JP3176625U - Floor support structure - Google Patents

Floor support structure Download PDF

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JP3176625U
JP3176625U JP2012002014U JP2012002014U JP3176625U JP 3176625 U JP3176625 U JP 3176625U JP 2012002014 U JP2012002014 U JP 2012002014U JP 2012002014 U JP2012002014 U JP 2012002014U JP 3176625 U JP3176625 U JP 3176625U
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panel
floor
panel material
row
support
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喜俊 下村
悟 牛▲崎▼
輝人 大坪
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Sanyo Industries Ltd
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Abstract

【課題】非常に簡単な構造で床面の平面度を保つことが実現できる床支持構造を提供する。
【解決手段】床スラブ面に設置した支持脚によって床パネルを支持する床支持構造である。床パネルを構成するパネル材として主に平面形状が正方形のパネル材4を使用して行列状に配置し、正方形のパネル材を配置できない部位には、長方形状のパネル材5を使用する。隣り合うパネル材の角隅部同士が行、列両方向で隣接しないように正方形の辺の長さの半分ずつ前記行方向でずらして配置する。隣り合うパネル材同士を支える支持脚は両パネル材の縁部中央部位をまたぐように配置する。また行、列方向で端部に位置するパネル材は、その縁部中央部に支持脚を配置して支持する。支持脚での支持位置は行、列方向でそれぞれ一線上に位置する。
【選択図】図1
To provide a floor support structure capable of maintaining the flatness of the floor surface with a very simple structure.
A floor support structure in which a floor panel is supported by support legs installed on a floor slab surface. As a panel material constituting the floor panel, a panel material 4 having a square planar shape is mainly used and arranged in a matrix, and a rectangular panel material 5 is used for a portion where the square panel material cannot be arranged. The corners of the adjacent panel members are arranged so as to be shifted in the row direction by half the length of the side of the square so that the corners of the adjacent panel members are not adjacent in both the row and column directions. The supporting legs that support adjacent panel members are arranged so as to straddle the edge central portion of both panel members. Further, the panel material positioned at the end in the row and column directions is supported by arranging a support leg at the center of the edge. The support positions on the support legs are positioned on the same line in the row and column directions.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

本考案は、床支持構造に関する。   The present invention relates to a floor support structure.

建築物の床の施工には置床工法が多く採用されている。この工法では、部屋や区画の周囲に際根太を壁等に固定し、その後、床スラブ面の所定箇所に支持脚を立設し、この支持脚で床パネルを載置する。支持脚は、床パネルを構成するパネル材の下面を受けて支持するボード受、及びボード受を支持する支持ボルトを有する。この支持ボルトはクッションゴム製の弾性体上に立設固定されることが多い。そして支持脚の設置後、床パネルを際根太及び支持脚上部に載置し、釘等を用いてパネル材を固定し床パネルを構成し、床パネル上にはフローリング材等の床材を敷設して仕上げる。   The flooring method is often used for the construction of building floors. In this construction method, a joist is fixed to a wall or the like around a room or a section, and then a support leg is erected at a predetermined position on the floor slab surface, and a floor panel is placed on the support leg. The support leg has a board receiver that receives and supports the lower surface of the panel material constituting the floor panel, and a support bolt that supports the board receiver. The support bolt is often erected and fixed on an elastic body made of cushion rubber. After installing the support legs, place the floor panel on the joist and the upper part of the support leg, fix the panel material with nails etc. to configure the floor panel, and lay the floor material such as flooring material on the floor panel And finish.

この置床工法では、際根太は木工業者が施工し、他は床施工業者が施工するのでは作業効率が悪く、施工に時間を要するという問題がある。また壁に際根太を設けてパネル材の縁部を載置するので、床面に加えられた衝撃音が伝搬しやすく、特に階下に対する遮音性に劣る。   In this flooring method, there is a problem that work efficiency is poor and time is required for construction work when the floor joist is constructed by a woodworker and the others are constructed by a floor construction company. Moreover, since the joist is provided on the wall and the edge of the panel material is placed, the impact sound applied to the floor surface easily propagates, and in particular, the sound insulation against the downstairs is inferior.

また、際根太の剛性が高い一方で、支持脚に掛かる荷重でパネル材が沈んでしまいやすく、タンス等の家具を置くと、床面の平面度が保てずに家具が傾斜しやすい。   In addition, while the rigidity of the joist is high, the panel material tends to sink due to the load applied to the support legs, and when furniture such as a chiffon is placed, the flatness of the floor surface cannot be maintained and the furniture tends to tilt.

本願出願人は、上述の技術的課題を解決するため、裏面に弾性体を設けた高さ調整可能な支持脚を床スラブ面に設置し、これら支持脚によって床パネルを支持する床支持構造であって、部屋又は区画の周辺部に設置する上記支持脚に設けた弾性体の硬度、又は弾性体の厚さを、部屋又は区画の中央寄りに設置される上記支持脚の弾性体の硬度より高硬度とするか、弾性体の厚さを薄くするものとし、硬化後弾性特性を有する弾性接着材を用いて上記支持脚を床スラブ面に固着する構成とした床支持構造を提案した(特許文献1参照)。   In order to solve the above technical problem, the applicant of the present invention is a floor support structure in which a height-adjustable support leg provided with an elastic body on the back surface is installed on the floor slab surface and the floor panel is supported by these support legs. The hardness of the elastic body provided on the support leg installed in the periphery of the room or compartment, or the thickness of the elastic body is determined by the hardness of the elastic body of the support leg installed near the center of the room or compartment. A floor support structure was proposed in which the support legs were fixed to the floor slab surface by using an elastic adhesive material that had high hardness or a thin elastic body and had elastic properties after curing (patent) Reference 1).

特開2000−336902号公報JP 2000-336902 A

しかし、特許文献1の構造では、部屋又は区画の周辺部に設置する上記支持脚に設けた弾性体の硬度、又は弾性体の厚さを、部屋又は区画の中央寄りに設置される上記支持脚の弾性体の硬度より高硬度とするか、弾性体の厚さを薄くするものとし、硬化後弾性特性を有する弾性接着材を用いて上記支持脚を床スラブ面に固着することを特徴とするため、床支持構造としては、硬度変化等面倒な構造となり、改良が望まれていた。   However, in the structure of Patent Document 1, the support leg is installed near the center of the room or compartment, with the hardness of the elastic body provided on the support leg installed in the periphery of the room or compartment, or the thickness of the elastic body. The hardness of the elastic body is higher than that of the elastic body or the thickness of the elastic body is reduced, and the support leg is fixed to the floor slab surface using an elastic adhesive having elastic properties after curing. For this reason, the floor support structure has a troublesome structure such as a change in hardness, and an improvement has been desired.

本考案は、非常に構造的に簡単で上述の従来の問題点を解決できるとともに、際根太の設置も省略可能な床支持構造を提供することを目的とする。   An object of the present invention is to provide a floor support structure that is very simple in structure, can solve the above-described conventional problems, and can omit installation of joists.

本考案の床支持構造は、床スラブ面に設置した支持脚によって床パネルを支持する床支持構造であって、床パネルを構成するパネル材として平面形状が正方形のパネル材を使用し、該正方形のパネル材を行列状に配置するとともに、該正方形のパネル材を配置できない部位には、該正方形のパネル材を分割した平面形状が長方形状のパネル材を使用して床パネルを構成し、隣り合うパネル材の角隅部同士が前記行列配置の行、列両方向で隣接しないように前記正方形の辺の長さの半分ずつ前記行方向でずらして配置し、隣り合うパネル材同士であってこれらパネル材が前記行、列方向で端部に位置しないもの同士は、一方のパネル材の角隅部と他方のパネル材の縁部中央部位をまたぐように支持脚を配置して支持し、隣り合うパネル材同士であってこれらパネル材が前記行、列方向で端部に位置するもの同士は、両パネル材の角隅部をまたぐように支持脚を配置して支持し、かつ、前記行、列方向で端部に位置する前記パネル材は、該パネル材の縁部中央部に支持脚を配置して支持し、これら支持脚での支持位置を、前記行、列方向でそれぞれ一線上に位置させてなることを特徴とすることを特徴とする。   The floor support structure of the present invention is a floor support structure in which a floor panel is supported by support legs installed on a floor slab surface, and a panel material having a square planar shape is used as a panel material constituting the floor panel. In a portion where the square panel material cannot be placed, a floor panel is formed by using a panel material having a rectangular planar shape obtained by dividing the square panel material. The corners of the matching panel members are arranged by shifting in the row direction by half the length of the side of the square so that the corners of the matching panel members are not adjacent in both rows and columns of the matrix arrangement. The panel members that are not positioned at the end in the row and column directions are supported by placing support legs so as to straddle the corners of one panel member and the center of the edge of the other panel member. With matching panel materials The panel members positioned at the ends in the row and column directions are supported by placing support legs so as to straddle the corners of both panel materials, and end in the row and column directions. The panel material located in the portion is supported by arranging support legs at the center of the edge of the panel material, and the support positions on these support legs are positioned on a line in the row and column directions, respectively. It is characterized by that.

本考案によれば、非常に簡単な構造で床面の平面度を保つことが実現できる。   According to the present invention, it is possible to realize the flatness of the floor surface with a very simple structure.

本考案に係る床支持構造の実施形態1を示す平面図The top view which shows Embodiment 1 of the floor support structure concerning this invention 同じく概念的に示す斜視図A perspective view also conceptually shown 図1に示す実施形態の断面図であり、(A)はA−A断面図を、(B)はB−B断面図It is sectional drawing of embodiment shown in FIG. 1, (A) is AA sectional drawing, (B) is BB sectional drawing. 図1中のA部の拡大断面図Enlarged sectional view of part A in FIG. 図1中のB部の拡大断面図Enlarged sectional view of part B in FIG. 図1中のC部の拡大断面図Enlarged sectional view of part C in FIG. 図1中のD部の拡大断面図Enlarged sectional view of part D in FIG. 本考案に係る床支持構造の実施形態2を示す平面図The top view which shows Embodiment 2 of the floor support structure concerning this invention 図8中のA部の拡大断面図Enlarged sectional view of part A in FIG. 図8中のB部の拡大断面図Enlarged sectional view of part B in FIG. 図8中のC部の拡大断面図Enlarged sectional view of part C in FIG.

以下、本考案に係る床支持構造の実施の形態を図面に基づいて説明する。
<実施形態1>
本考案に係る床支持構造では、コンクリート等などからなる床スラブ面1に設置した支持脚(メイン支持脚2及び補助支持脚3)によって床パネルを構成する複数のパネル材4、5支持する構造である。床パネルを構成するパネル材としては、平面形状が正方形のパネル材4を主として使用し、この正方形のパネル材(以下、正方形パネル材という)4を行列状に配置する。また、正方形パネル材4を配置できない部位には、正方形パネル材4を半割にした平面形状が長方形状のパネル材(以下、長方形パネル材)5を使用する。なお、以下では、正方形パネル材4を半割にした長方形パネル材5を使用するものとして説明しているが、半割とは正確に半分に分割したものだけを意味するものではなく、実質的に半分に分割したパネル材、あるいは、正方形パネル材4を敷設できない箇所の形状に合わせて正方形パネル材4を分割したパネル材をも含むものとする。
Embodiments of a floor support structure according to the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.
<Embodiment 1>
In the floor support structure according to the present invention, a structure in which a plurality of panel members 4 and 5 constituting a floor panel are supported by support legs (main support legs 2 and auxiliary support legs 3) installed on a floor slab surface 1 made of concrete or the like. It is. As a panel material constituting the floor panel, a square panel material 4 is mainly used, and the square panel material (hereinafter referred to as a square panel material) 4 is arranged in a matrix. Moreover, the panel material (henceforth, rectangular panel material) 5 whose planar shape which divided the square panel material 4 into half is used for the site | part which cannot arrange | position the square panel material 4. FIG. In the following description, the rectangular panel material 5 in which the square panel material 4 is halved is used. However, the halved does not mean exactly what is divided in half. In addition, a panel material divided into half or a panel material obtained by dividing the square panel material 4 in accordance with the shape of the portion where the square panel material 4 cannot be laid is also included.

そして、隣り合うパネル材4又は5の角隅部同士が行列配置の行、列両方向で隣接しないように正方形パネル材4の一辺の長さの半分ずつ正方形パネル材4を行方向でずらして配置する。また、隣り合うパネル材同士であってこれらパネル材が行、列方向で端部に位置しないもの同士は、一方のパネル材の角隅部と他方のパネル材の縁部中央部位をまたぐようにメイン支持脚2を配置して支持する。さらに、隣り合うパネル材同士であってこれらパネル材が行、列方向で端部に位置するもの同士は、両パネル材の角隅部をまたぐようにメイン支持脚2を配置して支持する。そして、行、列方向で端部に位置するパネル材は、パネル材の縁部中央部に補助支持脚3を配置して支持し、支持脚2、3での支持位置を、行、列方向でそれぞれ一線上に位置させて構成している。   Then, the square panel members 4 are shifted in the row direction by half the length of one side of the square panel member 4 so that the corners of the adjacent panel members 4 or 5 are not adjacent to each other in both rows and columns. To do. Also, adjacent panel materials that are not located at the end in the row and column direction straddle the corners of one panel material and the center of the edge of the other panel material. The main support leg 2 is arranged and supported. Further, adjacent panel members that are located at the ends in the row and column directions are supported by disposing the main support legs 2 so as to straddle the corners of both panel members. The panel material located at the end in the row and column directions supports the auxiliary support legs 3 by placing the auxiliary support legs 3 in the center of the edge of the panel material, and the support positions at the support legs 2 and 3 are determined in the row and column directions. Each of them is arranged on one line.

図示の例では、図1からよく分かるように、4行3列の区画で床パネルを構成し、第1行目(図1の最も左側)では、3枚の正方形パネル材4を使用し、次の行では上下に長方形パネル材5を、それらの中間に2枚の正方形パネル材を使用している。すなわち、正方形パネル材4の一辺の長さの半分ずつ正方形パネル材4を行方向でずらして配置しているため、1行目で全パネル材に正方形パネル材4を使用すると、2行目では上述のように2枚の正方形パネル材4と2枚の長方形パネル材5とを用いることになる。そして、3行目では1行目と同じく3枚の正方形パネル材4を使用することになる。この繰り返しで一つの区画あるいは部屋の床パネルを構成している。   In the illustrated example, as can be seen from FIG. 1, the floor panel is composed of 4 rows and 3 columns, and in the first row (leftmost in FIG. 1), three square panel members 4 are used, In the next line, a rectangular panel material 5 is used vertically and two square panel materials are used between them. That is, since the square panel material 4 is shifted in the row direction by half the length of one side of the square panel material 4, if the square panel material 4 is used for all the panel materials in the first row, the second row As described above, the two square panel members 4 and the two rectangular panel members 5 are used. In the third row, the three square panel members 4 are used as in the first row. This repetition constitutes one compartment or room floor panel.

また、区画や部屋の端部に位置する正方形パネル材4には、端縁の中央部と、パネル材4の平面形状の中央部位置にも補助支持脚3を配置して9本の支持脚を配置して支持している。   The square panel member 4 located at the end of the compartment or room has nine support legs by placing auxiliary support legs 3 at the center of the edge and at the center of the planar shape of the panel member 4. Place and support.

また、区画や部屋の端部に位置する長方形パネル材5には、端縁の中央部と、パネル材4の平面形状の中央部位置にも補助支持脚3を配置して9本の支持脚を配置して支持している。   Further, the rectangular panel member 5 located at the end of the compartment or room has nine supporting legs by arranging auxiliary support legs 3 at the center of the edge and at the center of the planar shape of the panel 4. Place and support.

もちろん本考案は図示の実施形態の上述した行、列の数、配置には限定されない。また例えば、本実施形態の床支持構造を採用する部屋、区画等において、例えば柱の存在により長方形パネル材5を使用できないとき等においては、設置すべきスペースに合わせて形状を変えたパネル材を用いれば良いことは勿論である。その場合、できれば上述のような支持脚2、3での支持位置を設定することが望ましいが、それができない場合には適宜の支持位置を設定すればよい。   Of course, the present invention is not limited to the above-described number of rows, columns, and arrangement of the illustrated embodiment. Further, for example, in a room, a partition, etc. that adopts the floor support structure of the present embodiment, for example, when the rectangular panel material 5 cannot be used due to the presence of a pillar, a panel material whose shape has been changed according to the space to be installed is used. Of course, it may be used. In that case, if possible, it is desirable to set the support position on the support legs 2 and 3 as described above, but if that is not possible, an appropriate support position may be set.

図中6は例えば間仕切りとして配する木枠で、部屋等の区画の周辺部とする箇所に設けてある。また図中7はコンクリート等で構成した壁、8は壁7に対して設ける際根太固定用木板である。部屋等の区画の周辺部には図示のようにメイン支持脚2や補助支持脚3を設置する。際根太を設置しなくてもよいが、もちろん、必要があれば際根太を設置してもよい。   In the figure, reference numeral 6 denotes, for example, a wooden frame arranged as a partition, which is provided at a location that is a peripheral part of a partition such as a room. In the figure, reference numeral 7 denotes a wall made of concrete or the like, and 8 denotes a joist fixing wood board provided on the wall 7. A main support leg 2 and an auxiliary support leg 3 are installed in the periphery of a compartment such as a room as shown in the figure. It is not necessary to install the joist, but of course, the joist may be installed if necessary.

メイン支持脚2は、図4、図6に示すように、パネル材4、5を受けるために上方を広めに拡開させた正方形の平面形状を有するボード受10と、円柱状の支持脚11とからなり、支持脚11の下面と床スラブ面1の間にゴム製のプレート12を介在させて配置する。ゴム製のプレート12は、図4の配置の場合には床スラブ面1に非接着とする。ボード受10と支持脚11はいずれも合成樹脂製もしくは木製であることが好ましい。   As shown in FIGS. 4 and 6, the main support leg 2 includes a board receiver 10 having a square planar shape that is widened upward to receive the panel members 4 and 5, and a columnar support leg 11. The rubber plate 12 is interposed between the lower surface of the support leg 11 and the floor slab surface 1. The rubber plate 12 is not bonded to the floor slab surface 1 in the arrangement shown in FIG. The board receiver 10 and the support legs 11 are preferably made of synthetic resin or wooden.

ボード受10は、図示の例では逆截頭円錐形状をなすように支持脚11頂部に取り付け、中心部または周縁部でパネル材4、5にネジ止めするようになっている。なお図示は省略するが、ボード受10の下部には支持脚11の上部を挿入(叩きこみ、ねじ込み等による)し、ボード受10の高さを調節できるようにすることが好ましい。なおボード受け10の頂部の平面形状は、図示の実施形態のような正方形ではなく、三角形、正方形以外の四角形、さらにそのほかの多角形であってもよく、図示の例には限定されない。   In the illustrated example, the board support 10 is attached to the top of the support leg 11 so as to form a reverse truncated cone shape, and is screwed to the panel members 4 and 5 at the center or the peripheral edge. Although not shown, it is preferable to insert the upper portion of the support leg 11 into the lower portion of the board receiver 10 (by striking, screwing, etc.) so that the height of the board receiver 10 can be adjusted. The planar shape of the top of the board receiver 10 is not limited to the square as in the illustrated embodiment, but may be a triangle, a quadrangle other than a square, or another polygon, and is not limited to the illustrated example.

補助支持脚3も、メイン支持脚2とほぼ同様の構成を有するが、ボード受20はメイン支持脚2のものに比べ、頂面の面積が約半分程度のもので、かつ平面形状は円形としてある。また、支持脚21はメイン支持脚2の支持脚11と同一のものでよい。なお、ボード受け20の頂部の平面形状は、図示の実施形態のような円形ではなく、三角形、正方形、正方形以外の四角形、さらにその他の多角形であってもよく、図示の例には限定されない。   The auxiliary support leg 3 also has substantially the same configuration as the main support leg 2, but the board receiver 20 has a top surface area of about half that of the main support leg 2, and the planar shape is circular. is there. Further, the support leg 21 may be the same as the support leg 11 of the main support leg 2. In addition, the planar shape of the top part of the board receiver 20 may not be a circle as in the illustrated embodiment, but may be a triangle, a square, a quadrangle other than a square, or another polygon, and is not limited to the illustrated example. .

なお、メイン支持脚2や補助支持脚3は、本考案では図示のものには限定されず、種々公知のものでも採用できる。   The main support legs 2 and the auxiliary support legs 3 are not limited to those shown in the present invention, and various known ones can be employed.

パネル材4、5は、主にパーティクルボード等のボード材30と、その上に載置する合板材31とからなり、施工にあたっては、まずボード材30をメイン支持脚2のボード受10、補助支持脚3のボード受20上に載せ、メイン支持脚2のボード受10に対しては1本または複数本のタッピンネジ32等を用いて固定する。ついで、ボード材30上に合板材31を載せ、フロア釘33等をもちいて固定する。図示の実施形態では、補助支持脚3の位置を調節できるように、補助支持脚3はボード材30と合板材31の重量で床スラブ面1に押し付けられ、その配置位置を保つようになっている。もちろん、補助支持脚3についても、タッピンネジ等を用いて固定してもよい。なお、本考案は、本実施形態のように床をパーティクルボードと合板材で構成する構造には限定されず、種々の部材を用いた床構造に適用可能である。   The panel materials 4 and 5 are mainly composed of a board material 30 such as a particle board and a plywood material 31 placed on the board material 30. It is placed on the board receiver 20 of the support leg 3 and fixed to the board receiver 10 of the main support leg 2 using one or a plurality of tapping screws 32 or the like. Next, a plywood material 31 is placed on the board material 30 and fixed using a floor nail 33 or the like. In the illustrated embodiment, the auxiliary support leg 3 is pressed against the floor slab surface 1 by the weight of the board material 30 and the plywood material 31 so that the position of the auxiliary support leg 3 can be adjusted, and the arrangement position thereof is maintained. Yes. Of course, the auxiliary support leg 3 may also be fixed using a tapping screw or the like. In addition, this invention is not limited to the structure which comprises a floor with a particle board and a plywood material like this embodiment, It is applicable to the floor structure using various members.

図6は、コンクリート等で構成した壁7へのパネル材4、5の配置形態を示している。図示のように、パネル材4、5においては、合板材31がボード材30よりも外周側へ若干(例えば10〜15mm)だけ飛び出すように形成してあり(飛び出し部分を31a示してある)、壁7とボード材30の端部の間にはポリエチレンフォーム等の遮断材(シール材、パッキング材:例えばポリエチレンフォーム等を用い得る)34を詰め、水、空気、熱などを遮断してあり、合板材31の前記飛び出し部分が遮断材34の上に載るようになっている。   FIG. 6 shows an arrangement form of the panel members 4 and 5 on the wall 7 made of concrete or the like. As shown in the figure, in the panel materials 4 and 5, the plywood material 31 is formed so as to slightly protrude (for example, 10 to 15 mm) to the outer peripheral side from the board material 30 (the protruding portion is shown by 31a). Between the wall 7 and the end of the board member 30 is filled with a blocking material 34 such as polyethylene foam (sealing material, packing material: for example, polyethylene foam can be used) to block water, air, heat, etc. The protruding portion of the plywood material 31 is placed on the blocking material 34.

また、壁7と合板材31の端縁の間には、上部を壁7にネジ35で止めた巾木36が取り付けてあり、壁7と合板材31の間に隙間が生じないようにしてある。なお図7は、木枠6に対するパネル材4、5の配置形態を示しているが、これも同じように遮断材34や巾木36を用いている。パネル材4、5の端縁部の構成も同様である。また巾木36を直接に壁7と合板材31の間に取り付けられないときは巾木36を固定するための木板等を壁7に取り付けて介在させればよい。   Further, a baseboard 36 having an upper portion fixed to the wall 7 with a screw 35 is attached between the edge of the wall 7 and the plywood material 31 so that no gap is generated between the wall 7 and the plywood material 31. is there. FIG. 7 shows an arrangement form of the panel members 4 and 5 with respect to the wooden frame 6, and this also uses the blocking member 34 and the baseboard 36. The structure of the edge part of the panel materials 4 and 5 is also the same. When the baseboard 36 cannot be directly attached between the wall 7 and the plywood material 31, a wooden board or the like for fixing the baseboard 36 may be attached to the wall 7 and interposed.

さらに、床スラブ面1の間に介在させるプレート12a、22aは、適宜部位、例えば四隅の部分や、外周縁の一部等を、両面テープ等を用いて部分的に床スラブ面1へ固着する。固着には、接着が最も簡便であるが、もちろんその他の方法を採用しても構わない。   Furthermore, the plates 12a and 22a interposed between the floor slab surfaces 1 are partially fixed to the floor slab surface 1 with appropriate portions, for example, four corner portions, a part of the outer peripheral edge, etc. using double-sided tape or the like. . Adhesion is the simplest for fixing, but other methods may of course be employed.

再度、図1〜図3に戻って、本実施形態に係る床支持構造の詳細を説明する。ただし遮断材34や巾木36の取り付け等の説明は省略する。本実施形態に係る床支持構造は、4行3列の区画で床パネルを構成し、第1行目(図1の最も左側)では、コンクリート等などからなる床スラブ面1に設置した支持脚(メイン支持脚2及び補助支持脚3)によって正方形パネル材4を行列状に配置し、正方形パネル材4を配置できない部位には長方形パネル材5を使用し、隣り合うパネル材4又は5の角隅部同士が行列配置の行、列両方向で隣接しないように正方形パネル材4の一辺の長さの半分ずつ正方形パネル材4を行方向でずらして配置する。また、隣り合うパネル材同士であってこれらパネル材が行、列方向で端部に位置しないもの同士は、一方のパネル材の角隅部と他方のパネル材の縁部中央部位をまたぐようにメイン支持脚2を配置して支持する。さらに、隣り合うパネル材同士であってこれらパネル材が行、列方向で端部に位置するもの同士は、両パネル材の角隅部をまたぐようにメイン支持脚2を配置して支持する。そして、行、列方向で端部に位置するパネル材は、パネル材の縁部中央部に補助支持脚3を配置して支持し、支持脚2、3での支持位置を、行、列方向でそれぞれ一線上に位置させて構成している。   1 to 3 again, the details of the floor support structure according to this embodiment will be described. However, description of attachment of the shielding material 34 and the baseboard 36 is omitted. The floor support structure according to this embodiment forms a floor panel with 4 rows and 3 columns, and in the first row (the leftmost side in FIG. 1), support legs installed on a floor slab surface 1 made of concrete or the like. The square panel material 4 is arranged in a matrix by the (main support leg 2 and auxiliary support leg 3), and the rectangular panel material 5 is used in a portion where the square panel material 4 cannot be arranged, and the corners of adjacent panel materials 4 or 5 are used. The square panel members 4 are shifted in the row direction by half the length of one side of the square panel member 4 so that the corners are not adjacent to each other in both rows and columns in a matrix arrangement. Also, adjacent panel materials that are not located at the end in the row and column direction straddle the corners of one panel material and the center of the edge of the other panel material. The main support leg 2 is arranged and supported. Further, adjacent panel members that are located at the ends in the row and column directions are supported by disposing the main support legs 2 so as to straddle the corners of both panel members. The panel material located at the end in the row and column directions supports the auxiliary support legs 3 by placing the auxiliary support legs 3 in the center of the edge of the panel material, and the support positions at the support legs 2 and 3 are determined in the row and column directions. Each of them is arranged on one line.

図示の例では、第1行目(図1の最も左側)の上から(以下の説明において、上、下は、図1における上、下を意味する)1枚目の正方形パネル材4では、9箇所を支持してある。具体的には、左上隅、上縁の中央、左縁の中央、及び正方形の面の中央に補助支持脚3を使用して正方形パネル材4の左上隅側を支持し、右縁と下縁とには両角及び中央にメイン支持脚2を使用し、正方形パネル材4の右側部分を支持している。右下隅を支えるメイン支持脚2は右縁、下縁共通となっている。もちろん、上述した左側部分を支持している補助支持脚3などとともに全体を平坦に支持している。   In the illustrated example, in the first square panel material 4 from the top of the first row (the leftmost side in FIG. 1) (in the following description, “up” and “down” mean “up” and “down” in FIG. 1) Nine locations are supported. Specifically, the upper left corner of the square panel material 4 is supported at the upper left corner, the center of the upper edge, the center of the left edge, and the center of the square surface by using the auxiliary support leg 3, and the right edge and the lower edge. The main support legs 2 are used at both corners and the center, and the right side portion of the square panel material 4 is supported. The main support leg 2 that supports the lower right corner has a common right edge and lower edge. Of course, the whole is supported flat together with the auxiliary support legs 3 supporting the left side portion described above.

第1行目の上から2枚目、すなわち真ん中の正方形パネル材4も9箇所で支持してあり、上縁は、1枚目の正方形パネルの下縁を支えているメイン支持脚2を共通に用いて支持しており、下縁は後述する上から3枚目、すなわち最下の正方形パネル材4の上縁とメイン支持脚2を共通に用いて支持している。また、右縁の中央は、これも後述する第2列目の第2枚目、第3枚目の正方形パネル材4の図中左側の下角隅、上角隅を支えるメイン支持脚2を共通に用いて支持している。左縁の中央部分と、面の中央部分とは第1行目の上から1枚目の正方形パネル材4と同じく補助支持脚3で支えている。すなわち、1枚目と2枚目の支持パネル材の支持形態が異なるのは、上縁の部分のみである。   The second piece from the top of the first row, that is, the square panel material 4 in the middle is also supported at nine places, and the upper edge is the same as the main support leg 2 that supports the lower edge of the first square panel. The lower edge is the third sheet from the top described later, that is, supports the upper edge of the lowermost square panel material 4 and the main support leg 2 in common. In addition, the center of the right edge shares the main support leg 2 that supports the lower and upper corners on the left side of the second and third square panel members 4 in the second row, which will be described later. Use to support. The central portion of the left edge and the central portion of the surface are supported by the auxiliary support legs 3 in the same manner as the first square panel material 4 from the top of the first row. That is, only the upper edge portion is different in the support form of the first and second support panel members.

そして第1行目の上から3枚目、すなわち最下の正方形パネル材4でも9箇所で支持してあり、上縁は、2枚目の正方形パネル材4の下縁を支えているメイン支持脚2を共通に用いて支持しており、下縁は1枚目の正方形パネル材4の上縁と同様にメイン支持脚2と補助支持脚3とを用いて支持している。また、右縁は、これも第2枚目の正方形パネル材4の右縁と同様に、後述する第2列目の第3枚目、第4枚目の正方形パネル材4、長方形パネル材5の図中左側の縁部を支えるメイン支持脚2を共通に用いて支持している。そして左縁の中央部分と下角隅部、面の中央部分、及び下縁の中央部は1枚目の正方形パネル材4の左上隅側と同じく補助支持脚3で支えている。すなわち、1枚目と3枚目の支持パネル材の支持形態は、図の上下方向中央を通る水平線に関して線対称となっている。   And the third sheet from the top of the first row, that is, the lowermost square panel material 4 is supported at nine locations, and the upper edge is the main support that supports the lower edge of the second square panel material 4 The leg 2 is supported in common and the lower edge is supported by using the main support leg 2 and the auxiliary support leg 3 in the same manner as the upper edge of the first square panel material 4. Also, the right edge is the same as the right edge of the second square panel material 4, and a third sheet, a fourth square panel material 4, and a rectangular panel material 5 in the second row to be described later. The main support leg 2 that supports the left edge in the figure is supported in common. The central portion and the lower corner of the left edge, the central portion of the surface, and the central portion of the lower edge are supported by the auxiliary support leg 3 in the same manner as the upper left corner of the first square panel member 4. That is, the support forms of the first and third support panel members are symmetrical with respect to a horizontal line passing through the center in the vertical direction in the figure.

第2行目は、1枚目と4枚目の長方形パネル材5と、それらの間に位置する2枚の正方形パネル材4とで構成してある。1枚目のパネル材が長方形パネル材5であるため、1行目の1枚目の正方形パネル材4の右縁の中央部に長方形パネル材5の左下隅が位置し、正方形パネル材4の縁の半分だけ上下方向の位置がずれた配置となっている。   The second row is composed of first and fourth rectangular panel members 5 and two square panel members 4 located between them. Since the first panel material is the rectangular panel material 5, the lower left corner of the rectangular panel material 5 is located at the center of the right edge of the first square panel material 4 in the first row. The position in the vertical direction is shifted by half of the edge.

そして第2行目の第1枚目の長方形パネル材5は6箇所で支持してあり、上縁中央、すなわち壁7側の中央部分に補助支持脚3を使用している以外は、第1行目、だい3行目の1枚目のパネルと共通するメイン支持脚2で支持し、下縁は2枚目の正方形パネル材4の上縁を支持するメイン支持脚2で支持している。   The first rectangular panel material 5 in the second row is supported at six locations, and is the first except that the auxiliary support legs 3 are used at the center of the upper edge, that is, the central portion on the wall 7 side. It is supported by the main support leg 2 which is common to the first panel of the first and third rows, and the lower edge is supported by the main support leg 2 which supports the upper edge of the second square panel material 4. .

2枚目と3枚目の正方形パネル材4は、それぞれ8箇所で支持してあり、すべての支持脚は隣り合う行のパネル材を支持しているメイン支持脚2を共通にして支持している。   Each of the second and third square panel members 4 is supported at eight locations, and all the supporting legs support the main supporting legs 2 supporting the panel members in adjacent rows in common. Yes.

4枚目の長方形パネル材5は、1枚目の長方形パネル材5と図の上下方向中央を通る水平線に関して線対称となっており、6箇所で支持してある。   The fourth rectangular panel member 5 is axisymmetric with respect to the first rectangular panel member 5 and a horizontal line passing through the center in the vertical direction in the figure, and is supported at six locations.

第3行目は、3枚の正方形パネル材4で構成してある。第2行目の1枚目のパネル材が長方形パネル材5であるため、1行目の1枚目の正方形パネル材4の左縁の中央部に長方形パネル材5の右下隅が位置し、正方形パネル材4の縁の半分だけ上下方向の位置がずれた配置となっている。   The third row is composed of three square panel members 4. Since the first panel material in the second row is the rectangular panel material 5, the lower right corner of the rectangular panel material 5 is located at the center of the left edge of the first square panel material 4 in the first row, The vertical position is shifted by half of the edge of the square panel material 4.

この1枚目の正方形パネル材4は、上縁の中央部と正方形の面の中央部を補助支持脚3で支えているほかは、7個のメイン支持脚2で支えており、合計9個の支持脚で支持してある。   The first square panel material 4 is supported by seven main support legs 2 except that the center part of the upper edge and the center part of the square surface are supported by the auxiliary support legs 3, for a total of nine pieces. It is supported by the support legs.

2枚目の正方形パネル材4は8箇所で支持してあり、すべてメイン支持脚2を使用して支持している。メイン支持脚2は、隣り合う他のパネル材とすべて共用となっている。また3枚目の正方形パネル材4は、1枚目の正方形パネル材4と図の上下方向中央を通る水平線に関して線対称となっている。   The second square panel material 4 is supported at eight locations, and all are supported using the main support legs 2. The main support legs 2 are all shared with other adjacent panel materials. The third square panel member 4 is line-symmetric with respect to a horizontal line passing through the center of the first square panel member 4 in the vertical direction of the drawing.

第4行目は、第2行目と類似の支持形態となっているが、1枚目と4枚目の長方形パネル材5は区画の角隅部に対応する角隅部を補助支持脚3で支えている。また、2枚目と3枚目の正方形パネル材4は、壁7に沿う右縁の中央部と、パネル面の中央とをそれぞれ補助支持脚3で支えている。   The fourth row has a support form similar to that of the second row, but the first and fourth rectangular panel members 5 have the corners corresponding to the corners of the partitions at the auxiliary support legs 3. It is supported by. In addition, the second and third square panel members 4 support the center portion of the right edge along the wall 7 and the center of the panel surface by the auxiliary support legs 3, respectively.

以上により、支持脚2、3での支持位置は、図1からよくわかるように、パネル材を配置する行、列方向で、それぞれ一線上に位置することになる。なお、一線上とはいっても厳密に一本の直線上に位置することを意味するものではなく、一般的に許容される範囲で一本の線の上に位置するものであればよい。   As described above, the support positions on the support legs 2 and 3 are positioned on the same line in the row and column directions in which the panel material is arranged, as can be seen from FIG. Note that even if it is on a single line, it does not mean that it is strictly positioned on a single straight line, as long as it is positioned on a single line within a generally permissible range.

本願考案者等が行った実験では、上述のような構成とすることにより、パネル材の硬度を変える等の面倒な構造とすることなく、床面の平面度を保ちやすい構造を実現できることが判明した。また、従来のように際根太を施工せずに所望の構造的強度を実現できることも判明した。   In experiments conducted by the inventors of the present application, it has been found that the above-described configuration can realize a structure that can easily maintain the flatness of the floor without making the trouble of changing the hardness of the panel material. did. It has also been found that the desired structural strength can be achieved without constructing the joists as in the prior art.

<実施形態2>
図8〜図11は、本考案に係る床支持構造の実施形態2を示す。本実施形態の平面構成は実施形態1と同様であるが、第1行目の正方形パネル材4、第3行目の1枚目、3枚目の正方形パネル材4、そして第4行目の2枚目、3枚目の正方形パネル材4がそれぞれパネル面中央を補助支持脚3で支えていない点が異なっている。
<Embodiment 2>
8 to 11 show Embodiment 2 of the floor support structure according to the present invention. The planar configuration of the present embodiment is the same as that of the first embodiment, but the square panel material 4 in the first row, the first sheet in the third row, the third square panel material 4 and the fourth row. The second and third square panel materials 4 are different in that the center of the panel surface is not supported by the auxiliary support legs 3.

ただし本実施形態は、図9〜図11に示すように、パネル材4、5を、ボード材30と合板材31の間に制振材40挟んで構成している点が大きく異なっている。例えばパネル材4、5の全厚さを45mmとしたとき、一例としては、25mm厚のボード材30、12mm厚の合板材、そして8mm厚の制振材となる。   However, as shown in FIGS. 9 to 11, the present embodiment is largely different in that the panel materials 4 and 5 are configured by sandwiching the damping material 40 between the board material 30 and the plywood material 31. For example, when the total thickness of the panel members 4 and 5 is 45 mm, for example, the board material 30 is 25 mm thick, the plywood material is 12 mm thick, and the vibration damping material is 8 mm thick.

また、制振材40はボード材30と同寸法としてあるため合板材31が突出して形成する図10、図11に示すように、木枠6や壁7にネジ35で止める巾木41が合板材31の飛び出し部分31a直下に生じる空隙に入り込む部分(図には符号41aで示してある)を備えている。   Further, since the damping material 40 has the same dimensions as the board material 30, as shown in FIGS. 10 and 11 in which the plywood material 31 protrudes, a baseboard 41 secured to the wooden frame 6 or the wall 7 with a screw 35 is joined. A portion (denoted by reference numeral 41a in the figure) that enters a gap immediately below the protruding portion 31a of the plate material 31 is provided.

本願考案者等が行った実験では、この実施形態2のような構成としても、実施形態1と同様に、パネル材の硬度を変える等の面倒な構造とすることなく、床面の平面度を保ちやすい構造を実現できることが判明した。また、従来のように際根太を施工せずに所望の構造的強度を実現できることも判明した。   In experiments conducted by the inventors of the present application, the flatness of the floor surface can be obtained without using a troublesome structure such as changing the hardness of the panel material as in the first embodiment, even in the configuration as in the second embodiment. It has been found that a structure that is easy to maintain can be realized. It has also been found that the desired structural strength can be achieved without constructing the joists as in the prior art.

なお、上述したいずれの実施形態においても、パネル材4、5の上にフローリング材等を敷設して仕上げることも可能であるが、パネル材4、5の上面をそのまま床面とする構成としてもよい。   In any of the above-described embodiments, a flooring material or the like can be laid and finished on the panel materials 4 and 5, but the upper surface of the panel materials 4 and 5 can be used as a floor surface as it is. Good.

また本考案は以上説明した実施形態に限定されるものではなく、多くの変形が本考案の技術的思想内で当分野において通常の知識を有する者により可能である。   The present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and many modifications can be made by those having ordinary knowledge in the art within the technical idea of the present invention.

1 :床スラブ面
2 :メイン支持脚
3 :補助支持脚
4 :正方形パネル材
5 :長方形パネル材
6 :木枠
7 :壁
10 :ボード受
11 :支持脚
12、12a :プレート
20 :ボード受
21 :支持脚
22 :プレート
30 :ボード材
31 :合板材
31a :合板材の飛び出し部分
32 :タッピンネジ
33 :フロア釘
34 :遮断材
35 :ネジ
36 :巾木
40 :制振材
41 :巾木
1: Floor slab surface 2: Main support leg 3: Auxiliary support leg 4: Square panel material 5: Rectangular panel material 6: Wooden frame 7: Wall 10: Board receiver 11: Support legs 12 and 12a: Plate 20: Board receiver 21 : Support leg 22: plate 30: board material 31: plywood material 31a: protruding portion 32 of plywood material: tapping screw 33: floor nail 34: blocking material 35: screw 36: baseboard 40: damping material 41: baseboard

Claims (6)

床スラブ面に設置した支持脚によって床パネルを支持する床支持構造であって、
床パネルを構成するパネル材として平面形状が正方形のパネル材を使用し、
該正方形のパネル材を行列状に配置するとともに、該正方形のパネル材を配置できない部位には、該正方形のパネル材を分割した平面形状が長方形状のパネル材を使用して床パネルを構成し、
隣り合うパネル材の角隅部同士が前記行列配置の行、列両方向で隣接しないように前記正方形の辺の長さの半分ずつ前記行方向でずらして配置し、
隣り合うパネル材同士であってこれらパネル材が前記行、列方向で端部に位置しないもの同士は、一方のパネル材の角隅部と他方のパネル材の縁部中央部位をまたぐように支持脚を配置して支持し、
隣り合うパネル材同士であってこれらパネル材が前記行、列方向で端部に位置するもの同士は、両パネル材の角隅部をまたぐように支持脚を配置して支持し、かつ、
前記行、列方向で端部に位置する前記パネル材は、該パネル材の縁部中央部に支持脚を配置して支持し、
これら支持脚での支持位置を、前記行、列方向でそれぞれ一線上に位置させてなることを特徴とする床支持構造。
A floor support structure for supporting a floor panel by support legs installed on a floor slab surface,
Use a panel material with a square planar shape as the panel material constituting the floor panel,
The square panel material is arranged in a matrix, and a floor panel is configured by using a rectangular panel material in which the square panel material is divided at a portion where the square panel material cannot be arranged. ,
The corners of adjacent panel members are arranged so as not to be adjacent to each other in both the row and column directions of the matrix arrangement and are shifted in the row direction by half the length of the side of the square,
Adjacent panel materials that are not positioned at the end in the row and column directions are supported so as to straddle the corners of one panel material and the center of the edge of the other panel material. Place and support the legs,
Adjacent panel materials that are located at the ends in the row and column directions are supported by disposing support legs so as to straddle the corners of both panel materials, and
The panel material located at the end in the row and column directions is supported by placing a support leg at the center of the edge of the panel material,
A floor support structure characterized in that the support positions of these support legs are positioned on a line in the row and column directions.
請求項1の床支持構造において、前記隣り合うパネル材をまたぐように配置する支持脚は、これらパネル材を下面側から支持する受け部材を備えることを特徴とする床支持構造。   The floor support structure according to claim 1, wherein the support legs arranged so as to straddle the adjacent panel members include receiving members that support the panel members from the lower surface side. 請求項2の床支持構造において、前記行、列方向で端部に位置する前記パネル材の縁部中央部に配置する支持脚が、前記受け部材を備えないことを特徴とする床支持構造。   3. The floor support structure according to claim 2, wherein a support leg disposed at an edge central portion of the panel member located at an end portion in the row and column directions does not include the receiving member. 請求項3の床支持構造において、前記行、列方向で端部に位置する前記パネル材は、該パネル材の平面形状の中央部に支持脚を配して支持することを特徴とする床支持構造。   4. The floor support structure according to claim 3, wherein the panel material positioned at the end in the row and column directions is supported by arranging a support leg at a central portion of the planar shape of the panel material. Construction. 請求項4の床支持構造において、前記平面形状の中央部に配する支持脚が、前記受け部材を備えないことを特徴とする床支持構造。   5. The floor support structure according to claim 4, wherein a support leg disposed in the center portion of the planar shape does not include the receiving member. 請求項1から5のいずれかの床支持構造において、行方向で隣り合うパネル材の縁の中央部も支持脚で支持し、各パネル材を9本又は6本の支持脚で支持してなることを特徴とする床支持構造。
The floor support structure according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the center part of the edge of the panel material adjacent in the row direction is also supported by the support legs, and each panel material is supported by 9 or 6 support legs. A floor support structure characterized by that.
JP2012002014U 2012-04-06 2012-04-06 Floor support structure Expired - Lifetime JP3176625U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2017500461A (en) * 2013-11-12 2017-01-05 鐘玉剛 Braided floorboard

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2017500461A (en) * 2013-11-12 2017-01-05 鐘玉剛 Braided floorboard

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