JP5235530B2 - Damping structure with damping damper - Google Patents

Damping structure with damping damper Download PDF

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JP5235530B2
JP5235530B2 JP2008166186A JP2008166186A JP5235530B2 JP 5235530 B2 JP5235530 B2 JP 5235530B2 JP 2008166186 A JP2008166186 A JP 2008166186A JP 2008166186 A JP2008166186 A JP 2008166186A JP 5235530 B2 JP5235530 B2 JP 5235530B2
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transmission panel
mounting
plate
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damping
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JP2010007311A (en
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秀一 井熊
成仁 菊地
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城南建設 株式会社
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本発明は、制振ダンパーが取付けられた制振構造物に関する。 The present invention relates to a damping structure to which a damping damper is attached.

日本のように木造住宅が多く地震や台風が多発する国では、地震や台風による揺れに対して、木造住宅の木造骨組みに耐震性・制振性を確保することが欠かせない。これまで、ビル等の構造物の制振性を高めるために、油圧ダンパーを、構造物の柱、梁などの骨組みに組み入れることが行われてきた。建物と地盤との間で共振を起こした場合は、揺れ方や変形量が大きくなる場合もあるが、ダンパーを入れると、地震エネルギーを吸収し揺れを抑えることができ、耐震性・制振性能が向上する。木造住宅に、このような油圧ダンパーを適用した技術は、特許文献1に開示されている。   In countries where there are many wooden houses, such as Japan, where earthquakes and typhoons occur frequently, it is essential to ensure earthquake resistance and vibration control for the wooden frames of wooden houses against earthquakes and typhoons. In the past, hydraulic dampers have been incorporated into structures such as pillars and beams of structures in order to improve the vibration damping properties of structures such as buildings. When resonance occurs between the building and the ground, the vibration and deformation may increase, but if a damper is inserted, the earthquake energy can be absorbed and the vibration can be suppressed. Will improve. A technique in which such a hydraulic damper is applied to a wooden house is disclosed in Patent Document 1.

しかしながら、油圧ダンパーの場合、ダンピングの利き具合の調整や、場合により油漏れの危険性があり、メインテナンス上の問題点が指摘されてきた。さらに、揺れの方向によっては、制振性が思うように機能せず、また、油圧ダンパーを取付ける枢着部に異常な力がかかることがあって、充分な性能が発揮できないことがあった。揺れに対する自由度を高めようとすると、どうしても特許文献1にみられる様に、複雑な構造をとらざるを得なくなってしまっていた。   However, in the case of a hydraulic damper, there is a risk of oil leakage due to adjustment of the degree of damping and in some cases, and maintenance problems have been pointed out. In addition, depending on the direction of vibration, the vibration damping function does not function as expected, and an abnormal force may be applied to the pivoting portion to which the hydraulic damper is attached, so that sufficient performance may not be exhibited. When trying to increase the degree of freedom with respect to shaking, a complicated structure was inevitably taken as seen in Patent Document 1.

特開平2001−55841号公報JP 2001-55841 A

本発明の課題は、上記問題に鑑み、通常の木造住宅において極めて容易に取付けることができ、コストパーフォーマンスがよく、制振性能の優れた制振ダンパーを提供することにある。油圧ダンパーを使用した場合より、揺れに対する指向性がなく、メインテナンスが容易な制振ダンパーを提供することができる。
また、本発明によれば、X軸方向とそれに直角なY軸方向にそれぞれ少なくとも1基ずつ使用することで、充分な効果をあげることができるものである。本発明は、新築の木造住宅のみならず、改築する場合にも、既存の壁に組み込んで取付ければよいので、設置が極めて容易なものである。
In view of the above problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a vibration damping damper that can be mounted very easily in a normal wooden house, has good cost performance, and has excellent vibration damping performance. As compared with the case where a hydraulic damper is used, it is possible to provide a vibration damping damper that has no directivity for shaking and is easy to maintain.
In addition, according to the present invention, a sufficient effect can be obtained by using at least one each in the X-axis direction and the Y-axis direction perpendicular to the X-axis direction. The present invention can be installed not only in a newly-built wooden house but also in renovation, since it can be installed by being incorporated into an existing wall.

本発明に使用される制振ダンパーは、伝達パネル取付け部、ゴム板、及び、中間梁取付け部を具備し、前記伝達パネル取付け部は、伝達パネルを取付けるための取付け穴が空けられた2つの側板部と、該側板部を連結する底板部を有して断面コの字状に形成されており、前記中間梁取付け部は平板状に形成されており、両端に中間梁を取付けるための取付け穴が空けられており、前記底板部と前記中間梁取付け部との間に、前記ゴム板が接着されてなることを特徴とする制振ダンパーである。 The vibration damper used in the present invention includes a transmission panel mounting portion, a rubber plate, and an intermediate beam mounting portion. The transmission panel mounting portion includes two mounting holes for mounting the transmission panel. It has a side plate portion and a bottom plate portion that connects the side plate portions, and is formed in a U-shaped cross section. The intermediate beam attachment portion is formed in a flat plate shape, and is attached to attach intermediate beams to both ends. The vibration damper is characterized in that a hole is formed, and the rubber plate is bonded between the bottom plate portion and the intermediate beam mounting portion.

請求項の発明は、上記制振ダンパーを組み込んだ骨組み構造物であって、該骨組み構造物は、上下2本の梁、隣接する2本の柱、上下梁の中間位置で該2本の柱を掛け渡す中間梁、複数の伝達パネル、及び、複数の前記制振ダンパーを具備しており、前記中間梁の上下面にそれぞれ前記制振ダンパーが取付けられ、前記一方の伝達パネル(2’)の上面と下面が、それぞれ、上方の梁と、前記中間梁の上面に取付けられた前記制振ダンパーの、前記伝達パネル取付け部とに、取付けられており、前記他方の伝達パネル(2)の下面と上面が、それぞれ、下方の梁と、前記中間梁の下面に取付けられた前記制振ダンパーの、前記伝達パネル取付け部とに、取付けられてなることを特徴とする骨組み構造物である。 The invention according to claim 1, are the above framework structure incorporating vibration dampers, bone set structure, upper and lower two beams, the two adjacent pillars, at an intermediate position in the vertical beam two said of An intermediate beam spanning a column, a plurality of transmission panels, and a plurality of the vibration dampers are provided, and the vibration dampers are respectively attached to the upper and lower surfaces of the intermediate beam, and the one transmission panel (2 ′ ) Are respectively attached to the upper beam and the transmission panel mounting portion of the damping damper mounted to the upper surface of the intermediate beam, and the other transmission panel (2) The lower surface and the upper surface of the frame structure are respectively attached to the lower beam and the transmission panel mounting portion of the vibration damper mounted on the lower surface of the intermediate beam. .

請求項2の発明は、上記制振ダンパーを組み込んだ骨組み構造物であって、該骨組み構造物は、上下2本の梁、隣接する2本の柱、上下梁の中間位置で該2本の柱を掛け渡す中間梁、複数の伝達パネル、複数の伝達パネルの振れ止め、及び、複数の前記制振ダンパーを具備しており、前記中間梁の上下面にそれぞれ前記制振ダンパー(10)が取付けられ、前記一方の伝達パネルの上面と下面が、それぞれ、上方の梁と、前記中間梁の上面に取付けられた前記制振ダンパーの、前記伝達パネル取付け部とに、取付けられており、前記他方の伝達パネルの下面と上面が、それぞれ、下方の梁と、前記中間梁の下面に取付けられた前記制振ダンパーの、前記伝達パネル取付け部とに、取付けられており、さらに、前記中間梁と前記上方の梁の中間位置、及び、前記中間梁と前記下方の梁の中間位置で、前記隣接する2本の柱の間に掛け渡すように、前記伝達パネルの振れ止めを、それぞれ少なくとも1つ以上取付けてなる、ことを特徴とする。
請求項3の発明は、請求項1又は2の発明において、前記一方と他方の伝達パネル(2、2’)は、前記伝達パネル取付け部(14)の2つの側板部(14−1,14−2)の間に、スペーサ(7)が前記伝達パネル(2、2’)の裏表に重ね合わされて取り付けられたことを特徴とする。
The invention of claim 2 is a frame structure incorporating the damping damper, wherein the frame structure has two beams, upper and lower two beams, two adjacent columns, and an intermediate position between the two beams. An intermediate beam spanning a pillar, a plurality of transmission panels, a plurality of transmission panel steady rests, and a plurality of damping dampers are provided, and the damping dampers (10) are respectively provided on the upper and lower surfaces of the intermediate beams. The upper and lower surfaces of the one transmission panel are respectively attached to the upper beam and the transmission panel mounting portion of the vibration damper attached to the upper surface of the intermediate beam, The lower surface and the upper surface of the other transmission panel are respectively attached to the lower beam and the transmission panel mounting portion of the vibration damping damper attached to the lower surface of the intermediate beam. And the middle of the upper beam And at least one or more steady rests of the transmission panel are attached so as to be spanned between the two adjacent pillars at an intermediate position between the intermediate beam and the lower beam. It is characterized by.
According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the first or second aspect of the present invention, the one and the other transmission panels (2, 2 ') are formed of two side plate portions (14-1, 14) of the transmission panel mounting portion (14). -2), the spacer (7) is attached so as to overlap the back and front of the transmission panel (2, 2 ').

請求項1からの発明によれば、通常の木造住宅の作業員が制振ダンパーを極めて容易に取付けることができるとともに、安価でかつ制振性能の優れた制振ダンパーが取付けられた制振構造物を提供することができる。 According to the first to third aspects of the present invention, an ordinary wooden house worker can attach the vibration damper very easily, and the vibration damper is provided with an inexpensive vibration damper having excellent vibration damping performance. A structure can be provided.

以下、図面を参照して、本発明の実施形態を説明する。
図1は、本発明の一実施形態の木造骨組み構造を示す概略正面図である。図2は、図1に示す木造骨組み構造に使用される制振ダンパー10を示す斜視図である。図3、図4は、図1の一部詳細図である。
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic front view showing a wooden frame structure of one embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing a vibration damper 10 used in the wooden frame structure shown in FIG. 3 and 4 are partial detail views of FIG.

図1に示すように、コンクリートの基礎上には、木材からなる土台梁3が設けられており、上部には上梁4が設けられている。土台梁3と上梁4の間には柱5、6が立てられており、上下の土台梁3、上梁4、左右(図1の左右方向を指す)の柱5、6により、矩形状の壁内部空間が形成されている。そして、上梁4と土台梁3との上下中央部において、柱5、6間に中間梁1が掛け渡されている。中間梁1の下面と上面には、図2に示す後述の制振ダンパー10により、それぞれ、台形をした構造用合板2、2’が木ねじ、ボルト・ナット等で取付けられている。構造用合板は、伝達パネルに相当する。構造用合板2の下端部は、アングル金具20により土台梁3に木ねじ、ボルト・ナット等で取付けられ、構造用合板2’の上端部は、アングル金具20により上梁4に木ねじ、ボルト・ナット等で取付けられている。上記説明では、下部の梁(下梁)が、土台梁3で説明したが、土台梁に限定する必要は無い。伝達パネルとしての構造用合板2は、必ずしも合板である必要は無く、木材板、強化プラスチック板、鉄板等、板材なら何でもよい。建物の形状、荷重の掛かり具合により、寸法、材質を変更すればよい。なお、構造用合板、木材板は加工が容易なので施工上好ましい。   As shown in FIG. 1, a base beam 3 made of wood is provided on a concrete foundation, and an upper beam 4 is provided on the upper part. Columns 5 and 6 are erected between the base beam 3 and the upper beam 4, and are rectangular by the upper and lower base beams 3, the upper beam 4, and the left and right (pointing in the horizontal direction in FIG. 1) columns 5 and 6. A wall interior space is formed. The intermediate beam 1 is stretched between the columns 5 and 6 in the upper and lower central portions of the upper beam 4 and the base beam 3. On the lower surface and the upper surface of the intermediate beam 1, trapezoidal structural plywood 2 and 2 ′ are attached with wood screws, bolts and nuts, etc., respectively, by a damping damper 10 described later shown in FIG. 2. The structural plywood corresponds to a transmission panel. The lower end of the structural plywood 2 is attached to the base beam 3 with an angle bracket 20 with wood screws, bolts and nuts, and the upper end of the structural plywood 2 'is attached to the upper beam 4 with wooden screws, bolts and nuts with an angle bracket 20 Installed in etc. In the above description, the lower beam (lower beam) has been described as the base beam 3, but it is not necessary to limit to the base beam. The structural plywood 2 as the transmission panel does not necessarily have to be a plywood, and may be any plate material such as a wood plate, a reinforced plastic plate, and an iron plate. What is necessary is just to change a dimension and material according to the shape of a building and the condition of load. In addition, the structural plywood and the wood board are preferable because they are easy to process.

構造用合板2、2’は概略台形状で、図1の一実施態様では中間梁1に関して、線対称に配置されている。構造用合板2、2’の形状は、必ずしも概略台形状である必要は無いが、柱5、6との間には、揺れが生じたときのための間隙が設けられているようにした形状であればよい。なお、構造用合板2の下端部、及び、構造用合板2’の上端部において、柱5、6との間に僅かな間隙が設けられている。   The structural plywood 2 and 2 ′ are substantially trapezoidal and are arranged symmetrically with respect to the intermediate beam 1 in one embodiment of FIG. 1. The shape of the structural plywood 2, 2 ′ is not necessarily a substantially trapezoidal shape, but is a shape in which a gap is provided between the pillars 5, 6 when a vibration occurs. If it is. Note that a slight gap is provided between the pillars 5 and 6 at the lower end of the structural plywood 2 and the upper end of the structural plywood 2 ′.

図5は、アングル金具の一例を示す斜視図である。構造用合板2の下端部の左右縁部において、断面L字形状をしたアングル金具20で、構造用合板2を、図1の紙面裏表から挟むようにして、土台梁3に木ねじ、及び、ボルト・ナットにより固着している。アングル金具の取付け個数は、必ずしも2対に限らず、強度を考慮して適宜数選定すればよい。アングル金具の取付けには木ねじとボルト・ナットを使用したが、全て木ねじや、全て貫通孔をもうけて、ボルトとナットで固定してもよく、その他釘等周知の固着手段、及び組み合わせを用いればよい。また、アングル金具の取付け穴は、適宜数、適宜配置位置で設置すればよい。
構造用合板2’の上端部についても、同様にして、上梁4に取付けられている。
FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing an example of an angle bracket. At the left and right edges of the lower end portion of the structural plywood 2, the structural plywood 2 is sandwiched from the front and back of the paper of FIG. 1 with angle brackets 20 having an L-shaped cross section. It is stuck by. The number of attached angle brackets is not necessarily limited to two pairs, and may be appropriately selected in consideration of strength. Wood screws and bolts and nuts were used to mount the angle brackets, but all wood screws or all through holes may be secured with bolts and nuts, and other known fixing means such as nails and combinations may be used. Good. Moreover, what is necessary is just to install the attachment hole of an angle metal fitting in an appropriate number and an appropriate arrangement position.
The upper end portion of the structural plywood 2 ′ is also attached to the upper beam 4 in the same manner.

次に、図2に示される制振ダンパー10を詳細に説明する。制振ダンパー10は、伝達パネル取付け部14、ゴム板12、及び、中間梁取付け部18の、3つの構成部材から構成されている。伝達パネル取付け部は板金を、コの字状に曲げたもので、側板部14−1、14−2と、それを連結する底板部14−3から構成されている。側板部14−1、14−2には、取付け穴15が、一例として、上下方向で半ピッチずれて3列設けられている。側板部の形状は、長方形の隅部が大きく面取りした形状であるが、隅部がRであってもよい。コの字状の内部空間には、構造用合板2の端部が挿入されて、取付け穴で木ねじにより、制振ダンパー10と構造用合板2、2’とが取付けられる。取付け穴の配置は、必要な取付け力が得られればよく、適宜数、適宜配置位置で設置すればよい。取付けには木ねじを使用したが、貫通孔をもうけて、ボルトとナットで固定してもよく、その他釘等周知の固着手段、それらの組み合わせを用いてもよい。   Next, the vibration damper 10 shown in FIG. 2 will be described in detail. The vibration damper 10 is composed of three components: a transmission panel mounting portion 14, a rubber plate 12, and an intermediate beam mounting portion 18. The transmission panel mounting portion is formed by bending a sheet metal into a U-shape, and includes side plate portions 14-1 and 14-2 and a bottom plate portion 14-3 connecting them. As an example, the side plate portions 14-1 and 14-2 are provided with three rows of mounting holes 15 that are shifted by a half pitch in the vertical direction. The shape of the side plate portion is a shape in which a rectangular corner portion is greatly chamfered, but the corner portion may be R. The end portion of the structural plywood 2 is inserted into the U-shaped internal space, and the damping damper 10 and the structural plywoods 2, 2 'are attached by wood screws in the attachment holes. The mounting holes need only be arranged in the appropriate number and position as long as the necessary mounting force can be obtained. Wood screws are used for attachment, but through holes may be provided and fixed with bolts and nuts, or other well-known fixing means such as nails or a combination thereof may be used.

板取付け部14と、中間梁取付け部18との間には、ゴム板が接着されている。ゴム板は、制振機能を生じる板ゴムならいずれのものでもよく、一例として、粘弾性ゴム、高減衰ゴム等が挙げられる。中間梁取付け部18の両端には、取付け穴が4個設けられており、木ねじ等により中間梁に取付けられる。制振性能上最も重要なのは、中間梁取付け部18とゴム板と間の面積Sである。所要の制振性が得られれば、縦と横の長さは適宜任意に選定可能である。通常、構造用合板2、2’の厚みは9〜32mm程度が適当である。この厚みの構造用合板を用いる場合、伝達パネル取付け部14のコの字状の内部空間の幅(側板間の距離)が、所定の前記面積Sを得るために、これより大きくなることが多いので、この場合は、図4に示すように、スペーサ7を構造用合板2、2’の裏表に重ね合わせるとよい。このスペーサは、構造用合板の取付け部における補強材の機能や、座屈防止効果を有している。   A rubber plate is bonded between the plate attachment portion 14 and the intermediate beam attachment portion 18. The rubber plate may be any rubber plate that generates a vibration damping function, and examples thereof include viscoelastic rubber and high damping rubber. Four attachment holes are provided at both ends of the intermediate beam attachment portion 18 and are attached to the intermediate beam by wood screws or the like. The area S between the intermediate beam mounting portion 18 and the rubber plate is the most important in terms of damping performance. If the required vibration damping properties are obtained, the vertical and horizontal lengths can be arbitrarily selected as appropriate. In general, the thickness of the structural plywood 2, 2 'is suitably about 9 to 32 mm. When the structural plywood having this thickness is used, the width of the U-shaped internal space (distance between the side plates) of the transmission panel mounting portion 14 is often larger than this in order to obtain the predetermined area S. Therefore, in this case, as shown in FIG. 4, the spacer 7 may be superposed on the front and back of the structural plywood 2, 2 ′. This spacer has a function of a reinforcing material in a mounting portion of the structural plywood and a buckling prevention effect.

これまでの説明では、制振ダンパーは、上下梁と左右の柱により囲まれた矩形状の壁内部空間に、中間梁の上下に一対使用したものを説明してきたが、複数対使用してもよい。
図1のように、上下梁と左右の柱により囲まれた矩形状の空間に、上下梁中央部に中間梁を掛け渡して、制振ダンパーを中間梁の上下に一対固着して、さらに中間梁と上下梁間に構造用合板を上下に略対称に固着したものを1基とすると、この1基を、木造住宅に適用する場合、X軸方向とそれに直角なY軸方向に、それぞれ、少なくとも1箇所ずつ使用することが好ましい。
In the above description, the vibration dampers have been described as being used as a pair of upper and lower intermediate beams in a rectangular wall interior space surrounded by upper and lower beams and left and right columns. Good.
As shown in Fig. 1, a pair of vibration damping dampers are fixed to the top and bottom of the intermediate beam by hanging the intermediate beam around the center of the vertical beam in a rectangular space surrounded by the upper and lower beams and the left and right columns. Assuming that one structural plywood is fixed approximately symmetrically between the beam and the upper and lower beams, when this is applied to a wooden house, at least each in the X-axis direction and the Y-axis direction perpendicular to the X-axis direction. It is preferable to use them one by one.

その他の配置計画の一例としては、2階建て建物の場合、1階壁のX方向、Y方向それぞれに2箇所ずつ、計4箇所配置する場合が考えられる。3階建て建物の場合、1階と2階の壁のX方向、Y方向それぞれに2箇所ずつ、計8箇所配置する場合が考えられる。ただし、建物の形状・荷重により、2階建ての2階部分、3階建ての3階部分の壁に配置することもある。   As an example of another arrangement plan, in the case of a two-story building, a case where two places are arranged in each of the X direction and the Y direction of the first floor wall, a total of four places, can be considered. In the case of a three-story building, there may be a case where a total of eight places are arranged, two in each of the X and Y directions on the first and second floor walls. However, depending on the shape and load of the building, it may be placed on the wall of the 2nd floor 2nd floor part or 3rd floor 3rd floor part.

本発明の一実施態様の骨組み構造物を、1階壁のX方向、Y方向それぞれに2箇所ずつ配置する木造2階建て住宅のモデルプラン(1階床面積52.99平方メートル)で解析した結果、前記骨組み構造物のない場合と比較すると、前記骨組み構造物を装着していない建物の層間変形角(地震の力によって建物が変形する角度)は1/46rad(ラジアン)であったが、同住宅に前記骨組み構造物を装着した場合、層間変形角は1/150radと小さくなった。このことから前記骨組み構造物が地震の力を減衰させていることが分かり、非装着の建物の揺れを1とすると、前記骨組み構造物を装着した建物の揺れは0.3となるので、前記骨組み構造物によって建物の揺れを約3分の1にまで小さくすると言える。   As a result of analyzing the framework structure of one embodiment of the present invention with a model plan of a two-story wooden house (one floor area of 52.99 square meters) arranged in two locations in the X direction and Y direction of the first floor wall. Compared to the case without the frame structure, the interlaminar deformation angle of the building without the frame structure (the angle at which the building deforms due to the force of the earthquake) was 1/46 rad (radian). When the frame structure was mounted on a house, the interlayer deformation angle was as small as 1/150 rad. From this, it can be seen that the frame structure attenuates the force of the earthquake, and assuming that the vibration of the non-attached building is 1, the vibration of the building equipped with the frame structure is 0.3. It can be said that the swaying of the building is reduced to about one third by the framework structure.

さらに、図6は、本発明の他の一実施態様を示す図であって、図1の実施態様に、図6に示すように、振れ止め8を設けたものである。この実施態様では、前記中間梁1と前記上方の梁4の中間位置、及び、前記中間梁1と前記下方の梁3の中間位置で、前記隣接する2本の柱5,6の間に掛け渡すように、前記伝達パネルの振れ止め8を、それぞれ少なくとも1つ以上取付けている。好ましくは、前記伝達パネルを両側(図6において、紙面上表と裏側)から、伝達パネルと振れ止め間に濃く僅かなスペースを保つように、2本の振れ止め8、8(上下で4本)を、前記隣接する2本の柱5,6の間に掛け渡すことが好ましい。これにより、大きな変形が生じたときに伝達パネルを補強することができる。また、振れ止めは、内装材の取付け時に役立つものである。   Further, FIG. 6 is a view showing another embodiment of the present invention, in which the steady rest 8 is provided in the embodiment of FIG. 1 as shown in FIG. In this embodiment, it is hung between the two adjacent columns 5 and 6 at an intermediate position between the intermediate beam 1 and the upper beam 4 and an intermediate position between the intermediate beam 1 and the lower beam 3. At least one or more steady rests 8 of the transmission panel are attached to each other. Preferably, the transmission panel is provided with two steady rests 8 and 8 (four on the top and bottom sides) so as to keep a dark and slight space between the transmission panel and the steady rest from both sides (the top and bottom sides in FIG. 6). ) Is preferably spanned between the two adjacent pillars 5 and 6. Thereby, when a big deformation | transformation arises, a transmission panel can be reinforced. The steady rest is useful when the interior material is attached.

その他の実施態様として、これまで中間梁は、加工の容易性から木材を使用した実施態様を説明してきたが、中間梁が、鉄板や型鋼であってもよく、上下梁と左右の柱が鉄材からなる鉄骨構造に適用してもよい。
さらには、中間梁に相当する鉄板や型鋼の上下面に、直接制振ダンパーの伝達パネル取付け部を、それぞれゴム板を介して接着した構造としてもよい。
As other embodiments, the intermediate beam has been described in the embodiment using wood for ease of processing. However, the intermediate beam may be an iron plate or a steel plate, and the upper and lower beams and the left and right columns are iron materials. You may apply to the steel structure which consists of.
Furthermore, it is good also as a structure which adhered the transmission panel attachment part of the damping damper directly to the upper and lower surfaces of the iron plate and shape steel corresponded to an intermediate beam through the rubber plate, respectively.

以上説明したように、通常の木造住宅の作業員が制振ダンパーを極めて容易に取付けることができるとともに、コストパーフォーマンスがよく、かつ制振性能の優れた制振ダンパーを提供することができる。さらに、新築の木造住宅のみならず、制振機能をもたせるために住宅をリフォームする場合にも、既存の壁部分から組み込んで後付することができる。このため、間取りを変更する必要や、住宅の開口部を減少させることも無く、制振ダンパーを取付けることができる。   As described above, an ordinary wooden house worker can attach the vibration damper very easily, can provide a vibration damper with good cost performance and excellent vibration damping performance. Furthermore, not only a newly-built wooden house but also a home remodeling to provide a vibration control function can be retrofitted after being incorporated from an existing wall portion. For this reason, it is possible to attach the damping damper without changing the floor plan or reducing the opening of the house.

本発明の一実施形態の木造骨組み構造を示す概略正面図である。It is a schematic front view which shows the wooden frame structure of one Embodiment of this invention. 図1に示す木造骨組み構造に使用される制振ダンパー10を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the damping damper 10 used for the wooden frame structure shown in FIG. 図1の一部詳細図である。FIG. 2 is a partial detail view of FIG. 1. 図1の一部詳細図である。FIG. 2 is a partial detail view of FIG. 1. アングル金具の一例を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows an example of an angle metal fitting. 図1の実施態様に、振れ止め8を設けた本発明の他の一実施態様を示す図である。It is a figure which shows another one Embodiment of this invention which provided the steady rest 8 in the embodiment of FIG.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

1 中間梁
2、2’ 構造用合板
3 土台梁
4 上梁
5、6 柱
7 スペーサ
8 振れ止め
10 制振ダンパー
12 ゴム板
14 伝達パネル取付け部
14−1、14−2 側板部
14−3 底板部
15、16 取付け穴
18 中間梁取付け部
20 アングル金具
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Intermediate beam 2, 2 'Structural plywood 3 Base beam 4 Upper beam 5, 6 Column 7 Spacer 8 Stabilization 10 Damping damper 12 Rubber plate 14 Transmission panel mounting part 14-1, 14-2 Side plate part 14-3 Bottom plate Part 15, 16 Mounting hole 18 Intermediate beam mounting part 20 Angle bracket

Claims (3)

伝達パネル取付け部(14)、ゴム板(12)、及び、中間梁取付け部(18)を具備し、
前記伝達パネル取付け部(14)は、伝達パネルを取付けるための取付け穴(15)が空けられた2つの側板部(14−1,14−2)と、該側板部を連結する底板部(14−3)を有して断面コの字状に形成されており、
前記中間梁取付け部(18)は、平板状に形成されており、両端に中間梁を取付けるための取付け穴(16)が空けられており、
前記底板部(14−3)と前記中間梁取付け部(18)との間に、前記ゴム板(12)が接着されてなる、制振ダンパー(10)を、
組み込んだ骨組み構造物であって、
該骨組み構造物は、上下2本の梁(3,4)、隣接する2本の柱(5,6)、上下梁の中間位置で該2本の柱を掛け渡す中間梁(1)、複数の伝達パネル(2,2’)、及び、複数の前記制振ダンパー(10)を具備しており、
前記中間梁(1)の上下面にそれぞれ前記制振ダンパー(10)が取付けられ、
前記一方の伝達パネル(2’)の上面と下面が、それぞれ、上方の梁(4)と、前記中間梁(1)の上面に取付けられた前記制振ダンパー(10)の、前記伝達パネル取付け部(14)とに、取付けられており、
前記他方の伝達パネル(2)の下面と上面が、それぞれ、下方の梁(3)と、前記中間梁(1)の下面に取付けられた前記制振ダンパー(10)の、前記伝達パネル取付け部(14)とに、取付けられてなる、
ことを特徴とする骨組み構造物。
A transmission panel mounting portion (14), a rubber plate (12), and an intermediate beam mounting portion (18);
The transmission panel mounting portion (14) includes two side plate portions (14-1, 14-2) having mounting holes (15) for mounting the transmission panel, and a bottom plate portion (14) connecting the side plate portions. -3) having a U-shaped cross section,
The intermediate beam attachment portion (18) is formed in a flat plate shape, and attachment holes (16) for attaching the intermediate beam are provided at both ends,
A vibration damper (10) formed by bonding the rubber plate (12) between the bottom plate portion (14-3) and the intermediate beam attaching portion (18),
A built-in frame structure,
The frame structure includes two upper and lower beams (3, 4), two adjacent columns (5, 6), an intermediate beam (1) that spans the two columns at an intermediate position between the upper and lower beams, and a plurality of frames. A transmission panel (2, 2 ') and a plurality of the vibration dampers (10),
The damping damper (10) is attached to the upper and lower surfaces of the intermediate beam (1),
The upper and lower surfaces of the one transmission panel (2 ') are mounted on the upper surface of the upper beam (4) and the damping damper (10) mounted on the upper surface of the intermediate beam (1), respectively. Attached to the part (14),
The lower surface and the upper surface of the other transmission panel (2) have the transmission panel mounting portion of the vibration damper (10) mounted on the lower beam (3) and the lower surface of the intermediate beam (1), respectively. (14) and attached to
A frame structure characterized by that.
伝達パネル取付け部(14)、ゴム板(12)、及び、中間梁取付け部(18)を具備し、
前記伝達パネル取付け部(14)は、伝達パネルを取付けるための取付け穴(15)が空けられた2つの側板部(14−1,14−2)と、該側板部を連結する底板部(14−3)を有して断面コの字状に形成されており、
前記中間梁取付け部(18)は、平板状に形成されており、両端に中間梁を取付けるための取付け穴(16)が空けられており、
前記底板部(14−3)と前記中間梁取付け部(18)との間に、前記ゴム板(12)が接着されてなる、制振ダンパー(10)を、
組み込んだ骨組み構造物であって、
該骨組み構造物は、上下2本の梁(3,4)、隣接する2本の柱(5,6)、上下梁の中間位置で該2本の柱を掛け渡す中間梁(1)、複数の伝達パネル(2,2’)、複数の伝達パネルの振れ止め(8)、及び、複数の前記制振ダンパー(10)を具備しており、
前記中間梁(1)の上下面にそれぞれ前記制振ダンパー(10)が取付けられ、
前記一方の伝達パネル(2’)の上面と下面が、それぞれ、上方の梁(4)と、前記中間梁(1)の上面に取付けられた前記制振ダンパー(10)の、前記伝達パネル取付け部(14)とに、取付けられており、
前記他方の伝達パネル(2)の下面と上面が、それぞれ、下方の梁(3)と、前記中間梁(1)の下面に取付けられた前記制振ダンパー(10)の、前記伝達パネル取付け部(14)とに、取付けられており、
さらに、前記中間梁(1)と前記上方の梁(4)の中間位置、及び、前記中間梁(1)と前記下方の梁(3)の中間位置で、前記隣接する2本の柱(5,6)の間に掛け渡すように、前記伝達パネルの振れ止め(8)を、それぞれ少なくとも1つ以上取付けてなる、
ことを特徴とする骨組み構造物。
A transmission panel mounting portion (14), a rubber plate (12), and an intermediate beam mounting portion (18);
The transmission panel mounting portion (14) includes two side plate portions (14-1, 14-2) having mounting holes (15) for mounting the transmission panel, and a bottom plate portion (14) connecting the side plate portions. -3) having a U-shaped cross section,
The intermediate beam attachment portion (18) is formed in a flat plate shape, and attachment holes (16) for attaching the intermediate beam are provided at both ends,
A vibration damper (10) formed by bonding the rubber plate (12) between the bottom plate portion (14-3) and the intermediate beam attaching portion (18),
A built-in frame structure,
The frame structure includes two upper and lower beams (3, 4), two adjacent columns (5, 6), an intermediate beam (1) that spans the two columns at an intermediate position between the upper and lower beams, and a plurality of frames. A transmission panel (2, 2 '), a plurality of transmission panel steady rests (8), and a plurality of damping dampers (10),
The damping damper (10) is attached to the upper and lower surfaces of the intermediate beam (1),
The upper and lower surfaces of the one transmission panel (2 ') are mounted on the upper surface of the upper beam (4) and the damping damper (10) mounted on the upper surface of the intermediate beam (1), respectively. Attached to the part (14),
The lower surface and the upper surface of the other transmission panel (2) have the transmission panel mounting portion of the vibration damper (10) mounted on the lower beam (3) and the lower surface of the intermediate beam (1), respectively. (14) and are attached to
Further, the two adjacent columns (5) at the intermediate position between the intermediate beam (1) and the upper beam (4) and at the intermediate position between the intermediate beam (1) and the lower beam (3). , 6), and at least one or more of the transmission panel steady rests (8) are attached to each other.
A frame structure characterized by that.
前記一方と他方の伝達パネル(2、2’)は板材であって、前記伝達パネル取付け部(14)の2つの側板部(14−1,14−2)の間に、スペーサ(7)が前記伝達パネル(2、2’)の裏表に重ね合わされて取り付けられたことを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載の骨組み構造物。The one and other transmission panels (2, 2 ′) are plate members, and a spacer (7) is provided between two side plate portions (14-1, 14-2) of the transmission panel mounting portion (14). The frame structure according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the frame structure is attached by being overlapped with the front and back of the transmission panel (2, 2 ').
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