JP2011206266A - Support and transfer assist apparatus - Google Patents

Support and transfer assist apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2011206266A
JP2011206266A JP2010076949A JP2010076949A JP2011206266A JP 2011206266 A JP2011206266 A JP 2011206266A JP 2010076949 A JP2010076949 A JP 2010076949A JP 2010076949 A JP2010076949 A JP 2010076949A JP 2011206266 A JP2011206266 A JP 2011206266A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
assisted
person
holder
surface portion
chest
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JP2010076949A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yuji Ito
裕司 伊東
Yosuke Tazaki
陽介 田▲崎▼
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Toyota Motor Corp
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Toyota Motor Corp
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Priority to JP2010076949A priority Critical patent/JP2011206266A/en
Priority to PCT/IB2011/000827 priority patent/WO2011121442A1/en
Publication of JP2011206266A publication Critical patent/JP2011206266A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1073Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G7/1082Rests specially adapted for
    • A61G7/1086Upper body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2200/00Information related to the kind of patient or his position
    • A61G2200/30Specific positions of the patient
    • A61G2200/32Specific positions of the patient lying
    • A61G2200/325Specific positions of the patient lying prone
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2200/00Information related to the kind of patient or his position
    • A61G2200/50Information related to the kind of patient or his position the patient is supported by a specific part of the body
    • A61G2200/52Underarm
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1013Lifting of patients by
    • A61G7/1017Pivoting arms, e.g. crane type mechanisms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/104Devices carried or supported by
    • A61G7/1046Mobile bases, e.g. having wheels
    • A61G7/1048Mobile bases, e.g. having wheels having auxiliary drive means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1063Safety means
    • A61G7/1065Safety means with electronic monitoring

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Nursing (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Invalid Beds And Related Equipment (AREA)

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a support that can prevent a care receiver from slipping and dropping with a simple structure.SOLUTION: The support 10 is a support that is used when the care receiver is assisted for transfer and supports a body of the care receiver. The support 10 includes: a front portion 11 that contacts a front side of a torso of the care receiver; and lateral side portions 12a and 12b which contact both side of the torso of the care receiver and whose width is formed to get narrower from an apertura thoracis superior side toward an apertura thoracis inferior side of the care receiver. Moreover, the width of the lateral sides are preferably wider from the apertura thoracis superior side toward the apertura thoracis of the care receiver.

Description

本発明は被介助者の移乗を補助するための保持具に関する。   The present invention relates to a holder for assisting the transfer of a person being assisted.

従来から、負傷者、要介護者等の身体の不自由な人を、車椅子、ベッド、トイレなどの間で移乗させるための移乗介助装置が提案されている(例えば、特許文献1、2)。特許文献1に記載の移乗介助装置は、被介助者の胸部から下腹部までを保持する上体保持部を有している。これにより、被介助者の上体と上体保持具との間の接触面積を広くし、被介助者にかかる圧力少なくしている。   2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, there has been proposed a transfer assistance device for transferring a physically handicapped person such as an injured person or a care recipient to a wheelchair, a bed, a toilet, or the like (for example, Patent Documents 1 and 2). The transfer assistance device described in Patent Document 1 has an upper body holding unit that holds the person being assisted from the chest to the lower abdomen. As a result, the contact area between the upper body of the person being assisted and the upper body holder is increased, and the pressure applied to the person being assisted is reduced.

また、被介助者の腰部を保持するため、腰保持機構が設けられている。腰保持機構は、流動体収納バッグを備えている。被介助者の自重によって流動体バッグ内の流動体が移動することにより、流動体収納バッグが被介助者の腰部形状に形合する。   In addition, a waist holding mechanism is provided to hold the waist of the person being assisted. The waist holding mechanism includes a fluid storage bag. When the fluid in the fluid bag moves by the self-weight of the person being assisted, the fluid storage bag is shaped into the waist shape of the person being assisted.

また、特許文献2には、移乗介助装置の胸部保持具が開示されている。該胸部保持具は、胸部中央に対応する基板と、該基板の両側に位置する前部補助板と、両脇に対応する側部補助板と、背部補助板とを有する。   Patent Document 2 discloses a chest holder of a transfer assistance device. The chest holder includes a substrate corresponding to the center of the chest, a front auxiliary plate located on both sides of the substrate, side auxiliary plates corresponding to both sides, and a back auxiliary plate.

特開2008−73501号公報JP 2008-73501 A 特開2000−24040号公報Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 2000-24040

特許文献1に記載の移乗補助装置では、被介助者の腰部形状に合わせて形状が変化する腰保持機構が設けられている。しかしながら、胸部から下腹部までを保持する上体保持部とは別に腰保持機構を設けるため、構造が複雑であるという問題がある。また、特許文献2では、2つの側面補助板は平行に配置されており、被介助者が下にずり落ちる恐れがある。   In the transfer assist device described in Patent Document 1, a waist holding mechanism whose shape changes according to the waist shape of the person being assisted is provided. However, since the waist holding mechanism is provided separately from the upper body holding part that holds the chest to the lower abdomen, there is a problem that the structure is complicated. Moreover, in patent document 2, the two side surface auxiliary | assistant board | plates are arrange | positioned in parallel and there exists a possibility that a care receiver may slide down.

本発明は、このような事情を背景としてなされたものであり、簡易な構成で被介助者のずり落ちを防止することができる保持具を提供することを目的とする。   The present invention has been made against the background of the above circumstances, and an object of the present invention is to provide a holder that can prevent a person being assisted from slipping with a simple configuration.

本発明の第1の態様に係る保持具は、被介助者の移乗を介助する際に用いられ、被介助者の体躯を保持する保持具であって、被介助者の胴部の前面側に当接する前面部と、被介助者の胴部の側面側に当接し、被介助者の胸郭上口側から胸郭下口側に向かって幅が狭くなるように形成された側面部とを備えるものである。   The holder according to the first aspect of the present invention is a holder that is used when assisting the transfer of the person being assisted, and that holds the body of the person being assisted, on the front side of the trunk of the person being assisted A front surface portion that abuts and a side surface portion that abuts on the side surface side of the torso of the person being assisted and is formed so that the width decreases from the upper side of the chest of the person being assisted toward the lower side of the chest. It is.

本発明の第2の態様に係る保持具は、上記の保持具において、前記側面部は、被介助者の胸郭下口側から腸骨側に向かって幅が広くなっていることを特徴とするものである。   The holder according to the second aspect of the present invention is characterized in that, in the holder described above, the side surface portion has a width that increases from the lower chest side of the person being assisted toward the iliac side. Is.

本発明の第3の態様に係る保持具は、上記の保持具において、前記前面部は、被介助者の鎖骨から下腹部まで当接し、前記側面部は、被介助者の脇から腸骨まで当接することを特徴とするものである。   In the holder according to the third aspect of the present invention, in the holder described above, the front portion abuts from the clavicle of the person being assisted to the lower abdomen, and the side part extends from the side of the person being assisted to the iliac bone. It is characterized by abutting.

本発明の第4の態様に係る保持具は、上記の保持具において、前記前面部は、被介助者の第5腰椎近傍においてRが形成され、被介助者側に突出する弓型であることを特徴とするものである。   The holder according to a fourth aspect of the present invention is the holder as described above, wherein the front surface portion is formed with an R in the vicinity of the fifth lumbar vertebra of the person being assisted and protruding toward the person being assisted. It is characterized by.

本発明の第5の態様に係る保持具は、上記の保持具において、前記側面部の被介助者の脇に対向する部分は、被介助者の脇の下から肩甲骨にかけて当接することを特徴とするものである。   In the holder according to the fifth aspect of the present invention, in the holder described above, a portion of the side surface portion facing the side of the person being assisted comes into contact with the scapula from the armpit of the person being assisted. Is.

本発明の第6の態様に係る保持具は、上記の保持具において、前記側面部は移動可能に設けられていることを特徴とするものである。   The holder according to the sixth aspect of the present invention is characterized in that, in the holder, the side surface portion is provided so as to be movable.

本発明の第7の態様に係る保持具は、上記の保持具において、前記前面部と前記側面部とは、一体形成されていることを特徴とするものである。   The holder according to a seventh aspect of the present invention is characterized in that, in the holder described above, the front surface portion and the side surface portion are integrally formed.

本発明によれば、簡易な構成で被介助者のずり落ちを防止することができる保持具を提供することが可能となる。   ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, it becomes possible to provide the holding | maintenance tool which can prevent a caregiver's sliding down with a simple structure.

実施の形態1に係る保持具を用いた移乗補助装置の使用時の状態を例示する図である。It is a figure which illustrates the state at the time of use of the transfer assistance apparatus using the holder concerning Embodiment 1. FIG. 実施の形態1に係る保持具を用いた移乗補助装置の全体構成を模式的に示す図である。It is a figure which shows typically the whole structure of the transfer assistance apparatus using the holder which concerns on Embodiment 1. FIG. 実施の形態1に係る保持具の構成を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the structure of the holder which concerns on Embodiment 1. FIG. 実施の形態1に係る保持具の移乗補助装置への取付部の一例を示す図である。It is a figure which shows an example of the attaching part to the transfer assistance apparatus of the holder which concerns on Embodiment 1. FIG. 実施の形態2に係る保持具の構成を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the structure of the holder which concerns on Embodiment 2. FIG. 実施の形態2に係る保持具の構成を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the structure of the holder which concerns on Embodiment 2. FIG. 実施の形態2に係る保持具の構成を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the structure of the holder which concerns on Embodiment 2. FIG. 実施の形態2に係る保持具の構成を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the structure of the holder which concerns on Embodiment 2. FIG. 実施の形態2に係る保持具の構成を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the structure of the holder which concerns on Embodiment 2. FIG.

実施の形態1.
本発明の実施の形態1に係る保持具について、図を参照して説明する。図1は、本実施の形態に係る保持具を用いた移乗補助装置の使用時の状態を例示する図である。図2は、移乗補助装置の全体構成を模式的に示す図である。図1、2に示すように、移乗補助装置1は、本体部2、駆動輪3、従動輪4、ステップ5、マニピュレータ6、取付部20、保持具10を備えている。
Embodiment 1 FIG.
A holder according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a state during use of the transfer assist device using the holder according to the present embodiment. FIG. 2 is a diagram schematically illustrating the overall configuration of the transfer assist device. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the transfer assist device 1 includes a main body 2, a drive wheel 3, a driven wheel 4, a step 5, a manipulator 6, a mounting portion 20, and a holder 10.

本体部2には、図示しないバッテリ、モータ、アクチュエータ、電子制御ユニット等が内蔵される。モータは、バッテリから電源供給を受け、電子制御ユニットにより制御され、車輪を駆動する。電子制御ユニットは、図示しない操作部からの入力信号、所定の制御プログラム等に従い、バッテリ、モータ、アクチュエータ等に制御信号を出力する。   The main body 2 incorporates a battery, a motor, an actuator, an electronic control unit, etc. (not shown). The motor receives power supply from the battery and is controlled by the electronic control unit to drive the wheels. The electronic control unit outputs a control signal to a battery, a motor, an actuator, or the like according to an input signal from a not-shown operation unit, a predetermined control program, or the like.

本体部2の下部には、被介助者の足が載置されるステップ5が接続されている。ステップ5の前方側の両端部には、2つの駆動輪3が回転可能に支持されている。駆動輪3は、モータの駆動軸に連結している。各駆動輪3は、独立に制御されることが好ましい。ステップ5の後方側の両端部には、2つの従動輪4が回転可能に支持されている。2つの従動輪4は駆動力を有しておらず、駆動輪3の駆動に伴って回転する。   At the lower part of the main body 2, a step 5 on which the person being assisted is placed is connected. Two drive wheels 3 are rotatably supported at both ends of the front side of step 5. The drive wheel 3 is connected to the drive shaft of the motor. Each drive wheel 3 is preferably controlled independently. Two driven wheels 4 are rotatably supported at both ends on the rear side of step 5. The two driven wheels 4 have no driving force and rotate as the driving wheels 3 are driven.

マニピュレータ6は、本体部2と保持具10とを連結する。マニピュレータ6は、複数の関節機構を備え、これら関節機構に備えられる各アクチュエータは、電子制御ユニットからの制御信号により制御される。マニピュレータ6を操作することにより、保持具10の位置及び角度を調節することができる。   The manipulator 6 connects the main body 2 and the holder 10. The manipulator 6 includes a plurality of joint mechanisms, and each actuator provided in the joint mechanisms is controlled by a control signal from the electronic control unit. By operating the manipulator 6, the position and angle of the holder 10 can be adjusted.

保持具10は、マニピュレータ6の先端に設けられた取付部20に固定されている。保持具10は、被介助者の胴部を保持するものである。保持具10の構成については、後に詳述する。保持具10は、被介助者の胴部の形状に適合する形状となっている。保持具10の表面(被介助者に当接する面)には、緩衝材が設けられていることが好ましい。   The holder 10 is fixed to a mounting portion 20 provided at the tip of the manipulator 6. The holder 10 holds the body of the person being assisted. The configuration of the holder 10 will be described in detail later. The holder 10 has a shape that matches the shape of the trunk of the person being assisted. It is preferable that a cushioning material is provided on the surface of the holder 10 (the surface that comes into contact with the person being assisted).

図1に示すように、被介助者の基本的な搭乗姿勢は、被介助者の胴部の前面側(胸部又は腹部)が保持具10と対峙する姿勢である。なお、移乗補助装置1にモータ等を設けず、介助者により移動させることも可能である。   As shown in FIG. 1, the basic riding posture of the person being assisted is a posture in which the front side (chest or abdomen) of the trunk of the person being assisted faces the holder 10. The transfer assisting device 1 may be moved by an assistant without providing a motor or the like.

ここで、図3を参照して、保持具10の構成について説明する。図3は、本実施の形態に係る保持具10の構成を示す図である。図3に示すように、保持具10は、前面部11、側面部12a、12bを備えている。   Here, with reference to FIG. 3, the structure of the holder 10 is demonstrated. FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating the configuration of the holder 10 according to the present embodiment. As illustrated in FIG. 3, the holder 10 includes a front surface portion 11 and side surface portions 12a and 12b.

前面部11は、被介助者の胴部の前面側(胸部及び腹部)に当接する部分である。前面部11は、マニピュレータ6の先端部に固定されている。前面部11の両側部には、それぞれ側面部12a、12bが設けられている。図4に本実施の形態に係る移乗補助装置1における、側面部12a、12bの取付部20の一例を示す。   The front part 11 is a part that comes into contact with the front side (chest and abdomen) of the torso of the person being assisted. The front surface portion 11 is fixed to the tip portion of the manipulator 6. Side portions 12a and 12b are provided on both sides of the front portion 11, respectively. FIG. 4 shows an example of the attachment portions 20 of the side surface portions 12a and 12b in the transfer assisting apparatus 1 according to the present embodiment.

図4に示すように、取付部20は、左延設部21a、右延設部21b、左取付部22a、右取付部22b、基台23、ピニオン24、ラック25a、25b、調整部26を有している。なお、取付部20には、前面部11の取付部が設けられるが、ここでは図示を省略している。基台23、ピニオン24、ラック25a、25bは、前面部11を取り付けることにより覆われて、移乗補助装置1に搭乗する被介助者からは視認できない。   As shown in FIG. 4, the mounting portion 20 includes a left extending portion 21a, a right extending portion 21b, a left mounting portion 22a, a right mounting portion 22b, a base 23, a pinion 24, racks 25a and 25b, and an adjusting portion 26. Have. In addition, although the attaching part 20 is provided with the attaching part of the front surface part 11, illustration is abbreviate | omitted here. The base 23, the pinion 24, and the racks 25 a and 25 b are covered by attaching the front surface portion 11, and are not visible to the person being assisted on the transfer assisting device 1.

左延設部21aはラック25aの一端に取り付けられ、基台23から左方向に延設されている。左延設部21aの他端には、左取付部22aが設けられている。左取付部22aは、被介助者側に突出するように形成されている。   The left extending portion 21a is attached to one end of the rack 25a and extends from the base 23 in the left direction. A left mounting portion 22a is provided at the other end of the left extending portion 21a. The left attachment portion 22a is formed so as to protrude toward the person being assisted.

右延設部21bはラック25bの一端に取り付けられ、基台23から右方向に延設されている。右延設部21bの他端には、右取付部22bが設けられている。右取付部22bは、被介助者側に突出するように形成されている。左取付部22aには左側面部12aが取り付けられ、右取付部22bには右側面部12bが取り付けられる。   The right extending portion 21b is attached to one end of the rack 25b and extends from the base 23 in the right direction. A right mounting portion 22b is provided at the other end of the right extending portion 21b. The right attachment portion 22b is formed so as to protrude toward the person being assisted. The left side surface portion 12a is attached to the left attachment portion 22a, and the right side surface portion 12b is attached to the right attachment portion 22b.

左側面部12aと右側面部12bとは、被介助者を挟んで対向するように配置される。左側面部12aには、被介助者の胴部の左側面が当接する。右側面部12bには、被介助者の胴部の右側面が当接する。   The left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b are arranged to face each other with the person being assisted. The left side surface portion 12a is in contact with the left side surface of the body portion of the person being assisted. The right side of the torso's torso is in contact with the right side 12b.

ピニオン24は小口径の円形歯車である。また、ラック25a、25bは、平板状の棒に歯がつけられたものである。ピニオン24に回転力を加えることにより、ラック25a、25bが、歯がつけられた末端まで水平方向に動く。調整部26は、ピニオン24を回転させることにより、左側面部12aと右側面部12bが移動する。これにより、被介助者の体型に合わせて、左側面部12aと右側面部12bの幅を調整することができる。   The pinion 24 is a small-diameter circular gear. The racks 25a and 25b are formed by attaching teeth to a flat bar. By applying a rotational force to the pinion 24, the racks 25a, 25b move horizontally to the toothed end. The adjustment unit 26 rotates the pinion 24 to move the left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b. Thereby, the width | variety of the left side part 12a and the right side part 12b can be adjusted according to a to-be-supported person's body shape.

図3に示すように、左側面部12a、右側面部12bは、被介助者の胸郭上口側から胸郭下口側に向かって幅が狭くなるように配置される。すなわち、被介助者の胸郭上口側の左側面部12aと右側面部12bとの幅よりも胸郭下口側の左側面部12aと右側面部12bとの幅が狭い。つまり、被介助者の胸郭下口よりも上側においては、左側面部12aと右側面部12bは逆ハ字型になっている。これにより、保持具10から被介助者がずり落ちるのを抑制することができる。   As shown in FIG. 3, the left side surface portion 12 a and the right side surface portion 12 b are arranged so that the width becomes narrower from the upper side of the chest of the person being assisted toward the lower side of the chest. That is, the width of the left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b on the chest lower mouth side is narrower than the width of the left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b on the upper side of the chest of the care recipient. That is, the left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b are in an inverted C shape above the lower part of the rib cage of the person being assisted. Thereby, it is possible to prevent the person being assisted from falling from the holder 10.

また、左側面部12a、右側面部12bは、被介助者の胸郭下口側から腸骨側に向かって幅が広くなるように配置される。すなわち、被介助者の胸郭下口側の左側面部12aと右側面部12bとの幅よりも腸骨側の左側面部12aと右側面部12bとの幅が広い。つまり、被介助者の胸郭下口よりも下側においては、左側面部12aと右側面部12bはハ字型になっている。これにより、被介助者の腹部への圧迫を軽減することができる。   Moreover, the left side surface part 12a and the right side surface part 12b are arranged so that the width becomes wider toward the iliac side from the lower rib cage side of the person being assisted. That is, the width of the left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b on the iliac side is wider than the width of the left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b on the lower rib cage side of the person being assisted. That is, the left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b are in a C-shape below the lower rib cage's lower mouth. Thereby, the pressure on the abdomen of the person being assisted can be reduced.

なお、前面部11は、被介助者の鎖骨から下腹部まで当接することが好ましい。また、側面部12a、12bは、被介助者の脇から腸骨まで当接することが好ましい。このように、保持具10を被介助者の上半身の前面及び側面を包み込むような形状とすることにより、被介助者と保持具10との接触面積を大きくすることができ、被介助者の痛みを軽減することができる。また、接触面積を大きくすることにより、保持具10と被介助者との間での摩擦力を大きくすることができ、保持具10からのずり落ちをさらに抑制することが可能となる。   In addition, it is preferable that the front part 11 contact | abuts from a clavicle of a care receiver to a lower abdomen. Moreover, it is preferable that the side surface parts 12a and 12b contact | abut from the side of a care receiver to the iliac bone. In this way, by making the holder 10 wrap around the front and side surfaces of the upper half of the person being assisted, the contact area between the person being assisted and the holder 10 can be increased, and the pain of the person being assisted Can be reduced. Further, by increasing the contact area, it is possible to increase the frictional force between the holder 10 and the person being assisted, and to further suppress the sliding from the holder 10.

さらに、前面部11は、被介助者側に突出する弓型であることが好ましい。すなわち、前面部11は、被介助者側に向かって凸形状となるように湾曲している。また、前面部11には、被介助者の第5腰椎近傍においてRが形成されていることが好ましい。これにより、被介助者が保持具10にもたれかかったときに、安定して体を保持することができる。   Furthermore, it is preferable that the front surface part 11 is an arc shape protruding toward the person being assisted. That is, the front surface portion 11 is curved so as to be convex toward the person being assisted. Moreover, it is preferable that R is formed in the front part 11 in the vicinity of the fifth lumbar vertebra of the person being assisted. Thereby, when the person being assisted leans against the holder 10, the body can be stably held.

左側面部12a、右側面部12bの上端部、すなわち、被介助者の脇に対向する部分は、被介助者の脇の下から肩甲骨にかけて当接することが好ましい。脇の後ろから肩甲骨にかけての部分は、比較的痛みに対して鈍感である。従って、被介助者の脇の下から肩甲骨にかけて左側面部12a、右側面部12bの上端部を当接させて、移乗を行うことにより、被介助者への痛みを軽減させ、体の持ち上げを容易にすることができる。   It is preferable that the upper end portions of the left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b, that is, the portion facing the side of the person being assisted, abut from the armpit of the person being assisted to the scapula. The part from the back of the side to the scapula is relatively insensitive to pain. Therefore, by transferring the contact by touching the upper end of the left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b from the armpit to the scapula of the person being assisted, the pain to the person being assisted is reduced and the body is easily lifted. be able to.

実施の形態2.
本発明の実施の形態2に係る保持具について図5A〜5Eを参照して説明する。図5〜5Eは、本実施の形態に係る保持具30の構成を示す図である。図5Bは図5AのI−I断面図であり、図5Cは図5AのII−II断面図であり、図5Dは図5AのIII−III断面図であり、図5Eは図5AのIV−IV断面図である。保持具30は、実施の形態1に係る保持具10と同様に、マニピュレータ6の先端の取付部20に固定され、被介助者の胴部を保持するためのものである。
Embodiment 2. FIG.
A holder according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 5 to 5E are diagrams illustrating the configuration of the holder 30 according to the present embodiment. 5B is a cross-sectional view taken along II of FIG. 5A, FIG. 5C is a cross-sectional view taken along II-II of FIG. 5A, FIG. 5D is a cross-sectional view taken along III-III of FIG. It is IV sectional drawing. Similar to the holder 10 according to the first embodiment, the holder 30 is fixed to the attachment portion 20 at the tip of the manipulator 6 and holds the trunk of the person being assisted.

図5Aに示すように、保持具30は、前面部31、左側面部32a、右側面部32bを備える。本実施の形態においては、前面部31、左側面部32a、右側面部32bは一体形成されている。実施の形態1と同様に、左側面部32aと右側面部32bは、被介助者の胸郭上口側から胸郭下口側に向かって幅が狭くなるように配置される。   As shown in FIG. 5A, the holder 30 includes a front surface portion 31, a left side surface portion 32a, and a right side surface portion 32b. In the present embodiment, the front surface portion 31, the left side surface portion 32a, and the right side surface portion 32b are integrally formed. As in the first embodiment, the left side surface portion 32a and the right side surface portion 32b are arranged so that the width decreases from the upper side of the chest of the person being assisted toward the lower side of the chest.

図5Bに示す被介助者の胸郭上口側の左側面部12aと右側面部12bとの幅よりも、図5Cに示す胸郭下口側の左側面部12aと右側面部12bとの幅が狭い。つまり、被介助者の胸郭下口よりも上側においては、左側面部12aと右側面部12bは逆ハ字型になっている。これにより、保持具10から被介助者がずり落ちるのを抑制することができる。   The width of the left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b on the side of the lower rib cage shown in FIG. 5C is narrower than the width of the left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b on the upper side of the rib cage shown in FIG. 5B. That is, the left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b are in an inverted C shape above the lower part of the rib cage of the person being assisted. Thereby, it is possible to prevent the person being assisted from falling from the holder 10.

また、左側面部32a、右側面部32bは、被介助者の胸郭下口側から腸骨側に向かって幅が広くなるように配置される。すなわち、図5Cに示す被介助者の胸郭下口側の左側面部12aと右側面部12bとの幅よりも、図5Dに示す腸骨側の左側面部12aと右側面部12bとの幅が広い。つまり、被介助者の胸郭下口よりも下側においては、左側面部12aと右側面部12bはハ字型になっている。これにより、被介助者の腹部への圧迫を軽減することができる。なお、被介助者の胸郭上口側の左側面部12aと右側面部12bとの幅と腸骨側の左側面部12aと右側面部12bとの幅は、被介助者の体型に合わせて適宜決定することが可能である。   Further, the left side surface portion 32a and the right side surface portion 32b are arranged so that the width becomes wider from the lower rib cage side of the person being assisted toward the iliac side. That is, the width of the left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b on the iliac side shown in FIG. 5D is wider than the width of the left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b on the side of the lower rib cage as shown in FIG. 5C. That is, the left side surface portion 12a and the right side surface portion 12b are in a C-shape below the lower rib cage's lower mouth. Thereby, the pressure on the abdomen of the person being assisted can be reduced. The width of the left side 12a and the right side 12b on the upper side of the upper rib cage and the width of the left side 12a and the right side 12b on the iliac side should be appropriately determined according to the body type of the person being assisted. Is possible.

さらに、図5Eに示すように、前面部11は、被介助者側に突出する弓型であることが好ましい。すなわち、前面部11は、被介助者側に向かって凸形状となるように湾曲している。また、前面部11には、被介助者の第5腰椎近傍においてRが形成されていることが好ましい。これにより、被介助者が保持具10にもたれかかったときに、安定して体を保持することができる。   Furthermore, as shown to FIG. 5E, it is preferable that the front-surface part 11 is a bow shape which protrudes in the person being assisted. That is, the front surface portion 11 is curved so as to be convex toward the person being assisted. Moreover, it is preferable that R is formed in the front part 11 in the vicinity of the fifth lumbar vertebra of the person being assisted. Thereby, when the person being assisted leans against the holder 10, the body can be stably held.

尚、本発明は上記実施の形態に限られるものではなく、趣旨を逸脱しない範囲で適宜変更することが可能なものである。例えば、本発明は、前記駆動輪3を電気的に駆動する手段の有無、被介助者の搭乗姿勢、車両の進行方向等に関して、各種バリエーションを許容するものである。   Note that the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment, and can be changed as appropriate without departing from the spirit of the present invention. For example, the present invention allows various variations with respect to the presence / absence of means for electrically driving the driving wheels 3, the riding posture of the person being assisted, the traveling direction of the vehicle, and the like.

1 移乗補助装置
2 本体部
3 駆動輪
4 従動輪
5 ステップ
6 マニピュレータ
10 保持具
11 前面部
12a 左側面部
12b 右側面部
20 取付部
21a 左延設部
21b 右延設部
22a 左取付部
22b 右取付部
23 基台
24 ピニオン
25a、25b ラック
26 調整部
30 保持具
31 前面部
32a 左側面部
32b 右側面部
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Transfer assist apparatus 2 Main-body part 3 Drive wheel 4 Driven wheel 5 Step 6 Manipulator 10 Holder 11 Front part 12a Left side part 12b Right side part 20 Attachment part 21a Left extension part 21b Right extension part 22a Left attachment part 22b Right attachment part 23 Base 24 Pinion 25a, 25b Rack 26 Adjustment part 30 Holder 31 Front part 32a Left side part 32b Right side part

Claims (7)

被介助者の移乗を介助する際に用いられ、被介助者の体躯を保持する保持具であって、
被介助者の胴部の前面側に当接する前面部と、
被介助者の胴部の側面側に当接し、被介助者の胸郭上口側から胸郭下口側に向かって幅が狭くなるように形成された側面部と、
を備える保持具。
A holder used to assist the transfer of the person being assisted, and holding the body of the person being assisted,
A front portion that contacts the front side of the torso of the person being assisted,
A side surface formed so as to be in contact with the side surface side of the torso of the person being assisted and narrowing from the upper side of the chest of the person being assisted toward the lower side of the chest;
A holding tool.
前記側面部は、被介助者の胸郭下口側から腸骨側に向かって幅が広くなっていることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の保持具。   The holder according to claim 1, wherein the side portion has a width that increases from the lower rib cage side of the person being assisted toward the iliac side. 前記前面部は、被介助者の鎖骨から下腹部まで当接し、
前記側面部は、被介助者の脇から腸骨まで当接することを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載の保持具。
The front part abuts to the lower abdomen from the clavicle of the person being assisted,
The holder according to claim 1, wherein the side surface portion is in contact with the assisted person from the side of the person being assisted to the iliac bone.
前記前面部は、被介助者の第5腰椎近傍においてRが形成され、被介助者側に突出する弓型であることを特徴とする請求項1〜3のいずれか1項に記載の保持具。   The holder according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the front portion has an arch shape in which an R is formed in the vicinity of the fifth lumbar vertebra of the person being assisted and protruding toward the person being assisted. . 前記側面部の被介助者の脇に対向する部分は、被介助者の脇の下から肩甲骨にかけて当接することを特徴とする請求項1〜4のいずれか1項に記載の保持具。   The holding tool according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein a portion of the side portion facing the side of the person being assisted comes into contact with the side of the person being assisted from the scapula. 前記側面部は移動可能に設けられていることを特徴とする請求項1〜5のいずれか1項に記載の保持具。   The said side part is provided so that a movement is possible, The holder of any one of Claims 1-5 characterized by the above-mentioned. 前記前面部と前記側面部とは、一体形成されていることを特徴とする請求項1〜5のいずれか1項に記載の保持具。   The holder according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the front part and the side part are integrally formed.
JP2010076949A 2010-03-30 2010-03-30 Support and transfer assist apparatus Pending JP2011206266A (en)

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WO2015011838A1 (en) 2013-07-26 2015-01-29 富士機械製造株式会社 Holder and assisting robot
JPWO2015011838A1 (en) * 2013-07-26 2017-03-02 富士機械製造株式会社 Holder and assistance robot
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JP2015139566A (en) * 2014-01-29 2015-08-03 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Care supporting device
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KR101732251B1 (en) * 2015-04-24 2017-05-02 창원대학교 산학협력단 walking assistant apparatus for the old and the walk

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