JP4689575B2 - Transportation system strengthened to the city center - Google Patents

Transportation system strengthened to the city center Download PDF

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JP4689575B2
JP4689575B2 JP2006287375A JP2006287375A JP4689575B2 JP 4689575 B2 JP4689575 B2 JP 4689575B2 JP 2006287375 A JP2006287375 A JP 2006287375A JP 2006287375 A JP2006287375 A JP 2006287375A JP 4689575 B2 JP4689575 B2 JP 4689575B2
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traffic
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JP2008106436A (en
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誠一 鳥取
雅威 武藤
栄一 前橋
大 岡本
浩嗣 黒川
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財団法人鉄道総合技術研究所
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本発明は、都心地域へ増強される交通システムに関するものである。   The present invention relates to a transportation system that is augmented to an urban area.
例えば、図5に示すような四車線の道路における従来のLRT(Light Rail Transit)・バス複合システムでは、図6に示すように、LRT・バス専用走行レーン101,103は、自動車走行レーン102の両側に新たに路面軌道を敷設して構築する必要がある。
新たな交通システム走行路(線路・ガイドウエイを含む)を建設、設置する場合、特に、市街地や住宅地等の都市周辺地域では用地確保が困難となる。
For example, in a conventional LRT (Light Rail Transit) / bus complex system on a four-lane road as shown in FIG. 5, as shown in FIG. It is necessary to construct a new road track on both sides.
When constructing and installing a new transportation system driving path (including railroad tracks and guideways), it is difficult to secure a site, particularly in urban areas such as urban areas and residential areas.
高価な用地買収は、交通システム開通後の運賃や維持経費に転嫁され、経営継続困難な状況に至らしめる場合があり、一方、用地買収が容易な郊外だけに路線建設しても利用客が集まらずに経営が破綻する傾向がある。
このような背景から、新規交通システムは利用客が見込めるものの用地買収が困難な地域に最低限の結節を図りながらも、全線にわたって建設費低減可能な構築を行わないと運営・維持管理が不可能なものとなる。
Expensive land acquisition may be passed on to fare and maintenance expenses after the opening of the transportation system, which may lead to difficult management continuity. There is a tendency for management to fail.
Against this backdrop, the new transportation system can be operated and maintained without constructing a construction that can reduce construction costs across the entire line, while aiming for a minimum nodule in an area where acquisition of land is difficult, although users can be expected. It will be something.
郊外エリアでも地平構築は道路平面交差の問題も生じ、一般自動車と混在する路面軌道の長距離設備は低速運転や混雑の点で速達性、定時を欠き乗客離れを加速するものとなる。
なお、本願の発明者は、既に、懸垂式モノレールと路面電車とを組み合わせ、懸垂式モノレールの軌道桁下に絶縁物を介して架線を配置し、路面電車のパンタグラフを介して給電し、路面電車を懸垂式モノレールと合流させるようにした複合交通システムを提案している(下記特許文献1参照)。
特許第3545316号公報
Even in the suburban areas, the construction of the horizon also causes a problem of road crossing, and the long-distance facilities of road tracks that are mixed with ordinary cars will accelerate passenger separation due to lack of speed and timeliness in terms of low-speed driving and congestion.
The inventor of the present application has already combined a suspended monorail and a tram, arranged an overhead line via an insulator under the track girder of the suspended monorail, supplied power via a pantograph of the tram, Has proposed a combined traffic system that joins a suspension type monorail (see Patent Document 1 below).
Japanese Patent No. 3545316
新規な交通システムの構築においても、利用客の見込めない郊外設置だけでは採算性が不足するため、狭隘な都市市街地への結節も重要な課題となる。
低廉な建設費と運営費を標榜する複合交通システムにおいて、例えば都市内の道路上空や水路上空等による建設を行えば、用地取得コストが低減できる。
ただし、かかる交通システムの構築にあたっては、狭隘部であるため設置可能な走行路幅や駅・停留所の配置にも制約が生ずることとなる。
Even in the construction of a new transportation system, it is not enough to install a suburban area where users cannot be expected, so nodules to narrow urban areas are an important issue.
In a complex transportation system that advocates low construction costs and operation costs, for example, if construction is performed over roads or waterways in cities, land acquisition costs can be reduced.
However, when constructing such a traffic system, since it is a narrow part, there are restrictions on the width of the travelable road and the arrangement of stations and stops.
本発明は、上記状況に鑑みて、最低限の立体構築によって既存の自動車交通等との最低限の分離を行い、定時性と速達性を持たせつつ競争力を維持して建設コストの低減が可能な道路上空へ構築される都心地域へ増強される交通システムを提供することを目的とする。
また、複数の異種交通手段の複合化により、運転頻度向上や乗換え利便性の向上、走行路共有化による建設、維持管理保守コストの低減を図り得る、都心地域へ増強される交通システムを提供することを目的とする。
The present invention is, in view of the above circumstances, have rows minimum separation with existing automobile traffic, etc. with minimal steric construction, reducing construction costs remain competitive while have punctuality and express resistance The purpose is to provide a transportation system that can be strengthened to the city center area that is built over the road.
In addition, by providing a combination of multiple different modes of transportation, we will provide a transportation system that can be strengthened in the city center area, which can improve driving frequency and convenience of transfer, construction by sharing driving routes, and reduction of maintenance and maintenance costs. For the purpose.
すなわち、道路上空等に安価に複合交通システムを構築するための改善策を提供するものである。
また、ガイドウエイバスとLRT車両で共用する複合交通システムの場合、いずれも桁やレールによって操舵される運転形態となるため複線線路構築においても建設最大幅が一般道路以下に縮小可能で建設費も安価にできる。
In other words, the present invention provides an improvement measure for constructing a complex traffic system over the road at a low cost.
Also, the case of a composite transport system shared by guideway bus and LRT vehicle, both also in the double track line construction for the thus steered by operating configuration to the digit or rail can reduce construction maximum width below general road construction costs Can also be made cheaper.
しかしながら、駅・停留所部においては運転される車両の特異な形態による制約で、進行方向左側に上下線個別にホームを設置する対向式ホーム配列を選択せざるをえない。この場合、両側ホームを含めた全幅が広くなり、建設規模が大きくなってコストが上昇するばかりか、地上等との立体移動に必要な階段やエレベータを複数設置することになり、建設コストだけでなく運営、保守コストも増大することになる。 However, in the station / stop part, due to restrictions due to the specific form of the vehicle to be driven, it is necessary to select an opposed home arrangement in which homes are individually installed on the upper and lower lines on the left side in the traveling direction . In this case, the entire width including the platforms on both sides will be widened, the construction scale will increase and the cost will increase, and more than one staircase and elevator will be installed for three-dimensional movement with the ground etc. Operation and maintenance costs will also increase.
ただし、道路及び一般鉄道は、例えば日本においては左側通行に統一されているが、複合交通専用軌道においては逆の右側通行構築とすることで左側専用ドア扱い構造バス・LRT車両のままで島式ホーム構築が可能となり、複線路の停留所及び駅構築をスリム化でき、コスト削減効果も大きい都心地域へ増強される交通システムを構築することができる。 However , roads and general railways, for example, are standardized on the left-hand side in Japan, but the left-hand side door-use structure bus / LRT vehicle is left as an island type by constructing a reverse right-hand side construction on a combined traffic track. It is possible to build a home, streamline the construction of stops and stations on multiple tracks, and build a traffic system that can be strengthened to the central area with great cost reduction effects.
本発明は、上記目的を達成するために、
〔1〕都心地域へ増強される交通システムにおいて、複数車線を有するとともに中央部にホームが設けられる下層走行路と、この下層走行路の中央部のホームから上空に桁幅を有するほぼ断面がT字形状の上層走行路と、この上層走行路の中央部に構築される島状停留所と、この島状停留所の中央部に前記上層走行路と下層走行路を接続する垂直方向の昇降路と該島状停留所の上流部と下流部にそれぞれ前記上層走行路と下層走行路を接続する傾斜方向の昇降路とを構築することを特徴とする。
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides
In [1] Transportation system is enhanced to the city area, the lower road on which the home is provided in the central portion and having a multi-lane, almost cross-section with a digit width over the home of the central portion of the lower running path is T A character-shaped upper runway, an island stop constructed at the center of the upper runway, a vertical hoistway connecting the upper runway and the lower runway to the center of the island stop, and Inclined hoistways connecting the upper and lower travel paths are constructed at the upstream and downstream portions of the island stop, respectively.
〔2〕上記〔1〕記載の都心地域へ増強される交通システムにおいて、前記島状停留所の上流部と下流部の傾斜方向の昇降路は、フード付きの階段であることを特徴とする。
〔3〕上記〔1〕記載の都心地域へ増強される交通システムにおいて、前記島状停留所の上流部と下流部の傾斜方向の昇降路は、フード付きのエスカレータであることを特徴とする。
[2] In the transportation system that is strengthened to the central area as described in [1] above, the inclining hoistways of the upstream portion and the downstream portion of the island stop are hooded stairs.
[3] In the transportation system that is strengthened to the central area as described in [1] above, the hoistway in the inclined direction of the upstream part and the downstream part of the island stop is an hooded escalator.
〔4〕上記〔1〕、〔2〕又は〔3〕記載の都心地域へ増強される交通システムにおいて、前記上層走行路は都心地域と郊外の地域との接続部において、立体的な構造を有することを特徴とする。
〔5〕上記〔1〕、〔2〕又は〔3〕記載の都心地域へ増強される交通システム において、前記上層走行路は複数並行走行路を含むことを特徴とする。
[4] [1] above, in a transportation system to be enhanced [2] or [3] to the city area described before Symbol upper layer travel path in the connecting portion between the areas of urban areas and suburbs, three-dimensional structure characterized in that it have a.
[5] above [1], in a transportation system to be enhanced [2] or [3] to the city area, wherein the upper traveling path is characterized in that it comprises a plurality parallel roadway.
本発明によれば、次のような効果を奏することができる。
(1)都心部の道路上空へ新たな交通システムを低コストで構築することができる。
(2)上層走行路の停留所から下層走行路のホームへの移動が円滑であり、乗換えを容易にすることができる。
また、ガイドウエイバス及びLRT車両は、例えば片側(左側)にしかドアの無い簡易な従来車体構造のまま導入可能となり、あわせて狭隘空間に複合共用交通路を小規模に設置可能となるため、車両、施設ともにコスト削減が可能となる。
According to the present invention, the following effects can be achieved.
(1) A new transportation system can be constructed at low cost over the roads in the city center.
(2) The transfer from the stop on the upper-level travel path to the platform on the lower-level travel path is smooth, and transfer can be facilitated.
In addition, guideway buses and LRT vehicles, for example, can be introduced with a simple conventional vehicle body structure having a door only on one side (left side), and in addition, a complex shared traffic path can be installed on a small scale in a narrow space. Cost reduction is possible for both vehicles and facilities.
本発明の都心地域へ増強される交通システムは、複数車線を有するとともに中央部にホームが設けられる下層走行路と、この下層走行路の中央部のホームから上空に桁幅を有するほぼ断面がT字形状の上層走行路と、この上層走行路の中央部に構築される島状停留所と、この島状停留所の中央部に前記上層走行路と下層走行路を接続する垂直方向の昇降路と該島状停留所の上流部と下流部にそれぞれ前記上層走行路と下層走行路を接続する傾斜方向の昇降路とを構築する。 Transportation system is enhanced to the city area of the present invention includes a lower traveling path of the home is provided in the central portion and having a multi-lane, almost cross-section with a digit width over the home of the central portion of the lower running path is T A character-shaped upper runway, an island stop constructed at the center of the upper runway, a vertical hoistway connecting the upper runway and the lower runway to the center of the island stop, and A hoistway in an inclined direction connecting the upper layer traveling path and the lower layer traveling path is constructed at an upstream portion and a downstream portion of the island stop, respectively.
以下、本発明の実施の形態について詳細に説明する。
図1は本発明の実施例を示す右側通行島式の道路上空へ構築される交通システムの横断面図、図2はその交通システムの上空からみた平面図、図3はその複合交通システムの島状停留所の模式斜視図、図4はそのバスとLRT車両が乗り入れた右側通行島式の道路上空へ構築される複合交通システムの模式図である。
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail.
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a traffic system constructed over a right-hand road island road showing an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a plan view of the traffic system viewed from above, and FIG. 3 is an island of the combined traffic system. FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the combined traffic system constructed over the right-hand traffic island road where the bus and the LRT vehicle enter.
これらの図において、1は複数車線を有するとともに中央部にホーム2が設けられる下層走行路、3はこの下層走行路1の中央部のホーム2から上空に桁幅を有するほぼ断面がT字形状の上層走行路であり、この上層走行路3には脚部3Aと両側の壁3Bと桁3Cに構築される第1の道路3Dと第2の道路3Eとが設けられる。4はその上層走行路3の中央部に構築される島状停留所、5はその島状停留所4の中央部に設けられる上層走行路3と下層走行路1を接続する垂直方向の昇降路(エレベータ)、6,7はその島状停留所4の上流部と下流部にそれぞれ設けられる、上層走行路3と下層走行路1を接続する傾斜方向の昇降路(エスカレータ、又は階段)である。なお、例えば、第1の道路3Dには第1の車両(例えば、LRT車両)8、第2の道路3Eには第2の車両(例えば、ガイドウエイバス(通常の乗合バスでもよい))9が運行される。また、第1の道路3Dと第2の道路3Eは、図2に示すように、郊外の地域Bより、都心地域Aに入る地点Cで交差する立体的な構造となっており、都心地域Aでは第1の道路3Dと第2の道路3Eは、平行に配置され、また、都心地域Aから郊外の地域Bに入る地点Cで交差する立体的な構造となっている。なお、10は上層走行路3のT字形状の支持橋脚であり、このT字形状の支持橋脚10の上部は上層走行路3の幅程度であり、下部は狭められて下層走行路1のホーム2の端部に構築されるようになっている。 In these drawings, 1 is almost cross-section T-shape with the lower road on which the home 2 is provided in the central portion, 3 digits width over the home second central portion of the lower traveling path 1 which has a multi-lane The upper-layer traveling road 3 is provided with a first road 3D and a second road 3E constructed by legs 3A, walls 3B on both sides, and girders 3C. 4 is an island stop constructed in the central part of the upper layer travel path 3, and 5 is a vertical hoistway (elevator) connecting the upper layer travel path 3 and the lower layer travel path 1 provided in the central part of the island stop 4. ), 6 and 7 are inclined hoistways (escalators or stairs) that connect the upper-layer traveling path 3 and the lower-layer traveling path 1, respectively, provided at the upstream and downstream portions of the island-like stop 4. Note that, for example, a first vehicle (for example, an LRT vehicle) 8 is provided on the first road 3D, and a second vehicle (for example, a guideway bus (which may be a normal shared bus)) 9 is provided on the second road 3E. Will be operated. Further, as shown in FIG. 2, the first road 3D and the second road 3E have a three-dimensional structure that intersects at a point C entering the city center area A from the suburban area B. Then, the first road 3D and the second road 3E are arranged in parallel, and have a three-dimensional structure that intersects at a point C entering the suburban area B from the central area A. Incidentally, 10 is a supporting piers T-shaped upper running path 3, the upper portion of the supporting piers 10 of the T-shape is about the width of the upper running path 3, the lower layer travel path 1 bottom narrowed It is constructed at the end of the home 2.
このように構成されるので、下流の郊外の地域B2より入ってくる第1の車両(LRT車両)8は上流の郊外の地域B1からみて島状停留所4の左側に停車することにより、乗車客を下ろしたり、乗車させることができる。その島状停留所4で降りた者は、島状停留所4の中央部に配置されている上層走行路3と下層走行路1を接続する垂直方向の昇降路(エレベータ)5又は島状停留所4の上流部と下流部にそれぞれ設けられる上層走行路3と下層走行路1を接続する傾斜方向の昇降路(エスカレータ、又は階段)6,7を利用して下層走行路1の中央部のホーム2に下りてそれぞれの交通機関に乗り換えることができる。   Since it is configured in this way, the first vehicle (LRT vehicle) 8 entering from the downstream suburban area B2 stops at the left side of the island stop 4 as viewed from the upstream suburban area B1, so that passengers Can be lowered or boarded. A person who gets off at the island stop 4 is a vertical hoistway (elevator) 5 or an island stop 4 that connects the upper layer traveling path 3 and the lower layer traveling path 1 disposed in the center of the island stop 4. To the platform 2 at the center of the lower travel path 1 by using the hoistways (escalators or stairs) 6 and 7 in the inclined direction connecting the upper travel path 3 and the lower travel path 1 provided in the upstream and downstream parts, respectively. You can go down and change to each transportation.
また、上流の郊外の地域Bより入ってくる第2の車両(ガイドウエイバス)9も上流からみて島状停留所4の右側に停まり、乗車客を下ろしたり、乗車させることができる。その島状停留所4で降りた者は、島状停留所4の中央部に配置されている上層走行路3と下層走行路1を接続する垂直方向の昇降路(エレベータ)5又は島状停留所4の上流部と下流部にそれぞれ設けられる上層走行路3と下層走行路1を接続する傾斜方向の昇降路(エスカレータ、又は階段)6,7を利用して下層走行路1の中央部のホーム2に下りてそれぞれの交通機関に乗り換えることができる。 The second vehicle (guideway bus) 9 also stops upstream viewed from the right side of the island stop 4 Mari coming from areas B 1 of the upstream suburb, or lower the ride guests can be riding. A person who gets off at the island stop 4 is a vertical hoistway (elevator) 5 or an island stop 4 that connects the upper layer traveling path 3 and the lower layer traveling path 1 disposed in the center of the island stop 4. To the platform 2 at the center of the lower travel path 1 by using the hoistways (escalators or stairs) 6 and 7 in the inclined direction connecting the upper travel path 3 and the lower travel path 1 provided in the upstream and downstream parts, respectively. You can go down and change to each transportation.
本発明によれば、都心地域の道路上空へ新たな道路交通システムを低コストで構築することができる。また、上層走行路の停留所から下層走行路のホームへの移動が円滑であり、乗換えを容易にすることができる。さらに、新たな道路交通網としての例えばガイドウエイバス及びLRT車両は、例えば片側(左側)にしかドアの無い簡易な従来車体構造のまま導入可能となり、あわせて狭隘空間に複合共用交通路を小規模に設置可能となるため、車両、施設ともにコスト削減が可能となる。   ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, a new road traffic system can be constructed | assembled at low cost above the road of a city center area. In addition, the transfer from the stop on the upper-level travel path to the platform on the lower-level travel path is smooth, and transfer can be facilitated. Furthermore, for example, guideway buses and LRT vehicles as new road traffic networks can be introduced, for example, with a simple conventional vehicle body structure having a door only on one side (left side), and in addition, a complex shared traffic route can be reduced in a narrow space. Since it can be installed on a scale, it is possible to reduce costs for both vehicles and facilities.
なお、本発明は上記実施例に限定されるものではなく、本発明の趣旨に基づいて種々の変形が可能であり、これらを本発明の範囲から排除するものではない。   In addition, this invention is not limited to the said Example, A various deformation | transformation is possible based on the meaning of this invention, and these are not excluded from the scope of the present invention.
本発明の都心地域へ増強される交通システムは、低コストで構築することができる都心地域の道路上空への新たな道路交通システムとして利用することができる。   The traffic system enhanced to the city center area of the present invention can be used as a new road traffic system over the road in the city center area that can be constructed at low cost.
本発明の実施例を示す右側通行島式の道路上空へ構築される交通システムの横断面図である。It is a cross-sectional view of a transportation system that will be built into the right-hand traffic island road road sky showing an embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の実施例を示す右側通行島式の道路上空へ構築される交通システムの上空から見た平面図である。Is a plan view from above of the transportation system that will be built into the right-hand traffic island road road sky showing an embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の実施例を示す複合交通システムの島状停留所の模式斜視図である。It is a model perspective view of the island stop of the compound traffic system which shows the Example of this invention. 本発明の実施例を示すバスとLRT車両が乗り入れた右側通行島式の道路上空へ構築される複合交通システムの図面代用の模式図である。FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram instead of a drawing of a composite traffic system constructed over a right-hand traffic island type road on which a bus and an LRT vehicle enter the embodiment of the present invention. 従来の四車線の道路を示す図面代用の模式図である。It is a schematic diagram instead of drawing which shows the conventional four-lane road. 従来の問題点を示す複合交通システムの模式図である。It is a schematic diagram of the compound traffic system which shows the conventional problem.
1 下層走行路
2 下層走行路の中央部のホーム
3 上層走行路
3A 脚部
3B 壁
3C 桁
3D 第1の道路
3E 第2の道路
4 上層走行路の島状停留所
5 垂直方向の昇降路(エレベータ)
6,7 傾斜方向の昇降路(エスカレータ、又は階段)
8 第1の車両(LRT車両)
9 第2の車両(ガイドウエイバス)
10 T字形状の支持橋脚
A 都心地域
B1 上流の郊外の地域
B2 下流の郊外の地域
C 郊外の地域Bより都心地域Aに入る地点
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Lower layer road 2 Home of the middle part of lower layer road 3 Upper layer road 3A Leg 3B Wall 3C Girder 3D First road 3E Second road 4 Island stop of upper layer road 5 Elevator in the vertical direction (elevator )
6,7 Inclined hoistway (escalator or stairs)
8 First vehicle (LRT vehicle)
9 Second vehicle (guideway bus)
10 T-shaped support pier A City center area B1 Upstream suburban area B2 Downstream suburban area C Suburban area B entering central area A

Claims (5)

  1. (a)複数車線を有するとともに中央部にホームが設けられる下層走行路と、
    (b)該下層走行路の中央部のホームから上空に桁幅を有するほぼ断面がT字形状の上層走行路と、
    (c)該上層走行路の中央部に構築される島状停留所と、
    (d)該島状停留所の中央部に前記上層走行路と下層走行路を接続する垂直方向の昇降路と該島状停留所の上流部と下流部にそれぞれ前記上層走行路と下層走行路を接続する傾斜方向の昇降路とを構築することを特徴とする都心地域へ増強される交通システム。
    (A) a lower layer traveling road having a plurality of lanes and having a platform in the center,
    (B) an upper layer travel path substantially the cross section is T-shaped having a digit width over the home of the central portion of the lower layer travel path,
    (C) an island stop constructed at the center of the upper-layer traveling road;
    (D) A vertical hoistway connecting the upper and lower runways to the center of the island stop and the upper and lower runways connected to the upstream and downstream portions of the island stop, respectively. A traffic system enhanced to the city center area, characterized by building a hoistway in the direction of the slope.
  2. 請求項1記載の都心地域へ増強される交通システムにおいて、前記島状停留所の上流部と下流部の傾斜方向の昇降路はフード付きの階段であることを特徴とする都心地域へ増強される交通システム。   The traffic system enhanced to the central area according to claim 1, wherein the hoistway in the inclined direction of the upstream part and the downstream part of the island stop is a stairs with a hood. system.
  3. 請求項1記載の都心地域へ増強される交通システムにおいて、前記島状停留所の上流部と下流部の傾斜方向の昇降路はフード付きのエスカレータであることを特徴とする都心地域へ増強される交通システム。   The traffic system enhanced to the city center area according to claim 1, wherein the hoistway in the inclined direction of the upstream portion and the downstream portion of the island stop is an hooded escalator. system.
  4. 請求項1、2又は3記載の都心地域へ増強される交通システムにおいて、前記上層走行路は都心地域と郊外の地域との接続部において、立体的な構造を有することを特徴とする都心地域へ増強される交通システム。 A traffic system to be enhanced to the city area according to claim 1, wherein, prior SL upper layer travel path in the connecting portion between the areas of urban areas and suburbs, characterized by have a three-dimensional structure A transportation system that is strengthened to the city center
  5. 請求項1、2又は3記載の都心地域へ増強される交通システムにおいて、前記上層走行路は複数並行走行路を含むことを特徴とする都心地域へ増強される交通システム。 Transportation system in transportation systems that are enhanced to the city area according to claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein said upper runway to be enhanced to the city areas, which comprises a plurality parallel roadway.
JP2006287375A 2006-10-23 2006-10-23 Transportation system strengthened to the city center Expired - Fee Related JP4689575B2 (en)

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