JP4559463B2 - Navigation device, navigation method, navigation program - Google Patents

Navigation device, navigation method, navigation program Download PDF

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JP4559463B2
JP4559463B2 JP2007291244A JP2007291244A JP4559463B2 JP 4559463 B2 JP4559463 B2 JP 4559463B2 JP 2007291244 A JP2007291244 A JP 2007291244A JP 2007291244 A JP2007291244 A JP 2007291244A JP 4559463 B2 JP4559463 B2 JP 4559463B2
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route
guidance
current position
information
acquired
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JP2008076412A (en
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啓介 大西
新 菊池
祐介 鈴木
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株式会社ナビタイムジャパン
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/09Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions
    • G08G1/0962Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions having an indicator mounted inside the vehicle, e.g. giving voice messages
    • G08G1/0968Systems involving transmission of navigation instructions to the vehicle
    • G08G1/096805Systems involving transmission of navigation instructions to the vehicle where the transmitted instructions are used to compute a route
    • G08G1/096811Systems involving transmission of navigation instructions to the vehicle where the transmitted instructions are used to compute a route where the route is computed offboard
    • G08G1/096816Systems involving transmission of navigation instructions to the vehicle where the transmitted instructions are used to compute a route where the route is computed offboard where the complete route is transmitted to the vehicle at once
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C21/00Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in preceding groups G01C1/00-G01C19/00
    • G01C21/26Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in preceding groups G01C1/00-G01C19/00 specially adapted for navigation in a road network
    • G01C21/34Route searching; Route guidance
    • G01C21/3407Route searching; Route guidance specially adapted for specific applications
    • G01C21/3415Dynamic re-routing, e.g. recalculating the route when the user deviates from calculated route or after detecting real-time traffic data or accidents
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/13Receivers
    • G01S19/34Power consumption
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/04Forecasting or optimisation, e.g. linear programming, "travelling salesman problem" or "cutting stock problem"
    • G06Q10/047Optimisation of routes, e.g. "travelling salesman problem"
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/30Transportation; Communications
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/09Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions
    • G08G1/0962Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions having an indicator mounted inside the vehicle, e.g. giving voice messages
    • G08G1/0968Systems involving transmission of navigation instructions to the vehicle
    • G08G1/096805Systems involving transmission of navigation instructions to the vehicle where the transmitted instructions are used to compute a route
    • G08G1/096811Systems involving transmission of navigation instructions to the vehicle where the transmitted instructions are used to compute a route where the route is computed offboard
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S5/00Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations
    • G01S5/0009Transmission of position information to remote stations
    • G01S5/0018Transmission from mobile station to base station
    • G01S5/0027Transmission from mobile station to base station of actual mobile position, i.e. position determined on mobile
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B29/00Maps; Plans; Charts; Diagrams, e.g. route diagram
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B29/00Maps; Plans; Charts; Diagrams, e.g. route diagram
    • G09B29/10Map spot or coordinate position indicators; Map reading aids

Description

  The present invention relates to a navigation device that guides a user based on a route, a navigation method, and a program for performing navigation.

  Conventionally, a navigation device such as a car navigation device that provides route guidance to a vehicle has a function of searching for a route from a departure point to a destination. In such a navigation device, when the current position measured by communication with the GPS (Global Positioning System) is more than a predetermined distance from the route searched and specified at the departure point, the target position is automatically removed from the point. In general, the route to the ground is re-searched (reroute) and the route guidance is continued. In other words, car navigation for a vehicle is controlled to automatically re-search for a route (auto-reroute) because it is dangerous for a user to operate the navigation device while driving the vehicle. .

  In addition, there is a technology that imposes restrictions on route search in navigation devices that perform such automatic route re-search. For example, in Patent Document 1, when a vehicle deviates from the route to the destination, it is checked whether or not the route is around the waypoint to the destination. A technique that does not perform automatic re-search is disclosed.

  Further, Patent Document 2 stores a re-searched route by internally executing a route re-search regardless of whether auto-reroute is set or not when the vehicle deviates from the route to the destination. A technique for displaying a stored re-searched route and switching to the latest route when a re-search request from the user is made is disclosed.

  Further, Patent Document 3 discloses a technique in which, when the current position of the vehicle is near the branch point on the recommended route, route re-search is not performed even if the current position of the vehicle deviates from the recommended route. ing.

  On the other hand, in recent years, a technique has been proposed in which not only a route search when using a vehicle such as an automobile like a car navigation device but also a route search when using transportation such as walking, a train or a bus. (For example, see Patent Document 4).

JP-A-8-159797 JP-A-9-152352 Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2000-241182 JP 2000-258184 A

  Such navigation devices that perform route searches when using transportation such as walking, trains and buses are generally mounted on mobile phones. Such portable navigation devices include automobiles and the like. Unlike navigation only for vehicles, there are the following unique problems.

  First, when the current position is acquired from GPS or the like, since the user uses a road such as a sidewalk as a route, the satellite radio wave from GPS is likely to be blocked by a building or the like, so that it is difficult to receive the signal. In some cases, the current position cannot be accurately displayed, for example, a position jump occurs in the index indicating the current position on the screen of the apparatus.

  In addition, since the portable navigation device does not have an autonomous navigation sensor, unlike the autonomous driving of the vehicle, the portable navigation device often meanders, and it is difficult to obtain accurate autonomous walking data. The current position may be displayed.

  Furthermore, since the sidewalks that users walk on are also narrower paths than the roads that are subject to route search for vehicle navigation, the distance between roads on the map is narrow and accurate map matching is performed. Is difficult.

  In this way, a navigation device that searches for routes when using transportation such as walking, trains, buses, etc. is a general car navigation device that targets only vehicles with the possibility of erroneously recognizing the current position. Higher than that. For this reason, accurate route guidance cannot be performed even if communication with GPS is continued in such a state, and power consumption due to communication with GPS satellites is wasted. Especially in the case of a portable navigation device, since the battery capacity is small, wasteful power consumption becomes a serious problem compared to a car navigation device.

  In addition, since the portable navigation device has a limited storage area, the navigation device itself does not hold the map data, but searches the route and displays the map data displayed on the screen by a navigation server connected via a network. When the portable navigation device performs route guidance and map display, the route data and map data are received from the navigation server by communicating with the navigation server.

  For this reason, in such a portable navigation device, when the current position is frequently misrecognized or when the route to the destination is significantly changed by the user's intention, the technology for re-searching the route in the above-described conventional technology Then, since communication with the navigation server is required each time, there is a problem that the user is greatly burdened with communication charges with the navigation server.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above, and a navigation device, a navigation method, and a navigation program capable of reducing power consumption and reducing the burden of communication charges when the current position cannot be acquired. The purpose is to provide.

  In order to solve the above-described problems and achieve the object, the present invention provides a navigation device that performs route guidance based on a route for which guidance start is selected from search results for a route to a destination including a walking route. In addition, position information acquisition means for acquiring current position information by communication with GPS (Global Positioning System), and guidance information for receiving information on the selected route from a server device connected to the network and storing information on the route It is determined whether the current position information has been acquired by the acquisition means and the position acquisition means, and when the current position information has been acquired, the acquired current position information and the information acquired by the guidance information acquisition means Guidance control means for performing route guidance based on the information, and when the guidance control means determines that the current position information could not be acquired, Server communication control means for disconnecting communication with the communication device.

  Further, the present invention is a navigation method for performing route guidance based on a route for which guidance start is selected from search results of a route to a destination including a walking route, and communicating with a GPS (Global Positioning System) A position acquisition step for acquiring current position information by the above, a guidance information acquisition step for receiving information on the selected route from a server device connected to the network and storing information on the route, and a current position information by the position acquisition step. A guidance control step for performing route guidance based on the acquired current location information and the information acquired by the guidance information acquisition step when the current location information can be acquired; Communication with the server device when it is determined by the guidance control step that the current position information cannot be acquired. And a server communication control step of disconnecting.

  Further, the present invention is a navigation program for performing route guidance based on a route for which guidance start is selected from search results of a route to a destination including a walking route, and is connected to a network and stores information on the route. Obtained when it is determined whether the current position information has been acquired by determining whether or not the current position information has been acquired through communication with the guidance information acquisition procedure for receiving the information on the selected route from the server device to be stored. The server apparatus when it is determined that the current position information could not be acquired by the guidance control procedure for performing route guidance based on the acquired current position information and the information acquired by the guide information acquisition procedure, and the guidance control procedure. And a server communication control procedure for disconnecting communication with the computer.

  According to the present invention, current position information is acquired by communication with GPS, and information on the selected route is received from a server device that is connected to the network and stores information on the route. If the current position information can be acquired, the route guidance is performed based on the acquired current position information and the acquired information, and if it is determined that the current position information cannot be acquired, By disconnecting the communication with the server device, if it is impossible to obtain the current position and route guidance becomes impossible, there is no need to receive information about the route such as map information and route information from the server device, There is an effect that the burden of communication charges can be reduced.

  Exemplary embodiments of a navigation device, a navigation method, and a navigation program according to the present invention are explained in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. The navigation device of this embodiment is obtained by installing the navigation program of the present invention on a mobile phone.

  FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing a configuration of a network system including a navigation device according to the present embodiment. As shown in FIG. 1, this network system includes a navigation device 100, a network 200, and a navigation server 300.

  The network 200 is a network such as a mobile phone network or the Internet, and various data can be exchanged between the navigation device 100 and the navigation server 300 via the network 200.

  The navigation device 100 according to the present embodiment is a portable navigation device having a function as a mobile phone, and includes a display unit 110, a voice output unit 111, a voice input unit 112, a GPS unit 114, and a communication unit. 115, an operation unit 116, and a control unit 117. Here, the GPS unit 114 constitutes position acquisition means in the present invention.

  The display unit 110 includes an LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) or the like, and displays various information such as a map based on display data supplied from the control unit 117. The audio output unit 111 has a speaker and emits audio based on audio data supplied from the control unit 117. The voice input unit 112 has a microphone, generates voice data corresponding to the sound emitted by the user or the like, and outputs the voice data to the control unit 117. The voice input unit 112 is used for user voice input when used as a telephone.

  The GPS unit 114 includes a GPS antenna and the like, and outputs current position information based on information received from the satellite to the guidance control unit 120 of the control unit 117. Here, when the GPS unit 114 can acquire the current position information, data including the current position coordinates is output to the guidance control unit 120 as the current position information. On the other hand, when the GPS unit 114 cannot acquire the current position information due to poor communication or the like, error information is output to the guidance control unit 120. In addition, the GPS unit 114 is controlled by the GPS communication control unit 150 to control communication with the GPS and communication disconnection.

  The communication unit 115 has the same configuration as that of a general mobile phone communication unit such as an antenna. Under the control of the control unit 117, another communication terminal (mobile phone or Web server) is connected via the mobile phone network of the network 200. Voice data, map data, and other various data. The operation unit 116 has input means such as a numeric keypad, generates an operation signal according to the operation content of the user, and outputs the operation signal to the control unit 117. The communication unit 115 is configured such that the server communication control unit 170 of the control unit 117 controls establishment and disconnection of communication with the navigation server 300 via the network.

  The control unit 117 has a storage unit such as a CPU (Central Processing Unit), a ROM (Read Only Memory), and a RAM (Random Access Memory). By executing a navigation program stored in the storage unit, the control unit 117 The entire navigation device 100 is controlled. That is, the control unit 117 controls each unit of the apparatus so as to function as a mobile phone as described above.

  In addition, the control unit 117 of the navigation device 100 according to the present embodiment controls each unit of the device in order to perform navigation functions such as map display and guidance. More specifically, the control unit 117 includes a guidance control unit 120, a display control unit 130, a guidance voice control unit 140, a navigation information acquisition unit 160, a GPS communication control unit 150, and a server communication control unit 170. Have Here, the navigation information acquisition unit 160 constitutes guide information acquisition means in the present invention.

  The display control unit 130 generates map display data for displaying a map based on the map data distributed from the navigation server 300, and displays the map display data on the display unit 110. Further, the display control unit 130 generates display data for displaying guidance character / graphic information and other information related to navigation, and outputs the display data to the display unit 110. By displaying based on the display data generated by the display control unit 130, a map displaying a route to be guided, route guidance character information such as “turn right”, and the like are displayed on the display unit 110. Is done.

  The guidance voice control unit 140 outputs the voice data corresponding to the voice to be uttered from the voice output unit 111 to the voice output unit 111 at a predetermined timing in a state where the route guidance is being performed. generate. For example, when the position of the owner of the navigation device 100 is 30 m before the intersection to be turned to the right, voice data for generating a guidance voice such as “next intersection is to the right” is output. .

  As described above, in the present embodiment, the display unit 110, the voice output unit 111, the display control unit 130, and the guidance voice control unit 140 perform route guidance for guiding the user along the route, and each of these units The route guidance is controlled by the guidance control unit 120.

  As described above, the guidance control unit 120 controls each unit for guiding the user along the route, and causes the route guidance to be executed. More specifically, the guidance control unit 120 controls each unit as described above based on the current position information obtained from the GPS unit 114 and the route selected to execute the guidance, and provides guidance information. And guidance such as voice guidance are performed.

  In addition, the guidance control unit 120 determines whether the GPS unit 114 has acquired the current position information based on an input from the GPS unit 114. That is, the guidance control unit 120 determines that the current position information has been acquired when the input from the GPS unit 114 includes the position coordinates, and executes route guidance. On the other hand, if the input from the GPS unit 114 is error information, the guidance control unit 120 determines that the GPS unit 114 has not acquired the current position information, counts the number of errors, and the number of errors is four or more. Is reached, a request for disconnecting communication with GPS is output to the GPS communication control unit 150, and a request for disconnecting communication with the navigation server 300 is output to the server communication control unit 170.

  Note that the upper limit value of the number of errors is not limited to four, and can be arbitrarily set.

  Further, the guidance control unit 120 determines whether or not the current position coordinates input from the GPS unit 114 are a predetermined distance or more (for example, 100 m or more) from the route selected by the user among the routes to the destination. Judgment is made by comparing the middle position coordinates and the position coordinates of the current position information.

  Here, the case where the current position is more than the predetermined distance from the route means that the current position cannot be obtained from the GPS because accurate position coordinates of the current position cannot be obtained from the GPS other than when the user intentionally moves away from the route. In the case where the current position is acquired and the current position is displayed on the map data, the case where the coordinate position is erroneously displayed is included.

  When the guidance control unit 120 determines that the current position information input from the GPS unit 114 is a position that is more than a predetermined distance away from the route selected by the user, the guidance control unit 120 counts the number of errors, and the number of errors is 4. When the number of times is reached, a request for disconnecting communication with GPS is output to the GPS communication control unit 150, and a request for disconnecting communication with the navigation server 300 is output to the server communication control unit 170.

  Note that the upper limit value of the number of errors is not limited to four, and can be arbitrarily set. Further, the distance between the route and the current position is not limited to 100 m, and can be arbitrarily set.

  The navigation information acquisition unit 160 accesses the navigation server 300 via the communication unit 115 and the network 200, and displays map data for displaying a map on the display unit 110, data indicating a route search result from the departure point to the destination, and the like. Request transmission of information necessary for navigation.

  More specifically, when the navigation information acquisition unit 160 displays a map including the current position, the navigation information acquisition unit 160 periodically acquires information indicating the current position from the GPS unit 114, and the current information A distribution request for map data including information indicating the position is transmitted to the navigation server 300. The distribution request is not performed when the distribution of the map data including the current position has already been received, and the distribution request is performed only when there is no map data including the current position. In addition, the departure place (the current position may be automatically set as the departure place, or may be input and set by the user), the destination, and other search conditions (for example, those requiring a short time and low required cost) A route search request including information necessary for the route search such as a condition such as a thing and information on a waypoint on the way is transmitted to the navigation server 300. In response to such a request, map data and route search results transmitted from the navigation server 300 are acquired and supplied to the display control unit 130 and the like.

  The GPS communication control unit 150 starts communication with GPS when route guidance is started by an initial menu (not shown) of route guidance. On the other hand, when the communication disconnection request from the guidance control unit 120 is input, the communication with the GPS is disconnected and the satellite radio wave from the GPS by the GPS unit 114 is not received.

  The server communication control unit 170 establishes communication with the navigation server when the route guidance is started by an initial route guidance menu (not shown). On the other hand, when a communication disconnection request from the guidance control unit 120 is input, communication with the GPS is disconnected and reception of various data from the navigation server 300 is rejected.

  Next, the navigation server 300 will be described. As shown in FIG. 1, the navigation server 300 includes a map distribution unit 310, a map database (DB) 320, and a route search unit 330.

  The map database 320 is a database that accumulates map data. When the map distribution unit 310 receives a distribution request from the navigation device 100 (may be another navigation device), the map distribution unit 310 acquires map data including the point indicated by the current position information included in the distribution request from the map database, and The map data is transmitted to the navigation device 100 that is the request source via the network 200.

  When the route search unit 330 receives a route search request from the navigation device 100, the route search unit 330 searches for a plurality of routes from the departure point to the destination included in the request, and the route search result is the request source navigation via the network 200. Transmit to device 100. The route search unit 330 of the navigation server 300 according to the present embodiment can search for a route using an automobile as a route from the departure point to the destination, and can also use public transportation such as a walking route, a bus or a train. It is possible to search for a route other than a route using an automobile such as a route used, a route using a combination of walking and public transportation, and the like. In addition, the route | root using a vehicle means the case where the motor vehicles (including a motorcycle) which can move freely as a user intends, such as a private car, use the bus etc. for which the operation route was decided beforehand. The route is not included.

  Next, route guidance processing by a navigation system including the navigation device 100 and the navigation server 300 according to the present embodiment configured as described above will be described. FIG. 2 is a flowchart showing a procedure of overall route guidance processing by the navigation system of the present embodiment.

  First, a user of the navigation device 100 according to the present embodiment inputs a search condition such as a departure point and a destination to the navigation device 100 via the operation unit 116 and instructs a route search request. As a result, the navigation device 100 transmits a route search request including search conditions such as the input starting point and destination to the navigation server 300 via the network 200 (step S201).

  The navigation server 300 that has received the route search request from the navigation device 100 performs a route search according to the search conditions included in the route search request (step S202), and transmits the route search result to the navigation device 100 via the network 200. (Step S203).

  In the navigation device 100 that receives the distribution of the route search result, the route search result is displayed on the display unit 110 (step S204).

  The user can input an instruction such as “start route guidance” or “confirm route map” from the search result by operating the operation unit 116 of the navigation device 100.

  Next, route guidance processing executed by the navigation device 100 according to the present embodiment will be described. FIG. 3 is a flowchart showing a procedure of route guidance processing by the navigation device 100.

To initiate the route guidance by the initial menu of the route guidance (not shown), firstly displays a start message on the display unit 110 by the display control unit 130 (step S301). Then, since the GPS unit 114 receives the current position information from the GPS satellite and outputs the current position information to the guidance control unit 120, the guidance control unit 120 acquires the current position information (step S302).

  Next, the guidance control unit 120 checks whether the acquired information is error information or current position information including position coordinates, and determines whether acquisition of the current position information has failed (step S303). When the error information is acquired from the GPS unit 114, the guidance control unit 120 determines that acquisition of the current position information has failed (step S303: Yes), and increases the number of errors by 1 (step S304). .

  Next, the guidance control unit 120 repeatedly increases the number of errors until the number of errors reaches 4 or more (step S305), whether or not the current position information is acquired in step S302 and whether the acquisition is failed (step S305: No). If the number of errors reaches 4 times or more (step S305: Yes), that is, if the acquisition of the current position information from the GPS satellite has failed 4 times in succession, the communication with the GPS communication control unit 150 is disconnected. Upon receiving the request, the GPS communication control unit 150 that has received the request disconnects the communication with the GPS (step S306). As a result, the navigation device 100 does not receive satellite radio waves.

  Next, the guidance control unit 120 outputs a communication disconnection request to the server communication control unit 170, and the server communication control unit 170 that has received this disconnects communication with the navigation server 300 on the network 200 (step S307). As a result, the navigation device 100 does not receive route data or map data from the navigation server 300.

  Finally, the display control unit 130 outputs an end message to the display unit 110 (step S308), and the route guidance process ends.

  FIG. 5 is an explanatory diagram illustrating an example of a display screen for an end message. As shown in FIG. 5, a message indicating that the current position could not be confirmed is displayed on the end message display screen.

  Therefore, when the current position information cannot be acquired continuously, the communication with the GPS is disconnected, and the route data and map data cannot be received from the navigation server 300, so the route guidance process is performed. There will be no.

  In step S303, when the guidance control unit 120 can acquire the current position information including the position coordinates from the GPS unit 114 (step S303: No), the guidance control unit 120 uses the position coordinates and the utilization of the acquired current position information. The position coordinates of the route selected by the person are compared to determine whether or not the current position is a predetermined distance (for example, 100 m) or more from the route (step S309). If it is determined that the distance is greater than or equal to the predetermined distance (step S309: Yes), the guidance control unit 120 determines that an error has occurred and increases the number of errors by 1 (step S310).

  An arbitrary distance can be determined for the predetermined distance. In the case of portable navigation, the current location is likely to cause a position jump or map matching to an adjacent road is easy, and the current location is likely to fluctuate. On the other hand, walking is slow, and if the user notices that the route is incorrect, the user can return to the correct route from that position. Also, sufficient time can be taken for the user to pay attention to the screen and determine whether the route is incorrect. For this reason, there is no need to immediately re-search for a route. If the route and the current position deviating from the route are displayed on the display unit 110 of the navigation device, it is possible to return to the accurate route according to the judgment of the user. In addition, unlike the driver of the vehicle, the user can check the surroundings well, so continue walking while paying attention to the display, such as when the current position is clearly incorrectly displayed temporarily. Therefore, it is not necessary to perform an automatic route re-search immediately. Therefore, the distance for determining whether or not the route is off is preferably about 100 m.

  Next, the guidance control unit 120 acquires the current position information, determines whether or not the current position information acquisition has failed, and determines that the current position is a predetermined distance away from the route until the number of errors reaches 4 or more (step S311). Whether or not the error has occurred and the number of errors are repeatedly increased (step S311: No). If the number of errors reaches 4 times or more (step S311: Yes), that is, if it is determined that the distance is more than a predetermined distance, the communication communication request is sent to the GPS communication control unit 150. The GPS communication control unit 150 that has received the information and disconnects the communication with the GPS (step S312). As a result, the navigation device 100 does not receive satellite radio waves.

  In this way, it is not until the user intentionally leaves the route that the GPS communication is disconnected and the communication with the navigation server 300 is disconnected only after determining that the current position is more than a predetermined distance from the route at least four times. Rather than being able to acquire accurate current position information from the GPS, when the current position is misrecognized and the current position is displayed on the screen of the display unit 110 is shifted from the accurate current position, This is to try to obtain accurate current position information again.

  Next, the guidance control unit 120 outputs a communication disconnection request to the server communication control unit 170, and the server communication control unit 170 that has received the request disconnects communication with the navigation server 300 on the network 200 (step S313). As a result, the navigation device 100 does not receive route data or map data from the navigation server 300.

  Next, the display control unit 130 displays a menu on the display unit 110 (step S314). FIG. 6 is an explanatory diagram illustrating an example of a menu display screen. As shown in FIG. 6, since the current position is out of the route (route), the menu display screen displays a message as to whether or not to reroute (route re-search).

  Next, the guidance control unit 120 determines whether or not a route re-search is specified by a user input from the menu display screen (step S315). When the user selects “Yes” on the menu display screen, the route re-search is designated (step S315: Yes), so the guidance control unit 120 sets the target from the current position off the route. A route re-search process is executed to the ground (step S316), and then the process returns to step S301.

  On the other hand, if the user selects “No” on the menu display screen, the route re-search is not designated (step S315: No), and the processing is terminated without performing the route re-search. To do.

  In step S309, when the guidance control unit 120 determines that the current position is not more than a predetermined distance from the route (step S309: No), route guidance processing by the guidance control unit 120 is executed (step S317).

  FIG. 4 is a flowchart showing the procedure of the route guidance process in step S317.

  First, the display control unit 130 displays the current position on the map displayed on the display unit 110 (step S401). Next, route guidance is performed by the guidance control unit 120 (step S402), and the number of errors of current position acquisition failure and the number of errors when the current position is more than a predetermined distance from the route are initialized (step S403). Then, the guidance control unit 120 determines whether or not the destination has been reached (step S404). If it is determined that the destination has been reached (step S404: Yes), the display control unit 130 displays an end message (not shown) on the display unit 110 (step S405).

  If it is determined that the destination has not been reached yet (step S404: No), the process returns to step S301 in FIG. 3 to repeat the process from the acquisition process of the current position information.

  As described above, in the navigation device 100 according to the present embodiment, the GPS unit 114 acquires the current position information through communication with the GPS, determines whether the current position information has been acquired by the guidance control unit 120, and determines the current position. When it is determined that the information cannot be acquired, the GPS communication control unit 150 disconnects communication with the GPS, and the server communication control unit 170 disconnects communication with the navigation server 300, so that the current position can be acquired. When route guidance becomes impossible, wasteful power consumption can be reduced, map data need not be received from the navigation server 300, and the burden of communication charges can be reduced.

  Further, in the navigation device 100 according to the present embodiment, when the current position is misrecognized or when the user intentionally deviates from the route to the destination and the current position is more than a predetermined distance from the route, Since communication with the GPS is disconnected by the communication control unit 150 and communication with the navigation server 300 is disconnected by the server communication control unit 170, wasteful power consumption can be reduced, and map data from the navigation server 300 can be reduced. Need not be received and the burden of communication charges can be reduced.

  In the navigation device 100 of the present embodiment, the current position acquisition failure and the error when the current position is more than a predetermined distance are performed four times or more, respectively, and communication with GPS and communication with the navigation device 100 are performed. Disconnecting, but without counting the number of errors, if it is determined that acquisition of the current position has failed or the current position is more than a predetermined distance away, communication with GPS and communication with the navigation server 300 are immediately disconnected. You may comprise. In particular, when it is determined that the current position is more than a predetermined distance, the communication with the GPS and the communication with the navigation device 100 are immediately disconnected, so that the user deliberately leaves the route. Processing efficiency can be improved.

  Further, in the present embodiment, the CPU of the control unit executes the process including the guidance control as described above according to the program stored in the storage unit such as the ROM. A program for execution may be provided to the user via a communication line such as the Internet, or the program may be recorded on a computer-readable recording medium such as a CD-ROM (Compact Disc-Read Only Memory). May be provided to the user. Further, it may be configured as a navigation device realized by a dedicated hardware circuit that performs the above-described processing, and may be provided to the user.

  As described above, the navigation apparatus, navigation method, and program according to the present invention are useful for portable navigation.

It is a block diagram which shows the structure of the network system containing the navigation apparatus concerning this Embodiment. It is a flowchart which shows the procedure of the whole process of the route guidance by the navigation system of this Embodiment. It is a flowchart which shows the procedure of the route guidance process by a navigation apparatus. It is a flowchart which shows the procedure of the route guidance process by a guidance control part. It is explanatory drawing which shows an example of the display screen of an end message. It is explanatory drawing which shows an example of a menu display screen.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 100 Navigation apparatus 110 Display part 111 Voice output part 112 Voice input part 114 GPS part 115 Communication part 116 Operation part 117 Control part 120 Guidance control part 130 Display control part 140 Guidance voice control part 150 GPS communication control part 160 Navigation information acquisition part 170 Server communication control unit 200 Network 300 Navigation server 310 Map distribution unit 320 Map database 330 Route search unit

Claims (6)

  1. A navigation device that provides route guidance based on a route selected to start guidance from a search result of a route to a destination including a walking route,
    Position acquisition means for acquiring current position information by communication with GPS (Global Positioning System);
    Guidance information acquisition means for receiving information on the selected route from a server device connected to the network and storing information on the route;
    It is determined whether or not the current position information can be acquired by the position acquisition means, and when the current position information can be acquired, the route guidance is based on the acquired current position information and the information acquired by the guidance information acquisition means. Guidance control means for performing,
    Server communication control means for disconnecting communication with the server device when it is determined that the current position information could not be acquired by the guidance control means;
    A navigation device characterized by comprising:
  2. The position acquisition means outputs error information when the current position information could not be acquired,
    The guidance control means calculates the number of errors that is the number of times the error information has been output, determines whether the number of errors is a predetermined number or more,
    The navigation according to claim 1, wherein the server communication control unit disconnects communication with the server device when the guidance control unit determines that the number of errors is equal to or greater than the predetermined number. apparatus.
  3. It said guidance control means further the position 置取 position the current position from the acquired current position information and the position information of the selected path by obtained means spaced a predetermined distance or more from the nearest position on said selected path Whether or not
    The server communication control unit disconnects communication with the server device when the guidance control unit determines that the current position is a predetermined distance or more away from the closest position on the selected route. The navigation device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein
  4. The guidance control means calculates an error count that is the number of times the current position is determined to be a position that is a predetermined distance or more away from the closest position on the selected route, and whether the error count is equal to or greater than the predetermined count Determine whether or not
    The navigation apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the server communication control means disconnects communication with the server when the guidance control means determines that the number of errors is equal to or greater than the predetermined number. .
  5. A navigation method for performing route guidance based on a route selected to start guidance from a search result of a route to a destination including a walking route,
    A position acquisition step of acquiring current position information by communication with GPS (Global Positioning System);
    Guidance information acquisition step for receiving information on the selected route from a server device connected to the network and storing information on the route;
    It is determined whether or not the current position information can be acquired by the position acquisition step, and when the current position information can be acquired, the route guidance is based on the acquired current position information and the information acquired by the guidance information acquisition step. Guidance control step for performing,
    A server communication control step for disconnecting communication with the server device when it is determined that the current position information could not be acquired by the guidance control step;
    A navigation method comprising:
  6. A navigation program that provides route guidance based on a route selected to start guidance from a search result of a route to a destination including a walking route,
    A guide information acquisition procedure for receiving information on the selected route from a server device connected to the network and storing information on the route;
    It is determined whether or not the current position information can be acquired through communication with GPS, and when the current position information can be acquired, the route guidance is based on the acquired current position information and the information acquired by the guide information acquisition procedure. Guidance control procedure to perform,
    A server communication control procedure for disconnecting communication with the server device when it is determined that the current position information could not be acquired by the guidance control procedure;
    A navigation program that runs a computer.
JP2007291244A 2003-10-23 2007-11-08 Navigation device, navigation method, navigation program Active JP4559463B2 (en)

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JP2003363517A JP2005127855A (en) 2003-10-23 2003-10-23 Navigation system, navigation method, navigation program
JP2007291244A JP4559463B2 (en) 2003-10-23 2007-11-08 Navigation device, navigation method, navigation program

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JP2003363517A JP2005127855A (en) 2003-10-23 2003-10-23 Navigation system, navigation method, navigation program
CNA2004800079639A CN1764826A (en) 2003-10-23 2004-10-20 Navigation device, navigation method, and navigation program
KR1020057017807A KR20050113662A (en) 2003-10-23 2004-10-20 Navigation device, navigation method, and navigation program
US10/545,269 US20060089797A1 (en) 2003-10-23 2004-10-20 Navigation device, navigation method, and navigation program
EP04792688A EP1679487A1 (en) 2003-10-23 2004-10-20 Navigation device, navigation method, and navigation program
PCT/JP2004/015522 WO2005040722A1 (en) 2003-10-23 2004-10-20 Navigation device, navigation method, and navigation program
JP2007291244A JP4559463B2 (en) 2003-10-23 2007-11-08 Navigation device, navigation method, navigation program
JP2010152238A JP4864155B2 (en) 2003-10-23 2010-07-02 Navigation device, navigation method, navigation program

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KR20050113662A (en) 2005-12-02
JP2008076412A (en) 2008-04-03
US20060089797A1 (en) 2006-04-27
JP2005127855A (en) 2005-05-19
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EP1679487A1 (en) 2006-07-12
WO2005040722A1 (en) 2005-05-06

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