JP5658444B2 - Fruit and vegetable automatic sorting device and fruit and vegetable automatic sorting method - Google Patents

Fruit and vegetable automatic sorting device and fruit and vegetable automatic sorting method Download PDF

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JP5658444B2
JP5658444B2 JP2009184670A JP2009184670A JP5658444B2 JP 5658444 B2 JP5658444 B2 JP 5658444B2 JP 2009184670 A JP2009184670 A JP 2009184670A JP 2009184670 A JP2009184670 A JP 2009184670A JP 5658444 B2 JP5658444 B2 JP 5658444B2
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宮田 和男
和男 宮田
山岡 和彦
和彦 山岡
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日本協同企画株式会社
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本願発明は、各種果菜をサイズ別、形状別、色別、糖度別といった各種規格(等階級等)別に選別するための自動選別方法及び自動選別装置に関するものであり、特にトマト、リンゴ、桃、梨、茄子、メロン、小玉西瓜などの果菜の選別に適したものである。   The present invention relates to an automatic sorting method and an automatic sorting apparatus for sorting various fruits and vegetables by size, shape, color, sugar content, etc., such as tomato, apple, peach, It is suitable for the selection of fruit vegetables such as pears, eggplants, melons, and Kodama Nishimaki.

果菜を搬送し、その果菜搬送中の所定位置に設置される果菜判別装置で果菜の等階級等を判別し、その結果に基づいて果菜を搬送方向側方(果菜排出側)へ送り出す果菜選別方法や果菜選別装置は従来から各種ある。
果菜が果菜キャリーに載せられて搬送され、所定の位置まで搬送されると果菜受け体に送り込まれる果菜選別装置がある。この場合、果菜キャリー上で果菜を安定させるため背もたれ(例えば、すり鉢状の面を有する背もたれ)は、果菜排出側でない奥側にのみ設けられていた。これは、果菜キャリーの果菜排出側に背もたれなどを設けると、果菜を果菜受け体に送り込む際に、この背もたれが障害となるからである。
Fruit vegetable sorting method that transports fruit vegetables, discriminates the equal class etc. of fruit vegetables with a fruit vegetable identification device installed at a predetermined position during the conveyance of the fruit vegetables, and sends the fruit vegetables to the conveyance direction side (fruit vegetable discharge side) based on the result There are various kinds of fruit and vegetable sorters.
There is a fruit and vegetable sorting device in which fruit and vegetables are carried on a fruit and vegetables carry and are sent to a fruit and vegetable receptacle when they are conveyed to a predetermined position. In this case, a backrest (for example, a backrest having a mortar-like surface) for stabilizing the fruit vegetables on the fruit vegetables carry is provided only on the back side that is not the fruit vegetable discharge side. This is because if a backrest or the like is provided on the fruit vegetable discharge side of the fruit vegetable carry, this backrest becomes an obstacle when the fruit vegetables are fed into the fruit vegetable receptacle.

ところが、背もたれなどが片側にしかないと、走行する果菜搬送体上の果菜キャリアに急速に果菜を載せていくため、所定の姿勢で果菜を載せられずに手前側に倒れてしまったり、所定の姿勢で果菜を載せられたとしても搬送途中に手前に倒れてしまったり、あるいは載せた位置から果菜がずれてしまうことがあった。このような状況は、片側にだけにしか支えがないことが原因となって発生している。   However, if the backrest is only on one side, fruit vegetables are rapidly put on the fruit carrier on the traveling fruit carrier, so that the fruit can not be placed in the prescribed posture and it may fall to the near side or in a prescribed posture. Even if the fruits and vegetables were put on, the fruits and vegetables could fall down in the middle of the transportation, or the fruits and vegetables could be shifted from the placed position. Such a situation arises because there is support only on one side.

果菜搬送体上で果菜が倒れていると、光センサ(糖度計)による果菜判別装置の場合には果菜の糖度値や熟度値などに狂いが生じ、カメラによる果菜判別装置の場合には、果菜が倒れていると実際より大きく見えることになり、また形状も異なって見える。色の判別においても、真上から見た色を基準とする場合には、倒れている果菜はその横側面を見ることになり、やはり計測値に狂いが生じることになる。   If the fruit and vegetables are fallen on the fruit and vegetable carrier, the sugar content and ripeness value of the fruit and vegetables will be distorted in the case of the fruit and vegetable identification device using a light sensor (sugar meter). If the fruit vegetables fall down, they will appear larger than they actually are, and the shape will also look different. Also in the color discrimination, when the color viewed from directly above is used as a reference, the fallen fruit vegetables will see the side surface, and the measurement value will be distorted.

果菜判別装置で判別する際に果菜の載置位置を安定させ、そのうえで円滑に果菜を搬送方向側方へ送り出すことができる手段を見出すことは、当業界においてひとつの問題となっていた。この問題を解決すべく、本願出願人は先に種々の果菜選別装置について特許出願している(特許文献1)。この特許文献1では、あらかじめ果菜を載せ置く部分を定め、果菜が搬送方向に一列に並んで搬送されるよう提案されており、果菜を載せ置く部分の一例としてすり鉢状に凹んだものを提示している。   It has been a problem in the industry to find a means for stabilizing the placement position of fruit vegetables when the fruit vegetables are discriminated by the fruit vegetable discrimination device and then smoothly feeding the fruit vegetables to the side in the transport direction. In order to solve this problem, the applicant of the present application has previously applied for patents on various fruit vegetable sorting apparatuses (Patent Document 1). In this Patent Document 1, it is proposed that a part on which fruit vegetables are placed is set in advance, and the fruit vegetables are conveyed in a line in the conveying direction, and an example where the fruit vegetables are placed in a mortar shape is presented as an example. ing.

特開2004−99285号公報。Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2004-99285.

また、果菜判別装置で果菜の等階級等を判別には限界があり、果菜を載せる作業者の目視による判別と合わせて果菜を選別することが望ましいことから、果菜を載せて搬送する果菜キャリアに作業者の判別結果を入力することができる入力ボタンを取り付け、果菜を載せる際にこのボタンに作業者の判別結果を入力することも行われていた。
この場合、図1に示すように、果菜を載せる作業者が配置される場所と選別後に果菜を送り出す場所は、果菜判別装置の配置スペースを軽減するため、果菜搬送体に対して同じ側とされることが多かった。その結果入力ボタンは、果菜を載せる作業者が配置される場所とは反対側(図7)に取り付けられることとなり、この入力ボタンを押しにくいという問題もあった。
In addition, since there is a limit to discriminating the equivalence class of fruit vegetables with the fruit vegetable discrimination device, and it is desirable to select the fruit vegetables together with the visual discrimination of the worker who puts the fruit vegetables, the fruit vegetable carrier that carries the fruit vegetables is transported An input button capable of inputting the operator's discrimination result is attached, and the operator's discrimination result is also input to this button when placing fruit vegetables.
In this case, as shown in FIG. 1, the place where the worker who places the fruit and vegetables is placed and the place where the fruit and vegetables are sent out after selection are on the same side with respect to the fruit and vegetable transport body in order to reduce the space for arranging the fruit and vegetable distinguishing device. There were many cases. As a result, the input button is attached to the opposite side (FIG. 7) from the place where the worker who places the fruit vegetables is placed, and there is a problem that it is difficult to press the input button.

特許文献1記載では果菜を載せる位置が示されているため、果菜載置の直後には果菜の載置位置が安定し搬送方向に一列に並ぶことになる。しかしながら、すり鉢状の凹みでは果菜が堅固に固定されているとは言えず、果菜載置後しばらく搬送している間に振動等によって果菜が傾き、あるいは多少移動することもある。その結果、果菜判別装置で判別する際には、果菜の載置位置が一定せず(図8)、正確な判別に支障をきたしていた。   Since the position where fruit vegetables are placed is shown in Patent Document 1, the position where fruit vegetables are placed is stabilized immediately after the fruit vegetables are placed and arranged in a line in the transport direction. However, it cannot be said that the fruit vegetables are firmly fixed in the mortar-shaped dent, and the fruit vegetables may be inclined or slightly moved by vibration or the like while being conveyed for a while after the fruit vegetables are placed. As a result, when discriminating with the fruit vegetable discriminating apparatus, the placement position of the fruit vegetables is not constant (FIG. 8), which hinders accurate discrimination.

本願発明の課題は、前記問題を解決するために、果菜排出側及びその対向側の両側に果菜を支える支持具を設け、急速に作業する場合であっても、品物が倒れず、結果として計測精度の向上と、また置き易さから作業能率が一段と向上できるようになる果菜自動選別装置及び果菜自動選別方法を提供することにある。
さらに果菜を載せる作業者が、容易に入力ボタンを押すことができる果菜自動選別装置及び果菜自動選別方法を提供するも本願発明の課題である。
The object of the present invention is to solve the above problems by providing support tools for supporting fruit vegetables on both sides of the fruit vegetable discharge side and the opposite side, and even when working quickly, the product does not fall down, and as a result it is measured An object of the present invention is to provide an automatic vegetable vegetable sorting device and an automatic vegetable vegetable sorting method that can improve the work efficiency from the improvement of accuracy and ease of placement.
Further, it is an object of the present invention to provide an automatic fruit vegetable sorting apparatus and an automatic fruit vegetable sorting method in which an operator who places fruit vegetables can easily press an input button.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、無端走行体に多数の果菜キャリアを備えた果菜搬送体の走行により、果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を搬送し、搬送中に果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を計測して果菜の等階級を判別し、果菜判別装置による判別結果に応じて搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して、等階級別に選別する果菜自動選別装置において、搬送方向に多数の果菜キャリアが装備された果菜搬送体と、前記果菜搬送体の果菜搬送途中に設置された果菜判別装置と、果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を支持する果菜支持体を備え、前記果菜キャリアは往復回転可能なベルトを備えたベルトコンベア式であり、前記果菜支持体は、前記果菜搬送体と平行して走行する支持具走行体に多数の可動支持具が装備されており、前記果菜支持体は、前記ベルトの往回転方向先方であって、前記果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向手前を起点とし、前記果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向後方を終点とする区間に設置され、当該設置区間において循環走行可能であり、前記果菜支持体の可動支持具は、前記果菜キャリアのベルトの上から外まで回動可能であり、ベルトの上に回動することにより、当該ベルトの上であって、当該支持具よりもベルトの往回転方向先方に果菜載置部を形成することができ、前記果菜載置部に載せた果菜は前記果菜判別装置を通過する間は、前記果菜支持体によって果菜載置部の位置で支持可能であり、果菜判別装置によって判別された果菜等階級の結果に基づいて、前記果菜の選別が可能なものである。 The fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus of the present invention conveys the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier by traveling the fruit vegetable carrier body provided with a large number of fruit vegetable carriers on the endless traveling body, and the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier during the transportation. the measures to determine the equal rank of fruit vegetables, turned out to conveyance direction side of fruit vegetables being conveyed in accordance with by that determination result to the fruit vegetable discriminating device, in fruit vegetables automatic sorting device for sorting by an equal rank, the transport direction A fruit vegetable carrier provided with a large number of fruit vegetable carriers, a fruit vegetable discriminating device installed in the middle of the fruit vegetable carrier of the fruit vegetable carrier, and a fruit vegetable support body for supporting the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier, The carrier is a belt conveyor type having a reciprocatingly rotating belt, and the fruit vegetable support is provided with a plurality of movable supports on a support traveling body that travels in parallel with the fruit vegetable transport body, The support is It is the forward rotation direction of the belt, and is installed in a section starting from the front side of the fruit vegetable transport direction from the installation position of the fruit vegetable discrimination device and the end point of the rear side of the fruit vegetable transport direction from the installation position of the fruit vegetable discrimination device, It can be circulated in the installation section, and the movable support of the vegetable support can be rotated from the top of the belt of the vegetable carrier to the outside. The fruit vegetable placement part can be formed further in the forward rotation direction of the belt than the support tool, and the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable placement part are supported by the fruit vegetables while passing through the fruit vegetable discrimination device. and can be supported at the location of the greenhouse vegetable mounting portion by the body, based on the determined fruit vegetables such as floor-grade results by fruit vegetables discriminating device are those capable of sorting of the fruit vegetables.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、前記果菜自動選別装置において、果菜キャリアが、ベルトの上方に突出する固定支持具を備え、この固定支持具とベルトの上に回動した果菜支持体の可動支持具が間隔を開けて対向配置されて、前記固定支持具と可動支持具の間に果菜載置部が形成され、可動支持具が回動してベルトの上から外れると果菜キャリアのベルトの往回転方向先方が開放されるものとすることもできる。   The fruit and vegetable automatic sorting apparatus according to the present invention is the fruit and vegetable automatic sorting apparatus, wherein the fruit and vegetable carrier includes a fixed support protruding above the belt, and the fixed support and the movable support of the fruit and vegetable support rotated on the belt. When the tools are placed opposite to each other and a fruit and vegetables mounting portion is formed between the fixed support and the movable support, and the movable support rotates and comes off the belt, the belt of the fruit and vegetable carrier moves forward. The front side in the rotational direction may be opened.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、無端走行体に多数の果菜キャリアを備えた果菜搬送体の走行により、果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を搬送し、搬送中に果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を計測して果菜の等階級を判別し、果菜判別装置による判別結果に応じて搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して、等階級別に選別する果菜自動選別装置において、搬送方向に多数の果菜キャリアが装備された果菜搬送体と、前記果菜搬送体の果菜搬送途中に設置された果菜判別装置と、果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を支持する果菜支持体を備え、前記果菜キャリアは往復回転可能なベルトを備えたベルトコンベア式であり、前記果菜支持体は、前記果菜搬送体と平行して走行するロープ状又は帯状又は板状であり、前記果菜支持体は、前記ベルトの往回転方向先方であって、前記果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向手前を起点とし、前記果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向後方を終点とする区間に設置され、当該設置区間において循環走行可能であり、前記果菜支持体は果菜キャリアのベルトの上に配置されて、当該ベルトの上であってベルトの往回転方向先方に果菜載置部を形成し、前記果菜支持体は前記果菜載置部に載せた果菜が前記果菜判別装置を通過する間は、当該果菜を果菜載置部の位置に支持可能であり、果菜判別装置によって判別された果菜等階級の結果に基づいて、前記果菜の選別が可能なものとすることもできる。 The fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus of the present invention conveys the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier by traveling the fruit vegetable carrier body provided with a large number of fruit vegetable carriers on the endless traveling body, and the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier during the transportation. the measures to determine the equal rank of fruit vegetables, turned out to conveyance direction side of fruit vegetables being conveyed in accordance with by that determination result to the fruit vegetable discriminating device, in fruit vegetables automatic sorting device for sorting by an equal rank, the transport direction A fruit vegetable carrier provided with a large number of fruit vegetable carriers, a fruit vegetable discriminating device installed in the middle of the fruit vegetable carrier of the fruit vegetable carrier, and a fruit vegetable support body for supporting the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier, The carrier is a belt conveyor type having a reciprocatingly rotatable belt, the fruit vegetable support is in the form of a rope, a belt or a plate that runs parallel to the fruit vegetable carrier, and the fruit vegetable support is the belt Past It is installed in a section that is the rolling direction ahead, starting from the front of the fruit vegetable discrimination direction from the installation position of the fruit vegetable discrimination device, and ending at the rear side of the fruit vegetable conveyance direction from the installation position of the fruit vegetable discrimination device. The fruit vegetable support is disposed on a belt of a fruit vegetable carrier and forms a fruit vegetable placement portion on the belt and in the forward rotation direction of the belt. while fruit vegetable topped the fruit vegetable mounting portion passes through the fruit vegetables discriminating apparatus can support the fruit vegetables in the position of fruit vegetables mounting portion, based on the determined fruit vegetables such as floor-grade results by fruit vegetables discriminating device The fruit vegetables can be selected.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、前記果菜自動選別装置において、果菜キャリアが、ベルトの上方に突出する固定支持具を備え、この固定支持具とベルトの上方に配置されたロープ状又は帯状又は板状の果菜支持体が間隔を開けて対向配置されて、固定支持具と果菜支持体の間に果菜載置部が形成され、果菜搬送体が果菜支持体を通過すると、果菜キャリアのベルトの往回転方向先方が開放されるものとすることもできる。   The fruit and vegetable automatic sorting apparatus of the present invention is the fruit and vegetable automatic sorting apparatus, wherein the fruit and vegetable carrier includes a fixed support that protrudes above the belt, and the rope and / or strip or plate disposed above the fixed support and the belt. When the fruit vegetable support passes through the fruit vegetable support, the fruit vegetable carrier belt moves forward. The front side in the rotational direction may be opened.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、無端走行体に多数の果菜キャリアを備えた果菜搬送体の走行により、果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を搬送し、搬送中に果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を計測して果菜の等階級を判別し、果菜判別装置による判別結果に応じて搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して、等階級別に選別する果菜自動選別装置において、搬送方向に多数の果菜キャリアが装備された果菜搬送体と、前記果菜搬送体の果菜搬送途中に設置された果菜判別装置と、果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を支持する果菜支持体を備え、前記果菜キャリアは往復回転可能なベルトを備えたベルトコンベア式であり、ベルトの上方に突出する固定支持具を備え、その固定支持具と果菜支持体が間隔を開けて対向配置されて、当該支持具よりもベルトの往回転方向先方に果菜載置部が設けられ、前記果菜支持体は、前記果菜搬送体と平行して走行する支持具走行体に多数の可動支持具が装備された支持具搬送体であり、前記支持具搬送体は、前記ベルトの往回転方向先方であって、前記果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向手前を起点とし、前記果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向後方を終点とする区間に設置され、当該設置区間において循環走行可能であり、前記果菜載置部に載せた果菜は前記果菜判別装置を通過する間は、前記果菜支持体によって果菜載置部の位置で支持可能であり、果菜判別装置によって判別された果菜等階級の結果に基づいて、前記果菜選別が可能なものとすることもできる。 The fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus of the present invention conveys the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier by traveling the fruit vegetable carrier body provided with a large number of fruit vegetable carriers on the endless traveling body, and the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier during the transportation. the measures to determine the equal rank of fruit vegetables, turned out to conveyance direction side of fruit vegetables being conveyed in accordance with by that determination result to the fruit vegetable discriminating device, in fruit vegetables automatic sorting device for sorting by an equal rank, the transport direction A fruit vegetable carrier provided with a large number of fruit vegetable carriers, a fruit vegetable discriminating device installed in the middle of the fruit vegetable carrier of the fruit vegetable carrier, and a fruit vegetable support body for supporting the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier, The carrier is a belt conveyor type having a belt capable of reciprocating rotation, and includes a fixed support protruding above the belt, and the fixed support and the fruit vegetable support are arranged to face each other with a gap therebetween. Also The fruit vegetable support is a support tool carrier that is provided with a large number of movable supports on a support tool traveling body that travels in parallel with the fruit vegetable transport body. The support tool transport body is forward of the belt in the forward rotation direction, starting from a position in front of the fruit vegetable discrimination direction with respect to the installation position of the fruit vegetable discrimination device, and rearward in the fruit vegetable transport direction from the installation position of the fruit vegetable discrimination device The fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable placement unit can be circulated in the installation section, and while the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable placement part pass through the fruit vegetable discrimination device, the position of the fruit vegetable placement part is set by the fruit vegetable support. in a possible support, based on the determined fruit vegetables such as floor-grade results by fruit vegetables discriminating apparatus it can also be made capable of sorting of the fruit vegetables.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、前記果菜自動選別装置において、可動支持具は、支持具搬送体の無端走行体に回転可能に装備され、果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向手前で果菜キャリアのベルトの上方に回転して、そのベルトの上に果菜載置部を形成し、前記果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向後方で、前記可動支持具を果菜搬送体よりも外側まで回転させた状態で支持具搬送体の循環走行が可能なものとすることもできる。   The fruit and vegetable automatic sorting apparatus according to the present invention is the fruit and vegetable automatic sorting apparatus, wherein the movable support is rotatably mounted on the endless traveling body of the supporting and conveying body, and the fruit and vegetables are located in front of the fruit and vegetable conveying direction from the installation position of the fruit and vegetable discrimination device. Rotate above the belt of the carrier to form a fruit and vegetable mounting portion on the belt, and move the movable support tool to the outside of the fruit and vegetable transport body behind the fruit and vegetable conveying direction from the installation position of the fruit and vegetable discrimination device. It is also possible that the support carrier can be circulated while being rotated.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、前記果菜自動選別装置において、果菜支持体よりも搬送方向後方であって、果菜搬送体の側方に設置されるベルトコンベア式の果菜受け体を一又は二以上備え、ベルトが果菜判別装置によって判別された果菜等階級の結果に基づいて回転して、果菜載置部の上の果菜を前記果菜受け体へ送り出すことが可能なものとすることもできる。 The automatic fruit vegetable sorting device of the present invention is one or more belt conveyor type fruit vegetable receiving bodies installed in the fruit vegetable automatic sorting device at the rear side of the fruit vegetable support and on the side of the fruit vegetable carrier. provided, the belt is rotated based on the determined fruit vegetables such as floor-grade results by fruit vegetables discriminating apparatus can also be made capable of feeding the fruit vegetables over fruit vegetables mounting portion into said fruit vegetables receiving body.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、前記果菜自動選別装置において、果菜搬送体と平行して走行する無端走行体に、作業者が果菜キャリアに載せる果菜を判別した判別結果を入力する判別ボタンが多数装備されたボタン搬送体を備え、前記果菜搬送体の果菜キャリアに果菜を載せる供給部において、一又は二以上のボタンを一組とするボタンセットが、一の果菜キャリアと並んで走行し、前記果菜搬送体の供給部で、果菜キャリアに果菜を載せる作業者による判別結果を、当該果菜キャリアと並走する前記ボタンセットの操作により入力可能であり、前記果菜判別装置によって判別された果菜等階級の判別結果及び前記作業者による判別結果に基づいて、前記果菜選別が可能なものとすることもできる。 In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus of the present invention, in the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus, the endless traveling body that travels in parallel with the fruit vegetable conveying body has a large number of determination buttons for inputting the determination results for determining the fruit vegetables put on the fruit carrier by the operator. In the supply unit comprising the button carrier equipped, and the fruit carrier on the fruit carrier of the fruit vegetable carrier, a button set having one or more buttons as a set travels alongside one fruit carrier, In the supply part of the fruit vegetable carrier, the determination result by the operator who places the fruit vegetables on the fruit vegetable carrier can be input by the operation of the button set running in parallel with the fruit vegetable carrier, and the fruit vegetable iso floor determined by the fruit vegetable identification device grade determination result and based on the determination result of the operator, can also be made capable of sorting of the fruit vegetables.

本願発明の果菜自動選別方法は、無端走行体に多数の果菜キャリアを備えた果菜搬送体の走行により、果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を搬送し、搬送中に果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を計測して果菜の等階級を判別し、果菜判別装置による判別結果に応じて搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して、等階級別に選別する果菜自動選別方法において、前記果菜自動選別装置を使用し、前記果菜自動選別装置の果菜キャリアのベルトの上の、果菜支持体によって形成された果菜載置部の上に果菜を載せて搬送し、果菜載置部に載せられた果菜を所定の載置位置及び載置姿勢となるように、前記ベルトの上の果菜支持体で支持して前記果菜判別装置を通過させ、前記支持された果菜を果菜判別装置によって計測して果菜等階級を判別し、前記果菜支持体がその循環走行により前記計測後に前記果菜キャリアの上から外れてから、前記果菜キャリアのベルトが、前記判別結果に基づいて回転して果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して選別することができる。 In the fruit vegetable automatic selection method of the present invention, the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier are transported by the traveling of the fruit vegetable carrier body provided with a large number of fruit vegetable carriers on the endless traveling body, and the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier during the transportation. the measures to determine the equal rank of fruit vegetables, turned out in the direction lateral feed transportable to fruit vegetables being conveyed in accordance with by that determination result to the fruit vegetable discriminating device, in fruit vegetables automatic sorting method for sorting by an equal rank, the fruit vegetables Using an automatic sorting device, the fruit vegetables were placed on the fruit carrier support section formed by the fruit vegetable support on the fruit carrier carrier belt of the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus, transported, and placed on the fruit vegetable placement section The fruit vegetables are supported by the fruit vegetable support on the belt so as to be in a predetermined placement position and posture, passed through the fruit vegetable discrimination device, and the supported fruit vegetables are measured by the fruit vegetable discrimination device and the fruit vegetables are measured. to determine the Tokai-class, the result After the support is removed from above the vegetable carrier after the measurement by the circulating running, the belt of the vegetable carrier is rotated based on the determination result, and the vegetable can be sent to the side in the conveying direction for selection. .

本願発明の果菜自動選別方法は、前記果菜自動選別方法において、果菜搬送体のベルトに果菜を載せる果菜供給部において、一又は二以上の判別ボタンを一組とするボタン搬送体を一の果菜キャリアと並んで走行させ、作業者が果菜キャリアのベルトに載せる果菜を目視判別し、作業者が前記判別ボタンを操作して前記判別結果を入力し、前記作業者による判別結果と、果菜判別装置による判別結果に基づいて、果菜を等階級別に仕分けして選別することもできる。   The fruit vegetable automatic sorting method according to the present invention is the fruit vegetable automatic sorting method, wherein the button carrier having one or more discriminating buttons as one set in the fruit vegetable supply unit for placing the fruit vegetables on the belt of the fruit vegetable carrier. , The operator visually discriminates the fruit vegetables to be put on the belt of the fruit vegetable carrier, the operator operates the discrimination button and inputs the discrimination result, and the discrimination result by the operator and the fruit vegetable discrimination device Based on the discrimination result, the fruit vegetables can be sorted and sorted by equal class.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置及び果菜自動選別方法は次のような効果がある。
(1)果菜支持体が設置されているので、果菜搬送中、少なくとも果菜判別装置を通過する間は果菜キャリア上で果菜の載置位置が一定を保ち、果菜判別装置による正確な判別が可能となる。
(2)果菜キャリアに固定支持具が装備されているので、果菜搬送体の側方に設置された果菜受け体に果菜を送り出す際に、固定支持具で果菜を押して円滑に果菜を送り出すことが可能となる。
(3)果菜支持体は、果菜受け体の設置位置よりも手前側で循環走行するので、果菜受け体に果菜を送り出す際に、果菜支持体が邪魔にならず円滑に果菜を送り出すことが可能となる。
(4)可動支持具は、支持具搬送体の無端走行体に回転可能に装備されているので、可動支持具を回転させて移動させることにより、支持具搬送体の搬送体幅を小さくできて容易に循環させることができる。
(5)作業者による判別結果を入力するボタンが果菜キャリアに取り付けられずに独立して循環走行するので、果菜を載せる作業者が配置される側に入力ボタンを配置することができるため、容易に入力ボタンを押すことができる。
The fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus and the fruit vegetable automatic sorting method of the present invention have the following effects.
(1) Since the vegetable support is installed, during the transfer of the vegetable, at least during the passage of the fruit vegetable discrimination device, the placement position of the fruit vegetable on the fruit vegetable carrier is kept constant, and accurate discrimination by the fruit vegetable discrimination device is possible Become.
(2) Since the fruit carrier is equipped with a fixed support, when the fruit is sent to the fruit receiver installed on the side of the fruit carrier, the fruit can be smoothly fed out by pushing the fruit with the fixed support. It becomes possible.
(3) Since the fruit vegetable support circulates in front of the installation position of the fruit vegetable receiver, when the fruit vegetable support is sent to the fruit vegetable receiver, the fruit vegetable support can be smoothly sent out without obstruction. It becomes.
(4) Since the movable support tool is rotatably mounted on the endless traveling body of the support tool transport body, the transport body width of the support tool transport body can be reduced by rotating and moving the movable support tool. It can be easily circulated.
(5) Since the button for inputting the discrimination result by the operator is circulated independently without being attached to the fruit carrier, the input button can be arranged on the side where the worker who places the fruit vegetables is arranged, so it is easy. You can press the input button.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置を示す全体平面図。The whole top view which shows the fruit vegetable automatic selection apparatus of this invention. 果菜キャリアと可動支持具が並走する状態を示す詳細平面図。The detailed top view which shows the state in which a fruit vegetable carrier and a movable support run in parallel. 可動支持具の回転移動する状態を説明する平面図。The top view explaining the state which a movable support rotates. 果菜判別装置の設置位置前後に、果菜支持体が設置された状態を示す平面図。The top view which shows the state in which the fruit and vegetable support body was installed before and after the installation position of the fruit and vegetable discrimination apparatus. 果菜キャリアと判別ボタンが並走する状態を示す詳細平面図。The detailed top view which shows the state in which a fruit vegetable carrier and a discrimination button run in parallel. 果菜キャリアと、可動支持具及び判別ボタンが並走する状態を示す側面図。The side view which shows the state in which a fruit vegetable carrier, a movable support tool, and a discrimination button run in parallel. 従来の果菜搬送体において、作業者の判別結果を入力するボタンが取り付けられた果菜キャリアで果菜が搬送される状態を示す平面図。The top view which shows the state in which fruit vegetables are conveyed with the fruit vegetable carrier to which the button which inputs an operator's discrimination | determination result was attached in the conventional fruit vegetable conveyance body. 従来の果菜搬送体において、果菜判別装置の設置位置前後を果菜が搬送される状態を示す平面図。The top view which shows the state in which fruit vegetables are conveyed before and after the installation position of a fruit vegetable discrimination | determination apparatus in the conventional fruit vegetable conveyance body.

(実施形態1)
本願発明の果菜自動選別装置及び果菜自動選別方法の第1の実施形態を図に基づいて説明する。図1は、本願発明の果菜自動選別装置の全体平面図である。図に示す帯状の連続体が果菜1を矢印a方向(図では左から右)に搬送する果菜搬送体2であり、果菜搬送体2の起点側(図の左側)には作業者が果菜1を載置する供給部3が配置され、果菜搬送体2の搬送途中には搬送中の果菜1のサイズ、形状、色、糖度といった等階級を判別する果菜判別装置4が配置され、果菜判別装置4が配置される位置よりも終点側(図の右側)には、等階級別に果菜1を仕分けするための果菜受け体5が配置されている。
(Embodiment 1)
1st Embodiment of the fruit vegetable automatic selection apparatus and fruit vegetable automatic selection method of this invention is described based on figures. FIG. 1 is an overall plan view of an automatic fruit vegetable sorting apparatus according to the present invention. The strip-shaped continuous body shown in the figure is a fruit and vegetable transport body 2 that transports the fruit and vegetable 1 in the direction of arrow a (from left to right in the figure). Is disposed in the middle of the conveyance of the fruit vegetable carrier 2, and a fruit vegetable identification device 4 for identifying the class, such as the size, shape, color and sugar content, of the fruit vegetable 1 being conveyed is disposed. On the end point side (right side in the figure) from the position where 4 is arranged, fruit vegetable receivers 5 for sorting the fruit vegetables 1 by class are arranged.

なお、供給部3で果菜1を載置する作業者が配置されるスペースには、作業空間及び果菜搬送体2に載せる前の果菜1を置く空間など、適当な広さが要求される。一方、果菜受け体5も図に示すとおり所定のスペースを必要とする。よって通常は、供給部3で作業者が配置されるスペースと果菜受け体5は、果菜搬送体2に対して同じ側(図では搬送方向aに対して右側)に配置されることが多い。このような配置にすることによって、作業者が配置されるスペース及び果菜受け体5が配置される側とは反対側(図では搬送方向aに対して左側)は壁面とすることができて、工場などの場内空間を有効に活用することができる。   In addition, the space where the worker who places the fruit vegetables 1 in the supply unit 3 is arranged is required to have an appropriate size such as a work space and a space where the fruit vegetables 1 before being placed on the fruit vegetable carrier 2 are placed. On the other hand, the fruit vegetable receptacle 5 also requires a predetermined space as shown in the figure. Therefore, usually, the space in which the worker is arranged in the supply unit 3 and the fruit vegetable receiver 5 are often arranged on the same side with respect to the fruit vegetable carrier 2 (right side in the drawing in the conveyance direction a). By arranging in this way, the space on which the operator is placed and the side opposite to the side on which the fruit vegetable receiving body 5 is placed (left side with respect to the transport direction a in the figure) can be a wall surface. It is possible to make effective use of the factory space.

果菜搬送体2は、駆動スプロケット6aと従動スプロケット6bに架設された無端状のチェーンである無端走行体7に、果菜キャリア8が搬送方向(矢印a方向)に多数取り付けられたものである。駆動スプロケット6aはモータMの動力により回転し、この回転に伴い無端走行体7が矢印a方向に走行して、果菜キャリア8が搬送される。
図1では、果菜搬送体2が直線区間を循環走行することになるが、これに限らず、平面的に周回するような循環走行とすることもできる。
The fruit and vegetable carrier 2 is formed by attaching a large number of fruit and vegetable carriers 8 in the conveying direction (arrow a direction) to an endless traveling body 7 that is an endless chain installed on the drive sprocket 6a and the driven sprocket 6b. The drive sprocket 6a is rotated by the power of the motor M, and the endless traveling body 7 travels in the direction of the arrow a along with this rotation, and the vegetable carrier 8 is conveyed.
In FIG. 1, the fruit and vegetable carrier 2 circulates in a straight section. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and it can be circulated in a plane.

果菜キャリア8には、搭載した果菜1を安定した状態で搬送するために果菜1が凭れかかることのできる固定支持具9(図2)が装備されている。この果菜キャリア8は、果菜受け体5まで搬送されると搭載した果菜1を送り出すための機能を備えており、そのため固定支持具9は果菜キャリア8の果菜1を送り出す側とは反対側に装備される。すなわち、図1では果菜キャリア8の搬送方向左側(図の上側)に固定支持具9が装備されており、果菜キャリア8が果菜1を果菜受け体5に送り出す際に障害とならず、むしろ果菜1を押し出すための補助具となる。   The fruit vegetable carrier 8 is equipped with a fixed support 9 (FIG. 2) on which the fruit vegetable 1 can be poured in order to convey the loaded fruit vegetable 1 in a stable state. The fruit vegetable carrier 8 has a function for sending out the loaded fruit vegetable 1 when it is conveyed to the fruit vegetable receptacle 5, so that the fixed support 9 is provided on the opposite side of the fruit vegetable carrier 8 from the fruit vegetable 1 sending side. Is done. That is, in FIG. 1, the fixed support 9 is provided on the left side (upper side in the drawing) of the fruit carrier 8, so that it does not become an obstacle when the fruit carrier 8 sends out the fruit 1 to the fruit receiver 5. It becomes an auxiliary tool for extruding 1.

なお、果菜キャリア8が果菜1を果菜受け体5に送り出す手段としては、果菜キャリア8をベルトコンベア式とし、そのベルトを果菜搬送体2の走行方向(矢印a方向)に対して交差する方向であって果菜受け体5に向かう方向(図1では上方から下方)に回動させてもよい。ただしこの場合、固定支持具9はベルト上に取り付けられることとなるので(すなわちベルトとともに固定支持具9が移動するので)、循環回動させるベルトコンベアよりも、往復移動が可能なベルトコンベアとすることが望ましい。
ベルトコンベアは、果菜搬送体2の走行方向に対して直交する方向に回動させる場合に限らず、前方斜め方向や後方斜め方向とすることもできる。また、ベルトコンベアに限らずローラーコンベアとしたり、果菜キャリア8は移動させずに固定支持具9を移動させて果菜1を送り出したり、果菜キャリア8を傾斜させて果菜1を転がり移動させたり、種々の手段を採ることができる。
In addition, as a means by which the fruit and vegetable carrier 8 sends out the fruit and vegetable 1 to the fruit and vegetable receiver 5, the fruit and vegetable carrier 8 is a belt conveyor type, and the belt crosses the running direction (arrow a direction) of the fruit and vegetable carrier 2. Then, it may be rotated in the direction toward the fruit vegetable receptacle 5 (from the top to the bottom in FIG. 1). However, in this case, since the fixed support 9 is mounted on the belt (that is, the fixed support 9 moves together with the belt), a belt conveyor that can reciprocate is used rather than a belt conveyor that circulates and rotates. It is desirable.
The belt conveyor is not limited to being rotated in a direction orthogonal to the traveling direction of the fruit and vegetable transport body 2, but may be a front diagonal direction or a rear diagonal direction. In addition, it is not limited to a belt conveyor but a roller conveyor, the vegetable carrier 8 is moved without moving the fixed support 9, the fruit vegetable 1 is sent out, the fruit carrier 1 is tilted and the fruit vegetable 1 is rolled and moved. Can be used.

図1に示すように、果菜搬送体2の無端走行体7とは別にこれと並走する果菜支持体10が備えられている。この果菜支持体10には、支持具走行体11とその走行方向に多数装備された可動支持具12が備えられている。支持具走行体11は果菜搬送体2の無端走行体7と略平行(平行含む)して、循環走行している。   As shown in FIG. 1, apart from the endless traveling body 7 of the fruit and vegetable transport body 2, a fruit and vegetable support 10 that runs in parallel therewith is provided. The fruit vegetable support 10 is provided with a support tool traveling body 11 and a large number of movable supports 12 provided in the traveling direction. The support tool traveling body 11 is circulated while being substantially parallel (including parallel) to the endless traveling body 7 of the fruit and vegetable transport body 2.

図2に示すように、可動支持具12は、果菜キャリア8の上で固定支持具9とともに果菜1を載せる位置を明示する果菜載置部13を形成する。この果菜載置部13は、作業者に対して果菜1を載せるべき位置を示すとともに、搬送中は果菜1を載せた位置で安定させる(その位置から動かさない)という機能や、果菜載置部13に載せられた果菜1の載置姿勢を安定させる(載置後に傾くことがない)という機能を備える。   As shown in FIG. 2, the movable support 12 forms a fruit vegetable placement portion 13 that clearly indicates a position on which the fruit vegetables 1 are placed together with the fixed support 9 on the fruit carrier 8. The fruit vegetable placement unit 13 indicates a position where the fruit vegetable 1 is to be placed on the operator, and stabilizes the position of the fruit vegetable 1 during transportation (does not move from that position). 13 is provided with a function of stabilizing the mounting posture of the fruit vegetables 1 placed on (not tilting after mounting).

可動支持具12が果菜載置部13を形成するため、果菜キャリア8が搬送方向に備えられる間隔と、可動支持具12が走行方向に備えられる間隔とは略等間隔(等間隔含む)であり、果菜キャリア8の搬送速度と、可動支持具12の走行速度もほぼ等速(等速含む)である。   Since the movable support 12 forms the fruit vegetable placement portion 13, the interval at which the fruit carrier 8 is provided in the transport direction and the interval at which the movable support 12 is provided in the traveling direction are substantially equal intervals (including equal intervals). The transport speed of the fruit vegetable carrier 8 and the traveling speed of the movable support 12 are also substantially constant (including constant speed).

図2に示すように、可動支持具12と固定支持具9は果菜キャリア8の両端で果菜を挟み込むように配置されている。すなわち、固定支持具9が果菜1を果菜受け体5に送り出す側とは反対側に装備されることから、可動支持具12は固定支持具9が果菜1を果菜受け体5に送り出す側に配置される。支持具走行体11も同じ側(図1では果菜搬送体2の下側)に配置されている。   As shown in FIG. 2, the movable support 12 and the fixed support 9 are arranged so as to sandwich the fruit vegetables at both ends of the fruit carrier 8. That is, since the fixed support 9 is provided on the side opposite to the side where the fruit vegetables 1 are sent to the fruit receiver 5, the movable support 12 is arranged on the side where the fixed support 9 sends the fruit vegetables 1 to the fruit receiver 5. Is done. The support tool traveling body 11 is also arranged on the same side (the lower side of the fruit and vegetable transport body 2 in FIG. 1).

可動支持具12は、果菜1を果菜受け体5に送り出す際には障害となるが、作業員が果菜1を果菜キャリア8に載せる供給部3では果菜載置部13を形成するために必要であり、果菜載置部13で果菜1を所定位置に安定させた状態で果菜判別装置4によって正確な判別を行うために必要である。よって、支持具走行体11を供給部3より手前(果菜搬送体2の走行方向よりも手前)を起点(図1の左端)とし、果菜判別装置4の設置位置と果菜受け体5の設置位置との間(果菜搬送体2の走行方向における間)を終点とする区間で循環走行させ、供給部3と果菜判別装置4を走行している間は果菜キャリア8の上に可動支持具12が出現して果菜載置部13を形成し、果菜受け体5の配置区間を走行している際には可動支持具12が果菜キャリア8の上から除かれる機構とする。なお、支持具走行体11のモータや駆動スプロケット、従動スプロケットは、果菜搬送体2とは別のものを使用してもよいし、図1に示すように果菜搬送体2のものを兼用してもよい。   The movable support 12 becomes an obstacle when the fruit vegetable 1 is sent to the fruit vegetable receptacle 5, but is necessary for the operator 3 to form the fruit vegetable placement part 13 in the supply part 3 where the fruit vegetable 1 is placed on the fruit vegetable carrier 8. Yes, it is necessary for accurate determination by the fruit vegetable discriminating device 4 in a state in which the fruit vegetable mounting unit 13 stabilizes the fruit vegetable 1 at a predetermined position. Therefore, the installation position of the fruit vegetable discriminating device 4 and the installation position of the fruit vegetable receptacle 5 are set with the support tool traveling body 11 as a starting point (the left end in FIG. 1) from the front side of the supply unit 3 (before the running direction of the fruit vegetable transport body 2). The movable support 12 is placed on the fruit vegetable carrier 8 while traveling in the section whose end point is between the two and the fruit vegetable carrier 2 (while the fruit vegetable carrier 2 is traveling). A mechanism for removing the movable support 12 from the fruit carrier 8 when it appears and forms the fruit and vegetables mounting portion 13 and travels in the section where the fruit and vegetable receiver 5 is disposed. Note that the motor, drive sprocket, and driven sprocket of the support tool traveling body 11 may be different from the fruit vegetable carrier 2, or the fruit vegetable carrier 2 as shown in FIG. Also good.

図2に示すように、可動支持具12は支持具走行体11に連結されており、果菜キャリア8の上に果菜載置部13を形成するため可動支持具12が支持具走行体11から張り出した(走行方向側方に突出した)状態となっている。このように可動支持具12が支持具走行体11から張り出した状態で、支持具走行体11の駆動スプロケット(従動スプロケット)内を巻き回してもよいが、この場合駆動スプロケット(従動スプロケット)の機構が複雑かつ大きなものとなる。   As shown in FIG. 2, the movable support 12 is connected to the support traveling body 11, and the movable support 12 protrudes from the support traveling body 11 in order to form the fruit vegetable placement portion 13 on the fruit vegetable carrier 8. It is in a state of projecting to the side in the running direction. Thus, the movable support 12 may be wound around the drive sprocket (driven sprocket) of the support traveling body 11 with the movable support 12 protruding from the support traveling body 11, but in this case, the mechanism of the drive sprocket (driven sprocket) Becomes complicated and large.

このような機構を避けるため、図3に示すように、可動支持具12を支持具走行体11の方へ移動させ全体幅を縮めた上で、駆動スプロケット(従動スプロケット)内を巻き回すこともできる。図2に示すように、可動支持具12の一部を連結点14で支持具走行体11にピン結合させて、支持具走行体11に対して回転可能とし、可動支持具12が支持具走行体11の上方(あるいは下方)に回転移動できる構造とする。この回転機構付きの可動支持具12は、図3に示すように、張り出し案内体15によって果菜キャリア8の上に張り出して果菜載置部13を形成し、収納案内体16によって支持具走行体11の方へ納められて移動幅が縮小する。   In order to avoid such a mechanism, as shown in FIG. 3, the movable support 12 may be moved toward the support traveling body 11 to reduce the overall width and then be wound around the drive sprocket (driven sprocket). it can. As shown in FIG. 2, a part of the movable support 12 is pin-coupled to the support traveling body 11 at a connection point 14 so that the movable support 12 can rotate with respect to the support traveling body 11. The structure is configured to be able to rotate and move above (or below) the body 11. As shown in FIG. 3, the movable support 12 with the rotation mechanism projects over the vegetable carrier 8 by the overhanging guide body 15 to form the fruit vegetable mounting portion 13, and the support guide traveling body 11 with the storage guide body 16. The movement width is reduced by being placed toward the.

具体的には、支持具走行体11の方へ納められた可動支持具12が走行していくと、可動支持具12の一部が張り出し案内体15に接触し、さらに走行すると張り出し案内体15に押されて回転しながら徐々に果菜キャリア8の上に張り出していく。果菜キャリア8とともに果菜判別装置4を通過した可動支持具12は、その一部が張り収納案内体16に接触し、さらに走行していくと収納案内体16に案内されるように回転しながら徐々に支持具走行体11の方へ納められていく。   Specifically, when the movable support 12 stored in the direction of the support tool traveling body 11 travels, a part of the movable support tool 12 comes into contact with the overhanging guide body 15 and further travels, the overhang guide body 15. It gradually protrudes onto the fruit vegetable carrier 8 while being pushed by and rotated. A part of the movable support 12 that has passed through the fruit vegetable discriminating device 4 together with the fruit vegetable carrier 8 comes into contact with the tension storage guide body 16 and gradually rotates while being guided so as to be guided by the storage guide body 16 as it travels further. It is stored in the direction of the support tool traveling body 11.

供給部3では作業者が、果菜キャリア8の上で固定支持具9と可動支持具12によって形成される果菜載置部13に、果菜1を載置する。果菜載置部13によって、果菜1が載置されるべき位置が明示されているので、作業者は容易に作業することができる。なお、作業者によらず、果菜1を載せ置く装置や作業ロボットによって載置作業を行ってもよい。   In the supply unit 3, the operator places the fruit vegetables 1 on the fruit vegetable placement part 13 formed by the fixed support 9 and the movable support 12 on the fruit carrier 8. Since the position where the fruit vegetables 1 should be placed is clearly shown by the fruit vegetables placing section 13, the operator can easily work. Note that the placement work may be performed by a device or work robot on which the fruit vegetables 1 are placed, regardless of the operator.

果菜判別装置4に搬送されてくる果菜1は、果菜載置部13によって果菜1の載置位置や載置姿勢が一定しているので、安定して判別することができて正確な判別結果を出力することができる。   The fruit and vegetable 1 conveyed to the fruit and vegetable determination device 4 can be determined stably and an accurate determination result can be obtained because the mounting position and mounting posture of the fruit and vegetable 1 are fixed by the fruit and vegetable mounting unit 13. Can be output.

果菜受け体5まで搬送されてきた果菜1は、果菜判別装置4の判別結果に基づいてあらかじめ定められた果菜受け体5に送り出される。この果菜受け体5をベルトコンベアとして、果菜1が送り込まれたときに果菜受け体5のベルトコンベアが果菜一個分だけ移動して次の果菜1を載せ置くスペースを作ることもできる。あるいは、果菜1が送り込まれる直前に果菜受け体5のベルトコンベアが果菜一個分だけ移動して果菜1を載せ置くスペースを作ることもできる。この繰り返しにより、判別結果に応じて所定規格の果菜1が果菜受け体5に順次送り込まれ、果菜1が果菜受け体5のベルトコンベアにプールされていく。   The fruit vegetable 1 that has been transported to the fruit vegetable receiver 5 is sent to the fruit vegetable receiver 5 that is determined in advance based on the determination result of the fruit vegetable determination device 4. By using this fruit vegetable receiver 5 as a belt conveyor, when the fruit vegetable 1 is fed, the belt conveyor of the fruit vegetable receiver 5 moves by one fruit vegetable to make a space for placing the next fruit vegetable 1 thereon. Alternatively, just before the fruit vegetable 1 is fed, the belt conveyor of the fruit vegetable receiver 5 moves by one fruit vegetable to make a space for placing the fruit vegetable 1 on it. By repeating this, fruit vegetables 1 of a predetermined standard are sequentially sent to the fruit vegetable receiver 5 according to the determination result, and the fruit vegetables 1 are pooled on the belt conveyor of the fruit vegetable receiver 5.

(実施形態1の使用例)
本願発明の果菜自動選別装置を利用した果菜自動選別方法の具体的な使用例は、以下に示すとおりである。
(1)果菜搬送体2及び果菜支持体10が循環走行を開始する。
(2)起点側(図1の左端側)では、果菜支持体10の可動支持具12が支持具走行体11の方へ納められており、可動支持具12は支持具走行体11と上下方向に重なって走行する。
(3)供給部3に向けて走行している途中に、張り出し案内体15によって可動支持具12が果菜搬送体2の果菜キャリア8の上に張り出し、固定支持具9ととともに果菜載置部13を形成する。
(4)可動支持具12は果菜キャリア8と略等速で並走し、果菜載置部13の形成を維持しながら供給部3まで走行する。
(5)供給部3において、果菜キャリア8の上の果菜載置部13に作業者が果菜1を載せていく。
(6)果菜判別装置4まで、可動支持具12は果菜キャリア8と略等速で並走して果菜載置部13の形成を維持し、定位置、定姿勢の果菜1を判別する。判別にあたっては、果菜1の形状、大きさ、重量、糖度等が計測され、自動的に規格が判別される。
(7)果菜判別装置4を通過し、所定の位置まで進むと、可動支持具12は収納案内体16に案内されて支持具走行体11の方へ納められ、スプロケットを回転して起点側に復路を戻る。すなわち、ここで可動支持具12は果菜キャリア8との並走から離れ、果菜キャリア8は単独で走行する。
(8)果菜キャリア8が、果菜判別装置4で判別された規格と合致する果菜受け体5まで搬送されると、果菜キャリア8は走行方向(矢印a方向)に対して交差する方向に回動し、果菜1が固定支持具9に押し出されるように果菜受け体5に送り出される。
(9)果菜1が果菜受け体5まで移動すると、果菜受け体5のベルトコンベアが果菜一個分だけ移動して次の果菜1を載せ置くスペースを作る。
(10)果菜キャリア8が従動スプロケット6bまで走行すると、スプロケットを回転して起点側(図1の左側)に復路を戻る。
(Usage example of Embodiment 1)
The specific usage example of the fruit vegetable automatic selection method using the fruit vegetable automatic selection apparatus of this invention is as follows.
(1) The fruit and vegetable carrier 2 and the fruit and vegetable support 10 start circulating.
(2) On the starting side (the left end side in FIG. 1), the movable support 12 of the fruit vegetable support 10 is housed toward the support travel 11, and the movable support 12 is connected to the support travel 11 in the vertical direction. Drive on top of each other.
(3) While traveling toward the supply unit 3, the movable support 12 projects over the vegetable carrier 8 of the vegetable transporter 2 by the overhanging guide body 15, and the vegetable mounting unit 13 together with the fixed support 9. Form.
(4) The movable support 12 runs in parallel with the fruit vegetable carrier 8 at substantially the same speed, and travels to the supply unit 3 while maintaining the formation of the fruit vegetable placement unit 13.
(5) In the supply unit 3, the worker places the fruit vegetables 1 on the fruit vegetable placement part 13 on the fruit vegetable carrier 8.
(6) Up to the fruit vegetable discriminating device 4, the movable support 12 runs parallel to the fruit vegetable carrier 8 at substantially the same speed to maintain the formation of the fruit vegetable mounting portion 13 and discriminate the fruit vegetables 1 in a fixed position and a constant posture. In the determination, the shape, size, weight, sugar content, etc. of the fruit vegetable 1 are measured, and the standard is automatically determined.
(7) After passing through the fruit vegetable discriminating device 4 and proceeding to a predetermined position, the movable support 12 is guided by the storage guide 16 and is stored toward the support travel 11, and the sprocket is rotated to the starting side. Return on the return path. That is, here, the movable support 12 is separated from the parallel running with the vegetable carrier 8, and the vegetable carrier 8 runs alone.
(8) When the fruit carrier 8 is transported to the fruit receiver 5 that matches the standard determined by the fruit determination device 4, the fruit carrier 8 rotates in a direction intersecting the traveling direction (arrow a direction). Then, the fruit vegetable 1 is sent to the fruit vegetable receptacle 5 so as to be pushed out to the fixed support 9.
(9) When the fruit vegetable 1 moves to the fruit vegetable receiver 5, the belt conveyor of the fruit vegetable receiver 5 moves by one fruit vegetable to make a space for placing the next fruit vegetable 1.
(10) When the fruit vegetable carrier 8 travels to the driven sprocket 6b, the sprocket rotates to return to the starting point side (left side in FIG. 1).

(実施形態2)
本願発明の果菜自動選別装置及び果菜自動選別方法の第2の実施形態について説明する。
本実施形態は、果菜キャリア8の果菜載置部13の形成手段を実施形態1と異なる手段とするものであり、その基本的構造や使用方法は実施形態1と共通する。
(Embodiment 2)
A second embodiment of the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus and the fruit vegetable automatic sorting method of the present invention will be described.
In the present embodiment, the means for forming the fruit vegetable placement portion 13 of the fruit carrier 8 is different from that in the first embodiment, and the basic structure and method of use are the same as those in the first embodiment.

実施形態1では、果菜キャリア8に装備された固定支持具9と、支持具走行体11とともに走行する可動支持具12とによって果菜載置部13を形成する実施形態を説明したが、この固定支持具9に代えて二つの支持具走行体11で果菜載置部13を形成することもできる。   In the first embodiment, the embodiment has been described in which the fruit and vegetables mounting portion 13 is formed by the fixed support 9 provided on the fruit carrier 8 and the movable support 12 that travels together with the support travel body 11. Instead of the tool 9, the fruit vegetable placement portion 13 can be formed by the two support tool traveling bodies 11.

果菜搬送体2の両脇に、果菜搬送体2を挟むようにそれぞれ果菜支持体10を配置し、果菜キャリア8が搬送方向に備えられる間隔と略等間隔に、可動支持具12を支持具走行体11に装備する。果菜搬送体2の両脇を走行する一組の可動支持具12は、果菜キャリア8の搬送速度とほぼ等速で走行し、果菜キャリア8の上で果菜載置部13を形成する。両側から可動支持具12が果菜1を挟むように支持し、載置位置や載置姿勢を一定にする。   The vegetable support 10 is arranged on both sides of the vegetable transporter 2 so as to sandwich the fruit transporter 2, and the movable support 12 travels on the movable support 12 at approximately the same interval as the fruit carrier 8 is provided in the transport direction. Equip to body 11. The pair of movable supports 12 that run on both sides of the fruit vegetable carrier 2 run at substantially the same speed as the conveying speed of the fruit vegetable carrier 8 to form the fruit vegetable placement portion 13 on the fruit vegetable carrier 8. The movable support tool 12 supports the fruit vegetables 1 from both sides to make the placement position and the placement posture constant.

両側の支持具走行体11ともに、供給部3より手前を起点とし、果菜判別装置4の設置位置と果菜受け体5の設置位置との間までを終点とする区間を循環走行させ、供給部3と果菜判別装置4を走行している間は果菜キャリア8の上で二つの可動支持具12が出現して果菜載置部13を形成し、果菜受け体5の配置区間を走行している際には二つの可動支持具12が果菜キャリア8の上から除かれる機構とする。   Both the support tool traveling bodies 11 on both sides are circulated in a section starting from the front of the supply unit 3 and ending between the installation position of the fruit vegetable discrimination device 4 and the installation position of the fruit vegetable receiving body 5, and the supply unit 3 While the fruit vegetable discriminating device 4 is traveling, two movable supports 12 appear on the fruit carrier 8 to form the fruit vegetable placing portion 13 and travel in the arrangement section of the fruit vegetable receptacle 5. The mechanism is such that the two movable supports 12 are removed from the fruit carrier 8.

(実施形態3)
本願発明の果菜自動選別装置及び果菜自動選別方法の第3の実施形態を図4に基づいて説明する。本実施形態は、果菜キャリア8の果菜載置部13の形成手段を実施形態1や実施形態2と異なる手段とするものであり、その基本的構造や使用方法は実施形態1や実施形態2と共通する。
(Embodiment 3)
A third embodiment of the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus and the fruit vegetable automatic sorting method of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. In the present embodiment, the means for forming the fruit vegetable mounting portion 13 of the fruit vegetable carrier 8 is different from that in the first and second embodiments, and the basic structure and method of use thereof are the same as those in the first and second embodiments. Common.

実施形態1では、果菜キャリア8に装備された固定支持具9と、支持具走行体11とともに走行する可動支持具12とによって果菜載置部13を形成する実施形態を説明したが、この可動支持具12に代えて固定された果菜支持体10で果菜載置部13を形成することもできる。   In the first embodiment, the embodiment has been described in which the fruit and vegetables mounting portion 13 is formed by the fixed support 9 mounted on the fruit vegetable carrier 8 and the movable support 12 that travels with the support travel body 11. It is also possible to form the fruit and vegetables mounting portion 13 with the fruit and vegetable support 10 fixed in place of the tool 12.

図4に示す果菜支持体10は、供給部3より手前を起点とし、果菜判別装置4と果菜受け体5の設置位置との間を終点とする区間に張設された支持ロープ17である。この支持ロープ17は果菜キャリア8の上で、果菜キャリア8の固定支持具9とともに果菜載置部13を形成する。固定支持具9は、実施形態1と同様、果菜キャリア8の果菜1を送り出す側とは反対側(図4の上側)に装備されるため、支持ロープ17は果菜キャリア8の果菜1を送り出す側(図4の下側)に配置される。なお支持ロープ17には、ロープ状のもののほか帯状のものや板状のものなど種々選択することができる。また、その材料も果菜1を傷めない素材であれば様々なものを選択することができる。   The fruit vegetable support 10 shown in FIG. 4 is a support rope 17 stretched in a section starting from the front of the supply unit 3 and ending between the fruit vegetable discriminating device 4 and the fruit vegetable receiver 5 installation position. The support rope 17 forms the fruit vegetable placement portion 13 on the fruit vegetable carrier 8 together with the fixed support 9 of the fruit vegetable carrier 8. As in the first embodiment, the fixed support 9 is provided on the side opposite to the side of the fruit carrier 8 that sends out the fruit vegetables 1 (the upper side in FIG. 4), and therefore the support rope 17 is the side that sends out the fruit vegetables 1 of the fruit carrier 8. (Lower side in FIG. 4). The support rope 17 can be variously selected in addition to the rope shape, such as a belt shape or a plate shape. Various materials can be selected as long as the material does not damage the fruit vegetables 1.

支持ロープ17の張設区間を、供給部3より手前から、果菜判別装置4と果菜受け体5の設置位置との間までとすることで、この区間のみ果菜キャリア8の上で果菜載置部13が形成され、果菜受け体5の配置区間を走行している際には果菜キャリア8の上に支持ロープ17はなく、果菜1は円滑に果菜キャリア8から果菜受け体5まで送り出される。   By setting the stretched section of the support rope 17 from the front side of the supply section 3 to the position between the fruit vegetable discriminating device 4 and the fruit vegetable receiving body 5, the fruit vegetable mounting section is placed on the fruit carrier 8 only in this section. 13 is formed, and the supporting rope 17 is not provided on the fruit carrier 8 when traveling in the arrangement section of the fruit receiver 5, and the fruit vegetable 1 is smoothly fed from the fruit carrier 8 to the fruit receiver 5.

図4に示すように、支持ロープ17の張設区間の両端にプーリー18を配置し、支持ロープ17が移動できるようにすることもできる。この場合、果菜キャリア8の上に載せられた果菜1と支持ロープ17の間で生じる摩擦が緩和され、果菜1の載置位置や載置姿勢がより安定し、また果菜1を傷めることなく搬送することができる。   As shown in FIG. 4, pulleys 18 may be arranged at both ends of the stretched section of the support rope 17 so that the support rope 17 can move. In this case, the friction generated between the fruit vegetable 1 placed on the fruit vegetable carrier 8 and the support rope 17 is alleviated, the placement position and the posture of the fruit vegetable 1 are more stable, and the fruit vegetable 1 is conveyed without being damaged. can do.

(実施形態4)
本願発明の果菜自動選別装置及び果菜自動選別方法の第4の実施形態を図5に基づいて説明する。本実施形態は、果菜1のサイズ別、形状別、色別、糖度別といった各種規格(等階級等)を判別する手段を実施形態1と異なる手段とするものであり、その基本的構造や使用方法は実施形態1〜3と共通する。
(Embodiment 4)
A fourth embodiment of the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus and the fruit vegetable automatic sorting method of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. In the present embodiment, means for discriminating various standards (such as equal classes) such as size, shape, color, and sugar content of fruit vegetables 1 are different from those in Embodiment 1, and their basic structure and use The method is common to the first to third embodiments.

果菜判別装置4で果菜1の等階級等を判別するだけでは不十分な場合がある。このような場合、供給部3で果菜キャリア8に果菜1を載せる際に作業者が果菜1を目視によって判別する。作業者の目視判別は、果菜判別装置4では判別できない果菜1の傷み、形状の悪さ、色の悪さなどを判別することができるので、果菜判別装置4の判別と併用すると、果菜判別装置4の単独判別に比べてさらに精度良く果菜1を判別することができる。   In some cases, it is not sufficient to discriminate the equal class etc. of the fruit vegetables 1 with the fruit vegetable discrimination device 4. In such a case, when the fruit vegetable 1 is placed on the fruit vegetable carrier 8 by the supply unit 3, the operator visually discriminates the fruit vegetable 1. The visual discrimination of the operator can discriminate the damage, bad shape, bad color, etc. of the fruit vegetable 1 that cannot be discriminated by the fruit vegetable discrimination device 4. The fruit vegetables 1 can be discriminated with higher accuracy than the single discrimination.

作業者の目視判別結果は、果菜キャリア8に果菜1を載せる際に、その場で作業者自身が入力することが望ましい。図5に示すような判別ボタン19を供給部3に備え、この判別ボタン19を押すことで目視判別結果を入力することができる。図5では一つの果菜キャリア8につき判別ボタン19を二つ備えているので、四種類(押す/押さないの組み合わせ)の判別結果を入力することができる。   The operator's visual discrimination result is desirably input by the worker himself / herself on the spot when the fruit vegetable 1 is placed on the fruit vegetable carrier 8. A determination button 19 as shown in FIG. 5 is provided in the supply unit 3, and by pressing this determination button 19, a visual determination result can be input. In FIG. 5, two discrimination buttons 19 are provided for each fruit vegetable carrier 8, so that four types of discrimination results (a combination of pressing / not pressing) can be input.

例えば、左側のみの判別ボタン19を押すとA等級、右側のみの判別ボタン19を押すとB等級、両側の判別ボタン19を押すとC等級、両方押さない場合は果菜判別装置4の判別に委ねる、といった判別方法を採ることができる。   For example, when the discrimination button 19 for the left side only is pressed, the A grade is given, when the discrimination button 19 for the right side is pushed, the B grade is given. When the discrimination button 19 for both sides is pushed, the C grade is given. , And the like can be adopted.

この一つの果菜キャリア8に幾つの判別ボタン19を組み合わせるか(以下、「ボタンセット」という)については、適宜設計できる。一組のボタンセットの判別ボタン19の個数を多くするほど、多種類の判別結果を入力することができるが入力時に困惑し、一組のボタンセットの判別ボタン19の個数を少なくするほど、入力作業が容易になるが判別結果を入力種類は制限される。   How many discriminating buttons 19 are combined with this single vegetable carrier 8 (hereinafter referred to as “button set”) can be designed as appropriate. The larger the number of discrimination buttons 19 in a set of buttons, the more types of discrimination results can be input. Although the work becomes easier, the types of input of the discrimination results are limited.

果菜キャリア8に載せた果菜1を判別して判別ボタン19を押すことから、ボタンセットは対応する果菜キャリア8に隣接していることが望ましい。これにより、判別した果菜1に対してどのボタンセットに入力すべきかが明確となるからである。また、ボタンセットは作業者に対してできるだけ近いところに配置されることが望ましい。すなわち、果菜キャリア8の両側(搬送方向に対する両側方)のうち、作業者が配置される側(図1、図5では下側)に配置すると、入力作業は容易となる。ところが、前記したとおり、供給部3で作業者が配置されるスペースと果菜受け体5とは、果菜搬送体2に対して同じ側(図1では下側)に配置されることが多いため、果菜受け体5に果菜1を送り出す際、作業者側に配置されたボタンセットが障害となる。   It is desirable that the button set is adjacent to the corresponding vegetable carrier 8 because the vegetable 1 loaded on the vegetable carrier 8 is determined and the determination button 19 is pressed. This is because it becomes clear which button set should be input to the determined fruit vegetable 1. It is desirable that the button set be arranged as close as possible to the operator. That is, if it arrange | positions in the side (lower side in FIG. 1, FIG. 5) by which an operator is arrange | positioned among the both sides (both sides with respect to a conveyance direction) of the fruit vegetable carrier 8, an input operation will become easy. However, as described above, the space where the worker is arranged in the supply unit 3 and the fruit vegetable receiving body 5 are often arranged on the same side (lower side in FIG. 1) with respect to the fruit vegetable conveying body 2, When sending the fruit vegetable 1 to the fruit vegetable receptacle 5, the button set disposed on the operator side becomes an obstacle.

そこで、果菜キャリア8とボタンセットは別体とし、果菜搬送体2とは別にボタン搬送体20を備えるものとした。このボタン搬送体20は、図5に示すようにボタン走行体21に多数の判別ボタン19(ボタンセット)が装備されたものであり、ボタン走行体21は果菜搬送体2の無端走行体7と略平行して、循環走行する。
また、ボタンセットは対応する果菜キャリア8との関係が明確となるよう、すなわちボタンセットが対応する果菜キャリア8に隣接するように、ボタンセットが備えられる間隔(走行方向の間隔)と果菜キャリア8の配置間隔を略等間隔とし、ボタンセットの走行速度と果菜キャリア8の搬送速度も略等速としている。このように、ボタンセットは対応する果菜キャリア8と隣接した状態で並走する。
Therefore, the vegetable carrier 8 and the button set are separated from each other, and the button carrier 20 is provided separately from the fruit vegetable carrier 2. As shown in FIG. 5, the button carrier 20 is provided with a number of determination buttons 19 (button sets) on a button traveling body 21, and the button traveling body 21 is connected to the endless traveling body 7 of the fruit vegetable carrier 2. Circulately running in parallel.
Further, the interval between the button sets (the interval in the running direction) and the fruit vegetable carrier 8 so that the relationship between the button set and the corresponding vegetable carrier 8 is clear, that is, the button set is adjacent to the corresponding vegetable carrier 8. Are set at substantially equal intervals, and the traveling speed of the button set and the conveyance speed of the fruit vegetable carrier 8 are also substantially equal. In this way, the button set runs side by side in a state adjacent to the corresponding vegetable carrier 8.

また、果菜受け体5に果菜1を送り出す際、ボタンセットが障害とならないように、ボタン走行体21は供給部3より手前(走行方向における手前)を起点とし、果菜受け体5の設置位置より手前を終点とする区間を循環走行させる。
これにより、供給部3を走行している間は、ボタンセットは果菜キャリア8に隣接した隣接した状態で並走するが、果菜受け体5の配置区間を走行している際にはボタンセットが果菜キャリア8の側方から除かれて、果菜1の送り出しの障害とならない。なお、ボタン走行体21のモータや駆動スプロケット、従動スプロケットは、果菜搬送体2とは別のものを使用してもよいし、果菜搬送体2のものを兼用してもよい。
In order to prevent the button set from becoming an obstacle when the fruit vegetable 1 is delivered to the fruit vegetable receiver 5, the button traveling body 21 starts from the front side (front side in the traveling direction) from the supply unit 3, and is set from the installation position of the fruit vegetable receiver 5. Cycle through the section that ends in the foreground.
As a result, the button set travels side by side in an adjacent state adjacent to the fruit vegetable carrier 8 while traveling through the supply unit 3. It is removed from the side of the fruit vegetable carrier 8 and does not obstruct the delivery of the fruit vegetable 1. The motor, drive sprocket, and driven sprocket of the button traveling body 21 may be different from the fruit and vegetable transport body 2 or may be shared with the fruit and vegetable transport body 2.

(実施形態5)
本願発明の果菜自動選別装置及び果菜自動選別方法の第5の実施形態を図2、図6に基づいて説明する。本実施形態は、果菜搬送体2に判別ボタン19(ボタンセット)を装備した実施形態を説明するものであり、その基本的構造や使用方法は実施形態1〜4と共通する。
(Embodiment 5)
A fifth embodiment of the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus and the fruit vegetable automatic sorting method of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. In this embodiment, an embodiment in which the fruit vegetable carrier 2 is equipped with a discrimination button 19 (button set) is described, and its basic structure and usage are the same as those in the first to fourth embodiments.

図2に示すように果菜搬送体2の支持具走行体11に、判別ボタン19(ボタンセット)を装備し、ボタン走行体21を省略することができる。この場合、ボタン入力の作業性から、判別ボタン19は支持具走行体11の作業者配置側(図2では下側)に装備されることが望ましい。   As shown in FIG. 2, the determination tool 19 (button set) is equipped in the support tool traveling body 11 of the fruit vegetable transporting body 2, and the button traveling body 21 can be omitted. In this case, it is desirable that the discrimination button 19 is provided on the worker arrangement side (lower side in FIG. 2) of the support tool traveling body 11 from the workability of button input.

また、可動支持具12と判別ボタン19は、略同じ位置で支持具走行体11に装備されることになる。可動支持具12が、収納案内体16によって支持具走行体11の方へ納められることに配慮し、図6に示すように可動支持具12と判別ボタン19との装備高さをそれぞれ違う高さとし、可動支持具12の回転平面よりも下方に判別ボタン19を装備する。これにより、可動支持具12は判別ボタン19をかわして回転し支持具走行体11の方へ納められる。   In addition, the movable support 12 and the determination button 19 are mounted on the support travel body 11 at substantially the same position. Considering that the movable support 12 is accommodated toward the support travel body 11 by the storage guide body 16, the heights of the movable support 12 and the discrimination button 19 are set differently as shown in FIG. The discriminating button 19 is provided below the plane of rotation of the movable support 12. As a result, the movable support 12 rotates around the determination button 19 and is placed toward the support travel body 11.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置及び果菜自動選別方法は、果菜の選別に限られず、農産物、海産物等の一次産業品、工業製品のような二次産業品といった各種物品の自動選別に応用することもできる。   The fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus and the fruit vegetable automatic sorting method of the present invention are not limited to fruit vegetable sorting, but can also be applied to automatic sorting of various articles such as primary industrial products such as agricultural products and marine products, and secondary industrial products such as industrial products. it can.

1 果菜
2 果菜搬送体
3 供給部
4 果菜判別装置
5 果菜受け体
6a 駆動スプロケット
6b 従動スプロケット
7 無端走行体
8 果菜キャリア
9 固定支持具
10 果菜支持体
11 支持具走行体
12 可動支持具
13 果菜載置部
14 連結点
15 張り出し案内体
16 収納案内体
17 支持ロープ
18 プーリー
19 判別ボタン
20 ボタン搬送体
21 ボタン走行体
M モータ
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Fruit vegetable 2 Fruit vegetable conveyance body 3 Supply part 4 Fruit vegetable discrimination device 5 Fruit vegetable receiving body 6a Drive sprocket 6b Driven sprocket 7 Endless traveling body 8 Fruit vegetable carrier 9 Fixed support 10 Fruit vegetable support 11 Support tool traveling body 12 Movable support 13 Mounted on fruit vegetables Place 14 Connection point 15 Overhang guide body 16 Storage guide body 17 Support rope 18 Pulley 19 Discrimination button 20 Button carrier 21 Button travel body M Motor

Claims (10)

無端走行体に多数の果菜キャリアを備えた果菜搬送体の走行により、果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を搬送し、搬送中に果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を計測して果菜の等階級を判別し、果菜判別装置による判別結果に応じて搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して、等階級別に選別する果菜自動選別装置において、
搬送方向に多数の果菜キャリアが装備された果菜搬送体と、
前記果菜搬送体の果菜搬送途中に設置された果菜判別装置と、
果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を支持する果菜支持体を備え、
前記果菜キャリアは往復回転可能なベルトを備えたベルトコンベア式であり、
前記果菜支持体は、前記果菜搬送体と平行して走行する支持具走行体に多数の可動支持具が装備されており、
前記果菜支持体は、前記ベルトの往回転方向先方であって、前記果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向手前を起点とし、前記果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向後方を終点とする区間に設置され、当該設置区間において循環走行可能であり、
前記果菜支持体の可動支持具は、前記果菜キャリアのベルトの上から外まで回動可能であり、ベルトの上に回動することにより、当該ベルトの上であって、当該支持具よりもベルトの往回転方向先方に果菜載置部を形成することができ、
前記果菜載置部に載せた果菜は前記果菜判別装置を通過する間は、前記果菜支持体によって果菜載置部の位置で支持可能であり、
果菜判別装置によって判別された果菜等階級の結果に基づいて、前記果菜の選別が可能である、
ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置。
By transporting the fruit vegetable carrier with many fruit vegetable carriers on the endless traveling body, the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier are conveyed, and during the conveyance, the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier are measured to classify the fruit vegetables. discriminated, the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus turned out to conveyance direction side, screened by an equal rank the fruit vegetables being conveyed in accordance with by that determination result to the fruit vegetable discriminating device,
A fruit transporter equipped with a large number of fruit vegetable carriers in the transport direction;
A fruit vegetable discrimination device installed in the middle of the fruit vegetable conveyance of the fruit vegetable carrier;
A fruit vegetable support that supports the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier,
The fruit vegetable carrier is a belt conveyor type equipped with a reciprocating belt,
The fruit vegetable support is equipped with a large number of movable supports on a support traveling body that travels in parallel with the vegetable transporter,
The fruit vegetable support is a forward direction of the belt in the forward rotation direction, starting from a position in front of the fruit vegetable determination direction with respect to the installation position of the fruit vegetable determination device, and an end point in the fruit conveyance direction from the position of the fruit vegetable determination device Installed in the section to be able to circulate in the installation section,
The movable support of the fruit vegetable support can be rotated from above the belt of the fruit vegetable carrier to the outside. By rotating on the belt, the movable support is above the belt and more than the support. Can be formed in the forward rotation direction of the
While the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable placement part passes through the fruit vegetable discrimination device, it can be supported at the position of the fruit vegetable placement part by the fruit vegetable support,
Based on the determined fruit vegetables such as floor-grade results by fruit vegetables discriminating apparatus, it is possible to sort the fruit vegetables,
Fruit vegetable automatic sorting device characterized by that.
請求項1記載の果菜自動選別装置において、
果菜キャリアが、ベルトの上方に突出する固定支持具を備え、この固定支持具とベルトの上に回動した果菜支持体の可動支持具が間隔を開けて対向配置されて、前記固定支持具と可動支持具の間に果菜載置部が形成され、可動支持具が回動してベルトの上から外れると果菜キャリアのベルトの往回転方向先方が開放される、
ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置。
In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting device according to claim 1,
The vegetable carrier is provided with a fixed support protruding above the belt, and the fixed support and the movable support of the fruit vegetable support rotated on the belt are arranged to face each other at an interval, and the fixed support A fruit vegetable mounting portion is formed between the movable support members, and when the movable support member rotates and comes off the belt, the forward rotation direction of the belt of the fruit vegetable carrier is released.
Fruit vegetable automatic sorting device characterized by that.
無端走行体に多数の果菜キャリアを備えた果菜搬送体の走行により、果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を搬送し、搬送中に果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を計測して果菜の等階級を判別し、果菜判別装置による判別結果に応じて搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して、等階級別に選別する果菜自動選別装置において、
搬送方向に多数の果菜キャリアが装備された果菜搬送体と、
前記果菜搬送体の果菜搬送途中に設置された果菜判別装置と、
果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を支持する果菜支持体を備え、
前記果菜キャリアは往復回転可能なベルトを備えたベルトコンベア式であり、
前記果菜支持体は、前記果菜搬送体と平行して走行するロープ状又は帯状又は板状であり、
前記果菜支持体は、前記ベルトの往回転方向先方であって、前記果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向手前を起点とし、前記果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向後方を終点とする区間に設置され、当該設置区間において循環走行可能であり、
前記果菜支持体は果菜キャリアのベルトの上に配置されて、当該ベルトの上であってベルトの往回転方向先方に果菜載置部を形成し、
前記果菜支持体は前記果菜載置部に載せた果菜が前記果菜判別装置を通過する間は、当該果菜を果菜載置部の位置に支持可能であり、
果菜判別装置によって判別された果菜等階級の結果に基づいて、前記果菜の選別が可能である、
ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置。
By transporting the fruit vegetable carrier with many fruit vegetable carriers on the endless traveling body, the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier are conveyed, and during the conveyance, the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier are measured to classify the fruit vegetables. discriminated, the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus turned out to conveyance direction side, screened by an equal rank the fruit vegetables being conveyed in accordance with by that determination result to the fruit vegetable discriminating device,
A fruit transporter equipped with a large number of fruit vegetable carriers in the transport direction;
A fruit vegetable discrimination device installed in the middle of the fruit vegetable conveyance of the fruit vegetable carrier;
A fruit vegetable support that supports the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier,
The fruit vegetable carrier is a belt conveyor type equipped with a reciprocating belt,
The fruit vegetable support is in the form of a rope, strip or plate that runs parallel to the fruit vegetable carrier,
The fruit vegetable support is a forward direction of the belt in the forward rotation direction, starting from a position in front of the fruit vegetable determination direction with respect to the installation position of the fruit vegetable determination device, and an end point in the fruit conveyance direction from the position of the fruit vegetable determination device Installed in the section to be able to circulate in the installation section,
The fruit vegetable support is disposed on a belt of a fruit vegetable carrier, and forms a fruit vegetable mounting portion on the belt and in the forward rotation direction of the belt,
The fruit vegetable support can support the fruit vegetable at the position of the fruit vegetable placement part while the fruit vegetable placed on the fruit vegetable placement part passes through the fruit vegetable discrimination device,
Based on the determined fruit vegetables such as floor-grade results by fruit vegetables discriminating apparatus, it is possible to sort the fruit vegetables,
Fruit vegetable automatic sorting device characterized by that.
請求項3記載の果菜自動選別装置において、
果菜キャリアが、ベルトの上方に突出する固定支持具を備え、この固定支持具とベルトの上方に配置されたロープ状又は帯状又は板状の果菜支持体が間隔を開けて対向配置されて、固定支持具と果菜支持体の間に果菜載置部が形成され、果菜搬送体が果菜支持体を通過すると、果菜キャリアのベルトの往回転方向先方が開放される、
ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置。
In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting device according to claim 3,
The vegetable carrier is provided with a fixed support protruding above the belt, and the fixed support and a rope-like, belt-like or plate-like fruit vegetable support arranged above the belt are arranged opposite to each other and fixed. When the fruit and vegetable support is formed between the support and the fruit and vegetable support, and the fruit and vegetable carrier passes through the fruit and vegetable support, the forward rotation direction of the belt of the fruit and vegetable carrier is released.
Fruit vegetable automatic sorting device characterized by that.
無端走行体に多数の果菜キャリアを備えた果菜搬送体の走行により、果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を搬送し、搬送中に果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を計測して果菜の等階級を判別し、果菜判別装置による判別結果に応じて搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して、等階級別に選別する果菜自動選別装置において、
搬送方向に多数の果菜キャリアが装備された果菜搬送体と、
前記果菜搬送体の果菜搬送途中に設置された果菜判別装置と、
果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を支持する果菜支持体を備え、
前記果菜キャリアは往復回転可能なベルトを備えたベルトコンベア式であり、ベルトの上方に突出する固定支持具を備え、その固定支持具と果菜支持体が間隔を開けて対向配置されて、当該支持具よりもベルトの往回転方向先方に果菜載置部が設けられ、
前記果菜支持体は、前記果菜搬送体と平行して走行する支持具走行体に多数の可動支持具が装備された支持具搬送体であり、
前記支持具搬送体は、前記ベルトの往回転方向先方であって、前記果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向手前を起点とし、前記果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向後方を終点とする区間に設置され、当該設置区間において循環走行可能であり、
前記果菜載置部に載せた果菜は前記果菜判別装置を通過する間は、前記果菜支持体によって果菜載置部の位置で支持可能であり、
果菜判別装置によって判別された果菜等階級の結果に基づいて、前記果菜選別が可能である、
ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置。
By transporting the fruit vegetable carrier with many fruit vegetable carriers on the endless traveling body, the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier are conveyed, and during the conveyance, the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier are measured to classify the fruit vegetables. discriminated, the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus turned out to conveyance direction side, screened by an equal rank the fruit vegetables being conveyed in accordance with by that determination result to the fruit vegetable discriminating device,
A fruit transporter equipped with a large number of fruit vegetable carriers in the transport direction;
A fruit vegetable discrimination device installed in the middle of the fruit vegetable conveyance of the fruit vegetable carrier;
A fruit vegetable support that supports the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier,
The fruit and vegetable carrier is a belt conveyor type having a reciprocatingly rotating belt, and includes a fixed support protruding above the belt, and the fixed support and the fruit and vegetable support are arranged to face each other with a gap therebetween. The fruit vegetable placement part is provided ahead of the tool in the forward rotation direction of the belt,
The fruit vegetable support is a support tool transport body equipped with a large number of movable support tools on a support tool traveling body that travels in parallel with the fruit vegetable transport body,
The support tool transport body is ahead of the belt in the forward rotation direction, starting from a position in front of the fruit vegetable discrimination direction with respect to the installation position of the fruit vegetable discrimination device, and ending in the rear side of the fruit vegetable transport direction from the installation position of the fruit vegetable discrimination device Is installed in the section and can circulate in the installation section,
While the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable placement part passes through the fruit vegetable discrimination device, it can be supported at the position of the fruit vegetable placement part by the fruit vegetable support,
Based on the determined fruit vegetables such as floor-grade results by fruit vegetables discriminating apparatus, it is possible to sort the fruit vegetables,
Fruit vegetable automatic sorting device characterized by that.
請求項1又は請求項2又は請求項5に記載の果菜自動選別装置において、
可動支持具は、支持具搬送体の無端走行体に回転可能に装備され、果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向手前で果菜キャリアのベルトの上方に回転して、そのベルトの上に果菜載置部を形成し、前記果菜判別装置の設置位置よりも果菜搬送方向後方で、前記可動支持具を果菜搬送体よりも外側まで回転させた状態で支持具搬送体の循環走行が可能である、
ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置。
In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting device according to claim 1 or claim 2 or claim 5,
The movable support is rotatably mounted on the endless traveling body of the support transporter, and rotates above the belt of the vegetable carrier in front of the fruit vegetable transporting direction from the installation position of the fruit vegetable discriminating device, and the fruit vegetables are placed on the belt. A mounting part is formed, and the support tool transporter can circulate in a state where the movable support tool is rotated to the outside of the fruit vegetable transporting body behind the fruit vegetable transporting direction from the installation position of the fruit vegetable discrimination device. ,
Fruit vegetable automatic sorting device characterized by that.
請求項1から請求項6のいずれか1項に記載の果菜自動選別装置において、
果菜支持体よりも搬送方向後方であって、果菜搬送体の側方に設置されるベルトコンベア式の果菜受け体を一又は二以上備え、
ベルトが果菜判別装置によって判別された果菜等階級の結果に基づいて回転して、果菜載置部の上の果菜を前記果菜受け体へ送り出すことが可能である、
ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置。
In the fruit vegetable automatic selection device according to any one of claims 1 to 6,
One or two or more belt conveyor type fruit vegetable receivers installed behind the fruit vegetable support in the conveying direction and on the side of the fruit vegetable conveying body,
Belt is rotated based on the determined fruit vegetables such as floor-grade results by fruit vegetables discriminating apparatus, it is possible to feed the fruit vegetables over fruit vegetables mounting portion into said fruit vegetables receiving body,
Fruit vegetable automatic sorting device characterized by that.
請求項1から請求項7のいずれか1項に記載の果菜自動選別装置において、
果菜搬送体と平行して走行する無端走行体に、作業者が果菜キャリアに載せる果菜を判別した判別結果を入力する判別ボタンが多数装備されたボタン搬送体を備え、
前記果菜搬送体の果菜キャリアに果菜を載せる供給部において、一又は二以上のボタンを一組とするボタンセットが、一の果菜キャリアと並んで走行し、
前記果菜搬送体の供給部で、果菜キャリアに果菜を載せる作業者による判別結果を、当該果菜キャリアと並走する前記ボタンセットの操作により入力可能であり、
前記果菜判別装置によって判別された果菜等階級の判別結果及び前記作業者による判別結果に基づいて、前記果菜選別が可能である、
ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置。
In the fruit vegetable automatic selection device according to any one of claims 1 to 7,
The endless traveling body that travels in parallel with the fruit vegetable transport body includes a button transport body equipped with a number of determination buttons for inputting the determination results of determining the fruit vegetables put on the fruit vegetable carrier by the operator,
In the supply unit for placing fruit vegetables on the fruit vegetable carrier of the fruit vegetable carrier, a button set having one or two or more buttons as a set runs alongside one fruit vegetable carrier,
In the supply part of the fruit vegetable carrier, the determination result by the worker who places the fruit vegetables on the fruit vegetable carrier can be input by operating the button set running in parallel with the fruit vegetable carrier,
Based on the discrimination result by the discrimination result and the worker fruit vegetables such as floor grade, which is determined by the fruiting determination device, it is possible to sort the fruit vegetables,
Fruit vegetable automatic sorting device characterized by that.
無端走行体に多数の果菜キャリアを備えた果菜搬送体の走行により、果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を搬送し、搬送中に果菜キャリアの上に載せた果菜を計測して果菜の等階級を判別し、果菜判別装置による判別結果に応じて搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して、等階級別に選別する果菜自動選別方法において、
請求項1から請求項8のいずれか1項に記載の果菜自動選別装置を使用し、
前記果菜自動選別装置の果菜キャリアのベルトの上の、果菜支持体によって形成された果菜載置部の上に果菜を載せて搬送し、果菜載置部に載せられた果菜を所定の載置位置及び載置姿勢となるように、前記ベルトの上の果菜支持体で支持して前記果菜判別装置を通過させ、
前記支持された果菜を果菜判別装置によって計測して果菜等階級を判別し、
前記果菜支持体がその循環走行により前記計測後に前記果菜キャリアの上から外れてから、前記果菜キャリアのベルトが、前記判別結果に基づいて回転して果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して選別する、
ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別方法。
By transporting the fruit vegetable carrier with many fruit vegetable carriers on the endless traveling body, the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier are conveyed, and during the conveyance, the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable carrier are measured to classify the fruit vegetables. discriminated, it turned out to conveyance direction side of fruit vegetables being conveyed in accordance with by that determination result to the fruit vegetable discriminating device, in fruit vegetables automatic sorting method for sorting by an equal rank,
Use the fruit vegetable automatic sorting device according to any one of claims 1 to 8,
On the belt of the fruit vegetable carrier of the fruit vegetable automatic sorting device, the fruit vegetables are transported on the fruit vegetable placing portion formed by the fruit vegetable support, and the fruit vegetables placed on the fruit vegetable placing portion are placed at a predetermined placement position. And so as to be in the mounting posture, it is supported by the fruit vegetable support on the belt and passed through the fruit vegetable discrimination device,
Wherein a supported fruiting determines fruit vegetables such as floor grade is measured by fruiting discriminating device,
After the fruit vegetable support is removed from above the fruit carrier after the measurement due to the circulation running, the belt of the fruit vegetable carrier rotates based on the determination result to send out the fruit vegetables to the side in the conveying direction and select,
The fruit vegetable automatic selection method characterized by this.
請求項9記載の果菜自動選別方法において、
果菜搬送体のベルトに果菜を載せる果菜供給部において、一又は二以上の判別ボタンを一組とするボタン搬送体を一の果菜キャリアと並んで走行させ、
作業者が果菜キャリアのベルトに載せる果菜を目視判別し、作業者が前記判別ボタンを操作して前記判別結果を入力し、
前記作業者による判別結果と、果菜判別装置による判別結果に基づいて、果菜を等階級別に仕分けして選別する、
ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別方法。
In the fruit vegetable automatic selection method according to claim 9,
In the fruit supply unit that places the fruit and vegetables on the belt of the fruit and vegetable carrier, the button carrier that has one or more discrimination buttons as a set is run side by side with the one vegetable carrier,
The operator visually discriminates the fruit vegetables to be put on the belt of the fruit vegetable carrier, the operator operates the discrimination button and inputs the discrimination result,
Based on the discrimination result by the worker and the discrimination result by the fruit vegetable discrimination device, the fruit vegetables are sorted and classified by equal class,
The fruit vegetable automatic selection method characterized by this.
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