JP3032891U - Air-conditioning system using underground heat of a house - Google Patents

Air-conditioning system using underground heat of a house

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Publication number
JP3032891U
JP3032891U JP1995006647U JP664795U JP3032891U JP 3032891 U JP3032891 U JP 3032891U JP 1995006647 U JP1995006647 U JP 1995006647U JP 664795 U JP664795 U JP 664795U JP 3032891 U JP3032891 U JP 3032891U
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Japan
Prior art keywords
air
space
house
heat
heat exchange
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JP1995006647U
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
茂光 佐藤
正勝 伊藤
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正勝 伊藤
茂光 佐藤
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Abstract

(57)【要約】 【目的】 夏期の屋外の暖気を地中の冷熱と熱交換し、
また冬期の屋外の寒気を地中の温熱と熱交換して住宅の
外壁に対して冷暖房できかつ室内を冷暖房できて光熱費
がかからず省エネルギーに寄与し得る住宅の地中熱利用
冷暖房装置。 【構成】 パイプ両端を屋外と床下空間H1 に臨ませて
熱交換用パイプ1を地中に埋設し、外気を熱交換用パイ
プ1で熱交換して床下空間H1 に導入する。外壁H2 と
屋根裏面に断熱材H3 をライニングして壁空間H5 を床
下空間H1 と屋根裏空間H6 に連通させる。熱交換用パ
イプ1により導入する外気を、室内空気導入管4を介し
て室内H8 に流通し、屋根裏空間H6 の第一の排気ファ
ン5で屋外へ排気するとともに、床下空間H1 から壁空
間H5 へと流通させ、屋根裏空間H6 の第二の排気ファ
ン7で室内流通空気を吸引して住宅外へ排気する。
(57) [Summary] [Purpose] The outdoor warm air in the summer is exchanged with the cold heat in the ground,
In addition, it is a heating and cooling device that uses underground heat in the house that can cool and heat the outside wall of the house by exchanging cold air outdoors in the winter with the heat of the ground, and can cool and heat the inside of the house, thus saving energy costs and energy. [Structure] The heat exchange pipe 1 is buried in the ground by exposing both ends of the pipe to the outdoors and the underfloor space H1, and the outside air is heat-exchanged with the heat exchange pipe 1 and introduced into the underfloor space H1. The outer wall H2 and the back of the roof are lined with a heat insulating material H3 to connect the wall space H5 to the underfloor space H1 and the attic space H6. The outside air introduced by the heat exchange pipe 1 flows through the indoor air introduction pipe 4 to the room H8, and is exhausted to the outside by the first exhaust fan 5 of the attic space H6, and from the underfloor space H1 to the wall space H5. The second exhaust fan 7 in the attic space H6 sucks the indoor circulating air and exhausts it outside the house.

Description

【考案の詳細な説明】[Detailed description of the invention]

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】[Industrial applications]

本考案は、夏期の屋外の暖気を地中の冷熱と熱交換し、また冬期の屋外の寒気 を地中の温熱と熱交換して住宅の外壁に対して冷暖房できかつ室内を冷暖房でき て光熱費がかからず省エネルギーに寄与し得る住宅の地中熱利用冷暖房装置に関 する。 The present invention exchanges warm air outdoors in summer with cold heat in the ground, and heats cold air outdoors in winter with heat in the ground to heat and cool the exterior wall of a house as well as to heat and cool the interior. The present invention relates to a heating and cooling device that uses geothermal heat in a house that can contribute to energy saving at low cost.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】[Prior art]

従来、住宅の冷暖房は冷房及び暖房の機能を有する空気調和装置によっており 、住宅で全室を冷暖房するシステムは電気代が嵩むのでホテルや旅館等を除き、 一般住宅では採用している例は極めて少ない。一般住宅では選択的に一室又は二 室を各室に設置する空気調和装置で冷暖房することが一般的である。 しかし、個室を空気調和装置で冷暖房しても、夏期に西日が当たる外壁に面し た部屋では冷房が効かない事例が多く、また冬期に室内の暖房が外壁で冷やされ 効果的な暖房が効かない事例が多い。 他方、一般住宅でも、省エネルギーや低ランニングコスト化が図れれば全室を 冷暖房することが好ましい。 そこで、電気や化石燃料を必要とする空気調和装置を用いない冷暖房システム であって、省エネルギーや低ランニングコスト化が図れる冷温熱源として、地中 の温度が注目される。 すなわち、一般地表から約1メートルの深さの所では、一年を通じて地中の温 度に変動がないことが知られている。地表から約1メートルの深さの地中の温度 は、夏期の屋外の暖気よりもかなり低く、また冬期の屋外の寒気よりもかなり高 い。 従って、夏期の屋外の暖気を地中の冷熱と熱交換し、また冬期の屋外の寒気を 地中の温熱と熱交換して住宅の外壁に対して冷暖房できかつ室内を冷暖房できれ ば、住宅全体を効果的に冷暖房することができ、夏期に西日が当たる外壁に面し た部屋でも冷房が良く効き、また冬期に室内の暖房が外壁で冷やされたことが解 消でき、光熱費がかからず省エネルギー、低ランニングコスト化に寄与し得る。 Conventionally, air conditioning of a house is based on an air conditioner that has the functions of air conditioning and heating.Since a system that heats and cools all rooms in a house requires a large amount of electricity, it is extremely adopted in general houses except for hotels and inns. Few. In general houses, it is common to selectively cool or heat one or two rooms by air conditioners installed in each room. However, even if a private room is air-conditioned with an air conditioner, there are many cases in which the air conditioning does not work in the room facing the outer wall where the sun is exposed in the summer, and in the winter, the indoor heating is cooled by the outer wall for effective heating. There are many cases where it does not work. On the other hand, even in general houses, it is preferable to heat and cool all rooms if it is possible to save energy and reduce running costs. Therefore, in the air-conditioning system that does not use an air conditioner that requires electricity or fossil fuels, the temperature of the ground is attracting attention as a heat source that can save energy and reduce running costs. In other words, it is known that there is no fluctuation in the underground temperature throughout the year at a depth of about 1 meter from the general surface. The temperature in the ground at a depth of about 1 meter from the surface is much lower than the warm air outdoors in summer and much higher than the cold air outdoors in winter. Therefore, if the outdoor warm air in the summer is exchanged with the underground heat and the outdoor cold in the winter is exchanged with the underground heat to cool and heat the outer wall of the house and the room, The entire room can be heated and cooled effectively, and even in a room facing the outer wall where the sun shines in the summer, cooling works well, and it can be eliminated that the indoor heating was cooled by the outer wall in the winter, which reduces utility costs. It can contribute to energy saving and low running cost.

【0003】[0003]

【考案が解決しようとする課題】[Problems to be solved by the invention]

本考案は、上述した点に鑑み案出したもので、夏期は屋外の暖気を地中の冷熱 と熱交換して冷気を壁空間及び室内に流通し住宅全体を効果的に冷却・除湿でき て、冬期は屋外の寒気を地中の温熱と熱交換して暖気を壁空間及び室内に流通し 住宅全体を効果的に暖房できて、設備費を安価に抑えられ、省エネルギー、低ラ ンニングコスト化に寄与し得る住宅の地中熱利用冷暖房装置を提供することを目 的としている。 The present invention was devised in view of the above-mentioned points.In summer, the warm air outdoors exchanges heat with the cold heat in the ground to distribute the cool air to the wall space and indoors, thereby effectively cooling and dehumidifying the entire house. In winter, the cold air in the outside is exchanged with the heat in the ground to distribute the warm air to the wall space and indoors, and the entire house can be effectively heated, the equipment cost can be kept low, energy saving and low running cost can be achieved. The aim is to provide a heating and cooling system that uses the geothermal heat of the house that can contribute to

【0004】[0004]

【課題を解決するための手段】[Means for Solving the Problems]

本考案は、上記の課題を解決するための手段として、メッシュ管よりなる熱交 換用パイプの一端を住宅外の地上に臨ませ、熱交換用パイプの他端を住宅の床下 空間に臨ませ熱交換用パイプの中途を地中に所要の深さに埋設し、住宅の外壁の 内面に断熱材をライニングして室内壁との空間を床下空間及び天井裏空間に連通 させ、熱交換用パイプの前記他端に室内空気導入管の一端を連通接続して他端を 室内に連通し、屋根裏空間に設置した第一の排気ファンで壁空間流通空気を吸引 して住宅外へ排気するとともに、室内空気排出管の一端を室内に連通接続すると ともに他端を屋根裏または天井裏に設置した第二の排気ファンの吸引口に連通接 続し、第二の排気ファンで室内流通空気を吸引して住宅外へ排気するように構成 したことを特徴とする住宅の地中熱利用冷暖房装置を提供するものである。 As a means for solving the above problems, the present invention exposes one end of a heat exchange pipe made of a mesh pipe to the ground outside the house and the other end of the heat exchange pipe to the underfloor space of the house. The heat exchange pipe is buried in the middle of the heat exchange pipe to the required depth, and the inner surface of the outer wall of the house is lined with a heat insulating material to connect the space with the interior wall to the underfloor space and the space above the ceiling. While connecting one end of the indoor air introduction pipe to the other end of the above and connecting the other end to the inside of the room, the first exhaust fan installed in the attic space sucks the air flowing through the wall space and exhausts it outside the house. One end of the indoor air discharge pipe is connected to the interior of the room, and the other end is connected to the suction port of the second exhaust fan installed in the attic or the ceiling, and the indoor exhaust air is sucked by the second exhaust fan. Characterized by being configured to exhaust to the outside of the house There is provided a geothermal heat air conditioner housing for.

【0005】[0005]

【実施例】【Example】

図1及び図2は、本考案の住宅の地中熱利用冷暖房装置の実施例を示す。 この住宅の地中熱利用冷暖房装置は、例えば直径200mmの熱交換用パイプ 1の一端1aを住宅Hの日陰となる北側の地上に臨ませてフィルター2を取付け るとともに、該熱交換用パイプ1の他端1bを住宅Hの床下空間H1 に臨ませて 、該熱交換用パイプ1の長さをパイプ内に取り入れる外気と地中温度との熱交換 が必要十分に行われる寸法(好ましくは20〜30メートル以上)にして季節変 化がない地中温度の深さ(例えば地中約1.5メートルの深さ)であって土壌水 が地下深くへ流れていく場所(地下水が湧き出なくてもじめじめしている土質で は別途に暗渠管を下側に設ける)に蛇行状に埋設し、住宅Hの外壁H2 の内面及 び屋根裏面に断熱材H3 を隙間無くライニングして住宅Hを高気密化・高断熱化 して、外壁H2 と室内壁H4 との間の3〜5cmの壁空間H5 を床下空間H1 と 屋根裏空間H6 と1F天井裏空間H7 に連通させ、熱交換用パイプ1の前記他端 1bに十字形の分岐管3を接続して該分岐管3から床下空間H1 へ空気を供給で きるようにするとともに、該分岐管3と壁空間H5 に配管する室内空気導入管4 の一端4aとを連通接続して多岐状の他端4bを1F,2Fの全ての室内H8 の 上部に連通し、屋根裏空間H6 に設置した第一の排気ファン5で屋根裏空間H6 の空気を吸引して住宅外へ排気するとともに前記分岐管2から床下空間H1 へ流 通する空気を壁空間H5 に流通させ、さらに屋根裏空間H6 へ流通させ、多岐状 の室内空気排出管6を壁空間H5 と屋根裏空間(1F天井裏空間)H6 と1F天 井裏空間H7 とにわたり配管して、該多岐状の室内空気排出管6の一端6aを1 F,2Fの全ての室内H8 に天井面より連通接続するとともに他端6bを屋根裏 空間H6 に設置した第二の排気ファン7の吸引口に連通接続し、該第二の排気フ ァン7で室内流通空気を吸引して住宅外へ排気するとともに室内空気導入管4か ら1F,2Fの全ての室内H8 へ流通させるように構成した。 熱交換用パイプ1は、管壁が多孔状である合成樹脂製の暗渠用パイプを使用す る。これは、夏期に熱交換用パイプ1に導入する外気を冷却して生じる結露水を 熱交換用パイプ1外の地中へ排出させるためである。なお、熱交換用パイプ1が 多孔状の暗渠用パイプであると、夏期及び冬期に熱交換用パイプ1に導入する外 気と地中温度との直接的な熱交換を行わせて熱交換効率が高まる。 熱交換用パイプ1の他端1bを住宅の床下空間H1 に臨ませるのは、熱交換用 パイプ1から冷気または暖気を床下空間H1 に流通させて1Fの床の冷暖房を図 るとともに、熱交換用パイプ1から冷気または暖気を四方の外壁H2 と室内壁H 4 との間の壁空間H5 に万遍なく流通させるためであり、さらに温まった空気が 壁空間H5 を下降するような流通を回避して、第一の排気ファン5に吸引・排気 を効果的に行わせるためである。なお、屋根は傾斜面に沿って上昇する空気を生 ずる通気路を有する鋼板製またはプラスチックス製の屋根材が使用され、陽射し の断熱が効果的に行われる。 第一の排気ファン5と第二の排気ファン7は、夏期及び冬期に一日中運転する ため、シロッコファンを用いるのが静粛を保つために好ましい。 FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 show an embodiment of a geothermal heating and cooling device for a house according to the present invention. This underground heat utilizing air conditioner for a house has a filter 2 attached with one end 1a of a heat exchange pipe 1 having a diameter of 200 mm facing the shaded north side of the house H, and the heat exchange pipe 1 The other end 1b of the heat exchange pipe 1 is exposed to the underfloor space H1 of the house H, and the length of the heat exchange pipe 1 is taken into the pipe. The depth of underground temperature (for example, depth of about 1.5 meters in the ground) where there is no seasonal change for more than ~ 30 meters) and where the soil water flows deep underground (because groundwater does not spring up) In the case of moist soil, it is buried in a meandering shape in a separate underdrain pipe installed on the lower side), and the heat insulating material H3 is lined on the inner surface of the outer wall H2 of the house H and the back surface of the house H without any space between them to raise the house H. The outer wall H2 A wall space H5 of 3 to 5 cm between the inner wall H4 is connected to the underfloor space H1, the attic space H6 and the 1F ceiling space H7, and the cross-shaped branch pipe 3 is connected to the other end 1b of the heat exchange pipe 1. Air is supplied from the branch pipe 3 to the underfloor space H1 and the branch pipe 3 and one end 4a of the indoor air introduction pipe 4 which is piped into the wall space H5 are connected to each other to provide a variety of other shapes. The end 4b is communicated with the upper part of all the rooms H8 of 1F and 2F, and the first exhaust fan 5 installed in the attic space H6 sucks the air of the attic space H6 and exhausts it to the outside of the house and from the branch pipe 2 The air flowing to the underfloor space H1 is circulated to the wall space H5 and further to the attic space H6, and the various indoor air discharge pipes 6 are connected to the wall space H5 and the attic space (1F ceiling space) H6 and 1F Anai. Plumbing to the back space H7 One end 6a of the indoor air discharge pipe 6 is connected to the ceiling H8 of all the rooms 1F and 2F, and the other end 6b is connected to the suction port of the second exhaust fan 7 installed in the attic space H6. The second exhaust fan 7 sucks the indoor circulation air and exhausts it to the outside of the house, and at the same time, it is circulated from the indoor air introduction pipe 4 to all indoor floors H8 of 1F and 2F. As the heat exchange pipe 1, an underdrain pipe made of synthetic resin having a porous wall is used. This is because the condensed water generated by cooling the outside air introduced into the heat exchange pipe 1 in the summer is discharged to the ground outside the heat exchange pipe 1. If the heat exchange pipe 1 is a porous underdrain pipe, the heat exchange efficiency is increased by allowing direct heat exchange between the outside air introduced into the heat exchange pipe 1 and the ground temperature during the summer and winter. Will increase. The other end 1b of the heat exchange pipe 1 is exposed to the underfloor space H1 of the house by allowing cold air or warm air to flow from the heat exchange pipe 1 to the underfloor space H1 to cool and heat the floor on the 1st floor. This is because cold or warm air from the pipe 1 is evenly distributed in the wall space H5 between the outer wall H2 and the indoor wall H4 on four sides, and the circulation of warm air down the wall space H5 is avoided. In addition, the first exhaust fan 5 can effectively perform suction and exhaust. The roof is made of steel or plastic roofing material that has a ventilation path that generates air that rises along the slope, and effectively insulates the sun. Since the first exhaust fan 5 and the second exhaust fan 7 operate all day in summer and winter, it is preferable to use a sirocco fan in order to keep quiet.

【0006】 <第一の排気ファン5の運転による空気の流れ> 第一の排気ファン5は、屋根裏空間H6 の空気を吸引し住宅外へ排気する。こ のため、壁空間H5 と1F天井裏空間H7 の空気が屋根裏空間H6 へ流通する。 よって、外気がフィルター2を通して熱交換用パイプ1内に取り込まれ、分岐管 2から床下空間H1 へ流通して壁空間H5 へ流通する。<Air Flow Due to Operation of First Exhaust Fan 5> The first exhaust fan 5 sucks air in the attic space H6 and discharges it outside the house. For this reason, the air in the wall space H5 and the 1F attic space H7 flows into the attic space H6. Therefore, outside air is taken into the heat exchange pipe 1 through the filter 2, and flows from the branch pipe 2 to the underfloor space H1 and to the wall space H5.

【0007】 <第二の排気ファン7の運転による空気の流れ> 第二の排気ファン7は、1F,2Fの全ての室内H8 の空気を室内空気排出管 5を介して吸引し住宅外へ排気する。このため、空気導入管4から1F,2Fの 全ての室内H8 へ空気が流入する。よって、フィルター2を通して熱交換用パイ プ1内に外気を取り込む。<Air Flow Due to Operation of Second Exhaust Fan 7> The second exhaust fan 7 sucks the air in all the room H8 of 1F and 2F through the indoor air exhaust pipe 5 and exhausts it to the outside of the house. To do. Therefore, air flows from the air introduction pipe 4 into all the rooms H8 of 1F and 2F. Therefore, outside air is taken into the heat exchange pipe 1 through the filter 2.

【0008】 <夏期の冷房> 第一の排気ファン5と第二の排気ファン7を一日中運転する。地中約1メート ルの深さの地中温度は外気温よりもかなり低く、地中の冷熱が熱交換用パイプ1 を冷却するので、フィルター2を通して熱交換用パイプ1内に取り込まれる外気 (暖気)は、熱交換用パイプ1を流通する間に冷却され、分岐管3に至るまでに 外気温に応じて18〜21°Cの冷気となる。このとき、外気の露点が下がり結 露を生じるが、熱交換用パイプ1がメッシュ管であり結露水が熱交換用パイプ1 から漏れ出て地下へ拡散浸透し、冷気の湿度が下がる。 こうして、湿度が下がった冷気の一部は、床下空間H1 へ流通して壁空間H5 へ流通するので、1Fの床と1Fと2Fの室内壁H4 を冷却するとともに、外壁 H2 と室内壁H4 との間の壁空間H5 を上昇する際にエアカーテン作用を生起し て、強い日射しにより温められた外壁H2 の熱が断熱材H3 を通って室内壁H4 へ伝熱しようとするのを効果的に遮断し暖気になって、室内H8 へ流通すること なく屋根裏空間H6 へ流入し第一の排気ファン5により吸引され屋外へ排気され る。 熱交換用パイプ1を流通する間に冷却され分岐管3に至った湿度が下がった冷 気の残りは、空気導入管4を介して1F,2Fの全ての室内H8 に流入し、高気 密・高断熱住宅であるため、室内温度を21〜24°C前後に保つことができ、 室内空気排出管5を介して第二の排気ファン7に吸引され住宅外へ排気される。<Summer Cooling> The first exhaust fan 5 and the second exhaust fan 7 are operated all day long. The underground temperature at a depth of about 1 meter deep in the ground is considerably lower than the outside temperature, and the cold heat in the ground cools the heat exchange pipe 1, so the outside air taken into the heat exchange pipe 1 through the filter 2 ( The warm air is cooled while flowing through the heat exchange pipe 1 and becomes cold air of 18 to 21 ° C. depending on the outside air temperature before reaching the branch pipe 3. At this time, the dew point of the outside air is lowered to cause dew condensation, but the heat exchange pipe 1 is a mesh pipe, and the dew condensation water leaks from the heat exchange pipe 1 and diffuses and permeates underground, so that the humidity of the cool air is lowered. In this way, a part of the cold air whose humidity has decreased flows to the underfloor space H1 and to the wall space H5, so that the floor of 1F and the indoor wall H4 of 1F and 2F are cooled, and at the same time the outer wall H2 and the indoor wall H4 are The air curtain action is generated when the wall space H5 between them is raised, and the heat of the outer wall H2 heated by the strong sunlight is effectively transmitted to the indoor wall H4 through the heat insulating material H3. When the air is cut off and becomes warm, it flows into the attic space H6 without flowing into the room H8, is sucked by the first exhaust fan 5, and is exhausted to the outside. The rest of the cool air, which has been cooled while flowing through the heat exchange pipe 1 and has reached the branch pipe 3 and whose humidity has decreased, flows into all the rooms H8 of 1F and 2F through the air introduction pipe 4 and is highly airtight. -Because it is a highly heat-insulated house, the indoor temperature can be maintained at around 21 to 24 ° C, and is sucked by the second exhaust fan 7 through the indoor air exhaust pipe 5 and exhausted outside the house.

【0009】 <冬期の暖房> 第一の排気ファン5と第二の排気ファン7を一日中運転する。地中約1メート ルの深さの地中温度は外気温よりもかなり高く、地中の温熱が熱交換用パイプ1 を暖めるので、フィルター2を通して熱交換用パイプ1内に取り込まれる外気( 冷気)は、熱交換用パイプ1を流通する間に暖められ、分岐管3に至るまでに外 気温に応じて13〜15°Cの暖気となる。 この暖気の一部は、床下空間H1 へ流通して壁空間H5 へ流通するので、1F の床と1Fと2Fの室内壁H4 を暖めるとともに、外壁H2 と室内壁H4 との間 の壁空間H5 を上昇する際にエアカーテン作用を生起して、外気温により冷やさ れた外壁H2 の冷熱が断熱材H3 を通って室内壁H4 へ伝熱しようとするのを効 果的に遮断し冷気になって、室内H8 へ流通することなく屋根裏空間H6 へ流入 し第一の排気ファン5により吸引され屋外へ排気される。 熱交換用パイプ1を流通する間に暖められ分岐管3に至った暖気の残りは、空 気導入管4を介して1F,2Fの全ての室内H8 に流入し、高気密・高断熱住宅 であるため、室内温度を18〜24°Cに保つことができ、室内空気排出管5を 介して第二の排気ファン7に吸引され住宅外へ排気される。<Winter Heating> The first exhaust fan 5 and the second exhaust fan 7 are operated all day long. The underground temperature at a depth of about 1 meter deep in the ground is much higher than the outside temperature, and the heat in the ground warms the heat exchange pipe 1, so the outside air (cold air taken in the heat exchange pipe 1 through the filter 2 ) Is warmed while flowing through the heat exchange pipe 1, and reaches 13 to 15 ° C according to the outside air temperature before reaching the branch pipe 3. A part of this warm air flows to the underfloor space H1 and to the wall space H5, so that the floor of 1F and the indoor walls H4 of 1F and 2F are heated, and the wall space H5 between the outer wall H2 and the indoor wall H4. When it rises, it causes an air curtain effect, effectively blocking the cold heat of the outer wall H2 cooled by the outside temperature from trying to transfer heat to the indoor wall H4 through the heat insulating material H3, and becomes cold. Then, it flows into the attic space H6 without flowing into the room H8, is sucked by the first exhaust fan 5, and is exhausted to the outside. The rest of the warm air that has been warmed while flowing through the heat exchange pipe 1 and reached the branch pipe 3 flows into all the indoor H8s on the 1st and 2nd floors via the air introduction pipe 4, and in a highly airtight and highly insulated house. Therefore, the indoor temperature can be maintained at 18 to 24 ° C, and the air is sucked by the second exhaust fan 7 through the indoor air exhaust pipe 5 and exhausted to the outside of the house.

【0010】 上記実施例は、1F,2Fの全ての室内H8 に流入する空気を屋根裏空間H6 に設置した第二の排気ファン7により吸引して屋外へ排気するようになっている が、本考案は、この実施例に限定されるものでなく、2Fの室内H8 に流入する 空気を屋根裏空間H6 に設置した第二の排気ファン7により吸引して屋外へ排気 するとともに、1Fの室内H8 に流入する空気を1Fの天井裏空間H7 に設置し た第二の排気ファンにより吸引して屋外へ排気するように構成しても良い。 本考案は、熱交換用パイプ1の他端1bを住宅の床下空間H1 に臨ませる必要 があるが、埋設箇所を住宅の下にする必要はない。 また、熱交換用パイプ1の一部(1メートル位)を木炭、ヤシガラ活性炭等を 交換可能に充填した地中あるいは床下の空気清浄化設備に挿通させたり、熱交換 用パイプ1の中途を切断して、間に空気清浄化設備を介在させても良い。In the above embodiment, the air flowing into all the indoor spaces H8 of 1F and 2F is sucked by the second exhaust fan 7 installed in the attic space H6 and exhausted to the outside. Is not limited to this embodiment, and the air flowing into the room H8 on the second floor is sucked out by the second exhaust fan 7 installed in the attic space H6 and exhausted to the outside, and flows into the room H8 on the first floor. The second exhaust fan installed in the above-ceiling space H7 on the first floor may be used to suck the air to be exhausted outdoors. In the present invention, the other end 1b of the heat exchange pipe 1 needs to be exposed to the underfloor space H1 of the house, but the buried portion need not be below the house. In addition, a part (1 meter) of the heat exchange pipe 1 is inserted into an air purifying facility under the ground or under the floor that is filled with charcoal, coconut shell activated carbon, etc. in an exchangeable manner, or the middle of the heat exchange pipe 1 is cut. Then, an air cleaning facility may be interposed therebetween.

【0011】[0011]

【考案の効果】[Effect of the invention]

以上説明してきた本考案の住宅の地中熱利用冷暖房装置によれば以下の効果を 有する。 夏期は屋外の暖気を地中の冷熱と熱交換して冷気を室内に流通するだけでなく 、壁空間に流通して外壁からの伝熱を効果的に遮断できるので、住宅全体を効果 的に冷却できる。 夏期は熱交換用パイプで外気を冷却する際に外気の露点が下がり結露を生じる が、熱交換用パイプがメッシュ管であり結露水が地下へ浸透するので、壁空間や 室内を流通する冷気の湿度が下がり、過ごしやすい空調効果を提供できる。 冬期は屋外の寒気を地中の温熱と熱交換して暖気を室内に流通するだけでなく 、壁空間に流通して外壁からの伝熱を効果的に遮断できるので、住宅全体を効果 的に暖房できる。 空気導入管と室内空気排出管に夏期に結露を防ぐための断熱材を被覆する必要 がない。 床下空間や壁空間や屋根裏空間に、夏期には冷気を流通し冬期には暖気を流通 するので、建物が痛まない。 熱交換用パイプを埋設することや、空気導入管と室内空気排出管を配管するこ とや第一及び第二の排気ファンを設置すれば良いので、住宅全体を冷暖房するシ ステムに比べて設備費を安価に抑えられる。 ランニングコスト化を必要としない熱交換用パイプによって住宅全体を効果的 に冷暖房することができ、ランニングコスト化は第一及び第二の排気ファンの電 気代しかかからず、別途に冷暖房装置等を必要としないので、冷暖房装置や電気 カーペットや石油ストーブを備えて冷房や暖房をするのに比べて、省エネルギー 、低ランニングコスト化に寄与し得、その上、環境に優しい。 第一及び第二の排気ファンを運転するだけなので、夜間の就寝時の静粛を確保 できる。 住宅のデッドスペースを大きくすることなく、また建築工法を特別の工法とし ないで、本考案の住宅の地中熱利用冷暖房装置を設備できる。 The above-described cooling and heating device for utilizing underground heat of a house according to the present invention has the following effects. In the summer, the warm air outdoors exchanges heat with the cold air in the ground to distribute the cool air indoors, as well as to distribute it to the wall space to effectively block the heat transfer from the outer walls, which effectively protects the entire house. Can be cooled. In the summer, when the outside air is cooled by the heat exchange pipe, the dew point of the outside air falls and condensation occurs, but since the heat exchange pipe is a mesh pipe and the condensation water permeates underground, the cold air flowing in the wall space or the room Humidity is reduced, providing an air-conditioning effect that is easy to spend. In winter, the cold air in the outside is exchanged with the heat in the ground to distribute the warm air indoors, and also to the wall space to effectively block the heat transfer from the outer wall. Can be heated. It is not necessary to cover the air inlet pipe and indoor air exhaust pipe with a heat insulating material to prevent dew condensation in summer. Cool air is distributed to the underfloor space, wall space, and attic space in the summer and warm air in the winter, so the building does not hurt. Since it is sufficient to bury heat exchange pipes, connect air intake pipes and indoor air exhaust pipes, and install first and second exhaust fans, it is more convenient than a system that cools and heats the entire house. Cost can be kept low. Heat exchange pipes that do not require running costs can be used to effectively heat and cool the entire house, and running costs only involve the electricity costs of the first and second exhaust fans. Since it does not require air conditioning, it can contribute to energy saving and low running cost compared to cooling and heating with an air conditioner, electric carpet and oil stove, and it is also environmentally friendly. Since only the first and second exhaust fans are operated, it is possible to secure quietness at bedtime at night. It is possible to install the heating and cooling device using the geothermal heat of the house of the present invention without increasing the dead space of the house and without using the construction method as a special construction method.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

【図1】本考案の実施例に係る住宅の地中熱利用冷暖房
装置に係り、(a) は全体概念図、(b) は(a) におけるII
−II矢視図。
FIG. 1 relates to a heating and cooling device using underground heat of a house according to an embodiment of the present invention, (a) is an overall conceptual diagram, and (b) is II in (a).
-II arrow view.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

H 住宅 H1 床下空間 H2 外壁 H3 断熱材 H4 室内壁 H5 壁空間 H6 屋根裏空間 H7 天井裏空間 H8 室内 1 熱交換用パイプ 2 フィルター 3 分岐管 4 室内空気導入管 5 第一の排気ファン 6 室内空気排出管 7 第二の排気ファン H House H1 Underfloor space H2 Outer wall H3 Insulation material H4 Indoor wall H5 Wall space H6 Attic space H7 Ceiling space H8 Indoor 1 Heat exchange pipe 2 Filter 3 Branch pipe 4 Indoor air introduction pipe 5 First exhaust fan 6 Indoor air exhaust Tube 7 Second exhaust fan

【手続補正書】[Procedure amendment]

【提出日】平成7年9月20日[Submission date] September 20, 1995

【手続補正1】[Procedure amendment 1]

【補正対象書類名】明細書[Document name to be amended] Statement

【補正対象項目名】考案の名称[Correction target item name] Name of device

【補正方法】変更[Correction method] Change

【補正内容】[Correction contents]

【考案の名称】 住宅の地中熱利用冷暖房装置[Title of device] Ground heating and cooling system for residential use

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (51)Int.Cl.6 識別記号 庁内整理番号 FI 技術表示箇所 F24F 3/00 F24F 3/00 B ─────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── Continuation of the front page (51) Int.Cl. 6 Identification code Internal reference number FI technical display area F24F 3/00 F24F 3/00 B

Claims (1)

【実用新案登録請求の範囲】[Utility model registration claims] 【請求項1】 メッシュ管よりなる熱交換用パイプの一
端を住宅外の地上に臨ませ、熱交換用パイプの他端を住
宅の床下空間に臨ませ熱交換用パイプの中途を地中に所
要の深さに埋設し、住宅の外壁の内面に断熱材をライニ
ングして室内壁との空間を床下空間及び天井裏空間に連
通させ、熱交換用パイプの前記他端に室内空気導入管の
一端を連通接続して他端を室内に連通し、屋根裏空間に
設置した第一の排気ファンで壁空間流通空気を吸引して
住宅外へ排気するとともに、室内空気排出管の一端を室
内に連通接続するとともに他端を屋根裏または天井裏に
設置した第二の排気ファンの吸引口に連通接続し、第二
の排気ファンで室内流通空気を吸引して住宅外へ排気す
るように構成したことを特徴とする住宅の地中熱利用冷
暖房装置。
1. One end of a heat exchange pipe made of a mesh pipe is exposed to the ground outside the house, and the other end of the heat exchange pipe is exposed to the underfloor space of the house, and the middle of the heat exchange pipe is required underground. Embedded in the inner wall of the house, and the inner wall of the outer wall of the house is lined with a heat insulating material to communicate the space with the interior wall with the underfloor space and the space above the ceiling. The first exhaust fan installed in the attic space sucks the air flowing through the wall space and exhausts it outside the house, and also connects one end of the indoor air discharge pipe to the room. In addition, the other end is connected to the suction port of the second exhaust fan installed in the attic or the ceiling, and the indoor exhaust air is sucked by the second exhaust fan and exhausted outside the house. An air conditioner that uses the geothermal heat of a house.
JP1995006647U 1995-06-08 1995-06-08 Air-conditioning system using underground heat of a house Expired - Lifetime JP3032891U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1995006647U JP3032891U (en) 1995-06-08 1995-06-08 Air-conditioning system using underground heat of a house

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1995006647U JP3032891U (en) 1995-06-08 1995-06-08 Air-conditioning system using underground heat of a house

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP3032891U true JP3032891U (en) 1997-01-17

Family

ID=43167791

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP1995006647U Expired - Lifetime JP3032891U (en) 1995-06-08 1995-06-08 Air-conditioning system using underground heat of a house

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP3032891U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002194828A (en) * 2000-12-27 2002-07-10 Kakudai Kenchiku Sekkei Kenkyusho:Kk System ventilating device for detached house
JP2009192185A (en) * 2008-02-18 2009-08-27 Kitami Institute Of Technology Air conditioning ventilation system
JP2014047949A (en) * 2012-08-30 2014-03-17 Taisei Corp Air conditioning system
WO2014061313A1 (en) * 2012-10-16 2014-04-24 日プレ株式会社 Air-conditioning device and air-conditioning method
JP2016169909A (en) * 2015-03-13 2016-09-23 五洋建設株式会社 Underground heat utilization system at base isolation structure

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002194828A (en) * 2000-12-27 2002-07-10 Kakudai Kenchiku Sekkei Kenkyusho:Kk System ventilating device for detached house
JP2009192185A (en) * 2008-02-18 2009-08-27 Kitami Institute Of Technology Air conditioning ventilation system
JP2014047949A (en) * 2012-08-30 2014-03-17 Taisei Corp Air conditioning system
WO2014061313A1 (en) * 2012-10-16 2014-04-24 日プレ株式会社 Air-conditioning device and air-conditioning method
JP2016169909A (en) * 2015-03-13 2016-09-23 五洋建設株式会社 Underground heat utilization system at base isolation structure

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