JP4520535B2 - Fruit and vegetable automatic sorting device - Google Patents

Fruit and vegetable automatic sorting device Download PDF

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JP4520535B2
JP4520535B2 JP2010010525A JP2010010525A JP4520535B2 JP 4520535 B2 JP4520535 B2 JP 4520535B2 JP 2010010525 A JP2010010525 A JP 2010010525A JP 2010010525 A JP2010010525 A JP 2010010525A JP 4520535 B2 JP4520535 B2 JP 4520535B2
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vegetable
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fruit vegetable
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和男 宮田
和彦 山岡
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日本協同企画株式会社
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Description

本願発明は、各種果菜をサイズ別、形状別、糖度別など規格(等階級)別に選別するための自動選別装置に関するものであり、特にトマト、桃、梨、茄子、メロン、小玉西瓜などの果菜の選別に適したものである。   The present invention relates to an automatic sorting device for sorting various fruit vegetables according to standards (equal class) such as size, shape, sugar content, etc. Especially fruit vegetables such as tomatoes, peaches, pears, eggplants, melons, and Kodamanishi. It is suitable for sorting.

トマトなどの果菜を選別する装置として、図7に示すものがある。これはチェーン(無端搬送帯)1に多数の果菜キャリア2が連結されており、各キャリア2の上面が可倒式の受皿となり、果菜3をこの受皿の上においてキャリア2に供給すると、搬送途中に計測部で等階級が判別され、その判別信号に基づいて、所定の仕分け用の果菜引受け体(ベルトコンベアやテーブル)4のところで受皿が横転され、果菜3が転がりながら果菜引受け体4上にプールされ、仕分けされるというものである。   As an apparatus for selecting fruit vegetables such as tomatoes, there is an apparatus shown in FIG. This is because a large number of fruit vegetable carriers 2 are connected to a chain (endless conveyance belt) 1, and the upper surface of each carrier 2 becomes a collapsible saucer. In the measuring section, the equal class is discriminated, and on the basis of the discrimination signal, the tray is rolled over at a predetermined sorter fruit acceptor (belt conveyor or table) 4 and the fruit vegetables 3 roll on the fruit acceptor 4. It is pooled and sorted.

図7の選別装置では、走行中の果菜キャリア2から受皿を横転させて果菜3を排出するために、第1に、受皿横転倒時の落下と転がりで果菜3が痛み、第2に、果菜引受け体4が果菜キャリア2の進行方向に対して真横に引出すもの或いは単なるテーブルであるために、果菜キャリア2の進行方向への運動が急に規制されて、果菜3は果菜引受け体4上を斜め横方向に勢い良く転がって進むこととなり、さらなる傷みの発生を生じさせる。果菜3がトマトの場合、熟す前の青くかたい状態で出荷することも多いため、この選果機も広く使われてきたが、しかしながら傷みを問題視する場合には、高価で維持コストの高いパン方式の選果機を選択するしかなかった。   In the sorting apparatus shown in FIG. 7, in order to cause the saucer to roll over from the running vegetable carrier 2 and to discharge the fruit vegetables 3, firstly, the fruit vegetable 3 hurts due to the fall and rolling when the saucer rolls over, and secondly, the fruit vegetables. Since the accepting body 4 is a table that is pulled out sideways with respect to the advancing direction of the fruit vegetable carrier 2 or is merely a table, the movement in the advancing direction of the fruit vegetable carrier 2 is suddenly restricted, and the fruit vegetable 3 moves on the fruit vegetable accepting body 4. It rolls in a slanting lateral direction and causes further damage. When fruit vegetables 3 are tomatoes, they are often shipped in a blue and hard state before ripening, so this fruit selection machine has also been widely used. However, when considering damage as a problem, it is expensive and expensive to maintain. There was no choice but to select a bread type fruit sorting machine.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、請求項1記載のように、果菜キャリアに果菜を載せて搬送し、搬送中の果菜の等階級等を計測装置で判別し、搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して判別結果別に選別する果菜自動選別装置において、前記果菜キャリアは無端搬送体にその搬送方向に並べて多数連結され、夫々の果菜キャリアは果菜搬送ラインの側方に往復回動するベルトコンベア式であって、その上側ベルト表面の一部に果菜を載せ置く果菜載置部を備え、その果菜載置部が、果菜搬送方向に一列又は略一列に並べて配置され前記果菜載置部に果菜を載せて搬送される果菜キャリアのベルトが、前記判別結果に基づいて搬送方向側方へ往回動することによって前記果菜を果菜搬送ラインの側方に送り出し可能であると共に、果菜送り出し後に前記果菜キャリアが復回転して果菜載置部が元の位置に復帰可能であり、前記果菜キャリアの走行ラインは、搬送方向手前に果菜供給部を備え、その先に搬送中の果菜の等階級等を計測する計測部を備え、その先に計測済みの果菜を等階級等別に仕分けする仕分け部を備え、前記果菜供給部の側方には、作業員が果菜を載せる作業空間があり、前記計測部には計測装置があり、前記仕分け部の側方に果菜引受け体が二以上配置され、二以上の果菜引受け体は果菜キャリアの搬送方向に間隔をあけて配置され、前記果菜引受け体の側方に作業員が作業できる広さの作業空間が設けられ、前記果菜キャリアと前記果菜引受け体との間に斜め引出しコンベアが配置され、前記斜め引出しコンベアはローラーコンベア式であり、前記果菜引受け体はベルトコンベア式であり、前記斜め引出しコンベアは、前記仕分け部において果菜キャリアから送り出される果菜を果菜搬送方向に対して斜め先方に搬送でき、前記果菜引受け体は斜め引出しコンベアから送り込まれる果菜を引継ぎ、間欠運転の繰り返しにより果菜引受け体の上に二以上の果菜をプールできるものである。 The fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus according to the present invention, as described in claim 1 , carries the fruit vegetables on the fruit carrier and conveys them, discriminates the equal class of the fruit vegetables being conveyed by the measuring device, and determines the fruit vegetables being conveyed on the conveyance direction side. In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting device that sends out to the side and sorts by the discrimination result, a large number of the fruit vegetable carriers are connected to the endless conveyance body in the conveying direction, and each of the fruit vegetable carriers reciprocally rotates to the side of the fruit vegetable conveying line. A fruit vegetable placing part for placing fruit vegetables on a part of the upper belt surface, and the fruit vegetable placing parts are arranged in a line or substantially in a line in the fruit conveying direction, and the fruit vegetables are placed in the fruit vegetable placing part. The fruit vegetable carrier that is transported with the fruit can be fed to the side of the fruit vegetable conveyance line by rotating forward in the conveyance direction side based on the determination result, The fruit carrier is rotated backward and the fruit vegetable placement part can be returned to the original position, and the travel line of the fruit vegetable carrier is provided with a fruit supply part in front of the conveying direction, and the fruit vegetables being conveyed, etc. Provided with a measuring unit for measuring the class, etc., and further provided with a sorting unit for sorting the measured fruit vegetables according to the equal class, etc., on the side of the fruit supply part, there is a work space where the worker puts the fruit vegetables, The measuring unit has a measuring device, and two or more fruit vegetable acceptors are arranged on the side of the sorting unit, and the two or more fruit vegetable acceptors are arranged at intervals in the conveying direction of the fruit vegetable carrier. A working space of a size that allows a worker to work is provided on the side of the fruit vegetable carrier, an oblique drawer conveyor is disposed between the fruit vegetable carrier and the fruit vegetable acceptor, the oblique drawer conveyor is a roller conveyor type, and the fruit vegetables Underwriter It is a belt conveyor type, and the oblique drawer conveyor can convey the fruit vegetables sent out from the fruit vegetable carrier in the sorting section diagonally forward with respect to the fruit vegetable conveying direction, and the fruit vegetable acceptor takes over the fruit vegetables fed from the oblique drawer conveyor, By repeating intermittent operation, two or more fruit vegetables can be pooled on the fruit vegetable acceptor.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、請求項2記載のように、果菜キャリアに果菜を載せて搬送し、搬送中の果菜の等階級等を計測装置で判別し、搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して判別結果別に選別する果菜自動選別装置において、前記果菜キャリアは無端搬送体にその搬送方向に並べて多数連結され、夫々の果菜キャリアは果菜搬送ラインの側方に往復回動するベルトコンベア式であって、その上側ベルト表面の一部に果菜を載せ置く果菜載置部を備え、その果菜載置部が、果菜搬送方向に一列又は略一列に並べて配置され前記果菜載置部に果菜を載せて搬送される果菜キャリアのベルトが、前記判別結果に基づいて搬送方向側方へ往回動することによって前記果菜を果菜搬送ラインの側方に送り出し可能であると共に、果菜送り出し後に前記果菜キャリアが復回転して果菜載置部が元の位置に復帰可能であり、前記果菜キャリアの走行ラインは、搬送方向手前に果菜供給部を備え、その先に搬送中の果菜の等階級等を計測する計測部を備え、その先に計測済みの果菜を等階級等別に仕分けする仕分け部を備え、前記果菜供給部の側方には、作業員が果菜を載せる作業空間があり、前記計測部には計測装置があり、前記仕分け部の側方に果菜引受け体が二以上配置され、二以上の果菜引受け体は果菜キャリアの搬送方向に間隔をあけて配置され、前記果菜引受け体の側方に作業員が作業できる広さの作業空間が設けられ、前記果菜キャリアと前記果菜引受け体との間に斜め引出しコンベアが配置され、前記斜め引出しコンベアはローラーコンベア式であり、果菜キャリアから水平に横移動されて送り出される果菜を引継ぎできるように、果菜キャリア側端部が果菜キャリアに接近して配置され、前記果菜引受け体は、ベルトコンベア式であり、斜め引出しコンベアから送り出される果菜を引継ぎできるように、斜め引出しコンベア側端部が斜め引出しコンベアに接近して配置され、前記斜め引出しコンベアは、前記仕分け部において果菜キャリアから送り出される果菜を果菜搬送方向に対して斜め先方に搬送できるように、果菜キャリアの果菜搬送方向に対して斜め先方に回転可能であり且つ前記斜め先方に向けて配置されて、前記果菜引受け体は斜め引出しコンベアから送り込まれる果菜を引継ぎ、間欠運転の繰り返しにより果菜引受け体の上に二以上の果菜をプールできるものである。 As described in claim 2 , the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus according to the present invention carries the fruit vegetables on the fruit carrier and conveys them, discriminates the equal classes of the fruit vegetables being conveyed by the measuring device, and determines the fruit vegetables being conveyed on the conveyance direction side. In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus which sends out to the direction and sorts by the discrimination result, a large number of the fruit vegetable carriers are connected to the endless conveying body in the conveying direction, and each of the fruit vegetable carriers is reciprocally rotated to the side of the fruit vegetable conveying line. A fruit vegetable placing part for placing fruit vegetables on a part of the upper belt surface, and the fruit vegetable placing parts are arranged in a line or substantially in a line in the fruit conveying direction, and the fruit vegetables are placed in the fruit vegetable placing part. The fruit vegetable carrier that is transported with the fruit can be fed to the side of the fruit vegetable conveyance line by rotating forward in the conveyance direction side based on the determination result, The fruit carrier is rotated backward and the fruit vegetable placement part can be returned to the original position, and the travel line of the fruit vegetable carrier is provided with a fruit supply part in front of the conveying direction, and the fruit vegetables being conveyed, etc. Provided with a measuring unit for measuring the class, etc., and further provided with a sorting unit for sorting the measured fruit vegetables according to the equal class, etc., on the side of the fruit supply part, there is a work space where the worker puts the fruit vegetables, The measuring unit has a measuring device, and two or more fruit vegetable acceptors are arranged on the side of the sorting unit, and the two or more fruit vegetable acceptors are arranged at intervals in the conveying direction of the fruit vegetable carrier. A working space having a width that allows an operator to work is provided on the side of the fruit vegetable carrier, an oblique drawer conveyor is disposed between the fruit vegetable carrier and the fruit vegetable acceptor, and the oblique drawer conveyor is a roller conveyor type, and the fruit vegetable carrier From The side of the fruit carrier is arranged close to the fruit carrier so that the fruit that is horizontally moved and taken over can be taken over, and the fruit undertaker is a belt conveyor type, and the fruit vegetables fed from the oblique drawer conveyor The diagonal drawer conveyor side end is arranged close to the diagonal drawer conveyor so that it can be handed over, and the diagonal drawer conveyor can convey the fruit vegetables sent out from the fruit vegetable carrier in the sorting section diagonally ahead of the fruit vegetable conveyance direction. As described above, the fruit carrier can be rotated obliquely forward with respect to the fruit-conveying direction of the fruit and vegetable carrier, and is disposed toward the obliquely-preceding direction. Two or more fruit vegetables can be pooled on the fruit vegetable acceptor.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、請求項3記載のように、前記果菜自動選別装置において、ローラーコンベアは多数のローラが果菜キャリアの進行方向に複数並べたものとすることもできる。In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus according to the third aspect of the present invention, in the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus, the roller conveyor may have a plurality of rollers arranged in the traveling direction of the fruit vegetable carrier.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、請求項4記載のように、果菜キャリアに果菜を載せて搬送し、搬送中の果菜の等階級等を計測装置で判別し、搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して判別結果別に選別する果菜自動選別装置において、前記果菜キャリアは無端搬送体にその搬送方向に並べて多数連結され、夫々の果菜キャリアは果菜搬送ラインの側方に往復回動するベルトコンベア式であって、その上側ベルト表面の一部に果菜を載せ置く果菜載置部を備え、その果菜載置部が、果菜搬送方向に一列又は略一列に並べて配置され前記果菜載置部に果菜を載せて搬送される果菜キャリアのベルトが、前記判別結果に基づいて搬送方向側方へ往回動することによって前記果菜を果菜搬送ラインの側方に送り出し可能であると共に、果菜送り出し後に前記果菜キャリアが復回転して果菜載置部が元の位置に復帰可能であり、前記果菜キャリアの走行ラインは、搬送方向手前に果菜供給部を備え、その先に搬送中の果菜の等階級等を計測する計測部を備え、その先に計測済みの果菜を等階級等別に仕分けする仕分け部を備え、前記果菜供給部の側方には、作業員が果菜を載せる作業空間があり、前記計測部には計測装置があり、前記仕分け部の側方に果菜引受け体が二以上配置され、二以上の果菜引受け体は果菜キャリアの搬送方向に間隔をあけて配置され、前記果菜引受け体の側方に作業員が作業できる広さの作業空間が設けられ、前記果菜キャリアと前記果菜引受け体との間に斜め引出しコンベアが配置され、前記斜め引出しコンベアはベルトコンベア式であり、前記果菜引受け体はベルトコンベア式であり、前記斜め引出しコンベアは、前記仕分け部において果菜キャリアから送り出される果菜を果菜搬送方向に対して斜め先方に搬送でき、前記果菜引受け体は斜め引出しコンベアから送り込まれる果菜を引継ぎ、間欠運転の繰り返しにより果菜引受け体の上に二以上の果菜をプールできるものである。As described in claim 4, the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus according to the present invention carries the fruit vegetables on the fruit carrier, conveys the same class of the fruit vegetables being conveyed by the measuring device, and determines the fruit vegetables being conveyed on the conveyance direction side. In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus that sends out to the direction and sorts by the discrimination result, a plurality of the fruit vegetable carriers are connected to the endless conveyance body in the conveying direction, and each of the fruit vegetable carriers reciprocally rotates to the side of the fruit vegetable conveying line. A fruit vegetable placing part for placing fruit vegetables on a part of the upper belt surface, and the fruit vegetable placing parts are arranged in a line or substantially in a line in the fruit conveying direction, and the fruit vegetables are placed in the fruit vegetable placing part. The fruit vegetable carrier belt that is transported with the fruit can be rotated to the side in the conveying direction based on the determination result, whereby the fruit vegetables can be sent to the side of the fruit vegetable conveying line, and the fruit vegetables are fed out. The fruit carrier is rotated backward and the fruit vegetable placement part can be returned to the original position, and the travel line of the fruit vegetable carrier is provided with a fruit supply part in front of the conveying direction, and the fruit vegetables being conveyed, etc. Provided with a measuring unit for measuring the class, etc., and further provided with a sorting unit for sorting the measured fruit vegetables according to the equal class, etc., on the side of the fruit supply part, there is a work space where the worker puts the fruit vegetables, The measuring unit has a measuring device, and two or more fruit vegetable acceptors are arranged on the side of the sorting unit, and the two or more fruit vegetable acceptors are arranged at intervals in the conveying direction of the fruit vegetable carrier. A working space having a size that allows an operator to work is provided on the side of the fruit vegetable carrier, an oblique drawer conveyor is disposed between the fruit vegetable carrier and the fruit vegetable acceptor, the oblique drawer conveyor is a belt conveyor type, and the fruit vegetables The underwriter is It is a belt conveyor type, and the oblique drawer conveyor can convey the fruit and vegetables sent out from the fruit and vegetable carrier in the sorting section diagonally forward with respect to the fruit and vegetable conveying direction, and the fruit and vegetable receiving body takes over the fruit and vegetables fed from the oblique drawer and intermittent By repeating the operation, two or more fruit vegetables can be pooled on the fruit undertaker.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、請求項記載のように、果菜キャリアに果菜を載せて搬送し、搬送中の果菜の等階級等を判別し、搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して判別結果別に選別する果菜自動選別装置において、前記果菜キャリアは、無端搬送体にその搬送方向に並べて多数連結され、前記判別結果に基づいて回動して、その上に載せてある果菜を水平に横移動させて搬送方向側方に送り出すことができ、果菜引受け体が、前記果菜キャリアの搬送方向側方に、果菜キャリアの搬送方向に間隔をあけて二以上配置され、前記果菜キャリアと前記果菜引受け体との間に斜め引出しコンベアが配置され、前記斜め引出しコンベアは、ベルトコンベア式であり、果菜キャリアから水平に横移動されて送り出される果菜を引継ぎできるように配置され、前記果菜引受け体は、ベルトコンベア式であり、斜め引出しコンベアから送り出される果菜を引継ぎできるように配置され、前記斜め引出しコンベアは、果菜キャリアの果菜搬送方向に対して斜め先方に回転可能であり且つ前記斜め先方に向けて配置され、前記果菜キャリアは、その上の果菜を搬送中に引継ぎできるように果菜搬送方向に沿って配置され、前記果菜引受け体は斜め引出しコンベアから果菜が送り込まれるときに間欠運転して果菜を引継ぎ、間欠運転の繰り返しにより果菜引受け体の上に二以上の果菜をプールできるものである。 As described in claim 5 , the automatic fruit vegetable sorting apparatus of the present invention carries fruit vegetables on a fruit carrier and conveys them, discriminates the class of fruit vegetables being conveyed, etc., and sends the fruit vegetables being conveyed to the side in the conveying direction. In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus that sorts by the discrimination result, a large number of the fruit vegetable carriers are connected to the endless transport body in the transport direction, rotated based on the discrimination result, and the fruit vegetables placed thereon are horizontally Can be moved laterally and sent out in the transport direction side, and the fruit vegetable acceptor is disposed at two or more sides in the transport direction of the fruit vegetable carrier at intervals in the transport direction of the fruit vegetable carrier, the fruit carrier and the An oblique drawer conveyor is disposed between the fruit vegetable acceptor, and the oblique drawer conveyor is a belt conveyor type, which can take over the fruit vegetables that are horizontally moved from the fruit vegetable carrier and delivered. The fruit vegetable acceptor is a belt conveyor type and is arranged so as to be able to take over the fruit vegetables fed from the oblique drawer conveyor, and the oblique drawer conveyor rotates obliquely forward with respect to the fruit vegetable conveying direction of the fruit vegetable carrier. The fruit vegetable carrier is arranged along the fruit vegetable conveying direction so that the fruit vegetable carrier can be taken over during conveyance, and the fruit vegetable acceptor receives the fruit vegetables from the oblique drawer conveyor. When being sent, it is intermittently operated to take over the fruit vegetables, and by repeating the intermittent operation, two or more fruit vegetables can be pooled on the fruit vegetable acceptor.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、請求項記載のように、前記果菜自動選別装置において、斜め引出しコンベアが果菜搬送方向斜め先方に駆動される細身の搬送ベルトを果菜キャリアの進行方向に複数本並べたものとすることもできる。 The automatic vegetable vegetable sorting apparatus according to the present invention is the automatic vegetable vegetable sorting device according to claim 6 , wherein a plurality of slender conveyor belts whose diagonally-drawing conveyors are driven obliquely forward in the vegetable vegetable conveying direction are provided in the direction of the vegetable carrier carrier. It can also be arranged.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、請求項記載のように、前記果菜自動選別装置において、果菜載置部が上側ベルト表面の一部に高低差を設けて形成されたものである。 Fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus of the present invention, as claimed in claim 7, wherein in the fruit vegetable automatic sorting device, in which fruiting mounting portion is formed by providing a height difference in a part of the upper belt surface.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置は、請求項8記載のように、前記果菜自動選別装置において、果菜キャリアは果菜搬送ラインの側方に往復回動するベルトコンベア式であって、果菜載置部がすり鉢状に凹んだ形状であり、このすり鉢状の凹みに載せた果菜を安定した状態で搬送可能なものである。 Fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus of the present invention, as claimed in claim 8, in the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus, fruit vegetable carrier is a belt conveyor type which reciprocating rotation on the side of the fruit vegetables conveying line, the fruit vegetables mounting portion It has a shape that is recessed in a mortar shape, and can transfer the fruit vegetables placed in this mortar-shaped dent in a stable state.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置では、仕分排出部5の果菜キャリア2と果菜引受け体4との間に、果菜キャリア2から排出される果菜3を同果菜キャリア2の進行方向から20度乃至70度の範囲内の斜方向に引出して果菜引受け体4へと送り出す斜め引出しコンベア6を備えており、果菜引受け体4に移るまでに、一旦斜めに運ばれるため、果菜3の運動方向の変化が少なく、果菜3の転がりを低減することができ、安全な仕分けが可能となる。 In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus according to the present invention, the fruit vegetables 3 discharged from the fruit carrier 2 between the fruit carrier 2 and the fruit acceptor 4 in the sorting discharge unit 5 are 20 degrees to 70 degrees from the traveling direction of the fruit carrier 2. Is provided with an oblique drawer conveyor 6 that is pulled out in a slanting direction within the range and fed to the fruit vegetable acceptor 4 and is transported obliquely before moving to the fruit vegetable acceptor 4, so that there is little change in the direction of movement of the fruit vegetables 3 The rolling of the fruit vegetables 3 can be reduced, and safe sorting becomes possible.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置では、果菜キャリア2が、ベルトコンベア式のキャリアであるため、果菜3の排出が水平に横移動されて斜め引出しコンベア6に送り出されるため、転倒式の果菜キャリア2に比べて大幅に果菜3の転倒を防止することができ、転がり等をほぼ防止できる安全な仕分けが可能となる。傷みが生じやすい、桃や梨などの選果にも利用することができる。 In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus according to the present invention, since the fruit vegetable carrier 2 is a belt conveyor type carrier, the discharge of the fruit vegetables 3 is horizontally moved and sent to the diagonally-drawn conveyor 6. Compared with this, it is possible to prevent the fruit vegetables 3 from falling over, and it is possible to perform safe sorting that can substantially prevent rolling and the like. It can also be used to select fruits such as peaches and pears that are easily damaged .

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置では、斜め引出しコンベア6が、その引出し方向に駆動される細身の搬送ベルト30を、果菜キャリア2の進行方向に沿って複数本並べて構成したものであるため、構造が安価で簡潔となる。 In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus of the present invention, the oblique drawer conveyor 6 is configured by arranging a plurality of thin conveyor belts 30 driven in the pulling direction along the traveling direction of the fruit vegetable carrier 2, so that the structure is Inexpensive and concise.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置では、斜め引出しコンベア6が、その引出し方向に回転される搬送ローラを多数本敷き詰めて構成したものであるため、ベルトの場合と同様に、果菜を斜め先方に運ぶことができる。 In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus according to the present invention, the oblique drawer conveyor 6 is constructed by laying a large number of conveying rollers that are rotated in the pulling direction, so that the fruit vegetables are conveyed diagonally forward as in the case of the belt. Can do.

本願発明の果菜自動選別装置の実施形態を示した平面図であり、供給部や計測部、果菜仕分け部を部分的に示したものである。It is the top view which showed embodiment of the fruit vegetable automatic selection apparatus of this invention, and shows a supply part, a measurement part, and a fruit vegetable sorting part partially. (a)は果菜受け体の平面図、(b)は(a)の側面図、(c)は(a)の正面図。(A) is a top view of a fruit vegetable receptacle, (b) is a side view of (a), (c) is a front view of (a). 本願発明の果菜自動選別装置の全体的な構成を示した平面図。The top view which showed the whole structure of the fruit vegetable automatic selection apparatus of this invention. (a)〜(c)は果菜キャリアに取り付ける受け部材の説明図。(A)-(c) is explanatory drawing of the receiving member attached to a vegetable carrier. 本願発明の果菜自動選別装置における斜め引出しコンベアの一例であり、(a)は側面図、(b)は平面図。It is an example of the diagonal drawer conveyor in the fruit vegetable automatic selection apparatus of this invention, (a) is a side view, (b) is a top view. 本願発明の果菜自動選別装置における斜め引出しコンベアの他の例を示した平面図。The top view which showed the other example of the diagonal drawer | drawer conveyor in the fruit vegetable automatic selection apparatus of this invention. 従来の果菜自動選別装置の概略を示した平面図。The top view which showed the outline of the conventional fruit vegetable automatic selection apparatus.

(実施の形態1)
図1、3は本願発明の果菜自動選別装置の実施形態を示した平面図であり、トマト用の選別装置として構成したものである。この装置は、大きさ的にオーバーラップする桃や梨、さらには長さ20cmまでの茄子の選別にも兼用することができる。図1、3の1は図示されていない駆動機構により図中の矢印a方向に進行される無端搬送帯(ドライブチェーン)であり、30m長の長尺なフレーム9に沿って2本設けられている。図1、3の2はトマト3を載せて搬送する果菜キャリアであり、ドライブチェーン1に連結されて図中の矢印a方向に走行される。
(Embodiment 1)
1 and 3 are plan views showing an embodiment of an automatic fruit vegetable sorting apparatus according to the present invention, which is configured as a sorting apparatus for tomatoes. This device can also be used for sorting peaches and pears that overlap in size, as well as eggplants up to 20 cm in length. Reference numerals 1 and 3 in FIG. 1 denote endless transport bands (drive chains) that are advanced in the direction of arrow a in the drawing by a drive mechanism (not shown), and are provided along a long frame 9 having a length of 30 m. Yes. Reference numeral 2 in FIGS. 1 and 3 denotes a fruit vegetable carrier that carries the tomato 3 and is connected to the drive chain 1 and travels in the direction of arrow a in the figure.

図1、3の果菜キャリア2は、詳細を図2(a)〜(c)に示すように、長さ360mm、幅140mm、高さ50mmのステンレス製フレーム10と、同フレーム10の長手方向両端(軸間距離330mm)に回転自在に取り付けられた回転ローラ11a、11bと、これら回転ローラ11a、11b間に掛け渡された幅130mmの搬送ベルト12とを備えたベルトコンベア式のキャリアである。   As shown in FIGS. 2A to 2C, the fruit vegetable carrier 2 in FIGS. 1 and 3 has a stainless steel frame 10 having a length of 360 mm, a width of 140 mm, and a height of 50 mm, and both longitudinal ends of the frame 10. This is a belt conveyor type carrier provided with rotating rollers 11a and 11b that are rotatably mounted at an inter-axis distance of 330 mm, and a conveyor belt 12 having a width of 130 mm that is stretched between the rotating rollers 11a and 11b.

図2のフレーム10は、底面中央に、フレームの長手方向に沿って長さ170mm、幅10mmの長穴14が開口されている。この長穴14には、同長穴14に沿って図中の矢印e−f方向にのみ150mmの距離を移動可能なスライドピン15が取り付けられている。このスライドピン15の上端15aは、搬送ベルト12に固定された金具16と連結されており、またスライドピン15の下端15bはフレーム10の下側に20mmほど突き出されている。同ピン15の下部にはベアリング17が取り付けられており、これを矢印e−f方向にスライドすると、上部に連結された搬送ベルト12を最大で150mm往復移動することができる。フレーム10の上部には、搬送ベルト12を受けて支持するための支持板18が取り付けられている(図2(a)にのみ図示)。   In the frame 10 of FIG. 2, a long hole 14 having a length of 170 mm and a width of 10 mm is opened in the center of the bottom surface along the longitudinal direction of the frame. A slide pin 15 that can move a distance of 150 mm along the elongated hole 14 only in the direction of arrow ef in the figure is attached to the elongated hole 14. An upper end 15 a of the slide pin 15 is connected to a metal fitting 16 fixed to the conveyor belt 12, and a lower end 15 b of the slide pin 15 protrudes to the lower side of the frame 10 by about 20 mm. A bearing 17 is attached to the lower part of the pin 15, and when this is slid in the direction of the arrow ef, the conveying belt 12 connected to the upper part can reciprocate up to 150 mm. A support plate 18 for receiving and supporting the conveyor belt 12 is attached to the upper portion of the frame 10 (shown only in FIG. 2A).

図2の搬送ベルト12は、詳細を図4に示すように、その上側部分のベルト表面のトマト3を載せ置く部分(果菜載置部33)に、長さ200mm、幅130mmのシート状の受け部材13が貼付けられている。この受け部材13は、表面に最大高さ3mmの突条19が複数本形成されており、これら突条19の上端は、トマト3を載せる部分がすり鉢状に凹まされるよう、且つ細長い茄子を縦向きに載せることができるように長手方向に長い楕円のすり鉢状にカットされている。この受け部材13は、可撓性に富むエラストマなどの素材で作成されており、回転ローラ11aを曲がる際に、搬送ベルト12から浮き上がったり、しわが出たりすることなく、滑らかに曲がるようになっている。   As shown in detail in FIG. 4, the conveyor belt 12 shown in FIG. 2 has a sheet-shaped receptacle having a length of 200 mm and a width of 130 mm on a portion (fruit and vegetable placement portion 33) on which the tomato 3 on the belt surface of the upper portion is placed. Member 13 is affixed. The receiving member 13 has a plurality of ridges 19 having a maximum height of 3 mm formed on the surface, and the upper ends of the ridges 19 are formed so that the portion on which the tomato 3 is placed is recessed in a mortar shape, and a long and narrow cocoon is vertically It is cut into an elliptical mortar shape that is long in the longitudinal direction so that it can be placed in the direction. The receiving member 13 is made of a material such as an elastomer having a high flexibility. When the rotating roller 11a is bent, the receiving member 13 can be smoothly bent without being lifted from the conveying belt 12 or wrinkled. ing.

図3に示す長大な果菜キャリア2の走行ラインは、搬送方向手前の区間A(約6〜7m)が、果菜キャリア2にトマト3を載せるためのトマト供給部であり、続く区間B(約1〜2m)がトマト3の等階級を計測する計測部であり、以降の区間Cは仕分け部となっている。   In the traveling line of the long fruit vegetable carrier 2 shown in FIG. 3, the section A (about 6 to 7 m) before the transport direction is a tomato supply part for placing the tomato 3 on the fruit carrier 2, and the following section B (about 1 ~ 2m) is a measuring unit for measuring the equal class of the tomato 3, and the subsequent section C is a sorting unit.

図3の区間Aには、ライン脇に数人の作業員が立ち並び、収穫されたトマト3を一つずつ果菜キャリア2に載せ置いて供給する。   In section A in FIG. 3, several workers stand alongside the line, and the harvested tomatoes 3 are placed on the vegetable carrier 2 and supplied one by one.

図3の区間Bの計測部には、画像処理による計測装置8が設けられており、トマトの大きさ及び形状、傷や色などから、あらかじめ指定された条件に基づいて等階級を判別することができるようになっている。この計測装置からは等階級を代表する判別信号が出力されるようになっている。ロードセルを設けて果菜キャリアの重量を計測してトマト3の重量計測を行うようなこともできる。   The measurement unit 8 in the section B of FIG. 3 is provided with a measurement device 8 based on image processing, and discriminates the equal class based on conditions specified in advance from the size and shape of tomatoes, scratches, colors, and the like. Can be done. From this measuring device, a discrimination signal representing the equal class is output. It is also possible to measure the weight of the tomato 3 by providing a load cell and measuring the weight of the fruit vegetable carrier.

図3の区間Cの各仕分排出部5には、果菜キャリア2の底のスライドピン15(正確にはベアリング17)を操作して搬送ベルト12を図中の矢印b方向に動かすためのスライド手段が設けられている。各スライド手段は、図5に示すような、スライドピン15及びそのベアリング17が差し込まれて走行可能な直進及び斜めのガイド溝20(20a、20b)が形成されたナイロンプレート21と、分岐部22に設けられた切替えバー23と、同バー23の下側に設けられたロータリーソレノイド24とからなる。ロータリーソレノイド24は、区間Bの計測装置8の判別信号を受けて動作するようになっており、例えば、排出すべきトマト3を載せた果菜キャリア2が分岐部22を通過しようとすると、平常時直進状態S1にある切替えバー23を斜め進行状態S2に切り替え、直進ガイド溝20aを進行する果菜キャリア2のスライドピン15を斜めガイド溝20b(直進ガイド溝20aに対して30度の傾き)側に案内し、これによりスライドピン15を矢印g方向に横移動させて、搬送ベルト12を矢印b方向に回動させ、その上に載せられているトマト3を排出する。なお、この区間Cの搬送方向先端部には、斜めガイド溝20bにより、横スライドされたスライドピン15を元の位置に復帰させ、搬送ベルト12を戻すためのガイド25(図3)も設けられている。   In each sorting discharge section 5 in the section C of FIG. 3, slide means for operating the slide pin 15 (more precisely, the bearing 17) on the bottom of the fruit vegetable carrier 2 to move the conveyor belt 12 in the direction of arrow b in the figure. Is provided. As shown in FIG. 5, each slide means includes a nylon plate 21 in which a slide pin 15 and its bearing 17 are inserted and a straight and oblique guide groove 20 (20 a, 20 b) that can run and a branch portion 22. And a rotary solenoid 24 provided on the lower side of the bar 23. The rotary solenoid 24 operates in response to the discrimination signal of the measuring device 8 in the section B. For example, when the fruit carrier 2 with the tomatoes 3 to be discharged tries to pass through the branch portion 22, it is normal. The switching bar 23 in the straight traveling state S1 is switched to the oblique traveling state S2, and the slide pin 15 of the fruit vegetable carrier 2 traveling in the straight traveling guide groove 20a is directed to the oblique guide groove 20b (an inclination of 30 degrees with respect to the straight traveling guide groove 20a). Then, the slide pin 15 is moved laterally in the direction of the arrow g, the transport belt 12 is rotated in the direction of the arrow b, and the tomato 3 placed thereon is discharged. A guide 25 (FIG. 3) for returning the slide belt 15 slid horizontally to the original position and returning the conveyor belt 12 by the oblique guide groove 20b is also provided at the leading end of the section C in the conveyance direction. ing.

図3の各区間Cの各仕分排出部5の側方には、果菜キャリア2から送出されるトマト3を、果菜キャリア2の進行方向から斜め50度の方向に引き出して搬送する斜め引出しコンベア6が設けられている。同斜め引出しコンベア6は、図5に示すように、斜め50度に傾けて配置した細身のベルト30を複数本並列させて構成した構造のベルトコンベアである。各ベルト(この場合、丸ベルト)は、両端に設けられた2個の従動プーリー31a、31bと、下側に設けられた駆動シャフト32とに掛け渡されており、駆動シャフト32とは斜に接触している。駆動シャフト32は図示されていないモーターにより回転されるようになっており、丸ベルト30は若干捻られながらも駆動されて、コンベア上面では、図中の矢印c方向に進行し、その上に送り出されたトマト3を、果菜キャリア2の進行方向から横50度の方向に搬送することが出来るようになっている。丸ベルト30の配列間隔は10mm前後に設定してあり、小粒のトマト3でも、隙間に落ち込むことなく確実に搬送することが出来るようになっている。この斜め引出しコンベア6は、連続運転されるようになっている。   At the side of each sorting and discharging unit 5 in each section C in FIG. 3, a diagonal pull-out conveyor 6 that pulls out and conveys the tomatoes 3 delivered from the fruit carrier 2 in the direction of 50 degrees obliquely from the traveling direction of the fruit carrier 2. Is provided. As shown in FIG. 5, the diagonally-drawing conveyor 6 is a belt conveyor having a structure in which a plurality of slender belts 30 arranged at an angle of 50 degrees are arranged in parallel. Each belt (in this case, a round belt) is stretched between two driven pulleys 31a and 31b provided at both ends and a drive shaft 32 provided on the lower side, and is oblique to the drive shaft 32. In contact. The drive shaft 32 is rotated by a motor (not shown), and the round belt 30 is driven while being slightly twisted, and proceeds in the direction of the arrow c in the figure on the upper surface of the conveyor, and is sent out there. The tomato 3 thus obtained can be conveyed in the direction of 50 degrees from the traveling direction of the fruit vegetable carrier 2. The arrangement interval of the round belts 30 is set to about 10 mm, and even small tomatoes 3 can be reliably conveyed without falling into the gap. The oblique drawer conveyor 6 is continuously operated.

図3の各区間Cの斜め引出しコンベア6の先には、図1、3、5に示すように果菜引受け体(この場合は平ベルトコンベア)4を設けてある。この平ベルトコンベア4は、間欠運転されるコンベアであり、果菜キャリア2から斜め引出しコンベア6を経てトマト3が送り込まれる時にだけ、トマト約1個分の距離だけ(トマト3が1個通過するに必要な時間)自動運転され、平ベルトコンベア4上に間隔を詰めてトマト3をプールすることができるようになっている。   As shown in FIGS. 1, 3, and 5, a fruit vegetable acceptor (in this case, a flat belt conveyor) 4 is provided at the tip of the oblique drawer conveyor 6 in each section C of FIG. 3. This flat belt conveyor 4 is an intermittently operated conveyor, and only when the tomato 3 is fed from the fruit vegetable carrier 2 through the diagonally-drawing conveyor 6 (only one tomato 3 passes). Necessary time) It is automatically operated so that the tomatoes 3 can be pooled at intervals on the flat belt conveyor 4.

(実施の形態2)
本願発明の果菜自動選別装置において、斜め引出しコンベア6は、各種の構造のコンベアを用いることができる。図6は、ローラーコンベアで構成する場合の例であり、直径6〜8mm程度の小径の駆動ローラ30を斜めに傾けて多数配置してなるものである。駆動ローラ30は1本1本中央部分が支持具31で回転自在に保持されていると共に、中央部分に回転駆動用のロープ32がかけられており、同ロープ32によって回転駆動される構造となっている。
(Embodiment 2)
In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting apparatus according to the present invention, the oblique drawer conveyor 6 may be a conveyor having various structures. FIG. 6 shows an example of a case of a roller conveyor, in which a large number of small driving rollers 30 having a diameter of about 6 to 8 mm are inclined and arranged. Each drive roller 30 has a central portion that is rotatably supported by a support 31, and a rotation driving rope 32 is hung on the central portion. The driving roller 30 is driven to rotate by the rope 32. ing.

1 無端搬送帯
2 果菜キャリア
3 果菜
4 果菜引受け体
5 仕分排出部
6 斜め引出しコンベア
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Endless conveyance belt 2 Fruit vegetable carrier 3 Fruit vegetable 4 Fruit vegetable accepting body 5 Sort discharge part 6 Diagonal drawer conveyor

Claims (8)

果菜キャリアに果菜を載せて搬送し、搬送中の果菜の等階級等を計測装置で判別し、搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して判別結果別に選別する果菜自動選別装置において、In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting device that transports fruit vegetables on the fruit carrier, discriminates the equal class etc. of the fruit vegetables being conveyed with the measuring device, sends out the fruit vegetables being conveyed in the conveyance direction side, and sorts by the discrimination result,
前記果菜キャリアは無端搬送体にその搬送方向に並べて多数連結され、夫々の果菜キャリアは果菜搬送ラインの側方に往復回動するベルトコンベア式であって、その上側ベルト表面の一部に果菜を載せ置く果菜載置部を備え、その果菜載置部が、果菜搬送方向に一列又は略一列に並べて配置され前記果菜載置部に果菜を載せて搬送される果菜キャリアのベルトが、前記判別結果に基づいて搬送方向側方へ往回動することによって前記果菜を果菜搬送ラインの側方に送り出し可能であると共に、果菜送り出し後に前記果菜キャリアが復回転して果菜載置部が元の位置に復帰可能であり、The vegetable carrier is connected to an endless carrier in a line in the direction of conveyance, and each of the vegetable carriers is a belt conveyor type that reciprocates to the side of the vegetable conveyance line. The fruit and vegetable mounting section is placed, and the fruit and vegetable mounting section is arranged in a line or substantially in a line in the fruit and vegetable transport direction, and the fruit and vegetable carrier belt that is transported with the fruit and vegetables on the fruit and vegetables mounting section is the determination result. The fruit vegetables can be sent out to the side of the fruit vegetable conveying line by rotating back and forth in the conveying direction, and the fruit carrier carrier is rotated backward after the fruit vegetables are fed, so that the fruit vegetable mounting part is returned to the original position. Can be reinstated,
前記果菜キャリアの走行ラインは、搬送方向手前に果菜供給部を備え、その先に搬送中の果菜の等階級等を計測する計測部を備え、その先に計測済みの果菜を等階級等別に仕分けする仕分け部を備え、The travel line of the fruit vegetable carrier is provided with a fruit vegetable supply unit in front of the conveyance direction, and further includes a measurement unit that measures the equal class of the fruit vegetable being conveyed, and sorts the already measured fruit vegetables by equal class, etc. With a sorting section
前記果菜供給部の側方には、作業員が果菜を載せる作業空間があり、On the side of the fruit vegetable supply section, there is a work space where an operator places fruit vegetables,
前記計測部には計測装置があり、The measuring unit has a measuring device,
前記仕分け部の側方に果菜引受け体が二以上配置され、Two or more fruit vegetable acceptors are arranged on the side of the sorting section,
二以上の果菜引受け体は果菜キャリアの搬送方向に間隔をあけて配置され、Two or more fruit vegetable acceptors are arranged at intervals in the conveyance direction of the fruit vegetable carrier,
前記果菜引受け体の側方に作業員が作業できる広さの作業空間が設けられ、A working space of an area where an operator can work is provided on the side of the fruit vegetable acceptor,
前記果菜キャリアと前記果菜引受け体との間に斜め引出しコンベアが配置され、An oblique drawer conveyor is disposed between the fruit vegetable carrier and the fruit vegetable acceptor,
前記斜め引出しコンベアはローラーコンベア式であり、The oblique drawer conveyor is a roller conveyor type,
前記果菜引受け体はベルトコンベア式であり、The fruit vegetable acceptor is a belt conveyor type,
前記斜め引出しコンベアは、前記仕分け部において果菜キャリアから送り出される果菜を果菜搬送方向に対して斜め先方に搬送でき、The diagonal drawer conveyor can convey the fruit vegetables sent out from the fruit vegetable carrier in the sorting unit diagonally ahead of the fruit vegetable conveyance direction,
前記果菜引受け体は斜め引出しコンベアから送り込まれる果菜を引継ぎ、間欠運転の繰り返しにより果菜引受け体の上に二以上の果菜をプールできる、ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置。An automatic fruit vegetable sorting apparatus, wherein the fruit vegetable acceptor takes over the fruit vegetables fed from the diagonally-drawing conveyor and pools two or more fruit vegetables on the fruit vegetable acceptor body by repeating intermittent operation.
果菜キャリアに果菜を載せて搬送し、搬送中の果菜の等階級等を計測装置で判別し、搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して判別結果別に選別する果菜自動選別装置において、In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting device that transports fruit vegetables on the fruit carrier, discriminates the equal class etc. of the fruit vegetables being conveyed with the measuring device, sends out the fruit vegetables being conveyed in the conveyance direction side, and sorts by the discrimination result,
前記果菜キャリアは無端搬送体にその搬送方向に並べて多数連結され、夫々の果菜キャリアは果菜搬送ラインの側方に往復回動するベルトコンベア式であって、その上側ベルト表面の一部に果菜を載せ置く果菜載置部を備え、その果菜載置部が、果菜搬送方向に一列又は略一列に並べて配置され前記果菜載置部に果菜を載せて搬送される果菜キャリアのベルトが、前記判別結果に基づいて搬送方向側方へ往回動することによって前記果菜を果菜搬送ラインの側方に送り出し可能であると共に、果菜送り出し後に前記果菜キャリアが復回転して果菜載置部が元の位置に復帰可能であり、The vegetable carrier is connected to an endless carrier in a line in the direction of conveyance, and each of the vegetable carriers is a belt conveyor type that reciprocates to the side of the vegetable conveyance line. The fruit and vegetable mounting section is placed, and the fruit and vegetable mounting section is arranged in a line or substantially in a line in the fruit and vegetable transport direction, and the fruit and vegetable carrier belt that is transported with the fruit and vegetables on the fruit and vegetables mounting section is the determination result. The fruit vegetables can be sent out to the side of the fruit vegetable conveying line by rotating back and forth in the conveying direction, and the fruit carrier carrier is rotated backward after the fruit vegetables are fed, so that the fruit vegetable mounting part is returned to the original position. Can be reinstated,
前記果菜キャリアの走行ラインは、搬送方向手前に果菜供給部を備え、その先に搬送中の果菜の等階級等を計測する計測部を備え、その先に計測済みの果菜を等階級等別に仕分けする仕分け部を備え、The travel line of the fruit vegetable carrier is provided with a fruit vegetable supply unit in front of the conveyance direction, and further includes a measurement unit that measures the equal class of the fruit vegetable being conveyed, and sorts the already measured fruit vegetables by equal class, etc. With a sorting section
前記果菜供給部の側方には、作業員が果菜を載せる作業空間があり、On the side of the fruit vegetable supply section, there is a work space where an operator places fruit vegetables,
前記計測部には計測装置があり、The measuring unit has a measuring device,
前記仕分け部の側方に果菜引受け体が二以上配置され、Two or more fruit vegetable acceptors are arranged on the side of the sorting section,
二以上の果菜引受け体は果菜キャリアの搬送方向に間隔をあけて配置され、Two or more fruit vegetable acceptors are arranged at intervals in the conveyance direction of the fruit vegetable carrier,
前記果菜引受け体の側方に作業員が作業できる広さの作業空間が設けられ、A working space of an area where an operator can work is provided on the side of the fruit vegetable acceptor,
前記果菜キャリアと前記果菜引受け体との間に斜め引出しコンベアが配置され、An oblique drawer conveyor is disposed between the fruit vegetable carrier and the fruit vegetable acceptor,
前記斜め引出しコンベアはローラーコンベア式であり、果菜キャリアから水平に横移動されて送り出される果菜を引継ぎできるように、果菜キャリア側端部が果菜キャリアに接近して配置され、The oblique drawer conveyor is a roller conveyor type, and the fruit carrier side end is arranged close to the fruit carrier so that the fruit vegetables that are horizontally moved from the fruit carrier can be taken over,
前記果菜引受け体は、ベルトコンベア式であり、斜め引出しコンベアから送り出される果菜を引継ぎできるように、斜め引出しコンベア側端部が斜め引出しコンベアに接近して配置され、The fruit vegetable acceptor is a belt conveyor type, and the end portion of the oblique drawer conveyor is disposed close to the oblique drawer conveyor so that the fruit vegetables fed from the oblique drawer conveyor can be taken over,
前記斜め引出しコンベアは、前記仕分け部において果菜キャリアから送り出される果菜を果菜搬送方向に対して斜め先方に搬送できるように、果菜キャリアの果菜搬送方向に対して斜め先方に回転可能であり且つ前記斜め先方に向けて配置されて、The diagonal drawer conveyor is rotatable diagonally forward with respect to the fruit carrier conveying direction of the fruit vegetable carrier so that the fruit vegetables fed from the fruit vegetable carrier in the sorting section can be conveyed diagonally forward with respect to the fruit vegetable conveying direction. Placed towards the other side,
前記果菜引受け体は斜め引出しコンベアから送り込まれる果菜を引継ぎ、間欠運転の繰り返しにより果菜引受け体の上に二以上の果菜をプールできる、ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置。An automatic fruit vegetable sorting apparatus, wherein the fruit vegetable acceptor takes over the fruit vegetables fed from the diagonally-drawing conveyor and pools two or more fruit vegetables on the fruit vegetable acceptor body by repeating intermittent operation.
請求項1又は請求項2記載の果菜自動選別装置において、ローラーコンベアは多数のローラが果菜キャリアの進行方向に複数並べたものであることを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置。3. The automatic vegetable vegetable sorting apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the roller conveyor has a plurality of rollers arranged in a moving direction of the vegetable carrier. 果菜キャリアに果菜を載せて搬送し、搬送中の果菜の等階級等を計測装置で判別し、搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して判別結果別に選別する果菜自動選別装置において、In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting device that transports fruit vegetables on the fruit carrier, discriminates the equal class etc. of the fruit vegetables being conveyed with the measuring device, sends out the fruit vegetables being conveyed in the conveyance direction side, and sorts by the discrimination result,
前記果菜キャリアは無端搬送体にその搬送方向に並べて多数連結され、夫々の果菜キャリアは果菜搬送ラインの側方に往復回動するベルトコンベア式であって、その上側ベルト表面の一部に果菜を載せ置く果菜載置部を備え、その果菜載置部が、果菜搬送方向に一列又は略一列に並べて配置され前記果菜載置部に果菜を載せて搬送される果菜キャリアのベルトが、前記判別結果に基づいて搬送方向側方へ往回動することによって前記果菜を果菜搬送ラインの側方に送り出し可能であると共に、果菜送り出し後に前記果菜キャリアが復回転して果菜載置部が元の位置に復帰可能であり、The vegetable carrier is connected to an endless carrier in a line in the direction of conveyance, and each of the vegetable carriers is a belt conveyor type that reciprocates to the side of the vegetable conveyance line. The fruit and vegetable mounting section is placed, and the fruit and vegetable mounting section is arranged in a line or substantially in a line in the fruit and vegetable transport direction, and the fruit and vegetable carrier belt that is transported with the fruit and vegetables on the fruit and vegetables mounting section is the determination result. The fruit vegetables can be sent out to the side of the fruit vegetable conveying line by rotating back and forth in the conveying direction, and the fruit carrier carrier is rotated backward after the fruit vegetables are fed, so that the fruit vegetable mounting part is returned to the original position. Can be reinstated,
前記果菜キャリアの走行ラインは、搬送方向手前に果菜供給部を備え、その先に搬送中の果菜の等階級等を計測する計測部を備え、その先に計測済みの果菜を等階級等別に仕分けする仕分け部を備え、The travel line of the fruit vegetable carrier is provided with a fruit vegetable supply unit in front of the conveyance direction, and further includes a measurement unit that measures the equal class of the fruit vegetable being conveyed, and sorts the already measured fruit vegetables by equal class, etc. With a sorting section
前記果菜供給部の側方には、作業員が果菜を載せる作業空間があり、On the side of the fruit vegetable supply section, there is a work space where an operator places fruit vegetables,
前記計測部には計測装置があり、The measuring unit has a measuring device,
前記仕分け部の側方に果菜引受け体が二以上配置され、Two or more fruit vegetable acceptors are arranged on the side of the sorting section,
二以上の果菜引受け体は果菜キャリアの搬送方向に間隔をあけて配置され、Two or more fruit vegetable acceptors are arranged at intervals in the conveyance direction of the fruit vegetable carrier,
前記果菜引受け体の側方に作業員が作業できる広さの作業空間が設けられ、A working space of an area where an operator can work is provided on the side of the fruit vegetable acceptor,
前記果菜キャリアと前記果菜引受け体との間に斜め引出しコンベアが配置され、An oblique drawer conveyor is disposed between the fruit vegetable carrier and the fruit vegetable acceptor,
前記斜め引出しコンベアはベルトコンベア式であり、The oblique drawer conveyor is a belt conveyor type,
前記果菜引受け体はベルトコンベア式であり、The fruit vegetable acceptor is a belt conveyor type,
前記斜め引出しコンベアは、前記仕分け部において果菜キャリアから送り出される果菜を果菜搬送方向に対して斜め先方に搬送でき、The diagonal drawer conveyor can convey the fruit vegetables sent out from the fruit vegetable carrier in the sorting unit diagonally ahead of the fruit vegetable conveyance direction,
前記果菜引受け体は斜め引出しコンベアから送り込まれる果菜を引継ぎ、間欠運転の繰り返しにより果菜引受け体の上に二以上の果菜をプールできる、ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置。An automatic fruit vegetable sorting apparatus, wherein the fruit vegetable acceptor takes over the fruit vegetables fed from the diagonally-drawing conveyor and pools two or more fruit vegetables on the fruit vegetable acceptor body by repeating intermittent operation.
果菜キャリアに果菜を載せて搬送し、搬送中の果菜の等階級等を判別し、搬送中の果菜を搬送方向側方に送り出して判別結果別に選別する果菜自動選別装置において、In the fruit vegetable automatic sorting device that carries fruit vegetables on the fruit carrier, discriminates the equal class etc. of the fruit vegetables being transported, sends the fruit vegetables being transported to the side in the transport direction and sorts them by the discrimination result,
前記果菜キャリアは、無端搬送体にその搬送方向に並べて多数連結され、前記判別結果に基づいて回動して、その上に載せてある果菜を水平に横移動させて搬送方向側方に送り出すことができ、The fruit and vegetable carrier is connected to an endless transport body in a line in the transport direction, and is rotated based on the determination result to horizontally move the fruit vegetables placed thereon and send them sideways in the transport direction. Can
果菜引受け体が、前記果菜キャリアの搬送方向側方に、果菜キャリアの搬送方向に間隔をあけて二以上配置され、Two or more fruit vegetable acceptors are disposed on the side of the fruit carrier carrier in the direction of conveyance of the fruit vegetable carrier with an interval in the direction of conveyance of the fruit vegetable carrier,
前記果菜キャリアと前記果菜引受け体との間に斜め引出しコンベアが配置され、An oblique drawer conveyor is disposed between the fruit vegetable carrier and the fruit vegetable acceptor,
前記斜め引出しコンベアは、ベルトコンベア式であり、果菜キャリアから水平に横移動されて送り出される果菜を引継ぎできるように配置され、The oblique drawer conveyor is a belt conveyor type, and is arranged so as to be able to take over the fruit vegetables that are horizontally moved from the fruit vegetable carrier and delivered.
前記果菜引受け体は、ベルトコンベア式であり、斜め引出しコンベアから送り出される果菜を引継ぎできるように配置され、The fruit vegetable acceptor is a belt conveyor type, and is arranged so as to be able to take over the fruit vegetables delivered from the oblique drawer conveyor,
前記斜め引出しコンベアは、果菜キャリアの果菜搬送方向に対して斜め先方に回転可能であり且つ前記斜め先方に向けて配置され、The diagonal drawer conveyor is rotatable obliquely forward with respect to the fruit vegetable conveying direction of the fruit vegetable carrier and is arranged toward the diagonally forward direction,
前記果菜キャリアは、その上の果菜を搬送中に引継ぎできるように果菜搬送方向に沿って配置され、The fruit and vegetable carrier is arranged along the fruit and vegetable conveyance direction so that the fruit and vegetables on the fruit and vegetable carrier can be taken over during conveyance.
前記果菜引受け体は斜め引出しコンベアから果菜が送り込まれるときに間欠運転して果菜を引継ぎ、間欠運転の繰り返しにより果菜引受け体の上に二以上の果菜をプールできる、ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置。The fruit vegetable acceptor is intermittently operated when the fruit vegetables are fed from an oblique drawer conveyor, and the fruit vegetables are taken over, and two or more fruit vegetables can be pooled on the fruit vegetable acceptor by repeating the intermittent operation. apparatus.
請求項4又は請求項5記載の果菜自動選別装置において、斜め引出しコンベアが果菜搬送方向斜め先方に駆動される細身の搬送ベルトを果菜キャリアの進行方向に複数本並べたものであることを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置。6. The fruit and vegetable automatic sorting apparatus according to claim 4 or 5, wherein the oblique drawer conveyer has a plurality of slender conveyor belts that are driven obliquely forward in the fruit and vegetable conveying direction in the direction of movement of the fruit and vegetable carrier. Fruit vegetable automatic sorting device. 請求項1乃至請求項6のいずれかに記載の果菜自動選別装置において、
果菜載置部が上側ベルト表面の一部に高低差を設けて形成されたものである、ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置
In the fruit and vegetables automatic selection device according to any one of claims 1 to 6 ,
An automatic fruit and vegetable sorting apparatus , wherein the fruit and vegetable placement part is formed by providing a difference in elevation on a part of the upper belt surface.
請求項1乃至請求項6のいずれかに記載の果菜自動選別装置において、
果菜キャリアは果菜搬送ラインの側方に往復回動するベルトコンベア式であって、果菜載置部がすり鉢状に凹んだ形状であり、このすり鉢状の凹みに載せた果菜を安定した状態で搬送可能である、ことを特徴とする果菜自動選別装置
In the fruit and vegetables automatic selection device according to any one of claims 1 to 6 ,
The fruit vegetable carrier is a belt conveyor type that reciprocates to the side of the fruit vegetable conveyance line, and the fruit vegetable placement part is shaped like a mortar, and the fruit vegetables placed in this mortar-shaped depression are conveyed in a stable state. An automatic fruit vegetable sorting apparatus characterized by being capable of being.
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JPH0623936U (en) * 1992-05-15 1994-03-29 日本協同企画株式会社 Automatic sorter
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JPH08282830A (en) * 1995-04-13 1996-10-29 Toyo Kanetsu Kk Classifying device
JPH09136714A (en) * 1995-11-10 1997-05-27 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Fruit sorting device
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JP2001130741A (en) * 1999-11-02 2001-05-15 Nippon Kyodo Kikaku Kk Vegetable/fruit sending-out mechanism of vegetable/fruit sorting device

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JPH01122815A (en) * 1987-11-05 1989-05-16 Okura Yusoki Co Ltd Transport device
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JPH082659A (en) * 1994-06-20 1996-01-09 Oumi Doriyoukou Kk Article transfer device
JPH08282830A (en) * 1995-04-13 1996-10-29 Toyo Kanetsu Kk Classifying device
JPH09136714A (en) * 1995-11-10 1997-05-27 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Fruit sorting device
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