JP4754836B2 - Double wall structure - Google Patents

Double wall structure Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4754836B2
JP4754836B2 JP2005019017A JP2005019017A JP4754836B2 JP 4754836 B2 JP4754836 B2 JP 4754836B2 JP 2005019017 A JP2005019017 A JP 2005019017A JP 2005019017 A JP2005019017 A JP 2005019017A JP 4754836 B2 JP4754836 B2 JP 4754836B2
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plate
double
sound
partition
air layer
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JP2006208617A (en
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宏樹 上田
一樹 次橋
俊光 田中
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株式会社神戸製鋼所
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60JWINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES
    • B60J5/00Doors
    • B60J5/04Doors arranged at the vehicle sides
    • B60J5/0412Lower door structure
    • B60J5/0418Water or sound barrier, e.g. watershields or seals between dry/wet compartment, sound or vibration dampers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R13/00Elements for body-finishing, identifying, or decorating; Arrangements or adaptations for advertising purposes
    • B60R13/08Insulating elements, e.g. for sound insulation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R13/00Elements for body-finishing, identifying, or decorating; Arrangements or adaptations for advertising purposes
    • B60R13/08Insulating elements, e.g. for sound insulation
    • B60R13/0815Acoustic or thermal insulation of passenger compartments
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10KSOUND-PRODUCING DEVICES; METHODS OR DEVICES FOR PROTECTING AGAINST, OR FOR DAMPING, NOISE OR OTHER ACOUSTIC WAVES IN GENERAL; ACOUSTICS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10K11/00Methods or devices for transmitting, conducting or directing sound in general; Methods or devices for protecting against, or for damping, noise or other acoustic waves in general
    • G10K11/16Methods or devices for protecting against, or for damping, noise or other acoustic waves in general
    • G10K11/172Methods or devices for protecting against, or for damping, noise or other acoustic waves in general using resonance effects

Description

  The present invention relates to a double wall structure, and more particularly, to a configuration of a double wall structure excellent in sound insulation.

Conventionally, it has been proposed to use a double wall structure for doors, hoods, trunk lids and the like as parts used in automobiles (see, for example, Patent Documents 1 and 2). FIG. 17 schematically shows the configuration of this conventional example. In the conventional double-wall structure 1 ′, an internal space 4 is formed between plate-like bodies 2 and 3 facing each other with a predetermined distance, and the internal space 4 is closed by a side plate 5. It has a hollow box-like configuration (bag structure).
JP 2002-96636 A JP 2003-118364 A

  However, in the double-wall structure 1 ′ as shown in Patent Document 1, when a sound wave of noise is incident from the lower side and the noise includes a sound component of a specific frequency, the sound component is internally The resonance in the space 4 (mainly in the direction parallel to the plate-like bodies 2 and 3) causes the amplitude of the upper plate-like body 3 serving as the radiation surface to increase, and the sound is insulated due to the increase in radiation sound. The performance was degraded. In the resonance state, the sound pressure is particularly high near the side plate 5.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above points, and its purpose is to suppress an increase in the amount of sound transmission with respect to sound of a specific frequency, and to achieve a sound insulation performance stably for sound of various frequencies. It is to provide a wall structure.

Means and effects for solving the problems

  The problems to be solved by the present invention are as described above. Next, means for solving the problems and the effects thereof will be described.

  ◆ According to the first aspect of the present invention, in a double wall structure in which an internal space is formed between opposing plate-like bodies and the internal space is completely or substantially closed, the opposing plates There is provided a double wall structure in which a porous plate having a large number of holes is disposed between the porous bodies, and an air layer is interposed between the porous plate and a peripheral member of the double wall structure. The

  Thereby, the sound absorption mechanism formed by the space (air layer) between the perforated plate and the surrounding member can effectively reduce the sound pressure in the vicinity of the surrounding member, and the resonance of the entire internal space can be suppressed. As a result, the sound pressure in the internal space decreases and the excitation force on the radiation surface side decreases, so that the vibration on the radiation surface decreases and the sound transmission loss can be improved. Moreover, it can also be set as the structure which suppresses arbitrary frequencies especially effectively by adjusting the hole diameter of a perforated panel, board thickness, an aperture ratio, and the thickness of the air layer with a surrounding member.

  In the double wall structure, the perforated plate may be arranged to be inclined with respect to the surrounding member.

  According to this configuration, resonance in all directions in the internal space can be suppressed, and a double wall structure excellent in sound insulation can be provided.

  In the double wall structure, it is preferable that a plurality of the perforated plates are provided, and an air layer is interposed between the perforated plates.

  According to this configuration, since the resonance of the internal space can be further suppressed by the two air layers, a double wall structure excellent in sound insulation can be provided.

  In the double wall structure, the perforated plate is provided so as to contact the peripheral member, and a hole may be formed in the peripheral member at the contact portion. Note that the presence of this hole maintains the state in which the internal space of the double wall structure is substantially closed.

  Thereby, foreign matters such as dust and water that have entered the internal space can be easily discharged through the holes.

  The above double wall structure preferably has a partition that partitions the space between the perforated plate and the surrounding member.

  Thereby, the sound insulation of a double wall structure is improved.

  In the double wall structure, it is preferable that a large number of holes are formed in the partition.

  Thereby, the sound insulation of a double wall structure is improved further.

  In the double wall structure, in the porous plate, the thickness of the plate, the hole diameter of the hole, the opening ratio of the hole, and the thickness of the air layer between the porous plate and the surrounding member At least one of them may be different for each space partitioned by the partition body. When the thickness of the air layer between the perforated plate and the surrounding member is not uniform in each partitioned space, the representative thickness (for example, the average thickness) of the air layer for each space partitioned by the partition body ) Are different, it corresponds to the above-mentioned “Make air layer thickness different”. Further, in the case where a hole is provided in the partition body, at least one of the member thickness, the hole diameter of the hole, and the aperture ratio of the hole may be made different for each space partitioned by the partition body. good.

  Thereby, about the sound absorption structure comprised with a perforated panel and a surrounding member, the sound absorption performance in a desired frequency can be exhibited, and the double wall structure which has especially favorable sound insulation performance can be provided.

  In the double wall structure, it is preferable that a vibration damping and vibration isolating member is disposed between the perforated plate and at least one of the opposing plate-like bodies.

  Thereby, the sound insulation of a double wall structure can be improved more.

  In the double wall structure, a foil-like body or a film-like body in which one or a plurality of layers are laminated may be disposed instead of the perforated plate.

  Even in this case, the sound pressure near the surrounding member can be reduced by the sound absorption mechanism formed by the space (air layer) between the foil-like body or the film-like body and the surrounding member, as described above, and the entire internal space can be reduced. Resonance can be suppressed. As a result, the sound pressure in the internal space decreases and the excitation force on the radiation surface side decreases, so that the vibration on the radiation surface decreases and the sound transmission loss can be improved. As a result, a structure having excellent sound insulation can be obtained.

  In the double wall structure, it is preferable that a large number of holes are formed in the foil or film.

  Thereby, the sound insulation of a double wall structure can be improved further.

  ◆ According to the second aspect of the present invention, in the double wall structure in which the internal space is formed between the opposing plate-like bodies and the internal space is completely or substantially closed, the double wall structure A double wall structure is provided in which a porous body is disposed near a body periphery.

  Thereby, the sound pressure in the vicinity of the peripheral member can be reduced by the porous body (arranged in the vicinity of the peripheral member), and resonance in the entire internal space can be suppressed. As a result, the sound pressure in the internal space is reduced and the excitation force on the radiation surface side is reduced, so that the vibration on the radiation surface is reduced, and the sound transmission loss can be improved in combination with the sound absorption effect of the porous body itself. As a result, a structure having excellent sound insulation can be obtained.

  Next, embodiments of the invention will be described. Examples of double-wall structures are shown in FIGS. 1 to 16, respectively, and will be described below in order.

  The double wall structure of Example 1-1 whose schematic diagram is shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 assumes a door as a passenger car component. The double wall structure 1 includes plate-like bodies 2 and 3 which are arranged in parallel to each other and face each other at a predetermined distance. The plate-like bodies 2 and 3 are formed in a rectangular shape that is slightly longer in one direction, and an internal space 4 is formed between the two opposing plate-like bodies 2 and 3. Four side plates (surrounding members) 5 are provided so as to connect the edge portions of the plate-like bodies 2 and 3, and thereby the internal space 4 is almost closed. In other words, the double wall structure 1 of the present embodiment is configured in a bag structure that surrounds the internal space 4 with the plate-like bodies 2 and 3 that are double walls and the side plate 5.

  In the present embodiment, a rectangular porous micro-porous plate 13 is provided so as to partition the internal space 4. Each fine porous plate 13 has a structure in which a large number of fine through holes (micro holes 8) are formed. In Example 1-1, four microporous plates 13 are arranged in a rectangular shape, and the internal space 4 of the double wall structure 1 is divided into two spaces on the center side and on the peripheral side close to the side plate 5. It is partitioned. In other words, each microporous plate 13 is arranged in parallel with a predetermined interval with respect to the four side plates 5, and between the microporous plate 13 and the side plate 5, an amount corresponding to the interval is provided. A thick air layer A is interposed. In addition, as a raw material of the fine porous board 13, iron, aluminum, resin, a fiber reinforced composite material, paper etc. are employable, for example.

  In the above configuration, consider the case where the plate-like body 2 side is subjected to sound pressure excitation by noise from the lower side of FIG. When the noise includes a sound component having a specific frequency, the plate-like body 2 vibrates, and resonance tends to occur in the longitudinal direction or the lateral direction of the internal space 4. Particularly in this resonance mode, the sound pressure near the side plate 5 becomes high. However, the sound absorption mechanism constituted by the fine porous plate 13, the side plate 5 and the air layer A therebetween reduces the sound pressure in the vicinity of the side plate 5 having a high sound pressure, so that the resonance mode is hardly formed. And resonance is suppressed. As a result, since the excitation force of the upper plate-like body 3 serving as the radiation surface is reduced, the amplitude of the radiation surface is reduced, and the drop in sound transmission loss can be reduced.

  In the configuration of Example 1-2 (FIG. 3), the fine porous plate 13 is installed in the vicinity of one of the four side plates 5 of the double wall structure 1. The fine porous plate 13 is disposed so as to be inclined with respect to the side plate 5 so as to be substantially V-shaped in FIG. As a result, a triangular air layer A is formed between the fine porous plate 13 and the side plate 5. In this configuration, the air layer A is disposed at a corner portion (corner portion) where the sound pressure is particularly high in the resonance mode, and the sound pressure at the corner portion can be favorably reduced. Further, since the fine porous plate 13 is disposed so as to be inclined with respect to the side plate 5, resonance in all directions in the internal space 4 can be suppressed, and the sound insulation of the double wall structure 1 is improved. be able to.

  In the configuration of Example 1-3 (FIG. 4), a microporous plate 13 is further added to the configuration of Example 1-2 (FIG. 3), and a plurality of microporous plates 13 and 13 are arranged in parallel. Thus, a gap in the thickness direction is formed between both fine porous plates 13 and 13. As a result, the air layer B is interposed between the fine porous plates 13 and 13. That is, in Example 1-3, two air layers are formed, that is, an air layer A between the fine porous plate 13 and the side plate 5 and an air layer B between the fine porous plates 13 and 13. Therefore, the resonance suppression effect can be further increased.

  The configuration of Example 1-4-1 (FIG. 5) is in contact with the microporous plate 13 of the side plate 5 as compared to the configuration of Example 1-2 (FIG. 3) in which the microporous plate 13 is arranged in an inclined manner. A hole 10 is formed in a portion to be performed. With this hole 10, foreign matters such as dust and water that have entered the internal space 4 can be easily discharged. Moreover, since this hole 10 is provided in the site | part which does not face the air layer A of the side plate 5, the sound absorption effect | action by the air layer A is not prevented. In addition, like Example 1-4-2 (FIG. 6), the fine porous board 13 may be arrange | positioned in substantially W shape, and the two holes 10 may be formed. Thus, the inclined form of the fine porous plate 13 and the number of the holes 10 are not limited.

  The configuration of Example 2-1 (FIG. 7) is a modification of Example 1-1 (FIGS. 1 and 2), and a plate-like partition 9 that connects the side plate 5 and the fine porous plate 13. The partition body 9 partitions the air layer A interposed between the side plate 5 and the fine porous plate 13 in the longitudinal direction and the width direction of the double wall structure 1. In addition, it is preferable to provide the partition body 9 in a position where the resonance phenomenon in the extending direction of the air layer between the microporous plate 13 and the side plate 5 hardly occurs at a desired frequency. That is, the partitions 9 are provided at intervals that do not coincide with an integral multiple of 1/2 of the wavelength with respect to the frequency for which sound insulation is desired to be improved. Thereby, the sound absorption performance of the sound absorption mechanism constituted by the air layer A between the fine porous plate 13 and the side plate 5 can be enhanced. Further, in this configuration, in order to improve the sound absorption performance at the targeted frequency, the hole diameter and the opening ratio of the fine holes 8 are made different for each space partitioned by the partition body 9, or the plate of the fine porous plate 13 is used. The thickness may be varied. Moreover, the partition 9 is not limited to plate shape, For example, you may comprise a partition with the foaming agent for reinforcement formed in the lump shape.

  The configuration of Example 2-2-1 (FIG. 8) corresponds to a combination of Example 1-2 (FIG. 3) and Example 2-1 (FIG. 7). In this configuration, the thickness (average thickness) of the air layer A between the fine porous plate 13 and the side plate 5 is made different for each space surrounded by the partitions 9. As in Example 2-2-2 (FIG. 9), the holes 10 may be formed in the side plate 5 in the same manner as in Example 1-4-1.

  The configuration of Example 2-3-1 (FIG. 10) corresponds to a combination of Example 1-3 (FIG. 4) and Example 2-2-1 (FIG. 8). The partition body 9 is installed so as to partition both the two air layers A and B.

  The configuration of Example 2-3-2 (FIG. 11) is such that a plurality of fine porous plates 13 and 13 are provided in the thickness direction with respect to Example 2-1 (FIG. 7), and an air layer B is interposed therebetween. It is a modification.

  In the configuration of Example 2-4 (FIG. 12), a large number of fine holes 8 are formed in the partition body 9 of Example 2-1 (FIG. 7).

  FIG. 13 shows a cross-sectional view of the double wall structure 1 of Example 3-1-1. As shown in FIG. 13, the microporous plate 13 is opposite to the plate-like body 2 on the excitation side or the opposite side. In some cases, the plate-like body 3 on the side cannot be contacted with perfect airtightness, and a certain amount of gaps (slits) may be formed. Since it is preferable that there is no such slit, in this embodiment, a vibration damping and vibration isolating member 16 made of a member such as rubber or urethane is installed in a portion corresponding to the slit. As a result, the sound absorbing performance of the sound absorbing mechanism can be improved. As shown in Example 3-1-2 (FIG. 14), the vibration control member 16 is provided between the microporous plate 13 and only one of the two plate-like bodies 2 and 3. It may be done. When the slit is a fine gap, the vibration damping and vibration preventing member 16 can be omitted and the slit itself can have a sound absorbing effect.

  In Example 4-1 (FIG. 15), instead of the fine porous plate 13 in Example 2-2-1 (FIG. 8), a plurality of laminated foil-like bodies or film-like bodies 14 are provided. In Example 4-1, a large number of micropores 8 are formed in the foil-like body or the film-like body 14 in order to improve sound absorption, but a configuration in which the micropores 8 are not provided may be employed. Further, the foil-like body or the film-like body may be installed as a single sheet without being laminated.

  In Example 5-1 (FIG. 16), two porous bodies 15 and 15 are disposed in the vicinity of the side plate 5 of the double wall structure 1. As the material of the porous body 15, in addition to glass wool, felt, etc., for example, PET fibers, polyurethane, and open-cell foamed materials can be used. In this Example 5-1, the porous body 15 is configured in a triangular shape, and each is disposed at two corners on one side of the internal space 4 so as to be in contact with the side plate 5. The shape and arrangement of the porous body 15 are not limited to the above. In this configuration, the sound pressure at the time of resonance of the entire internal space 4 can be reduced by intensively absorbing the portion where the sound pressure at the time of resonance is particularly high (near the side plate 5, particularly near the corner portion of the internal space 4). Sound transmission loss can be improved.

  In order to confirm the effectiveness of the above embodiment, the following experiment was performed. That is, the double wall structure of each structure of Examples 1-1 to 1-3, 2-1, 2-1, 2-1, 3-1, 2-3-2, 4-1, 5-1 The body 1 is installed at a position between the two rooms in the reverberation room including the sound source room and the sound receiving room, and appropriate noise is generated from one side of the double wall structure 1 based on JIS A1416. The sound transmission loss was obtained by measuring the sound pressure using a sound level meter on both sides of the body 1.

  The results are shown in FIGS. Each of these graphs also shows the result of a similar experiment performed on the structure of the conventional example (FIG. 17). As shown in the graph of FIG. 18, in the configurations of Examples 1-1 to 1-3 with respect to the conventional example, the sound transmission loss is improved due to the suppression of the resonance mode by the fine porous plate 13, and sound insulation is performed. It can be seen that the performance has been improved. In addition, in the configurations of Examples 2-1, 2-1, 2-3-1, 1-2-3-2 (FIG. 19) and the configurations of Examples 4-1, 5-1 (FIG. 20) as well. Similarly, it can be seen that the sound transmission loss is improved by the resonance mode suppressing action of the fine porous plate 13 and the porous body 15, and the sound insulation performance can be improved.

  The preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described above, but the technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and various modifications can be made.

  For example, the double wall structure of the present invention can be applied not only to passenger car doors but also to hoods and trunk lids, for example. Further, the shape of the plate-like bodies 2 and 3 is not limited to the rectangular shape as described above, and it goes without saying that various changes can be made according to the shape of the required component.

  Also, the direction and order of the sound pressure mode in which resonance occurs varies depending on various circumstances such as the shape of the double wall structure 1 and the positional relationship with the noise source. The number, the hole diameter, the shape, the opening ratio, etc. of the holes 8 may be appropriately determined in consideration of the above circumstances. That is, as to where and how many fine porous plates 13 and porous bodies 15 are provided, the optimum position and number are determined in consideration of the resonance mode in the internal space 4 of the double wall structure 1 due to assumed noise. Just decide. Further, the fine holes 8 provided in the fine porous plate 13, the partition 9, the foil-like body, or the film-like body 14 in the plurality of embodiments described above increase the hole diameter and cannot be said to be “fine”. It is good also as a hole of a size. Further, when the double wall structure 1 is applied to a door for a passenger car, it is assumed that various devices and reinforcing materials are arranged in the internal space 4, and therefore the microporous plate 13 is disposed at a position avoiding that. Of course, the porous body 15 may be provided.

  The fine porous plate 13 and the porous body 15 described above may be provided on the entire circumference of the side plate 5 or may be provided only on a part thereof. For example, although the microporous plate 13 of Example 1-2 (FIG. 3) is provided so that the air layer A is interposed only between one of the four side plates 5, You may arrange | position so that the perimeter may be surrounded.

  In the above-described embodiments, the fine porous plate 13 and the partition body 9 are installed in a direction perpendicular to the plate-like bodies 2, 3, but are not limited to this, and are inclined with respect to the plate-like bodies 2, 3. As described above, the fine porous plate 13 or the partition 9 may be installed.

  Moreover, the above-mentioned Example is not limited to when each is applied independently, You may apply combining several Example.

The schematic perspective view of Example 1-1 of the double wall structure of this invention. The schematic diagram of Example 1-1. The schematic diagram of Example 1-2. The schematic diagram of Example 1-3. The schematic diagram of Example 1-4-1. The schematic diagram of Example 1-4-2. The schematic diagram of Example 2-1. Schematic diagram of Example 2-2-1. The schematic diagram of Example 2-2-2. The schematic diagram of Example 2-3-1. The schematic diagram of Example 2-3-2. The schematic diagram of Example 2-4. The schematic cross section of Example 3-1-1. The schematic cross section of Example 3-1-2. The schematic diagram of Example 4-1. The schematic diagram of Example 5-1. The perspective view which shows the structure of the double wall structure of a prior art example. The graph which shows the sound transmission suppression effect of Examples 1-1 to 1-3 compared with a prior art example. The graph figure which shows the sound transmission suppression effect of Example 2-1, 2-1, 2-3-1, 2-3-3-2 compared with a prior art example. The graph which shows the sound transmission suppression effect of Examples 4-1 and 5-1 compared with a prior art example.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Double wall structure 2 Excitation side plate-like body 3 Plate-like body 4 Internal space 5 Side plate 8 Fine hole (hole)
9 partition 10 hole 13 micro perforated plate (perforated plate)
14 Film-like body or foil-like body 15 Porous body A Air layer B Air layer

Claims (8)

  1. In a double wall structure in which an internal space is formed between opposing plate-like bodies and the internal space is completely or substantially closed, a perforated plate having a large number of holes between the opposing plate-like bodies Is disposed, an air layer is interposed between the perforated plate and the peripheral member of the double wall structure ,
    The perforated plate is disposed so as to be inclined with respect to the peripheral member and to be in contact with the peripheral member, and a hole is formed in the peripheral member at the contact portion. body.
  2. 2. The double wall structure according to claim 1 , wherein a plurality of the perforated plates are provided, and an air layer is interposed between the perforated plates.
  3. A double-wall structure according to claim 1 or claim 2, double wall structure and having a partition member for partitioning the space between the peripheral member and the porous plate.
  4. 4. The double wall structure according to claim 3 , wherein a number of holes are formed in the partition body.
  5. A double-wall structure according to claim 3 or claim 4, for each space partitioned by the partition member, the plate thickness of the porous plate, member thickness of the partition member, the perforated plate or the partition body At least one of a hole diameter of the hole provided in the hole, an opening ratio of the hole, and a thickness of an air layer between the perforated plate and the surrounding member is different. Wall structure.
  6. It is a double wall structure as described in any one of Claim 1- Claim 5 , Comprising: A vibration suppression vibration isolating member is between at least any one of the said perforated panel and the said opposing plate-shaped body. A double-walled structure characterized by being arranged.
  7. It is the double wall structure as described in any one of Claim 1- Claim 5 , Comprising: Instead of the said perforated plate, the foil-like body or film-like body which laminated | stacked the 1 sheet or several sheets was arrange | positioned. A double wall structure characterized by that.
  8. The double-wall structure according to claim 7 , wherein a plurality of holes are formed in the foil-like body or the film-like body.
JP2005019017A 2005-01-27 2005-01-27 Double wall structure Active JP4754836B2 (en)

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JP2005019017A JP4754836B2 (en) 2005-01-27 2005-01-27 Double wall structure
US11/795,154 US20080128200A1 (en) 2005-01-27 2005-12-13 Double-Wall Structure
PCT/JP2005/022826 WO2006080150A1 (en) 2005-01-27 2005-12-13 Double-wall structure
DE112005003394.5T DE112005003394B4 (en) 2005-01-27 2005-12-13 Automotive part with a double wall structure

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DE112005003394B4 (en) 2018-11-15
JP2006208617A (en) 2006-08-10

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