JP2011212821A - Abrasive spraying machining device - Google Patents

Abrasive spraying machining device Download PDF

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JP2011212821A
JP2011212821A JP2010085188A JP2010085188A JP2011212821A JP 2011212821 A JP2011212821 A JP 2011212821A JP 2010085188 A JP2010085188 A JP 2010085188A JP 2010085188 A JP2010085188 A JP 2010085188A JP 2011212821 A JP2011212821 A JP 2011212821A
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bottle
abrasive
spraying
inverted
partition
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JP5427090B2 (en
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Yasutaka Shibata
康孝 柴田
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Ishizuka Glass Co Ltd
石塚硝子株式会社
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an abrasive spraying machining device for improving efficiency of a sandblast process by continuously executing loading/unloading of bottles, and processes of spraying of the abrasive and blowing-off of the abrasive in the sandblast process to the glass bottle face.SOLUTION: The abrasive spraying machining device includes: a turn table 101 that is disposed adjacent to a conveyor 5 conveying the bottle body w, in which inverted bottle retaining parts 200 for detachably retaining a plurality of the bottle bodies in an inverted state are respectively formed at each of partitioning parts 110, 120, 130 formed by dividing the center angle into three, and that intermittently and sequentially rotates and moves the inverted bottle retaining parts 200; a loading/unloading part 140 provided with a loading machine for grabbing the bottle body in an erecting state on the conveyor, and inverting it to deliver into each inverted bottle retaining part at each partitioning part, and an unloading machine for grabbing the inverted bottle body at each partitioning part prior to operation of the loading machine, and inverting it to deliver onto the conveyor; an abrasive spraying part 150 that sprays the abrasive to the bottle body face; and an air spraying part 160 that sprays blow air to the bottle body face to which the abrasive is sprayed.

Description

本発明は研磨材吹付加工装置に関し、特にサンドブラスト法によりガラスびん表面に艶消し加工を施すフロスト処理の装置に関する。   The present invention relates to an abrasive spraying apparatus, and more particularly, to a frosting apparatus for matting a glass bottle surface by a sandblasting method.
ガラスびん等のガラス製品表面にくもり状の艶消し面を形成することにより、装飾性を高めた美麗に仕上げる加工は一般的である。この加工方法としては、フッ化水素酸等を用いガラス製品表面を腐食するケミカルフロスト法(ケミカルフロスト加工)と、アルミナ等の高硬度の研磨材をガラス製品表面に吹き付けるサンドブラスト法(サンドブラスト処理)の2種類が代表的である。   It is common to produce a beautiful finish with enhanced decorativeness by forming a cloudy matte surface on the surface of a glass product such as a glass bottle. This processing method includes a chemical frost method (chemical frost processing) that corrodes the surface of a glass product using hydrofluoric acid or the like, and a sand blast method (sand blast treatment) in which a high-hardness abrasive such as alumina is sprayed on the surface of the glass product. Two types are typical.
ケミカルフロスト法は高腐食性のフッ化水素酸を使用することから、作業従事者の安全管理や廃液処理等の問題が重視され、個々の対策に負担を要する。そのため、近年ではガラス製品に対するフロスト加工に際し、劇物を使用しないサンドブラスト法が主流である(例えば、特許文献1、2,3,4,5,6等参照)。   Since the chemical frost method uses highly corrosive hydrofluoric acid, problems such as safety management and waste liquid treatment of workers are regarded as important, and burden is required for each countermeasure. Therefore, in recent years, sandblasting methods that do not use deleterious substances have been the mainstream when frosting glass products (see, for example, Patent Documents 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6).
このサンドブラスト法では、例えばガラス製品を所定の台座に固定し、ガラス製品表面に研磨材を吹き付け、その後余分な研磨材の除去、洗浄の各工程を経て完結する(特許文献7等参照)。従来のサンドブラスト法では少量規模による加工に終始していた。その分、加工の自動化は完全ではなく、人手に頼る部分も多い。   In this sandblasting method, for example, a glass product is fixed to a predetermined pedestal, an abrasive is sprayed on the surface of the glass product, and then the excess abrasive is removed and washed, and the process is completed (see Patent Document 7, etc.). In the conventional sandblasting method, processing was always performed on a small scale. For that reason, the automation of processing is not perfect, and there are many parts that rely on human hands.
このため、サンドブラスト法によるフロスト処理の加工においては、単位時間当たりの処理数の増加が容易ではなかった。特にガラスびん等の需要が多いガラス製品についてサンドブラスト法によるフロスト処理を行う場合、生産性の向上が問題である。   For this reason, in the processing of the frost treatment by the sandblast method, it is not easy to increase the number of treatments per unit time. In particular, when glass products with high demand such as glass bottles are subjected to a frost treatment by the sandblast method, improvement of productivity is a problem.
そこで、需要の多いガラスびんに対しサンドブラスト法によるフロスト処理を施すに際し、一連のサンドブラストの関する処理を連続的に行うことができ、処理能力を向上した装置が望まれるに至った。   Thus, when a glass bottle having a high demand is subjected to a frosting process by the sandblasting method, a series of sandblasting processes can be continuously performed, and an apparatus having an improved processing capability has been desired.
特開2001−62727号公報JP 2001-62727 A 特開2001−80940号公報JP 2001-80940 A 特開2002−80233号公報JP 2002-80233 A 特開2002−187739号公報JP 2002-187739 A 特開2002−226233号公報JP 2002-226233 A 特開2002−316840号公報JP 2002-316840 A 特開2001−225264号公報JP 2001-225264 A
本発明は、ガラスびん表面に対するサンドブラスト処理において、びんの搬入及び搬出、研磨材の吹き付けとその吹き飛ばしの工程を連続して行うことにより、サンドブラスト処理の効率を高めた研磨材吹付加工装置を提供する。   The present invention provides a polishing material spraying processing device that improves the efficiency of sandblasting processing by continuously carrying in and out the bottle, spraying the abrasive material, and blowing off the abrasive material in the sandblasting treatment for the glass bottle surface. .
すなわち、請求項1の発明は、びん体の表面にフロスト加工する研磨材吹付加工装置において、びん体を正立状態で移送するコンベアと、前記コンベアに隣接して配置され、中心角を3分割した第1区画部、第2区画部及び第3区画部に区画され、前記各区画部には複数のびん体を着脱自在に倒立保持するびん倒立保持部がそれぞれ形成されているとともに、前記各区画部を順に間欠回転移動するターンテーブルと、前記ターンテーブルの間欠回転移動に対応する位置に配置されていて、前記コンベアに接し該コンベア上の正立状態のびん体を掴持して倒立状態に反転して前記各区画部のびん倒立保持部に送り込む搬入機と、前記搬入機の作動に先立って前記各区画部のびん倒立保持部の倒立状態のびん体を掴持して正立状態に反転して前記コンベア上に送り出す搬出機とを備えた搬入搬出部と、前記搬入搬出部で倒立保持されたびん体表面に対して研磨材を吹き付ける研磨材吹付部と、前記研磨材吹付部で研磨材が吹き付けられたびん体表面に対してブローエアを吹き付けるエア吹付部とを有することを特徴とする研磨材吹付加工装置に係る。   That is, the invention of claim 1 is an abrasive spraying apparatus for frosting the surface of a bottle body, and is disposed adjacent to the conveyor for transferring the bottle body in an upright state, and the central angle is divided into three. The bottles are divided into a first partition part, a second partition part, and a third partition part, and each partition part is formed with a bottle inverted holding part that reversibly holds a plurality of bottle bodies. A turntable that intermittently rotates the partition section in order, and is disposed at a position corresponding to the intermittent rotation movement of the turntable, and is in an inverted state by touching the conveyor and holding the bottle body in an upright state on the conveyor A carry-in machine that is reversed and sent to the bottle inverted holding part of each partition part, and before the operation of the carry-in machine, the bottle body in the inverted state of the bottle inverted holding part of each partition part is gripped and is in an upright state To the above A carry-in / out unit equipped with a carry-out device for feeding onto the bearer, an abrasive spraying unit for spraying abrasive on the surface of the bottle held upside down by the carry-in / out unit, and an abrasive sprayed by the abrasive spraying unit The present invention relates to an abrasive spraying apparatus characterized by having an air spraying part for spraying blown air to the surface of the bottle.
請求項2の発明は、前記ターンテーブルの前記各区画部が保護壁部により仕切られている請求項1に記載の研磨材吹付加工装置に係る。   A second aspect of the present invention relates to the abrasive spraying apparatus according to the first aspect, wherein each partition portion of the turntable is partitioned by a protective wall portion.
請求項3の発明は、前記保護壁部に保護板部が備えられる請求項2に記載の研磨材吹付加工装置に係る。   A third aspect of the present invention relates to the abrasive spraying apparatus according to the second aspect, wherein a protective plate portion is provided on the protective wall portion.
請求項1の発明に係る研磨材吹付加工装置によると、びん体の表面にフロスト加工する研磨材吹付加工装置において、びん体を正立状態で移送するコンベアと、前記コンベアに隣接して配置され、中心角を3分割した第1区画部、第2区画部及び第3区画部に区画され、前記各区画部には複数のびん体を着脱自在に倒立保持するびん倒立保持部がそれぞれ形成されているとともに、前記各区画部を順に間欠回転移動するターンテーブルと、前記ターンテーブルの間欠回転移動に対応する位置に配置されていて、前記コンベアに接し該コンベア上の正立状態のびん体を掴持して倒立状態に反転して前記各区画部のびん倒立保持部に送り込む搬入機と、前記搬入機の作動に先立って前記各区画部のびん倒立保持部の倒立状態のびん体を掴持して正立状態に反転して前記コンベア上に送り出す搬出機とを備えた搬入搬出部と、前記搬入搬出部で倒立保持されたびん体表面に対して研磨材を吹き付ける研磨材吹付部と、前記研磨材吹付部で研磨材が吹き付けられたびん体表面に対してブローエアを吹き付けるエア吹付部とを有するため、びん体の搬入及び搬出、研磨材の吹き付けとその吹き飛ばしの工程を連続して行うことが可能となり、サンドブラスト処理の効率を高めることができる。   According to the abrasive spraying apparatus according to the invention of claim 1, in the abrasive spraying apparatus for frosting the surface of the bottle body, the conveyor is disposed adjacent to the conveyor for transferring the bottle body in an upright state. The first and second partition portions, each having a central angle divided into three, are divided into a third partition portion, and each of the partition portions is formed with a bottle inverted holding portion for detachably holding a plurality of bottle bodies. And a turntable that rotates intermittently in turn in each partition section, and is arranged at a position corresponding to the intermittent rotational movement of the turntable, and the bottle body in an upright state on the conveyor is in contact with the conveyor A carry-in machine that holds and inverts the bottle and feeds it to the bottle inverted holding part of each compartment, and holds the inverted bottle body of the bottle inverted holding part of each compartment before the operation of the carry-in machine. Hold positive A carry-in / out unit provided with a carry-out machine that reverses the state and sends it onto the conveyor; an abrasive spraying unit that blows abrasive on the surface of the bottle that is inverted and held by the carry-in / out unit; and the abrasive spray Since it has an air blowing part that blows blow air against the bottle surface where abrasives are sprayed at the part, it is possible to carry out the process of carrying in and out the bottle body, spraying the abrasive and blowing it off continuously. , The efficiency of sandblasting can be increased.
請求項2の発明に係る研磨材吹付加工装置によると、前記ターンテーブルの前記各区画部が保護壁部により仕切られているため、研磨材吹付装置から吹き付けられる研磨材が他の区画部へ飛散することを防ぐことができる。   According to the abrasive spraying apparatus according to the second aspect of the present invention, since each partition portion of the turntable is partitioned by the protective wall portion, the abrasive sprayed from the abrasive spraying device is scattered to other partition portions. Can be prevented.
請求項3の発明に係る研磨材吹付加工装置によると、前記保護壁部に保護板部が備えられるため、研磨材による保護壁部自体の摩耗を防ぐことができる。   According to the abrasive spraying apparatus according to the invention of claim 3, since the protective wall portion is provided with the protective plate portion, it is possible to prevent the protective wall portion itself from being worn by the abrasive material.
フロスト加工装置の上面図である。It is a top view of a frost processing apparatus. 研磨材吹付装置の要部拡大図である。It is a principal part enlarged view of an abrasive spraying apparatus. 図1の搬入搬出部の拡大上面図である。It is an enlarged top view of the carrying in / out part of FIG. 搬入機または搬出機の概略斜視図である。It is a schematic perspective view of a carrying-in machine or a carrying-out machine. 搬入機または搬出機とターンテーブルの概略斜視図である。It is a schematic perspective view of a carrying-in machine or a carrying-out machine and a turntable. チャック部の上面図である。It is a top view of a chuck part. 研磨材吹付装置の概略側面図である。It is a schematic side view of an abrasive spraying apparatus.
図1の装置概観の上面図に示すフロスト加工装置1は、ガラス製のびん体の表面に対し、Al23(アランダム:Alundum)、SiC(カーボランダム:Carborundum)、または珪砂等の微粉末からなる研磨材を噴射してびん体表面を粗面化する。すなわち、サンドブラスト法によってびん体表面を艶消し調に形成するフロスト加工のための装置である。 The frost processing apparatus 1 shown in the top view of the apparatus overview of FIG. 1 is made of fine glass such as Al 2 O 3 (Alundum), SiC (Carborundum), or silica sand on the surface of a glass bottle body. Abrasive material made of powder is sprayed to roughen the bottle surface. That is, it is an apparatus for frosting that forms the surface of the bottle body in a matte manner by the sandblasting method.
フロスト加工装置1には、びん体w(ガラスびん)を正立状態(後記図4参照)で移送するコンベア5と、びん体wの表面にフロスト加工を施す研磨材吹付装置100と、サンドブラスト法によるフロスト加工を終えたびん体wの表面にブラシ研磨を行うブラシ研磨装置500が備えられる。図1の各装置の配置からわかるように、研磨材吹付装置100はコンベア5に隣接して配置される。研磨材吹付装置100はびん体wの搬入及び搬出が容易となる位置に設置される。図1中、符号10は搬入搬出機構、20は搬入機、30は搬出機、171は研磨材供給ダクト、172はエア供給ダクト、173は吸引ダクト、174は吸引装置である。   The frost processing apparatus 1 includes a conveyor 5 that transports a bottle body w (glass bottle) in an upright state (see FIG. 4 described later), an abrasive spraying apparatus 100 that performs frost processing on the surface of the bottle body w, and a sandblasting method. A brush polishing apparatus 500 for performing brush polishing on the surface of the case w after finishing the frosting process is provided. As can be seen from the arrangement of each apparatus in FIG. 1, the abrasive spraying apparatus 100 is arranged adjacent to the conveyor 5. The abrasive spraying device 100 is installed at a position where the bottle body w can be easily carried in and out. In FIG. 1, reference numeral 10 denotes a carry-in / out mechanism, 20 denotes a carry-in machine, 30 denotes a carry-out machine, 171 denotes an abrasive supply duct, 172 denotes an air supply duct, 173 denotes a suction duct, and 174 denotes a suction device.
図1に加えて図2上下の図示とおり、研磨材吹付装置100にはターンテーブル101が備えられる。ターンテーブル101は、その中心角で均等に3分割され、図示では時計回りに第1区画部110、第2区画部120、及び第3区画部130の順に区画される。各区画部110,120,130のそれぞれには、複数のびん体w(本実施例では7本としている。)を着脱自在に倒立保持するびん倒立保持部200が区画部ごとに形成されている。   In addition to FIG. 1, as shown in the upper and lower parts of FIG. 2, the abrasive spraying device 100 is provided with a turntable 101. The turntable 101 is equally divided into three at the central angle, and in the drawing, the turntable 101 is partitioned in the order of the first partition 110, the second partition 120, and the third partition 130 in the clockwise direction. In each of the partition sections 110, 120, and 130, a bottle inverted holding section 200 is formed for each partition section for detachably holding a plurality of bottle bodies w (seven in this embodiment). .
ターンテーブル101の第1区画部110では第1びん倒立保持部201、第2区画部120では第2びん倒立保持部202、第3区画部130では第3びん倒立保持部203である。ターンテーブル101は、2秒ないし5秒間の所定時間ごとに、1回、120°ずつ、間欠回転移動を繰り返す。よって、各区画部は順に次の位置に移動できる。実施例の間欠回転移動は時計回りである。ターンテーブル101が間欠回転移動して停止する位置に対応して、びん体の搬入搬出部140と、研磨材吹付部150と、エア吹付部160が配置される。   The first partition portion 110 of the turntable 101 is a first bottle inverted holding portion 201, the second partition portion 120 is a second bottle inverted holding portion 202, and the third partition portion 130 is a third bottle inverted holding portion 203. The turntable 101 repeats intermittent rotational movement once every predetermined time of 2 to 5 seconds by 120 °. Therefore, each partition part can move to the next position in order. The intermittent rotational movement of the embodiment is clockwise. Corresponding to the position where the turntable 101 is intermittently rotated and stopped, a bottle carrying in / out unit 140, an abrasive spray unit 150, and an air spray unit 160 are arranged.
図1に示すように、搬入搬出部140には、サンドブラスト処理を行う前のびん体wをコンベア5からターンテーブル101に運び入れる搬入機20(ローダー)と、サンドブラスト処理を行ったびん体wをターンテーブル101からコンベア5に運び出す搬出機30(アンローダー)を備えた搬入搬出機構10が配備される。   As shown in FIG. 1, the loading / unloading unit 140 includes a loading machine 20 (loader) that carries the bottle body w before the sandblasting process from the conveyor 5 to the turntable 101, and a bottle w that performs the sandblasting process. A carry-in / carry-out mechanism 10 equipped with a carry-out machine 30 (unloader) carried out from the turntable 101 to the conveyor 5 is provided.
搬入搬出機構10には、図3の上面図に概略を示すように、コンベア5の移送方向と並行に配置される並行レール11が備えられる。搬入搬出機構10を構成する搬入機20及び搬出機30のそれぞれに、並行レール11上をコンベア5の移送方向(X)と並行移動可能な並行移動部12が備えられる。双方の並行移動部12上に交差移動部13が備えられ、交差移動部13は並行移動部12上の交差レールを通じて並行レール11と直交方向(Y)に移動可能である。また、双方の交差移動部13には後記するチャックユニットを上下方向(Z)(図4等参照)させる昇降部14が備えられる。平行移動部12、交差移動部13、及び昇降部14の駆動並びに移動量の制御にはサーボモータ等が公知の制御モータとして備えられる。   As shown schematically in the top view of FIG. 3, the carry-in / carry-out mechanism 10 includes a parallel rail 11 arranged in parallel with the transfer direction of the conveyor 5. Each of the carry-in machine 20 and the carry-out machine 30 constituting the carry-in / carry-out mechanism 10 is provided with a parallel moving unit 12 that can move in parallel with the transfer direction (X) of the conveyor 5 on the parallel rail 11. A cross moving unit 13 is provided on both parallel moving units 12, and the cross moving unit 13 is movable in a direction (Y) orthogonal to the parallel rail 11 through the cross rail on the parallel moving unit 12. Further, both cross moving parts 13 are provided with an elevating part 14 for moving a chuck unit, which will be described later, up and down (Z) (see FIG. 4 and the like). A servo motor or the like is provided as a known control motor for driving the parallel moving unit 12, the cross moving unit 13, and the elevating unit 14 and controlling the moving amount.
搬入搬出機構10における搬入機20及び搬出機30の主要部構造について、図4ないし図6を用い説明する。なお、搬入機20と搬出機30は同様の部材から構成されるため、図示では一方の説明により他方を代用する。   The main structure of the carry-in machine 20 and the carry-out machine 30 in the carry-in / carry-out mechanism 10 will be described with reference to FIGS. In addition, since the carrying-in machine 20 and the carrying-out machine 30 are comprised from the same member, in the figure, the other is substituted by one description.
図4に示すように、搬入搬出機構10の一側である搬入機20の昇降部14の下方には支持アーム26を介してチャックユニット25が接続される。図示のチャックユニット25には7基のチャック部21が装着されている。図6はチャック部21の一例の拡大図である。ひとつのチャック部21には、枠部24と、びん体側面を対向する2方向から掴持する圧接部22,23が備えられる。圧接部22,23は枠部24内で進退することによりびん体の掴持、離脱が可能である。枠部24を省略して圧接部22,23のみからチャック部を構成することもできる。実施例の圧接部の可動方向は、コンベア5の移送方向と同方向である。移送方向と直交する向きとしても良い。搬出機30においては、チャック部31、チャックユニット35、支持アーム36として説明する。   As shown in FIG. 4, a chuck unit 25 is connected via a support arm 26 below the elevating unit 14 of the loading machine 20 that is one side of the loading / unloading mechanism 10. The chuck unit 25 shown in the figure is equipped with seven chuck portions 21. FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of an example of the chuck portion 21. One chuck portion 21 is provided with a frame portion 24 and press contact portions 22 and 23 for gripping the bottle body side surfaces from two opposite directions. The pressure contact portions 22 and 23 can be held and detached by moving back and forth within the frame portion 24. It is also possible to constitute the chuck portion only from the pressure contact portions 22 and 23 by omitting the frame portion 24. The movable direction of the press contact portion in the embodiment is the same as the transfer direction of the conveyor 5. It is good also as a direction orthogonal to a transfer direction. The unloader 30 will be described as a chuck portion 31, a chuck unit 35, and a support arm 36.
主に図4及び図5を用いながら、びん体wのターンテーブル101への送り込みの状況を説明する。実施例では、コンベア5の上流に適宜ホイール等の間隔調整装置(図示せず)が取り付けられ、びん体wはコンベア5上を列状に一定の間隔で移送される。   The situation of feeding the bottle body w to the turntable 101 will be described mainly with reference to FIGS. 4 and 5. In the embodiment, an interval adjusting device (not shown) such as a wheel is appropriately attached upstream of the conveyor 5, and the bottle bodies w are transferred in a row on the conveyor 5 at regular intervals.
複数本のびん体がコンベア5上の所定位置に到達したとき、いったんコンベア5の移送は停止される。コンベア5に接する搬入搬出機構10の搬入機20に備えられるチャックユニット25の各チャック部21は、コンベア5上のびん体wの直上に位置合わせされる。このとき、各チャック部21の圧接部22,23は開状態である。チャックユニット25はそのまま降下され、圧接部22,23の間にびん体wは収容され、びん体wは同圧接部により掴持される。   When a plurality of bottle bodies reach a predetermined position on the conveyor 5, the transfer of the conveyor 5 is once stopped. Each chuck portion 21 of the chuck unit 25 provided in the loading machine 20 of the loading / unloading mechanism 10 in contact with the conveyor 5 is aligned immediately above the bottle body w on the conveyor 5. At this time, the pressure contact portions 22 and 23 of each chuck portion 21 are in an open state. The chuck unit 25 is lowered as it is, the bottle body w is accommodated between the pressure contact portions 22 and 23, and the bottle body w is gripped by the pressure contact portion.
支持アーム26には適宜の回転モータ(図示せず)が備えられている。そこで、びん体wを掴持したチャック部21(チャックユニット25)は所定位置まで上昇した後、チャックユニット25は図4中の実線矢印の向き(Da)に半回転される。びん体は正立状態から倒立状態に反転される。   The support arm 26 is provided with an appropriate rotation motor (not shown). Therefore, after the chuck portion 21 (chuck unit 25) holding the bottle body w is raised to a predetermined position, the chuck unit 25 is rotated halfway in the direction of the solid line arrow (Da) in FIG. The bottle body is inverted from the upright state to the inverted state.
続いて図5に示すように、びん体を倒立状態にして掴持するチャック部21(チャックユニット25)は、研磨材吹付装置の開口部109に位置するターンテーブル101上の一の区画部、図示では第1区画部110における第1びん倒立保持部201(200)の直上に位置合わせされる。その後、チャック部21(チャックユニット25)は垂直に降下し、掴持されたびん体wはそれぞれ対応する位置のびん倒立保持部201に挿入され、びん体は同保持部にて倒立状態で保持される。こうしてびん体の送り込みは完了する。   Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 5, the chuck portion 21 (chuck unit 25) that holds the bottle body in an inverted state is one partition portion on the turntable 101 located at the opening 109 of the abrasive spraying device, In the drawing, the first partitioning unit 110 is positioned immediately above the first bottle inverted holding unit 201 (200). Thereafter, the chuck part 21 (chuck unit 25) is vertically lowered, and the gripped bottles w are inserted into the bottle inverted holding parts 201 at the corresponding positions, and the bottles are held in the inverted state by the holding parts. Is done. Thus, the feeding of the bottle body is completed.
びん体のびん倒立保持部への保持が完了した後、チャック部21の圧接部22,23による掴持は解除される。搬入機20のチャック部21(チャックユニット25)は上昇し、再び図4のコンベア5からびん体を持ち上げる位置に戻る。第2区画部120における第2びん倒立保持部202並びに第3区画部130における第3びん倒立保持部203へのびん体の送り込みも図示説明のとおり同様である。   After the holding of the bottle body to the bottle inverted holding portion is completed, the gripping by the press contact portions 22 and 23 of the chuck portion 21 is released. The chuck portion 21 (chuck unit 25) of the carry-in machine 20 moves up and returns to the position where the bottle body is lifted from the conveyor 5 in FIG. The feeding of the bottle body to the second bottle inverted holding part 202 in the second partition part 120 and the third bottle inverted holding part 203 in the third partition part 130 is the same as shown in the figure.
次に、ターンテーブル101におけるびん倒立保持部200からびん体をコンベア5に送り出す様子も説明する。図5に示すように、搬出機30に備えられるチャック部31(チャックユニット35)は、研磨材吹付装置の開口部109に位置するターンテーブル101上の一の区画部、図示では第1区画部110における第1びん倒立保持部201(200)の直上に位置合わせされる。   Next, how the bottle body is sent out from the bottle inverted holding unit 200 in the turntable 101 to the conveyor 5 will be described. As shown in FIG. 5, the chuck portion 31 (chuck unit 35) provided in the unloader 30 is one partition portion on the turntable 101 located in the opening 109 of the abrasive spraying device, in the drawing, the first partition portion. The first bottle inverted holding portion 201 (200) at 110 is aligned directly above.
このとき、各チャック部31の圧接部22,23は開状態である。チャックユニット35はそのまま降下され、圧接部22,23の間にびん体wは収容され、びん体wは同圧接部により掴持される。支持アーム36にも適宜の回転モータ(図示せず)が備えられ、びん体wを掴持したチャック部31(チャックユニット35)は所定位置まで上昇した後、チャックユニット35は図4中の実線矢印の向き(Db)に半回転される。びん体は倒立状態から正立状態に反転される。   At this time, the pressure contact portions 22 and 23 of each chuck portion 31 are in an open state. The chuck unit 35 is lowered as it is, the bottle body w is accommodated between the press contact portions 22 and 23, and the bottle body w is gripped by the press contact portion. The support arm 36 is also provided with an appropriate rotation motor (not shown), and after the chuck portion 31 (chuck unit 35) holding the bottle body w has been raised to a predetermined position, the chuck unit 35 is shown by a solid line in FIG. Half-turn in the direction of the arrow (Db). The bottle body is inverted from the inverted state to the upright state.
図4に戻り、チャックユニット35の各チャック部31は、コンベア5上のびん体を載置する所定位置の直上に位置合わせされる。チャックユニット35はそのまま降下し、圧接部22,23による掴持が解除され正立状態のびん体wはコンベア5に載置される。こうしてびん体の送り出しは完了する。第2区画部120における第2びん倒立保持部202並びに第3区画部130における第3びん倒立保持部203へのびん体の送り出しも図示説明のとおり同様である。   Returning to FIG. 4, each chuck portion 31 of the chuck unit 35 is aligned immediately above a predetermined position on which the bottles on the conveyor 5 are placed. The chuck unit 35 is lowered as it is, the gripping by the press contact portions 22 and 23 is released, and the bottle body w in the upright state is placed on the conveyor 5. This completes the delivery of the bottle. The delivery of the bottle body to the second bottle inverted holding section 202 in the second partition section 120 and the third bottle inverted holding section 203 in the third partition section 130 is the same as shown in the figure.
特に、搬出機30の動作は前記の搬入機20の作動に先立って行われる。搬入機20による前述の作動の前に、搬出機30は開口部109に位置するターンテーブル101上のびん倒立保持部200から後記するサンドブラスト処理を終えたびん体を掴持して回収する。そして、搬入機20から新たに未処理のびん体の受け入れを可能とするためである。また、搬入搬出機構10は搬入機20と搬出機30を備えてなることから、搬入機20と搬出機30の動作の干渉を回避するためである。   In particular, the operation of the unloader 30 is performed prior to the operation of the loader 20. Prior to the above-described operation by the carry-in machine 20, the carry-out machine 30 grips and collects the bottle after finishing the sandblasting process described later from the bottle inverted holding part 200 on the turntable 101 located at the opening 109. This is because it is possible to newly accept an unprocessed bottle from the carry-in machine 20. Moreover, since the carry-in / carry-out mechanism 10 includes the carry-in machine 20 and the carry-out machine 30, the operation of the carry-in machine 20 and the carry-out machine 30 is avoided.
搬入搬出機構10の搬入機20及び搬出機30にそれぞれ設けられている平行移動部12、交差移動部13、昇降部14、及びチャックユニット25,35の位置合わせと半回転、並びに互いの干渉を回避した動作実行に際し、これらの駆動制御に用いる制御モータは、適宜のシーケンス制御に基づいて、ターンテーブル101の間欠回転移動と連動して適切に実行される。表1の動作態様は、実施例の搬入搬出機構10の搬入機20及び搬出機30における動作の時系列の例である。時間軸は上から下への流れである。搬入機20と搬出機30は、ターンテーブルへの搬入、ターンテーブルからの搬出のタイミングをずらして制御される。表1中の動作は、ターンテーブル101が間欠回転移動して、その区画部の一が開口部109に停止しているときに実行される。   Alignment and half-rotation of the translation unit 12, the crossing unit 13, the elevating unit 14, and the chuck units 25 and 35 provided in the carry-in machine 20 and the carry-out machine 30 of the carry-in / out mechanism 10 and interference with each other. When performing the avoided operation, the control motor used for these drive controls is appropriately executed in conjunction with the intermittent rotational movement of the turntable 101 based on appropriate sequence control. The operation | movement aspect of Table 1 is an example of the time series of the operation | movement in the loading machine 20 and the unloading machine 30 of the loading / unloading mechanism 10 of an Example. The time axis is the flow from top to bottom. The carry-in machine 20 and the carry-out machine 30 are controlled by shifting the timing of carry-in to the turntable and carry-out from the turntable. The operations in Table 1 are executed when the turntable 101 is intermittently rotated and one of the partition portions is stopped at the opening 109.
図1及び図2を用い、実施例の研磨材吹付装置100の研磨材吹付部150並びにエア吹付部160を説明する。図1の研磨材供給ダクト171の下部には研磨材吹付部150が配され、エア供給ダクト172の下部にはエア吹付部160が配される(図2参照)。前記の研磨材は研磨材供給ダクト171から研磨材吹付部150内の研磨材吹付装置155に供給される。また、研磨材を吹き飛ばすブローエアはエア供給ダクト172からエア吹付部160内のエア吹付部165に供給される。研磨材供給ダクト171、エア供給ダクト172については、単一のダクトとして構成しても個々の供給用ホースごとの構成としてもよい。   The abrasive spraying part 150 and the air spraying part 160 of the abrasive spraying apparatus 100 of an Example are demonstrated using FIG.1 and FIG.2. An abrasive spraying part 150 is disposed at the lower part of the abrasive supply duct 171 in FIG. 1, and an air spraying part 160 is disposed at the lower part of the air supply duct 172 (see FIG. 2). The abrasive is supplied from the abrasive supply duct 171 to the abrasive spraying device 155 in the abrasive spraying unit 150. Further, blow air for blowing off the abrasive is supplied from the air supply duct 172 to the air blowing portion 165 in the air blowing portion 160. The abrasive supply duct 171 and the air supply duct 172 may be configured as a single duct or may be configured for each individual supply hose.
実施例の搬入搬出部140において、ターンテーブル101のびん倒立保持部200(201,202,203)に対してびん体wは倒立状態で、一のびん倒立保持部当たり7本の保持である。びん体は、びん倒立保持部(図2では第1区画部110では第1びん倒立保持部201を例示)に倒立保持される。その後、120°間欠回転移動することにより、第1区画部110は研磨材吹付部150に到達し、ここに所定時間停止する。その間に研磨材吹付装置155から研磨材が吹き付けられる。実施例の研磨材吹付装置155は、図7の側面図から把握されるように、1本のびん体wに対し、縦方向に5基の研磨材噴射部155a,155b,155c,155d,155eが配列され、一斉に研磨材によりびん体のガラス材表面が削られフロスト様の加工(サンドブラスト処理)が行われる。本装置では、びん倒立保持部に保持されている7本のびん体の全てに5基ずつの研磨材噴射部が配置される。サンドブラスト処理されるびん体と個々の噴射部の位置調整は、びん体の大きさ等を考慮して最適に設定される。   In the carry-in / carry-out unit 140 of the embodiment, the bottle body w is in an inverted state with respect to the bottle inverted holding unit 200 (201, 202, 203) of the turntable 101, and holds 7 bottles per bottle inverted holding unit. The bottle body is held upside down by a bottle inverted holding portion (in FIG. 2, the first partition inverted holding portion 201 is illustrated in the first partition 110). Thereafter, the first partition portion 110 reaches the abrasive spraying portion 150 by moving intermittently by 120 °, and stops here for a predetermined time. In the meantime, the abrasive is sprayed from the abrasive spraying device 155. As can be understood from the side view of FIG. 7, the abrasive spraying device 155 of the embodiment has five abrasive spraying portions 155a, 155b, 155c, 155d, and 155e in the vertical direction with respect to one bottle body w. Are arranged, and the glass material surface of the bottle body is scraped all at once by the abrasive, and frost-like processing (sand blasting) is performed. In this apparatus, five abrasive jetting units are arranged on all of the seven bottle bodies held by the bottle inverted holding unit. The position adjustment of the bottle body to be sandblasted and the individual injection units is optimally set in consideration of the size of the bottle body and the like.
このサンドブラスト処理の後、さらに120°間欠回転移動することにより、第1区画部110はエア吹付部160に到達し、エア吹付部160に所定時間停止する。その間に、研磨材吹付部150にて研磨材が吹き付けられサンドブラスト処理されたびん体表面に対してブローエアが吹き付けられる。ブローエアは、びん体表面に付着した研磨剤、研磨により生じたガラスの粉塵を除去する目的で吹き付けられる。エア吹付装置165も前記研磨材吹付装置155と同様に、1本のびん体wに対し、縦方向に複数のエア噴射部(図示せず)が配列されており、一斉にブローエアが噴射される。びん倒立保持部に保持されている7本のびん体の全てに複数のエア噴射部が配置される。エア吹き付けされるびん体と個々のエア噴射部の位置調整は、びん体の大きさ等を考慮して最適に設定される。   After this sandblasting process, the first partition 110 reaches the air blowing unit 160 and stops at the air blowing unit 160 for a predetermined time by further intermittently rotating by 120 °. In the meantime, the abrasive is sprayed by the abrasive spraying unit 150 and subjected to sandblasting, and blow air is sprayed onto the surface of the bottle. The blow air is blown for the purpose of removing abrasives adhering to the bottle surface and glass dust generated by the polishing. Similarly to the abrasive spraying device 155, the air spraying device 165 has a plurality of air injection portions (not shown) arranged in the vertical direction with respect to one bottle body w, and blow air is sprayed all at once. . A plurality of air injection sections are arranged on all of the seven bottle bodies held by the bottle inverted holding section. The position adjustment of the bottle body to which the air is blown and the individual air injection units are optimally set in consideration of the size of the bottle body.
第2区画部120では第2びん倒立保持部202及び第3区画部130では第3びん倒立保持部203の場合も同様であるため、図示並びに説明を省略する。ターンテーブル101における区画から理解できるように、第1区画部110が搬入搬出部140に位置している時点で第2区画部は研磨材吹付部150に位置し、第3区画部はエア吹付部160に位置する。次に、第1区画部110が研磨材吹付部150に位置している時点で第2区画部はエア吹付部160に位置し、第3区画部は搬入搬出部140に位置する。そして、第1区画部110がエア吹付部160に位置している時点で第2区画部は搬入搬出部140に位置し、第3区画部は研磨材吹付部150に位置する。   Since the same applies to the second bottle inverted holding unit 202 in the second partition unit 120 and the third bottle inverted holding unit 203 in the third partition unit 130, illustration and description thereof are omitted. As can be understood from the sections in the turntable 101, when the first section 110 is located in the carry-in / out section 140, the second section is located in the abrasive spraying section 150, and the third section is an air spraying section. 160. Next, when the 1st division part 110 is located in the abrasive spraying part 150, a 2nd division part is located in the air spraying part 160, and a 3rd division part is located in the carrying in / out part 140. FIG. And when the 1st division part 110 is located in the air spraying part 160, a 2nd division part is located in the carrying in / out part 140, and a 3rd division part is located in the abrasive spraying part 150. FIG.
このようにターンテーブルの間欠回転移動により搬入搬出部、研磨材吹付部、及びエア吹付部の間の循環可能であるため、常に未処理のびん体を研磨材吹付装置に受け入れることができる。そして、常にびん体に対するサンドブラスト処理並びにブローエアの吹き付けが可能となる。従って、従前のサンドブラストと比較して、単位時間当たりの生産効率の向上に大きく寄与する。   Thus, since the circulation between the carry-in / carry-out unit, the abrasive spraying unit, and the air spraying unit is possible by the intermittent rotation of the turntable, an untreated bottle can always be received in the abrasive spraying device. And it is always possible to perform sandblasting and blow air blowing on the bottle. Therefore, compared with the conventional sandblasting, it greatly contributes to the improvement of production efficiency per unit time.
ターンテーブル101の各区画部110,120,130は、請求項2の発明に規定するように、当該ターンテーブル上に立設された保護壁部102により仕切られて区画される。保護壁部102は、研磨材吹付部150の研磨材吹付装置155(その研磨材噴射部)から吹き付けられる研磨材が当該研磨材吹付部150にある区画部のびん体wのみに当たるようにする。そして、研磨材を搬入搬出部140及びエア吹付部160にある他の区画部にまで拡散しないように、遮蔽する。研磨材吹付装置から吹き付けられる研磨材が他の区画部に飛散すると、装置の汚染等の要因となるため、厳密に粉塵を遮蔽するためである。図示においては、研磨材吹付装置100の区画壁103も備えられ、研磨材吹付部150とエア吹付部160とを仕切り、研磨材の飛散を防いでいる。   As defined in the invention of claim 2, the partition sections 110, 120, and 130 of the turntable 101 are partitioned and partitioned by a protective wall section 102 erected on the turntable. The protective wall portion 102 allows the abrasive sprayed from the abrasive spraying device 155 (the abrasive spraying portion) of the abrasive spraying portion 150 to hit only the bottle body w of the partition portion in the abrasive spraying portion 150. Then, the abrasive is shielded so as not to diffuse to other compartments in the carry-in / carry-out unit 140 and the air blowing unit 160. This is because if the abrasive sprayed from the abrasive spraying device scatters to other compartments, it causes contamination of the device, and thus strictly shields the dust. In the figure, a partition wall 103 of the abrasive spraying device 100 is also provided, and the abrasive spraying unit 150 and the air spraying unit 160 are partitioned to prevent the abrasive from being scattered.
さらに、請求項3の発明に規定するように、保護壁部102の前方側に保護板部105が備えられる。この保護板部105はポリウレタン等の樹脂製のマット(クッション地)等軟質材からなる。保護板部105の役割は、研磨材吹付装置155から吹き付けられる研磨材の硬度は高いことから、研磨材により保護壁部102自体が摩耗することを防ぐためである。   Further, as defined in the invention of claim 3, a protective plate portion 105 is provided on the front side of the protective wall portion 102. The protective plate 105 is made of a soft material such as a mat (cushioning) made of resin such as polyurethane. The role of the protective plate portion 105 is to prevent the protective wall portion 102 itself from being worn by the abrasive material because the hardness of the abrasive material sprayed from the abrasive spraying device 155 is high.
吹き付けられた後の研磨材、びん体表面から生じたガラスの粉塵等は、吸引装置174に接続された吸引ダクト173を通じて吸引され、適宜回収(集塵)される。サイクロン等により粒径が分けられ、必要に応じ再度研磨材として利用される。   The abrasive after spraying, glass dust generated from the bottle surface, etc. are sucked through a suction duct 173 connected to a suction device 174 and collected (dust collection) as appropriate. The particle size is divided by a cyclone or the like, and is reused as an abrasive as necessary.
1 フロスト加工装置
5 コンベア
10 搬入搬出機構
20 搬入機
21 チャック部
25 チャックユニット
26 支持アーム
30 搬出機
35 チャックユニット
36 支持アーム
100 研磨材吹付装置
101 ターンテーブル
102 保護壁部
105 保護板部
109 開口部
110 第1区画部
120 第2区画部
130 第3区画部
140 搬入搬出部
150 研磨材吹付部
155 研磨材吹付装置
160 エア吹付部
165 エア吹付装置
200 びん倒立保持部
201 第1びん倒立保持部
202 第2びん倒立保持部
203 第3びん倒立保持部
w びん体
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Frost processing apparatus 5 Conveyor 10 Carry-in / out mechanism 20 Carry-in machine 21 Chuck part 25 Chuck unit 26 Support arm 30 Unloader 35 Chuck unit 36 Support arm 100 Abrasive spraying apparatus 101 Turntable 102 Protection wall part 105 Protection board part 109 Opening part DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 110 1st division part 120 2nd division part 130 3rd division part 140 Carry-in / carry-out part 150 Abrasive spraying part 155 Abrasive spraying apparatus 160 Air spraying part 165 Air spraying apparatus 200 Bottle inverted holding part 201 First bottle inverted holding part 202 2nd bottle inverted holding part 203 3rd bottle inverted holding part w bottle body

Claims (3)

  1. びん体の表面にフロスト加工する研磨材吹付加工装置において、
    びん体を正立状態で移送するコンベアと、
    前記コンベアに隣接して配置され、中心角を3分割した第1区画部、第2区画部及び第3区画部に区画され、前記各区画部には複数のびん体を着脱自在に倒立保持するびん倒立保持部がそれぞれ形成されているとともに、前記各区画部を順に間欠回転移動するターンテーブルと、
    前記ターンテーブルの間欠回転移動に対応する位置に配置されていて、
    前記コンベアに接し該コンベア上の正立状態のびん体を掴持して倒立状態に反転して前記各区画部のびん倒立保持部に送り込む搬入機と、前記搬入機の作動に先立って前記各区画部のびん倒立保持部の倒立状態のびん体を掴持して正立状態に反転して前記コンベア上に送り出す搬出機とを備えた搬入搬出部と、
    前記搬入搬出部で倒立保持されたびん体表面に対して研磨材を吹き付ける研磨材吹付部と、
    前記研磨材吹付部で研磨材が吹き付けられたびん体表面に対してブローエアを吹き付けるエア吹付部とを有する
    ことを特徴とする研磨材吹付加工装置。
    In the abrasive spraying equipment that frosts the surface of the bottle body,
    A conveyor for transferring the bottle body in an upright state;
    It is arranged adjacent to the conveyor, and is divided into a first partition, a second partition, and a third partition with a central angle divided into three, and a plurality of bottles are detachably inverted in each partition. Each of the bottle inverted holding portions is formed, and turntables that intermittently rotate the partition portions in order,
    It is arranged at a position corresponding to the intermittent rotational movement of the turntable,
    A loading machine that contacts the conveyor and holds the bottle body in an upright state on the conveyor, reverses it into an inverted state, and sends it to the bottle inverted holding section of each section, and each of the above-mentioned prior to the operation of the loading machine A loading / unloading section comprising a unloading machine that grips the inverted bottle body of the bottle inverted holding section of the partition section, reverses the bottle body in an upright state, and sends the bottle body onto the conveyor;
    An abrasive spraying part for spraying an abrasive on the surface of the bottle that is inverted and held in the carry-in / out part;
    An abrasive spraying apparatus, comprising: an air spraying unit that sprays blown air onto the surface of the bottle when the abrasive is sprayed by the abrasive spraying unit.
  2. 前記ターンテーブルの前記各区画部が保護壁部により仕切られている請求項1に記載の研磨材吹付加工装置。   The abrasive spraying apparatus according to claim 1, wherein each partition portion of the turntable is partitioned by a protective wall portion.
  3. 前記保護壁部に保護板部が備えられる請求項2に記載の研磨材吹付加工装置。   The abrasive spraying apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the protective wall is provided with a protective plate.
JP2010085188A 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 Abrasive spraying equipment Expired - Fee Related JP5427090B2 (en)

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JP2010085188A JP5427090B2 (en) 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 Abrasive spraying equipment
FR1059610A FR2958197B1 (en) 2010-04-01 2010-11-22 Buffer polishing device
CN2010106247279A CN102211314A (en) 2010-04-01 2010-12-29 Device for polishing pad

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013121657A1 (en) * 2012-02-15 2013-08-22 新東工業株式会社 Shot processing device
CN104128854A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-11-05 苏州鸿大金属制品有限公司 Anti-falling polishing device for metal tubes

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS56116161U (en) * 1980-01-29 1981-09-05
JPH04102688U (en) * 1990-12-14 1992-09-04
JP2001260027A (en) * 2000-03-15 2001-09-25 Dowa Mining Co Ltd Shoot peening device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS56116161U (en) * 1980-01-29 1981-09-05
JPH04102688U (en) * 1990-12-14 1992-09-04
JP2001260027A (en) * 2000-03-15 2001-09-25 Dowa Mining Co Ltd Shoot peening device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013121657A1 (en) * 2012-02-15 2013-08-22 新東工業株式会社 Shot processing device
KR20140089582A (en) * 2012-02-15 2014-07-15 신토고교 가부시키가이샤 Shot processing device
JPWO2013121657A1 (en) * 2012-02-15 2015-05-11 新東工業株式会社 Shot processing device
KR101632811B1 (en) * 2012-02-15 2016-06-22 신토고교 가부시키가이샤 Shot processing apparatus
CN104128854A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-11-05 苏州鸿大金属制品有限公司 Anti-falling polishing device for metal tubes

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