JP2013236459A - Installation structure of solar cell panel - Google Patents

Installation structure of solar cell panel Download PDF

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JP2013236459A
JP2013236459A JP2012107113A JP2012107113A JP2013236459A JP 2013236459 A JP2013236459 A JP 2013236459A JP 2012107113 A JP2012107113 A JP 2012107113A JP 2012107113 A JP2012107113 A JP 2012107113A JP 2013236459 A JP2013236459 A JP 2013236459A
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pillow
unit
solar cell
foundation
cell panel
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JP5548724B2 (en
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Toshikatsu Ishikawa
利勝 石川
Takashi Imaizumi
孝 今泉
Masanobu Hidaka
政亘 飛鷹
Hirofumi Fukuyama
裕史 福山
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Kanken:Kk
株式会社カンケン
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a simple installation structure of a solar cell panel which can be constructed at a low cost of construction.SOLUTION: A plurality of unit pillar materials 1 consisting of prismatic blocks of concrete are laid linearly on the ground, and interconnected by means of bolts 3 thus forming a first pillar base 2A. At an interval from the first pillar base 2A, a plurality of unit pillar materials 1 consisting of prismatic blocks of concrete are laid linearly on the ground, and interconnected by means of bolts 3 thus forming a second pillar base 2B in parallel with the first pillar base 2A. Poles 5 for supporting a solar cell panel 4 are stood on the unit pillar materials 1 forming the first and second pillar bases 2A, 2B.

Description

本発明は太陽電池パネルを地面上に支柱を介して設置する場合に使用される同パネルの設置構造に関する。   The present invention relates to a panel installation structure used when a solar cell panel is installed on a ground via a support.
本発明は、例えば埋立地や休耕地等の遊地に多量の太陽電池パネルを設置する場合等に簡易且つ安価な工事費で施工できる太陽電池パネルの設置構造の提供を目的としている。   An object of the present invention is to provide a solar cell panel installation structure that can be constructed at a simple and inexpensive construction cost when, for example, a large amount of solar cell panels are installed on a land such as a landfill or a fallow land.
従来、遊地に太陽電池パネルを設置する場合には、地面にコンクリートを現場打ちしてベタ基礎を形成し、該ベタ基礎に太陽電池パネルを支える支柱を立設する方法が採られているが、この方法では必要とされるベタ基礎の重量及び大きさを満たす規格はその都度異なり標準化が困難である。加えて工事費が高くつき工期も長くなる問題がある。   Conventionally, when installing a solar cell panel on a playground, a method has been adopted in which concrete is grounded on the ground to form a solid foundation, and a column supporting the solar cell panel is erected on the solid foundation. In this method, standards satisfying the weight and size of the solid foundation required are different each time, and standardization is difficult. In addition, the construction cost is high and the construction period is long.
下記特許文献1は上記問題を解決する手段として、太陽電池パネルの支柱の個々を独立した束石ブロックで支持する独立基礎を用いることにより、標準化を容易にし現場での設置作業の簡略化を図る方法を開示している。   Patent Document 1 below uses a stand-alone foundation that supports each of the columns of the solar cell panel with an independent boulder block as means for solving the above problem, thereby facilitating standardization and simplifying the installation work at the site. A method is disclosed.
特開平9−70188号公報JP-A-9-70188
然し乍ら、上記特許文献1のように太陽電池パネルを複数の束石ブロックで多点支持する独立基礎方式では、風圧荷重や地震荷重に耐え得る十分な基礎重量を確保することができない問題を有している。   However, the independent foundation system that supports the solar cell panel with a plurality of boulder blocks as in Patent Document 1 cannot secure a sufficient foundation weight that can withstand wind pressure loads and earthquake loads. ing.
又該特許文献1の束石ブロックによる独立基礎方式では、束石ブロックの個々をレベル調整しながら設置しなければならない煩雑な作業を伴うばかりか、太陽電池パネルを発電に必要な定角度で安定に支持せねばならない太陽電池パネルの設置構造としては不適切である問題を内在している。   In addition, the independent basic system using the block stone block of Patent Document 1 involves not only complicated work that must be installed while adjusting the level of each block block, but also stabilizes the solar panel at a constant angle required for power generation. Therefore, there is a problem that it is inappropriate as an installation structure of a solar cell panel that must be supported.
本発明は上記従来の設置構造が抱える問題を有効に解決することができる太陽電池パネルの設置構造を提供する。   The present invention provides a solar cell panel installation structure that can effectively solve the problems of the conventional installation structure.
要述すると、本発明はコンクリート製の角柱状ブロックから成る複数の単位枕材を直線状に地面に置き敷きし、該単位枕材相互をボルトにより連結して第一枕基礎を形成し、該第一枕基礎と間隔を置いてコンクリート製の角柱状ブロックから成る複数の単位枕材を直線状に地面に置き敷きし、該単位枕材相互をボルトにより連結して上記第一枕基礎と並行する第二枕基礎を形成し、該第一,第二枕基礎を形成する単位枕材に太陽電池パネルを支える支柱を立設する構成により、所望の基礎重量を確保しつつ安定して太陽電池パネルを設置することができる、簡易且つ安価な工事費で施工可能な太陽電池パネルの設置構造を提供するものである。   In short, the present invention linearly lays a plurality of unit pillow materials composed of prismatic blocks made of concrete on the ground, and connects the unit pillow materials with bolts to form a first pillow foundation, A plurality of unit pillows made of concrete prismatic blocks spaced apart from the first pillow foundation are laid on the ground in a straight line, and the unit pillows are connected to each other with bolts in parallel with the first pillow foundation. Forming a second pillow foundation, and a structure in which a pillar supporting the solar battery panel is erected on the unit pillow material forming the first and second pillow foundations, and stably securing a desired weight of the solar battery. The present invention provides a solar cell panel installation structure that can be installed at a simple and inexpensive construction cost.
好ましくは上記各単位枕材の端部に同単位枕材の上面側又は下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手を形成し、上記各単位枕材の薄肉継手を相の手に重ね上記ボルトにて連結する。   Preferably, a thin-walled joint is formed at the end of each unit pillow material so as to drop on the upper surface side or the lower surface side of the unit pillow material, and the thin joints of each unit pillow material are stacked on the hands of the phases and connected with the bolts. To do.
又上記相の手に重ねた一方の薄肉継手に位置決めピンを設け、該位置決めピンを他方の薄肉継手に設けた位置決め孔に滑合し、上記単位枕材相互の上記ボルトによる連結位置を設定する。   In addition, a positioning pin is provided on one thin joint overlapped with the hands of the phases, and the positioning pin is slid into a positioning hole provided in the other thin joint to set the connecting position of the unit pillow materials by the bolts. .
又上記第一,第二枕基礎間を架橋接続するコンクリート製の角柱状ブロックから成る複数の接続材を備え、該各接続材の両端を上記単位枕材相互を連結するボルトにて該各単位枕材と共締めし、基礎重量の付加を図りつつ、より安定なる設置を可能にしたものである。   The first and second pillow foundations are provided with a plurality of connecting members made of a prismatic block made of concrete that bridge-connects, and each unit is connected to each unit with bolts connecting the unit pillow members to each other. It is fastened together with the pillow material to allow for a more stable installation while adding a basic weight.
又上記各単位枕材の端部に同単位枕材の上面側又は下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手を設けると共に、上記接続材の端部に同接続材の上面側又は下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手を設け、上記各単位枕材の薄肉継手の端面を突き合わせ、該突き合わせた薄肉継手の上面又は下面に上記接続材の薄肉継手を相の手に重ね上記ボルトにて上記単位枕材と共締めする。   In addition, a thin joint that is stepped down on the upper or lower surface side of the unit pillow material is provided at the end of each unit pillow material, and the joint member is stepped down on the upper surface side or lower surface side of the connecting material. A thin joint is provided, the end face of the thin joint of each unit pillow material is butted, and the thin joint of the connecting material is overlaid on the top or bottom surface of the butted thin joint, and the unit pillow material is shared with the bolt. Tighten.
本発明によれば、第一枕基礎と第二枕基礎の長さや並行間隔を自在に設定でき、太陽電池パネルの設置に求められる基礎重量を確保して風圧対策、地震対策の要請に応えると共に、太陽電池パネルを安定して支持することができる。
又施工が容易で直線性と平面精度の高い基礎を形成でき、工事費が安価で短期に施工できる。
According to the present invention, the length and the parallel interval of the first pillow foundation and the second pillow foundation can be freely set, and the foundation weight required for the installation of the solar cell panel is secured to meet the demand for wind pressure countermeasures and earthquake countermeasures. The solar cell panel can be stably supported.
In addition, it is easy to construct, can form a foundation with high linearity and flatness, can be constructed in a short period of time with low construction costs.
本発明の実施例1に係る太陽電池パネルの設置構造を一部切欠して示す斜視図。The perspective view which cuts off and shows the installation structure of the solar cell panel which concerns on Example 1 of this invention partially. aは単位枕材の側面図、bは同平面図。a is a side view of the unit pillow material, and b is a plan view thereof. aは単位枕材の他例を示す側面図、bは同平面図。a is a side view showing another example of the unit pillow material, and b is a plan view thereof. aは単位枕材の他例を示す側面図、bは同平面図。a is a side view showing another example of the unit pillow material, and b is a plan view thereof. aは単位枕材端部の上面側において段落ちする薄肉継手の断面図、bは単位枕材端部の下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手の断面図。a is a cross-sectional view of a thin joint that drops on the upper surface side of the end of the unit pillow material, and b is a cross-sectional view of a thin joint that drops on the lower surface of the end of the unit pillow material. aは第一,第二枕基礎を形成する単位枕材を地面に置き敷きした状態を示す平面図、bは同状態を示す側面図。a is a plan view showing a state in which unit pillow materials forming the first and second pillow foundations are laid on the ground, and b is a side view showing the same state. 図1のX−X線拡大断面図(図5aに示す薄肉継手と同bに示す薄肉継手を相の手に重ねボルト締めした状態を示す拡大断面図)。XX line expanded sectional view of FIG. 1 (enlarged sectional view showing a state in which the thin joint shown in FIG. 5a and the thin joint shown in FIG. 本発明の実施例2に係る太陽電池パネルの設置構造を一部切欠して示す斜視図。The perspective view which partially cuts and shows the installation structure of the solar cell panel which concerns on Example 2 of this invention. aは接続材の側面図、bは同平面図。a is a side view of a connection material, b is the same top view. aは接続材端部の上面側において段落ちする薄肉継手の断面図、bは接続材端部の下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手の断面図。a is a cross-sectional view of a thin joint that drops on the upper surface side of the connecting material end, and b is a cross-sectional view of the thin joint that drops on the lower surface side of the connecting material end. aは第一枕基礎を形成する図3に示す単位枕材、第二枕基礎を形成する図4に示す単位枕材、及び接続材を地面に置き敷きした状態を示す平面図、bは同状態を第一枕基礎側から示す外側面図、cは同状態を第二枕基礎側から示す外側面図。3 is a plan view showing a state in which the unit pillow material shown in FIG. 3 forming the first pillow foundation, the unit pillow material shown in FIG. 4 forming the second pillow foundation, and the connecting material are laid on the ground, and b is the same. The outer side view which shows a state from the 1st pillow foundation side, c is an outer side view which shows the same state from the 2nd pillow foundation side. aは第一枕基礎を形成する図2,図3に示す単位枕材、第二枕基礎を形成する図2,図4に示す単位枕材、及び接続材を地面に置き敷きした状態を示す平面図、bは同状態を第一枕基礎側から示す外側面図、cは同状態を第二枕基礎側から示す外側面図。a shows a state in which the unit pillow material shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 forming the first pillow foundation, the unit pillow material shown in FIGS. 2 and 4 forming the second pillow foundation, and the connecting material are laid on the ground. The top view, b is an outer side view showing the same state from the first pillow base side, and c is an outer side view showing the same state from the second pillow base side. aは図8のY−Y線拡大断面図(図5aに示す薄肉継手と図10bに示す薄肉継手を相の手に重ねボルト締めした状態を示す拡大断面図)、bは図8のZ−Z線拡大断面図(図5bに示す薄肉継手と図10aに示す薄肉継手を相の手に重ねボルト締めした状態を示す拡大断面図)。8 is an enlarged sectional view taken along line YY in FIG. 8 (an enlarged sectional view showing a state in which the thin joint shown in FIG. 5a and the thin joint shown in FIG. Z line enlarged sectional view (enlarged sectional view showing a state in which the thin joint shown in FIG. 5b and the thin joint shown in FIG.
本発明の好適な実施例を図1乃至図13に基づき説明する。   A preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.
<実施例1,実施例2に共通の構成>
本発明に係る太陽電池パネルの設置構造は、図1,図8に示すように、コンクリート製の角柱状ブロックから成る複数の単位枕材1を直線状に地面に置き敷きし、該単位枕材1相互をボルト3により連結して第一枕基礎2Aを形成し、該第一枕基礎2Aと間隔を置いてコンクリート製の角柱状ブロックから成る複数の単位枕材1を直線状に地面に置き敷きし、該単位枕材1相互をボルト3により連結して上記第一枕基礎2Aと並行する第二枕基礎2Bを形成し、該第一,第二枕基礎2A,2Bを形成する単位枕材1に太陽電池パネル4を支える支柱5を立設する構成を有し、簡易且つ安価な工事費で施工できる。
<Configuration common to Example 1 and Example 2>
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 8, the solar cell panel installation structure according to the present invention includes a plurality of unit pillows 1 made of concrete prismatic blocks placed on the ground in a straight line, and the unit pillows. The first pillow foundation 2A is formed by connecting one by a bolt 3, and a plurality of unit pillows 1 made of prismatic blocks made of concrete are placed on the ground in a straight line at a distance from the first pillow foundation 2A. A unit pillow that is laid and connected to each other by bolts 3 to form a second pillow foundation 2B parallel to the first pillow foundation 2A, thereby forming the first and second pillow foundations 2A and 2B. It has a configuration in which a column 5 supporting the solar cell panel 4 is erected on the material 1 and can be constructed at a simple and inexpensive construction cost.
又上記単位枕材1の個数、同単位枕材1自体の大きさや重量を調整することにより、風圧対策や地震対策の要請に的確に応える基礎重量と必要長を確保できる。更に上記第一枕基礎2Aと上記第二枕基礎2Bの並行間隔を自在に設定できると共に、後記するように、個々の単位枕材1のレベルを容易に調整して施工でき、上記太陽電池パネル4を発電に必要な角度で安定して支持することができる。   Further, by adjusting the number of the unit pillow materials 1 and the size and weight of the unit pillow materials 1 themselves, it is possible to secure a basic weight and a necessary length that accurately meet the demands of wind pressure countermeasures and earthquake countermeasures. Further, the parallel spacing between the first pillow foundation 2A and the second pillow foundation 2B can be freely set, and as will be described later, the level of each unit pillow material 1 can be easily adjusted and applied. 4 can be stably supported at an angle required for power generation.
ここで、太陽電池パネル4とは単数枚の太陽電池パネル、多数枚並べた太陽電池パネル(太陽電池アレイ)の双方を包含する。   Here, the solar cell panel 4 includes both a single solar cell panel and a large number of solar cell panels (solar cell array).
上記太陽電池パネル4は格子状に組まれた縦骨6及び横骨7と、該縦骨6及び横骨7と連結する支柱5から成る架台8に裏面側から支持される。上記縦骨6、横骨7及び支柱5は細長の金属製又は合成樹脂の棒材、チャンネル材等から成り、溶接又はボルト締めにより夫々を連結し上記架台8を構成する。   The solar cell panel 4 is supported from the back side by a gantry 8 composed of vertical bones 6 and horizontal bones 7 assembled in a lattice pattern, and columns 5 connected to the vertical bones 6 and the horizontal bones 7. The vertical bone 6, the horizontal bone 7 and the column 5 are made of an elongated metal or synthetic resin rod, channel material, or the like, and are connected by welding or bolting to constitute the frame 8.
上記太陽電池パネル4は上記架台8の支柱5により地上高と傾斜角度を調整し支持される。詳述すると、上記支柱5は低背支柱5Aと高背支柱5Bを備え、該低背支柱5Aにより上記太陽電池パネル4の最下端位置を設定すると共に、上記高背支柱5Bにより上記太陽電池パネル4の最上端位置及び傾斜角度を設定する。   The solar cell panel 4 is supported by the column 5 of the gantry 8 by adjusting the ground height and the inclination angle. More specifically, the support column 5 includes a low-profile column 5A and a high-profile column 5B. The lowermost column 5A sets the lowermost position of the solar panel 4, and the high-profile column 5B sets the solar cell panel. The uppermost position of 4 and the inclination angle are set.
上記第一枕基礎2A及び上記第二枕基礎2Bは上記太陽電池パネル4の傾斜方向と平面視直交する方向に並行して形成し、上記第一枕基礎2Aを形成する単位枕材1に上記低背支柱5Aを座板5aを介しボルト3にて締結して立設すると共に、上記第二枕基礎2Bを形成する単位枕材1に上記高背支柱5Bを座板5aを介しボルト3にて締結して立設する。   The first pillow foundation 2A and the second pillow foundation 2B are formed in parallel to the direction perpendicular to the inclination direction of the solar cell panel 4, and the unit pillow material 1 forming the first pillow foundation 2A The low-back strut 5A is fastened by fastening with the bolt 3 via the seat plate 5a, and the high-back strut 5B is attached to the bolt 3 via the seat plate 5a with the unit pillow material 1 forming the second pillow foundation 2B. And erected.
即ち上記太陽電池パネル4の傾斜下端縁側に沿って上記第一枕基礎2Aを形成し該第一枕基礎2Aを形成する単位枕材1に上記低背支柱5Aを立設し、上記太陽電池パネル4の傾斜下端縁側を安定支持する。他方上記太陽電池パネル4の傾斜上端縁側に沿って上記第二枕基礎2Bを形成し該第二枕基礎2Bを形成する単位枕材1に上記高背支柱5Bを立設し、上記太陽電池パネル4の傾斜上端縁側を安定支持する。   That is, the first pillow base 2A is formed along the inclined lower edge of the solar cell panel 4, and the low-profile column 5A is erected on the unit pillow material 1 forming the first pillow base 2A. 4 is stably supported on the inclined lower edge side. On the other hand, the second pillow base 2B is formed along the inclined upper edge side of the solar cell panel 4, and the high pillar 5B is erected on the unit pillow material 1 forming the second pillow base 2B, and the solar cell panel 4 stably supports the inclined upper edge side.
尚本発明は上記した第一,第二枕基礎2A,2Bを上記太陽電池パネル4の傾斜方向に平面視直交する方向に形成した場合に限らず、上記第一,第二枕基礎2A,2Bを上記太陽電池パネル4の傾斜方向と平面視同一方向に並行して形成し、該第一,第二枕基礎2A,2Bを形成する単位枕材1に夫々上記低背支柱5Aと上記高背支柱5Bを立設することを排除しない。   The present invention is not limited to the case where the first and second pillow foundations 2A and 2B are formed in a direction orthogonal to the inclined direction of the solar cell panel 4 in plan view, and the first and second pillow foundations 2A and 2B are not limited thereto. Are formed in parallel with the inclination direction of the solar cell panel 4 in the same direction as in plan view, and the unit pillow material 1 forming the first and second pillow foundations 2A and 2B is respectively provided with the low-back column 5A and the high-profile column. It is not excluded to erect the column 5B.
又本発明の設置構造は図示する架台8の形態に限らず、支柱を有する架台であれば、如何なる架台にも適用できる。 In addition, the installation structure of the present invention is not limited to the illustrated form of the gantry 8 and can be applied to any gantry as long as it is a gantry having a column.
本発明の実施例1にあっては、図1,図6に示すように、上記第一枕基礎2A及び上記第二枕基礎2Bを夫々図2a,図2bに示す単位枕材1Aで形成し、両枕基礎2A,2Bを互いに離間して並行して地上に形成する。   In Example 1 of the present invention, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 6, the first pillow foundation 2A and the second pillow foundation 2B are formed by the unit pillow material 1A shown in FIGS. 2a and 2b, respectively. Both pillow foundations 2A and 2B are spaced apart from each other and formed on the ground in parallel.
詳述すると、上記単位枕材1Aは予め工場生産された角柱状のPCコンクリート製のブロックから成り、長手方向の端部の一方に上面側において直角に段落ちする薄肉継手9Aを形成し、段落ち面で定規面16Aを形成し、同他方に下面側において直角に段落ちする薄肉継手9Bを形成し、段落ち面で定規面16Bを形成する。尚図1に示すように、上記第一枕基礎2A,第二枕基礎2Bの列端に使用する単位枕材1Aの遊端部には上記薄肉継手9A,9Bを形成しないか、又は上記薄肉継手9A,9Bを形成しそのまま残存する。   More specifically, the unit pillow material 1A is made of a prism-shaped PC concrete block produced in the factory in advance, and a thin joint 9A is formed on one of the end portions in the longitudinal direction. A ruler surface 16A is formed by the falling surface, and a thin joint 9B that is stepped at a right angle on the lower surface side is formed on the other side, and a ruler surface 16B is formed by the stepped surface. As shown in FIG. 1, the thin joints 9A and 9B are not formed at the free ends of the unit pillow materials 1A used at the row ends of the first pillow foundation 2A and the second pillow foundation 2B, or The joints 9A and 9B are formed and remain as they are.
又図5aに示すように、上記上面側において段落ちする薄肉継手9Aの上面中央(相の手重ね面中央)に位置決めピン10を立設する。例えば該位置決めピン10は上記薄肉継手9Aの上面中央に穿設した孔に挿入し接着剤等で固定して立設する。又は該位置決めピン10は単位枕材1Aのコンクリート成形時に型込めして一体に立設する。
加えて同薄肉継手9A上面の上記位置決めピン10の近傍、好ましくは該位置決めピン10の両側に等距離に有底の一対のボルト受け孔11を形成する。
Further, as shown in FIG. 5a, a positioning pin 10 is erected at the center of the upper surface of the thin joint 9A stepped down on the upper surface side (center of the hand-stacked surfaces of the phases). For example, the positioning pin 10 is inserted into a hole drilled in the center of the upper surface of the thin joint 9A and fixed with an adhesive or the like. Alternatively, the positioning pin 10 is molded and is erected integrally when the unit pillow material 1A is concrete-molded.
In addition, a pair of bottomed bolt receiving holes 11 are formed at equal distances in the vicinity of the positioning pin 10 on the upper surface of the thin joint 9 </ b> A, preferably on both sides of the positioning pin 10.
他方図5bに示すように、上記下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手9Bの下面中央(相の手重ね面中央)に上記位置決めピン10と滑合する位置決め孔12を形成すると共に、該位置決め孔12の近傍、好ましくは該位置決め孔12の両側に等距離に同薄肉継手9Bの上面と下面間を貫通する一対のボルト挿通孔13を形成する。   On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 5b, a positioning hole 12 that slides on the positioning pin 10 is formed at the center of the lower surface of the thin joint 9B stepped down on the lower surface side (the center of the hand stacking surface of the phases). A pair of bolt insertion holes 13 penetrating between the upper surface and the lower surface of the thin-walled joint 9B are formed at equal distances, preferably on both sides of the positioning hole 12.
更に上記単位枕材1Aの上面の略中央部に上記支柱5(低背支柱5A又は高背支柱5B)をボルト締めして立設する際に使用する支柱立設孔14を形成する。又図2に示すように、上記単位枕材1Aを移動又は置き敷きする際に該単位枕材1Aを吊り下げるための吊り掛け具15を形成する。該吊り掛け具15は後記する単位枕材1B,1C及び実施例2の接続材17においても同様である。   Further, a column erecting hole 14 used when the column 5 (the low profile column 5A or the high profile column 5B) is erected by bolting is formed in a substantially central portion of the upper surface of the unit pillow material 1A. Further, as shown in FIG. 2, when the unit pillow material 1A is moved or laid, a hanging tool 15 for suspending the unit pillow material 1A is formed. The hanging tool 15 is the same in the unit pillow materials 1B and 1C described later and the connecting material 17 of the second embodiment.
本実施例にあっては、上記構成の複数の単位枕材1Aを地面に直に置き敷きし又は必要な場合には地面に栗石若しくは砕石等を敷設して地固めし、該地固めした地面に上記単位枕材1Aを置き敷きし、上記第一枕基礎2A及び上記第二枕材基礎2Bを形成する。   In this embodiment, the plurality of unit pillows 1A having the above-described configuration are placed directly on the ground or, if necessary, crushed stones or crushed stones are laid on the ground and solidified, and the grounded ground is filled with the above-mentioned. The unit pillow material 1A is laid and the first pillow base 2A and the second pillow base 2B are formed.
上記第一枕基礎2Aを形成する場合には、図6bに示すように、隣接する一方の単位枕材1Aの上記薄肉継手9Aに、隣接する他方の単位枕材1Aの上記薄肉継手9Bを相の手に重ねつつ各単位枕材1Aを置き敷きする。これによって、図6aに示すように、複数の上記単位枕材1Aを直線状に置き敷きし、直線状の上記第一枕基礎2Aを形成する。   When forming the first pillow base 2A, as shown in FIG. 6b, the thin joint 9B of the other adjacent unit pillow material 1A is combined with the thin joint 9A of the adjacent one unit pillow material 1A. Each unit pillow material 1A is laid down while being stacked on the hand. As a result, as shown in FIG. 6a, the plurality of unit pillow materials 1A are laid out in a straight line to form the straight first pillow base 2A.
同様に上記第二枕基礎2Bを形成する場合も、図6bに示すように、隣接する一方の単位枕材1Aの上記薄肉継手9Aに、隣接する他方の単位枕材1Aの上記薄肉継手9Bを相の手に重ねつつ各単位枕材1Aを置き敷きする。これによって、図6aに示すように、複数の上記単位枕材1Aを地面に直線状に置き敷きし、直線状の上記第二枕基礎2Bを形成する。   Similarly, when forming the second pillow foundation 2B, as shown in FIG. 6b, the thin joint 9B of the other adjacent unit pillow material 1A is connected to the thin joint 9A of the adjacent one unit pillow material 1A. Place each unit pillow 1A on top of the hands of the phase. As a result, as shown in FIG. 6a, the plurality of unit pillow materials 1A are placed on the ground in a straight line to form the straight second pillow foundation 2B.
この際には、図7に示すように、上記薄肉継手9Aの位置決めピン10と上記薄肉継手9Bの位置決め孔12が滑合して各単位枕材1Aの連結位置を設定すると共に、上記薄肉継手9Aのボルト受け孔11と上記薄肉継手9Bのボルト挿通孔13を芯出しして上記ボルト3により締結することができる。   At this time, as shown in FIG. 7, the positioning pin 10 of the thin joint 9A and the positioning hole 12 of the thin joint 9B slide to set the connecting position of each unit pillow 1A, and the thin joint The bolt receiving hole 11 of 9A and the bolt insertion hole 13 of the thin joint 9B can be centered and fastened by the bolt 3.
上記各薄肉継手9A,9Bを相の手に重ねるに際し、該各薄肉継手9A,9B内端の段落ち面で形成される定規面16A,16Bが互いに接することにより直線出しを図り、上記ボルト受け孔11及びボルト挿通孔13の芯出しを効果的に行うことができる。   When the thin joints 9A and 9B are stacked on top of each other, the ruler surfaces 16A and 16B formed by the stepped surfaces at the inner ends of the thin joints 9A and 9B are brought into contact with each other so that a straight line is obtained. The centering of the hole 11 and the bolt insertion hole 13 can be effectively performed.
従って、本実施例にあっては、上記第一枕基礎2Aと上記第二枕基礎2Bを間隔を置いて並行して形成し、該第一枕基礎2Aを形成する単位枕材1(1A)に支柱立設孔14を使用して支柱5(低背支柱5A)をボルト締めして立設すると共に、上記第二枕基礎を形成する単位枕材1(1A)に支柱立設孔14を使用して支柱5(高背支柱5B)をボルト締めして立設することができる。これにより、簡易且つ安価な工事費で太陽電池パネル4の設置構造を施工できる。   Therefore, in the present embodiment, the first pillow foundation 2A and the second pillow foundation 2B are formed in parallel at an interval, and the unit pillow material 1 (1A) for forming the first pillow foundation 2A is formed. The pillar 5 (low-profile pillar 5A) is bolted up using the pillar standing hole 14 and the pillar standing hole 14 is formed in the unit pillow material 1 (1A) forming the second pillow foundation. It is possible to use the column 5 (the high column column 5B) by bolting and standing. Thereby, the installation structure of the solar cell panel 4 can be constructed at a simple and inexpensive construction cost.
又各単位枕材1(1A)の連結に際しては、隣接する一方の単位枕材1端部の上面側において段落ちする薄肉継手9Aに同他方の単位枕材1端部の下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手9Bを相の手に重ねていくだけでレベル調整を図ることができ、第一,第二枕基礎2A,2Bを上面側及び下面側において面一にして形成する。よって、各枕基礎2A,2Bの下面は全面が確実に接地し、該各枕基礎2A,2Bを形成する単位枕材1Aに立設する上記支柱5を介して上記太陽電池パネル4を安定して支持することができる。   Also, when connecting each unit pillow 1 (1A), the thin joint 9A is stepped down on the upper surface side of the adjacent one of the unit pillow materials 1 and the stepped down on the lower surface side of the other unit pillow material 1 end. The level adjustment can be achieved by simply stacking the thin joint 9B to be carried on the hands of the phases, and the first and second pillow foundations 2A and 2B are formed to be flush with each other on the upper surface side and the lower surface side. Therefore, the entire bottom surface of each pillow foundation 2A, 2B is securely grounded, and the solar cell panel 4 is stabilized via the column 5 standing upright on the unit pillow material 1A forming each pillow foundation 2A, 2B. Can be supported.
尚図3,図4に示す単位枕材1は前記した図2に示す単位枕材1Aの他例である。図3に示す単位枕材1Bは長手方向の端部の双方に上面側において段落ちする薄肉継手9Aを形成し、段落ち面で定規面16Aを形成し、該各薄肉継手9Aの上面に上記位置決めピン10を設けると共に該位置決めピン10の近傍、好ましくは該位置決めピン10の両側に等距離にボルト受け孔11を形成する。   The unit pillow material 1 shown in FIGS. 3 and 4 is another example of the unit pillow material 1A shown in FIG. The unit pillow material 1B shown in FIG. 3 forms a thin joint 9A stepped on the upper surface side at both ends in the longitudinal direction, and a ruler surface 16A is formed on the stepped surface, and the upper surface of each thin joint 9A A positioning pin 10 is provided, and bolt receiving holes 11 are formed in the vicinity of the positioning pin 10, preferably on both sides of the positioning pin 10 at an equal distance.
又図4に示す単位枕材1Cは長手方向の端部の双方に下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手9Bを形成し、段落ち面で定規面16Bを形成し、該各薄肉継手9Bの下面に上記位置決め孔12を形成すると共に、該位置決め孔12の近傍、好ましくは該位置決め孔12の両側に等距離に同薄肉継手9Bの上面と下面間に貫通するボルト挿通孔13を形成する。   Further, the unit pillow material 1C shown in FIG. 4 forms a thin joint 9B that drops at the lower surface side at both ends in the longitudinal direction, and forms a ruler surface 16B at the stepped surface, and is formed on the lower surface of each thin joint 9B. The positioning hole 12 is formed, and a bolt insertion hole 13 penetrating between the upper surface and the lower surface of the thin joint 9B is formed at an equal distance in the vicinity of the positioning hole 12, preferably on both sides of the positioning hole 12.
本実施例にあっては、上記単位枕材1B及び上記単位枕材1Cにより上記第一,第二枕基礎2A,2Bを形成する場合を包含する。例えば上記単位枕材1Bに形成した上面側において段落ちする薄肉継手9Aに上記単位枕材1Cに形成した下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手9Bを相の手に重ね上記ボルト3により連結し、本実施例に係る第一,第二枕基礎2A,2Bを形成することができる。又上記単位枕材1A,1B,1Cを適宜組み合わせて連結し、本実施例に係る第一,第二枕基礎2A,2Bを形成することができる。   The present embodiment includes the case where the first and second pillow foundations 2A and 2B are formed by the unit pillow material 1B and the unit pillow material 1C. For example, a thin joint 9B that is stepped down on the upper surface side formed on the unit pillow material 1B and a thin joint 9B that is stepped down on the lower surface side formed on the unit pillow material 1C are stacked on the hands of the phases and connected by the bolts 3, The first and second pillow foundations 2A and 2B according to the embodiment can be formed. Further, the unit pillow materials 1A, 1B, and 1C can be appropriately combined and connected to form the first and second pillow foundations 2A and 2B according to the present embodiment.
本発明の実施例2にあっては、図8,図11,図12に示すように、第一,第二枕基礎2A,2Bに加え、該第一,第二枕基礎2A,2B間を架橋接続する、即ち単位枕材1間を架橋接続する複数の接続材17を備える。該接続材17も上記単位枕材1と同様に予め工場生産された角柱状のPCコンクリート製のブロックから成る。   In Example 2 of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 8, FIG. 11, and FIG. 12, in addition to the first and second pillow foundations 2A and 2B, the space between the first and second pillow foundations 2A and 2B is used. A plurality of connecting members 17 are provided for cross-linking, that is, for cross-linking the unit pillow materials 1. The connecting member 17 is also made of a prismatic PC concrete block produced in the factory in advance like the unit pillow member 1.
上記接続材17は、図9に示すように、長手方向の端部の一方に上面側において段落ちする薄肉継手18Aを形成し、該段落ちにより定規面19Aを形成すると共に、同他方に下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手18Bを形成し、段落ち面で定規面19Bを形成する。   As shown in FIG. 9, the connecting member 17 forms a thin joint 18 </ b> A that steps down on the upper surface side at one end in the longitudinal direction, forms a ruler surface 19 </ b> A by the stepping, and a bottom surface on the other side. A thin joint 18 </ b> B that drops on the side is formed, and a ruler surface 19 </ b> B is formed on the stepped surface.
又図10aに示すように、上記上面側において段落ちする薄肉継手18Aの上面に上記単位枕材1の位置決め孔12に対応する位置決めピン10を立設する。加えて同薄肉継手18Aの上面の上記位置決めピン10の近傍、好ましくは該位置決めピン10の前後に等距離に有底のボルト受け孔11を形成する。   Further, as shown in FIG. 10 a, the positioning pins 10 corresponding to the positioning holes 12 of the unit pillow material 1 are erected on the upper surface of the thin joint 18 </ b> A that drops on the upper surface side. In addition, a bottomed bolt receiving hole 11 is formed at an equal distance in the vicinity of the positioning pin 10 on the upper surface of the thin joint 18A, preferably in front of and behind the positioning pin 10.
他方図10bに示すように、上記下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手18Bの下面に上記単位枕材1の位置決めピン10に対応する位置決め孔12を形成すると共に、該位置決め孔12の近傍、好ましくは該位置決め孔12の前後に等距離に同薄肉継手18Bの上面と下面間を貫通するボルト挿通孔13を形成する。   On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 10b, a positioning hole 12 corresponding to the positioning pin 10 of the unit pillow material 1 is formed on the lower surface of the thin joint 18B stepped down on the lower surface side, and in the vicinity of the positioning hole 12, preferably Bolt insertion holes 13 penetrating between the upper surface and the lower surface of the thin joint 18B are formed at equal distances before and after the positioning hole 12.
本実施例にあっては、第一枕基礎2Aを形成する各単位枕材1(1A又は1B)の薄肉継手9A端面を突き合わせ、該突き合わせた薄肉継手9Aの上面に上記接続材17端部の下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手18Bを相の手に重ね上記ボルト3にて上記単位枕材1と共締めする。   In this embodiment, the end face of the thin joint 9A of each unit pillow material 1 (1A or 1B) forming the first pillow base 2A is butted, and the end of the connecting member 17 is placed on the top face of the joined thin joint 9A. The thin joint 18 </ b> B that drops off on the lower surface side is overlaid on the hands of the phases, and the unit pillow material 1 is fastened together with the bolt 3.
同様に第二枕基礎2Bを形成する各単位枕材1(1A又は1C)の薄肉継手9B端面を突き合わせ、該突き合わせた薄肉継手9Bの下面に上記接続材17端部の上面側において段落ちする薄肉継手18Aを相の手に重ね上記ボルト3にて上記単位枕材1と共締めする。よって上記接続材17の各端部は夫々二本の単位枕材1と連結される。   Similarly, the end face of the thin joint 9B of each unit pillow material 1 (1A or 1C) forming the second pillow foundation 2B is abutted, and is stepped down on the upper face side of the end of the connecting material 17 to the lower face of the thin joint 9B. The thin joint 18 </ b> A is overlapped on the phase hand and fastened together with the unit pillow 1 with the bolt 3. Accordingly, each end portion of the connecting material 17 is connected to the two unit pillow materials 1.
本実施例に係る第一枕基礎2A及び第二枕基礎2Bの形成について、図11,図12に基づき、以下詳述する。尚本実施例にあっても上記実施例1と同様に単位枕材1の置き敷きや接続材17の置き敷きは地面に直に置き敷きする場合、栗石や砕石等を介して置き敷きする場合の双方を包含する。   The formation of the first pillow foundation 2A and the second pillow foundation 2B according to the present embodiment will be described in detail below with reference to FIGS. Even in this embodiment, as in the first embodiment, the unit pillow 1 and the connecting material 17 are placed directly on the ground, or placed via chestnut or crushed stone. Including both.
本実施例にあっては、まず、第一枕基礎2Aを形成する複数の単位枕材1を地面に直線状に置き敷きする。即ち図11に示す例の場合には、図3で示す複数の単位枕材1Bを該単位枕材1B端部の上面側において段落ちする薄肉継手9A端面を突き合わせつつ直線状に置き敷きする。   In the present embodiment, first, a plurality of unit pillow materials 1 forming the first pillow foundation 2A are laid in a straight line on the ground. That is, in the case of the example shown in FIG. 11, the plurality of unit pillow materials 1B shown in FIG. 3 are laid in a straight line while abutting the end face of the thin joint 9A stepped down on the upper surface side of the end portion of the unit pillow material 1B.
同様に図12に示す例の場合には、図2で示す単位枕材1A又は図3で示す単位枕材1B端部の上面側において段落ちする薄肉継手9A端面を突き合わせつつ直線状に置き敷きする。   Similarly, in the case of the example shown in FIG. 12, the unit pillow material 1A shown in FIG. 2 or the end of the unit pillow material 1B shown in FIG. To do.
次いで、図11,図12に示すように、上記第一,第二枕基礎2A,2Bの長手方向に沿い間隔を置いて上記接続材17を地面に置き敷きする。即ち上記突き合わせた薄肉継手9Aの上面に夫々上記接続材17の薄肉継手18Bを相の手に重ねつつ同接続材17を置き敷きする。   Next, as shown in FIGS. 11 and 12, the connecting member 17 is laid on the ground at intervals along the longitudinal direction of the first and second pillow foundations 2A and 2B. That is, the connecting member 17 is placed on the upper surface of the butted thin joint 9A while the thin joint 18B of the connecting member 17 is stacked on the hands of the phases.
そして最後に、第二枕基礎2Bを形成する複数の単位枕材1を地面に直線状に置き敷きする。即ち図11に示す例の場合には、図4で示す単位枕材1Cを該単位枕材1C端部の下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手9B端面を突き合わせつつ直線状に置き敷きし、該突き合わせた薄肉継手9Bの下面に上記接続材17の薄肉継手18Aを相の手に重ねる。   Finally, a plurality of unit pillow materials 1 forming the second pillow foundation 2B are placed on the ground in a straight line. That is, in the case of the example shown in FIG. 11, the unit pillow material 1C shown in FIG. 4 is placed in a straight line while abutting the end face of the thin joint 9B that drops off on the lower surface side of the end of the unit pillow material 1C. The thin joint 18A of the connecting member 17 is placed on the lower surface of the thin joint 9B.
同様に図12に示す例の場合には、図2で示す単位枕材1A又は図4で示す単位枕材1C端部の下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手9B端面を突き合わせつつ直線状に置き敷きし、該突き合わせた薄肉継手9Bの下面に上記接続材17の薄肉継手18Aを相の手に重ねる。   Similarly, in the case of the example shown in FIG. 12, the unit pillow material 1 </ b> A shown in FIG. 2 or the end portion of the thin pillow joint 9 </ b> B falling on the lower surface side of the end of the unit pillow material 1 </ b> C shown in FIG. Then, the thin joint 18A of the connecting member 17 is placed on the lower surface of the butted thin joint 9B.
従って、本実施例にあっては、第一枕基礎2Aを形成する各単位枕材1(1A又は1B)の突き合わせた薄肉継手9A上に接続材17の薄肉継手18Bを載置し、更に同接続材17の薄肉継手18A上に第二枕基礎2Bを形成する各単位枕材1(1A又は1C)の突き合わせた薄肉継手9Bを載置していけば、第一,第二枕基礎2A,2Bを形成する各単位枕材1及び接続材17を容易にレベル調整を図りつつ地面に置き敷きすることができる。   Therefore, in the present embodiment, the thin joint 18B of the connecting member 17 is placed on the thin joint 9A of the unit pillow materials 1 (1A or 1B) that form the first pillow foundation 2A, and the same. If the thin joint 9B where each unit pillow material 1 (1A or 1C) that forms the second pillow foundation 2B is placed on the thin joint 18A of the connecting member 17 is placed, the first and second pillow foundations 2A, Each unit pillow material 1 and the connecting material 17 forming 2B can be placed on the ground while easily adjusting the level.
そのため、各枕基礎2A,2B及び接続材17を上面側及び下面側において面一にすると共に、同各枕基礎2A,2B及び接続材17の下面は全面が確実に接地し、該各枕基礎2A,2Bを形成する単位枕材1に立設する上記支柱5を介して上記太陽電池パネル4を安定して支持することができる。   Therefore, the pillow foundations 2A and 2B and the connecting material 17 are flush with each other on the upper surface side and the lower surface side, and the lower surfaces of the pillow foundations 2A and 2B and the connecting material 17 are surely grounded. The solar cell panel 4 can be stably supported through the support column 5 standing on the unit pillow material 1 forming 2A and 2B.
そして、図13aに示すように、上記のように相の手に重ねた単位枕材1(1A又は1B)の薄肉継手9Aと、接続材17の薄肉継手18Bをボルト受け孔11及びボルト挿通孔13を使用してボルト3にて共締めし、図13bに示すように、上記のように相の手に重ねた単位枕材1(1A又は1C)の薄肉継手9Bと、接続材17の薄肉継手18Bをボルト受け孔11及びボルト挿通孔13を使用してボルト3にて共締めすれば、簡易且つ短期に第一,第二枕基礎2A,2Bと同第一,第二枕基礎2A,2B間を架橋接続する接続材17を設置することができる。   Then, as shown in FIG. 13a, the thin joint 9A of the unit pillow 1 (1A or 1B) and the thin joint 18B of the connecting member 17 stacked on the hands of the phases as described above are connected to the bolt receiving hole 11 and the bolt insertion hole. 13 is fastened with bolts 3 and, as shown in FIG. 13b, the thin joint 9B of the unit pillow 1 (1A or 1C) stacked on the hands of the phases as described above, and the thin wall of the connecting member 17 If the joint 18B is tightened together with the bolt 3 using the bolt receiving hole 11 and the bolt insertion hole 13, the first and second pillow foundations 2A, 2A, A connecting material 17 for bridging the 2B can be installed.
この際には、図13aに示すように、上記第一枕基礎2Aを形成する単位枕材1(1A又は1B)の突き合わせた薄肉継手9A上面の各位置決めピン10と、上記接続材17の薄肉継手18B下面の各位置決め孔12が滑合して隣接する各単位枕材1(1A又は1B)及び接続材17の連結位置を設定すると共に、上記薄肉継手9Aのボルト受け孔11と上記薄肉継手18Bのボルト挿通孔13を芯出しして上記ボルト3により締結することができる。加えて上記各薄肉継手9Aの側面に上記接続材17の定規面19Bが当接し、上記連結位置設定とボルト受け孔11及びボルト挿通孔13の芯出しを効果的に行うことができる。   At this time, as shown in FIG. 13 a, the positioning pins 10 on the upper surface of the thin joint 9 </ b> A of the unit pillow material 1 (1 </ b> A or 1 </ b> B) forming the first pillow base 2 </ b> A and the thin wall of the connecting member 17 are used. The positioning holes 12 on the lower surface of the joint 18B slide together to set the connecting positions of the adjacent unit pillows 1 (1A or 1B) and the connecting material 17, and the bolt receiving hole 11 of the thin joint 9A and the thin joint The 18B bolt insertion hole 13 can be centered and fastened by the bolt 3. In addition, the ruler surface 19B of the connecting member 17 abuts the side surface of each thin joint 9A, and the connection position setting and the centering of the bolt receiving hole 11 and the bolt insertion hole 13 can be effectively performed.
同様に、図13bに示すように、上記第二枕基礎2Bを形成する単位枕材1(1A又は1C)の突き合わせた薄肉継手9B下面の各位置決め孔12と、上記接続材17の薄肉継手18B上面の各位置決めピン10が滑合して隣接する各単位枕材1(1A又は1C)及び接続材17の連結位置を設定すると共に、上記薄肉継手9Bのボルト挿通孔13と上記薄肉継手18Aのボルト受け孔11を芯出しして上記ボルト3により締結することができる。加えて上記各薄肉継手9Bの側面に上記接続材17の定規面19Aが当接し、上記連結位置設定とボルト受け孔11及びボルト挿通孔13の芯出しを効果的に行うことができる。   Similarly, as shown in FIG. 13 b, each positioning hole 12 on the bottom surface of the thin joint 9 </ b> B of the unit pillow member 1 (1 </ b> A or 1 </ b> C) that forms the second pillow foundation 2 </ b> B, and the thin joint 18 </ b> B of the connecting member 17. The positioning pins 10 on the upper surface slide together to set the connecting positions of the adjacent unit pillow materials 1 (1A or 1C) and the connecting material 17, and the bolt insertion holes 13 of the thin joint 9B and the thin joint 18A. The bolt receiving hole 11 can be centered and fastened with the bolt 3. In addition, the ruler surface 19A of the connecting member 17 abuts the side surface of each thin joint 9B, and the connection position setting and the centering of the bolt receiving hole 11 and the bolt insertion hole 13 can be effectively performed.
従って、本実施例にあっては、上記第一枕基礎2Aと上記第二枕基礎2Bを間隔を置いて並行に形成すると共に、該第一,第二枕基礎2A,2B間を上記接続材17で架橋接続し、該第一,第二枕基礎2A,2Bを形成する各単位枕材1と上記接続材17を共締めして強固且つ安定した基礎を形成することができる。   Therefore, in the present embodiment, the first pillow foundation 2A and the second pillow foundation 2B are formed in parallel with an interval therebetween, and the connecting material is provided between the first and second pillow foundations 2A and 2B. 17, the unit pillow material 1 forming the first and second pillow foundations 2A and 2B and the connecting material 17 can be fastened together to form a strong and stable foundation.
又上記第一枕基礎2Aを形成する単位枕材1に支柱立設孔14を使用して支柱5(低背支柱5A)をボルト締めして立設すると共に、上記第二枕基礎2Bを形成する単位枕材1に支柱立設孔14を使用して支柱5(高背支柱5B)を立設することができ、これにより、簡易且つ安価な工事費で上記太陽電池パネル4の設置構造を施工できる。   The unit pillow material 1 forming the first pillow foundation 2A is erected by bolting the pillar 5 (low-back pillar 5A) using the pillar standing hole 14 and forming the second pillow foundation 2B. It is possible to erect the column 5 (high profile column 5B) using the column erecting hole 14 in the unit pillow material 1 to be constructed, and thereby, the installation structure of the solar cell panel 4 can be achieved with a simple and inexpensive construction cost. Can be constructed.
尚本実施例にあっては、第一枕基礎2Aを単位枕材1A又は単位枕材1B、即ち端部上面側で段落ちする薄肉継手9Aを有する単位枕材1で形成し、第二枕基礎2Bを単位枕材1A又は単位枕材1C、即ち端部下面側で段落ちする薄肉継手9Bを有する単位枕材1で形成した例を示したが、上記とは逆に第一枕基礎2Aを単位枕材1A又は単位枕材1Cで形成し、第二枕基礎2Bを単位枕材1A又は単位枕材1Bで形成する場合を包含する。当該場合は置き敷き順や接続材17の向きは上記説明と逆になることは言うまでもない。   In this embodiment, the first pillow base 2A is formed of the unit pillow material 1A or the unit pillow material 1B, that is, the unit pillow material 1 having the thin joint 9A stepped down on the upper surface side of the end portion, and the second pillow Although the example which formed the foundation 2B with the unit pillow material 1A or the unit pillow material 1C, ie, the unit pillow material 1B which has the thin joint 9B stepped down by the edge part lower surface side was shown, contrary to the above, the 1st pillow foundation 2A Is formed with the unit pillow material 1A or the unit pillow material 1C, and the second pillow foundation 2B is formed with the unit pillow material 1A or the unit pillow material 1B. In this case, it goes without saying that the laying order and the direction of the connecting material 17 are opposite to those described above.
又本実施例の図12に示す例にあっては、第一,第二枕基礎2A,2Bを形成する単位枕材1Aの数により接続材17の架橋接続間隔を容易に変えることができ、風圧対策や地震対策として必要な基礎重量の確保をより確実に達成できる。   Moreover, in the example shown in FIG. 12 of the present embodiment, the cross-linking connection interval of the connecting material 17 can be easily changed depending on the number of unit pillow materials 1A forming the first and second pillow foundations 2A, 2B. The foundation weight necessary for wind pressure countermeasures and earthquake countermeasures can be secured more reliably.
以上のように、本発明に係る太陽電池パネルの設置構造は単位枕材1(1A,1B,1C)又は/及び接続材17を地面に置き敷きし、夫々をボルト連結することで簡易且つ安価な工事費で風圧対策、地震対策に必要な基礎重量と必要長を確保できる。   As described above, the installation structure of the solar cell panel according to the present invention is simple and inexpensive by placing the unit pillow material 1 (1A, 1B, 1C) or / and the connecting material 17 on the ground and connecting them with bolts. The foundation weight and length required for wind pressure countermeasures and earthquake countermeasures can be secured with a large construction cost.
又基礎の直線出しと平面出しのレベル調整が容易に行え、安定且つ確実に太陽電池パネル4を支持することができる。   Further, the level adjustment for straightening and flattening the foundation can be easily performed, and the solar cell panel 4 can be supported stably and reliably.
又本発明にあっては、上記第一,第二枕基礎2A,2Bを形成する単位枕材1にアンカーピンを打ち込み、更なる安定設置を図ることを排除しない。又上記第一枕基礎2Aと上記第二枕基礎2Bの並行間隔に露出する地面は原則としてそのままにするが、必要に応じて熱吸収シート又は熱吸収パネル等を敷設し、太陽電池パネル4直下に熱がこもることを防止してもよい。   Moreover, in this invention, it does not exclude that an anchor pin is driven in the unit pillow material 1 which forms the said 1st, 2nd pillow foundation 2A, 2B, and the further stable installation is aimed at. The ground exposed at the parallel interval between the first pillow foundation 2A and the second pillow foundation 2B is basically left as it is. However, if necessary, a heat absorbing sheet or a heat absorbing panel is laid, and the solar cell panel 4 is directly underneath. It is possible to prevent heat from being trapped.
又上記した単位枕材1A,1B,1C及び接続材17は何れも随時補強筋を埋設し増強することができる。   The unit pillow materials 1A, 1B, 1C and the connecting material 17 described above can be reinforced by embedding reinforcing bars at any time.
尚上記した各実施例においては、単位枕材1(1A又は1B)端部の上面側において段落ちする薄肉継手9A、又は接続材17端部の上面側において段落ちする薄肉継手18Aの上面に位置決めピン10を設け、単位枕材1(1A又は1C)端部の下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手9B、又は接続材17端部の下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手18Bの下面に位置決め孔12を形成した例を示したが、本発明はこれに限られるものではなく、上記薄肉継手9A,18Aに位置決め孔12を形成し、上記薄肉継手9B,18Bに位置決めピン10を設けることも実施に応じ任意である。   In each of the above-described embodiments, on the upper surface of the thin joint 9A stepped down on the upper surface side of the end of the unit pillow material 1 (1A or 1B) or on the upper surface of the thin joint 18A stepped down on the upper surface side of the end of the connecting material 17 A positioning pin 10 is provided, and a positioning hole 12 is formed on the lower surface of the thin joint 9B stepped down on the lower surface side of the end portion of the unit pillow 1 (1A or 1C) or the thin joint 18B stepped down on the lower surface side of the end portion of the connecting material 17. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and positioning holes 12 may be formed in the thin joints 9A and 18A, and positioning pins 10 may be provided in the thin joints 9B and 18B. It is optional.
1,1A,1B,1C…単位枕材、2A…第一枕基礎、2B…第二枕基礎、3…ボルト、4…太陽電池パネル、5…支柱、5A…低背支柱、5B…高背支柱、5a…座板、6…縦骨、7…横骨、8…架台、9A…単位枕材端部の上面側において段落ちする薄肉継手、9B…単位枕材端部の下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手、10…位置決めピン、11…ボルト受け孔、12…位置決め孔、13…ボルト挿通孔、14…支柱立設孔、15…吊り掛け具、16A,16B…単位枕材の定規面、17…接続材、18A…接続材端部の上面側において段落ちする薄肉継手、18B…接続材端部の下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手、19A,19B…接続材の定規面。 1, 1A, 1B, 1C ... Unit pillow material, 2A ... First pillow foundation, 2B ... Second pillow foundation, 3 ... Bolt, 4 ... Solar panel, 5 ... Column, 5A ... Low profile column, 5B ... High profile Column, 5a ... Seat plate, 6 ... Vertical bone, 7 ... Horizontal bone, 8 ... Mount, 9A ... Thin joint that falls on the upper surface side of the end of the unit pillow material, 9B ... Step on the lower surface side of the end of the unit pillow material Falling thin joint, 10 ... positioning pin, 11 ... bolt receiving hole, 12 ... positioning hole, 13 ... bolt insertion hole, 14 ... post standing hole, 15 ... hanging tool, 16A, 16B ... ruler surface of unit pillow material , 17 ... connecting material, 18A ... thin-walled joint stepped down on the upper surface side of the connecting material end, 18B ... thin-walled joint stepped down on the lower surface side of the connecting material end, 19A, 19B ... ruler surface of the connecting material.

Claims (5)

  1. コンクリート製の角柱状ブロックから成る複数の単位枕材を直線状に地面に置き敷きし、該単位枕材相互をボルトにより連結して第一枕基礎を形成し、該第一枕基礎と間隔を置いてコンクリート製の角柱状ブロックから成る複数の単位枕材を直線状に地面に置き敷きし、該単位枕材相互をボルトにより連結して上記第一枕基礎と並行する第二枕基礎を形成し、該第一,第二枕基礎を形成する単位枕材に太陽電池パネルを支える支柱を立設したことを特徴とする太陽電池パネルの設置構造。   A plurality of unit pillows made of concrete prismatic blocks are placed on the ground in a straight line, and the unit pillows are connected to each other with bolts to form a first pillow foundation, and the first pillow foundation is spaced apart from each other. Place a plurality of unit pillows made of concrete prismatic blocks on the ground in a straight line, and connect the unit pillows with bolts to form a second pillow foundation parallel to the first pillow foundation. And the installation structure of the solar cell panel characterized by having installed the support | pillar which supports a solar cell panel upright in the unit pillow material which forms this 1st, 2nd pillow foundation.
  2. 上記各単位枕材の端部に同単位枕材の上面側又は下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手を形成し、上記各単位枕材の薄肉継手を相の手に重ね上記ボルトにて連結したことを特徴とする請求項1記載の太陽電池パネルの設置構造。   Formed a thin joint at the top or bottom surface of the unit pillow material at the end of each unit pillow material, and stacked the thin joints of each unit pillow material on the hands of the phases and connected with the bolts. The installation structure of the solar cell panel according to claim 1.
  3. 上記相の手に重ねた一方の薄肉継手に位置決めピンを設け、該位置決めピンを他方の薄肉継手に設けた位置決め孔に滑合し、上記単位枕材相互の上記ボルトによる連結位置を設定する構成としたことを特徴とする請求項2記載の太陽電池パネルの設置構造。   A configuration in which a positioning pin is provided on one thin joint overlapped with the hand of the phase, the positioning pin is slid into a positioning hole provided in the other thin joint, and a connecting position of the unit pillow materials by the bolt is set. The installation structure of the solar cell panel according to claim 2, wherein
  4. 上記第一,第二枕基礎間を架橋接続するコンクリート製の角柱状ブロックから成る複数の接続材を備え、該各接続材の両端を上記単位枕材相互を連結するボルトにて該各単位枕材と共締めしたことを特徴とする請求項1記載の太陽電池パネルの設置構造。   Each unit pillow includes a plurality of connecting members made of a prismatic block made of concrete that bridge-connects the first and second pillow foundations, and bolts that connect the unit pillow members to each other at both ends of the connecting members. The solar cell panel installation structure according to claim 1, wherein the solar cell panel installation structure is fastened together with the material.
  5. 上記各単位枕材の端部に同単位枕材の上面側又は下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手を形成すると共に、上記接続材の端部に同接続材の上面側又は下面側において段落ちする薄肉継手を形成し、上記各単位枕材の薄肉継手の端面を突き合わせ、該突き合わせた薄肉継手の上面又は下面に上記接続材の薄肉継手を相の手に重ね上記ボルトにて上記単位枕材と共締めしたことを特徴とする請求項4記載の太陽電池パネルの設置構造。   A thin-walled joint is formed at the end of each unit pillow material so as to be stepped down on the upper surface side or the lower surface side of the unit pillow material, and is stepped down on the upper surface side or lower surface side of the connection material. A thin joint is formed, the end faces of the thin joints of each unit pillow material are butted together, and the thin joint of the connecting material is overlapped on the upper or lower surface of the butted thin joint with the phase hand and the unit pillow material with the bolt The solar cell panel installation structure according to claim 4, wherein the solar cell panel installation structure is fastened together.
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