JP5479205B2 - Brush polishing equipment - Google Patents

Brush polishing equipment Download PDF

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JP5479205B2
JP5479205B2 JP2010103583A JP2010103583A JP5479205B2 JP 5479205 B2 JP5479205 B2 JP 5479205B2 JP 2010103583 A JP2010103583 A JP 2010103583A JP 2010103583 A JP2010103583 A JP 2010103583A JP 5479205 B2 JP5479205 B2 JP 5479205B2
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bottle
brush
polishing
transfer
rotating
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JP2011230247A (en
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康孝 柴田
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石塚硝子株式会社
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本発明はブラシ研磨装置に関し、特にサンドブラスト法によりガラスびん表面の艶消し加工を施した後のガラスびんの研磨、洗浄に用いるブラシ研磨装置に関する。   The present invention relates to a brush polishing apparatus, and more particularly to a brush polishing apparatus used for polishing and cleaning a glass bottle after the surface of the glass bottle has been matted by a sandblasting method.
ガラスびん等のガラス製品表面にくもり状の艶消し面を形成することにより、装飾性を高めた美麗に仕上げる加工は一般的である。この加工方法としては、フッ化水素酸等を用いガラス製品表面を腐食するケミカルフロスト法(ケミカルフロスト加工)と、アルミナ等の高硬度の研磨材をガラス製品表面に吹き付けるサンドブラスト法(サンドブラスト処理)の2種類が代表的である。   It is common to produce a beautiful finish with enhanced decorativeness by forming a cloudy matte surface on the surface of a glass product such as a glass bottle. This processing method includes a chemical frost method (chemical frost processing) that corrodes the surface of a glass product using hydrofluoric acid or the like, and a sand blast method (sand blast treatment) in which a high-hardness abrasive such as alumina is sprayed on the surface of the glass product. Two types are typical.
ケミカルフロスト法は高腐食性のフッ化水素酸を使用することから、作業従事者の安全管理や廃液処理等の問題が重視され、個々の対策に負担を要する。そのため、近年ではガラス製品に対するフロスト加工に際し、劇物を使用しないサンドブラスト法が主流である(例えば、特許文献1、2,3,4,5,6等参照)。   Since the chemical frost method uses highly corrosive hydrofluoric acid, problems such as safety management and waste liquid treatment of workers are regarded as important, and burden is required for each countermeasure. Therefore, in recent years, sandblasting methods that do not use deleterious substances have been the mainstream when frosting glass products (see, for example, Patent Documents 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6).
その後、サンドブラスト法を実施する研磨材吹付加工装置(サンドブラスト装置)の改良が進み、量産規模での生産性が向上している。しかし、サンドブラスト法の問題として、研磨材や研磨時に生じたガラスの粉塵を落とさなければガラス製品表面に粉っぽさが残る。特に、びん等の包装容器として使用する場合、ガラスの粉塵は異物となるため混入を防ぎ、十分に除去する必要がある。通常、サンドブラスト処理後のガラス製品表面はブラシ掛けをすることにより研磨され、併せて水洗により洗浄される。   Thereafter, improvement of the abrasive spraying processing apparatus (sand blasting apparatus) for carrying out the sandblasting process has progressed, and productivity on a mass production scale has been improved. However, as a problem of the sand blasting method, the powdery surface remains on the glass product surface unless the abrasive or the glass dust generated during polishing is removed. In particular, when used as a packaging container for bottles or the like, glass dust becomes a foreign substance, so that it is necessary to prevent contamination and to remove it sufficiently. Usually, the surface of the glass product after sandblasting is polished by brushing and washed with water.
そこで、研磨材吹付加工装置から供給されるサンドブラスト処理を終えたガラス製品に対するブラシ掛け、水洗等を円滑かつ連続的に行うことにより、単位時間あたりの研磨処理能力をこれまで以上に高めることができる装置が望まれるに至った。   Therefore, by performing smooth and continuous brushing, water washing and the like on the glass product that has been subjected to the sandblasting process supplied from the abrasive spraying apparatus, the polishing processing capacity per unit time can be increased more than ever. The device has come to be desired.
特開2001−62727号公報JP 2001-62727 A 特開2001−80940号公報JP 2001-80940 A 特開2002−80233号公報JP 2002-80233 A 特開2002−187739号公報JP 2002-187739 A 特開2002−226233号公報JP 2002-226233 A 特開2002−316840号公報JP 2002-316840 A
本発明は、サンドブラスト法によりガラスびん表面の艶消し加工を施した後のガラスびんの研磨、洗浄に用いる装置において、ガラスびんに対しブラシ掛け、水洗等を円滑かつ連続的に行う機構を備えることにより、単位時間あたりの研磨処理能力をこれまで以上に高めたブラシ研磨装置を提供する。   The present invention is equipped with a mechanism for smooth and continuous brushing, rinsing, etc. on a glass bottle in an apparatus used for polishing and washing the glass bottle after the glass bottle surface has been matted by the sandblasting method. Thus, a brush polishing apparatus having a higher polishing processing capacity per unit time than ever is provided.
すなわち、請求項1の発明は、研磨材の吹付加工がなされたびん体の表面をブラシ研磨する装置において、びん体を正立状態で移送する搬送コンベアと、前記搬送コンベアに隣接して配置され、びん体を1本ずつ自転可能に吊り下げ保持する複数の吊下保持部を備えた無端の移送部材と、前記移送部材を連続的に移動させる駆動部材と、前記移送部材の吊下保持部を回転させる回転部材とを有するびん体移送装置と、前記移送部材の移動に対応する位置に配置されていて、前記搬送コンベアに接し該搬送コンベア上のびん体を保持して前記移送部材の吊下保持部に送り込む搬入機と、前記搬入機の作動に先立って前記移送部材の吊下保持部のびん体を保持して前記搬送コンベア上に送り出す搬出機とを備えた搬入搬出部と、前記搬入搬出部で保持されたびん体表面に対してブラシ研磨をする回転ブラシがびん体の移送方向の両側に複数配設された研磨部と、前記研磨部で研磨されたびん体を水洗する水洗部と、前記水洗部で水洗されたびん体を乾燥する乾燥部とを有することを特徴とするブラシ研磨装置に係る。   That is, the invention of claim 1 is an apparatus for brush polishing the surface of a bottle that has been sprayed with an abrasive, and is disposed adjacent to the transfer conveyor for transferring the bottle in an upright state. , An endless transfer member provided with a plurality of suspension holding parts that suspend and hold the bottle bodies one by one so as to rotate, a drive member that continuously moves the transfer member, and a suspension holding part of the transfer member A bottle body transfer device having a rotating member that rotates the bottle, and a bottle body transfer device that is disposed at a position corresponding to the movement of the transfer member and that contacts the transfer conveyor and holds the bottle body on the transfer conveyor. A loading / unloading section comprising a loading machine that feeds into the lower holding section, and a loading machine that holds the bottle body of the suspension holding section of the transfer member prior to the operation of the loading apparatus and sends it onto the conveyor. At the loading / unloading section A polishing section in which a plurality of rotating brushes for brush polishing the held bottle surface are disposed on both sides in the bottle transfer direction, a water washing section for washing the bottle polished by the polishing section, It has a drying part which dries a bottle washed with a water washing part, and relates to a brush polisher characterized by things.
請求項2の発明は、前記吊下保持部が、びん体のびん口部に挿入されびん体を内側から保持し又は保持を解除するためにびん口部内面に圧接又は非圧接する弾性ヘッドを有する請求項1に記載のブラシ研磨装置に係る。   According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided an elastic head in which the suspension holding portion is inserted into the bottle mouth portion of the bottle body and presses or non-pressure-contacts the inner surface of the bottle mouth portion to hold the bottle body from the inside or release the holding. The brush polishing apparatus according to claim 1.
請求項3の発明は、前記回転部材が、前記移送部材の吊下保持部に設けられたスプロケットと歯合する前記移送部材の移送方向に張設された移送チェーンよりなる請求項1又は2に記載のブラシ研磨装置に係る。   According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the first or second aspect, the rotating member comprises a transfer chain stretched in a transfer direction of the transfer member meshing with a sprocket provided in a suspension holding portion of the transfer member. According to the described brush polishing apparatus.
請求項4の発明は、前記研磨部における回転ブラシが、前記吊下保持部に保持されたびん体の高さ方向に対して交差状に配置されて回転するように構成されている請求項1ないし3のいずれか1項に記載のブラシ研磨装置に係る。   According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, the rotating brush in the polishing section is arranged so as to rotate while being arranged in an intersecting manner with respect to the height direction of the bottle held by the suspended holding section. 4. The brush polishing apparatus according to any one of items 3 to 3.
請求項5の発明は、前記研磨部における回転ブラシが、びん体の高さ方向に対してそれぞれ異なった位置に配設されている請求項1ないし4のいずれか1項に記載のブラシ研磨装置に係る。   According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, there is provided the brush polishing apparatus according to any one of the first to fourth aspects, wherein the rotating brushes in the polishing section are disposed at different positions with respect to the height direction of the bottle body. Concerning.
請求項6の発明は、前記研磨部における回転ブラシが、びん体との間隔を調節可能に配置されている請求項1ないし5のいずれか1項に記載のブラシ研磨装置に係る。   According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, there is provided the brush polishing apparatus according to any one of the first to fifth aspects, wherein the rotating brush in the polishing section is arranged so that the distance from the bottle body can be adjusted.
請求項1の発明に係るブラシ研磨装置によると、研磨材の吹付加工がなされたびん体の表面をブラシ研磨する装置において、びん体を正立状態で移送する搬送コンベアと、前記搬送コンベアに隣接して配置され、びん体を1本ずつ自転可能に吊り下げ保持する複数の吊下保持部を備えた無端の移送部材と、前記移送部材を連続的に移動させる駆動部材と、前記移送部材の吊下保持部を回転させる回転部材とを有するびん体移送装置と、前記移送部材の移動に対応する位置に配置されていて、前記搬送コンベアに接し該搬送コンベア上のびん体を保持して前記移送部材の吊下保持部に送り込む搬入機と、前記搬入機の作動に先立って前記移送部材の吊下保持部のびん体を保持して前記搬送コンベア上に送り出す搬出機とを備えた搬入搬出部と、前記搬入搬出部で保持されたびん体表面に対してブラシ研磨をする回転ブラシがびん体の移送方向の両側に複数配設された研磨部と、前記研磨部で研磨されたびん体を水洗する水洗部と、前記水洗部で水洗されたびん体を乾燥する乾燥部とを有するため、単位時間あたりの研磨処理能力をこれまで以上に高めることができ、量産規模によるサンドブラスト加工済みのびん体の処理に好適な装置を得ることができた。   According to the brush polishing apparatus of the first aspect of the present invention, in the apparatus for brush polishing the surface of the bottle subjected to the abrasive spraying process, adjacent to the transfer conveyor for transferring the bottle in an upright state, and the transfer conveyor An endless transfer member provided with a plurality of suspension holding parts that suspend and hold the bottle bodies one by one in a rotatable manner, a drive member that continuously moves the transfer member, A bottle body transfer device having a rotating member for rotating the suspension holding section, and a bottle body transfer device disposed at a position corresponding to the movement of the transfer member, in contact with the transfer conveyor and holding the bottle body on the transfer conveyor, Loading / unloading apparatus comprising: a loading machine that feeds into the suspension holding part of the transfer member; and a unloader that holds the bottle body of the suspension holding part of the transfer member and sends it onto the conveyor prior to the operation of the loading machine. And A plurality of rotating brushes brushed on the surface of the bottle held by the loading / unloading unit are disposed on both sides in the bottle transfer direction, and the bottle polished by the polishing unit is washed with water. Since it has a washing part and a drying part that dries the bottle that has been washed in the washing part, the polishing capacity per unit time can be increased more than ever, and the sandblasted bottle body by mass production scale An apparatus suitable for the treatment could be obtained.
請求項2の発明に係るブラシ研磨装置によると、請求項1の発明において、前記吊下保持部が、びん体のびん口部に挿入されびん体を内側から保持し又は保持を解除するためにびん口部内面に圧接又は非圧接する弾性ヘッドを有するため、びん体の保持並びに非保持に必要な部材を簡易な構成とすることができ、単純な操作によりびん体の着脱が可能となる。また、びん体を損傷するおそれも低下する。   According to the brush polishing apparatus of the second aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect of the present invention, the suspended holding part is inserted into the bottle mouth part of the bottle body to hold the bottle body from the inside or release the holding. Since the elastic head is pressed against or not pressed against the inner surface of the bottle mouth portion, the members necessary for holding and non-holding the bottle body can be simply configured, and the bottle body can be attached and detached by a simple operation. In addition, the risk of damaging the bottle body is reduced.
請求項3の発明に係るブラシ研磨装置によると、請求項1又は2の発明において、前記回転部材が、前記移送部材の吊下保持部に設けられたスプロケットと歯合する前記移送部材の移送方向に張設された移送チェーンよりなるため、びん体に対するブラシ研磨処理のむらが軽減される。   According to the brush polishing apparatus of the third aspect of the present invention, in the first or second aspect of the present invention, the rotation direction of the transfer member meshing with the sprocket provided on the suspension holding portion of the transfer member. Therefore, the unevenness of the brush polishing process on the bottle body is reduced.
請求項4の発明に係るブラシ研磨装置によると、請求項1ないし3のいずれか1項の発明において、前記研磨部における回転ブラシが、前記吊下保持部に保持されたびん体の高さ方向に対して交差状に配置されて回転するように構成されているため、回転ブラシはびん体の両側面に接触して、びん体が研磨部を進行する間のブラシ研磨が容易となる。また、装置構成の複雑化を避けることもできる。   According to a brush polishing apparatus according to a fourth aspect of the invention, in the invention according to any one of the first to third aspects, the rotating brush in the polishing portion is held in the suspended holding portion in the height direction of the bottle. Therefore, the rotating brush comes into contact with both side surfaces of the bottle body, and brush polishing is facilitated while the bottle body moves through the polishing portion. Further, it is possible to avoid complication of the apparatus configuration.
請求項5の発明に係るブラシ研磨装置によると、請求項1ないし4のいずれか1項の発明において、前記研磨部における回転ブラシが、びん体の高さ方向に対してそれぞれ異なった位置に配設されているため、びん体表面のブラシ掛けが必要となる部分が多く網羅される。同時に、びん体に生じるブラシ掛けや研磨の偏りも低減される。   According to the brush polishing apparatus of the fifth aspect of the invention, in the invention of any one of the first to fourth aspects, the rotating brushes in the polishing section are arranged at different positions with respect to the height direction of the bottle body. Because it is provided, many parts that require brushing of the bottle surface are covered. At the same time, brushing and polishing unevenness generated in the bottle body are reduced.
請求項6の発明に係るブラシ研磨装置によると、請求項1ないし5のいずれか1項の発明において、前記研磨部における回転ブラシが、びん体との間隔を調節可能に配置されているため、びん体の大きさ、形状、さらにはサンドブラスト加工の仕上げに柔軟に対応することができる。   According to the brush polishing apparatus of the invention of claim 6, in the invention of any one of claims 1 to 5, the rotating brush in the polishing unit is disposed so that the distance from the bottle body can be adjusted. It can flexibly cope with the size and shape of the bottle body, as well as the finish of sandblasting.
フロスト加工装置の上面図である。It is a top view of a frost processing apparatus. ブラシ研磨装置の上面図である。It is a top view of a brush polishing apparatus. ブラシ研磨装置の側面図である。It is a side view of a brush grinding | polishing apparatus. ブラシ研磨装置の搬入搬出部付近の概略側面図である。It is a schematic side view of the carrying-in / out part vicinity of a brush grinding | polishing apparatus. 図4の主要部拡大図である。It is a principal part enlarged view of FIG. 吊下保持部及び移送部材の概略斜視図である。It is a schematic perspective view of a suspension holding part and a transfer member. びん体の着脱時の弾性ヘッドの拡大断面図である。It is an expanded sectional view of the elastic head at the time of attachment or detachment of a bottle body. びん体の保持時の弾性ヘッドの拡大断面図である。It is an expanded sectional view of an elastic head at the time of holding a bottle body. 回転ブラシ区の概略断面図である。It is a schematic sectional drawing of a rotation brush area. びん体と接触する回転ブラシの位置関係を示す概要図である。It is a schematic diagram which shows the positional relationship of the rotating brush which contacts a bottle body. 回転ブラシの間隔調整機構を示す概略断面図である。It is a schematic sectional drawing which shows the space | interval adjustment mechanism of a rotating brush.
図1の装置概観の上面図に示すフロスト加工装置1は、ガラス製のびん体の表面に対し、Al23(アランダム:Alundum)、SiC(カーボランダム:Carborundum)、または珪砂等の微粉末からなる研磨材を噴射してびん体表面を粗面化する。すなわち、サンドブラスト法によってびん体表面を艶消し調に形成するフロスト加工のための装置である。 The frost processing apparatus 1 shown in the top view of the apparatus overview of FIG. 1 is made of fine glass such as Al 2 O 3 (Alundum), SiC (Carborundum), or silica sand on the surface of a glass bottle body. Abrasive material made of powder is sprayed to roughen the bottle surface. That is, it is an apparatus for frosting that forms the surface of the bottle body in a matte manner by the sandblasting method.
フロスト加工装置1には、びん体w(ガラスびん)を正立状態(後記図3,4参照)で移送する搬送コンベア5と、びん体wの表面にフロスト加工を施す研磨材吹付加工装置100と、前記研磨材吹付加工装置100においてサンドブラスト法によるフロスト加工を終えたびん体wの表面にブラシ研磨を行うブラシ研磨装置500が備えられる。図1の各装置の配置からわかるように、ブラシ研磨装置500は搬送コンベア5に隣接して配置される。ブラシ研磨装置500はびん体wの搬入及び搬出を容易とするべく、びん体wの搬入搬出部600を搬送コンベア5側に向けた配置である。   The frost processing apparatus 1 includes a conveyor 5 for transferring a bottle body w (glass bottle) in an upright state (see FIGS. 3 and 4 to be described later), and an abrasive spraying apparatus 100 for performing frost processing on the surface of the bottle body w. And a brush polishing apparatus 500 for performing brush polishing on the surface of the case w after finishing the frost processing by the sandblasting method in the abrasive spraying apparatus 100. As can be seen from the arrangement of each apparatus in FIG. 1, the brush polishing apparatus 500 is arranged adjacent to the conveyor 5. The brush polishing apparatus 500 is arranged so that the loading / unloading unit 600 of the bottle body w faces the conveyor 5 side in order to facilitate the loading and unloading of the bottle body w.
ブラシ研磨装置500において、びん体wを1本ずつ自転可能に吊り下げ保持する吊下保持部510が複数備えられ、びん体移送装置501は吊下保持部510を当該装置500内の矢印方向に移動させる駆動部材560も含めて構成される。吊下保持部510の詳細は後出の図5以降にて説明する。ブラシ研磨装置500の搬入搬出部600において吊下保持部510に吊り下げ保持されたびん体は、複数の回転ブラシ区(回転ブラシゾーン)を備える研磨部700、研磨部700で研磨されたびん体を水洗する水洗部800、水洗部800で水洗されたびん体を乾燥する乾燥部900の順に移動する。そして、搬入搬出部600に戻ってきた後、吊下保持部510の保持が解除され、搬送コンベア5に搬出される。図示実施例の研磨部700は、符号710,720,730,740,750,760の6の回転ブラシ区を有する。   The brush polishing apparatus 500 is provided with a plurality of suspension holding portions 510 that suspend and hold the bottle bodies w one by one so that they can rotate, and the bottle body transfer device 501 places the suspension holding sections 510 in the direction of the arrows in the apparatus 500. The drive member 560 to be moved is also included. Details of the suspension holding portion 510 will be described later with reference to FIG. The bottle suspended and held by the suspension holding unit 510 in the carry-in / carry-out unit 600 of the brush polishing apparatus 500 is a polishing unit 700 having a plurality of rotating brush sections (rotating brush zones) and polished by the polishing unit 700. It moves in order of the water-washing part 800 which wash | cleans water, and the drying part 900 which water-washes in the water-washing part 800 and dries the bottle. And after returning to the carrying in / out part 600, holding | maintenance of the suspension holding | maintenance part 510 is cancelled | released and it carries out to the conveyance conveyor 5. FIG. The polishing unit 700 in the illustrated embodiment has six rotating brush sections denoted by reference numerals 710, 720, 730, 740, 750, and 760.
フロスト加工装置1の研磨材吹付加工装置100において、符号10は搬入搬出機構、20は搬入機、30は搬出機であり、同装置100のターンテーブル101へのびん体の搬入及び搬出に用いられる。研磨材吹付加工装置100には搬入搬出部140、研磨材吹付部150、エア吹付部160が備えられ、ターンテーブル101の間欠回転移動により前記各部140,150,160を順に移動する。研磨材吹付部150では研磨材吹付装置(図示せず)から研磨材がびん体に対し吹き付けられてサンドブラスト処理が行われる。その後、エア吹付部160ではエア吹付装置(図示せず)からブローエアがびん体に対し吹き付けられ、研磨材や研磨で生じたガラスの粉塵が吹き飛ばされる。   In the abrasive spraying apparatus 100 of the frost processing apparatus 1, reference numeral 10 denotes a carry-in / carry-out mechanism, 20 denotes a carry-in machine, and 30 denotes a carry-out machine, which are used to carry in and carry out a bottle body on the turntable 101 of the apparatus 100. . The abrasive spraying processing apparatus 100 includes a carry-in / carry-out unit 140, an abrasive spraying unit 150, and an air spraying unit 160, and the units 140, 150, and 160 are sequentially moved by the intermittent rotation of the turntable 101. In the abrasive spraying unit 150, an abrasive is sprayed on the bottle from an abrasive spraying device (not shown), and sandblasting is performed. Thereafter, blow air is blown from the air blowing device (not shown) to the bottle body in the air blowing unit 160, and the abrasive material and glass dust generated by the polishing are blown off.
前記のブローエアの吹き付けのみでは、びん体表面のガラス粉塵は完全に除去されない。また、びん体表面のフロスト加工は、研磨材吹付加工装置の研磨材のみによる研磨では粗く仕上がる。このため、フロスト加工の程度に応じてびん体表面のきめを細かく仕上げたい場合もある。そこで、ブラシ研磨装置500では、サンドブラスト処理を終えたびん体(ガラスびん)に対する仕上げの処理としてブラシ掛け、水洗等が行われる。   The glass dust on the bottle surface is not completely removed only by blowing the blow air. Further, the frost processing on the surface of the bottle body is roughly finished by polishing only with the abrasive of the abrasive spraying apparatus. For this reason, it may be desired to finely finish the surface of the bottle body according to the degree of frosting. Therefore, in the brush polishing apparatus 500, brushing, rinsing, and the like are performed as a finishing process for the bottle (glass bottle) after the sandblasting process.
図2はブラシ研磨装置500の概略全体上面図であり、図3は同装置500の研磨部700側からの概略側面図である。主にブラシ研磨装置500内の回転ブラシ区等の配置を示す。図2及び図3を用い、ブラシ研磨及び洗浄対象となるびん体wの順路に従ってブラシ研磨装置500の構成を説明する。図示装置内では吊下保持部を省略している。   2 is a schematic overall top view of the brush polishing apparatus 500, and FIG. 3 is a schematic side view of the apparatus 500 from the polishing section 700 side. The arrangement of rotating brush sections and the like in the brush polishing apparatus 500 is mainly shown. The configuration of the brush polishing apparatus 500 will be described using FIGS. 2 and 3 according to the normal path of the bottle body w to be brushed and cleaned. In the illustrated apparatus, the hanging holding part is omitted.
ブラシ研磨装置500は上面視でおおよそ長方形状に形成され、びん体wを一本ずつ吊り下げ保持している吊下保持部510がブラシ研磨装置内を常時循環可能に構成される。搬送コンベア5上からブラシ研磨装置500へのびん体wの送り込みは搬入機610により行われ、ブラシ研磨装置500から搬送コンベア5へのびん体wの送り出しは搬出機630により行われる。搬入機610と搬出機630を備える搬入搬出部600は搬送コンベア5に隣接した配置である。   The brush polishing apparatus 500 is formed in a substantially rectangular shape when viewed from above, and a suspension holding part 510 that holds and holds the bottle bodies w one by one is configured to be circulated in the brush polishing apparatus at all times. Feeding of the bottle body w from the conveying conveyor 5 to the brush polishing apparatus 500 is performed by the carry-in machine 610, and feeding of the bottle body w from the brush polishing apparatus 500 to the conveyance conveyor 5 is performed by the unloading machine 630. The carry-in / carry-out unit 600 including the carry-in machine 610 and the carry-out machine 630 is disposed adjacent to the conveyor 5.
図中の矢印の順路に従い、後記する吊下保持部に装着(吊り下げ保持)されているびん体wは、研磨部700の第1回転ブラシ区710、第2回転ブラシ区720、第3回転ブラシ区730、第4回転ブラシ区740、第5回転ブラシ区750、第6回転ブラシ区760の6の回転ブラシ区を通過する。びん体の表面は当該区にて回転ブラシにより研磨される。   A bottle body w mounted (suspended and held) on a suspension holding section described later in accordance with a normal path of an arrow in the figure is a first rotating brush section 710, a second rotating brush section 720, and a third rotation of the polishing section 700. It passes through six rotating brush sections of a brush section 730, a fourth rotating brush section 740, a fifth rotating brush section 750, and a sixth rotating brush section 760. The surface of the bottle body is polished by a rotating brush in the section.
第1回転ブラシ区710では、第1右ブラシユニット710a、第1左ブラシユニット710b、下ブラシユニット710eが備えられる。第1右ブラシユニット710aには、右回転ブラシ711aとその駆動用の右ブラシモータ712aが備えられ、第2左ブラシユニット710bには、左回転ブラシ711bとその駆動用の左ブラシモータ712bが備えられ、下ブラシユニット710eには、下回転ブラシ711eとその駆動用のしたブラシモータ712eが備えられる。第1回転ブラシ区710においては、びん体表面に対してブラシ研磨する回転ブラシがびん体の移送方向の両側と下方に計3箇所配設される。   The first rotating brush section 710 includes a first right brush unit 710a, a first left brush unit 710b, and a lower brush unit 710e. The first right brush unit 710a includes a right rotating brush 711a and a driving right brush motor 712a, and the second left brush unit 710b includes a left rotating brush 711b and a driving left brush motor 712b. The lower brush unit 710e includes a lower rotating brush 711e and a brush motor 712e for driving the lower rotating brush 711e. In the first rotating brush section 710, a total of three rotating brushes that brush the surface of the bottle body are disposed on both sides and below the bottle body in the transfer direction.
第2回転ブラシ区720では、第2右ブラシユニット720a、第2左ブラシユニット720bが備えられる。第2右ブラシユニット720aには、右回転ブラシ721a,721cとその駆動用のブラシモータ722aが備えられ、第2左ブラシユニット720bには、左回転ブラシ721b,721dとその駆動用のブラシモータ722bが備えられる。第2回転ブラシ区720においては、回転ブラシがびん体の移送方向の両側に計4箇所配設される。   In the second rotating brush section 720, a second right brush unit 720a and a second left brush unit 720b are provided. The second right brush unit 720a includes right rotating brushes 721a and 721c and a driving brush motor 722a. The second left brush unit 720b includes left rotating brushes 721b and 721d and a driving brush motor 722b. Is provided. In the second rotating brush section 720, a total of four rotating brushes are arranged on both sides in the bottle body transfer direction.
第3回転ブラシ区730では、第3右ブラシユニット730a、第3左ブラシユニット730bが備えられる。第3右ブラシユニット730aには、右回転ブラシ731a,731cとその駆動用のブラシモータ732aが備えられ、第3左ブラシユニット730bには、左回転ブラシ731b,731dとその駆動用のブラシモータ732bが備えられる。第3回転ブラシ区730においては、回転ブラシがびん体の移送方向の両側に計4箇所配設される。   In the third rotating brush section 730, a third right brush unit 730a and a third left brush unit 730b are provided. The third right brush unit 730a includes right rotating brushes 731a and 731c and a driving brush motor 732a. The third left brush unit 730b includes left rotating brushes 731b and 731d and a driving brush motor 732b. Is provided. In the third rotating brush section 730, a total of four rotating brushes are disposed on both sides in the bottle body transfer direction.
第4回転ブラシ区740では、第4右ブラシユニット740a、第4左ブラシユニット740bが備えられる。第4右ブラシユニット740aには、右回転ブラシ741aとその駆動用のブラシモータ742aが備えられ、第4左ブラシユニット740bには、左回転ブラシ741bとその駆動用のブラシモータ742bが備えられる。第4回転ブラシ区740においては、回転ブラシがびん体の移送方向の両側に計2箇所配設される。   In the fourth rotating brush section 740, a fourth right brush unit 740a and a fourth left brush unit 740b are provided. The fourth right brush unit 740a includes a right rotating brush 741a and a driving brush motor 742a. The fourth left brush unit 740b includes a left rotating brush 741b and a driving brush motor 742b. In the fourth rotating brush section 740, a total of two rotating brushes are disposed on both sides in the bottle body transfer direction.
第5回転ブラシ区750では、第5右ブラシユニット750a、第5左ブラシユニット750bが備えられる。第5右ブラシユニット750aには、右回転ブラシ751aとその駆動用の右ブラシモータ752aが備えられ、第5左ブラシユニット750bには、左回転ブラシ751bとその駆動用の左ブラシモータ752bが備えられる。第5回転ブラシ区750においては、びん体表面に対してブラシ研磨する回転ブラシはびん体の移送方向の両側に、びん体の移送方向に対して斜め向き(図3参照)となるように計2箇所配設される。   In the fifth rotating brush section 750, a fifth right brush unit 750a and a fifth left brush unit 750b are provided. The fifth right brush unit 750a includes a right rotating brush 751a and a right brush motor 752a for driving the right rotating brush 751a, and the fifth left brush unit 750b includes a left rotating brush 751b and a left brush motor 752b for driving the left brush. It is done. In the fifth rotating brush section 750, the rotating brush that brushes the surface of the bottle body is measured on both sides of the bottle body transfer direction so as to be inclined with respect to the bottle body transfer direction (see FIG. 3). Two places are arranged.
第6回転ブラシ区760では、第6右ブラシユニット760a、第6左ブラシユニット760bが備えられる。第6右ブラシユニット760aには、右回転ブラシ761aとその駆動用の右ブラシモータ762aが備えられ、第6左ブラシユニット760bには、左回転ブラシ761bとその駆動用の左ブラシモータ762bが備えられる。第6回転ブラシ区760においては、前記第4回転ブラシ区740と同様に、びん体表面に対してブラシ研磨する回転ブラシはびん体の移送方向の両側に、びん体の移送方向に対して斜め向きとなるように計2箇所配設される。   In the sixth rotating brush section 760, a sixth right brush unit 760a and a sixth left brush unit 760b are provided. The sixth right brush unit 760a includes a right rotating brush 761a and a right brush motor 762a for driving the right rotating brush 761a, and the sixth left brush unit 760b includes a left rotating brush 761b and a left brush motor 762b for driving the same. It is done. In the sixth rotating brush section 760, as in the fourth rotating brush section 740, the rotating brush that brushes the surface of the bottle body is inclined on both sides of the bottle body transfer direction and obliquely with respect to the bottle body transfer direction. A total of two places are arranged so as to be oriented.
第1ないし第6回転ブラシ区内のブラシユニットにおける左右とは、ブラシ研磨装置500内を移動するびん体(吊下保持部510)の進行方向に向かっての左右を表す。なお、各回転ブラシ区内の回転ブラシの配設数、位置等は研磨対象となるびん体の形状、大きさに応じて適切に設定される。また、各回転ブラシ区における回転ブラシの配設位置や配設の向き、配設数等を適宜変更、または入れ替えることも可能である。図2の符号591,592は各ブラシ区の回転ブラシに散水する散水配管である。図3においては作図上第6回転ブラシ区と水洗部が重なるため、水洗部を優先して図示した。   The left and right in the brush units in the first to sixth rotating brush sections represent the left and right in the traveling direction of the bottle body (suspended holding portion 510) that moves in the brush polishing apparatus 500. The number, position, etc. of the rotary brushes in each rotary brush section are appropriately set according to the shape and size of the bottle body to be polished. In addition, it is possible to appropriately change or replace the position, direction, number, and the like of the rotating brush in each rotating brush section. Reference numerals 591 and 592 in FIG. 2 denote watering pipes for watering the rotating brushes in each brush section. In FIG. 3, since the sixth rotating brush section and the water washing portion overlap each other in the drawing, the water washing portion is illustrated with priority.
びん体(吊下保持部510)は移動を続けて研磨部700から水洗部800に達する。水洗部800には噴水部810,820(噴水配管)が設けられ、同噴水部から高圧水がびん体表面に吹き付けられる。水洗部800では、研磨部700の回転ブラシによる研磨により生じた微細な粉末等が水洗洗浄される。   The bottle body (suspending holding portion 510) continues to move from the polishing portion 700 to the water washing portion 800. The rinsing section 800 is provided with fountain sections 810 and 820 (fountain piping), and high-pressure water is sprayed from the fountain section onto the surface of the bottle body. In the water washing section 800, fine powder or the like generated by polishing with the rotating brush of the polishing section 700 is washed with water.
さらにびん体(吊下保持部510)は移動を続けて水洗部800から乾燥部900に達する。公知のバーナー、電気炉等の乾燥装置が乾燥部に設置される。実施例では、バーナー901が備えられる。バーナー901において、ガス燃焼により生じた120℃ないし680℃の熱風が送気管902を伝い熱風吹出口903からびん体に吹き付けられる。こうして、乾燥部900を移動する間にびん体の乾燥が行われる。   Further, the bottle body (suspended holding part 510) continues to move from the water washing part 800 to the drying part 900. A known drying device such as a burner or an electric furnace is installed in the drying section. In the embodiment, a burner 901 is provided. In the burner 901, hot air of 120 ° C. to 680 ° C. generated by gas combustion is transmitted to the bottle body from the hot air outlet 903 through the air supply pipe 902. In this way, the bottle body is dried while moving the drying unit 900.
乾燥部900を通過した後、びん体は搬入搬出部600の搬出機630から搬送コンベア5へ送り出される。図2中、符号501はびん体移送装置、540は移送部材、550はガイドレール、560はモータ等の駆動部材、561は歯車、565はチェーン等の張力を調整する調整器、572は移送チェーン(回転チェーン)である。   After passing through the drying unit 900, the bottle body is sent out from the unloader 630 of the loading / unloading unit 600 to the conveyor 5. In FIG. 2, reference numeral 501 is a bottle body transfer device, 540 is a transfer member, 550 is a guide rail, 560 is a drive member such as a motor, 561 is a gear, 565 is an adjuster for adjusting the tension of the chain, and 572 is a transfer chain. (Rotating chain).
図4の概略側面図は図1の研磨材吹付加工装置100側からブラシ研磨装置500を見た際の搬入搬出部600付近の構造を示す。搬入搬出部600を構成する搬入機610は、押入部材(搬入側プッシャ)611、搬入側昇降保持板612、搬入側昇降支持部613等の部材を備えている。また、搬出機630は、押出部材(出し側プッシャ)631、搬入側昇降保持板632、搬入側昇降支持部633等の部材を備えている。   The schematic side view of FIG. 4 shows the structure in the vicinity of the carry-in / carry-out unit 600 when the brush polishing apparatus 500 is viewed from the abrasive spraying apparatus 100 side of FIG. The carry-in machine 610 constituting the carry-in / carry-out unit 600 includes members such as a push-in member (carry-in side pusher) 611, a carry-in side lift holding plate 612, and a carry-in side lift support unit 613. In addition, the unloader 630 includes members such as an extruding member (unloading side pusher) 631, a loading-side lifting / lowering holding plate 632, a loading-side lifting / lowering support portion 633, and the like.
搬送コンベア5上のびん体wは搬入機610の所定位置まで搬送される。びん体は、複数本ずつ(実施例では4本ずつ)、押入部材611により搬送コンベア5から搬入側昇降保持板612上に移される。搬入側昇降保持板612は搬入側昇降支持部613に接続されており、搬入側昇降支持部613が縦スライドレール602に沿って上昇することにより、びん体は搬入側昇降保持板612に載置(保持)された状態で吊下保持部510直下に運ばれる。そして、びん体が吊下保持部510の弾性ヘッド520に装着された後、搬入側昇降保持板612は空の状態で搬送コンベア5に隣接する位置に復帰する。   The bottle w on the transport conveyor 5 is transported to a predetermined position of the carry-in machine 610. A plurality of bottles (four in the embodiment) are transferred from the conveyer 5 onto the carry-in lifting / lowering holding plate 612 by the push-in member 611. The carry-in lifting / lowering holding plate 612 is connected to the carry-in lifting / lowering support portion 613, and the bottle body is placed on the loading-side lifting / lowering holding plate 612 as the carry-in lifting / lowering support portion 613 rises along the vertical slide rail 602. In the state of being (held), it is carried directly under the suspended holding part 510. Then, after the bottle body is mounted on the elastic head 520 of the suspension holding portion 510, the carry-in side elevation holding plate 612 returns to a position adjacent to the conveyor 5 in an empty state.
次に研磨、水洗等を終えたびん体に対し、びん体を吊り下げて保持している吊下保持部510が搬出機630の所定位置まで移送される。前記搬入機610の作動に先立って、搬入機の場合と同様にびん体は複数本ずつ(実施例では4本ずつ)、吊下保持部510の弾性ヘッド520の保持が解除されて搬出側昇降保持板632上に載置される(当該板上に保持される)。搬出側昇降保持板632は搬出側昇降支持部633に接続されており、搬出側昇降支持部633が縦スライドレール602に沿って降下することにより、搬出側昇降保持板632は搬送コンベア5と同じ高さ位置に合わされる。そして、びん体は押出部材631により搬出側昇降保持板632から搬送コンベア5側に押し出される。空になった搬出側昇降保持板632は再び吊下保持部のびん体を受け取るため、吊下保持部直下の所定位置に復帰する。   Next, after finishing polishing, washing with water, etc., the suspended holding part 510 that suspends and holds the bottle body is transferred to a predetermined position of the unloader 630. Prior to the operation of the carry-in machine 610, as in the case of the carry-in machine, a plurality of bottle bodies are provided (four in the embodiment), the holding of the elastic head 520 of the suspension holding part 510 is released, and the lifting and lowering of the carry-out side is performed. It is placed on the holding plate 632 (held on the plate). The unloading-side lifting / lowering holding plate 632 is connected to the unloading-side lifting / lowering support portion 633, and the unloading-side lifting / lowering support plate 632 is lowered along the vertical slide rail 602, so that the unloading-side lifting / lowering holding plate 632 is the same as the conveyor 5. It is adjusted to the height position. Then, the bottle body is pushed out from the carry-out lifting / lowering holding plate 632 to the conveying conveyor 5 side by the pushing member 631. Since the empty carry-out lifting / lowering holding plate 632 receives the bottle body of the suspended holding portion again, it returns to a predetermined position directly below the suspended holding portion.
搬入機610の作動に先立って搬出機630が作動することにより、ブラシ研磨装置500は既にブラシ研磨を終えたびん体を吊下保持部510から取り外し、新たにびん体を受け入れて吊下保持部510に保持可能となる。特に、搬入搬出部600の限られた部位でびん体の受け渡しをする場合に効率的である。実施例では、搬入側昇降保持板612及び搬出側昇降保持板632の昇降動作を同期とし、吊下保持部510の移送速度に合わせて搬入側昇降保持板612及び搬出側昇降保持板632も吊下保持部の移送方向に移動させ、吊下保持部510からのびん体の取り外し並びに搬出側昇降保持板632への載置後、搬入側昇降保持板612から吊下保持部510へのびん体の装着を連続して動作できるように制御している。搬入搬出部600には、支持板部601、各種ギアを備えたギア部605、横スライドレール等の搬入機及び搬出機の動作上必要な部材が適宜装備される。むろん、図示の搬入搬出部の搬入機及び搬出機は構成の一例であり、これ以外の装置構成、作動形態とすることもできる。   By operating the unloader 630 prior to the operation of the carry-in machine 610, the brush polishing apparatus 500 has already finished the brush polishing, removes the bottle from the suspension holding part 510, and newly receives the bottle body and holds the suspension holding part. 510 can be held. In particular, it is efficient when the bottle body is delivered at a limited part of the carry-in / carry-out unit 600. In this embodiment, the lifting and lowering holding plate 612 and the lifting and lowering holding plate 632 are synchronized with each other, and the loading and lifting holding plate 612 and the lifting and lowering holding plate 632 are also suspended according to the transfer speed of the suspension holding unit 510. After the bottle body is moved in the transfer direction of the lower holding part and the bottle body is removed from the hanging holding part 510 and placed on the carry-out lifting / lowering holding plate 632, the bottle body from the loading side lifting / lowering holding plate 612 to the hanging holding part 510 It is controlled so that it can be operated continuously. The carry-in / carry-out unit 600 is appropriately equipped with members necessary for the operation of the carry-in machine and the carry-out machine, such as a support plate part 601, a gear part 605 having various gears, and a lateral slide rail. Of course, the carry-in machine and the carry-out machine of the carry-in / carry-out unit shown in the figure are examples of the configuration, and other device configurations and operation modes may be employed.
図4の概略側面図、図5の部分拡大図、さらに図6の概略斜視図を用い、ブラシ研磨装置500内のびん体を移送する機構について説明する。個々の吊下保持部510は無端の移送部材540に接続される。移送部材540において、個々の吊下保持部510は支柱部546を介してそれぞれ対応する移送支持部541に接続される。移送支持部541の上部に上固定部材547が接続され、上固定部材547に上軸部542,542が備えられる。上軸部542,542のそれぞれには上連結板部544が回動可能に接続され、前後の他の移送支持部の上軸部と接続される。同様に、移送支持部541の下部に下固定部材548が接続され、下固定部材548に下軸部543,543が備えられる。下軸部543,543のそれぞれにも下連結板部545が回動可能に接続され、前後の他の移送支持部の下軸部と接続される。   A mechanism for transferring the bottle in the brush polishing apparatus 500 will be described with reference to the schematic side view of FIG. 4, a partially enlarged view of FIG. 5, and the schematic perspective view of FIG. 6. Each suspension holding part 510 is connected to an endless transfer member 540. In the transfer member 540, each suspension holding part 510 is connected to the corresponding transfer support part 541 via the support part 546. An upper fixing member 547 is connected to an upper portion of the transfer support portion 541, and upper shaft portions 542 and 542 are provided on the upper fixing member 547. An upper connecting plate portion 544 is rotatably connected to each of the upper shaft portions 542 and 542 and is connected to the upper shaft portion of the other front and rear transfer support portions. Similarly, a lower fixing member 548 is connected to a lower portion of the transfer support portion 541, and lower shaft portions 543 and 543 are provided on the lower fixing member 548. The lower connecting plate portion 545 is also rotatably connected to each of the lower shaft portions 543 and 543 and is connected to the lower shaft portion of the other front and rear transfer support portions.
隣り合う移送支持部541同士は上連結板部及び下連結板部を介在にして互いに連続状に組み合わされる。そのため、移送部材540は複数の移送支持部541を含んでなる全体としてチェーンのような無端状に構成され、ブラシ研磨装置の曲がり角も自在に対応でき、装置500内を循環可能となる。実施例では、移送部材は吊下保持部を96基備える。すなわち、本実施例において、びん体移送装置501(図2,3参照)は、複数の吊下保持部510を備えた無端の移送部材540と、駆動部材560と、回転部材570を有して構成される。図5中の符号513は下フランジ、514sは上伝達当接部、514tは下伝達当接部、515は伸長部材、515sは上伸長部材、515tは下伸長部材、516はばねである。   Adjacent transfer support portions 541 are continuously combined with each other with the upper connecting plate portion and the lower connecting plate portion interposed therebetween. Therefore, the transfer member 540 is configured to be endless like a chain as a whole including the plurality of transfer support portions 541, and the bending angle of the brush polishing apparatus can be freely accommodated, and the inside of the apparatus 500 can be circulated. In the embodiment, the transfer member includes 96 suspension holding portions. That is, in the present embodiment, the bottle body transfer device 501 (see FIGS. 2 and 3) includes an endless transfer member 540 having a plurality of suspension holding portions 510, a drive member 560, and a rotation member 570. Composed. In FIG. 5, reference numeral 513 is a lower flange, 514s is an upper transmission contact portion, 514t is a lower transmission contact portion, 515 is an extension member, 515s is an upper extension member, 515t is a lower extension member, and 516 is a spring.
移送支持部541(移送支持部に設けられる上軸部及び下軸部)は、前掲図2及び図3の駆動部材560の作動を受けて回転駆動する歯車561等と接触して順送り移動される。そこで、移送部材540は装置500内を連続的に移送される。無端の移送部材540の内、主に上軸部542、上連結板部544、上固定部材547、及び下軸部543、下連結板部545、下固定部材548は、上収容レール551及び下収容レール552を備える収容レール部550内に保持される。移送部材540が収容レール部550に沿って移動することにより、移送部材540の移送支持部541に接続されている吊下保持部510は、搬入搬出部600、研磨部700、水洗部800、乾燥部900、そして搬入搬出部600の順に循環移送される。移送部材における個々の移送支持部等を連続して接続する構造は開示以外の適宜の機構を用いても良い。   The transfer support portion 541 (the upper shaft portion and the lower shaft portion provided in the transfer support portion) is moved forward in contact with the gear 561 and the like that are rotationally driven in response to the operation of the drive member 560 shown in FIGS. . Therefore, the transfer member 540 is continuously transferred in the apparatus 500. Of the endless transfer member 540, the upper shaft portion 542, the upper connecting plate portion 544, the upper fixing member 547, the lower shaft portion 543, the lower connecting plate portion 545, and the lower fixing member 548 mainly include the upper receiving rail 551 and the lower fixing member 548. It is held in a storage rail portion 550 that includes a storage rail 552. As the transfer member 540 moves along the receiving rail portion 550, the suspension holding portion 510 connected to the transfer support portion 541 of the transfer member 540 has a carry-in / out portion 600, a polishing portion 700, a water washing portion 800, a drying portion. The part 900 and the carry-in / out part 600 are circulated and transferred in this order. An appropriate mechanism other than that disclosed may be used as a structure for continuously connecting individual transfer support portions and the like in the transfer member.
びん体を吊り下げ保持する個々の吊下保持部510がブラシ研磨装置500内を移送する際、吊下保持部510は回転部材570の作用により回転しながらの移送となる。図6からよくわかるように、回転部材570は、移送部材540の吊下保持部510に設けられたスプロケット571と、当該スプロケット571と歯合し移送部材540(移送支持部541)の移送方向に張設された移送チェーン(回転チェーン)572よりなる。移送チェーン572はブラシ研磨装置500内の研磨部700、水洗部800、乾燥部900に対応する位置に架設される(図2参照)。図6からわかるように、吊下保持部510が移送部材540の循環に伴い移送される場合、移送チェーン572はスプロケット571と歯合するため、スプロケット571に回転が生じる。特に本実施例の移送チェーンでは、研磨部内の移送チェーンを他の部位から独立して駆動できる構成としており、研磨部内での回転は他よりも速められている。   When the individual suspension holding portions 510 that suspend and hold the bottle body are transferred through the brush polishing apparatus 500, the suspension holding portion 510 is transferred while being rotated by the action of the rotating member 570. As can be clearly understood from FIG. 6, the rotating member 570 engages with the sprocket 571 provided in the suspension holding portion 510 of the transfer member 540 and in the transfer direction of the transfer member 540 (transfer support portion 541) in mesh with the sprocket 571. The transfer chain (rotating chain) 572 is stretched. The transfer chain 572 is installed at a position corresponding to the polishing unit 700, the water washing unit 800, and the drying unit 900 in the brush polishing apparatus 500 (see FIG. 2). As can be seen from FIG. 6, when the suspension holding portion 510 is transferred along with the circulation of the transfer member 540, the transfer chain 572 meshes with the sprocket 571, so that the sprocket 571 rotates. In particular, in the transfer chain of the present embodiment, the transfer chain in the polishing unit can be driven independently from other parts, and the rotation in the polishing unit is faster than the others.
吊下保持部510は、上方から上筒部519、胴部512、及び下筒部511の3の部分に区分される。図示の上筒部519は支柱部546により移送支持部541に接続されているため、移送部材540の移動が吊下保持部510に伝えられる。実施例の上筒部519と胴部512は回転自在な構造により組み合わされており、スプロケット571は胴部512に備えられている。そこで、上筒部519と無関係に吊下保持部510の胴部512より下方の部材のみが移送部材540による吊下保持部510の移動に伴い、移送チェーン572と歯合するスプロケット571により回転可能となる。   The suspension holding part 510 is divided into three parts, that is, an upper cylinder part 519, a body part 512, and a lower cylinder part 511 from above. Since the illustrated upper tube portion 519 is connected to the transfer support portion 541 by the column portion 546, the movement of the transfer member 540 is transmitted to the suspension holding portion 510. The upper cylindrical portion 519 and the trunk portion 512 of the embodiment are combined by a rotatable structure, and the sprocket 571 is provided in the trunk portion 512. Therefore, regardless of the upper cylinder portion 519, only the member below the trunk portion 512 of the suspension holding portion 510 can be rotated by the sprocket 571 that meshes with the transfer chain 572 as the suspension holding portion 510 is moved by the transfer member 540. It becomes.
回転部材により吊下保持部に吊り下げ保持されているびん体は回転できるため、比較的簡単な構造としながらもびん体が各回転ブラシ区における研磨のむら、水洗部における水洗のむら、乾燥部における乾燥のむらが極力低減される。つまり、びん体表面の仕上がりが全体的に均質化され、安定した品質のサンドブラスト加工済みびん体の生産に好適である。   Since the bottle body suspended and held by the suspension holding portion by the rotating member can be rotated, the bottle body has uneven polishing in each rotating brush section, water unevenness in the water washing portion, and drying in the drying portion, while having a relatively simple structure. Unevenness is reduced as much as possible. That is, the finish on the surface of the bottle body is homogenized as a whole, which is suitable for production of a sandblasted bottle body of stable quality.
また、吊下保持部510には、その全長方向(上下方向)に伸長部材515s及び下伸長部材515tからなる伸長部材515が貫通して挿通され、吊下保持部510の下筒部511の下端に弾性ヘッド520が備えられる(次述の図7,8参照)。弾性ヘッド520は先端部521及び袋状本体部522を備えて構成される。図4,5において、符号530は伸長部材を押圧する押圧作動装置、531は押圧軸部、532は当接部である。この実施例の押圧作動装置530は搬入機610側と搬出機630側の2箇所に備えられる。搬入機610の搬入側昇降保持板612の載置本数に対応する4基分の吊下保持部510の伸長部材515(515s,515t)は、押圧作動装置530の当接部532により同時に押し下げられ、同様に、搬出機630の搬出側昇降保持板632の載置本数に対応する4基分の吊下保持部510の伸長部材515は、押圧作動装置530の当接部532により同時に押し下げられる。当接部を板状体とすることにより容易に構成することができる。   An extension member 515 including an extension member 515s and a lower extension member 515t is inserted through the suspension holding portion 510 in the entire length direction (vertical direction), and the lower end of the lower cylinder portion 511 of the suspension holding portion 510 is inserted. Is provided with an elastic head 520 (see FIGS. 7 and 8 below). The elastic head 520 includes a distal end portion 521 and a bag-like main body portion 522. 4 and 5, reference numeral 530 denotes a pressing device that presses the extending member, 531 denotes a pressing shaft portion, and 532 denotes a contact portion. The pressing operation device 530 of this embodiment is provided at two places on the carry-in machine 610 side and the carry-out machine 630 side. The four extension members 515 (515s, 515t) of the suspension holding portions 510 corresponding to the number of loading-side lifting / lowering holding plates 612 of the carry-in device 610 are simultaneously pushed down by the contact portion 532 of the pressing device 530. Similarly, the extension members 515 of the four suspension holding portions 510 corresponding to the number of loading / unloading lifting / lowering holding plates 632 of the unloader 630 are simultaneously pushed down by the contact portion 532 of the pressing device 530. The contact portion can be easily configured by using a plate-like body.
図7及び図8の断面図を踏まえ、吊下保持部510の詳細構造並びに弾性ヘッド520の変形の様子を説明する。吊下保持部510の胴部512は管体状であり、その下部に下筒部511が備えられる。下筒部511内に下フランジ513が挿入される。下筒部511の下端には緩衝部材としてびん体wのびん口部woと当接するびん体当接板部523が装着される。びん体wと下筒部511との直接の接触を回避してびん口部woの破損を防ぐためである。さらに弾性ヘッド520がびん体当接板部523に接続される。吊下保持部510の内空間部517には伸長部材515(図示では下伸長部材515t)の周囲を囲む配置でばね516が備えられる。ばね516は下フランジ513と下伸長部材515tの上端に接続されている下伝達当接部514tとの間に介装される。   Based on the cross-sectional views of FIGS. 7 and 8, the detailed structure of the suspension holding portion 510 and the state of deformation of the elastic head 520 will be described. The trunk portion 512 of the suspension holding portion 510 has a tubular shape, and a lower cylinder portion 511 is provided at a lower portion thereof. A lower flange 513 is inserted into the lower cylinder portion 511. At the lower end of the lower cylinder portion 511, a bottle body abutting plate portion 523 that is in contact with the bottle mouth portion wo of the bottle body w is mounted as a buffer member. This is to prevent the bottle mouth wo from being damaged by avoiding direct contact between the bottle body w and the lower cylinder portion 511. Further, the elastic head 520 is connected to the bottle contact plate portion 523. A spring 516 is provided in the inner space portion 517 of the suspension holding portion 510 so as to surround the periphery of the extension member 515 (the lower extension member 515t in the drawing). The spring 516 is interposed between the lower flange 513 and the lower transmission contact portion 514t connected to the upper end of the lower extension member 515t.
弾性ヘッド520は図示のようにびん体wのびん口部woに挿入される。そして、弾性ヘッド520はびん体wを内側から保持しまた保持を解除するために、びん口部内面wiに圧接または非圧接となる。弾性ヘッド520は管状の袋状本体部522の降下方向側の先端に先端部521を備えており、管体の一端側が閉じた構造である。実施例の弾性ヘッド520の先端部521と伸長部材515(下伸長部材515t)の接続先端515eはねじ部材により接続され、伸長部材515の進退動作(上下の動き)は弾性ヘッド520に伝わる。弾性ヘッド520の先端部521及び袋状本体部522は単一の部材から形成することに加え、双方を連結あるいは接着して形成しても良い。弾性ヘッド520の先端部521及び袋状本体部522と、びん体当接板部523はびん体と直接接触するため、びん体を傷付けないように、公知のウレタンゴム等の樹脂材料から形成される。   The elastic head 520 is inserted into the bottle mouth wo of the bottle body w as shown in the figure. The elastic head 520 is in pressure contact or non-pressure contact with the bottle mouth inner surface wi in order to hold the bottle body w from the inside and release the holding. The elastic head 520 has a tip portion 521 at the tip of the tubular bag-like main body portion 522 on the lowering direction side, and has a structure in which one end side of the tube body is closed. The tip 521 of the elastic head 520 of the embodiment and the connecting tip 515e of the extension member 515 (lower extension member 515t) are connected by a screw member, and the forward / backward movement (up / down movement) of the extension member 515 is transmitted to the elastic head 520. In addition to forming the tip 521 and the bag-shaped main body 522 of the elastic head 520 from a single member, they may be formed by connecting or bonding both. The tip 521 and the bag-shaped main body 522 of the elastic head 520 and the bottle body abutting plate 523 are in direct contact with the bottle body, and therefore are formed from a known resin material such as urethane rubber so as not to damage the bottle body. The
何らの力が作用していないときの弾性ヘッド520では、袋状本体部522の側面は単純な円筒形形状である(図7参照)。逆に弾性ヘッド520に縮む力が作用しているときは、袋状本体部522は側面方向にわずかにふくらんだ紡錘形状である(図8参照)。押圧作動装置530の押圧軸部531は、ソレノイド装置もしくは圧縮空気の挿通等の機構により上下方向に進退動作可能である。押圧軸部531の下端にある当接部532はその直下に吊下保持部510の伸長部材515が位置したとき押下して、伸長部材515の上伸長部材515sは吊下保持部510の内部側に押し込まれる。そして、上伸長部材515sの上伝達当接部514sと下伸長部材515tの下伝達当接部514tとの当接を通じて下伸長部材515tは降下し、弾性ヘッド520は押し伸ばされる。   In the elastic head 520 when no force is applied, the side surface of the bag-shaped main body 522 has a simple cylindrical shape (see FIG. 7). On the contrary, when a contracting force is applied to the elastic head 520, the bag-like main body 522 has a spindle shape slightly inflated in the side surface direction (see FIG. 8). The pressing shaft 531 of the pressing device 530 can be moved back and forth in the vertical direction by a mechanism such as a solenoid device or compressed air insertion. The abutting portion 532 at the lower end of the pressing shaft portion 531 is pushed down when the extending member 515 of the suspended holding portion 510 is positioned immediately below the pressing shaft portion 531, and the upper extending member 515s of the extending member 515 is disposed on the inner side of the suspended holding portion 510. Is pushed into. Then, the lower extension member 515t descends through the contact between the upper transmission contact portion 514s of the upper extension member 515s and the lower transmission contact portion 514t of the lower extension member 515t, and the elastic head 520 is pushed out.
図7の断面図はブラシ研磨装置500の搬入搬出部600において、押圧作動装置530が吊下保持部510の伸長部材515に対して作動し、当接部532が伸長部材515(515s、515t)を押し下げ、これに伴い、ばね516が圧縮されている状態である。元来、弾性ヘッド520の袋状本体部522は円筒形形状である。その上、伸長部材515全体に下方への押し圧力が生じているため、袋状本体部522はいっそう上下方向に伸長するように作用する。結果、袋状本体部522の断面最大直径は、びん口部woの内直径wdよりも小さくなる。そこで、びん体wのびん口部woと弾性ヘッド520との摺動抵抗が低下して弾性ヘッドのびん体内(びん口部内)への取り付け並びに取り外しは容易となる。当該状態が弾性ヘッド520の非圧接の状態である。   In the cross-sectional view of FIG. 7, in the carry-in / carry-out portion 600 of the brush polishing apparatus 500, the pressing operation device 530 operates with respect to the extension member 515 of the suspension holding portion 510, and the contact portion 532 is the extension member 515 (515 s, 515 t). , And the spring 516 is compressed accordingly. Originally, the bag-like main body portion 522 of the elastic head 520 has a cylindrical shape. In addition, since a downward pressing force is generated on the entire extension member 515, the bag-like main body portion 522 acts to extend further in the vertical direction. As a result, the cross-sectional maximum diameter of the bag-shaped main body portion 522 is smaller than the inner diameter wd of the bottle mouth portion wo. Therefore, the sliding resistance between the bottle mouth portion wo of the bottle body w and the elastic head 520 is reduced, and the attachment and removal of the elastic head into the bottle body (in the bottle mouth portion) becomes easy. This state is a state where the elastic head 520 is not pressed.
図8の断面図はブラシ研磨装置500の搬入搬出部600から離れ、当該装置500内を循環中の吊下保持部510の弾性ヘッド520の状態を示す。当接部532から伸長部材515に対する押し下げ力が解除されたことにより、ばね516に加わった押圧も開放され、ばね516は当初長さに戻ろうとする。図示のように、ばね516の下端は下フランジ513と接触しているため、ばね516は下方へ伸長できない。そこで、ばね516の弾性に伴った勢いにより、ばね516は下伝達当接部514tとともに下伸長部材515t自体を持ち上げる。弾性ヘッド520の先端部521は伸長部材515と接続されているため、伸長部材515(図示では下伸長部材515t)の上昇に連動して袋状本体部522は上方に引っ張られる。そのため、円筒体の袋状本体部522は上下に縮み側面方向にふくらんで紡錘形状となる。   The sectional view of FIG. 8 shows the state of the elastic head 520 of the suspension holding unit 510 that is away from the loading / unloading unit 600 of the brush polishing apparatus 500 and is circulating in the apparatus 500. When the pressing force applied to the extending member 515 from the contact portion 532 is released, the pressure applied to the spring 516 is also released, and the spring 516 attempts to return to the initial length. As shown, the lower end of the spring 516 is in contact with the lower flange 513, so that the spring 516 cannot extend downward. Therefore, the spring 516 lifts the lower extension member 515t itself together with the lower transmission contact portion 514t by the momentum accompanying the elasticity of the spring 516. Since the distal end 521 of the elastic head 520 is connected to the extending member 515, the bag-like main body 522 is pulled upward in conjunction with the rising of the extending member 515 (the lower extending member 515t in the drawing). For this reason, the cylindrical bag-shaped main body portion 522 is shrunk in the vertical direction and swelled in the lateral direction to have a spindle shape.
こうして、弾性ヘッド520の袋状本体部522は当初の形状(図7参照)からふくらみを有する形状に変形し、弾性ヘッドにおける断面最大直径が広がる。結果的に、びん口部woの内直径wdよりも大きくなり、びん体wのびん口部woと弾性ヘッド520との摺動抵抗が増加して弾性ヘッドのびん体内への保持が可能となる。当該状態が弾性ヘッド520における圧接の状態である。   Thus, the bag-like main body portion 522 of the elastic head 520 is deformed from the initial shape (see FIG. 7) to a shape having a bulge, and the maximum cross-sectional diameter of the elastic head is expanded. As a result, the inner diameter wd of the bottle mouth portion wo becomes larger, the sliding resistance between the bottle mouth portion wo of the bottle body w and the elastic head 520 increases, and the elastic head can be held in the bottle body. . This state is a pressure contact state in the elastic head 520.
吊下保持部が弾性ヘッドを用いることにより、びん体のびん口部の保持並びに非保持に必要な部材を簡易な構成とすることができ、単純な操作により可能となる。また、びん体を損傷するおそれも低下する。   By using an elastic head for the suspension holding part, the members necessary for holding and non-holding the bottle mouth part of the bottle body can be simply configured, and can be achieved by a simple operation. In addition, the risk of damaging the bottle body is reduced.
図9は第3回転ブラシ区730における概略縦断面図であり、同図を代表として前掲の図2、図3にて開示した研磨部700を構成する回転ブラシ区を説明する。図示のとおり、紙面右側に第3右ブラシユニット730a及び紙面左側に第3左ブラシユニット730bが備えられる。図示は吊下保持部に吊り下げ保持されているびん体wの進行方向に対して左右となる。   FIG. 9 is a schematic longitudinal sectional view of the third rotating brush section 730, and the rotating brush section constituting the polishing unit 700 disclosed in the above-described FIGS. As shown in the figure, a third right brush unit 730a is provided on the right side of the paper and a third left brush unit 730b is provided on the left side of the paper. The illustration is left and right with respect to the traveling direction of the bottle body w suspended and held by the suspension holding portion.
第3右ブラシユニット730aにおいて、ブラシモータ732aの回転はモータ歯車733aと歯合する受側歯車734aを介して右下回転伝達軸部736aに伝達される。同時に右伝達ベルト735aを通じて右上回転伝達軸部737aにもモータの回転力が伝達される。そして、右下回転伝達軸部736aと接続されている右下回転ブラシ731cとともに右上回転伝達軸部737aと接続されている右上回転ブラシ731aも回転する。同様に、第3左ブラシユニット730bにおいて、ブラシモータ732bの回転はモータ歯車733bと歯合するブラシ側歯車734bを介して左下回転伝達軸部736bに伝達される。同時に左伝達ベルト735bを通じて左上回転伝達軸部737bにもモータの回転力が伝達される。そして、左下回転伝達軸部736bと接続されている左下回転ブラシ731dとともに左上回転伝達軸部737bと接続されている左上回転ブラシ731bも回転する。   In the third right brush unit 730a, the rotation of the brush motor 732a is transmitted to the lower right rotation transmission shaft portion 736a via the receiving side gear 734a meshing with the motor gear 733a. At the same time, the rotational force of the motor is transmitted to the upper right rotation transmission shaft portion 737a through the right transmission belt 735a. The upper right rotation brush 731a connected to the upper right rotation transmission shaft portion 737a also rotates together with the lower right rotation brush 731c connected to the lower right rotation transmission shaft portion 736a. Similarly, in the third left brush unit 730b, the rotation of the brush motor 732b is transmitted to the lower left rotation transmission shaft portion 736b via the brush side gear 734b that meshes with the motor gear 733b. At the same time, the rotational force of the motor is transmitted to the upper left rotation transmission shaft portion 737b through the left transmission belt 735b. Then, the upper left rotation brush 731b connected to the upper left rotation transmission shaft portion 737b also rotates together with the lower left rotation brush 731d connected to the lower left rotation transmission shaft portion 736b.
回転ブラシがびん体に接触してびん体表面にブラシ掛け、研磨されている間、散水配管591,592から水が回転ブラシに向けてまかれる。ブラシ研磨は湿った状態でガラス粉塵が飛散しないように行われる。   While the rotating brush comes into contact with the bottle body and brushes the surface of the bottle body and is being polished, water is sprayed from the sprinkling pipes 591 and 592 toward the rotating brush. Brush polishing is performed so that glass dust is not scattered in a wet state.
研磨部700内に配備される回転ブラシは、ナイロン製の樹脂毛が植毛されたナイロンブラシである。研磨力を高めるため、適宜粒径の研磨材がナイロンブラシに混入される。図9にて例示するように、研磨部700を構成する回転ブラシ区に装備される回転ブラシ731a,731b,731c,731dは、吊下保持部510に保持されているびん体wの高さ方向に対して交差状に配置され回転するように構成される。すなわち、びん体wの高さ方向と、回転ブラシの回転軸は直交する配置関係にある。回転ブラシは円筒体であるためびん体の両側からびん体の側面に接触し、びん体が研磨部(回転ブラシ区)を進行する間のブラシ掛けや研磨が容易に可能となる。また、びん体の高さ方向と並行に回転ブラシを配設する場合、回転ブラシの可動に必要な機構の数が増えて装置が複雑化する。   The rotating brush provided in the polishing unit 700 is a nylon brush in which nylon resin bristles are planted. In order to increase the polishing power, an abrasive having an appropriate particle size is mixed into the nylon brush. As illustrated in FIG. 9, the rotating brushes 731 a, 731 b, 731 c, and 731 d equipped in the rotating brush section constituting the polishing unit 700 are in the height direction of the bottle body w held by the suspension holding unit 510. Are arranged so as to intersect with each other and rotate. In other words, the height direction of the bottle body w and the rotational axis of the rotary brush are in an orthogonal relationship. Since the rotating brush is a cylindrical body, it comes into contact with the side surface of the bottle body from both sides of the bottle body, and brushing and polishing can be easily performed while the bottle body proceeds through the polishing portion (rotating brush section). Further, when the rotating brush is disposed in parallel with the height direction of the bottle body, the number of mechanisms necessary for moving the rotating brush increases, and the apparatus becomes complicated.
図9の第3回転ブラシ区730から把握されるように、4本の回転ブラシ731a,731b,731c,731dは、びん体の高さ方向に対してそれぞれ異なった位置に配設される。回転ブラシがびん体と接触する高さ位置をそれぞれの回転ブラシ毎で異ならせることにより、びん体表面においてブラシ掛けが必要となる部分が多く網羅される。同時に、回転ブラシとびん体との接触量をずらして変化させることができ、びん体に生じるブラシ掛けや研磨の偏りを低減できる。また、実施例の吊下保持部510は回転部材570(移送チェーン572及びこれと歯合するスプロケット571等)の作動を受け、びん体を吊り下げ状態のままで回転しながら研磨部の回転ブラシ区を順に移動している。そこで、さらに回転ブラシによるブラシ掛けや研磨のむらがさらに低減できる。   As can be understood from the third rotating brush section 730 in FIG. 9, the four rotating brushes 731a, 731b, 731c, and 731d are arranged at different positions with respect to the height direction of the bottle body. By varying the height position at which the rotating brush contacts the bottle body for each rotating brush, many portions that require brushing on the surface of the bottle body are covered. At the same time, the amount of contact between the rotating brush and the bottle body can be shifted and changed, and the unevenness of brushing and polishing generated in the bottle body can be reduced. Further, the suspension holding portion 510 of the embodiment receives the operation of the rotation member 570 (the transfer chain 572 and the sprocket 571 meshed with the rotation member), and rotates the bottle body in the suspended state while rotating the bottle in the suspended portion. We move ward sequentially. Therefore, brushing with a rotating brush and uneven polishing can be further reduced.
実施例のブラシ研磨装置500にあっては、主に図3の側面図に開示するように、研磨部700のそれぞれの回転ブラシ区内に配設される回転ブラシの取り付け位置も少しずつずらされている。これは、前述のとおり、びん体表面のブラシ掛けが必要となる部分を網羅し、回転ブラシとびん体との接触量をずらすためである。さらに、実施例の第5回転ブラシ区750(図3参照)及び第6回転ブラシ区760では、回転ブラシは、びん体wの高さ方向に対して直交の交差状配置よりも幾分びん体の進行方向下向きに傾斜して配設される。回転ブラシを単に直交となる配置から傾斜状に配設することにより、ブラシの回転方向に沿って生じる研磨の方向付けが複雑になり、研磨溝等のむらが緩和される。また、びん体側面に対して回転ブラシは斜めにその全長が接触するため、一の回転ブラシ区を通過することでびん体の上から下までのブラシ掛けや研磨が可能となる。   In the brush polishing apparatus 500 of the embodiment, as disclosed mainly in the side view of FIG. 3, the mounting positions of the rotating brushes arranged in the respective rotating brush sections of the polishing unit 700 are also shifted little by little. ing. As described above, this is to cover the portion where the bottle body surface needs to be brushed and to shift the contact amount between the rotating brush and the bottle body. Further, in the fifth rotating brush section 750 (see FIG. 3) and the sixth rotating brush section 760 of the embodiment, the rotating brush is somewhat bottle body than the cross-shaped arrangement orthogonal to the height direction of the bottle body w. Inclined downward in the traveling direction. By disposing the rotating brush in an inclined shape from an orthogonal arrangement, the polishing orientation that occurs along the direction of rotation of the brush becomes complicated, and unevenness in the polishing grooves and the like is alleviated. Further, since the entire length of the rotating brush is obliquely contacted with the side surface of the bottle body, brushing and polishing from the top to the bottom of the bottle body are possible by passing through one rotating brush section.
図10の概要図は、ブラシ研磨装置500の研磨部700を構成する第1回転ブラシ区710ないし第6回転ブラシ区760内の個々の回転ブラシがびん体wと接触する様子の一例である。紙面の左右と研磨部のびん体の進行方向を揃えている。図10(a)は第1回転ブラシ区710の3本の回転ブラシ711a,711b,711eと、第2回転ブラシ区720の4本の回転ブラシ721a,721c,721b,721dの配置である。図10(b)は第3回転ブラシ区730の4本の回転ブラシ731a,731c,731b,731dと、第4回転ブラシ区740の2本の回転ブラシ741a,741bの配置である。図10(c)は第5回転ブラシ区750の傾斜する2本の回転ブラシ751a,751bと、第6回転ブラシ区の傾斜する2本の回転ブラシ761a,761bの配置である。   The schematic diagram of FIG. 10 is an example of how individual rotating brushes in the first rotating brush section 710 to the sixth rotating brush section 760 constituting the polishing unit 700 of the brush polishing apparatus 500 come into contact with the bottle body w. The left and right sides of the paper are aligned with the direction of movement of the bottle in the polishing section. FIG. 10A shows an arrangement of three rotating brushes 711a, 711b, and 711e of the first rotating brush section 710 and four rotating brushes 721a, 721c, 721b, and 721d of the second rotating brush section 720. FIG. 10B shows the arrangement of the four rotating brushes 731a, 731c, 731b and 731d of the third rotating brush section 730 and the two rotating brushes 741a and 741b of the fourth rotating brush section 740. FIG. 10C shows the arrangement of the two rotating brushes 751a and 751b inclined in the fifth rotating brush section 750 and the two rotating brushes 761a and 761b inclined in the sixth rotating brush section.
図10のびん体と接触する各回転ブラシ区内の回転ブラシの配置からよくわかるように、極力ブラシ掛け、研磨のむらが生じないように、びん体の側面全体に回転ブラシが接触する配置構成となっている。図3と合わせて図10のとおり、一の回転ブラシ区内においてもそれぞれの回転ブラシの配設位置は異なり、さらに回転ブラシ区毎でも回転ブラシの配設位置は異なる。そこで、個別のびん体の回転も伴うことにより、よりいっそうのブラシ掛け、研磨のむらが低減される。特に、実施例の研磨部の構成にあっては、第1回転ブラシ区710に下ブラシユニット710eと下回転ブラシ711eが備えられ(図3,10参照)、びん体の底面を含む側面全体のブラシ掛け、研磨が可能である。   As can be clearly understood from the arrangement of the rotating brushes in each rotating brush section in contact with the bottle body in FIG. 10, an arrangement configuration in which the rotating brush contacts the entire side surface of the bottle body so as to prevent brushing and polishing unevenness as much as possible. It has become. As shown in FIG. 10 together with FIG. 3, the arrangement positions of the respective rotary brushes are different within one rotary brush section, and the arrangement positions of the rotary brushes are different for each rotary brush section. Therefore, the rotation of the individual bottles is also accompanied, thereby further reducing unevenness of brushing and polishing. In particular, in the configuration of the polishing unit of the embodiment, the first rotating brush section 710 includes a lower brush unit 710e and a lower rotating brush 711e (see FIGS. 3 and 10), and the entire side surface including the bottom surface of the bottle body. Brushing and polishing are possible.
図11は回転ブラシと移送されるびん体との間隔を調節する機構の概略断面図である。図示では、研磨部700における第3回転ブラシ区730内の第3右ブラシユニット730aに配設される右回転ブラシ731cを例にして間隔調節機構770を説明する。   FIG. 11 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a mechanism for adjusting the distance between the rotating brush and the transferred bottle body. In the drawing, the spacing adjusting mechanism 770 will be described by taking the right rotating brush 731c disposed in the third right brush unit 730a in the third rotating brush section 730 in the polishing unit 700 as an example.
右回転ブラシ731cの回転軸部789の一端に歯車軸受部786と他端に軸受部788が設けられ、両軸受部786,788が支持枠部787により支持され回転ブラシは保持される。支持枠部787に台座部775p,775pが取り付けられ、両台座部775p,775pに進退棒部773,773が固定される。進退棒部773,773の末端に固定板部779が接続される。第3右ブラシユニット730a(第3ブラシ区730)の壁面730kに台座部775q,775qが取り付けられ、両台座部775q,775qに支持管部774,774が固定される。   A gear bearing portion 786 is provided at one end of the rotating shaft portion 789 of the right rotating brush 731c, and a bearing portion 788 is provided at the other end. Both bearing portions 786, 788 are supported by the support frame portion 787, and the rotating brush is held. The pedestal portions 775p and 775p are attached to the support frame portion 787, and the advance / retreat rod portions 773 and 773 are fixed to the both pedestal portions 775p and 775p. A fixed plate portion 779 is connected to the ends of the advance / retreat rod portions 773 and 773. The pedestal portions 775q and 775q are attached to the wall surface 730k of the third right brush unit 730a (the third brush section 730), and the support tube portions 774 and 774 are fixed to the pedestal portions 775q and 775q.
ボールねじ772は固定板部779に接続された鞘部776と螺合され、ねじ受部777により壁面730kに回転可能に保持される。ボールねじ772の一端側に操作ホイール771が取り付けられ、同操作ホイールによりボールねじは回転する。ボールねじ772と鞘部776及び固定板部779を介して接続される進退棒部773,773は、鞘部776と螺合するボールねじ772の回転に伴い、支持管部774,774と重なる位置を変えることができる。このため、右回転ブラシ731cと壁面730kとの距離、すなわち、びん体との間隔の調節は可能となる。   The ball screw 772 is screwed with a sheath portion 776 connected to the fixed plate portion 779 and is rotatably held on the wall surface 730k by the screw receiving portion 777. An operation wheel 771 is attached to one end of the ball screw 772, and the ball screw is rotated by the operation wheel. The forward / backward rod portions 773 and 773 connected to the ball screw 772 via the sheath portion 776 and the fixing plate portion 779 overlap with the support tube portions 774 and 774 as the ball screw 772 screwed with the sheath portion 776 rotates. Can be changed. For this reason, the distance between the right rotating brush 731c and the wall surface 730k, that is, the distance from the bottle body can be adjusted.
ブラシモータ732aに接続されたモータ歯車733aに受側歯車734aが組み合わされ右下回転伝達軸部736aへ回転力が伝達される。右下回転伝達軸部736a内に公知のスプライン軸受部780が装備され、右下回転伝達軸部736aの回転力はスプライン軸受部780を通じてスプライン軸受部内に挿通されたスプライン軸781に伝達される。モータ側傘歯車783がスプライン軸781の末端に設けられるとともにブラシ側傘歯車784も右回転ブラシ731cの回転軸部789の末端に設けられる。両傘歯車783及び784は歯合しているため、ブラシモータ732aの駆動が右回転ブラシ731cの回転となる。   The receiving gear 734a is combined with the motor gear 733a connected to the brush motor 732a, and the rotational force is transmitted to the lower right rotation transmission shaft portion 736a. A known spline bearing portion 780 is provided in the lower right rotation transmission shaft portion 736a, and the rotational force of the lower right rotation transmission shaft portion 736a is transmitted through the spline bearing portion 780 to the spline shaft 781 inserted into the spline bearing portion. A motor side bevel gear 783 is provided at the end of the spline shaft 781, and a brush side bevel gear 784 is also provided at the end of the rotating shaft portion 789 of the right rotating brush 731c. Since both bevel gears 783 and 784 are engaged, the drive of the brush motor 732a is the rotation of the right rotating brush 731c.
実施例の構造においては、公知のスプライン軸受部780とスプライン軸781を採用しているため、進退棒部773,773の移動量に順応してスプライン軸受部780とスプライン軸781の位置調節可能である。従って、常時傘歯車同士の歯合を維持でき、回転ブラシの回転を安定させることができる。図中の符号785はスプライン収容部、786は歯車収容部である。   In the structure of the embodiment, since the known spline bearing portion 780 and the spline shaft 781 are employed, the positions of the spline bearing portion 780 and the spline shaft 781 can be adjusted according to the amount of movement of the advance / retreat rod portions 773 and 773. is there. Therefore, the meshing between the bevel gears can always be maintained, and the rotation of the rotating brush can be stabilized. In the figure, reference numeral 785 denotes a spline housing portion and 786 denotes a gear housing portion.
開示の間隔調節機構770から把握されるように、回転ブラシとびん体との間隔を調節可能としているため、ブラシ研磨装置に供給されるびん体の大きさ、形状、さらにはサンドブラスト加工の仕上げ(表面の細かさ)等を総合的に勘案して、回転ブラシの位置を設定できる。そこで、生産ロット毎に異なる規格のびん体に柔軟に対応することができる。なお、研磨部における他の回転ブラシとびん体との間隔調節の機構は、開示の間隔調節機構770と同一構成であり、回転ブラシの配設位置のみが異なるため、個別の図示並びに説明を省略する。実施例の間隔調節機構は回転ブラシの間隔調節手段の一例である。回転ブラシの研磨力を維持できる限り、他の機構を採用することもできる。   As can be understood from the disclosed interval adjusting mechanism 770, the interval between the rotating brush and the bottle body can be adjusted, so that the size and shape of the bottle body supplied to the brush polishing apparatus, as well as the finish of sandblasting ( The position of the rotating brush can be set by comprehensively considering surface fineness). Therefore, it is possible to flexibly deal with bottle bodies having different standards for each production lot. It should be noted that the mechanism for adjusting the distance between the other rotating brushes and the bottle body in the polishing unit is the same as that of the disclosed distance adjusting mechanism 770, and only the arrangement position of the rotating brush is different. To do. The interval adjusting mechanism of the embodiment is an example of the interval adjusting means of the rotating brush. Other mechanisms may be employed as long as the polishing force of the rotating brush can be maintained.
これまでに図示し詳述したブラシ研磨装置を用いることにより、研磨材の吹付加工がなされたびん体は、装置内の順路に従って移動することで回転ブラシによるブラシ掛けと研磨、その後の水洗、並びに乾燥の各工程を完結する。よって、びん体表面のブラシ研磨効率は向上し、量産規模によるサンドブラスト加工済みのびん体の生産に好適である。   By using the brush polishing apparatus shown and described in detail so far, the sprayed body of the abrasive is moved along the route in the apparatus so that brushing and polishing with a rotating brush, and subsequent water washing, and Complete each step of drying. Therefore, the brush polishing efficiency of the bottle body surface is improved, which is suitable for the production of a bottle body that has been sandblasted on a mass production scale.
1 フロスト加工装置
5 搬送コンベア
100 研磨材吹付加工装置
140 搬入搬出部
150 研磨材吹付部
160 エア吹付部
500 ブラシ研磨装置
501 びん体移送装置
510 吊下保持部
515 伸長部材
516 ばね
520 弾性ヘッド
522 袋状本体部
530 押圧作動装置
540 移送部材
560 駆動部材
570 回転部材
571 スプロケット
572 移送チェーン(回転チェーン)
600 搬入搬出部
610 搬出機
630 搬入機
700 研磨部
710 第1回転ブラシ区
711a,711b,711e 回転ブラシ
712a,712b,712e ブラシモータ
720 第2回転ブラシ区
721a,721b,721c,721d 回転ブラシ
722a,722b ブラシモータ
730 第3回転ブラシ区
731a,731b,731c,731d 回転ブラシ
732a,732b ブラシモータ
740 第4回転ブラシ区
741a,741b 回転ブラシ
742a,742b ブラシモータ
750 第5回転ブラシ区
751a,751b 回転ブラシ
752a,752b ブラシモータ
760 第6回転ブラシ区
761a,761b 回転ブラシ
762a,762b ブラシモータ
770 間隔調節機構
772 ボールねじ
800 水洗部
810,820 噴水部
900 乾燥部
903 熱風吹出口
w びん体
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Frost processing apparatus 5 Conveyor 100 Abrasive material spraying processing apparatus 140 Carrying in / out part 150 Abrasive material spraying part 160 Air spraying part 500 Brush polishing apparatus 501 Bottle transfer apparatus 510 Suspension holding part 515 Elongating member 516 Spring 520 Elastic head 522 Bag Main body part 530 Press actuator 540 Transfer member 560 Drive member 570 Rotating member 571 Sprocket 572 Transfer chain (rotating chain)
600 loading / unloading section 610 unloading machine 630 loading machine 700 polishing section 710 first rotating brush section 711a, 711b, 711e rotating brush 712a, 712b, 712e brush motor 720 second rotating brush section 721a, 721b, 721c, 721d rotating brush 722a 722b Brush motor 730 Third rotating brush section 731a, 731b, 731c, 731d Rotating brush 732a, 732b Brush motor 740 Fourth rotating brush section 741a, 741b Rotating brush 742a, 742b Brush motor 750 Fifth rotating brush section 751a, 751b Rotating brush 752a, 752b Brush motor 760 Sixth rotating brush section 761a, 761b Rotating brush 762a, 762b Brush motor 770 Spacing adjustment mechanism 772 Ball screw 800 Water Washing section 810, 820 Fountain section 900 Drying section 903 Hot air outlet w Bottle body

Claims (6)

  1. 研磨材の吹付加工がなされたびん体の表面をブラシ研磨する装置において、
    びん体を正立状態で移送する搬送コンベアと、
    前記搬送コンベアに隣接して配置され、びん体を1本ずつ自転可能に吊り下げ保持する複数の吊下保持部を備えた無端の移送部材と、前記移送部材を連続的に移動させる駆動部材と、前記移送部材の吊下保持部を回転させる回転部材とを有するびん体移送装置と、
    前記移送部材の移動に対応する位置に配置されていて、
    前記搬送コンベアに接し該搬送コンベア上のびん体を保持して前記移送部材の吊下保持部に送り込む搬入機と、前記搬入機の作動に先立って前記移送部材の吊下保持部のびん体を保持して前記搬送コンベア上に送り出す搬出機とを備えた搬入搬出部と、
    前記搬入搬出部で保持されたびん体表面に対してブラシ研磨をする回転ブラシがびん体の移送方向の両側に複数配設された研磨部と、
    前記研磨部で研磨されたびん体を水洗する水洗部と、
    前記水洗部で水洗されたびん体を乾燥する乾燥部とを有する
    ことを特徴とするブラシ研磨装置。
    In an apparatus for brush polishing the surface of a bottle that has been sprayed with abrasives,
    A conveyor for transferring the bottle body in an upright state;
    An endless transfer member that is arranged adjacent to the conveyor and includes a plurality of suspension holding portions that suspend and hold bottles one by one so as to rotate, and a drive member that continuously moves the transfer member. A bottle body transfer device having a rotating member for rotating the suspension holding portion of the transfer member;
    Arranged at a position corresponding to the movement of the transfer member,
    A loading machine that comes into contact with the conveying conveyor and holds the bottle body on the conveying conveyor and sends it to the hanging holding section of the transfer member; and a bottle body of the hanging holding section of the transferring member prior to the operation of the loading machine A carry-in / carry-out unit provided with a carry-out machine that holds and feeds it onto the conveyor;
    A polishing section in which a plurality of rotating brushes that are brush-polished on the surface of the bottle held by the loading / unloading section are disposed on both sides of the bottle body in the transfer direction;
    A rinsing section for rinsing the bottle polished by the polishing section;
    A brush polishing apparatus, comprising: a drying unit that is washed with the water washing unit and dries the bottle.
  2. 前記吊下保持部が、びん体のびん口部に挿入されびん体を内側から保持しまたは保持を解除するためにびん口部内面に圧接又は非圧接する弾性ヘッドを有する請求項1に記載のブラシ研磨装置。   The said suspension holding | maintenance part is inserted in the bottle mouth part of a bottle body, and has an elastic head which presses or press-contacts to the inner surface of a bottle mouth part in order to hold | maintain a bottle body from the inside or to cancel | release holding | maintenance. Brush polishing device.
  3. 前記回転部材が、前記移送部材の吊下保持部に設けられたスプロケットと歯合する前記移送部材の移送方向に張設された移送チェーンよりなる請求項1又は2に記載のブラシ研磨装置。   3. The brush polishing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the rotating member includes a transfer chain stretched in a transfer direction of the transfer member that meshes with a sprocket provided in a suspension holding portion of the transfer member.
  4. 前記研磨部における回転ブラシが、前記吊下保持部に保持されたびん体の高さ方向に対して交差状に配置されて回転するように構成されている請求項1ないし3のいずれか1項に記載のブラシ研磨装置。   The rotating brush in the said grinding | polishing part is comprised so that it may be arrange | positioned in the cross shape with respect to the height direction of the bottle hold | maintained at the said suspension holding | maintenance part, and may rotate. A brush polishing apparatus according to claim 1.
  5. 前記研磨部における回転ブラシが、びん体の高さ方向に対してそれぞれ異なった位置に配設されている請求項1ないし4のいずれか1項に記載のブラシ研磨装置。   The brush polishing apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the rotating brushes in the polishing unit are disposed at different positions with respect to the height direction of the bottle body.
  6. 前記研磨部における回転ブラシが、びん体との間隔を調節可能に配置されている請求項1ないし5のいずれか1項に記載のブラシ研磨装置。   The brush polishing apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the rotating brush in the polishing unit is arranged so that the distance from the bottle body can be adjusted.
JP2010103583A 2010-04-28 2010-04-28 Brush polishing equipment Expired - Fee Related JP5479205B2 (en)

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FR1059610A FR2958197B1 (en) 2010-04-01 2010-11-22 Buffer polishing device
CN2010106247279A CN102211314A (en) 2010-04-01 2010-12-29 Device for polishing pad

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