JP2015155630A - Renovation method for building, and building - Google Patents

Renovation method for building, and building Download PDF

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JP2015155630A
JP2015155630A JP2014031579A JP2014031579A JP2015155630A JP 2015155630 A JP2015155630 A JP 2015155630A JP 2014031579 A JP2014031579 A JP 2014031579A JP 2014031579 A JP2014031579 A JP 2014031579A JP 2015155630 A JP2015155630 A JP 2015155630A
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corridor
building
living space
depth
rooms
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徳治 河合
Tokuji Kawai
徳治 河合
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徳治 河合
Tokuji Kawai
徳治 河合
高松 邦明
Takamatsu Kuniaki
高松 邦明
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a renovation method for a building, which enables a modern dwelling (a two-storied partitioned-tenement apartment house) and the like to be used for a new purpose by relatively inexpensive renovation.
SOLUTION: In a building in which a plurality of living spaces extended in a depth direction and partitioned with a wall are arranged and joined in a width direction, a central corridor 7, which is elongated in a width direction in such a manner as to pass through the wall for partitioning each of the living spaces, is formed in an intermediate part in the depth direction of the living space, and each of the living spaces is partitioned into two rooms by the central corridor 7 so that the respective rooms can be utilized as new living spaces 5 and 6.
COPYRIGHT: (C)2015,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は、奥行方向に拡張し壁で区画された居住空間を複数戸幅方向に並べ連ねた態様の建築物を改装する方法に関する。   The present invention relates to a method of refurbishing a building in an aspect in which living spaces that extend in the depth direction and are partitioned by walls are arranged in a row in the width direction.

この種の建築物は、比較的低コストの共同住宅、集合住宅として利用されている(例えば、下記特許文献を参照)。特に、関西地方では、第二次大戦後に多数建設された、分譲または賃貸のための二階建ての棟割りアパートメントハウスのことを“文化住宅”と呼んでいる。   This type of building is used as a relatively low-cost apartment house and apartment house (see, for example, the following patent document). In particular, in the Kansai region, a two-story building apartment house for sale or rent that was built after the Second World War is called a “cultural house”.

特開平11−152913号公報JP-A-11-152913

近時の少子化、非婚化そして個人化の社会情勢により、世帯または家族による居住を前提とするこの種の旧式住宅に対する需要は減少傾向にある。しかしながら、これを完全に取り壊して更地とし、新たな建築物を新築することには多大な投資が必要となる。それ故、家主にとって悩みの種となっている。   Due to the recent social situation of declining birthrate, unmarried, and personalization, the demand for this type of old-style housing that assumes residence by a household or family is on a declining trend. However, it takes a lot of investment to completely demolish this and make it a new land and to build a new building. Therefore, it is a problem for the landlord.

本発明は、比較的安価な改装によりこの種の旧式住宅を新たな用途に供することができるようにし、その価値を再生することを所期の目的としている。   The present invention has the intended purpose of enabling this type of old-style house to be used for new applications by relatively inexpensive refurbishment and regenerating its value.

本発明では、奥行方向に拡張し壁で区画された居住空間を複数戸幅方向に並べ連ねた態様の建築物に対し、前記居住空間の奥行方向の中間部に、各居住空間を隔てる前記壁を貫通するように幅方向に延伸する中廊下を形成し、当該中廊下により各居住空間を二つの室に区画して、それぞれを新たな居住空間として利用できるようにした。ここで、「奥行方向の中間部」とは、奥行方向の両端の間に位置する部位を意味し、奥行寸法のちょうど中央には限定されない。   In the present invention, with respect to a building in a form in which living spaces expanded in the depth direction and partitioned by walls are arranged in a row in the width direction, the walls separating each living space in an intermediate portion in the depth direction of the living space An interior corridor extending in the width direction was formed so as to penetrate through, and each living space was divided into two rooms by the inner corridor so that each could be used as a new living space. Here, the “intermediate portion in the depth direction” means a portion located between both ends in the depth direction, and is not limited to the exact center of the depth dimension.

前記建築物が複数階建てである場合には、その各階において前記中廊下を形成して前記室を設けることが好ましい。   When the building has a plurality of floors, it is preferable to form the inner corridor and provide the room on each floor.

改装前の前記建築物の各居住空間が、奥行方向の一端側が幅方向に延伸する外廊下に連接しているものである場合、前記中廊下により区画されてなる前記室のうちの前記外廊下側の室の床面積を当該外廊下まで拡張することが好ましい。   When each living space of the building before renovation is connected to an outer corridor extending in the width direction at one end in the depth direction, the outer corridor of the rooms defined by the inner corridor The floor area of the side chamber is preferably extended to the outer corridor.

本発明によれば、比較的安価な改装によりこの種の旧式住宅を新たな用途に供することが可能となり、その価値を再生することができる。   According to the present invention, this type of old-style house can be used for a new application by renovating relatively inexpensively, and its value can be regenerated.

本発明の一実施形態における、改装前の建築物の一階部分の構造を示す平面図。The top view which shows the structure of the 1st floor part of the building before renovation in one Embodiment of this invention. 同実施形態における、改装前の建築物の二階部分の構造を示す平面図。The top view which shows the structure of the 2nd floor part of the building before renovation in the same embodiment. 同実施形態における、改装後の建築物の一階部分の構造を示す平面図。The top view which shows the structure of the 1st floor part of the building after renovation in the same embodiment. 同実施形態における、改装後の建築物の二階部分の構造を示す平面図。The top view which shows the structure of the 2nd floor part of the building after renovation in the same embodiment.

本発明の一実施形態を、図面を参照して説明する。図1及び図2に、本発明の適用対象となる、改装前の建築物の構造の一例を示す。この建築物は、木造の二階建て共同住宅、いわゆる文化住宅である。図1は一階の平面図であり、図2は二階の平面図である。一階、二階ともに、奥行方向に拡張する居住空間1を複数戸、幅方向に並べ連ねた構造を有している。   An embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 show an example of the structure of a building before renovation, to which the present invention is applied. This building is a wooden two-story apartment house, a so-called cultural house. FIG. 1 is a plan view of the first floor, and FIG. 2 is a plan view of the second floor. Both the first floor and the second floor have a structure in which a plurality of living spaces 1 that extend in the depth direction are arranged side by side in the width direction.

隣り合う居住空間1は、奥行方向に伸長する壁4により隔絶されている。図中、建築物の壁4を太い黒線で描画している。各居住空間1は、奥行方向の一端側が、幅方向に延伸する共用の外廊下2に連接している。そして、その外廊下2に連接する手前方に、各居住空間1に出入りするための玄関11を備えている。一階と二階との間は、外廊下2の端部に連なる共用の階段3によって上り下りすることができる。外廊下2及び階段3は、屋外にある。   Adjacent living spaces 1 are isolated by walls 4 extending in the depth direction. In the figure, the wall 4 of the building is drawn with a thick black line. In each living space 1, one end side in the depth direction is connected to a shared outer corridor 2 extending in the width direction. A front door 11 for entering and exiting each living space 1 is provided in front of the hand connected to the outer corridor 2. It is possible to go up and down between the first floor and the second floor by a shared staircase 3 connected to the end of the outer corridor 2. The outer corridor 2 and the stairs 3 are outdoors.

各居住空間1は、ほぼ同等の床面積を有し、互いに相似した間取りとなっている。具体的には、玄関11に隣接して台所12があり、それら玄関11及び台所12の奥に三畳間(畳敷きの和室)13及び押入14があり、さらにその奥に釣床(壁床、床の間)16を有した六畳間(和室)15がある。各居住空間1の最奥方には、ベランダ17及び便所18を備えている。   Each living space 1 has substantially the same floor area and has a floor plan similar to each other. Specifically, there is a kitchen 12 adjacent to the entrance 11, and there are three tatami mats (Japanese-style room with tatami mats) 13 and a push-in 14 in the back of the entrance 11 and the kitchen 12, and a fishing floor (wall floor) in the back. There is a six-tatami room (Japanese-style room) 15 with 16 between the floors. A veranda 17 and a toilet 18 are provided in the innermost part of each living space 1.

図3及び図4に、本実施形態に係る改装方法を用いて改装した建築物の構造を示す。図3は一階の平面図であり、図4は二階の平面図である。本実施形態では、図1及び図2に示した建築物の居住空間1の奥行方向の中間部に、各居住空間1を隔てる壁4を貫通するように幅方向に延伸した中廊下7を形成し、当該中廊下7により各居住空間1を二つの室(または、部屋)5、6に区画している。   3 and 4 show the structure of a building refurbished using the refurbishing method according to the present embodiment. FIG. 3 is a plan view of the first floor, and FIG. 4 is a plan view of the second floor. In the present embodiment, a central corridor 7 extending in the width direction is formed in the middle portion in the depth direction of the living space 1 of the building shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 so as to penetrate the wall 4 separating each living space 1. The interior corridor 7 divides each living space 1 into two rooms (or rooms) 5 and 6.

中廊下7は、かつての三畳間13及び押入14のあった場所を通路化したものである。これにより、かつて居住空間1を構成していた室(部屋)の一つである六畳間15を、そのまま新たな室6として再利用できる。   The inner corridor 7 is a passage formed in a place where the former space between the three tatami mats 13 and the indentation 14 existed. Thereby, the six-tatami room 15 that is one of the rooms (rooms) that once constituted the living space 1 can be reused as a new room 6 as it is.

加えて、本実施形態では、一つの居住空間1を中廊下7により区画して得られる二つの室5、6のうち、外廊下2側にある室5を当該外廊下2まで拡張し、二つの室5、6の床面積をほぼ同等にしている。この結果、改装前の外廊下2は廃され、新たな居住空間となる各室5、6への出入りは中廊下7を介して行うこととなる。   In addition, in the present embodiment, among the two rooms 5 and 6 obtained by dividing one living space 1 by the inner corridor 7, the room 5 on the outer corridor 2 side is expanded to the outer corridor 2, The floor areas of the two chambers 5 and 6 are almost equal. As a result, the outer corridor 2 before renovation is abolished, and access to the rooms 5 and 6 that become new living spaces is made through the inner corridor 7.

中廊下7と各室5、6との境界には、新たに壁4を設ける。中廊下7から各室5、6への出入口には、引き戸やドア等を配設することができる。   A wall 4 is newly provided at the boundary between the inner corridor 7 and the rooms 5 and 6. Sliding doors, doors, and the like can be provided at the entrances to the rooms 5 and 6 from the inner corridor 7.

各室5、6のうち、床面積を拡張したかつての外廊下2側の室5は六畳間(フローリング床の洋室)とし、かつてのベランダ17側の室6は改装前と同じく釣床16を有した六畳間(和室)としている。   Of the rooms 5 and 6, the former room 5 on the outer corridor 2 side with an expanded floor area is a six-mat room (western room with wooden flooring), and the former room 6 on the veranda 17 side is the same as before the renovation. It is a six-tatami room (Japanese-style room) with

また、かつて存在したベランダ17及びこれに連接する便所18を撤去している。   In addition, the veranda 17 and the toilet 18 connected thereto are removed.

一階と二階との間は、階段81及びエレベータ82によって上り下りすることができる。改装前の建築物の外廊下2及び階段3は屋外にあったが、改装後の建築物の中廊下7、階段81及びエレベータ82は屋内にある。改装後の建築物は、種々の設備をおしなべて屋内化するようにしており、一階の中廊下7の端部に共用の玄関83を新たに設けている。   It is possible to go up and down between the first floor and the second floor by the stairs 81 and the elevator 82. The outer corridor 2 and the stairs 3 of the building before renovation were outdoors, but the inner corridor 7, the stairs 81 and the elevator 82 of the building after renovation are indoors. The refurbished building is equipped with various facilities and is made indoors, and a shared entrance 83 is newly provided at the end of the inner corridor 7 on the first floor.

さらに、改装後の建築物の屋内には、中廊下7に連通するように、共用の便所84や洗面台85、脱衣室及び浴室86、台所87、洗濯室88、汚物処理室89、食堂80等を設ける。屋外には、玄関83に連なるスロープ91、駐車場92、駐輪場93等を設ける。   Furthermore, in the interior of the renovated building, there is a shared toilet 84, wash basin 85, dressing room and bathroom 86, kitchen 87, laundry room 88, filth disposal room 89, dining room 80 so as to communicate with the inner corridor 7. Etc. In the outdoors, a slope 91, a parking lot 92, a bicycle parking lot 93, etc. that are connected to the entrance 83 are provided.

改装後の建築物は、共同生活スペース、シェアハウス、簡易宿泊施設等として利用することができる。特に、今後増加することが予想される独居老人に集まって一緒に住んでもらい、互いの繋がり、そして彼等と社会との繋がりを維持しながら、健康的かつ文化的な生活を享受してもらうための施設として、本実施形態の建築物を有効に活用することが可能であると考えられる。   The refurbished building can be used as a communal living space, a share house, a simple accommodation facility, and the like. In particular, elderly people who are expected to increase in the future gather and live together, and enjoy a healthy and cultural life while maintaining their connection with each other and with society. As a facility for this purpose, it is considered possible to effectively utilize the building of the present embodiment.

高齢化社会を迎えた今日、依然として十分に健康な老人や、介護までは必要としない要支援レベルの老人は多数存在しており、彼等の福祉をどのようにするべきかが大きな課題となっている。本実施形態の建築物を活用すれば、居住空間として室5、6を彼等一人一人に一室ずつ割り当て、一人一人の個性及びプライバシを尊重しながら、万一の事象が発生したときにも速やかにこれを発見し、医学的処置その他の対応をとることができよう。   Today, as we face an aging society, there are many elderly people who are still healthy and who need a level of support that does not require care, and how to make their welfare a major issue ing. If the building of this embodiment is utilized, room 5 and 6 will be allocated to each of them as a living space, and even if an event occurs, while respecting the individuality and privacy of each person It will be possible to detect this promptly and take medical treatment and other measures.

その場合には、彼等の生活を見守ったり、食事や風呂等の準備をしたりするスタッフ(寮母さんのような人)や、彼等に医療サービスを提供するスタッフ(医師、看護師、介護士等)に常駐または常勤してもらうことが望ましい。また、夜間に緊急事態が発生した場合等に医療機関等に速やかに連絡できるよう、通報ないし連絡のための機器(特に、警備会社等が提供するもの)を各室5、6に配備するか、各人に携行してもらうことが望ましい。   In that case, a staff member (such as a dormitory mother) who watches their lives and prepares meals and baths, and a staff member who provides medical services to them (doctor, nurse, caregiver) It is desirable to have a resident or full-time employee. In addition, in order to be able to promptly contact medical institutions in the event of an emergency situation at night, etc., whether or not devices for notification or communication (especially those provided by security companies, etc.) will be deployed in each room 5 or 6 , It is desirable to have each person carry it.

本実施形態では、奥行方向に拡張し壁4で区画された居住空間1を複数戸幅方向に並べ連ねた態様の建築物に対し、前記居住空間1の奥行方向の中間部に、各居住空間1を隔てる前記壁4を貫通するように幅方向に延伸する中廊下7を形成し、当該中廊下7により各居住空間1を二つの室5、6に区画して、それぞれを新たな居住空間5、6として利用できるようにした。   In the present embodiment, each living space is arranged in an intermediate portion in the depth direction of the living space 1 with respect to a building in a mode in which the living spaces 1 that extend in the depth direction and are partitioned by the walls 4 are arranged in the width direction. An inner corridor 7 extending in the width direction is formed so as to penetrate the wall 4 separating 1, and each living space 1 is divided into two chambers 5 and 6 by the inner corridor 7, and each is a new living space It was made available as 5 and 6.

本実施形態によれば、比較的安価な改装で旧式住宅を新たな用途に供することが可能となり、その価値を再生することができる。   According to this embodiment, it becomes possible to use an old-style house for a new use by relatively inexpensive refurbishment, and the value can be regenerated.

前記建築物が複数階建てである場合に、その各階において前記中廊下7を形成して前記室5、6を設ければ、新たな利用に供することのできる居住空間5、6の数を増やすことができる。   When the building has a plurality of floors, if the rooms 5 and 6 are provided by forming the inner corridor 7 on each floor, the number of living spaces 5 and 6 that can be used for new use is increased. be able to.

改装前の前記建築物の各居住空間1が、奥行方向の一端側が幅方向に延伸する外廊下2に連接しているものである場合に、前記中廊下7により区画されてなる前記室5、6のうちの前記外廊下2側の室5の床面積を当該外廊下2まで拡張すれば、外廊下2側の室5を利便性の高い有用な居住空間として再生できる。さらに、転落事故や外部からの犯罪者の侵入等の要因となる外廊下2を廃止し、中廊下7からの出入りに一本化することで、安全性及び防犯性がより一層高まる。   When each living space 1 of the building before renovation is connected to the outer corridor 2 whose one end side in the depth direction extends in the width direction, the room 5 defined by the inner corridor 7; 6, if the floor area of the room 5 on the outer corridor 2 side is expanded to the outer corridor 2, the room 5 on the outer corridor 2 side can be reproduced as a convenient and useful living space. Furthermore, by eliminating the outer corridor 2 that causes a fall accident or the entry of criminals from the outside and unifying the entrance and exit from the central corridor 7, safety and crime prevention are further enhanced.

なお、本発明は以上に詳述した実施形態には限られない。特に、建築物の改装に際して、必要であれば、構造計算及び補強工事、役所や消防当局との打ち合わせ、防火設備の設置等を追加で行うことが好ましい。   The present invention is not limited to the embodiment described in detail above. In particular, when renovating a building, it is preferable to additionally perform structural calculations and reinforcement work, meetings with government offices and fire authorities, and installation of fire prevention equipment, if necessary.

その他各部の具体的構成は、本発明の趣旨を逸脱しない範囲で種々変形が可能である。   Other specific configurations of each part can be variously modified without departing from the spirit of the present invention.

本発明は、特に、旧式住宅の改装に利用することができる。   The invention can be used in particular for refurbishing old-fashioned houses.

1…改装前の居住空間
2…改装前の外廊下
4…壁
5、6…改装後の居住空間(室)
7…改装後の中廊下
1 ... Living space before renovation 2 ... Exterior corridor before renovation 4 ... Wall 5, 6 ... Living space after renovation (room)
7 ... Renovated inner corridor

Claims (6)

奥行方向に拡張し壁で区画された居住空間を複数戸幅方向に並べ連ねた態様の建築物を改装する方法であって、
前記居住空間の奥行方向の中間部に、各居住空間を隔てる前記壁を貫通するように幅方向に延伸する中廊下を形成し、当該中廊下により各居住空間を二つの室に区画して、それぞれを新たな居住空間として利用できるようにする建築物の改装方法。
A method of refurbishing a building in an aspect in which a plurality of living spaces that extend in the depth direction and are partitioned by walls are arranged in a row in the width direction,
Forming a central corridor extending in the width direction so as to penetrate the wall separating each living space in the intermediate portion in the depth direction of the living space, dividing each living space into two rooms by the inner corridor, A method of renovating buildings that allows them to be used as new living spaces.
前記建築物は複数階建てであり、その各階において前記中廊下を形成して前記室を設ける請求項1記載の建築物の改装方法。 The method of renovating a building according to claim 1, wherein the building has a plurality of floors, and the rooms are provided by forming the inner corridor on each floor. 改装前の前記建築物の各居住空間は、奥行方向の一端側が幅方向に延伸する外廊下に連接しているものであり、
前記中廊下により区画されてなる前記室のうちの前記外廊下側の室の床面積を当該外廊下まで拡張する請求項1または2記載の建築物の改装方法。
Each living space of the building before renovation is connected to an outer corridor extending in the width direction at one end in the depth direction,
The method of renovating a building according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a floor area of a room on the outer corridor side among the rooms divided by the inner corridor is expanded to the outer corridor.
奥行方向に拡張し壁で区画された居住空間を複数戸幅方向に並べ連ねた態様の建築物に対し、
前記居住空間の奥行方向の中間部に、各居住空間を隔てる前記壁を貫通するように幅方向に延伸する中廊下を形成し、当該中廊下により各居住空間を二つの室に区画して、それぞれを新たな居住空間として利用できるようにした建築物。
For buildings that extend in the depth direction and are lined up with a plurality of living spaces partitioned by walls,
Forming a central corridor extending in the width direction so as to penetrate the wall separating each living space in the intermediate portion in the depth direction of the living space, dividing each living space into two rooms by the inner corridor, A building that can be used as a new living space.
前記建築物は複数階建てであり、その各階において前記中廊下を形成して前記室を設けた請求項5記載の建築物。 The building according to claim 5, wherein the building has a plurality of floors, and the rooms are provided by forming the inner corridor on each floor. 改装前の前記建築物の各居住空間は、奥行方向の一端側が幅方向に延伸する外廊下に連接しているものであり、
前記中廊下により区画されてなる前記室のうちの前記外廊下側の室の床面積を当該外廊下まで拡張した請求項4または5記載の建築物。
Each living space of the building before renovation is connected to an outer corridor extending in the width direction at one end in the depth direction,
The building according to claim 4 or 5, wherein a floor area of a room on the outer corridor side among the rooms divided by the inner corridor is expanded to the outer corridor.
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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000017857A (en) * 1998-07-03 2000-01-18 Maeda Corp Maisonette type multiple dwelling house
JP2000319999A (en) * 1999-05-06 2000-11-21 Sekisui Chem Co Ltd Unit dwelling house
JP2012144862A (en) * 2011-01-07 2012-08-02 Takenaka Komuten Co Ltd Structure

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000017857A (en) * 1998-07-03 2000-01-18 Maeda Corp Maisonette type multiple dwelling house
JP2000319999A (en) * 1999-05-06 2000-11-21 Sekisui Chem Co Ltd Unit dwelling house
JP2012144862A (en) * 2011-01-07 2012-08-02 Takenaka Komuten Co Ltd Structure

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