 Expansion valve 116 Evaporator 118 Condenser 121 Heat radiation outward path 122 Heat radiation return path 123 Heat radiation circuit piping 124 Heat radiation circuit pump 126 Heat absorption forward path 127 Heat absorption return path 128 Heat absorption circuit piping 129 Heat absorption circuit pump 130 Heat exchange pipe 131 Heat Exchange Outward Route 132 Heat Exchange Return Route 135 Heat Exchange Circuit Piping 140 Solar Heat Collection Panel 141 Solar Heating Medium Outward Route 142 Solar Heating Medium Return Route 144 Solar Heating Medium Circuit Pump 145 Solar Heating Medium Circuit Piping 150 Heat Storage Tank 151 Upper First Piping 152 Upper Second piping 153 Lower first piping 154 Lower second piping 155 Thermal storage tank piping 156 Tank internal circulation piping 157 Thermal storage circulation first piping 158 Thermal storage circulation second piping 159 Thermal storage circulation pipe 160 Hot water supply tank 61 Hot water supply pipe 162 Hot water extraction pipe 164a Hot water supply upper circulation circuit pipe 164 Hot water supply circulation upper pipe 165 Hot water supply upper circulation first pipe 166 Hot water supply upper circulation second pipe 167 Hot water supply circulation lower pipe 167a Hot water supply lower circulation circuit pipe 168 Hot water supply lower circulation first pipe 169 Hot water supply lower circulation second pipe 170 Blower air conditioner 171 Blower air conditioner outbound path 172 Blower air conditioner return path 174 First air conditioner pump 179 Blower air conditioner circuit pipe 180 Heat dissipating air conditioner 181 Heat dissipating air conditioner air conditioner 182 Heat dissipating air conditioner air conditioner path 183 Radiation cooling and heating pump outlet 185 Heat radiation cooling and heating outlet 187 Header 189 Heat radiation cooling and heating circuit piping 191 Second cooling and heating pump 193 Switching valve 195 Closing valve 197 Differential pressure adjustment valve 200 Switching control panel 211 First control valve 212 2 control valve 213 3rd control valve 214 4th control valve 215 5th control valve 216 6th control valve 217 7th control valve 218 8th control valve 219 9th control valve 220 10th control valve 221 11th control valve 222 2nd 12 control valve 223 13th control valve 224 14th control valve 225 15th control valve 231 open / close control valve 301 solar thermal medium thermometer 303 thermal storage tank thermal medium thermometer 305 hot water thermometer 310 switching control unit

Claims (7)

  1. It includes a solar collector panel, a heat pump, the ground or water disposed heat exchange pipe, a hot water tank, a heat storage tank, and air conditioners, a switching control panel, and
    The switching control panel is
    The piping to the solar collector panel, piping to the heat pump, piping to the ground or water disposed heat exchange pipe, the pipe to the hot water supply tank, to connect and disconnect each of the piping to the heat storage tank Made possible
    The radiator circuit pipe is a piping to the heat pump, the other pipe to the solar collector panel, connection and disconnection to each of the pipe to the pipe and the heat storage tank to the ground or water disposed heat exchange pipe To be able to
    An endothermic circuit piping is piping to the heat pump, it allows to connect and disconnect each of the pipe to the pipe and the heat storage tank to the pipe and the hot water tank to the ground or water disposed heat exchange pipe And
    A hot water supply / cooling / heating system characterized in that a pipe to the heat storage tank can be connected to and disconnected from a pipe to the air conditioner.
  2. The heat storage tank has a heat medium circulation pipe, and the hot water supply tank has two heat medium circulation pipes, and the switching control panel connects the pipe to the solar heat collecting panel to the hot water supply tank. When connecting to the pipe to the heat storage tank, always connect to one of the two heat medium circulation pipes, and connect the pipe to the solar heat collecting panel to the pipe to the heat storage tank. The hot water supply / cooling / heating system according to claim 1, wherein the hot water supply / cooling / heating system is connected to a heat medium circulation pipe provided in the heat storage tank .
  3. When the heating medium of the solar heat collecting panel is warmed by solar heat and the heating medium temperature of the solar collecting panel is 35 ° C. or less, the switching control panel can transfer the heating medium of the solar collecting panel to the ground or underwater. Piping to the solar heat collecting panel is routed to the underground or underwater disposed heat exchanging pipe and the heat pump so as to be sent to the heat radiating circuit piping through the arranged heat exchanging pipe and returned to the solar heat collecting panel. And connecting to the underground or underwater heat exchange pipe and the heat dissipation circuit pipe in series, and at this time, the heat absorption circuit pipe of the heat pump. A pipe to the hot water tank or a pipe to the heat storage tank, or a pipe to the hot water tank and a pipe to the heat storage tank are connected in series with both pipes and the heat absorption circuit pipe,
    When the heat medium temperature of the solar heat collection panel is 35 ° C. to 60 ° C. and 60 ° C. or more, the heat medium of the solar heat collection panel is sent to a pipe to the hot water supply tank or a pipe to the heat storage tank, and the solar Return to the solar heat collection panel, or return the heat medium via both pipes to the solar heat collection panel in series with the pipe to the hot water supply tank and the pipe to the heat storage tank. The hot water supply / cooling / heating system according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a pipe is connected to one or both of a pipe to the hot water supply tank and a pipe to the heat storage tank .
  4. The switching control panel, a piping to the solar collector panel, piping to the heat pump, piping to the ground or water disposed heat exchange pipe, the pipe to the hot water supply tank, the piping to the heat storage tank When connecting and disconnecting each
    Connect the pipe to the ground or the solar collector panel and the pipe in water disposed heat exchange pipe and the heat radiating circuit piping and piping to the thermal storage tank in a state connected in series, said solar collector panels And the piping to the heat dissipation circuit piping and the hot water supply tank are cut, and the heat medium from the solar heat collecting panel is sent to the heat dissipation circuit piping through the underground or underwater heat exchange pipe, 2. The heat medium is returned to the solar heat collecting panel through a pipe from the heat radiation circuit pipe to the heat storage tank, and the heat absorption circuit pipe of the heat pump is connected to a pipe to the hot water supply tank. Or the hot-water supply air conditioning system described in Claim 2 .
  5. The hot water supply / cooling / heating system according to any one of claims 1 to 4 , wherein the hot water supply tank stores hot water of 50 ° C to 60 ° C or more.
  6. The hot water supply / cooling / heating system according to any one of claims 1 to 5 , wherein the heat storage tank stores a heating medium of about 50 ° C or a cooling medium of about 10 ° C.
  7. The air conditioner may be provided with a heat medium circuit that cuts off a connection with a pipe from the switching control panel to the air conditioner and enables circulation of the heat medium in the air conditioner. The hot-water supply air conditioning system in any one of Claims 1 thru | or 6 .
JP2013186071A 2013-09-09 2013-09-09 Hot water heating / cooling system Active JP5751599B2 (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101795668B1 (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-11-08 주식회사 에너지컨설팅 Regenerative heat pump system converged new renewable energy

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JP6249387B1 (en) * 2016-05-12 2017-12-20 株式会社シェルタージャパン Floor air conditioning system

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JP4224409B2 (en) * 2004-02-02 2009-02-12 サンポット株式会社 Hot water supply system using natural energy
KR101105561B1 (en) * 2010-05-13 2012-01-17 주식회사 경동나비엔 Solar heat system
JP5815419B2 (en) * 2012-01-10 2015-11-17 リンナイ株式会社 Heating system
JP5648002B2 (en) * 2012-01-24 2015-01-07 大和ハウス工業株式会社 Central hot water supply system

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KR101795668B1 (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-11-08 주식회사 에너지컨설팅 Regenerative heat pump system converged new renewable energy

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