JP5440149B2 - Image display body, blank medium and personal authentication medium - Google Patents

Image display body, blank medium and personal authentication medium Download PDF

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JP5440149B2
JP5440149B2 JP2009288177A JP2009288177A JP5440149B2 JP 5440149 B2 JP5440149 B2 JP 5440149B2 JP 2009288177 A JP2009288177 A JP 2009288177A JP 2009288177 A JP2009288177 A JP 2009288177A JP 5440149 B2 JP5440149 B2 JP 5440149B2
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pixels
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image display
irradiated
liquid crystal
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JP2011126199A (en
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康 岸本
光一 篠田
孝佳 林
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凸版印刷株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to an image display technique that can be used for personal authentication, for example.

  Many personal authentication media such as passports and ID (identification) cards use facial images to enable visual personal authentication.

  For example, in a passport, conventionally, photographic paper on which a face image is printed is pasted on a booklet. However, such passports may be tampered with by reprinting photographic prints.

  For these reasons, in recent years, there is a tendency to digitize facial image information and reproduce it on a booklet. As this image reproduction method, for example, a thermal transfer recording method using a transfer ribbon has been studied.

  However, recently, thermal transfer recording type printers using sublimation dyes or colored thermoplastic resins are widely used. Considering this situation, it is not always difficult to remove a face image from a passport and record another face image on the face image.

  Patent Document 1 describes that a face image is recorded by the method described above, and a face image is recorded thereon using fluorescent ink. Patent Document 2 describes that a face image is recorded using an ink containing a colorless or light-colored fluorescent dye and a colored pigment. Further, Patent Document 3 describes that a normal face image and a face image formed using a pearl pigment are arranged side by side.

  When these technologies are applied to a passport, the alteration becomes more difficult. However, a face image recorded using a fluorescent material cannot be observed unless a special light source such as an ultraviolet lamp is used. In addition, although a face image formed using a pearl pigment can be visually recognized with the naked eye, it is difficult to form a high-definition image using this because the pearl pigment has a large particle size.

JP 2000-141863 A JP 2002-226740 A Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2003-170685

  An object of the present invention is to display an image showing a complicated visual effect with high image quality.

  The first aspect of the present invention includes a plurality of pixels that are regularly arranged and each include a plurality of sub-pixels, and each of the plurality of sub-pixels has a uniform length direction and intersects the length direction. An alignment region in which a plurality of grooves adjacent to each other in one direction are provided on one main surface, a liquid crystal region made of a liquid crystal material supported and solidified on the main surface, and the alignment region in between Faces the liquid crystal region or faces the alignment region with the liquid crystal region sandwiched therebetween, and emits polarized scattered light as reflected light when irradiated with polarized illumination light One of the plurality of sub-pixels including at least a part of the plurality of pixels, wherein the plurality of sub-pixels are different in the length direction in each of the plurality of pixels. Irradiate energy beam above An image display having an image recorded by.

  According to a second aspect of the present invention, each of the plurality of pixels includes a first sub-pixel that is one of the plurality of sub-pixels, and a second sub-pixel that is another one of the plurality of sub-pixels. A part of the plurality of pixels constitutes a first display part, another part of the plurality of pixels constitutes a second display part, and each of the first and second display parts includes the first display part. The first display unit includes the pixel in which both the first and second sub-pixels are irradiated with the energy beam and the pixel in which only one of the first and second sub-pixels is irradiated with the energy beam. In the second display unit, the second sub-pixels irradiated with the energy beam are uniformly distributed. In the second display unit, the first sub-pixels irradiated with the energy beam are uniformly distributed, and linearly polarized light is generated. The first and second when irradiated and observed through a linear polarizer Both the first and second sub-pixels corresponding to the display unit and the first and second sub-pixels are irradiated with the energy beam, or both of the first and second sub-pixels are irradiated with the energy beam. A superposition of a third pattern corresponding to the pixel arrangement that is not performed and a fourth pattern corresponding to the pixel arrangement in which only one of the first and second sub-pixels is irradiated with the energy beam is displayed. The image display body according to claim 1, wherein the third and fourth patterns are displayed without displaying the first and second patterns when observed with the naked eye.

  The third aspect of the present invention is the image display body according to the first or second aspect, wherein the constituent material is carbonized in the portion irradiated with the energy beam.

  The fourth aspect of the present invention is the image display according to the third aspect, wherein the carbonization occurs in the scattering reflection region or occurs between the liquid crystal region and the scattering reflection region.

  A fifth aspect of the present invention is the image display according to the third aspect, wherein the carbonization occurs in the liquid crystal region.

  According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, each of the one or more sub-pixels irradiated with the energy beam is not irradiated with the energy beam, and the sub-pixel has the same length direction as the sub-pixel. The image display according to any one of the first to fifth side surfaces, wherein the liquid crystal regions have different refractive index anisotropy.

  A seventh aspect of the present invention is the image display according to any one of the first to sixth aspects, wherein the image includes personal information.

  An eighth aspect of the present invention is the image display body according to the seventh aspect, wherein the personal information includes a face image.

  According to a ninth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a personal authentication medium including the image display body according to any one of the first to eighth aspects and a base material supporting the image display body.

  A tenth aspect of the present invention is a blank medium used for manufacturing an image display body on which an image is recorded by irradiating an energy beam, which is regularly arranged and each includes a plurality of sub-pixels. Each of the plurality of sub-pixels includes an alignment region having a plurality of grooves that are aligned in a length direction and are adjacent to each other in a direction intersecting the length direction on one main surface; A liquid crystal region made of a liquid crystal material supported and solidified on a surface and facing the liquid crystal region with the alignment region in between, or facing the alignment region with the liquid crystal region in between, A scattering reflection region that emits, as reflected light, scattered light having polarization when irradiated with illumination light having the plurality of sub-pixels in the length direction. Are different from each other It is a blank media you are.

  According to the present invention, an image showing a complicated visual effect can be displayed with high image quality.

  The image display according to the first aspect of the present invention includes a plurality of pixels arranged regularly and each including a plurality of sub-pixels. In the image display body, an image is recorded by irradiating one or more sub-pixels included in at least some of the pixels with an energy beam. In this way, since the size of each sub-pixel can be reduced, a high-definition image can be displayed on the image display body, and thus high image quality can be achieved.

  Further, in this image display body, each sub-pixel has an alignment region in which a plurality of grooves that are aligned in the length direction and are adjacent to each other in a direction crossing the length direction are provided on one main surface, and the previous main pixel. A liquid crystal region made of a liquid crystal material supported and solidified on the surface and facing the liquid crystal region with the alignment region in between or facing the alignment region with the liquid crystal region in between and having a polarizing property And a scattering reflection region for emitting scattered light having polarization as reflected light when irradiated with illumination light. In each pixel, the sub-pixels included in the pixel are different from each other in the length direction.

  For example, when the color change that can be perceived by the naked eye is caused by irradiating the energy beam, the image display body is irradiated with the energy beam and not irradiated with the energy beam when observed with the naked eye. A pattern consisting of parts is displayed. And, for example, when the image display body is irradiated with linearly polarized light and observed through a linear polarizer, a pattern including a plurality of grooves each having a uniform length direction is observed with the naked eye. Of the pattern that consists of a plurality of grooves that are aligned in the length direction and displays an overlap with the pattern to be displayed, at least a portion that does not overlap with the irradiated portion is, for example, an image display body around its normal line The display color is changed by rotating. That is, this image display body shows a complicated visual effect.

  In the image display body according to the second aspect of the present invention, in addition to adopting the item characteristics described above for the image display body according to the first aspect, each pixel is one of a plurality of sub-pixels. A pixel and a second sub-pixel which is another one of the plurality of sub-pixels. A part of the plurality of pixels constitutes the first display part, and the other part constitutes the second display part. Each of the first and second display units includes a pixel in which both the first and second subpixels are irradiated with the energy beam, and a pixel in which only one of the first and second subpixels is irradiated with the energy beam. Contains. In the first display portion, the second sub-pixels irradiated with the energy beam are uniformly distributed, and in the second display portion, the first sub-pixels irradiated with the energy beam are uniformly distributed. The image display body emits linearly polarized light, and when observed through a linear polarizer, the first and second patterns respectively corresponding to the first and second display units, and the first and second sub A third pattern corresponding to the arrangement of pixels in which both of the pixels are irradiated with an energy beam or no energy beam is applied to either of the first and second sub-pixels, and one of the first and second sub-pixels. Only the fourth pattern corresponding to the arrangement of pixels irradiated with the energy beam is displayed, and the third and fourth patterns are displayed without displaying the first and second patterns when observed with the naked eye. To do. That is, this image display body displays different images when observed with the naked eye and when observed with a polarizer. That is, this image display body shows a more complicated visual effect.

  The image display body according to the third aspect of the present invention employs the configuration described above for the image display body according to the first or second aspect, and carbonizes the constituent material at the portion irradiated with the energy beam. Has occurred. Such an image display body, when observed with the naked eye, displays a light color, for example, white in the non-irradiated portion, and displays a dark color, for example, black, in the irradiated portion. That is, this image display body displays an image with excellent visibility when observed with the naked eye.

  In the image display body according to the fourth aspect of the present invention, in addition to adopting the configuration described above for the image display body according to the third aspect, carbonization is caused in the scattering reflection region, or liquid crystal It is generated between the region and the scattering reflection region. Normally, the reflectivity is reduced by carbonization, but it is not zero. Therefore, when carbonization is caused on the back side of the liquid crystal region in this way, the liquid crystal region located in front of the portion where the carbonization has occurred contributes to display. obtain. Therefore, for example, when irradiated with linearly polarized light and observed through a linear polarizer, the liquid crystal region located in front of the carbonized portion may appear colored. Thus, this image display body shows a more complicated visual effect.

  Also, it is difficult to forge itself in the scattering reflection region where carbonization has occurred inside. On the other hand, the structure in which carbonization is generated between the liquid crystal region and the scattering reflection region is difficult to counterfeit compared to a structure obtained by forming a black pattern by printing in front of the liquid crystal region. Therefore, this image display body is not easily counterfeited.

  In the image display body according to the fifth aspect of the present invention, in addition to adopting the configuration described above for the image display body according to the third aspect, carbonization occurs in the liquid crystal region. It is difficult to counterfeit the liquid crystal region that has been carbonized inside. Therefore, this image display body is not easily counterfeited.

  In the image display body according to the sixth aspect of the present invention, in addition to adopting the configuration described above for the image display body according to any one of the first to fifth aspects, one image beam irradiated with an energy beam Each of the above sub-pixels is not irradiated with an energy beam, and the refractive index anisotropy of the liquid crystal region is different from this sub-pixel and the sub-pixel having the same length direction. In such an image display body, for example, when irradiated with linearly polarized light and observed through a linear polarizer, a portion corresponding to a liquid crystal region having different refractive index anisotropy may appear to be a different color. is there. That is, this image display body shows a more complicated visual effect.

  The image display body according to the seventh aspect of the present invention employs the configuration described above for the image display body according to any one of the first to sixth aspects, and the image includes personal information. . It is very difficult to falsify the personal information displayed by this image display body.

  The image display body according to the eighth aspect of the present invention employs the configuration described above for the image display body according to the seventh aspect, and the personal information includes a face image. A face image is common as biometric information, and is suitable for visual personal authentication.

  A personal authentication medium according to a ninth aspect of the present invention includes the image display body according to any one of the first to eighth aspects, and a base material that supports the image display body. Therefore, this personal authentication medium is difficult to tamper with in addition to displaying an image showing a complicated visual effect with high image quality.

  The blank medium according to the tenth aspect of the present invention includes a plurality of pixels that are regularly arranged and each include a plurality of sub-pixels. Each of these sub-pixels is supported by an alignment region in which a plurality of grooves that are aligned in the length direction and are adjacent to each other in a direction crossing the length direction are provided on one main surface, and the previous main surface. A liquid crystal region made of a solidified liquid crystal material, and facing the liquid crystal region with the alignment region in between, or facing the alignment region with the liquid crystal region in between, and irradiated with polarized illumination light In some cases, it includes a scattering reflection region for emitting scattered light having polarization as reflected light. In each pixel, the sub-pixels included in the pixel are different from each other in the length direction. In such a blank medium, an image can be recorded by irradiating a part of the sub-pixels with an energy beam. The image display body thus obtained has the same effects as described above for the image display body according to the first aspect.

The top view which shows roughly the personal authentication medium which concerns on 1 aspect of this invention. The top view which expands and shows an example of the structure employable as the personal authentication medium shown in FIG. The top view which expands and shows a part of structure shown in FIG. The top view which expands and shows the other part of the structure shown in FIG. The top view which expands and shows the other part of the structure shown in FIG. The top view which expands and shows the other part of the structure shown in FIG. FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view schematically illustrating an example of a structure that can be employed in the first sub-pixel. Sectional drawing which shows schematically an example of the structure employable as a 2nd sub pixel. FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view schematically showing an example of a sub-pixel irradiated with an energy beam. The top view which shows an example of the image which the structure shown in FIG. 2 displays when it observes with the naked eye. The perspective view which shows an example of the image which the structure shown in FIG. 2 displays when it observes from a diagonal direction using a polarizer. The perspective view which shows the other example of the image which the structure shown in FIG. 2 displays when it observes from a diagonal direction using a polarizer. Sectional drawing which shows schematically the modification of an image display body. Sectional drawing which shows the other modification of an image display body roughly. Sectional drawing which shows schematically the further another modification of an image display body. The top view which shows an example of a blank medium roughly. Sectional drawing which shows roughly an example of the transfer foil which can be utilized for manufacture of the personal authentication medium shown in FIG. Sectional drawing which shows roughly an example of the image display body obtained using the transfer foil shown in FIG.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. In addition, the same referential mark is attached | subjected to the component which exhibits the same or similar function through all the drawings, and the overlapping description is abbreviate | omitted.

FIG. 1 is a plan view schematically showing a personal authentication medium according to one aspect of the present invention.
A personal authentication medium 100 shown in FIG. 1 is a booklet such as a passport. FIG. 1 shows the booklet in an open state.

This personal authentication medium 100 includes a signature 1 and a cover 2.
The signature 1 is composed of one or more pieces of paper 11. Typically, a print pattern 12 such as a character string and a background pattern is provided on the paper piece 11. The signature 1 is formed by folding one paper piece 11 or a bundle of a plurality of paper pieces 11 into two. The paper piece 11 may include an IC (integrated circuit) chip in which personal information is recorded, an antenna that enables non-contact communication with the IC chip, and the like.

  The cover 2 is folded in half. The cover 2 and the signature 1 are overlapped so that the signature 1 is sandwiched by the cover 2 with the booklet closed, and are integrated by binding or the like at the positions of the folds.

  The cover 2 displays an image including personal information. This personal information includes personal authentication information used for personal authentication. This personal information can be classified into, for example, biological information and non-biological personal information.

  The biological information is unique to the individual among the characteristics of the biological body. Typically, biometric information is a feature that can be identified by optical techniques. For example, the biometric information is at least one image or pattern of a face, fingerprint, vein, and iris.

  Non-biological personal information is personal information other than biological information. For example, the non-biological personal information is at least one of name, date of birth, age, blood type, gender, nationality, address, permanent address, telephone number, affiliation, and status. The non-biological personal information may include characters input by typing, may include characters input by machine reading a handwriting such as a signature, or may include both of them. .

In FIG. 1, the cover 2 displays images I1a, I1b, I2 and I3.
The images I1a, I2 and I3 are images displayed using light absorption. Specifically, the images I1a, I2, and I3 are images that are visible when illuminated with white light and observed with the naked eye. One or more of the images I1a, I2 and I3 may be omitted.

  The images I1a, I2 and I3 can be composed of, for example, dyes and pigments. In this case, the images I1a, I2 and I3 can be formed by a thermal transfer recording method using a thermal head, an ink jet recording method, an electrophotographic method, or a combination of two or more thereof. Alternatively, the images I1a, I2 and I3 can be formed by forming a layer containing a thermal color former and drawing on this layer with an energy beam such as a laser beam. Alternatively, a combination of these methods can be used. At least a part of the images I2 and I3 may be formed by a thermal transfer recording method using a hot stamp, may be formed by a printing method, or may be formed using a combination thereof.

  The image I1b is an image displayed by an array of a plurality of pixels. The image I1b is written by irradiating an energy beam, as will be described in detail later.

  The images I1a and I1b include face images of the same person. The face image included in the image I1a and the face image included in the image I1b may be the same or different. The face image included in the image I1a and the face image included in the image I1b may have the same or different dimensions. Each of the images I1a and I1b may include other biological information instead of the face image, and may further include biological information other than the face image in addition to the face image.

  The image I1b may include non-biological personal information instead of the biological information, and may further include non-biological personal information in addition to the biological information. The image I1b may include non-personal information instead of personal information, and may further include non-personal information in addition to the personal information.

  The image I2 includes non-biological personal information and non-personal information. The image I2 forms, for example, one or more of characters, symbols, codes, and marks.

  The image I3 is a background pattern. For example, the combination of the image I3 and at least one of the images I1a and I1b can make the personal authentication medium 100 more difficult to falsify.

Next, the structure of the cover 2 will be described with reference to FIGS.
FIG. 2 is an enlarged plan view showing an example of a structure that can be adopted in the personal authentication medium shown in FIG. FIG. 3 is an enlarged plan view showing a part of the structure shown in FIG. 4 is an enlarged plan view showing another part of the structure shown in FIG. FIG. 5 is an enlarged plan view showing still another part of the structure shown in FIG. FIG. 6 is an enlarged plan view showing still another part of the structure shown in FIG. FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view schematically showing an example of a structure that can be employed in the first sub-pixel. FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view schematically showing an example of a structure that can be employed in the second sub-pixel. FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view schematically showing an example of a sub-pixel irradiated with an energy beam.

  The X direction is a direction parallel to the display surface of the image display body described later, the Y direction is a direction parallel to the display surface of the image display body and a direction perpendicular to the X direction, and the Z direction is This is a direction perpendicular to the X and Y directions. Also, the structure shown in FIG. 2 is a structure that can be employed in a portion of the cover 2 corresponding to the image I1b.

As shown in FIGS. 7 to 9, the cover 2 includes a cover main body 21 and an image display body 22.
The cover main body 21 is a base material of the personal authentication medium 100 and is typically a piece of paper. The cover main body 21 may have a single layer structure or a multilayer structure. The cover body 21 is folded in half so as to sandwich the signature 1 in a state where the personal authentication medium 100 is closed.

  The image display body 22 is a layer having a multilayer structure. The image display body 22 is affixed to the main surface of the cover body 21 that faces the signature 1 when the personal authentication medium 100 is closed.

  The image display body 22 includes an image display layer (not shown) that displays at least a part of the images I1a, I2 and I3. The image displayed by the image display layer typically includes an image I1a.

  The image display layer displays at least a part of the images I1a, I2 and I3 using light absorption. The image display layer has a pattern shape corresponding to at least a part of the images I1a, I2 and I3. This image display layer can be composed of at least one of a dye and a pigment and an arbitrary resin. Such an image display layer can be obtained, for example, by using a thermal transfer recording method using a thermal head, an ink jet recording method, an electrophotographic method, or a combination of two or more thereof. Further, at least a part of the image display layer may be formed by a thermal transfer recording method using a hot stamp, may be formed by a printing method, or may be formed by using a combination thereof.

  This image display layer may not be patterned. That is, the image display layer may be a continuous film. In this case, the image display layer can be obtained, for example, by forming a layer containing a heat-sensitive color former and drawing on this layer with energy such as a laser beam.

  This image display layer can be omitted. For example, the image display layer may be provided on the cover body 21 without being a component of the image display body 22.

  As shown in FIGS. 7 to 9, the image display 22 further includes an alignment layer 223, a scattering reflection layer 224, and a liquid crystal layer 228.

  The alignment layer 223 is transparent and typically optically isotropic. The alignment layer 223 controls the alignment direction of mesogen groups in the liquid crystal layer 228.

  The alignment layer 223 includes a plurality of alignment regions in which a plurality of grooves having the same length direction are provided on each front surface and the length directions of the grooves are different. Here, the alignment layer 223 includes a first alignment region in which the length direction of the groove is aligned in the X direction and a second alignment region in which the length direction of the groove is aligned in the Y direction.

  The first and second alignment regions are alternately arranged in the X direction and the Y direction. That is, here, the first and second alignment regions are arranged in a checkered pattern. The first and second alignment regions may not be arranged in a checkered pattern. For example, the first and second alignment regions may be arranged in a stripe shape.

  In each of the first and second alignment regions, the lengths of the grooves may be equal to each other or different from each other. Further, the distance between adjacent grooves in the length direction may be uniform or non-uniform. Furthermore, the distance between adjacent grooves in the width direction may be uniform or non-uniform.

  By making the grooves substantially parallel and appropriately setting the pitch, the diffraction grating can be constituted by these grooves. Alternatively, for example, when grooves having various lengths are arranged to be arranged in one direction on average while being somewhat random, a unidirectional diffusion pattern can be formed by these grooves. This unidirectional diffusion pattern has a diffusion capability in a plane perpendicular to the length direction of the groove, and diffusion in a plane perpendicular to the main surface of the alignment layer 223 and parallel to the length direction of the groove. It is a pattern showing a larger light diffusion characteristic, that is, light scattering anisotropy than the performance. Here, for simplification, it is assumed that the grooves provided in the first and second alignment regions do not constitute a unidirectional diffusion pattern but constitute a diffraction grating.

The alignment layer 223 can be formed by, for example, the following method.
First, a resist is applied on the substrate. This resist layer is patterned into a shape corresponding to the grooves of the alignment layer 223 or the streaks between them to obtain an original plate. For patterning the resist layer, for example, electron beam drawing is used. Next, by using electroforming, the relief structure provided on the surface of the original plate is duplicated to obtain a duplicate plate. Then, the duplicated plate is hot-pressed to transfer the relief structure provided on the surface thereof to the surface of the resin layer, thereby obtaining the alignment layer 223.

  The liquid crystal layer 228 covers the surface of the alignment layer 223 where the grooves are provided. The liquid crystal layer 228 is made of a solidified liquid crystal material.

  The liquid crystal layer 228 is formed by the following method, for example. That is, a polymerizable and / or crosslinkable liquid crystal material is applied to the surface of the alignment layer 223 where the groove is provided, and the coating is solidified after being aligned along the groove. As this liquid crystal material, for example, a photopolymerization type nematic liquid crystal or smectic liquid crystal material is used. In this case, the coating film is solidified by irradiating light such as ultraviolet rays. As described above, the liquid crystal layer 228 is obtained. Instead of the polymerizable and / or crosslinkable liquid crystal material, a liquid crystal material having a glass transition temperature higher than the upper limit value of the use temperature range of the personal authentication medium 100 may be used.

  The liquid crystal layer 228 includes a plurality of liquid crystal regions having different slow axis directions. That is, the liquid crystal layer 228 includes a plurality of liquid crystal regions having different orientation directions of mesogenic groups. Here, the liquid crystal layer 228 includes first and second liquid crystal regions. The first and second liquid crystal regions are located on the first and second alignment regions of the alignment layer 223, respectively.

  In each of the first and second liquid crystal regions, the mesogenic group is aligned substantially parallel to the length direction of the groove provided in the alignment region adjacent thereto. The slow axis of the liquid crystal region is substantially parallel to the length direction of the groove. A latent image is recorded on the image display 22 using the first and second liquid crystal regions.

  The scattering reflection layer 224 is located on the back side of the alignment layer 223. The scattering reflection layer 224 has light scattering properties. When irradiated with polarized light such as linearly polarized light, the scattering / reflecting layer 224 scatters and reflects while maintaining the polarization state of the incident light. The scattering reflection layer 224 plays a role of improving the visibility of an image displayed by the image display body 22 both when observed with the naked eye and when observed through a polarizer.

  The scattering reflection layer 224 includes a plurality of scattering reflection regions. Here, the scattering reflection layer 224 includes first and second scattering reflection regions. The first and second scattering reflection regions are located on the back side of the first and second alignment regions of the alignment layer 223, respectively.

  The scattering reflection layer 224 is formed, for example, by dispersing metal particles such as aluminum in a light transmissive resin.

  The metal particles are made of a metal or an alloy. As the metal or alloy, for example, aluminum, platinum, gold, silver, copper, titanium, bismuth, germanium, indium, tin, or an alloy containing one or more thereof can be used. Among these, aluminum has a high reflectance over the entire visible region, infrared region, and near-ultraviolet region. Moreover, aluminum is highly resistant to oxidation. Therefore, it is preferable to use aluminum particles as the metal particles.

  A scattering / reflection layer 224 in which metal particles are dispersed in a light-transmitting resin can serve as an adhesive layer for adhering the image display body 22 to the cover body 21. In this case, as the light transmissive resin, for example, a resin that can be used as an adhesive such as a heat-sensitive adhesive and a pressure-sensitive adhesive is used. As this resin, for example, acrylic resin, polyolefin, polyether, epoxy resin, polyvinyl chloride, silicone resin, phenol resin, polyamide, polyimide, polyurethane, polyvinyl acetate, polystyrene, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, polyvinyl butyral, Polybenzimidazole, methacrylic resin, melamine resin, melamine resin, resorcinol resin, or a mixture containing one or more thereof can be used.

  As the scattering reflection layer 224, a metal layer having a fine uneven structure on the surface may be used. Such a scattering reflection layer 224 can be obtained, for example, by vapor-depositing a metal or alloy such as aluminum on a base provided with a fine uneven structure.

  As the scattering reflection layer 224, a single or multilayer dielectric layer provided with a fine uneven structure may be used. When a multilayer dielectric layer is used as the scattering reflection layer 224, for example, a fine uneven structure is provided on the base, and a high refractive index material such as zinc sulfide and a low refractive index material such as magnesium fluoride are provided thereon. Can be alternately deposited to obtain the scattering reflection layer 224.

  Each alignment region, the liquid crystal region and the scattering reflection region located on the front side and the back side thereof constitute a sub-pixel. Here, the first alignment region, the first liquid crystal region, and the first scattering / reflection region constitute a sub-pixel SP1 shown in FIGS. Further, the second alignment region, the second liquid crystal region, and the second scattering reflection region constitute the sub-pixel SP2 shown in FIGS. 2 to 6 and FIG. A pair of sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 adjacent in the X direction constitute the pixel PX shown in FIGS. The pixels PX are arranged in the X direction and the Y direction.

  A part of the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 is irradiated with an energy beam such as a laser beam and an electron beam. 2 to 6 and 9, reference numeral IP represents an irradiation unit irradiated with an energy beam.

  Irradiation part IP has a smaller reflectance than other parts, for example. For example, in the irradiation unit IP, at least a part of the constituent material is carbonized in the liquid crystal layer 228. The carbonized irradiation part IP is used for displaying the image I1b shown in FIG. Here, as an example, the constituent material of the liquid crystal layer 228 is carbonized in the irradiation unit IP, and the irradiation unit IP that has generated this carbonization displays black.

  In FIG. 2, the structure is simplified for easy understanding. Accordingly, the image displayed by the structure shown in FIG. 2 does not match the image I1b displayed by the image display body 22 shown in FIG.

For the laser beam irradiation, for example, a CO 2 laser, an LD excitation YAG laser, or an LD excitation YVO 4 laser can be used. As the laser beam, for example, a 1062 nm laser beam having a wavelength in the infrared region or a 532 nm laser beam having a wavelength in the visible region is used.

  When a laser beam having a wavelength of 1062 nm is used, by adding a material that absorbs infrared light to the liquid crystal layer 228, printing with a laser can be performed efficiently and at high speed. In this case, the infrared absorber is selected so that the absorption wavelength region includes the wavelength of the laser to be used.

  As shown in FIG. 2, the image display body 22 is divided into four display parts DP1 to DP4 according to the arrangement of the irradiation part IP.

  In the display unit DP1, as shown in FIG. 3, the sub-pixels SP2 irradiated with the energy beam are uniformly distributed. The sub-pixel SP1 is irradiated with an energy beam only partially. That is, the display unit DP1 includes the pixel PX that is irradiated with the energy beam only to the sub-pixel SP2 among the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2, and the pixel PX that is irradiated with the energy beam to both the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2. Yes. The sub-pixel SP1 irradiated with the energy beam forms a rhombus pattern. Note that “uniformly distributed” does not require a regular arrangement.

  In the display unit DP2, as shown in FIG. 4, the sub-pixels SP1 irradiated with the energy beam are uniformly distributed. The sub-pixel SP2 is irradiated with an energy beam only partially. That is, the display unit DP2 is configured by a pixel PX in which the energy beam is irradiated only to the subpixel SP1 among the subpixels SP1 and SP2, and a pixel PX in which the energy beam is irradiated to both the subpixels SP1 and SP2. Yes. The sub-pixel SP2 irradiated with the energy beam forms a rhombus pattern.

  In the display unit DP3, as shown in FIG. 5, the sub-pixels SP1 that are not irradiated with the energy beam are uniformly distributed. The sub-pixel SP2 is irradiated with an energy beam only partially. That is, the display unit DP3 includes the pixel PX that is irradiated with the energy beam only to the sub-pixel SP2 among the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2, and the pixel PX that is not irradiated with the energy beam to both the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2. ing. The sub-pixel SP2 irradiated with the energy beam forms a rhombus pattern.

  In the display unit DP4, as shown in FIG. 6, the sub-pixels SP2 that are not irradiated with the energy beam are uniformly distributed. The sub-pixel SP1 is irradiated with an energy beam only partially. That is, the display unit DP4 includes the pixel PX that is irradiated with the energy beam only on the sub-pixel SP1 among the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2, and the pixel PX that is not irradiated with the energy beam on both the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2. ing. The sub-pixel SP1 irradiated with the energy beam forms a rhombus pattern.

Next, an image displayed when the image display body 22 is observed with the naked eye will be described with reference to FIG.
FIG. 10 is a plan view showing an example of an image displayed by the structure shown in FIG. 2 when observed with the naked eye.

  As described above, the irradiation unit IP displays black when illuminated with white light. In this case, each of the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 not irradiated with the energy beam is illuminated with white light and displays white when observed with the naked eye. The pitch between the subpixels SP1 and SP2 is sufficiently small, for example, about 100 μm. The sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 that are not irradiated with the energy beam have the same structure.

  In this case, when illuminated with white light and observed with the naked eye, both of the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 display a black pixel PX, and both of the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 are irradiated with the energy beam. Pixels PX that are not displayed display white. Then, the pixel PX to which only one of the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 is irradiated with the energy beam displays gray by additive color mixture. Accordingly, as shown in FIG. 10, the image display 22 displays a gray background and a black rhombus in each of the display portions DP1 and DP2, and a white background and a gray in each of the display portions DP3 and DP4. The rhombus is displayed.

  At this time, the black colors displayed by the display units DP1 and DP2 are the same, and the white colors displayed by the display units DP3 and DP4 are the same. The gray displayed on the display portions DP1 to DP4 is the same.

Next, an image displayed by the image display body 22 when viewed from the front direction using a polarizer will be described.
When the linear polarizing plate is placed on the image display body 22 shown in FIG. 2 and illuminated with white light, and the image display body 22 is observed from the front through the linear polarizing plate, the image display body 22 displays. The image changes according to the angle formed by the transmission axis of the linearly polarizing plate and the X direction or the Y direction. For example, when the transmission axis of the linear polarizing plate is parallel to the X direction or the Y direction, the image display body 22 is substantially the same as that described with reference to FIG. 10 except that the overall brightness is dark. Display an image. When the transmission axis of the linearly polarizing plate forms an angle of 45 ° with respect to the X direction or the Y direction, the image display body 22 includes, for example, colored backgrounds IA1 and IB1 in the display portions DP1 and DP2. Black diamonds IA2 and IB2 are displayed. In this case, the image display 22 includes, for example, the backgrounds IC1 and ID1 colored more brightly than the backgrounds IA1 and IB1 displayed by the display units DP1 and DP2 in the display units DP3 and DP4, and the display units DP1 and DP1. The colored diamonds IC2 and ID2 are displayed in the same manner as the backgrounds IA1 and IB1 displayed by DP2.

  The reason why the image display 22 displays the above-described image when the angle formed by the transmission axis of the linear polarizing plate with respect to the X direction or the Y direction is 45 ° will be described below.

  When the linear polarizing plate is irradiated with white light as illumination light, the linear polarizing plate transmits linearly polarized light having a polarization plane parallel to its transmission axis (vibration plane of the electric field vector), and has a polarization plane perpendicular to the transmission axis. It absorbs the linearly polarized light it has. Here, white light means continuous spectrum light including all wavelength components in the visible light range. For example, white light is continuous spectrum light having the same energy of light per unit wavelength width in the entire visible region.

The linearly polarized light incident on the sub-pixel SP1 not irradiated with the energy beam is transmitted through the liquid crystal layer 228 shown in FIG. In the sub-pixel SP1, the slow axis of the liquid crystal layer 228 forms an angle of 45 ° with respect to the X direction. Therefore, for example, in the previous linearly polarized light, a light component having a certain wavelength λ 0 is converted into right circularly polarized light by transmitting through the liquid crystal layer 228, and the remaining light component is transmitted through the liquid crystal layer 228. As a result, it is converted into right elliptical polarized light.

These right circularly polarized light and right elliptically polarized light are incident on the alignment layer 223.
The right circularly polarized light and the right elliptically polarized light as diffracted light transmitted through the alignment layer 223 are reflected by the scattering reflection layer 224. The right circularly polarized light and the right elliptically polarized light are converted into left circularly polarized light and left elliptically polarized light by being reflected by the scattering reflection layer 224, respectively. Further, since the scattering reflection layer 224 has light scattering properties, this reflected light is scattered light.

  The left circularly polarized light and the left elliptical polarized light as the scattered light are transmitted through the alignment layer 223. A diffraction grating is provided on the front surface of the alignment layer 223. In addition to the reflected light from the scattering reflection layer 224 being scattered light, the incident angle of illumination light varies in a normal environment. Therefore, the reflected light from the scattering reflection layer 224 enters the liquid crystal layer 228 as scattered light.

Since this incident light is scattered light, it includes a light component traveling in the front direction and a light component traveling in an oblique direction. Of the light component traveling in the front direction, the left circularly polarized light having the specific wavelength λ 0 is converted to linearly polarized light whose polarization plane is perpendicular to the transmission axis of the linearly polarizing plate by passing through the liquid crystal layer 228. Then, the remaining light component is converted into left elliptically polarized light, left circularly polarized light, right elliptically polarized light, or right circularly polarized light by transmitting through the liquid crystal layer 228.

  That is, when attention is paid only to the light component having a polarization plane parallel to the transmission axis of the linearly polarizing plate, in the sub-pixel SP1 not irradiated with the energy beam, the intensity of the light component incident on the sub-pixel SP1 is reduced. The intensity ratio of the light component emitted from the sub-pixel SP1 has wavelength dependency. In other words, the ratio of the intensity of the display light emitted from the linearly polarizing plate to the intensity of the illumination light incident on the linearly polarizing plate has wavelength dependency. Accordingly, the sub-pixel SP1 not irradiated with the energy beam emits colored light. The reason why the sub-pixel SP1 not irradiated with the energy beam emits colored light will be described later with reference to mathematical expressions.

  The sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 not irradiated with the energy beam are different only in that the groove length direction is different by 90 °. Therefore, the sub-pixel SP2 not irradiated with the energy beam is the same as described for the sub-pixel SP1 not irradiated with the energy beam except that the rotation direction of the polarization plane of circularly polarized light or elliptically polarized light is reversed. Behave. Therefore, the sub-pixel SP2 not irradiated with the energy beam emits colored light in the same manner as the sub-pixel SP1 not irradiated with the energy beam.

  In this way, each of the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 not irradiated with the energy beam emits colored light. Therefore, the pixel PX in which neither of the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 is irradiated with the energy beam appears to be colored. Then, the pixel PX on which only one of the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 is irradiated with the energy beam appears darker than the pixel PX on which neither of the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 is irradiated with the energy beam.

Here, the reason why each of the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 not irradiated with the energy beam emits colored light will be described with reference to mathematical expressions. In these sub-pixels SP1 and SP2, the liquid crystal layer 228 serves as a quarter-wave plate for light having a wavelength λ 0 .

The linearly polarized light having the wavelength λ 0 emitted in the normal direction by the linearly polarizing plate arranged so that the transmission axis forms an angle of 45 ° with respect to the X direction or the Y direction is a linearly polarized light component whose polarization plane is perpendicular to the X direction. And the plane of polarization is the sum of the linearly polarized light components perpendicular to the Y direction. Energy beam at each of the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 not irradiated with, the refractive index for X-direction of the liquid crystal layer 228 is in one of the extraordinary refractive index n e and ordinary index n o, a refractive of the Y-direction rates are other extraordinary refractive index n e and ordinary index n o. Therefore, the liquid crystal layer 228, these linear polarization component, providing a phase difference of lambda 0/4 in each of the forward path and the backward path. That is, the liquid crystal layer 228 provides a phase difference of lambda 0/2 in total of these linearly polarized light components. Therefore, the light of wavelength λ 0 emitted in the normal direction by the subpixels SP1 and SP2 that are not irradiated with the energy beam cannot pass through the linearly polarizing plate.

By the way, the retardation Re depends on the film thickness d of the liquid crystal layer and its birefringence Δn, as shown in the following equation (1).
Re = Δn × d (1)
Here, a Δn = n e -n o.

A pair of linearly polarizing plates are opposed to each other so that their transmission axes are orthogonal to each other, and a liquid crystal layer is interposed between them so that the optical axis forms an angle of 45 ° with respect to the transmission axis of the linearly polarizing plate. When one linearly polarizing plate is illuminated with light having a wavelength λ from its normal direction, the intensity of light incident on the liquid crystal layer is I 0, and the intensity of light passing through the other linearly polarizing plate is I. I can be represented by the following equation (2).
I = I 0 × sin 2 (Re × π / λ) (2)
The birefringence Δn has wavelength dependence, and the birefringence Δn and the wavelength n are not in a proportional relationship. Therefore, as is clear from equation (2), the spectrum of transmitted light has a different profile from the spectrum of incident light.

  Thus, when the liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of linear polarizing plates, transmitted light having a spectrum profile different from that of incident light can be obtained. Similarly, when the liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between the linearly polarizing plate and the reflective layer, reflected light having a spectrum profile different from that of the incident light can be obtained. For this reason, the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 that are not irradiated with the energy beam emit colored light.

Next, an image displayed by the image display body 22 when viewed from an oblique direction using a polarizer will be described.
FIG. 11 is a perspective view illustrating an example of an image displayed by the structure illustrated in FIG. 2 when observed from an oblique direction using a polarizer.

  In FIG. 11, the linearly polarizing plate PL is placed on the image display body 22 so that the transmission axis forms an angle of 45 ° with respect to the X direction or the Y direction, and illuminated with white light. When the observation direction is tilted in a vertical plane, an image displayed by the image display body 22 is drawn. The image displayed by the image display body 22 under such conditions is different from the image displayed by the image display body 22 when observed from the front direction through the linearly polarizing plate PL.

  Specifically, under the conditions shown in FIG. 11, the image display body 22 is colored in a color different from that observed from the normal direction through the linear polarizing plate PL, for example, in the display unit DP1. The background IA1 and the black rhombus IA2 are displayed, and the display portion DP2 is different from the color of the background IA1 displayed by the display portion DP1 which is different from that observed from the normal direction through the linear polarizing plate PL. A colored background IB1 and a black diamond IB2 are displayed. In this case, in the display unit DP3, the image display body 22 includes a background IC1 having a color obtained by additive color mixing of the color of the background IA1 displayed on the display unit DP1 and the color of the background IB1 displayed on the display unit DP2. In the display unit DP4, a background ID1 of the same color as the background IC1 displayed on the display unit DP3 and a background IB1 displayed on the display unit DP2 are displayed. The diamond ID2 of the same color is displayed.

  From this state, when the observation direction is rotated by 90 ° around an axis parallel to the Z direction, the image displayed by the image display 22 changes.

  12 is a perspective view showing another example of an image displayed by the structure shown in FIG. 2 when observed from an oblique direction using a polarizer.

  In FIG. 12, the image display 22 is displayed under the same conditions as described with reference to FIG. 11 except that the observation direction is rotated by 90 ° around an axis parallel to the Z direction. I draw an image. Under this condition, the image display body 22 displays a background IA1 of the same color as the background IB1 displayed by the display unit DP2 and a black rhombus IA2 on the display unit DP1. In the display unit DP2, a background IB1 having the same color as the background IA1 displayed by the display unit DP1 and a black rhombus IB2 are displayed under the conditions shown in FIG. In this case, in the display unit DP3, the image display body 22 includes a background IC1 having a color obtained by additive color mixing of the color of the background IA1 displayed on the display unit DP1 and the color of the background IB1 displayed on the display unit DP2. The rhombus IC2 having the same color as the background IA1 displayed by the display unit DP1 is displayed. In the display unit DP4, the background ID1 having the same color as the background IC1 displayed by the display unit DP3 and the background IB1 displayed by the display unit DP2 are displayed. And the rhombus ID2 of the same color is displayed.

  Thus, when the linearly polarizing plate PL is used, the image display body 22 displays an image different from that observed from the normal direction when the observation direction is tilted. In particular, a portion that appears to be the same color when viewed from the normal direction appears to be a different color by tilting the observation direction. The reason for this will be described below.

  When the observation direction is tilted in a plane perpendicular to the X direction from the observation conditions described with reference to FIG. 10, the optical path length of the liquid crystal layer 228 is increased in each of the subpixels SP1 and SP2 that are not irradiated with the energy beam. In addition, the birefringence Δn changes. That is, when the observation direction is tilted, the retardation of the liquid crystal layer 228 changes in each of the subpixels SP1 and SP2 that are not irradiated with the energy beam. Therefore, when the image display body 22 is observed from the normal direction using the linearly polarizing plate PL, there is a possibility that different colors are displayed by tilting the observation direction.

  As described above, when the image display body 22 emits linearly polarized light and is observed through the linear polarizer, the first and second patterns corresponding to the display portions DP1 and DP2, respectively, the sub-pixels SP1 and The energy beam is applied only to one of the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 and the third pattern corresponding to the arrangement of the pixels PX in which both of the SP2 are irradiated with the energy beam or none of the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 is irradiated with the energy beam. Are superimposed on the fourth pattern corresponding to the arrangement of the pixels PX irradiated with. And when this image display body 22 observes with the naked eye, it displays a 3rd and 4th pattern, without displaying a 1st and 2nd pattern.

  When the image display body 22 emits linearly polarized light and is observed through a linear polarizer, both the first and second patterns corresponding to the display portions DP1 and DP2 and the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 respectively. A third pattern corresponding to the arrangement of the pixels PX irradiated with the energy beam or not irradiated with the energy beam on both the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2, and a pixel irradiated with the energy beam only on one of the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2. The overlay with the fourth pattern corresponding to the arrangement of PX is displayed. And when this image display body 22 observes with the naked eye, it displays a 3rd and 4th pattern, without displaying a 1st and 2nd pattern. That is, a visible image and a latent image are recorded on the image display body 22. Therefore, this image display body 22 shows a complicated visual effect. Therefore, if this is used, for example, for displaying the image I1b shown in FIG. 1, the effect of preventing the personal authentication medium 1 from being counterfeited or falsified is improved.

  The image display 22 writes an image by irradiating an energy beam. When the energy beam is used, the dimensions of the sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 can be reduced, so that a high-definition image can be displayed on the image display body 22, and thus high image quality can be achieved.

  Further, in the image display body 22, carbonization is caused in the liquid crystal layer 228. The liquid crystal layer 228 that has been carbonized inside is difficult to counterfeit itself. Therefore, the image display body 22 is difficult to forge.

Various modifications can be made to the image display body 22 described above.
FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view schematically showing a modification of the image display body. FIG. 14 is a cross-sectional view schematically showing another modification of the image display body. FIG. 15 is a cross-sectional view schematically showing still another modification of the image display body.

  The image display body 22 shown in FIG. 13 is substantially the same as the image display body 22 described with reference to FIGS. 2 to 12 except that the liquid crystal layer 228 further includes a protective layer 227. The protective layer 227 protects the liquid crystal layer 228 and the like from damage.

  It is desirable that the protective layer 227 does not change the polarization of transmitted light. Examples of the material of the protective layer 227 include thermoplastic resins such as acrylic resin, urethane resin, vinyl chloride resin-vinyl acetate copolymer resin, polyester resin, melamine resin, epoxy resin, polystyrene resin, and polyimide resin, and thermosetting resin. Or ultraviolet rays or electron beam curable resins can be used alone or in combination.

  In order to impart friction resistance to these resins, waxes such as polyethylene wax, carnauba wax and silicone wax, extender pigments such as calcium carbonate, zinc stearate, silica, alumina and talc, or fats and oils such as silicone fats and oils Can be added as long as the transparency of the resin is not impaired.

  Moreover, in the image display body 22 shown in FIG. 13, in the irradiation part IP, the surface of the protective layer 227 or almost the entire thickness thereof is carbonized. Thus, carbonization by energy beam irradiation may be caused in the protective layer 227.

  The image display body 22 shown in FIG. 14 is the image display body described with reference to FIGS. 2 to 12 except that the surface of the alignment layer 223 or almost the entire thickness thereof is carbonized in the irradiation unit IP. 22 is the same. The image display 22 shown in FIG. 15 is the image display described with reference to FIGS. 2 to 12 except that the surface of the scattering reflection layer 224 or almost the entire thickness thereof is carbonized in the irradiation unit IP. Similar to the body 22.

  Usually, the reflectivity is reduced by carbonization, but it is not zero. Therefore, when carbonization is caused on the back side of the liquid crystal layer 228 in this way, the liquid crystal region positioned in front of the portion where the carbonization is caused can contribute to display. Therefore, for example, when irradiated with linearly polarized light and observed through a linear polarizer, the liquid crystal region located in front of the carbonized portion may appear colored. Therefore, when carbonization is caused on the back side of the liquid crystal layer 228, a more complicated visual effect can be achieved.

  In addition, it is difficult to counterfeit the layer that is carbonized in the thickness direction, that is, the layer that is carbonized inside. Moreover, the structure which carbonized between layers is also difficult to forge compared with the structure obtained by forming a black pattern by printing on the outermost surface. Therefore, the image display body 22 adopting such a structure is difficult to forge.

  In order to cause carbonization only in a specific layer, for example, an infrared absorber may be contained only in that layer. Moreover, it is not necessary to cause carbonization by energy beam irradiation. The chemical structure or the like may be changed by the energy beam irradiation, and the appearance may be changed accordingly.

  The refractive index anisotropy of the liquid crystal layer 228 may be different between the irradiation portion IP irradiated with the energy beam and the portion not irradiated with the energy beam. That is, the refractive index anisotropy of the liquid crystal layer 228 may be changed by energy beam irradiation. In this case, if carbonization is caused on the back side of the liquid crystal layer 228, the difference in refractive index anisotropy may be used for display when observed using the linearly polarizing plate PL. . That is, in such an image display body 22, for example, when the linearly polarizing plate PL is placed and observed, a portion corresponding to a liquid crystal region having a different refractive index anisotropy may appear in a different color. is there. Therefore, this image display body 22 shows a more complicated visual effect.

  Here, the pixel PX is configured by the two subpixels SP1 and SP2, but the pixel PX may be configured by three or more subpixels having different groove length directions. In this case, more complex visual effects can be achieved.

The image display body 22 described above can be manufactured using a blank medium.
FIG. 16 is a plan view schematically showing an example of a blank medium.

  The blank medium 22B has the same structure as the image display body 22 described with reference to FIGS. 2 to 12 except that the irradiation unit IP is not provided. Such a blank medium 22B is suitable for manufacturing the image display body 22 on demand. That is, the blank medium 22B is prepared in advance, and the image display body 22 can be obtained by irradiating the blank medium 22B with an energy beam when necessary.

The image display body 22 described above can also be manufactured using a transfer foil.
FIG. 17 is a cross-sectional view schematically showing an example of a transfer foil that can be used for manufacturing the personal authentication medium shown in FIG. 18 is a cross-sectional view schematically showing an example of an image display body obtained using the transfer foil shown in FIG.

  A transfer foil 202 shown in FIG. 17 is, for example, a transfer ribbon. The transfer foil 202 includes a support 226 and a transfer material layer 22 ′ that is releasably supported by the support 226.

  The support body 226 is a resin film or a sheet, for example. The support 226 is made of a material having excellent heat resistance such as polyethylene terephthalate. On the main surface supporting the transfer material layer 22 ′ of the support 226, a release layer containing, for example, a fluororesin or a silicone resin may be provided.

  The transfer material layer 22 ′ includes a peeling protective layer 227 ′, an alignment layer 223 ′, a liquid crystal layer 228 ′, and a scattering reflection layer 224 ′. The peeling protective layer 227 ′, the alignment layer 223 ′, the liquid crystal layer 228 ′, and the scattering reflection layer 224 ′ are stacked in this order from the support 226 side. After an image is written by irradiating the transfer material layer 22 'with an energy beam, a part or all of the image is used as the image display 22 shown in FIG.

  The personal authentication medium 100 as a passport has been exemplified above, but the technique described above for the personal authentication medium 100 can also be applied to other personal authentication media. For example, this technology can be applied to various cards such as a visa and an ID card.

  The material of the base material to which the image display body 22 is attached may be other than paper. For example, the base material to which the image display body 22 is attached may be a plastic substrate, a metal substrate, a ceramic substrate, or a glass substrate.

  The image displayed on the image display body 22 may include other biological information in addition to the face image, or may include other biological information instead of the face image. The image displayed on the image display body 22 may include at least one of non-biological personal information and non-personal information in addition to biometric information. At least one of non-biological personal information and non-personal information is used instead of the biometric information. One may be included.

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Signature, 2 ... Cover, 11 ... Paper piece, 21 ... Cover body, 22 ... Image display body, 22 '... Transfer material layer, 22B ... Blank medium, 100 ... Personal authentication medium, 202 ... Transfer foil, 224 ... Scattering Reflective layer, 224 '... scattering reflective layer, 226 ... support, 227 ... protective layer, 227' ... peeling protective layer, 228 ... liquid crystal layer, 228 '... liquid crystal layer, DP1 ... display unit, DP2 ... display unit, DP3 ... Display, DP4 ... Display, I1a ... Image, I1b ... Image, I2 ... Image, I3 ... Image, IA1 ... Background, IA2 ... Rhombus, IB1 ... Background, IB2 ... Rhombus, IC1 ... Background, IC2 ... Rhombus, ID1 ... Background, ID2 ... Diamond, IP ... Irradiation part, PX ... Pixel, SP1 ... Subpixel, SP2 ... Subpixel.

Claims (10)

  1.   The plurality of sub-pixels are arranged regularly, each including a plurality of sub-pixels, and each of the plurality of sub-pixels is aligned in a length direction and adjacent to a direction intersecting the length direction. An alignment region provided on one main surface with a groove, a liquid crystal region made of a liquid crystal material supported and solidified on the main surface, and facing the liquid crystal region with the alignment region in between, or A scattering reflection region that faces the alignment region with a liquid crystal region sandwiched therebetween and emits scattered light having polarization as reflected light when irradiated with illumination light having polarization. In each of the plurality of pixels, the plurality of sub-pixels have different length directions, and one or more of the plurality of sub-pixels included in at least a part of the plurality of pixels is irradiated with an energy beam. Depending on the image Image display body that has been recorded.
  2.   Each of the plurality of pixels includes a first sub-pixel that is one of the plurality of sub-pixels, and a second sub-pixel that is another one of the plurality of sub-pixels. The portion constitutes a first display portion, the other part of the plurality of pixels constitutes a second display portion, and each of the first and second display portions includes both the first and second sub-pixels. The pixel irradiated with the energy beam and the pixel irradiated with the energy beam only on one of the first and second sub-pixels, and the energy beam was irradiated on the first display unit The second sub-pixels are uniformly distributed. In the second display unit, the first sub-pixels irradiated with the energy beam are uniformly distributed, irradiate linearly polarized light, and pass through a linear polarizer. Corresponding to the first and second display sections The pixels in which both the first and second patterns and the first and second sub-pixels are irradiated with the energy beam or none of the first and second sub-pixels are irradiated with the energy beam. And a third pattern corresponding to the arrangement of the fourth pattern corresponding to the arrangement of the pixels irradiated with the energy beam only on one of the first and second sub-pixels is displayed and observed with the naked eye The image display body according to claim 1, wherein the third and fourth patterns are displayed without displaying the first and second patterns.
  3.   The image display body according to claim 1, wherein the constituent material is carbonized in a portion irradiated with the energy beam.
  4.   The image display body according to claim 3, wherein the carbonization occurs in the scattering reflection region, or occurs between the liquid crystal region and the scattering reflection region.
  5.   The image display body according to claim 3, wherein the carbonization occurs in the liquid crystal region.
  6.   Each of the one or more sub-pixels irradiated with the energy beam is not irradiated with the energy beam, and the sub-pixel and the sub-pixel having the same length direction are different in refractive index of the liquid crystal region. The image display body according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the directions are different.
  7.   The image display body according to claim 1, wherein the image includes personal information.
  8.   The image display body according to claim 7, wherein the personal information includes a face image.
  9. The image display body according to any one of claims 1 to 8,
    A personal authentication medium comprising a base material supporting the image display body.
  10.   A blank medium used for manufacturing an image display body on which an image is recorded by irradiating an energy beam, the blank medium regularly arranged, each including a plurality of pixels each including a plurality of sub-pixels, Each of the sub-pixels is supported by the main surface and solidified while having an alignment region in which a plurality of grooves that are aligned in the length direction and are adjacent to each other in a direction crossing the length direction are provided on one main surface. A liquid crystal region made of a liquid crystal material and facing the liquid crystal region with the alignment region in between, or facing the alignment region with the liquid crystal region in between and irradiating with illumination light having polarization A blank medium in which the plurality of sub-pixels have different length directions in each of the plurality of pixels. The blank medium includes a scattering reflection region that emits scattered light having polarization as reflected light.
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JP5119037B2 (en) * 2008-04-25 2013-01-16 富士フイルム株式会社 Birefringence pattern authentication apparatus and article authentication system

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