JP2524409B2 - House of frame, panel construction method - Google Patents

House of frame, panel construction method

Info

Publication number
JP2524409B2
JP2524409B2 JP1209156A JP20915689A JP2524409B2 JP 2524409 B2 JP2524409 B2 JP 2524409B2 JP 1209156 A JP1209156 A JP 1209156A JP 20915689 A JP20915689 A JP 20915689A JP 2524409 B2 JP2524409 B2 JP 2524409B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
house
frame
panel
construction method
wall panel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
JP1209156A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH0372134A (en
Inventor
勝哉 深蔵
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
National House Industrial Co Ltd
Original Assignee
National House Industrial Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by National House Industrial Co Ltd filed Critical National House Industrial Co Ltd
Priority to JP1209156A priority Critical patent/JP2524409B2/en
Publication of JPH0372134A publication Critical patent/JPH0372134A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2524409B2 publication Critical patent/JP2524409B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 〔産業上の利用分野〕 本発明は、軸組工法の家屋で用いる柱、梁などの家屋
の構築部材と、パネル工法の家屋で用いる大型壁パネル
などの家屋の構築部材とを統合化することによって、そ
れらの部材を含んで形成した軸組、パネル工法の家屋に
関する。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION [Industrial field of application] The present invention relates to building members such as columns and beams used in a house of a frame construction method, and construction of a house such as a large wall panel used in a house of a panel construction method. The present invention relates to a house of a panel construction method and a framework formed by integrating these members.

〔従来の技術〕[Conventional technology]

従来、家屋、特に工場等で構築部材が予め生産される
プレハブ家屋を構築する工法として軸組工法、パネル工
法がある。
BACKGROUND ART Conventionally, there are a frame construction method and a panel construction method as a construction method for constructing a prefabricated house in which construction members are produced in advance in a house, particularly a factory.

軸組工法とは、例えば二階建家屋の場合を第33図に示
すように、通し柱a間に、胴差をな床梁b、屋根梁cな
どを用いて骨組構造体dを組み立てたうえ、この骨組構
造体dに壁パネルe…を取付ける。この軸組工法の家屋
においては、柱a、梁b、cなどは、鋼製の部材であっ
て、前記骨組構造体dの強度は大かつ剛性に優れるた
め、該骨組構造体dに取付く壁パネルeは、強度に耐え
ることが一般に必要でなく、従って、軽量化を計りつつ
施工等の取扱い性の向上のために、例えば木製の枠材を
組み合わせた枠組を用いるとともに、その幅も、基準モ
ジュールMの1乃至3倍程度の小幅の小型壁パネルとし
て形成される。
The frame construction method is, for example, as shown in FIG. 33 in the case of a two-story building, after assembling the frame structure d using the floor beams b, the roof beams c, etc. having no body difference between the through columns a. Wall panels e ... Are attached to the frame structure d. In the house of the frame construction method, the pillars a, the beams b, c, etc. are members made of steel, and since the frame structure d has high strength and excellent rigidity, it is attached to the frame structure d. The wall panel e generally does not need to endure the strength, and therefore, in order to reduce the weight and improve the handleability such as construction, for example, a frame made of a combination of wooden frame members is used, and the width thereof is It is formed as a small wall panel having a width of about 1 to 3 times that of the reference module M.

又この軸組工法の骨組構造体d自体も、ラーメン構造
のもの、ピン構造のものに大別される。
The frame structure d itself of this frame construction method is also roughly classified into a frame structure and a pin structure.

ラーメン構造とは、第35図に示すように、柱a、梁b
等を剛に接合するものであり、従って水平力が作用した
場合の変形を一点鎖線で示すように、この構造において
は、柱aの剛性を大とする必要がある一方、梁bの剛性
は比較的小になしうるという特徴がある。
As shown in FIG. 35, the ramen structure means pillars a and beams b.
In this structure, the rigidity of the column a needs to be high, while the rigidity of the beam b is high, as shown by the chain line in the deformation when a horizontal force acts. It has the feature that it can be made relatively small.

又ピン構造とは、第36図に示すように、柱a、梁bを
ピン接合したうえ、水平方向の力を、垂直面、水平面に
斜めに架け渡したブレースfによって補強するものであ
り、水平力をブレースfによって担持させうるため、柱
aの剛性を小としうる特徴がある。
As shown in FIG. 36, the pin structure means that a pillar a and a beam b are pin-joined, and a horizontal force is reinforced by a brace f diagonally laid on a vertical plane and a horizontal plane. Since the horizontal force can be carried by the brace f, the rigidity of the column a can be reduced.

このブレースfは、垂直な壁面においては、第33図に
示すように、ブレースfを壁パネルeに組み込んだ耐力
パネルgとして形成され、梁b、c、基礎hなどに剛に
接合させる。なおこの耐力パネルgは、前記ラーメン構
造の骨組構造体dにも使用することによって、該骨組構
造体dを補強し、全体としてのコスト低下にも役立たせ
る。
On the vertical wall surface, the brace f is formed as a load bearing panel g in which the brace f is incorporated in the wall panel e as shown in FIG. 33, and is rigidly joined to the beams b, c, the foundation h and the like. The load-bearing panel g is also used for the frame structure d of the rigid frame structure to reinforce the frame structure d and also help to reduce the cost as a whole.

他方、パネル工法は、第34図に示すように、壁パネル
eを連結金具iによって連結することにより家屋を組立
てる。又このパネル工法においては、階下の壁パネルe1
には、胴差状の床梁bを、又階上の壁パネルe2には屋根
梁cを載置することによって夫々補強される。
On the other hand, in the panel construction method, as shown in FIG. 34, the house is assembled by connecting the wall panels e with the connecting fittings i. In addition, in this panel construction method, the downstairs wall panel e1
Are reinforced by placing a floor beam b in the shape of a barrel and a roof beam c on the upper wall panel e2.

又このパネル工法においては、柱を用いないことを前
提としているため、壁パネルeは、鋼製の枠材を矩形に
配した枠組が用いられ、その縦枠材によって垂直な軸力
を負担させる。又水平力に関しては、枠組の表裏に添設
する面材によって担持させるストレススキン工法の他、
破線で示すブレースfを組み込んだ壁パネルを用いる方
法とがある。なおこのストレススキン方法によるパネル
は、製作が容易であるとはいえ、該壁パネルeに設ける
開口部の位置、寸法に制約を受ける。
Further, in this panel construction method, since it is premised that no columns are used, the wall panel e uses a frame in which a steel frame member is arranged in a rectangular shape, and the vertical frame member bears a vertical axial force. . Regarding the horizontal force, in addition to the stress skin construction method in which the surface materials attached to the front and back of the frame support
There is a method of using a wall panel incorporating a brace f shown by a broken line. Although the panel by this stress skin method is easy to manufacture, it is restricted by the position and size of the opening provided in the wall panel e.

なおこのパネル工法は、組立が極めて能率的でき、施
工コストを低減しうるとはいえ、壁パネルの重量が大で
あることにより、クレーン等を使用した機械組施工が前
提となる。他方、この工法では、機械組施工が前提とな
る以上、壁パネルeとして、基準モジュールMの3倍〜
6倍程度の極めて広巾の大型壁パネルが採用される。
Although this panel construction method is extremely efficient in assembly and can reduce construction costs, it is premised on machine assembly construction using a crane or the like due to the large weight of the wall panels. On the other hand, in this construction method, since it is premised on the machine assembly work, the wall panel e is three times as large as the reference module M.
A large wall panel with an extremely wide width of about 6 times is adopted.

従って、軸組工法では、手組施工が可能であり、敷地
条件を問わないのに比して、パネル工法では、クレーン
等の使用が必要であり、従ってクレーン等の進入が困難
又はクレーン等を使用しえない敷地ではこのパネル工法
を採用しえないこと、さらに軸組工法の家屋では増改築
が容易、パネル工法では増改築を困難にするなどの相違
点も生じることとなる。
Therefore, in the frame construction method, it is possible to carry out the manual construction, and in contrast to the site conditions, the panel construction method requires the use of a crane, etc. There will be differences such that the panel construction method cannot be adopted on the site that cannot be used, and that the house constructed by the frame construction method can easily be expanded and reconstructed, and the panel construction method makes the expansion and reconstruction difficult.

〔発明が解決しようとする課題〕[Problems to be Solved by the Invention]

しかしながら、従来、前記した軸組工法、パネル工法
は、夫々独立した系列としてシステム化されており、各
工法の家屋の構築部材を1つの家屋に利用し複合化家屋
を構成することは意図されてはいない。
However, conventionally, the above-mentioned frame construction method and panel construction method have been systematized as independent series, respectively, and it is intended to construct a complex house by using the building members of the house of each construction method as one house. There isn't.

その結果、 軸組工法におけるバルコニー、ベランダ等を含む各
部の家屋の構築部材と、パネル工法における家屋の構築
部材とは共通性に欠け、夫々別個に設計、生産等をする
ことが必要であり、物流、在庫管理等にも手間取るな
ど、生産性に劣ることとなる。
As a result, the building members of the house in each part, including the balcony and veranda in the frame construction method, and the building members of the house in the panel construction method lack commonality, and it is necessary to design and produce them separately. It will be inferior in productivity because it will take time for physical distribution and inventory management.

各工法において、施工主の希望により、基準と異な
る大重量の屋根、階上に重量の大なるコンクリートパネ
ルなどの壁パネルを夫々採用するとき、さらには積雪地
等に建設される家屋などにおいて、基準荷重よりも大な
る荷重が作用するときなど、各工法ごとに夫々内容の異
なる補強施工が必要となり、設計、施工等の一連の作業
を煩雑とすること。
In each construction method, when adopting a heavy roof different from the standard, a wall panel such as a heavy concrete panel on the upper floor, according to the request of the construction owner, and also in a house constructed in a snowy area, etc., Reinforcement construction with different contents is required for each construction method, such as when a load larger than the standard load is applied, making a series of operations such as design and construction complicated.

等の解決すべき問題がある。 There are problems to be solved.

本発明は、軸組工法の家屋の構築部材と、大型壁パネ
ルを用いるパネル工法における家屋の構築部材との統合
化を計り両工法で用いる柱、梁、大型壁パネルを含んで
建築され、しかもいわゆる軸組工法、パネル工法の家屋
をも、同じ家屋の構築部材を利用して建築することも可
能とすることによって、作用荷重に応じて又はクレーン
等の使用の可否等についての敷地条件に応じて工法の使
い分けをもなしうる複合化された軸組、パネル工法の家
屋の提供を目的としている。
The present invention integrates the building member of the house of the frame construction method and the building member of the house in the panel construction method using the large-sized wall panel, and is constructed by including columns, beams, and large-sized wall panels used in both methods, and By making it possible to construct houses with so-called frame construction method and panel construction method using the building members of the same house, according to site load conditions such as the application load or availability of cranes etc. The purpose is to provide a house with a composite frame and panel construction method that allows different construction methods.

〔課題を解決するための手段〕[Means for solving the problem]

本発明は、柱、梁を組み立てた骨組構造体に巾狭の枠
組を有する小型壁パネルを配することにより軸組工法の
家屋を形成する前記梁の長さと、鋼製かつ巾広の枠組を
有する大型壁パネル間を連結金具を用いて結合しかつ該
大型壁パネルの上面に梁を配するパネル工法の家屋を形
成する前記梁の長さとを共通とし、前記大型壁パネルの
枠組は、上下の水平な上枠材、下枠材間に、両端側の鋼
製の垂直な外側の縦枠材、又はこの垂直な外側の縦枠材
と補強用の斜材を取付ける垂直な内側の縦枠材とを有
し、かつ該梁、前記柱、大型壁パネルを含んで形成され
るとともに、前記外側の縦枠材、内側の縦枠材の上端部
と前記梁とを、前記上枠材にボルト結合される下片と前
記梁にボルト結合される上材とを有する継ぎ金具を用い
て固定してなる軸組、パネル工法の家屋である。
The present invention provides a frame structure made by assembling columns and beams with a small wall panel having a narrow frame to form a house of a frame construction method, the length of the beam, and a steel wide frame. The large wall panels have a common length with the beams forming the house of the panel construction method in which the large wall panels are connected by using a connecting fitting and the beams are arranged on the upper surface of the large wall panels. Between the horizontal upper and lower frame members of the vertical vertical outer frame member made of steel on both ends, or the vertical outer vertical frame member and the vertical inner vertical frame to which the reinforcing diagonal member is attached. And the beam, the column, and the large wall panel are formed, and the upper frame member includes the upper end portion of the outer vertical frame member, the inner vertical frame member, and the beam. A frame assembly fixed by using a joint fitting having a lower piece bolted to the beam and an upper member bolted to the beam, It is the house of the panel method.

〔作用〕[Action]

軸組工法で用いる梁の長さと、パネル工法で用いる梁
の長さとを共通としている。
The length of the beam used in the frame construction method and the length of the beam used in the panel construction method are common.

一般に、プレハブ工法の家屋においては、寸法設計の
基準として、一定長さのピッチ、即ち基準モジュールM
が採用される。又この基準モジュールMの設定方法とし
て、第37図に示すように、柱a、aの中心間の長さLc
を、前記基準モジュールの整数倍とするいわゆるシング
ルグリッド方式の他、柱a、aの向き合う側面間の長さ
Lを基準モジュールMの整数倍とするダブルグリッド方
式がある。この長さLは、柱a、a間に架け渡す梁長さ
に相当し、従って軸組工法、パネル工法において梁長さ
を共通にするとは、それらをともにダブルグリッド方式
に基づき設定することを意味する。
Generally, in a prefabricated house, a pitch of a certain length, that is, a standard module M is used as a standard for dimension design.
Is adopted. As shown in FIG. 37, the length Lc between the centers of the columns a and a is set as the setting method of the reference module M.
In addition to the so-called single grid method in which the reference module is an integral multiple of the reference module, there is a double grid method in which the length L between the facing sides of the columns a and a is an integer multiple of the reference module M. This length L corresponds to the length of the beam bridged between the pillars a and a. Therefore, the common beam length in the frame construction method and the panel construction method means that both of them are set based on the double grid method. means.

さらに、本発明の軸組、パネル工法の家屋は、前記軸
組工法、パネル工法の家屋において用いる梁、柱、大型
壁パネルを含んで形成され、又大型壁パネル間に柱を取
付けることにより、強度が大巾に向上することによっ
て、例えば重量の大なる屋根、重量の大なる壁パネルを
採用し、又積雪地に建設される家屋等を好適に構築しう
ることとなる。又この軸組、パネル工法の家屋で用いる
前記梁、柱等の家屋の構築部材をそのまま用いて、軸組
工法の家屋、パネル工法の家屋をもそのまま構築するこ
とも可能となる。又軸組工法、パネル工法の家屋をも構
築可能としたときには、家屋に作用する荷重の他、クレ
ーン等の使用による機械組施工の可否等の敷地条件に応
じて、統合化された部材を用いて前記各工法を選択しう
ることともなる。
Furthermore, the frame of the present invention, the house of the panel construction method, the beam used in the house of the frame construction method, the panel construction method, the column, is formed to include a large wall panel, by mounting the pillar between the large wall panels, By significantly improving the strength, for example, a heavy roof, a heavy wall panel, or a house or the like constructed in a snowy area can be suitably constructed. Further, by using the building members of the house such as the beams and columns used in the house of the frame and panel construction method as they are, it becomes possible to construct the house of the frame construction method and the house of the panel construction method as they are. In addition, when it is possible to build a house with a frame construction method or a panel construction method, an integrated member is used according to the site conditions such as the load acting on the house and the possibility of machine assembly construction using a crane etc. Therefore, each of the above-mentioned construction methods can be selected.

これによって家屋の構築部材の共通化、統合化が可能
となり、設計、製作等の手間を大巾に省略し、部材のシ
ステム化、複合化を可能とすることによって家屋建築の
生産性を高めうる。
This makes it possible to standardize and integrate the building components of the house, greatly reduce the time and effort required for designing and manufacturing, and increase the productivity of house construction by enabling the systemization and compounding of components. .

〔実施例〕〔Example〕

以下本発明の一実施例を図面に基づき説明する。 An embodiment of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.

第1図は、本発明の軸組、パネル工法の家屋Hの一実
施例を、建込み中の状態で示す。
FIG. 1 shows an embodiment of a house H of the framework and panel construction method of the present invention in a state of being built.

軸組、パネル工法の家屋Hは、柱3と、梁4と、大型
壁パネルPLとを含んでいる。
The house H of the frame construction and the panel construction method includes the pillar 3, the beam 4, and the large wall panel PL.

前記大型壁パネルPLは、第2図に示すパネル工法の家
屋HAに使用でき、又柱3は、第3図に示す軸組工法の家
屋HBと共用して使用される。
The large wall panel PL can be used for the house HA of the panel construction method shown in FIG. 2, and the pillar 3 is used in common with the house HB of the frame construction method shown in FIG.

又梁4も、前記軸組工法、パネル工法の家屋HA、HBに
おいて共通に使用され、そのために本発明の軸組、パネ
ル工法の家屋Mにおいても、第2、3図のパネル工法、
軸組工法の各家屋HA、HBと同様に、第37図に示した柱a
の向き合う側面間を基準モジュールMの整数倍としたダ
ブルグリッド方式が採用される。
The beams 4 are also commonly used in the houses HA and HB of the frame construction method and the panel construction method. Therefore, in the frame M of the present invention and the house M of the panel construction method, the panel construction method of FIGS.
As with each house HA and HB of the frame construction method, the pillar a shown in Fig. 37.
A double grid method is adopted in which the side surfaces facing each other are an integral multiple of the reference module M.

前記柱3は、本実施例では、基礎Dのコーナ部及びそ
の間に立設され階上にのびる通し柱3Aを用いており、又
階下、階上には、前記基準モジュールの3倍長さの広巾
の大型壁パネルPL3と、基準モジュールMの4倍長さの
大型壁パネルPL4が配される。なお大型壁パネルPLに
は、出入り口、窓などの開口部を有するもの、開口部を
有しない盲状のものが適宜選択使用される。
In this embodiment, the pillar 3 uses a corner portion of the foundation D and a through pillar 3A that is erected between the corner portions and extends upstairs. Further, on the downstairs and upstairs, a wide width three times as long as the reference module is used. The large wall panel PL3 and the large wall panel PL4 having a length four times as long as the reference module M are arranged. As the large-sized wall panel PL, one having an opening such as a doorway, a window, or a blind one having no opening is appropriately selected and used.

又前記梁4は、階下の大型壁パネルPLの上面に配さ
れ、ラチス梁からなる胴差状の床梁4Aと、階上の大型壁
パネルPL上面に位置する断面I字状の屋根梁4Bとを含
み、夫々該梁4が取付く大型壁パネルPLの巾寸法と同一
長さを有する。
The beams 4 are arranged on the upper surface of the large-scale wall panel PL at the lower floor, and have a girder-like floor beam 4A made of lattice beams, and a roof beam 4B having an I-shaped cross-section located on the upper surface of the large-scale wall panel PL on the floor. And has the same length as the width of the large wall panel PL to which the beam 4 is attached.

前記したごとく、柱3は軸組工法の家屋HBと共用され
る柱であり、又大型壁パネルPLは、パネル工法の家屋HA
で使用され、又梁4は、軸組工法、パネル工法の家屋H
A、HBでともに共通して採用されうる。
As mentioned above, the pillar 3 is a pillar shared with the house HB of the frame construction method, and the large wall panel PL is the house HA of the panel construction method.
The beam 4 is used in the house H of the frame construction method and the panel construction method.
Both A and HB can be commonly used.

ここで、複合化された家屋の構築部材を用いて形成さ
れるパネル工法、軸組工法の家屋HA、HBについて説明す
る(なお、第1〜4図においては、図面の簡略化のため
に、壁パネルを基礎D、梁4に取付けるための各部材を
省略しかつ壁パネルが基礎D、梁4に接するとして図示
している)。
Here, the panel construction method and the house construction HA, HB of the frame construction method, which are formed by using the composite building members, will be described (in FIGS. 1 to 4, for simplification of the drawings, (Each member for attaching the wall panel to the foundation D and the beam 4 is omitted, and the wall panel is shown as being in contact with the foundation D and the beam 4).

〔パネル工法について〕[About panel construction method]

パネル工法の家屋HAは、第2図に示すように、大型壁
パネルPLを連結金具6…を用いて接合するとともに、階
下の大型壁パネルPLの上面には、胴差状のラチス梁から
なる床梁4Aを取付け、又階上の大型壁パネルPLには屋根
梁4Bを取付ける。
As shown in FIG. 2, the house HA of the panel construction method is constructed by joining large-sized wall panels PL using connecting metal fittings 6 ..., and is composed of a lattice-shaped lattice beam on the upper surface of the large-sized wall panel PL below. A floor beam 4A is attached, and a roof beam 4B is attached to the large wall panel PL on the floor.

床梁4Aは、第5図(a)に示すように、溝部を向き合
わせた溝形材からなる上弦材41、下弦材42間を、両端に
位置する端板43、43、該端板43から基準モジュールMを
隔てて該床梁4Aの側面と面一な向き合う各一対の取付板
44、44及び端板43と取付板44との間、取付板44、44間を
V字に結ぶラチス45により連結している。なお向き合う
取付板44、44間には、両者を結ぶ補強板47を固着してい
る。
As shown in FIG. 5 (a), the floor beam 4A includes end plates 43, 43 located at both ends between an upper chord member 41 and a lower chord member 42, which are groove-shaped members whose groove portions are opposed to each other, and the end plate 43. A pair of mounting plates that face the side surface of the floor beam 4A across the reference module M from
The lattices 45 connecting between the mounting plates 44, 44 and the mounting plates 44, 44, 44 and the end plates 43, 44 are connected in a V shape. A reinforcing plate 47 is fixed between the mounting plates 44 and 44 facing each other.

なお上弦材41、下弦材42の水平なウエブは取付片47
A、47Bを形成している。
The horizontal web of the upper chord member 41 and the lower chord member 42 is a mounting piece 47.
A and 47B are formed.

前記屋根梁4Bは、第5図(b)に示すように、溝形鋼
のウエブを背中合わせに溶着した綴り合わせ梁からなる
基体の両端に垂直な端板43を取付けており、その上、下
のフランジによって、取付片47A、47Bを形成している。
As shown in FIG. 5 (b), the roof beam 4B has vertical end plates 43 attached to both ends of a base body made of a spliced beam in which webs of channel steel are welded back to back. The mounting pieces 47A and 47B are formed by the flanges.

なお端板43、43の端面間の長さは、基準モジュールM
の整数倍に設定される。
The length between the end faces of the end plates 43, 43 is determined by the reference module M.
Is set to an integer multiple of.

前記大型壁パネルPLは、第5図(a)に示すように、
斜材24を有する枠組pLAを有する大型壁パネルPLAと、第
7図に示す斜材を有しない枠組pLBを有する大型壁パネ
ルPLBとを含む。
The large wall panel PL is, as shown in FIG. 5 (a),
It includes a large wall panel PLA having a frame pLA with diagonal members 24 and a large wall panel PLB having a frame pLB without diagonal members shown in FIG.

前記枠組pLAは、溝部を向き合わせた溝形鋼からなる
上下の水平な上枠材21a、下枠材21bの両側端に、角鋼管
からなる軸力負担用の垂直な外側の縦枠材21c、21c(以
下縦枠材21cという)を架け渡した外フレーム22を具え
るとともに、この外フレーム22内に、溝部を対向した垂
直な内側の縦枠材23、23(以下縦枠材23という)を配
し、該縦枠材23、23と、前記上、下枠材21a、21bとに、
補強用の斜材24を菱形形状に取付けている。
The framework pLA is a vertical outer vertical frame member 21c for axial load bearing made of square steel pipes on both side ends of the upper and lower horizontal upper frame members 21a and lower frame members 21b made of grooved steel with groove portions facing each other. , 21c (hereinafter referred to as vertical frame member 21c) is provided, and in the outer frame 22, vertical inner vertical frame members 23, 23 (hereinafter referred to as vertical frame member 23) with grooves facing each other. ) Are arranged on the vertical frame members 23, 23 and the upper and lower frame members 21a, 21b,
A reinforcing diagonal member 24 is attached in a rhombus shape.

これによって大型壁パネルPLAは、前記縦枠材21c、21
c、23、23が、垂直方向の軸力を負担するとともに、斜
材24によって水平力を担持させる。又第5図(a)に示
す枠組pLAの場合には、一方の縦枠材23を、一端部の縦
枠材21cに接して配するとともに、他端部の開口部形成
用の空間を残して木質材からなる中桟25を設けている。
なお下枠材21bの下方には、該下枠材21bと同長の脚材26
を、両者の縦枠材21c、21c、内方の縦枠材23下方に位置
する継ぎ片27…を介して取付ける。
As a result, the large wall panel PLA has the vertical frame members 21c, 21
The c, 23, and 23 bear the axial force in the vertical direction, and the diagonal member 24 carries the horizontal force. In the case of the frame pLA shown in FIG. 5 (a), one vertical frame member 23 is arranged in contact with the vertical frame member 21c at one end while leaving a space for forming an opening at the other end. There is a middle beam 25 made of wood.
Below the lower frame member 21b, a leg member 26 having the same length as the lower frame member 21b is provided.
Are attached via the vertical frame members 21c and 21c of both, and the joint pieces 27 located below the inner vertical frame member 23.

又この枠組pLAには、第6図に略示するごとく、上枠
材21a、下枠材21bの間において、内装材28A、外装材28B
を添設することにより大型壁パネルPLAを形成する。
Further, in this frame pLA, as schematically shown in FIG. 6, an interior material 28A and an exterior material 28B are provided between the upper frame member 21a and the lower frame member 21b.
A large-sized wall panel PLA is formed by additionally installing.

なお第7図に示す枠組pLBは、前記脚材26を有する外
フレーム22間に、中桟25…を適宜ピッチを隔てて架け渡
し、かつ図示しない前記内装材28A、外装材28Bを添設す
ることにより、開口部のない盲の大型壁パネルPLBを形
成できる。
In the frame structure pLB shown in FIG. 7, middle bars 25 are bridged between the outer frames 22 having the leg members 26 at appropriate pitches, and the interior material 28A and exterior material 28B not shown are additionally provided. As a result, a large blind wall panel PLB having no opening can be formed.

梁4と、大型壁パネルPLとは継ぎ金具5を用いて結合
される。
The beam 4 and the large wall panel PL are joined together by using a joint fitting 5.

継ぎ金具5は、第5図(a)に示すように、上片51、
下片52の両端を側片53、53により結合しかつ一縁に背片
を設けた有奥角筒状をなす。又継ぎ金具5は、前記上片
51を、前記梁4の前記下の取付片47B下面にボルト止め
し、又下片52を、大型壁パネルPLの上枠材21aの上面に
ボルト結合する。
As shown in FIG. 5 (a), the joint fitting 5 includes an upper piece 51,
Both ends of the lower piece (52) are joined by side pieces (53, 53) and a back piece is provided at one edge to form a deep-sided tubular shape. Further, the joint fitting 5 is the upper piece.
51 is bolted to the lower surface of the lower mounting piece 47B of the beam 4, and the lower piece 52 is bolted to the upper surface of the upper frame member 21a of the large wall panel PL.

又該継ぎ金具5は、大型壁パネルPLにおいて、縦枠材
21c、23を通る略垂直線上に夫々位置させる。従って、
第5図(a)に示す大型壁パネルPLAの場合には、両端
の縦枠材21c、21cの上方と、内側の縦枠材23の上方に配
される。又第7図に示す大型壁パネルPLBの場合には両
端の縦枠材21c、21cの上方にのみ配される。すなわち前
記縦枠材21c、縦枠材23の上端部と前記梁4とは、上枠
材21aを介して継ぎ金具5により固定される。
Further, the joint fitting 5 is a vertical frame member in the large wall panel PL.
Position them on a substantially vertical line passing through 21c and 23, respectively. Therefore,
In the case of the large wall panel PLA shown in FIG. 5 (a), it is arranged above the vertical frame members 21c, 21c at both ends and above the inner vertical frame member 23. In the case of the large wall panel PLB shown in FIG. 7, it is arranged only above the vertical frame members 21c, 21c at both ends. That is, the upper ends of the vertical frame member 21c and the vertical frame member 23 and the beam 4 are fixed by the joint fitting 5 via the upper frame member 21a.

この結果、大型壁パネルPLの上面と、その上方に配さ
れる梁4の下面との間に、第6図に示すように間隙G
が、前記継ぎ金具5、5間に夫々形成される。なお継ぎ
金具5は、階下、階上の大型壁パネルPLと床梁4A、屋根
梁4Bとの間において夫々縦枠材21c、23の垂直線上に位
置する。
As a result, a gap G is formed between the upper surface of the large wall panel PL and the lower surface of the beam 4 arranged above the large wall panel PL as shown in FIG.
Are formed between the joint fittings 5 and 5, respectively. The joint fittings 5 are located on the vertical lines of the vertical frame members 21c and 23 between the large-scale wall panel PL on the lower floor and the upper floor, and the floor beam 4A and the roof beam 4B, respectively.

このように、軸力負担用の縦枠材21c、23の垂直線上
に継ぎ金具5を配することによって、梁4に作用する垂
直の軸力を、該縦枠材21c、23により担持できかつ下方
に円滑に伝達する。
In this way, by arranging the joint fitting 5 on the vertical line of the vertical frame members 21c and 23 for bearing the axial force, the vertical axial force acting on the beam 4 can be carried by the vertical frame members 21c and 23. Transmits smoothly downward.

又継ぎ金具5、5間に間隙Gを形成することによっ
て、該継ぎ金具5、5間の梁4の撓みを吸収して、撓み
が大型壁パネルPLに伝達されるのを防ぐ。これにより、
梁4の下面と大型壁パネルPLの上面とが接した場合の大
型壁パネルPLに生じる曲げ、撓みを防ぎ、内装材28A、
外装材28Bに生じる変形、割れ等の損傷を効果的に防止
する。
Further, by forming the gap G between the joint fittings 5 and 5, the flexure of the beam 4 between the joint fittings 5 and 5 is absorbed, and the flexure is prevented from being transmitted to the large wall panel PL. This allows
The interior material 28A, which prevents bending and bending that occur in the large wall panel PL when the lower surface of the beam 4 and the upper surface of the large wall panel PL contact each other,
Effectively prevent damage such as deformation and cracks that occur in the exterior material 28B.

従って大型壁パネルPLは、軸力を縦枠材21c、23によ
り担持し、又水平力は適宜に配した前記斜材4によって
負担させることとなる。
Therefore, the large wall panel PL carries the axial force by the vertical frame members 21c and 23, and the horizontal force is carried by the appropriately arranged diagonal member 4.

隣り合う大型壁パネルPL、PLを連結金具6によって結
合する。
Adjacent large wall panels PL, PL are joined together by a connecting fitting 6.

大型壁パネルPLは、第2図に示すように、間隔K1を隔
てて横に並列され、又コーナ部に間隙K2を有して直角に
配される。又間隙K1、K2はともに同一(以下間隙Kとい
う)に設定するとともに、前記連結金具6は間隙Kに配
される。
As shown in FIG. 2, the large-sized wall panels PL are laterally juxtaposed at a distance K1 and are arranged at a right angle with a gap K2 at a corner portion. The gaps K1 and K2 are both set to be the same (hereinafter referred to as the gap K), and the connecting fitting 6 is arranged in the gap K.

連結金具6は、第2図、第8図に示す横に並列された
大型壁パネルPL、PL間を継ぐ並列接続用の連結金具6A
と、コーナ部連結用の、第2図、第9図に示すコーナ接
続用の連結金具6Bとを含む。さらに後記するごとく、25
〜27図に示す、斜めに交わる壁パネルを連結する傾斜接
続用の連結金具7を含ませうる。
The connecting metal fitting 6 is a connecting metal fitting 6A for parallel connection that connects between the large-sized wall panels PL arranged side by side as shown in FIG. 2 and FIG.
And a connecting fitting 6B for connecting a corner portion and for connecting a corner shown in FIGS. 2 and 9. As will be described later, 25
A fitting 7 for slant connection for connecting diagonally intersecting wall panels shown in FIGS. 27 to 27 may be included.

連結金具6Aは、水平かつ前記間隙Kと平面同形である
ことにより該間隙Kに挿入しうる水平な基片61の両側
に、前記大型壁パネルPLの側端面に設ける取付孔29aに
位置合わせられる孔部62aを有する固定片62を、前記基
片61と直角に対設するとともにその一側縁を背片63によ
り結合しており、又前記基片61にも孔部61aを設けてい
る。前記固定片62は、取付孔29aと位置合わせされる孔
部62aを具えることにより、該固定片62は大型壁パネルP
Lの側端面に取付くパネル取付部Jを構成する。
The connecting metal fittings 6A are aligned on both sides of a horizontal base piece 61 which can be inserted into the gap K by being horizontal and having the same shape as the gap K in the mounting hole 29a provided on the side end surface of the large-sized wall panel PL. A fixed piece 62 having a hole portion 62a is arranged at a right angle to the base piece 61, and one side edge thereof is joined by a back piece 63, and the base piece 61 is also provided with a hole portion 61a. The fixing piece 62 is provided with a hole portion 62a aligned with the mounting hole 29a, so that the fixing piece 62 has a large wall panel P.
A panel mounting portion J that is mounted on the side end surface of L is configured.

従って該連結金具6Aは、第10図に示すように、前記固
定片62の孔部62aと、前記大型壁パネルPLの側端面の取
付孔29aとを通るボルト、ナットを用いて両者を結合で
きる。
Therefore, as shown in FIG. 10, the connecting fitting 6A can be connected to each other by using bolts and nuts that pass through the hole portion 62a of the fixing piece 62 and the mounting hole 29a of the side end surface of the large-sized wall panel PL. .

なお階下の大型壁パネルPL間を、下方で結ぶ連結金具
6Aの基片61は、基礎Dに設けるアンカーボルトDaにボル
ト結合する。
In addition, connecting metal fittings that connect the large-scale wall panels PL downstairs at the bottom
The base piece 61 of 6A is bolted to the anchor bolt Da provided on the foundation D.

なお上方に位置する連結金具6Aは、基片61を上向けと
し、前記床梁4Aの下の取付孔48aによってその間を下方
で継ぐ、同構成の連結金具6Aの基片61にボルト結合され
る。
Note that the connecting metal fitting 6A located on the upper side has the base piece 61 facing upward, and connects the lower portion with the mounting hole 48a below the floor beam 4A, and is bolted to the base material 61 of the connecting metal fitting 6A of the same structure. .

なお階上の大型壁パネルPL間を下端継ぐ連結金具6Aの
基片61は、床梁4Aの上端の取付孔48aを用いて取付く連
結金具6Aの基片61にボルト接合する。
The base piece 61 of the connecting fitting 6A that joins the lower ends of the large-scale wall panels PL on the floor is bolted to the base piece 61 of the connecting fitting 6A that is attached using the mounting hole 48a at the upper end of the floor beam 4A.

さらにコーナ部接続用の連結金具6Bは、第9図に詳示
するように、連結金具6Aの基片61と同一形状の基片61
に、孔部62aを有しかつ直角に交わり前記パネル取付部
Jをなす固定片62、62を形成しており、コーナ部の前記
間隙Kにおいて前記連結金具6Aと同様に大型壁パネルPL
間を接続できる。
Further, as shown in detail in FIG. 9, the connecting fitting 6B for connecting the corner portion has a base piece 61 having the same shape as the base piece 61 of the connecting fitting 6A.
Fixing pieces 62, 62 having a hole portion 62a and intersecting each other at a right angle to form the panel mounting portion J are formed, and in the gap K at the corner portion, like the connecting metal fitting 6A, the large wall panel PL is formed.
You can connect between.

パネル工法においては、例えばこのような家屋の構築
部材を用いて家屋HAの主に壁体が形成される。
In the panel construction method, for example, the wall body is mainly formed in the house HA by using such a building member of the house.

なお建込みに際しては、第6図に示すように、大型壁
パネルPLと梁4とを、前記継ぎ金具5によって予め連結
しておく。又梁4の上の取付片47Aの両端部近傍に設け
る取付孔48bを通るアイボルト49を用いてクレーン等に
より吊上げつつ建込む。
At the time of installation, as shown in FIG. 6, the large wall panel PL and the beam 4 are previously connected by the joint fitting 5. Further, it is erected while being lifted by a crane or the like using eye bolts 49 passing through mounting holes 48b provided in the vicinity of both ends of the mounting piece 47A on the beam 4.

又階下の大型壁パネルPLは、脚材26に設ける前記取付
孔を、基礎DのアンカーボルトDaに挿入させボルト止め
する(第10図、11図に示す)。又連結金具6A、6Bを用い
て階下の大型壁パネルPL、床梁4Aを接続したうえ、階上
の大型壁パネルPLを同様に建込む。
For the large-scale wall panel PL downstairs, the mounting hole provided in the leg member 26 is inserted into the anchor bolt Da of the foundation D and bolted (shown in FIGS. 10 and 11). In addition, after connecting the large-scale wall panel PL of the downstairs and the floor beam 4A using the connecting metal fittings 6A and 6B, the large-scale wall panel PL of the upper floor is similarly built.

これにより順次家屋HAの壁を組み立てるとともに、
床、屋根材等を設けることにより、家屋HAを形成しう
る。
This will assemble the walls of the house HA one after another,
A house HA can be formed by providing floors, roofing materials, etc.

〔軸組工法について〕[About frame construction method]

次ぎに軸組工法の家屋HBについて説明する。 Next, the house HB of the frame construction method will be explained.

第3図に示すように、柱3、梁4を組み立てた骨組構
造体Fに小型壁パネルPSを配することを基本とし、又前
記小型壁パネルPSに加えて、水平力、軸力を負担し家屋
剛性を高める耐力パネルPFが併用される。
As shown in FIG. 3, the small wall panel PS is basically arranged on the frame structure F in which the columns 3 and the beams 4 are assembled, and in addition to the small wall panel PS, horizontal force and axial force are applied. A load-bearing panel PF that enhances the rigidity of the house is also used.

前記小型壁パネルPSは、第15図(a)に示すように、
ともに木質材からなる上枠材21a、下枠材21bの両端を建
枠材21c、21cで連結した外フレーム22に、前記上、下枠
材21a、21b間を継ぐ中桟25を架け渡した枠組pSを具え、
又その表裏に内装材28A、外装材28Bを添設している。又
基準モジュールMの1乃至2倍程度の小幅に設定される
ことにより、軽量化でき、人手による搬送、組立を可能
としている。
The small wall panel PS, as shown in FIG.
An upper frame member 21a and a lower frame member 21b, both of which are made of wood, are connected to the outer frame 22 by connecting both ends of the upper frame member 21c and the lower frame member 21c with the building frame members 21c and 21c. With framework pS,
In addition, an interior material 28A and an exterior material 28B are attached to the front and back. Also, by setting the width to be about 1 to 2 times smaller than that of the reference module M, the weight can be reduced, and manual transportation and assembly are possible.

又上枠材21aには、梁4への取付用の取付金具8をボ
ルト止めする。又下枠材21bの下面には、土台金具9が
嵌入する条溝29bを凹設している。
Further, a mounting metal fitting 8 for mounting on the beam 4 is bolted to the upper frame member 21a. Further, on the lower surface of the lower frame member 21b, there is provided a groove 29b into which the base metal fitting 9 is fitted.

前記取付金具8は、第16図に示すように、静止部8Aと
可動部8Bとからなる。静止部8Aは、前記上枠材21aにボ
ルト止めされる底片81に立片82を介して、内端に狭持片
83を有する内向きの張出し片84を設けている。又可動部
8Bは、前記立片82に沿う垂下片86の上端に、外端に狭持
片88を有する外向きの張出し片87を設けており、前記立
片82、垂下片86を通るボルト89及びナットの締着にによ
って、第23、24図に示すごとく梁4の前記取付片47B
を、前記狭持片83、88により狭着することにより上端が
取付けられる。
As shown in FIG. 16, the mounting bracket 8 comprises a stationary portion 8A and a movable portion 8B. The stationary portion 8A includes a bottom piece 81 bolted to the upper frame member 21a and a sandwiching piece at the inner end via a standing piece 82.
An inwardly extending overhanging piece 84 having 83 is provided. Movable part
8B is provided with an outwardly projecting piece 87 having a sandwiching piece 88 at the outer end on the upper end of the hanging piece 86 along the standing piece 82, and the bolt 89 and the nut passing through the standing piece 82, the hanging piece 86. As shown in FIGS. 23 and 24, the attachment piece 47B of the beam 4 is attached by tightening
Is clamped by the sandwiching pieces 83, 88 to attach the upper end.

又土台金具9は、第17図に示すように、前記アンカー
ボルトDaを挿通しうる孔部92を有する底片91の内縁に、
L字の折曲げ片93を介して前記孔部92の中央で上向きに
立上る支持片94を設けており、該支持片94を、前記条溝
29bに嵌着させる。なお土台金具9は、前記床梁4Aの上
面の取付片47Aにもボルト止めされることにより、階上
の小型壁パネルPSを取付けうるとともに、L字の折曲げ
片93を具えることによって、基礎Dの上面Dbの中央に植
設された前記アンカーボルトDaによっても固定されう
る。
As shown in FIG. 17, the base metal fitting 9 has an inner edge of a bottom piece 91 having a hole 92 through which the anchor bolt Da can be inserted.
A supporting piece 94 that rises upward at the center of the hole 92 is provided via an L-shaped bent piece 93.
Fit in 29b. The base metal fitting 9 can be attached to the mounting piece 47A on the upper surface of the floor beam 4A by a bolt so that the small wall panel PS on the upper floor can be mounted and the L-shaped bent piece 93 is provided. It can also be fixed by the anchor bolt Da that is planted in the center of the upper surface Db of the foundation D.

さらに耐力パネルPFは、第15図(b)に示すように、
ともに溝形鋼からなりかつ溝部を内向きに矩形に配する
上枠材21a、21b、21cからなる外フレーム22内に、斜材2
4を菱形に配し、又その下方には、脚材26を、継ぎ片2
7、27を介して設けた枠組pFを具える。
Furthermore, the load-bearing panel PF, as shown in FIG.
Inside the outer frame 22 consisting of upper frame members 21a, 21b, 21c, both of which are made of channel steel and whose grooves are arranged inwardly in a rectangular shape, the diagonal member 2
4 is arranged in a rhombus, and below that, leg material 26
It comprises a framework pF provided via 7, 27.

耐力パネルPFは、前記継ぎ金具5、5を用いて梁4
に、その両端部をボルト接続でき、又脚片26に設ける取
付孔によって、基礎D、床梁4a上端の取付片47Aに固定
できる。
The load-bearing panel PF is a beam 4 using the joint fittings 5 and 5 described above.
Further, both ends thereof can be connected by bolts, and can be fixed to the foundation D and the mounting piece 47A at the upper end of the floor beam 4a by the mounting holes provided in the leg pieces 26.

又柱3は、第18図(a)に示す、複数階建の家屋形成
用の通し柱3Aと、第18図(b)に示す。平屋建て部分形
成用の一階柱3Bとを含む。
Further, the pillar 3 is shown in FIG. 18 (a) and a through pillar 3A for forming a multi-storey house and FIG. 18 (b). Including the first-floor pillar 3B for forming a one-story building.

通し柱3Aは、基礎D上面から前記屋根梁4Bの上端に至
る長さかつ前記連結金具6の基片61と外周面同形の角鋼
管からなる基体31の上下端に水平な固定板32、32を設け
ている。
The through pillar 3A has horizontal fixing plates 32, 32 at the upper and lower ends of a base 31 made of a square steel pipe having a length from the upper surface of the foundation D to the upper end of the roof beam 4B and having the same outer peripheral surface as the base piece 61 of the connecting fitting 6. It is provided.

さらに該柱3Aには、上下の固定板32に設ける孔部32
a、32aに通じる切欠孔33、33を上下に設けるとともに、
パネル工法の家屋HAにも共通して使用するべく、前記大
型壁パネルPLの側端面上下の取付孔29a、梁4側面の孔
部48aに位置合わせしうる孔部31a…を、少なくとも3面
に穿設している。このように、柱3AはパネルPLの取付孔
29aに位置合わせされる孔部31aを設けることによって、
前記連結金具6のパネル取付部Jと同じパネル取付部J
を具えることとなり、該連結金具6と置換して前記間隙
Kに配して使用しうることとなる。
Further, the pillar 3A has holes 32 provided in the upper and lower fixing plates 32.
Notch holes 33, 33 leading to a and 32a are provided at the top and bottom,
In order to be commonly used for the house HA of the panel construction method, the mounting holes 29a on the upper and lower side end surfaces of the large-sized wall panel PL and the hole portions 31a that can be aligned with the hole portions 48a on the side surfaces of the beam 4 are provided on at least three surfaces. Has been drilled. In this way, the pillar 3A is a mounting hole for the panel PL.
By providing a hole 31a aligned with 29a,
The same panel mounting portion J as the panel mounting portion J of the connecting fitting 6
Therefore, it can be used by arranging it in the gap K in place of the connecting fitting 6.

なお一階柱3Bは、平屋建の場合には、階下の壁パネル
PS上端には、前記屋根梁4Bが直接載置されるため、該屋
根梁4Bの上端に達する高さに設定され、又同様にパネル
取付部Jを形成する。
In the case of a one-story building, the first-floor pillar 3B is a wall panel below
Since the roof beam 4B is directly placed on the upper end of PS, the height is set to reach the upper end of the roof beam 4B, and the panel mounting portion J is similarly formed.

又柱3には、第7図に示す管柱3Cを含ませうる。 Further, the pillar 3 may include a tube pillar 3C shown in FIG.

管柱3Cはその高さが大型壁パネルPLとほぼ同高さであ
る以外は、前記通し柱3Aと同構成を有し、基体31の上下
に切欠孔33、33を設けるとともに、基体31上端の固定板
32には孔部32aを設け、又基体31には大型壁パネルPLの
側端面に設ける取付孔29aと位置合わせしうる孔部31aを
有するパネル取付部Jが設けられる。従って管柱3Cも連
結金具6にかえて使用でき、その取付H状態を第12図に
示している。又第13図において、上下階に連結金具6…
を使用したときを、第14図において上下階に管柱3Cを用
いたときを、夫々対比して示している。
The tube column 3C has the same structure as the through column 3A except that the height thereof is almost the same as that of the large-sized wall panel PL, and the notch holes 33, 33 are provided on the upper and lower sides of the substrate 31, and at the upper end of the substrate 31. Fixed plate
32 is provided with a hole 32a, and the base 31 is provided with a panel mounting part J having a hole 31a which can be aligned with a mounting hole 29a provided on the side end surface of the large wall panel PL. Therefore, the pipe column 3C can also be used in place of the connecting fitting 6, and its mounting H state is shown in FIG. Further, in FIG. 13, the connecting metal fittings 6 ...
FIG. 14 shows the case where the pipe columns 3C are used on the upper and lower floors in comparison with each other.

〔柱強度の説明〕[Explanation of column strength]

このように、柱3、軸組工法の家屋HBと、本発明にか
かる軸組、パネル工法の家屋Hにおいて共用される。
Thus, the pillar 3 and the house HB of the frame construction method and the house H of the frame and panel construction method according to the present invention are commonly used.

他方、前記連結金具6を用いて形成したパネル工法の
家屋HAと、柱3を用いる軸組工法HBとの建て剛さはほぼ
同一とすることが必要となる。
On the other hand, it is necessary that the building HA of the panel construction method using the connecting fittings 6 and the frame construction method HB using the columns 3 have substantially the same building rigidity.

従って、第19図(a)に示すように、パネル工法にお
いて大型壁パネルPL、PLが間隙Kを隔てて並置された場
合において、該間隙Kを挟む縦枠材21c、21cにより得ら
れるパネル工法の家屋HAの縦剛さEは、第19図(b)に
示す軸組工法において柱3が負担する縦剛性Ebと略等し
くするためには、柱3の縦剛性Eaと、前記縦枠材21cの
縦剛性Ebとの比Ea/Ebを1.5以上とする。これによって、
2本の縦枠材21c、21cによる縦剛さEと、1本の柱3の
縦剛さEaとがほぼバランスでき、各工法の家屋の構築部
材をするときにおいて、柱3の共用化を可能とする。
Therefore, as shown in FIG. 19 (a), when the large wall panels PL, PL are juxtaposed with a gap K in the panel construction method, a panel construction method obtained by the vertical frame members 21c, 21c sandwiching the gap K The vertical rigidity E of the house HA is approximately equal to the vertical rigidity Eb that the pillar 3 bears in the frame construction method shown in FIG. 19 (b), so that the vertical rigidity Ea of the pillar 3 and the vertical frame member The ratio Ea / Eb to the vertical rigidity Eb of 21c is set to 1.5 or more. by this,
The vertical rigidity E of the two vertical frame members 21c, 21c and the vertical rigidity Ea of one pillar 3 can be almost balanced, and the pillar 3 can be commonly used when constructing a house of each construction method. It is possible.

なお前記比Ea/Ebは1.8以上6以下が好ましく、さらに
好ましくは、2以上かつ4以下の範囲である。なお柱3
の縦剛性Eaを向上するためには、該柱3の板厚を大とす
るか、内部に適宜のステー(図示せず)を配するのがよ
い。
The ratio Ea / Eb is preferably 1.8 or more and 6 or less, and more preferably 2 or more and 4 or less. Pillar 3
In order to improve the vertical rigidity Ea of the column 3, it is preferable to increase the plate thickness of the column 3 or arrange an appropriate stay (not shown) inside.

前記比Ea/Ebが6をこえるときには、柱3が過剰品質
となり、又1.5よりも小であるときには、パネル工法の
家屋HAに比して軸組工法の家屋HBの剛さを減じる。なお
軸組工法の家屋HBにおいて、前記耐力パネルPFを適宜散
在することによって、前記比Ea/Ebを1.5以上、2以下の
範囲における剛さの均等化を計ることが可能となる。
When the ratio Ea / Eb exceeds 6, the pillar 3 becomes excessive quality, and when it is less than 1.5, the rigidity of the house HB of the frame construction method is reduced as compared with the house HA of the panel construction method. In the house HB of the frame construction method, the rigidity can be equalized within the range of the ratio Ea / Eb of 1.5 or more and 2 or less by appropriately dispersing the load bearing panels PF.

〔高さの共通化〕[Common height]

さらに軸組、パネル工法の家屋Hにおいては、大型壁
パネルPL、小型壁パネルPSの混用を可能とし、増改築を
便宜とするべく、第21〜24図に示すように、基礎Dの上
面Dbと床梁4Aの下面との間の高さH1及び床梁4Aの上面と
屋根梁4Bの下面との間の高さH2を、大型壁パネルPL、小
型壁パネルPSを用いる場合において、ともに同一とす
る。なお基礎Dの上面Dbには、第21図、第23図に示すよ
うに、床パネルPL取付用の取付金具13が固定され、従っ
て前記高さH1は、該取付金具13の板厚H3分、高さH2より
も高く設定する。これによって、階下、階上に寸法同一
の大型壁パネルPLを用いることができ、又小型壁パネル
PSをも共通して取付けうる。
Further, in the house H of the frame and panel construction method, it is possible to mix the large wall panel PL and the small wall panel PS, and in order to facilitate the extension and remodeling, as shown in FIGS. The height H1 between the floor beam 4A and the lower surface of the floor beam 4A and the height H2 between the upper surface of the floor beam 4A and the lower surface of the roof beam 4B are the same when the large wall panel PL and the small wall panel PS are used. And As shown in FIG. 21 and FIG. 23, the mounting bracket 13 for mounting the floor panel PL is fixed to the upper surface Db of the foundation D. Therefore, the height H1 is equal to the plate thickness H3 of the mounting bracket 13. , Set higher than the height H2. As a result, it is possible to use a large-sized wall panel PL with the same size on the lower floor and the upper floor, and also to use a small-sized wall panel.
PS can be installed in common.

〔第1図の家屋についてのまとめ〕 このように、パネル工法の家屋HAの形成のためには、
前記大型壁パネルPL、連結金具6、梁4などが特に壁体
形成用の主な家屋の構築部材として使用され、又軸組工
法の家屋HBにおいては、小型壁パネルPS、耐力パネルP
F、柱3、梁4などが壁形成用の主な家屋の構築部材と
して利用される。又本発明の軸組、パネル工法の家屋H
の構成のために、柱3には前記管柱3Cが新たに規格化さ
れる。
[Summary of the house in Fig. 1] In this way, in order to form the house HA by the panel construction method,
The large-sized wall panel PL, the connecting metal fitting 6, the beam 4 and the like are used as a building member for a main house particularly for forming a wall body, and in a house HB of a frame construction method, a small-sized wall panel PS and a load-bearing panel P are used.
F, pillars 3, beams 4, etc. are used as building members of the main house for wall formation. Also, the house H of the frame and panel construction method of the present invention
Due to the above-mentioned configuration, the tube column 3C is newly standardized in the column 3.

第1図に本発明の一実施例として示される軸組、パネ
ル工法の家屋Hは、前記家屋の構築部材のうち、前記通
し柱3A、床梁4A、屋根梁4B、大型壁パネルPLを用いて形
成されている。
A house H of the frame construction and panel construction method shown in FIG. 1 as an embodiment of the present invention uses the through columns 3A, floor beams 4A, roof beams 4B, and large wall panels PL among the building members of the house. Has been formed.

さらに、第1図に示す家屋Hの場合において、大型壁
パネルPLに通し柱3Aを併用することによって、家屋の剛
性を大巾に向上でき、積雪地の家屋、さらには階上の壁
パネルPとしてコンクリートパネルを用いるとき、又重
量の大なる屋根を用いるとき、三階建家屋などに利用さ
れることとなる。
Further, in the case of the house H shown in FIG. 1, the rigidity of the house can be greatly improved by using the through pillar 3A together with the large wall panel PL, and the house in the snowy area and further as the wall panel P on the upper floor. When using concrete panels, or when using a heavy roof, it will be used for three-story houses.

〔第4図の家屋Hの説明〕 第4図は、前記したパネル工法、軸組工法の家屋HA、
HBの形成に使用しうる前記のごとくシステム化、統合化
された前記家屋の構築部材を、第1図の家屋Hに比して
さらに多種類使用して建築した本発明の家屋Hの他の実
施例を示している。
[Description of House H in FIG. 4] FIG. 4 shows a house HA of the panel construction method and the frame construction method described above,
Other than the house H of the present invention constructed by using more types of the above-described systemized and integrated building members of the house that can be used for forming the HB as compared with the house H of FIG. An example is shown.

第4図に示す家屋Hは、く字状に斜めに傾く複数枚の
壁パネルPを有する膨出部Haを家屋本体Hbに突出させ
る。又家屋本体Hbには、平屋建部分Hcを形成している。
In the house H shown in FIG. 4, a bulging portion Ha having a plurality of wall panels P inclined in a V-shape is protruded from the house main body Hb. In addition, a flat building portion Hc is formed in the house body Hb.

又家屋本体Hbの階下には、図において右方は前記管柱
3C間に、梁4Aを上面を有する大型壁パネルPLを配するこ
とによって、外壁を形成している。又階上部分は、図の
左方に示すように、通し柱3A、3Aの上端に屋根梁4Bを架
け渡した骨組構造体F間に、小型壁パネルPS、PSを配す
ることにより外壁が形成される。又平屋建部分Hcは、柱
3B、屋根梁4Bからなる骨組構造体Fに小型壁パネルPS…
を配している。
In the lower part of the house Hb, on the right side of the figure is the above-mentioned pipe pillar.
An outer wall is formed by arranging a large wall panel PL having a beam 4A and an upper surface between 3C. Further, as shown on the left side of the figure, the outer wall is formed by arranging the small wall panels PS, PS between the frame structures F in which the roof beams 4B are bridged over the upper ends of the through columns 3A, 3A, as shown on the left side of the figure. To be done. In addition, the one-story building Hc is a pillar
Frame structure F consisting of 3B and roof beams 4B, small wall panel PS ...
Is arranged.

又家屋内部においては、耐力パネルPFを使用してい
る。さらに通し柱3Aにかえて、上下階に夫々管柱3C、3C
を用いることにより、第4図に一点鎖線で示すごとく、
上階部分において、柱を位置ずれさせることもできる。
なお位置ずれは、床梁4A上において、取付板44、補強板
47が存在する基準モジュールMごとになしうる。
In the interior of the house, load-bearing panels PF are used. Furthermore, instead of through pillar 3A, pipe pillars 3C and 3C are provided on the upper and lower floors, respectively.
By using, as shown by the alternate long and short dash line in FIG.
The pillars can be displaced in the upper floor portion.
It should be noted that the displacement is due to the mounting plate 44 and the reinforcing plate on the floor beam 4A.
47 can be done for each reference module M that exists.

〔第4図の家屋の膨出部Haの説明〕 又前記膨出部HAは、基準モジュールMの整数倍の巾の
壁パネルPを用いて形成され、又壁パネルPには、基準
モジュールの3〜5倍の前記大型壁パネルPL、1〜2倍
の小型壁パネルPSを用いうる。
[Explanation of the bulging portion Ha of the house in FIG. 4] The bulging portion HA is formed by using a wall panel P having a width that is an integral multiple of the reference module M. The large wall panel PL which is 3 to 5 times larger and the small wall panel PS which is 1 to 2 times larger can be used.

又壁パネルPは、く字状に斜めに順次傾きかつ折曲げ
部の間隙Nを隔ててその側端面は向き合うとともに向き
合う側端面間を、斜め接続用の前記連続金具7を用いて
接続する。
Further, the wall panel P is inclined obliquely in order, and the side end surfaces thereof face each other with a gap N between the bent portions facing each other, and the side end surfaces facing each other are connected using the continuous metal fitting 7 for diagonal connection.

第4図に示す膨出部Haは、第30図に示す家屋本体Hbの
基準モジュールMの6倍長さの開口部に形成される。又
壁パネルPは、前記開口部の両側に、基準モジュールM
の1倍長さの小型壁パネルPS1、2倍長さの小型壁パネ
ルPS2を壁面と直角に配するとともに、その先端を2枚
の2倍長さの小型壁パネルPS2、PS2と、3倍長さの大型
壁パネルPL3を用いて継いでいる。又各壁パネルPの上
面には、各壁パネルPの巾と同寸法かつ端面を該壁パネ
ルPの側端面に整一させて、前記梁4…が固定される。
大型壁パネルPL3の場合には、前記継ぎ金具5を用い
て、又小型壁パネルPS1、PS2の場合には、前記取付金具
8土台金具9を用いうる他、前記継ぎ金具5と同厚さの
適宜の継ぎ部材を用いて、該壁パネルPと梁4とを固着
するのもよい。なお梁4として、前記ラチス梁からなる
床梁4Aの他、断面I字の前記屋根梁4Bをも利用しうる。
The bulging portion Ha shown in FIG. 4 is formed in an opening portion having a length six times that of the reference module M of the house main body Hb shown in FIG. In addition, the wall panel P has a reference module M on both sides of the opening.
1x the length of small wall panel PS1 and 2x the length of small wall panel PS2 at right angles to the wall surface, and the tip of the 2x the length of 2x small wall panels PS2 and PS2, and triple It is connected using a large wall panel PL3 of length. The beams 4 are fixed to the upper surface of each wall panel P by aligning the end face with the same size as the width of each wall panel P and the side end face of the wall panel P.
In the case of a large wall panel PL3, the joint metal fitting 5 can be used, and in the case of the small wall panels PS1 and PS2, the mounting metal fitting 8 and the base metal fitting 9 can be used. The wall panel P and the beam 4 may be fixed to each other by using an appropriate joint member. In addition to the floor beam 4A made of the lattice beam, the beam 4 may be the roof beam 4B having an I-shaped cross section.

又正面の小型壁パネルPS2には家屋本体Hbからのびる
継ぎ梁4aがその内面にかつ直角に接続される。
Further, a joint beam 4a extending from the house main body Hb is connected to the small wall panel PS2 on the front side at a right angle to the inner surface thereof.

又前記継ぎ梁4aには、該継ぎ梁4aと直交し、前記開口
部に内端が連なる小型壁パネルPS1、PS2の外側の側端面
に形成される前記間隙Nの端面が臨む他の継ぎ梁4b、4c
が接続される。
Further, the joint beam 4a is another joint beam which is orthogonal to the joint beam 4a and faces the end face of the gap N formed on the outer side end faces of the small wall panels PS1 and PS2 whose inner ends are continuous to the opening. 4b, 4c
Is connected.

又該梁4b、4cは、各壁パネルP上端の各梁4の端面と
ともに、連結金具7を用いて連結する。
The beams 4b and 4c are connected to each other with the end faces of the beams 4 at the upper ends of the wall panels P by using a connecting fitting 7.

連結金具7は、第25図(a)に示すように、梁4、4
と継ぎ梁4b又は梁4、4と継ぎ梁4cの端面上方部を継ぐ
上の連結金具7aと、下方部を継ぎかつ上の連結金具7aと
上下勝手違いの下の連結金具7bとを含むとともに、本例
では、前記連結金具7a、7bを共用して壁パネルPの上下
を取付孔29aにより連結している。
As shown in FIG. 25 (a), the connecting fitting 7 is provided with beams 4, 4
And a connecting beam 4b or beams 4, 4 and an upper connecting metal fitting 7a that connects the upper end of the connecting beam 4c, a lower connecting metal fitting 7a and a lower connecting metal fitting 7b. In this example, the upper and lower sides of the wall panel P are connected by the mounting holes 29a by commonly using the connecting fittings 7a and 7b.

連結金具7a、7bは、一方の壁パネルP上面の梁4の前
記間隙Nに向く端面をなす前記端板43を取付孔48aによ
りボルト止めする第1の固定片71と、他方の壁パネルP
上面の梁4の前記間隙Nに向く端面をなす端板43にボル
ト止めされる第2の固定片72を継ぎ片73により連結して
いる。該継ぎ片73は、第1の固定片71と直交するととも
に、その巾lを、前記継ぎ梁4b、4cの巾よりも大とする
ことによって、前記継ぎ梁4b、4cの端面をなす端板43を
取付孔48aによって固定する梁取付部74を形成しうる。
なお継ぎ片73は、梁取付部74の端部で、前記壁パネルP
のく字状の折曲り角度にあわせて屈曲する。又第1、第
2の固定片71、72及び継ぎ片73は、水平な基片76によっ
て結合される。
The connecting fittings 7a, 7b are a first fixing piece 71 for bolting the end plate 43 forming the end face facing the gap N of the beam 4 on the upper surface of one wall panel P with a mounting hole 48a, and the other wall panel P.
A second fixing piece 72, which is bolted to an end plate 43 forming an end surface of the upper beam 4 facing the gap N, is connected by a joint piece 73. The joint piece 73 is orthogonal to the first fixing piece 71, and the width l thereof is made larger than the width of the joint beams 4b and 4c to form an end plate of the joint beams 4b and 4c. A beam mounting portion 74 for fixing the 43 by the mounting hole 48a can be formed.
The joint piece 73 is an end portion of the beam mounting portion 74 and is formed on the wall panel P.
It bends according to the angle of bending. Further, the first and second fixing pieces 71, 72 and the joint piece 73 are connected by a horizontal base piece 76.

なお壁パネルP間を結ぶ前記連結金具7aはその上方の
連結金具7bと基片76、76によってボルト結合する。なお
一体なものとして形成するのもよい。
The connecting metal fitting 7a connecting the wall panels P is bolted to the upper connecting metal fitting 7b by the base pieces 76 and 76. It should be noted that it may be formed integrally.

なお連結金具7は、第26図に示すように、第1、第2
の固定片71、72間を、第1の固定片71と直角かつ梁4b、
4cよりも広巾であることにより梁取付部74を具える継ぎ
片73より連結することによって形成することもできる。
In addition, the connecting fitting 7 is, as shown in FIG.
Between the fixed pieces 71, 72 of the first fixed piece 71 and the beam 4b,
Since it is wider than 4c, it can be formed by connecting with a joint piece 73 including a beam attachment portion 74.

又膨出部Haは、第28図に示すように、基準モジュール
Mの4倍長さの開口部に形成することもできる。このと
き、基準モジュールMの1倍長さ、2倍長さの小型壁パ
ネルPS1、PS2を用いうる。又第29図は、基準モジュール
Mの5倍長さの開口部に設ける場合であり、2倍長さの
小型壁パネルPS2、PS2の両端を、2枚の3倍巾の大型壁
パネルPL3、PL3により連結することにより、三角部を有
する膨出部Haを形成する。
Further, the bulging portion Ha can also be formed in an opening portion having a length four times that of the reference module M, as shown in FIG. At this time, small-sized wall panels PS1 and PS2 having a length twice as long as the reference module M can be used. Further, FIG. 29 shows a case in which it is provided in an opening having a length five times as long as that of the reference module M. Small wall panels PS2, PS2 having a double length are provided at both ends with two large wall panels PL3 having a triple width, By connecting with PL3, the bulging portion Ha having a triangular portion is formed.

又この3倍長さの大型壁パネルPL3、PL3を継ぐ連結金
具7は、第27図に示すように、ハ字に傾斜する第1、第
2の固定片71、72に、梁4a固定用の梁取付部74を有する
継ぎ片73によって結合した、線対称形状に形成される。
Also, as shown in FIG. 27, the connecting metal fitting 7 joining the large wall panels PL3, PL3 having the triple length is used for fixing the beam 4a to the first and second fixing pieces 71 and 72 which are inclined in a C shape. Are connected to each other by a joint piece 73 having a beam mounting portion 74, and are formed in a line symmetrical shape.

又第31図は、基準モジュールMの7倍長さの開口部に
設ける場合であり、開口部の両側には、2倍長さの小型
壁パネルPS2、PS2を配するとともに、その外端は、2枚
の3倍長さの大型壁パネルPL3、1枚の2倍長さの小型
壁パネルPS2により結合している。又第32図は8倍長さ
の開口部に取付く場合を示す。
Further, FIG. 31 shows a case where the reference module M is provided in an opening having a length of 7 times, and small wall panels PS2 and PS2 having a length of 2 times are arranged on both sides of the opening and the outer ends thereof are Two large wall panels PL3 with triple length and one small wall panel PS2 with double length are combined. Further, FIG. 32 shows a case where it is attached to an opening having a length of 8 times.

このように、基準寸法の壁パネルを利用して、その上
面の梁4を連結することによって、非矩形の種々な形状
の膨出部Haを、連結金具7のみを間隙Nの形状と合わせ
ることにより形成できる。又連結金具7の継ぎ片74の長
さを調節し、前記間隙Nの巾を変化させることによっ
て、膨出部Haの設計の自由度を増大しうる。
In this way, by using the wall panel of the standard size and connecting the beam 4 on the upper surface thereof, the non-rectangular bulging portion Ha of various shapes is matched with the shape of the gap N only in the connecting metal fitting 7. Can be formed by. Further, by adjusting the length of the joint piece 74 of the connecting fitting 7 and changing the width of the gap N, the degree of freedom in designing the bulging portion Ha can be increased.

〔まとめ〕[Summary]

このように、本発明の軸組、パネル工法の家屋Hは、
パネル工法、軸組工法の家屋HA、HBにも共通に使用され
る家屋の構築部材を用いて形成している。従って、それ
らの家屋の構築部材の内の柱3、梁4、大型壁パネルPL
を用いることによって第1図に示す一実施例の家屋を形
成しうる。さらに他の家屋の構築部材を利用したときに
は、第4図に示す、一階の各部において大型壁パネルP
L、小型壁パネルPSを混用した家屋を建築することも可
能となる。
Thus, the house H of the framework and panel construction method of the present invention is
It is formed by using the building components that are commonly used for the HA and HB houses for panel construction and frame construction. Therefore, the pillars 3, beams 4 and large wall panels PL among the building members of those houses
Can be used to form the house of the embodiment shown in FIG. When using the building members of other houses, large wall panels P are used in each part of the first floor as shown in Fig. 4.
It is also possible to build a house that mixes L and small wall panels PS.

さらに第1表に示すような、用途に応じた使い分けし
た家屋を構築しうる。
Further, it is possible to construct a house as shown in Table 1 which is properly used according to the purpose.

第1表において、「大パ」は、大型壁パネルPLを示
し、「小パ」は小型壁パネルPSを示す。さらに「1階柱
有」、「2階柱有」とは、階下、階上に管柱3Cを用いる
ことを意味している。又「通し柱」とは階下から階上に
のびる通し柱3Aを用いることを意味している。なお第1
表の上から第2段は、1階に用いる壁パネルの種類を示
し、又左から第2行は、2階に用いる壁パネルの種類を
示している。
In Table 1, “Large pa” indicates the large wall panel PL, and “Small pa” indicates the small wall panel PS. Furthermore, "the first floor has pillars" and "the second floor has pillars" means that the tubular pillar 3C is used in the lower floor and the upper floor. Further, "through pillar" means that the through pillar 3A extending from the lower floor to the upper floor is used. The first
The second row from the top of the table shows the types of wall panels used on the first floor, and the second row from the left shows the types of wall panels used on the second floor.

従って第1表において、(i)は通し柱3Aを用いると
ともに階上、階下に大型壁パネルPLを用いた、第1図に
示す軸組、パネル工法の家屋Hを意味している。又例え
ば第1表における(a)とは、1階、2階に管柱3Cを用
いるとともに階上、階下に大型壁パネルPLを用いて形成
した第14図に示す場合を意味し、又(b)−1〜(k)
は、夫々同様 に内容を示している。
Therefore, in Table 1, (i) means the house H of the framework and panel construction method shown in FIG. 1 in which the through columns 3A are used and the large wall panels PL are used on the upper and lower floors. Further, for example, (a) in Table 1 means the case shown in FIG. 14 in which the pipe columns 3C are used for the first and second floors and the large wall panel PL is used for the upper and lower floors, and ( b) -1 to (k)
Are the same as The contents are shown in.

前記したごとく、統合化された前記家屋の構築部材を
利用することによって、これらの種類の家屋の構築が可
能となる。
As described above, it is possible to construct these types of houses by using the integrated building members for the house.

第1表において、 (a)の構造は、3階建など、低層階、上層階ともに
大きな軸力が作用する積雪地のとき、屋根重量が大のと
き、さらには3階建て場合に使用される構成であり、大
型壁パネルを用いるため、他の大型壁パネルを用いるも
のと同様に、機械組施工が前提となる。
In Table 1, the structure (a) is used for a three-story building, such as a snowy area where large axial forces act on both the lower and upper floors, when the roof weight is large, and when there are three stories. Since a large-sized wall panel is used, the machine assembly work is premised, as is the case with other large-sized wall panels.

(b)−1の構造は、低層階に大きな軸力が作用する
一方、上層階には、軽量の屋根材を用いるなど、大きな
軸力が作用しない場合であり、特に2階の増改築が必要
となる場合に使用される。
The structure of (b) -1 is a case where a large axial force acts on the lower floors, but a large axial force does not act on the upper floors such as using a lightweight roofing material. Used when needed.

(b)−2の構造は、階下の増改築が必要となる場合
に好適に利用できる。
The structure of (b) -2 can be suitably used when it is necessary to renovate the lower floor.

(c)の構造は、低層階に作用する軸力が大であり、
上層階の荷重は小である場合に採用しうる。
The structure of (c) has a large axial force acting on the lower floors,
It can be used when the load on the upper floors is small.

(d)の構造は、1階の増改築が必要となる場合に好
適に使用できる。
The structure of (d) can be suitably used when the expansion and renovation of the first floor is required.

(f)の構造は、上層階の軸力が大の場合であって、
上層階の増改築に適する。
The structure of (f) is when the axial force of the upper floor is large,
Suitable for extension and renovation of upper floors.

(g)の構造は、第2図、第13図に示すパネル工法を
意味する。
The structure (g) means the panel construction method shown in FIGS. 2 and 13.

(h)の構造は、上層階、低層階を管柱3Cで接続する
ことにより、建築の融通性を向上でき、軸力が小である
ときに利用しうる。
The structure of (h) can improve the flexibility of construction by connecting the upper floors and the lower floors with the pipe columns 3C, and can be used when the axial force is small.

(i)の構造は、前記したごとく、第1図に示す家屋
Hに相当し、最も大なる軸力を担持できる。
As described above, the structure (i) corresponds to the house H shown in FIG. 1 and can carry the greatest axial force.

(j)−1の構造は、上層階の増改築が必要なときに
利用できる。
The structure of (j) -1 can be used when it is necessary to renovate the upper floors.

(j)−2は低層階の増改築が必要なときに利用でき
る。
(J) -2 can be used when it is necessary to renovate the lower floors.

(k)の構造は、第3図に示す軸組工法の家屋であっ
て、階上、階下とも増改築が必要なとき又機械上棟が困
難なときに使用できる。
The structure of (k) is a house of the frame construction method shown in FIG. 3, and can be used when it is necessary to add or renovate both the upper floor and the lower floor, or when it is difficult to construct the machine.

〔発明の効果〕〔The invention's effect〕

軸組工法で用いる梁と、パネル工法で用いる梁との長
さを共通とし、かつ軸組工法、パネル家屋の屋根におい
て用いうる前記梁、柱、大型壁パネルを含んで建築して
いるため、大型壁パネル間に柱を取付けたときには、例
えば重量の大なる屋根、重量の大なる壁パネルをも採用
でき、又積雪地に建設される家屋等をも構築しうること
となる。又梁、柱等の構築部材の統合化によって、これ
らの構築部材を用いて軸組工法の家屋、パネル工法の家
屋を構築しうるようにも構成でき、このときには前記家
屋の作用荷重の他、敷地又はその近傍におけるクレーン
等の使用の可否など機械組施工が可能であるか否かに応
じて、前記各工法の選択、使い分けもなしうることにな
るなど、家屋の構築部材を共通化でき、設計、製作等の
手間を大巾に省略し、多様な家屋を、能率よく生産性よ
く建築しうることとなる。又大型壁パネル梁とは、鋼製
の縦枠材上端で上枠材に下片がボルト結合される継ぎ金
具を用いて結合されるため、梁からの垂直な荷重を縦枠
材により効果的に担持でき、かつ円滑に下方に伝達しう
る。
Since the beam used in the frame construction method and the beam used in the panel construction method have the same length, and the construction includes the beam, the pillar, and the large wall panel that can be used in the frame construction method and the roof of the panel house, When the pillars are mounted between the large-sized wall panels, for example, a heavier roof, a heavier wall panel can be adopted, and a house or the like constructed in a snowy area can be constructed. In addition, by integrating the building members such as beams and columns, it is possible to construct a house of the frame construction method and the house of the panel construction method by using these building members, and at this time, in addition to the acting load of the house, Depending on whether it is possible to construct a machine assembly such as whether or not to use a crane or the like on the premises or in the vicinity, it will be possible to select the above-mentioned construction methods and to use them properly, etc. It is possible to construct a variety of houses efficiently and productively, while saving much time for designing and manufacturing. In addition, a large wall panel beam is joined by using a joint fitting in which the lower piece is bolted to the upper frame material at the upper end of the steel vertical frame material, so the vertical load from the beam is more effective with the vertical frame material. It can be carried by and can be smoothly transmitted downward.

【図面の簡単な説明】 第1図は本発明の一実施例を示す斜視図、第2図は、パ
ネル工法の家屋を例示する斜視図、第3図は軸組工法の
家屋を例示する斜視図、第4図は他の実施例を示す斜視
図、第5図(a)は、床梁と大型壁パネルの枠組を例示
する斜視図、第5図(b)は屋根梁を例示する斜視図、
第6図は床梁と接合した大型壁パネルを例示する斜視
図、第7図は斜材を有しない大型壁パネルを、管柱、連
結金具、床梁とともに示す斜視図、第8、9図は連結金
具を例示する斜視図、第10図は連結金具を用いた大型壁
パネルの連結状態を例示する正面図、第11図はその断面
図、第12図は管柱を用いた大型壁パネルの連結状態を例
示する正面図、第13図はパネル工法の家屋を簡略化して
例示する正面図、第14図は管柱を用いた家屋を例示する
正面図、第15図(a)は小型壁パネルを例示する斜視
図、第15図(b)は耐力パネルを例示する斜視図、第16
図は小型壁パネルに用いる取付金具を例示する斜視図、
第17図は小型壁パネルに用いる土台金具を例示する斜視
図、第18図(a)は通し柱を例示する斜視図、第18図
(b)は1階柱を例示する斜視図、第19図(a)は大型
壁パネルの取付状態を例示する断面図、第19図(b)は
小型壁パネルの取付け状態を例示する横断面図、第20図
は大型壁パネルにより形成される入隅部を例示する横断
面図、第21、22図は大型壁パネルの取付状態を例示する
縦断面図、第23、24図は、小型壁パネルの取付状態を例
示する縦断面図、第25図(a)は家屋の膨出部を形成す
る梁、連結金具を例示する斜視図、第25図(b)はその
組立状態を例示する横断面図、第26、27図は他の連結金
具を例示する平面図、第28〜32図は家屋の膨出部の壁パ
ネル配置を例示する平面図、第33図は軸組工法の家屋を
略示する正面図、第34図はパネル工法の家屋を略示する
正面図、第35図はラーメン構造を略示する正面図、第36
図はブレース構造を略示する正面図、第37図はダブルグ
リッド方式を説明する断面図である。 3……柱、3A……通し柱、3C……管柱 4……梁、4A……床梁、4B……屋根梁、 4a、4b……継ぎ梁、5……継ぎ金具、 6、6A、6B、7、7a、7b……連結金具、 8……取付金具、9……土台金具、 21a……上枠材、21b……下枠材、 21c……外側の縦枠材、23……内側の縦枠材、24……斜
材 29a……取付孔、31a……柱の孔部、51……上片、52……
下片、 61……基片、62……固定片、 62a……固定片の孔部、71……第1の固定片、 72……第2の固定片、73……継ぎ片、 74……梁取付部、D……基礎、 F……骨組構造体、G……間隙、H……家屋、 HA……パネル工法の家屋、 HB……軸組工法の家屋、Ha……膨出部、 Hb……家屋本体、J……パネル取付部、 K、K1、K2……間隙、N……間隙、 P……壁パネル、PL……大型壁パネル、 PS……小型壁パネル、 pL、pLA、pLB……大型壁パネルの枠組、 pS……小型壁パネルの枠組
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a perspective view illustrating a house of a panel construction method, and FIG. 3 is a perspective view illustrating a house of a frame construction method. Fig. 4 is a perspective view showing another embodiment, Fig. 5 (a) is a perspective view illustrating a frame of a floor beam and a large wall panel, and Fig. 5 (b) is a perspective view illustrating a roof beam. Figure,
FIG. 6 is a perspective view illustrating a large-sized wall panel joined to a floor beam, and FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing a large-sized wall panel without a diagonal member together with pipe columns, connecting fittings, and floor beams, and FIGS. Is a perspective view illustrating a connecting metal fitting, FIG. 10 is a front view illustrating a connected state of a large wall panel using the connecting metal fitting, FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view of the same, and FIG. 12 is a large wall panel using a pipe pillar. FIG. 13 is a front view showing a simplified example of a house of a panel construction method, FIG. 14 is a front view showing an example of a house using a pipe column, and FIG. 15 (a) is a small size. 15 is a perspective view illustrating a wall panel, FIG. 15 (b) is a perspective view illustrating a load bearing panel, and FIG.
The figure is a perspective view illustrating a mounting bracket used for a small wall panel,
FIG. 17 is a perspective view illustrating a base metal fitting used for a small wall panel, FIG. 18 (a) is a perspective view illustrating a through column, and FIG. 18 (b) is a perspective view illustrating a first floor column, and FIG. FIG. 19A is a cross-sectional view illustrating a mounting state of a large wall panel, FIG. 19B is a cross-sectional view illustrating a mounting state of a small wall panel, and FIG. 20 is a corner portion formed by the large wall panel. 21 is a vertical cross-sectional view illustrating the mounting state of a large-sized wall panel, and FIGS. 23 and 24 are vertical cross-sectional views illustrating the mounting state of a small-sized wall panel. a) is a perspective view illustrating a beam forming a bulge portion of a house and a connecting fitting, FIG. 25 (b) is a cross-sectional view illustrating an assembled state thereof, and FIGS. 26 and 27 show other connecting fittings. 28 to 32 are plan views exemplifying the wall panel arrangement of the bulging part of the house, FIG. 33 is a front view schematically showing the house of the frame construction method, and FIG. 34 is a panel. Schematically a front view of a house of law, schematically front view FIG. 35 Frame Structure, 36
FIG. 37 is a front view schematically showing the brace structure, and FIG. 37 is a sectional view for explaining the double grid system. 3 ... Pillar, 3A ... Through pillar, 3C ... Pipe pillar 4 ... Beam, 4A ... Floor beam, 4B ... Roof beam, 4a, 4b ... Joint beam, 5 ... Joint bracket, 6, 6A, 6B, 7, 7a, 7b …… Coupling metal fitting, 8 …… Mounting metal fitting, 9 …… Base fitting, 21a …… Upper frame material, 21b …… Lower frame material, 21c …… Outer vertical frame material, 23 …… Inner vertical frame material, 24 …… Slanting material 29a …… Mounting hole, 31a …… Pole hole, 51 …… Upper piece, 52 ……
Lower piece, 61 …… Base piece, 62 …… Fixing piece, 62a …… Fixing piece hole, 71 …… First fixing piece, 72 …… Second fixing piece, 73 …… Joining piece, 74… … Beam attachment part, D …… Foundation, F …… Frame structure, G …… Gap, H …… House, HA …… House of panel construction method, HB …… House of frame construction method, Ha …… Swelling part , Hb …… House body, J …… Panel mount, K, K1, K2 …… Gap, N …… Gap, P …… Wall panel, PL …… Large wall panel, PS …… Small wall panel, pL, pLA, pLB ... Large wall panel framework, pS ... Small wall framework

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (51)Int.Cl.6 識別記号 庁内整理番号 FI 技術表示箇所 E04B 2/56 603 E04B 2/56 603A 605 605B 605E 605J 605D 611 611C 621 621A 621J 632 632J 642 642F 643 643A 651 651A 651M 651N ─────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── Continuation of the front page (51) Int.Cl. 6 Identification number Internal reference number FI Technical display location E04B 2/56 603 E04B 2/56 603A 605 605B 605E 605J 605D 611 611C 621 621A 621J 632 632J 632 2632J 642 643A 651 651A 651M 651N

Claims (1)

(57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims] 【請求項1】柱、梁を組み立てた骨組構造体に巾狭の枠
組を有する小型壁パネルを配することにより軸組工法の
家屋を形成する前記梁の長さと、鋼製かつ巾広の枠組を
有する大型壁パネル間を連結金具を用いて結合しかつ該
大型壁パネルの上面に梁を配するパネル工法の家屋を形
成する前記梁の長さとを共通とし、前記大型壁パネルの
枠組は、上下の水平な上枠材、下枠材間に、両端側の鋼
製の垂直な外側の縦枠材、又はこの垂直な外側の縦枠材
と補強用の斜材を取付ける垂直な内側の縦枠材とを有
し、かつ該梁、前記柱、大型壁パネルを含んで形成され
るとともに、前記外側の縦枠材、内側の縦枠材の上端部
と前記梁とを、前記上枠材にボルト結合される下片と前
記梁にボルト結合される上材とを有する継ぎ金具を用い
て固定してなる軸組、パネル工法の家屋。
1. The length of the beam forming a house of a frame construction method by arranging a small wall panel having a narrow frame in a frame structure in which columns and beams are assembled, and a steel and wide frame. Having a common length with the beams that form a house of a panel construction method in which large wall panels having the above are coupled using a connecting fitting and a beam is arranged on the upper surface of the large wall panels, and the framework of the large wall panels is Between the upper and lower horizontal upper and lower frame members, the vertical outer vertical frame members made of steel on both ends, or the vertical outer vertical frame members and the vertical inner vertical lines for attaching the reinforcing diagonal members. A frame member, and the beam, the column, and the large-sized wall panel are formed to be included, and the upper frame member includes the upper and lower end portions of the outer vertical frame member, the inner vertical frame member, and the beam. A frame assembly fixed by using a joint fitting having a lower piece bolted to the beam and an upper member bolted to the beam. Panel method of construction of the house.
JP1209156A 1989-08-11 1989-08-11 House of frame, panel construction method Expired - Lifetime JP2524409B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1209156A JP2524409B2 (en) 1989-08-11 1989-08-11 House of frame, panel construction method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1209156A JP2524409B2 (en) 1989-08-11 1989-08-11 House of frame, panel construction method

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH0372134A JPH0372134A (en) 1991-03-27
JP2524409B2 true JP2524409B2 (en) 1996-08-14

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5429549B2 (en) * 2009-10-27 2014-02-26 株式会社ブイハウス Curved wall structure
CN103321324B (en) * 2013-06-03 2016-03-30 江苏沪宁钢机股份有限公司 A kind of panel point district super-thick steel plate wall and construction method thereof
CN103321325B (en) * 2013-06-03 2015-05-20 江苏沪宁钢机股份有限公司 Construction method for giant combined L-shaped box-type thick plate shearing wall column

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS62244948A (en) * 1986-04-18 1987-10-26 ナショナル住宅産業株式会社 Outer wall panel with beam
JP2622680B2 (en) * 1987-03-18 1997-06-18 積水ハウス株式会社 Architectural wall panel

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JPH0372134A (en) 1991-03-27

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